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Nobel Prize winners by year 7
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1981–90) year category name country* achievement literary area 1981 chemistry Fukui Kenichi Japan orbital symmetry interpretation ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 8
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1911–20) year category name country* achievement literary area 1911 chemistry Curie, Marie France discovery of radium and polonium; ...
Nobel Prize winners by year 9
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners by year (1931–40) year category name country* achievement literary area 1931 chemistry Bergius, Friedrich Germany invention and development ...
Nobel Prize Winners—directory
▪ Table Nobel Prize winners—directory By name a - c d - f g - i j - l m - o p - r s - u v - z * By prize chemistry economics literature peace physics physiology or ...
Nobel Prizes
▪ 2009 Introduction Prize for Peace       The 2008 Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari, former president (1994–2000) of Finland, for his work over ...
Nobel's will
▪ Scandinavian legal document  The following is the relevant portion of Alfred Bernhard Nobel's (Nobel, Alfred Bernhard) will establishing the Nobel Prizes:The whole of my ...
Nobel, Alfred (Bernhard)
born Oct. 21, 1833, Stockholm, Swed. died Dec. 10, 1896, San Remo, Italy Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist. His attempts to find a safe way to handle nitroglycerin ...
Nobel, Alfred Bernhard
▪ Swedish inventor born Oct. 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden died Dec. 10, 1896, San Remo, Italy       Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist, who invented dynamite ...
Nobel,Alfred Bernhard
No·bel (nō-bĕlʹ), Alfred Bernhard. 1833-1896. Swedish chemist and engineer who invented dynamite (1866) and bequeathed his fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. * * *
/noh bel"ist/, n. a person who is awarded a Nobel prize. [1940-45; NOBEL (PRIZE) + -IST] * * *
/noh bel"ee euhm, -bee"lee-/, n. Chem., Physics. a transuranic element in the actinium series. Symbol: No; at. no.: 102. [1955-60; < NL; after NOBEL Institute, where first ...
Nobel Prize n. Any of the six international prizes awarded annually by the Nobel Foundation for outstanding achievements in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or ...
▪ Japan       city, Miyazaki ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, on the delta of the Gokase River (Gokase-gawa). It developed as a castle town in the 12th century and has ...
Also ombh-. Navel; later also “central knob,” boss of a shield, hub of a wheel. Oldest form *ə₃nobh-, variant *ə₃ombh- (< *ə₃onbh-). 1. a. nave2, from Old English ...
/naw"bee le/, n. Umberto /oom berdd"taw/, 1885-1978, Italian aeronautical engineer and arctic explorer. * * *
Nobile, Umberto
▪ Italian explorer born Jan. 21, 1885, Lauro, near Salerno, Italy died July 30, 1978, Rome  Italian aeronautical engineer and pioneer in Arctic aviation who in 1926, with the ...
No·bi·le (nōʹbə-lā, -bē-lĕ), Umberto. 1885-1978. Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer who designed several airships, including the semirigid dirigible Norge ...
/noh bil"ee er'ee, -bil"yeuh ree/, adj. of or pertaining to the nobility. [1720-30; < F nobiliaire. See NOBLE, -ARY] * * *
nobiliary particle n. A preposition used as a mark of noble rank before a title or surname, as German von in Christian von Wolf and French de in Simone de Beauvoir. * * *
/noh bil"i tee/, n., pl. nobilities. 1. the noble class or the body of nobles in a country. 2. (in Britain) the peerage. 3. the state or quality of being noble. 4. nobleness of ...
—nobleness, n. /noh"beuhl/, adj., nobler, noblest, n. adj. 1. distinguished by rank or title. 2. pertaining to persons so distinguished. 3. of, belonging to, or constituting a ...
noble fir
1. a fir, Abies procera, of the northwestern U.S., which may grow to a height of 250 ft. (76 m). 2. the soft, light wood of this tree, used for pulpwood and plywood. [1895-1900, ...
noble gas
Chem. any of the chemically inert gaseous elements of group 8A or 0 of the periodic table: helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon. Also called inert gas. [1900-05] * * ...
noble metal
any of a number of metals, as gold, silver, mercury, or platinum, that resist oxidation when heated in air, and solution by inorganic acids. [1350-1400; ME: precious metal] * * ...
noble opal.
See precious opal. [1850-55] * * *
noble rot
Winemaking. the fungus Botrytis cinerea, which is cultivated in some winemaking processes, esp. in the making of French Sauternes, where the ripened grapes become shriveled as a ...
noble savage
noble savage n. [sometimes N- S-] in Romanticism, primitive man conceived as existing in a virtuous, innocent state uncorrupted by civilization * * * ▪ literary ...
Noble, Maurice
▪ 2002       American animator (b. May 1, 1910, Spooner, Minn.—d. May 18, 2001, La Crescenta, Calif.), helped create some of the most famous animated features in ...
Noble, Sir Andrew, 1st Baronet
▪ British physicist born Sept. 13, 1831, Greenock, Renfrew, Scot. died Oct. 22, 1915, Argyll       Scottish physicist and gunnery expert, considered a founder of the ...
—noble-mindedly, adv. —noble-mindedness, n. /noh"beuhl muyn"did/, adj. characterized by morally admirable thought or motives; righteous; worthy. [1850-55] * * *
noble gas n. Any of the elements in Group O of the periodic table, including helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon, which are monatomic and with limited exceptions ...
—noblemanly, adv. /noh"beuhl meuhn/, n., pl. noblemen. a man of noble birth or rank; noble; peer. [1520-30; NOBLE + -MAN] * * *
noble metal n. A metal or alloy, such as gold, that is highly resistant to oxidation and corrosion. * * *
See noble. * * *
noble rot n. A parasitic fungus (Botrytis cinerea) that attacks ripe grapes and causes an increase in their sugar content. Certain wines, such as the French Sauternes and the ...
noblesse [nō bles′] n. 〚ME noblesce < OFr < ML nobilitia〛 NOBILITY * * * no·blesse (nō-blĕsʹ) n. 1. Noble birth or condition. 2. The members of the nobility, ...
noblesse de robe
▪ French history       (French: “Nobility of the Robe”), in 17th- and 18th-century France, a class of hereditary nobles who acquired their rank through holding a ...
noblesse oblige
/noh bles" oh bleezh"/; Fr. /naw bles" aw bleezh"/ the moral obligation of those of high birth, powerful social position, etc., to act with honor, kindliness, generosity, ...
noblesse o·blige (ō-blēzhʹ) n. Benevolent, honorable behavior considered to be the responsibility of persons of high birth or rank.   [French, nobility is an obligation : ...
/noh"beuhlz vil'/, n. a town in central Indiana. 12,056. * * *
/noh"beuhl woom'euhn/, n., pl. noblewomen. a woman of noble birth or rank. [1565-75; NOBLE + -WOMAN] * * *
/noh"blee/, adv. 1. in a noble manner. 2. courageously; bravely; gallantly. 3. splendidly; superbly; magnificently. 4. of noble ancestry: nobly born. [1250-1300; ME nobliche. See ...
/noh"bod'ee, -bud'ee, -beuh dee/, pron., n., pl. nobodies. pron. 1. no person; not anyone; no one: Nobody answered, so I hung up. n. 2. a person of no importance, influence, or ...
▪ Japan       city, Hokkaido, Japan, on the Pacific coast of southwestern Hokkaido, northeast of Muroran. Since the discovery of hot springs during the late Tokugawa ...
Nobre, António
▪ Portuguese poet born , Aug. 16, 1867, Porto, Port. died March 18, 1900, Foz do Douro       Portuguese poet whose verse expresses subjective lyricism and an aesthetic ...
Nóbrega, Manuel da
▪ Portuguese priest born Oct. 18, 1517, Portugal died Oct. 18, 1570, Rio de Janeiro       founder of the Jesuit mission of Brazil and leader of the order's activities ...
—nocardial, adj. /noh kahr"dee euh/, n. Bacteriol. any of several filamentous or rod-shaped, aerobic bacteria of the genus Nocardia, certain species of which are pathogenic for ...
▪ pathology       chronic systemic bacterial disease of humans and many other animals originating in the respiratory tract and disseminated by way of the blood to other ...
/noh"seuhnt/, adj. 1. harmful; injurious. 2. Archaic. guilty. [1400-50; late ME < L nocent-, s. of nocens, prp. of nocere to do harm; see -ENT] * * *
Nocera Inferiore
▪ Italy Latin  Nuceria Alfaterna,  also called  Nocera dei Pagani        town and episcopal see, Campania regione, southern Italy, in the Sarno River valley, ...
nociceptive [nō΄sə sep′tiv] adj. 〚< L nocere (see NOCENT) + (〛 of, causing, or reacting to pain * * * no·ci·cep·tive (nō'sĭ-sĕpʹtĭv) adj. 1. Causing pain. Used ...
no·ci·cep·tor (nō'sĭ-sĕpʹtər) n. A sensory receptor that responds to pain.   [Latin nocēre, to hurt; see nocent + receptor.] * * *
/nok/, n. 1. a metal or plastic piece at the end of an arrow, having a notch for the bowstring. 2. a notch or groove at the end of an arrow into which the bowstring fits. 3. a ...
var. of nocti- before a vowel. * * *
—noctambulist, noctambule /nok tam"byoohl/, n. /nok tam"byeuh liz'euhm/, n. somnambulism. Also, noctambulation. [1855-60; NOCTAMBUL(OUS) + -ISM] * * *
See noctambulism. * * *
/nok tam"byeuh leuhs/, adj. of, pertaining to, or given to sleepwalking. Also, noctambulant, noctambulistic. [1725-35; NOCT- + L ambul(are) to walk + -OUS] * * *
a combining form meaning "night," used in the formation of compound words: noctilucent. Also, esp. before a vowel, noct-. [ < L nocti-, comb. form of nox NIGHT] * * *
—noctilucan, adj. /nok'teuh looh"keuh/, n., pl. noctilucae /-see/. a dinoflagellate of the genus Noctiluca, capable of producing light and, in groups, of causing a luminous ...
—noctilucence, n. /nok'teuh looh"seuhnt/, adj. Meteorol. (of high-altitude clouds) visible during the short night of the summer. [1885-90; NOCTI- + LUCENT] * * *
noctilucent cloud
▪ meteorology       rare cloud form, probably composed of ice crystals and meteoric dust, that occurs at a higher altitude than any other cloud form (about 82 km [50 ...
/nok"tis/, adj. (in prescriptions) of the night. [ < L, gen. sing. of nox night] * * *
/nok"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. a frame used to aid the blind in writing. [1860-65; NOCT- + -O- + -GRAPH] * * *
/nok"chooh id/, n. 1. Also called owlet moth. any of numerous dull-colored moths of the family Noctuidae, the larvae of which include the armyworms and cutworms. adj. 2. ...
/nok"choohl/, n. a large reddish insectivorous bat, Nyctalus noctula, common to Europe and Asia. [1765-75; < F < It nottola a bat, owl
/nok"terrn/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. the office of matins, consisting of nine psalms and either three or nine lessons. [bef. 1150; ME nocturne < ML nocturna, n. use of fem. of L ...
—nocturnality, n. —nocturnally, adv. /nok terr"nl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the night (opposed to diurnal). 2. done, occurring, or coming at night: nocturnal visit. 3. ...
nocturnal arc
Astron. the portion of the diurnal circle that is below the horizon of a given point. Cf. diurnal arc. [1695-1705] * * *
nocturnal emission
the release of semen during sleep, often during a sexual dream. Also called wet dream. [1925-30] * * *
nocturnal emission n. An involuntary ejaculation of semen during sleep. * * *
See nocturnal. * * *
/nok"terrn/, n. Music. 1. a piece appropriate to the night or evening. 2. an instrumental composition of a dreamy or pensive character. [1860-65; < F nocturne. See NOCTURN] * * ...
—nocuously, adv. —nocuousness, n. /nok"yooh euhs/, adj. likely to cause damage or injury; harmful; noxious. [1625-35; < L nocuus harmful, injurious, equiv. to noc(ere) to ...
See nocuous. * * *
—nodder, n. —noddingly, adv. /nod/, v., nodded, nodding, n. v.i. 1. to make a slight, quick downward bending forward of the head, as in assent, greeting, or command. 2. to ...
/nod/, n. 1. the land east of Eden where Cain went to dwell. Gen. 4:16. 2. See land of Nod. * * *
▪ Japan       city, northwestern Chiba ken (prefecture), east-central Honshu, Japan, between the Edo and the Tone rivers. The city served as an important river port ...
—nodality, n. /nohd"l/, adj. pertaining to or of the nature of a node. [1825-35; NODE + -AL1] * * *
nodal point
Optics. either of two points on the axis of a lens or other optical system, determined by extending an incident oblique ray and the corresponding refracted ray to the axis for ...
See nodal. * * *
See nod. * * *
nodding acquaintance
1. a slight, incomplete, or superficial knowledge (of something or someone): He had only a nodding acquaintance with Italian and didn't trust it to get him through the tour. ...
nodding lilac
a showy Chinese lilac, Syringa reflexa, of the olive family, having nodding clusters of pinkish flowers. * * *
nodding pogonia
a rare orchid, Triphora trianthophora, of the eastern U.S., bearing three pink flowers. Also called three-birds. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
nodding trillium
a hardy plant, Trillium cernuum, of the lily family, of the eastern coast of North America, having wavy-petalled, white or pinkish flowers on short, recurved stalks hanging ...
nod·ding pogonia (nŏdʹĭng) n. A North American orchid (Triphora trianthophora) having nodding flower buds and ascending, pink or white flowers. * * *
/nod"l/, n. Older Slang. the head or brain. [1375-1425; late ME nodel] * * *
/nod"ee/, n., pl. noddies. 1. any of several dark-bodied terns of the genera Anous and Micranous found about the coasts and islands in warm seas of both the New and Old Worlds, ...
a character in a series of young children’s books by Enid Blyton, the first of which was published in 1949. Noddy is a small boy with a large head on which he wears a long blue ...
/nohd/, n. 1. a knot, protuberance, or knob. 2. a centering point of component parts. 3. Anat. a knotlike mass of tissue: lymph node. 4. Pathol. circumscribed swelling. 5. ...
node of Ranvier
/rahn vyay", rahn"vyay/, Cell Biol. a gap occurring at regular intervals between segments of myelin sheath along a nerve axon. [1880-85; after Louis-Antoine Ranvier (1835-1922), ...
nodeof Ranvier
node of Ran·vier (ränʹvyā, rän-vyāʹ, räɴ-) n. pl. nodes of Ranvier A constriction in the myelin sheath, occurring at varying intervals along the length of a nerve ...
/nod"i keuhl, noh"di-/, adj. Astron. of or pertaining to a node or the nodes. [1830-40; NODE + -ICAL] * * *
nodical month.
See under month (def. 5). [1830-40] * * *
Nodier, Charles
▪ French writer born April 29, 1780, Besançon, Fr. died Jan. 27, 1844, Paris       writer more important for the influence he had on the French Romantic movement than ...
▪ dinosaur genus       armoured dinosaurs (dinosaur) found as fossils in North America dating from 95 million to 90 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous Period. ...
—nodosity /noh dos"i tee/, n. /noh"dohs, noh dohs"/, adj. 1. having nodes. 2. full of knots; knotty. Also, nodous /noh"deuhs/. [1715-25; < L nodosus full of knots, knotty, ...
See nodose. * * *
/noj"euh leuhr/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by nodules. 2. shaped like or occurring in nodules: a nodular concretion. [1785-95; NODULE + -AR1] * * *
nodular cast iron
any of various cast irons strengthened by having the graphite content in the form of nodules rather than flakes, and containing cerium or magnesium as well as other additives. ...
/noj"oohl/, n. 1. a small node, knot, or knob. 2. a small, rounded mass or lump. 3. Bot. a tubercle. [1590-1600; < L nodulus a little knot, equiv. to nod(us) NODE + -ulus -ULE] * ...
See nodular. * * *
/noj"euh leuhs/, adj. having nodules. Also, nodulose /noj"euh lohs', nod"yeuh-, noj'euh lohs", nod'yeuh-/. [1835-45; NODULE + -OUS] * * *
/noj"euh leuhs/, n., pl. noduli /-luy'/. Anat. a small node, esp. on the vermis of the cerebellum. [1645-55; < L nodulus little knot; see NODULE] * * *
/noh"deuhs/, n., pl. nodi /-duy/. a difficult or intricate point, situation, plot, etc. [1350-1400; ME: knot in the flesh < L nodus knot] * * *
/noh"euh/, n. Douay Bible. Noah (def. 1). * * *
NOED abbr. New Oxford English Dictionary. * * *
—noegenetic /noh'ee jeuh net"ik/, adj. /noh'ee jen"euh sis/, n. the production of new knowledge from sensory or intellectual experience. [1920-25; < Gk noe- (comb. form repr. ...
/noh el"/ for 1, 2; /noh"euhl, nohl/ for 3, n. 1. the Christmas season; yuletide. 2. (l.c.) a Christmas song or carol. 3. a male given name. [1805-15; < F
Noel Coward
➡ Coward * * *
/noh"euhl bay"keuhr, nohl"-/, n. Philip John, 1889-1982, British statesman and author: Nobel peace prize 1959. * * *
Noel-Baker (of the City of Derby), Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron
orig. Philip John Baker born Nov. 1, 1889, London, Eng. died Oct. 8, 1982, London British statesman and advocate of disarmament. He worked for the League of Nations ...
Noel-Baker, Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron
▪ British statesman original name  Philip John Baker   born Nov. 1, 1889, London, Eng. died Oct. 8, 1982, London  British statesman and advocate of international ...
Noel-Baker,Philip John
No·el-Ba·ker (nō'əl-bāʹkər), Philip John. 1889-1982. British politician who helped draft the Covenant of the League of Nations (1919) and the United Nations Charter ...
/noh"euh muy'/, n. Douay Bible. Naomi (def. 1). * * *
noes (nōz) n. Plural of no1. * * *
/noh ee"sis/, n. 1. (in Greek philosophy) the exercise of reason. 2. Psychol. cognition; the functioning of the intellect. [1880-85; < Gk nóesis thought, intelligence, equiv. to ...
Noether, Emmy
▪ German mathematician in full  Amalie Emmy Noether  born March 23, 1882, Erlangen, Germany died April 14, 1935, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, U.S.  German mathematician whose ...
/noh et"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the mind. 2. originating in or apprehended by the reason. [1645-55; < Gk noetikós intelligent, equiv. to nóe(sis) NOESIS + -tikos ...
/noh et"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Logic. the science of the intellect or of pure thought; reasoning. [1870-75; see NOETIC, -ICS] * * *
/nof'ri tee"tee/, n. Nefertiti. * * *
Nofziger, Lyn
▪ 2007 Franklyn Curran Nofziger        American journalist and political adviser (b. June 8, 1924, Bakersfield, Calif.—d. March 27, 2006, Falls Church, Va.), was a ...
nog1 /nog/, n. 1. any beverage made with beaten eggs, usually with alcoholic liquor; eggnog. 2. a strong ale formerly brewed in Norfolk, England. [1685-95; orig. ...
/noh"guy/, n., pl. Nogais, (esp. collectively) Nogai for 1. 1. a member of a people living in the Caucasus region. 2. the Turkic language of the Nogai people. Also, Nogay. * * *
/naw"gah kooh"/, n. (often l.c.) Japanese. No. * * *
/neuh gal"is/, n. a town in S Arizona. 15,683. * * * ▪ Arizona, United States       city, seat (1899) of Santa Cruz county, southern Arizona, U.S. A port of entry on ...
Nogaret, Guillaume de
▪ French minister born 1260/70, Saint-Félix-de-Caraman, Toulouse [now in France] died April 1313       magistrate under King Philip IV the Fair of France, who became ...
▪ Japan       city, Fukuoka ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, at the confluence of the Onga River and the Hikosan River. Formed as a castle town in 1626, it declined ...
/noh"guy/, n., pl. Nogays, (esp. collectively) Nogay. Nogai. * * *
/nog/, n. Carpentry. a shave for shaping dowels and handles. [special use of NOG2] * * *
/nog"euhn/, n. 1. a small cup or mug. 2. a small amount of alcoholic liquor, usually a gill. 3. Informal. a person's head. [1620-30; orig. uncert.] * * *
/nog"ing/, n. 1. masonry, as bricks, used to fill the spaces between studs or other framing members. 2. nog (def. 3). [1815-25; NOG2 + -ING1] * * *
Also ongh-. Nail, claw. Oldest forms *ə₃nogh-, *ə₃ongh-. 1. Suffixed (diminutive) form *nogh-elo-. nail, from Old English nægl, nail, from Germanic *nagla-. 2. Form ...
Nogi Maresuke
born December 1849, Edo [Tokyo], Japan died Sept. 13, 1912, Tokyo General in Meiji-period Japan. He served as governor of Taiwan and fought in the Russo-Japanese War. On the ...
/noh ginsk"/; Russ. /nu gyeensk"/, n. a city in the Russian Federation in Europe, E of Moscow. 119,000. Formerly, Bogorodsk. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Moscow oblast ...
▪ county, Hungary       megye (county), northern Hungary. It is bounded by Slovakia to the north and by the counties of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén to the northeast, Heves ...
/neuh gooh"chee/; Japn. /naw gooh"chee/, n. 1. Hideyo /hee"de yaw'/, 1876-1928, Japanese physician and bacteriologist in the U.S. 2. Isamu /ee"sah mooh'/, 1904-88, U.S. sculptor ...
Noguchi, Hideyo
▪ Japanese bacteriologist original name  Noguchi Seisaku   born Nov. 24, 1876, Inawashiro, Japan died May 21, 1928, Accra, Gold Coast colony [now Ghana]  Japanese ...
Noguchi, Isamu
born Nov. 17, 1904, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died Dec. 30, 1988, New York, N.Y. U.S. sculptor and designer. He spent his early years in Japan. After premedical studies at ...
No·gu·chi (nō-go͞oʹchē), Hideyo. 1876-1928. Japanese-born American bacteriologist who discovered the cause and worked toward a treatment of syphilis and yellow fever. * * *
Noguchi, Isamu. 1904-1988. American sculptor noted for his abstract works of bronze, stone, and terra cotta. * * *
Naked. 1. Suffixed forms *nogʷ-eto-, *nogʷ-oto-. naked, from Old English nacod, naked, from Germanic *nakweda-, *nakwada-. 2. Suffixed form *nogʷ-edo-. nude, nudi-; denude, ...
/noh/, n. No. * * *
Noh theatre
or No theatre Classic Japanese theatrical form. One of the world's oldest extant theatrical forms, Noh theatre has a heroic theme, a chorus, and highly stylized action, ...
/noh"how'/, adv. Nonstandard. under no circumstances; in no way (usually prec. by another negative): I can't learn this nohow. [1765-75; NO2 + HOW1] * * *
▪ Scandinavian shaman       in Sami religion, a shaman who mediated between the people that he served and the supernatural beings and forces that he either confronted or ...
—noily, adj. /noyl/, n. a short fiber of cotton, wool, worsted, etc., separated from the long fibers in combing. [1615-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
/nwannrdd/, adj. French. black; noting the black numbers in roulette. Cf. rouge. * * *
Noir, Victor
▪ French journalist original name  Yves Salmon   born July 27, 1848, Attigny, Fr. died Jan. 10, 1870, Paris       journalist whose death at the hands of Prince Pierre ...
Noiret, Philippe
▪ 2007       French character actor (b. Oct. 1, 1930, Lille, France—d. Nov. 23, 2006, Paris, France), was a successful stage and screen actor in France for more than ...
See noir. * * *
/noyz/, n., v., noised, noising. n. 1. sound, esp. of a loud, harsh, or confused kind: deafening noises. 2. a sound of any kind: to hear a noise at the door. 3. loud shouting, ...
noise factor
Radio, Electronics. the ratio of the noise output of an ideal device to the noise output of the unit being tested. Also called noise figure. [1935-40] * * *
noise limiter
Electronics. an electronic circuit that cuts off all noise peaks that are stronger than some specific maximum for the desired input signal, thus limiting atmospheric and other ...
noise pollution
unwanted or harmful noise, as from automobiles, airplanes, or industrial workplaces. [1965-70] * * *
noise suppressor
Electronics. 1. squelch (def. 8). 2. See noise limiter. * * *
—noiselessly, adv. —noiselessness, n. /noyz"lis/, adj. accompanied by or making little or no noise; silent; quiet: a noiseless step; a noiseless typewriter. [1595-1605; NOISE ...
See noiseless. * * *
See noiselessly. * * *
—noisemaking, n., adj. /noyz"may'keuhr/, n. a person or thing that makes noise, as a reveler on New Year's Eve, Halloween, etc., or a rattle, horn, or similar device used on ...
See noisemaker. * * *
noise masking n. The use of noise to make a sound unintelligible or less distracting. * * *
noise pollution n. Environmental noise that is annoying, distracting, or physically harmful. Also called sound pollution. * * *
/noyz"proohf'/, adj. soundproof. [NOISE + -PROOF] * * *
/nwah zet"/; Fr. /nwann zet"/, n., pl. noisettes /-zets"/; Fr. /-zet"/. a loin, fillet, or other lean section of meat: an entrée of lamb noisettes. [1890-95; < F: a round, ...
noisette rose
/nwah zet"/ a hybrid climbing rose, Rosa noisettiana, bearing clusters of fragrant yellow, white, or pink flowers. [1830-40; after P. Noisette, who first raised it in the U.S. in ...
See noisy. * * *
See noisily. * * *
—noisomely, adv. —noisomeness, n. /noy"seuhm/, adj. 1. offensive or disgusting, as an odor. 2. harmful or injurious to health; noxious. [1350-1400; ME noy (aph. var. of ...
See noisome. * * *
See noisomely. * * *
—noisily, adv. —noisiness, n. /noy"zee/, adj., noisier, noisiest. 1. making much noise: noisy children. 2. abounding in or full of noise: a noisy assembly hall. 3. ...
Nok culture
Ancient Iron Age African culture. It existed on the Benue Plateau of Nigeria between about 500 BC and AD 200 and was first discovered in 1928 in the village of Nok. Artifacts ...
(Mongol; "comrade") In Mongolia during the time of Genghis Khan (с 1160–1227), one who forswore loyalty to family and clan to devote himself to following a leader to whom he ...
/noh"kyoh, -kee oh'/; Japn. /naw"kyaw/, n., pl. nokyo. a Japanese agricultural cooperative. [ < Japn no-kyo < MChin, equiv. to Chin nóng farming + gòng together] * * *
See nekʷ-t-. * * *
/nol'pros"/, v.t., nol-prossed, nol-prossing. Law. to end by a nolle prosequi. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
nol. pros.
Law. See nolle prosequi. * * *
nol. pros. abbr. nolle prosequi. * * *
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Campania regione, southern Italy. It lies in the fertile and highly cultivated Campanian plain, just east-northeast of Naples. It ...
Nolan Ryan
➡ Ryan * * *
Nolan, Jeanette
▪ 1999       American actress whose 70-year career encompassed numerous radio performances on such shows as "The March of Time" and "Mercury Theatre on the Air," roles ...
Nolan, Sir Sidney
born April 22, 1917, Melbourne, Austl. died Nov. 27, 1992, London, Eng. Australian artist. Early in his career he created greatly simplified abstractions. In the mid 1940s he ...
Noland, Kenneth
born April 10, 1924, Asheville, N.C., U.S. U.S. painter. Noland attended Black Mountain College in North Carolina and studied under the French sculptor Ossip Zadkine in Paris ...
Nolde, Emil
orig. Emil Hansen born Aug. 7, 1867, Nolde, near Bocholt, Ger. died April 15, 1956, Seebüll, near Niebüll, W.Ger. German Expressionist painter, printmaker, and ...
Nol·de (nôlʹdə), Emile. 1867-1956. German painter and printmaker. His Expressionist works include landscapes and religious paintings. * * *
Nöldeke, Theodor
▪ German linguist born March 2, 1836, Harburg, Hanover [Germany] died Dec. 25, 1930, Karlsruhe, Ger.       German Orientalist noted for his Semitic and Islāmic ...
nolens volens
/noh"lens woh"lens/; Eng. /noh"lenz voh"lenz/, Latin. whether willing or not; willy-nilly. * * *
no·lens vo·lens (nōʹlĕnz vōʹlĕnz, nōʹlĕns wōʹlĕns) adv. Whether willing or unwilling.   [Latin nōlēns volēns: nōlēns, present participle of nōlle, to be ...
noli me tangere
/noh"luy mee tan"jeuh ree, noh"lee/; Lat. /noh"lee me tahng"ge rdde'/ 1. a person or thing that must not be touched or interfered with. 2. a picture representing Jesus appearing ...
no·li-me-tan·ge·re (nōʹlē-mē-tănʹjə-rē, nōʹlī-) n. 1. A warning or prohibition against meddling, touching, or interfering. 2. A representation of Jesus appearing ...
Nol·i·chuck·y (nŏl'ə-chŭkʹē) A river, about 241 km (150 mi) long, rising in the Blue Ridge of western North Carolina and flowing northwest and west to the French Broad ...
Nolichucky River
▪ river, United States       river rising in the Blue Ridge Mountains in western North Carolina, U.S., and flowing northwest into Tennessee, then west to join the French ...
nolle prosequi
/nol"ee pros"i kwuy', -kwee'/, Law. an entry made upon the records of a court when the plaintiff or prosecutor will proceed no further in a suit or action. Abbr.: nol. ...
Nollekens, Joseph
▪ British sculptor born Aug. 11, 1737, London, Eng. died April 23, 1823, London       Neoclassical sculptor whose busts made him the most fashionable English portrait ...
nol·le pros·e·qui (nŏl'ē prŏsʹĭ-kwī', -kwē') n. Abbr. nol. pros. A declaration that the plaintiff in a civil case or the prosecutor in a criminal case will drop ...
/noh"loh/, n., pl. nolos. Informal. See nolo contendere. * * *
nolo contendere
/noh"loh keuhn ten"deuh ree/, Law. (in a criminal case) a defendant's pleading that does not admit guilt but subjects him or her to punishment as though a guilty plea had been ...
no·lo con·ten·de·re (nō'lō kən-tĕnʹdə-rē) n. A plea made by the defendant in a criminal action that is substantially but not technically an admission of guilt and ...
/nol"yeuh dahr'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of methyprylon. * * *
nom abbrev. nominative * * *
nom de guerre
/nom' deuh gair"/; Fr. /nawonn deuh gerdd"/, pl. noms de guerre /nomz' deuh gair"/; Fr. /nawonn deuh gerdd"/. an assumed name, as one under which a person fights, paints, writes, ...
nom de plume
/nom' deuh ploohm"/; Fr. /nawonn deuh plyuum"/, pl. noms de plume /nomz' deuh ploohm"/; Fr. /nawonn deuh plyuum"/. See pen name. [1815-25; coined in E < F words: lit., pen ...
nominative. * * *
Nom. Cap.
nominal capital. * * *
/noh"meuh/, n., pl. nomas. Pathol. a gangrenous ulceration of the mouth or genitalia, occurring mainly in debilitated children. [1825-35; < NL, L nome a sore, ulcer < Gk nomé a ...
Noma Hiroshi
▪ Japanese author born Feb. 23, 1915, Kōbe, Hyōgo ken [prefecture] Japan died Jan. 2, 1991, Tokyo       Japanese novelist who wrote Shinkū chitai (1952; Zone of ...
—nomadism, n. /noh"mad/, n. 1. a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a ...
—nomadically, adv. /noh mad"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of nomads. [1810-20; < Gk nomadikós. See NOMAD, -IC] * * *
See nomadic. * * *
See nomadic. * * * Way of life of peoples who do not live continually in the same place but move cyclically or periodically. It is based on temporary centres whose stability ...
/noh"ma duyz'/, v., nomadized, nomadizing. v.i. 1. to live in the manner of a nomad. v.t. 2. to cause (a person, tribe, etc.) to become nomadic. Also, esp. Brit., ...
➡ Pre-Columbian North America * * *
noman's land
no man's land n. 1. Land under dispute by two opposing parties, especially the field of battle between the lines of two opposing entrenched armies. 2. An area of uncertainty or ...
/nom"ahrk/, n. the governor of a nome or a nomarchy. [1650-60; < Gk nomárches the chief of a province, equiv. to nom(ós) a province, district + -arches -ARCH] * * ...
/nom"ahr kee/, n., pl. nomarchies. one of the provinces into which modern Greece is divided. [1650-60; < Gk nomarchía rule of a province. See NOMARCH, -Y3] * * *
/num"beuhlz/, n.pl. numbles. * * *
/nom"bril/, n. Heraldry. the point in an escutcheon between the middle of the base and the fess point. Also called navel. [1555-65; < F: lit., navel] * * *
nomde guerre
nom de guerre (nŏm' də gârʹ) n. pl. noms de guerre (nŏm') A fictitious name; a pseudonym.   [French : nom, name + de, of + guerre, war.] * * *
nomde plume
nom de plume (nŏm' də plo͞omʹ) n. pl. noms de plume (nŏm') See pen name.   [French : nom, name + de, of + plume, pen.] * * *
/nohm/, n. 1. one of the provinces of ancient Egypt. 2. nomarchy. [1720-30; < Gk nomós a pasture, district, akin to némein to pasture] * * * Seaport (pop., 2000: 3,505), ...
/nohm/, n. 1. a seaport in W Alaska. 2301. 2. Cape, a cape in W Alaska, on Seward Peninsula, W of Nome. * * * Seaport (pop., 2000: 3,505), western Alaska, U.S., on the southern ...
/noh"men/, n., pl. nomina /nom"euh neuh, noh"meuh-/. (in ancient Rome) the second name of a citizen, indicating his gens, as "Gaius Julius Caesar." [1885-90; < L nomen NAME] * * *
/noh"meuhn klay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who assigns names, as in scientific classification; classifier. 2. Archaic. a person who calls or announces things or persons by their ...
no·men·cla·to·ri·al (nō'mən-klə-tôrʹē-əl, -tōrʹ-) adj. Of or relating to nomenclature. * * *
See nomenclature. * * *
—nomenclatural, nomenclatorial /noh'meuhn kleuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, nomenclative /noh"meuhn klay'tiv/, adj. /noh"meuhn klay'cheuhr, noh men"kleuh cheuhr, -choor'/, n. 1. a ...
/noh'meuhn klah toor"euh/, n., pl. nomenklaturas. a select list or class of people from which appointees for top-level government positions are drawn, esp. from a Communist ...
▪ duke of Brittany also spelled  Nominoë   died March 7, 851, Vendôme, Fr.       duke of Brittany who fought successfully against the Frankish king Charles II the ...
/noh"meks/, Trademark. a brand of lightweight, heat-resistant aramid fiber used in clothing, esp. for firefighters. * * *
/nom"euh nl/, adj. 1. being such in name only; so-called; putative: a nominal treaty; the nominal head of the country. 2. (of a price, consideration, etc.) named as a mere matter ...
Nominal Catches of Fish by Principal Producers
▪ 2001 Nominal Catches of Fish by Principal Producers   1997 production   1998 production Country (metric tons)   (metric ...
Nominal compositions of aluminum foundry alloys
▪ Table Nominal compositions of aluminum foundry alloys alloy elements ...
Nominal Compositions of Aluminum Wrought Alloys, Table
▪ Table alloy elements (percent) designation Si Cu Mn Mg Cr Zn others* applications ...
nominal damages
Law. damages of a small amount awarded to a plaintiff where substantial compensable loss has not been established but whose legal rights were violated. [1790-1800] * * *
nominal par
Finance. See under par (def. 4b). * * *
nominal sentence
Gram. a sentence consisting of a subject and complement without a linking verb, as Very interesting, those books. [1920-25] * * *
nominal value
book or par value, as of securities; face value. [1900-05] * * *
nominal wages
Econ. wages measured in terms of money and not by their ability to command goods and services. Cf. real wages. [1895-1900] * * *
—nominalist, n. —nominalistic, adj. —nominalistically, adv. /nom"euh nl iz'euhm/, n. (in medieval philosophy) the doctrine that general or abstract words do not stand for ...
See nominalism. * * *
See nominalist. * * *
—nominalization, adj. /nom"euh nl uyz'/, v.t., nominalized, nominalizing. 1. to convert (another part of speech) into a noun, as in changing the adjective lowly into the lowly ...
/nom"euh nl ee/, adv. by or as regards name; in name; ostensibly: He was nominally the leader, but others actually ran the organization. [1655-65; NOMINAL + -LY] * * *
nominal quote n. The approximate price of a security when there is no firm bid or asking price. Also called subject quote. * * *
nominal value n. See par value. * * *
nominal wages pl.n. Wages measured in terms of money paid, not in terms of purchasing power. * * *
—nominator, n. v. /nom"euh nayt'/; adj. /nom"euh nit/, v., nominated, nominating, adj. v.t. 1. to propose (someone) for appointment or election to an office. 2. to appoint to a ...
/nom'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of nominating, esp. to office: The floor is open for nomination of candidates for the presidency. 2. the state of being ...
—nominatively, adv. /nom"euh neuh tiv, nom"neuh-/ or, for 2, 3, /nom"euh nay'tiv/, adj. 1. Gram. a. (in certain inflected languages, as Sanskrit, Latin, and Russian) noting a ...
nominative absolute
Gram. a construction consisting in English of a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun in the nominative case followed by a predicate lacking a finite verb, used as a loose modifier of ...
nominative of address
Gram. a noun naming the person to whom one is speaking. * * *
See nominate. * * *
/nom'euh nee"/, n. 1. a person nominated, as to run for elective office or fill a particular post. 2. a person in whose name title to real estate or ownership of stock is held ...
—nomistic, adj. /noh"miz euhm/, n. religious conduct based on law. [1900-05; NOM(O)- + -ISM] * * *
Nomo Hideo
▪ Japanese baseball player byname  the Tornado  born August 31, 1968, Osaka, Japan       professional baseball player. In 1995 Nomo became the first Japanese citizen ...
a combining form meaning "custom," "law," used in the formation of compound words: nomology. [ < Gk nomo-, comb. form of nómos law, custom; akin to némein to manage, control] * ...
/noh'meuh kan"euhn/, n. a compendium of Greek Orthodox ecclesiastical laws and Byzantine imperial laws that related to ecclesiastical matters. [1720-30; < MGk nomokanón. See ...
/nom"euh gram', noh"meuh-/, n. 1. a graph, usually containing three parallel scales graduated for different variables so that when a straight line connects values of any two, the ...
nom·o·graph (nŏmʹə-grăf', nōʹmə-) or nom·o·gram (-grăm') n. 1. A graph consisting of three coplanar curves, each graduated for a different variable so that a ...
See nomograph. * * *
—nomographer, n. nomographic /nom'euh graf"ik, noh'meuh-/, nomographical, adj. —nomographically, adv. /noh mog"reuh fee/, n., pl. nomographies for 1. 1. the art of or a ...
See nomology. * * *
nomological [näm΄ə läj′i kəl, nō′məläj′i kəl] adj. conforming to or stating laws of nature or rules of logic * * * See nomologic. * * *
See nomologic. * * *

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