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Mo·na Passage (mōʹnə) A strait between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic connecting the northern Atlantic Ocean with the Caribbean Sea. Mona Island, in the passage, ...
/mon"euhrk, -ahrk/, n. 1. a hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor. 2. a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation. 3. a person or thing that holds a dominant ...
monarch butterfly
a large, deep-orange butterfly, Danaus plexippus, having black and white markings, the larvae of which feed on the leaves of milkweed. Also called monarch. [1885-90] * * ...
Monarch of the Glen
(1851) the best-known painting by the English artist Edwin Landseer. It is of an adult male deer in the Scottish countryside, and is often reproduced on cards and other ...
—monarchally, adv. /meuh nahr"keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to, characteristic of, or befitting a monarch: monarchal pomp. 2. having the status of a monarch. Also, monarchial ...
See monarchal. * * *
monarch butterfly n. A large American butterfly (Danaus plexippus) having light orange-brown wings with black veins and white-spotted black borders, noted for its long-distance ...
See monarchy. * * *
See Monarchianism. * * *
—Monarchian, adj., n. —Monarchianist, n. /meuh nahr"kee euh niz'euhm/, n. Theol. any of several doctrines of the Christian church in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D., ...
See monarchal. * * *
—monarchically, adv. /meuh nahr"ki keuhl/, adj. 1. of, like, or pertaining to a monarch or monarchy. 2. characterized by or favoring monarchy. Also, monarchic. [1570-80; < Gk ...
See monarchal. * * *
—monarchist, n., adj. —monarchistic, adj. /mon"euhr kiz'euhm/, n. 1. the principles of monarchy. 2. advocacy of monarchical rule. [1830-40; MONARCH(Y) + -ISM; cf. F ...
See monarchism. * * *
See monarchist. * * *
/mon"euhr kee/, n., pl. monarchies. 1. a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch. Cf. absolute monarchy, limited monarchy. 2. ...
/meuh nahr"deuh/, n. any aromatic, erect plant belonging to the genus Monarda, of the mint family, native to North America, including horsemint and Oswego tea. [1705-15; < NL, ...
/mon"as, moh"nas/, n., pl. monades /mon"euh deez'/. monad. [ < LL < Gk monás; cf. MONAD] * * *
Monash, Sir John
▪ Australian engineer and soldier born June 27, 1865, West Melbourne, Austl. died Oct. 8, 1931, Melbourne       civil engineer and soldier, best known for his role as ...
Monashee Mountains
▪ mountain range, Canada       southwesternmost range of the Columbia Mountain system, in southeastern British Columbia, Canada, extending for 200 miles (320 km) north ...
See monastery. * * *
—monasterial /mon'euh stear"ee euhl/, adj. /mon"euh ster'ee/, n., pl. monasteries. 1. a house or place of residence occupied by a community of persons, esp. monks, living in ...
—monastically, adv. /meuh nas"tik/, adj. Also, monastical. 1. of or pertaining to monasteries: a monastic library. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of monks or nuns, ...
See monastic. * * *
/meuh nas"teuh siz'euhm/, n. the monastic system, condition, or mode of life. [1785-95; MONASTIC + -ISM] * * * Institutionalized religious movement whose members are bound by ...
/maw'nah steerdd"/, n. Turkish name of Bitolj. * * * ▪ Tunisia also spelled  Al-Munastīr , Latin  Ruspinum   city in eastern Tunisia. It lies at the tip of a small ...
—monatomically, adv. /mon'euh tom"ik/, adj. Chem. 1. having one atom in the molecule. 2. containing one replaceable atom or group. 3. having a valence of one. Also, ...
monatomic gas
▪ physical science       gas composed of particles (molecules) that consist of single atoms, such as helium or sodium vapour, and in this way different from diatomic, ...
See monatomic. * * *
—monaurally, adv. /mon awr"euhl/, adj. 1. monophonic (def. 2). 2. of, pertaining to, or affecting one ear. [1885-90; MON- + AURAL2] * * *
See monaural. * * *
/mon ak"see euhl/, adj. Bot. 1. uniaxial. 2. having flowers that grow on the primary axis. [1875-80; MON- + AXIAL] * * *
/mon"euh zuyt'/, n. a reddish- or yellowish-brown mineral, a phosphate of cerium and lanthanum, (Ce,La)PO4: the principal ore of thorium. [1830-40; < G Monazit, equiv. to monaz- ...
Monboddo, James Burnett, Lord
▪ Scottish jurist and anthropologist born , October or November 1714, Monboddo, Kincardine, Scot. died May 26, 1799, Edinburgh  Scottish jurist and pioneer anthropologist who ...
▪ Italy       hilltop town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) region, northwestern Italy; it is a southern suburb of Turin city. The 15th-century castle, built by Princess Yolanda of ...
▪ Russia also spelled  Mončegorsk        town, Murmansk oblast (region), northwestern Russia, on the banks of Lake Imandra. The town developed through the ...
Mönchen-Gladbach [mön′Hən glät′bäkh΄] city in WC Germany, in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia: pop. 266,000 * * *
/muen"kheuhn glaht"bahkh/, n. a city in W North Rhine-Westphalia, in W Germany. 249,600. Formerly, München-Gladbach. * * * ▪ Germany formerly ...
Monchique Mountains
▪ mountain range, Portugal Portuguese  Serra De Monchique        low mountain range in southern Portugal, near Cape Saint Vincent, the southwestern extremity of the ...
Moncion, Francisco
▪ 1996       U.S. principal dancer and charter member, 1948-95, of the New York City Ballet (b. July 6, 1922—d. April 1, 1995). * * *
/mungk/, n. 1. Sir Charles Stanley, (4th Viscount Monck, 1st Baron Monck), 1819-94, British colonial administrator, born in Ireland: governor general of Canada 1861-68. 2. Also, ...
Monck, George, 1st duke of Albemarle, earl of Torrington, Baron Monck of Potheridge, Beauchamp and Teyes
▪ British general Monck also spelled  Monk   born Dec. 6, 1608, Great Potheridge, Devon, Eng. died Jan. 3, 1670, London  English general who fought in Ireland and Scotland ...
Monck, George, 1st duke of Albermarle
born Dec. 6, 1608, Great Potheridge, Devon, Eng. died Jan. 3, 1670, London English general. He served with the Dutch army against the Spanish in the Netherlands (1629–38) and ...
Monck, Sir Charles Stanley, 4th Viscount
▪ governor general of Canada in full  Sir Charles Stanley, 4th Viscount Monck of Ballytrammon, 1st Baron Monck of Ballytrammon  born Oct. 10, 1819, Templemore, County ...
Monck or Monk (mŭngk), George. First Duke of Albemarle. 1608-1670. English general who was instrumental in the restoration of Charles II (1660) and supervised London during the ...
/mawng klaw"vah/, n. a city in NE Mexico. 80,252. * * * ▪ Mexico       city, east-central Coahuila estado (state), northeastern Mexico. It is situated in the eastern ...
/mungk"teuhn/, n. a city in SE New Brunswick, in E Canada. 55,934. * * * ▪ New Brunswick, Canada       city and port, Westmorland county, southeastern New Brunswick, ...
Mond, Ludwig
born March 7, 1839, Kassel, Hesse-Kassel died Dec. 11, 1909, London, Eng. German-British chemist and industrialist. After immigrating to England in 1862, he improved the Solvay ...
/mon"dayl'/, n. Walter Frederick ("Fritz"), born 1928, U.S. politician: senator 1965-77; vice president 1977-81. * * *
Mondale, Walter
▪ vice president of United States in full  Walter Frederick Mondale  born Jan. 5, 1928, Ceylon, Minn., U.S.    42nd vice president of the United States (1977–81) in the ...
Mondale, Walter F(rederick)
born Jan. 5, 1928, Ceylon, Minn., U.S. U.S. politician. He was active in Minnesota's Farmer-Labor Party and worked for Hubert H. Humphrey's U.S. Senate campaign in 1948. After ...
Mondale,Walter Frederick
Mon·dale (mŏnʹdāl'), Walter Frederick. Born 1928. Vice President of the United States (1977-1981) under Jimmy Carter. He earlier served as a U.S. senator from Minnesota ...
Mondavi, Robert Gerald
▪ 2009       American winemaker born June 18, 1913, Virginia, Minn. died May 16, 2008, Yountville, Calif. created American wines that rivaled European labels and ...
/mun"day, -dee/, n. the second day of the week, following Sunday. [bef. 1000; ME Mone(n)day, OE mon(an)daeg, trans. of LL lunae dies moon's day] * * *       second day of ...
Monday Club
a club formed in 1961 by right-wing members of the British Conservative Party. Some of its views, especially those concerning immigration into Britain, have been controversial. ...
Monday morning disease
Vet. Pathol. azoturia (def. 2). * * *
Monday morning quarterback
—Monday morning quarterbacking. Informal. a person who criticizes the actions or decisions of others after the fact, using hindsight to assess situations and specify ...
Monday Night Football
a US television programme on ABC which shows a professional football game each Monday night during the National Football League season. It began in 1970 and is the oldest evening ...
Mondaymorning quarterback
Monday morning quarterback n. Informal One who criticizes or passes judgment from a position of hindsight.   Monday morning quarterbacking n. * * *
Mondaymorning quarterbacking
See Monday morning quarterback. * * *
/mun"dayz, -deez/, adv. on Mondays. * * *
/mawonnd/, n. French. the world; people; society. * * *
Monde, Le
(French; "The World") Daily newspaper published in Paris, one of the most important and widely respected newspapers in the world. It was established in 1944, just after the ...
Mondego River
▪ river, Portugal Portuguese  Rio Mondego        largest of the exclusively Portuguese rivers, rising at 4,675 feet (1,425 m) on the northern slopes of the Estrela ...
/mon"di green'/, n. a word or phrase resulting from a misinterpretation of a word or phrase that has been heard. [1954; coined by American author S. Wright fr. the line laid him ...
Mondino de' Luzzi
Latin Mundinus born с 1270, Bologna, Italy died с 1326, Bologna Italian physician and anatomist. Mondino reintroduced the systematic teaching of anatomy, abandoned for many ...
mondo1 /mon doh"/, n., pl. mondos. Zen. a question to a student for which an immediate answer is demanded, the spontaneity of which is often illuminating. Cf. koan. [1925-30; < ...
mondo grass
/mon"doh/ any of several plants belonging to the genus Ophiopogon, of the lily family, native to western Asia, esp. O. japonicus, having grasslike leaves and lavender or white ...
▪ Spain       town, Lugo provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. It lies along the Masma River, 27 ...
▪ Italy       town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) region, northwestern Italy. It lies along the Ellero River, east of Cuneo, the capital city.       Founded in 1198 by ...
/mawn"dree ahn', mon"-/; Du. /mon"drddee ahn'/, n. Piet /peet/, (Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan) 1872-1944, Dutch painter. * * *
Mondrian, Piet
orig. Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan born March 7, 1872, Amersfoort, Neth. died Feb. 1, 1944, New York, N.Y., U.S. Dutch painter. At the insistence of his father, headmaster of a ...
Mon·dri·an (mônʹdrē-än', mŏnʹ-), Piet. Originally Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan. 1872-1944. Dutch painter whose works, characterized by intersecting perpendicular lines and ...
Mone, Jean
▪ French sculptor born c. 1495, Metz, Lorraine [now in France] died c. 1548, Mechelen, Flanders [now in Belgium]       French sculptor who gained fame for the work he ...
/meuh nee"sheuhs, moh-/, adj. monoecious. * * *
/mon'i gask"/, n., adj. Monacan. [1880-85; < F monégasque < Pr mounegasc, deriv. of Mounegue Monaco] * * *
Mo·nel (mō-nĕlʹ) A trademark used for an alloy of nickel, copper, iron, and manganese. * * * ▪ alloy       any of a group of nickel-copper alloys, first developed ...
Monel metal
/moh nel"/, Trademark. a brand of alloy consisting mainly of nickel and copper. * * *
monellin [mō nel′in, mənel′ən] n. an extremely sweet protein extracted from a W African red berry (Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii) * * *
▪ Greece ancient  Minoa        town, Laconia nomós (department), southern Greece, on the southeastern coast of the Peloponnese. Monemvasía lies at the foot of a ...
/moh nen"sin/, n. Biochem. a complex derivative of butyric acid, C36H62O11, produced by the bacterium Streptomyces cinnamonensis and used as an antibiotic in animals. [1967; < NL ...
/meuh near"euh/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Biol. a taxonomic kingdom of prokaryotic organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission and have a nutritional mode of ...
/meuh near"euhn/, Biol. n. 1. any organism of the kingdom Monera. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the kingdom Monera. [1875-80; MONER(A) + -AN] * * * ▪ bacteria       any ...
—monergist, n. —monergistic, adj. /mon"euhr jiz'euhm/, n. Theol. the doctrine that the Holy Ghost acts independently of the human will in the work of regeneration. Cf. ...
/meuh nee"zheuh/, n. Pharm. a preparation extracted from the bark of a South American tree, Pradosia lactescens, and used chiefly as an astringent and as an ...
/meuh nes"euhn, moh-/, n. a city in SW Pennsylvania, on the Monongahela River. 11,928. * * *
/mon es"treuhs/, adj. of or pertaining to a mammal that has one estrus period per breeding season, as the dog. Also, monoestrous. [1895-1900; MON- + ESTROUS] * * *
/moh nay"/; Fr. /maw ne"/, n. Claude /klawd/; Fr. /klohd/, 1840-1926, French painter. * * *
Monet, Claude
born Nov. 14, 1840, Paris, France died Dec. 5, 1926, Giverny French landscape painter. Monet spent his early years in Le Havre, where his first teacher, Eugène Boudin, taught ...
Mo·net (mō-nāʹ, mô-), Claude. 1840-1926. French painter and founder of impressionism who captured on canvas his spontaneous reaction to landscapes and outdoor events. He ...
/moh nay"teuh/; It. /maw ne"tah/, n. 1. Ernesto Teodoro /erdd ne"staw te'aw daw"rddaw/, 1833-1918, Italian journalist: Nobel peace prize 1907. 2. (in Roman religion) an epithet ...
Moneta, Ernesto Teodoro
▪ Italian journalist born Sept. 20, 1833, Milan, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Feb. 10, 1918, Milan, Italy       Italian journalist and international activist on ...
See monetary. * * *
—monetarist, n., adj. /mon"i teuh riz'euhm, mun"-/, n. Econ. a doctrine holding that changes in the money supply determine the direction of a nation's economy. [1965-70, Amer.; ...
☆ ☆ monetarist [män′ə tərist] adj. designating, of, or in accord with monetarism n. an adherent of this theory * * * See monetarism. * * *
—monetarily /mon'i tair"euh lee, mun'-, mon"i ter'euh lee, mun"-/, adv. /mon"i ter'ee, mun"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the coinage or currency of a country. 2. of or ...
monetary aggregate
a measure of the money in circulation. * * *
monetary policy
Measures employed by governments to influence economic activity, specifically by manipulating the money supply and interest rates. Monetary and fiscal policy are two ways in ...
monetary unit
the standard unit of value of the currency of a country, as the dollar in the U.S. and the franc in France. [‡1860-65] * * *
monetary unit n. The standard unit of value of a currency, as the dollar in the United States or the peso in Mexico. * * *
See monetize. * * *
—monetization, n. /mon"i tuyz', mun"-/, v.t., monetized, monetizing. 1. to legalize as money. 2. to coin into money: to monetize gold. 3. to give the character of money to. 4. ...
▪ Missouri, United States       city, Barry and Lawrence counties, southwestern Missouri, U.S., in the Ozark Mountains, southeast of Joplin. Settled about 1837 and known ...
Monette, Paul
▪ American writer born October 16, 1945, Lawrence, Massachusetts, U.S. died February 10, 1995, Los Angeles, California       American author and poet whose work often ...
—moneyless, adj. /mun"ee/, n., pl. moneys, monies, adj. n. 1. any circulating medium of exchange, including coins, paper money, and demand deposits. 2. See paper money. 3. ...
money belt
a belt with a concealed section for holding money. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
money box
1. a cashbox. 2. Chiefly Brit. a small, lidded receptacle for keeping, collecting, or saving coins, usually with a slot for their insertion. [1575-85] * * *
money changing
the business of exchanging one currency for another, with the deduction of a commission for the service. * * *
money cowrie.
See under cowrie. [1830-40] * * *
money fund
a money-market fund. * * *
money machine.
See automated-teller machine. * * *
money market
the short-term trade in money, as in the sale and purchase of bonds and certificates. [1925-30] * * * Set of institutions, conventions, and practices whose aim is to facilitate ...
money market (mutual) fund
money market (mutual) fund n. a mutual fund which invests in short-term financial instruments, as treasury bills and commercial paper: also money-market (mutual) fund * * *
money of account
a monetary denomination used in reckoning, esp. one not issued as a coin, as the U.S. mill. [1685-95] * * *
money of necessity
temporary coinage, as siege pieces, issued in areas where regular coinage is unavailable: sometimes of unusual materials, as leather or wood. * * *
money order
an order for the payment of money, as one issued by one bank or post office and payable at another. [1795-1805] * * * Certificate requiring the issuer to pay a certain sum of ...
money player
Slang. 1. a person who performs best under pressure, esp. in a competitive situation. 2. a person skilled in gambling when the stakes are high. [1930-35] * * *
money shell.
See butter clam. * * *
money supply
Econ. the sum of demand or checking-account deposits and currency in circulation. [1875-80] * * * Liquid assets held by individuals and banks. The money supply includes coins, ...
money tree
1. a fanciful tree that when shaken sheds coins or paper money. 2. Informal. a good source of money, funds, or revenues; gold mine. * * *
Money, John
▪ 2007       American psychologist (b. July 8, 1921, Morrinsville, N.Z.—d. July 7, 2006, Towson, Md.), helped pioneer the study of sexual identity, coining the terms ...
money, quantity theory of
Economic theory relating changes in the price level to changes in the quantity of money. It has often been used to analyze the factors underlying inflation and deflation. The ...
money-changer [mun′ēchān΄jər] n. 1. a person whose business is money-changing ☆ 2. a device holding stacked coins for making change quickly * * *
money-changing [mun′ēchān΄jiŋ] n. the business or act of exchanging currency, usually of different countries, esp. at a set rate * * *
money-grubber [mun′ē grub΄ər] n. a person who is greedily intent on accumulating money money-grubbing adj., n. * * *
money-market certificate
/mun"ee mahr'kit/ 1. a certificate of deposit held for a specified term earning a fixed interest rate keyed to the interest rate of U.S. Treasury bills. 2. any type of savings ...
money-market fund
a mutual fund that invests in the money market. [1980-85] * * *
/mun"ee bag'/, n. 1. a bag for money. 2. moneybags, (used with a sing. v.) a very wealthy or extravagant person. [1555-65; 1940-45 for def. 2; MONEY + BAG] * * *
money belt n. A belt having a usually concealed pocket for holding money. * * *
/mun"ee chayn'jeuhr/, n. 1. a person whose business is the exchange of currency, usually of different countries, at a fixed or official rate. 2. a portable device consisting of ...
/mun"eed/, adj. 1. having much money; wealthy. 2. of or pertaining to the wealthy: moneyed interests. [1425-75; late ME; see MONEY, -ED3] Syn. 1. rich, affluent, prosperous. * * *
/mun"ee euhr/, n. 1. Archaic. a person employed in the authorized coining of money. 2. Obs. a moneylender or banker. [1250-1300; ME < OF monier < LL monetarius coiner, minter (n. ...
—moneygrubbing, adj., n. /mun"ee grub'euhr/, n. Informal. a person who is aggressively engaged in or preoccupied with making or saving money. [1830-40; MONEY + GRUBBER] * * *
See moneygrubber. * * *
/mun"ee len'deuhr/, n. a person or organization whose business it is to lend money at interest. [1775-85; MONEY + LENDER] * * *
money machine n. See automated teller machine. * * *
/mun"ee may'keuhr/, n. 1. a person engaged in or successful at acquiring much money. 2. something that produces or yields much pecuniary profit. [1250-1300; ME; see MONEY, ...
/mun"ee may'king/, adj. 1. profitable: a moneymaking scheme. 2. capable of making or promising to make money: the moneymaking part of the deal. n. 3. the making of ...
/mun"ee man'/, n., pl. moneymen. 1. an investor; angel; backer. 2. a person responsible for managing money or financial arrangements of a business, institution, etc. [1565-75; ...
money market n. 1. The trade in short-term, low-risk securities, such as certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury notes. 2. A mutual fund that sells its shares in order to ...
moneyof account
money of account n. A monetary unit in which accounts are kept and that may or may not correspond to actual current denominations. * * *
money order n. An order for the payment of a specified amount of money, usually issued and payable at a bank or post office. * * *
money plant n. See honesty. * * *
money player n. An athlete, especially a team member, who performs exceptionally well at crucial times. * * *
money shell n. See butter clam. * * *
money supply n. The amount of money in the economy, measured according to varying methods or principles. One such method incorporates only money that is usually used to purchase ...
/mun"ee werrt', -wawrt'/, n. a creeping plant, Lysimachia nummularia, of the primrose family, having roundish leaves and solitary yellow flowers. Also called creeping Charlie, ...
▪ Italy       town, Friuli–Venezia Giulia region, northeastern Italy, near the Gulf of Trieste. A busy industrial centre, Monfalcone is known for its shipyards and ...
Monforte de Lemos
▪ Spain       city, Lugo provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. The city grew around the 10th-century ...
/mung, mong/, n. Australian. mongrel, esp. a mongrel dog. [shortened form] * * *
/mawonnzh/, n. Gaspard /ganns pannrdd"/, Comte de Péluse /pay lyuuz"/, 1746-1818, French mathematician. * * *
Monge, Gaspard, comte de Péluse
▪ French mathematician and public official born May 10, 1746, Beaune, France died July 28, 1818, Paris  French mathematician who invented descriptive geometry, the study of ...
—mongering, n., adj. /mung"geuhr, mong"-/, n. 1. a person who is involved with something in a petty or contemptible way (usually used in combination): a gossipmonger. 2. ...
born 1208, Mongolia died 1259, Sichuan province, China Mongol leader. Grandson of Genghis Khan and brother of Kublai Khan, he was elected great khan in 1251. Under Möngke, the ...
or Phrachomklao or Rama IV born Oct. 18, 1804, Bangkok, Siam died Oct. 15, 1868, Bangkok King of Siam (Thailand; r. 1851–68). The 43rd child of King Rama II, he was a ...
▪ Bangladesh also called  Mongla Port,  formerly  Chalna Port        port city, southwestern Bangladesh. Formerly located at Chalna, about 11 miles (18 km) ...
mongo1 /mong"goh/, n., pl. mongos. mungo. Also, mongoe. mongo2 /mong"goh/, n., pl. mongo, mongos. an aluminum coin and monetary unit of the Mongolian People's Republic, the 100th ...
/mong"goh/, n. 1. a member of any of various agricultural peoples of the central Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2. the Bantu language of the Mongo peoples. * * * Any of ...
/mong"geuhl, -gohl, mon"-/, n. 1. a member of a pastoral people now living chiefly in Mongolia. 2. a person having Mongoloid characteristics. 3. any Mongolian language. 4. (often ...
Mongol Empire
an empire founded in the 12th century by Genghis Khan, which reached its greatest territorial extent in the 13th century, encompassing the larger part of Asia and extending ...
Mongol language
      principal member of the Mongolian language group (a branch of the Altaic family), spoken by some 7 million people in Mongolia and in the autonomous regions of Inner ...
/mong goh"lee euh, mon-/, n. 1. a region in Asia including Inner Mongolia of China and the Mongolian People's Republic. 2. Also, Nei Monggol. See Inner Mongolia. 3. Outer, former ...
Mongolia, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped red-blue-red national flag with a group of yellow symbols on its hoist stripe. The flag's width-to-length ratio is 1 to ...
/mong goh"lee euhn, mon-/, adj. 1. pertaining to Mongolia. 2. of or pertaining to the Mongol people of inner Asia. 3. Anthropol. Mongoloid. 4. of or pertaining to Mongolian, a ...
Mongolian alphabet
also called  Galica  or  Kalika        writing system of the Mongolian people of north-central Asia, derived from the Uighur alphabet c. 1310 (see Uighur language), ...
Mongolian fold
epicanthus. [1910-15] * * *
Mongolian hot pot
Chinese Cookery. a stewlike dish of sliced meat, seafood, and vegetables cooked together in hot broth, often in a clay pot, and seasoned with a hot sauce. [1965-70] * * *
Mongolian idiocy
—Mongolian idiot. (often l.c.) Pathol. (no longer in technical use) Down syndrome. [1890-95] * * *
Mongolian idiot
Mongolian idiot or Mongoloid idiot n. Old-fashioned a person affected with Down syndrome * * *
Mongolian languages
Family of about eight Altaic languages spoken by five to seven million people in central Eurasia. All Mongolian languages are relatively closely related; those languages whose ...
Mongolian Languages*, Table
▪ Table Table 39: Mongolian Languages*   approximate number of speakers Western group      Oyrat (Oirat; Mongolia 205,000, China ...
Mongolian literature
      literature written in any of the Mongolian languages of east-central Asia.       Traditionally, üligers, orally transmitted epic stories in verse, have ...
Mongolian People's Republic
a republic in E central Asia, in N Mongolia. 2,538,211; ab. 600,000 sq. mi. (1,500,000 sq. km). Cap.: Ulan Bator. Formerly, Outer Mongolia. Also called Mongolia. * * *
Mongolian Plateau
▪ region, Mongolia       extensive northeastern highland region of the great plateau of Central Asia, covering an area of approximately 1,000,000 square miles (2,600,000 ...
/mong gol"ik, mon-/, adj. 1. Mongolian (def. 4). 2. Mongoloid (def. 2). n. 3. Mongolian (def. 7). [1825-35; MONGOL + -IC] * * *
/mong"geuh liz'euhm, mon"-/, n. (sometimes cap.) Pathol. (no longer in technical use) Down syndrome. [1895-1900; MONGOL + -ISM] * * *
/mong"geuh loyd', mon"-/, adj. 1. resembling the Mongols. 2. Anthropol. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of one of the traditional racial divisions of humankind, marked by ...
/mong"goohs', mon"-/, n., pl. mongooses. 1. a slender, ferretlike carnivore, Herpestes edwardsi, of India, that feeds on rodents, birds, and eggs, noted esp. for its ability to ...
—mongrelism, mongrelness, n. —mongrelly, adv. /mung"greuhl, mong"-/, n. 1. a dog of mixed or indeterminate breed. 2. any animal or plant resulting from the crossing of ...
See mongrel. * * *
See mongrelize. * * *
—mongrelization, n. —mongrelizer, n. /mung"greuh luyz', mong"-/, v.t., mongrelized, mongrelizing. 1. to subject (a breed, group, etc.) to crossbreeding, esp. with one ...
See mongrelism. * * *
/mungst/, prep. amongst. Also, 'mongst. [aph. var. of AMONGST] * * *
/mong gooh"/, n. a city in and headquarters of Western Province, W Zambia. 4049. * * * ▪ Zambia       town, western Zambia, East Africa. Site of the Lozi royal ...
/moh"nee euhl/, n. Archaic. a mullion. [1300-50; earlier muniall, ME moniel < MF moinel < ?] * * *
/mon"ik/, adj. Math. (of a polynomial) having the coefficient of the term of highest degree equal to 1. [1935-40; MON- + -IC] * * *
/mon"i keuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Monica Seles
➡ Seles * * *
/mun"eed/, adj. moneyed. * * *
Monier, Joseph
▪ French inventor born 1823, France died 1906, Paris       French gardener, one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.       Monier, a commercial ...
/mun"eez/, n. a pl. of money. * * *
/mon"i keuhr/, n. Slang. a person's name, esp. a nickname or alias. Also, monicker. [1850-55; prob. < Shelta munnik name (alleged to be a permutation and extension of Ir ainm ...
/meuh nil"ee euh/, n. a fungus of the genus Monilia, of the class Fungi Imperfecti, having spherical or oval conidia in branched chains. [1745-55; < NL, deriv. of L monile ...
/meuh nil"ee euhl/, adj. pertaining to or caused by a fungus of the genus Monilia. [1945-50; MONILI(A) + -AL1] * * *
/mon'euh luy"euh sis, moh'neuh-/, n. Pathol. (formerly) candidiasis. [1915-20; MONIL(IA) + -IASIS; a fungus of this genus was orig. thought to have been the causative agent of ...
—moniliformly, adv. /moh nil"euh fawrm'/, adj. 1. Bot., Zool. consisting of or characterized by a series of beadlike swellings alternating with contractions, as certain roots ...
See moniliform. * * *
/mon"ish/, v.t. Archaic. to admonish. [1250-1300; ME monisshen, prob. aph. var. of amonisshen to ADMONISH] * * *
—monist, n. —monistic /meuh nis"tik, moh-/, monistical, adj. —monistically, adv. /mon"iz euhm, moh"niz euhm/, n. 1. Philos. a. (in metaphysics) any of various theories ...
See monism. * * *
See monist. * * *
See monist. * * *
/meuh nish"euhn, moh-/, n. 1. Literary. admonition or warning. 2. an official or legal notice. 3. Law. a court order to a person, esp. one requiring an appearance and answer. Cf. ...
—monitorship, n. /mon"i teuhr/ n. 1. a student appointed to assist in the conduct of a class or school, as to help take attendance or keep order. 2. a person appointed to ...
Monitor and Merrimack
two ships during the American Civil War that fought the first battle in history between ‘ironclads’ (= ships covered with iron). The battle was on 9 March 1862 at Hampton ...
Monitor and Merrimack, Battle of the
(March 9, 1862) Naval engagement in the American Civil War at Hampton Roads, Va. The Merrimack, originally a federal frigate, had been salvaged by the Confederates, fitted with ...
monitor lizard
Any of about 30 species of lizards (genus Varanus, family Varanidae), found in the Old World tropics and subtropics. Most have an elongated head and neck, a heavy body, a long ...
—monitorially, adv. /mon'i tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a monitor. 2. monitory. [1715-25; MONITORY + -AL1] * * *
monitorial system
▪ education also called  Lancasterian system        teaching method in which the older or better scholars teach the younger or weaker pupils. In the system, as ...
See monitorial. * * *
See monitor. * * *
/mon"i tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj., n., pl. monitories. adj. 1. serving to admonish or warn; admonitory. 2. giving monition. n. 3. Also called monitory letter. a letter, as one from ...
/mon"i tris/, n. 1. a female student who helps keep order or assists a teacher in school. 2. a girl or woman who admonishes, esp. with reference to conduct. [1740-50; MONIT(O)R + ...
/maw neesh"/, n. Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas /ahonn taw"nyoo kah'euh tah"noo deuh euh brdde"oo frddeuh ee"rddeuh ee"geuhsh/, 1874-1955, Portuguese neurosurgeon: Nobel ...
/mungk/, n. 1. (in Christianity) a man who has withdrawn from the world for religious reasons, esp. as a member of an order of cenobites living according to a particular rule and ...
/mungk/, n. 1. Thelonious /theuh loh"nee euhs/ (Sphere), 1917-1982, U.S. jazz pianist and composer. 2. George. See Monck, George. * * * (as used in expressions) White Monk Monk ...
monk seal
a small, dark brown, subtropical seal of the genus Monachus: the three species, M. tropicalis of the Caribbean, M. schauinslandi of Hawaiian island regions, and M. monachus of ...
monk's cloth
a heavy cotton fabric in a basket weave, used for curtains, bedspreads, etc. [1840-50] * * *
monk's pepper tree.
See chaste tree. * * *
Monk's Tale stanza
▪ prosody       a stanza of eight five-stress lines with the rhyme scheme ababbcbc. The type was established in “The Monk's Tale” from Geoffrey Chaucer's The ...
monk's cloth (mŭngks) n. A heavy cotton cloth in a coarse basket weave, now used chiefly for draperies. * * *
Monk, (James)Arthur
Monk (mŭngk), (James) Arthur. Known as “Art.” Born 1957. American football player. As a wide receiver with the Washington Redskins, he set (1992) a National Football League ...
Monk, Maria
▪ American author and prostitute born June 1, 1816, probably in St. John's, Lower Canada [now Quebec, Can.] died Sept. 4, 1849, Blackwell's Island [now Roosevelt Island], New ...
Monk, Meredith
▪ American performance artist in full  Meredith Jane Monk  born Nov. 20, 1942, Lima, Peru       American performance artist, a pioneer in the avant-garde, whose work ...
Monk, Meredith (Jane)
born Nov. 20, 1942, Lima, Peru Peruvian-born U.S. composer and performance artist. She was raised in Connecticut and New York and attended Sarah Lawrence College. She soon ...
Monk, Thelonious
▪ American musician in full  Thelonious Sphere Monk   born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S. died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.  American pianist and composer who was ...
Monk, Thelonious (Sphere)
born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S. died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J. U.S. jazz pianist and composer. Monk grew up in New York City. He worked as the house pianist at ...
Monk, George. See Monck, George. * * *
Monk,Thelonious Sphere
Monk, Thelonious Sphere. 1917-1982. American jazz pianist and composer whose spare style and unusual harmonic sense made him one of the most influential modern jazz musicians. * ...
a US television comedy and music series on NBC (1966–70). The Monkees were a pop group created for television as a copy of the Beatles. Their most successful records included ...
Monkees, the
▪ American music group       American pop-rock group created as a made-for-television answer to the Beatles (Beatles, the) in the mid-1960s. The members were Micky ...
/mung"keuh ree/, n., pl. monkeries. 1. the mode of life, behavior, etc., of monks; monastic life. 2. a monastery. 3. monkeries, Disparaging. the practices, beliefs, etc., of ...
—monkeyish, adj. —monkeyishly, adv. —monkeyishness, n. /mung"kee/, n., pl. monkeys, v., monkeyed, monkeying. n. 1. any mammal of the order Primates, including the guenons, ...
monkey bars
junglegym. [1950-55] * * *
monkey block
Naut. a single block that swivels. [1785-95] * * *
monkey bread
1. the gourdlike fruit of the baobab, eaten by monkeys. 2. the tree itself. [1780-90] * * *
monkey bridge
Naut. 1. See flying bridge. 2. Also called flying gangway. a raised fore-and-aft catwalk permitting safe passage when the weather deck is washed by heavy seas. [1925-30] * * *
monkey business
1. frivolous or mischievous behavior. 2. improper or underhanded conduct; trickery. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
monkey dog
affenpinscher. * * *
monkey fist.
See monkey's fist. * * *
monkey flower
any of various plants belonging to the genus Mimulus, of the figwort family, as M. cardinalis (scarlet monkey flower), having spotted flowers that resemble a face. [1780-90] * * ...
monkey flush
Poker. three cards of the same suit, usually not in sequence. * * *
monkey island
Naut. Slang. a flying bridge on top of a pilothouse or chart house. [1910-15] * * *
monkey jacket
a short, close-fitting jacket or coat, formerly worn by sailors. [1820-30; so called from its resemblance to a jacket worn by an organ-grinder's monkey] * * *
monkey link.
See lap link. * * *
monkey nut
Slang. a peanut. [1875-80] * * *
monkey paw.
See monkey's fist. * * *
monkey pinscher
affenpinscher. * * *
monkey pot
▪ plant  any shrub or tree of the genus Lecythis, of the family Lecythidaceae, particularly L. ollaria of Brazil and L. zabucajo of northeastern South America. The name is ...
monkey puzzle
a South American, coniferous timber tree, Araucaria araucana, having candelabralike branches, stiff sharp leaves, and edible nuts. [1865-70; perh. from the intertwined ...
monkey puzzle tree
Evergreen ornamental and timber conifer (Araucaria araucana) of the family Araucariaceae, native to the Andes Mountains of South America. The tree may grow to 150 ft (45 m) in ...
monkey suit
Slang. 1. a tuxedo or full-dress suit. 2. any uniform. [1885-90; see MONKEY JACKET] * * *
monkey tail
Naut. any of various light or short ropes or lines. [1825-35] * * *
Monkey Trial.
See under Scopes. * * *
monkey wrench
1. Also called, esp. Brit., adjustable spanner. a wrench having an adjustable jaw permitting it to grasp nuts or the like of different sizes. 2. something that interferes with ...
monkey's fist
a ball-like knot used as an ornament or as a throwing weight at the end of a line. Also, monkey fist. Also called monkey paw. [1925-30; so called from fancied resemblance] * * *
monkey-faced owl
/mung"kee fayst'/. See barn owl. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
mon·key-faced owl (mŭngʹkē-fāst') n. See barn owl. * * *
mon·key-puz·zle (mŭngʹkē-pŭz'əl) n. A coniferous evergreen tree (Araucaria araucana) native to Chile, having intricately ramifying branches covered with overlapping, ...
—monkey-wrencher, n. /mung"kee rench'/, v.t. 1. to ruin (plans, a schedule, etc.) unavoidably or, sometimes, deliberately: The storm monkey-wrenched our plans for a ...
monkey bars pl.n. A three-dimensional structure of poles and bars on which children can play, as in a playground; a jungle gym. * * *
monkey bread n. The hanging, edible gourdlike fruit of the baobab. * * *
monkey business n. Slang Silly, mischievous, or deceitful acts or behavior. * * *

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