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national church
an independent church within a country, usually representing the prevalent religion. Cf. established church. [1645-55] * * *
National Church of Iceland
▪ church, Iceland       established, state-supported Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland. Christian missionaries came to the country in the late 10th century, and ...
National City
a city in SW California, near San Diego. 48,772. * * *
National Coal Board
▪ British corporation       British public corporation created on Jan. 1, 1947, which operates previously private coal mines, manufactures coke and smokeless fuels, and ...
National Collegiate Athletic Association
➡ NCAA. * * * ▪ American organization  organization in the United States that administers intercollegiate athletics. It was formed in 1906 as the Intercollegiate Athletic ...
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)
Organization that administers U.S. intercollegiate athletics. It was formed in 1906 but did not acquire significant powers to enforce its rules until 1942. Headquartered at ...
National Communism
      policies based on the principle that in each country the means of attaining ultimate communist (communism) goals must be dictated by national conditions rather than ...
National Conference of Christians and Jews
an organization founded in 1928 to promote better understanding among Protestants, Catholics, and Jews: headquarters in New York City. * * *
National Congress of Parents and Teachers
▪ American organization byname  Parent-Teacher Association (PTA)        American organization concerned with the educational, social, and economic well-being of ...
National Consumer Council
an independent organization started by the British government in 1975 to work on behalf of the public who pay for goods and services. It aims to improve companies and products ...
National Consumers League
(abbr NCL) a US organization, established in 1899, which influences the government to pass laws to protect people who buy goods or use services. It is private and does not make a ...
National Convention
1. Fr. Hist. the legislature of France 1792-95. 2. U.S. Politics. a convention held every four years by each of the major political parties to nominate a presidential ...
National Council for Education and Training for Wales
➡ Learning and Skills Council * * *
National Council of Hispanic Women
▪ American organization       organization of both individuals and organizations, such as universities and corporations, founded in 1985 with the mission of empowering ...
National Council of Jewish Women
▪ American organization       oldest volunteer Jewish women's organization in the United States, founded in 1893. Prompted by Jewish values, the organization works with ...
National Council of Negro Women
▪ American organization       American umbrella organization, founded by Mary McLeod Bethune (Bethune, Mary McLeod) in New York City on December 5, 1935, whose mission ...
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.
▪ American religious organization also called  National Council Of Churches         an agency of Protestant, Anglican, and Eastern Orthodox denominations that was ...
National Covenant
an agreement (1638) among Scottish Presbyterians to uphold their faith in Scotland. Cf. Solemn League and Covenant. * * * ▪ Scottish history       solemn agreement ...
National Curriculum
The National Curriculum was introduced in all state schools in England and Wales in 1988. Children’s education from 5 to 16 is divided into four key stages. Key stage 1 covers ...
National Curriculum Test
n (abbr NCT) a test taken by British schoolchildren to check their progress in subjects of the National Curriculum. Tests are taken at the ages of 7, 11 and 14. They are often ...
National Cycle Network
over 12 000 kilometres of cycling and walking routes in Britain which are managed by local organizations and coordinated by the transport charity Sustrans. A third of the routes ...
National Day
▪ Chinese holiday  holiday celebrated on October 1 to mark the formation of the People's Republic of China (China). The holiday is also celebrated by China's two special ...
national debt
the financial obligations of a national government resulting from deficit spending. Also called public debt. [1775-85, Amer.] * * * or public debt Total indebtedness of a ...
National Diet Library
▪ library, Tokyo, Japan Japanese  Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan,         the national library of Japan, formed at Tokyo in 1948 and combining the libraries of the upper ...
National Education Association
➡ NEA. * * * ▪ American organization       American voluntary association of teachers, administrators, and other educators associated with elementary and secondary ...
National Education Association (NEA)
Voluntary association of U.S. teachers, administrators, and other educators associated with elementary and secondary schools and colleges and universities. Founded in 1857 as ...
National Election
▪ 1999       The most surprising result of the national election in Germany on Sept. 27, 1998, was the magnitude of the electoral shift. The left-of-centre Social ...
National Endowment for the Arts
U.S. Govt. an independent agency that stimulates the growth and development of the arts in the U.S. by awarding grants to individuals and organizations. * * * ▪ United States ...
National Endowment for the Arts (NEA)
Independent agency of the U.S. government that supports the creation, dissemination, and performance of the arts. It was created by the U.S. Congress in 1965 and funds projects ...
National Endowment for the Humanities
U.S. Govt. an independent agency that stimulates the growth and development of the humanities in the U.S. by awarding grants to individuals and organizations. * * * ▪ United ...
National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)
U.S. independent agency. Founded in 1965, it supports research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities. It provides grants to museums, libraries, ...
National Enquirer
a popular US tabloid newspaper, first published in 1952. It contains articles which are often difficult to believe about the private lives of famous people, creatures from space, ...
National Executive Committee
(abbr the NEC) a committee elected by the British Labour Party and trade unions to make decisions about the policy of the Labour Party. Under the Labour government of Tony Blair ...
National Exhibition Centre
(abbr the NEC) a large centre for exhibitions and conferences near Birmingham in England, opened in 1976. It holds over 100 exhibitions a year. An example is the Motor Show. * * *
National Federation of Women’s Institutes
➡ Women’s Institute * * *
National Film Board of Canada (NFB)
Canadian department of film production. It was established in 1939 and directed by John Grierson (1898–1972), who developed the studio into a leading producer of ...
National Film Theatre
(abbr the NFT) a cinema on the South Bank in London, run by the British Film Institute. It shows the best British and foreign films from all periods, and films of special ...
National Football Conference
(abbr the NFC) (in American football) one of two groups of teams in the National Football League (NFL). The NFC has four divisions with four teams in each division. The other NFL ...
National Football League
(abbr the NFL) the organization for professional American football teams. It is divided into the American Football Conference and the National Football Conference and both have ...
National Football League (NFL)
Major professional football organization in the U.S. It was founded in 1920 at Canton, Ohio; its first president was Jim Thorpe. In 1970 it merged with the rival American ...
national forest
forested land owned, maintained, and preserved by the U.S. government. [1880-85] * * * In the U.S., any of numerous forest areas under federal supervision for the purposes of ...
National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities
U.S. Govt. an independent agency, created in 1965, that develops a national policy of support for the arts and humanities. * * *
National Front
an extreme right-wing political party in Britain. It was formed in 1966 and caused some street violence in the 1970s, mainly because of its campaign against black and Asian ...
National Gallery
(in Britain) the buildings in Trafalgar Square, London, which contain the largest collection of paintings belonging to the nation. The paintings represent every period and style ...
National Gallery of Art
a US museum of art owned by the nation and supported by the government. It is part of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC, and was established in 1937, when Andrew ...
National Gallery of Canada
National art museum founded in Ottawa in 1880. Its holdings include extensive collections of Canadian art as well as important European works. Its nucleus was formed with the ...
National Gallery of Modern Art
▪ museum, Rome, Italy Italian  Galleria Nazionale D'arte Moderna,         in Rome, important collection devoted to Italian artists and forming a full survey of 19th- ...
National Gallery of Scotland
a building in Edinburgh which contains an important collection of European and Scottish paintings from the 14th to the early 20th century. It was opened in 1859. * * *
National Gallery of Victoria
▪ museum, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia       major Australian art museum, located in Melbourne, Victoria, with collections ranging over European, Asian, and ...
National Geographic
a US magazine published each month by the National Geographic Society. It has about 9 million readers and is famous for its beautiful photographs and maps as well as its articles ...
National Geographic Magazine
▪ American magazine       monthly magazine of geography, archaeology, anthropology, and exploration, providing the armchair traveler with literate and accurate accounts ...
National Geographic Society
U.S. scientific society founded in 1888 in Washington, D.C., by a small group of eminent explorers and scientists "for the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge. " At ...
national grid
n [sing] 1. the network of equipment that supplies electricity all over England, Scotland and Wales. 2. the system of horizontal and vertical lines that is used on British ...
National Grid for Learning
(abbr NGfL) a British government website set up in 1998 which provides information and links to education resources for teachers and students that are available on the ...
National Guard
state military forces, in part equipped, trained, and quartered by the U.S. government, and paid by the U.S. government, that become an active component of the army when called ...
National Guard of the United States
☆ National Guard of the United States n. those members and units of the National Guard that have been accorded federal recognition as a reserve component of the Army or Air ...
National Guard, U.S.
Reserve group organized by the U.S. Army and Air Force. Every state and territory of the U.S. has a National Guard, which can be called on by state governors during emergencies ...
National Guardsman
guardsman (def. 2). * * *
National Guardsmen
➡ National Guard * * *
National Health Service
(abbr the NHS) the British public service providing medical care that is paid for mainly by the government. British people have strong feelings about its importance, and it is ...
National Health Service (NHS)
Comprehensive government public-health service in Britain covering virtually the entire population, established in 1946. Financed primarily by general taxes, most services are ...
National Heritage Memorial Fund
a fund (= money for a special purpose) set up by the British parliament in 1980 for buying and preserving buildings, works of art and other objects that are seen as part of ...
national historic trails
➡ long-distance paths and national trails * * *
National Hockey League
➡ hockey * * *  organization of professional ice hockey teams in North America, formed in 1917 by five Canadian teams, to which the first U.S. team, the Boston Bruins, was ...
National Hockey League (NHL)
Organization of professional North American ice-hockey teams. The league was formed in 1917 by five Canadian teams; the first U.S. team, the Boston Bruins, was added in 1924. It ...
national holiday
1. a holiday that is observed throughout a nation. 2. a holiday that is legally established by a national government rather than by a municipal or state government. [1865-70, ...
National Hunt
the British name for professional horse racing over jumps, also called steeplechasing. It comes from the name of the organization that is responsible for the sport in Britain, ...
national income
the total net earnings from the production of goods and services in a country over a period of time, usually one year, and consisting essentially of wages, salaries, rent, ...
national income accounting
Set of principles and methods used to measure a country's income and production. There are two ways of measuring national economic activity: the expenditure approach, which ...
National Industrial Recovery Act
an act of Congress (1933, declared unconstitutional in 1936) that enabled the president and the National Recovery Administration to formulate and execute measures for reducing ...
National Institutes of Health
▪ United States agency       agency of the United States government that conducts and supports biomedical research into the causes, cure, and prevention of disease. The ...
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
U.S. government agency that conducts or supports biomedical research. It is made up of numerous specialized institutes (e.g., National Cancer Institute; National Heart, Lung, ...
National Insurance
n [U] (abbr NI) (in Britain) a system of payments, called National Insurance contributions, that all working people and employers have to make. The money is used by the ...
National Insurance contributions
➡ National Insurance * * *
National Insurance number
➡ National Insurance * * *
National Intergroup, Inc.
▪ American company       American holding company established in 1983 to facilitate the diversification of National Steel Corporation. Formerly headquartered in ...
National Invitation Tournament
      collegiate basketball competition initiated in the United States in 1938 by New York City basketball writers and held annually since then in Madison Square Garden ...
National Labor Relations Act
an act of Congress (1935) that forbade any interference by employers with the formation and operation of labor unions. Also called Wagner Act. Cf. Taft-Hartley Act. * * *
National Labor Relations Board
U.S. Govt. a board consisting of five members, originally set up under the National Labor Relations Act to guarantee workers' rights to organize and to prevent unfair labor ...
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
U.S. government agency charged with administering the National Labor Relations Act (1935). The three-member NLRB, appointed by the president, organizes elections to determine ...
National Labor Union
▪ American labour organization       in U.S. history, a political-action movement that from 1866 to 1873 sought to improve working conditions through legislative reform ...
National League
the older of the two major professional U.S. baseball leagues, established in 1876. Abbr.: N.L. * * * Oldest existing U.S. major-league professional baseball organization. The ...
National Liberal Party
German Nationalliberale Partei Political party that was active first in Prussia and the North German Confederation from 1867, then in Germany in 1871–1918. From 1871 until ...
National Liberation Front
1. the name taken by nationalist insurgent groups in various countries. 2. Also called National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. a political organization formed by the Vietcong ...
national library
a library established and funded by a national government with the designation national, to serve the needs of this government, often to function as a library of record for the ...
National Lottery
(in Britain) a lottery which raises money for the arts, sports, charities, the National Heritage Memorial Fund, and other projects. The lottery was introduced by the government ...
National Lottery Commission
➡ lotteries * * *
National Mall
➡ Mall * * *
National Maritime Museum
a museum in Greenwich, London, with a collection of paintings, boats and other historical items connected with the sea. * * * ▪ museum, Greenwich, London, United ...
National Merit Scholarship
one of some 6000 college scholarships awarded annually since 1956, by the nonprofit, grant-supported National Merit Scholarship Corporation, to high-school students (National ...
national monument
a monument, as a historic site or geographical area, owned and maintained in the public interest by the federal government. [1905-10, Amer.] * * * In the U.S., any of numerous ...
national monuments
➡ nature reserves * * *
National Motor Museum
a museum at Beaulieu near Southampton, England, with a large collection of motor vehicles from every period from the late 19th century to the present day. It is one of ...
National Motto
the official US motto since 1956: ‘In God We Trust.’ It is based on a line from The Star-Spangled Banner: ‘And this be our motto: “In God is our trust.”’ The motto ...
National Museum
▪ museum, Lima, Peru Spanish  Museo de la Nación        museum in Lima, Peru, containing artifacts that offer an overview of pre-Hispanic human history in Peru. It ...
National Museum and Gallery
a museum in Cardiff, Wales, with exhibitions of archaeology, nature, art, and industrial and social history, mainly, but not only, connected with Wales. * * *
National Museum of African Art
▪ museum, Washington, District of Columbia, United States       American museum of African art (art, African), part of the Smithsonian Institution, located on the Mall ...
National Museum of Anthropology
▪ museum, Mexico City, Mexico Spanish  Museo Nacional De Antropología,         in Mexico City, world-famous repository of some 600,000 art and other objects relating ...
National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru, The
▪ museum, Lima, Peru Spanish  El Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología, e Historia del Perú        museum in Lima, Peru, noted for its historical artifacts ...
National Museum of Fine Arts
▪ museum, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Portuguese  Museu Nacional de Belas Artes,         national art collection, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, inherited from the Imperial ...
National Museum of History
▪ museum, Mexico City, Mexico Spanish  Museo Nacional De Historia,        in Mexico City, an offshoot of the National Museum of Anthropology (founded 1825). In 1940 ...
National Museum of India
▪ museum, Delhi, India       in New Delhi, museum devoted to Indian art history and iconography as well as to Buddhist studies. The museum was merged with the Asian ...
National Museum of Iraq
▪ museum, Baghdad, Iraq       museum of antiquities located in Baghdad, Iraq, featuring Iraqi art and artifacts dating from the Stone Age civilization of the Fertile ...
National Museum of Modern Art
▪ museum, Tokyo, Japan Japanese  Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan,         museum in Tokyo devoted to important Japanese works of art of the 20th century. The collection ...
National Museum of Natural History
▪ museum, Washington, District of Coumbia, United States       American museum of natural history, part of the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall ...
National Museum of New Zealand
▪ museum, Wellington, New Zealand       in Wellington, general museum of science and the natural history of New Zealand. A Maori section contains artifacts and ...
National Museum of Photography, Film and Television
a museum in Bradford, England that opened in 1983. It has historical films and other items connected with the history of photography, film and television, and also has three ...
National Museum of the American Indian
▪ museum, United States        Smithsonian Institution museum established by an act of Congress in 1989, with branches in New York City; Suitland, Maryland; and ...
National Museum of Western Art
▪ museum, Tokyo, Japan Japanese  Kokuritsu Seiyō Bijutsukan,         Japanese national collection of European art, located in Ueno Park, Tokyo. The museum building, ...
National Museums of Berlin
▪ German organization German  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin   a network of state-run museums in Berlin, Ger., each specializing in a separate subject.       Taken ...
National Nature Reserve
n any of several areas of land in Britain that are protected by law in order to preserve the plants and animals that live there, or to preserve other features of the environment. ...
national nature reserves
➡ nature reserves * * *
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
U.S. Govt. a division of the Department of Commerce, created in 1970, that conducts research on the world's oceans and atmosphere. Abbr.: NOAA * * *
National Organization for Women
a women's rights organization founded in 1966. Abbr.: NOW * * * ▪ American organization       American activist organization (founded 1966) that promotes equal rights ...
National Organization for Women (NOW)
U.S. women's rights organization. It was founded in 1966 by Betty Friedan to promote equal rights for women, particularly in the area of employment. With some 500,000 members ...
National Palace Museum
▪ museum, Taipei, Taiwan       major art museum of China, at Taipei, that preserves many of the art holdings of the Chinese imperial collection. The museum houses more ...
national park
an area of scenic beauty, historical importance, or the like, owned and maintained by a national government for the use of the people. [1865-70, Amer.] * * * Area set aside by a ...
National Park Service
U.S. Govt. a division of the Department of the Interior, created in 1916, that administers national parks, monuments, historic sites, and recreational areas. * * *
national parks
➡ national parks and protected areas * * *
national parks and protected areas
The idea of national parks began in the US, which now has 54 of them, covering over 80 000 square miles (200 000 square kilometres). The great majority are in western states. ...
National Party
▪ political party, Australia also called (1975–82)  National Country Party , or (1914–75)  Country Party        an Australian political party that for most of ...
National Party of South Africa
South African political party that ruled the country in 1948–94. Its following includes most Afrikaners and many English-speaking whites. It was founded in 1914 by J.B.M. ...
National Portrait Gallery
a building in London containing thousands of paintings and photographs of famous people from British history. It is next to the National Gallery and was opened in 1896. * * ...
National Postal Museum
▪ museum, London, United Kingdom       philatelic (philately) museum and research centre in the City of London (London, City of). It is located in a section of London's ...
National preserves
➡ national parks and protected areas * * *
National Primitive Baptist Convention, Inc.
▪ American religious organization       association of independent black Baptist churches in the United States that were joined in a national convention in 1907. The ...
National Progressive party.
See Progressive party (def. 1). * * *
National Public Radio
n. a nationwide network of nonprofit radio stations supported in part by U.S. government funds distributed by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, often affiliated with a ...
National Public Radio (NPR)
U.S. public radio network. It was established by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in 1970 to provide programming to U.S. noncommercial and educational radio stations. ...
National Radio Astronomy Observatory
an observatory founded in 1956 by the National Science Foundation, currently with three sites of operation: one near Green Bank, W. Va., having 300-ft. (91-m) and 140-ft. (43-m) ...
National Railway Museum
a museum in York which contains a large collection of old railway carriages and steam locomotives, including the world speed record holder for steam engines, the Mallard. The ...
National Recovery Administration
▪ United States history  U.S. government agency established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to stimulate business recovery through fair-practice codes during the Great ...
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
(1933–35) U.S. government agency established to stimulate business recovery during the Great Depression. As part of the National Industrial Recovery Act (1933), the NRA ...
National recreation areas
➡ national parks and protected areas * * *
National Republican Party
U.S. political party formed after the Jeffersonian Republicans split in 1825. The National Republicans included followers of John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay and opponents of ...
National Research Council
one of the four national academies in the US which carries out research and provides expert advice and information to the government and Congress. * * *
National Review
▪ American magazine       biweekly magazine of news and opinion published in New York City, and the leading conservative journal in the United States. It was founded in ...
National Revolutionary Party
Spanish  Partido Revolutionario Nacional,         Mexico's major political party from 1929 to 1938, when it changed its name to the Institutional Revolutionary Party ...
National Rifle Association
(abbr the NRA) a US organization, established in 1871, which supports the use of guns for hunting, sport and self-defence. Its 3.4 million members argue that according to the US ...
National Rifle Association (NRA)
Governing organization for the sport of shooting with rifles and pistols. It was founded in Britain in 1860. The U.S. organization, formed in 1871, has a membership of some four ...
National Rifle Association of America
▪ United States organization       governing organization for the sport of shooting with rifles and pistols, formed in the United States in 1871. By the early 1990s it ...
National Roman Museum
▪ museum, Rome, Italy Italian  Museo Nazionale Romano,         in Rome, one of the world's greatest museums of ancient Greco-Roman art, founded in 1889 and housed in ...
National Savings
(also National Savings and Investments) (abbr NS&I) (in Britain) a system that encourages people to save some of their money and enables the government to borrow money from the ...
National Savings and Investments
➡ National Savings * * *
National Savings Certificate
n (in Britain) one of the types of investment (= plan for investing money) offered by National Savings. People buy the Certificates for a fixed period, usually five years, and at ...
national scenic area
n (in Scotland) an area of natural beauty which is protected and preserved, and which people can visit and enjoy. These areas cover about 15% of Scotland. Compare national ...
national scenic trails
➡ long-distance paths and national trails * * *
National Science Foundation
U.S. Govt. an independent agency of the executive branch, created in 1950, that promotes and supports research and education in the sciences. Abbr.: NSF * * * ▪ American ...
National Science Museum
▪ museum, Tokyo, Japan Japanese  Kokuritsu Kagaku Hakubatsukan,         museum in Tokyo, founded in 1872, concerned with the history of the physical sciences, natural ...
national seashore
(sometimes caps.) an area of seacoast set aside and maintained by the U.S. government for purposes of recreation or wildlife study. [1960-65] * * * ▪ United ...
National Security Advisor
➡ Rice (I) * * *
National Security Agency
▪ United States agency  U.S. intelligence agency within the Department of Defense that is responsible for cryptographic and communications intelligence and security. The NSA ...
National Security Agency (NSA)
U.S. intelligence agency responsible for cryptographic and communications intelligence and security. Established in 1952 by a presidential directive (not by law), it has ...
National Security Council
U.S. Govt. the council, composed of the President, Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Chairman of the ...
National Security Council (NSC)
U.S. agency that advises the president on domestic, foreign, and military policies related to national security. With the Central Intelligence Agency, it was established by the ...
national service
Conscription (= compulsory service in the armed forces) was introduced in Britain in World War I and again in 1939. It continued long after the end of World War II under the ...
National Socialism
—National Socialist. the principles and practices of the Nazi party in Germany. * * * or Nazism Totalitarian movement led by Adolf Hitler as head of Germany's Nazi Party ...
National Steel Corporation
      U.S. iron- and steel-making company that in 1983 became a subsidiary of National Intergroup, Inc. (q.v.). * * *
National Symphony Orchestra
▪ American orchestra       American symphony orchestra based in Washington, D.C. It was founded in 1931 by Hans Kindler, who served as its first music director ...
National Theatre
(usually the National Theatre, also infml the National) a modern building containing three theatres on London’s South Bank, and the theatre company that performs there. The ...
National Trail
➡ Ridgeway * * *
national trails
➡ long-distance paths and national trails * * *
National Transportation Safety Board
U.S. Govt. an independent agency, created in 1975, that promotes safe transportation in the U.S. through accident investigations, studies, and recommendations. Abbr.: NTSB * * *
National Trust
(abbr the NT) a British organization for preserving old buildings and beautiful countryside so that people can visit and enjoy them. Its full name is the National Trust for ...
National University of Ireland
▪ university, Ireland       state-supported institution in Dublin, composed of three constituent and five recognized colleges, established in 1908 to foster Irish ...
National Urban League
a US organization, established in 1910, which supports the rights of African Americans and other minority groups. Its main offices are in New York and it has branches in 34 ...
National Vocational Qualifications
➡ vocational training * * *
National War College
(abbr NWC) the US government’s college for training future leaders of the armed forces, the State Department and other organizations. It was established in 1946 to replace the ...
National War Labor Board
U.S. Govt. the board (1942-45) that mediated and arbitrated labor disputes. Abbr.: NWLB, WLB Also, War Labor Board. * * *
National Weather Service
an agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that is responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasts, storm and flood warnings, etc. Formerly, ...
National Westminster Bank
▪ British company byname  NatWest        former British bank holding company with branches and subbranches in the United Kingdom and operations across the world. It ...
National Woman Suffrage Association
▪ American political organization  American organization, founded in 1869 and based in New York City, that was created by Susan B. Anthony (Anthony, Susan B.) and Elizabeth ...
National Woman's Party
▪ American political party formerly (1913–16)  Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage   American political party that in the early part of the 20th century employed ...
National Women's Hall of Fame
▪ educational institution, Seneca Falls, New York, United States       not-for-profit educational institution founded in 1969 to honour the accomplishments of ...
National Women's History Month
▪ history       honorary observance of the month of March, as designated in 1987 by the U.S. Congress, in recognition of women's many accomplishments throughout history. ...
National Women's History Project
▪ American organization       not-for-profit American organization founded in 1980 to “promote multicultural women's history awareness.”       The NWHP ...
National Women's Political Caucus
▪ American political organization       nonpartisan American political organization formed in 1971 to identify, recruit, train, endorse, and support women seeking public ...
National Youth Orchestra
a British orchestra for musicians under 20 years old. It gives performances during the school holidays, including one every year at the Proms. * * *
National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
▪ zoo, Pretoria, South Africa also called  Pretoria Zoo,         zoo near Pretoria, S.Af., that is noted for its wildlife conservation programs. It was opened in 1899 ...
National Zoological Park
▪ zoo, Washington, District of Columbia, United States byname  National Zoo        zoo in Washington, D.C., that was established under the Smithsonian Institution by ...
nationalbank
national bank n. 1. A bank in a system of federally chartered privately owned banks in the United States, each required by law to be an investing member of its district Federal ...
NationalCity
Na·tion·al City (năshʹə-nəl, năshʹnəl) A city of southern California, a suburb of San Diego on San Diego Bay. Population: 54,249. * * *
nationaldebt
national debt n. The total financial obligations of a national government. * * *
Nationale
(as used in expressions) Bibliothèque Nationale de France École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts Assemblée Nationale Convention Nationale Théâtre Nationale de L'Opéra * ...
nationalforest
national forest n. A large expanse of forest that is protected by a government and may be harvested or hunted in only under controlled conditions. * * *
NationalGuard
National Guard n. Abbr. NG The military reserve units controlled by each state of the United States, equipped by the federal government and subject to the call of either the ...
nationalincome
national income n. The total net value of all goods and services produced within a nation over a specified period of time, representing the sum of wages, profits, rents, ...
nationalism
/nash"euh nl iz'euhm, nash"neuh liz'-/, n. 1. national spirit or aspirations. 2. devotion and loyalty to one's own nation; patriotism. 3. excessive patriotism; chauvinism. 4. the ...
nationalist
—nationalistically, adv. /nash"euh nl ist, nash"neuh list/, n. 1. a person devoted to nationalism. 2. (cap.) a member of a political group advocating or fighting for national ...
Nationalist China.
See China, Republic of. * * *
Nationalist Party
or Kuomintang or Guomindang Political party that governed all or part of mainland China from 1928 to 1949 and subsequently ruled Taiwan. Founded by Song Jiaoren (1882–1913) ...
nationalistic
See nationalist. * * *
nationalistically
See nationalist. * * *
nationality
/nash'euh nal"i tee/, n., pl. nationalities for 1, 2, 5, 6. 1. the status of belonging to a particular nation, whether by birth or naturalization: the nationality of an ...
nationalization
See nationalize. * * * ▪ economic policy       alteration or assumption of control or ownership of private property by the state. It is historically a more recent ...
nationalize
—nationalization, n. —nationalizer, n. /nash"euh nl uyz', nash"neuh luyz'/, v., nationalized, nationalizing. v.t. 1. to bring under the ownership or control of a nation, as ...
nationalizer
See nationalization. * * *
nationally
See national. * * *
nationalmonument
national monument n. A natural landmark or a structure or site of historic interest set aside by a national government and maintained for public enjoyment or study. * * *
nationalpark
national park n. A tract of land declared public property by a national government with a view to its preservation and development for purposes of recreation and culture. * * *
nationalseashore
national seashore n. A seacoast recreational area that is protected and maintained by the federal government for public use. * * *
NationalSocialism
National Socialism n. Nazism. * * *
nationhood
/nay"sheuhn hood'/, n. the state or quality of having status as a separate and independent nation: an African colony that achieved nationhood. [1840-50; NATION + -HOOD] * * *
nationless
See nationhood. * * *
Nationof Islam
Nation of Islam n. A religious and cultural organization founded in 1931 in the United States, espousing Islamic principles and favoring political, social, and economic ...
Nations, League of
▪ international organization  an organization for international cooperation established at the initiative of the victorious Allied Powers at the end of World War ...
nationwide
/nay"sheuhn wuyd"/, adj. extending throughout the nation: The incident aroused nationwide interest. [1910-15; NATION + -WIDE] * * *
Nationwide Mercury Prize
➡ Mercury Music Prize * * *
native
—natively, adv. —nativeness, n. /nay"tiv/, adj. 1. being the place or environment in which a person was born or a thing came into being: one's native land. 2. belonging to a ...
native American
—native-American, adj. a person born in the United States. [1835-45, Amer.] * * * ▪ indigenous peoples of Canada and United States Introduction also called  American ...
Native American
Indian (def. 1). Usage. See Indian, Eskimo. * * * ▪ indigenous peoples of Canada and United States Introduction also called  American Indian,  Amerindian,  Amerind, ...
Native American art
▪ visual arts Introduction also called  Indian art  or  American Indian art        the visual art of the aboriginal inhabitants of the Americas, often called ...
Native American arts
Literary, performing, and visual arts of the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere. Folktales have long been a part of the social and cultural life of diverse groups of ...
Native American Church
or peyotism Religious movement among North American Indians involving the drug peyote. Peyote was first used to induce supernatural visions in Mexico in pre-Columbian times; ...
Native American dance
Introduction also called  Indian dance  or  American Indian dance   the dance of the aboriginal inhabitants of the Americas, often called American ...
Native American literature
Introduction also called  Indian literature  or  American Indian literature        the traditional oral and written literatures of the indigenous peoples of the ...
Native American music
Introduction       music of the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere. The Americas contain hundreds of native communities, each with its own distinctive history, ...
Native American religions
Introduction       religious beliefs and sacramental practices of the indigenous peoples of North and South America. Until the 1950s it was commonly assumed that the ...
native Canadian
Canadian. 1. a person born in Canada of American Indian or Inuit descent. 2. any person born in Canada. * * *
native cat
any of several catlike dasyures of the genus Dasyurus, of Australia and Tasmania: most populations are now rare. [1875-80] * * * ▪ marsupial  any of the catlike Australian ...
native companion
Ornith. brolga. [1810-20] * * *
Native Dancer
(foaled 1950) U.S. Thoroughbred racehorse. He won the Preakness and Belmont stakes in 1953 but finished second in the Kentucky Derby. In 1954 he was named Horse of the Year. He ...
native element
Any of the 19 chemical elements that occur as minerals and are found in nature uncombined with other elements. They are commonly divided into three groups: metals (platinum, ...
Native elements
▪ Table Native elements name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity habit or form allemontite tin-white; reddish gray metallic 3–4 5.8–6.2 kidneylike ...
native elm bark beetle.
See elm bark beetle (def. 2). * * *
native immunity.
See natural immunity. * * *
native languages
➡ World English * * *
native son
a person born in a particular place: The delegation from Iowa nominated a native son. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
Native Son
a novel (1940) by Richard Wright. * * *
Native States.
See Indian States and Agencies. * * *
native-born
/nay"tiv bawrn"/, adj. born in the place or country indicated: a native-born Australian. [1490-1500] * * *
NativeAlaskan
Na·tive Alaskan (nāʹtĭv) n. See Alaska Native. * * *
NativeAmerican
Native American n. A member of any of the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere. The ancestors of the Native Americans are generally considered by scientists to have ...
NativeHawaiian
Native Hawaiian n. A member or descendant of the indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands. * * *
natively
See native. * * *
nativeness
See natively. * * *
nativism
—nativist, n., adj. —nativistic, adj. /nay"ti viz'euhm/, n. 1. the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants. 2. the policy or ...
nativist
See nativism. * * *
nativistic
See nativist. * * *
nativity
/neuh tiv"i tee, nay-/, n., pl. nativities. 1. birth. 2. birth with reference to place or attendant circumstances: of Irish nativity. 3. (cap.) the birth of Christ. 4. (cap.) the ...
natl
natl abbrev. national * * *
natl.
national. * * *
NATO
/nay"toh/, n. an organization formed in Washington, D.C. (1949), comprising the 12 nations of the Atlantic Pact together with Greece, Turkey, and the Federal Republic of Germany, ...
NATO at 50
▪ 2000 by Douglas L. Clarke       Since the end of the Cold War, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO) has revamped its military structure, strategy, and ...
natrium
/nay"tree euhm/, n. (formerly) sodium. [1835-45; < G; see NATRON, -IUM] * * *
natriuresis
—natriuretic /nay'treuh yoo ret"ik/, adj., n. /nay'treuh yoo ree"sis/, n. excretion of sodium in the urine. [1957; NATRI(UM) + -uresis < Gk oúresis urination, equiv. to oure-, ...
natriuretic
See natriuresis. * * *
natrolite
/na"treuh luyt', nay"-/, n. a white or colorless zeolite mineral, a hydrous silicate of sodium and aluminum, Na2Al2Si3O10·2H2O, often occurring in acicular crystals. [1795-1805; ...
natron
/nay"tron, -treuhn/, n. a mineral, hydrated sodium carbonate, Na2CO3·10H2O. [1675-85; < F < Sp < Ar natrun, var. of nitrun < Gk nítron NITER; cf. also Egyptian ntry, Heb ...
Natron, Lake
▪ lake, Tanzania       lake in northern Tanzania on the border with Kenya, lying in the East African Rift System, 70 miles (113 km) northwest of Arusha. The lake is 35 ...
NATS
➡ National Air Traffic Services. * * *
Natsume
/nah"tsooh me'/, n. Soseki /saw"se kee'/, (Kinnosuke Natsume), 1867-1916, Japanese novelist. * * *
Natsume Sōseki
known as Sōseki orig. Natsume Kinnosuke born Feb. 9, 1867, Edo, Japan died Dec. 9, 1916, Tokyo Japanese novelist. Originally a teacher, Natsume made his literary reputation ...
Natta
/naht"tah/, n. Giulio /jooh"lyaw/, 1903-79, Italian chemist and engineer: Nobel prize for chemistry 1963. * * *
Natta, Giulio
▪ Italian chemist born Feb. 26, 1903, Imperia, near Genoa, Italy died May 2, 1979, Bergamo       Italian chemist who contributed to the development of high polymers ...

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