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molar1 /moh"leuhr/, n. 1. Also called molar tooth. a tooth having a broad biting surface adapted for grinding, being one of twelve in humans, with three on each side of the upper ...
molar gas constant
▪ chemistry and physics       (symbol R), fundamental physical constant arising in the formulation of the general gas law. For an ideal gas (perfect gas) (approximated ...
molar heat capacity
Thermodynam. the heat capacity of one mole of a substance. * * *
molar volume
Chem. the volume occupied by one mole of a gas, liquid, or solid. Also called molal volume, mole volume. Cf. Avogadro's law. [1945-50] * * *
/moh lar"i tee/, n. Chem. the number of moles of solute per liter of solution. [1930-35; MOLAR3 + -ITY] * * *
▪ rock       thick association of continental and marine clastic sedimentary rocks that consists mainly of sandstones and shales formed as shore deposits. The ...
/meuh las"iz/, n. a thick syrup produced during the refining of sugar or from sorghum, varying from light to dark brown in color. [1575-85; earlier molassos, molasso(e)s < Pg ...
Molasses Act
▪ Great Britain [1733]       (1733), in American colonial history, a British law that imposed a tax on molasses, sugar, and rum imported from non-British foreign ...
Molay, Jacques de
▪ Grand Master of Knights Templar born 1243, Molay, Fr. died March 19, 1314, Paris  last grand master of the Knights Templars (Templar), an order of knighthood founded during ...
Molcho, Solomon
orig. Diogo Pires born с 1500, Portugal died 1532, Mantua Portuguese Jewish martyr. Born into a Marrano family, he became royal secretary in a Portuguese high court of ...
mold1 —moldable, adj. —moldability, n. /mohld/, n. 1. a hollow form or matrix for giving a particular shape to something in a molten or plastic state. 2. the shape created or ...
mold loft
a broad, roofed area where molds and patterns are prepared for construction of a ship or airplane. [1705-15] * * *
mold wash
Metall. a coating applied in liquid form to walls of a mold cavity. * * *
/mohld"blohn"/, adj. blown-molded. * * *
See mold1. * * *
/mawl"dow, mohl"-/, n. German name of the Vltava. * * *
/mol day"vee euh, -vyeuh/, n. 1. a region in NE Rumania: formerly a principality that united with Wallachia to form Rumania. Cap.: Jassy. 2. Official name, Moldova. Formerly, ...
/mol day"vee euhn, -dayv"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Moldavia, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Moldavia. 3. a dialect of Rumanian spoken in ...
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic a republic of the U.S.S.R.: now MOLDOVA * * *
/mawl"deuh vuyt', mohl-/, n. Mineral. a green tektite found in Bohemia. [1895-1900; < G Moldawit, after the MOLDAU River; see -ITE1] * * *
/mohld"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. the curved metal plate in a plow that turns over the earth from the furrow. 2. a large blade mounted on the front of a bulldozer to push loose ...
▪ Norway       town, western Norway. It lies along Molde Fjord, an inlet of the Norwegian Sea. A port since the 15th century, Molde was partially destroyed by fire in ...
molded breadth
Naval Archit. the extreme breadth of the framing of a vessel, excluding the thickness of the plating or planking. [1790-1800] * * *
molded depth
Naval Archit. the depth of a vessel at the broadest transverse section from the top of the keel to the upper side of the main deck beam at the side. * * *
molder1 /mohl"deuhr/, v.i. 1. to turn to dust by natural decay; crumble; disintegrate; waste away: a house that had been left to molder. v.t. 2. to cause to molder. [1525-35; ...
See moldy. * * *
/mohl"ding/, n. 1. the act or process of molding. 2. something molded. 3. a strip of contoured wood or other material placed just below the juncture of a wall and a ceiling. 4. ...
molding board
a board upon which bread is kneaded, cookies prepared, etc. [1300-50; ME] * * *
molding plane
Carpentry. a plane having a blade or a number of blades profiled to form moldings. [1670-80] * * *
—Moldovan, adj., n. /mawl doh"veuh/, n. official name of Moldavia (def. 2). * * * Moldova Introduction Moldova Background: Formerly ruled ...
Moldova, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped blue-yellow-red national flag with a central coat of arms (arms, coat of) featuring an eagle. The flag has a width-to-length ...
See Moldova. * * *
/mohld"wawrp'/, n. the common European mole, Talpa europaea. [1275-1325; ME moldwerp lit., earth-thrower (see MOLD3, WARP); c. OS moldwerp, MHG moltwerf] * * *
—moldiness, n. /mohl"dee/, adj., moldier, moldiest. 1. overgrown or covered with mold. 2. musty, as from decay or age. 3. Informal. old-fashioned; outmoded: moldy ideas about ...
moldy fig
—moldy-fig, adj. Slang. 1. a musician or fan who likes traditional jazz or Dixieland rather than modern jazz. 2. any person or thing that is old-fashioned or ...
mole1 /mohl/, n. 1. any of various small insectivorous mammals, esp. of the family Talpidae, living chiefly underground, and having velvety fur, very small eyes, and strong ...
mole crab
a burrowing crustacean of the genus Emerita, found on sandy ocean beaches of North America, having a distinctly curved carapace. Also called sandbug. * * * ▪ crab also called ...
mole cricket
any of several burrowing crickets of the family Gryllotalpidae that have fossorial forelegs and that feed on the roots of plants. [1705-15] * * * ▪ insect  any of about 65 ...
mole fraction
Chem. the ratio of the number of moles of a given component of a mixture to the total number of moles of all the components. [1920-25] * * *
mole plow
a plow typically having a pointed shoe at the end of a vertical support, for cutting a hollow drainage channel below the surface. [1790-1800] * * *
mole rat
/mohl"rat'/, n. 1. any of several eastern European burrowing rodents, esp. those of the genus Spalax, having no tail, short limbs, and small eyes with permanently closed lids. 2. ...
Môle Saint-Nicolas
▪ Haiti       village, just northeast of Cap Saint-Nicolas, on the northwestern coast of Haiti. Situated on an inlet of the Windward Passage (a strait between Haiti and ...
mole salamander
ambystomid. * * *
Mole Valley
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Surrey, England. The River Mole, from which the district takes its name, flows ...
mole volume
Chem. See molar volume. * * *
Molé, Louis-Mathieu, Comte
▪ French statesman born Jan. 24, 1781, Paris died Nov. 23, 1855, Champlâtreux, Fr.       French monarchist statesman who held office under Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, and ...
/moh"lek/, n. Moloch (defs. 1, 2). * * *
mole crab (mōl) n. Any of various small crustaceans of the genus Emerita, having very long eyestalks and hairy antennae and commonly found burrowing in sand on ocean beaches. * ...
mole cricket (mōl) n. Any of various burrowing crickets of the family Gryllotalpidae, having short wings and front legs well adapted for digging and feeding mainly on the roots ...
—molecularly, adv. /meuh lek"yeuh leuhr/, adj. of or pertaining to or caused by molecules: molecular structure. [1815-25; MOLECULE + -AR1] * * *
molecular astronomy
the branch of astronomy dealing with the study of molecules in space. [1965-70] * * *
molecular beam
Physics. a stream of molecules freed from a substance, usually a salt, by evaporation and then passed through a narrow slit for focusing, for investigating the properties of ...
molecular biology
the branch of biology that deals with the nature of biological phenomena at the molecular level through the study of DNA and RNA, proteins, and other macromolecules involved in ...
molecular clock
the changes in the amino acid sequences of proteins that take place during evolution and speciation, and from which the dates of branchings of taxonomic groups can be deduced. * ...
molecular distillation
Chem. a vacuum distillation in which the molecules of the distillate reach the condenser before colliding with one another. * * *
molecular film
Physical Chem. a film or layer one molecule thick. Also called monolayer. * * *
molecular formula
Chem. a chemical formula that indicates the kinds of atoms and the number of each kind in a molecule of a compound. Cf. empirical formula, structural formula. [1900-05] * * *
molecular genetics
a subdivision of genetics concerned with the structure and function of genes at the molecular level. [1965-70] * * *
molecular knife
a segment of genetic material that inhibits the reproduction of the AIDS virus by breaking up specific areas of the virus's genes. [1990-95, Amer.] * * *
molecular orbital
Physics, Chem. See under orbital (def. 2a). [1930-35] * * *
molecular sieve
Chem. a compound with molecule-size pores, as some sodium aluminum silicates, that chemically locks molecules in them: used in purification and separation processes. [1925-30] * ...
molecular spectrum
Spectroscopy. the spectrum of light emitted or absorbed by a species of molecule. * * *
molecular weight
Chem. the average weight of a molecule of an element or compound measured in units once based on the weight of one hydrogen atom taken as the standard or on 1/16 the weight of an ...
See molecular biology. * * *
molecular biology n. 1. The branch of biology that deals with the formation, structure, and function of macromolecules essential to life, such as nucleic acids and proteins, and ...
molecular formula n. A chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms in a molecule. * * *
molecular genetics n. (used with a sing. verb) The branch of genetics that deals with the expression of genes by studying the DNA sequences of chromosomes. * * *
/meuh lek'yeuh lar"i tee/, n. Chem. the number of molecules or atoms that participate in an elementary process. [1835-45; MOLECULAR + -ITY] * * *
molecular knife n. A synthetic enzyme capable of cutting out and destroying specific genes such as those in a virus that control its replication or the production of a protein. * ...
See molecularity. * * *
molecular weight n. Abbr. mol. wt. The sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a molecule. Also called formula weight. * * *
/mol"euh kyoohl'/, n. 1. Chem., Physics. the smallest physical unit of an element or compound, consisting of one or more like atoms in an element and two or more different atoms ...
/mohl"hil'/, n. 1. a small mound or ridge of earth raised up by a mole or moles burrowing under the ground. 2. make a mountain out of a molehill, to exaggerate a minor ...
mole rat (mōl) n. 1. Any of several furry, short-limbed, tailless burrowing rodents of the genus Spalax, found in eastern Europe and the Middle East. 2. Any of various similar ...
Moleschott, Jacob
▪ Dutch-Italian physiologist and philosopher born Aug. 9, 1822, 's Hertogenbosch, Neth. died May 20, 1893, Rome, Italy       physiologist and philosopher noted for his ...
/mohl"skin'/, n. 1. the soft, deep-gray, fragile fur of the mole. 2. a strong and heavy napped, twilled cotton fabric used for sportswear and work clothing. 3. moleskins, a ...
—molestation /moh'le stay"sheuhn, mol'e-/, n. —molester, n. —molestful, adj. /meuh lest"/, v.t. 1. to bother, interfere with, or annoy. 2. to make indecent sexual advances ...
See molest. * * *
See molestation. * * *
/mol"it/, n. mullet2. * * *
Moley, Raymond
▪ American journalist born , Sept. 27, 1886, Berea, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 18, 1975, Phoenix, Ariz.       American journalist and public figure, leader of the so-called ...
Moley, Raymond (Charles)
born , Sept. 27, 1886, Berea, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 18, 1975, Phoenix, Ariz. U.S. educator and political adviser. He taught political science at Columbia University from 1923 to ...
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southeastern Italy. It lies along the Adriatic Sea, northwest of Bari city. An important port in the ...
/mohl yair"/; Fr. /maw lyerdd"/, n. (Jean Baptiste Poquelin) 1622-73, French actor and playwright. * * * orig. Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (baptized Jan. 15, 1622, Paris, ...
Molière,Jean Baptiste Poquelin
Mo·lière (mōl-yârʹ), Jean Baptiste Poquelin. 1622-1673. French playwright whose sophisticated comedies include Tartuffe (1664), The Misanthrope (1666), and The Bourgeois ...
/mol'euh lay"lee euh, -layl"yeuh/, n. mogilalia. * * *
/moh lee"neuh, meuh-/; Sp. /maw lee"nah/, n. 1. Luis /looh ees"/, 1535-1600, Spanish Jesuit theologian. 2. Tirso de. See Tirso de Molina. * * * (as used in expressions) Quezon y ...
Molina, Luis de
▪ Spanish theologian born September 1535, Cuenca, Spain died Oct. 12, 1600, Madrid  Spanish Jesuit who devised the theological system known as Molinism, which endeavoured to ...
Molina, Mario
▪ American chemist in full  Mario José Molina   born March 19, 1943, Mexico City, Mex.    Mexican-born American chemist who was jointly awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize for ...
/moh"lin, moh luyn"/, adj. Heraldry. (of a cross) having arms of equal length, split and curved back at the ends, used esp. as the cadency mark of an eighth son: a cross moline. ...
/moh leen"/, n. a city in NW Illinois, on the Mississippi. 45,709. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Rock Island county, northwestern Illinois, U.S. It lies ...
Molinet, Jean
▪ French poet and chronicler born 1435, Desvres, Burgundian Artois [now in France] died Aug. 23, 1507, Valenciennes, Burgundian Hainaut       poet and chronicler ...
—Molinist, n. /moh"leuh niz'euhm, mol"euh-/, n. the theological doctrine, formulated by Luis Molina, that the consent of the human will is necessary for divine grace to be ...
/meuh lee"nohs/; Sp. /maw lee"naws/, n. Miguel de /mee gel" de/, c1640-c95, Spanish priest and mystic: chief exponent of quietism. * * *
Molinos, Miguel de
▪ Spanish priest born June 29, 1628, Muniesa, Spain died Dec. 28, 1696, Rome, Papal States [Italy]  Spanish priest condemned for advocating an extreme form of Quietism, a ...
/meuh luy"euh neez'/, n. Class. Myth. Cteatus and Eurytus, the twin sons of Molione, sometimes said to have been joined at the waist. They were fathered by Poseidon and reared by ...
Molise [mō′lē zā΄] region of SC Italy: 1,714 sq mi (4,439 sq km); pop. 331,000 * * * Mo·li·se (mōʹlĭ-zā') A region of south-central Italy bordering on the Adriatic ...
Molitor, Paul
▪ 1994       Baseball fans everywhere learned what Milwaukee Brewers fans had long known when Paul Molitor won the Most Valuable Player award for the 1993 World Series. ...
/mol/, n. Slang. 1. See gun moll. 2. Archaic. a prostitute. [special use of MOLL] /mawl/, adj. German. (in music) written in a minor key; minor. * * *
/mol/, n. a female given name. * * *
Moll Cutpurse
▪ English criminal byname of  Mary Frith   born 1584?, London died July 26, 1659, London       most notorious female member of 17th-century England's underworld, a ...
Moll Flanders
(The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders) a novel (1722) by Daniel Defoe. * * *
/maw"leuh/, n. mullah. * * *
Molle Islands
▪ islands, Australia       group of four small formations on the Great Barrier Reef, in Whitsunday Passage in the Coral Sea, 3 miles (5 km) off the northeastern coast of ...
Mollemann, Jurgen W.
▪ 2004       German politician (b. July 15, 1945, Augsburg, Ger.—d. June 5, 2003, Marl, Ger.), was a controversial member of the Free Democratic Party; he held several ...
/maw yen"daw/, n. a seaport in S Peru. 15,000. * * * ▪ Peru       city, Peru, on the Pacific coast. Founded in 1872, its site was chosen by the American engineer Henry ...
—mollescence, n. /meuh les"euhnt/, adj. softening or tending to soften. [1815-25; < L mollescent- (s. of mollescens) (prp. of mollescere to soften), equiv. to moll(is) soft + ...
/moh lay"/; Fr. /maw le"/, n. Guy /guy/; Fr. /gee/, 1905-75, French political leader. * * *
Mollet, Guy
born Dec. 31, 1905, Flers-de-l'Orne, France died Oct. 3, 1975, Paris French politician. An English teacher in Arras, he joined the Socialist Party in 1921 and became head of ...
/mol"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Mary or Milicent. * * *
Mollien, Gaspard-Théodore
▪ French explorer born Aug. 29, 1796, Paris, France died June 28, 1872, Nice       French explorer and diplomat who was one of the earliest European explorers of the ...
Mollien, Nicolas-François, Count
▪ French statesman born Feb. 28, 1758, Rouen, France died April 20, 1850, Paris       French statesman and one of Napoleon's chief financial ...
Mollier diagram
/mawl"yay/, Thermodynam. a graph showing the enthalpy of a substance as a function of its entropy when some physical property of the substance, as temperature or pressure, is ...
See mollify. * * *
See mollifiable. * * *
See mollifiable. * * *
—mollification, n. —mollifier, n. —mollifyingly, adv. —mollifiable, adj. /mol"euh fuy'/, v.t., mollified, mollifying. 1. to soften in feeling or temper, as a person; ...
See mollifiable. * * *
/mol"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. a productive agricultural soil common to the world's grasslands, characterized by a dark surface layer rich in organic matter. Cf. brown ...
mollusc [mäl′əsk] n. MOLLUSK molluscan [mə lus′kən] adj., n. * * * mol·lusc (mŏlʹəsk) n. Variant of mollusk. * * *
/meuh lus"keuh/, n. the phylum comprising the mollusks. [1790-1800; < NL, neut. pl. of L molluscus soft; akin to mollis soft] * * *
mol·lus·can also mol·lus·kan (mə-lŭsʹkən) adj. Of or relating to the mollusks. n. A mollusk. * * *
See molluscicide. * * *
mol·lus·ci·cide (mə-lŭsʹkĭ-sīd') n. An agent that kills mollusks.   mol·lus'ci·cidʹal (-sīdʹl) adj. * * *
/meuh lus"koyd/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the phylum Molluscoidea, in certain classifications comprising the bryozoans and brachiopods. [1850-55; < NL Molluscoidea. See ...
See mollusk. * * *
—molluscous, adj. /meuh lus"keuhm/, n., pl. mollusca /-keuh/. Pathol. any of various skin conditions characterized by soft, rounded tumors. [1805-15; < NL, L: fungus, n. use of ...
—molluskan, molluscan /meuh lus"keuhn/, adj., n. —mollusklike, adj. /mol"euhsk/, n. any invertebrate of the phylum Mollusca, typically having a calcareous shell of one, two, ...
mol·lus·kan (mə-lŭsʹkən) adj. & n. Variant of molluscan. * * *
Mollweide projection
/mawl"vuy deuh/. See homolographic projection. [1935-40; named after K. B. Mollweide (1774-1825), German astronomer and mathematician] * * *
/mol"ee/, n., pl. mollies. any of certain livebearing freshwater fishes of the genus Mollienisia, popular in home aquariums. [shortened from NL Mollienisia, irreg. named after ...
/mol"ee/, pl. Mollies. Trademark. a brand of expansion bolt having a split, sleevelike sheath threaded at one end so that when inserted snugly into masonry the turning of the ...
Molly Maguire
/meuh gwuyeur"/ 1. Irish Hist. a member of a secret terrorist society organized in Ireland in 1843 to prevent evictions by the government: so called because the members disguised ...
Molly Maguires
Molly Maguires [mə gwīrz′] n. 1. a secret society organized in Ireland in 1843 to terrorize landlords' agents in order to prevent evictions ☆ 2. a secret society of ...
Molly Miller
a blenny, Scartella cristata, of Atlantic seas. [orig. uncert.] * * *
—mollycoddler, n. /mol"ee kod'l/, n., v., mollycoddled, mollycoddling. n. 1. a man or boy who is used to being coddled; a milksop. v.t. 2. to coddle; pamper. [1825-35; MOLLY + ...
See mollycoddle. * * *
/mol"ee mawk'/, n. any of various oceanic birds, as the fulmar or albatross. Also, mallemuck, mollymoke. [1685-95; < D mallemok, equiv. to malle, var. of mal foolish + mok < Norw ...
/mohl"nahr/; Hung. /mawl"nahrdd/, n. Ferenc /fe"rddents/, 1878-1952, Hungarian playwright, novelist, and short-story writer. * * *
Molnár, Ferenc
born Jan. 12, 1878, Budapest, Hung. died April 1, 1952, New York City, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian writer. He published his first stories at age 19 and achieved his first success with ...
Mol·nár (mōlʹnär', môlʹ-), Ferenc. 1878-1952. Hungarian writer known particularly for his comedies, including The Devil (1907) and Liliom (1909). * * *
/mohl"nee euh/; Russ. /mawl"nyi yeuh/, n. one of a series of Soviet communications satellites. [ < Russ Mólniya lit., lightning] * * *
/moh"lok, mol"euhk/, n. 1. a deity whose worship was marked by the propitiatory sacrifice of children by their own parents. II Kings 23:10; Jer. 32:35. 2. anything conceived of ...
▪ Belarus also spelled  Molodečno,         city and centre of Molodechno rayon (sector), Minsk oblast (province), Belarus, northwest of Minsk city. The city achieved ...
/moh'leuh kuy", -kah"ee, mol'euh-/, n. an island in central Hawaii: leper colony. 5261; 259 sq. mi. (670 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Hawaii, United States Hawaiian ...
/mol"euh kahn'/, n. a member of an ascetic religious sect, founded in Russia in the 18th century by former Doukhobors, opposing sacraments and ritual and stressing the authority ...
/meuh loh"poh/, n. a river in S Africa, flowing SW along the S Botswana-N South Africa border to the Orange River. ab. 600 mi. (965 km) long. * * *
Molopo River
▪ river, Africa       river in southern Africa. It rises east of Mafikeng (formerly Mafeking) in North-West province, South Africa, and flows generally west for about ...
/mol"euh tawf', -tof', moh"leuh-, maw"-/; Russ. /maw"leuh teuhf/, n. 1. Vyacheslav Mikhailovich /vee ah"cheuh slahf mi kuy"leuh vich/; Russ. /vyi chyi slahf" myi khuy"leuh ...
Molotov cocktail
a crude incendiary grenade consisting of a bottle filled with a flammable liquid and a wick that is ignited before throwing: used originally for setting fire to enemy tanks ...
Molotov, Vyacheslav (Mikhaylovich)
orig. Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin born March 9, 1890, Kukarka, Russia died Nov. 8, 1986, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet political leader. A member of the Bolsheviks from ...
Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich
▪ foreign minister of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics original name  Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin   born Feb. 25 [March 9, New Style], 1890, Kukarka [now Sovetsk], ...
Molotov,Vyacheslav Mikhailovich
Mo·lo·tov (mŏlʹə-tôf', môlʹ-, mōʹlə-), Vyacheslav Mikhailovich. 1890-1986. Soviet politician who was head of the Council of People's Commissars (1930-1941) and ...
Molotov cocktail n. A makeshift bomb made of a breakable container filled with flammable liquid and provided with a usually rag wick that is lighted just before being ...
/maw"leuh teuhfsk/, n. former name of Severodvinsk. * * *
—molter, n. /mohlt/, v.i. 1. (of birds, insects, reptiles, etc.) to cast or shed the feathers, skin, or the like, that will be replaced by a new growth. v.t. 2. to cast or shed ...
—moltenly, adv. /mohl"tn/, v. 1. a pp. of melt. adj. 2. liquefied by heat; in a state of fusion; melted: molten lead. 3. produced by melting and casting: a molten ...
See molt. * * *
Shedding or casting off of an animal's outer layer or covering and formation of its replacement. Regulated by hormones, molting occurs throughout the animal kingdom. It includes ...
/mawlt"keuh/, n. 1. Helmuth Karl /hel"mooht kahrddl/, 1800-91, Prussian field marshal: chief of staff 1858-88. 2. his nephew, Helmuth Johannes /yoh hah"neuhs/, Count von, ...
Moltke, Adam Gottlob, Greve (count)
▪ Danish government official born Nov. 10/11, 1710, Walkendorf, Mecklenburg [Germany] died Sept. 25, 1792, Bregentved, Den.  high court official who exerted a powerful ...
Moltke, Adam Wilhelm, Greve (count)
▪ prime minister of Denmark born Aug. 25, 1785, Einsidelsborg, Fünen, Den. died Feb. 15, 1864, Copenhagen  statesman and prime minister of the first parliamentary government ...
Moltke, Helmuth (Johannes Ludwig) von
born May 25, 1848, Gersdorff, Mecklenburg died June 18, 1916, Berlin, Ger. German soldier. A nephew of Helmuth von Moltke, he rose rapidly in the German army and served as ...
Moltke, Helmuth (Karl Bernhard), count von
born Oct. 26, 1800, Parchim, Mecklenburg died April 24, 1891, Berlin, Ger. Prussian general. He joined the Prussian army in 1822 and was appointed to its general staff in 1832. ...
Moltke, Helmuth von
▪ German general [1800–91] Introduction in full  Helmuth Karl Bernhard, Count (graf) von Moltke  born October 26, 1800, Parchim, Mecklenburg [Germany] died April 24, 1891, ...
/mohl"toh/; It. /mawl"taw/, adv. Music. very: molto adagio; molto allegro. [1795-1805; < It < L multum, adv. use of acc. sing. neut. of multus much] * * *
Molucca Sea
▪ sea, Pacific Ocean Indonesian  Laut Maluku        portion of the western Pacific Ocean, bounded by the Indonesian islands of Celebes (west), Halmahera (east), and ...
See Moluccas. * * *
—Moluccan, adj., n. /meuh luk"euhz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a group of islands in Indonesia, between Sulawesi (Celebes) and New Guinea. 995,000; ab. 30,000 sq. mi. (78,000 sq. ...
/mohl"vee/, n. maulvi. * * *
moly1 /moh"lee/, n., pl. molies. Class. Myth. an herb given to Odysseus by Hermes to counteract the spells of Circe. [ < L moly < Gk môly] moly2 /mol"ee/, n. ...
/meuh lib"dayt/, n. Chem. a salt of any molybdic acid. [1785-95; MOLYBD(IC) + -ATE2] * * *
molybdate and tungstate minerals
      naturally occurring inorganic compounds that are salts of molybdic acid, H2MoO4, and tungstic acid, H2WO4. Minerals in these groups often are valuable ...
molybdate orange
Chem. a pigment consisting of a solid solution of sulfate, molybdate, and chromate compounds of lead. Also called molybdate chrome orange, molybdenum orange. [1940-45] * * *
/meuh lib"deuh nuyt'/, n. a soft, graphitelike mineral, molybdenum sulfide, MoS2, occurring in foliated masses or scales: the principal ore of molybdenum. [1790-1800; obs. ...
/meuh lib'deuh noh"sis/, n. Vet. Pathol. a disease of ruminants, esp. cattle, caused by dietary intake of excessive molybdenum with resultant copper deficiency, characterized by ...
/meuh lib"deuh neuhs/, adj. Chem. containing bivalent molybdenum. [MOLYBDEN(UM) + -OUS] * * *
/meuh lib"deuh neuhm/, n. Chem. a silver-white metallic element, used as an alloy with iron in making hard, high-speed cutting tools. Symbol: Mo; at. wt.: 95.94; at. no.: 42; sp. ...
molybdenum disulfide
Chem. a black crystalline powder, MoS2, insoluble in water, used as a lubricant and as a hydrogenation catalyst. Also called molybdenum sulfide. [1930-35] * * *
molybdenum processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Molybdenum (Mo) is a white, platinum-like metal with a melting point of 2,610° C ...
molybdenum trioxide
Chem. a white, crystalline, sparingly water-soluble powder, MoO3, used chiefly in the manufacture of molybdenum compounds. Also called molybdic anhydride, molybdic oxide. * * *
/meuh lib"dik/, adj. Chem. of or containing molybdenum, esp. in the trivalent or hexavalent states, as molybdic acid, H2MoO4. [1790-1800; MOLYBD(ENUM) + -IC] * * *
/meuh lib"deuhs/, adj. Chem. of or containing molybdenum, esp. in its lower valences. [1790-1800; MOLYBD(ENUM) + -OUS] * * *
Molyneux, Samuel
▪ British astronomer born July 18, 1689, Chester, Cheshire, Eng. died April 13, 1728, Kew, Surrey       British astronomer and politician.       Molyneux ...
/mom/, n. Informal. mother. [short for MOMMA] * * *
mom and pop store
☆ mom and pop store or mom and pop stand n. a small retail business, typically family-operated * * *
/mom"euhn pop"/, adj., n., pl. mom-and-pops. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a small retail business, usually owned and operated by members of a family: a mom-and-pop grocery. 2. of ...
MOMA [mō′mə] abbrev. Museum of Modern Art, in New York City: also sp. MoMA * * * ➡ Museum of Modern Art. * * *
Momaday, N(avarro)Scott
Mom·a·day (mŏmʹə-dā'), N(avarro) Scott. Born 1934. Native American poet, nature writer, and novelist whose work is a synthesis of European and Native American literary and ...
Momaday, N. Scott
▪ American author in full  Navarre Scott Momaday  born Feb. 27, 1934, Lawton, Okla., U.S.    Native American author of many works centred on his Kiowa ...
/mom bah"sah, -bas"euh/, n. 1. an island in S Kenya. 2. a seaport on this island. 320,000. * * * City (pop., 1989: 461,753), Kenya, located on the island of Mombasa off the ...
/mohm/, n. Archaic. a fool; blockhead. [1545-55; orig. uncert.] * * *
/moh"meuhnt/, n. 1. an indefinitely short period of time; instant: I'll be with you in a moment. 2. the present time or any other particular time (usually prec. by the): He is ...
moment of inertia
Physics. the sum of the products of the mass and the square of the perpendicular distance to the axis of rotation of each particle in a body rotating about an axis. [1820-30] * * ...
moment of momentum
Physics. See angular momentum. * * *
moment of sail
Naval Archit. the product of a given area of sail, taken as the maximum safe area, and the vertical distance from the center of effort and the center of lateral resistance. * * *
moment of truth
1. the moment in a bullfight at which the matador is about to make the kill. 2. the moment at which one's character, courage, skill, etc., is put to an extreme test; critical ...
mo·men·ta (mō-mĕnʹtə) n. A plural of momentum. * * *
/moh'meuhn tair"euh lee, moh"meuhn ter'-/, adv. 1. for a moment; briefly: to pause momentarily. 2. at any moment; imminently: expected to occur momentarily. 3. ...
See momentary. * * *
—momentariness, n. /moh"meuhn ter'ee/, adj. 1. lasting but a moment; very brief; fleeting: a momentary glimpse. 2. that might occur at any moment; ever impending: to live in ...
/moh"meuhnt lee/, adv. 1. with every moment; from moment to moment. 2. for a moment; momentarily. 3. at any moment; momentarily. [1670-80; MOMENT + -LY] * * *
/meuh men"toh, moh-/, n., pl. momentos, momentoes. memento. Usage. See memento. * * *
momentof inertia
moment of inertia n. pl. moments of inertia A measure of a body's resistance to angular acceleration, equal to: a. The product of the mass of a particle and the square of its ...
momentof truth
moment of truth n. pl. moments of truth 1. A critical or decisive time on which much depends; a crucial moment. 2. Sports. The point in a bullfight at which the matador makes the ...
—momentously, adv. —momentousness, n. /moh men"teuhs/, adj. of great or far-reaching importance or consequence: a momentous day. [1645-55; MOMENT + -OUS] Syn. vital, ...
See momentous. * * *
See momentously. * * *
/moh men"teuhm/, n., pl. momenta /-teuh/, momentums. 1. force or speed of movement; impetus, as of a physical object or course of events: The car gained momentum going downhill. ...
momentum, conservation of
▪ physics       general law of physics according to which the quantity called momentum that characterizes motion never changes in an isolated collection of objects; ...
/mom"iz euhm/, n. (sometimes cap.) excessive adulation of the mother and undue dependence on maternal care or protection, resulting in absence or loss of maturity and ...
/mom"euh/, n. mama. * * *
/mom"ee/, n., pl. momme. a Japanese unit of weight equal to 3.75 grams. [1720-30; < Japn, equiv. to mon- letter ( < MChin, equiv. to Chin wén) + -me(y) eye (earlier *mai)] * * *
/mom"seuhn/; Ger. /mawm"zeuhn/, n. Theodor /tay"aw dohrdd'/, 1817-1903, German classical historian: Nobel prize for literature 1902. * * *
Mommsen, (Christian Matthias) Theodor
born Nov. 30, 1817, Garding, Schleswig died Nov. 1, 1903, Charlottenburg, near Berlin, German Empire German historian and writer. After studying law, he did research in Italy ...
Mommsen, Theodor
▪ German historian, philologist, and legal scholar Introduction in full  Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen  born Nov. 30, 1817, Garding, Schleswig [now in Germany] died ...
Momm·sen (mōmʹzən), Theodor. 1817-1903. German historian whose best-known work is the three-volume History of Rome (1854-1856). He won the 1902 Nobel Prize for literature. * ...
mom·muck (mŏmʹək) tr.v. Ocracoke Island, North Carolina mom·mucked, mom·muck·ing, mom·mucks To harass; bother. See note at Ocracoke Island.   [Alteration of dialectal ...
/mom"ee/, n., pl. mommies. Informal. mother1 (defs. 1, 2, 4). Also, mommie. [1900-05, Amer.; MOMM(A) + -Y2. Cf. MAMMY, MUMMY2] * * *
mommy track
a path of career advancement for women who are willing to forgo promotions, raises, etc., so as to spend more time with their children. [1989] * * *
mommy track n. A career path determined by work arrangements offering mothers certain benefits, such as flexible hours, but usually providing them with fewer opportunities for ...
/maw"maw yah"mah/, n. See Azuchi-Momoyama. * * *
/mawm paws"/, n. a city in NW Colombia, on the Magdalena. 43,415. * * *
▪ people also called  Malibú,         Indian people of what are now the northern Colombia lowlands who became extinct under Spanish rule. Culturally the Mompox were ...
/mom"zeuhr/, n. mamzer. Also, momzer. * * *
/moh"meuhs/, n., pl. Momuses, Momi /-muy/ for 2. 1. Also, Momos /moh"mos/. Class. Myth. the god of ridicule. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a faultfinder; a carping critic. [ < L Momus < Gk ...
/mon/, n. Scot. and North Eng. man. * * * I Any member of a people thought to have originated in western China and currently living in the eastern delta region of Myanmar ...
/mohn/, n. an Austroasiatic language used chiefly in Burma in the vicinity of Moulmein. * * * I Any member of a people thought to have originated in western China and currently ...
mon cher
/mawonn sherdd"/, French. (referring to men) my dear. Cf. ma chère. * * *
mon Dieu
mon Dieu [mōn dyö′] interj. 〚Fr〛 my God: an exclamation * * *
Mon kingdom
Kingdom of the Mon people, who were powerful in Myanmar (Burma) in the 9th–11th centuries, in the 13th–16th centuries, and briefly in the mid-18th century. By 825 they had ...
Mon language
also called  Talaing, or Peguan,         Mon-Khmer language spoken by the Mon people of southeastern Myanmar (Lower Burma) and several Mon communities in Thailand. The ...
var. of mono- before a vowel: monacid. * * *
/mohn"kmair", -keuh mair"/, n. 1. a group of Austroasiatic languages that includes Mon, of Burma, and Khmer, the language of Cambodia. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the ...
Mon-Khmer languages
Family of about 130 Austroasiatic languages, spoken by more than 80 million people in South and Southeast Asia. Vietnamese has far more speakers than all other Austroasiatic ...
1. Monday. 2. Monsignor. * * *
1. monastery. 2. monetary. * * *
/moh"neuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Mona Island
▪ island, Puerto Rico Spanish  Isla Mona,         island lying west of Puerto Rico. It is in the centre of the Mona Passage about 45 miles (70 km) west of Mayagüez. ...
Mona Lisa
/moh"neuh lee"seuh, lee"zeuh/ (Italian, La Gioconda), a portrait (1503?-05?) by Leonardo da Vinci. * * * ▪ painting by Leonardo da Vinci Introduction  oil painting on a ...
mona monkey
▪ primate       common West African primate found in tropical rainforests (rainforest); it was introduced to the island of Grenada during the 18th century via the ...
Mona Passage
/moh"neuh/; Sp. /maw"nah/ a strait between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. 80 mi. (129 km) wide. * * *
/mon"euh keuhn, meuh nah"keuhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Monaco. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Monaco. Also, Monegasque. [MONAC(O) + -AN] * * *
/mon as"i tin/, n. acetin. [1855-60; MON- + ACETIN] * * *
/mon"euh keuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to monks or their life; monastic. [1580-90; < LL monachalis, equiv. to LL monach(us) MONK + -alis -AL1] * * *
—monachist, adj. /mon"euh kiz'euhm/, n. monasticism. [1570-80; < LL monach(us) MONK + -ISM] * * *
—monacidic, adj. /mon as"id/, adj., n. Chem. monoacid. * * *
/mon'euh see"oh/; Sp. /maw'nah see"yaw/, n., pl. monacillos /-see"ohz/; Sp. /-see"yaws/. a low shrub, Malvaviscus arboreus, of tropical America, having scarlet flowers and ...
/mon"euh koh', meuh nah"koh/; Fr. /maw nann kaw"/; It. /maw"nah kaw'/, n. 1. a principality on the Mediterranean coast, bordering SE France. 31,892; 1/2 sq. mi. (1.3 sq. km). 2. ...
Monaco, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally divided red-white national flag. It has a width-to-length ratio of 4 to 5.       Until the 19th century Europe had many ...
—monadic /meuh nad"ik/, monadical, monadal, adj. —monadically, adv. /mon"ad, moh"nad/, n. 1. Biol. a. any simple, single-celled organism. b. any of various small, flagellate, ...
/mon'euh del"feuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. (of stamens) united into one bundle or set by their filaments. 2. (of a plant or flower) having the stamens so united. [1800-10; MON- + ...
/mon"euh deez'/, n. pl. of monas. * * *
Monadhliath Mountains
▪ mountains, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Grey Hills         mountain range in the Highland council area, Scotland, between Loch Ness in the northwest and ...
See monad. * * *
See monadic. * * *
See monadic. * * *
—monadistic, adj. /mon"euh diz'euhm, moh"nad iz'euhm/, n. Philos. 1. the doctrine of monads as ultimate units of being. 2. (sometimes cap.) the philosophy of Leibniz. Also, ...
/meuh nad"nok/, n. 1. Physical Geog. a residual hill or mountain standing well above the surface of a surrounding peneplain. 2. (cap.) Mount, a mountain peak in SW New Hampshire. ...
▪ state, Venezuela       estado (state), northeastern Venezuela, bounded northeast by the Gulf of Paria, southeast by the Orinoco River, and north and west by the ...
/mon"euh geuhn, -han'/, n. a county in the NE Republic of Ireland. 51,174; 498 sq. mi. (1290 sq. km). Co. seat: Monaghan. * * * ▪ county, Ireland Irish  Muineachán (Place ...
      any of several Asian pheasant species. See pheasant. * * *
/meuh nan"dreuhs/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by monandry. 2. Bot. a. (of a flower) having only one stamen. b. (of a plant) having such flowers. [1800-10; < Gk ...
/meuh nan"dree/, n. 1. the practice or condition of having one husband at a time. 2. (of a female animal) the condition of having one mate at a time. [1850-55; MONANDR(OUS) + ...
monanthous [mō nan′thəs] adj. 〚 MON- + -ANTHOUS〛 Bot. having only one flower, as some plants * * * mo·nan·thous (mə-nănʹthəs) adj. Botany Bearing a single ...

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