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microfilament
—microfilamentous /muy'kroh fil'euh men"teuhs/, adj. /muy'kreuh fil"euh meuhnt/, n. Cell Biol. a minute, narrow tubelike cell structure composed of a protein similar to actin, ...
microfilamentous
See microfilament. * * *
microfilaria
/muy'kroh fi lair"ee euh/, n., pl. microfilariae /-lair"ee ee'/. the embryonic larva of the nematode parasite Filaria or of related genera, esp. of those species that cause ...
microfilarial
See microfilaria. * * *
microfilm
—microfilmer, n. /muy"kreuh film'/, n. 1. a film bearing a miniature photographic copy of printed or other graphic matter, usually of a document, newspaper or book pages, etc., ...
microflora
—microfloral, adj. /muy'kroh flawr"euh, -flohr"euh/, n., pl. microfloras, microflorae /-flawr"ee, -flohr"ee/. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. Biol. microscopic plants. 2. ...
microform
/muy"kreuh fawrm'/, n. any form, either film or paper, containing microreproductions. [1955-60; MICRO- + FORM] * * * also called  Microcopy, or Microrecord,         any ...
microfossil
/muy'kroh fos"il/, n. a fossil so small that it can be studied and identified only with a microscope. Cf. macrofossil. [1920-25; MICRO- + FOSSIL] * * *
microgamete
/muy'kroh gam"eet, -geuh meet"/, n. Cell Biol. (in heterogamous reproduction) the smaller and, usually, the male of two conjugating gametes. [1890-95; MICRO- + GAMETE] * * *
microgametocyte
mi·cro·ga·me·to·cyte (mī'krō-gə-mēʹtə-sīt') n. A gametocyte that gives rise to microgametes. * * *
microgram
microgram1 /muy"kreuh gram'/, n. a unit of mass or weight equal to one millionth of a gram, used chiefly in microchemistry. Symbol: µg Also, esp. Brit., microgramme. [1885-90; ...
micrograph
/muy"kreuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. an instrument for executing extremely minute writing or engraving. 2. Optics. a photograph taken through a microscope or a drawing of an object ...
micrographia
/muy'kreuh graf"ee euh/, n. 1. minute handwriting. 2. Pathol. a neurological condition, usually symptomatic of parkinsonism, in which the handwriting becomes progressively ...
micrographic
See micrograph. * * *
micrographics
/muy'kreuh graf"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the technique of photographing written or printed pages in reduced form to produce microfilm or microfiche. [1965-70; ...
micrography
—micrographer, n. —micrographic /muy'kreuh graf"ik/, adj. /muy krog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the description or delineation of microscopic objects. 2. examination or study with the ...
microgravity
/muy"kroh grav'i tee/, n. a condition, esp. in space orbit, where the force of gravity is so weak that weightlessness results. [1980-85; MICRO- + GRAVITY] * * * ▪ ...
microgroove
/muy"kreuh groohv'/, n. a needle groove so narrow that over 200 can be cut in an inch of playing surface on a long-playing record. [1945-50; MICRO- + GROOVE] * * *
microhabitat
/muy'kroh hab"i tat'/, n. an extremely localized, small-scale environment, as a tree stump or a dead animal. [1930-35; MICRO- + HABITAT] * * *
microinch
/muy"kroh inch'/, n. a unit of length equal to one millionth of an inch. Symbol: µin [1940-45; MICRO- + INCH1] * * *
microinject
/muy'kroh in jekt"/, v.t. Biol. to inject into a single cell or cell part. [1975-80; MICRO- + INJECT] * * *
microinjection
/muy'kroh in jek"sheuhn/, n. Biol. injection performed under a microscope, esp. of a solution or gene transplant into a cell or cell part. [1920-25; MICRO- + INJECTION] * * *
microinstruction
/muy'kroh in struk"sheuhn/, n. Computers. an instruction that defines part of a machine-language instruction in terms of simpler operations. [1955-60; MICRO- + INSTRUCTION] * * *
microlecithal
/muy'kreuh les"i theuhl/, adj. Embryol. having a small amount of yolk, as certain eggs or ova. [MICRO- + LECITHAL] * * *
microlending
mi·cro·lend·ing (mīʹkrō-lĕn'dĭng) n. See microcredit. * * *
microlite
/muy"kreuh luyt'/, n. Mineral. 1. any microscopic crystal. 2. a mineral, principally calcium pyrotantalate, Ca2Ta2O7, usually including niobium, fluorine, and other impurities, ...
microlith
/muy"kreuh lith/, n. Archaeol. a tiny stone tool, often of geometric shape, made from a bladelet and mounted singly or in series as the working part of a composite tool or ...
microlithic
/muy'kreuh lith"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characterized by the use of microliths, as a people or culture. 2. of the nature of or resembling a microlith, as a tool. [1870-75; ...
microlitic
/muy'kreuh lit"ik/, adj. Petrog. of or pertaining to the texture of a porphyry whose groundmass consists of microlites in a glassy matrix. [1875-80; MICROLITE + -IC] * * *
microloan
mi·cro·loan (mīʹkrō-lōn') n. A very small, often short-term loan made to an impoverished entrepreneur, as in an underdeveloped country. * * *
micrology
—micrological /muy'kreuh loj"i keuhl/, micrologic, adj. —micrologist, n. /muy krol"euh jee/, n. excessive attention to petty details or distinctions. [1650-60; < Gk ...
micromanage
—micromanagement, n. /muy"kroh man'ij/, v.t., micromanaged, micromanaging. to manage or control with excessive attention to minor details. [1985-90] * * *
micromanipulation
/muy'kroh meuh nip'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. the technique of performing mechanical operations under high magnification through the use of specialized tools. [1920-25; MICRO- + ...
micromanipulative
See micromanipulation. * * *
micromanipulator
mi·cro·ma·nip·u·la·tor (mī'krō-mə-nĭpʹyə-lā'tər) n. A device for manipulating minute instruments and needles under a microscope in order to perform delicate ...
micromere
/muy"kreuh mear'/, n. a small blastomere, as one of those that form toward the animal pole in embryos that undergo unequal cleavage or those that occur in the embryo of ...
micrometeorite
micrometeorite [mī΄krō mēt′ē ər īt΄] n. a very small meteorite, esp. one that drifts through the earth's atmosphere to the ground without becoming incandescent * * ...
micrometeoroid
micrometeoroid [mī΄krəmēt′ē ər oid΄] n. 〚 MICRO- + METEOROID〛 an extremely small meteoroid * * * mi·cro·me·te·or·oid (mī'krō-mēʹtē-ə-roid') n. A very ...
micrometeorological
See micrometeorology. * * *
micrometeorologist
See micrometeorological. * * *
micrometeorology
—micrometeorological /muy'kroh mee'tee euhr euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /muy'kroh mee'tee euh rol"euh jee/, n. the study of local and small-scale atmospheric phenomena, usually ...
micrometer
micrometer1 /muy krom"i teuhr/, n. 1. any of various devices for measuring minute distances, angles, etc., as in connection with a telescope or microscope. 2. Also called mike, ...
micrometer (caliper)
Instrument for making precise linear measurements of dimensions such as diameters, thicknesses, and lengths of solid bodies. It consists of a C-shaped frame with a movable jaw ...
micrometer caliper
micrometer caliper or micrometer calipers [mī kräm′ət ər] n. calipers with a micrometer screw, for extremely accurate measurement * * *
micrometer screw
micrometer screw [mī kräm′ət ər] n. a finely threaded screw of definite pitch, with a head graduated to show how much the screw has been moved in or out: used in ...
micromethod
/muy"kreuh meth'euhd/, n. 1. the use of magnification, usually by using a microscope, for study or for performing mechanical operations on a very small scale. 2. the use of much ...
micrometre
▪ unit of measurement also called  Micron,         metric unit of measure for length equal to 0.00l mm, or about 0.000039 inch. Its symbol is μm. The micrometre is ...
micrometric
See micrometry. * * *
micrometrical
See micrometric. * * *
micrometrically
See micrometric. * * *
micrometry
—micrometrical /muy'kroh me"tri keuhl/, micrometric, adj. —micrometrically, adv. /muy krom"i tree/, n. the act or process of taking measurements with a micrometer. [1850-55; ...
micromicro-
pico-. * * *
micromicrofarad
/muy'kroh muy"kroh far'euhd, -ad/, n. Elect. picofarad. Symbol: µµF [1905-10; MICRO- + MICROFARAD] * * *
micromilli-
micromilli- [mī΄krōmil′i, mī′krō mil′ə] combining form NANO- * * *
micromini
/muy'kroh min"ee/, adj., n., pl. microminis. Informal. adj. 1. microminiature. n. 2. something of a microminiature size: Among rosebushes, the microminis are just 6 inches ...
microminiature
/muy'kroh min"ee euh cheuhr, -choor', -min"euh-/, adj. built on an extremely small scale, smaller than subminiature, esp. of electronic equipment with small solid-state ...
microminiaturization
/muy'kroh min'ee euh cheuhr euh zay"sheuhn, -min'euh-/, n. extreme miniaturization, esp. of electronic equipment, with extensive use of integrated circuits. [1950-55; MICRO- + ...
microminiaturize
/muy'kroh min"ee euh cheuh ruyz', -min"euh-/, v.t., microminiaturized, microminiaturizing. (esp. of electronic equipment) to make extremely small; subject to ...
micromole
mi·cro·mole (mīʹkrō-mōl') n. One millionth (10-6) of a mole. * * *
micromotion
/muy"kreuh moh'sheuhn/, n. 1. a motion, esp. a periodic one, of very short duration or length. 2. (in time and motion study) the analysis of the time of a work performance in its ...
micromount
/muy"kreuh mownt'/, n. a mineralogical specimen displayed in such a way as to facilitate viewing it under a binocular microscope. [MICRO- + MOUNT1] * * *
micron
/muy"kron/, n., pl. microns, micra /-kreuh/. 1. Also called micrometer. the millionth part of a meter. Symbol: µ, mu 2. Physical Chem. a colloidal particle whose diameter is ...
Micronesia
/muy'kreuh nee"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. 1. one of the three principal divisions of Oceania, comprising the small Pacific islands N of the equator and E of the Philippines, whose main ...
Micronesia, Federated States Of
Micronesia, Federated States of Introduction Micronesia, Federated States of Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN ...
Micronesia, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a blue field with four white stars in the centre. The flag's width-to-length ratio is 10 to 19.       On United ...
Micronesia,Federated States of
Micronesia, Federated States of A group of associated islands in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean. Originally inhabited by Austronesian-speaking peoples, the ...
Micronesian
/muy'kreuh nee"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Micronesia, its inhabitants, or their languages. n. 2. a native of Micronesia. 3. the Malayo-Polynesian languages of ...
Micronesian culture
▪ cultural region, Pacific Ocean Introduction  the beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of the ethnogeographic group of Pacific Islands known as Micronesia. The ...
Micronesian languages
      group of mutually unintelligible languages belonging to the Eastern, or Oceanic, branch of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language family and most closely ...
micronize
☆ micronize [mī′krə nīz΄ ] vt. micronized, micronizing 〚 MICRON + -IZE〛 to reduce to particles of only a few microns in diameter * * * mi·cron·ize ...
micronuclear
See micronucleus. * * *
micronucleate
/muy'kroh nooh"klee it, -ayt', -nyooh"-/, adj. Biol. having a micronucleus. [1955-60; MICRONUCLE(US) + -ATE1] * * *
micronucleus
—micronuclear, adj. /muy'kroh nooh"klee euhs, -nyooh"-/, n., pl. micronuclei /-klee uy'/. Biol. the smaller of the two types of nuclei occurring in ciliate protozoans. Cf. ...
micronutrient
/muy'kroh nooh"tree euhnt, -nyooh"-/, n. Biochem. an essential nutrient, as a trace mineral or vitamin, that is required by an organism in minute amounts. [1935-40; MICRO- + ...
microorganism
—microorganic /muy'kroh awr gan"ik/, microorganismal, adj. /muy'kroh awr"geuh niz'euhm/, n. any organism too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, as bacteria, protozoa, and ...
micropaleontologic
See micropaleontology. * * *
micropaleontological
See micropaleontologic. * * *
micropaleontologist
See micropaleontologic. * * *
micropaleontology
—micropaleontological /muy'kroh pay'lee on'tl oj"i keuhl, -pal'ee-/, micropaleontologic, adj. —micropaleontologist, n. /muy'kroh pay'lee euhn tol"euh jee, -pal'ee-/, n. the ...
microparasite
—microparasitic /muy'kroh par'euh sit"ik/, adj. /muy'kroh par"euh suyt'/, n. a parasitic microorganism. [1880-85; MICRO- + PARASITE] * * *
micropathology
/muy'kroh peuh thol"euh jee/, n. the branch of pathology dealing with the microscopic study of changes that occur in tissues and cells during disease. [MICRO- + PATHOLOGY] * * *
micropegmatite
▪ mineral       quartz and alkali feldspar intergrowth so fine that it can be resolved only under the microscope; it is otherwise indistinguishable from the coarser ...
microphage
/muy"kreuh fayj'/, n. Immunol. a small phagocytic cell in blood or lymph, esp. a polymorphonuclear leukocyte. [1885-90; MICRO- + -PHAGE] * * *
microphagic
See microphage. * * *
microphone
/muy"kreuh fohn'/, n. an instrument capable of transforming sound waves into changes in electric currents or voltage, used in recording or transmitting sound. [1875-80; MICRO-, ...
microphonic
/muy'kreuh fon"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or in the nature of a microphone. 2. Electronics. tending to or capable of exhibiting microphonism. [1840-50; MICROPHONE + -IC] * * ...
microphonics
microphonics [mī΄krō fän′iks, mī΄krəfän′iks] n. 〚 MICROPHONE + -ICS〛 noise in the output of various electronic devices, as a speaker, caused by mechanical ...
microphonism
/muy"kreuh foh'niz euhm/, n. Electronics. a usually undesirable property of some electronic circuits or components in which mechanical vibrations of a component affect the signal ...
microphotograph
—microphotographic /muy'kreuh foh'teuh graf"ik/, adj. —microphotography /muy'kroh feuh tog"reuh fee/, n. /muy'kreuh foh"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. microfilm (def. 1). 2. a ...
microphotographer
See microphotographic. * * *
microphotographic
See microphotograph. * * *
microphotography
See microphotographic. * * *
microphotometer
—microphotometric /muy'kroh foh'teuh me"trik/, adj. —microphotometrically, adv. —microphotometry, n. /muy'kroh foh tom"i teuhr/, n. Optics. a photometer adapted for ...
microphysical
See microphysics. * * *
microphysically
See microphysical. * * *
microphysicist
See microphysical. * * *
microphysics
—microphysical, adj. /muy'kreuh fiz"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physics dealing with physical objects that are not large enough to be observed and treated ...
microphyte
—microphytic /muy'kreuh fit"ik/, adj. /muy"kreuh fuyt'/, n. a microscopic plant. [1860-65; MICRO- + -PHYTE] * * *
microphytic
See microphyte. * * *
micropipette
/muy'kroh puy pet", -pi-/, n. a very slender pipette for transferring or measuring minute amounts of fluid, microorganisms, etc. Also, micropipet. [1915-20; MICRO- + PIPETTE] * * ...
microplankton
/muy'kroh plangk"teuhn/, n. plankton visible as individual organisms only with the aid of a microscope, which excludes most animal plankton. Cf. nannoplankton. [1900-05; MICRO- + ...
micropore
/muy"kreuh pawr', -pohr'/, n. a tiny opening, as in specialized biological filters or in the shells of some animals. [1880-85; MICRO- + PORE2] * * *
microporous
/muy'kreuh pawr"euhs, -pohr"-/, adj. composed of or having extremely small pores. [1885-90; MICRO- + POROUS] * * *
microprint
/muy"kreuh print'/, n. a microphotograph reproduced in print for reading by a magnifying device. [1930-35; MICRO- + PRINT] * * *
microprobe
/muy"kreuh prohb'/, n. 1. Chem., Spectroscopy. a device used to excite radiation by a material in order to determine chemical or elemental composition from the emission spectrum ...
microprocessor
—microprocessing, n. /muy"kroh pros'es euhr, -euh seuhr/; esp. Brit. /-proh'ses euhr, -seuh seuhr/, n. an integrated computer circuit that performs all the functions of a ...
microprogram
—microprogrammable, adj. /muy"kreuh proh'gram, -greuhm/, n. Computers. a set of microinstructions that defines the individual operations that a computer carries out in response ...
microprogramming
/muy"kreuh proh'gram ing, -greuh ming/, n. Computers. the use or preparation of microprograms. [MICRO- + PROGRAMMING] * * * Process of writing microcode for a ...
microprojector
/muy"kroh preuh jek'teuhr/, n. a microscope equipped with a prism or mirror to project a greatly magnified image of a microscopic slide onto a distant screen. [1930-35; MICRO- + ...
micropropagation
mi·cro·prop·a·ga·tion (mī'krō-prŏp'ə-gāʹshən) n. A tissue culture technique for plant propagation in which offspring are cloned from tissue taken from a single ...
micropsia
—microptic /muy krop"tik/, adj. /muy krop"see euh/, n. Ophthalm. a defect of vision in which objects appear to be smaller than their actual size. Also, micropia /muy kroh"pee ...
micropublish
—micropublication /muy'kreuh pub'li kay"sheuhn/, n. —micropublisher, n. /muy"kreuh pub'lish/, v.t. to publish on microfilm or microfiche. [1970-75; as back formation from ...
micropublisher
See micropublishing. * * *
micropublishing
micropublishing [micropub′lish iŋ] n. publication in microform * * * mi·cro·pub·lish·ing (mīʹkrō-pŭb'lĭ-shĭng) n. Publishing by microform.   miʹcro·pub'lish·er ...
micropump
/muy"kreuh pump'/, n. a tiny pump implanted under the skin for the timed administration of medication. Cf. solion. [MICRO- + PUMP1] * * *
micropylar
See micropyle. * * *
micropyle
—micropylar, adj. /muy"kreuh puyl'/, n. 1. Zool. any minute opening in an ovum through which a spermatozoon can enter, as in many insects. 2. Bot. the minute orifice or opening ...
micropyrometer
/muy'kroh puy rom"i teuhr/, n. an optical pyrometer used to measure the temperature of small glowing bodies. [MICRO- + PYROMETER] * * *
microradiograph
microradiograph [mī΄krōrā′dē ō graf΄] n. 〚 MICRO- + RADIOGRAPH〛 an X-ray photograph showing very small details microradiographic adj. microradiography ...
microradiography
See microradiograph. * * *
microreader
/muy"kroh ree'deuhr/, n. a device for projecting an enlarged image of a microfilm or microphotograph, esp. on a ground-glass screen. [1945-50; MICRO- + READER] * * *
microrelief
/muy'kroh ri leef"/, n. surface features of the earth of small dimensions, commonly less than 50 ft. (15 m). Also called microtopography. [1930-35; MICRO- + RELIEF2] * * *
microreproduction
/muy'kroh ree'preuh duk"sheuhn/, n. 1. a photographic image too small to be read by the unaided eye. 2. the technique of producing such images. [1935-40; MICRO- + REPRODUCTION] * ...
micros.
microscopy. * * *
microscope
/muy"kreuh skohp'/, n. 1. an optical instrument having a magnifying lens or a combination of lenses for inspecting objects too small to be seen or too small to be seen distinctly ...
microscopic
—microscopically, adv. /muy'kreuh skop"ik/, adj. 1. so small as to be invisible or indistinct without the use of the microscope: microscopic organisms. Cf. macroscopic. 2. very ...
microscopic reversibility, principle of
▪ physics       principle formulated about 1924 by the American scientist Richard C. Tolman that provides a dynamic description of an equilibrium condition. Equilibrium ...
microscopically
See microscopic. * * *
microscopist
See microscopy. * * *
Microscopium
/muy'kreuh skoh"pee euhm/, n., gen. Microscopii /-pee uy'/. Astron. the Microscope, a small southern constellation south of Capricorn. [ < NL] * * *
microscopy
—microscopist /muy kros"keuh pist, muy'kreuh skoh"pist/, n. /muy kros"keuh pee, muy"kreuh skoh'pee/, n. 1. the use of the microscope. 2. microscopic investigation. [1655-65; ...
microsecond
/muy"kreuh sek'euhnd/, n. a unit of time equal to one millionth of a second. Symbol: µsec [1905-10; MICRO- + SECOND2] * * *
microsegment
/muy"kreuh seg'meuhnt/, n. a stretch of speech preceded and followed but not interrupted by juncture. Cf. macrosegment. [1955-60; MICRO- + SEGMENT] * * *
microseism
—microseismic, microseismical, adj. /muy"kreuh suy'zeuhm, -seuhm/, n. Geol. a feeble, recurrent vibration of the ground recorded by seismographs and believed to be due to an ...
microseismic
See microseism. * * *
microsensor
mi·cro·sen·sor (mīʹkrō-sĕn'sər, -sôr', -krə-) n. A miniature electronic device that detects information about a specific variable such as temperature or light. * * *
microsleep
/muy"kroh sleep'/, n. Psychol. a moment of sleep followed by disorientation, experienced esp. by persons suffering from narcolepsy or sleep deprivation. [1940-45; MICRO- + ...
microsociology
/muy'kroh soh'see ol"euh jee, -soh'shee-/, n. the sociological study of small groups and social units within a larger social system. Cf. macrosociology. [1940-45; MICRO- + ...
Microsoft
the US computer company that produces most of the computer software in the world. It was established in 1974 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. In 1980, the company adapted a system ...
Microsoft Corp.
U.S. computer firm, the leading developer of personal-computer software systems and applications. Microsoft, headquartered in Redmond, Wash., also publishes books and multimedia ...
Microsoft Corporation
▪ American company  leading developer of personal-computer software systems and applications. The company also publishes books and multimedia titles, offers e-mail ...
Microsoft Excel
▪ software        spreadsheet application launched in 1985 by the Microsoft Corporation. Excel is a popular spreadsheet system, which organizes data in columns and rows ...
Microsoft PowerPoint
▪ software       virtual presentation software developed by Robert Gaskins and Dennis Austin for the American computer software company Forethought, Inc. The program, ...
Microsoft Word
▪ software       word-processor (word processor) software launched in 1983 by the Microsoft Corporation. Software developers Richard Brodie and Charles Simonyi joined ...
microsomal
See microsome. * * *
microsome
—microsomal, microsomial, microsomic, adj. /muy"kreuh sohm'/, n. Cell Biol. a small inclusion, consisting of ribosomes and fragments of the endoplasmic reticulum and ...
microsomic
See microsomal. * * *
microspectrophotometer
—microspectrophotometric /muy'kroh spek'troh foh'teuh me"trik/, adj. —microspectrophotometry, n. /muy'kroh spek'treuh foh tom"i teuhr/, n. Optics. a spectrophotometer for ...
microsphere
microsphere [mī′krō sfir΄] n. 〚 MICRO- + -SPHERE〛 any of various minute globules, as the hollow particles used in making lighter plastics or a cell-like structure ...
microsporangiate
See microsporangium. * * *
microsporangium
/muy'kroh spaw ran"jee euhm, -spoh-/, n., pl. microsporangia /-jee euh/. Bot. a sporangium containing microspores. [1880-85; MICRO- + SPORANGIUM] * * *
microspore
—microsporic /muy'kreuh spawr"ik, -spor"-/, microsporous /muy kreuh spawr"euhs, -spohr"-, muy kros"peuhr euhs/, adj. /muy"kreuh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Bot. 1. the smaller of the ...
microsporic
See microspore. * * *
microsporidian
▪ fungus       any parasitic fungus of the phylum Microsporidia (kingdom Fungi), found mainly in cells of the gut epithelium of insects and the skin and muscles of fish. ...
microsporocyte
/muy'kreuh spawr"euh suyt', -spohr"-/, n. Bot. one of the mother cells that produce four microspores by meiosis. [1935-40; MICROSPORE + -O- + -CYTE] * * *
microsporophyll
/muy'kreuh spawr"euh fil, -spohr"-/, n. Bot. a leaflike organ bearing microsporangia. [1890-95; MICRO- + SPOROPHYLL] * * *
microsporous
See microsporic. * * *
microstat
/muy"kreuh stat'/, n. a negative of a microphotograph made directly from a negative by a copy camera. [MICRO- + -STAT] * * *
microstate
/muy"kroh stayt'/, n. ministate. [1965-70; MICRO- + STATE] * * *
microstethoscope
/muy'kreuh steth"euh skohp'/, n. Med. a stethoscope containing an apparatus that greatly amplifies the sounds heard. [MICRO- + STETHOSCOPE] * * *
microstomatous
microstomatous [mī kräs′tə məsmī΄krō stäm′ə təs, mī΄krōstō′mətəs] adj. 〚 MICRO- + STOMATOUS〛 having a small mouth: also microstomous [mī kräs′tə ...
microstress
/muy"kroh stres'/, n. Metall. a stress in the microstructure of a metal, as one caused by the distortion of space lattices. [MICRO- + STRESS] * * *
microstructure
/muy"kroh struk'cheuhr/, n. Metall. the structure of a metal or alloy as observed, after etching and polishing, under a high degree of magnification. [1880-85; MICRO- + ...
microsurgery
—microsurgical, adj. /muy"kroh serr'jeuh ree, muy'kroh serr"-/, n. any of various surgical procedures performed under magnification and with small specialized instruments, ...
microsurgical
See microsurgery. * * *
microswitch
/muy"kreuh swich'/, n. a highly sensitive switch used in automatic-control devices. [1955-60; MICRO- + SWITCH] * * *
Microtatobiotes
▪ biology       a class name proposed earlier for the viruses and rickettsias, infective agents that grow and reproduce only inside living cells. The order Virales ...
microteaching
/muy"kroh tee'ching/, n. a scaled-down teaching procedure with a few students under controlled conditions, often videotaped in order to analyze teaching techniques and develop ...
microtektite
/muy'kroh tek"tuyt/, n. Geol. a microscopic tektite found in ocean sediments and polar ice. [1965-70; MICRO- + TEKTITE] * * *
microtherm
—microthermic, adj. /muy"kreuh therrm'/, n. a plant requiring a minimum of heat for growth. [1870-75; MICRO- + -THERM] * * *
microthin
/muy"kroh thin'/, adj. extremely or, sometimes, microscopically thin: a microthin layer of aluminum. [MICRO- + THIN] * * *
microtome
—microtomic /muy'kreuh tom"ik/, adj. —microtomist, n. /muy"kreuh tohm'/, n. an instrument for cutting very thin sections, as of organic tissue, for microscopic ...
microtomic
See microtomy. * * *
microtomy
/muy krot"euh mee/, n., pl. microtomies. the cutting of very thin sections with the microtome. [MICRO- + -TOMY] * * *
microtonal
See microtone. * * *
microtonal music
      music using tones in intervals that differ from the standard semitones (half steps) of a tuning system or scale. In the division of the octave established by the ...
microtonality
See microtonal. * * *
microtonally
See microtonal. * * *
microtone
—microtonal, adj. —microtonality, n. —microtonally, adv. /muy"kreuh tohn'/, n. any musical interval smaller than a semitone, specifically, a quarter tone. [1915-20; MICRO- ...
microtopography
/muy'kroh teuh pog"reuh fee/, n. microrelief. [MICRO- + TOPOGRAPHY] * * *
microtremor
/muy'kroh trem"euhr/, n. microearthquake. [MICRO- + TREMOR] * * *
microtubular
See microtubule. * * *
microtubule
/muy'kroh tooh"byoohl, -tyooh"-/, n. Cell Biol. a hollow cylindrical structure in the cytoplasm of most cells, involved in intracellular shape and transport. See diag. under ...
microvascular
See microvasculature. * * *
microvasculature
—microvascular, adj. /muy'kroh vas"kyeuh leuh cheuhr/, n. Anat. the system of tiny blood vessels, including capillaries, venules, and arterioles, that perfuse the body's ...
microvillar
See microvillus. * * *
microvillus
—microvillar, microvillous, adj. /muy'kroh vil"euhs/, n., pl. microvilli /-vil"uy/. Cell Biol. any of the small, fingerlike projections of the surface of an epithelial cell. ...
microvolt
/muy"kreuh vohlt'/, n. Elect. a unit of electromotive force or potential difference equal to one millionth of a volt. Symbol: µV, µV [1865-70; MICRO- + VOLT] * * *
microwatt
/muy"kroh wot'/, n. Elect. a unit of power equal to one millionth of a watt. Symbol: µW, µW [1910-15; MICRO- + WATT] * * *
microwavable
See microwave. * * *
microwave
—microwaveable, adj. /muy"kroh wayv'/, n., v., microwaved, microwaving. n. 1. an electromagnetic wave of extremely high frequency, 1 GH3 or more, and having wavelengths of from ...
microwave oven
an electrically operated oven using high-frequency electromagnetic waves that penetrate food, causing its molecules to vibrate and generating heat within the food to cook it in a ...
microwave spectroscopy
—microwave spectroscope. Physics. the determination of those frequencies of the microwave spectrum that are selectively absorbed by certain materials, providing information ...
microwave spectrum
Electronics. a spectrum of electromagnetic radiations whose wavelengths fall in the microwave range. [1945-50] * * *
microwaveable
See microwavable. * * *
microwaveoven
microwave oven n. An oven in which food is cooked, warmed, or thawed by the heat produced as microwaves cause water molecules in the foodstuff to vibrate. * * *
microzoon
/muy'kreuh zoh"on, -euhn/, n., pl. microzoa /-zoh"euh/. a microscopic animal, esp. a protozoan. [1860-65; MICRO- + -ZOON] * * *
Mictlantecuhtli
▪ Aztec deity  Aztec god of the dead, usually portrayed with a skull face. With his wife, Mictecacíhuatl, he ruled Mictlan, the underworld. The souls of those whose manner ...
micturate
/mik"cheuh rayt'/, v.i., micturated, micturating. to pass urine; urinate. [1835-45; < L mictur(ire) to desire to urinate (mict(us), ptp. of mingere to urinate + -ur- desiderative ...
micturition
/mik'cheuh rish"euhn/, n. the act of passing urine; urination. [1715-25; < L micturi(re) to desire to urinate (see MICTURATE) + -TION] * * *
mid
mid1 /mid/, adj. 1. being at or near the middle point of: in mid autumn. 2. being or occupying a middle place or position: in the mid nineties of the last century. 3. Phonet. (of ...
Mid Bedfordshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Bedfordshire, south-central England. The district lies almost entirely within the historic ...
Mid Devon
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Devon, southwestern England, located between the bleak moorlands of Exmoor and ...
Mid Glamorgan
/gleuh mawr"geuhn/ a county in S Wales. 540,100. 393 sq. mi. (1019 sq. km). * * *
mid off
Cricket. 1. the position of a fielder on the off side of the wicket. 2. the fielder occupying this position. Also, mid-off. Also called mid wicket off. [1880-85] * * *
mid on
Cricket. 1. the position of a fielder on the on side of the wicket. 2. the fielder occupying this position. Also, mid-on. Also called mid wicket on. [1880-85] * * *
Mid Suffolk
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Suffolk, southeastern England. It occupies the central part of the county and ...
Mid Sussex
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, southeastern England. It occupies an area in ...
mid wicket off
Cricket. See mid off. [1840-50] * * *
mid wicket on
Cricket. See mid on. [1840-50] * * *
mid-
a combining form representing mid1 in compound words: midday; mid-Victorian. [ME, OE; see MID1] * * *
mid-Atlantic
/mid"at lan"tik/, adj. using, manifesting, or characterized by a mixture of American and British behavior or speech. * * *
Mid-Atlantic Ridge
/mid"at lan"tik, mid'at lan"-/ a north-south suboceanic ridge in the Atlantic Ocean from Iceland to Antarctica on whose crest are several groups of islands; shown by plate ...
Mid-Atlantic states
the name given to five eastern US states between New England and the South. They are New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland. All are on the Atlantic coast ...
Mid-AtlanticStates
Mid-At·lan·tic States (mĭd'ăt-lănʹtĭk) See Middle Atlantic States. * * *
mid-cap
/mid"kap"/, adj. designating a company, or a mutual fund that invests in companies, with a market capitalization of between $1 billion and $5 billion. * * *
Mid-Cities
/mid"sit"eez/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) the extensive suburban area developed between Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas. * * *
Mid-Indian Ridge
▪ ridge, Indian Ocean       submarine ridge of the Indian Ocean that is a direct continuance of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge; both are segments of the worldwide midoceanic ...
Mid-Lent Sunday
/mid"lent'/. See Laetare Sunday. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
mid-level
/mid"lev'euhl/, adj. middle-level. * * *
mid-mashie
/mid"mash'ee/, n. Golf. a club with an iron head the face of which has more slope than a midiron but less slope than a mashie iron. Also called number three iron. [MID- + ...
mid-ocean ridge
/mid"oh'sheuhn/ any of several seismically active submarine mountain ranges that extend through the Atlantic, Indian, and South Pacific oceans: each is hypothesized to be the ...
mid-oceanic ridge
mid-oceanic ridge [mid ō′shənmid ō΄shē an′ik] n. the continuous, double-ridged chain of mountains on the ocean floor, extending through the middle of the Atlantic Ocean ...
mid-oceanridge
mid-o·cean ridge (mĭdʹō'shən) n. A series of mountain ranges on the ocean floor, more than 84,000 kilometers (52,000 miles) in length, extending through the North and South ...
mid-rise
/mid"ruyz'/, adj. 1. (of a building) having a moderately large number of stories, usually five to ten, and equipped with elevators. n. 2. a mid-rise apartment or office ...
mid-size
/mid"suyz'/, adj. 1. (of an automobile) being between a compact and a large car in size and having a combined passenger and luggage volume of 110-120 cu. ft. (3.1-3.4 m3). 2. ...
mid-teen
/mid"teen"/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a person 15-17 years old: specializing in mid-teen clothes. n. 2. a person 15-17 years old: an ad campaign aimed at ...
mid-Victorian
—mid-Victorianism, n. /mid"vik tawr"ee euhn, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the middle portion (about 1850 to 1890) of the reign of Queen Victoria ...
Mid.
Midshipman. * * *
mid.
middle. * * *
midafternoon
/mid"af'teuhr noohn", -ahf'-/, n. 1. the part of the afternoon centering approximately on three o'clock; the period approximately halfway between noon and sunset. adj. 2. ...
midafternoon prayer
midafternoon prayer [mid′af tər no͞on΄] n. [often M- P-] R.C.Ch. the fifth of the seven canonical hours; none * * *
midair
/mid air"/, n. any point in the air not contiguous with the earth or other solid surface: to catch a ball in midair. [1660-70; MID- + AIR1] * * *
Midamerica
/mid'euh mer"i keuh/, n. See Middle America (def. 2). [1925-30, Amer.; MID- + AMERICA] * * *
Midas
/muy"deuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a Phrygian king, son of Gordius, who was given by Dionysus the power of turning whatever he touched into gold. 2. a person of great wealth or ...
Midas touch
the ability to turn any business venture one is associated with into an extremely profitable one. [1880-85; see MIDAS] * * *
Midastouch
Midas touch n. The ability to make, manage, and keep huge amounts of money: “Today's market has convinced dozens of kids barely out of college that they've got the Midas ...
midband
/mid"band'/, n. 1. Electronics. a band in the middle of a range of frequencies. 2. (in pewter work) a decorated band reinforcing a tankard at its middle. [MID- + BAND2] * * *
midbrain
/mid"brayn'/, n. Anat. the middle of the three primary divisions of the brain in the embryo of a vertebrate or the part of the adult brain derived from this tissue; ...
midcourse
/mid"kawrs', -kohrs'/, n. 1. the middle of a course. 2. Rocketry. the portion of a ballistic trajectory between the end of powered flight and the beginning of the reentry ...
midcourse correction
a navigational correction made in the course of a ship, airplane, rocket, or space vehicle at some point between the beginning and end of the journey. [1955-60] * * *
midcult
/mid"kult'/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) the intellectual culture intermediate between highbrow and lowbrow; middlebrow culture. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of such ...
midday
n. /mid"day", -day'/; adj. /mid"day'/, n. 1. the middle of the day; noon or the time centering around noon. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the middle part of the day: a midday news ...
midday prayer
midday prayer n. [often M- P-] R.C.Ch. the fourth of the seven canonical hours; sext * * *
Middelburg
/mid"l berrg'/, n. a city in the SW Netherlands. 38,854. * * * ▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), southwestern Netherlands (Netherlands, The), on ...
Middelhoff, Thomas
▪ 2002       Could signal success in publishing be translated into the music business as well? In 2001 Thomas Middelhoff, the dynamic chairman and CEO of Bertelsmann AG, ...
midden
/mid"n/, n. 1. a dunghill or refuse heap. 2. See kitchen midden. [1300-50; ME midding < ODan mykdyngja, equiv. to myk manure + dyngja pile (Dan mødding)] * * *
middie
/mid"ee/, n. Informal. a midshipman. [see MIDDY1] * * *
middle
/mid"l/, adj., n., v., middled, middling. adj. 1. equally distant from the extremes or outer limits; central: the middle point of a line; the middle singer in a trio. 2. ...
middle age
the period of human life between youth and old age, sometimes considered as the years between 45 and 65 or thereabout. [1350-1400; ME] * * * ▪ psychology       period ...
Middle Ages
the time in European history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance (from about 500 A.D. to about 1350): sometimes restricted to the later part of this period ...
Middle America
—Middle American. —Middle-American, adj. 1. average middle-class Americans as a group, as distinguished from the rich or poor or the politically extreme. 2. the Midwest. 3. ...
Middle America Trench
▪ trench, Pacific Ocean       submarine depression in the Pacific Ocean off the western coast of Central America. Extending northwest-southeast for more than 1,700 ...
Middle American Indian
▪ people Introduction       member of any of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting the area from northern Mexico to Nicaragua.       The physical spine of Middle ...
Middle Anglia
▪ region, Anglo-Saxon England       a province of Anglo-Saxon England, lying between East Anglia and Mercia and inhabited by a variety of peoples. It certainly comprised ...
Middle Atlantic States
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Also called Middle States. * * *
Middle Atlas
▪ mountains, Morocco French  Moyen Atlas        mountain range in central Morocco, Africa, lying between a plateau and plain region (northwest) and the main part of ...
middle C
Music. the note indicated by the first leger line above the bass staff and the first below the treble staff. [1830-40] * * *
Middle Chinese
the Chinese language of the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. Abbr.: MChin * * *
middle class
1. a class of people intermediate between the classes of higher and lower social rank or standing; the social, economic, cultural class, having approximately average status, ...
Middle Comedy
Greek Attic comedy of the 4th century B.C. The few extant fragments are characterized chiefly by a realistic depiction of everyday life. Cf. New Comedy, Old Comedy. * * * ▪ ...
Middle Congo
former name of the People's Republic of the Congo. * * *
middle distance
1. Also called middle ground, middle plane. Fine Arts. the represented space between the foreground and background in paintings, drawings, etc. 2. (in track) a race distance ...
Middle Dutch
the Dutch language of the period c1100-c1500. Abbr.: MD * * *
middle ear
Anat. the middle portion of the ear, consisting of the tympanic membrane and an air-filled chamber lined with mucous membrane, that contains the malleus, incus, and stapes. Cf. ...


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