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mes·si·an·ic also Mes·si·an·ic (mĕs'ē-ănʹĭk) adj. 1. Of or relating to a messiah: messianic hopes. 2. Of or characterized by messianism: messianic ...
—messianist, Messianist n. /mes"ee euh niz'euhm, meuh suy"euh-/, n. 1. (often cap.) the belief in the coming of the Messiah, or a movement based on this belief. 2. the belief ...
See messianism. * * *
Mes·si·as (mĭ-sīʹəs) n. Variant of Messiah. * * *
Messick, Dale
▪ 2006 Dalia Messick        American comic-strip artist (b. April 11, 1906, South Bend, Ind.—d. April 5, 2005, Penngrove, Calif.), created one of the top-rated comic ...
/me see dawrdd"/, n. (in the French Revolutionary calendar) the tenth month of the year, extending from June 19 to July 18. * * *
/mes"ee ay'/; Fr. /me syay"/, n. Charles /shannrddl/, 1730-1817, French astronomer. * * *
Messier catalog
Astron. a catalog of nonstellar objects compiled by Charles Messier in 1784 and later slightly extended, now known to contain nebulae, galaxies, and star clusters. * * * List of ...
Messier number
Astron. a number (preceded by M) designating the 109 double stars, clusters, nebulae, and galaxies in the Messier catalog. * * *
Messier, Charles
▪ French astronomer born June 26, 1730, Badonviller, France died April 12, 1817, Paris       French astronomer who was the first to compile a systematic catalog of ...
Messier, Jean-Marie
▪ 2003       The spectacular rise of French businessman Jean-Marie Messier ended in July 2002 when he was forced to resign as chairman and CEO of Vivendi Universal. ...
/mays yerrz", mes"euhrz/; Fr. /me syue"/, n. pl. of monsieur. * * *
Messikomer, Jakob
▪ Swiss archaeologist born c. 1828, , Switzerland died , Switzerland       Swiss farmer and archaeologist who excavated one of the most important Late Stone Age lake ...
/mes"euh lee/, adv. in a messy manner. [MESSY + -LY] * * *
/mes"euhn/, n. Scot. messan. * * *
/me see"neuh/, n. 1. a seaport in NE Sicily. 265,918. 2. Strait of, a strait between Sicily and Italy. 21/2 mi. (4 km) wide. * * * ancient Zankle City (pop., 2001 prelim.: ...
Messina earthquake and tsunami
▪ Italian history        earthquake and subsequent tsunami that devastated southern Italy on Dec. 28, 1908. The double catastrophe almost completely destroyed ...
Messina, Francesco
▪ 1996       Italian sculptor whose monumental bronzes include a statue of Pope Pius XII in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome and a remarkable figure of a horse outside the ...
Messina, Strait of
ancient Siculum Fretum Channel between southern Italy and northeastern Sicily. It is 2.5 to 12 mi (4 to 19 km) wide. The city of Messina lies on its bank in Sicily, opposite ...
Fr. /me seen"/, n. a village in W Belgium, near Ypres: battles 1914, 1917. * * *
See messily. * * *
Messinian Stage
▪ paleontology       uppermost division of Miocene (Miocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Messinian Age (7.2 million to 5.3 million ...
mess jacket n. A waist-length fitted jacket, worn chiefly as part of a uniform on formal occasions. Also called monkey jacket, shell jacket. * * *
mess kit n. A set of cooking and eating utensils compactly arranged in a kit, used by soldiers and campers. * * *
/mes"meuhn/, n., pl. messmen. Naval. an enlisted person who serves in the messroom. [1840-50; MESS + -MAN] * * *
/mes"mayt'/, n. a person, esp. a friend, who is a member of a group regularly taking meals together, as in an army camp. [1720-30; MESS + MATE1] * * *
Messmer, Otto
▪ American animator born August 16, 1892, Union City, New Jersey, U.S. died October 28, 1983, Teaneck, New Jersey       American animator who created the character ...
Messmer, Pierre August Joseph
▪ 2008       French Gaullist administrator and politician born March 20, 1916, Vincennes, France died Aug. 29, 2007, Paris, France was minister for the armed forces ...
Messner, Reinhold
▪ Italian explorer born September 17, 1944, Bressanone [Brixon], Italy    mountain climber (mountaineering) and polar trekker who was renowned for his pioneering and ...
Messner, Tammy Faye
▪ 2008 Tammy Faye LaValley; Tammy Faye Bakker  American televangelist born March 7, 1942, International Falls, Minn. died July 20, 2007 , near Kansas City, Mo. was best ...
/mes"roohm', -room'/, n. a dining room aboard ship or at a naval base. [1805-15; MESS + ROOM] * * *
Messrs [mes′ərz] abbrev. messieurs: now used chiefly as the pl. of MR. * * *
/mes"euhrz/ pl. of Mr. * * *
/mes"wij/, n. Law. a dwelling house with its adjacent buildings and the lands appropriated to the use of the household. [1350-1400; ME < AF, misreading (n taken as u) of OF ...
—messiness, n. /mes"ee/, adj., messier, messiest. 1. characterized by a dirty, untidy, or disordered condition: a messy room. 2. causing a mess: a messy recipe; messy work. 3. ...
▪ Spanish society in full  Honrado Concejo de la Mesta (honourable Council of the Mesta)        society composed of all the sheep raisers of Castile, in Spain, ...
Mesta, Perle
▪ American diplomat née  Perle Skirvin  born Oct. 12, 1889, Sturgis, Mich., U.S. died March 16, 1975, Oklahoma City, Okla.  American socialite and diplomat who entertained ...
/me stee"/, n. mustee. * * *
/me stee"zeuh, mi-/, n. a woman of racially mixed ancestry, esp., in Latin America, of mixed American Indian and European ancestry or, in the Philippines, of mixed native and ...
/me stee"zoh, mi-/, n., pl. mestizos, mestizoes. a person of racially mixed ancestry, esp., in Latin America, of mixed American Indian and European, usually Spanish or ...
/mes"treuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Pharm. an estrogen, C21H26O2, used in oral contraceptives in combination with a progestin. [1960-65; contr. and rearrangement of methoxy- and ...
▪ Italy       former northwestern suburb of Venice, Veneto regione, northern Italy. Mestre, on the mainland shore of the Venice Lagoon, is now administratively part of ...
/mesh"treuh vich/; Serbo-Croatian. /mesh"trddaw vich'/, n. Ivan /uy"veuhn/; Serbo-Croatian. /ee"vahn/ 1883-1962, Yugoslav sculptor, in the U.S. after 1946. * * *
Meštrović, Ivan
▪ American sculptor born August 15, 1883, Vrpolje, Slavonia, Austria-Hungary [now in Croatia] died January 16, 1962, South Bend, Indiana, U.S.  Croatian-born American ...
/mez"euh rawl', -rol', mes"-/, Chem., Trademark. a brand of methiocarb. * * *
/met/, v. pt. and pp. of meet1. * * *
Biochem. methionine. * * *
Met enkephalin
/met/, (sometimes l.c.) See under enkephalin. Also, Met-enkephalin. [1975-80] * * *
var. of meta- before a vowel: metempirical. * * *
1. metaphor. 2. metaphysics. 3. meteorology. 4. metropolitan. * * *
metallurgical engineer. * * *
meta1 /mee"teuh/, n., pl. metae /-tee/. (in ancient Rome) a column or post, or a group of columns or posts, placed at each end of a racetrack to mark the turning ...
/mee"teuh/, n. a female given name. * * * ▪ department, Colombia       departamento, eastern Colombia, bounded north by the Río Meta and south by the Río Guaviare. ...
Meta River
▪ river, South America       major tributary of the Orinoco in eastern Colombia and western Venezuela. Formed in Meta department, Colombia, by the junction of the Upía ...
1. a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, with the meanings "after," "along with," "beyond," "among," "behind," and productive in English on the Greek model: metacarpus; ...
met·a-a·nal·y·sis (mĕt'ə-ə-nălʹĭ-sĭs) n. The process or technique of synthesizing research results by using various statistical methods to retrieve, select, and ...
/met"euh duy klawr'euh ben"zeen, -ben zeen", -klohr'-/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid, C6H4Cl2, soluble in alcohol and ether: used as a fumigant and insecticide. Cf. ...
—metabiotic /met'euh buy ot"ik/, adj. —metabiotically, adv. /met'euh buy oh"sis/, n. Biol. a mode of living in which one organism is dependent on another for preparation of ...
—metabolically, adv. /met'euh bol"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or affected by metabolism. 2. undergoing metamorphosis. [1735-45; < Gk metabolikós changeable, equiv. to ...
metabolic disease
▪ pathology Introduction       any of the diseases or disorders that disrupt normal metabolism, the process of converting food to energy on a cellular (cell) level. ...
metabolic heat
Physiol. See animal heat. * * *
See metabolic. * * *
/meuh tab"euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. Biol., Physiol. the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its material substance is produced, maintained, and ...
Metabolist school
Japanese architectural movement of the 1960s. Tange Kenzō launched the movement with his Boston Harbor Project design (1959), which included two gigantic A-frames hung with ...
/meuh tab"euh luyt'/, n. Biol., Physiol. a product of metabolic action. [1880-85; METABOL(ISM) + -ITE1] * * *
See metabolize. * * *
—metabolizability, n. —metabolizable, adj. —metabolizer, n. /meuh tab"euh luyz'/, v.t., v.i., metabolized, metabolizing. to subject to metabolism; change by ...
/met'euh kahr"peuhl/, adj. Anat. 1. of or pertaining to the metacarpus. n. 2. a metacarpal bone. [1730-40; META- + CARPAL] * * * ▪ bone       any of several tubular ...
See metacarpal. * * *
/met'euh kahr"peuhs/, n., pl. metacarpi /-puy/. Anat. the part of a hand or forelimb, esp. of its bony structure, included between the wrist, or carpus, and the fingers, or ...
/met"euh sen'teuhr/, n. Naval Archit. the intersection between two vertical lines, one through the center of buoyancy of a hull in equilibrium, the other through the center of ...
▪ fluid mechanics also spelled  metacenter        in fluid mechanics, the theoretical point at which an imaginary vertical line through the centre of buoyancy ...
—metacentricity /met'euh sen tris"i tee/, n. /met'euh sen"trik/, adj. 1. Naval Archit. of or pertaining to a metacenter. 2. Genetics. of or pertaining to any chromosome or ...
metacentric height
Naval Archit. the distance between the center of gravity and the metacenter of a floating body, as of a vessel. * * *
See metacentric. * * *
/met'euh seuhr kair"ee euh/, n. pl. metacercariae /-kair"ee ee'/. Zool. the encysted larva of a trematode, usually found in or on an aquatic intermediate host. Cf. ...
See metachromatism. * * *
metachromatic leukodystrophy
▪ pathology       rare inherited metabolic disease in which the lack of a key enzyme causes loss of the protective myelin sheath from the white matter of the brain, ...
—metachromatic /met'euh kroh mat"ik, -kreuh-/, adj. /met'euh kroh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. change of color, esp. that due to variation in the temperature of a body. [1875-80; META- + ...
/met'euh sin"euh bahr'/, n. Mineral. a polymorph of cinnabar, black mercuric sulfide, HgS. [META- + CINNABAR] * * * ▪ mineral       a mercury sulfide mineral that has ...
Met·a·com (mĕtʹə-kŏm'), Also called Phil·ip (fĭlʹĭp) Died 1676. Wampanoag leader who waged King Philip's War (1675-1676) with New England colonists who had encroached ...
/met'euh kom"it/, n. See Philip, King. * * *
/met"euh krist'/, n. Geol. a crystal formed by recrystallization of minerals in a metamorphic rock. [1910-15; META- + (PHENO)CRYST] * * *
See metaethics. * * *
—metaethical, adj. /met'euh eth"iks, met"euh eth'-/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) the philosophy of ethics dealing with the meaning of ethical terms, the nature of moral ...
/met"euh fik'sheuhn/, n. fiction that discusses, describes, or analyzes a work of fiction or the conventions of fiction. [1975-80] * * *
See metafiction. * * *
See metafictional. * * *
—metagalactic /met'euh geuh lak"tik/, adj. /met'euh gal"euhk see/, n., pl. metagalaxies. Astron. the complete system of galaxies; the Milky Way and all the surrounding ...
/mee"tij/, n. 1. the official measurement of contents or weight. 2. the charge for such measurement. [1520-30; METE1 + -AGE] * * *
—metagenetic /met'euh jeuh net"ik/, metagenic, adj. —metagenetically, adv. /met'euh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. reproduction characterized by the alternation of a sexual ...
See metagenesis. * * *
See metagnathous. * * *
—metagnathism, n. /meuh tag"neuh theuhs/, adj. 1. Ornith. having the tips of the mandibles crossed, as the crossbills. 2. Entomol. having biting mouthparts in the larval stage ...
Metairie [met′ə rē] 〚< Fr, lit., sharecropping farm, for nearby farms owned by Jesuits〛 city in SE La.: suburb of New Orleans: pop. 146,000 * * * Met·ai·rie ...
—metallike, adj. /met"l/, n., v., metaled, metaling or (esp. Brit.) metalled, metalling. n. 1. any of a class of elementary substances, as gold, silver, or copper, all of which ...
metal carbonyl
▪ chemical compound       any coordination or complex compound consisting of a heavy metal such as nickel, cobalt, or iron surrounded by carbonyl (CO) groups. Some ...
metal cut
▪ art       an engraving on metal, usually lead or type metal, or a print made from such plates. The earliest example of metal cut is the 15th-century technique called ...
metal detector
an electronic device for detecting the presence of metal objects, as one used as a portable sweeping unit or one emplaced in an archway at an airport terminal to detect concealed ...
metal fatigue
Weakened condition of metal parts of machines, vehicles, or structures caused by repeated stresses or loadings, ultimately resulting in fracture under a stress much weaker than ...
Metal Gear Solid
▪ electronic game series       stealth espionage electronic game series debuted by the Japanese toy and game company Konami in 1998. The game is based on the 1980s ...
metal lath
—metal lather. 1. any of various meshlike laths of metal for plastering. 2. nondecorative interior metalwork for supporting lighting fixtures, dropped ceilings, etc. * * *
Metal Lumber
Trademark. a brand of sheet metal pressed and welded together to form joists and studding. * * *
metal oxide semiconductor
Electronics. a three-layer sandwich of a metal, an insulator (usually an oxide of the substrate), and a semiconductor substrate, used in integrated circuits. Also, metal-oxide ...
metal paste-up
Print. a method for making up a form for printing in which engravings mounted on blocks are positioned on and pasted to a metal base. * * *
metal point
or silverpoint Method of drawing with a small sharpened metal rod of lead, copper, gold, or most commonly silver on specially prepared paper or parchment. Silverpoint produces ...
metal tape
a high-performance recording tape having a magnetic metal-particle coating that is not an oxide. * * *
metal wood
a structural material consisting of a sheet of metal glued between two veneers or of a veneer glued between two sheets of metal. * * *
metal-free phthalocyanine
/met"l free'/, Chem. phthalocyanine (def. 1). * * *
1. metallurgical. 2. metallurgy. * * *
/met"euh lang'gwij/, n. any language or symbolic system used to discuss, describe, or analyze another language or symbolic system. [1935-40; META- + LANGUAGE] * * ...
▪ chemical process       any chemical process by which a metal atom is introduced into an organic molecule to form an organometallic compound, but more commonly the ...
/met"l kraf'ting, -krahf'-/, n. metal-working. [METAL + CRAFT + -ING1] * * *
metal detector n. A device that senses the presence of metal, especially: a. A hand-held unit used in searching an area for coins or other metal objects. b. A gatelike structure ...
—metaleptic, metaleptical, adj. —metaleptically, adv. /met'euh lep"sis/, n., pl. metalepses /-seez/. Rhet. the use of metonymy to replace a word already used ...
/met"l hed'/, n. Slang. a fan of heavy metal music; headbanger. [1985-90] * * *
—metalinguistically, adv. /met'euh ling gwis"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to metalinguistics or a metalanguage. [1940-45; META- + LINGUISTIC] * * *
See metalinguistic. * * *
/met'euh ling gwis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of the relation between languages and the other cultural systems they refer to. [1945-50; META- + LINGUISTICS] * * *
/met"l ist/, n. 1. a person who works with metals. 2. a person who advocates the use of metallic money exclusively, instead of paper money. Also, metallist. [1640-50; METAL + ...
—metalization, n. /met"l uyz'/, v.t., metalized, metalizing. 1. to make metallic; give the characteristics of metal to. 2. to cover or coat (a metal or nonmetal object or ...
var. of metallo- esp. before a vowel: metallurgy. * * *
1. metallurgical. 2. metallurgy. * * *
Metallgesellschaft AG
▪ German company       major German industrial company engaged in mining, metal refining, fabrication, and trade; the design and production of industrial plants and ...
var. of metallo-: metalliferous. [see METALLO-, -I-] * * *
—metallically, adv. —metallicity /met'l is"i tee/, metalleity /met'l ee"i tee/, n. /meuh tal"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or consisting of metal. 2. of the nature of or ...
metallic bond
Chem. the type of chemical bond between atoms in a metallic element, formed by the valence electrons moving freely through the metal lattice. * * * ▪ ...
metallic fibre
▪ textile       in textiles, synthetic fibre, known generically as metallic, including manufactured fibres composed of metal, metal-coated plastic, or of a core covered ...
metallic glass.
See glassy alloy. [1800-10] * * *
metallic luster
Ceram. luster1 (def. 8). [1785-95] * * *
metallic soap
Chem. any usually water-insoluble salt formed by the interaction of a fatty acid and a metal, esp. lead or aluminum: used chiefly as a drier in paints and varnishes and for ...
metallic wood-boring beetle
any of numerous metallic green, blue, copper, or black beetles of the family Buprestidae, the larvae of which bore into the wood of trees. * * * ▪ insect also called  Jewel ...
a US band whose music combines punk and heavy metal. It was formed in 1981 by Lars Ulrich, who was born in Denmark. Their albums have included Kill ’Em All (1983), Metallica ...
See metallic. * * *
metallic bond n. The chemical bond characteristic of metals, in which mobile valence electrons are shared among atoms in a usually stable crystalline structure. * * *
/meuh tal"euh suyz'/, v.t., metallicized, metallicizing. Elect. to make (a circuit) thoroughly metallic, as by replacing a ground return with another wire. Also, esp. Brit., ...
/met"l uyd'/, v.t., metallided, metalliding. to provide (a metal or alloy) with a diffused coating of a metal or metalloid by electrolysis at high temperature in order to impart ...
☆ metalliding [met′ə līd΄iŋ ] n. 〚
/met'l if"euhr euhs/, adj. containing or yielding metal. [1650-60; < L metallifer (see METALLI-, -FER) + -OUS] * * *
/met"l in, -uyn'/, adj. 1. metallic. 2. containing one or more metals or metallic salts. [1425-75; late ME metalline < ML metallinus of metal. See METAL, -INE1] * * *
/met"l ist/, n. metalist. * * *
—metallization, n. /met"l uyz'/, v.t., metallized, metallizing. metalize. Also, esp. Brit., metallise. * * *
a combining form representing metal in compound words: metallography. Also, metalli-; esp. before a vowel, metall-. [ < Gk, comb. form of métallon] * * *
/meuh tal'oh awr gan"ik/, adj. Chem. organometallic. [1885-90] * * *
/meuh tal"euh seen'/, n. Chem. an organometallic coordination compound consisting of a metal bonded to one or two rings of cyclopentadiene. Cf. ferrocene. [METALLO- + -cene < Gk ...
metallogenic province
▪ geography       geographic area characterized by a particular assemblage of mineral deposits, or by a distinctive style of mineralization. The causes of formation of ...
/meuh tal"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. a microscope for observing the microstructure of metals. [METALLO- + -GRAPH] * * *
See metallography. * * *
See metallographer. * * *
See metallographer. * * *
—metallographer, metallographist, n. —metallographic /meuh tal'euh graf"ik/, metallographical, adj. /met'l og"reuh fee/, n. the study of the structure of metals and alloys by ...
/met"l oyd'/, n. 1. a nonmetal that in combination with a metal forms an alloy. 2. an element that has both metallic and nonmetallic properties, as arsenic, silicon, or ...
/meuh tal"euh fohn'/, n. any musical instrument consisting of a graduated series of metal bars that may either be struck by hammers operated manually or played with a ...
/meuh tal'oh ther"euh pee/, n. Med. therapy by the use of metals or their salts. [1875-80; METALLO- + THERAPY] * * *
See metallurgy. * * *
See metallurgic. * * *
See metallurgic. * * *
See metallurgic. * * *
—metallurgic, metallurgical, adj. —metallurgically, adv. —metallurgist /met"l err'jist/ or, esp. Brit., /meuh tal"euhr jist/, n. /met"l err'jee/ or, esp. Brit., /meuh ...
/met"l mahrk'/, n. any of the small, mostly tropical butterflies of the family Riodinidae, often having metallic-colored flecks on the wings. [1905-10; METAL + MARK1] * * * ▪ ...
/met"euh loj'ik/, n. the logical analysis of the fundamental concepts of logic. [1835-45; META- + LOGIC] * * * Study of the syntax and the semantics of formal languages and ...
/met"l smith'/, n. a person skilled in making articles of metal. [1350-1400; ME. See METAL, SMITH] * * *
/met"l wair'/, n. work of metal, esp. utensils, flatware, etc. [1895-1900; METAL + WARE1] * * *
—metalworker, n. /met"l werrk'/, n. objects made of metal. [1840-50; METAL + WORK] * * * Useful and decorative objects fashioned of various metals. The oldest technique is ...
See metalworking. * * *
/met"l werr'king/, n. the act or technique of making metal objects. [1880-85; METAL + WORKING] * * *
See metamathematics. * * *
See metamathematical. * * *
—metamathematical, adj. —metamathematician /met'euh math'euh meuh tish"euhn/, n. /met'euh math'euh mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the logical analysis of the fundamental ...
/met"euh meuhr/, n. Chem. a compound exhibiting metamerism with one or more other compounds. [1880-85; META- + -MER] * * *
/met"euh mear'/, n. a somite. [1875-80; META- + -MERE] * * *
—metamerically, adv. /met'euh mer"ik/, adj. 1. Also, metameral /meuh tam"euhr euhl/. Zool. a. consisting of metameres. b. pertaining to metamerism. 2. Chem. of, pertaining to, ...
See metameric. * * *
/meuh tam"euh riz'euhm/, n. 1. Zool. a. division into metameres, the developmental process of somite formation. b. existence in a metameric state. 2. Chem. isomerism resulting ...
/met'euh mawr"fik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characterized by change of form, or metamorphosis. 2. Geol. pertaining to or exhibiting structural change or metamorphism. [1810-20; ...
metamorphic facies
Geol. a group of metamorphic rock units characterized by particular mineralogic associations. * * *
metamorphic rock
Any of a class of rocks that result from the alteration of preexisting rocks in response to changing geological conditions, including variations in temperature, pressure, and ...
/met'euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. 1. Geol. a change in the structure or constitution of a rock due to natural agencies, as pressure and heat, esp. when the rock becomes harder and more ...
/met'euh mawr"fohz, -fohs/, v., metamorphosed, metamorphosing. v.t. 1. to change the form or nature of; transform. 2. to subject to metamorphosis or metamorphism. v.i. 3. to ...
/met'euh mawr"feuh seez'/, n. a series of mythological tales or legends in verse (A.D. 7-8) by Ovid. * * *
/met'euh mawr"feuh sis/, n., pl. metamorphoses /-seez'/. 1. Biol. a profound change in form from one stage to the next in the life history of an organism, as from the caterpillar ...
Metamorphosis, The
(German, Die Verwandlung), a short story (1915) by Franz Kafka. * * *
/met'euh mawr"feuhs/, adj. metamorphic. [META- + -MORPHOUS] * * *
/met'euh nal"euh sis/, n., pl. metanalyses /-seez'/. a shift in the division between words in a phrase; misdivision: "A nickname" resulted from metanalysis of "an ...
—metanephric, adj. /met'euh nef"ros/, n., pl. metanephroi /-roy/. Embryol. one of the three embryonic excretory organs of higher vertebrates, becoming the permanent and ...
/met'euh nuy"reuh/, n. Class. Myth. queen of Eleusis, who took Demeter in to nurse her child. Also, Metaneira. * * *
/met'euh nuy'treuh fee"nawl, -nol/, n. See under nitrophenol (def. 2). [META- + NITROPHENOL] * * *
/met'euh noy"euh/, n. a profound, usually spiritual, transformation; conversion. [1870-75; < Gk metánoia change of mind, repentance; see META-, -NOIA] * * *
/me'tah pe"let/, n., pl. metaplot /-plawt"/. Hebrew. a woman who cares for children, esp. on kibbutzim in Israel; foster mother. * * *
metaph abbrev. 1. metaphor 2. metaphysics * * *
1. metaphysical. 2. metaphysics. * * *
/met"euh fayz'/, n. Cell Biol. the stage in mitosis or meiosis in which the duplicated chromosomes line up along the equatorial plate of the spindle. [1885-90; META- + PHASE] * * ...
metaphase plate
Cell Biol. a plane in the equatorial region of the spindle in dividing cells, along which the chromosomes become arranged during the metaphase. [1935-40] * * *
metaphase plate n. An imaginary plane perpendicular to the spindle fibers of a dividing cell, along which chromosomes align during metaphase. * * *
/met"euh fen'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of nitromersol. * * *
—metaphorical /met'euh fawr"i keuhl, -for"-/, metaphoric, adj. —metaphorically, adv. —metaphoricalness, n. /met"euh fawr', -feuhr/, n. 1. a figure of speech in which a term ...
See metaphor. * * *
See metaphoric. * * *
See metaphoric. * * *
/met'euh fos"fayt/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of metaphosphoric acid. [1825-35; META- + PHOSPHATE] * * *
metaphosphoric acid
/met'euh fos fawr"ik, -for"-/, Chem. an acid, HPO3, derived from phosphorous pentoxide, and containing the smallest amount of water of the phosphoric acids. Cf. phosphoric ...
met·a·phos·phor·ic acid (mĕt'ə-fŏs-fôrʹĭk, -fŏrʹ-) n. An inorganic compound, HPO3, used as a dehydrating agent and in dental cements. * * *
/met"euh frayz'/, n., v., metaphrased, metaphrasing. n. 1. a literal translation. v.t. 2. to translate, esp. literally. 3. to change the phrasing or literary form of. [1600-10; < ...
—metaphrastic, metaphrastical, adj. —metaphrastically, adv. /met"euh frast'/, n. a person who translates or changes a literary work from one form to another, as prose into ...
See metaphrase. * * *
metaphysics. * * *
/met'euh fiz"ik/, n. 1. metaphysics. adj. 2. metaphysical. [1350-1400; ME metaphisik < ML metaphysica (neut. pl.); see METAPHYSICS] * * *
—metaphysically, adv. /met'euh fiz"i keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of metaphysics. 2. Philos. a. concerned with abstract thought or subjects, as existence, ...
Metaphysical painting
Italian Pittura Metafisica. Style of painting that flourished с 1910–20 in the works of the Italian painters Giorgio de Chirico and Carlo Carrà (1881–1966). The movement ...
Metaphysical poet
▪ English literature  any of the poets in 17th-century England who inclined to the personal and intellectual complexity and concentration that is displayed in the poetry of ...
Metaphysical poetry
Highly intellectualized poetry written chiefly in 17th-century England. Less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, Metaphysical poetry is marked by bold and ...
metaphysical poets
n a group of 17th-century English poets, including John Donne, George Herbert and Andrew Marvell. Their poetry was marked by a clever and complicated mixture of words and ideas, ...
See metaphysical. * * *
/met'euh feuh zish"euhn/, n. a person who creates or develops metaphysical theories. Also, metaphysicist /met'euh fiz"euh sist/. [1425-75; late ME metaphisicien, prob. < MF ...
/met'euh fiz"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, includes ontology and cosmology, and is intimately connected with ...
—metaphytic /met'euh fit"ik/, adj. /met"euh fuyt'/, n. Bot. a multicellular plant. [1890-95; META- + -PHYTE] * * *
—metaplastic /met'euh plas"tik/, adj. /met'euh play"zheuh, -zhee euh/, n. Pathol. the transformation of one type of tissue into another. [1885-90; META- + -PLASIA] * * * ▪ ...
—metaplasmic, adj. /met"euh plaz'euhm/, n. 1. Cell Biol. the nonliving matter or inclusions, as starch or pigments, within a cell. 2. Gram. a. a change in the structure of a ...
See metaplasm1,2. * * *
See metaplasia and metaplasm1. * * *
Met·a·pon·tum (mĕt'ə-pŏnʹtəm) An ancient city of southeast Italy on the Gulf of Taranto. It was settled by Greeks c. 700 B.C. Pythagoras taught here in the sixth ...
/met'euh proh"teen, -tee in/, n. Biochem. a hydrolytic derivative of protein, insoluble in water but soluble in dilute acids or alkalis. [META- + PROTEIN] * * *
—metapsychological /met'euh suy'keuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /met'euh suy kol"euh jee/, n. speculative thought dealing systematically with concepts extending beyond the limits of ...
/met"euh skohp'/, n. a device for converting infrared radiation into visible light. [META- + -SCOPE] * * *
/met'euh si kwoy"euh/, n. a tall deciduous coniferous tree, Metasequoia glyptostrobodes, first known as a fossil and then discovered alive in China. Also called dawn redwood. [ < ...
See metasomatism. * * *
metasomatic replacement
Process of simultaneous solution and deposition in which one mineral replaces another. It is the method by which wood is petrified (silica replaces the wood fibres), minerals ...
See metasomatic. * * *
—metasomatic /met'euh soh mat"ik/, adj. /met'euh soh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. Geol. 1. the series of metamorphic processes whereby chemical changes occur in minerals or rocks as a ...
See metastable. * * *
—metastability /met'euh steuh bil"i tee/, n. /met"euh stay'beuhl, met'euh stay"-/, adj. 1. Metall. chemically unstable in the absence of certain conditions that would induce ...
metastable state
Excited state (see excitation) of an atom, nucleus, or other system that has a longer lifetime than the ordinary excited states and generally has a shorter lifetime than the ...
/me'tah stah"zyaw/, n. (Pietro Antonio Domenico Bonaventura Trapassi) 1698-1782, Italian poet and dramatist. * * *
Metastasio, Pietro
orig. Antonio Domenico Bonaventura Trapassi born Jan. 3, 1698, Rome died April 12, 1782, Vienna Italian poet and opera librettist. His name was changed by his adoptive ...
—metastatic /met'euh stat"ik/, adj. —metastatically, adv. /meuh tas"teuh sis/, n., pl. metastases /-seez'/. 1. Pathol. a. the transference of disease-producing organisms or ...
/meuh tas"teuh suyz'/, v.i., metastasized, metastasizing. 1. Pathol. (of malignant cells or disease-producing organisms) to spread to other parts of the body by way of the blood ...
See metastasis. * * *
See metastatic. * * *
—metatarsally, adv. /met'euh tahr"seuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the metatarsus. n. 2. a bone in the metatarsus. [1730-40; META- + TARSAL] * * * ▪ bone       any ...
metatarsal arch
Anat. the short lateral arch of the foot formed by the heads of the metatarsal bones. * * *
▪ bone disorder       persistent pain in the metatarsal region, or ball, of the foot. The condition arises when the weight of the body, while standing, is forced to rest ...
See metatarsal. * * *
/met'euh tahr"seuhs/, n., pl. metatarsi /-suy/. Anat., Zool. the part of a foot or hind limb, esp. its bony structure, included between the tarsus and the toes or phalanges. See ...
/meuh tah"tee/; Sp. /me tah"te/, n., pl. metates /-teez/; Sp. /-tes/. a flat stone that has a shallow depression in the upper surface for holding maize or other grains to be ...
met·a·the·o·ry (mĕtʹə-thē'ə-rē, -thîr'ē) n. A theory devised to analyze theoretical systems. * * *       a theory the subject matter of which is another ...
/met'euh thear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the group Metatheria, comprising the marsupial mammals. n. 2. a metatherian animal. [1875-80; < NL Metatheri(a) name ...
—metathetic /met'euh thet"ik/, metathetical, adj. /meuh tath"euh sis/, n., pl. metatheses /-seez'/. 1. the transposition of letters, syllables, or sounds in a word, as in the ...
/meuh tath"euh suyz'/, v.t., v.i., metathesized, metathesizing. to cause to undergo or undergo metathesis. Also, esp. Brit., metathesise. [1915-20; METATHES(IS) + -IZE] * * *
See metathesis. * * *
See metathetic. * * *
See metathetic. * * *
See metathorax. * * *
—metathoracic /met'euh thaw ras"ik, -thoh-/, adj. /met'euh thawr"aks, -thohr"-/, n., pl. metathoraxes, metathoraces /-thawr"euh seez', -thohr"-/. the posterior division of the ...
/met'euh teuh looh"i deen', -din/, n. Chem. a colorless, slightly water-soluble liquid, C7H9N, the meta isomer of toluidine, used in the manufacture of dyes and other organic ...
▪ angel       greatest of angels in Jewish myths and legends, variously identified as the Prince (or Angel) of the Presence, as Michael the archangel, or as Enoch after ...
—metatroph /met"euh trof', -trawf'/, n. —metatrophy /meuh ta"treuh fee/, n. /met'euh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. requiring dead organic matter for food. [1895-1900; META- + ...
Metauro River
▪ river, Italy Italian  Fiume Metauro,  also called  Metro,  Latin  Metaurus,         river, Marche region, central Italy, rising in the Etruscan Apennines ...
/meuh tak"seuhs/; Gk. /me'tah ksahs"/, n. Joannes Gk. /yaw ah"nyees/, 1871-1941, Greek general and political leader: dictator 1936-40. * * *
Metaxas, Ioannis
born April 12, 1871, Ithaca, Greece died Jan. 29, 1941, Athens Greek general and premier (1936–41). He rose in the Greek army to become chief of staff (1913–17). An ardent ...
▪ plant family       small family of ferns (fern) in the division Pteridophyta (the lower vascular plants (plant)). The single genus, Metaxya, contains two species, M. ...
/met'euh zuy"leuhm, -lem/, n. Bot. the part of the primary xylem that is the last to be formed, usually having weblike or pitted surfaces. [1900-05; META- + XYLEM] * * *
/met'euh yahzh", may'teuh-/, n. the system of agriculture based on the use of métayers. [1875-80; < F; see MÉTAYER, -AGE] * * * ▪ land ownership (French),Italian ...
/met'euh yay", may'teuh-/, n. a person who works the land using tools, seed, etc., furnished by the landlord and who receives a share of the harvest in compensation. [1770-80; < ...
—metazoan, adj., n. —metazoic, metazoal, adj. /met'euh zoh"euh/, n. a zoological group comprising the multicellular animals. [1870-75; < NL; see META-, -ZOA] * * *

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