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—lymphangiogram /lim fan"jee euh gram'/, n. /lim fan'jee og"reuh fee/, n. x-ray visualization of lymph vessels and nodes following injection of a contrast medium. Also called ...
—lymphangiomatous /lim fan'jee om"euh teuhs/, adj. /lim fan'jee oh"meuh/, n., pl. lymphangiomas, lymphangiomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign tumor composed of dilated and ...
/lim'fan juy"tis/, n., pl. lymphangitides /-jit"i deez'/. Pathol. inflammation of the lymphatic vessels. Also, lymphangiitis /lim fan'jee uy"tis/. [1835-45; LYMPHANG(I)- + ...
—lymphatically, adv. /lim fat"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, containing, or conveying lymph. 2. (of persons) having the characteristics, as flabbiness or sluggishness, formerly ...
lymphatic system
Anat., Zool. the system by which lymph is returned from the cells to the blood and by which white blood cells are produced in response to inflammation or presence of antigens; in ...
See lymphatic. * * *
lymphatic system n. The interconnected system of spaces and vessels between body tissues and organs by which lymph circulates throughout the body. * * *
—lymphatolytic /lim fat'l it"ik, lim'feuh tl-/, adj. /lim'feuh tol"euh sis/, n. Pathol. destruction of lymphatic vessels or of lymphoid tissue. [LYMPHAT(IC) + -O- + -LYSIS] * * ...
/lim'fi dee"meuh/, n. Pathol. the accumulation of lymph in soft tissue with accompanying swelling, often of the extremities: sometimes caused by inflammation, obstruction, or ...
lymph node n. Any of the small bodies located along the lymphatic vessels, particularly at the neck, armpit, and groin, that filter bacteria and foreign particles from lymph ...
a combining form representing lymph in compound words: lymphocyte. Also, esp. before a vowel, lymph-. * * *
—lymphoblastic, adj. /lim"feuh blast'/, n. Cell Biol. a large, metabolically active lymphocyte shortly before it enters into mitosis. [1905-10; LYMPHO- + -BLAST] * * * ▪ ...
See lymphoblast. * * *
—lymphocytic /lim'feuh sit"ik/, adj. /lim"feuh suyt'/, n. Anat. a type of white blood cell having a large, spherical nucleus surrounded by a thin layer of nongranular ...
See lymphocyte. * * *
lymphocytic choriomeningitis
▪ pathology       inflammation of the meninges (membranes covering the central nervous system) and choroid plexus (an area of the brain that regulates the pressure of ...
—lymphocytotic /lim'foh suy tot"ik/, adj. /lim'feuh suy toh"sis/, n. Pathol. an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood. [1895-1900; LYMPHOCYTE + -OSIS] * * ...
See lymphocytosis. * * *
/lim'feuh gran'yeuh loh"meuh/, n., pl. lymphogranulomas, lymphogranulomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. 1. any of certain diseases characterized by granulomatous lesions of lymph ...
lymphogranuloma venereum
▪ pathology also called  lymphogranuloma inguinale  or  Nicolas-Favre disease        infection of lymph (lymphatic system) vessels and lymph nodes (lymph node) by ...
/lim'feuh gran'yeuh loh meuh toh"sis/, n. Pathol. widespread infectious granuloma of the lymphatic system. [1910-15; LYMPHO- + GRANULOMATOSIS] * * *
lym·pho·gran·u·lo·ma ve·ne·re·um (lĭm'fə-grăn'yə-lōʹmə və-nîrʹrē-əm) n. A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium (Chlamydia trachomatis) and ...
/lim fog"reuh fee/, n. lymphangiography. [1930-35; LYMPHO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
/lim"foyd/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling lymph. 2. of or pertaining to the tissue (lymphoid tissue) that occurs esp. in the lymph glands, thymus, tonsils, and spleen ...
lymphoid cell
Anat. a cell in the lymph glands that produces leukocytes. [1870-75] * * *
lymphoid tissue
Cells, tissues, and organs composing the immune system, including the bone marrow, thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes. The most highly organized components are the thymus and lymph ...
/lim"feuh kuyn'/, n. Immunol. any lymphocyte product, as interferon, that is not an antibody but may participate in the immune response through its effect on the function of ...
lymphokine-activated killer cell
/lim"feuh kuyn ak'teuh vay'tid/, Immunol. See LAK cell. * * *
—lymphomatoid, adj. /lim foh"meuh/, n., pl. lymphomas, lymphomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor arising from any of the cellular elements of lymph nodes. [1870-75; < NL; see ...
See lymphoma. * * *
/lim'foh meuh toh"sis/, n. Pathol. lymphoma spread throughout the body. [1895-1900; < NL lymphomat- (s. of lymphoma LYMPHOMA) + -OSIS] * * *
See lymphomatoid. * * *
/lim'foh pee"nee euh, -peen"yeuh/, n. Pathol. a reduction in the number of lymphocytes in the blood. [1905-10; < NL; see LYMPHO-, -PENIA] * * *
—lymphopoietic /lim'foh poy et"ik/, adj. /lim'foh poy ee"sis/, n. Physiol. the formation of lymphocytes. [1915-20; LYMPHO- + -POIESIS] * * *
See lymphopoiesis. * * *
/lim'foh sahr koh"meuh/, n. Pathol. a malignant tumor in lymphatic tissue, caused by the growth of abnormal lymphocytes. [1870-75; < NL; see LYMPHO-, SARCOMA] * * *
/lim'feuh tok"sin/, n. Immunol. a glycoprotein that is released by antigen-stimulated or mitogen-stimulated T cells and is toxic to various other cells. [1970-75; LYMPHO- + ...
/lim'feuh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. carrying nutrients from the lymph to the tissues. [1980-85] * * *
/lin"brook'/, n. a village on W Long Island, in SE New York. 20,431. * * *
/lin see"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a lynx; lynxlike. 2. lynx-eyed; sharp-sighted. [ < L lynce(us) sharp-sighted ( < Gk lýnkeios like a lynx, equiv. to lynk-, s. of ...
—lyncher, n. /linch/, v.t. to put to death, esp. by hanging, by mob action and without legal authority. [1825-35, Amer.; v. use of lynch in LYNCH LAW] Syn. See hang. * * *
/linch/, n. John (Jack), born 1917, Irish political leader: prime minister 1966-73, 1977-79. * * *
lynch law
the administration of summary punishment, esp. death, upon a suspected, accused, or convicted person by a mob acting without legal process or authority. [1805-15, Amer.; after ...
Lynch, Benito
▪ Argentine author born June 25, 1885, Buenos Aires, Arg. died Dec. 23, 1951, La Plata       Argentine novelist and short-story writer whose tales of Argentine country ...
Lynch, Charles Birchell
▪ 1995       Canadian journalist and author (b. Dec. 3, 1919, Cambridge, Mass.—d. July 21, 1994, Ottawa, Ont.), was a gifted storyteller who attracted a wide and loyal ...
Lynch, David
born Jan. 20, 1946, Missoula, Mont., U.S. U.S. director. Trained as an artist, he studied in Europe and began experimenting with film in the late 1960s. In 1977 he made his ...
Lynch, Jack
▪ prime minister of Ireland in full  John Mary Lynch  born Aug. 15, 1917, Cork, County Cork, Ire. died Oct. 20, 1999, Dublin       Irish politician who was prime ...
Lynch, John Mary
▪ 2000 “Jack”        Irish politician (b. Aug. 15, 1917, Cork, Ire.—d. Oct. 20, 1999, Dublin, Ire.), as prime minister of Ireland (1966–73 and 1977–79), helped ...
Lynch, John R
▪ American politician born Sept. 10, 1847, Concordia Parish, La., U.S. died Nov. 2, 1939, Chicago, Ill.  black politician after the American Civil War who served in the ...
Lynch (lĭnch), John. Known as “Jack.” 1917-1999. Irish political leader who served as prime minister of Ireland (1966-1973 and 1977-1979). * * *
/linch"berrg/, n. a city in central Virginia. 66,743. * * * ▪ Virginia, United States       city, administratively independent of, but located in, Campbell and Bedford ...
See lynch. * * *
See lyncher. * * * Execution of a presumed offender by a mob without trial, under the pretense of administering justice. It sometimes involves torturing the victim and ...
lynch law n. The punishment of persons suspected of crime without due process of law.   [After William Lynch (1742-1820).]   Word History: In the late 18th century, ...
/linch"pin'/, n. linchpin. * * *
/lind/, n. Robert Staughton /stawt"n/, 1892-1970, and his wife Helen (Merrell) /mer"euhl/, 1896-1982, U.S. sociologists. * * *
Lynd, Robert (Staughton); and Lynd, Helen
orig. Helen Merrell born Sept. 26, 1892, New Albany, Ind., U.S. died Nov. 1, 1970, Warren, Conn. born March 17, 1894, La Grange, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1982, Warren, ...
Lynd, Robert; and Lynd, Helen
▪ American sociologists in full  Robert Staughton Lynd  and  original name  Helen Merrell   Respectively,   born September 26, 1892, New Albany, Indiana, U.S. died ...
Lynd,Robert Staughton
Lynd (lĭnd), Robert Staughton. 1892-1970. American sociologist. With his wife, Helen Merrell Lynd (1896-1982), he wrote the pioneering sociological study Middletown: A Study in ...
/lin"deuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/lind"herrst/, n. 1. a township in NE New Jersey. 20,326. 2. a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 18,092. * * *
/lin"deuhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Lyndon B Johnson
➡ Johnson (IV) * * *
Lyndon B Johnson Space Center
(abbr JSC) a US space centre at Clear Lake, Texas, near Houston. NASA has its Mission Control there for space flights by astronauts. It was established in 1961 as the Manned ...
Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society
▪ Primary Source       The programs of most twentieth-century American Presidents have been given slogan-nicknames, either by the Presidents themselves or by the press, ...
Lyndon B. Johnson: The War on Poverty
▪ Primary Source              President Lyndon Johnson's relations with Congress were extremely friendly during the first year or so after President John ...
Lyndon Baines Johnson
➡ Johnson (IV) * * *
Lyndon Baines Johnson: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Wednesday, January 20, 1965       My fellow countrymen, on this occasion, the oath I have taken before you and before God is not mine ...
/lin dawr"euh, -dohr"-/, n. a female given name. * * *
Lyndsay, Sir David
▪ Scottish poet Lyndsay also spelled  Lindsay   born c. 1490 died , before April 18, 1555  Scottish poet of the pre-Reformation period who satirized the corruption of the ...
/lee"nen/, n. Feodor /fay aw"dawrdd/, born 1911, German biochemist: Nobel prize in medicine 1964. * * *
Lynen, Feodor
▪ German biochemist born April 6, 1911, Munich, Germany died August 6, 1979, Munich       German biochemist who, for his research on the metabolism of cholesterol and ...
/li net"/, n. a female given name. * * *
/ling"vee/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) a rival of Sigmund for Hjordis who kills Sigmund and is killed by Sigurd. * * *
/lin/, n. 1. Janet (Janet Lynn Nowicki), born 1953, U.S. figure skater. 2. a seaport in E Massachusetts, on Massachusetts Bay. 78,471. 3. a male given name, form of Lincoln, ...
Lynn Canal
Deep fjord, southeastern Alaska, U.S. An important gateway to the Klondike region, it is 80 mi (129 km) long and 6 mi (10 km) wide. The northernmost fjord to penetrate the Coast ...
Lynn, Loretta
orig. Loretta Webb born April 14, 1935, Butcher Hollow, Ky., U.S. U.S. country music singer. Born in a coalminer's shack, Lynn married at age 13 and bore the first of six ...
Lynn Canal An inlet of the Pacific Ocean in southeast Alaska connecting Skagway with Juneau. It was a major route to the goldfields during the Alaskan gold rush (1896-1898). * * ...
Lynne Truss
➡ Truss * * *
/lin"feeld'/, n. a town in NE Massachusetts. 11,267. * * *
      edible variety of oyster (q.v.). * * *
/lin"wood'/, n. a city in NW Washington. 21,937. * * *
Lynton and Lynmouth
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), North Devon district, administrative and historic county of Devon, England. Lynmouth lies at the mouth of the East ...
/lin"wood'/, n. a city in SW California. 48,548. * * *
—lynxlike, adj. /lingks/, n., pl. lynxes, (esp. collectively) lynx for 1, gen. Lyncis /lin"sis/ for 2. 1. any of several wildcats of the genus Lynx (or Felis), having long ...
lynx spider
 any of several groups of active spiders (spider) (order Araneida) that do not build a nest or web but capture their prey by pouncing upon them. Lynx spiders are distributed ...
/lingks"uyd'/, adj. sharp-sighted. [1590-1600] * * *
Lynyrd Skynyrd
▪ American rock group  American rock band that rose to prominence during the Southern rock boom of the 1970s on the strength of its triple-guitar attack and gritty, ...
lyo- pref. Dispersion; dissolution: lyophilic.   [From Greek lūein, to loosen, dissolve. See leu-. * * *
/luy'euh krat"ik/, adj. Physical Chem. noting a colloid owing its stability to the affinity of its particles for the liquid in which they are dispersed. Cf. electrocratic. [lyo- ...
—lyolytic /luy'euh lit"ik/, adj. /luy ol"euh sis/, n. Chem. solvolysis. [lyo- (see LYOPHILIC) + -LYSIS] * * *
/luy"euhn/ for 1; Fr. /lyawonn/ for 2, n. 1. Mary, 1797-1849, U.S. pioneer in advocating and providing advanced education for women: founder of Mount Holyoke College. 2. Lyons. * ...
Lyon bean
/luy"euhn/ a vine, Mucuna niveum, of southern Asia and the Philippines, having showy clusters of white flowers and whitish hairy pods, grown widely as a forage crop. [named after ...
Lyon faience
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware produced at Lyon, from the 16th century to 1770. Originally made by Italian potters, 16th-century Lyon faience remained close to ...
Lyon, Corneille de
▪ French painter born c. 1500, , The Hague died 1574?       highly reputed portrait painter of 16th-century France, few of whose works have survived.       Early ...
Lyon, Councils of
13th and 14th ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic Church. The First Council of Lyon was convened by Pope Innocent IV in 1245 after he fled to Lyon from the besieged city ...
Lyon, Mary
▪ American educator in full  Mary Mason Lyon  born Feb. 28, 1797, near Buckland, Mass., U.S. died March 5, 1849, South Hadley, Mass.  American pioneer in the field of ...
Lyon, Mary (Mason)
born Feb. 28, 1797, near Buckland, Mass., U.S. died March 5, 1849, South Hadley U.S. pioneer in higher education for women. She studied at various academies, supporting herself ...
Lyon,Mary Mason
Ly·on (līʹən), Mary Mason. 1797-1849. American educator who founded (1837) Mount Holyoke College, the first American institution of higher learning for women. * * *
an imaginary land between Cornwall, England, and the Scilly Isles to the south-west, now said to be covered by sea. It is often connected with stories about King Arthur. * * *
▪ plant genus       genus of about 35 species of shrubs, of the heath family (Ericaceae), notable for its attractive white or pinkish flowers and dense foliage. All ...
/lee aw ne"/, n. a former province in E France. Also, Lyonais. * * * ▪ region, France       historical and cultural region encompassing the eastern French départements ...
/luy'euh nayz"/; Fr. /lee aw nez"/, adj. (of food, esp. fried potatoes) cooked with pieces of onion. [1840-50; < F (à la) lyonnaise (fem. adj.) in the manner of LYONS] * * *
/luy'euh nes"/, n. Arthurian Romance. the mythical region where Sir Tristram was born, located near Cornwall in SW England and supposed to have been submerged by the sea. * * ...
Lyonnet, Pierre
▪ Dutch naturalist and engraver also called  Pieter Lyonet   born July 22, 1708, Maastricht, Neth. died Oct. 10, 1789, The Hague  Dutch naturalist and engraver famed for ...
/luy"euhnz/ for 1; /lee awonn"/ or, sometimes, /luy"euhnz/ for 2, n. 1. Joseph Aloysius, 1879-1939, Australian statesman: prime minister 1932-39. 2. French, Lyon. a city in and ...
Lyons, Joseph Aloysius
▪ prime minister of Australia born Sept. 15, 1879, Stanley, Tasmania [Australia] died April 7, 1939, Sydney  Australian statesman who helped form the United Australia Party ...
/luy'euh fil"ik/, adj. Physical Chem. noting a colloid the particles of which have a strong affinity for the liquid in which they are dispersed. Also, lyophile /luy"euh ...
See lyophilize. * * *
—lyophilization, n. /luy of"euh luyz'/, v.t., lyophilized, lyophilizing. Biochem. (of tissue, blood, serum, or the like) to dry by freezing in a high vacuum. Also, esp. Brit., ...
See lyophilization. * * *
/luy'euh foh"bik, -fob"ik/, adj. Physical Chem. noting a colloid the particles of which have little or no affinity for the liquid in which they are dispersed. [1910-15; lyo- (see ...
Lyot, Bernard
▪ French astronomer born Feb. 27, 1897, Paris, Fr. died April 2, 1952, Cairo, Egypt       French astronomer who invented the coronagraph (1930), an instrument which ...
Lyotard, Jean-Francois
▪ 1999       French philosopher, teacher, and writer who, influenced by the Paris riots of 1968, became a leader of the Postmodernists (b. Aug. 10, 1924, Versailles, ...
/luy'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. Physical Chem. noting any series of ions, salts, or radicals arranged in descending order relative to the magnitude of their effect on a given ...
/luy"reuh/, n., gen. Lyrae /-ree/ for 1. 1. Astron. the Lyre, a northern constellation between Cygnus and Hercules, containing the bright star Vega. 2. a female given name. 3. ...
—lyrately, adv. /luy"rayt, -rit/, adj. 1. Bot. (of a pinnate leaf) divided transversely into several lobes, the smallest at the base. 2. Zool. lyre-shaped, as the tail of ...
/luyeur/, n. 1. a musical instrument of ancient Greece consisting of a soundbox made typically from a turtle shell, with two curved arms connected by a yoke from which strings ...
lyre back
a back of a chair or the like having a pierced splat in the form of a lyre, often with metal rods representing strings. * * *
lyre snake
any of several mildly venomous colubrid snakes of the genus Trimorphodon, inhabiting rocky areas from the southwestern U.S. to Central America, having fangs in the rear of the ...
lyre-form sofa
/luyeur"fawrm'/ a sofa of the early 19th century having a front rail curving upward and outward at either end to form arms and terminating in a downward scroll. * * *
/luyeur"berrd'/, n. an Australian passerine bird of the genus Menura, the male of which has a long tail that is lyrate when spread. [1825-35; LYRE + BIRD] * * * Either of two ...
▪ fish genus       any of a half dozen species of fishes in the genus Aphyosemion of the family Cyprinodontidae (order Atheriniformes). All are freshwater species of ...
—lyrically, adv. —lyricalness, n. /lir"ik/, adj. Also, lyrical. 1. (of poetry) having the form and musical quality of a song, and esp. the character of a songlike outpouring ...
lyrical [lir′i kəl] adj. 1. LYRIC 2. characterized by or expressing rapture or great enthusiasm [a lyrical account of her trip] lyrically adv. * * * lyr·i·cal ...
Lyrical Ballads
a book of poems (1798) by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It was the first major work of Romantic literature, and contained Wordsworth’s Tintern Abbey and ...
See lyrical. * * *
See lyrically. * * *
/lir"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. lyric character or style, as in poetry. 2. lyric feeling; enthusiasm, esp. when unrestrained or exaggerated. [1750-60; LYRIC + -ISM] * * *
/lir"euh sist/, n. 1. a person who writes the lyrics for songs. 2. a lyric poet. [1880-85; LYRIC + -IST] * * *
—lyricization, n. /lir"euh suyz'/, v., lyricized, lyricizing. v.i. 1. to write lyrics. 2. to write lyrically or in a lyric style. v.t. 3. to put into lyric form; treat in a ...
Lyricon [lir′i kän΄] n. 〚 LYRI(
/luy"ridz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Astron. a collection of meteors comprising a meteor shower (Lyrid meteor shower) visible April 22 and having its apparent origin in the ...
/luy"reuh fawrm'/, adj. shaped like a lyre. [1855-60; < F lyriforme. See LYRE, -I-, -FORM] * * *
/lir"iz euhm/, n. lyricism. [1855-60; < Gk lyrismós. See LYRE, -ISM] * * *
/luyeur"ist/ for 1; /lir"ist/ for 2, n. 1. a person who plays the lyre or who sings and accompanies himself or herself on the lyre. 2. a lyric poet. [1650-60; < L lyristes < Gk ...
/lees/, n. a river in W Europe, in N France and W Belgium, flowing NE into the Scheldt River at Ghent. 120 mi. (195 km) long. Biochem. lysine. * * *
a combining form meaning "lysis," "decomposition," used in the formation of compound words: lysin. Also, lysi-, lyso-. Cf. -lysis, -lyze, -lyte. [ < Gk; see LYSIS] * * *
/luy san"deuhr/, n. died 395 B.C., Spartan naval commander and statesman. * * * died 395 BC, Haliartus, Boeotia Spartan leader in the Peloponnesian War. In his first year as ...
/li san"dreuh, luy-/, n. a female given name. * * *
/luy"sayt/, n. Biochem. the mixture of substances formed by the lysis of cells. [1920-25; LYS(IS) + -ATE1] * * *
/luys/, v., lysed, lysing. Immunol., Biochem. v.t. 1. to cause dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins. v.i. 2. to undergo lysis. [1925-30; back formation from LYSIN or ...
/li seng"koh/; Russ. /li syen"keuh/, n. Trofim Denisovich /trddu fyeem" dyi nyee"seuh vyich/, 1898-1976, Russian biologist and agronomist. * * *
Lysenko, Trofim (Denisovich)
born 1898, Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Nov. 20, 1976, Kiev, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. Soviet biologist and agronomist. During the Soviet famines of the 1930s, he proposed ...
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich
▪ Soviet biologist and agronomist born 1898, Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Nov. 20, 1976, Kiev, Ukrainian S.S.R.  Soviet biologist and agronomist, the controversial ...
Lysenko,Trofim Denisovich
Ly·sen·ko (lĭ-sĕngʹkō, -syĕnʹkə), Trofim Denisovich. 1898-1976. Soviet biologist and agronomist. As director of the Institute of Genetics of the Soviet Academy of ...
/li seng"koh iz'euhm/, n. a genetic doctrine formulated by Lysenko and asserting that acquired characteristics are inheritable. [1945-50; named after T. D. LYSENKO; see -ISM] * * ...
lysergic acid
/luy serr"jik, li-/, Chem. a crystalline solid, C16H16N2O2, obtained from ergot or synthesized: used in the synthesis of LSD. [1930-35; LYS- + ERG(OT) + -IC] * * *
lysergic acid diethylamide
/duy eth'euh lam"uyd, -eth"euh leuh muyd'/, Pharm. See LSD (def. 2). [1940-45] * * *
ly·ser·gic acid (lĭ-sûrʹjĭk, lī-) n. A crystalline alkaloid, C16H16N2O2, derived from ergot and used in medical research as a psychotomimetic agent.   [lyso- + ergot + ...
lysergicacid diethylamide
lysergic acid di·eth·yl·am·ide (dī'ĕth-əl-ămʹīd') n. LSD. * * *
ly·ses (līʹsēz) n. Plural of lysis. * * *
var. of lys-: lysimeter. * * *
/lis"ee euhs/, n. c450-c380 B.C., Athenian orator. * * * born с 445 died с 380 BC Greek orator. He was a metic (resident foreigner) in Athens, and as such he was forbidden ...
Lysicrates, Monument of
      only extant example of the ancient Greek architectural structure known as the choragic monument. For architects in the 18th century, the Monument of Lysicrates, ...
/luy sim"euh keuhs/, n. 361?-281 B.C., Macedonian general: king of Thrace 306-281. * * * ▪ king of Macedonia born c. 360 BC died 281       Macedonian general, satrap ...
/luy sim"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for determining the amount of water-soluble matter in soil. [1875-80; LYSI- + -METER] * * *
/luy"sin/, n. Immunol., Biochem. an antibody causing the disintegration of erythrocytes or bacterial cells. [1895-1900; LYS- + -IN2] * * *
/luy"seen, -sin/, n. Biochem. a crystalline, basic, amino acid, H2N(CH2)4CH(NH2)COOH, produced chiefly from many proteins by hydrolysis, essential in the nutrition of humans and ...
/luy sip"euhs/, n. fl. c360-c320 B.C., Greek sculptor. * * * or Lysippos flourished 4th century BC, Sicyon, Greece Greek sculptor. He was famous for the new and slender ...
/luy"sis/, n. 1. Immunol., Biochem. the dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins. 2. Med. the gradual recession of a disease. Cf. crisis (def. 4). [1815-25; < NL < Gk lýsis ...
Lysis Of Tarentum
▪ Greek philosopher flourished c. 400 BC       Greek philosopher and member of the Pythagorean school in southern Italy.       Lysis left Italy for Greece about ...
/lis'euh strah"teuh, luy sis"treuh teuh/, n. a comedy (411 B.C.) by Aristophanes. * * *
/luy sith"ee euh/, n. Astron. a small moon of the planet Jupiter. * * *
var. of lys-. * * *
/luy"seuh kluyn'/, n. Oceanog. the depth of the ocean at which the solubility of calcium carbonate increases substantially. [1965-70; LYSO- + -CLINE] * * *
/luy"seuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Microbiol. a bacterial cell or strain that has been infected with a temperate virus, one that does not cause destruction of the cell. [1930-35; back ...
/luy'seuh jen"euh sis/, n. Microbiol. production of a lysogen. [1900-05; LYSO(GEN) + -GENESIS] * * *
/luy'seuh jen"ik/, adj. Microbiol. harboring a temperate virus as a prophage or plasmid. [1895-1900; LYSO- (repr. LYSIS) + -GENIC] * * *
See lysogenize. * * *
/luy soj"euh nuyz'/, v.t., lysogenized, lysogenizing. Microbiol. to make lysogenic. Also, esp. Brit., lysogenise. [1950-55; LYSOGEN(IC) + -IZE] * * *
/luy soj"euh nee/, n. Microbiol. the state of being lysogenic. [1955-60; LYSO(GENIC) + -GENY] * * * Type of life cycle that takes place in a bacteriophage after it infects ...
/luy"sawl, -sol/, Trademark. a brand of clear, brown, oily solution of cresols in soap, used as a disinfectant and antiseptic. * * *
See lysosome. * * *
—lysosomal, adj. /luy"seuh sohm'/, n. Cell Biol. a cell organelle containing enzymes that digest particles and that disintegrate the cell after its death. See diag. under ...
/luy"seuh zuym'/, n. Biochem. an enzyme that is destructive of bacteria and functions as an antiseptic, found in tears, leukocytes, mucus, egg albumin, and certain ...
/lis'euh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. a pathological fear of going insane. [1885-90; < Gk lyss(a) rage, rabies, madness + -O- + -PHOBIA] * * *
▪ Russia       city, Perm kray (territory), Russia. It lies along the Lysva River in the mid-Urals. First recorded in the mid-17th century, the settlement acquired an ...
▪ Ukraine Russian  Lisichansk        city, eastern Ukraine, on the Donets River. In 1721 the first discovery of coal in the Donets Basin was made there at the ...
/lith ray"sheuhs, luy thray"-/, adj. belonging to the Lythraceae, the loosestrife family of plants. Cf. loosestrife family. [ < NL Lythrace(ae) (Lythr(um) the type genus ( < Gk ...
/lit"ik/, adj. of, noting, or pertaining to lysis or a lysin. [1885-90; < Gk lytikós able to loosen. See -LYTE1, -IC] * * *
/lit"euh/, n., pl. lyttas, lyttae /lit"ee/. a long, worm-shaped cartilage in the tongue of the dog and other carnivorous animals. [1595-1605; < NL < Gk lýtta, Attic form of ...
▪ New Zealand       town and port, eastern South Island, New Zealand. It is situated within the Christchurch urban area and on Lyttelton Harbour, an inlet of the ...
Lyttelton, George Lyttelton, 1st Baron
▪ British statesman and writer in full  George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton of Frankley  born Jan. 17, 1709, Hagley, Worcestershire, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1773, ...
Lyttelton, Humphrey
▪ British musician byname  Humph  born May 23, 1921, Eton, Eng. died April 25, 2008, London       British trumpeter, clarinetist, bandleader, and composer who was the ...
Lyttelton, Humphrey Richard Adeane
▪ 2009 “Humph”        British jazz musician and radio personality born May 23, 1921, Eton College, near Windsor, Berkshire, Eng. died April 25, 2008, London, ...
(1921– ) an English jazz musician, broadcaster and author. He formed his own jazz band in 1948, playing the trumpet, and went on to present a number of jazz programmes on ...
Lyttleton, Raymond Arthur
▪ 1996       British mathematician and theoretical astronomer whose many books include The Comets and Their Origin (b. May 7, 1911—d. May 16, 1995). * * *
/lit"n/, n. 1. Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-, 1st Baron Lytton of Knebworth /neb"weuhrt/, 1803-73. English novelist, dramatist, and politician. 2. his son, Edward Robert ...
Lytton Commission
▪ investigation team       (1931–32), investigation team that was led by V.A.G.R. Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, and was appointed by the League of Nations to ...
Lytton Strachey
➡ Strachey * * *
Lytton, Edward George Earle Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron
▪ British author born May 25, 1803, London, Eng. died Jan. 18, 1873, Torquay, Devonshire       British politician, poet, and critic, chiefly remembered, however, as a ...
Lytton, Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of, Viscount Knebworth of Knebworth, 2nd Baron Lytton of Knebworth
▪ British diplomat and poet pseudonym  Owen Meredith  born Nov. 8, 1831, London, Eng. died Nov. 24, 1891, Paris, France       British diplomat and viceroy of India ...
Lytton, Sir Henry Alfred
▪ British actor original name  Henry Alfred Jones   born Jan. 3, 1865, London, Eng. died Aug. 15, 1936, London       British comic actor best known for his leading ...
Lytton, Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of, Viscount Knebworth Of Knebworth, 3rd Baron Lytton Of Knebworth
▪ British statesman born Aug. 9, 1876, Simla, India died Oct. 26, 1947, Knebworth, Hertfordshire, Eng.       British governor of Bengal (1922–27) and chairman of the ...
Lytton,First Baron
Lyt·ton (lĭtʹn), First Baron. See Bulwer-Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton. * * *
Lytton,First Earl of
Lytton, First Earl of Title of Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton. 1831-1891. British politician and diplomat who served as viceroy of India (1875-1880) and ambassador to Paris ...
Lyubarsky, Kronid Arkadyevich
▪ 1997       Russian human rights activist whose work led to his arrest and emigration in the 1970s; following the 1991 breakup of the U.S.S.R., he returned to Russia, ...
/looh"beuhr tsee/; Russ. /lyooh"byirdd tsi/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, SE of Moscow. 160,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  L'ubercy,  or ...
Lyubimov, Yury Petrovich
▪ Soviet theatrical director Lyubimov also spelled  Liubimov   born Sept. 30 [Sept. 17, Old Style], 1917, Yaroslavl, Russia       Soviet theatre director and actor ...
Russ. /lyooh"blyin/, n. Lublin. * * *
landing zone. * * *

Common Semitic noun *liʾ-, bull, feminine *liʾat-, cow. Leah, from Hebrew lēʾâ, Leah, originally a noun meaning “cow.” * * *
West Semitic, to send. 1. Malachi, from Hebrew malʾākî, my messenger, from malʾāk, messenger, from *lāʾak, to send. 2. Malaga, from Latin Malaca, Malacha, from Phoenician ...
(1908–88) a US author of over a hundred books, most of them westerns, which sold more than 200 million copies during his life. He is the only US writer to have received a gold ...
1. mach. 2. Music. major. 3. male. 4. married. 5. Medieval. 6. medium. 7. mega-. 8. Middle. 9. modal auxiliary. 10. modifier. 11. Econ. monetary aggregate: issued periodically by ...
1. Physics. mass. 2. Finance. (of bonds) matured. 3. medieval. 4. medium. 5. meter; meters. 6. middle. 7. Music. minor. Symbol, Elect. magnetic pole strength. * * ...
M & S
➡ Marks & Spencer. * * *
M Night Shyamalan
➡ Shyamalan * * *
M roof
a roof having the form of two parallel gable roofs. Also called trough roof. [1875-80] * * *
M star
Astron. a relatively cool, red star, as Antares or Betelgeuse, having a surface temperature of less than 3600 K and an absorption spectrum dominated by molecular bands, esp. ...
M&A abbrev. mergers and acquisitions * * *
n [pl] small round chocolate sweets, brightly coloured and sometimes with peanuts inside, that are covered with hard sugar to stop them melting in the hand. They were first sold ...
var. of Mac-. * * *
/euhm bah"/, n. Léon /le awonn"/, 1902-67, African statesman: president of Gabon 1961-67. * * *
M'ba, Léon
▪ president of Gabon M'ba also spelled  Mba   born February 1902, Libreville, French Congo [now in Gabon] died Nov. 28, 1967, Paris, Fr.       first president of ...
M'banza Congo
▪ Angola also spelled  Mbanza Congo ,  M'banza Kongo , or  Mbanza Kongo , formerly  São Salvador do Congo        city, northwestern Angola. It is situated on ...
M'Carthy, Justin
▪ Irish historian born Nov. 22, 1830, Cork, County Cork, Ire. died April 24, 1912, Folkestone, Kent, Eng.       Irish politician and historian who first made his name ...
M'Clure Strait
▪ strait, Arctic Ocean       eastern arm of the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean. It is about 170 miles (270 km) long and 60 miles (90 km) wide. In western Franklin ...
M'Naghten test
/meuhk nawt"n/ a rule that defines a person as legally insane when that person cannot distinguish right from wrong. [after Daniel M'Naghten (d. 1865), defendant in a murder case ...
/meuh syue"/, French. contraction of monsieur. * * *
a US comic novel, film and television series about military doctors during the Korean War. M*A*S*H is short for Mobile Army Surgical Hospital. Richard Hooker wrote the novel ...
M, m
/em/, n., pl. M's or Ms, m's or ms. 1. the thirteenth letter of the English alphabet, a consonant. 2. any spoken sound represented by the letter M or m, as in my, summer, or ...
U.S. Mil. (used to designate the production model of military equipment, as the M-1 rifle.) * * *
meta-. (referring esp. to the use of wireless electronic devices) mobile: m-commerce; m-business. * * *
/em"wun"/, n., pl. M- 1's. a semiautomatic, gas-operated, .30 caliber, clip-fed rifle, with a weight of 8.56 lb. (3.88 kg): the standard U.S. Army rifle in World War II and in ...
M-1 visa
a US official government document that gives permission to enter the US to foreign students who want to study on a course which is practical rather than academic, such as one ...
/em"fawr'teen", -fohr'-/, n., pl. M-14's. a fully automatic, gas-operated, .30 caliber rifle developed from the M-1: replaced the M-1 as the standard U.S. Army combat rifle. * * *
/em"siks'teen"/, n., pl. M-16s. a lightweight, fully automatic rifle shooting a small-caliber bullet at an extremely high velocity: a U.S. Army combat weapon for mobile units and ...
M-80 (ĕmʹāʹtē) n. A powerful cylindrical firecracker.   [M, military classification.] * * *
/em"day'/, n. Mil. mobilization day: a day assumed by the Department of Defense as the first day of mobilization, used by the military for planning purposes. [1935-40] * * *
/em"luyn'/, n. Physics. one of a series of lines (M-series) in the x-ray spectrum of an atom corresponding to radiation (M-radiation) caused by the transition of an electron to ...
/em"ray'dee ay'sheuhn/, n. Physics. See under M-line. * * *
/em"sear'eez/, n. Physics. See under M-line. * * *
/em"shel'/, n. Physics. the third shell of electrons surrounding the nucleus of an atom and containing, when filled, 18 electrons having principal quantum number three. Cf. ...
1. Majesty. 2. Manitoba. 3. markka; markkaa. 4. Marquis. 5. Music. measure. 6. medicine. 7. medium. 8. meridian. 9. noon. [ < L meridies] 10. Monday. 11. pl MM. Monsieur. 12. ...
1. male. 2. (in Germany) mark; marks. 3. married. 4. masculine. 5. Physics. mass. 6. medium. 7. noon. [ < L meridies] 8. meter. 9. middle. 10. mile. 11. minute. 12. (in ...
M. Agr.
Master of Agriculture. * * *
m. dict.
(in prescriptions) as directed. * * *
1. See Master of Arts. [ < L Magister Artium] 2. Psychol. mental age. 3. Military Academy. * * *
Master of Arts in Architecture. * * *
1. Master of Aeronautical Engineering. 2. Master of Art Education. 3. Master of Arts in Education. * * *
Master of Arts in Education. * * *
Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy. * * *
1. Master of Arts in Liberal Studies. 2. Master of Arts in Library Science. * * *
Master of Arts in Religion. * * *
Master of Arts in Teaching. * * *
Master of Accountancy. * * *
Master of Aeronautical Engineering. * * *
Master of Agricultural Economics. * * *
Master of Agricultural Education. * * *
Master of Architecture. * * *
Master of Architectural Engineering. * * *
Chiefly Brit. Bachelor of Medicine. [ < NL Medicinae Baccalaureus] * * *
Master of Business Administration. Also, MBA. * * *
Member of the Order of the British Empire. * * *       member of the British Empire, member of a British order of knighthood, though this rank does not confer knighthood. ...
1. Master Commandant. 2. master of ceremonies. 3. Medical Corps. 4. Member of Congress. 5. Member of Council. 6. Brit. Military Cross. * * *
Master of Civil Engineering. * * *
Master of Comparative Jurisprudence. * * *
1. Master of Civil Law. 2. Master of Comparative Law. * * *
Master of City Planning. * * *
Master of Comparative Religion. * * *
Master of Chemical Engineering. * * *
1. Doctor of Medicine. [ < NL Medicinae Doctor] 2. Middle Dutch. * * *

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