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/ni muy"i tee/, n., pl. nimieties. 1. excess; overabundance: nimiety of mere niceties in conversation. 2. an instance of this. [1555-65; < LL nimietas, equiv. to nimi(us) too ...
—niminy-pimininess, n. —niminy-piminyism, n. /nim"euh nee pim"euh nee/, adj. affectedly delicate or refined; mincing; effeminate: A niminy-piminy shyness makes frankness ...
/nim"its/, n. Chester William, 1885-1966, U.S. admiral. * * *
Nimitz, Chester W
▪ United States admiral born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S. died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco       commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World ...
Nimitz, Chester W(illiam)
born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S. died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco, Calif. U.S. naval officer. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1905 and served ...
Nimitz,Chester William
Nim·itz (nĭmʹĭts), Chester William. 1885-1966. American admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who halted Japanese expansion and ultimately destroyed the Japanese ...
—Nimrodian, Nimrodic, Nimrodical, adj. /nim"rod/, n. 1. the great-grandson of Noah: noted as a great hunter. Gen. 10:8-10. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a person expert in or devoted to ...
/nim roohd"/, n. modern name of the site of the ancient city of Kalakh. * * *
/nim"vay geuhn/, n. German name of Nijmegen. * * *
Nimzowitsch, Aron
▪ Latvian chess player born November 7, 1886, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire died March 16, 1935, Denmark       Latvian-born chess master and theoretician who was ...
/nin/, n. Anaïs /euh nuy"euhs/, 1903-77, U.S. novelist and diarist. * * *
Nin, Anaïs
Nin (nēn, nĭn), Anaïs. 1903-1977. French-born American writer and diarist known for her novels, including Winter of Artifice (1939), and The Diary of Anaïs Nin 1931-1966 ...
/nee"nyah/, n., pl. niñas /-nyahs/. Spanish. girl; child. * * *
/nee"neuh, nuy"-/, n. a female given name, Russian form of Anna. * * *
/neen"yeuh, nee"neuh/; Sp. /nee"nyah/, n. one of the three ships under the command of Columbus when he made his first voyage of discovery to America in 1492. * * *
Nina Simone
➡ Simone * * *
▪ Sumerian deity       in Mesopotamian religion, Sumerian deity, the city god of Enegir, which was located on the Euphrates River between Larsa and Ur in the southern ...
—nincompoopery, n. —nincompoopish, adj. /nin"keuhm poohp', ning"-/, n. a fool or simpleton. [1670-80; orig. uncert.] * * *
See nincompoop. * * *
/nuyn/, n. 1. a cardinal number, eight plus one. 2. a symbol for this number, as 9 or IX. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. a baseball team. 5. a playing card with nine ...
nine ball
a variation of pool played with nine numbered object balls that must be pocketed in order by number. Also, nineball. [1965-70] * * *
nine days' wonder
an event or thing that arouses considerable but short-lived interest or excitement. [1585-95] * * *
Nine Inch Nails
a US rock band formed by Trent Reznor (1965– ), who often performs alone. His style is known as ‘industrial music’ and his songs are often about sex, suffering and ...
Nine Men's Morris
▪ game also called  Morris, Morelles, Merelles, Merels, Mill, or The Mill,         board game of great antiquity, most popular in Europe during the 14th century and ...
nine old men
➡ Supreme Court * * *
nine o’clock watershed
(in Britain) 9 o’clock at night, thought of as the time before which scenes of sex and violent behaviour should not be broadcast on television because they are not suitable for ...
nine plus two array
Cell Biol. the arrangement of microtubules in a flagellum or cilium, consisting of a ring of nine evenly spaced couplets surrounding two central singlets. Symbol: 9 + 2. * * *
nine plus zero array
Cell Biol. the arrangement of microtubules characteristic of basal bodies and centrioles, consisting of nine evenly spaced triplets between the outer and inner walls of the ...
Nine Worthies
three pagan, three Jewish, and three Christian heroes mentioned together in medieval romances, usually including Hector, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Joshua, David, Judas ...
nine-banded armadillo
/nuyn"ban'did/ an armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, of the southern U.S. to Argentina, having nine hinged bands of bony plates, the female of which usually gives birth to ...
nine-band·ed armadillo (nīnʹbăn'dĭd) n. The most common species of armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, usually having nine jointed bands of bony plates. The females give birth ...
/nuyn"spot'/, n. Slang. a playing card the face of which bears nine pips. * * *
—nine-to-fiver, n. /nuyn"teuh fuyv"/, adj. Informal. 1. of, pertaining to, or during the workday, esp. the hours from 9 A.M. to 5 P.M. when offices are characteristically open ...
nine-to-fiv·er (nīn'tə-fīʹvər) n. One who works regular daytime hours, as in an office. * * *
/nuyn"bahrk'/, n. any of several shrubs belonging to the genus Physocarpus, of the rose family, having bark that separates into thin layers. [1775-85, Amer.; NINE + BARK2] * * *
ninedays' wonder
nine days' wonder n. A thing or event that creates a brief sensation. * * *
adj. /nuyn"fohld'/; adv. /nuyn"fohld"/, adj. 1. nine times as great or as much. 2. having nine elements or parts. adv. 3. in a ninefold manner or measure; to or by nine times as ...
/nuyn"pens', -peuhns/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) Brit. nine pennies. 2. a former shilling of Great Britain, issued under Elizabeth I for use in Ireland, debased so that it was ...
/nuyn"pen'ee/; for 2 also /nuyn"peuh nee/, adj. 1. noting a nail 23/4 in. (7 cm) long. Symbol: 9d 2. of the value of ninepence. [1820-30; NINE + PENNY] * * *
ninepin [nin′pin΄] n. a pin used in the game of ninepins * * * nine·pin (nīnʹpĭn') n. 1. ninepins (used with a sing. or pl. verb)A bowling game in which nine wooden pins ...
/nuyn"pinz'/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) tenpins played without the head pin. 2. ninepin, a pin used in this game. [1570-80; NINE + PINS] * * * ▪ game       bowling ...
/nuy"neuhr/, n. Slang. nine. [NINE + -ER1] * * *
/nuyn"teen"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, ten plus nine. 2. a symbol for this number, as 19 or XIX. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. talk nineteen to the dozen, to talk ...
Nineteen Eighty-Four
a novel about the future, written in 1948 by George Orwell. The main character, Winston Smith, dares to think his own thoughts and fall in love in a society ruled by ‘the ...
/nuyn"teenth"/, adj. 1. next after the eighteenth; being the ordinal number for 19. 2. being one of 19 equal parts. n. 3. a nineteenth part, esp. of one (1/19). 4. the nineteenth ...
Nineteenth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1920, guaranteeing women the right to vote. * * *
nineteenth hole
Informal. the clubhouse or any other place where golfers gather after play to relax, talk, or have a drink. [1900-05] * * *
/nuyn"tee ith/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-ninth; being the ordinal number for 90. 2. being one of 90 equal parts. n. 3. a ninetieth part, esp. of one (1/90). 4. the ninetieth ...
/ni net"/, n. a female given name. * * *
Ninette de Valois
➡ de Valois * * *
/nuyn"tee/, n., pl. nineties, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number, ten times nine. 2. a symbol for this number, as 90 or XC. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. nineties, the ...
Ninety Mile Beach
▪ beach, New Zealand       western coast of Aupori Peninsula, the northernmost extension of North Auckland Peninsula, North Island, New Zealand. It stretches for 55 mi ...
ninety-day wonder
/nuyn"tee day'/, Informal. an officer commissioned in a branch of the armed forces after an unusually short training period, esp. after a three-months officers' training course ...
/nuyn"tee ayt"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 8. 2. a symbol for this number, as 98 or XCVIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 98 in number. * * ...
/nuyn"tee aytth", -ayth"/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-seventh; being the ordinal number for 98. 2. being one of 98 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-eighth part, esp. of one ...
/nuyn"tee fifth"/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-fourth; being the ordinal number for 95. 2. being one of 95 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-fifth part, esp. of one (1/95). 4. the ...
/nuyn"tee ferrst"/, adj. 1. next after the ninetieth; being the ordinal number for 91. 2. being one of 91 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-first part, esp. of one (1/91). 4. the ...
/nuyn"tee fuyv"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 5. 2. a symbol for this number, as 95 or XCV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 95 in number. * * *
Ninety-Five Theses
the theses of Luther against the sale of indulgences in the Roman Catholic Church, posted by him on the door of a church in Wittenberg, October 31, 1517. * * * Propositions for ...
/nuyn"tee fawr", -fohr"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 4. 2. a symbol for this number, as 94 or XCIV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 94 in ...
/nuyn"tee fawrth", -fohrth"/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-third; being the ordinal number for 94. 2. being one of 94 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-fourth part, esp. of one ...
/nuyn"tee nuyn"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 9. 2. a symbol for this number, as 99 or XCIX. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 99 in number. * * *
/nuyn"tee nuynth"/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-eighth; being the ordinal number for 99. 2. being one of 99 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-ninth part, esp. of one (1/99). 4. the ...
/nuyn"tee wun"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 1. 2. a symbol for this number, as 91 or XCI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 91 in number. * * *
/nuyn"tee sek"euhnd/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-first; being the ordinal number for 92. 2. being one of 92 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-second part, esp. of one (1/92). 4. the ...
/nuyn"tee sev"euhn/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 7. 2. a symbol for this number, as 97 or XCVII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 97 in ...
/nuyn"tee sev"euhnth/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-sixth; being the ordinal number for 97. 2. being one of 97 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-seventh part, esp. of one (1/97). 4. ...
/nuyn"tee siks"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 6. 2. a symbol for this number, as 96 or XCVI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 96 in number. * * *
/nuyn"tee siksth"/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-fifth; being the ordinal number for 96. 2. being one of 96 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-sixth part, esp. of one (1/96). 4. the ...
/nuyn"tee therrd"/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-second; being the ordinal number for 93. 2. being one of 93 equal parts. n. 3. a ninety-third part, esp. of one (1/93). 4. the ...
/nuyn"tee three"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 3. 2. a symbol for this number, as 93 or XCIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 93 in number. * ...
/nuyn"tee tooh"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 90 plus 2. 2. a symbol for this number, as 92 or XCII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 92 in number. * * *
—Ninevite /nin"euh vuyt'/, n. —Ninevitical /nin'euh vit"i keuhl/, adj. —Ninevitish /nin"euh vuy'tish/, adj. /nin"euh veuh/, n. the ancient capital of Assyria: its ruins are ...
(as used in expressions) Yung ning Nan ning Hsi ning Yang Chen Ning * * *
/ning"baw"/, n. Pinyin. a seaport in E Zhejiang province, in E China. 350,000. Also, Wade-Giles, Ningpo /ning"baw"/. Formerly, Yinxian. * * * ▪ China Introduction Wade-Giles ...
/ning"shyun"/, n. Older Spelling. Yinxian. * * *
▪ Sumerian deity       in Mesopotamian religion, Sumerian deity, city god of Gishbanda, near Ur in the southern orchard region. Although Ningishzida was a power of the ...
▪ autonomous region, China Introduction in full  Hui Autonomous Region of Ningsia,  Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Ning-hsia-hui-tsu Tzu-chih-ch'ü,  (Pinyin)  Ningxia Huizu ...
/ning"shyah"/, n. Pinyin. a former province in NW China, now part of Inner Mongolia. Also, Wade-Giles, Ninghsia; Older Spelling, Ningsia. * * * or Ningsia in full Hui Autonomous ...
Ningxia carpet
      floor covering woven in Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia, China, characterized by stylized floral designs and subtle use of blue, red, and beige. Geometric patterns ...
Ningxia Hui
/hwee/, Pinyin. an administrative division in N China. 2,000,000; 25,640 sq. mi. (66,400 sq. km). Cap.: Yinchuan. Also, Wade-Giles, Ninghsia Hui; Older Spelling, Ningsia Hui. ...
Ningxia-Hui [niŋ′shyä′wē′] autonomous region in NW China, on the border of Inner Mongolia: 65,637 sq mi (169,999 sq km); pop. 4,660,000; cap. Yinchuan: former ...
Ning·xia Hui·zu (nĭngʹshyäʹ hwēʹdzo͞oʹ) also Ning·sia Hui (hwēʹ) An autonomous region of northern China. Formerly a province, it was incorporated into Gansu in ...
▪ emperor of Song dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Ning-tsung , personal name (xingming)  Zhao Kuo  born 1168, Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China died 1224, ...
▪ Sumerian deity also called  Ningubla        in Mesopotamian religion, Sumerian deity, city god of Kiabrig, near Ur in the southern herding region. Ninhar was god of ...
In Mesopotamian religion, the city goddess of Adab and of Kish. Worshiped especially by the herders of northern Mesopotamia, she was the goddess of the stony, rocky ground, and ...
/nin huy"drin/, n. Chem. a white or yellow, toxic, crystalline or powdery compound, C9H4O3·H2O, that reddens when heated above 100°C, a monohydrate, soluble in water or ...
Ninian, Saint
▪ Celtic missionary also called  Nynia, Ninias, Rigna, Trignan, Ninnidh, Ringan, Ninus , or  Dinan   born c. 360, Britain died c. 432, , Britain; feast day September ...
/nee"nib/, n. Obs. Ninurta. * * *
/nee nee"gee/, n. Japanese Legend. the grandson of Amaterasu and first ruler of Japan. * * * ▪ Japanese deity in full  Ninigi No Mikoto,        Japanese deity, ...
/nin"jeuh/, n., pl. ninja, ninjas. (often cap.) a member of a feudal Japanese society of mercenary agents, highly trained in martial arts and stealth (ninjutsu), who were hired ...
/nin jut"sooh, -joot"-/, n. See under ninja. Also, ninjitsu /nin jit"sooh/. [ < Japn, equiv. to nin- endure + -jutsu technique; see NINJA] * * *
▪ Mesopotamian deity (Sumerian), Akkadian  Belit        Mesopotamian goddess, the consort of the god Enlil and a deity of destiny. She was worshiped especially at ...
—ninnyish, adj. /nin"ee/, n., pl. ninnies. a fool or simpleton. [1585-95; perh. generic use of pet form of Innocent proper name; see -Y2] * * *
/nin"ee ham'euhr/, n. a fool or simpleton; ninny. [1585-95; NINNY + HAMMER] * * *
/nee"nyaw/; Eng. /neen"yoh/, n., pl. niños /nee"nyaws/; Eng. /neen"yohz/. Spanish. boy; child. * * *
Ninomiya Sontoku
▪ Japanese religious reformer also called  Ninomiya Kinjirō   born , Sept. 4, 1787, Kayama, Sagami Province, Japan died Nov. 17, 1856, Imaichi, Shimotsuke ...
/nee"non/; Fr. /nee nawonn"/, n. a sturdy chiffon or voile constructed in either plain or novelty weaves and generally used in the manufacture of women's garments, curtains, and ...
▪ Japanese potter pseudonym of  Nonomura Seisuke,  also called  Seiemon  flourished 17th century       Japanese potter active in Kyōto during the Edo period ...
In Mesopotamian religion, the city goddess of Kullab. Worshiped especially by herders in southern Mesopotamia, she was originally represented as a cow and was considered to be ...
/nin ten"doh/, Trademark. 1. a system for playing video games. 2. any game designed for this system. * * *
Nintendo console
▪ video game console  groundbreaking eight-bit video game console created by Japanese designer Uemura Masayuki. The Nintendo console, or Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), ...
—ninthly, adv. /nuynth/, adj. 1. next after the eighth; being the ordinal number for nine. 2. being one of nine equal parts. n. 3. a ninth part, esp. of one (1/9). 4. the ninth ...
Ninth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, guaranteeing that the rights enumerated in the Constitution would not be construed as ...
ninth chord
Music. a chord formed by the superposition of four thirds. [1945-50] * * *
Ninth Commandment
"Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor": ninth of the Ten Commandments. Cf. Ten Commandments. * * *
Ninth of Av
Judaism. See Tishah b'Av. Also, Ninth of Ab. * * *
/ni noor"tah/, n. a Sumerian and Babylonian hero god. * * * In Mesopotamian religion, the city god of Girsu. The son of Enlil and Ninlil, he was the god of thunder and of the ...
/nuy"neuhs/, n. the legendary husband of Semiramis and founder of Nineveh. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, king of Assyria and the eponymous founder ...
/nuy"euh bayt'/, n. Chem. any salt of niobic acid; columbate. [1835-45; NIOB(IUM) + -ATE2] * * *
—Niobean, adj. /nuy"oh bee'/, n. Class. Myth. the daughter of Tantalus and wife of Amphion of Thebes. She provoked Apollo and Artemis to vengeance by taunting their mother, ...
/nuy oh"bik, -ob"ik/, adj. Chem. 1. of or pertaining to niobium; columbic. 2. of or derived from niobic acid. [1835-45; NIOB(IUM) + -IC] * * *
niobic acid
Chem. a white, water-insoluble solid, Nb2O5·nH2O. [1835-45] * * *
/nuy"oh bid/, n. Class. Myth. any of the children of Niobe. * * *
Niobid Painter
flourished с 475–450 BC, Greece Greek vase painter, named for a calyx krater showing the death of the children of Niobe. Because the Niobid Painter made a deliberate effort ...
ni·o·bite (nīʹə-bīt') n. Columbite.   [niobium + -ite1.] * * *
/nuy oh"bee euhm/, n. Chem. a steel-gray metallic element resembling tantalum in its chemical properties; becomes a superconductor below 9 K; used chiefly in alloy steels. ...
niobium processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Niobium (Nb) has a body-centred cubic (bcc) crystal structure and a melting point of ...
/nuy oh"beuhs/, adj. 1. Chem. containing trivalent niobium, as niobous chloride, NbCl3. 2. of or pertaining to niobium. [1860-65; NIOB(IUM) + -OUS] * * *
/nuy'euh brair"euh/, n. a river flowing E from E Wyoming through Nebraska to the Missouri. 431 mi. (692 km) long. * * *
Niobrara Limestone
▪ geology       division of rocks in the central United States dating to the Late Cretaceous Period, which ended some 66 million years ago. Named for exposures studied ...
Niobrara River
River, Wyoming and Nebraska, U.S. Flowing east across Wyoming's high plains and Nebraska's sandhills and low plains, it joins the Missouri River at the village of Niobrara, ...
/nyawrdd/, n. a city in and the capital of Deux-Sèvres, in W France. 63,965. * * * ▪ France       town, Deux-Sèvres département, Poitou-Charentes région, western ...
/nee"ohs/, n. Lake, a volcanic lake in Cameroon, at the NW border: eruption 1986. Also, Nyos. * * *
/nuy"osh/, n. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. * * *
nip1 /nip/, v., nipped, nipping, n. v.t. 1. to squeeze or compress tightly between two surfaces or points; pinch; bite. 2. to take off by pinching, biting, or snipping (usually ...
/nip/, n., adj. Slang (disparaging and offensive). Japanese. [short for NIPPONESE] * * *
/nip"up'/, n. a calisthenic routine or gymnastic move of springing to one's feet from a supine position. [1935-40; n. use of v. phrase nip up] * * *
/nee"peuh/, n. a palm, Nypa fruticans, of India, the Philippines, etc., whose foliage is used for thatching, basketry, etc. [1580-90; < NL < Malay nipah] * * *
nipand tuck
nip and tuck adv. & adj. So close that the advantage or lead shifts from one to another and is virtually indeterminable. * * *
/nip"i gon'/, n. Lake, a lake in SW Ontario, in S central Canada. ab. 1870 sq. mi. (4845 sq. km). * * *
Nipigon, Lake
Lake, Ontario, Canada. Located north of Lake Superior and northeast of Thunder Bay, it is about 70 mi (110 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide and has an area of 1,870 sq mi (4,840 ...
Nip·i·gon (nĭpʹĭ-gŏn'), Lake A lake of southwest-central Ontario, Canada, north of Lake Superior. It is a popular resort center. * * *
/nip"euh sing/, n. a lake in SE Canada, in Ontario, N of Georgian Bay. 330 sq. mi. (855 sq. km). * * *
Nipissing, Lake
Lake, southeastern Ontario, Canada. Located midway between the Ottawa River and Georgian Bay, it is 50 mi (80 km) long and 30 mi (48 km) wide, with an area of 321 sq mi (832 sq ...
Nip·is·sing (nĭpʹĭ-sĭng'), Lake A lake of southeast Ontario, Canada, between the Ottawa River and Georgian Bay. * * *
Nipkow, Paul Gottlieb
▪ German scientist born , Aug. 22, 1860, Lauenburg, Pomerania [Germany] died Aug. 24, 1940, Berlin, Ger.       German engineer who discovered television's (television) ...
▪ people       Algonquian (Algonquian languages)-speaking North American Indian group that originally occupied the central plateau of what is now the U.S. state of ...
/nip"muk/, n., pl. Nipmucks, (esp. collectively) Nipmuck. a member of an Algonquian Indian people living in the vicinity of Worcester, Mass. * * *
      (Pāli), in the Mādhyamika and Vijñānavāda schools of Buddhist philosophy, ultimate reality. See prajñapti. * * *
/nip"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that nips. 2. Usually, nippers. a device for nipping, as pincers or forceps. 3. one of the two large claws of a crustacean. 4. Metalworking. ...
See nippy. * * *
See nippily. * * *
—nippingly, adv. /nip"ing/, adj. 1. sharp or biting, as cold. 2. sarcastic; caustic. [1540-50; NIP1 + -ING2] * * *
See nipping. * * *
—nippleless, adj. /nip"euhl/, n. 1. a protuberance of the mamma or breast where, in the female, the milk ducts discharge; teat. 2. something resembling it, as the mouthpiece of ...
nip·ple·wort (nĭpʹəl-wûrt', -wôrt') n. A European annual plant (Lapsana communis) naturalized in eastern North America, having a milky juice and small yellow flower ...
/nee pawn"/; Eng. /ni pon", nip"on/, n. a Japanese name of Japan. [ < Japn, earlier nit-pon < MChin, equiv. to Chin rì sun + ben origin] * * *
Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai
▪ Japanese corporation English  Japan Broadcasting Corporation        public radio and television system of Japan. It operates two television and three radio networks ...
Nippon Steel Corporation
▪ Japanese corporation Japanese  Shin Nippon Seitetsu Kk,         Japanese corporation created by the 1970 merger of Yawata Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., and Fuji Iron & ...
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation
▪ Japanese company Japanese  Nihon Denshin Denwa Kōsha , also called  Denden Kōsha        Japanese telecommunications company that almost monopolizes Japan's ...
—Nipponism /nip"euh niz'euhm/, n. /nip'euh neez", -nees"/, n., pl. Nipponese, adj. Japanese. [1855-60; NIPPON + -ESE] * * *
/ni poor"/, n. an ancient Sumerian and Babylonian city in SE Iraq: partially excavated. * * * Ancient Mesopotamian city southeast of Babylon. Located in what is now ...
/nip"ee/, adj., nippier, nippiest. 1. chilly or cold: morning air that feels a bit nippy. 2. sharp or biting; tangy: This cheese has a good, nippy taste. 3. Chiefly Brit. ...
National Industrial Recovery Act. Also, N.I.R.A. * * *
▪ Sikhism Punjabi“Followers of the Formless One”—i.e., God       religious reform movement within Sikhism. The Nirankari movement was founded by Dayal Das (died ...
/nir"euhn berrg'/, n. Marshall Warren, born 1927, U.S. biochemist: pioneered studies on the genetic code; Nobel prize for medicine 1968. * * *
Nirenberg, Marshall Warren
born April 10, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. biochemist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. He demonstrated that each possible triplet (codon) of the four ...
Nirenberg,Marshall Warren
Nir·en·berg (nîrʹĭn-bûrg'), Marshall Warren. Born 1927. American biochemist. He shared a 1968 Nobel Prize for the study of genetic codes. * * *
Nirgal Vallis
▪ feature, Mars  sinuous, branching valley located on the planet Mars north of the Argyre impact basin, at about 28° S, 42° W. It is about 400 km (250 miles) long and ...
▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “distinctionless”), concept of primary importance in the orthodox Hindu philosophy of Vedānta, raising the question of whether the ...
/nuy rid"euh zohl'/, n. Pharm. an anthelmintic substance, C6H6N4O3S, used in the treatment of schistosomiasis. [by rearrangement of parts of its chemical name] * * *
▪ Jaina philosophy       in Jainism, a religion of India, the destruction of karman (karma) (a physical substance that binds itself to individual souls and determines ...
▪ Sikhism       an ascetic order of the Sikhs, a religious group of India. Nirmalas (“those without blemish”) at first wore only white garments but later adopted the ...
/nir mah"lin/, n. one of a group of Sikh ascetics devoted to the study of sacred writings. * * *
—nirvanic, adj. /nir vah"neuh, -van"euh, neuhr-/, n. 1. (often cap.) Pali, nibbana. Buddhism. freedom from the endless cycle of personal reincarnations, with their consequent ...
/neesh/, n. a city in SE Serbia, in SE Yugoslavia: a former capital of Serbia. 230,711. Also, Nish. * * * or Nish City (pop., 2000 est.: 182,583), southeast of Belgrade, ...
▪ ancient city, Turkmenistan also called  Parthaunisa        first capital of the Parthians (Parthia), located near modern Ashgabat in Turkmenistan. Nisa was ...
/nee"sahn, nis"euhn, nee sahn"/, n. the seventh month of the Jewish calendar. Also, Nissan. Cf. Jewish calendar. * * *
▪ Japanese art  (Japanese: “likeness painting”), form of sketchy portraiture that became fashionable in the court circles of 12th- and 13th-century Japan. Realistic art ...
/nee"say, nee say"/, n., pl. Nisei. a person of Japanese descent, born and educated in the U.S. or Canada. Also, nisei. Cf. Issei, Kibei, Sansei. [1940-45, Amer.; < Japn: lit., ...
/nee'shah poordd"/, n. a town in NE Iran: the birthplace of Omar Khayyám. 33,482. * * *
Nishapur pottery
 Islāmic (Islamic arts) ceramics produced at Nishapur (modern Neyshābūr, Iran) that were of bold style and showed links with Sāssānian and Central Asian work. The style ...
Nishi Amane
▪ Japanese philosopher born March 7, 1829, Tsuwano, Iwami province, Japan died Jan. 30, 1897, Tokyo  philosopher, writer, and publisher who helped introduce Western ...
Nishida Kitarō
▪ Japanese philosopher Introduction born June 17, 1870, near Kanazawa, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan died June 7, 1945, Kamakura       Japanese (Japanese philosophy) ...
Nishikawa Sukenobu
▪ Japanese artist byname  Magouemon   born 1671, Kyōto died Aug. 20, 1750, Kyōto  Japanese painter of the Ukiyo-e school of popular, colourful paintings and prints, who ...
▪ Japanese art       Japanese polychrome woodblock prints of the ukiyo-e (q.v.) school that were first made in 1765. The invention of the technique is attributed to ...
/nee"shee naw"mee yah"/, n. a city on S Honshu, in S Japan. 410,329. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Hyōgo ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, at the mouth of the Mukogawa ...
▪ Japan       city, Aichi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the lower reaches of the Yahagi-gawa (Yahagi River). Nishio was a castle town and commercial centre during ...
Nishiyama Sōin
▪ Japanese poet original name  Nishiyama Toyoichi   born 1605, Higo Province, Japan died May 5, 1682, Kyōto?       renga (“linked-verse”) poet of the early ...
/nuy"suy, nee"see/, adj. not yet final or absolute (used, esp. in law, to indicate that a judgment or decree will become final on a particular date unless set aside or ...
nisi prius
—nisi-prius, adj. /nuy"suy pruy"euhs, nee"see pree"euhs/, Law. 1. Also called nisi prius court. a trial court for the hearing of civil cases before a judge and jury. 2. Brit. ...
Nisibis, School of
▪ school, Nusaybin, Turkey       intellectual centre of East Syrian Christianity (the Nestorian Church) from the 5th to the 7th century. The School of Nisibis (now ...
      (Sanskrit), in the Mādhyamika and Vijñānavāda schools of Buddhist philosophy, ultimate reality. See prajñapti. * * *
▪ Assyrian goddess       in Mesopotamian religion, Sumerian deity, city goddess of Eresh on the ancient Euphrates River near Uruk in the farming regions; she was goddess ...
/nee"sahn, nis"euhn, nee sahn"/, n. Nisan. * * *
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
Japanese automaker. Headquartered in Tokyo, Nissan manufactures cars, trucks, and commercial equipment. Formed from the merger of two smaller firms in 1925, it adopted its ...
Nissel, Siegmund Walter
▪ 2009 “Siggi”        German-born Austrian violinist born Jan. 3, 1922, Munich, Ger. died May 21, 2008, London, Eng. toured for almost 40 years with the chamber ...
Nissen hut
/nis"euhn/ a prefabricated, tunnel-shaped shelter made of corrugated metal and having a concrete floor; Quonset hut: first used by the British army in World War I. [1915-20; ...
Nis·sen hut (nĭsʹən) n. A prefabricated building of corrugated steel in the shape of a half cylinder, used especially by military personnel as a shelter.   [After Peter ...
NIST abbr. National Institute of Standards and Technology. * * *
/nee"strddoo/, n. Rumanian name of Dniester. * * *
/nuy"seuhs/, n., pl. nisus. an effort or striving toward a particular goal or attainment; impulse. [1690-1700; < L nisus act of planting the feet, effort, equiv. to nit(i) to ...
nit1 /nit/, n. 1. the egg of a parasitic insect, esp. of a louse, often attached to a hair or a fiber of clothing. 2. the young of such an insect. [bef. 900; ME nite, OE hnitu, ...
/nit"lamp'/, n. Canadian. See jack light. * * *
☆ nit-picking [nit′pik΄iŋ ] adj., n. 〚 NIT1 + PICK2〛 (a) paying too much attention to petty details; niggling * * *
/nee"chee/, n. Chiefly Canadian Slang (disparaging and offensive). an Indian. [1785-95; < Ojibwa ni·ci· my friend, extracted from the phrase po·zo· ni·ci· "greetings, ...
/nuyt/, n. an informal, simplified spelling of night. * * *
/nuy"teuhr/, n. 1. See potassium nitrate. 2. See sodium nitrate. Also, esp. Brit., nitre. [1375-1425; late ME nitre < L nitrum < Gk nítron NATRON] * * *
/nee'teuh roy"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Rio de Janeiro state, in SE Brazil. 291,970. Also, Nictheroy. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, Rio de Janeiro estado (state), ...
/nuy"teuh ree/, n., pl. niteries. Informal. a nightclub. [1930-35, Amer.; nite (resp. of NIGHT) + -ERY] * * *
/nit"fluy'/, n., pl. nitflies. Midland U.S. and Gulf States. botfly. [NIT1 + FLY2] * * *
▪ Frankish historian born 790? died June 14, 844       Frankish count and historian whose works, utilizing important sources and official documents, provide an ...
▪ valley, Scotland, United Kingdom       valley of the River Nith, Dumfries and Galloway region, southwestern Scotland. It comprises the western part of the historic ...
—nitidity /ni tid"i tee/, n. /nit"id/, adj. bright; lustrous. [ < L nitidus shining, bright, equiv. to nit(ere) to glisten + -idus -ID4] * * *
/nit"n awl', -ol'/, n. a paramagnetic alloy of nickel and titanium that, after heating and deformation, resumes its original shape when reheated. [1965-70; NI(CKEL) + TI(TANIUM) ...
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Occupying 1.6 percent of the total land ...
/nuy"ton/, n. (formerly) radon. Symbol: Nt [1910-15; < L nit(ere) to shine + -ON1] * * *
/nit"pik'/, v.i. 1. to be excessively concerned with or critical of inconsequential details. v.t. 2. to criticize by focusing on inconsequential details. n. 3. a carping, petty ...
/nit"pik'euhr/, n. a person who nitpicks, esp. habitually. Also, nit-picker. [1950-55; NIT1 + PICK1 + -ER1] * * *
nit·pick·ing (nĭtʹpĭk'ĭng) n. Minute, trivial, unnecessary, and unjustified criticism or faultfinding. * * *
var. of nitro- before a vowel: nitramine. * * *
Ni·tra (nēʹtrə) A city of western Slovakia on the Nitra River, a tributary of the Danube. Nitra was a religious center after the ninth century and became a free city in ...
/nuy"treuh loy'/, Trademark. a brand of nitriding steel. * * *
/nuy'treuh meen", nuy tram"in/, n. Chem. 1. any of a class of compounds containing the nitramino group. 2. tetryl. [NITR- + AMINE] * * *
/nuy'treuh mee"noh, nuy tram"euh noh'/, adj. Chem. containing the nitramino group. [NITR- + AMINO] * * *
nitramino group
Chem. the univalent group -NHNO2. Also called nitramino radical. * * *
—nitration, n. n. /nuy"trayt, -trit/; v. /nuy"trayt/, n., v., nitrated, nitrating. n. 1. Chem. a salt or ester of nitric acid, or any compound containing the univalent group ...
nitrate and iodate minerals
      small group of naturally occurring inorganic compounds that are practically confined to the Atacama Desert of northern Chile; the principal locality is Antofagasta. ...
nitrate film
1. film stock using a base of cellulose nitrate: extremely flammable and tending to erode at a relatively early age. 2. a motion picture made with or printed on this ...
nitrate bacterium n. Any of several nitrobacteria that convert nitrites to nitrates by oxidation. Also called nitric bacterium. * * *
➡ drugs * * *
/nuy"treuh teen', -tin/, n. Mineral. See soda niter. [1840-50; NITRATE + -INE2] * * *
nitration [nī trā′shən] n. the process of nitrating; esp., the introduction of the NO2 group into an organic compound * * * See nitrate. * * *
See nitration. * * *
/nuy"teuhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. niter. * * *
/nuy"trik/, adj. Chem. 1. containing nitrogen, usually in the pentavalent state. 2. of or pertaining to niter. [1785-95; NITR- + -IC, modeled on F nitrique] * * *
nitric acid
Chem. a colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic, corrosive, water-soluble liquid, HNO3, having powerful oxidizing properties, usually obtained from ammonia or from ...
nitric bacteria
nitric bacteria n. soil and water bacteria (genus Nitrobacter, etc.) that convert nitrites into nitrates * * *
nitric oxide
Chem. a colorless, slightly water-soluble gas, NO, formed by the action of dilute nitric acid on copper, and by the direct combination of atmospheric oxygen and nitrogen at the ...
nitric acid n. A transparent, colorless to yellowish, fuming corrosive liquid, HNO3, a highly reactive oxidizing agent used in the production of fertilizers, explosives, and ...
nitric bacterium n. See nitrate bacterium. * * *
nitric oxide n. A colorless, poisonous gas, NO, produced as an intermediate during the manufacture of nitric acid from ammonia or atmospheric nitrogen and as a product of ...
/nuy"truyd, -trid/, n. Chem. a compound, containing two elements only, of which the more electronegative one is nitrogen. [1840-50; NITR- + -IDE] * * * ▪ chemical ...
/nuy"truy ding/, n. Metall. a process of casehardening in which nitrogen is introduced into the metal by keeping it at a suitable temperature in the presence of a nitrogen ...
nitriding steel
any steel suitable for casehardening by nitriding. [1930-35] * * *
/nuy'treuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. the act of nitrifying. [1820-30; NITR- + -I- + -FICATION] * * *
/nuy"treuh fuy'euhr/, n. a person or thing that nitrifies. [1900-05; NITRIFY + -ER1] * * *
—nitrifiable, adj. /nuy"treuh fuy'/, v.t., nitrified, nitrifying. 1. to oxidize (ammonia, ammonium compounds, or atmospheric nitrogen) to nitrites, nitrates, or their ...
nitrifying bacteria
Small group of oxygen-requiring bacteria that use nitrogen as an energy source. These microorganisms are important in the nitrogen cycle as converters of soil ammonia to ...
nitrifying bacterium
plural  Nitrifying Bacteria,        any of a small group of aerobic bacteria (family Nitrobacteraceae) that use inorganic chemicals as an energy source. They are ...
/nuy"tril, -treel, -truyl/, n. Chem. any of a class of organic compounds with the general formula RC_=N. [1840-50; NITR- + -ile, perh. var. of -YL] * * * also called  Cyano ...
/nuy"truyt/, n. 1. Chem. a salt or ester of nitrous acid. 2. Nutrition. See sodium nitrite. [1790-1800; NITR- + -ITE1] * * * Any salt or ester of nitrous acid (HNO2). The salts ...
nitrite bacterium n. Any of several nitrobacteria that convert ammonia to nitrites by oxidation. Also called nitrous bacterium. * * *
/nuy"troh/, adj. 1. Chem. containing the nitro group. n. 2. nitroglycerin. [1855-60; see NITRO-] * * *
nitro compound
Any of a class of chemical compounds in which the nitro group (―NO2) forms part of the molecular structure. The most common examples are organic compounds, isomers of nitrite ...
nitro group
Chem. the univalent group -NO2. Also called nitro radical. [1885-90] * * *
nitro radical.
See nitro group. * * *
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which the nitro group is present: nitroglycerin. Also, esp. before a vowel, nitr-. [comb. form of Gk nítron. See ...
/nuy'troh bak tear"ee euh/, n.pl., sing. nitrobacterium /-tear"ee euhm/. certain bacteria in the soil involved in nitrifying processes. [1890-95; NITRO- + BACTERIA] * * *
ni·tro·bac·te·ri·um (nī'trō-băk-tîrʹē-əm) n. pl. ni·tro·bac·te·ri·a (-tîrʹē-ə) Any of various soil bacteria that take part in the nitrogen cycle, oxidizing ...
/nuy'troh ben"zeen, -ben zeen"/, n. Chem. a pale yellow, toxic, water-soluble liquid, C6H5NO2, produced by nitrating benzene with nitric acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of ...
—nitrocellulosic, nitrocellulous, adj. /nuy'treuh sel"yeuh lohs'/, n. Chem. See cellulose nitrate. [1880-85; NITRO- + CELLULOSE] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called ...
See nitrocellulose. * * *
/nuy'treuh klawr"euh fawrm', -klohr"-/, n. Chem. chloropicrin. [NITRO- + CHLOROFORM] * * *
/nuy'troh kot"n/, n. Chem. See cellulose nitrate. [1895-1900; NITRO- + COTTON] * * *
nitrofuran [nī΄trōfyoor′an΄, nī′trōfyo͞o ran′] n. 〚 NITRO- + FURAN〛 a furan derivative, C4H3O·NO2, used to treat bacterial infections * * * ni·tro·fu·ran ...
/nuy'troh fyoo ran"toh in/, n. Pharm. an antimicrobial substance, C8H6N4O5, used for the treatment of urinary tract infections. [1950-55; NITRO- + fur(furyl) + (HYD)ANTOIN, ...
/nuy'troh jel"euh tn/, n. See gelatin dynamite. [1880-85; NITRO- + GELATIN] * * *
/nuy"treuh jeuhn/, n. Chem. a colorless, odorless, gaseous element that constitutes about four-fifths of the volume of the atmosphere and is present in combined form in animal ...
nitrogen balance
Biochem., Physiol. the difference between the amount of nitrogen taken in and the amount excreted or lost: used to evaluate nutritional balance. [1940-45] * * *
nitrogen cycle
the continuous sequence of events by which atmospheric nitrogen and nitrogenous compounds in the soil are converted, as by nitrification and nitrogen fixation, into substances ...
nitrogen dioxide
Chem. a reddish-brown, highly poisonous gas, NO2, used as an intermediate in the manufacture of nitric and sulfuric acids, and as a nitrating and oxidizing agent; a major air ...
nitrogen fixation
1. any process of combining atmospheric nitrogen with other elements, either by chemical means or by bacterial action: used chiefly in the preparation of fertilizers, industrial ...

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