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Merry Wives of Windsor
a comedy play by Shakespeare, thought to have been written in 1600. The main character is Falstaff, who Shakespeare included again because he had been such a popular character in ...
Merry Wives of Windsor, The
a comedy (1598-1602?) by Shakespeare. * * * ▪ work by Shakespeare       comedy in five acts by William Shakespeare (Shakespeare, William), written sometime between 1597 ...
Merry, Ann Brunton
▪ American actress née  Ann Brunton   born May 30, 1769, London, Eng. died June 28, 1808, Alexandria, Va., U.S.       Anglo-American actress, the leading tragedienne ...
merry-andrew
/mer'ee an"drooh/, n. a clown; buffoon. [1665-75; MERRY + Andrew, generic use of the proper name] * * *
merry-bells
/mer"ee belz'/, n., pl. merry-bells. bellwort. * * *
merry-go-round
/mer"ee goh rownd'/, n. 1. Also called carousel, carrousel. (in amusement parks, carnivals, etc.) a revolving, circular platform with wooden horses or other animals, benches, ...
merry-go-rounds
➡ fairs * * *
merrymaker
/mer"ee may'keuhr/, n. a person who gaily or enthusiastically takes part in some festive or merry celebration; reveler. [1820-30; MERRY + MAKER] * * *
merrymaking
/mer"ee may'king/, n. 1. the act of taking part gaily or enthusiastically in some festive or merry celebration. 2. a merry festivity; revel. adj. 3. producing mirth; happy; ...
Merryman, Ex Parte
▪ law case       (1861), in U.S. legal history, American Civil War case contesting the president's power to suspend the writ of habeas corpus during a national ...
merrythought
/mer"ee thawt'/, n. Chiefly Brit. the wishbone or furcula of a fowl. [1600-10; so called from the custom of pulling the bone apart until it breaks, the person holding the longer ...
merrywidow
merry widow n. A short strapless corset with half cups for the breasts and long garters.   [Originally a trademark.] * * *
Mers el-Kebir
▪ Algeria       town and port, northwestern Algeria, at the western end of the Gulf of Oran. The town was an Almohad naval arsenal in the 12th century. It was under the ...
Merseburg
▪ Germany       city, Saxony-Anhalt Land (state), eastern Germany. It lies on the left bank of the Saale River, just south of Halle. Founded about 800 as a frontier ...
Mersenne
/meuhr sen"/; Fr. /merdd sen"/, n. Marin /mann rddaonn"/, 1588-1648, French mathematician. * * *
Mersenne number
Math. a number of the form, 2p -1, where p is a prime number. [1890-95; named after M. MERSENNE] * * *
Mersenne, Marin
▪ French mathematician Introduction born Sept. 8, 1588, near Oizé, Maine, France died Sept. 1, 1648, Paris       French theologian, natural philosopher, and ...
Mersey
/merr"zee/, n. 1. a river in W England, flowing W from Derbyshire to the Irish Sea. 70 mi. (115 km) long. 2. a river in SW Nova Scotia, in SE Canada, flowing SE to the Atlantic ...
Mersey beat
(also the Mersey sound) the name used to describe a style of pop music which was created and played by a number of groups from Liverpool in the early and mid 1960s, and which ...
Mersey River
River, northern Tasmania, Australia. Fed by the Dasher and Fisher rivers, the Mersey flows 91 mi (146 km) north, east, and again north to enter an estuary at Latrobe and then ...
Mersey sound
➡ Mersey beat * * *
Mersey, River
River, northwestern England. It flows west through the southern suburbs of Manchester and is joined by the Irwell in its canalized form as the Manchester Ship Canal. The Mersey ...
Merseyside
/merr"zee suyd'/, n. a metropolitan county in W England. 1,588,400; 250 sq. mi. (648 sq. km). * * * Metropolitan county (pop., 2001: 1,362,034), northwestern England. Located ...
Mersin
/mer seen"/, n. a seaport in S Turkey, on the NW coast of the Mediterranean Sea. 130,256. * * * ▪ Turkey formerly  Mersina,  also called  İƈel,        city and ...
Mersing
▪ Malaysia       port, West Malaysia (Malaya). It lies along the South China Sea at the mouth of the Mersing River. Its predominantly Malay residents live in coastal and ...
Merta
▪ India       town, central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. Founded about 1480, it was at one time an important trade centre. The surrounding area ...
Mertens, Pierre
▪ Belgian author born October 9, 1939, Brussels, Belgium       Belgian novelist known for his novels about crucial public events written chiefly in a bold, direct style ...
mertensia
/meuhr ten"see euh, -shee euh, -sheuh/, n. any of various plants belonging to the genus Mertensia, of the borage family, including the lungworts and the Virginia cowslip. [ < NL ...
Merthiolate
/meuhr thuy"euh layt'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of thimerosal. * * *
Merthyr Tydfil
/merr"theuhr tid"vil/; Welsh /merdd"thirdd tud"vil/ 1. an administrative district in Mid Glamorgan, in S Wales. 61,500; 43 sq. mi. (113 sq. km). 2. a city in this district. ...
Merton
/merr"tn/, n. 1. Robert King, born 1910, U.S. sociologist. 2. Thomas, 1915-68, U.S. poet and religious writer, born in France. 3. a borough of Greater London, England. 173,200. * ...
Merton, Robert C.
▪ American economist born July 31, 1944, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American economist known for his work on finance theory and risk management; he is noted especially ...
Merton, Robert K(ing)
orig. Meyer R. Schkolnick born July 4, 1910, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 23, 2003, New York, N.Y. U.S. sociologist. After receiving a Ph.D. from Harvard University in ...
Merton, Robert K.
▪ American sociologist in full  Robert King Merton , original name  Meyer Robert Schkolnick   born July 4, 1910, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. died February 23, 2003, ...
Merton, Robert King
▪ 2004 Meyer R. Schkolnick        American sociologist (b. July 4, 1910, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Feb. 23, 2003, New York, N.Y.), made wide-ranging contributions to the ...
Merton, Thomas
later Father M. Louis born Jan. 31, 1915, Prades, France died Dec. 10, 1968, Bangkok, Thai. U.S. monk and Roman Catholic writer. Educated in England, France, and the U.S., ...
Merton,Robert King
Mer·ton (mûrʹtn), Robert King. Born 1910. American sociologist who proposed that deviant behavior results when a society offers no acceptable means of achieving acceptable ...
Merton,Thomas
Merton, Thomas. 1915-1968. American Trappist monk and writer of works on contemporary spiritual and secular life, including The Seven Story Mountain (1948) and No Man Is an ...
Meru
▪ Kenya       town, central Kenya, located about 110 miles (180 km) northeast of Nairobi. Situated in the Eastern Highlands at an elevation of about 5,300 feet (1,600 ...
Meru, Mount
▪ mountain, Africa       volcanic cone (14,978 feet [4,565 m]), northern Tanzania. It is situated 42 miles (68 km) west-southwest of Mount Kilimanjaro, near the Kenyan ...
Merv
I modern Mary Ancient city, Central Asia. Lying near the modern town of Mary (formerly Merv) in Turkmenistan, it is mentioned in ancient Persian texts as Mouru and in cuneiform ...
Mervin
/merr"vin/, n. a male given name. Also, Mervyn. * * *
Merwin
/merr"win/, n. 1. W(illiam) S(tanley), born 1927, U.S. poet, translator, and writer. 2. a male given name. Also, Merwyn. * * *
Merwin, W(illiam) S(tanley)
born Sept. 30, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. poet and translator. He attended Princeton University and earned critical acclaim with his first poetry collection, A Mask for ...
Merwin, W.S.
▪ American poet in full  William Stanley Merwin  born Sept. 30, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American poet and translator known for the spare style of his poetry, ...
Merychippus
▪ paleontology  extinct genus of early horses, found as fossils in deposits from the Middle and Late Miocene Epoch (16.4 to 5.3 million years ago). Merychippus descended ...
Meryl
/mer"euhl/, n. a female given name, form of Merle. * * *
Meryl Streep
➡ Streep * * *
Méryon, Charles
▪ French printmaker born November 23, 1821, Paris, France died February 13, 1868, Saint-Maurice       French printmaker whose etchings (etching) romantically depicted ...
mes-
var. of meso- before vowels: mesencephalon. * * *
mesa
/may"seuh/, n. a land formation, less extensive than a plateau, having steep walls and a relatively flat top and common in arid and semiarid parts of the southwestern U.S. and ...
Mesa
/may"seuh/, n. a city in central Arizona, near Phoenix. 152,453. * * * City (pop., 2000: 396,375), south-central Arizona, U.S., located near Phoenix. It was settled in 1878 by ...
Mesa Central
▪ plateau region, Mexico also called  Mesa de Anáhuac , or  Mesa Central del Sur        high plateau region in central Mexico. The Mesa Central comprises the ...
Mesa del Norte
▪ plateau, Mexico also called  Northern Plateau        the northern section of the Mexican Plateau, sloping gently upward to the south for more than 700 miles (1,100 ...
Mesa Verde
/may"seuh verrd", verr"dee/ a national park in SW Colorado: ruins of prehistoric cliff dwellings. 80 sq. mi. (207 sq. km). * * *
Mesa Verde National Park
a US national park in south-west Colorado. It was established in 1906 and covers 52 122 acres (21 109 hectares). Tourists come to see the cliff houses of the Pueblo Native ...
Mesabi Range
/meuh sah"bee/ a range of low hills in NE Minnesota, noted for major iron-ore deposits mined by the open-pit method. * * * ▪ region, Minnesota, United States  largest of ...
MesabiRange
Me·sa·bi Range (mə-säʹbē) A series of low hills in northeast Minnesota. Extensive iron ore deposits were discovered here in 1887. * * *
mesail
/mes"ayl/, n. Armor. a pivoted piece on a helmet between a visor and a beaver. Also, mezail. [1865-70; prob.
mésalliance
/may'zeuh luy"euhns, may zal"ee euhns/; Fr. /may-zannl yahonns"/, n., pl. mésalliances /may'zeuh luy"euhn siz, may zal"ee euhn siz/; Fr. /may zannl yahonns"/. a marriage with ...
mesarch
/mez"ahrk, mes"-, mee"zahrk, -sahrk/, adj. 1. Bot. (of a primary xylem or root) developing from both the periphery and the center; having the older cells surrounded by the ...
mesc
/mesk/, n. Slang. mescaline. [by shortening] * * *
mescal
/me skal"/, n. 1. an intoxicating beverage distilled from the fermented juice of certain species of agave. 2. any agave yielding this spirit. 3. Also called peyote. either of two ...
mescal bean
an evergreen shrub or small tree, Sophora secundiflora, of the legume family, of the southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico, having clusters of fragrant, violet-blue flowers and ...
mescal button
one of the dried, buttonlike tops of a mescal of the genus Lophophora, used as a hallucinogen, esp. by certain Indians of Mexico and the southwestern U.S. during religious ...
mescalbutton
mescal button n. The fresh or dried buttonlike tubercles of peyote, chewed as a drug by certain Native American peoples. Also called peyote. * * *
Mescalero
/mes'keuh lair"oh/, n., pl. Mescaleros, (esp. collectively) Mescalero. a member of a group of Apache Indians who originally inhabited northern Mexico and the southwestern U.S. ...
mescaline
/mes"keuh leen', -lin/, n. Pharm. a white, water-soluble, crystalline powder, C11H17NO3, obtained from mescal buttons, that produces hallucinations. [1895-1900; MESCAL + -INE2] * ...
Meschke, Michael
▪ German-Swedish puppeteer born July 14, 1931, Danzig, Ger. [now Gdańsk, Pol.]       German-born founder and producer of the Marionetteatern (“Marionette Theatre”) ...
mesclun
/mes"kleuhn/, n. a salad consisting esp. of young, tender mixed greens. [1985-90; < F, < mescler to mix] * * *
mesdames
/may dahm", -dam"/; Fr. /may dannm"/, n. 1. a pl. of madam. 2. pl. of madame. * * *
mesdemoiselles
/may'deuh meuh zel", mayd'mweuh zel"/; Fr. /mayd mwann zel"/, n. a pl. of mademoiselle. * * *
meseems
/mee seemz"/, v. impers.; pt. meseemed. Archaic. it seems to me. [1350-1400; ME me semeth; see ME, SEEM, -S2] * * *
Meselson, Matthew Stanley
born May 24, 1930, Denver, Colo., U.S. U.S. molecular biologist. He received his Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology; from 1964 he taught at Harvard University. He ...
mesembryanthemum
/meuh zem'bree an"theuh meuhm/, n. any of various chiefly Old World plants of the genus Mesembryanthemum, having thick, fleshy leaves and often showy flowers. [ < NL (Linnaeus), ...
mesencephalic
See mesencephalon. * * *
mesencephalon
—mesencephalic /mes'en seuh fal"ik, mez'-/, adj. /mes'en sef"euh lon', -leuhn, mez'-/, n., pl. mesencephala /-leuh/, mesencephalons. Anat. the midbrain. [1840-50; MES- + ...
mesenchymal
See mesenchyme. * * *
mesenchymatous
See mesenchymal. * * *
mesenchyme
—mesenchymal /mes eng"keuh meuhl, mez'-/, mesenchymatous /mes'eng kuy"meuh teuhs, mez'-/, adj. /mes"eng kuym, mez"-/, n. Embryol. cells of mesodermal origin that are capable of ...
Mesene
▪ ancient region, Iraq also called  Characene , Persian  Meshan        ancient Parthian vassal state located in the south of Babylonia (modern southern Iraq). After ...
mesenteric
See mesentery. * * *
mesenteritis
/mes'euhn teuh ruy"tis, mez'-, mes en'teuh-, mez-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the mesentery. [1795-1805; MES- + ENTERITIS] * * *
mesenteron
—mesenteronic, adj. /mes en"teuh ron', mez-/, n., pl. mesentera /-teuhr euh/. midgut. [1875-80; MES- + ENTERON] * * *
mesenteronic
See mesenteron. * * *
mesentery
—mesenteric, adj. /mes"euhn ter'ee, mez"-/, n., pl. mesenteries. Anat. the membrane, consisting of a double layer of peritoneum, that invests the intestines, attaching them to ...
Meseta Central
▪ plateau, Iberian Peninsula  great interior meseta (plateau) of the Iberian Peninsula, central Spain. With Madrid at its centre, it extends over 81,000 square miles ...
mesh
/mesh/, n. 1. any knit, woven, or knotted fabric of open texture. 2. an interwoven or intertwined structure; network. 3. any arrangement of interlocking metal links or wires with ...
mesh knot.
See sheet bend. * * *
Mesha Stele
/mee"sheuh/. See Moabite Stone. * * *
Meshach
/mee"shak/, n. a companion of Daniel. Cf. Shadrach. * * *
Meshed
/me shed"/, n. a city in NE Iran: Muslim shrine. 409,616. Persian, Mashhad. * * * ▪ Iran also spelled  Mashhad,    city, northeastern Iran, lying 3,231 feet (985 metres) ...
meshrebeeyeh
/mesh'reuh bee"yeuh/, n. (in Islamic countries) an oriel screened by latticework. Also, mashrebeeyah, mashrebeeyeh. [ < Ar mashrabiyah] * * *
meshuga
/meuh shoog"euh/, adj. Slang. crazy; insane. Also, meshugga. [1880-85; < Yiddish meshuge < Heb mashugga'] * * *
meshugaas
/mish'euh gahs"/, n. Slang. foolishness; insanity; senselessness. Also, mishegaas. [1905-10; < Yiddish meshugas < Heb mashugga'] * * *
meshugana
/meuh shoog"euh neuh/, n. Slang. a crazy person. Also, meshuggana, meshuggener /meuh shoog"euh neuhr/. [1880-85; < Yiddish meshugener, equiv. to meshuga MESHUGA + epenthetic n + ...
meshugas
meshugas [me΄shoo gäs′] n. 〚Yiddish〛 craziness; foolishness; nonsense * * *
meshugeneh
meshugeneh or meshuggeneh or meshuganah [mə shoog′ənərmə shoog′ə nə] adj. 〚Yiddish〛 MESHUGA n. a crazy, eccentric, or foolish person: Also meshugener or meshuggener ...
meshuggeneh
me·shug·ge·neh (mə-sho͝ogʹə-nə) or me·shug·ge·ner (-nər) adj. Crazy; senseless. n. One who is crazy.   [Yiddish meshugener, meshugene, masculine and feminine sing. ...
meshwork
/mesh"werrk'/, n. meshed work; network. [1820-30; MESH + WORK] * * *
meshy
/mesh"ee/, adj., meshier, meshiest. formed with meshes; meshed. [1595-1605; MESH + -Y1] * * *
mesia
▪ bird also called  Silver-eared Mesia, or Silver-ear   (species Leiothrix argentauris), songbird of the babbler family Timaliidae (order Passeriformes). It is found from ...
mesial
—mesially, adv. /mee"zee euhl, -see-, mez"ee euhl, mes"-/, adj. 1. medial. 2. Dentistry. directed toward the sagittal plane or midline of the face, along the dental arch. Cf. ...
mesially
See mesial. * * *
mesic
mesic1 —mesically, adv. /mez"ik, mes"-, mee"zik, -sik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or adapted to an environment having a balanced supply of moisture. [1925-30; MES- + ...
mesic atom
▪ physics        atom in which one electron is replaced by a negative muon or a negative pion (pi meson). The muon or pion, after being slowed down in matter, is ...
Mesic, Stipe
▪ 2001       The election of Stipe Mesic as president of the Republic of Croatia on Feb. 7, 2000, was a turning point for the country, which had been run on a very tight ...
mesite
▪ bird  any of several species of small, brownish ground-dwelling birds constituting the family Mesitornithidae (sometimes Mesoenatidae), order Gruiformes. They are about 30 ...
mesityl oxide
/mez"i til, mes"-/, Chem. an oily, colorless liquid, C6H10O, having a honeylike odor: used chiefly as a solvent and in the manufacture of synthetic organic compounds. Also called ...
mesitylene
/mi sit"l een', mes"i tl-/, n. Chem. a colorless, liquid, aromatic hydrocarbon, C9H12, occurring naturally in coal tar and prepared from acetone: used chiefly as a chemical ...
mesityloxide
mes·i·tyl oxide (mĕsʹĭ-tĭl) n. An oily liquid, (CH3)2C:CHCOCH3, obtained from acetones and used as a solvent and in lacquers, paints, and varnishes.   [Greek mesītēs, ...
Meslamtaea
In Mesopotamian religion, the god of the city of Cuthah in Akkad. The name of his temple, Emeslam or Meslam ("luxuriant mesu tree"), may indicate that he was originally a tree ...
Mesmer
/mez"meuhr/; Ger. /mes"meuhrdd/, n. Franz /frants, franz/; Ger. /frddahnts/ or Friedrich Anton /free"drik an"tn, -ton/; Ger. /frddee"drddikh ahn"tohn/, 1733-1815, Austrian ...
Mesmer, Franz Anton
born May 23, 1734, Iznang, Swabia died March 5, 1815, Meersburg German physician. After studying medicine at the University of Vienna, he developed his theory of "animal ...
Mesmer,Franz
Mes·mer (mĕzʹmər, mĕsʹ-), Franz or Friedrich Anton 1734-1815. Austrian physician who sought to treat disease through animal magnetism, an early therapeutic application of ...
mesmeric
—mesmerically, adv. /mez mer"ik, mes-/, adj. 1. produced by mesmerism; hypnotic. 2. compelling; fascinating. [1820-30; MESMER(ISM) + -IC] * * *
mesmerically
See mesmeric. * * *
mesmerism
—mesmerist, n. /mez"meuh riz'euhm, mes"-/, n. 1. hypnosis as induced, according to F. A. Mesmer, through animal magnetism. 2. hypnotism. 3. a compelling attraction; ...
mesmerist
See mesmeric. * * *
mesmerization
See mesmerize. * * *
mesmerize
—mesmerization, n. —mesmerizer, n. /mez"meuh ruyz', mes"-/, v.t., mesmerized, mesmerizing. 1. to hypnotize. 2. to spellbind; fascinate. 3. to compel by fascination. Also, ...
mesmerizer
See mesmerization. * * *
mesnalty
/meen"l tee/, n. Law. the estate of a mesne lord. [1535-45; < AF me(s)nalte, equiv. to mesnal (see MESNE, -AL1) + -te -TY2] * * *
mesne
/meen/, adj. Law. intermediate or intervening. [1350-1400; ME < AF, sp. var. of meen MEAN3] * * *
mesne lord
(in old English law) an intermediate feudal lord; the tenant of a chief lord and a lord to his own tenants. [1605-15] * * *
meso-
a combining form meaning "middle," used in the formation of compound words: mesocephalic. Also, esp. before a vowel, mes-. [comb. form repr. Gk mésos middle, in the middle; akin ...
Mesoamerica
—Mesoamerican, adj., n. /mez'oh euh mer"i keuh, mes'-, mee'zoh-, -soh-/, n. 1. Anthropol., Archaeol. the area extending approximately from central Mexico to Honduras and ...
Mesoamerican
See Mesoamerica. * * *
Mesoamerican civilization
Complex of aboriginal cultures that developed in parts of Mexico and Central America before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. This civilization and the Andean ...
Mesoamerican Indian
▪ people Introduction  member of any of the indigenous peoples inhabiting Mexico and Central America (roughly between latitudes 14° N and 22° N).       Mesoamerican ...
Mesoamerican Indian languages
Introduction also called  Middle American Indian languages        group of languages spoken in an area of the aboriginal New World that includes central and southern ...
Mesoamerican religions
Religions of the pre-Columbian cultures of Mexico and Central America, notably the Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Aztec. All religions of Mesoamerica were polytheistic. The gods had ...
Mesoamericanist
Mes·o·a·mer·i·can·ist (mĕz'ō-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kə-nĭst, mĕs'-) n. One who studies the cultures and artifacts of Mesoamerica. * * *
mesoappendix
—mesoappendiceal /mez'oh ap'euhn dish"euhl, -euh pen'di see"euhl, mes"-, mee'zoh-, -soh-/, adj. /mez'oh euh pen"diks, mes'-, mee'zoh-, -soh-/, n., pl. mesoappendixes, ...
mesobenthos
mesobenthos [mes΄ō ben′thäs΄, mez΄ō ben′thäs΄] n. 〚ModL: see MESO- & BENTHOS〛 all the animals and plants living on the sea bottom at depths between 200 and 1,000 ...
mesoblast
—mesoblastic, adj. /mez"euh blast', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Embryol. 1. the mesoderm. 2. the primordial middle layer of a young embryo before the segregation of the germ ...
mesoblastic
See mesoblast. * * *
mesocardium
/mez'euh kahr"dee euhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesocardia /-dee euh/. Embryol. the double layer of splanchnic mesoderm supporting the embryonic heart. [MESO- + ...
mesocarp
/mez"euh kahrp', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Bot. the middle layer of pericarp, as the fleshy part of certain fruits. See diag. under pericarp. [1840-50; MESO- + -CARP] * * *
mesocecum
—mesocecal /mez'euh see"keuhl, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. /mez'euh see"keuhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesoceca /-keuh/, Anat. the mesentery of the ...
mesocephalic
—mesocephaly, n. /mez'oh seuh fal"ik, mes'-, mee'zoh-, -soh-/, adj. Cephalom. having a head with a cephalic index between that of dolichocephaly and brachycephaly. [1855-60; ...
mesocephally
See mesocephalic. * * *
mesocolon
/mez'euh koh"leuhn, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesocolons, mesocola /-leuh/. Anat. the mesentery of the colon. [1685-95; MESO- + COLON2] * * *
mesocranial
mesocranial [mes΄ōkrā′nik, mez΄ōkrā′nikmes΄ō krā′nē əl, mez΄ō krā′nē əl] adj. 〚 MESO- + CRANIAL〛 MESOCEPHALIC: also mesocranic [mes΄ōkrā′nik, ...
mesocranic
/mez'euh kray"nik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. Craniom. having a skull with a cranial index between that of dolichocranic and brachycranic skulls. [MESO- + CRAN(IO)- + -IC] * ...
mesocratic
/mez'euh krat"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. Petrol. (of an igneous rock) composed of light and dark minerals in nearly equal amounts. [1855-60; MESO- + -CRAT + -IC] * * *
mesocyclone
/mez'euh suy"klohn, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Meteorol. a small cyclone that arises near a thunderstorm and is sometimes associated with the occurrence of ...
mesoderm
—mesodermal, mesodermic, adj. /mez"euh derrm', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Embryol. the middle germ layer of a metazoan embryo. [1870-75; MESO- + -DERM] * * * ▪ ...
mesodermal
See mesoderm. * * *
mesodermic
See mesodermal. * * *
mesodont
/mez"euh dont', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. having medium-sized teeth. Also, mesodontic. [1880-85; MES- + -ODONT] * * *
mesodontism
/mez'euh don"tiz euhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. the condition of having medium-sized teeth. Also, mesodonty. [‡1960-65; MESODONT + -ISM] * * *
mesofauna
▪ biology also called  Meiofauna,         in soil science, intermediate-sized animals (those greater than 40 microns in length, which is about three times the ...
mesogastric
See mesogastrium. * * *
mesogastrium
—mesogastric, adj. /mez'euh gas"tree euhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesogastria /-tree euh/. Anat. the mesentery of the embryonic stomach. [1850-55; < NL, equiv. to ...
mesoglea
—mesogleal, adj. /mez'euh glee"euh, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. the noncellular, gelatinous material between the inner and outer body walls of a coelenterate or sponge. Also, ...
mesogleal
See mesoglea. * * *
mesognathous
—mesognathism, mesognathy, n. /mi zog"neuh theuhs, -sog"-/, adj. Anthropol. 1. having medium, slightly protruding jaws. 2. having a moderate or intermediate gnathic index of ...
Mesohippus
▪ extinct horse genus       genus of extinct early and middle Oligocene horses (the Oligocene Epoch occurred from 36.6 to 23.7 million years ago) commonly found as ...
mesolecithal
/mez'euh les"euh theuhl, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. Embryol. centrolecithal. [MESO- + LECITHAL] * * *
mesolect
—mesolectal, adj. /mez"euh lekt', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Ling. any variety of language in a creole continuum that is intermediate between the basilect and the acrolect. ...
mesolimnion
mesolimnion [mes΄ōlim′nē än, mez΄ōlim′nē än, mes΄ōlim′nē ən, mez΄ōlim′nē än΄, mes΄ō lim′nēən] n. 〚ModL: see MESO- & HYPOLIMNION〛 an unfrozen ...
mesolite
/mez"euh luyt', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. a mineral variety of the zeolite group, intermediate in chemical composition between natrolite and scolecite. [1815-25; MESO- + ...
Mesolithic
/mez'euh lith"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. Anthropol. (sometimes l.c.) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a transitional period of the Stone Age intermediate between ...
Mesolithic Period
or Middle Stone Age Ancient technological and cultural stage (с 8000–2700 BC) between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods in northwestern Europe. Mesolithic hunters, using ...
Mesolonghi
Gk. /me'saw lawng"gee/, n. Missolonghi. * * *
mesomere
/mez"euh mear', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Embryol. 1. a blastomere of intermediate size between a micromere and a macromere. 2. the intermediate zone of the ...
mesomerism
/mi zom"euh riz'euhm, -som"-/, n. Chem. resonance (def. 6). [1925-30; MESO- + -merism, on the model of ISOMERISM, TAUTOMERISM] * * *
mesometeorology
—mesometeorological /mez'oh mee'tee euhr euh loj"i keuhl, mes'-, mee'zoh-, -soh-/, adj. /mez'oh mee'tee euh rol"euh jee, mes'-, mee'zoh-, -soh-/, n. the study of atmospheric ...
mesomorph
/mez"euh mawrf', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. a person of the mesomorphic type. [1935-40; MESO- + -MORPH] * * * ▪ physique classification       a human physical type ...
mesomorphic
—mesomorphism, n. —mesomorphy, n. /mez'euh mawr"fik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. 1. pertaining to or having a muscular or sturdy body build characterized by the relative ...
mesomorphism
See mesomorphic. * * *
mesomorphy
See mesomorphism. * * *
meson
—mesonic, adj. /mee"zon, -son, mez"on, mes"-/, n. Physics. any hadron, or strongly interacting particle, other than a baryon. Mesons are bosons, having spins of 0, 1, 2, ..., ...
mesonephric
See mesonephros. * * *
mesonephros
—mesonephric, adj. /mez'euh nef"ros, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesonephroi /-roy/. Embryol. one of the three embryonic excretory organs of vertebrates, becoming the ...
mesonic
See meson. * * *
mesopause
/mez"euh pawz', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Meteorol. 1. the boundary or transition zone between the mesosphere and the ionosphere. Cf. mesosphere (def. 1). 2. the top of the ...
mesopeak
/mez"euh peek', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. the level of maximum temperature in the mesophere, at an altitude of about 30 mi. (48 km). [MESO- + PEAK1] * * *
mesopelagic
/mez'euh peuh laj"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. Oceanog. of, pertaining to, or living in the ocean at a depth of between 600 ft. (180 m) and 3000 ft. (900 m). [1945-50; ...
mesophile
/mez"euh fuyl', -fil, mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, Bacteriol. adj. 1. mesophilic. n. 2. a mesophilic bacterium. [1925-30; MESO- + -PHILE] * * *
mesophilic
/mez'euh fil"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. (of bacteria) growing best at moderate temperatures, between 25°C and 40°C. Also, mesophile, mesophilous /mi zof"euh leuhs, ...
mesophyll
—mesophyllic, mesophyllous, adj. /mez"euh fil, mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Bot. the parenchyma, usually containing chlorophyll, that forms the interior parts of a ...
mesophyllic
See mesophyll. * * *
mesophyllous
See mesophyllic. * * *
mesophyte
—mesophytic /mez'euh fit"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. /mez"euh fuyt', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. a plant growing under conditions of well-balanced moisture ...
mesophytic
See mesophyte. * * *
mesoplankton
/mez'euh plangk"teuhn, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. 1. plankton that live at middle depths. 2. planktonic organisms between 0.04 and 0.4 in. (1 mm and 1 cm) in ...
Mesopotamia
—Mesopotamian, adj., n. /mes'euh peuh tay"mee euh/, n. an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq. * * * Region between the Tigris ...
Mesopotamia, history of
▪ historical region, Asia Introduction  history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world's earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning ...
Mesopotamian
See Mesopotamia. * * *
Mesopotamian mythology
      the myths, epics, hymns, lamentations, penitential psalms, incantations, wisdom literature, and handbooks dealing with rituals and omens of ancient ...
Mesopotamian religion
Introduction  beliefs and practices of the Sumerians and Akkadians, and their successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians, who inhabited ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) in the ...
Mesopotamian religions
Religious beliefs and practices of the Sumerians and Akkadians, and later of their successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians, who inhabited ancient Mesopotamia. The deities of ...
mesorectum
/mez'euh rek"teuhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesorectums, mesorecta /-teuh/. Anat. the mesentery of the rectum. [1825-35; MESO- + RECTUM] * * *
mesorrhine
—mesorrhiny, n. /mez"euh ruyn', -rin, mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. Anthropol. having a moderately broad and high-bridged nose. [1875-80; MESO- + -rrhine < Gk -rhinos -nosed, ...
Mesosaurus
▪ dinosaur  early aquatic relative of reptiles (reptile), found as fossils from the Early Permian Period (299 million to 271 million years ago) in South Africa and South ...
mesoscale
/mez"euh skayl', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. pertaining to meteorological phenomena, such as wind circulation and cloud patterns, that are about 1-100 km (0.6-60 mi.) in ...
mesoscaphe
▪ diving vessel       diving vessel built by the Swiss scientist Jacques Piccard (Piccard, Jacques) that suspended itself automatically at predetermined depths. The ...
mesosome
/mez"euh sohm', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. 1. the anterior portion of the abdomen in arachnids. 2. a whorled structure extending inward from the cell membrane in Gram-positive ...
mesosphere
—mesospheric /mez'euh sfer"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. /mez"euh sfear', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. 1. (in the classification of the earth's atmosphere by chemical ...
mesospheric
See mesosphere. * * *
mesothelial
See mesothelium. * * *
mesothelioma
/mez'euh thee'lee oh"meuh, mes'-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesotheliomas, mesotheliomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a malignant tumor of the covering of the lung or the lining of ...
mesothelium
—mesothelial, adj. /mez'euh thee"lee euhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesothelia /-lee euh/. Anat., Embryol. epithelium of mesodermal origin, which lines the body ...
mesothoracic
See mesothorax. * * *
mesothorax
—mesothoracic /mez'euh thaw ras"ik, -thoh-, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, adj. /mez'euh thawr"aks, -thohr"-, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesothoraxes, mesothoraces ...
mesothorium
mesothorium [mes΄ōthôr′ē əm, mez΄ōthôr′ē əm] n. 〚ModL: see MESO- & THORIUM〛 1. a radioactive isotope of radium (mesothorium 1), formed from thorium 2. a ...
mesotron
—mesotronic, adj. /mez"euh tron', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Physics. (no longer in technical use) meson. [1935-40; MESO- + (ELEC)TRON] * * *
mesotrophic
mesotrophic [mes΄ə träf′ik, mez΄ə träk′ik; mes΄ə trō′fik, mez΄ətrō′fik] adj. designating or of a lake, pond, etc. having a moderate amount of plant growth: ...
mesovarium
/mez'euh vair"ee euhm, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n., pl. mesovaria /-vair"ee euh/. Anat. the mesentery of the ovary. [1885-90; MES- + OVARIUM] * * *
Mesozoa
/mez'euh zoh"euh, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Zool. the phylum of invertebrates comprising the mesozoans, parasitic wormlike multicellular organisms sometimes considered to be ...
mesozoan
/mez'euh zoh"euhn, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, Zool. n. 1. any member of the phylum Mesozoa. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the mesozoans. [MESOZO(A) + -AN] * * * ▪ marine ...
Mesozoic
/mez'euh zoh"ik, mes'-, mee'zeuh-, -seuh-/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to an era occurring between 230 and 65 million years ago, characterized by the appearance of ...
Mesozoic Era
Second of the Earth's three major geologic eras and the interval during which the continental landmasses as known today were separated from the supercontinents Laurasia and ...
mesquite
/me skeet", mes"keet/, n. 1. any of several usually spiny trees or shrubs belonging to the genus Prosopis, of the legume family, as P. juliflora or P. glandulosa, of western ...
Mesquite
/me skeet", mi-/, n. a city in NE Texas, E of Dallas. 67,053. * * * Any of the spiny, deep-rooted shrubs or small trees that make up the genus Prosopis of the pea family (see ...
Mesrob, Saint
or Saint Mesrop Mashtots born с 360, Hatsik, Armenia died Feb. 17, 440; Armenian feast day, February 19 Armenian theologian and linguist. A scholar of classical languages, he ...
Mesrop Mashtots, Saint
▪ Armenian theologian and linguist Mesrop also spelled  Mesrob  born c. 360, Hatsik, Armenia [modern Muş, Turkey] died February 17, 440; Western feast day, Thursday ...
mess
/mes/, n. 1. a dirty, untidy, or disordered condition: The room was in a mess. 2. a person or thing that is dirty, untidy, or disordered. 3. a state of embarrassing confusion: My ...
mess call
Mil. a bugle call for mess. * * *
mess gear.
See mess kit. [1885-90] * * *
mess hall
a place in which a group eats regularly, esp. a dining hall in a military camp, post, etc. [1860-65] * * *
mess jacket
a short, tailless jacket extending to just below the waist, used for semiformal military occasions and now esp. as part of the uniform of waiters, bellhops, etc. [1890-95] * * *
mess kit
a portable set of usually metal cooking and eating utensils, used esp. by soldiers and campers. Also called mess gear. [1875-80] * * *
mess-up
/mes"up'/, n. a blunder; state of confusion; mix-up. [1900-05; n. use of v. phrase mess up] * * *
message
/mes"ij/, n. 1. a communication containing some information, news, advice, request, or the like, sent by messenger, radio, telephone, or other means. 2. an official ...
message center
an office or other area where incoming and outgoing messages, mail, etc., are received and transmitted, as by telephone, computer, or messenger. [1940-45] * * *
message switching
Telecommunications. the process by which data transmissions are stored until a proper circuit is available so that they can be forwarded. * * *
message unit
a measure of the duration of and distance covered by local telephone calls, used by telephone companies as a basis for assessing service charges. [1960-65] * * *
Messager, André
▪ French composer in full  André-charles-prosper Messager   born Dec. 30, 1853, Montluçon, France died Feb. 24, 1929, Paris       French conductor and composer ...
messaging
/mes"euh jing/, n. a system or process of transmitting messages, esp. electronically, by computer, telephone, television cable, etc. [MESSAGE + -ING1] * * *
Messali Hadj, Ahmed
▪ Algerian leader born 1898, Tlemcen, Alg. died June 3, 1974, Paris, France       revolutionary Algerian nationalist leader.       Messali emerged in 1927 as the ...
Messalian
/mi sayl"yeuhn, -say"lee euhn/, n. Euchite. [1585-95; < LGk Messalianós < Syriac masallayane given to prayer] * * *
Messalina
/mes'euh luy"neuh/, n. Valeria, died A.D. 48, third wife of Claudius I. * * *
Messalina Valeria
▪ wife of Roman emperor Claudius Messalina also spelled  Messallina   born before AD 20 died 48  third wife of the Roman emperor Claudius, notorious for licentious ...
Messalina,Valeria
Mes·sa·li·na (mĕs'ə-līʹnə), Valeria. Died A.D. 48. Roman empress as the third wife of Claudius I. She was executed after Claudius discovered that she had married a lover ...
messaline
/mes'euh leen", mes"euh leen'/, n. a thin, soft silk with a twill or satin weave. [1905-10; < F] * * *
Messalla Corvinus, Marcus Valerius
▪ Roman aristocrat born c. 64 BC died AD 13       Roman aristocrat, public servant, orator, and patron of literature.       Messalla was proscribed by the Second ...
messan
/mes"euhn/, n. Scot. a lap dog; small pet dog. Also, messin. [1490-1500; < ScotGael measàn pet] * * *
Messapian
Mes·sa·pi·an (mə-sāʹpē-ən) adj. Messapic. n. 1. A speaker of Messapic. 2. See Messapic. * * *
Messapic
/meuh say"pik, -sap"ik/, n. an Indo-European language that was spoken in what is now SE Italy and written with an alphabet derived from that of Greek. Also, Messapian /meuh ...
Messapic alphabet
also called  Messapian Alphabet,         one of two Italian offshoots of the Tarentine–Ionic variety of the Greek alphabet. It was adopted c. 500 BC by the Messapii, ...
Messapic language
also spelled  Messapian,         Indo-European language spoken by tribes ( Messapii and Iapyges) living in the southeastern part of Italy in pre-Roman and early Roman ...
Messapii
▪ people English  Messapians        ancient pre-Roman people of the southeastern part of the Italian peninsula (Calabria and Apulia) who, with the closely related ...
messedup
messed up (mĕst) adj. Slang 1. Beaten up. 2. Drunk or intoxicated. * * *
Messeigneurs
Fr. /may se nyuerdd"/, n. (sometimes l.c.) pl. of Monseigneur. * * *
Messene
/me see"nee/, n. an ancient city in the SW Peloponnesus; capital of ancient Messenia. * * * Ancient city, southwestern Peloponnese, Greece. It is located north of the modern ...
messenger
/mes"euhn jeuhr/, n. 1. a person who carries a message or goes on an errand for another, esp. as a matter of duty or business. 2. a person employed to convey official dispatches ...
messenger RNA
Genetics. a single-stranded molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid ...
messengerRNA
messenger RNA n. Abbr. mRNA The form of RNA that mediates the transfer of genetic information from the cell nucleus to ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where it serves as a template ...
Messenia
/meuh see"nee euh, -seen"yeuh/, n. a division of ancient Greece, in the SW Peloponnesus: an important center of Mycenaean culture. * * * ▪ department, Greece Modern Greek ...
Messenia, Gulf of
Gulf of the Ionian Sea, on the coast of the southwestern Peloponnese, Greece. On the west side of the gulf is the port of Koróni, originally settled by Argives after the First ...
Messenian
See Messenia. * * *
Messenian Wars
▪ ancient Greece       (8th–7th century BC), contests between Sparta and Messenia in ancient Greece. Many modern historians believe that there were two early Messenian ...
Messerer, Sulamith Mikhaylovna
▪ 2005       Russian-born ballet dancer and teacher (b. Aug. 27, 1908, Moscow, Russia—d. June 3, 2004, London, Eng.), devoted her life to the Bolshoi Ballet as a ...
Messerschmitt
/mes"euhr shmit'/, n. any of several types of fighter aircraft extensively used by the German air force in World War II, esp. the ME-109. [1935-40; named after Willy ...
Messerschmitt 109 (Me 109)
Fighter aircraft of Nazi Germany. Originally designed in 1934 by Willy Messerschmitt at the Bavarian Airplane Co. (BFW), it was also known as the Bf 109. Modified after seeing ...
Messerschmitt, Willy
born June 26, 1898, Frankfurt am Main, German Empire died Sept. 17, 1978, Munich, W.Ger. German aircraft designer. From 1926 he was chief designer and engineer at the ...
messhall
mess hall n. A building or room used for serving and eating meals, as on an army post. * * *
Messiaen
/mes yahonn"/, n. Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles /aw lee vyay" ue zhen" prddaw sperdd" shannrddl/, 1908-92, French composer and organist. * * *
Messiaen, Olivier
▪ French composer in full  Olivier-Eugène-Prosper-Charles Messiaen   born Dec. 10, 1908, Avignon, France died April 27, 1992, Clichy, near Paris  influential French ...
Messiaen, Olivier (-Eugène-Prosper-Charles)
Olivier Messiaen. born Dec. 10, 1908, Avignon, France died April 27, 1992, Clichy, near Paris French composer. At age 11 he entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he won ...
Messiaen, Olivier EugèneProsper Charles
Mes·siaen (mĕ-syänʹ, -syäɴʹ), Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles. 1908-1992. French composer and organist who was a noted teacher and theorist. His avant-garde works were ...
Messiah
—Messiahship, n. —Messianic /mes'ee an"ik/, adj. —Messianically, adv. /mi suy"euh/, n. 1. the promised and expected deliverer of the Jewish people. 2. Jesus Christ, ...


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