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See nematocidal. * * *
a combining form with the meaning "thread," "threadlike organism, esp. a nematode," used in the formation of compound words: nematocyst. Also, esp. before a vowel or h, ...
See nematocide. * * *
—nematocidal, nematicidal, adj. /nem"euh teuh suyd', ni mat"euh-/, n. a substance or preparation used for killing nematodes parasitic to plants. Also, nematicide. [1895-1900; ...
—nematocystic, adj. /nem"euh teuh sist', ni mat"euh-/, n. Zool. an organ in coelenterates consisting of a minute capsule containing an ejectable thread that causes a ...
See nematocyst. * * *
/nem"euh tohd'/, n. 1. any unsegmented worm of the phylum Nematoda, having an elongated, cylindrical body; a roundworm. adj. 2. pertaining to the Nematoda. [1860-65; NEMAT- + ...
See nematology. * * *
See nematological. * * *
—nematological /nem'euh tl oj"i keuhl, ni mat"euh-/, adj. —nematologist, n. /nem'euh tol"euh jee/, n. the branch of zoology dealing with nematodes. [1925-30; NEMATO- + ...
/nem"euh teuh mawrf', neuh mat"euh-/, n. Zool. any member of the phylum Nematomorpha, having a threadlike body, comprising the horsehair worms. [ < NL Nematomorpha; see NEMATO-, ...
/nem"byeuh tawl', -tal'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of pentobarbital. * * *
/nem booh"tsoo/, n. Japanese. meditation on the name of Amida. * * *
—Nemean /ni mee"euhn, nee"mee-/, adj. /nee"mee euh/, n. a valley in SE Greece, in ancient Argolis. * * *
Nemea, Battle of
(394 BC) Battle in the Corinthian War (395–387 BC). The conflict took place when a coalition of Greek city-states determined to destroy Sparta's ascendancy after its victory ...
See Nemea. * * *
Nemean Games
one of the great national festivals of ancient Greece, held at Nemea in the second and fourth year of each Olympiad. [1650-60] * * * ▪ ancient Greek games       in ...
Nemean lion
Class. Myth. a powerful lion strangled by Hercules as one of his labors. * * *
/nem"euh rawf', -rof'/, n. Howard, 1920-91, U.S. poet, novelist, and essayist: U.S. poet laureate 1988-90. * * *
var. of nepho- before a vowel: nephanalysis. * * *
/nef'euh nal"euh sis/, n., pl. nephanalyses /-seez'/. 1. a map or chart showing the distribution of types and amounts of clouds and precipitation at a given time. 2. the ...
/nef"euh lee'/, n. Class. Myth. a woman formed from a cloud by Zeus as a counterfeit of Hera, in order to deceive the lustful Ixion: mother by Ixion of the centaurs. * * *
/nef"euh lin/, n. a feldspathoid mineral, essentially sodium aluminum silicate, NaAlSiO4, occurring in alkali-rich volcanic rocks. Also, nephelite /nef"euh luyt'/. [1805-15; < F ...
nepheline syenite
Medium-to coarse-grained igneous rock, a member of the alkali-syenite group, which consists largely of feldspar and nepheline. Nepheline syenite from Canada is used to replace ...
See nepheline. * * *
—nephelinitic /nef'euh leuh nit"ik/, adj. /nef"euh leuh nuyt'/, n. Petrog. a fine-grained, dark rock of volcanic origin, essentially a basalt containing nepheline but no ...
nephelo- [nef′ə lō, nef′ələ] 〚< Gr nephelē, a cloud: see NEBULA〛 combining form clouds, cloudy [nephelometer]: see NEPHO-: also, before a vowel, nephel- * * *
—nephelometric /nef'euh leuh me"trik/, nephelometrical, adj. —nephelometrically, adv. —nephelometry, n. /nef'euh lom"i teuhr/, n. 1. Bacteriol. an apparatus containing a ...
See nephelometer. * * *
See nephelometric. * * *
nephelometry and turbidimetry
▪ chemistry       in analytical chemistry, methods for determining the amount of cloudiness, or turbidity, in a solution based upon measurement of the effect of this ...
/nef"yooh/ or, esp. Brit., /nev"yooh/, n. 1. a son of one's brother or sister. 2. a son of one's spouse's brother or sister. 3. an illegitimate son of a clergyman who has vowed ...
▪ Utah, United States       city, seat (1882) of Juab county, north-central Utah, U.S. Located at the southern end of the Wasatch Range, the city was founded as an ...
a combining form meaning "cloud," used in the formation of compound words: nephometer. Also, esp. before a vowel, neph-. [ < Gk néphos a cloud, mass of clouds; see NEBULA] * * *
nephogram [nef′ō gram΄, nef′əgram΄] n. 〚 NEPHO- + -GRAM〛 a photograph of a cloud * * *
See nephology. * * *
nephology [nē fäl′ə jē, nifäl′ə jē] n. 〚 NEPHO- + -LOGY〛 the branch of meteorology dealing with clouds nephological [nef΄ō läj′i kəl] adj. nephologist n. * * ...
/ne fom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring the amount of cloud cover in the sky. [1905-10; NEPHO- + -METER] * * *
/nef"euh skohp'/, n. an instrument for determining the speed and direction of cloud motion. [1880-85; NEPHO- + -SCOPE] * * *
var. of nephro- before a vowel: nephralgia. * * *
—nephralgic, adj. /neuh fral"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. Pathol. kidney pain. [1790-1800; NEPHR- + -ALGIA] * * *
/neuh frek"teuh muyz'/, v.t., nephrectomized, nephrectomizing. Surg. to perform a nephrectomy upon. Also, esp. Brit., nephrectomise. [1895-1900; NEPHRECTOM(Y) + -IZE] * * *
/neuh frek"teuh mee/, n., pl. nephrectomies. Surg. excision of a kidney. [1875-80; NEPHR- + -ECTOMY] * * *
/nef"rik/, adj. renal. [1885-90; NEPHR- + -IC] * * *
See nephridium. * * *
—nephridial, adj. /neuh frid"ee euhm/, n., pl. nephridia /-frid"ee euh/. Zool. the excretory organ of many invertebrates, consisting of a tubule with one end opening into the ...
/nef"ruyt/, n. Mineral. a compact or fibrous variety of actinolite, varying from whitish to dark green: a form of jade. [1785-95; < G Nephrit. See NEPHR-, -ITE1] * * ...
nephritic [nə frit′ik] adj. 〚LL nephriticus < Gr nephritikos < nephros, kidney: see NEPHRO-〛 1. of a kidney or the kidneys; renal 2. of or having nephritis * * ...
—nephritic /neuh frit"ik/, adj. /neuh fruy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the kidneys, esp. in Bright's disease. [1570-80; < LL nephritis a disease of the kidneys < Gk ...
a combining form meaning "kidney," used in the formation of compound words: nephrolith. Also, esp. before a vowel, nephr-. [comb. form repr. Gk nephrós kidney, kidneys] * * *
neph·ro·blas·to·ma (nĕf'rō-blă-stōʹmə) n. pl. neph·ro·blas·to·mas or neph·ro·blas·to·ma·ta (-mə-tə) See Wilms' tumor. * * * also called  embryoma , or ...
nephrogenic [nef΄rō jen′ik, nef΄rəjen′ik] adj. 〚 NEPHRO- + -GENIC〛 1. arising in the kidneys 2. producing kidney tissue * * *
ne·phrog·e·nous (nə-frŏjʹə-nəs) or neph·ro·gen·ic (nĕf'rə-jĕnʹĭk) adj. 1. Originating in the kidney. 2. Able to develop into kidney tissue. * * *
—nephrolithic, adj. /nef"reuh lith/, n. Pathol. a renal calculus; kidney stone. [NEPHRO- + -LITH] * * *
/nef'roh li thot"euh mee/, n., pl. nephrolithotomies. Surg. incision or opening of a kidney pelvis for removal of a calculus. [1840-50; NEPHROLITH + -O- + -TOMY] * * *
See nephrology. * * *
—nephrologist, n. /neuh frol"euh jee/, n. the branch of medical science that deals with the kidney. [1835-45; NEPHRO- + -LOGY] * * * Branch of medicine dealing with kidney ...
/nef"ron/, n. Anat., Zool. the filtering and excretory unit of the kidney, consisting of the glomerulus and tubules. [1930-35; < G; alter. of Gk nephrós kidney] * * ...
See nephropathy. * * *
—nephropathic /nef'reuh path"ik/, adj. /neuh frop"euh thee/, n. Pathol. any disease of the kidney. [1915-20; NEPHRO- + -PATHY] * * *
▪ pathology       hardening of the walls of the small arteries and arterioles (small arteries that convey blood from arteries to the even smaller capillaries) of the ...
—nephrotic /neuh frot"ik/, adj. /neuh froh"sis/, n. Pathol. kidney disease, esp. marked by noninflammatory degeneration of the tubular system. [1915-20; < NL; see NEPHR-, ...
—nephrostomous /neuh fros"teuh meuhs/, nephrostomial, adj. /nef"reuh stohm'/, n. 1. Zool. the ciliated opening of a nephridium into the coelom. 2. Embryol. a similar opening ...
See nephrosis. * * *
nephrotic syndrome
▪ pathology also called  nephrosis,         group of signs of kidney malfunction, including a low level of albumin (a protein) and a high level of lipids (fats) in ...
/neuh frot"euh mee/, n., pl. nephrotomies. Surg. incision into the kidney, as for the removal of a calculus. [1690-1700; < NL nephrotomia. See NEPHRO-, -TOMY] * * *
/nef"teuh luy'/, n. Douay Bible. Naphtali. * * *
Nepia, George
▪ New Zealand athlete born April 25, 1905, Wairoa, N.Z. died Aug. 27, 1986, Ruatoria       New Zealand rugby football player who, despite having played in only nine ...
neplus ultra
ne plus ul·tra (nē' plŭs ŭlʹtrə, nā' plo͝os o͝olʹträ) n. 1. The highest point, as of excellence or achievement; the ultimate. 2. The most profound degree, as of a ...
/nep"meuhn/, n., pl. nepmen. (in the Soviet Union) a person who engaged briefly in private enterprise during the New Economic Policy of the 1920's. [ < Russ népman, equiv. to ...
/nee"pos, nep"os/, n. Cornelius, 99?-24? B.C., Roman biographer and historian. * * *
Nepos, Cornelius
▪ Roman historian born c. 110 BC died c. 24 BC       Roman historian, the earliest biographer to write in Latin. He was a correspondent and friend of Cicero (Cicero, ...
Nepos, Julius
▪ Roman emperor died May 9, 480       last legitimate Western Roman emperor (reigned 474–475).       Born of a distinguished family, Nepos was sent by the ...
Grandson, nephew. Feminine *neptī-. nephew, nepotism, niece, from Latin nepōs, grandson, nephew, and neptis, granddaughter, niece.   [Pokorny nepōt- 764.] * * *
—nepotic /neuh pot"ik/, nepotistic, nepotistical, adj. —nepotist, n. /nep"euh tiz'euhm/, n. patronage bestowed or favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship, as in ...
See nepotism. * * *
See nepotist. * * *
See nepotist. * * *
/nep"toohn, -tyoohn/, n. any whelk of the genus Neptunea, esp. N. decemcostata, common along the eastern coast of North America and having a shell with seven to ten raised ...
/nep"toohn, -tyoohn/, n. 1. the ancient Roman god of the sea, identified with the Greek god Poseidon. 2. the sea or ocean: Neptune's mighty roar. 3. Astron. the planet eighth in ...
Neptune Initial Joint Plan
▪ Primary Source       By the Allied Naval Commander Expeditionary Force, the Commander-in-Chief 21 Army Group, and the Air Commander-in-Chief Allied Expeditionary Air ...
/nep tooh"nee euhn, -tyooh"-/, adj. 1. pertaining to Neptune or the sea. 2. pertaining to the planet Neptune. 3. (often l.c.) Geol. formed by the action of water. [1650-60; ...
/nep tooh"nee euhm, -tyooh"-/, n. Chem., Physics. a transuranic element produced in nuclear reactors by the neutron bombardment of U-238: decays rapidly to plutonium and then to ...
neptunium series
neptunium series n. the radioactive series of nuclides starting with neptunium-237, with a half-life of 2.2 x 106 years, and ending with stable bismuth-209: many radionuclides, ...
Ner Tamid
Seph. /nerdd" tah meed"/; Ashk. /nair" taw mid"/; Eng. /nair" tah"mid/, Hebrew. a lamp that is set above and in front of the Holy Ark in a synagogue and is kept burning ...
I. ner-1 Under, also on the left; hence, with an eastward orientation, north. Suffixed zero-grade form *nr̥-t(r)o-. a. Nordic, north, from Old English north, north; b. northern, ...
/near"al/, n. citral b. See under citral. [1935-40; NER(OL) + -AL3] * * *
/neuhr bud"euh/, n. Narbada. * * *
▪ Russia also spelled  Nerčinsk        town, Zabaykalsky kray (territory), east-central Russia. The town lies along the Nercha River just above the latter's ...
Nerchinsk, Treaty of
(1689) Peace settlement between Russia and Qing-dynasty China that checked Russia's eastward expansion. Russia lost easy access to the Sea of Okhotsk but gained the right of ...
/nerrd/, n. Slang. 1. a stupid, irritating, ineffectual, or unattractive person. 2. an intelligent but single-minded person obsessed with a nonsocial hobby or pursuit: a computer ...
/nerr"dee/, adj., nerdier, nerdiest. Slang. of or like a nerd. [1975-80; NERD + -Y1] * * *
/near"ee id/, n. 1. any elongate cylindrical worm of the polychaete family Nereididae, including clamworms. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the family Nereididae. [1830-40; < NL ...
/near"ee id/, n. 1. (sometimes l.c.) Class. Myth. any of the 50 daughters of Nereus; a sea nymph. 2. Astron. a moon of the planet Neptune. [ < L Nereid- (s. of Nereis) < Gk, s. ...
nereis [nir′ē is] n. pl. nereides [nē rē′ə dēz΄, nirē′ə dēz΄] 〚ModL Nereis < L: see NEREID〛 any of a genus (Nereis) of relatively large carnivorous marine ...
Neretva River
▪ river, Europe       river flowing in Bosnia and Hercegovina and in Croatia. The Neretva River rises on Lebršnik Mountain and flows northwest past Konjic to Jablanica ...
/near"ee euhs, near"yoohs/, n. Class. Myth. a sea god, the son of Pontus and Gaea and father of the Nereids. * * * Greek sea god. The son of Pontus (a personification of the ...
/nerrf/ Trademark. any of various toys modeled esp. on sports equipment but made of foam rubber or other soft substances. * * *
/nair"gahl/, n. (in Akkadian mythology) the god ruling, with Ereshkigal, the world of the dead. * * * In Mesopotamian religion, a secondary god of the Sumero-Akkadian ...
/nair"ee/; It. /ne"rddee/, n. Saint Philip (Filippo Neri), 1515-95, Italian priest: founder of Congregation of the Oratory. * * *
Neri, Saint Philip
born July 21, 1515, Florence died May 26, 1595, Rome; canonized 1622; feast day May 26 Roman Catholic mystic. He went to Rome to pursue religious studies in 1533. In 1548 he ...
Neri,Saint Philip
Ne·ri (nāʹrē), Saint Philip. Originally Filippo Neri. 1515-1595. Italian ecclesiastic who founded (1564) a religious order, the Fathers of the Oratory, and advised the Holy ...
Nerina, Nadia
▪ 2009 Nadine Judd        South African ballerina born Oct. 21, 1927, Cape Town, S.Af. died Oct. 6, 2008, Beaulieu-sur-Mer, France became renowned for her remarkable ...
/neuh ruy"nee/, n. any of several bulbous plants belonging to the genus Nerine, of the amaryllis family, native to southern Africa, having funnel-shaped red, pink, or white ...
/neuh rit"ik/ adj. of or pertaining to the region of water lying directly above the sublittoral zone of the sea bottom. Cf. oceanic, pelagic. [ < G neritisch (1890), appar. after ...
neritic zone
▪ oceanography       shallow marine environment extending from mean low water down to 200-metre (660-foot) depths, generally corresponding to the continental shelf. ...
/nairnst, nerrnst/; Germ. /nerddnst/, n. Walther Herman /vahl"teuhrdd herdd"mahn/, 1864-1941, German physicist and chemist: Nobel prize for chemistry 1920. * * *
Nernst, Walther Hermann
born June 25, 1864, Briesen, Prussia died Nov. 18, 1941, Muskau, Ger. German scientist, one of the founders of modern physical chemistry. He taught at the Universities of ...
Nernst,Walther Hermann
Nernst (nĕrnst), Walther Hermann. 1864-1941. German physicist and chemist. He won a 1920 Nobel Prize for his work in thermochemistry, particularly his proposal of the third law ...
/near"oh/, n. 1. (Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) ("Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus")A.D. 37-68, emperor of Rome 54-68, known for his cruelty and depravity. 2. a male given ...
Nero Wolfe
➡ Wolfe (II) * * *
/near"awl, -ol, ner"-/, n. Chem. a colorless, liquid, unsaturated alcohol, C10H18O, an isomeric form of geraniol occurring in neroli oil, used in perfumery. [1900-05; NER(OLI ...
neroli [ner′ə lē, nir′ō lē] n. 〚Fr néroli < It neroli, nerolo, after the Princess of Nerole (17th-c.) said to have discovered it〛 an essential oil distilled from ...
neroli oil
/ner"euh lee, near"-/ a brown essential oil derived from the flowers of the orange tree, Citrus aurantium, used in the manufacture of perfumes. Also called orange flower ...
ner·o·li oil (nĕrʹə-lē) n. An essential oil distilled from orange flowers and used in perfumery.   [French néroli, from Italian neroli, after Anna Maria de la ...
See Nero. * * *
/near"oh nuyz'/, v.t., Neronized, Neronizing. 1. to characterize (a person) as resembling Nero. 2. to make depraved in the manner of Nero. 3. to rule over, tyrannize, or oppress ...
Nerses I the Great, Saint
born с 310 died 373?; feast day, February 19 Patriarch of the Armenian church from с 353. A descendant of St. Gregory the Illuminator (240–332), Nerses became the most ...
/nerr"theuhs/, n. Germanic Myth. goddess of fertility, described by Tacitus in his Germania: later appeared in Scandinavian mythology as the god Njord. Cf. Njord. * * * Ancient ...
/nerrts/, interj. Older Slang. nuts (def. 1). Also, nertz. [1930-35; by alter.] * * *
/ne rddooh"dhah/; Eng. /neuh rooh"deuh/, n. Pablo /pah"vlaw/; Eng. /pah"bloh/, (Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto), 1904-73, Chilean poet and diplomat: Nobel prize for literature ...
Neruda, Pablo
orig. Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto born July 12, 1904, Parral, Chile died Sept. 23, 1973, Santiago Chilean poet and diplomat. He began writing poetry at age 10, and at 20 ...
Ne·ru·da (nĕ-ro͞oʹdə, -dä), Pablo. Originally Ricardo Eliezer Neftali Reyes. 1904-1973. Chilean poet and diplomat whose literary tone of despair, evident in his early ...
/nerr"veuh/, n. Marcus Cocceius /kok see"yeuhs/, A.D. 32?-98, emperor of Rome 96-98. * * * I in full Nerva Caesar Augustus orig. Marcus Cocceius Nerva born с AD 35 died Jan. ...
/nerr"veuhl/, adj. neural. [1630-40; < LL nervalis of, belonging to nerves, equiv. to L nerv(us) NERVE + -alis -AL1] * * *
/nerdd vannl"/, n. Gérard de /zhay rddannrdd" deuh/, (Gérard Labrunie), 1808-55, French writer. * * *
Nerval, Gérard de
▪ French poet pseudonym of  Gérard Labrunie  born May 22, 1808, Paris, France died January 26, 1855, Paris       French Romantic poet whose themes and preoccupations ...
nervate [nʉr′vāt΄] adj. Bot. having nerves, or veins * * * ner·vate (nûrʹvāt') adj. Botany Having veins. Used of leaves. * * *
/nerr vay"sheuhn/, n. venation. Also, nervature /nerr"veuh choor', -cheuhr/. [1715-25; NERVE + -ATION] * * *
/nerrv/, n., v., nerved, nerving. n. 1. one or more bundles of fibers forming part of a system that conveys impulses of sensation, motion, etc., between the brain or spinal cord ...
nerve block
Med. an arrest of the passage of impulses through a nerve by means of pressure on the nerve or by injection of an anesthetic into or around the nerve. [1920-25] * * *
nerve cell
neuron. [1855-60] * * *
nerve center
1. a group of nerve cells closely connected with one another and acting together in the performance of some function. 2. a source of information, authority, action, etc.: The ...
nerve cord
1. a single hollow tract of nervous tissue that constitutes the central nervous system of chordates and develops into the spinal cord and brain in vertebrates. 2. a solid double ...
nerve fiber
Anat., Physiol. a process, axon, or dendrite of a nerve cell. [1830-40] * * *
nerve gas
any of several poison gases, derived chiefly from phosphoric acid, that weaken or paralyze the nervous system, esp. that part of the system controlling respiration. [1935-40] * * ...
nerve growth factor
Biochem. a protein that promotes the growth, organization, and maintenance of sympathetic and some sensory nerve cells. Abbr.: NGF [1965-70] * * *
nerve impulse
Physiol. a progressive wave of electric and chemical activity along a nerve fiber that stimulates or inhibits the action of a muscle, gland, or other nerve cell. [1895-1900] * * *
nerve net
a diffuse branching network of nerve cells connecting the sensory and muscular cells of coelenterates and primitive flatworms. [1900-05] * * *
nerve root
Anat. a nerve fiber bundle that emerges from either side of the spinal cord and joins with a complementary bundle to form each spinal nerve in the series of spinal nerves: the ...
nerve trunk
Anat. the main stem of a nerve. [1850-55] * * *
/nerrv"rak'ing/, adj. extremely irritating, annoying, or trying: a nerve-racking day; a nerve-racking noise. Also, nerve-wracking. [1805-15] * * *
nerve block n. A blocking of the passage of impulses along a nerve, especially by administration of a local anesthetic. * * *
nerve cell n. 1. See neuron. 2. The body of a neuron without its axon and dendrites. * * *
nerve center n. 1. A group of closely connected nerve cells that perform a specific function. 2. A source of power or control: Our Boston office is the nerve center of the ...
nerve fiber n. A threadlike process of a neuron, especially the prolonged axon that conducts nerve impulses. * * *
nerve gas n. Any of various poisonous gases that interfere with the functioning of nerves by inhibiting cholinesterase. * * *
nervegrowth factor
nerve growth factor n. Abbr. NGF A protein that stimulates the growth of sympathetic and sensory nerve cells. * * *
nerve impulse n. A wave of physical and chemical excitation along a nerve fiber in response to a stimulus, accompanied by a transient change in electric potential in the membrane ...
—nervelessly, adv. —nervelessness, n. /nerrv"lis/, adj. 1. without nervousness, as in emergencies; calm; collected. 2. lacking strength or vigor; feeble; weak. 3. lacking ...
See nerveless. * * *
See nervelessly. * * *
nerve net n. A diffuse network of cells that conducts impulses in all directions from the area stimulated, forming a primitive nervous system in ctenophores, coelenterates, and ...
nerve trunk n. The main stem of a nerve, consisting of a bundle of nerve fibers bound together by a tough sheet of connective tissue. * * *
Nervi [ner′vē] Pier Luigi [pir lo͞o ē′jē] 1891-1979; It. engineer & architect * * *
Nervi, Pier Luigi
born June 21, 1891, Sondrio, Italy died Jan. 9, 1979, Rome Italian engineer and building contractor. He became internationally renowned for his invention of ferro-cement, a ...
Nervi,Pier Luigi
Ner·vi (nĕrʹvē), Pier Luigi. 1891-1979. Italian architect and pioneer in the decorative use of reinforced concrete. * * *
/nerr"veen, -vuyn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the nerves. 2. acting on or relieving disorders of the nerves; soothing the nerves. n. 3. a nervine medicine. [1655-65; < NL ...
See nervy. * * *
nerving [nʉr′viŋ] n. Vet.Med. removal of part of a nerve trunk, as when it is chronically inflamed * * *
Nervo, Amado
▪ Mexican author original name  Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz De Nervo   born Aug. 27, 1870, Tepic, Mex. died May 24, 1919, Montevideo       poet and diplomat, generally ...
/nerr vos"i tee/, n. the quality of being nervous; nervousness. [1605-15 in sense "strength"; NERV(OUS) + -OSITY; cf. L nervositas strength] * * *
—nervously, adv. —nervousness, n. /nerr"veuhs/, adj. 1. highly excitable; unnaturally or acutely uneasy or apprehensive: to become nervous under stress. 2. of or pertaining ...
nervous breakdown
(not in technical use) any disabling mental disorder requiring treatment. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
nervous exhaustion
extreme mental and physical fatigue caused by excessive emotional stress; neurasthenia. Also called nervous prostration. [1925-30] * * *
nervous Nellie
Informal. a constantly nervous, worried, or timid person. [1925-30] * * *
nervous system
Anat., Zool. 1. the system of nerves and nerve centers in an animal or human, including the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and ganglia. 2. a particular part of this system. Cf. ...
nervous system disease
Introduction       any of the diseases or disorders that affect the functioning of the human nervous system (nervous system, human). Everything that humans sense, ...
nervous system, human
▪ anatomy Introduction       system that conducts stimuli from sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord and that conducts impulses back to other parts of the ...
nervous breakdown n. A severe or incapacitating emotional disorder, especially when occurring suddenly and marked by depression. Not in scientific use. * * *
See nervous. * * *
nervous Nel·lie or nervous Nel·ly (nĕlʹē) n. Informal pl. nervous Nel·lies An unduly timid or anxious person. * * *
See nervously. * * *
nervous system n. The system of cells, tissues, and organs that regulates the body's responses to internal and external stimuli. In vertebrates it consists of the brain, spinal ...
/nerr"vyoohl/, n. Zool. a small branch of a nerve in the wing of an insect. [1885-90; NERVE + -ULE] * * *
/nerr'vyeuh ray"sheuhn/, n. Entomol. the arrangement of the veins in the wing of an insect. Also, nervulation /nerr'vyeuh lay"sheuhn/. [1895-1900; NERVURE + -ATION] * * *
/nerr"vyoor/, n. Bot., Zool. a vein, as of a leaf or the wing of an insect. [1810-20; < F: rib. See NERVE, -URE] * * *
—nervily, adv. —nerviness, n. /nerr"vee/, adj., nervier, nerviest. 1. brashly presumptuous or insolent; pushy: a nervy thing to say; a nervy trick to pull. 2. having or ...
I. nes-1 To return safely home. 1. harness, from Old French harneis, harness, possibly from a Germanic source akin to Old English, Old High German (in composition), and Old Norse ...
Nesbit [nez′bit] E(dith) 1858-1924; Eng. writer, esp. of children's books * * * (Edith Nesbit 1858–1924) an English writer of children’s stories. She wrote several books ...
Nesbit, E
▪ English author born Aug. 15, 1858, London died May 4, 1924, New Romney, Kent, Eng.       British children's author, novelist, and poet.       Nesbit spent her ...
Nesbit, E(dith)
Nes·bit (nĕzʹbĭt'), E(dith). 1858-1924. British writer of children's books best known for her modern fairy tales and fantasies, notably Five Children and It (1902). She was ...
n [U] a popular make of instant coffee. Some people refer to any type of instant coffee as Nescafé: It’ll have to be Nescafé, I’m afraid – we’ve run out of real ...
Nesch, Rolf
▪ German artist born January 7, 1893, Oberesslingen, Germany died October 28, 1975, Oslo, Norway       German-born Norwegian printmaker and painter who was one of the ...
—nescient, adj. /nesh"euhns, nesh"ee euhns, nes"ee-/, n. 1. lack of knowledge; ignorance. 2. agnosticism. [1605-15; < LL nescientia ignorance, equiv. to ne- not + scientia ...
nescient [nesh′ənt, nesh′ē ənt] adj. 〚L nesciens, prp. of nescire, to be ignorant of: see NICE〛 1. lacking knowledge; ignorant 2. AGNOSTIC nescience n. * * * See ...
▪ Bulgaria formerly (until 1934)  Mesembria        historic town and resort, eastern Bulgaria, on the Black Sea coast. Nesebŭr is situated on an island connected to ...
Nesimi, Seyid İmadeddin
▪ Turkish poet died c. 1418, , Aleppo, Syria       one of the greatest Turkish mystical poets of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.       Very little about ...
Nesin, Aziz
▪ 1996       (MEHMET NUSRET), Turkish satirist and militant secularist novelist and short-story writer who published over 90 books and plays attacking bureaucracy and ...
/nee'soh sil"i kit, -kayt', nes'oh-/, n. Mineral. any silicate, as olivine, in which the SiO4 tetrahedra are not interlinked. Cf. cyclosilicate, inosilicate, sorosilicate, ...
▪ Ottoman historian byname  of Hüseyin Ibn Eyne Beg   born , Karaman, Ottoman Empire died c. 1520, , Bursa [now in Turkey]       historian who was a prominent figure ...
/nes/, n. a headland; promontory; cape. [bef. 900; ME -nes(se) (in place names), in part continuing OE naes, in part < ON nes; akin to NOSE] * * *
Ness, Eliot
born April 19, 1903, Chicago died May 7, 1957, Coudersport, Pa. U.S. law-enforcement official. He was 26 years old when he was hired as a special agent of the U.S. Department ...
Ness, Loch
Lake, Highland council area, Scotland. It is 788 ft (240 m) deep and about 23 mi (36 km) long and has the largest volume of fresh water in Britain. It forms part of the ...
Ness (nĕs), Loch A lake of north-central Scotland. It drains through the Ness River into the Moray Firth and is part of the Caledonian Canal system. The Loch Ness Monster is ...
/nes"euhl rohd'/, n. a mixture of preserved fruits, nuts, etc., used as a sauce or in pies, puddings, ice cream, or the like. [1835-45; said to have been invented by chef of ...
Nesselrode, Karl (Robert Vasilyevich), Count
born Dec. 13, 1780, Lisbon, Port. died March 23, 1862, St. Petersburg, Russia Russian statesman. After serving in the Russian diplomatic service, he acted as minister of ...
Nesselrode, Karl Vasilyevich, Count
▪ Russian foreign minister (Graf),in full  Karl Robert Vasilyevich, Count Nesselrode   born Dec. 13 [Dec. 2, Old Style], 1780, Lisbon, Port. died March 23 [March 11], 1862, ...
/nes"ee/, n. Informal. See Loch Ness Monster. [(LOCH) NESS + -IE] * * *
Nessler's reagent
/nes"leuhrz/ an aqueous solution of potassium iodide, mercuric chloride, and potassium hydroxide, used as a test for the presence of ammonia. Also called Nessler's ...
/nes"leuh ruyz'/, v., nesslerized, nesslerizing. v.t. (sometimes cap.) to test (water, liquid solutions, etc.) for ammonia by means of Nessler's reagent. Also, esp. Brit., ...
/nes"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a centaur who, on attempting to seduce Deianira, the wife of Hercules, was shot by Hercules with a poisoned arrow. Before Nessus died, he gave to ...
—nestable, adj. —nester, n. —nestlike, adj. —nesty, adj. /nest/, n. 1. a pocketlike, usually more or less circular structure of twigs, grass, mud, etc., formed by a bird, ...
nest egg
1. money saved and held in reserve for emergencies, retirement, etc. 2. a natural or artificial egg placed in a nest to induce a hen to continue laying eggs there. [1600-10] * * *
nest of drawers
a miniature chest of drawers made in the 18th century, often set on top of a desk or table. [1695-1705] * * *
/nes"tid/, adj. Math. (of an ordered collection of sets or intervals) having the property that each set is contained in the preceding set and the length or diameter of the sets ...
nest egg n. 1. An artificial or natural egg placed in a nest to induce a bird to continue to lay eggs in that place. 2. A sum of money put by as a reserve. * * *
nester [nes′tər] n. West a squatter or homesteader who settles on open range land * * * nest·er (nĕsʹtər) n. 1. One, such as a bird, that nests. 2. Western U.S. A ...
nesting table
one of a set of usually three or four small tables that are graduated in size so that they may be stacked on top of one another. Also called stack table. [1930-35] * * *
—nestler, n. /nes"euhl/, v., nestled, nestling. v.i. 1. to lie close and snug, like a bird in a nest; snuggle or cuddle. 2. to lie or be located in a sheltered spot; be ...
Nestlé SA
Multinational manufacturer of food products. Headquartered in Vevey, Switz., it operates branches and subsidiaries in more than 70 countries. Its products include condensed and ...
See nestle. * * *
/nest"ling, nes"ling/, n. 1. a young bird not yet old enough to leave the nest. 2. a young child or infant. [1350-1400; ME; see NEST, -LING1] * * *
/nes"teuhr, -tawr/, n. Class. Myth. the oldest and wisest of the Greeks in the Trojan War and a king of Pylos. * * * In Greek legend, the king of Pylos in Elis. All his ...
Nestor, Agnes
▪ American labour leader born June 24, 1880, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 28, 1948, Chicago, Ill.  American labour (organized labour) leader and reformer, remembered ...
—Nestorianism, n. /ne stawr"ee euhn, -stohr"-/, n. one of a sect of followers of Nestorius who denied the hypostatic union and were represented as maintaining the existence of ...
Nestorianism [nes tôr′ē ən iz΄əm] n. the unorthodox doctrine attributed to Nestorius (patriarch of Constantinople, A.D. 428-431) alleging the existence of two persons (one ...
/ne stawr"ee euhs, -stohr"-/, n. died A.D. 451?, Syrian ecclesiastic: patriarch of Constantinople 428-431. * * * born 4th century, Germanicia, Syria Euphratensis, Asia ...
Néstos River
or Mesta River River, southwestern Bulgaria and northeastern Greece. It rises in the northwestern Rhodope Mountains and flows southeast for 150 mi (240 km) into the northern ...
Nestroy, Johann
▪ Austrian dramatist in full  Johann Nepomuk Eduard Ambrosius Nestroy   born Dec. 7, 1801, Vienna, Austria died May 25, 1862, Graz       one of Austria's greatest ...
net1 —nettable, adj. —netlike, adj. /net/, n., v., netted, netting. n. 1. a bag or other contrivance of strong thread or cord worked into an open, meshed fabric, for catching ...
National Educational Television. * * * ▪ mesh       an open fabric of thread, cord, or wire, the intersections of which are looped or knotted so as to form a mesh. Nets ...
net asset value
the price of a share in a mutual fund, equal to the total value of the fund's securities divided by the number of shares outstanding. Abbr.: NAV. * * *
net assets
the total assets of a business minus its total liabilities. Also called net worth. * * *
net blotch
Plant Pathol. a disease of barley, characterized by a brown, netlike discoloration of the leaves, caused by fungi of the genus Helminthosporium. * * *
net income
the excess of revenues and gains of a business over expenses and losses during a given period of time. [1760-70] * * *
net line.
See neat line. * * *
net national product
the gross national product less allowance for depreciation of capital goods. Abbr.: NNP Cf. national income. [1940-45] * * *
net profit
the actual profit made on a business transaction, sale, etc., or during a specific period of business activity, after deducting all costs from gross receipts. [1660-70] * * *
net register ton.
See net ton (def. 1). * * *
net register tonnage.
See net tonnage. * * *
net silk
Chiefly Brit. See thrown silk. * * *
net ton
1. Also called net register ton. Naut. one gross ton registered as taxable. 2. See short ton. * * *
net tonnage
the taxable gross tonnage of a merchant ship. Also called net register tonnage. * * *
net worth.
See net assets. [1925-30] * * *
/net"vaynd'/, adj. Bot. having branched veins that form a network, as the leaves of most dicotyledonous plants. Cf. parallel-veined. [1860-65] * * *
/net"wingd'/, adj. Entomol. having reticulate wing venation. [1885-90] * * *
net-winged beetle
▪ insect       any of some 2,800 species of soft-bodied, brightly coloured, predominately tropical beetles (insect order Coleoptera) whose wing covers, or elytra, are ...
▪ Israel also spelled  Natanya        city, west-central Israel. It lies on the Mediterranean coast, 19 miles (30 km) north of Tel Aviv–Yafo. Because of its ...
/net'ahn yah"hooh/, n. Benjamin, born 1949, Israeli prime minister since 1996. * * *
Netanyahu, Benjamin
▪ 1997       In May 1996 Israeli voters went to the polls to elect a new prime minister. For many, the choice they faced was couched in deceptively simple terms—peace ...
Ne·tan·ya·hu (nĕt'n-yäʹho͞o, nĕ'tän-), Benjamin or Binyamin Born 1949. Israeli prime minister (1996-1999). He was elected to the Israeli parliament in 1988, becoming ...
netasset value
net asset value n. The market value of all securities owned by a mutual fund, minus its total liabilities, divided by the number of shares issued. * * *
net·back (nĕtʹbăk') n. Linkage of the price of crude oil to the market price of products refined from it. * * *
/net"bawl'/, n. 1. Tennis. a ball, on a return shot, that hits the top of the net and drops on the other side of the court, thus remaining in play. 2. Brit. a game similar to ...
▪ computer       informal classification for a variety of small, low-cost mobile personal computers (personal computer) (PCs) used primarily for e-mail and Internet ...
Neth abbrev. Netherlands * * *
Netherlands. * * *
—netherward, adj. /nedh"euhr/, adj. 1. lying or believed to lie beneath the earth's surface; infernal: the nether regions. 2. lower or under: his nether lip. [bef. 900; ME ...
nether world
1. the infernal regions; hell. 2. the afterworld, or the hereafter. Also, netherworld. [1630-40] * * *
/nedh"euhr lan'dik/, n. 1. Dutch (def. 8). adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Netherlands. * * *
Netherlandic language
      the language spoken primarily in The Netherlands but also in northern Belgium, where it is called Flemish, and elsewhere. See Dutch language. * * *
See Netherlands. * * *
—Netherlander /nedh"euhr lan'deuhr, -leuhn-/, n. —Netherlandian, adj. /nedh"euhr leuhndz/, n. the, (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a kingdom in W Europe, bordering on the North ...
Netherlands (East) Indies
Netherlands (East) Indies former island possessions of the Netherlands, in the East Indies: now part of Indonesia * * *
Netherlands Antilles
—Netherlands Antillean. a Netherlands overseas territory in the Caribbean Sea, N and NE of Venezuela; includes the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, and St. Eustatius, ...
Netherlands Antilles, flag of
▪ Flag History       Netherlands territorial flag consisting of three equal horizontal stripes of white, blue, and white; a central red vertical stripe over the white ...
Netherlands East Indies
a former name of the Republic of Indonesia. * * *
Netherlands Guiana
a former name of Suriname. * * *
Netherlands New Guinea
a former name of Irian Jaya. * * *
Netherlands Reformed Church, The
▪ Dutch Protestant denomination Dutch  Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk,         largest Protestant church in The Netherlands, the successor of the established Dutch ...
Netherlands, flag of The
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-blue national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.       In the 16th century William I, prince of ...
Netherlands, The
officially Kingdom of The Netherlands byname Holland Country, northwestern Europe. Area: 16,033 sq mi (41,526 sq km). Population (2002 est.): 16,142,000. Capital: Amsterdam; ...
Netherlands Antilles Formerly Dutch West Indies. An autonomous territory of the Netherlands consisting of several islands in the Caribbean Sea, including Curaçao and Bonaire off ...
/nedh"euhr mohst', -meuhst/, adj. lowest; farthest down: the nethermost depths of the ocean. [1250-1300; ME nethermast. See NETHER, -MOST] * * *

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