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Nietzscheism
—Nietzschean, n., adj. /nee"chee iz'euhm/, n. the philosophy of Nietzsche, emphasizing the will to power as the chief motivating force of both the individual and society. Also, ...
Nieuw Nickerie
▪ Suriname       port, northwestern Suriname. It lies on the Nickerie River, near the mouth of the Courantyne (Dutch Corantijn) River, 3 miles (5 km) from the Atlantic ...
Nieuwland, Julius Arthur
▪ American chemist born Feb. 14, 1878, Hansbeke, Belg. died June 11, 1936, Washington, D.C., U.S.       Belgian-born American chemist whose studies of acetylene ...
Nieuwpoort
▪ Belgium (Flemish),French  Nieuport,         municipality, West Flanders province, western Belgium, on the Yser (IJzer) River. Established in the 12th century as a ...
nieve
nieve [nēv] n. 〚ME neve < ON hnefi〛 [Scot. or North Eng.] a fist or hand * * *
Nièvre
/nye"vrddeu/, n. a department in central France. 245,212; 2659 sq. mi. (6885 sq. km). Cap.: Nevers. * * *
nifedipine
nifedipine [ni fed′ə pēn΄] n. a yellow, crystalline powder, C17H18N2O6, that dilates blood vessels, used to treat angina pectoris, hypertension, etc. * * *
niffer
niffer [nif′ər] vt., vi., n. 〚< ?〛 Scot. barter; trade * * *
Niflheim
/niv"euhl haym'/, n. Scand. Myth. a place of eternal cold, darkness, and fog, ruled over by Hel: abode of those who die of illness or old age. [ < ON Niflheimr, equiv. to nifl- ...
Nifo, Agostino
▪ Italian philosopher Latin  Augustinus Niphus, or Niphus Suessanus, Niphus  also spelled  Nyphus  born c. 1473, , Sessa, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died after 1538, , ...
niftily
See nifty. * * *
niftiness
See niftily. * * *
nifty
—niftily, adv. /nif"tee/, adj., niftier, niftiest, n., pl. nifties. Informal. adj. 1. attractively stylish or smart: a nifty new dress for Easter. 2. very good; fine; ...
nig
/nig/, v.t., nigged, nigging. Masonry. nidge. * * *
Nig.
Nig. abbr. 1. Nigeria. 2. Nigerian. * * *
Niğde
▪ Turkey  city, south-central Turkey; it lies at an elevation of 4,100 feet (1,250 metres) below a hill crowned by a ruined 11th-century Seljuq fortress on the road between ...
Nigel
/nuy"jeuhl/, n. a male given name, form of Neil. * * *
Nigel Kennedy
➡ Kennedy (VIII) * * *
Nigel Lawson
➡ Lawson (II) * * *
Nigel Mansell
➡ Mansell * * *
Nigel Short
➡ Short (II) * * *
nigella
ni·gel·la (nī-jĕlʹə) n. See wild fennel.   [Middle English, from Late Latin, black cumin, fennel, from feminine of Latin nigellus, blackish, diminutive of niger, black. ...
Nigella Lawson
➡ Lawson (III) * * *
Niger
—Nigerien /nuy jear'ee en"/, adj., n. /nuy"jeuhr/; Fr. /nee zherdd"/, n. 1. a republic in NW Africa: formerly part of French West Africa. 9,388,359; 458,976 sq. mi. (1,188,748 ...
Niger River
or Joliba or Kworra Principal river of western Africa. The third longest on the continent, it rises in Guinea near the Sierra Leone border and flows into Nigeria and the Gulf ...
Niger seed
the black seed of a tropical African composite plant, Guizotia abyssinica, yielding an oil used as food, in the manufacture of soap, etc. [1885-90] * * *
Niger, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped orange-white-green national flag with an orange sun on the centre stripe. The flag's width-to-length ratio is approximately 6 ...
Niger, Pescennius
▪ Roman emperor original name  Gaius Pescennius Niger Justus   died 194       rival Roman emperor from 193 to 194.       An equestrian army officer from Italy, ...
Niger-Congo
/nuy"jeuhr kong"goh/, n. 1. a subfamily of Niger-Kordofanian, that comprises a large number of languages of Africa, as Ewe, Ibo, Yoruba, and the Bantu languages, spoken in nearly ...
Niger-Congo languages
Family of some 1,400 languages of Africa. All of these are considered to be distinct languages and not simply dialects. The named dialects of these languages number many ...
Niger-Kordofanian
/nuy"jeuhr kawr'deuh fan"ee euhn/, n. a language family comprising Niger-Congo and Kordofanian. * * *
Nigeria
—Nigerian, adj., n. /nuy jear"ee euh/, n. a republic in W Africa: member of the Commonwealth of Nations; formerly a British colony and protectorate. 107,129,469; 356,669 sq. ...
Nigeria, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped green-white-green national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 1 to 2.       From the late 17th century in what is today ...
Nigerian
See Nigeria. * * * ➡ Nigeria * * *
Nigerian theatre
      variety of folk opera of the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria that emerged in the early 1940s. It combined a brilliant sense of mime, colourful costumes, and ...
NigerRiver
Niger River A river of western Africa rising in Guinea and flowing about 4,183 km (2,600 mi) in a wide arc through Mali, Niger, and Nigeria to the Gulf of Guinea. * * *
Nigg
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       village, Highland council area, historic county of Ross-shire, historic region of Ross and Cromarty, northeast coast of Scotland. It ...
niggard
/nig"euhrd/, n. 1. an excessively parsimonious, miserly, or stingy person. adj. 2. niggardly; miserly; stingy. [1325-75; ME nyggard, equiv. to nig niggard ( < Scand; cf. dial. Sw ...
niggardliness
See niggardly. * * *
niggardly
—niggardliness, n. /nig"euhrd lee/, adj. 1. reluctant to give or spend; stingy; miserly. 2. meanly or ungenerously small or scanty: a niggardly tip to a waiter. adv. 3. in the ...
nigger
/nig"euhr/, n. 1. Slang: Extremely Disparaging and Offensive. a. a black person. b. a member of any dark-skinned people. 2. Slang: Extremely Disparaging and Offensive. a person ...
nigger heaven
Slang: Extremely Disparaging and Offensive. See peanut gallery (def. 1). [1865-70] * * *
Nigger of the Narcissus, The
a novel (1897) by Joseph Conrad. * * *
niggle
—niggler, n. /nig"euhl/, v.i., niggled, niggling. 1. to criticize, esp. constantly or repeatedly, in a peevish or petty way; carp: to niggle about the fine points of ...
niggler
See niggle. * * *
Niggli, Paul
▪ Swiss mineralogist born June 26, 1888, Zofingen, Switz. died Jan. 13, 1953, Zürich       Swiss mineralogist who originated the idea of a systematic deduction of the ...
niggling
—nigglingly, adv. /nig"ling/, adj. 1. petty; trivial; inconsequential: to quibble about a niggling difference in terminology. 2. demanding too much care, attention, time, etc.: ...
nigglingly
See niggling. * * *
nigh
/nuy/, adv., adj., nigher, nighest, prep., v. adv. 1. near in space, time, or relation: The time draws nigh. 2. nearly; almost; (often fol. by on or onto): nigh onto twenty ...
night
—nightless, adj. —nightlessly, adv. —nightlike, adj. /nuyt/, n. 1. the period of darkness between sunset and sunrise. 2. the beginning of this period; nightfall. 3. the ...
Night and Fog Decree
▪ European history German  Nacht-und-Nebel-Erlass        secret order issued by Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf) on December 7, 1941, under which “persons endangering ...
Night Before Christmas
a poem (1823) by Clement Moore (1779–1863) which is well known to many American children. It presents the traditional image of Santa Claus as a cheerful fat man who travels ...
night blindness
—nightblind, adj. Ophthalm. a condition of the eyes in which vision is normal in daylight but abnormally poor at night or in a dim light; nyctalopia. [1745-55] * * * ▪ ...
night bolt.
See night latch. [1775-85] * * *
night coach
the class of airline coach at a lower fare than regularly offered, often restricted to late-night journeys. Also, nightcoach. Cf. day coach (def. 2). [1835-45; NIGHT + COACH] * * ...
night court
a criminal court that convenes at night for the quick disposition of charges and the granting of bail. [1930-35] * * *
night crawler
Chiefly Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. an earthworm. [1920-25, Amer.] Regional Variation. See earthworm. * * *
night editor
an editor responsible for getting a morning newspaper to press, for the night operations of a wire service, or the like. [1865-70] * * *
night fighter
▪ aircraft       in military aviation, a fighter aircraft with special sighting, sensing, and navigating equipment enabling it to function at night. Since the 1970s, ...
night heron
any of several thick-billed, crepuscular or nocturnal herons of the genus Nycticorax and related genera, as N. nycticorax (black-crowned night heron), of the Old and New Worlds, ...
night jasmine
1. Also called hursinghar, sad tree, tree of sadness. a jasminelike, Indian shrub or small tree, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, of the verbena family, having fragrant, white and ...
Night Journey
Islam. the journey in which Muhammad was carried from Mecca to Jerusalem and ascended into heaven. Cf. Isra', Mi'raj. * * *
night key
a key for a night latch. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
night latch
a door lock operated from the inside by a knob and from the outside by a key. Also called night bolt. [1850-55] * * *
night letter
former name of overnight telegram. Abbr.: NL [1910-15] * * *
night life
☆ night life n. 1. attendance at theaters or nightclubs, or similar pleasure-seeking activity, at night 2. theaters, nightclubs, or similar entertainment available at night * * ...
night light
night light n. a small, dim light kept burning all night, as in a hallway, bathroom, or sickroom * * *
night lizard
any of several nocturnal lizards of the family Xantusiidae, of southwestern North America and Cuba, which bear live young. * * * ▪ reptile       any of 26 species of ...
night monkey
douroucouli. [1870-75] * * *
Night of the Long Knives
(June 30, 1934) Purge of Nazi leaders by Adolf Hitler. Fearing that the paramilitary SA had become too powerful, Hitler ordered his elite SS guards to murder the organization's ...
night out
➡ nightlife * * *
night owl
Informal. a person who often stays up late at night; nighthawk. [1585-95] * * *
night person
a person who prefers to stay up late or who functions best during the nighttime hours. * * *
night prayer
night prayer n. [often N- P-] R.C.Ch. the last of the seven canonical hours; compline * * *
night raven
a bird that cries in the night. [bef. 900; ME; OE nihthraefn, naehthraefn.] * * *
night robe
—night-robed, adj. nightgown. [1545-55] * * *
night school
a school held in the evening, esp. for working adults and others who are unable to attend school during the day. Also called evening school. [1520-30] * * *
night shelters
➡ homelessness * * *
night shift
1. the work force, as of a factory, scheduled to work during the nighttime. 2. the scheduled period of labor for this work force. [1700-10] * * *
night snake
a nocturnal, mildly venomous New World snake, Hypsiglena torquata, having a gray or yellowish body marked with dark brown spots. * * *
night soil
human excrement collected and used as fertilizer. [1765-75] * * *
night stick
a special club carried by a policeman; billy. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
night sweats
Pathol. heavy sweating during sleep, esp. as a symptom of certain diseases, as tuberculosis. [1745-55] * * *
night table
a small table, chest, etc., for use next to a bed. Also called bedstand, bed table, nightstand. [1780-90] * * *
night terror
Psychiatry. a sudden feeling of extreme fear that awakens a sleeping person, usually during slow-wave sleep, and is not associated with a dream or nightmare. Also called ...
night watch
—night watching. 1. a watch or guard kept during the night. 2. a person or the persons keeping such a watch. 3. Usually, night watches. the periods or divisions into which the ...
Night Watch, The
a painting (1642) by Rembrandt. * * *
night watchman
1. watchman. 2. Cricket. a batsman who is sent in to bat just before the end of a day's play and continues his innings on the next day of play. Also, night-watchman. [1860-65] * ...
night-blind
night-blind (nītʹblīnd') adj. Affected with night blindness. * * *
night-blooming cereus
/nuyt"blooh'ming/ any of various cacti of the genera Hylocereus, Peniocereus, Nyctocereus, or Selenicereus, having large, usually white flowers that open at night. [1800-10] * * ...
night-bloomingcereus
night-bloom·ing cereus (nītʹblo͞o'mĭng) n. Any of various night-blooming cacti of the genera Hylocereus, Nyctocereus, Peniocereus, and Selenicereus, having large fragrant ...
night-light
/nuyt"luyt'/, n. a usually dim light kept burning at night, as in a child's bedroom. [1640-50] * * *
night-night
interj. /nuyt"nuyt", -nuyt'/; adv. /nuyt"nuyt'/, interj. 1. Informal. good night. adv. 2. go night-night, Baby Talk. to go to bed or to sleep. [1895-1900] * * *
night-sky light
/nuyt"skuy'/ the faint glow of the night sky, caused by such phenomena as airglow and zodiacal light. [1975-80] * * *
nightblindness
night blindness n. A condition of the eyes in which vision is normal in daylight or other strong light but is abnormally weak or completely lost at night or in dim light. The ...
nightcap
—nightcapped, adj. /nuyt"kap'/, n. 1. Informal. an alcoholic drink taken at bedtime or at the end of a festive evening. 2. a cap for the head, intended primarily to be worn in ...
nightclothes
/nuyt"klohz', -klohdhz'/, n.pl. garments for wearing in bed, as pajamas or nightgowns. [1595-1605; NIGHT + CLOTHES] * * *
nightclub
—nightclubber, n. /nuyt"klub'/, n., v., nightclubbed, nightclubbing. n. 1. Also, night club. an establishment for evening entertainment, generally open until the early morning, ...
nightclubber
See nightclub. * * *
nightclubby
See nightclubber. * * *
nightcourt
night court n. A criminal court holding sessions at night for routine disposition of charges and granting of bail. * * *
nightcrawler
night crawler n. Any of various large earthworms that crawl out from the ground at night and are often used as fish bait. Also called nightwalker. * * *
nightdress
/nuyt"dres'/, n. 1. nightclothes. 2. a nightgown. [1705-15; NIGHT + DRESS] * * *
nightfall
/nuyt"fawl'/, n. the coming of night; the end of daylight; dusk. [1605-15; NIGHT + FALL] Syn. twilight, sundown. * * *
nightglow
/nuyt"gloh'/, n. See under airglow. [1950-55; NIGHT + GLOW] * * * ▪ meteorology       weak, steady light emanating from the whole night sky. See airglow. * * *
nightgown
/nuyt"gown'/, n. 1. a loose gown, worn in bed by women or children. 2. Archaic. a dressing gown. [1350-1400; ME; see NIGHT, GOWN] * * *
nighthawk
/nuyt"hawk'/, n. 1. any of several longwinged, American goatsuckers of the genus Chordeiles, related to the whippoorwill, esp. C. minor, having variegated black, white, and buff ...
nightheron
night heron n. Any of several nocturnal or crepuscular herons of the genus Nycticorax, especially the black-crowned heron, N. nycticorax. * * *
nightie
/nuy"tee/, n. Informal. a nightgown. Also, nighty. [1890-95; NIGHT(GOWN) + -IE] * * *
nightingale
/nuyt"n gayl', nuy"ting-/, n. any of several small, Old World, migratory birds of the thrush family, esp. Luscinia megarhynchos, of Europe, noted for the melodious song of the ...
Nightingale
/nuyt"n gayl', nuy"ting-/, n. Florence ("the Lady with the Lamp"), 1820-1910, English nurse: reformer of hospital conditions and procedures; reorganizer of nurse's training ...
nightingale thrush
▪ bird  any of 11 species of thrushes of the New World genus Catharus (family Turdidae). They are of slender build and have rather drab plumage and rich songs—qualities ...
Nightingale, Florence
born May 12, 1820, Florence, Italy died Aug. 13, 1910, London, Eng. Italian-born British nurse, founder of trained nursing as a profession. As a volunteer nurse, she was put in ...
Nightingale,Florence
Night·in·gale (nītʹn-gāl', nīʹtĭng-), Florence. Known as “the Lady with the Lamp.” 1820-1910. British nurse who organized (1854) and directed a unit of field nurses ...
nightjar
/nuyt"jahr'/, n. 1. a nocturnal European bird, Caprimulgus europaeus, of the family Caprimulgidae, having a short bill and a wide mouth and feeding on insects captured in the ...
nightjasmine
night jasmine n. 1. An Asian shrub or small tree (Nyctanthes arbortristis) having opposite leaves and small, fragrant flowers with an orange corolla tube and white corolla ...
nightlatch
night latch n. A spring lock that can be opened from the inside by turning a knob but from the outside only with a key. * * *
nightletter
night letter n. Abbr. NLT A telegram sent at night at a reduced rate for delivery the next morning. * * *
nightlife
/nuyt"luyf'/, n. 1. the activity of people seeking nighttime diversion, as at a nightclub, theater, or the like. 2. the entertainment available to them. Also, night ...
Nightline
▪ American television program       American late-night television news program that officially debuted on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) network in 1980 and ...
nightlong
adj. /nuyt"lawng', -long'/; adv. /nuyt"lawng", -long"/, adj. 1. lasting all night: a nightlong snowfall. adv. 2. through the entire night: They typed nightlong to finish the ...
nightly
/nuyt"lee/, adj. 1. coming or occurring each night: his nightly walk to the newsstand. 2. coming, occurring, appearing, or active at night: nightly revels. 3. of, pertaining to, ...
nightmare
/nuyt"mair'/, n. 1. a terrifying dream in which the dreamer experiences feelings of helplessness, extreme anxiety, sorrow, etc. 2. a condition, thought, or experience suggestive ...
nightmarish
—nightmarishly, adv. —nightmarishness, n. /nuyt"mair'ish/, adj. resembling a nightmare, esp. in being terrifying, exasperating, or the like: his nightmarish experience in a ...
nightmarishly
See nightmarish. * * *
nightmarishness
See nightmarish. * * *
nightowl
night owl n. Informal A person who habitually stays up and is active late into the night. * * *
nightrider
—nightriding, n. /nuyt"ruy'deuhr/, n. one of a band of mounted men, esp. in the southern U.S. during Reconstruction, who committed nocturnal acts of violence and intimidation ...
nights
/nuyts/, adv. at or during the night regularly or frequently: He worked during the day and wrote nights. [bef. 900; ME nightes, OE nihtes. See NIGHT, -S1] * * *
nightscape
night·scape (nītʹskāp') n. 1. A view or representation of a night scene. 2. A night scene considered together with all the elements and features constituting it: “a ...
nightschool
night school n. A school that holds classes in the evening. * * *
nightshade
/nuyt"shayd'/, n. 1. any of various plants of the genus Solanum, esp. the black nightshade or the bittersweet. 2. any of various other related plants, as the deadly ...
nightshade family
the plant family Solanaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, shrubs, and vines having alternate, simple or pinnate leaves, conspicuous flowers, and fruit in the form ...
nightshadefamily
nightshade family n. A family of plants, the Solanaceae, characterized by alternate leaves, usually five-petaled flowers, and many-seeded fruits and including the eggplant, ...
nightshift
night shift or night·shift (nītʹshĭft') n. 1. A group of employees working during the night in a factory or business. 2. The period of time for such work. * * *
nightshirt
/nuyt"sherrt'/, n. a loose shirtlike garment reaching to the knees or lower, for wearing in bed. [1840-50; NIGHT + SHIRT] * * *
nightside
/nuyt"suyd'/, n. 1. Journalism. the night shift of a newspaper. 2. Astron. the dark side of a planet or moon. Cf. dayside. [1840-50 for an earlier sense; NIGHT + SIDE1] * * *
nightsoil
night soil n. Human excrement collected for use as fertilizer. * * *
nightspot
/nuyt"spot'/, n. a nightclub. [1935-40; NIGHT + SPOT] * * *
nightstand
/nuyt"stand'/, n. See night table. [1960-65; NIGHT + STAND] * * *
nightstick
☆ nightstick [nīt′stik΄ ] n. a policeman's club; billy * * * night·stick (nītʹstĭk') n. A club carried by a police officer. * * *
nighttable
night table n. A small table or stand placed at a bedside. Also called nightstand. * * *
nightterror
night terror n. A state of intense fear and agitation sometimes experienced, especially by children, on awakening from a stage of sleep not associated with dreaming but ...
nighttide
/nuyt"tuyd'/, n. Literary. nighttime. [1845-50; NIGHT + TIDE1] * * *
nighttime
/nuyt"tuym'/, n. 1. the time between evening and morning. adj. 2. occurring, done, presented, etc., during the night, esp. the hours before midnight. Cf. daytime. [1350-1400; ME; ...
nightvision
night vision n. Vision in dim light. * * *
NightVision
Night Vision (nīt) A trademark used for a technology that enables vision at night, as by amplification of low light to create visible images or by detection of infrared ...
nightwalker
—nightwalking, adj., n. /nuyt"waw'keuhr/, n. 1. a person who walks or roves about at night, esp. a thief, prostitute, etc. 2. New Eng. an earthworm. [1475-85; NIGHT + ...
nightwatch
night watch n. 1. A watch or guard kept during the night. 2. The person or persons on such a watch. * * *
nightwatchman
night watchman n. A man who serves as a guard during the night. * * *
nightwear
/nuyt"wair'/, n. night clothes. [NIGHT + WEAR] * * *
nighty
/nuy"tee/, n., pl. nighties. nightie. * * *
nighty-night
/nuy"tee nuyt"/, interj. Informal. See good night. [1875-80; redupl. of (good) night; see -Y2] * * *
Nighy
(1948– ) a British actor who has been in many television and radio programmes, including The Men’s Room (1991) and has also appeared in films including Love Actually (2003) ...
nigiri-zushi
/ni gear"ee zooh"shee/, n. See under sushi. [ < Japn] * * *
nigrescence
ni·gres·cence (nī-grĕsʹəns) n. 1. The process of becoming black or dark. 2. Blackness or darkness, as of complexion.   [From nigrescent, blackish, from Latin ...
nigrescent
—nigrescence, n. /nuy gres"euhnt/, adj. tending toward black; blackish. [1745-55; < L nigrescent- (s. of nigrescens, prp. of nigrescere to turn black, grow dark), equiv. to ...
nigrify
—nigrification, n. /nig"reuh fuy'/, v.t., nigrified, nigrifying. to blacken. [1650-60; < L nigrificare to make black, blacken, equiv. to nigr- (s. of niger) black + -i- -I- + ...
nigritude
/nig"ri toohd', -tyoohd', nuy"gri-/, n. complete darkness or blackness. [1645-55; < L nigritudo blackness, black color, equiv. to nigr- (s. of niger) black + -i- -I- + -tudo ...
nigrosine
/nuy"greuh seen', -sin/, n. Chem. any of the class of deep blue or black dyes obtained by the oxidation of aniline, used as coloring agents in inks and shoe polishes and for ...
nigun
▪ vocal music       wordless song sung by Ḥasidic Jews as a means of elevating the soul to God. Because they lacked words, the nigunim were felt to move the singer ...
NIH
National Institutes of Health. * * *
nihil
nihil [nī′hil΄, nē′hil΄] n. 〚L, contr. < nihilum < * nehilum < ne-, not (see NO1) + hilum, little thing, trifle〛 nothing * * *
nihil obstat
/nuy"hil ob"stat, nee"-/, Rom. Cath. Ch. permission to publish a book, granted by an official censor who, upon examining it, has certified that it contains nothing contrary to ...
nihilism
—nihilist, n., adj. —nihilistic, adj. /nuy"euh liz'euhm, nee"-/, n. 1. total rejection of established laws and institutions. 2. anarchy, terrorism, or other revolutionary ...
nihilist
See nihilism. * * *
nihilistic
See nihilist. * * *
nihilistically
See nihilist. * * *
nihility
nihility [nī hil′ə tē] n. 〚ML nihilitas〛 nothingness * * * ni·hil·i·ty (nī-hĭlʹĭ-tē, nē-) n. Nonexistence; nothingness.   [French nihilité, from Old French, ...
nihilobstat
ni·hil ob·stat (nī'hĭl ŏbʹstät', -stăt', nē'-) n. 1. Roman Catholic Church. An attestation by a church censor that a book contains nothing damaging to faith or ...
Nihon
/nee"hawn"/, n. a Japanese name of Japan. * * *
Nihon keizai shimbun
▪ Japanese newspaper (Japanese: “Japanese  Economic Newspaper”), Nihon also spelled Nippon,         Japan's (Japan) most widely respected daily business-oriented ...
Nihon shoki
▪ Japanese chronicles also called  Nihon-gi        (Japanese: “Chronicles of Japan”), text that, together with the Kojiki (q.v.), comprises the oldest official ...
Niigata
/nee"ee gah"tah/, n. a seaport on NW Honshu, in central Japan. 457,783. * * * ▪ Japan       capital of Niigata ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. Niigata ...
Niihama
▪ Japan       city, Ehime ken (prefecture), Shikoku, Japan. It lies on the Inland Sea coast. Originally a small fishing village, it grew after 1691 as a transit port ...
Niihau
/nee"ee hah"ooh, nee"how/, n. an island in NW Hawaii, W of Kauai. 237; 72 sq. mi. (186 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Hawaii, United States Hawaiian ...
Niitsu
▪ Japan       city, central Niigata ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. It lies on the Niigata Plain, about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Niigata city. Oil was ...
Nijhoff, Martinus
▪ Dutch poet born April 20, 1894, The Hague died Jan. 26, 1953, The Hague       greatest Dutch poet of his generation, who achieved not only an intensely original ...
Nijinska, Bronislava
orig. Bronislava Fominitshna Nizhinskaya born Jan. 8, 1891, Minsk, Russia died Feb. 21, 1972, Pacific Palisades, Calif., U.S. Russian-born U.S. dancer, choreographer, and ...
Nijinsky
/ni zhin"skee, -jin"-/; Russ. /nyi zhin"skyee/, n. Vaslav or Waslaw /vah"sleuhf/, 1890-1950, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer. * * *
Nijinsky, Vaslav
orig. Vatslav Fomich Nizhinsky born March 12, 1890, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died April 8, 1950, London, Eng. Russian ballet dancer. After early lessons from his parents, ...
Nijinsky,Vaslav
Ni·jin·sky (nĭ-zhĭnʹskē, -jĭnʹ-), Vaslav or Waslaw 1890-1950. Russian-born dancer and choreographer noted for his leading roles with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in Paris ...
Nijlen, Jan van
▪ Belgian poet born Nov. 10, 1884, Antwerp, Belg. died Aug. 14, 1965, Forest       one of the most distinguished Flemish poets of his generation.       Of a ...
Nijmegen
/nuy"may geuhn/; Du. /nuy"may kheuhn, -kheuh/, n. a city in the E Netherlands, on the Waal River: peace treaty 1678. 221,684. German, Nimwegen. Formerly, Nymwegen. * * * ▪ ...
Nijmegen, Treaties of
(1678–79) Peace treaties that ended the Franco-Dutch War. In the treaty between France and the Dutch Republic, France agreed to return Maastricht and to suspend the anti-Dutch ...
Nijo Yoshimoto
▪ Japanese poet born 1320, Japan died 1388, Japan       Japanese government official and renga (“linked-verse”) poet of the early Muromachi period (1338–1573) ...
Nike
/nuy"kee/, n. 1. the ancient Greek goddess of victory. 2. one of a series of antiaircraft or antimissile missiles having two or three rocket stages. [ < Gk níke victory, ...
Nike Hercules
a 40 ft. (12 m) U.S. surface-to-air missile effective at medium to high altitudes and having a range of more than 87 mi. (140 km). * * *
Nike Inc.
U.S. sportswear company. It was founded in 1964 as Blue Ribbon Sports by Bill Bowerman (b. 1911), a track-and-field coach at the University of Oregon, and his former student ...
Nike missile
      any of a group of U.S. surface-to-air missiles designed in the 1940s and '50s for defense against air attack. The first was Nike Ajax, a two-staged, liquid-fueled ...
Nike of Samothrace.
See Winged Victory. * * *
Nike{™}
a US company that makes sports clothes. Its trainers (= sports shoes) are fashionable among young people, who often wear them when not playing sport. (Nike was the ancient Greek ...
Nikisch, Arthur
▪ Hungarian conductor born Oct. 12, 1855, Lébényi Szentmiklós, Hung. died Jan. 23, 1922, Leipzig, Ger.  one of the finest conductors of the late 19th ...
Nikkatsu Motion Picture Company
▪ Japanese company       Japan's oldest motion-picture company. Established as an independent company in 1912 with the title Japan Cinematograph Company, it had ...
Nikkei
/nee"kay/, n. 1. an index showing the average closing prices of 225 stocks on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. 2. an American of Japanese descent. [1980-85; < Japn] * * *
Nikko
/neek"kaw/; Eng. /nik"oh, nee"koh/, n. a city on central Honshu, in central Japan: famous for shrines and temples. 28,502. * * * ▪ Japan   city, Tochigi ken (prefecture), ...
Nikko fir
a tall evergreen tree, Abies homolepis, native to mountainous areas of Japan, having dark-green needles and purple cones, cultivated as an ornamental. [after NIKKO] * * *
nikkud
/nee koohd"/, n., pl. nikkudim /nee'kooh deem"/. any of the combinations of dots and lines sometimes placed above or below Hebrew consonant symbols to indicate the pronunciation ...
Nikky
/nik"ee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Nicole. 2. a male given name, form of Nicholas. * * *
Nikolais, Alwin
born Nov. 25, 1910, Southington, Conn., U.S. died May 8, 1993, New York, N.Y. U.S. dancer, choreographer, composer, and designer. He studied modern dance with various teachers, ...
Nikolaus Pevsner
➡ Pevsner * * *
Nikolaus von Cusa
Ger. /nee"koh lows feuhn kooh"zah/ or, often, /nee'koh lah"oos/. Nicholas (def. 1). * * *
Nikolay
(as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Bukharin Nikolay Ivanovich Bulganin Nikolay Aleksandrovich Chernyshevsky Nikolay Gavrilovich Danilevsky Nikolay Yakovlevich Giers ...
Nikolay Kasatkin, Saint
▪ Russian Orthodox bishop original name  Ivan Dmitrovich Kasatkin, Kasatkin  also spelled  Kassatkin   born Aug. 13, 1836, Smolensk, Russia died Feb. 16, 1912, Tokyo, ...
Nikolayev
/nik'euh lah"yeuhf/; Russ. /nyi ku lah"yif/, n. a city in S Ukraine, in the SW on the Bug River. 503,000. Also, Nikolaev. Formerly, Vernoleninsk. * * *
Nikolayev, Andriyan Grigoryevich
▪ 2005       Soviet cosmonaut (b. Sept. 5, 1929, Shorshely, Chuvashia, U.S.S.R [now in Russia]—d. July 3, 2004, Cheboksary, Chuvashia, Russia), was one of the Soviet ...
Nikolayevich
(as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Kosygin Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin ...
Nikolayevsk-na-Amure
▪ Russia also spelled  Nikolajevsk-na-Amure,  English  Nikolayevsk-on-Amur        city, Khabarovsk kray (territory), far eastern Russia. The city is situated at ...
Nikon
/nee"kawn/; Russ. /nyee"keuhn/, n. 1605-81, patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church 1652-66. * * * orig. Nikita Minin born 1605, Veldemanovo, Russia died Aug. 27, 1681, en route ...
Nikopol
/ni kaw"peuhl/; Russ. /nyee"keuh peuhl/, n. a city in SE Ukraine, on the Dnieper River. 154,000. * * * ▪ Bulgaria       town, northern Bulgaria. It lies along the ...
Nikšić
▪ Montenegro       town in Montenegro, in the valley of the Zeta River. The Romans built a castrum (camp) called Anagastum there, probably on an old tribal settlement ...
Nikulin, Yury
▪ 1998       Russian circus clown and comic actor (b. Dec. 18, 1921, Smolensk, Russian S.F.S.R.—d. Aug. 21, 1997, Moscow, Russia), captured the hearts of millions ...
nil
/nil/, n. 1. nothing; naught; zero. adj. 2. having no value or existence: His credit rating is nil. [1805-15; < L nil, var. (by apocope) of nilum, contr. of nihilum nothing, ...
nil admirari
/neel" ahd'mee rddah"rddee/; Eng. /nil" ad'mi rair"uy, -rair"ee/, Latin. to wonder at nothing. * * *
nil desperandum
/neel" des'pe rddahn"doom/; Eng. /nil" des'peuh ran"deuhm/, Latin. never despair. * * *
nil nisi bonum
nil nisi bonum [nil΄ nī΄sī bō′nəm] 〚L〛 short for DE MORTUIS NIL NISI BONUM * * *
nil sine numine
/neel sin"e nooh"mi ne/; Eng. /nil sin"ee nooh"mi nee, nyooh"-/, Latin. nothing without the divine will: motto of Colorado. * * *
Nil Sorsky, Saint
▪ Russian mystic original name  Nikolay Maykov   born c. 1433 died 1508, ; feast day May 7       first Russian mystic to write about the contemplative life and to ...
Nile
/nuyl/, n. a river in E Africa, the longest in the world, flowing N from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean. 3473 mi. (5592 km) long; from the headwaters of the Kagera River, ...
Nile blue
pale greenish blue. [1880-85] * * *
Nile crocodile
the common African crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus, sometimes growing to a length of 20 ft. (6.1 m): in some areas it is greatly reduced in number and now rare. Also, Nilotic ...
Nile green
pale bluish green. [1885-90] * * *
Nile perch
Large food and game fish (family Latidae) found in the Nile and other African rivers and lakes. The Nile perch (Lates niloticus) has a large mouth and is greenish or brownish ...
Nile River
Arabic Baḥr al-Nīl River, eastern and northern Africa. The longest river in the world, it is about 4,132 mi (6,650 km) long from its remotest headstream and 3,473 mi (5,588 ...
Nile, Battle of the
(Aug. 1, 1798) Battle between the British fleet under Horatio Nelson and French Revolutionary forces at Abū Qīr Bay, near Alexandria, Egypt. In a plan to constrict British ...
Nileblue
Nile blue n. A light greenish blue. * * *
Nilecrocodile
Nile crocodile n. A large crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) common in all parts of Africa except the Sahara and the northern coast and known to attack domestic animals and ...
Nilegreen
Nile green n. A moderate yellow green to vivid light green. * * *
Niles
/nuylz/, n. 1. a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 30,363. 2. a city in NE Ohio. 23,088. 3. a city in SW Michigan. 13,115. 4. a male given name, form of Neil. * * * ▪ ...
Niles, Hezekiah
▪ American newspaper editor born October 10, 1777, Jefferis' Ford, Chester county, Pennsylvania, U.S. died April 2, 1839, Wilmington, Delaware       editor and ...
Niles, John Jacob
▪ American musician born April 28, 1892, Louisville, Ky., U.S. died March 1, 1980, Boothill Farm, near Lexington, Ky.       American folksinger, folklorist, and ...
nilgai
/nil"guy/, n., pl. nilgais, (esp. collectively) nilgai. a large, Indian antelope, Boselaphus tragocamelus, the male of which is bluish gray with small horns, the female tawny and ...
Nilgiri Hills
/nil"geuh ree/ a group of mountains in S India, in Madras state. Highest peak, Mt. Dodabetta, 8760 ft. (2670 m). * * * ▪ region, India       mountainous region of Tamil ...
nill
/nil/, v., nilled, nilling. Archaic. v.i. 1. to be unwilling: will he, nill he. v.t. 2. to refuse or reject. [bef. 900; ME nillen, OE nyllan, contr. of phrase ne willan; see NO1, ...
Nilo-Saharan
/nuy'loh seuh har"euhn, -hair"-, -hahr"-/, n. a family of African languages, including the Central and Eastern Sudanic groups as well as Kanuri, Songhai, and other languages, ...
Nilo-Saharan languages
Group of perhaps 115 African languages spoken by more than 27 million people from Mali to Ethiopia and from southernmost Egypt to Tanzania. The concept of Nilo-Saharan as a ...
Nilópolis
/ni law"poo lis/, n. a city in SE Brazil, NW of Rio de Janeiro. 128,524. * * * ▪ Brazil       city and suburb of Rio de Janeiro city, Rio de Janeiro estado (state), ...
Nilot
plural Nilotes Any member of a cluster of east-central African peoples living in southern Sudan, northern Uganda, and western Kenya. The name refers to the region of the Upper ...
Nilote
/nuy loh"tee/, n., pl. Nilotes, (esp. collectively) Nilote. a member of any of several indigenous black peoples of the Sudan and eastern Africa. * * *
Nilotic
/nuy lot"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Nile River or the inhabitants of the Nile region. 2. of or pertaining to the Nilotic group of languages. n. 3. a group of languages ...
Nilotic crocodile.
See Nile crocodile. [1850-55] * * *
Nilotic languages
also called  Great Lakes languages        group of related languages spoken in a relatively contiguous area from northwestern Congo (Kinshasa) (Congo), southern Sudan ...
nilpotency
See nilpotent. * * *
nilpotent
/nil poht"nt/, adj. Math. equal to zero when raised to a certain power. [1865-70; NIL + POTENT] * * *
Nilsson
/nil"seuhn/, n. (Märta) Birgit /mahrdd"tah birdd"git/; Eng. /mahr"teuh berr"git/, born 1918, Swedish soprano. * * *
Nilsson, Birgit
orig. Märta Birgit Svennsson born May 17, 1918, West Karup, Swed. Swedish soprano. She made her debut in Stockholm in 1946, and she performed in the complete Ring cycle of ...
Nilsson,Birgit
Nils·son (nĭlʹsən), Birgit. Born 1918. Swedish operatic soprano noted for her Wagnerian roles. * * *
Nilus Of Ancyra, Saint
▪ Greek abbot also called  Nilus The Ascetic   died c. 430, , Ancyra, Galatia; feast day November 12       Greek Byzantine abbot and author of extensive ascetical ...
Nilus Of Rossano, Saint
▪ abbot also called  Nilus The Younger  born c. 905, Rossaro, Calabria, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died December 29, 1005, Abbey of Santa Agata, near Rome; feast day ...
nim
nim1 /nim/, v.t., v.i., nimmed, nimming. Archaic. to steal or pilfer. [bef. 900; ME nimen, OE niman, c. G nehmen, ON nema, Goth niman to take; cf. NUMB] nim2 /nim/, n. a game in ...
nim tree
neem (def. 2). [1875-80] * * *
Nimba Range
▪ mountains, Africa       mountain chain extending in a southwest–northeast direction along the Guinea–Côte d'Ivoire–Liberia border. It reaches its highest ...
Nimbarka
flourished 13th century, South India Indian yogi and founder of the devotional sect called Nimbarkas or Nimandi. Little is known of his life except that he was a Brahman and a ...
nimble
—nimbleness, n. —nimbly, adv. /nim"beuhl/, adj., nimbler, nimblest. 1. quick and light in movement; moving with ease; agile; active; rapid: nimble feet. 2. quick to ...
nimbleness
See nimble. * * *
nimbly
See nimbleness. * * *
nimbo-
a combining form representing nimbus in compound words: nimbostratus. * * *
nimbostratus
/nim'boh stray"teuhs, -strat"euhs/, n., pl. nimbostratus. a cloud of a class characterized by a formless layer that is almost uniformly dark gray; a rain cloud of the layer type, ...
nimbus
—nimbused, adj. /nim"beuhs/, n., pl. nimbi /-buy/, nimbuses. 1. Class. Myth. a shining cloud sometimes surrounding a deity when on earth. 2. a cloud, aura, atmosphere, etc., ...
NIMBY
—Nimbyism, n. usually /nim"bee/ not in my backyard: used to express opposition by local citizens to the locating in their neighborhood of a civic project, as a jail, garbage ...
Nimeiri, Gaafar Mohamed el-
born Jan. 1, 1930, Wad Nubawi, Omdurman, Sudan President of The Sudan (1971–85). In 1969 he helped overthrow the civilian regime of Ismaʽīl al-Azharī. Nimeiri's own ...
Nimeiry
/neuh mair"ee/, n. Gaafar Muhammad al- /gah"fahr; al/, born 1930, Sudanese political leader: president 1969-85. Also, Nimeiri. * * *
Nîmes
/neem/, n. a city in and the capital of Gard, in S France: Roman ruins. 133,942. * * * ancient Nemausus City (pop., 1999: 133,424), southern France. It was the capital of a ...
NIMH
National Institute of Mental Health. * * *


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