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monkeyflower
monkey flower n. Any of various herbs or shrubs of the genus Mimulus, having variously colored, two-lipped flowers.   [From the pattern of spots on its flowers.] * * *
monkeyjacket
monkey jacket n. 1. A short, tight-fitting jacket, traditionally worn by sailors. 2. See mess jacket.   [From its resemblance to the jacket worn by an organ grinder's monkey.] * ...
monkeypod
/mung"kee pod'/, n. a tropical American tree, Samanea saman, of the legume family, having spreading branches and dense heads of small, pink flowers. Also called rain ...
monkeypot
/mung"kee pot'/, n. the woody, operculate seed vessel of any of certain large South American trees of the genus Lecythis. [1840-50; MONKEY + POT1] * * *
monkeypox
Viral disease of both animals and humans that causes symptoms similar to those of smallpox, though less severe. The monkeypox virus is usually found in primates and rodents in ...
monkeyshine
/mung"kee shuyn'/, n. Usually, monkeyshines. a frivolous or mischievous prank; monkey business. [1820-30; MONKEY + SHINE] * * *
monkeywrench
monkey wrench © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. 1. A hand tool with adjustable jaws for turning nuts of varying sizes. 2. Informal. Something that disrupts: He ...
monkfish
/mungk"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) monkfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) monkfishes. angler (def. 3). [1600-10; MONK + FISH, appar. alluding to its ...
monkhood
/mungk"hood/, n. 1. the condition or profession of a monk. 2. monks collectively. [ME monkehode, OE munuchad. See MONK, -HOOD] * * *
Monkhouse, Robert Alan
▪ 2004 “Bob”        British comedian and television personality (b. June 1, 1928, Beckenham, Kent, Eng.—d. Dec. 29, 2003, Eggington, Bedfordshire, Eng.), was a ...
monkish
—monkishly, adv. —monkishness, n. /mung"kish/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a monk: a monkish manner. [1540-50; MONK + -ISH1] * * *
monkishly
See monkish. * * *
monkishness
See monkishly. * * *
Monks' Mound
the largest of the Cahokia Mounds. * * *
monkseal
monk seal n. Any of several small subtropical seals of the genus Monachus found in the Hawaiian, Mediterranean, and Caribbean regions and characterized by brown, black, or gray ...
monkshood
/mungks"hood'/, n. a plant belonging to the genus Aconitum, of the buttercup family, esp. A. napellus, the flowers of which have a large, hood-shaped sepal. [1570-80; MONK + 's1 ...
Monluc, Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, Seigneur de
▪ French soldier Monluc also spelled  Montluc   born c. 1500, , Armagnac, Fr. died Aug. 26, 1577, Condom  soldier, a marshal of France from 1574, known for his great ...
Monmouth
/mon"meuhth/, n. 1. James Scott, Duke of, 1649-85, illegitimate son of Charles II of England and pretender to the throne of James II. 2. a city in W Illinois. 10,706. 3. ...
Monmouth, Battle of
▪ American Revolution [1778] also called  Battle of Monmouth Court House         (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at ...
Monmouth, James Scott, duke of
orig. James Fitzroy or James Crofts born April 9, 1649, Rotterdam, Neth. died July 15, 1685, London, Eng. British military leader. The illegitimate son of Charles II of ...
Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of, Duke Of Buccleuch, Earl Of Doncaster, Earl Of Dalkeith, Baron Scott Of Tindale, Lord Scott Of Whitchester And Eskdale
▪ English noble byname  (until 1663) James Fitzroy, or Crofts   born April 9, 1649, Rotterdam, Neth. died July 15, 1685, London, Eng.  claimant to the English throne who ...
Monmouth,Duke of
Mon·mouth (mŏnʹməth), Duke of Title of James Scott. 1649-1685. English pretender to the throne. The illegitimate son of Charles II, he led a rebellion after the succession ...
Monmouthshire
/mon"meuhth shear', -sheuhr/, n. a historic county in E Wales, now part of Gwent, Mid Glamorgan, and South Glamorgan. Also called Monmouth. * * * ▪ county, Wales, United ...
Monn, Matthias Georg
▪ Austrian composer also called  Georg Matthias Monn,  original name  Johann Georg Monn, Monn  also spelled  Mann  born April 9, 1717, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 3, 1750, ...
Monnet
/moh nay"/; Fr. /maw ne"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1888-1979, French economist: originator of the European Common Market. * * *
Monnet, Jean
born Nov. 9, 1888, Cognac, France died March 16, 1979, Houjarray French economist and diplomat. He managed his family's brandy business before becoming a partner of an ...
Monnet,Jean
Mon·net (mō-nāʹ), Jean. 1888-1979. French economist and politician who laid the plans for the Common Market. * * *
Monnier, Henri
▪ French cartoonist born June 8, 1805, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 3, 1877, Paris       French cartoonist and writer whose satires of the bourgeoisie became internationally ...
monnion
/mon"ee euhn/, n. Armor. spaulder. [
mono
mono1 /mon"oh/, n. Informal. infectious mononucleosis. [by shortening] mono2 /mon"oh/, adj. monophonic (def. 2). [by shortening] * * * ▪ people also called ...
Mono River
▪ river, Africa       river rising near the Benin border, northeast of Sokodé, Togo. It flows 250 miles (400 km) in a meandering course to empty into the Bight of Benin ...
mono-
a combining form meaning "alone," "single," "one" (monogamy); specialized in some scientific terms to denote a monomolecular thickness (monolayer) and adapted in chemistry to ...
monoacetin
/mon'oh as"i tin/, n. Chem. acetin. [1855-60; MONO- + ACETIN] * * *
monoacid
/mon'oh as"id, mon"oh as'id/, Chem. adj. Also, monacidic. 1. having one replaceable hydrogen atom or hydroxyl radical. 2. capable of reacting with only one equivalent weight of ...
monoacidic
monoacidic [män΄ōə sid′ik] adj. 1. designating a base or alcohol one molecular weight of which can react with only one equivalent weight of an acid, or that has one ...
monoalphabetic substitution
/mon"oh al'feuh bet"ik, mon'oh-/, Cryptography. a system of substitution that uses only one cipher alphabet in a cryptogram so that each plaintext letter is always represented by ...
monoamine
/mon'oh euh meen", -am"in/, n. Biochem. any of various biogenic amine neurotransmitters having a single amino group, as dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. [1855-60; MONO- ...
monoamine oxidase
Biochem. a copper-containing enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of monoamines. Abbr.: MAO [1950-55] * * *
monoamine oxidase inhibitor
Pharm. any of various substances, as isocarboxazid and phenelzine, that block enzymatic breakdown of certain monoamine neurotransmitters: used to treat severe depression. Abbr.: ...
monoamineoxidase
monoamine oxidase n. Abbr. MAO An enzyme in the cells of most tissues that catalyzes the oxidation of monoamines such as norepinephrine and serotonin. * * *
monoamineoxidase inhibitor
monoamine oxidase inhibitor n. Abbr. MAOI Any of a class of antidepressant drugs that block the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain, thereby allowing the accumulation of ...
monoammonium phosphate
/mon"oh euh moh"nee euhm, mon'-/, Chem. a white, crystalline, moderately water-soluble compound, NH4H2PO4, used as fertilizer, in fire extinguishers, etc. Also called ammonium ...
monoatomic
/mon'oh euh tom"ik/, adj. Chem. monatomic. * * *
monobasic
—monobasicity /mon'euh bay sis"i tee/, n. /mon'euh bay"sik/, adj. 1. Chem. (of an acid) containing one replaceable hydrogen atom. 2. Biol. monotypic. [1835-45; MONO- + BASIC] * ...
monobasic potassium phosphate
Chem. potassium diphosphate. See under potassium phosphate. * * *
monobasic sodium phosphate
Chem. See sodium phosphate (def. 1). * * *
monobath
/mon"euh bath', -bahth'/, n. Photog. a developer and fixer combined in the same solution. [MONO- + BATH1] * * *
monoblastic
/mon'euh blas"tik/, adj. having a single layer, as an embryo in the blastula stage or developing from a single layer. [1885-90; MONO- + -BLAST + -IC] * * *
monobloc
/mon"euh blok'/, adj. denoting or pertaining to the casting of a complex metal object as a single piece rather than in separate parts. [1905-10; < F; see MONO-, BLOCK] * * *
monobuoy
/mon"euh booh'ee, -boy'/, n. Naut. a floating platform anchored offshore in deep water and equipped with pipelines leading to storage tanks onshore, to which large, deep-draft ...
monocable
/mon"euh kay'beuhl/, n. an aerial ropeway having a single moving cable. [1955-60; MONO- + CABLE] * * *
Monocacy, Battle of
▪ United States history  (July 9, 1864), American Civil War engagement fought on the banks of the Monocacy River near Frederick, Md., in which Confederate troops under ...
monocarboxylic
/mon'euh kahr'bok sil"ik/, adj. Chem. containing one carboxyl group. [1905-10; MONO- + CARBOXYL + -IC] * * *
monocarp
/mon"euh kahrp'/, n. Bot. a plant that dies after having once borne fruit. [1840-50; MONO- + -CARP] * * *
monocarpellary
/mon'euh kahr"peuh ler'ee/, adj. Bot. consisting of a single carpel. [1860-65; MONO- + CARPELLARY] * * *
monocarpic
/mon'euh kahr"pik/, adj. Bot. producing fruit only once and then dying. [1840-50; MONOCARP + -IC] * * *
monocarpous
/mon'euh kahr"peuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. having a gynoecium that forms only a single ovary. 2. monocarpic. [1725-35; MONO- + -CARPOUS] * * *
monocephalic
mon·o·ce·phal·ic (mŏn'ō-sə-fălʹĭk) adj. Bearing one flower head, as in the scape of a dandelion. * * *
Monoceros
/meuh nos"euhr euhs/, n., gen. Monocerotis /-nos'euh roh"tis/. Astron. the Unicorn, a constellation south of Gemini and east of Orion. * * *
monochasial
See monochasium. * * *
monochasium
—monochasial, adj. /mon'euh kay"zhee euhm, -zheuhm, -zee euhm/, n., pl. monochasia /-zhee euh, -zheuh, -zee euh/. Bot. a form of cymose inflorescence in which the main axis ...
monochlamydeous
monochlamydeous [män΄əklə mid′ē əs] adj. 〚< ModL Monochlamydeae
monochloride
/mon'euh klawr"uyd, -klohr"-/, n. Chem. a chloride containing one atom of chlorine with one atom of another element or a group. [1865-70; MONO- + CHLORIDE] * * *
monochloroacetic acid
/mon"euh klawr'oh euh see"tik, -euh set"ik, -klohr'-, mon'-/, Chem. See chloroacetic acid. [1850-55; MONO- + CHLOROACETIC ACID] * * *
monochord
/mon"euh kawrd'/, n. an acoustical instrument dating from antiquity, consisting of an oblong wooden sounding box, usually with a single string, used for the mathematical ...
monochroic
/mon'euh kroh"ik/, adj. of one color. [1885-90; MONO- + -CHROIC] * * *
monochromat
monochromat [män′ə krō΄mat] n. 〚< L monochromatos, one-colored < Gr monochrōmatos < mono-,MONO- + chrōma: see CHROMA〛 a person who has monochromatism * * ...
monochromatic
—monochromatically, adv. —monochromaticity /mon'euh kroh'meuh tis"i tee/, n. /mon'euh kroh mat"ik, -oh kreuh-/, adj. 1. of or having one color. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
monochromatically
See monochromatic. * * *
monochromaticity
See monochromatically. * * *
monochromatism
/mon'euh kroh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. a monochromatic quality: the monochromatism of Southern Sung art. 2. Ophthalm. a defect of vision in which the retina fails to perceive color. ...
monochromator
/mon'euh kroh"may teuhr/, n. Optics. a spectroscope with a slit that can be moved across the spectrum for viewing individual spectral bands. Also called monochromatic ...
monochrome
—monochromic, monochromical, adj. —monochromically, adv. —monochromist, n. —monochromy, n. /mon"euh krohm'/, n. 1. a painting or drawing in different shades of a single ...
monochromic
See monochrome. * * *
monocle
—monocled, adj. /mon"euh keuhl/, n. an eyeglass for one eye. [1855-60; < F, n. use of adj.: one-eyed < LL monoculus, equiv. to mon- MON- + oculus EYE] * * *
monocled
See monocle. * * *
monoclinal
—monoclinally, adv. /mon'euh kluyn"l/, Geol. adj. 1. noting, pertaining to, or composed of strata dipping in only one direction. n. 2. monocline. [1835-45; MONO- + Gk ...
monocline
/mon"euh kluyn'/, n. Geol. a monoclinal structure or fold. [1875-80; back formation from MONOCLINAL] * * *
monoclinic
/mon'euh klin"ik/, adj. Crystall. noting or pertaining to a system of crystallization in which the crystals have three unequal axes, with one oblique intersection. Cf. crystal ...
monoclinic system
▪ crystallography       one of the structural categories to which crystalline solids can be assigned. Crystals in this system are referred to three axes of unequal ...
monoclinous
—monoclinism, n. /mon'euh kluy"neuhs, mon"euh kluy'-/, adj. Bot. (of a plant, species, etc.) having both the stamens and pistils in the same flower. [1820-30; MONO- + Gk ...
monoclonal
/mon'euh klohn"l/, Biol. adj. 1. pertaining to cells or cell products derived from a single clone. n. 2. a monoclonal antibody or other monoclonal product. [1910-15; MONO- + ...
monoclonal antibody
Biotech. antibody produced by a laboratory-grown cell clone, either of a hybridoma or a virus-transformed lymphocyte, that is more abundant and uniform than natural antibody and ...
monoclonalantibody
monoclonal antibody n. Any of the highly specific antibodies produced in large quantity by the clones of a single hybrid cell formed in the laboratory by the fusion of a B cell ...
monoclonality
/mon'euh kloh nal"i tee/, n. Biol., Biotech. the state or condition of having one specific type of antibody. [MONO- + CLONAL + -ITY] * * *
monocoque
/mon"euh kohk', -kok'/, n. 1. a type of boat, aircraft, or rocket construction in which the shell carries most of the stresses. 2. Auto. a type of vehicular construction in which ...
monocot
/mon"euh kot'/, n. Bot. a monocotyledon. Also, monocotyl /mon"euh kot'l/. [shortened form] * * *
monocotyledon
/mon'euh kot'l eed"n/, n. Bot. an angiospermous plant of the class Monocotyledones, characterized by producing seeds with one cotyledon and an endogenous manner of growth. Cf. ...
monocotyledonous
/mon'euh kot'l eed"n euhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the monocotyledons. [1760-70; MONOCOTYLEDON + -OUS] * * *
monocracy
—monocratic /mon'euh krat"ik/, adj. /moh nok"reuh see, meuh-/, n., pl. monocracies. government by only one person; autocracy. [1645-55; MONO- + -CRACY; modeled on ARISTOCRACY, ...
monocrat
/mon"euh krat'/, n. a person favoring monocracy. [1785-95, Amer.; MONO- + -CRAT] * * *
monocratic
See monocrat. * * *
monocular
—monocularly, adv. /meuh nok"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. having only one eye. 2. of, pertaining to, or for the use of only one eye: a monocular microscope. n. 3. a monocular ...
monocularly
See monocular. * * *
monocultural
See monoculture. * * *
monoculturalism
See monocultural. * * *
monoculture
—monocultural, adj. /mon"euh kul'cheuhr/, n. Agric. the use of land for growing only one type of crop. Also called monocropping /mon"euh krop'ing/. [1910-15; MONO- + CULTURE] * ...
monocycle
/mon"euh suy'keuhl/, n. a one-wheeled vehicle. [1865-70, Amer.; MONO- + CYCLE] * * *
monocyclic
—monocycly, n. /mon'euh suy"klik, -sik"lik/, adj. 1. having one cycle. 2. Bot. arranged in a single whorl, as the parts of certain flowers. 3. Chem. of or pertaining to a ...
monocyte
—monocytic /mon'euh sit"ik/, adj. —monocytoid, adj. /mon"euh suyt'/, n. Cell Biol. a large, circulating white blood cell, formed in bone marrow and in the spleen, that ...
monocytic
See monocyte. * * *
monocytoid
See monocytic. * * *
monocytosis
mon·o·cy·to·sis (mŏn'ə-sī-tōʹsĭs) n. pl. mon·o·cy·to·ses (-sēz) An abnormal increase of monocytes in the blood, occurring in infectious mononucleosis and certain ...
Monod
/maw noh"/, n. Jacques /zhahk/, 1910-76, French chemist: Nobel prize 1965. * * *
Monod, Adolphe-Théodore
▪ French clergyman in full  Adolphe-louis-frédéric-théodore Monod   born Jan. 21, 1802, Copenhagen, Den. died April 6, 1856, Paris, France  Reformed pastor and ...
Monod, Gabriel
▪ French historian born March 7, 1844, Ingouville, France died April 10, 1912, Versailles       historian who helped introduce German historical methodology to France. ...
Monod, Jacques
▪ French biochemist in full  Jacques Lucien Monod  born Feb. 9, 1910, Paris, France died May 31, 1976, Cannes       French biochemist who, with François Jacob ...
Monod, Jacques (Lucien)
born Feb. 9, 1910, Paris, France died May 31, 1976, Cannes French biochemist. In 1961 he and Francois Jacob proposed the existence of messenger RNA (mRNA), theorizing that the ...
Monod, Theodore Andre
▪ 2001       French naturalist (b. April 9, 1902, Rouen, France—d. Nov. 21/22?, 2000, Versailles, France), was a leading authority on the Sahara desert. By his own ...
Monod,Jacques Lucien
Mo·nod (mô-nōʹ), Jacques Lucien. 1910-1976. French biochemist. He shared a 1965 Nobel Prize for the study of regulatory activity in body cells. * * *
monodactyl
mon·o·dac·tyl (mŏn'ə-dăkʹtəl) n. An animal having only one toe, digit, or claw on each extremity.   mon'o·dacʹty·lous adj. * * *
monodactylous
—monodactylism, monodactyly, n. /mon'euh dak"tl euhs/, adj. Zool. having only one digit or claw. Also, monodactyl. [1820-30; < Gk monodáktylos one-fingered, one-toed. See ...
monodic
—monodically, adv. /meuh nod"ik/, adj. Music. of or relating to monody. [1810-20; < Gk monoidikós. See MONODY, -IC] * * *
monodical
See monodic. * * *
monodically
See monodic. * * *
monodist
monodist [män′ə dist] n. a writer or singer of a monody * * * See monodic. * * *
monodomous
/meuh nod"euh meuhs/, adj. living as a community in a single nest, as certain ant colonies. Cf. polydomous. [MONO- + Gk dóm(os) house + -OUS] * * *
monodrama
—monodramatic /mon'euh dreuh mat"ik/, adj. —monodramatist, n. /mon"euh drah'meuh, -dram'euh/, n. a dramatic piece for only one performer. [1785-95; MONO- + DRAMA] * * * ▪ ...
monodramatic
See monodrama. * * *
monody
—monodist /mon"euh dist/, n. /mon"euh dee/, n., pl. monodies. 1. a Greek ode sung by a single voice, as in a tragedy; lament. 2. a poem in which the poet or speaker laments ...
monoecious
—monoeciously, adv. —monoecism /meuh nee"siz euhm/, monoecy, n. /meuh nee"sheuhs/, adj. 1. Biol. having both male and female organs in the same individual; hermaphroditic. 2. ...
monoeciously
See monoecious. * * *
monoecism
See monoeciously. * * *
monoester
/mon'oh es"teuhr/, n. Chem. a single esterified polybasic acid. [1925-30; MONO- + ESTER] * * *
monoestrous
/mon es"treuhs, -ee"streuhs/, adj. monestrous. * * *
monofilament
/mon'euh fil"euh meuhnt/, n. 1. Also, monofil /mon"euh fil'/. a single, generally large filament of synthetic fiber. Cf. multifilament (def. 2). adj. 2. made of such a filament: ...
monogamic
/mon'euh gam"ik/, adj. monogamous. [1830-40; MONOGAM(Y) + -IC] * * *
monogamist
—monogamistic, adj. /meuh nog"euh mist/, n. a person who practices or advocates monogamy. [1645-50; MONOGAM(Y) + -IST] * * *
monogamous
—monogamously, adv. —monogamousness, n. /meuh nog"euh meuhs/, adj. 1. practicing or advocating monogamy. 2. of or pertaining to monogamy. Also, monogamic. [1760-70; < LL ...
monogamously
See monogamist. * * *
monogamy
/meuh nog"euh mee/, n. 1. marriage with only one person at a time. Cf. bigamy, polygamy. 2. Zool. the practice of having only one mate. 3. the practice of marrying only once ...
monogatari
▪ Japanese writings Japanese:“tale” or “narrative”       Japanese works of fiction, especially those written from the Heian to the Muromachi periods ...
monogenean
/mon'euh jee"nee euhn/, n. any trematode of the order Monogenea, mostly ectoparasites on fish, amphibians, and turtles. [1955-60; < NL Monogene(a) order name (equiv. to Gk mono- ...
monogenesis
/mon'euh jen"euh sis/, n. 1. the hypothetical descent of the human race from a single pair of individuals. 2. Biol. the hypothetical descent of all living things from a single ...
monogenetic
/mon'oh jeuh net"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to monogenesis; monogenous. 2. (of certain trematode worms) having only one generation in the life cycle, without an intermediate ...
monogenic
—monogenically, adv. /mon'euh jen"ik/, adj. 1. Biol. bearing either only males or only females. 2. Genetics. pertaining to a character controlled by one pair of ...
monogenically
See monogenic. * * *
monogenism
—monogenist, n. —monogenistic, adj. /meuh noj"euh niz'euhm/, n. the theory that the human race has descended from a single pair of individuals or a single ancestral ...
monogenist
See monogenism. * * *
monogenistic
See monogenist. * * *
monogenous
/meuh noj"euh neuhs/, adj. monogenetic. [1855-60; MONO- + -GENOUS] * * *
monoglot
/mon"euh glot'/, adj. 1. knowing only one language; monolingual: monoglot travelers. 2. composed in only one language. n. 3. a person with a knowledge of only one ...
monoglyceride
/mon'euh glis"euh ruyd', -euhr id/, n. Chem. an ester obtained from glycerol by the esterification of one hydroxyl group with a fatty acid. Cf. glyceride. [1855-60; MONO- + ...
monogram
—monogrammatic /mon'euh greuh mat"ik/, monogrammatical, monogrammic, adj. /mon"euh gram'/, n., v., monogrammed, monogramming. n. 1. a design consisting of two or more ...
monogrammatic
See monogram. * * *
monograph
—monographer /meuh nog"reuh feuhr/, monographist, n. —monographic /mon'euh graf"ik/, monographical, adj. —monographically, adv. /mon"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. a treatise ...
monographer
See monograph. * * *
monographic
See monographer. * * *
monographic series
a series of monographs issued in uniform style or format and related by subject or by issuing agency. * * *
monographically
See monographer. * * *
Monograptus
▪ extinct graptolites       extinct genus of graptolites (small, aquatic colonial animals related to primitive chordates) found as fossils in Silurian marine rocks ...
monogynist
See monogyny. * * *
monogynoecial
/mon'oh ji nee"sheuhl, -gi-/, adj. (of a fruit) developing from a single pistil. [1875-80; MONO- + GYNOECI(UM) + -AL1] * * *
monogynous
monogynous [mō näj′ə nəs, mənäj′ə nəs] adj. 1. of or characterized by monogyny 2. Bot. having one style or pistil * * * See monogynist. * * *
monogyny
—monogynous, monogynic /mon'euh jin"ik/, monogynious, adj. —monogynist, n. /meuh noj"euh nee/, n. 1. the practice or condition of having only one wife at a time. 2. (of a ...
monohull
/mon"euh hul'/, adj. 1. (of a vessel) having a single hull. n. 2. a monohull vessel, as distinguished from a multihull vessel. [1965-70; MONO- + HULL2] * * *
monohybrid
/mon'euh huy"brid/, Genetics. n. 1. the offspring of individuals that differ with respect to a particular gene pair. 2. Also called monohybrid cross. a genetic cross made to ...
monohydrate
—monohydrated, adj. /mon'euh huy"drayt/, n. Chem. a hydrate that contains one molecule of water, as ammonium carbonate, (NH4)2CO3H2O. [1850-55; MONO- + HYDRATE] * * *
monohydrated
See monohydrate. * * *
monohydric
/mon'euh huy"drik/, adj. Chem. (esp. of alcohols and phenols) monohydroxy. [1855-60; MONO- + HYDR(OXYL) + -IC] * * *
monohydroxy
/mon'euh huy drok"see/, adj. Chem. (of a molecule) containing one hydroxyl group. [1940-45; MONO- + HYDROXY] * * *
monoicous
mo·noi·cous (mə-noiʹkəs) adj. Botany Having archegonia and antheridia on the same plant; bisexual.   [Alteration of monoecious.] * * *
monoid
/mon"oyd/, n. Math. groupoid. [1860-65; MON- + -OID] * * *
monokine
/mon"euh kuyn'/, n. Immunol. any substance secreted by a monocyte or macrophage and affecting the function of other cells. [MONO- + (LYMPHO)KINE] * * *
monokini
/mon'euh kee"nee/, n. a topless bikini. [1960-65; MONO- + (BI)KINI] * * *
monolatry
—monolater /meuh nol"euh teuhr/, monolatrist, n. —monolatrous, adj. /meuh nol"euh tree/, n. the worship of only one god although other gods are recognized as ...
monolayer
/mon'euh lay"euhr/, n. Physical Chem. See molecular film. [1930-35; MONO- + LAYER] * * *
monolingual
—monolingualism, n. /mon'euh ling"gweuhl/ or, Can., /-ling"gyooh euhl/, adj. 1. knowing or able to use only one language; monoglot. 2. spoken or written in only one ...
monolingualism
See monolingual. * * *
monolith
—monolithism, n. /mon"euh lith/, n. 1. an obelisk, column, large statue, etc., formed of a single block of stone. 2. a single block or piece of stone of considerable size, esp. ...
monolithic
—monolithically, adv. /mon'euh lith"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a monolith. 2. made of only one stone: a monolithic column. 3. consisting of one piece; solid or unbroken: ...
monolithic filter
▪ electronics       a complete frequency-selective filter constructed on a single piezoelectric crystal plate. A piezoelectric crystal is one in which a physical ...
monolithically
See monolithic. * * *
monologic
See monologue. * * *
monological
See monologic. * * *
monologist
See monologic. * * *
monologue
—monologic /mon'euh loj"ik/, monological, adj. —monologist /mon"euh law'gist, -log'ist, meuh nol"euh jist/, monologuist /mon"euh law'gist, -log'ist/, n. /mon"euh lawg', ...
monologuist
See monologic. * * *
monology
/meuh nol"euh jee/, n., pl. monologies. 1. the act or habit of soliloquizing. 2. Obs. a monologue. [1600-10; < Gk monología. See MONO-, -LOGY] * * *
Monomakh's Cap
▪ Russian crown       oldest of the Russian (Russia) crowns kept in the Kremlin, Moscow. It is a gold skullcap composed of eight sectors elaborately ornamented with a ...
monomania
—monomaniac /mon'euh may"nee ak'/, n. —monomaniacal /mon'euh meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, adj. /mon'euh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. 1. (no longer in technical use) a psychosis ...
monomaniac
See monomania. * * *
monomaniacal
See monomaniac. * * *
monomaniacally
See monomaniac. * * *
monomer
—monomeric /mon'euh mer"ik/, adj. /mon"euh meuhr/, n. Chem. a molecule of low molecular weight capable of reacting with identical or different molecules of low molecular weight ...
monomeric
See monomer. * * *
monomerous
/meuh nom"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. consisting of one part. 2. Bot. (of flowers) having one member in each whorl. [1820-30; < Gk monomer(és) consisting of one part (mono- MONO- + ...
monometallic
/mon'oh meuh tal"ik/, adj. 1. of or using one metal. 2. pertaining to monometallism. [1875-80; MONO- + METALLIC] * * *
monometallism
—monometallist, n. /mon'euh met"l iz'euhm/, n. 1. the use of one metal only, as gold or silver, as a monetary standard. 2. the doctrine or actions supporting such a ...
monometallist
See monometallism. * * *
monometer
—monometrical /mon'euh me"tri keuhl/, monometric, adj. /meuh nom"i teuhr/, n. Pros. a line of verse of one measure or foot. [1840-50; < LL: composed in one meter < Gk ...
monomethylamine
/mon'euh meth"euhl euh meen', -me thil"euh min/, n. Chem. methylamine. [MONO- + METHYLAMINE] * * *
monomial
/moh noh"mee euhl, meuh-/, adj. 1. Algebra. a. consisting of one term only. b. (of a matrix) having exactly one non-zero term in each row and each column. 2. Biol. noting or ...
monomolecular
—monomolecularly, adv. /mon'oh meuh lek"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a thickness of one molecule. 2. having a thickness of one molecule. [1875-80; MONO- + ...
monomolecularly
See monomolecular. * * *
monomorphemic
/mon'oh mawr fee"mik/, adj. containing only one morpheme, as the words wait and gorilla. [1935-40; MONO- + MORPHEMIC] * * *
monomorphic
/mon'euh mawr"fik/, adj. 1. Biol. having only one form. 2. of the same or of an essentially similar type of structure. Also, monomorphous. [1875-80; MONO- + -MORPHIC] * * *
monomorphism
/mon'euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Math. a one-to-one homomorphism. [1955-60; MONO- + -MORPHISM] * * *
Monongah mining disaster of 1907
▪ United States history       deadly mining explosion on Dec. 6, 1907, in Monongah, W.Va., that killed more than 350 miners.       The West Virginia coal mine ...
Monongahela
/meuh nong'geuh hee"leuh/, n. a river flowing from N West Virginia through SW Pennsylvania into the Ohio River. 128 mi. (205 km) long. * * *
Monongahela River
River, northern West Virginia, U.S. It flows north past Morgantown into Pennsylvania and joins the Allegheny River at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River, after a total course of ...
Monongahela, Battle of the
▪ United States history       (July 9, 1755), in the last French and Indian War, thorough defeat of General Edward Braddock's (Braddock, Edward) British army by a ...
MonongahelaRiver
Mo·non·ga·he·la River (mə-nŏng'gə-hēʹlə, -hāʹ-) A river rising in northern West Virginia and flowing about 206 km (128 mi) generally north into southwest ...
mononuclear
/mon'euh nooh"klee euhr, -nyooh"-/ or, by metathesis, /-kyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. Also, mononucleate. Cell Biol. having only one nucleus. 2. Chem. (of hydrocarbons) ...
mononucleosis
/mon'euh nooh'klee oh"sis, -nyooh'-/, n. Pathol. 1. the presence of an abnormally large number of mononuclear leukocytes, or monocytes, in the blood. 2. See infectious ...
mononucleosis, infectious
or glandular fever Common infection, caused by Epstein-Barr virus. It occurs most often at ages 10–35. Infected young children usually have little or no illness but become ...
mononucleotide
mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide (mŏn'ō-no͞oʹklē-ə-tīd', -nyo͞oʹ-) n. A nucleotide. * * *
monopetalous
/mon'euh pet"l euhs/, adj. Bot. 1. gamopetalous. 2. having only one petal, as a corolla. [1685-95; MONO- + PETALOUS] * * *
monophagia
/mon'euh fay"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. the eating of or craving for only one kind of food. [MONO- + Gk -phagia -PHAGY] * * *
monophagous
—monophagy /meuh nof"euh jee/, n. /meuh nof"euh geuhs/, adj. feeding on only one kind of food. [1865-70; MONO- + -PHAGOUS] * * *
monophagy
See monophagous. * * *
monophasic
/mon'euh fay"zik/, adj. having one phase. [1895-1900; MONO- + PHASE + -IC] * * *
monophobia
/mon'euh foh"bee euh/, n. an abnormal fear of being alone. [MONO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
monophobic
See monophobia. * * *
monophonic
—monophonically, adv. /mon'euh fon"ik/, adj. 1. Music. of or pertaining to monophony. 2. Also, monaural, mono. of or noting a system of sound recording and reproduction using ...
monophonically
See monophonic. * * *
monophony
/meuh nof"euh nee/, n., pl. monophonies. 1. a musical style employing a single melodic line without accompaniment. 2. monody (def. 3a). [1885-90; MONO- + -PHONY] * * * Music ...
monophosphate
/mon'euh fos"fayt/, n. Chem. a salt containing only one phosphate group. [MONO- + PHOSPHATE] * * *
monophthong
—monophthongal /mon"euhf thawng'geuhl, -thong'-/, adj. /mon"euhf thawng', -thong'/, n. Phonet. a vowel retaining the same quality throughout its duration. Cf. ...
monophthongal
See monophthong. * * *
monophthongize
—monophthongization, n. /mon"euhf thawng uyz', -guyz', -thong-/, v., monophthongized, monophthongizing. Phonet. v.t. 1. to change into or pronounce as a monophthong. v.i. 2. to ...
monophyletic
—monophyletism /mon'euh fuy"li tiz'euhm, -fil"i-/, monophylety, n. /mon'oh fuy let"ik/, adj. Biol. consisting of organisms descended from a single taxon. [1870-75; MONO- + ...
monophyletically
See monophyletic. * * *
monophyllous
/mon'euh fil"euhs/, adj. Bot. 1. consisting of one leaf, as a calyx. 2. having only one leaf. [1740-50; < Gk monóphyllos. See MONO-, -PHYLLOUS] * * *
Monophysite
—Monophysitic /meuh nof'euh sit"ik/, adj. —Monophysitism, Monophysism, n. /meuh nof"euh suyt'/, n. Theol. a person who maintains that Christ has one nature, partly divine and ...
Monophysite heresy
(5th–6th century AD) Doctrine that emphasized the single nature (the term means literally "of one nature") of Christ, as a wholly divine being rather than part-divine and ...
Monophysitic
See Monophysite. * * *
Monophysitism
See Monophysitic. * * *
monoplacophoran
▪ mollusk class       (class Tryblidia), any of a group of primitive marine mollusks characterized by a single, cap-shaped shell and bilateral symmetry. The term ...
monoplane
—monoplanist, n. /mon"euh playn'/, n. 1. an airplane with one main sustaining surface or one set of wings. 2. Naut. a planing craft the bottom of which is in an unbroken ...
monoplegia
—monoplegic /mon'euh plee"jik, -plej"ik/, adj. /mon'euh plee"jee euh, -plee"jeuh/, n. Pathol. paralysis of one extremity, muscle, or muscle area. [1885-90; MONO- + -PLEGIA] * * ...
monoplegic
See monoplegia. * * *
Monopleura
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct and unusual bivalves (clams) found as fossils in Cretaceous rocks (144 to 66.4 million years old) and representative of a group of ...
monoploid
/mon"euh ployd'/, Biol. adj. 1. having the basic or haploid number of chromosomes. n. 2. a monoploid cell or organism. [1925-30; MONO- + -PLOID] * * *
monopod
/mon"euh pod'/, n. a single-legged support used to steady a hand-held camera. [1960-65; MONO- + (TRI)POD] * * *
monopode
/mon"euh pohd'/, adj. 1. having one foot. n. 2. a creature having one foot. 3. (sometimes cap.) one of a fabled race of people having only one foot. 4. Bot. monopodium. [1810-20; ...
monopodial
See monopodium. * * *
monopodium
—monopodial, adj. —monopodially, adv. /mon'euh poh"dee euhm/, n., pl. monopodia /-dee euh/. Bot. a single main axis that continues to extend at the apex in the original line ...
monopody
—monopodic /mon'euh pod"ik/, adj. /meuh nop"euh dee/, n., pl. monopodies. Pros. a measure consisting of one foot. [1835-45; < Gk monopodía. See MONOPODE, -Y3] * * *
monopole
/mon"euh pohl'/, n. See magnetic monopole. * * *
monopolism
/meuh nop"euh liz'euhm/, n. the existence or prevalence of monopolies. [1880-85; MONOPOL(Y) + -ISM] * * *
monopolist
—monopolistic, adj. —monopolistically, adv. /meuh nop"euh list/, n. 1. a person who has a monopoly. 2. an advocate of monopoly. [1595-1605; MONOPOL(Y) + -IST] * * *
monopolistic
See monopolism. * * *
monopolistic competition
Market situation in which many independent buyers and sellers may exist but competition is limited by specific market conditions. The theory was developed almost simultaneously ...
monopolistically
See monopolism. * * *
monopolization
See monopolize. * * *
monopolize
—monopolization, n. —monopolizer, n. /meuh nop"euh luyz'/, v.t., monopolized, monopolizing. 1. to acquire, have, or exercise a monopoly of. 2. to obtain exclusive possession ...
monopolizer
See monopolization. * * *
monopoly
—monopoloid, adj. /meuh nop"euh lee/, n., pl. monopolies. 1. exclusive control of a commodity or service in a particular market, or a control that makes possible the ...
monopoly and competition
▪ economics Introduction       basic factors in the structure of economic markets.In economics monopoly and competition signify certain complex relations among firms in ...
monopolylogue
/mon'euh pol"i lawg', -log'/, n. a theatrical entertainment in which the same performer plays several parts or characters. [1815-25; MONO- + POLY- + -logue, as in MONOLOGUE, ...
Monopoly{™}
one of the most popular and successful board games ever produced. Players throw dice and move their pieces round a board, buying and building houses on streets that are marked on ...
monopropellant
☆ monopropellant [män΄ō prə pel′ənt ] n. 〚 MONO- + PROPELLANT〛 a liquid or solid propellant consisting of a single substance or an intimate mixture of substances, ...
monoprotic
/mon'euh prot"ik/, adj. Chem. (of an acid) having one transferable proton. [MONO- + PROT(ON) + -IC] * * *
monopsonist
See monopsony. * * *
monopsonistic
See monopsonist. * * *
monopsony
—monopsonist, n. —monopsonistic, adj. /meuh nop"seuh nee/, n., pl. monopsonies. the market condition that exists when there is one buyer. Cf. duopsony, oligopsony. [1930-35; ...
monopteral
/mo nop"teuhr euhl, moh-/, adj. 1. having the form of a monopteron. 2. of or pertaining to a monopteron. [1815-25; < L monopter(os) (see MONOPTERON) + -AL1] * * *
monopteron
/mo nop"teuh ron', moh-/, n., pl. monoptera /-teuhr euh/. a classical building having a single outer colonnade surrounding a central structure or a courtyard. Also called ...
monopteros
/mo nop"teuh ros', moh-/, n., pl. monopteroi /-teuh roy'/. monopteron. * * *
monorail
/mon"euh rayl'/, n. 1. a single rail functioning as a track for wheeled vehicles, as railroad or other cars, balanced upon or suspended from it. 2. a railroad or other ...
monorchid
/meuh nawr"kid/, Pathol. adj. 1. having or appearing to have only one testis. n. 2. a monorchid individual. [1820-30; NL monorchis (erroneous pl. monorchides), equiv. to MON- + ...
monorchidism
/meuh nawr"ki diz'euhm/, n. Pathol. a prenatal or postnatal condition in which one testis is absent or has not descended into the scrotum. Also, monorchism /meuh nawr"kiz ...
monorhinous
/mon'euh ruy"neuhs/, adj. Zool. having a single, median nostril, as the cyclostomes. Also, monorhinal, monorhine. [1900-05; MONO- + -rhinous < Gk -rhinos -nosed, adj. deriv. of ...
monorhyme
/mon"euh ruym'/, n. Pros. a poem or stanza in which all the lines rhyme with each other. [1725-35; MONO- + RHYME] * * * ▪ literature       a strophe or poem in which ...


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