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nitrogen fixer
any of various microorganisms in the soil involved in the process of nitrogen fixation. [1910-15] * * *
nitrogen group element
▪ chemical elements Introduction  any of the chemical elements that constitute Group Va of the periodic table (see Figure—>). The group consists of nitrogen (N), ...
nitrogen mustard
Chem. any of the class of poisonous, blistering compounds, as C5H11Cl2N, analogous in composition to mustard gas but containing nitrogen instead of sulfur: used in the treatment ...
nitrogen narcosis
Pathol. a semistupor, lightheadedness, or euphoria experienced by deep-sea divers when nitrogen from air enters the blood at higher than atmospheric pressure. Also called rapture ...
nitrogen oxide
nitrogen oxide n. any of various oxides of nitrogen, esp. one contributing to air pollution, as nitrous oxide, nitric oxide, or nitrogen dioxide * * *
nitrogen tetroxide
Chem. a poisonous compound, N2O4, occurring as a colorless, water-soluble solid or liquid, dissociating into NO2: used chiefly as an oxidizer, esp. in rocket fuels, as a ...
nitrogen-fixer
See nitrogen fixation. * * *
nitrogen-fixing
/nuy"treuh jeuhn fik'sing/, adj. involved in or aiding the process of nitrogen fixation. [1895-1900] * * *
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
▪ biology and ecology       microorganisms capable of transforming atmospheric nitrogen into fixed nitrogen, inorganic compounds usable by plants. More than 90 percent ...
nitrogenase
/nuy troj"euh nays', -nayz', nuy"treuh jeuh-/, n. Biochem. an enzyme complex that catalyzes the reduction of molecular nitrogen in the nitrogen-fixation process of ...
nitrogenbalance
nitrogen balance n. The difference between the amount of nitrogen taken into the body or the soil and the amount excreted or lost. * * *
nitrogenbase
nitrogen base or nitrogenous base n. A basic compound that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or pyrimidine. * * *
nitrogencycle
nitrogen cycle n. 1. Ecology. The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of chemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, ...
nitrogendioxide
nitrogen dioxide n. A poisonous brown gas, NO2, often found in smog and automobile exhaust fumes and synthesized for use as a nitrating agent, a catalyst, and an oxidizing ...
nitrogenfixation
nitrogen fixation n. 1. The conversion of atmospheric nitrogen into compounds, such as ammonia, by natural agencies or various industrial processes. 2. The conversion by certain ...
nitrogenize
—nitrogenization, nitrogenation, n. /nuy troj"euh nuyz', nuy"treuh jeuh-/, v.t., nitrogenized, nitrogenizing. to combine with nitrogen or add nitrogenous material to. Also, ...
nitrogennarcosis
nitrogen narcosis n. A condition of confusion or stupor resulting from increased levels of dissolved nitrogen in the blood, as that occurring in deep-sea divers breathing air ...
nitrogenous
/nuy troj"euh neuhs/, adj. containing nitrogen. [1830-40; NITROGEN + -OUS] * * *
nitrogenousbase
nitrogenous base n. Variant of nitrogen base. * * *
nitroglycerin
/nuy'treuh glis"euhr in/, n. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, thick, oily, flammable, highly explosive, slightly water-soluble liquid, C3H5N3O9, prepared from glycerol with nitric and ...
nitrohydrochloric acid
/nuy"treuh huy'dreuh klawr"ik, -klohr"-, nuy'-/, Chem. See aqua regia. [1830-40; NITRO- + HYDROCHLORIC ACID] * * *
nitrohydrochloricacid
ni·tro·hy·dro·chlo·ric acid (nī'trō-hī'drə-klôrʹĭk, -klōrʹ-) n. See aqua regia. * * *
nitrolic
/nuy trol"ik/, adj. Chem. of or noting a series of acids of the type RC(=NOH)NO2, whose salts form deep-red solutions. [1890-95; NITR- + -OL1 + -IC] * * *
nitrolic acid
nitrolic acid [nī träl′ik] n. 〚 NITR- + -OL1 + -IC〛 any of a series of acids with the general formula RC(∶NOH)NO2, formed by the action of nitrous acid on ...
nitromannitol
/nuy'treuh man"i tawl', -tol'/, n. Chem. See mannitol hexanitrate. Also, nitromannite /nuy'treuh man"uyt/. [NITRO- + MANNITOL] * * *
nitromersol
/nuy'treuh merr"sawl, -sol/, n. Chem. a brownish-yellow or yellow, granular, water-insoluble powder, C7H5HgNO3: used in alkaline solution chiefly as an antiseptic. [NITRO- + ...
nitrometer
—nitrometric /nuy'troh me"trik/, adj. /nuy trom"i teuhr/, n. an apparatus for determining the amount of nitrogen or nitrogen compounds in a substance or mixture. [1820-30; ...
nitromethane
/nuy'treuh meth"ayn/, n. Chem. a colorless, oily, slightly water-soluble, poisonous liquid, CH3NO2, used chiefly as a solvent, rocket fuel, and gasoline additive and in organic ...
nitroparaffin
/nuy'treuh par"euh fin/, n. Chem. any of a class of compounds derived from the methane series in which a hydrogen atom is replaced by a nitro group. [1890-95; NITRO- + ...
nitrophenol
/nuy'treuh fee"nawl, -nol/, n. Chem. 1. any compound derived from phenol by the replacement of one or more of its ring hydrogen atoms by the nitro group. 2. any of three ...
nitrosamine
/nuy troh"seuh meen', nuy'trohs am"in/, n. Chem. any of a series of compounds with the type formula R2NNO, some of which are carcinogenic, formed in cured meats by the conversion ...
nitroso
/nuy troh"soh/, adj. Chem. (esp. of organic compounds) containing the nitroso group; nitrosyl. [1880-85; independent use of NITROSO-] * * *
nitroso compound
▪ chemical compound       any of a class of organic compounds having molecular structures in which the nitroso group (-N=O) is attached to a carbon or nitrogen atom. ...
nitroso group
Chem. the univalent group O=N-. Also called nitroso radical. [1905-10] * * *
nitroso-
a combining form of the nitroso group: nitrosobenzene. Also, esp. before a vowel, nitros-. [comb. form of L nitrosus full of natron, equiv. to nitr(um) native soda, NATRON ( < Gk ...
nitrosobenzene
/nuy troh'soh ben"zeen, -ben zeen"/, n. Chem. a blue, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C6H5NO, that is green as a molten solid or in solution. [NITROSO- + BENZENE] * * *
nitrosourea
/nuy troh'soh yoo ree"euh/, n. Pharm. any of various lipid-soluble, synthetic or naturally occurring alkylating agents that can cross the blood-brain barrier: used in the ...
nitrostarch
/nuy"treuh stahrch'/, n. Chem. an orange powder, C12H12N8O26, soluble in ethanol, used in explosives. [NITRO- + STARCH] * * *
nitrosyl
/nuy"treuh sil/, adj. Chem. nitroso. [NITROS- + -YL] * * *
nitrosylsulfuric
/nuy'treuh sil sul fyoor"ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from nitrosylsulfuric acid. Also, nitrosylsulphuric. [1830-40; NITROSYL + SULFURIC] * * *
nitrosylsulfuric acid
Chem. a clear, straw-colored, oily, corrosive liquid, HNO5S, used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes. [1830-40; NITROSYL + SULFURIC ACID] * * *
nitrous
/nuy"treuhs/, adj. Chem. 1. pertaining to compounds obtained from niter, usually containing less oxygen than the corresponding nitric compounds. 2. containing nitrogen, usually ...
nitrous acid
Chem. an acid, HNO2, known only in solution. [1670-80] * * * ▪ chemical compound       (HNO2), an unstable, weakly acidic compound that has been prepared only in the ...
nitrous bacteria
nitrobacteria that convert ammonia derivatives into nitrites by oxidation. * * *
nitrous ether
Chem. See ethyl nitrite. [1805-15] * * *
nitrous oxide
Chem., Pharm. a colorless, sweet-smelling, sweet-tasting, nonflammable, slightly water-soluble gas, N2O, that sometimes produces a feeling of exhilaration when inhaled: used ...
nitrousacid
nitrous acid n. A weak inorganic acid, HNO2, existing only in solution or in the form of its salts. * * *
nitrousbacterium
nitrous bacterium n. See nitrite bacterium. * * *
nitrousoxide
nitrous oxide n. A colorless, sweet-tasting gas, N2O, used as a mild anesthetic in dentistry and surgery. * * *
nitroxanthic acid
/nuy"treuh zan"thik, nuy'-/, Chem. See picric acid. [NITRO- + XANTHIC ACID] * * *
nits-and-lice
nits-and-lice (nĭts'ən-līsʹ) n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A plant (Hypericum drummondii) of the central United States having narrow leaves and yellow flowers. * * *
Nitschke, Ray E.
▪ 1999       American professional football player who was a powerful middle linebacker for the Green Bay Packers from 1958 to 1972, during which time the team won five ...
Nitta Yoshisada
▪ Japanese military leader born 1301, Kōzuke province, Japan died , Aug. 17, 1338, Echizen province       Japanese warrior whose support of the imperial restoration of ...
Nitti
/neet"tee/, n. Francesco Saverio /frddahn ches"kaw sah ve"rddyaw/, 1868-1953, Italian lawyer, statesman, and economist. * * *
Nitti, Francesco Saverio
▪ prime minister of Italy born July 19, 1868, Melfi, Italy died Feb. 20, 1953, Rome  Italian statesman who was prime minister for a critical year after World War ...
Nitti, Frank
▪ American gangster original name  Francesco Raffele Nitto,  byname  The Enforcer  born 1896?, Naples, Italy died March 19, 1943, North Riverside, Ill., ...
nitty
/nit"ee/, adj., nittier, nittiest. full of nits. [1560-70; NIT1 + -Y1] * * *
nitty-gritty
/nit"ee grit"ee/, Slang. n. 1. the essential substance or details of a matter; basics; crux: Let's skip the chitchat and get down to the nitty-gritty. adj. 2. fundamental, ...
nitwit
/nit"wit'/, n. a slow-witted, stupid, or foolish person. [1920-25; nit ( < G; dial. var. of nicht not) + WIT] Syn. fool, blockhead, dolt, dunce, booby. * * *
Nitze, Paul Henry
▪ 2005       American military strategist (b. Jan. 16, 1907, Amherst, Mass.—d. Oct. 19, 2004, Washington, D.C.), played a vital role in shaping U.S. nuclear-arms ...
Nitzsche, Bernard Alfred
▪ 2001 “Jack”        American musician, songwriter, and arranger (b. April 22, 1937, Chicago, Ill.—d. Aug. 25, 2000, Hollywood, Calif.), not only worked with ...
Niuafoʿou
▪ island, Tonga       northernmost island of Tonga, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is part of the Niuatoputapu, or Niuas, group of islands. The generally wooded ...
Niuatoputapu
▪ island, Tonga also called  Keppel Island        one of the northernmost islands of Tonga, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Of volcanic origin, the island has an ...
Niue
—Niuan /nee ooh"euhn/, adj., n. /nee ooh"ay/, n. an island in the S Pacific between Tonga and Cook Islands: possession of New Zealand. 5128; ab. 100 sq. mi. (260 sq. km). Also ...
Niuzhuang
Chin. /nyyuu"jwahng"/, n. Pinyin. former name of Yingkou. Also, Newchwang. * * *
NIV
NIV abbrev. New International Version (of the Bible) * * *
nival
/nuy"veuhl/, adj. of or growing in snow: nival flora. [1650-60; < L nivalis of, belonging to snow, snowy, equiv. to niv- (s. of nix) snow + -alis -AL1] * * *
nivation
/nuy vay"sheuhn/, n. Geol. erosion resulting from the action of frost beneath a snowbank. [1895-1900; < L niv- (s. of nix) snow + -ATION] * * *
Nivelle, Robert-Georges
▪ French military officer born Oct. 15, 1856, Tulle, France died March 23, 1924, Paris       commander in chief of the French armies on the Western Front for five ...
Niven
(1910–1983) an English film actor well known for playing pleasant, gently comic roles, usually as an elegant English gentleman. His many films included Wuthering Heights ...
Niven, David
▪ British actor in full  James David Graham Niven   born March 1, 1909, Kirriemuir, Angus, Scot. died July 29, 1983, Château-d'Oex, Switz.       British stage and ...
Niven, Frederick John
▪ Canadian author born March 31, 1878, Valparaíso, Chile died Jan. 30, 1944, Vancouver, B.C., Can.       regional novelist who wrote more than 30 novels, many of them ...
niveous
/niv"ee euhs/, adj. resembling snow, esp. in whiteness; snowy. [1615-25; < L niveus snowy, snow-white, of, from snow, equiv. to niv- (s. of nix) snow + -eus -EOUS] * * *
Nivernais
/nee verdd ne"/, n. a former province in central France. Cap.: Nevers. * * * Historical region, central France. Originally part of Burgundy, it became a county с 10th century. ...
Nivkh
/neefk, neefkh/, n., pl. Nivkhs, Nivkhi /neef"kee, -khee/, (esp. collectively) Nivkh for 1. 1. an indigenous people of the Soviet Far East, now living mainly in scattered ...
Nivkh language
formerly  called Gilyak Language,         isolated language with two main dialects spoken by some 400 Nivkh, roughly 10 percent of the ethnic group. The Nivkh live on ...
Nivôse
/nee vohz"/, n. (in the French Revolutionary calendar) the fourth month of the year, extending from December 21 to January 19. [1795-1805; < F < L nivosus snowy, equiv. to niv- ...
Niwa, Fumio
▪ 2006       Japanese novelist (b. Nov. 22, 1904, Yokkaichi, Japan—d. April 20, 2005, Tokyo, Japan), was one of Japan's most prolific authors and a leading Showa ...
nix
nix1 /niks/, Slang. n. 1. nothing. adv. 2. no. interj. 3. (used as an exclamation, esp. of warning): Nix, the cops! v.t. 4. to veto; refuse to agree to; prohibit: to nix the ...
nixie
nixie1 /nik"see/, n. a letter or parcel that is undeliverable by the post office because of a faulty or illegible address. [1880-85; NIX1 + -IE] nixie2 /nik"see/, n. Germanic ...
Nixon
/nik"seuhn/, n. Richard M(ilhous) /mil"hows/, 1913-94, 37th president of the U.S., 1969-74 (resigned). * * *
Nixon Doctrine
the policy declared by President Nixon in 1969 that the U.S. would supply arms but not military forces to its allies in Asia and elsewhere. * * *
Nixon, Pat
▪ American first lady née  Thelma Catherine Ryan , byname  Pat  or  Patricia  born March 16, 1912, Ely, Nevada, U.S. died June 22, 1993, Park Ridge, New ...
Nixon, Patricia
▪ 1994       ("PAT"; THELMA CATHERINE RYAN), U.S. first lady (b. March 16, 1912, Ely, Nev.—d. June 22, 1993, Park Ridge, N.J.), was a gracious hostess during her years ...
Nixon, Richard M(ilhous)
born Jan. 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, Calif., U.S. died April 22, 1994, New York, N.Y. 37th president of the U.S. (1969–74). He studied law at Duke University and practiced in ...
Nixon, Richard M.
▪ president of United States Introduction in full  Richard Milhous Nixon   born January 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, California, U.S. died April 22, 1994, New York, New York  37th ...
Nixon, Richard Milhous
▪ 1995       37th president (1969-74) of the United States (b. Jan. 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, Calif.—d. April 22, 1994, New York, N.Y.), as leader of the nation, displayed ...
Nixon,Richard Milhous
Nix·on (nĭkʹsən), Richard Milhous. 1913-1994. The 37th President of the United States (1969-1974). Vice President (1953-1961) under Dwight D. Eisenhower, he lost the 1960 ...
Nixon,Thelma Catherine Ryan
Nixon, Thelma Catherine Ryan. Known as “Pat.” 1912-1993. First Lady of the United States (1969-1974) as the wife of President Richard M. Nixon. She worked to make the White ...
niyama
/nee"yeuh meuh/, n. Yoga. one of five observances, composing one of the eight practices, or angas, which are cleanliness of mind and body, equanimity, temperance or tapas, ...
Niyazov, Saparmurad
▪ 2007       Turkmen politician (b. Feb. 19, 1940, Kipchak, near Ashkhabad, Turkmen S.S.R., U.S.S.R. [now Ashgabat, Turkmenistan]—d. Dec. 21, 2006, Ashgabat), was the ...
Niza, Marcos de
▪ Spanish explorer byname  Fray Marcos   born c. 1495, Nice, Savoy [now in France] died March 25, 1558, Mexico       Franciscan friar who claimed to have sighted the ...
Nizam
/ni zahm", -zam", nuy-/, n. 1. the title of the ruler of Hyderabad from the beginning of the 18th century to 1950. 2. (l.c.) the Turkish regular army or any member of ...
Niẓām al-Mulk
orig. Abū ʽAlī Ḥasan ibn ʽAlī born с 1018/19, Ṭūs, Khorāsān, Iran died Oct. 14, 1092, Nahāvand Persian vizier of the Turkish Seljūq dynasty sultans. He worked ...
Niẓām Shāhī Dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty       succession of rulers of the kingdom of Ahmadnagar in the Deccan of India from 1490 to 1633. The founder was Malik Aḥmad, who in 1490 fixed his ...
nizam-ı cedid
▪ Turkish history       (Turkish: “new order”), originally a program of westernizing reforms undertaken by the Ottoman sultan Selim III (reigned 1789–1807). Later ...
Niẓām-ul-Mulk
▪ Muslim title       (Arabic: “Governor of the Kingdom”), title borne by various Indian Muslim princes. The term has also been translated as “Deputy for the Whole ...
Nizamabad
▪ India also called  Indur        city, northwestern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. The city is located on the Hyderabad–Godavari Valley line of the ...
nizamate
/ni zah"mayt, -zam"ayt, nuy-/, n. the position held or territory governed by a Nizam. [1885-90; NIZAM + -ATE3] * * *
Nizer, Louis
▪ 1995       British-born U.S. lawyer (b. Feb. 6, 1902, London, England—d. Nov. 10, 1994, New York, N.Y.), was a legal wizard who was an expert on contract, libel, ...
Nizhegorod
▪ oblast, Russia formerly  (1932–90) Gorky,  also called  Nizhny Novgorod        oblast (region) in western Russia, in the middle of the Volga River basin. ...
Nizhnekamsk
/nizh'neuh kamsk"/; Russ. /nyi zhnyi kahmsk"/, n. a city in the E Russian Federation in Europe, SE of Kazan. 134,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Tatarstan, western ...
Nizhnevartovsk
Nizh·ne·var·tovsk (nĭzh'nə-vär-tôfskʹ, nyĭzh-) A city of central Russia on the Ob River. A huge oil field was discovered nearby in 1965 and led to the rapid growth of ...
Nizhni Novgorod
/nizh"nee nov"geuh rod'/; Russ. /nyee"zhnyee nawv"geuh rddeuht/ a city in the Russian Federation in Europe, E of Moscow, on the Volga River. 1,438,000. Formerly (1932-91), ...
Nizhni Tagil
/nizh"nee teuh geel"/; Russ. /nyee"zhnyee teuh gyeel"/ a city in the Russian Federation in Asia, on the E slope of the Ural Mountains. 427,000. * * *
Nizhniy Tagil
Nizhniy Tagil [nēzh′nē tä gēl′] city in W Russia, in the EC Urals: pop. 429,000 * * *
NizhniyNovgorod
Nizh·niy Nov·go·rod or Nizh·ny Nov·go·rod (nĭzh'nē nŏvʹgə-rŏd', nyēʹzhnē nôvʹgə-rət) A city of western Russia on the Volga River west of Kazan. Founded as a ...
NizhniyTagil
Nizhniy Ta·gil (tə-gēlʹ, -gyēlʹ) A city of central Russia in the east-central Ural Mountains. Founded in 1725, it is a leading metallurgical center. Population: ...
Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod [nēzh′nē nō̂v′gə rət] city in central European Russia, at the Volga & Oka rivers: pop. 1,438,000: see GORKI2 * * * formerly (1932–90) Gorky City ...
Nizhny Tagil
▪ Russia also spelled  Nižnij Tagil        city, Sverdlovsk oblast (region), western Russia. Nizhny Tagil lies along the Tagil River. One of the oldest smelting ...
Nizhnyaya Tunguska River
▪ river, Russia also spelled  Nižn'aja Tunguska , English  Lower Tunguska River        river in western Siberia that is a right-bank tributary of the Yenisey ...
Nizhyn
▪ Ukraine also spelled  Nizhen,  Nizhin,  or  Nezhin        city, north-central Ukraine. Nizhyn dates from the 11th century and was incorporated in 1781. It ...
Nizip, Battle of
▪ Turkish history Nizip also spelled  Nezib        (June 24, 1839), battle between forces of the Ottoman Empire and those of Muḥammad ʿAlī, viceroy of Egypt, at ...
Nizoral
Ni·zo·ral (nīʹzə-răl') A trademark used for the drug ketoconazole. * * *
NJ
New Jersey (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
Njáls saga
or Njála or Burnt Njáll Icelanders' saga, one of the longest and finest. Set in a society where blood ties impose inescapable obligations and honour demands vengeance for ...
Njord
/nyawrd/, n. Scand. Myth. the god of winds, navigation, and prosperity, and the father of Frey and Freya; king of the Vanir. Cf. Nerthus. [ < ON Njorthr; cf. L Nerthus, a Gmc ...
Njorth
Njorth [nyôrdnyôrth] n. 〚ON Njörthr〛 Norse Myth. one of the Vanir, father of Frey and Freya: also Njord [nyôrd] * * *
Nkabinde, Simon
▪ 2000 “Mahlathini”        South African Zulu singer who was an accomplished proponent of the deep-voiced “groaning” style of black South African singing and the ...
Nkayi
▪ Congo formerly  Jacob,         town (commune), southwestern Congo. It lies west of the capital, Brazzaville, and northeast of the port of Pointe-Noire, on the ...
NKGB
in the U.S.S.R., the government's secret-police organization (1941-46). Cf. Cheka. [ < Russ N(aródnyi) k(omissariát) g(osudárstvennoi) b(ezopásnosti) People's Commissariat ...
Nkhata Bay
▪ town, Malawi       town located in northern Malawi (Malaŵi). Its port has a sheltered anchorage on the western shore of Lake Nyasa (Nyasa, Lake) (Lake Malawi) near ...
Nkhotakota
▪ Malawi formerly  Nkota Kota, or Kota Kota,         town, central Malawi (Malaŵi). It lies on the shores of Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi). It originated as a group of ...
NKK Corporation
▪ Japanese company formerly  (until 1988) Nippon Kōkan Kk,         major Japanese industrial company and one of the country's largest steelmakers. Headquarters are ...
Nkole
▪ people also spelled  Nkore,  Ankole,  or  Ankore,  also called  Nyankole,   or  Nyankore        a people of the Interlacustrine Bantu-speaking group who ...
Nkomo
/euhn koh"moh, euhng koh"-/, n. Joshua Mquabuko Nyongolo /euhm kwah booh"koh nyong goh"loh/, born 1917, African nationalist and political leader in Zimbabwe. * * *
Nkomo, Joshua
▪ Zimbabwean political leader in full  Joshua Mqabuko Nyongolo Nkomo  born June 19, 1917, Semokwe Reserve, Matabeleland, Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] died July 1, 1999, Harare, ...
Nkomo, Joshua (Mqabuko Nyongolo)
born June 19, 1917, Semokwe Reserve, Matabeleland, Rhodesia died July 1, 1999, Harare, Zimb. Zimbabwean (formerly Rhodesian) black nationalist. Nkomo helped lead the guerrilla ...
Nkomo, Joshua Mqabuko Nyongolo
▪ 2000       Zimbabwean activist and politician (b. June 19, 1917, Semokwe Reserve, Matabeleland, Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]—d. July 1, 1999, Harare, Zimb.), led his ...
Nkongsamba
▪ Cameroon also spelled  N'kongsamba  or  Nkongsomba        town located in western Cameroon. Nkongsamba lies at the foot of Mount Manengouba (7,861 feet [2,396 ...
Nkosi, Lewis
▪ South African author born Dec. 5, 1936, Durban, Natal, S.Af.       South African author, critic, journalist, and broadcaster.       After attending a technical ...
Nkrumah
/euhn krooh"meuh, euhng krooh"-/, n. Kwame /kwah"mee/, 1909-72, president of Ghana 1960-66. * * *
Nkrumah, Kwame
born September 1909, Nkroful, Gold Coast died April 27, 1972, Bucharest, Rom. Nationalist leader and president of Ghana (1960–66). Nkrumah worked as a teacher before going to ...
Nkrumah,Kwame
Nkru·mah (ən-kro͞oʹmə, əng-), Kwame. Originally Francis Nwia Kofi. 1909-1972. Ghanaian politician. Instrumental in achieving Ghana's independence from Great Britain ...
Nkubito, Alphonse Marie
▪ 1998       Rwandan Hutu politician who was a longtime campaigner for human rights, founded the Association for the Defense of Human Rights, and was minister of justice ...
Nkurunziza, Pierre
▪ 2006       Pierre Nkurunziza, the former leader of the Hutu rebel group Forces for the Defense of Democracy (FDD), was elected president of Burundi on Aug. 19, 2005. ...
NKVD
in the U.S.S.R., the government's secret-police organization (1934-46). Cf. Cheka. [ < Russ N(aródnyi) K(omissariát) V(nútrennikh) D(el) People's Commissariat of Internal ...
NL
1. Also, NL. New Latin; Neo-Latin. 2. See night letter. * * *
NLF
NLF abbr. National Liberation Front. * * *
NLRB
National Labor Relations Board. Also, N.L.R.B. * * *
NLT
NLT abbr. night letter. * * *
NM
1. New Mexico (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. Gram. noun modifier. * * *
nm
1. nanometer; nanometers. 2. nautical mile. 3. nonmetallic. * * *
Nmai Hka
▪ river, Myanmar       river in northern Myanmar (Burma). It rises in the Languela glacier and flows generally south, joining the Mali River to form the Irrawaddy River. ...
NME
➡ New Musical Express. * * *
NMI
no middle initial. * * *
NMN
no middle name. * * *
NMR
1. Physics. nuclear magnetic resonance. 2. See MRI (def. 1). * * *
NMR scan.
See MR scan. * * *
NMR scanner.
See MR scanner. * * *
NMSQT
National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. * * *
NMSS
National Multiple Sclerosis Society. * * *
NNE
north-northeast. Also, N.N.E. * * *
NNP
See net national product. * * *
NNW
north-northwest. Also, N.N.W. * * *
no
no1 /noh/, adv., adj., n., pl. noes, nos, v. adv. 1. (a negative used to express dissent, denial, or refusal, as in response to a question or request) 2. (used to emphasize or ...
No
Symbol, Chem. nobelium. /noh/, n. classic drama of Japan, developed chiefly in the 14th century, employing verse, prose, choral song, and dance in highly conventionalized formal ...
No 10
➡ Number Ten. * * *
no ball
Cricket. an unfairly bowled ball. [1740-50] * * *
no bill
Law. a failure to indict. Cf. true bill. * * *
No Child Left Behind
▪ United States education [2001] in full  No Child Left Behind Act of 2001        U.S. federal law aimed at improving public primary (elementary education) and ...
No Child Left Behind-a Progress Report
▪ 2006       U.S. Pres. George W. Bush's much-heralded No Child Left Behind (NCLB) education program finished its fourth year of operation with a mixed record of ...
no contest
Law. See nolo contendere. * * *
No Exit
(French, Huis Clos) a play (1945) by Jean-Paul Sartre. * * *
no man's land
1. an area between opposing armies, over which no control has been established. 2. an unowned or unclaimed tract of usually barren land. 3. an indefinite or ambiguous area where ...
no one
no person; not anyone; nobody: No one is home.. Also, no-one. [1595-1605] Usage. See each. * * *
no way
Informal. absolutely not; no. [1965-70] * * *
No,Lake
No (nō), Lake A lake of south-central Sudan. Formed by the flood waters of the White Nile, it varies in size seasonally. * * *
no-account
/noh"euh kownt'/, Informal. adj. 1. worthless; good-for-nothing; trifling. n. 2. a worthless person; good-for-nothing. Also, no-count. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
no-bill
/noh"bil'/, v.t. Law to fail to indict (a person): The grand jury no-billed the two officers in the slaying. * * *
no-brainer
/noh"bray"neuhr/, n. Informal. anything requiring little thought or effort; something easy or simple to understand or do. [1975-80] * * *
no-cal
/noh"kal'/, adj. containing no calories: a no-cal sweetener. [1970-75; NO2 + CAL(ORIE)] * * *
no-code
/noh"kohd'/, n. 1. Med. a directive not to alert a hospital team to perform emergency resuscitation on a particular patient. Cf. code (def. 9). 2. Med. Slang. a patient to whom a ...
no-count
/noh"kownt'/, adj., n. no-account. * * *
no-cut contract
/noh"kut'/, Informal. a professional athlete's contract guaranteeing that he or she will remain on the team's roster for a specified time. [1975-80] * * *
no-fault
/noh"fawlt'/, n. 1. Also called no-fault insurance. a form of automobile insurance designed to enable the policyholder in case of an accident to collect a certain basic ...
no-fly zone
/noh"fluy"/ an area over which no military flights are allowed. [1991] * * *
no-flyzone
no-fly zone (nōʹflīʹ) n. Airspace in which certain aircraft, especially military aircraft, are forbidden to fly. * * *
no-frills
/noh"frilz'/, adj. 1. providing or including basic services and necessities without any additional features or amenities: Food and beverages are not covered by the low no-frills ...
no-go
/noh"goh"/, adj. Slang. 1. inoperative; canceled: The Tuesday space launch is no-go. 2. not ready. 3. not functioning properly. [1865-70] * * *
no-good
adj. /noh"good"/; n. /noh"good'/, Informal. adj. 1. lacking worth or merit; useless; bad: This no-good faucet never did work properly. Her no-good brother sold me the car. n. 2. ...
no-goodnik
/noh"good"nik/, n. Slang. a no-good person. Also, nogoodnik. [1940-45, Amer.; NO-GOOD + -NIK] * * *
no-growth
adj. /noh"grohth'/; n. /noh"grohth"/, adj. 1. failing to or unlikely to grow; showing a lack of progress or development: a no-growth industry. 2. restricting or prohibiting ...
no-hit
/noh"hit'/, adj. Baseball. of, pertaining to, or noting a game in which a pitcher allows no base hits to the opposing team: a no-hit pitcher; a no-hit game. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
no-hitter
/noh"hit"euhr/, n. Baseball. a no-hit game. Cf. perfect game. [1935-40] * * *
no-holds-barred
no-holds-barred (nōʹhōldzʹbärdʹ) adj. Informal Open and unrestrained: “These paintings and charcoal drawings... are slightly tame compared with the no-holds-barred ...
no-hoper
/noh"hoh"peuhr/, n. a useless person from whom nothing can be expected. [1940-45; no hope + -ER1] * * *
no-host
/noh"hohst'/, adj. Chiefly Western U.S. requiring patrons and guests to pay a fee for attendance or to pay for any food and drink they consume: a no-host cocktail party; a ...
no-iron
/noh"uy'euhrn/, adj. requiring no ironing or pressing: a no-iron blouse; no-iron sheets. * * *
no-knock
/noh"nok'/, adj. 1. antiknock. 2. Law. that authorizes law-enforcement officers to enter premises unannounced and without identifying themselves: a no-knock narcotics ...
no-load
no-load [nō′lōd′] adj. designating or of mutual funds charging no commissions on sales n. a no-load mutual fund * * * no-load (nōʹlōd') adj. Business Sold directly to ...
no-lose
no-lose [nō lo͞oz′] adj. Informal designating or of a situation, policy, etc. that is sure to succeed * * * no-lose (nōʹlo͞ozʹ) adj. Slang Certain to end happily or ...
no-name
/noh"naym'/, adj. packaged and sold without a brand name and usually at a lower price than similar items with brand names; generic: a can of no-name dog food. [1985-90] * * *
no-no
/noh"noh'/, n., pl. no-nos, no-no's. Informal. anything that is forbidden or not advisable, as because of being improper or unsafe: If you want to lose weight, rich desserts are ...
no-nonsense
/noh"non"sens, -seuhns/, adj. 1. not tolerating anything frivolous or trifling; firm and businesslike: a no-nonsense approach to money matters; a no-nonsense teacher with ...
no-par
/noh"pahr'/, adj. without par or face value: no-par stock. [1920-25; special use of phrase no par (value)] * * *
no-return
/noh"ri terrn"/, adj. nonreturnable (def. 2). * * *
no-see-um
/noh see"euhm/, n. Northern and Western U.S. punkie. [1840-50, Amer.; pseudo-AmerInd E version of you can't see them] * * *
no-show
/noh"shoh'/, n. 1. a person who makes a reservation and neither uses nor cancels it. 2. a person who purchases an admission ticket and doesn't use it. 3. any absentee. adj. 4. ...
no-smoking
/noh'smoh"king/, adj. nonsmoking. * * *
no-stick
/noh"stik'/, adj. nonstick: a no-stick skillet. * * *
no-strike
/noh"struyk'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or containing a provision that workers are not permitted to strike under certain terms and conditions: a no-strike clause in a labor ...
no-strings
/noh"stringz"/, adj. done without conditions or limitations: a no-strings proposal. [‡1965-70] * * *
no-sweat
/noh"swet"/, adj. Informal. requiring little effort; easy: a no-sweat job. * * *
no-till
no-till (nōʹtĭl') n. A system for planting crops without plowing, using herbicides to control weeds and resulting in reduced soil erosion and the preservation of soil ...
no-till farming
or till-less agriculture Cultivation technique in which the soil is disturbed only along the slit or hole into which seeds are planted. Reserved detritus from previous crops ...
no-tillage
/noh"til"ij/, n. the planting of crops by direct seeding without plowing, using herbicides as necessary to control weeds. Also, no-till. Also called minimum tillage, zero ...
no-trump
/noh"trump"/, Bridge. adj. 1. (of a hand, bid, or contract) without a trump suit; noting a bid or contract to be played without naming a trump suit. n. 2. the declaration to play ...
no-win
/noh"win"/, adj. Informal. denoting a condition in which one cannot benefit, succeed, or win: a no-win situation; a no-win war. [1960-65] * * *
no.
1. north. 2. northern. 3. number. Also, No. * * *
No. 1
/num"beuhr wun"/ number one. [1595-1605] * * *
NOAA
See National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. * * *
Noachian
/noh ay"kee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to the patriarch Noah or his time. Also, Noachic /noh ak"ik, -ay"kik/, Noachical, Noahic /noh ay"ik/. [1670-80; Noach (var. of NOAH) + ...
Noah
/noh"euh/, n. 1. the patriarch who built a ship (Noah's Ark) in which he, his family, and animals of every species survived the Flood. Gen. 5-9. 2. a male given name: from a ...
Noah Webster
➡ Webster (II) * * *
Noah's Ark
1. See under Noah (def. 1). 2. an ark shell, Arca noae. [1605-15] * * *
Noah's Dove
Astron. the constellation Columba. [1585-95] * * *
Noahide Laws
▪ Judaism also called  Noachian Laws,         a Jewish Talmudic designation for seven biblical laws given to Adam and (Adam and Eve) to Noah before the revelation to ...
noaide
In Sami religion, a shaman who mediates between his clients and various supernatural beings and forces. To aid people suffering from illness or other serious troubles, the ...
Noailles, Adrien-Maurice, 3e duc de
▪ French duke born Sept. 29, 1678, Paris died June 24, 1766, Paris       the third duc de Noailles, son of Anne-Jules of Noailles; he served in all the most important ...
Noailles, Anna de
▪ French poet in full  Anna-Élisabeth de Noailles, Princess Brancovan, Countess (comtesse) Mathieu  born Nov. 15, 1876, Paris, France died April 30, 1933, Paris  poet, a ...
Noailles, Anne, 1er duc de
▪ French duke died February 15, 1678, Paris       count of Noailles (grandson of the first count, Antoine of Noailles) who was created the first duc de Noailles and a ...
Noailles, Anne-Jules, 2e duc de
▪ French duke born Feb. 5, 1650, Paris died Oct. 2, 1708, Versailles, Fr.       duke of Noailles, marshal of France, son of Anne of Noailles, the first duke. He was ...
Noailles, Jean-Paul-François, 5e duc de
▪ French general and chemist born Oct. 26, 1739, Paris died Oct. 20, 1824, Fontenay-Trésigny, Fr.       son of Louis of Noailles, lieutenant general, and member of the ...
Noailles, Louis, 4e duc de
▪ French duke born April 21, 1713 died Aug. 22, 1793, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Fr.       duc d'Ayen until the death of his father (Adrien-Maurice) in 1766, when he became ...
Noailles, Louis-Antoine de
▪ French cardinal born May 27, 1651, Château de Tessières, near Aurillac, France died May 4, 1729, Paris       cardinal and archbishop of Paris, who, with his ...
Noailles, Louis-Marie, vicomte de
▪ French statesman and army officer born April 17, 1756, Paris, France died January 9, 1804, at sea near Cuba       second son of the marshal of Mouchy and one of the ...
Noakhali
▪ Bangladesh formerly  Sudharam         port city, southern Bangladesh, on the Noakhali watercourse near the estuary of the Meghna River as it empties into the Bay ...
Noam Chomsky
➡ Chomsky * * *
Nōami
▪ Japanese artist original name  Nakao Shinnō  born 1397, Japan died 1494       Japanese poet, painter, and art critic, the first nonpriest who painted in the ...
Noatak
No·a·tak (nō-äʹtək, -täk) A river of northwest Alaska rising in the Brooks Range and flowing about 644 km (400 mi) westward to Kotzebue Sound. * * *
Noatak National Preserve
▪ park, Alaska, United States formerly  Noatak National Monument,         national preserve in Alaska, U.S., adjoining Gates of the Arctic National Park to the east ...
nob
nob1 /nob/, n. 1. Slang. the head. 2. Cribbage. Sometimes, his nobs. the jack of the same suit as the card turned up, counting one to the holder. [1690-1700; perh. var. of ...
Nob Hill
a fashionable district of San Francisco, California. It includes Grace Cathedral and two famous hotels, the Fairmont and the Mark Hopkins. Many of the large Victorian houses ...
nobble
—nobbler, n. /nob"euhl/, v.t., nobbled, nobbling. Brit. Slang. 1. to drug or disable (a race horse) to prevent its winning a race. 2. to convince (a person) by fraudulent ...
nobbler
See nobble. * * *
nobby
—nobbily, adv. /nob"ee/, adj., nobbier, nobbiest. Brit. Slang. 1. fashionable or elegant; stylish; chic. 2. excellent; first-rate. [1780-90; NOB2 + -Y1] * * *
Nobel
/noh bel"/, n. Alfred Bernhard /ahl"frdded berdd"nahrddd/, 1833-96, Swedish engineer, manufacturer, and philanthropist. * * *
Nobel Foundation
▪ Scandinavian organization       private institution founded in 1900 to coordinate the various provisions of the will of Alfred Nobel, in which he set aside funds to ...
Nobel laureates
➡ Nobel Prize * * *
Nobel prize
any of various awards made annually, beginning in 1901, from funds originally established by Alfred B. Nobel for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, medicine or ...
Nobel Prize winners by category (chemistry)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by category (chemistry) year name country* achievement 1901 Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van 't The Netherlands laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic ...
Nobel Prize winners by category (economics)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by category (economics)* year name country** achievement 1969 Frisch, Ragnar Norway work in econometrics Tinbergen, Jan The Netherlands work ...
Nobel Prize winners by category (literature)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by category (literature) year name country* literary area 1901 Sully Prudhomme France poet 1902 Mommsen, Theodor Germany historian 1903 ...
Nobel Prize winners by category (peace)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by category (peace) year name country* 1901 Dunant, Henri Switzerland Passy, Frédéric France 1902 Ducommun, Élie Switzerland Gobat, ...
Nobel Prize winners by category (physics)
▪ Table TR class="oec_even"> ss="oec_even"> Nobel Prize winners by category (physics) year name country* achievement 1901 Röntgen, Wilhelm Conrad Germany discovery of ...
Nobel Prize winners by category (physiology or medicine)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by category (physiology or medicine) year name country* achievement 1901 Behring, Emil von Germany work on serum therapy 1902 Ross, Sir ...
Nobel Prize winners by name
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   ...
Nobel Prize winners by name (A through C)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (A through C) name year category country* achievement literary area Abrikosov, Alexey A. 2003 physics U.S. discoveries regarding ...
Nobel Prize winners by name (J through L)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (J through L) name year category country* achievement literary area Jacob, François 1965 physiology/ medicine France discoveries ...
Nobel Prize winners by name (M through O)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (M through O) name year category country* achievement literary area Maathai, Wangari 2004 peace Kenya   MacBride, ...
Nobel Prize winners by name (S through U)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (S through U) name year category country* achievement literary area Saavedra Lamas, Carlos 1936 peace Argentina Sabatier, ...
Nobel Prize winners by name (V through Z)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (V through Z) name year category country* achievement literary area Van Vleck, John H. 1977 physics U.S. contributions to understanding ...
Nobel Prize winners by name 1
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (G through I) name year category country* achievement literary area Gabor, Dennis 1971 physics U.K. invention of holography Gajdusek, ...
Nobel Prize winners by name 2
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (P through R) name year category country* achievement literary area Palade, George E. 1974 physiology/ medicine U.S. research on ...
Nobel Prize winners by name 3
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by name (D through F) name year category country* achievement literary area Dalai Lama 1989 peace Tibet Dale, Sir Henry 1936 physiology/ ...
Nobel Prize winners by year
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by ...
Nobel Prize winners by year (2001-10)
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (2001–10) year category name country* achievement literary area 2001 chemistry Knowles, William S. U.S. work on chirally catalyzed ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 1
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1971–80) year category name country* achievement literary area 1971 chemistry Herzberg, Gerhard Canada research in the structure of ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 10
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1951–60) year category name country* achievement literary area 1951 chemistry McMillan, Edwin Mattison U.S. discovery of and ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 2
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1921–30) year category name country* achievement literary area 1921 chemistry Soddy, Frederick U.K. chemistry of radioactive ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 3
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1901–10) year category name country* achievement literary area 1901 chemistry Henricus van 't (Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van 't) The ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 4
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1941–50) year category name country* achievement literary area 1943 chemistry Hevesy, Georg Charles von Hungary use of isotopes as ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 5
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1991–2000) year category name country* achievement literary area 1991 chemistry Ernst, Richard R. Switzerland improvements in ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 6
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1961–70) year category name country* achievement literary area 1961 chemistry Calvin, Melvin U.S. study of chemical steps that take ...


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