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Nicaragua, Lake
Lake, southwestern Nicaragua. It is 102 mi (164 km) long, with a surface area of about 3,100 sq mi (8,000 sq km). The largest freshwater lake between the U.S. and Peru, it is ...
Nicaragua,Lake
Nicaragua, Lake The largest lake of Central America, in southwest Nicaragua. The freshwater lake contains fish, such as tuna and sharks, usually found only in salt water because ...
Nicaraguan
See Nicaragua. * * *
Nicaro
▪ Cuba       city, eastern Cuba. It is situated on Levisa Bay, a nearly landlocked arm of the Atlantic Ocean, at the base of the Lengua de Pájara peninsula. Nicaro is ...
Niccoli, Niccolò
▪ Italian humanist born c. 1364, , Florence died Feb. 3, 1437, Florence       wealthy Renaissance Humanist from Florence whose collections of ancient art objects and ...
niccolite
/nik"euh luyt'/, n. Mineral. nickeline. [1865-70; < NL niccol(um) nickel + -ITE1] * * * ▪ mineral       an ore mineral of nickel, nickel arsenide (NiAs). It is commonly ...
Niccolò
(as used in expressions) Donato di Niccolò Niccolò Foscolo Gentile di Niccolò di Massio Machiavelli Niccolò Paganini Niccolò * * *
Niccolò Dell'arca
▪ Italian sculptor also called  Niccolo Da Bari  flourished c. 1460–94       early Renaissance Italian sculptor famed for his expressionistic use of northern Gothic ...
NiCd battery.
See nickel-cadmium battery. * * *
nice
—nicely, adv. —niceness, n. /nuys/, adj., nicer, nicest. 1. pleasing; agreeable; delightful: a nice visit. 2. amiably pleasant; kind: They are always nice to strangers. 3. ...
Nice
/nees/, n. a port in and the capital of Alpes-Maritimes, in SE France, on the Mediterranean: resort. 346,620. * * * ancient Niceaea City (pop., 1999: city, 342,738; metro. ...
nice nelly
/nel"ee/ 1. a person who professes or exhibits excessive modesty, prudishness, or the like: too much of a nice nelly to have any fun. 2. nice-nellyism (def. 2). Also, nice ...
nice-nelly
/nuys"nel"ee/, adj. 1. characterized by prudishness or excessive modesty: The entrance of his nice-nelly friend stopped the flow of risqué stories. 2. being a euphemism; ...
nice-nellyism
/nuys"nel"ee iz'euhm/, n. 1. excessive modesty; prudishness. 2. a euphemism: an evasive style of writing, full of circumlocutions and nice-nellyisms. Also, ...
Niceforo, Alfredo
▪ Italian sociologist born Jan. 23, 1876, Castiglione di Sicilia, Catania, Italy died March 2, 1960, Rome       Italian sociologist, criminologist, and statistician who ...
nicely
See nice. * * *
Nicene
/nuy seen", nuy"seen/, adj. of or pertaining to Nicaea. Also, Nicaean. [1350-1400; ME < LL Nicenus, var. of Nicaenus < Gk Nikaîos (Níkai(a) Nicaea + -os adj. suffix), with -n- ...
Nicene Council
either of two church councils that met at Nicaea, the first in A.D. 325 to deal with the Arian heresy, the second in A.D. 787 to consider the question of the veneration of ...
Nicene Creed
1. a formal statement of the chief tenets of Christian belief, adopted by the first Nicene Council. 2. a later creed of closely similar form (Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed or ...
NiceneCreed
Ni·cene Creed (nīʹsēn', nī-sēnʹ) n. Christianity A formal statement of doctrine of the Christian faith adopted at the Council of Nicaea in A.D. 325 to defend orthodoxy ...
niceness
See nicely. * * *
Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
/nuy-see"noh kon stan'tn oh pol"i tn/. See under Nicene Creed (def. 2). * * *
Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos
▪ Byzantine historian also spelled  Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos   born c. 1256 died c. 1335       Byzantine historian and litterateur whose stylistic prose and ...
Nicephorus I
▪ Byzantine emperor born , Seleucia died July 26, 811, Bulgaria  Byzantine emperor from 802 who late in his reign alienated his subjects with his extremely heavy taxation and ...
Nicephorus I, Saint
▪ Greek Orthodox patriarch Greek  Nikephoros   born c. 758, , Constantinople died June 2, 829, near Chalcedon, Bithynia, Asia Minor; feast day March 13       Greek ...
Nicephorus II Phocas
born 912, Cappadocia died Dec. 10/11, 969, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (963–969). A powerful military commander, he fought the Arabs in the east, liberated Crete from ...
Nicephorus III Botaneiates
▪ Byzantine emperor Nicephorus also spelled  Nikephoros  born c. 1001 died c. 1081  Byzantine emperor (1078–81) whose use of Turkish support in acquiring and holding the ...
Nicetas
/nuy see"teuhs/, n. See Ignatius, Saint (def. 2). * * *
Nicetas Of Remesiana
▪ Greek bishop flourished 5th century       Greek bishop, theologian, and composer of liturgical verse, whose missionary activity and writings effected the ...
Nicetas Stethatos
▪ Greek theologian born c. 1000 died c. 1090       Byzantine mystic, theologian, and outspoken polemist in the 11th-century Greek Orthodox–Latin church controversy ...
nicety
/nuy"si tee/, n., pl. niceties. 1. a delicate or fine point; punctilio: niceties of protocol. 2. a fine distinction; subtlety; detail: the niceties of the filigree work. 3. ...
niche
/nich/, n., adj., v., niched, niching. n. 1. an ornamental recess in a wall or the like, usually semicircular in plan and arched, as for a statue or other decorative object. 2. a ...
Nichinan
▪ Japan  city, southern Miyazaki ken (prefecture), southeastern Kyushu, Japan. It lies just inland from the Pacific Ocean. A type of Japanese cedar called obi has been ...
Nichiren
Ni·chi·ren (nēʹchē-rĕn'), Originally Zennichimaro. 1222-1282. Japanese Buddhist monk and founder of a sect of Buddhism that bears his name. He believed that the true ...
Nichiren Buddhism
/nich"euhr euhn/ a doctrine of salvation based on the Lotus Sutra. [after Nichiren (1222-82), a Japanese Buddhist monk who advocated the doctrine] * * * One of the largest ...
Nicholas
/nik"euh leuhs, nik"leuhs/, n. 1. of Cusa /kyooh"zeuh/, 1401-1464, German cardinal, mathematician, and philosopher. German, Nikolaus von Cusa. 2. Grand Duke, 1856-1929, Russian ...
Nicholas (V)
▪ antipope original name  Pietro Rainalducci, or Rainallucci   born , Corvaro, Rieti, Papal States died Oct. 16, 1333, Avignon, Provence       last imperial antipope, ...
Nicholas Brothers
U.S. tap dancing duo. Fayard Antonio Nicholas (b. Oct. 20, 1914, Mobile, Ala., U.S.) and his brother Harold Lloyd Nicholas (b. March 17, 1921, Winston-Salem, N.C. d. July 3, ...
Nicholas Hawksmoor
➡ Hawksmoor * * *
Nicholas Hilliard
➡ Hilliard * * *
Nicholas Hytner
➡ Hytner * * *
Nicholas I
1. Saint ("Nicholas the Great"), died A.D. 867, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 858-867. 2. 1796-1855, czar of Russia 1825-55. * * * Russian Nikolay Pavlovich born July 6, 1796, ...
Nicholas I, Saint
▪ pope byname  Nicholas the Great   born c. 800, Rome died Nov. 13, 867, Rome; feast day November 13       pope from 858 to 867, master theorist of papal power, ...
Nicholas II
1. (Gerard) died 1061, pope 1058-61. 2. 1868-1918, czar of Russia 1894-1917: executed 1918. * * * I Russian Nikolay Aleksandrovich born May 18, 1868, Tsarskoye Selo, near St. ...
Nicholas III
(Giovanni Gaetani Orsini) died 1280, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1277-80. * * * ▪ patriarch of Constantinople flourished 11th century       Eastern Orthodox patriarch ...
Nicholas IV
(Girolamo Masci) died 1292, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1288-92. * * * ▪ pope original name  Girolamo Masci   born Sept. 30, 1227, near Ascoli Piceno, Papal States died ...
Nicholas Nickleby
a novel (1839) by Charles Dickens. Nicholas Nickleby is a young man who has to make enough money to support his mother and sister after his father dies. He first goes to work as ...
Nicholas Of Autrecourt
▪ French philosopher and theologian French  Nicolas D'autrecourt   born c. 1300, , Autrecourt, near Verdun, Fr. died after 1350, , Metz, Lorrain       French ...
Nicholas Of Clémanges
▪ French theologian original name  Nicolas Poillevilain   born c. 1363, , Clémanges, Fr. died 1437, Paris       theologian, humanist, and educator who denounced the ...
Nicholas of Cusa
Nicholas of Cusa [kyo͞o′sə, kyo͞o′zə] 1401-64; Ger. cardinal, philosopher, & mathematician * * * born 1401, Kues, Trier died Aug. 11, 1464, Todi, Papal States German ...
Nicholas of Damascus
▪ Greek historian and philosopher flourished 1st century BC       Greek historian and philosopher whose works included a universal history from the time of the Assyrian ...
Nicholas of Flüe, Saint
▪ Swiss folk hero byname  Brother Klaus,  German  Sankt Niklaus von Flüe, or Bruder Klaus  born March 21?, 1417, Flüeli, near Sachseln, Obwalden, Switz. died March 21, ...
Nicholas Of Hereford
▪ English scholar died c. 1420, , Coventry, Warwickshire, Eng.       theological scholar and advocate of the English reform movement within the Roman Church who later ...
Nicholas Of Lyra
▪ French biblical scholar Latin  Nicolaus Lyranus   born c. 1270, , Vieille-Lyre, Normandy died Oct. 16/23, 1349, Paris       author of the first printed commentary ...
Nicholas of Verdun
flourished с 1150–1210, Flanders French enamelist and goldsmith, considered the greatest of his day. He was an important figure during the transition from late Romanesque to ...
Nicholas V
(Thomas Parentucelli) 1397?-1455, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1447-55. * * * orig. Tommaso Parentucelli born Nov. 15, 1397, Sarzana, Republic of Genoa died March 24, 1455, ...
Nicholas, Fayard Antonio
▪ 2007  American dancer (b. Oct. 20, 1914, Mobile, Ala.—d. Jan. 24, 2006, Toluca Lake, Calif.), with his brother, Harold, made up the world-famous tap-dancing duo the ...
Nicholas, Harold Lloyd
▪ 2001       American dancer (b. March 21/27, 1921, Winston-Salem, N.C.—d. July 3, 2000, New York, N.Y.), along with his older brother, Fayard, constituted the ...
Nicholas, Saint
or Santa Claus flourished 4th century, Myra, Lycia, Asia Minor; feast day December 6 Minor saint associated with Christmas. Probably bishop of Myra, he is reputed to have ...
Nicholas,Saint
Nich·o·las (nĭkʹə-ləs), Saint.Fourth century A.D. Bishop of Myra in Asia Minor who is often associated with Santa Claus and the custom of gift-giving at Christmas. * * *
NicholasI
Nicholas I, 1796-1855. Czar of Russia (1825-1855) who suppressed the Decembrist movement and led Russia into the Crimean War (1853-1856). * * *
NicholasII
Nicholas II, 1868-1918. The last czar of Russia (1894-1917), whose reign was marked by defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), the 1905 Revolution, the court influence of ...
Nicholasof Cusa
Nicholas of Cu·sa (kyo͞oʹzə, -sə), 1401-1464. German prelate, scientist, and Neo-Platonist philosopher who emphasized the incompleteness of the human knowledge of God and ...
Nicholasville
/nik"euh leuhs vil', nik"leuhs-/, n. a town in central Kentucky. 10,400. * * *
Nichole
/ni kohl"/, n. a female given name. * * *
Nicholls, Gwyn
▪ Welsh athlete in full  Erith Gwyn Nicholls   born June 1874, Westbury-on-Severn, Gloucester, Eng. died March 1939, Wales       one of the greatest rugby players of ...
Nicholls, Rhoda Holmes
▪ British-American artist née  Rhoda Carleton Marion Holmes   born March 28, 1854, Coventry, Eng. died Sept. 7, 1930, Stamford, Conn., U.S.       British-American ...
Nichols
/nik"euhlz/, n. John, born 1940, U.S. novelist. * * *
Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard
▪ American journalist née  Clarina Irene Howard   born Jan. 25, 1810, West Townshend, Vt., U.S. died Jan. 11, 1885, Potter Valley, Calif.  19th-century American journalist ...
Nichols, Herbie
▪ American musician byname of  Herbert Horatio Nichols   born Jan. 3, 1919, New York, N.Y., U.S. died April 12, 1963, New York City       African-American jazz ...
Nichols, John
▪ English writer born Feb. 2, 1745, London, Eng. died Nov. 26, 1826, London  writer, printer, and antiquary who, through numerous volumes of literary anecdotes, made an ...
Nichols, Mary Gove
▪ American writer and advocate née  Mary Sargeant Neal   born Aug. 10, 1810, Goffstown, N.H., U.S. died May 30, 1884, London       U.S. writer and advocate of ...
Nichols, Mike
orig. Michael Igor Peschkowsky born Nov. 6, 1931, Berlin, Ger. German-born U.S. stage and film director. He and his parents fled Germany for the U.S. in 1938. After studying ...
Nichols,Mike
Nich·ols (nĭkʹəlz), Mike. Originally Michael Igor Peschkowsky. Born 1931. German-born American stage and film director whose credits include The Odd Couple (1965) and the ...
Nicholson
/nik"euhl seuhn/, n. 1. Ben, 1894-1982, British abstract painter. 2. Sir Francis, 1655-1728, English colonial administrator in America. 3. Jack, born 1937, U.S. actor. * * *
Nicholson, Ben
▪ British artist born April 10, 1894, Denham, Buckinghamshire, England died February 6, 1982, London       English artist whose austere geometric paintings and reliefs ...
Nicholson, David
▪ 2007 “The Duke”        British steeplechase jockey and trainer (b. March 19, 1939, Epsom, Surrey, Eng.—d. Aug. 27, 2006), as one of England's finest jump ...
Nicholson, Eliza Jane Poitevent Holbrook
▪ American poet and journalist née  Eliza Jane Poitevent   born March 11, 1849, Hancock county, Miss., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1896, New Orleans, La.       American poet ...
Nicholson, Jack
born April 22, 1937, Neptune, N.J., U.S. U.S. film actor. He acted in low-budget movies before earning acclaim for his role in Easy Rider (1969). He followed it with such ...
Nicholson, John
▪ British colonial official born Dec. 11, 1821, Dublin, Ire. died Sept. 23, 1857, Delhi [India]  British soldier and administrator who brought relief to Delhi during the ...
Nicholson, Max
▪ 2004       British ornithologist, environmentalist, and civil servant (b. July 12, 1904, Kilternan, County Dublin, Ire.—d. April 26, 2003, London, Eng.), cofounded ...
Nicholson, Reynold Alleyne
▪ British scholar born Aug. 18, 1868, Keighley, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 27, 1945, Chester, Cheshire       English orientalist who exercised a lasting influence on ...
Nicholson, Seth Barnes
▪ American astronomer born Nov. 12, 1891, Springfield, Ill., U.S. died July 2, 1963, Los Angeles, Calif.       American astronomer best known for discovering four ...
Nicholson, William
▪ English chemist and inventor born 1753, London, Eng. died May 21, 1815, Bloomsbury, London       English chemist, discoverer of the electrolysis of water, which has ...
Nicholson,Ben
Nich·ol·son (nĭkʹəl-sən), Ben. 1894-1982. British painter known for his Cubist still lifes and abstract geometric landscapes. * * *
Nichrome
/nuy"krohm'/, Trademark. a brand name for a nickel-base alloy, containing chromium and iron, having high electrical resistance and stability at high temperatures. * * *
nicht wahr
/nikht vahrdd"/, German. isn't that so? * * *
nicht wahr?
nicht wahr? [niHt vär′] 〚Ger, lit., not true?〛 isn't that so? * * *
Nicias
/nish"ee euhs/, n. died 413 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. * * * born с 470 died 413 BC, Sicily Athenian leader. He was renowned for his enormous wealth. Seeking to ...
nick
/nik/, n. 1. a small notch, groove, chip, or the like, cut into or existing in something. 2. a hollow place produced in an edge or surface, as of a dish, by breaking, chipping, ...
Nick
/nik/, n. 1. See Old Nick. 2. a male given name, form of Nicholas. * * *
Nick Carter
➡ Carter (III) * * *
Nick Faldo
➡ Faldo * * *
Nick Hornby
➡ Hornby (II) * * *
nickel
/nik"euhl/, n., v., nickeled, nickeling or (esp. Brit.) nickelled, nickelling, adj. n. 1. Chem. a hard, silvery-white, ductile and malleable metallic element, allied to iron and ...
nickel acetate
Chem. a green, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C4H6NiO4, used chiefly in nickel-plating. * * *
nickel carbonyl
Chem. a colorless or yellow, volatile, water-insoluble, poisonous, flammable liquid, Ni(CO)4, obtained by the reaction of nickel and carbon monoxide, and used for nickel-plating. ...
Nickel Centre
a town in S Ontario, in S Canada. 12,318. * * *
nickel oxide
Chem. a green, water-insoluble powder, NiO, used chiefly in the manufacture of nickel salts and in green pigments for ceramic paints. Also called nickel monoxide, nickelous ...
nickel plate
a thin coating of nickel deposited on the surface of a piece of metal, as by electroplating. [1870-75] * * *
nickel processing
Introduction       preparation of the metal for use in various products.       Although it is best known for its use in coinage, nickel (Ni) has become much more ...
nickel sesquioxide
Chem. See nickelic oxide. * * *
nickel silver
nickel silver n. a hard, tough, ductile, malleable, silver-white alloy composed essentially of nickel, copper, and zinc: used in making tableware, electric-resistance wire, ...
nickel silver.
See German silver. [1855-60] * * *
nickel steel
steel to which up to 9 percent nickel has been added. [1890-95] * * *
nickel tetracarbonyl
/te'treuh kahr"beuh nil/, Chem. See nickel carbonyl. [TETRA- + CARBONYL] * * *
nickel-and-dime
/nik"euhl euhn duym"/, adj., v., nickel-and-dimed or nickeled-and-dimed, nickel-and-diming or nickeling-and-diming. Informal. adj. 1. of little or no importance; trivial; petty: ...
nickel-cadmium battery
/nik"euhl kad"mee euhm/ a storage battery, with an alkaline electrolyte, having nickel oxide as the positive element and cadmium as the negative. Also called nicad, NiCd ...
nickel-plate
/nik"euhl playt"/, v.t., nickel-plated, nickel-plating. to coat with nickel by electroplating or other process. [1880-85] * * *
nickelic
/ni kel"ik, nik"euh lik/, adj. Chem. of or containing nickel, esp. in the trivalent state. [1820-30; NICKEL + -IC] * * *
nickelic oxide
Chem. a gray-black, water-insoluble powder, Ni2O3, which, at 600°C, decomposes to nickel oxide: used chiefly in storage batteries as an oxidizing agent. Also called black nickel ...
nickeliferous
/nik'euh lif"euhr euhs/, adj. containing or yielding nickel. [1815-25; NICKEL + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
nickeline
/nik"euh leen'/, n. a usually massive, pale copper-red mineral, nickel arsenide, NiAs, with a metallic luster. Also called niccolite. [1780-90; NICKEL + -INE2] * * *
nickelize
/nik"euh luyz'/, v.t., nickelized, nickelizing. to nickel-plate. Also, esp. Brit., nickelise. [1870-75; NICKEL + -IZE] * * *
nickelodeon
/nik'euh loh"dee euhn/, n. 1. an early motion-picture theater where a film or a variety show could be seen, usually for the admission price of a nickel. 2. an early jukebox that ...
nickelous
/nik"euh leuhs/, adj. Chem. containing bivalent nickel. [1875-80; NICKEL + -OUS] * * *
nickelsilver
nickel silver n. A silvery, hard, corrosion-resistant, ductile, malleable alloy of copper, zinc, and nickel, used in tableware and as a structural material for hospital and ...
nickeltype
/nik"euhl tuyp'/, n. Print. an electrotype with a deposit of nickel. [NICKEL + -TYPE] * * *
nicker
nicker1 /nik"euhr/, n. a person or thing that nicks. [1660-70; NICK + -ER1] nicker2 /nik"euhr/, v.i., n. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. 1. neigh. 2. laugh; snicker. [1785-95; ...
Nicklaus
/nik"leuhs/, n. Jack (William), born 1940, U.S. golfer. * * *
Nicklaus, Jack
▪ American golfer in full  Jack William Nicklaus , byname  the Golden Bear  born January 21, 1940, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.    American professional golfer, a dominating ...
Nicklaus, Jack (William)
born Jan. 21, 1940, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. U.S. golfer, one of the greatest in the game's history. Nicklaus won the U.S. Amateur Championship twice (1959, 1961) while attending ...
Nicklaus,Jack William
Nick·laus (nĭkʹləs), Jack William. Born 1940. American golfer who won six Masters championships (1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, and 1986). * * *
nickle
nickle [nik′əl] n., vt. nickled, nickling alt. sp. of NICKEL * * *
nicknack
/nik"nak'/, n. knickknack. * * *
nickname
—nicknamer, n. /nik"naym'/, n., v., nicknamed, nicknaming. n. 1. a name added to or substituted for the proper name of a person, place, etc., as in affection, ridicule, or ...
nicknamer
See nickname. * * *
Nicky
/nik"ee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Nicole. 2. a male given name, form of Nicholas. * * *
Nicobar Islands
/nik"euh bahr'/ a group of islands of India in the E part of the Bay of Bengal, forming the S part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 30,433; 635 sq. mi. (1645 sq. km). * * ...
Nicobarese
/nik'euh bahr"eez, -ees, -bah reez", -rees"/, n., pl. Nicobarese. 1. a member of a people or group of peoples inhabiting the Nicobar Islands. 2. the group of Austroasiatic ...
Nicobarese languages
      Austroasiatic languages spoken on the Nicobar Islands and once considered to form a distinct family within the Austroasiatic stock. More recent data on these ...
NicobarIslands
Nic·o·bar Islands (nĭkʹə-bär') An island group in the Bay of Bengal northwest of Sumatra. They are part of the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands ...
Nicodemus
/nik'euh dee"meuhs/, n. a Pharisee and member of the Sanhedrin who became a secret follower of Jesus. John 3:1-21; 7:50-52; 19:39. * * *
Nicodemus The Hagiorite, Saint
▪ Greek monk also called  Saint Nicodemus Of The Holy Mountain   born 1748, Naxos Island, Ottoman Empire [now in Greece] died July 14, 1809, Mount Athos; canonized May 31, ...
niçoise
/nee swahz"/; Fr. /nee swannz"/, adj. 1. in the style of Nice, France. 2. garnished or prepared with tomatoes, and often anchovies, black olives, capers, etc.: salade ...
niçoise salad
niçoise salad [nē swäz′; ] Fr [ nē swȧz′] [also N- s-] n. SALADE NIÇOISE * * *
niçoiseolive
ni·çoise olive (nē-swäzʹ) n. A small, edible variety of olive with a rich flavor.   [French niçoise fem. of niçois of Nice.] * * *
Nicol prism
/nik"euhl/, Optics. one of a pair of prisms used to produce and analyze plane-polarized light in a polarizing microscope. Also called Nicol. Cf. polarizer (def. 1). [1870-75; ...
Nicol, Davidson
▪ Sierra Leonean physician and writer in full  Davidson Sylvester Hector Willoughby Nicol,  also called  Abioseh Nicol  born Sept. 14, 1924, Freetown, Sierra Leone died ...
Nicol, Davidson Sylvester Hector Willoughby
▪ 1995       (ABIOSEH NICOL), Sierra Leonean diplomat and writer (b. Sept. 14, 1924, Freetown, Sierra Leone—d. Sept. 20, 1994, Cambridge, England), enjoyed a varied ...
Nicola
(as used in expressions) Nicola di Lorenzo Enrico Nicola Mancini Pisano Nicola * * *
Nicola Sacco
➡ Sacco and Vanzetti * * *
Nicolai
/nik"euh luy'/; Ger. /nee'koh lah"ee/, n. (Carl) Otto (Ehrenfried) /kahrddl awt"oh ay"rddeuhn frddeet'/, 1810-49, German composer. * * *
Nicolai, Friedrich
▪ German writer in full  Christoph Friedrich Nicolai   born March 18, 1733, Berlin, Prussia [Germany] died Jan. 8, 1811, Berlin  writer and bookseller who, with Gotthold ...
Nicolai, Otto
▪ German composer in full  Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai   born June 9, 1810, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died May 11, 1849, Berlin, Prussia ...
Nicolas
Nicolas [nik′ə ləs] n. a masculine name: see NICHOLAS1 * * * (as used in expressions) Barras Paul François Jean Nicolas viscount de Boileau Despréaux Nicolas Carnot Lazare ...
Nicolas Cage
➡ Cage (II) * * *
Nicolas Roeg
➡ Roeg * * *
Nicolay
/nik'euh lay"/, n. John George, 1832-1901, U.S. biographer. * * *
Nicole
/ni kohl"/; Fr. /nee kawl"/, n. a female given name: from Greek words meaning "victory" and "people." * * *
Nicole Kidman
➡ Kidman * * *
Nicole, Pierre
▪ French theologian born Oct. 19, 1625, Chartres, France died Nov. 16, 1695, Paris  French theologian, author, moralist, and controversialist whose writings, chiefly ...
Nicolet
/nik'euh lay"/; Fr. /nee kaw le"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1598-1642, French explorer in America. * * *
Nicolet, Jean
born 1598, Cherbourg, France died Nov. 1, 1642, Sillery, Que., Can. French explorer in North America. In 1618 he traveled to New France, where he lived with Indian tribes. He ...
Nicolet,Jean
Nic·o·let (nĭk'ə-lāʹ, nē-kô-lĕʹ), Jean. 1598-1642. French explorer who was the first European to reach the Great Lakes region (1634). * * *
Nicolette
/nik'euh let"/; Fr. /nee kaw let"/, n. a female given name, form of Nicole. * * *
Nicolle
/nee kawl"/, n. Charles /shannrddl/, 1866-1936, French physician: Nobel prize 1928. * * *
Nicolle, Charles-Jules-Henri
▪ French bacteriologist born Sept. 21, 1866, Rouen, France died Feb. 28, 1936, Tunis, Tunisia       French bacteriologist who received the 1928 Nobel Prize for ...
Nicollet, Joseph Nicolas
▪ French scientist and explorer also called  Jean-Nicolas Nicollet   born July 24, 1786, Cluses, Savoy, France died Sept. 11, 1843, Washington, D.C., ...
Nicolls, Richard
born 1624, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, Eng. died May 28, 1672, in the North Sea, off Suffolk, Eng. English colonial governor of New York. In 1664 he forcibly seized the Dutch ...
Nicolson
/nik"euhl seuhn/, n. 1. Sir Harold George, 1886-1968, English diplomat, biographer, and journalist (husband of Victoria Mary Sackville-West). 2. Marjorie Hope, born 1894, U.S. ...
Nicolson, Nigel
▪ 2005       British biographer, publisher, and politician (b. Jan. 19, 1917, London, Eng.—d. Sept. 23, 2004, Sissinghurst, Kent, Eng.), created a furor in 1973 with ...
Nicolson, Sir Harold
▪ British diplomat and author in full  Harold George Nicholson   born Nov. 21, 1886, Tehrān, Iran died May 1, 1968, Sissinghurst Castle, Kent, Eng.       British ...
Nicolson,Sir Harold George
Nic·ol·son (nĭkʹəl-sən), Sir Harold George. 1886-1968. British diplomat and writer noted for his literary criticism and his biographies of Tennyson, Swinburne, and George ...
Nicomachus of Gerasa
▪ Roman philosopher and mathematician flourished c. AD 100, Gerasa, Roman Syria [now Jarash, Jordan]       Neo-Pythagorean philosopher and mathematician who wrote ...
Nicomachus of Thebes
▪ Greek artist flourished 4th century BC, Thebes, Boeotia [Greece]       Greek painter known, according to Plutarch, for his facility, which Plutarch compared to that ...
Nicomedia
Nic·o·me·di·a (nĭk'ə-mēʹdē-ə) An ancient city of northwest Asia Minor near the Bosporus in present-day Turkey. It flourished from 264 B.C. until it was sacked by ...
Nicopolis
Nicopolis [ni käp′ō lis, nīkäp′ō lis] city in ancient Epirus * * *
Nicopolis Actia
Ancient city, northwestern Greece. Its ruins lie about 4 mi (6 km) north of Préveza. It was founded in 31 BC by Octavian (later Augustus) to commemorate his victory over Mark ...
Nicopolis, Battle of
(September 25, 1396) Turkish victory over an army of European crusaders. When the Ottoman Turks besieged Constantinople (1395), Manuel II Palaeologus appealed to Europe for ...
Nicosia
/nik'euh see"euh/, n. a city on and the capital of Cyprus, in the central part. 115,700. * * * Greek Lefkosia Turkish Lefkoşa City (pop., 1998 est.: 194,100), capital of ...
Nicostratus
/nuy kos"treuh teuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Menelaus and Helen who, with his illegitimate brother Megapenthes, expelled Helen from Sparta when Menelaus died. Also, ...
nicotiana
/ni koh'shee ay"neuh, -an"euh, -ah"neuh/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Nicotiana, of the nightshade family, esp. one grown for its ornamental value, as flowering ...
nicotin-
nicotin- pref. 1. Nicotine: nicotinic. 2. Nicotinic acid: nicotinamide.   [From nicotine.] * * *
nicotinamide
/nik'euh tin"euh muyd', -mid, -tee"neuh-/, n. Biochem. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C6H6N2O, the amide of nicotinic acid, and a component of the vitamin-B ...
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
Biochem. See NAD [1960-65; DI-1 + NUCLEOTIDE] * * *
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
Biochem. See NADP [1960-65] * * *
nicotinamideadenine dinucleotide
nic·o·tin·a·mide adenine dinucleotide (nĭk'ə-tĭnʹə-mīd', -tēʹnə-) n. NAD. * * *
nicotine
—nicotined, adj. —nicotineless, adj. /nik"euh teen', -tin, nik'euh teen"/, n. Chem. a colorless, oily, water-soluble, highly toxic, liquid alkaloid, C10H14N2, found in ...
nicotinic
/nik'euh tin"ik, -tee"nik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or containing nicotine. 2. related to or imitating the action of nicotine on neurons, esp. in blocking the cholinergic ...
nicotinic acid
Biochem. a crystalline acid, C6H5NO2, that is a component of the vitamin-B complex, found in fresh meat, yeast, etc., produced by the oxidation of nicotine, and used in the ...
nicotinicacid
nicotinic acid n. See niacin.   [So called because it is often obtained by oxidizing nicotine.] * * *
nicotinism
/nik"euh tee niz'euhm, -ti-, nik'euh tee"niz-/, n. a pathological condition caused by excessive use of tobacco, and characterized by depression of the central and autonomic ...
nicotinize
/nik"euh tee nuyz', nik'euh tee"nuyz/, v.t., nicotinized, nicotinizing. to drug or impregnate with nicotine. Also, esp. Brit., nicotinise. [1860-65; NICOTINE + -IZE] * * *
Nicoya Peninsula
/ni koy"euh/; Sp. /nee kaw"yah/ a peninsula in NW Costa Rica, on the Pacific Ocean. * * * Peninsula, western Costa Rica. It is bounded to the west and south by the Pacific ...
Nicoya, Gulf of
Inlet of the Pacific Ocean, northwestern coast of Costa Rica. It is formed by the protrusion of the Nicoya Peninsula from the mainland and extends north and northwest for about ...
Nicoya,Gulf of
Ni·co·ya (nĭ-kōʹyə, nē-kōʹyä), Gulf of An inlet of the Pacific Ocean between Nicoya Peninsula and the northwest mainland of Costa Rica. * * *
nictate
nictate [nik′tāt΄] vi. nictated, nictating NICTITATE nictation n. * * *
Nictheroy
/nik'teuh roy", nee'-/, n. Niterói. * * *
nictitate
—nictitant, adj. /nik"ti tayt'/, v.i., nictitated, nictitating. to wink. Also, nictate. [1815-25; < ML nictitatus, ptp. of nictitare, freq. of L nictare to wink, freq. of ...
nictitating membrane
a thin membrane, or inner or third eyelid, present in many animals, capable of being drawn across the eyeball, as for protection. [1705-15; NICTATE + -ING2] * * *
nictitatingmembrane
nic·ti·tat·ing membrane (nĭkʹtĭ-tā'tĭng) also nic·tat·ing membrane (nĭkʹtā'tĭng) n. A transparent inner eyelid in birds, reptiles, and some mammals that closes to ...
nictitation
See nictitate. * * *
Nida
/nid"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Nydia. * * *
nidana
/ni dah"neuh/, n. Buddhism. any of 12 aspects of Samsara, or the cycle of birth and death, often compared to 12 spokes of a wheel. [ < Skt nidana cause, source] * * *
Nidaros
/nee"deuh rohs'/, n. former name of Trondheim. * * *
nidate
ni·date (nīʹdāt) tr.v. ni·dat·ed, ni·dat·ing, ni·dates To become implanted in the uterus. Used of a fertilized cell.   [nidus + -ate1.]   ni·daʹtion n. * * *
nidation
/nuy day"sheuhn/, n. Embryol. implantation of an embryo in the lining of the uterus. [1870-75 for an earlier sense; NID(US) + -ATION] * * *
niddering
niddering or nidering [nid′ər iŋ] n. 〚popularized by SCOTT2 Sir Walter < error in printed text (1596) by WILLIAM OF MALMESBURY, for ME nithing (< ON nithingr), mean person, ...
nide
/nuyd/, n. a nest or brood, esp. of pheasants. [1670-80; < L nidus NEST] * * *
Niderviller ware
▪ French pottery       French faience (tin-glazed earthenware) and porcelain produced in the 18th and 19th centuries by a factory at Niderviller, in Lorraine. Production ...
nidge
/nij/, v.t., nidged, nidging. Masonry. to dress (a stone) with a pick or kevel. [1835-45; orig. uncert.] * * *
Nidhogg
/need"hawg'/, n. Scand. Myth. a serpent in Niflheim who gnaws upon the lowermost root of Yggdrasil. Also, Nidhug /need"hueg/. [ < ON Níthhogg, equiv. to níth evil + hogg ...
nidicolous
/nuy dik"euh leuhs/, adj. remaining in the nest for a period after hatching. Cf. nidifugous. [1900-05; < L nid- (s. of nidus) NEST + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
nidificate
—nidification, n. —nidificational, adj. /nid"euh fi kayt'/, v.i., nidificated, nidificating. to build a nest. [1810-20; < L nidificatus (ptp. of nidificare to build a nest); ...
nidification
See nidify. * * *
nidifugous
/nuy dif"yeuh geuhs/, adj. leaving the nest shortly after hatching. Cf. nidicolous. [1900-05; < L nid- (s. of nidus) NEST + -i- -I- + fug(ere) to flee, take flight + -OUS] * * *
nidify
/nid"euh fuy'/, v.i., nidified, nidifying. nidificate. [1650-60; < L nidificare to build a nest, equiv. to nid- (s. of nidus) NEST + -ificare -IFY] * * *
Nidularium
▪ plant genus       genus of about 25 South American plants of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae) that grow upon the branches of trees. Several species are cultivated ...
nidus
—nidal, adj. /nuy"deuhs/, n., pl. nidi /-duy/. 1. a nest, esp. one in which insects, spiders, etc., deposit their eggs. 2. a place or point in an organism where a germ or other ...
Nidwalden
/neet"vahl'deuhn/, n. a demicanton of Unterwalden, in central Switzerland. 26,200; 106 sq. mi. (275 sq. km). Cap.: Stans. * * * ▪ demicanton, ...
Niebuhr
/nee"boor/; for 1 also Ger. /nee"boohrdd/, n. 1. Barthold Georg /bahrdd"tawlt gay awrddk"/, 1776-1831, German historian. 2. Reinhold /ruyn"hohld/, 1892-1971, U.S. theologian and ...
Niebuhr, Barthold Georg
born Aug. 27, 1776, Copenhagen, Den. died Jan. 31, 1831, Bonn, Prussia German historian. Niebuhr held posts in state service in Denmark and Prussia before resigning to become ...
Niebuhr, Carsten
▪ German explorer born March 17, 1733, Lüdingworth, Hanover [Germany] died April 26, 1815, Meldorf, Holstein       German traveler who was the sole survivor of the ...
Niebuhr, Helmut Richard
▪ American theologian born Sept. 3, 1894, Wright City, Mo., U.S. died July 5, 1962, Greenfield, Mass.       American Protestant theologian and educator who was ...
Niebuhr, Reinhold
born June 21, 1892, Wright City, Mo., U.S. died June 1, 1971, Stockbridge, Mass. U.S. theologian. The son of an evangelical minister, he studied at Eden Theological Seminary ...
Niebuhr,Barthold George
Nie·buhr (nēʹbo͝or', -bər), Barthold George. 1776-1831. German historian whose greatly influential history of Rome (published 1811-1832) established the modern scientific ...
Niebuhr,Reinhold
Niebuhr, Reinhold. 1892-1971. American theologian who argued that Christianity is obligated to confront ethical, social, and moral problems. His works include The Nature and ...
niece
/nees/, n. 1. a daughter of a person's brother or sister. 2. a daughter of a person's spouse's brother or sister. [1250-1300; ME nece < OF < VL *neptia, for L neptis ...
Niedere Tauern
▪ mountains, Austria English  Lower Tauern        range of the Eastern Alps in central Austria; lying between the Enns and Mur rivers, it extends 75 miles (120 km) ...
Niederland, William Guglielmo
▪ 1994       German-born U.S. psychoanalyst (b. Aug. 29, 1904, Schippenbeil, East Prussia [now Sepopol, Poland]—d. July 30, 1993, Englewood, N.J.), was the first to ...
Niederösterreich
▪ state, Austria English  Lower Austria   Bundesland (federal state), northeastern Austria. It is bordered by the Czech Republic on the north, Slovakia on the east, and by ...
Niedersachsen
/nee"deuhrdd zahk'seuhn/, n. German name of Lower Saxony. * * *
Niekro, Joe
▪ 2007 Joseph Franklin Niekro        American baseball player (b. Nov. 7, 1944, Martins Ferry, Ohio—d. Oct. 27, 2006, Tampa, Fla.), won 221 games in 22 seasons as a ...
Niel, Adolphe
▪ French military officer born Oct. 4, 1802, Muret, France died Aug. 13, 1869, Paris       French army officer and marshal who, as minister of war, made an unsuccessful ...
niellist
See niello. * * *
niello
—niellist, n. /nee el"oh/, n., pl. nielli /-el"ee/, v., nielloed, nielloing. n. 1. a black metallic substance, consisting of silver, copper, lead, and sulfur, with which an ...
Niels
(as used in expressions) Bohr Niels Henrik David Niels Stensen Niels Steensen * * *
nielsbohrium
nielsbohrium [nēlz΄bôr′ē əm] n. 〚after Niels BOHR Niels (Henrik David)〛 DUBNIUM: symbol, Ns: the name originally proposed by Russian scientists for this element * * ...
Nielsen
/neel"seuhn/, n. 1. Carl August /kahrddl ow"goost/, 1865-1931, Danish composer. 2. Informal. See Nielsen rating. * * *
Nielsen Media
➡ Nielsen TV ratings * * *
Nielsen rating
an estimate of the total number of viewers for a particular television program, expressed as a percentage of the total number of viewers whose television sets are on at the time ...
Nielsen ratings
National ratings of the popularity of U.S. television shows. Developed by A.C. Nielsen in 1950, the system now samples television viewing in about 5,000 homes. A meter attached ...
Nielsen TV ratings
a service of Nielsen Media, a research company which estimates how many people watch television programmes in the US. The information is used to buy and sell television ...
Nielsen, A.C.
▪ American market-research executive in full  Arthur Charles Nielsen   born Sept. 5, 1897, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died June 1, 1980, Chicago       American ...
Nielsen, Alice
▪ American singer born June 7, 1868?, Nashville, Tenn., U.S. died March 8, 1943, New York, N.Y.  American lyric soprano whose successful career in light opera was followed by ...
Nielsen, Carl
▪ Danish composer in full  Carl August Nielsen   born June 9, 1865, Sortelung, near Norre Lyndelse, Den. died Oct. 3, 1931, Copenhagen       violinist, conductor, and ...
Nielsen, Carl (August)
born June 9, 1865, Sortelung, near Norre Lyndelse, Den. died Oct. 3, 1931, Copenhagen Danish composer. He studied violin and trumpet as a child and began composing by imitating ...
Nielsen, Inga
▪ 2009       Danish soprano born June 2, 1946, Holbæk, Den. died Feb. 10, 2008, Copenhagen, Den. was known for the lyrical beauty of her voice and for her dramatic ...
Nielsen, Morten
▪ Danish poet born Jan. 3, 1922, Ålborg, Den. died Aug. 29, 1944, Copenhagen       Danish poet who became the symbol of his generation's desire for freedom and who was ...
Nieman
/nee"meuhn/; Pol. /nye"men/, n. Polish name of Neman. * * *
Niemann-Pick disease
/nee"meuhn pik"/, Pathol. a rare, hereditary lipid-storage disease, occurring primarily among Ashkenazic Jews, in which abnormal lipid metabolism results in enlargement of the ...
Niemann-Stirnemann, Gunda
▪ 1999       Competing in the second-to-last pairing in the 5,000-m race at the 1998 Winter Olympic Games held in Nagano, Japan, German speed skater Gunda ...
Niemcewicz, Julian Ursyn
▪ Polish writer born February 6, 1757 or 1758, Skoki, Poland died May 21, 1841, Paris, France  Polish playwright, poet, novelist, and translator whose writings, inspired by ...
Niemen
/nee"meuhn/; Pol. /nye"men/, n. a river in the W Soviet Union in Europe, flowing into the Baltic: called Memel in its lower course. 565 mi. (910 km) long. Lithuanian, Nemunas. ...
Niemeyer
/nee"muy euhr/, n. Oscar, born 1907, Brazilian architect. * * *
Niemeyer (Soares Filho), Oscar
born Dec. 15, 1907, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. Brazilian architect. Beginning in 1934, he worked in the office of Lúcio Costa, an early exponent of the Modern movement in Brazil. ...
Niemeyer, Oscar
▪ Brazilian architect in full  Oscar Niemeyer Soares Filho  born Dec. 15, 1907, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.    Brazilian architect and early exponent of modern architecture in ...
Niemeyer,Oscar
Nie·mey·er (nēʹmī'ər), Oscar. Born 1907. Brazilian architect. Influenced by Le Corbusier, he directed the creation of Brazil's capital, Brasília (1950-1960). * * *
Niemoeller
/nee"mue leuhrdd/, n. Martin /mahrdd"teen/, 1892-1984, German Lutheran clergyman: resisted Nazism. Also, Niemöller. * * *
Niemöller
Niemöller [nē′mö lər] (Friedrich Gustav Emil) Martin [mär′tēn] 1892-1984; Ger. Protestant leader * * *
Niemöller, (Friedrich Gustav Emil) Martin
born Jan. 14, 1892, Lippstadt, Ger. died March 6, 1984, Wiesbaden, W.Ger. German theologian. A war hero as a submarine commander in World War I, he became a minister in 1924. ...
Niemöller, Martin
▪ German theologian and pastor in full  Martin Friedrich Gustav Emil Niemöller  born January 14, 1892, Lippstadt, Germany died March 6, 1984, Wiesbaden, West ...
Nienhuys, Jacobus
▪ Dutch businessman born July 15, 1836, Rhenen, Neth. died July 27, 1927, Bloemendaal       Dutch businessman and planter, who was responsible for establishing the ...
Niepce
/nyeps/, n. Joseph Nicéphore /zhaw zef nee say fawrdd"/, 1765-1833, French inventor. * * *
Niepce, (Joseph-) Nicéphore
born March 7, 1765, Chalon-sur-Saône, France died July 5, 1833, Chalon-sur-Saône French inventor. In 1807 Niepce and his brother invented an internal-combustion engine ...
Niépce, Nicéphore
▪ French inventor born March 7, 1765, Chalon-sur-Saône, France died July 5, 1833, Chalon-sur-Saône       French inventor who was the first to make a permanent ...
Nier
/near/, n. Alfred Otto Carl, born 1911, U.S. physicist. * * *
Nierstein
/near"stuyn/; Ger. /neerdd"shtuyn'/, n. a village in SW central Germany, SSE of Mainz: noted for its wines. * * *
Niersteiner
Niersteiner [nir′stīn΄ər, nir′shtīnər] n. 〚Ger, after Nierstein, town on the Rhine, in Germany, where made〛 a white Rhine wine, made usually from the Riesling ...
Nietzsche
/nee"cheuh, -chee/, n. Friedrich Wilhelm /frddee"drddikh vil"helm/, 1844-1900, German philosopher. * * *
Nietzsche, Friedrich
▪ German philosopher Introduction born Oct. 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [now in Germany] died Aug. 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States  German classical scholar, ...
Nietzsche, Friedrich (Wilhelm)
born Oct. 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia died Aug. 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States German-Swiss philosopher and writer, one of the most influential of modern ...
Nietzsche,Friedrich Wilhelm
Nie·tzsche (nēʹchə, -chē), Friedrich Wilhelm. 1844-1900. German philosopher who reasoned that Christianity's emphasis on the afterlife makes its believers less able to cope ...
Nietzschean
See Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm. * * *


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