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magnesium arsenate
Chem. a white, water-insoluble powder, Mg3(AsO4)2·xH2O, used chiefly as an insecticide. * * *
magnesium carbonate
Chem. a white powder, MgCO3, insoluble in water and alcohol, soluble in acids, used in dentifrices and cosmetics, in medicine as an antacid, and as a refractory material. * * *
magnesium deficiency
▪ pathology also called  hypomagnesemia        condition in which magnesium is insufficient or is not utilized properly. Magnesium is a mineral that is essential to ...
magnesium hydroxide
Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, Mg(OH)2, used chiefly in medicine as an antacid and as a laxative. [1905-10] * * *
magnesium light
the strongly actinic white light produced when magnesium is burned: used in photography, signaling, pyrotechnics, etc. [1855-60] * * *
magnesium oxide
Chem. magnesia. [1905-10] * * *
magnesium peroxide
Chem. a white, tasteless, water-insoluble powder, MgO2, used as an antiseptic and as an oxidizing and bleaching agent. Also called magnesium dioxide. * * *
magnesium processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Magnesium (Mg) is a silvery white metal that is similar in appearance to aluminum but ...
magnesium silicate
Chem. 1. a white powder, 3MgSiO3·5H2O, with variable hydration, insoluble in water or alcohol, used as a rubber filler, a bleaching agent, an odor absorbent, and in the ...
magnesium sulfate
Chem. a white, water-soluble salt, MgSO4, used chiefly in medicine and in the processing of leather and textiles. Cf. Epsom salt. [1885-90] * * *
magnesium trisilicate
Chem. a white, fine, odorless and tasteless powder, Mg2O8Si3·nH2O, used industrially to absorb odors and decolorize and pharmaceutically as an antacid. * * *
magnesiumcarbonate
magnesium carbonate n. A very light, odorless, white powdery compound, MgCO3, used in a wide variety of manufactured products including inks, glass, dentifrices, and cosmetics. * ...
magnesiumhydroxide
magnesium hydroxide n. A white powder, Mg(OH)2, used as an antacid and a laxative. * * *
magnesiumoxide
magnesium oxide n. A white powdery compound, MgO, having a high melting point (2,800°C), used in high-temperature refractories, electrical insulation, food packaging, cosmetics, ...
magnesiumsulfate
magnesium sulfate n. A colorless, crystalline compound, MgSO4, used in fireproofing, ceramics, matches, explosives, and fertilizers. * * *
magnet
/mag"nit/, n. 1. a body, as a piece of iron or steel, that possesses the property of attracting certain substances, as iron. 2. a lodestone. 3. a thing or person that attracts: ...
magnet school
a public school with special programs and instruction that are not available elsewhere in a school district and that are specially designed to draw students from throughout a ...
magnet schools
➡ vocational training * * *
magnet-
var. of magneto- before some vowels: magneton. * * *
magnetic
—magnetically, adv. /mag net"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a magnet or magnetism. 2. having the properties of a magnet. 3. capable of being magnetized or attracted by a ...
magnetic amplifier
Elect. an amplifier that applies the input signal to a primary winding and feeds an alternating current to a secondary winding where this current is modulated by the variations ...
magnetic anomaly
Geol. a departure from the normal magnetic field of the earth. [1895-1900] * * *
magnetic axis
magnetic axis n. the straight line joining the two poles of a magnet, as the poles of the earth * * *
magnetic bearing
Navig. the bearing of a point relative to that of the nearest magnetic pole. * * *
magnetic bottle
Physics. a magnetic field so shaped that it can confine a plasma: used in a proposed design for fusion reactors. [1955-60] * * *
magnetic bubble
Computers. a tiny mobile magnetized area within a magnetic material, the basis of one type of solid-state storage medium (magnetic bubble memory). Cf. bubble memory. [1965-70] * ...
magnetic card.
See mag card. * * *
magnetic ceramics
Introduction       oxide materials that exhibit a certain type of permanent magnetization called ferrimagnetism. Commercially prepared magnetic ceramics are used in a ...
magnetic chart
Navig. a chart showing the magnetic properties of a portion of the earth's surface, as dip, variation, and intensity. * * *
magnetic circuit
Physics. the closed path described by magnetic flux. It is analogous to the electric circuit with resistance, where flux, reluctance, and magnetomotive force correspond to ...
magnetic coefficient
Navig. any of various factors affecting the sensitivity of a ship's magnetic compass as a result of its construction or environment. * * *
magnetic compass
a compass having a magnetized needle generally in line with the magnetic poles of the earth. * * *
magnetic concentration
Metall. beneficiation of crushed ore in which a magnetic mineral is separated from gangue by means of a magnetic field. * * *
magnetic core
1. Computers. core1 (def. 12). 2. Elect. core1 (def. 3). * * *
magnetic course
Navig. a course whose bearing is given relative to the magnetic meridian of the area. Cf. compass course, true course. * * *
magnetic declination
Navig. variation (def. 8). * * *
magnetic dip
dip (def. 32). * * *
magnetic dipole
Tiny magnet with subatomic dimensions, equivalent to the flow of electric charge around a loop. Examples include electrons circulating around atomic nuclei, rotating atomic ...
magnetic disk
Computers. 1. Also called disk, hard disk. a rigid disk coated with magnetic material, on which data and programs can be stored. 2. See floppy disk. * * *
magnetic domain
a portion of a ferromagnetic material where the magnetic moments are aligned with one another because of interactions between molecules or atoms. [1965-70] * * *
magnetic drum
Computers. a cylinder coated with magnetic material, on which data and programs can be stored. Also called drum. [1945-50] * * *
magnetic equator
magnetic equator n. an imaginary line around the earth near the equator, where the lines of force of the earth's magnetic field are parallel with the surface of the earth and ...
magnetic equator.
See aclinic line. [1825-35] * * *
magnetic field
1. a region of space near a magnet, electric current, or moving charged particle in which a magnetic force acts on any other magnet, electric current, or moving charged ...
magnetic field strength.
See magnetic intensity. * * *
magnetic flux
Elect. the total magnetic induction crossing a surface, equal to the integral of the component of magnetic induction perpendicular to the surface over the surface: usually ...
magnetic flux density
magnetic flux density n. the magnetic flux per unit area perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic force: it is measured in teslas or gausses: symbol, B * * *
magnetic force
magnetic force n. the repelling or attracting force between a magnet and a ferromagnetic material, between a magnet and a current-carrying conductor, etc. * * * Attraction or ...
magnetic head
Electronics. head (def. 33). [1945-50] * * *
magnetic hysteresis
Physics. hysteresis in a ferromagnetic material; the lag in the response of magnetic induction to changes of magnetic intensity. * * *
magnetic induction
Elect. 1. Also called magnetic flux density. a vector quantity used as a measure of a magnetic field. Symbol: B 2. magnetization induced by proximity to a magnetic field. Cf. ...
magnetic intensity
Elect. that part of the magnetic induction that is determined at any point in space by the current density and displacement current at that point independently of the magnetic or ...
Magnetic Island
▪ island, Queensland, Australia       island in the Cumberland Islands, off the coast of northeastern Queensland, Australia, in Halifax Bay, an inlet of the Coral Sea. ...
magnetic lens
Physics. an electron lens using magnetic fields for focusing an electron beam. [1915-20] * * *
magnetic levitation
1. the suspension of an object above or below a second object by means of magnetic repulsion or attraction. 2. Railroads. the suspension of a vehicle above or below a suitable ...
magnetic meridian
a line on the earth's surface, passing in the direction of the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field. * * *
magnetic mine
Navy. an underwater mine set off by any disturbance of its magnetic field, as by the metal hull of a ship. Cf. acoustic mine, contact mine. [1935-40] * * *
magnetic mirror
Physics. a region in a magnetic bottle where the magnetic field increases abruptly, causing charged particles that enter it to be reflected. [1890-95] * * * ▪ ...
magnetic moment
Elect. a vector quantity associated with a given electric current, magnet, or the like, having the property that its vector product with the magnetic induction equals the torque ...
magnetic monopole
a hypothetical very heavy particle with an isolated magnetic north pole or magnetic south pole. * * * ▪ physics       hypothetical particle with a magnetic charge, a ...
magnetic needle
a slender magnetized steel rod that, when adjusted to swing in a horizontal plane, as in a compass, indicates the direction of the earth's magnetic fields or the approximate ...
magnetic north
north as indicated by a magnetic compass, differing in most places from true north. [1805-15] * * *
magnetic permeability
permeability (def. 2). * * * Relative increase or decrease in the magnetic field inside a material compared with the magnetic field in which the material is located. In empty ...
magnetic pickup
a phonograph pickup in which the vibrations of the stylus cause variations in or motions of a coil in a magnetic field that produces corresponding variations in an electrical ...
magnetic pole
1. the region of a magnet toward which the lines of magnetic induction converge (south pole) or from which the lines of induction diverge (north pole). 2. either of the two ...
magnetic pole strength
Elect. a measure of the force exerted by one face of a magnet on a face of another magnet when both magnets are represented by equal and opposite poles. Symbol: m * * *
magnetic potential
Elect. a scalar quantity, analogous to the electric potential, defined at each point in a given magnetic field to be equal to the work done in bringing a unit north pole from ...
magnetic pulley
Metall. a magnetic device for separating metal from sand, refuse, etc. * * *
magnetic pyrites
Mineral. pyrrhotite. * * *
magnetic quantum number
Physics. the quantum number that designates the component of the orbital angular momentum in a fixed direction and that can assume all integral values between and including the ...
magnetic recording
—magnetic recorder. the process of recording sound or other data on magnetic tape, wire, etc. [1940-45] * * * ▪ electronics Introduction       method of preserving ...
magnetic resonance
Absorption or emission of electromagnetic radiation by electrons or atomic nuclei in response to certain magnetic fields. The principles of magnetic resonance are used to study ...
magnetic resonance imaging
▪ medicine  three-dimensional diagnostic imaging technique used to visualize organs and structures inside the body without the need for X-rays (X-ray) or other radiation. ...
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Computer production of images from magnetic resonance. The structural and biochemical information it provides is helpful in the diagnosis of abnormalities without the possibly ...
magnetic resonance scan.
See MR scan. * * *
magnetic resonance scanner.
See MR scanner. Also called magnetic resonance imager. * * *
magnetic resonance spectroscopy
▪ medicine also called  nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy         diagnostic imaging technique based on the detection of metabolites in tissues (tissue). ...
magnetic Reynolds number
▪ physics       combination of quantities that indicates the dynamic behaviour of a plasma. This number is analogous to the Reynolds number of ordinary fluid mechanics, ...
magnetic roasting
Metall. roasting of a nonmagnetic ore to render it magnetic so that it can be separated from gangue by means of a magnetic field. * * *
magnetic rotation
Optics. See Faraday effect. [1899-1900] * * *
magnetic star
Astron. a star having a strong magnetic field. [1975-80] * * *
magnetic storm
a temporary disturbance of the earth's magnetic field, induced by radiation and streams of charged particles from the sun. Also called geomagnetic storm. [1855-60] * * * ▪ ...
magnetic strip
a strip of magnetic material on which information may be stored, as by an electromagnetic process, for automatic reading, decoding, or recognition by a device that detects ...
magnetic stripe
1. See magnetic strip. 2. Motion Pictures. stripe1 (def. 8). [1950-55] * * *
magnetic survey
▪ geophysics       one of the tools used by the exploration geophysicist in his search for mineral-bearing ore bodies or even oil-bearing sedimentary structures. The ...
magnetic susceptibility
Elect. the coefficient or set of coefficients of the magnetic intensity in any expression giving the components of magnetization as linear combinations of the components of ...
magnetic tape
a ribbon of material, usually with a plastic base, coated on one side (single tape) or both sides (double tape) with a substance containing iron oxide, to make it sensitive to ...
magnetic variation
Navig. variation (def. 8). * * *
magnetic wire
a fine wire made from a magnetizable metal and used for wire recording. [1940-45] * * *
magnetic-core storage
▪ computing       any of a class of computer memory devices consisting of a large array of tiny toruses of a hard magnetic material that can be magnetized in either of ...
magnetically
See magnetic. * * *
magneticbottle
magnetic bottle n. A magnetic field used to confine plasma, as during nuclear fusion. * * *
magneticbubble memory
magnetic bubble memory n. A memory that stores data in the form of bubbles, or circular areas, on a thin film of magnetic silicate. No longer used in most computers, magnetic ...
magneticcard
magnetic card n. A card, such as a bank card for use in an automated teller machine, that has a magnetizable strip or surface on which data can be recorded. * * *
magneticcompass
magnetic compass n. An instrument that uses a magnetized steel bar to indicate direction relative to the earth's magnetic poles. * * *
magneticcore
magnetic core n. See core. * * *
magneticdeclination
magnetic declination n. The angle between magnetic north and true north at a particular location. Also called magnetic variation. * * *
magneticdip
magnetic dip n. The angle that a magnetic needle makes with the horizontal plane at any specific location. Magnetic dip is 0° at the magnetic equator and 90° at each of the ...
magneticdisk
magnetic disk n. A memory device, such as a floppy disk, a hard disk, or a removable cartridge, that is covered with a magnetic coating on which digital information is stored in ...
magneticequator
magnetic equator n. A line connecting all points on the earth's surface at which a magnetic needle balances horizontally without dipping. Also called aclinic line. * * *
magneticfield
magnetic field n. A condition found in the region around a magnet or an electric current, characterized by the existence of a detectable magnetic force at every point in the ...
magneticfield strength
magnetic field strength n. Magnetic intensity. * * *
magneticflux
magnetic flux n. A measure of the quantity of magnetism, being the total number of magnetic lines of force passing through a specified area in a magnetic field. * * *
magneticflux density
magnetic flux density n. Symbol B The amount of magnetic flux through a unit area taken perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic flux. Also called magnetic induction. * * *
magneticforce
magnetic force n. 1. The force exerted between magnetic poles, producing magnetization. 2. A force that exists between two electrically charged moving particles. * * *
magnetichead
magnetic head n. An electromagnet, such as one used in a tape recorder, that converts electrical impulses into variations in the magnetism of a surface for storage and subsequent ...
magneticinclination
magnetic inclination n. See magnetic dip. * * *
magneticinduction
magnetic induction n. 1. The process by which a substance, such as iron or steel, becomes magnetized by a magnetic field. The induced magnetism is produced by the force of the ...
magneticintensity
magnetic intensity n. A quantity used in describing magnetic phenomena in terms of their magnetic fields and magnetization. * * *
magneticlevitation
magnetic levitation n. A high-speed rail technology by which a train can travel free of friction at speeds of 480 kilometers (300 miles) per hour or more. The train is suspended ...
magneticlines of force
magnetic lines of force pl.n. Curved lines used to represent a magnetic field, drawn such that the number of lines is related to the strength of the magnetic field at a given ...
magneticmeridian
magnetic meridian n. A line passing through both magnetic poles of the earth. * * *
magneticmine
magnetic mine n. A marine mine detonated by a mechanism that responds to a mass of magnetic material, such as the steel hull of a ship. * * *
magneticmoment
magnetic moment n. The product of the pole strength of a magnet and the distance between the poles. * * *
magneticmonopole
magnetic monopole n. A hypothetical particle that has only one pole of magnetic charge instead of the usual two. A magnetic monopole would be a basic unit of magnetic charge. * * ...
magneticneedle
magnetic needle n. A slender bar of magnetized steel usually suspended on a low-friction mounting and used in various instruments, especially in the magnetic compass, to indicate ...
magneticnorth
magnetic north n. Abbr. MN The direction of the earth's magnetic pole, to which the north-seeking pole of a magnetic needle points when free from local magnetic influence. * * *
magneticpermeability
magnetic permeability n. The ability of a substance to acquire high magnetization in relatively weak magnetic fields. * * *
magneticpole
magnetic pole n. 1. Either of two limited regions in a magnet at which the field of the magnet is most intense, each of which is designated by the approximate geographic ...
magneticpyrites
magnetic pyrites n. See pyrrhotite. * * *
magneticrecording
magnetic recording n. 1. The recording of a signal, such as sound or computer instructions, in the form of a magnetic pattern on a magnetizable surface for storage and subsequent ...
magneticresonance
magnetic resonance n. The phenomenon of absorption of certain frequencies of radio and microwave radiation by atoms placed in a magnetic field. The pattern of absorption reveals ...
magneticresonance imaging
magnetic resonance imaging n. Abbr. MRI The use of a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer to produce electronic images of specific atoms and molecular structures in solids, ...
magnetics
/mag net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of magnetism. [1780-90; see MAGNETIC, -ICS] * * *
magneticstorm
magnetic storm n. A disturbance or fluctuation in the earth's magnetic field, associated with solar flares. Also called geomagnetic storm. * * *
magnetictape
magnetic tape n. A plastic tape coated with iron oxide for use in magnetic recording. * * *
magneticvariation
magnetic variation n. 1. Differences in the earth's magnetic field in time and location. 2. See magnetic declination. * * *
magnetism
/mag"ni tiz'euhm/, n. 1. the properties of attraction possessed by magnets; the molecular properties common to magnets. 2. the agency producing magnetic phenomena. 3. the science ...
magnetite
/mag"ni tuyt'/, n. a very common black iron oxide mineral, Fe3O4, that is strongly attracted by magnets: an important iron ore. [1850-55; MAGNET + -ITE1; cf. G Magnetit] * * ...
magnetizable
—magnetizability, n. /mag'ni tuy"zeuh beuhl/, adj. susceptible to magnetization. [1790-1800; MAGNETIZE + -ABLE] * * *
magnetization
/mag'ni teuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the process of magnetizing or the state of being magnetized. 2. Elect. the magnetic moment per unit volume induced by any external magnetic field: ...
magnetize
—magnetizer, n. /mag"ni tuyz'/, v.t., magnetized, magnetizing. 1. to make a magnet of or impart the properties of a magnet to. 2. to exert an attracting or compelling influence ...
magnetizer
See magnetizable. * * *
magnetizing field
Elect. See magnetic intensity. * * *
magnetizing force
Elect. See magnetic intensity. * * *
magneto
/mag nee"toh/, n., pl. magnetos. Elect. a small electric generator with an armature that rotates in a magnetic field provided by permanent magnets, as a generator supplying ...
magneto-
a combining form representing magnetic or magnetism in compound words: magnetochemistry. Also, esp. before a vowel, magnet-. * * *
magnetoacoustics
mag·ne·to·a·cous·tics (măg-nē'tō-ə-ko͞oʹstĭks) n. (used with a sing. verb) The science that deals with the interaction or interconversion of magnetic and acoustic ...
magnetocaloric effect
/mag nee'toh keuh lawr"ik, -lor"-/, Physics. an increase or decrease of the temperature of a thermally isolated magnetic substance accompanying an increase or decrease in the ...
magnetochemistry
—magnetochemical, adj. /mag nee'toh kem"euh stree/, n. the study of magnetic and chemical phenomena in their relation to one another. [1910-15; MAGNETO- + CHEMISTRY] * * *
magnetoelasticity
—magnetoelastic, adj. /mag nee'toh i la stis"i tee, -ee'la stis"-/, n. Physics. the phenomenon, consisting of a change in magnetic properties, exhibited by a ferromagnetic ...
magnetoelectric
/mag nee'toh i lek"trik/, adj. of or pertaining to the induction of electric current or electromotive force by means of permanent magnets. Also, magnetoelectrical. [1825-35; ...
magnetoelectricity
/mag nee'toh i lek tris"i tee, -ee'lek-/, n. electricity developed by the action of magnets. [1825-35; MAGNETO- + ELECTRICITY] * * *
magnetoencephalogram
—magnetoencephalography /mag nee'toh en sef'euh log"reuh fee/, n. /mag nee'toh en sef"euh leuh gram'/, n. a record of the magnetic field of the brain. Abbr: MEG [MAGNETO- + ...
magnetoencephalography
▪ imaging technique       imaging technique that measures the weak magnetic fields (magnetic field) emitted by neurons (neuron). An array of cylinder-shaped sensors ...
magnetofluid dynamics
/mag nee"toh flooh'id/, Physics. magnetohydrodynamics. [MAGNETO- + FLUID] * * *
Mahdi
—Mahdism /mah"diz euhm/, n. —Mahdist, n., adj. /mah"dee/, n., pl. Mahdis. 1. the Muslim messiah, an expected spiritual and temporal ruler destined to establish a reign of ...
Mahdī, al-
orig. Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid ʽAbd Allāh born Aug. 12, 1844 died June 22, 1885, Omdurman, Sudan Sudanese religious and political leader. The son of a shipbuilder in ...
Mahdia
▪ Tunisia also spelled  Al-Mahdiyyah  or  Mahedia        town and fishing port located on Al-Sāḥil (Sāḥil, Al-) (Sahel), the coastal plain region in eastern ...
Mahdism
See Mahdi. * * *
Mahdist
See Mahdism. * * * ▪ followers of al-Mahdī also called  Ansar, or Al-anṣār        (Arabic: “Helper”), follower of al-Mahdī (Mahdī, al-) (Muḥammad Ahmad ...
Mahdist movement
Religious and political movement founded by the Sudanese prophet al-Mahdi. He adopted the name al-Mahdi (meaning "Divinely Inspired One") because of his conviction that he had ...
Mahé
Mahé [mä hā′] chief island of the Seychelles, in the Indian Ocean: 59 sq mi (153 sq km) * * * ▪ India       town, part of Puducherry (Pondicherry) union territory ...
Mahé Island
▪ island, Seychelles  largest island of the Seychelles archipelago, Republic of Seychelles, in the western Indian Ocean. The island is 4 miles (6 km) wide and 16 miles (26 ...
Mahendra
/mah hen drah"/, n. (Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva) 1920-72, king of Nepal 1955-72. * * * ▪ Buddhist missionary Pāli  Mahinda   born c. 270 BC, , Pāṭaliputra, ...
Maher, Bill
▪ 2004       The title of Politically Incorrect, the often controversial television talk show that nightly featured four outspoken guests from the world of ...
Maher, Joseph
▪ 1999       Irish-born American actor who, over the course of his more than 40-year career, filled a variety of character parts on television, in such motion pictures ...
Mahesh Yogi, Maharishi
▪ 2009       Hindu religious leader born 1917?, Jabalpur, British India died Feb. 5, 2008, Vlodrop, Neth. introduced the practice of transcendental meditation (TM) to ...
Maheshwar
▪ India also called  Choli-Maheshwar        town, western Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies just north of the Narmada River. It is located on the ...
Mahfouz
/mah foohz"/, n. Naguib /nah geeb"/, born 1911, Egyptian author: Nobel prize 1988. * * *
Mahfouz, Naguib
born Dec. 11, 1911, Cairo, Egypt Egyptian writer. He worked in the cultural section of the Egyptian civil service from 1934 to 1971. His major work, the Cairo Trilogy ...
Mahfouz,Naguib
Mah·fouz (mä-fo͞ozʹ), Naguib. Born 1911. Egyptian writer whose works include the novels Autumn Quail (1962) and The Beggar (1965). He won the 1988 Nobel Prize for ...
Mahi River
▪ river, India       stream in western India. It rises in the western Vindhya Range, just south of Sardarpur, and flows northward through Madhya Pradesh state. ...
mahi-mahi
mahi-mahi [mä′hē mä′hē] n. pl. mahi-mahi 〚Haw〛 DOLPHIN (sense 2): also mahimahi or mahi mahi * * * ma·hi-ma·hi also ma·hi·ma·hi (mäʹhē-mäʹhē) n. pl. ...
Mahican
/meuh hee"keuhn/, n., pl. Mahicans, (esp. collectively) Mahican. 1. a tribe or confederacy of Algonquian-speaking North American Indians, centralized formerly in the upper Hudson ...
Mahillon, Victor-Charles
▪ Belgian music scholar born March 10, 1841, Brussels died June 17, 1924, St. Jean, near Cap-Ferrat, Belgium       Belgian musical scholar who collected, described, and ...
Mahilyow
Ma·hi·lyow (mə-hē-louʹ, mä-hē-lyouʹ) or Mo·gi·lev (mŏgʹə-lĕf', mə-gĭ-lyôfʹ) A city of east-central Belarus on the Dnieper River east of Minsk. Founded around ...
mahimahi
/mah"hee mah"hee/, n., pl. mahimahi. Hawaii. the dolphinfish, esp. when used as a food fish. Also, mahi-mahi. [1940-45; < Hawaiian] * * *
Māhir Pasha, ʿAlī
▪ prime minister of Egypt born c. 1882, Cairo, Egypt died Aug. 25, 1960, Geneva, Switz.  jurist and official who served three times as prime minister of ...
Māhir, Aḥmad
▪ prime minister of Egypt born 1888 died February 24, 1945, Cairo, Egypt       Egyptian jurist and politician who was premier of Egypt from 1944 to ...
mahjong
mah·jong also mah·jongg (mäʹzhŏngʹ, -zhôngʹ) n. A game of Chinese origin usually played by four persons with tiles resembling dominoes and bearing various designs, which ...
Mahler
/mah"leuhr/, n. Gustav /goos"tahf/, 1860-1911, Austrian composer and conductor, born in Bohemia. * * *
Mahler, Alma
▪ wife of Gustav Mahler original name  Alma Maria Schindler,  also called  Alma Gropius and Alma Werfel   born Aug. 31, 1879, Vienna, Austria-Hungary died Dec. 11, 1964, ...
Mahler, Gustav
born July 7, 1860, Kaliště, Bohemia, Austrian Empire died May 18, 1911, Vienna, Austria Austrian-Jewish composer and conductor. He attended the Vienna Conservatory, where he ...
Mahler,Gustav
Mah·ler (mäʹlər), Gustav. 1860-1911. Austrian composer and conductor of the Vienna State Opera House (1897-1907) whose completed works, most notably Das Lied von der Erde ...
mahlstick
/mahl"stik', mawl"-/, n. a stick with a padded tip used to support an artist's working hand. Also, maulstick. [1875-80; < D maalstok lit., painting-stick, equiv. to mal(en) to ...
Mahmoud
▪ racehorse       (foaled 1933), racehorse (Thoroughbred), the fastest horse ever to run in the Derby, making a record time of 2:33 4/5.       Mahmoud was foaled ...
Maḥmūd
▪ king of Ghazna Introduction in full  Yamin Al-daula Abuʾl-qasim Maḥmūd Ibn Sebüktigin   born 971 died April 30?, 1030, Ghazna       sultan of the kingdom of ...
Mahmud I
▪ Ottoman sultan born Aug. 2, 1696, Edirne, Ottoman Empire died Dec. 13, 1754, Constantinople       Ottoman sultan who on succeeding to the throne in 1730 restored ...
Mahmud II
/mah moohd"/ 1785-1839, sultan of Turkey 1809-39. * * * ▪ Ottoman sultan born July 20, 1785, Constantinople died July 1, 1839, Constantinople       Ottoman sultan ...
Mahmud Muzaffar Shah
▪ Malaysian sultan born 1823, Trengganu, Riau died July 1864, Pahang       last sultan of Riau (Riouw) and Lingga (archipelagoes south of Singapore), whose deposition ...
Mahmud Nedim Paşa
▪ Ottoman vizier born c. 1818 died May 14, 1883, Constantinople       Ottoman diplomat and grand vizier (served 1871–72 and 1875–76) whose conservative policies ...
Maḥmūd of Ghazna
born 971 died April 30?, 1030, Ghazna, Ghaznavid empire Son of the founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty, Sebüktigin. After ascending the throne in 998, he gave nominal allegiance ...
Mahmud of Ghazni
/meuh moohd"; guz"nee/ A.D. 971?-1030, Muslim Amir of Ghazni 997-1030. * * *
Mahmud Shah
▪ sultan of Malacca died 1528, Kampar, Sumatra       sultan of Malacca from 1488 until capture of the city by the Portuguese in 1511, after which he founded the ...
mahoe
/meuh hoh"/, n. 1. See hau tree. 2. a tropical American tree, Hibiscus elatus, of the mallow family, having wood used for cabinetwork and gunstocks. 3. a tree, Melicytus ...
mahogany
/meuh hog"euh nee/, n., pl. mahoganies, adj. 1. any of several tropical American trees of the genus Swietenia, esp. S. mahagoni and S. macrophylla, yielding hard, reddish-brown ...
mahogany family
the plant family Meliaceae, characterized by tropical and subtropical trees and shrubs having alternate, pinnate leaves, usually branched clusters of flowers, and fruit in the ...
Mahomet
/meuh hom"it/, n. Muhammad (def. 1). * * *
Mahometan
—Mahometanism, n. /meuh hom"i tn/, n., adj. Archaic. Muslim (defs. 1, 2). [1520-30; MAHOMET + -AN] * * *
Mahón
/mah awn"/, n. a seaport on E Minorca, in the Balearic Islands. 19,279. * * * ▪ Spain in full  Puerto De Mahón,         chief city of Minorca, Balearic Islands, ...
Mahon, Derek
▪ Northern Irish poet and translator born Nov. 23, 1941, Belfast, N.Ire.       Northern Irish poet and translator who explored contemporary themes through verse with ...
Mahone, William
born Dec. 1, 1826, Southampton county, Va., U.S. died Oct. 8, 1895, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician and railroad magnate. After graduating from the Virginia Military ...
Mahoney, Mary
▪ American nurse born May 7, 1845, Dorchester, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 4, 1926, Boston, Mass.       American nurse, the first African-American woman to complete the ...
mahonia
/meuh hoh"nee euh/, n. any of various evergreen shrubs belonging to the genus Mahonia, of the barberry family, including the Oregon grape. [ < NL (1818), after Bernard McMahon ...
Mahound
/meuh hownd", -hoohnd"/, n. Archaic. Muhammad. [1350-1400; ME Mahun, Mahum < OF, short for MAHOMET; -d by assoc. with HOUND1] * * *
mahout
/meuh howt"/, n. the keeper or driver of an elephant, esp. in India and the East Indies. [1655-65; < Hindi mahaut, var. of mahavat; cf. Prakrit mahamatta, Skt mahamatra elephant ...
Mahra Sultanate
▪ historical state, Yemen in full  Mahra Sultanate Of Qishn And Socotra,         former semi-independent state in the southern Arabian Peninsula, including the island ...
Mahrati
Mah·ra·ti (mə-räʹtē, -rătʹē) n. Variant of Marathi. * * *
Mahratta
/meuh rat"euh/, n. Maratha. * * *
Mahratti
/meuh rat"ee/, n. Marathi. * * *
Mahre and Mahrane
/mah"reuh; mah rah"neuh/, Zoroastrianism. See Mashye and Mashyane. * * *
Mähren
/me"rddeuhn/, n. German name of Moravia. * * *
Mährisch-Ostrau
/me"rddish aws"trddow/, n. German name of Moravská Ostrava. * * *
mahseer
▪ fish  any of several species of edible game fishes of the genus Barbus (barb), in the carp family, Cyprinidae, found in clear rivers and lakes of India and southeastern ...
mahua
/mah"hwah/, n. any of several trees of the genus Madhuca, of the sapodilla family, native to India, the Malay Peninsula, and southeastern Asia, esp. M. latifolia, the flowers of ...
mahuang
/mah"hwahng"/, n. a Chinese shrub, Ephedra sinica, that is a source of ephedrine. [ < Chin máhuáng lit., hemp yellow] * * *
mahzor
Seph. /mahkh zohrdd"/; Ashk. /mahkh"zohrdd, -zawrdd, -zeuhrdd/, n., pl. mahzorim Seph. /mahkh zaw rddeem"/; Ashk. /mahkh zoh"rddim/, Eng. mahzors. Hebrew. a Jewish prayer book ...
mai tai
/muy" tuy'/ a cocktail of rum, curaçao, lemon and pineapple juice, grenadine, and orgeat syrup, poured over crushed ice. [of uncert. orig.] * * *
Mai-chi-shan
▪ cave, Kansu, China Pinyin  Maijishan,         one of three major sites in northern China's Kansu sheng (province) where rock-cut Buddhist caves and sculpture are ...
Mai-Ndombe, Lake
▪ lake, Democratic Republic of the Congo formerly (until 1972)  Lake Leopold Ii,         lake in western Congo (Kinshasa), east of the Congo River and south-southeast ...
Maia
/may"yeuh, muy"euh/, n. Class. Myth. the eldest of the Pleiades and the mother of Hermes by Zeus. * * *
Maia, Sebastiao Rodrigues
▪ 1999       Brazilian singer-songwriter whose mixture of samba and soul made him a major force in Brazilian pop music for over 30 years (b. Sept. 28, 1942, Rio de ...
maiasaur
mai·a·saur (mīʹə-sôr') or mai·a·sau·ra (mī'ə-sôrʹə) n. An ornithischian herbivorous dinosaur of the genus Maiasaura of the late Cretaceous Period of North America, ...
Maiasaura
▪ dinosaur genus       duck-billed dinosaurs (dinosaur) (hadrosaurs) found as fossils from the Late Cretaceous Period (99 million to 65 million years old) of North ...
maid
—maidish, adj. —maidishness, n. /mayd/, n. 1. a female servant. 2. a girl or young unmarried woman. 3. Archaic. a virgin. [1150-1200; ME; apocopated var. of MAIDEN] * * *
Maid Marian
1. one of the characters in the old morris dance and May Day festivities; May queen. 2. Robin Hood's sweetheart. * * *
maid of honor
1. an unmarried woman who is the chief attendant of a bride. Cf. matron of honor. 2. an unmarried woman, usually of noble birth, attendant on a queen or princess. [1580-90] * * *
maid of honour
(pl maids of honour) (AmE honor) n 1. (AmE) the chief bridesmaid at a wedding. If she is a married woman she is called a matron of honor. 2. a woman who is not married and who is ...
Maid of Orléans
Maid of Orléans name for JOAN OF ARC * * *
Maid of Orléans.
See Joan of Arc. * * *
maid-in-waiting
/mayd"in way"ting/, n., pl. maids-in-waiting. an unmarried woman who serves as an attendant to a queen or princess; lady-in-waiting. [1950-55] * * *
maidan
/muy dahn"/, n. (esp. in India) an open area or space in or near a town, often used as a marketplace or parade ground. [1615-25; < Hindi maidan < Pers < Ar maydan] * * *
Maidanek
/muyd"n ek', muy dah"nek/, n. a Nazi concentration camp in eastern Poland, near Lublin. * * *
maiden
—maidenish, adj. —maidenship, n. /mayd"n/, n. 1. a girl or young unmarried woman; maid. 2. a horse that has never won a race. 3. a race open only to maiden horses. 4. an ...
Maiden Castle
an ancient fortification in Dorsetshire, England, first erected c250 B.C. over the remains of Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements of c2000-c1500 B.C. * * *
maiden name
a woman's surname before her marriage. Cf. birth name. [1680-90] * * *
maiden over
Cricket. an over in which no runs are made. Also called maiden. [1850-55] * * *
maiden pink
a turf-forming plant, Dianthus deltoides, found from western Europe to eastern Asia, having red or pink flowers. [1770-80] * * *
maiden speech
the first speech made in a legislature by a newly elected member. [1785-95] * * *
maiden voyage
the first voyage of a ship after its acceptance by the owners from the builders. [1900-05] * * *
maiden's-tears
/mayd"nz tearz', -tearz"/, n., pl. maiden's-tears. See bladder campion. * * *
maidenhair
/mayd"n hair'/, n. any fern of the genus Adiantum, the cultivated species of which have fine, glossy stalks and delicate, finely divided fronds. [1325-75; ME; see MAIDEN, HAIR] * ...
maidenhair spleenwort
an evergreen fern, Asplenium trichomanes, abundant in woody areas of the North Temperate Zone, having thickly clustered fronds. [1830-40] * * *
maidenhair tree
maidenhair tree n. GINKGO * * *
maidenhair-tree
/mayd"n hair'tree'/, n. ginkgo. [1765-75] * * *
maidenhair-vine
/mayd"n hair'vuyn'/, n. See wire vine. * * *
maidenhairfern
maid·en·hair fern (mādʹn-hâr') n. Any of various ferns of the genus Adiantum, having purplish to black stalks, usually feathery fronds, and delicate fan-shaped leaflets ...
maidenhairtree
maidenhair tree n. See ginkgo. * * *
maidenhead
/mayd"n hed'/, n. 1. the hymen. 2. maidenhood; virginity. [1200-50; ME maidenhed. See MAIDEN, -HEAD] * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Windsor and Maidenhead ...
maidenhood
/mayd"n hood'/, n. the state or time of being a maiden or virgin. Also called maidhood. [bef. 900; ME; OE maegdenhad. See MAIDEN, -HOOD] * * *
maidenliness
See maidenly. * * *
maidenly
—maidenliness, n. /mayd"n lee/, adj. pertaining to, characteristic of, or befitting a maiden: a maidenly blush. [1400-50; late ME; see MAIDEN, -LY] * * *
maidenname
maiden name n. A woman's family name before she is married. Used of a surname that is replaced by a woman when she marries. Also called birth name. * * *
maidenover
maiden over n. Sports An over in cricket during which no runs are scored. * * *
maidhood
/mayd"hood'/, n. maidenhood. [bef. 900; ME; OE maegthhade, equiv. to maegth (see MAIDEN) + -hade -HOOD] * * *
maidin waiting
maid in waiting n. pl. maids in waiting An unmarried woman attending a queen or princess. * * *
MaidMarian
Maid Marian (mād) n. Robin Hood's sweetheart. * * *
maidof honor
maid of honor n. pl. maids of honor 1. The chief unmarried woman attendant of a bride. 2. An unmarried noblewoman attendant upon a queen or princess. * * *
maidservant
/mayd"serr'veuhnt/, n. a female servant. [1520-30; MAID + SERVANT] * * *
Maidstone
/mayd"stohn', -steuhn/, n. a city in Kent, in SE England. 125,300. * * * Town and borough (pop., 2001: 138,959), administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern ...
Maidu
/muy"dooh/, n., pl. Maidus, (esp. collectively) Maidu for 1. 1. a member of a tribe of North American Indians of northeastern California. 2. the Penutian language of the Maidu. * ...
Maiduguri
/muy dooh"goo ree/, n. a city in NE Nigeria. 179,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria also called  Yerwa , or  Yerwa-Maiduguri   capital and largest city of Borno state, northeastern ...
Maier, Hermann
▪ 1999       Just two years after leaving his job as a bricklayer to join the Austrian national ski team, Hermann Maier stormed into the Winter Olympic Games in February ...
maieutic
/may yooh"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to the method used by Socrates of eliciting knowledge in the mind of a person by interrogation and insistence on close and logical ...
maigre
/may"geuhr/; Fr. /me"grddeu/, adj. containing neither flesh nor its juices, as food permissible on days of religious abstinence. [1675-85; < F; see MEAGER] * * *
maihem
/may"hem/, n. mayhem. * * *
Maikala Range
▪ mountain range, India       mountain range in Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It runs in a north-south direction and forms the eastern base of the triangular ...
Maiko National Park
▪ park, Democratic Republic of the Congo       reserve in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo), about equidistant from Bukavu, in the great Western Rift ...
Maikop
/muy kawp"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, SE of Krasnodar. 149,000. * * *
mail
mail1 /mayl/, n. 1. letters, packages, etc., that are sent or delivered by means of the postal system: Storms delayed delivery of the mail. 2. a single collection of such ...
mail bomb.
See letter bomb. [1970-75] * * *
mail car
a railroad car for carrying mail. [1835-45] * * *

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