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notecard
notecard [nōt′kärd΄] n. 1. a small card, enclosed in an envelope, having a photograph or illustration printed on one side and the other side used for sending short ...
notecase
/noht"kays'/, n. Chiefly Brit. billfold. [1830-40; NOTE + CASE2] * * *
noted
—notedly, adv. —notedness, n. /noh"tid/, adj. 1. well-known; celebrated; famous: a noted scholar. 2. provided with musical notation, a musical score, etc.: The text is ...
notedly
See noted. * * *
notedness
See notedly. * * *
noteholder
/noht"hohl'deuhr/, n. a person who holds or owns a note, as a promissory or Treasury note. [1925-30; NOTE + HOLDER] * * *
noteless
—notelessly, adv. —notelessness, n. /noht"lis/, adj. 1. not noted; undistinguished; unnoticed. 2. unmusical or voiceless. [1610-20; NOTE + -LESS] * * *
noteof hand
note of hand n. pl. notes of hand See promissory note. * * *
notepad
/noht"pad'/, n. a pad of blank pages for writing notes. [1920-25; NOTE + PAD1] * * *
notepaper
/noht"pay'peuhr/, n. writing paper, esp. that used in writing notes or personal correspondence and usually less than 8½ × 11 in. (21.6 × 27.9 cm) in size. [1840-50; NOTE + ...
noter
See note. * * *
Notes, Definitions, And Abbreviations
Notes, Definitions, And Abbreviations There have been some significant changes in this edition. The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands became the independent nation ...
noteworthily
See noteworthy. * * *
noteworthiness
See noteworthily. * * *
noteworthy
—noteworthily, adv. —noteworthiness, n. /noht"werr'dhee/, adj. worthy of notice or attention; notable; remarkable: a noteworthy addition to our collection of rare ...
NOTgate
NOT gate n. A logic gate that simulates the function of the logical operator NOT.   [From not.] * * *
Noth, Martin
▪ German scholar born Aug. 3, 1902, Dresden, Ger. died May 30, 1968, orvot Shivta, Israel       German biblical scholar who specialized in the early history of the ...
Notharctus
▪ primate       extinct genus of small primates (primate) (family Adapidae) that shares many similarities with modern lemurs (lemur), although its exact relationship to ...
nother
/nudh"euhr/, adj. Informal. a whole nother, an entirely different; a whole other. [1955-60; metanalysis of an other or another] * * *
nothing
/nuth"ing/, n. 1. no thing; not anything; naught: to say nothing. 2. no part, share, or trace (usually fol. by of): The house showed nothing of its former magnificence. 3. ...
nothingness
/nuth"ing nis/, n. 1. the state of being nothing. 2. something that is nonexistent: a view of humanity as suspended between infinity and nothingness. 3. lack of being; ...
Nothosaurus
▪ extinct reptile genus       marine reptiles (reptile) found as fossils from the Triassic Period (251 million to 200 million years ago) in southwestern and eastern ...
notice
—noticer, n. /noh"tis/, n., v., noticed, noticing. n. 1. an announcement or intimation of something impending; warning: a day's notice. 2. a note, placard, or the like ...
noticeability
See noticeable. * * *
noticeable
—noticeability, n. —noticeably, adv. /noh"ti seuh beuhl/, adj. 1. attracting notice or attention; capable of being noticed: a noticeable lack of interest. 2. worthy or ...
noticeably
See noticeability. * * *
noticer
See notice. * * *
notifiable
notifiable [nōt′ə fī΄ə bəl] adj. that must be reported to health authorities [notifiable diseases] * * *
notification
/noh'teuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a formal notifying or informing. 2. an act or instance of notifying, making known, or giving notice; notice. 3. a written or printed notice, ...
notifier
See notify. * * *
notify
—notifiable, adj. —notifier, n. /noh"teuh fuy'/, v.t., notified, notifying. 1. to inform (someone) or give notice to: to notify the police of a crime. 2. Chiefly Brit. to ...
notion
—notionless, adj. /noh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a general understanding; vague or imperfect conception or idea of something: a notion of how something should be done. 2. an opinion, ...
notional
—notionality, n. —notionally, adv. /noh"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or expressing a notion or idea. 2. of the nature of a notion or idea: a notional response to the ...
notionally
See notional. * * *
notionate
/noh"sheuh nit/, adj. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. 1. strong-willed or stubborn. 2. having foolish and fanciful notions. [1840-50; NOTION + -ATE1] * * *
Notitia Dignitatum
▪ Roman document       official list of all ancient Roman (ancient Rome) civil and military posts, surviving as a 1551 copy of the now-missing original. It is a major ...
Notke, Bernt
▪ German sculptor born c. 1440, , Lassahn, Pomerania [now in Germany] died , before May 12, 1509, Lübeck       sculptor, painter, and engraver who was one of the most ...
Noto
▪ Italy  town and episcopal see, southeastern Sicily, Italy. It lies on the southern slopes of the Hyblaei Hills southwest of Syracuse. Noto was founded in 1703 about 4 ...
Noto Peninsula
Peninsula, Honshu, Japan. Jutting north into the Sea of Japan (East Sea), it encloses Toyama Bay. The largest peninsula on the northern Honshu coast, it extends north for 50 mi ...
noto-
a combining form meaning "the back," used in the formation of compound words: notochord. Also, esp. before a vowel, not-. [comb. form repr. Gk nôton the back] * * *
notochord
—notochordal, adj. /noh"teuh kawrd'/, n. Embryol. a rodlike cord of cells that forms the chief axial supporting structure of the body of the lower chordates, as amphioxus and ...
notochordal
See notochord. * * *
Notogaea
—Notogaean, n., adj. —Notogaeal, Notogaeic, adj. /noh'teuh jee"euh/, n. a biogeographical division comprising the Australian region. Also, Notogea. [ < NL < Gk nóto(s) the ...
notopterid
▪ fish also called  Knifefish, or Featherback,         any of about eight species of air-breathing, freshwater fishes constituting the family Notopteridae, found in ...
notoriety
/noh'teuh ruy"i tee/, n., pl. notorieties. 1. the state, quality, or character of being notorious or widely known: a craze for notoriety. 2. Chiefly Brit. a notorious or ...
notorious
—notoriously, adv. —notoriousness, n. /noh tawr"ee euhs, -tohr"-, neuh-/, adj. 1. widely and unfavorably known: a notorious gambler. 2. publicly or generally known, as for a ...
Notorious B.I.G.
▪ 1998       ), American rap singer whose transformation from drug dealer and street hustler to one of hip-hop's premier artists was chronicled in his platinum-selling ...
notoriously
See notorious. * * *
notoriousness
See notoriously. * * *
notornis
/noh tawr"nis/, n. a rare, flightless gallinulelike bird, Notornis mantelli, of New Zealand. Also called takahe. [1840-50; < NL: name of the genus < Gk nót(os) the south + ...
Notoungulata
▪ extinct mammal       extinct group of hoofed mammals (mammal) found as fossils (fossil), mostly in South America, although the oldest forms seem to have originated in ...
notoungulate
/noh'toh ung"gyeuh lit, -layt'/, n. 1. one of the herbivorous, hoofed mammals of the extinct order Notoungulata, best known from the Paleocene to the Pleistocene Epochs of South ...
Notre
(as used in expressions) Notre Dame University of Notre Dame de Paris Notre Dame school * * *
Notre Dame
/noh'treuh daym", dahm", noh'teuhr/ 1. Also called Notre Dame de Paris Fr. /naw trddeu dannm deuh pann rddee"/, a famous early gothic cathedral in Paris (started 1163). 2. the ...
Notre Dame Mountains
▪ mountains, Canada French  Monts Notre-dame,         mountain range in eastern Quebec province, Canada. The mountains are a continuation of the Green Mountains of ...
Notre Dame, University of
Private university in Notre Dame, near South Bend, Indiana, U.S. It was founded in 1842 and reorganized in the 1920s; it became coeducational in 1972. It is affiliated with the ...
Notre-Dame de Paris
(1163–с 1350) Gothic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in Paris. Probably the most famous Gothic cathedral, Notre-Dame is a superb example of the Rayonnant style. Two massive ...
Notre-Dame school
Composers of organum at the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. Léonin (с 1135–1201?) is credited with composing two-voice florid ...
NotreDame Mountains
No·tre Dame Mountains (nōʹtrə dāmʹ, dämʹ, nō'tər) A section of the Appalachian Mountains extending about 805 km (500 mi) from the Green Mountains of Vermont into the ...
Nottawasaga Bay
▪ bay, Ontario, Canada       large inlet of Georgian Bay (and Lake Huron) indenting Grey and Simcoe counties in southeastern Ontario, Canada, and fed by the ...
Nottaway
Not·ta·way (nŏtʹə-wā') A river, about 644 km (400 mi) long, of southwest Quebec, Canada, flowing northwest into James Bay. * * *
Nottaway River
▪ river, Canada       river in western Quebec province, Canada. The river drains Lake Matagami at 765 feet (233 m) above sea level, flows northwestward for 140 miles ...
Nottely River
▪ river, United States       river rising in the Blue Ridge Mountains in Union County, northern Georgia, U.S., and flowing 40 mi (64 km) north, to empty into the Hiwasee ...
Notting Hill
an area of west London, England. It is especially famous for the Notting Hill Carnival, a colourful street festival held there every year on Summer Bank Holiday. * * *
Notting Hill Carnival
➡ Notting Hill * * *
Nottingham
/not"ing euhm/ or, U.S. often /-ham'/, n. 1. a city in SW Nottinghamshire, in central England. 287,800. 2. Nottinghamshire. * * * City and unitary authority (pop., 2001: ...
Nottingham Forest
one of the two football clubs of Nottingham. The other is Notts County. * * *
Nottingham, Charles Howard, 1st Earl of
▪ English admiral also called (1573–97)  2nd Baron Howard of Effingham   born 1536 died Dec. 14, 1624, near Croydon, Surrey, Eng.       English lord high admiral ...
Nottingham, Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of, Baron Finch Of Daventry
▪ English lord chancellor born December 23, 1621, Kent, England died December 18, 1682, London       lord chancellor of England (1675–82), called “the father of ...
Nottinghamshire
/not"ing euhm shear', -sheuhr/ or, U.S. often /-ham-/, n. a county in central England. 982,700; 854 sq. mi. (2210 sq. km). Also, Nottingham, Notts /nots/. * * * Administrative ...
Nottoway
Not·to·way (nŏtʹə-wā') A river of southern Virginia flowing about 282 km (175 mi) southeast to the North Carolina border. * * *
Notts County
one of the two football clubs of Nottingham. The other is Nottingham Forest. Notts County is the oldest professional football club in Britain, started in 1864. * * *
notturno
/neuh toor"noh, noh-/; It. /nawt toordd"naw/, n., pl. notturni /-nee/. Music. 1. an 18th-century composition for chamber orchestra, similar to a serenade or a divertimento. 2. ...
notum
—notal, adj. /noh"teuhm/, n., pl. nota /-teuh/. a dorsal plate or sclerite of the thorax of an insect. [1875-80; < NL < Gk nôton the back] * * *
notungulate
/noh tung"gyeuh lit, -layt'/, n., adj. notoungulate. [ < NL Notungulata (var. of Notoungulata) name of order, equiv. to not(o)- ( < Gk nótos the south) + ungulata UNGULATE] * * *
Notus
/noh"teuhs/, n. the ancient Greek personification of the south wind. [ < L < Gk Nótos, special use of nótos the south] * * *
notwithstanding
/not'widh stan"ding, -with-/, prep. 1. in spite of; without being opposed or prevented by: Notwithstanding a brilliant defense, he was found guilty. She went to the game anyway, ...
Nouadhibou
/nwah'di booh"/, n. a seaport in SW Mauritania. 25,000. Formerly, Port-Étienne. * * * ▪ Mauritania formerly  Port-Étienne        town located in northwestern ...
Nouakchott
/nwahk shot"/, n. a city in and the capital of Mauritania, on the W coast. 130,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: metro. area, 881,000), capital of Mauritania. It is on a ...
Nougaro, Claude
▪ 2005       French chanson singer and songwriter (b. Sept. 9, 1929, Toulouse, France—d. March 4, 2004, Paris, France), combined an interest in the traditional French ...
nougat
/nooh"geuht, nooh"gah/, n. a chewy or brittle candy containing almonds or other nuts and sometimes fruit. [1820-30; < F < Pr
nougatine
/nooh'geuh teen"/, n. a chocolate-coated nougat. [1890-95; NOUGAT + -INE1] * * *
Nougé, Paul
▪ Belgian author born February 13, 1895, Brussels, Belgium died November 6, 1967, Brussels       Belgian poet and intellectual theorist. He and René Magritte ...
nought
/nawt/, n., adj., adv. naught. [bef. 900; ME; OE noht, contr. of nowiht, equiv. to ne not + owiht AUGHT1] * * *
noughth week
the week before the start of a new term (= one of the three periods which the academic year is divided into) at Oxford University. * * *
noughts-and-crosses
/nawts"euhn kraw"siz, -kros"iz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Brit. tick-tack-toe (def. 1). [1890-95] * * *
Nouhak Phoumsavan
▪ 2009 Nouhak Phoumsavanh        Laotian resistance leader and politician born April 9, 1914, Mukdahan, French Indochina died Sept. 9, 2008, Vientiane, Laos was (with ...
Nouira, Hedi Amira
▪ 1994       Tunisian politician (b. April 6, 1911, Monastir, Tunisia—d. Jan. 25, 1993, La Marsa, Tunisia), was the hard-line prime minister of Tunisia for a decade ...
Nouméa
/nooh may"euh/, n. a city in and the capital of New Caledonia, on the SW coast. 59,869. * * * formerly Port-de-France Town (pop., 1996: 76,293), port, and capital of New ...
noumenal
—noumenalism, n. —noumenalist, n. —noumenality, n. —noumenally, adv. /nooh"meuh nl/, adj. ontic. [1795-1805; NOUMEN(ON) + -AL1] * * *
noumenon
/nooh"meuh non'/, n., pl. noumena /-neuh/. 1. the object, itself inaccessible to experience, to which a phenomenon is referred for the basis or cause of its sense content. 2. a ...
noun
—nounally, adv. /nown/, Gram. n. 1. any member of a class of words that are formally distinguished in many languages, as in English, typically by the plural and possessive ...
noun adjunct
Gram. a noun that occurs before and modifies another noun, as toy in toy store or tour in tour group. [1960-65] * * *
noun clause
Gram. a subordinate clause that functions as a noun within a main clause. * * *
noun phrase
Gram. a construction that functions syntactically as a noun, consisting of a noun and any modifiers, as all the men in the room who are reading books, or of a noun substitute, as ...
nounincorporation
noun incorporation n. The process of affixing or infixing an uninflected form of a noun to a verb, resulting in a complex verb, as in Mohawk and the Eskimoan languages. * * *
nounphrase
noun phrase n. Abbr. NP A phrase whose head is a noun, as our favorite restaurant. * * *
nourice
/nooh"ris/, n. Obs. a nurse. [1175-1225; ME; see NURSE] * * *
nourish
—nourishable, adj. —nourisher, n. /nerr"ish, nur"-/, v.t. 1. to sustain with food or nutriment; supply with what is necessary for life, health, and growth. 2. to cherish, ...
nourisher
See nourish. * * *
nourishing
—nourishingly, adv. /nerr"i shing, nur"-/, adj. promoting or sustaining life, growth, or strength: a nourishing diet. [1350-1400; ME (ger.); see NOURISH, -ING2] * * *
nourishment
/nerr"ish meuhnt, nur"-/, n. 1. something that nourishes; food, nutriment, or sustenance. 2. the act of nourishing. 3. the state of being nourished. 4. a process, system, method, ...
Nourrit, Adolphe
▪ French musician born March 3, 1802, Montpellier, France died March 8, 1839, Naples [Italy]       French dramatic tenor who created many new roles in French ...
nous
/noohs, nows/, n. 1. Gk. Philos. mind or intellect. 2. Neoplatonism. the first and purest emanation of the One, regarded as the self-contemplating order of the ...
nouveau
/nooh"voh, nooh voh"/, adj. newly or recently created, developed, or come to prominence: The sudden success of the firm created several nouveau millionaires. [1805-15; < F: new; ...
nouveau pauvre
/nooh voh poh"vrddeu/, pl. nouveaux pauvres /nooh voh poh"vrddeu/. French. a newly poor person. * * *
nouveau riche
/nooh"voh reesh"/; Fr. /nooh voh rddeesh"/, pl. nouveaux riches /nooh"voh reesh"/; Fr. /nooh voh rddeesh"/. a person who is newly rich: the ostentation of the nouveaux riches of ...
nouveauriche
nou·veau riche (no͞o'vō rēshʹ) n. pl. nou·veaux riches (no͞o'vō rēshʹ) One who has recently become rich, especially one who flaunts newly acquired wealth.   [French : ...
nouveauté
/nooh voh tay"/, n., pl. nouveautés /-tay"/. French. newness; novelty. * * *
Nouvel, Jean
▪ 2009 born Aug. 12, 1945, Fumel, Lot-et-Garonne département, France  French architect Jean Nouvel's lack of a signature style was his trademark. Rather than making his ...
nouvelle
/nooh vel"/, adj. pertaining to or characteristic of nouvelle cuisine. [extracted from NOUVELLE CUISINE] * * * (as used in expressions) Nouvelle Calédonie nouvelle ...
Nouvelle Amsterdam
▪ island, Indian Ocean       island in the southern Indian Ocean, administratively a part of the French Southern and Antarctic Territories (q.v.). An extinct volcano ...
nouvelle artificial intelligence
▪ computer science       an approach to artificial intelligence (AI) pioneered at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) AI Laboratory by the Australian ...
nouvelle cuisine
/nooh vel kwee zeen"/, (sometimes caps.) French. a modern style of French cooking that emphasizes the use of the finest and freshest ingredients simply and imaginatively ...
Nouvelle Revue française, La
▪ French review       leading French review of literature and the other arts. It was founded in February 1909 (after a false start in November 1908) by a group that ...
nouvelle vague
/nooh vel vann-g"/, pl. nouvelles vagues /nooh vel vann-g"/. French. 1. a new wave, trend, movement, phase, etc., esp. in an art form. 2. the films of a group of young French and ...
nouvellecuisine
nou·velle cuisine (no͞o-vĕlʹ) n. A contemporary school of French cooking that seeks to bring out the natural flavors of foods and substitutes light, low-calorie sauces and ...
nouvelles
/nooh vel"/, n.pl. French. news. * * *
nouvellevague
nouvelle vague (vägʹ) n. See new wave.   [French : nouvelle, new + vague, wave.] * * *
Nov
Nov abbrev. November * * *
Nov.
November. * * *
nov.
novelist. * * *
nova
—novalike, adj. /noh"veuh/, n., pl. novas, novae /-vee/. Astron. a star that suddenly becomes thousands of times brighter and then gradually fades to its original intensity. ...
Nova
/noh"veuh/, n. 1. Also called Nova Salmon. a Pacific salmon cured in the style of Nova Scotia salmon. 2. (l.c.) (loosely) any smoked salmon. Cf. Nova Scotia salmon. * * * Any of ...
Nova Friburgo
▪ Brazil       city, east-central Rio de Janeiro estado (state), in eastern Brazil, on the Rio Grande in the Serra de Nova Friburgo, 2,776 feet (846 m) above sea ...
Nova Herculis
▪ astronomy also called  DQ Herculis        one of the brightest novas of the 20th century, discovered Dec. 13, 1934, by the British amateur astronomer J.P.M. ...
Nova Iguaçu
/naw"vah ee'gwah sooh"/ a city in SE Brazil, NW of Rio de Janeiro. 931,954. * * * ▪ Brazil       city and suburb of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro estado ...
Nova Lima
▪ Brazil       city, east-central Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies along the Cristais River at 2,444 feet (745 metres) above sea level, just ...
Nova Lisboa
Port. /naw"veuh leezh baw"euh/, n. former name of Huambo. * * *
Nova Persei
▪ astronomy also designated  GK Persei        bright nova that attained an absolute magnitude of −9.2. Spectroscopic observations of the nova, which appeared in ...
Nova Scotia
—Nova Scotian. /noh"veuh skoh"sheuh/ 1. a peninsula and province in SE Canada: once a part of the French province of Acadia. 812,127; 21,068 sq. mi. (54,565 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever
▪ breed of dog       breed of sporting dog developed in Canada in the 19th century to lure ducks within gunshot range. The dogs toll (entice) the ducks to approach by ...
Nova Scotia lox.
See under lox1. * * *
Nova Scotia salmon
an Atlantic salmon, esp. from the waters off Nova Scotia, cured in the local manner. Cf. lox1. * * *
Nova Scotia, flag of
▪ Flag History       Canadian provincial flag consisting of a white field (background) with a blue saltire (diagonal cross) extending to the flag corners; a shield in ...
Nova, João da
▪ Spanish explorer Spanish  Juan de Nova   born 15th century, Galicia, Spain died 1509, Cochin, India       Spanish navigator who in the service of Portugal ...
Novachord
/noh"veuh kawrd'/, Trademark. a brand name for a keyboard instrument resembling in shape an upright piano, operating by electronic tone generation and providing a great variety ...
novaculite
/noh vak"yeuh luyt'/, n. Petrol. a very hard sedimentary rock, similar to chert, composed essentially of microcrystalline quartz. [1790-1800; < L novacul(a) a sharp knife, razor ...
Novaës, Guiomar
▪ Brazilian musician in full  Guiomar Novaës Pinto   born Feb. 28, 1896, São João da Boã Vista, Brazil died March 7, 1979, São Paulo       Brazilian pianist ...
Novak, Michael
▪ 1995       The modern state "is an overpromiser and an underachiever and ultimately a fraud. It is bound to disappoint, to embitter, to divide, to engender corrosive ...
Novák, Vítězslav
▪ Czech composer born Dec. 5, 1870, Kamenice nad Lipou, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died July 18, 1949, Skutec, Czech. [now in Czech ...
Novalis
/noh vah"lis/, n. (pen name of Friedrich von Hardenberg), 1772-1801, German poet. * * * orig. Friedrich Leopold, Baron von Hardenberg born May 2, 1772, Oberwiederstedt, ...
Novara
/noh vahr"euh/; It. /naw vah"rddah/, n. a city in NE Piedmont, in NW Italy. 102,135. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Novaria        city, Piemonte ( Piedmont) regione, ...
Novara, Battle of
(March 23, 1849) Battle of the first Italian war of independence at Novara, Italy, near Milan. Austrian troops under Joseph Radetzky defeated a larger Italian force under ...
Novartis AG
Swiss pharmaceutical company. It was formed through the 1996 merger of two Swiss firms: Ciba (see Ciba-Geigy) and Sandoz, a chemical company with interests in pharmaceuticals, ...
NovaScotia
No·va Sco·tia (nōʹvə skōʹshə) Abbr. NS or N.S. A province of eastern Canada comprising a mainland peninsula and the adjacent Cape Breton Island. It joined the ...
NovaScotian
See Nova Scotia. * * *
Novatian
▪ antipope Latin  Novatianus   born c. 200, , Rome [Italy] died c. 258       the second antipope in papal history, in 251. He was the first Roman theologian to write ...
novation
/noh vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Law. the substitution of a new obligation for an old one, usually by the substitution of a new debtor or of a new creditor. 2. the introduction of ...
Novato
/neuh vah"toh/, n. a city in W California, N of San Francisco. 43,916. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Marin county, western California, U.S. Located ...
Novaya Zemlya
/noh"veuh yeuh zem'lee ah"/; Russ. /naw"veuh yeuh zyim lyah"/ two large islands in the Arctic Ocean, N of and belonging to the Russian Federation. 35,000 sq. mi. (90,650 sq. ...
NovayaZemlya
No·va·ya Zem·lya (nōʹvə-yə zĕm'lē-äʹ, zĭm-lyäʹ) An archipelago of north-central Russia in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara seas. Consisting of two ...
Nove ware
▪ pottery       primarily majolica, or tin-glazed earthenware, made in Nove, Italy, in the 18th century. The factory was founded by Giovanni Battista Antonibon in 1728, ...
Novecento movement
▪ Italian art       group of Italian artists, formed in 1922 in Milan, that advocated a return to the great Italian representational art of the past.       The ...
novel
novel1 —novellike, adj. /nov"euhl/, n. 1. a fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity, portraying characters and usually presenting a sequential ...
novel of manners
▪ literature       work of fiction that re-creates a social world, conveying with finely detailed observation the customs, values, and mores of a highly developed and ...
novelette
/nov'euh let"/, n. a brief novel or long short story. [1805-15; NOVEL1 + -ETTE] * * *
novelettish
novelettish [näv΄ə let′ish] adj. like or characteristic of a novelette; specif., sentimental, contrived, lurid, shallow, etc. * * *
novelist
/nov"euh list/, n. a person who writes novels. [1575-85; NOVEL1 + -IST] * * *
novelistic
—novelistically, adv. /nov'euh lis"tik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of novels. [1825-35; NOVEL1 + -ISTIC] * * *
novelistically
See novelistic. * * *
novelization
See novelize. * * *
novelize
—novelization, n. —novelizer, n. /nov"euh luyz'/, v.t., novelized, novelizing. 1. to put into the form of a novel: He tried to novelize one of Shakespeare's plays. 2. to make ...
novelizer
See novelization. * * *
novella
/noh vel"euh/, n., pl. novellas, novelle /-vel"ee, -vel"ay/. 1. a tale or short story of the type contained in the Decameron of Boccaccio. 2. a fictional prose narrative that is ...
Novello
(1893–1951) a Welsh composer, actor and writer of plays. He wrote many successful songs and musical plays, in some of which he also acted. Two of the best-known are Glamorous ...
Novello, Antonia
▪ American physician née  Antonia Coello  born Aug. 23, 1944, Fajardo, Puerto Rico       physician and public official, the first woman and the first Hispanic to ...
Novello, Ivor
▪ British composer and playwright original name  David Ivor Davies  born Jan. 15, 1893, Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales died March 6, 1951, London, Eng.       Welsh ...
Novello, Vincent
▪ British composer born Sept. 6, 1781, London, Eng. died Aug. 9, 1861, Nice, Fr.       English composer, conductor, and founder of the Novello music publishing ...
novelly
See novel2. * * *
novelty
/nov"euhl tee/, n., pl. novelties, adj. n. 1. state or quality of being novel, new, or unique; newness: the novelty of a new job. 2. a novel occurrence, experience, or ...
novelty siding.
See drop siding. * * *
novelty song
▪ music Introduction       popular song that is either written and performed as a novelty or that becomes a novelty when removed from its original context. Regardless ...
November
/noh vem"beuhr/, n. 1. the eleventh month of the year, containing 30 days. 2. a word used in communications to represent the letter N. Abbr.: Nov. [bef. 1000; ME, OE < L: the ...
November Insurrection
▪ Polish history       (1830–31), Polish rebellion that unsuccessfully tried to overthrow Russian rule in the Congress Kingdom of Poland as well as in the Polish ...
Novembergruppe
▪ German art group GermanNovember Group       group of artists from many media formed in Berlin in December 1918 by Max Pechstein (Pechstein, Max) and César ...
novemdecillion
—novemdecillionth, adj., n. /noh'veuhm di sil"yeuhn/, n., pl. novemdecillions, (as after a numeral) novemdecillion, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number represented in the U.S. by 1 ...
novemdecillionth
See novemdecillion. * * *
novena
/noh vee"neuh, neuh-/, n., pl. novenae /-nee/, novenas. Rom. Cath. Ch. a devotion consisting of nine separate days of prayers or services. [1850-55; < ML novena, n. use of fem. ...
novercal
/noh verr"keuhl/, adj. of, like, or befitting a stepmother. [1615-25; < L novercalis, equiv. to noverc(a) stepmother + -alis -AL1] * * *
Noverre, Jean-Georges
born April 29, 1727, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 19, 1810, Saint-Germain-en-Laye French dancer and choreographer. His treatise Letters on Dancing and Ballets (1760) stressed the need ...
Novgorod
/nov"geuh rod'/; Russ. /nawv"geuh rddeuht/, n. a city in the Russian Federation in Europe, SE of St. Petersburg: a former capital of Russia. 228,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 ...
Novgorod school
Important school of Russian medieval icon and mural painting that flourished around Novgorod in the 12th–16th centuries. Novgorod, Russia's cultural centre in the 13th–14th ...
Novgorod, Treaty of
▪ Europe [1326]       (June 3, 1326), the peace treaty ending decades of hostilities between the principality of Novgorod (now in Russia) and Norway. The conflicts took ...
Novhorod-Siverskyy
▪ Ukraine Russian  Novgorod-Seversky,  also spelled  Novgorod-Severskiy        city, northern Ukraine. The city emerged probably in the late 10th century. In the ...
Novi
/noh"vuy/, n. a town in SE Michigan. 22,525. * * *
Novi Ligure
▪ Italy       town, Piedmont regione (region), northwestern Italy, north of Genoa. A free commune until 1192, it then fell successively to Tortona and Milan before ...
Novi Pazar
▪ Serbia       town, southern Serbia. It lies in the Raška River valley, in rough and hilly country near the site of Ras, which was the capital city of the medieval ...
Novi Sad
/naw"vee sahd"/ a city in and the capital of Vojvodina, in N Yugoslavia, on the Danube. 257,685. German, Neusatz. * * * Hungarian Úvidék City (pop., 2000 est.: 179,626), ...
novia
/naw"vyah/; Eng. /noh"vee euh/, n., pl. novias /-vyahs/; Eng. /-vee euhz/. Spanish. 1. a fiancée or bride. 2. a girlfriend or sweetheart. * * *
Novial
▪ language       artificial language constructed in 1928 by the Danish philologist Otto Jespersen (Jespersen, Otto), intended for use as an international auxiliary ...
novice
—novicehood, n. —novicelike, adj. /nov"is/, n. 1. a person who is new to the circumstances, work, etc., in which he or she is placed; beginner; tyro: a novice in politics. 2. ...
Novikov, Nikolay Ivanovich
▪ Russian writer born April 27 [May 8, New Style], 1744, Bronnitsky, near Moscow, Russia died July 31 [Aug. 12], 1818, Bronnitsky       Russian writer, philanthropist, ...
Novikov, Sergey Petrovich
▪ Russian mathematician born March 20, 1938, Gorky, Russia, U.S.S.R. [now Nizhny Novgorod, Russia]       Russian mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970 ...
novillada
no·vil·la·da (nō'vē-yäʹdə) n. A bullfight in which the bulls engaged are less than four years old.   [Spanish, from novillo, young bull, from Latin novellus, young, ...
novillero
/noh'vee air"oh, -veuhl yair"oh/; Sp. /naw'vee ye"rddaw, -lye"-/, n., pl. novilleros /-vee air"ohz, -veuhl yair"ohz/; Sp. /-vee ye"rddaws, -lye"-/. a young bullfighter who has ...
novio
/naw"vyaw/; Eng. /noh"vee oh'/, n., pl. novios /-vyaws/; Eng. /-vee ohz'/. Spanish. 1. a fiancé or bridegroom. 2. a boyfriend or sweetheart. * * *
NoviSad
No·vi Sad (nōʹvē sädʹ) A city of northern Yugoslavia on the Danube River northwest of Belgrade. It became a free city of Austria-Hungary in 1748 and was the center of a ...
novitiate
/noh vish"ee it, -ayt'/, n. 1. the state or period of being a novice of a religious order or congregation. 2. the quarters occupied by religious novices during probation. 3. the ...
Novo Hamburgo
▪ Brazil       city, eastern Rio Grande do Sul estado (state), southern Brazil. It was founded by Germans in 1927 and named for Hamburg, Germany. Novo Hamburgo lies at ...
Novo Mesto
▪ Slovenia       city, southern Slovenia, on the Krka River. Novo Mesto was founded in 1365 by Rudolf IV of Austria and became an important military base on the Ottoman ...
novobiocin
no·vo·bi·o·cin (nō'və-bīʹə-sĭn) n. An antibiotic, C31H36N2O11, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces nivens and used to treat infections by gram-positive ...
Novocain
/noh"veuh kayn'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of procaine. * * *
Novocherkassk
/noh'veuh cheuhr kahsk"/; Russ. /neuh veuh chyirdd kahsk"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, NE of Rostov. 188,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled ...
NovoHamburgo
No·vo Ham·bur·go (nôʹvo͝o äɴm-bo͞orʹgo͝o) A city of southern Brazil north of Pôrto Alegre. It was founded by German immigrants in the 19th century. Population: ...
Novohrad-Volynskyy
▪ Ukraine Russian  Novograd-Volynsky        city, western Ukraine. It lies at the confluence of the Sluch and Smilka rivers. Documents first record the existence of ...
Novokuibyshevsk
/noh'veuh kwee"beuh shefsk'/; Russ. /neuh veuh koohi"bi shifsk/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, SW of Kuibyshev. 109,000. * * *
Novokuybyshevsk
▪ Russia also spelled  Novokujbyševsk, or Novokuibyshevsk        city, Samara oblast (region), western Russia, near the Volga River. It was founded in 1948 in ...
Novokuznetsk
/noh'veuh kooz netsk"/; Russ. /neuh veuh kooh znyetsk"/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in central Asia: an industrial center is located here because of coal deposits of ...
Novomoskovsk
/noh'veuh mos kawfsk", -kofsk"/; Russ. /neuh veuh mu skawfsk"/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, S of Moscow. 147,000. * * * ▪ Russia formerly (until 1934) ...
Novorossiysk
/noh'veuh reuh seesk"/; Russ. /neuh veuh rddu syeesk"/, n. a seaport in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Black Sea. 179,000. Also, Novorossiisk. * * * ▪ ...
Novoshakhtinsk
/noh'veuh shahk"tinsk/; Russ. /neuh veuh shahkh"tyinsk/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Europe, NE of the Sea of Azov. 104,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled ...
Novosibirsk
/noh'veuh seuh bearsk"/; Russ. /neuh veuh syi byeerddsk"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Asia, on the Ob. 1,436,000. Formerly, Novonikolayevsk /noh'veuh nik'euh ...
Novosiltsev, Nikolay Nikolayevich, Count
▪ Russian statesman born 1768 died April 8 [April 20, New Style], 1838, St. Petersburg, Russia       Russian statesman and confidant of Tsar Alexander I, who made him a ...
Novotný
/neuh vot"nee/; Czech. /naw"vawt nee'/, n. Antonín /an"teuh nin/; Czech. /ahn"taw nyeen'/, 1904-75, Czech political leader: president 1957-68. * * *
Novotný, Antonín
▪ president of Czechoslovakia born Dec. 10, 1904, Letňany, near Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Jan. 28, 1975, Prague       Czech ...
Novotroitsk
▪ Russia also spelled  Novotroick        city, Orenburg oblast (region), west-central Russia. It lies along the Ural River, in the Orsk-Khalilovo industrial ...
Novum Organum
/noh"veuhm awr"geuh neuhm, awr gah"neuhm, -gan"euhm/; Lat. /noh"woom ohrdd"gah noohm'/ a philosophical work in Latin (1620) by Francis Bacon, presenting an inductive method for ...
novus ordo seclorum
/noh"woos ohrdd"doh se kloh"rddoom/; Eng. /noh"veuhs awr"doh se klawr"euhm, -klohr"-/, Latin. a new order of the ages (is born): motto on the reverse of the great seal of the ...
Novy Mir
▪ Soviet magazine       (Russian: “New World”), literary journal, a highly influential monthly published in Moscow. Founded in 1925, it was an official organ of the ...
now
—nowness, n. /now/, adv. 1. at the present time or moment: You are now using a dictionary. 2. without further delay; immediately; at once: Either do it now or not at all. 3. at ...
NOW
1. See National Organization for Women. 2. Banking. negotiable order of withdrawal. * * *
Nowa Huta
▪ section of Kraków, Poland       industrial section of Kraków (Cracow), southern Poland, on the Vistula River. The original medieval village settlements of Mogiła ...
Nowa Sól
▪ Poland German  Neusalz        city, Lubuskie województwo (province), west-central Poland, on the Oder River. A railroad junction and port on the Oder, Nowa Sól ...
NOWaccount
NOW account (nou) n. An interest-bearing savings account against which drafts may be written.   [n(egotiable) o(rder of) w(ithdrawal).] * * *
nowadays
/now"euh dayz'/, adv. 1. at the present day; in these times: Few people do their laundry by hand nowadays. n. 2. the present: The kitchens of nowadays are much more efficient ...
noway
/noh"way'/, adv. in no way, respect, or degree; not at all; nowise: He was noway responsible for the accident. Also, noways. [1275-1325; ME; see NO2, WAY] * * *
nowel
/noh el"/, n. Archaic. Noel (def. 2). [1300-50; ME < MF no(u)el NOEL] * * *
Nowell, Alexander
▪ English priest born c. 1507, Whalley, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 13, 1602, London       English scholar, Anglican priest, and dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in London ...
Nowgong
▪ Madhya Pradesh, India also called  Naogaon        town, northern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. Nowgong is connected by road with other centres and is a ...
nowhere
/noh"hwair', -wair'/, adv. 1. in or at no place; not anywhere: The missing pen was nowhere to be found. 2. to no place: We went nowhere last weekend. 3. nowhere near, not nearly: ...
nowhere-dense
/noh"hwair dens", -wair-/, adj. Math. (of a set in a topological space) having a closure that contains no open set with any points in it; nondense. * * *
nowheres
/noh"hwairz, -wairz/, adv. Nonstandard. nowhere. [see NOWHERE, -S1] * * *
nowheresville
/noh"hwairz vil', -wairz-/, n. Slang. 1. a remote or isolated town or village. 2. a job, position, rank, etc., completely lacking in status, recognition, or a chance for ...
nowhither
/noh"hwidh'euhr, -widh'-/, adv. to no place; nowhere: paths leading nowhither. [bef. 900; ME nohwider, OE nahwider. See NO1, WHITHER] * * *
nowise
/noh"wuyz'/, adv. noway. [1350-1400; ME. See NO2, -WISE] * * *
nown
/nohn/, adj. Obs. own. * * *
nowness
See now. * * *
Nowra-Bomaderry
▪ New South Wales, Australia       urban area, southeastern New South Wales, Australia, part of the Shoalhaven local government area. It lies along the Shoalhaven River ...
Nowruz
/now roohz"/, n. 1. the Persian New Year's Day. 2. Zoroastrianism. the seventh feast of obligation, devoted to fire, the seventh creation. * * *
Nowshera
▪ Pakistan also spelled  Naushahra        town, North-West Frontier (North-West Frontier Province) Province, northern Pakistan. Lying on a sandy plain surrounded by ...
nowt
nowt1 /nowt/, n., pl. nowt. Scot. and North Eng. 1. an ox. 2. a herd of cattle. [1150-1200; ME < Scand; cf. ON naut, NEAT2] nowt2 /noht/, n. Brit. Dial. naught; nothing. * * *
nowy
/now"ee, noh"ee/, adj. Heraldry. noting a partition line or charge in which one or more curves interrupt a normally straight line or lines, usually halfway along their length: ...
Nowy Sącz
▪ Poland       city, Małopolskie województwo (province), southern Poland. It lies along the Dunajec River, a tributary of the Vistula River. Nowy Sącz is situated in ...
Nox
Nox [näks] n. 〚L, NIGHT〛 Rom. Myth.Rom. Myth. night personified as a goddess: identified with the Greek Nyx * * *
noxious
—noxiously, adv. —noxiousness, n. /nok"sheuhs/, adj. 1. harmful or injurious to health or physical well-being: noxious fumes. 2. morally harmful; corrupting; pernicious: a ...
noxiously
See noxious. * * *
noxiousness
See noxiously. * * *
noyade
/nwah yahd"/; Fr. /nwann yannd"/, n. destruction or execution by drowning, esp. as practiced at Nantes, France, in 1793-94, during the Reign of Terror. [1810-20; < F: drowning, ...
Noyce, Robert
▪ American engineer Introduction in full  Robert Norton Noyce  born December 12, 1927, Burlington, Iowa, U.S. died June 3, 1990, Austin, Texas       American engineer ...
Noyce, Robert (Norton)
born Dec. 12, 1927, Burlington, Iowa, U.S. died June 3, 1990, Austin, Texas U.S. engineer. He received a Ph.D. from MIT. In 1957 he launched Fairchild Semiconductor, one of the ...
Noyes
/noyz/, n. 1. Alfred, 1880-1958, English poet. 2. John Humphrey, 1811-86, U.S. social reformer: founder of the Oneida Community. * * *
Noyes, Alfred
▪ British poet born Sept. 16, 1880, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Eng. died June 28, 1958, Isle of Wight       English poet, a traditionalist remembered chiefly for his ...
Noyes, John Humphrey
born Sept. 3, 1811, Brattleboro, Vt., U.S. died April 13, 1886, Niagara Falls, Ont., Can. U.S. social reformer. While studying for the ministry at Yale, Noyes declared his ...
Noyes,John Humphrey
Noyes (noiz), John Humphrey. 1811-1886. American religious leader who founded (1848) an experimental community at Oneida, New York, based on his belief in perfectionism and ...
Noyon
▪ France       town, Oise département, Picardy région, northern France. It lies north-northeast of Paris. The town, on the lower slopes and at the foot of a hill, ...
Noyori Ryōji
▪ Japanese chemist born September 3, 1938, Kōbe, Japan       Japanese chemist who, with K. Barry Sharpless (Sharpless, K. Barry) and William S. Knowles (Knowles, ...
Nozick, Robert
▪ 2003       American political philosopher (b. Nov. 16, 1938, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 23, 2002, Cambridge, Mass.), was a highly influential champion of libertarianism; ...
nozzle
/noz"euhl/, n. 1. a projecting spout, terminal discharging pipe, or the like, as of a hose or bellows. 2. Slang. the nose. 3. the spout of a teapot. 4. the socket of a ...
nō̆-men-
Name. Oldest form *ə₁no(ə₃)-mn̥, zero-grade form *ə₁n̥(ə₃)-men-. 1. name, from Old English nama, name, from Germanic *namōn-. 2. nominal, nominate, noun; agnomen, ...
NP
1. noun phrase. 2. nurse-practitioner. * * *
Np
Physics. neper; nepers. Symbol, Chem. neptunium. * * *
NP-complete problem
▪ computer science       any of a class of computational problems for which no efficient solution algorithm has been found. Many significant computer-science problems ...
NPK
Hort. nitrogen, phosphorus, and potasium. * * *
NPN
NPN abbr. nonprotein nitrogen. * * *


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