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netherworld [neth′ərwʉrld΄] n. 1. Theol. Myth. the world of the dead or of punishment after death; hell 2. a sphere of human activity or state of existence regarded as ...
See netherworld. * * *
Fr. /nay tooh"/, n. Pic de Fr. /peek deuh/, a mountain in NE Spain: highest peak of the Pyrenees. 11,165 ft. (3400 m). Spanish, Pico de Aneto. * * *
neti neti
/nay"ti nay"ti/, Sanskrit. neither this nor that (used in Hinduism to describe the undifferentiated and ineffable nature of Brahman). * * *
/net"i kit, -ket'/, n. the etiquette of computer networks, esp. the Internet. [1980-85; b. NETWORK + ETIQUETTE] * * *
/net"euh zeuhn, -seuhn/, n. a user of the Internet. [1990-95; b. NET + CITIZEN] * * *
net·keep·er (nĕtʹkē'pər) n. See goalkeeper. * * *
/net"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. netmen /-men', -meuhn/. 1. a tennis player. 2. Tennis. the partner in a doubles game who stands near the net in the forward part of the court. [NET1 + ...
Neto, (Antônio) Agostinho
born Sept. 17, 1922, Icolo e Bengo, Angola died Sept. 10, 1979, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Poet, physician, and first president of Angola. In 1948 Neto joined a movement aimed at ...
Neto, Agostinho
▪ president of Angola in full  António Agostinho Neto   born Sept. 17, 1922, Icolo e Bengo, Angola died Sept. 10, 1979, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       poet, ...
Netscape Communications Corp.
▪ American company Introduction       American developer of Internet software with headquarters in Mountain View, California. Founding as Mosaic ...
Netscher, Caspar
▪ German painter Caspar also spelled  Gaspar   born 1639, Heidelberg, Palatinate [Germany] died Jan. 15, 1684, The Hague, Neth.       German painter of the Baroque ...
/net"skee, -skay/; Japn. /ne"tsoo ke"/, n. (in Japanese art) a small figure of ivory, wood, metal, or ceramic, originally used as a buttonlike fixture on a man's sash, from which ...
netted melon
a variety of muskmelon, Cucumis melo reticulatus, of the gourd family, having reticulate markings on the skin and green to reddish-orange flesh. Also called nutmeg melon. * * *
See net1. * * *
Nettie or Netty [net′ē] n. a feminine name: see ANTOINETTE1, HENRIETTA, JEANNETTE * * *
Net·til·ling Lake (nĕchʹə-lĭng) A freshwater lake of south-central Baffin Island in eastern Nunavut, Canada. It is frozen most of the year. * * *
/net"ing/, n. any of various kinds of net fabric: fish netting; mosquito netting. [1560-70; NET1 + -ING1] * * * ▪ textile       in textiles, ancient method of ...
netting knot.
See sheet bend. * * *
Netting, Robert McCorkle
▪ 1996       U.S. anthropologist who established cultural ecology as a scientific discipline (b. Oct. 14, 1934—d. Feb. 4, 1995). * * *
—nettlelike, adj. —nettler, n. —nettly, adj. /net"l/, n., v., nettled, nettling. n. 1. any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs. Cf. nettle family. 2. any ...
nettle cell
Zool. a nematocyst. [1865-70] * * *
nettle family
the plant family Urticaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs, sometimes covered with stinging hairs, having alternate or opposite simple leaves, clusters of ...
nettle rash
Pathol. urticaria resulting from contact with various plants causing local irritation. [1730-40] * * *
/net"l fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) nettlefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) nettlefishes. jellyfish. [1885-90; NETTLE + FISH] * * *
nettle rash n. See hives. * * *
/net"l seuhm/, adj. 1. causing irritation, vexation, or annoyance: to cope with a nettlesome situation. 2. easily provoked or annoyed: to become nettlesome over trivial ...
net ton n. See ton. * * *
—networker, n. /net"werrk'/, n. 1. any netlike combination of filaments, lines, veins, passages, or the like: a network of arteries; a network of sewers under the city. 2. ...
network analysis
a mathematical method of analyzing complex problems, as in transportation or project scheduling, by representing the problem as a network of lines and nodes. [1925-30] * * *
network computer
a relatively inexpensive computer with minimal processing power, designed primarily to provide access to computer networks, as corporate intranets or the Internet. Abbr.: ...
Network Rail
the company responsible for looking after and repairing all the railway tracks, signals and stations, etc. in Britain. Train services are run separately by a number of different ...
network, computer
Two or more computers and peripheral equipment (e.g., printers) that are connected with one another for the purpose of exchanging data electronically. Two basic network types ...
See network. * * *
/net"werr'king/, n. 1. a supportive system of sharing information and services among individuals and groups having a common interest: Working mothers in the community use ...
➡ radio * * *
Ne·tza·hual·có·yotl (nĕ-tsä'wäl-kōʹyōt'l) A city of south-central Mexico, a suburb of Mexico City. Population: 1,341,230. * * * City (pop., 2000: 1,225,083), ...
To shout. Suffixed (participial) o-grade form *now-ent-(yo-), “shouting.” nuncio; announce, denounce, enunciate, internuncio, pronounce, renounce, from Latin nūntius, ...
Neuber, Caroline
▪ German actress and manager original name  Friederike Caroline Weissenborn , née  Friederike Caroline Weissenborn  born March 9, 1697, Reichenbach, Saxony [Germany] died ...
Neu·bran·den·burg (noi-bränʹdən-bûrg', -bo͝ork') A city of northeast Germany north of Berlin. Founded in 1248, it is an industrial center. Population: 82,451. * * ...
/nooh'sheuh tel", nyooh'-, nooh"sheuh tel', nyooh"-/; Fr. /nue shah tel"/, n. 1. a canton in W Switzerland. 166,100; 309 sq. mi. (800 sq. km). 2. the capital of this canton, on ...
Neuchâtel crisis
▪ Switzerland [1856-57]       (1856–57), tense episode of Swiss history that had repercussions among the Great Powers of Europe. The Congress of Vienna (Vienna, ...
Neuchâtel, Lake
Lake, western Switzerland. With an area of 84 sq mi (218 sq km), it is the largest lake entirely within Switzerland. It is a survivor of a former glacial lake in the lower Aare ...
Neuchâtel,Lake of
Neu·châ·tel (no͞o'shə-tĕlʹ, nyo͞o'-, nœ-shä-), Lake of A narrow lake of northwest Switzerland near the French border. It is in a picturesque region with notable ...
Neue Künstlervereinigung
▪ art organization GermanNew Artists' Association  exhibiting group founded in Munich, Germany, in 1909 by Wassily Kandinsky (Kandinsky, Wassily), Alexey von Jawlensky ...
Neue Sachlichkeit
(German; "New Objectivity") Movement in German painting of the 1920s and early 1930s reflecting the cynicism and resignation of the post-World War I period. The term was coined ...
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
(German; "New Zürich Newspaper") Daily newspaper published in Zürich, Switz. , generally considered one of the world's great newspapers. Founded as the weekly Zürcher ...
Neuenburg [noi′ən boork΄] Ger. name for NEUCHÂTEL * * *
▪ concentration camps, Germany       a complex of Nazi (Nazi Party) German concentration camps (concentration camp) situated in marshy country near Neuengamme, a suburb ...
/nooh'sheuh tel", nyooh'-, nooh"sheuh tel', nyooh"-/; Fr. /nue shah tel"/, n. a soft, white cheese similar to cream cheese, made from whole or partly skimmed milk in Neufchâtel, ...
Neufchâtel (cheese)
Neufchâtel (cheese) or Neufchâtel [nʉ΄shä tel′, no͞o΄shä tel′; ] Fr [ nö shä tel′] n. 〚Fr, after Neufchâtel, town in N France〛 a soft white cheese prepared ...
Neuhof, Theodor, Baron
▪ German adventurer Neuhof also spelled  Neuhoff   born Aug. 24/25, 1694, Cologne died Dec. 11, 1756, London       German adventurer. An indefatigable intriguer in ...
/nue yee"/, n. a suburb of Paris, in N France: treaty of peace (1919) between the Allies and Bulgaria. 66,095. Also called Neuilly-sur-Seine /nue yee syr sen"/. * * *
Neuilly, Treaty of
(November 27, 1919) Peace treaty between Bulgaria and the Allied Powers after World War I, signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Bulgaria was forced to reduce its army to 20,000 ...
Neuilly-sur-Seine [nö yē sür sen′] city in NC France: suburb of Paris: pop. 62,000 * * * ▪ France       exclusive residential northwestern suburb of Paris, France. ...
/nooh"meuhn, nyooh"-/ for 1; /noy"mahn, -meuhn/ for 2, n. 1. Saint John Nepomucene /neuh pom"euh seen'/, 1811-60, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman and educator, born in ...
Neumann line
▪ astronomy       any of the fine, straight, scratchlike marks that appear when some iron meteorites are cut open and the exposed surface polished and etched. The lines ...
Neumann, (Johann) Balthasar
born 1687, Eger, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain died Aug. 19, 1753, Würzburg German architect. Born in Bohemia, Neumann moved to Würzburg in 1711. In 1719 he began work on ...
Neumann, Balthasar
▪ German architect in full  Johann Balthasar Neumann   born 1687, Eger, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain [now Cheb, Czech Republic] died Aug. 19, 1753, Würzburg ...
Neumann, Franz Ernst
▪ German mineralogist, physicist, and mathematician born Sept. 11, 1798, Joachimsthal, Ger. died May 23, 1895, Königsberg       German mineralogist, physicist, and ...
Neumann, Saint John
▪ American bishop born March 28, 1811, Prachatice, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic] died January 5, 1860, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.; canonized 1977; feast day January ...
Neumann, Therese
▪ German stigmatic born 1898, Konnersreuth, Bavaria died Sept. 18, 1962, Konnersreuth       German stigmatic.       At the age of 20 Neumann underwent a severe ...
Neumann, Vaclav
▪ 1996       Czech conductor and proponent of the music of Gustav Mahler and of both classical and contemporary Czech composers, such as Bohuslav Martinu and Leos ...
Neumann,John von
Neu·mann (noiʹmän'), John von. 1903-1957. Hungarian-born American mathematician who contributed to game theory, quantum mechanics, and functional analysis. * * *
See neume. * * *
—neumatic /nooh mat"ik, nyooh-/, neumic, adj. /noohm, nyoohm/, n. any of various symbols representing from one to four notes, used in the musical notation of the Middle Ages ...
Neu·mün·ster (noi-münʹstər) A city of north-central Germany south-southwest of Kiel. Founded in the 12th century, it is a transportation and industrial center. ...
/noy"pest/, n. German name of Ujpest. * * *
▪ Argentina       city, capital of Neuquén provincia (province), west-central Argentina. It is located at the confluence of the Neuquén and Limay rivers, which there ...
var. of neuro- before a vowel: neuritis. * * *
—neurally, adv. /noor"euhl, nyoor"-/, adj. of or pertaining to a nerve or the nervous system. [1830-40; NEUR- + -AL1] * * *
neural arch
neural arch n. a bony or cartilaginous arch resting on the chief part of each vertebra and forming a tunnel through which the nerve cord passes * * *
neural crest
Embryol. a group of ectodermal cells that develop into a variety of tissues, including spinal and autonomic ganglia, connective tissue around the brain and spinal cord, and parts ...
neural network
1. any group of neurons that conduct impulses in a coordinated manner, as the assemblages of brain cells that record a visual stimulus. 2. Also called neural net. a computer ...
neural stem cell
▪ biology       largely undifferentiated cell originating in the central nervous system (nervous system, human). Neural stem cells (stem cell) (NSCs) have the potential ...
neural tube
Embryol. a tube formed by the closure of ectodermal tissue in the early vertebrate embryo that later develops into the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and ganglia. [1885-90] * * *
neural tube defect
Pathol. any of a group of congenital abnormalities involving the brain and spinal cord, including spina bifida and meningocele, caused by failure of the neural tube to close ...
neural arch n. A bony or cartilaginous arch that arises from the dorsal side of a vertebra to enclose the spinal cord. * * *
neural crest n. The part of the ectoderm in a vertebrate embryo that lies on either side of the neural tube and develops into the cranial, spinal, and autonomic ganglia. * * *
—neuralgic, adj. /noo ral"jeuh, nyoo-/, n. Pathol. sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a nerve. [1815-25; NEUR- + -ALGIA] * * * Pain of unknown cause in the area ...
See neuralgia. * * *
See neural. * * *
neural network also neural net n. A real or virtual device, modeled after the human brain, in which several interconnected elements process information simultaneously, adapting ...
neural plate n. The thickened dorsal plate of ectoderm that differentiates into the neural tube and neural crest. * * *
neural tube n. A dorsal tubular structure in the vertebrate embryo formed by longitudinal folding of the neural plate and differentiating into the brain and spinal cord. * * *
neuraltube defect
neural tube defect n. Any of various congenital defects of the brain and spinal cord, such as spina bifida, resulting from incomplete closing of the neural tube in an embryo. * * ...
neu·ra·min·i·dase (no͝or'ə-mĭnʹĭ-dās', -dāz', nyo͝or'-) n. A hydrolytic enzyme that removes sialic acid from mucoproteins and is found chiefly in microorganisms of ...
/noor'euhs thee"nee euh, nyoor'-/, n. Psychiatry. (not in technical use) nervous debility and exhaustion occurring in the absence of objective causes or lesions; nervous ...
—neurasthenically, adv. /noor'euhs then"ik, nyoor'-/, adj. 1. pertaining to or suffering from neurasthenia. n. 2. a person suffering from neurasthenia. [1875-80; NEURASTHEN(IA) ...
See neurasthenic. * * *
Neurath, Konstantin, baron von
born Feb. 2, 1873, Klein-Glattbach, Ger. died Aug. 14, 1956, Enzweihingen, W.Ger. German diplomat. He entered the diplomatic service in 1903 and served as minister to Denmark ...
Neurath, Otto
▪ Austrian philosopher and sociologist born Dec. 10, 1882, Vienna died Dec. 22, 1945, Oxford       Austrian philosopher and sociologist noted for interpreting ...
/noo ray"sheuhn, nyoo-/, n. venation, as of an insect's wings. [1820-30; NEUR- + -ATION] * * *
/noo rak"son, nyoo-/, n. Anat. axon. Also, neuraxone /noo rak"sohn, nyoo-/. [1895-1900; NEUR- + AXON] * * *
/noo rek"teuh mee, nyoo-/, n., pl. neurectomies. Surg. the removal of part or all of a nerve. [1855-60; NEUR- + -ECTOMY] * * *
—neurilemmal, neurilemmatic /noor'euh leuh mat"ik, nyoor'-/, neurilemmatous, adj. /noor'euh lem"euh, nyoor'-/, n. Anat. the delicate outermost membrane of the myelin sheath of ...
See neurilemma. * * *
neurine [noor′ēn΄, nyoor′ēn; noor′in, nyoor′in] n. 〚 NEUR- + -INE3〛 a ptomaine poison, CH2:CHN(CH3) 3OH, formed by the dehydration of choline, as during the ...
/noo ris"teuhr, nyoo-/, n. a microelectronic fiberlike device used in information processing. [1955-60; NEUR- + -istor, as in transistor; so named because it acts like a nerve ...
See neuritis. * * *
—neuritic /noo rit"ik, nyoo-/, adj. /noo ruy"tis, nyoo-/, n. Pathol. 1. inflammation of a nerve. 2. continuous pain in a nerve, associated with paralysis and sensory ...
a combining form meaning "nerve," "nerves," "nervous system," used in the formation of compound words: neurology. Also, esp. before a vowel, neur-. [ < Gk neuro-, comb. form of ...
See neuroanatomy. * * *
See neuroanatomical. * * *
—neuroanatomist, n. —neuroanatomical /noor'oh an'euh tom"i keuhl, nyoor'-/, neuroanatomic, adj. /noor'oh euh nat"euh mee, nyoor'-/, n., pl. neuroanatomies. 1. the branch of ...
/noor'oh bi hayv"yeuhr euhl, nyoor'-/, adj. of or pertaining to an approach to studying behavior that stresses the importance of nerve and brain function. [NEURO- + BEHAVIORAL] * ...
See neurobiology. * * *
See neurobiological. * * *
—neurobiological /noor'oh buy'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —neurobiologically, adv. —neurobiologist, n. /noor'oh buy ol"euh jee, nyoor'-/, n. the branch of biology that is ...
—neuroblastic, adj. /noor"euh blast', nyoor"-/, n. an immature nerve cell. [1890-95; NEURO- + -BLAST] * * *
/noor'oh bla stoh"meuh, nyoor'-/, n., pl. neuroblastomas, neuroblastomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a malignant tumor of immature nerve cells that usually starts in the autonomic ...
/noor'oh kem"i keuhl, nyoor'-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to neurochemistry. 2. (of a drug or other substance) affecting the nervous system. n. 3. a drug or other substance that ...
See neurochemical. * * *
—neurochemist, n. /noor'oh kem"euh stree, nyoor'-/, n. the branch of science that is concerned with the chemistry of the nervous system. [1920-25; NEURO- + CHEMISTRY] * * *
neurocirculatory asthenia
/noor'oh serr"kyeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, nyoor'-/, Pathol. See cardiac neurosis. [1915-20; NEURO- + CIRCULATORY] * * *
neurocoel or neurocoele [noor′ə sēl΄, nyoor′ə sēl΄] n. 〚 NEURO- + -COELE〛 the cavity of the chordate cerebrospinal system, consisting of the ventricles of the brain ...
—neurocoelian, neurocelian, adj. /noor"euh seel', nyoor"-/, n. Embryol. the system of cavities of the embryonic brain and spinal cord. Also, neurocoel, neurocele. [1885-90; ...
neurodegenerative [noor΄ō dē jen′ər ə tiv, nyoor΄dē jen′ər ə tiv] adj. designating or of a disease or condition, as Alzheimer's disease, characterized by the ...
/noor'oh di pres"iv, nyoor'-/, adj. 1. (of a drug) depressing nerve-cell function. n. 2. any such substance. [1965-70; NEURO- + DEPRESSIVE] * * *
—neuroembryological /noor'oh em'bree euh loj"i keuhl, nyoor'-/, neuroembryologic, adj. —neuroembryologist, n. /noor'oh em'bree ol"euh jee, nyoor'-/, n. the branch of ...
/noor'oh en"deuh krin, -kruyn', -kreen', nyoor'-/, adj. of or pertaining to the interactions between the nervous and endocrine systems, esp. in relation to hormones. [1920-25; ...
See neuroendocrinology. * * *
See neuroendocrinological. * * *
—neuroendocrinologist, n. /noor'oh en'doh kreuh nol"euh jee, -kruy-, nyoor'-/, n. the study of the anatomical and physiological interactions between the nervous and endocrine ...
/noor'oh ep'i thee"lee euhm, nyoor'-/, n., pl. neuroepitheliums, neuroepithelia /-lee euh/. 1. Embryol. the part of the embryonic ectoderm that gives rise to the nervous ...
—neurofibrillar, neurofibrillary, adj. /noor'euh fuy"breuhl, -fib"reuhl, nyoor'-/, n. Anat. a fibril of a nerve cell. [1895-1900; NEURO- + FIBRIL] * * *
See neurofibril. * * *
/noor'oh fuy broh"meuh, nyoor'-/, n., pl. neurofibromas, neurofibromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign neoplasm composed of the fibrous elements of a nerve. [1890-95; NEURO- + ...
/noor'oh fuy broh'meuh toh"sis, nyoor'-/, n. Pathol. a dominantly inherited genetic disorder characterized by flat brown patches on the skin, neurofibromas of the skin and ...
neu·ro·fil·a·ment (no͝or'ə-fĭlʹə-mənt, nyo͝or'-) n. Any of the long, fine threads that make up a neurofibril.   neu'ro·fil'a·menʹtous (-mĕnʹtəs) adj. * * *
See neurofilament. * * *
neu·ro·gen·e·sis (no͝or'ə-jĕnʹĭ-sĭs, nyo͝or'-) n. pl. neu·ro·gen·e·ses (-sēz') Formation of nervous tissue. * * *
neu·ro·ge·net·ics (no͝or'ō-jə-nĕtʹĭks, nyo͝or'-) n. (used with a sing. verb) The study of the genetic factors that contribute to the development of neurological ...
/noor'euh jen"ik, nyoor'-/, adj. Med. originating in a nerve or nerve tissue. Also, neurogenous /noo roj"euh neuhs, nyoo-/. [1900-05; NEURO- + -GENIC] * * *
neurogenic arthropathy
▪ pathology also called  Charcot joint        condition characterized by the destruction of a stress-bearing joint, with development of new bone around the joint. ...
See neurogenic. * * *
—neuroglial, neurogliar, adj. /noo rog"lee euh, nyoo-/, n. Anat., Cell Biol. a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a supporting structure for the neurons and ...
See neuroglia. * * *
/noor'oh hawr mohn"l, nyoor'-/, adj. 1. pertaining to or controlled by a neurohormone. 2. pertaining to, affecting, or controlled by neurons or neurotransmitters and ...
/noor'oh hawr"mohn, nyoor'-/, n. Biochem. any of various substances, as antidiuretic hormone, formed in the nervous system and delivered to an effector organ through blood ...
neurohumor [noor΄ōhyo͞o′mər, nyoor΄ō hyo͞o′mər] n. 〚 NEURO- + HUMOR〛 NEUROTRANSMITTER neurohumoral adj. * * *
See neurohypophysis. * * *
See neurohypophyseal. * * *
—neurohypophyseal /noor'oh huy'peuh fiz"ee euhl, -hip'euh-, -huy pof'euh see"euhl, -hi-, nyoor'-/, adj. /noor'oh huy pof"euh sis, -hi-, nyoor'-/, n., pl. neurohypophyses ...
/noor'oh im'yeuh nol"euh jee, nyoor'-/, n. a branch of immunology concerned with the interactions between immunological and nervous system functions, esp. as they apply to ...
neurol abbrev. 1. neurological 2. neurology * * *
neurology; neurological. * * *
/noor'euh lept an'l jee"zee euh, -see euh, nyoor'-/, n. Pharm. a semiconscious nonreactive state induced by certain drug combinations, as fentanyl with droperidol. [NEUROLEPT(IC) ...
/noor'euh lep"tik, nyoor'-/, n., adj. antipsychotic. [1955-60; < F neuroleptique, equiv. to neuro- NEURO- + -leptique < Gk leptikós disposed to take, equiv. to lep- (verbid s. ...
—neurolinguist, n. —neurolinguistic, adj. /noor'oh ling gwis"tiks, nyoor'-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of the neurological processes underlying the development and ...
See neurology. * * *
See neurologic. * * *
See neurologic. * * *
/noo rol"euh jist, nyoo-/, n. a physician specializing in neurology. [1825-35; NEUROLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
—neurological /noor'euh loj"i keuhl, nyoor'-/, adj. —neurologically, adv. /noo rol"euh jee, nyoo-/, n. the science of the nerves and the nervous system, esp. of the diseases ...
—neurolytic /noor'euh lit"ik, nyoor'-/, adj. /noo rol"euh sis, nyoo-/, n. 1. Pathol. a. disintegration of nerve tissue. b. exhaustion of a nerve by excess stimulation. 2. Surg. ...
—neuromatous /noo rom"euh teuhs, nyoo-/, adj. /noo roh"meuh, nyoo-/, n., pl. neuromas, neuromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor formed of nerve tissue. [1830-40; NEUR- + -OMA] * ...
—neuromastic, adj. /noor"euh mast', nyoor"-/, n. a group of innervated sensory cells occurring along the lateral line of fishes and aquatic amphibians. [1910-15; NEURO- + -mast ...
/noor'oh mek"euh niz'euhm, nyoor'-/, n. the function of the nervous system as it relates to its structure. [NEURO- + MECHANISM] * * *
/noor'oh moj"euh lay'teuhr/, n. Biochem. any of various substances, as certain hormones and amino acids, that influence the function of neurons but do not act as ...
/noor'oh moh"teuhr, nyoor'-/, adj. 1. neuromuscular. 2. of or pertaining to the effects of nerve impulses on muscles. [1910-15; NEURO- + MOTOR] * * *
/noor'oh mus"kyeuh leuhr, nyoor'-/, adj. pertaining to or affecting both nerves and muscles. [1875-80; NEURO- + MUSCULAR] * * *
neuromuscular junction
▪ biochemistry also called  myoneural junction        site of chemical communication between a fibre and a muscle cell. The neuromuscular junction is analogous to ...
—neuronal /noor"euh nl, nyoor"-, noo rohn"l, nyoo-/, adj. /noor"on, nyoor"-/, n. Cell Biol. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous ...
See neuron. * * *
See neuronal. * * *
neu·rone (no͝orʹōn', nyo͝orʹ-) n. Chiefly British Variant of neuron. * * *
See neuronal. * * *
/noor'oh of'theuhl mol"euh jee, -theuh-, -thal-, -op'-, nyoor'oh-/, n. the branch of ophthalmology that deals with the optic nerve and other nervous system structures involved in ...
neuropath [noor′ō path΄, nyoor′ō path΄] n. 〚
See neuropathology. * * *
See neuropathologic. * * *
See neuropathologic. * * *
—neuropathological /noor'oh path'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —neuropathologist, n. /noor'oh peuh thol"euh jee, nyoor'-/, n. the pathology of the nervous system. [1850-55; NEURO- + ...
—neuropathic /noor'euh path"ik, nyoor'-/, adj. —neuropathically, adv. /noo rop"euh thee, nyoo-/, n. any diseased condition of the nervous system. [1855-60; NEURO- + -PATHY] * ...
/noor'oh pep"tuyd, nyoor'-/, n. any of various short-chain peptides, as endorphins, that function as neuromodulators in the nervous system and as hormones in the endocrine ...
See neuropharmacology. * * *
See neuropharmacological. * * *
—neuropharmacologic /noor'oh fahr'meuh keuh loj"ik, nyoor'-/, neuropharmacological, adj. —neuropharmacologically, adv. —neuropharmacologist, n. /noor'oh fahr'meuh kol"euh ...
See neurophysiology. * * *
See neurophysiologic. * * *
See neurophysiologic. * * *
—neurophysiological /noor'oh fiz'ee euh loj"i keuhl, nyoor'-/, neurophysiologic, adj. —neurophysiologicaly, adv. —neurophysiologist, n. /noor'oh fiz'ee ol"euh jee, ...
—neuroplasmatic /noor'oh plaz mat"ik, nyoor'-/, neuroplasmic, adj. /noor"euh plaz'euhm, nyoor"-/, n. Anat. the cytoplasm of a nerve cell. [1890-95; NEURO- + -PLASM] * * *
▪ biology Introduction  capacity of neurons (neuron) and neural networks in the brain to change their connections and behaviour in response to new information, sensory ...
See neuropsychiatry. * * *
See neuropsychiatric. * * *
—neuropsychiatric /noor'oh suy'kee a"trik, nyoor'-/, adj. —neuropsychiatrist, n. /noor'oh si kuy"euh tree, -suy-, nyoor'-/, n. the branch of medicine dealing with diseases ...
See neuropsychology. * * *
See neuropsychological. * * *
neuropsychology [noor΄rōsī käl′ə jē] n. the science dealing with the effects that the nervous system, esp. the brain, has on behavior neuropsychological ...
/noo rop"teuhr euhn, nyoo-/, adj. 1. neuropterous. n. 2. Also, neuropteron. a neuropterous insect. [1835-45; < NL Neuropter(a), neut. pl. of neuropterus (see NEUROPTEROUS) + ...
/noo rop"teuhr euhs, nyoo-/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the Neuroptera, an order of insects characterized by four membranous wings having netlike venation, comprising the ...
See neuroradiology. * * *
See neuroradiological. * * *
neu·ro·ra·di·ol·o·gy (no͝or'ō-rā'dē-ŏlʹə-jē, nyo͝or'-) n. 1. The branch of radiology that deals with the nervous system. 2. The use of x-rays in diagnosis and ...
—neuroscientific, adj. —neuroscientist, n. /noor'oh suy"euhns, nyoor'-/, n. the field of study encompassing the various scientific disciplines dealing with the structure, ...
See neuroscience. * * *
See neuroscientific. * * *
—neurosecretory, adj. /noor'oh si kree"sheuhn, nyoor'-/, n. a chemical secreted by a nerve cell. [1940-45; NEURO- + SECRETION] * * *
See neurosecretion. * * *
neurosecretory cell
▪ anatomy       a type of neuron, or nerve cell, whose function is to translate neural signals into chemical stimuli. Such cells produce secretions called neurohormones ...
/noor'oh sen"seuh ree, nyoor'-/, adj. of or pertaining to the sensory role of the nervous system. [1925-30; NEURO- + SENSORY] * * *
/noo roh"sis, nyoo-/, n., pl. neuroses /-seez/. Psychiatry. 1. Also called psychoneurosis. a functional disorder in which feelings of anxiety, obsessional thoughts, compulsive ...
See neurosurgery. * * *
—neurosurgeon /noor'oh serr"jeuhn, nyoor'-/, n. —neurosurgical, adj. /noor'oh serr"jeuh ree, nyoor'-/, n. surgery of the brain or other nerve tissue. [1900-05; NEURO- + ...
See neurosurgeon. * * *
neurotic1 —neurotically, adv. /noo rot"ik, nyoo-/, Psychiatry. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of neurosis. n. 2. a neurotic person. [1870-75; NEUR(OSIS) + ...
See neurotic. * * *
/noo rot"euh siz'euhm, nyoo-/, n. the state of having traits or symptoms characteristic of neurosis. [1895-1900; NEUROTIC + -ISM] * * *
—neurotomical /noor'euh tom"i keuhl, nyoor'-/, adj. —neurotomist, n. /noo rot"euh mee, nyoo-/, n., pl. neurotomies. Surg. the cutting of a nerve, as to relieve ...
/noor'oh tok"sik, nyoor'-/, adj. poisonous to nerve tissue, as to the brain or spinal cord. [1900-05; NEURO- + TOXIC] * * *
/noor'oh tok sis"i tee, nyoor'-/, n. 1. the degree to which a substance is poisonous to nerve tissue. 2. Pathol. the condition resulting from exposure to a neurotoxin. [1945-50; ...
—neurotoxicologist, n. /noor'euh tok'si kol"euh jee, nyoor'-/, n. the science that deals with the effects of poisons on the nervous system. [NEURO- + TOXICOLOGY] * * *
/noor"oh tok'sin, nyoor"-, noor'oh tok"-, nyoor'-/, n. a neurotoxic substance, as rattlesnake venom or the poison of a black widow spider. [1900-05; NEURO- + TOXIN] * * *
/noor'oh trans mish"euhn, -tranz-, nyoor'-/, n. the transmission of a nerve impulse across a synapse. [1960-65; NEURO- + TRANSMISSION] * * *
/noor'oh trans"mit euhr, -tranz"-, nyoor'-/, n. any of several chemical substances, as epinephrine or acetylcholine, that transmit nerve impulses across a synapse to a ...
/noor'euh trof"ik, -troh"fik, nyoor'-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the effect of nerves on the nutritive processes. 2. neurotropic. [1895-1900; NEURO- + -TROPHIC] * * *
/noo ro"treuh fee, nyoo-/, n. the influence of the nerves on the nutrition and maintenance of body tissue. [NEURO- + -TROPHY] * * *
/noor'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik, nyoor'-/, adj. Med. having an affinity for nerve cells or tissue: a neurotropic virus; a neurotropic drug. [1900-05; NEURO- + -TROPIC] * * *
/noo ro"treuh piz'euhm, nyoo-/, n. the quality of being neurotropic. Also, neurotropy. [1900-05; NEURO- + -TROPISM] * * *
/noor'oh vas"kyeuh leuhr, nyoor'-/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the nerves and blood vessels. [1885-90; NEURO- + VASCULAR] * * *
—neurular, adj. /noor"euh leuh, nyoor"-/, n., pl. neurulas, neurulae /-lee', -luy'/. Embryol. an embryo in the stage of development in which part of the ectoderm is ...
/noor'euh lay"sheuhn, nyoor'-/, n. the formation of a neurula. [1885-90; NEURUL(A) + -ATION] * * *
/noy"zahts/, n. German name of Novi Sad. * * *
Neuschwanstein Castle
Elaborate castle built on a rock ledge over the Pöllat Gorge in the Bavarian Alps, near Füssen, Ger. Begun in 1869 at the behest of Bavaria's Louis II, this lavish stronghold ...
Neuse (no͞os, nyo͞os) A river of east-central North Carolina flowing about 442 km (275 mi) generally southeast to Pamlico Sound. * * *
Neuse River
▪ river, North Carolina, United States       river in northeast-central North Carolina, U.S., formed by the junction of the Flat, Little, and Eno rivers in Durham ...
▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Nyuserre,         sixth king of the 5th dynasty (c. 2465–c. 2325 BC) of Egypt; he is primarily known for his temple to the sun-god Re ...
Neusiedler Lake
Hungarian Fertő-tó Lake, eastern Austria and northwestern Hungary. The shallow lake was formerly entirely within Hungary, but in 1922 the northern two-thirds were transferred ...
/noys/, n. a city W Germany, near Düsseldorf. 142,200. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. It lies on the west bank ...
Neustadt an der Weinstrasse
▪ Germany formerly  Neustadt an der Haardt        city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies on the eastern slope of the Haardt ...
—neustic, neustonic /nooh ston"ik, nyooh-/, adj. /nooh"ston, nyooh"-/, n. the aggregate of minute aquatic organisms that float or swim in the surface film of a body of ...
—Neustrian, adj. /nooh"stree euh, nyooh"-/, n. the W part of the Frankish kingdom, corresponding roughly to N and NW France. * * * During the Merovingian period, the western ...
See Neustria. * * *
neut abbrev. neuter * * *
neuter. * * *
/nooh"teuhr, nyooh"-/, adj. 1. Gram. a. noting or pertaining to a gender that refers to things classed as neither masculine nor feminine. b. (of a verb) intransitive. 2. Biol. ...
/nooh"teuhr kayn', nyooh"-/, n. a storm resembling a small hurricane but obtaining part of its energy by the same mechanism as a frontal cyclone. [1970-75; NEUTER + (HURRI)CANE, ...
/noy"treuh/, n. Richard Joseph, 1892-1970, U.S. architect, born in Austria. * * *
Neutra, Richard (Joseph)
born April 8, 1892, Vienna, Austria died April 16, 1970, Wuppertal, W.Ger. Austrian-born U.S. architect. Educated in Vienna and Zürich, Neutra moved to the U.S. in 1923. His ...
Neutra, Richard Joseph
▪ Austrian-American architect born April 8, 1892, Vienna, Austria died April 16, 1970, Wuppertal, W.Ger.       Austrian-born American architect known for his role in ...
—neutrally, adv. /nooh"treuhl, nyooh"-/, adj. 1. not taking part or giving assistance in a dispute or war between others: a neutral nation during World War II. 2. not aligned ...
neutral acriflavine
Chem. acriflavine. * * *
neutral axis
an imaginary line in the cross section of a beam, shaft, or the like, along which no stresses occur. [1835-45] * * *
neutral corner
Boxing. either of the two corners of the ring not used by the boxers between rounds. [1950-55] * * *
neutral ground
Gulf States. 1. a median strip on a highway or boulevard, esp. one planted with grass. 2. the strip of grass between a street and sidewalk. [1815-25, Amer., for an earlier ...
neutral monism
—neutral monist. Philos. the theory that mind and matter consist of different relations between entities that are themselves neither mental nor physical. [1910-15] * * * ▪ ...
neutral spirits
nonflavored alcohol of 95 percent, or 190 proof, obtained chiefly from grain or molasses or redistilled from brandy, rum, etc., used for blending with straight whiskies and in ...
neutral zone
Ice Hockey. the area of a rink between the two blue lines. Cf. end zone (def. 2). [1900-05, in sense "zone between the two scrimmage lines in football"] * * *
neutral ground n. Louisiana & Southern Mississippi 1. See median strip. 2. See parking.   Regional Note: The strip of grass dividing the opposing lanes of an avenue or a highway ...
/nooh"treuh liz'euhm, nyooh"-/, n. 1. the policy or advocacy of maintaining strict neutrality in foreign affairs. 2. Biol. the theory that some changes in evolution are governed ...
/nooh"treuh list, nyooh"-/, n. 1. a person who advocates or adheres to a policy of strict neutrality in foreign affairs. 2. a person who advocates or adheres to a policy or ...
See neutralist. * * *
/nooh tral"i tee, nyooh-/, n. 1. the state of being neutral. 2. the policy or status of a nation that does not participate in a war between other nations: the continuous ...
/nooh'treuh leuh zay"sheuhn, nyooh'-/, n. 1. the act, process, or an instance of neutralizing. 2. the quality or condition of being neutralized. 3. Ling. the loss of a ...
—neutralizer, n. /nooh"treuh luyz', nyooh"-/, v., neutralized, neutralizing. v.t. 1. to make neutral; cause to undergo neutralization. 2. to make (something) ineffective; ...
See neutralize. * * *
See neutral. * * *
neutral spirits pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Ethyl alcohol distilled at or above 190 proof, often used in blended alcoholic beverages. * * *
neutral zone n. 1. Football. An imaginary area as wide as the length of the football extending across the field between the lines of scrimmage, in which the presence of any ...
/nooh tree"noh, nyooh-/, n., pl. neutrinos. Physics. any of the massless or nearly massless electrically neutral leptons. There is a distinct kind of neutrino associated with ...
neutrino astronomy
the branch of astronomy dealing with the detection and measurement of neutrinos emitted by the sun and other celestial objects. [1975-80] * * *
neutrino problem, solar
Shortfall in the expected number of neutrinos produced by the Sun that are detected on Earth. Long-running experiments begun in the 1960s found only one-third to two-thirds the ...

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