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narrow gauge
narrow gauge n. 1. a width, between the rails of a railroad, less than standard (56.5 in, or 143.5 cm) ☆ 2. a narrow-gauge railroad or car narrow-gauge adj. narrow-gauged * * *
narrow gauge.
—narrow-gauge; esp. in technical use, narrow-gage, adj. —narrow-gauged; esp. in technical use, narrow-gaged, adj. See under gauge (def. 13). [1835-45] * * *
narrow-angle glaucoma
/nar"oh ang'geuhl/. Ophthalm. angle-closure glaucoma. See under glaucoma. * * *
narrow-bodied
nar·row-bod·ied (nărʹō-bŏd'ēd) adj. Being or designating a jet aircraft having a narrow fuselage with seats for passengers on either side of a single aisle running the ...
narrow-fisted
/nar"oh fis"tid/, adj. tight-fisted. * * *
narrow-gauge
See narrow gauge. * * *
narrow-gauged
See narrow-gauge. * * *
narrow-leaved bottle tree
/nar"oh leevd'/. See under bottle tree. * * *
narrow-minded
—narrow-mindedly, adv. —narrow-mindedness, n. /nar"oh muyn"did/, adj. 1. having or showing a prejudiced mind, as persons or opinions; biased. 2. not receptive to new ideas; ...
narrow-mindedly
See narrow-minded. * * *
narrow-mindedness
See narrow-mindedly. * * *
narrow-mouthed toad
▪ amphibian  any amphibian of the family Microhylidae, which includes 10 subfamilies and more than 60 genera and more than 300 species. Narrow-mouthed toads are found in ...
narrowback
nar·row·back (nărʹō-băk') n. Slang A person whose parents were born in the United States and who is considered unfit for the hard physical labor typically performed by ...
narrowcast
/nar"oh kast', -kahst'/, v.i., narrowcast or narrowcasted, narrowcasting. Radio and Television. to aim a program or programming at a specific, limited audience or sales ...
narrowcaster
See narrowcast. * * *
narrowgauge
narrow gauge n. 1. A distance between the rails of a railroad track that is less than the standard width of 56 1/2 inches (143.5 centimeters). 2. A locomotive, car, or railway ...
narrowish
See narrow. * * *
narrowly
See narrowish. * * *
narrowness
See narrowish. * * *
Narrows
/nar"ohz/, n. The, narrow (def. 19). * * *
Narses
born с 480, Armenia died 574, probably Rome or Constantinople Byzantine general under Justinian I. A eunuch, he commanded the imperial bodyguard and rose to become grand ...
Narsimhapur
▪ India also called  Narsinghpur        town, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India, on the Singri River. Once called Chhota Gadarwara, the town was renamed ...
Narsinghgarh
▪ India also spelled  Narsingarh        town, east-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies on the right bank of the Sonar River. A major road and rail ...
narthex
—narthecal /nahr thee"keuhl/, adj. /nahr"theks/, n. Archit. an enclosed passage between the main entrance and the nave of a church. [1665-75; < LGk nárthex, Gk: giant ...
Naruhito, Crown Prince, and Princess Masako
▪ 1994        The June 9 wedding of Crown Prince Naruhito and Masako Owada in Tokyo was undoubtedly the most talked-about royal event in many years. In earlier times ...
Naruszewicz, Adam
▪ Polish bishop and historian in full  Adam Stanisław Naruszewicz   born October 20, 1733, Pinsk, Poland [now in Belarus] died July 6, 1796, Janów Podlaski, ...
Naruto
▪ Japan       city, Tokushima ken (prefecture), eastern Shikoku, Japan. The city lies along the Naruto Strait (Naruto-kaikyō), which connects the Inland Sea with the ...
Narva
/nahrdd"veuh/, n. a city in NE Estonia: Swedish defeat of Russians 1700. 82,300. * * * ▪ Estonia German  Narwa         city, Estonia. It lies along the Narva River, ...
Narváez
/nahrdd vah"eth, -vah"es/, n. Pánfilo de /pahm"fee law' dhe/, 1478?-1528, Spanish soldier and adventurer in America. * * *
Narváez, Panfilo de
▪ Spanish conquistador born c. 1478, , Valladolid, Castile died November 1528, Gulf of Mexico       Spanish conquistador, colonial official, and ...
Narváez, Pánfilode
Nar·vá·ez (när-väʹās', -ĕth), Pánfilo de. 1470?-1528. Spanish conquistador who was sent to capture and replace the disloyal Hernando Cortés in Mexico but was himself ...
Narváez, Ramón María, duque de Valencia
▪ prime minister of Spain born August 5, 1800, Loja, Granada, Spain died April 23, 1868, Madrid       Spanish general and conservative political leader, who supported ...
Narvik
/nahr"vik/, n. a seaport in N Norway. 13,297. * * * ▪ Norway       town and ice-free seaport, northern Norway, near the head of Ofotfjorden. It is a major ...
Narwar
▪ India       historic town, northern Madhya Pradesh state, central India, just east of the Sind River. Traditionally said to have been the capital of Raja Nala of the ...
narwhal
—narwhalian /nahr hway"lee euhn, -way"-, -wol"ee-/, adj. /nahr"weuhl/, n. a small arctic whale, Monodon monoceros, the male of which has a long, spirally twisted tusk extending ...
nary
/nair"ee/, adj. Older Use. not any; no; never a: nary a sound.. [1740-50; var. of ne'er a never a] * * *
Naryan-Mar
▪ Russia also spelled  Narian-mar         inland port and capital of the Nenets autonomous okrug (district), Arkhangelsk oblast (region), northwestern Russia. It lies ...
Naryn
▪ Kyrgyzstan       city and administrative centre of Naryn oblasty (province), Kyrgyzstan. It lies along the Naryn River at an elevation of 6,725 feet (2,050 metres). ...
Naryn River
▪ river, Central Asia Uzbek  Norin        river in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan that is fed by the glaciers and snows of the central Tien Shan (mountains). It becomes ...
Naryshkina, Natalya Kirillovna
▪ Russian regent born 1651, Russia died 1694, Moscow       second wife of Tsar Alexis of Russia and mother of Peter I the Great. After Alexis' death she became the ...
NAS
☆ NAS abbrev. 1. National Academy of Sciences 2. naval air station * * * NAS abbr. 1. National Academy of Sciences. 2. naval air station. * * * ▪ American rapper and ...
nas-
Nose. 1. nose, nuzzle; nostril, from Old English nosu, nose, from Germanic zero-grade form *nusō. 2. ness, from Old English næss, headland, from Germanic *nasja-. 3. ...
NASA
/nas"euh/, n. See National Aeronautics and Space Administration. * * * in full National Aeronautics and Space Administration Independent U.S. government agency established in ...
nasal
nasal1 —nasality /nay zal"i tee/, nasalism, n. /nay"zeuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the nose: the nasal cavity. 2. Phonet. pronounced with the voice issuing through the ...
nasal concha
turbinate (def. 5). * * * ▪ anatomy also called  Turbinate, or Turbinal,         any of several thin, scroll-shaped bony elements forming the upper chambers of the ...
nasal gland
▪ anatomy       in marine birds and reptiles that drink saltwater, gland that extracts the salt and removes it from the animal's body. Its function was unknown until ...
nasal gleet
Vet. Pathol. gleet (def. 2). * * *
nasal index
1. Craniom. (of the skull) the ratio of the distance from nasion to the lower margin of the nasal aperture to that of the maximum breadth of the nasal aperture. 2. Cephalom. (of ...
nasal polyp
▪ anatomy       lump of tissue that protrudes into the nasal cavity and sometimes obstructs it. Polyps can form as the result of allergic conditions or of inflammation ...
nasal spray
a liquid medication that can be atomized and inhaled into or through the nose. * * *
nasal tumour
▪ medicine       abnormal growth in the nose. Tumours may be malignant or may remain localized and nonrecurrent. The nose is a common site for tumour growth in the upper ...
nasalindex
nasal index n. The ratio of the width to the height of the nose, multiplied by 100, used in anthropological measurements. * * *
nasality
See nasal. * * *
nasalization
See nasalize. * * *
nasalize
—nasalization, n. /nay"zeuh luyz'/, v., nasalized, nasalizing. Phonet. v.t. 1. to pronounce as a nasal sound. v.i. 2. to pronounce normally oral sounds as nasal sounds. Also, ...
nasally
/nay"zeuh lee, -zeuhl lee/, adv. 1. in a nasal manner. 2. by inhaling through the nose: to take drugs nasally. [1840-50; NASAL1 + -LY] * * *
Nasarawa
▪ Nigeria also spelled  Nassarawa,         town, Nassarawa state, central Nigeria. The town lies just north of a fork in the Okwa River, which is a tributary of the ...
Nasby
/naz"bee/, n. Petroleum V., pen name of David Ross Locke. * * *
Nasby, Petroleum V.
▪ American humorist in full  Petroleum Vesuvius Nasby,  pseudonym of  David Ross Locke  born Sept. 20, 1833, Binghamton, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1888, Toledo, ...
Nasca
/nahs"kah, -keuh/, adj. Nazca. * * *
NASCAR
/nas"kahr/, n. National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing. Also, N.A.S.C.A.R. * * * ▪ sports organization in full  National Association for Stock Car Auto ...
NASCAR* champions
▪ Table NASCAR* champions year winner 1949 R. Byron 1950 B. Rexford 1951 H. Thomas 1952 T. Flock 1953 H. Thomas 1954 L. Petty 1955 T. Flock 1956 B. Baker 1957 B. ...
nascence
nas·cence (năsʹəns, nāʹsəns) n. A coming into being; birth. See Synonyms at beginning. * * *
nascency
See nascent. * * *
nascent
—nascence, nascency, n. /nas"euhnt, nay"seuhnt/, adj. 1. beginning to exist or develop: the nascent republic. 2. Chem. (of an element) in the nascent state. [1615-25; < L ...
nascent state
Chem. the condition of an element at the instant it is set free from a combination in which it has previously existed. Also called nascent condition. [1790-1800] * * *
Nascimento, Francisco Manuel do
▪ Portuguese poet pseudonym  Filinto Elísio   born Dec. 23, 1734, Lisbon, Port. died Feb. 25, 1819, Paris, France       the last of the Portuguese Neoclassical ...
NASD
National Association of Securities Dealers. Also, N.A.S.D. * * *
NASDAQ
/nas"dak, naz"-/, n. National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations: a system for quoting over-the-counter securities. * * * in full National Association of ...
naseberry
/nayz"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. naseberries. 1. the fruit of the sapodilla, Manilkara zapota. 2. the sapodilla tree. [1690-1700; alter. (by folk etym.) of Sp or Pg néspera < L ...
Naseby
/nayz"bee/, n. a village in W Northamptonshire, in central England: Royalist defeat 1645. * * *
Naseby, Battle of
(June 14, 1645) Decisive battle in the English Civil Wars between the Parliamentary New Model Army and the royalist army of Charles I. The two armies met near Naseby, south of ...
Nāṣer od-Dīn Shāh
▪ Qājār shah of Iran also spelled  Nasir Ad-din Shah   born July 17, 1831, Tehrān, Iran died May 1, 1896, Tehrān       Qājār shah of Iran (1848–96) who began ...
Nash
/nash/, n. 1. John, 1752-1835, English architect and city planner. 2. Ogden, 1902-71, U.S. writer of humorous verse. 3. Also, Nashe. Thomas, ("Pasquil"), 1567-1601, English ...
Nash, (Frederic) Ogden
born Aug. 19, 1902, Rye, N.Y., U.S. died May 19, 1971, Baltimore, Md. U.S. writer of humorous poetry. Nash sold his first verse in 1930 to The New Yorker, on whose staff he ...
Nash, Joe
▪ 2006 Joseph V. Nash        American dancer, historian, and archivist (b. Oct. 5, 1919, New York, N.Y.—d. April 13, 2005, New York City), performed in stage musicals, ...
Nash, John
born 1752, London?, Eng. died May 13, 1835, Cowes, Isle of Wight British architect and city planner. From 1798 Nash was employed by the Prince of Wales. Acquiring considerable ...
Nash, John F., Jr.
▪ American mathematician in full  John Forbes Nash, Jr.  born June 13, 1928, Bluefield, West Virginia, U.S.       American mathematician who was awarded the 1994 ...
Nash, John Forbes
born June 13, 1928, Bluefield, W.Va., U.S. U.S. mathematician. He earned a doctorate from Princeton University at 22. He began teaching at Massachusetts Institute of Technology ...
Nash, N. Richard
▪ 2001 Nathan Richard Nusbaum        American playwright, screenwriter, and novelist (b. June 7, 1913, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Dec. 11, 2000, New York, N.Y.), found his ...
Nash, Ogden
▪ American poet in full  Frederic Ogden Nash   born Aug. 19, 1902, Rye, N.Y., U.S. died May 19, 1971, Baltimore, Md.       American writer of humorous poetry who won ...
Nash, Paul
▪ British painter born May 11, 1889, London, England died July 11, 1946, Boscombe, Hampshire       British painter, printmaker, illustrator, and photographer who ...
Nash, Sir Walter
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born Feb. 12, 1882, Worcestershire, Eng. died June 4, 1968, Auckland, N.Z.  New Zealand (New Zealand Labour Party) statesman who was prime ...
Nash,Ogden
Nash (năsh), Ogden. 1902-1971. American writer known for his droll epigrammatic verse, much of which appeared in the New Yorker. * * *
Nash,Thomas
Nash or Nashe (năsh), Thomas. 1567-1601. English writer noted for his witty, often invective literary criticism and for The Unfortunate Traveller (1594), possibly the best ...
Nashe
Nashe [nash] Thomas 1567-1601; Eng. satirist & pamphleteer: also sp. Nash * * *
Nashe, Thomas
born 1567, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Eng. died с 1601, Yarmouth, Norfolk? English pamphleteer, poet, dramatist, and novelist. The first of the English prose eccentrics, Nashe wrote ...
nashiji
▪ lacquerwork also called  Aventurine,         in Japanese lacquerwork, form of maki-e (q.v.) that is frequently employed for the background of a pattern. Gold or ...
Nashik
▪ India also spelled  Nasik   city, northwestern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. It lies along the Godavari River and is situated along major road and ...
Nashim
▪ Judaism       (Hebrew: “Women”), the third of the six major divisions, or orders (sedarim), of the Mishna (codification of Jewish oral laws), which was given its ...
Nashua
/nash"ooh euh/, n. a city in S New Hampshire, on the Merrimack River. 67,865. * * * ▪ New Hampshire, United States       city, seat of Hillsborough county, southern ...
Nashville
/nash"vil/, n. a city in and the capital of Tennessee, in the central part: battle 1864. 455,651. * * * City (pop., 2000: 545,524), capital of Tennessee, U.S. It is located on ...
Nashville Convention
(1850) Two-session meeting of proslavery U.S. Southerners. In 1849 Mississippi held a convention at the urging of John C. Calhoun, calling for all slaveholding states to send ...
Nashville Dome
▪ geological formation, Tennessee, United States       southward geologic extension of the Cincinnati Arch that is prominent in central Tennessee, U.S. Ordovician ...
Nashville warbler
a North American wood warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla, having a gray head, an olive-green back, and yellow underparts. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
Nashville, Battle of
▪ American Civil War   (December 15–16, 1864), in the American Civil War, decisive Union victory over the Confederates that ended organized Southern resistance in ...
Nasi
/nah"see/, n. Jewish Hist. the head or president of the Sanhedrin. [ < Heb nasi chief] * * *
Näsi
/nas"ee/, n. Lake, a lake in SW Finland: city of Tampere located on its S shore. 20 mi. (32 km) long; 2-8 mi. (3.2-12.9 km) wide. * * *
Nasi, Joseph
▪ Jewish statesman born 1520, Portugal died Aug. 2, 1579, Constantinople       Jewish statesman and financier who rose to a position of power in the Ottoman Empire ...
Näsi, Lake
or Lake Näsijärvi Lake, southwestern Finland. About 20 mi (32 km) long and 8 mi (13 km) wide at its widest point, it is the largest of the Pyhä lakes. Its southern banks are ...
Nasik
/nah"sik/, n. a city in W Maharashtra, in W central India: pilgrimage city of the Hindus. 176,091. * * * ▪ India  town, northwestern Mahārāshtra state, western India. It ...
nasion
—nasial, adj. /nay"zee on'/, n. Craniom. the intersection of the internasal suture with the nasofrontal suture in the midsagittal plane. [1885-90; < NL, equiv. to L nas(us) ...
Nasir
(as used in expressions) Nasir al Din Shah Nasir e Khusraw Jamal Abd al Nasir * * *
Nāsir al-Dīn Shah
or Nāser od-Dīn Shah born (b. July 17, 1831, Tehrān, Iran died May 1, 1896, Tehrān Qājār dynasty shah of Iran (1848–96) who began his reign as a reformer but became ...
Nāṣir, an-
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph died 1225       34th ʿAbbāsid caliph (reigned 1180–1225), the last strong ʿAbbāsid caliph before the destruction of the dynasty by the ...
Nasir, Ibrahim
▪ 2009       Maldivian politician born Sept. 2, 1926, Male, British Maldives died Nov. 22, 2008, Singapore dominated life in the Indian Ocean archipelago of some 1,200 ...
Nāṣir-e Khusraw
born 1004, Qubādiyān, Khorāsān died с 1072/ 77, Yumgān, Central Asia Persian poet, theologian, and propagandist. Born into a family of government officials who belonged ...
Nāṣir-i Khusraw
▪ Persian author in full  Abū Muʿīn Nāṣir-i Khusraw Al-marvāzī Al-qubādiyānī  born 1004, Qubādiyān, Merv, Khorāsān [Iran] died c. 1072, /77, Yumgān, ...
Nāṣiriyyah, Al-
▪ Iraq       city, capital of Dhī Qār muḥāfaẓah (governorate), southeastern Iraq. It lies along the Euphrates River in a flat, date-growing area. Built largely ...
Naskapi
/nas"keuh pee/, n., pl. Naskapis, (esp. collectively) Naskapi for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of Labrador and Quebec. 2. the eastern Algonquian language ...
Naskhi
/nas"kee/, n. the cursive variety of Arabic script from which was derived the variety used in modern printed works. [1765-75; < Ar naskhi, akin to nasakha to copy] * * *
naskhī script
▪ calligraphy       Islāmic style of handwritten alphabet developed in the 4th century of the Islāmic era (i.e., the 10th century AD). From the beginning of Islāmic ...
Nasmyth, James
born Aug. 19, 1808, Edinburgh, Scot. died May 7, 1890, London, Eng. Scottish engineer. Son of the artist Alexander Nasmyth (1758–1840), he is known mainly for his invention ...
naso-
a combining form meaning "nose," used in the formation of compound words: nasology. [ < L nas(us) NOSE + -O-] * * *
nasofrontal
nasofrontal [nā΄zō frunt′'l] adj. of the nose and the frontal bone * * * na·so·fron·tal (nā'zō-frŭnʹtəl) adj. Of or relating to the nasal and frontal bones. * * *
nasogastric
/nay'zoh gas"trik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving the nose and stomach. [1955-60; NASO- + GASTRIC] * * *
nasolacrimal
/nay'zoh lak"reuh meuhl/, adj. Anat. of or pertaining to the lacrimal structures and the nose. Also, nasolachrymal. [1830-40; NASO- + LACRIMAL] * * *
nasolacrimal duct
Anat. a membranous canal extending from the lacrimal sac to the nasal cavity, through which tears are discharged into the nose. See diag. under lacrimal gland. * * *
nasology
—nasological /nay'zeuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —nasologist, n. /nay zol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of noses. [1850-55; NASO- + -LOGY] * * *
nasopharyngeal
See nasopharynx. * * *
nasopharynx
—nasopharyngeal /nay'zoh feuh rin"jee euhl, -jeuhl, -far'euhn jee"euhl/, adj. /nay'zoh far"ingks/, n., pl. nasopharynges /-feuh rin"jeez/, nasopharynxes. Anat. the part of the ...
Naṣr ibn Sayyār
▪ governor of Khorāsān died 748       governor of Khorāsān (now part of Iran) and other eastern provinces from 738 to 748, under the last of the Umayyad (Umayyad ...
Nasr, Sheikh Muhammad Hamid Abu an-
▪ 1997       Egyptian religious leader who from 1986 was the supreme guide of the country's largest Islamic fundamentalist group, the Muslim Brotherhood, as it grew in ...
Nasrallah, Hassan
▪ 2007  As a result of the war between Israel and Lebanon's Hezbollah resistance movement in July and August 2006, Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, secretary-general of Hezbollah, ...
Naṣrānī, Cape
or Raʾs Naṣrānī Inlet and cape, southeastern coast of the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. The site of an Egyptian military base, it was captured by Israeli forces in the Sinai ...
Naṣrid dynasty
▪ Muslim dynasty       last of the Muslim dynasties in Spain, rising to power following the defeat of the Almohads at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, in 1212. They ...
Nasrin, Taslima
▪ 1995       In early August 1994 the Bangladeshi feminist author Taslima Nasrin, disguised in the traditional shrouding dress of Muslim women, made her way through ...
NASS
(in full National Asylum Support Service) a British government office set up in 2000 which provides accommodation and financial help for asylum seekers (= people who have left ...
Nassau
/nas"aw/; for 2, 3, also Ger. /nah"sow/, n. 1. a seaport on New Providence Island: capital of the Bahamas; seaside resort. 100,000. 2. a district in central Germany: formerly a ...
Nassau grouper
a colorful food and game fish, Epinephelus striatus, common off the Florida Keys. * * *
Nassau Island
▪ island, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean       coral formation of the Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. ...
Nassau Mountains
former name of Maoke Mountains. * * *
Nasser
/nah"seuhr, nas"euhr/, n. 1. Gamal Abdel /geuh mahl" ab"dool, jeuh-/, 1918-70, Egyptian military and political leader: prime minister of Egypt 1954-56; president of Egypt ...
Nasser, Gamal Abdel
also spelled Jamāl ʽAbd al-Nāsir born Jan. 15, 1918, Alexandria, Egypt died Sept. 28, 1970, Cairo Egyptian army officer who was prime minister (1954–56) and president ...
Nasser, Lake
or Lake Nubia Lake, southern Egypt and northern Sudan. About 300 mi (480 km) long, it was formed in the 1960s by the construction of the Aswan High Dam in order to control the ...
Nasser,Gamal Abdel
Nas·ser (năsʹər, näʹsər), Gamal Abdel. 1918-1970. Egyptian army officer and politician who served as prime minister (1954-1956) and president (1956-1958) of Egypt and as ...
Nasser,Lake
Nasser, Lake A lake of southeast Egypt and northern Sudan. It was formed in the 1960s by the construction of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile river. The rising waters of the lake ...
NassRiver
Nass River (năs) A river of western British Columbia, Canada, flowing about 380 km (236 mi) southwest through the Coast Mountains to the Pacific Ocean north of Prince ...
Nast
/nast/, n. Thomas, 1840-1902, U.S. illustrator and cartoonist. * * *
Nast, Thomas
born Sept. 27, 1840, Landau, Baden died Dec. 7, 1902, Guayaquil, Ecua. German-born U.S. political cartoonist. He arrived in the U.S. at six, and from 1862 to 1886 he worked as ...
Nast,Thomas
Nast (năst), Thomas. 1840-1902. German-born American editorial cartoonist whose caricatures in Harper's Weekly contributed to the downfall of the Tweed Ring in New York City. ...
Nastase, Ilie
▪ Romanian tennis player born July 19, 1946, Bucharest, Rom.       Romanian tennis player known for his on-court histrionics and outstanding Davis Cup play. He was the ...
nastaʿlīq script
▪ calligraphy       predominant style of Persian calligraphy during the 15th and 16th centuries. The inventor was Mīr ʿAlī of Tabrīz (Mīr ʿAlī of Tabriz), the ...
nastic
/nas"tik/, adj. Bot. of or showing sufficiently greater cellular force or growth on one side of an axis to change the form or position of the axis. [1900-10; < Gk nast(ós) ...
nastily
See nasty. * * *
nastiness
See nastily. * * *
nasturtium
/na sterr"sheuhm, neuh-/, n. any plant of the genus Tropaeolum, cultivated for its showy, usually orange, red, or yellow flowers or for its fruit, which is pickled and used like ...
nasty
—nastily, adv. —nastiness, n. /nas"tee/, adj., nastier, nastiest, n., pl. nasties. adj. 1. physically filthy; disgustingly unclean: a nasty pigsty of a room. 2. offensive to ...
nasute
—nasuteness, n. /nay sooht"/, n. Entomol. a soldier termite characterized by a beaklike snout through which a sticky secretion repellent to other insects is emitted. [1645-55 ...
Nasution, Abdul
▪ 2001       Indonesian politician (b. Dec. 3, 1918, Kotanopan, North Sumatra, Dutch East Indies—d. Sept. 6, 2000, Jakarta, Indon.), was a leader in winning (1949) ...
NASUWT
(in full the National Association of Schoolmasters/Union of Women Teachers) a British trade union for teachers, formed in 1975. ➡ note at trade union. Compare NUT. * * *
Nat
/nat/, n. a male given name, form of Nathan or Nathaniel. * * * ▪ Burmese religion       in Burmese folk religion, any of a group of spirits that are the objects of an ...
Nat Turner
➡ Turner (III) * * *
Nat Turner: Confession (1831)
▪ Primary Source       Nat Turner led the best-known of all Southern slave revolts, which occurred on August 21, 1831, and climaxed a three-year period of unrest among ...
Nat ‘King’ Cole
➡ Cole * * *
nat.
1. national. 2. native. 3. natural. 4. naturalist. * * *
natal
/nayt"l/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a person's birth: celebrating one's natal day. 2. presiding over or affecting a person at birth: natal influences. 3. (of places) native: ...
Natal
—Natalian, adj., n. /neuh tal", -tahl"/; for 2 also Port. /neuh tawl"/, n. 1. a province in the E part of the Republic of South Africa. 4,236,700; 35,284 sq. mi. (91,886 sq. ...
natal chart
Astrol. the horoscope based on an individual's birth. Also called natal horoscope. * * *
Natal grass
▪ plant       any of several southern African grasses of the family Poaceae, and species Rhynchelytrum repens (formerly Tricholaena rosea), which in some areas is known ...
Natal orange
a spiny shrub, Strychnos spinosa, of the logania family, of central and southern Africa, having yellowish-white flowers and edible, berrylike, yellow fruit. * * *
Natal plum
1. a southern African bushy shrub, Carissa grandiflora, of the dogbane family, having forked spines, white flowers, and egg-shaped, red berries. 2. the fruit of this shrub. Also ...
Natalie
/nat"l ee/, n. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "birthday." Also, Natalia /neuh tal"yeuh, -tahl"-/. * * *
Natalis, Alexander
▪ French theologian and historian French  Alexandre Noël   born Jan. 19, 1639, Rouen, France died Aug. 21, 1724, Paris       controversial theologian and ...
natality
/nay tal"i tee, neuh-/, n. birthrate. [1885-90; < F natalité; see NATAL, -ITY] * * *
Natalplum
Natal plum n. A South African evergreen shrub (Carissa grandiflora) often cultivated as a hedge plant, having forked spines, white flowers, and an edible scarlet berry. * * *
natant
—natantly, adv. /nayt"nt/, adj. 1. swimming; floating. 2. Bot. floating on water, as the leaf of an aquatic plant. [1700-10; < L natant- (s. of natans), prp. of natare to swim; ...
Nataraja
The Hindu god Shiva in his form as the cosmic dancer. The most common images show him with four arms and flying locks, dancing on a dwarf (a symbol of human ignorance) and ...
Natasha
/neuh tah"sheuh/, n. a female given name, Russian form of Natalie. Also, Natascha. * * *
Natashquan
Na·tash·quan or Na·tash·kwan (nə-tăshʹkwən) A river of eastern Canada rising in southern Labrador and flowing about 388 km (241 mi) southward across eastern Quebec to ...
natation
—natational, adj. /nay tay"sheuhn, na-/, n. an act or the skill of swimming. [1535-45; < L natation- (s. of natatio), equiv. to natat(us) (ptp. of natare to swim) + -ion- ...
natator
/nay"teuh teuhr/, n. a swimmer. [1815-25; < L, equiv. to nata(re) to swim + -tor -TOR] * * *
natatorial
/nay'teuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-, nat'euh-/, adj. pertaining to, adapted for, or characterized by swimming: natatorial birds. Also, natatory. [1810-20; NATAT(ION) + -ORIAL] * * *
natatorium
/nay'teuh tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-, nat'euh-/, n., pl. natatoriums, natatoria /-tawr"ee euh, -tohr"-/. a swimming pool, esp. one that is indoors. [1885-90; < LL natatorium swimming ...
natch
/nach/, adv. Slang. of course; naturally. [shortening and resp. of NATURALLY] * * *
Natchez
/nach"iz/, n., pl. Natchez for 2. 1. a port in SW Mississippi, on the Mississippi River. 22,015. 2. a member of an extinct Muskhogean Indian tribe once living on the lower ...
Natchez Trace
U.S. Hist. a road begun in 1806 between Natchez, Miss., and Nashville, Tenn.: about 500 mi. (800 km) long. * * * Old road, southeastern U.S. It follows an Indian trail (or ...
Natchez Trace Parkway
▪ highway, United States       scenic and historic roadway, extending 444 miles (715 km) through Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee, U.S. It begins in Natchez, ...
Natchitoches
/nak"i tosh'/, n. a city in NW Louisiana. 16,664. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, seat (1807) of Natchitoches parish, west-central Louisiana, U.S., on ...
nates
/nay"teez/, n. (used with a pl. v.) buttocks; rump. [1675-85; < L nates, pl. of natis; generally used in the pl.; akin to Gk nôton the back] * * *
Natha
▪ Indian religious sect       religious movement of India whose members strive for immortality by transforming the human body into an imperishable divine body. It ...
Nathalie
/nat"l ee/; Fr. /nann tann lee"/, n. a female given name. * * *
Nathan
/nay"theuhn/, n. 1. a prophet during the reigns of David and Solomon. II Sam. 12; I Kings 1:34. 2. George Jean, 1882-1958, U.S. drama critic, author, and editor. 3. Robert, ...
Nathan Hale
➡ Hale (II) * * *
Nathan Leopold Junior
➡ Leopold and Loeb * * *
Nathan Mayer Rothschild
➡ Rothschild * * *
Nathan, George Jean
▪ American writer born Feb. 14, 1882, Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S. died April 8, 1958, New York City       American author, editor, and drama critic, who is credited with ...
Nathan, Maud
▪ American social leader born Oct. 20, 1862, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 15, 1946, New York City       American social welfare leader who helped to found the ...
Nathan,George Jean
Nathan, George Jean. 1882-1958. American writer and editor who founded and edited (1924-1930) the American Mercury with H.L. Mencken and was a widely influential drama critic. * ...
Nathanael
/neuh than"ee euhl, -than"yeuhl/, n. a disciple of Jesus, possibly Bartholomew. John 1:45-51. * * *
Nathanael West
➡ West (III) * * *
Nathaniel
/neuh than"yeuhl/, n. 1. Bartholomew (def. 1). 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "gift of God." * * * (as used in expressions) Bacon Nathaniel Behrman Samuel ...
Nathaniel Hawthorne
➡ Hawthorne * * *
Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild
➡ Rothschild * * *
Nathans
/nay"theuhnz/, n. Daniel, born 1928, U.S. biologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1978. * * *
Nathans, Daniel
born Oct. 30, 1928, Wilmington, Del., U.S. died Nov. 16, 1999, Baltimore, Md. U.S. microbiologist. He received a medical degree from Washington University. Working principally ...
Nathans,Daniel
Na·thans (nāʹthənz), Daniel. 1928-1999. American microbiologist. He shared a 1978 Nobel Prize for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to molecular ...
Nathdwara
▪ India       town, southern Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India, just south of the Banas River. Connected by road with Udaipur and close to the Malvi ...
natheless
/nayth"lis, nath"-/, Archaic. adv. nevertheless. Also, nathless /nath"lis/. [bef. 900; ME; OE nathelaes, equiv. to na not (see NA) + the, var. of thy instrumental sing. definite ...
Natick
/nay"tik/, n. 1. a town in E Massachusetts, W of Boston. 29,461. 2. a dialect of the Massachusett language. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), ...
nation
—nationhood, n. —nationless, adj. /nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or ...
Nation
/nay"sheuhn/, n. Carry or Carrie (Amelia Moore), 1846-1911, U.S. temperance leader. * * * I People whose common identity creates a psychological bond and a political ...
Nation of Islam
an organization composed chiefly of American blacks, advocating the teachings of Islam and originally favoring the separation of races: members are known as Black Muslims. * * ...
Nation, Carry
▪ American temperance leader in full  Carry Amelia Nation , née  Carry Amelia Moore  born Nov. 25, 1846, Garrard county, Ky., U.S. died June 9, 1911, Leavenworth, ...
Nation, Carry (Amelia)
orig. Carry Moore born Nov. 25, 1846, Garrard county, Ky., U.S. died June 9, 1911, Leavenworth, Kan. U.S. temperance advocate. Though she held a teaching certificate, her ...
Nation, The
U.S. weekly journal of opinion, the oldest continuously published U.S. periodical. Founded in 1865 by Frederick Law Olmsted and Edwin L. Godkin (1831–1902) as a reformist ...
Nation,Carry Amelia Moore
Na·tion (nāʹshən), Carry Amelia Moore. 1846-1911. American temperance crusader who conducted a series of raids on saloons, in which she used a hatchet to break liquor ...
nation-state
/nay"sheuhn stayt'/, n. a sovereign state inhabited by a relatively homogeneous group of people who share a feeling of common nationality. [1915-20] * * *
national
—nationally, adv. /nash"euh nl, nash"neuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or maintained by a nation as an organized whole or independent political unit: national affairs. 2. ...
National Academy
one of four organizations in the US, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine, which support research in these areas, ...
National Academy for Gifted and Talented Youth
(abbr NAGTY) a centre based at the University of Warwick in England, set up by the government to provide educational support to children and young people under 19 who have higher ...
National Academy of Engineering
➡ National Academy * * *
National Academy of Sciences
a private organization, created by an act of Congress (1863), that furthers science and advises the U.S. government on scientific and technical issues. Abbr.: N.A.S., NAS * * ...
National Action Bloc
▪ political party, Morocco Arabic  Kutlah al-ʿAmal al-Waṭanī        first Moroccan political party, founded in 1934 to counteract mounting French domination of ...
National Action Party
▪ political party, Mexico Spanish  Partido Acción Nacional        conservative Mexican political party with close ties to the Roman Catholic church. It generally ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
the federal agency that institutes and administers the civilian programs of the U.S. government that deal with aeronautical research and the development of launch vehicles and ...
National Air and Space Museum
a US museum of air and space travel which is part of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. Its displays include the Wright Flyer (the first aircraft to fly ...
National Air Traffic Services
(abbr NATS) the organization which controls aircraft travelling to and from the UK. It deals with more than 2 million flights every year from four main centres in England and ...
National Alliance
▪ political party, Italy formerly (until 1994)  Italian Social Movement , Italian  Alleanza Nazionale , or  Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI)        nationalist ...
National American Woman Suffrage Association
▪ American organization       American organization created in 1890 by the merger of the two major rival women's rights organizations—the National Woman Suffrage ...
national anthem
      hymn or song expressing patriotic sentiment and either governmentally authorized as an official national hymn or holding that position in popular feeling. The oldest ...
national anthems
Britain’s official national anthem is God Save the Queen (or God Save the King if the ruler is a man). It is not known who wrote the words, but it seems that the song, said to ...
National Aquarium
▪ aquarium, Washington, District of Columbia, United States       oldest public aquarium in the United States. Originally built at Woods Hole, Mass., in 1873, the ...
National Aquarium in Baltimore
▪ aquarium, Baltimore, Maryland, United States       one of the largest public aquariums in the United States. The aquarium, which opened in 1981 in the Inner Harbor ...
National Archaeological Museum
▪ museum, Athens, Greece Greek  Ethnikon Archaiologikon Mouseion,        in Athens, museum of ancient Greek art, containing probably the finest collection of Greek ...
National Archives
the British government organization which is responsible for the collections of official government papers and historical manuscripts, the earliest of which date from the 11th ...
National Archives and Records Administration
(abbr NARA) the US government’s official collection of historical records, documents, papers, films, maps, etc. They include the original Declaration of Independence, the ...
National Army Museum
▪ museum, London, United Kingdom       museum of the British army. Established in 1960 at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, it has occupied purpose-built premises ...
National Art Collections Fund
a British charity that tries to keep great works of art in museums and galleries in Britain. Since it was started in 1903, it has saved more than 750 000 art objects from being ...
National Art Gallery
▪ museum, Wellington, New Zealand       in Wellington, N.Z., national collection of paintings by New Zealand and European artists and portraits of prominent New Zealand ...
National Assembly
French Assemblée Nationale French parliamentary body. The name was used first during the French Revolution to designate the revolutionary assembly formed by representatives of ...
National Assembly for Wales
➡ Welsh Assembly. * * *
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
an interracial U.S. organization working for political and civil equality of black people: organized in 1910. Abbr.: NAACP * * * ▪ American ...
National Association of Clubs for Young People
(in Britain) an organization of more than 3 000 clubs for young people which provide sports and outdoor activities such as sailing and climbing, usually for people in cities who ...
National Association of Colored Women
▪ American organization   American organization formed at a convention in Washington, D.C., as the product of the merger in 1896 of the National Federation of Afro-American ...
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches
▪ American religious organization       association of churches organized in Detroit, Mich., in 1955 by ministers and laymen of Congregational Christian Churches who did ...
National Association of Evangelicals
▪ American religious organization       fellowship of Evangelical Protestant groups in the United States, founded in 1942 by 147 Evangelical leaders. It embraces some 50 ...
National Association of Free Will Baptists
▪ American religious organization       association of Baptist churches organized in Nashville, Tennessee, U.S., in 1935. It traces its history back to Free Will, or ...
National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage
▪ American organization       organization formed in New York City in 1911 during a convention of state antisuffrage (woman suffrage) groups. Led by Josephine Dodge ...
National Awakening Party
▪ political party, Indonesia Indonesian  Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa (PKB) , also called  People's Awakening Party         moderate Islamic political party in ...
national bank
1. a bank chartered by the U.S. government and formerly authorized to issue notes that served as money. 2. a bank owned and administered by the government, as in some European ...
National Baptist Convention of the United States of America, Inc.
▪ formed 1915 also called  National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.         the larger of two associations of black Baptist churches that formed after a schism in ...
National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.
▪ formed 1895       association of black Baptist churches formed in 1895 in Atlanta, Ga., from the merger of the Foreign Mission Baptist Convention (established 1880), ...
National Basketball Association
➡ NBA. * * * ▪ American sports organization  professional basketball league formed in the United States in 1949 by the merger of two rival organizations, the National ...
National Basketball Association (NBA)
U.S. professional basketball league. It was formed in 1949 by the merger of two rival organizations, the National Basketball League (founded 1937) and the Basketball Association ...
National Basketball Association (NBA) Championship
▪ Table National Basketball Association (NBA) Championship season winner runner-up results 1946–47 Philadelphia Warriors Chicago Stags 4–1 1947–48 Baltimore ...
National Book Award
any of several awards given annually, 1949-79, to an author whose book was judged the best in its category: administered by the Association of American Publishers. Abbr.: NBA, ...
National Book Awards
▪ American literary award       annual awards given to books of the highest quality written by Americans and published by American publishers. The awards were founded in ...
National Book Critics Circle
(abbr NBCC) a US organization for book reviewers. It has about 700 members and was established in 1974. In the same year it started presenting the National Book Critics Circle ...
National Book Critics Circle Awards
➡ National Book Critics Circle * * *
National Botanic Gardens of South Africa
▪ garden, Kirstenbosch, South Africa also called  Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens         one of the world's largest botanical gardens, occupying a 1,305-acre ...
National Botanical Garden of Belgium
▪ garden, Meise, Belgium French  Jardin Botanique National de Belgique , Flemish  Nationale Plantentuin van België        botanical garden consisting of the plant ...
National Broadcasting Co., Inc.
▪ American corporation       major American commercial broadcasting company, now a subsidiary of General (General Electric Co.) Electric Company (GE).       NBC ...
National Bureau of Standards
U.S. Govt. the federal agency that establishes the standards for units used in measuring the physical properties of substances. Abbr.: NBS, N.B.S. * * *
National Capital Parks
▪ park system, United States       system of national monuments and government-owned parks and recreation areas in and around the District of Columbia, U.S. The system ...
national cemetery
a cemetery, maintained by the U.S. government, for persons who have served honorably in the armed forces. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
National Centre of Independents and Peasants
▪ political party, France French  Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans (CNIP)        French political party founded in 1949. It grew out of the National ...
National Charter.
See under Chartism. * * *
National Childbirth Trust
(abbr the NCT) a British organization that aims to teach people about the process of having babies and about looking after them. People who are having their first child can go to ...

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