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nul·li·fi·er (nŭlʹə-fī'ər) n. 1. One that nullifies. 2. One who believes in nullification as a means by which U.S. states may resist federal laws. * * *
—nullifier, n. /nul"euh fuy'/, v.t., nullified, nullifying. 1. to render or declare legally void or inoperative: to nullify a contract. 2. to deprive (something) of value or ...
/nul"ing/, n. knulling. * * *
—nulliparity /nul'euh par"i tee/, n. —nulliparous, adj. /nu lip"euhr euh/, n., pl. nulliparae /-euh ree'/. Obstet. a woman who has never borne a child. [1870-75; < NL, equiv. ...
See nullipara. * * *
—nulliporous /nu lip"euhr euhs, nul'euh pawr"euhs, -pohr"-/, adj. /nul"euh pawr', -pohr'/, n. Bot. any of the coralline algae with a crustlike plant body. [1830-40; NULLI- + ...
/nul"i tee/, n., pl. nullities for 2-4. 1. the state or quality of being null; nothingness; invalidity. 2. something null. 3. something of no legal force or validity. 4. a person ...
nullius filius
/noohl"lee oos' fee"lee oos'/; Eng. /nul"ee euhs fee"lee euhs/, Latin. (esp. in law) son of nobody; bastard. * * *
nullius juris
/noohl"lee oos' yooh"rddis/; Eng. /nul"ee euhs joor"is/, Latin. (esp. in old English law) of no legal force. * * *
/nul"oh/, n., pl. nullos. (in certain card games) a bid to take no tricks. [1590-1600; < It: none < L nullus NULL] * * *
Num abbrev. Bible Numbers * * * (in full the National Union of Mineworkers) (in Britain) the main trade union for people who work in coal mines. For most of the 20th century, ...
num abbrev. 1. number 2. numeral(s) * * * (in full the National Union of Mineworkers) (in Britain) the main trade union for people who work in coal mines. For most of the 20th ...
Numbers. * * *
1. number. 2. numeral; numerals. * * *
Numa Pompilius
/nooh"meuh pom pil"ee euhs, nyooh"-/ died 673? B.C., 2nd legendary Sabine king of Rome 715-673? * * * ▪ king of Rome flourished c. 700 BC       second of the seven ...
▪ Nigeria       town and port on the Benue River, Adamawa state, eastern Nigeria. It is located about 30 miles (50 km) from Yola, opposite the mouth of the Gongola ...
/nooh man"shee euh, -sheuh, nyooh-/, n. an ancient city in N Spain: besieged and taken 134-133 B.C. by Scipio the Younger. * * * ▪ ancient town, Spain       a ...
Nu·ma·zu (no͞o-mäʹzo͞o) A city of south-central Honshu, Japan, southwest of Yokohama. It is a popular resort. Population: 213,062. * * * ▪ Japan       city, ...
—numbly, adv. —numbness, n. /num/, adj. number, numbest, v. adj. 1. deprived of physical sensation or the ability to move: fingers numb with cold. 2. manifesting or ...
/num"bat/, n. See banded anteater. [1920-25; < Nyungar numbat] * * * ▪ marsupial also called  Banded Anteater        (Myrmecobius fasciatus), marsupial mammal of the ...
—numberable, adj. —numberer, n. /num"beuhr/, n. 1. a numeral or group of numerals. 2. the sum, total, count, or aggregate of a collection of units, or the like: A number of ...
number cruncher
number cruncher [krunch′ər] Informal n. 1. a computer used for the rapid execution of many or complex calculations (number crunching) 2. a person, as a statistician or ...
number eight iron
Golf. See pitching niblick. * * *
number five iron
Golf. mashie. * * *
number four iron
Golf. See mashie iron. * * *
number four wood
Golf. baffy. * * *
number game
Introduction       any of various puzzles and games that involve aspects of mathematics.       Mathematical recreations comprise puzzles and games that vary from ...
number line
Math. a straight line on which there is indicated a one-to-one correspondence between points on the line and the set of real numbers. Also called real line. [1955-60] * * *
number nine iron
Golf. niblick. * * *
Number of amino acids per protein molecule
▪ Table Number of amino acids per protein molecule protein* amino acid Cyto Hb alpha Hb ...
Number of possible alkane isomers
▪ Table Number of possible alkane isomers molecular formula number of constitutional ...
number one
1. oneself, esp. one's own well-being or interests: to look out for number one. 2. a person, company, etc., that is first in rank, order, or prestige: Our team is number one. 3. ...
number one iron
Golf. See driving iron. * * *
number one wood
Golf. driver (def. 4). * * *
number opera
an opera in which the arias, ensembles, recitatives, and other sections are clearly separated from one another. Cf. music drama. * * *
number plate
(BrE) (also license plate AmE)) a metal or plastic plate on the front and back of a vehicle with a series of numbers and letters, the registration number, which identifies that ...
number plates
➡ driving * * *
number seven iron
Golf. pitcher2 (def. 3). * * *
number sign
a symbol (#) for "number" or "numbered": item #8 on the list. Cf. hash mark, pound sign, space mark. * * *
number six iron
Golf. See mashie niblick. * * *
number symbolism
Introduction       cultural associations, including religious, philosophic, and aesthetic, with various numbers.       Humanity has had a love-hate relationship ...
number system
Method of writing numerals to represent numbers. The use of zero as a placeholder was the greatest advance in number systems. The most common system is the decimal system, in ...
Number Ten
(also No 10) 1. the house at 10 Downing Street, the official London home of the British Prime Minister (although Tony Blair and his family in fact live next door at No 11, which ...
number theory
Math. the study of integers and their relation to one another. Also called theory of numbers. [1910-15] * * * Branch of mathematics concerned with properties of and relations ...
number three iron
Golf. mid-mashie. * * *
number three wood
Golf. spoon (def. 5). * * *
number two
1. someone or something that is second in rank, order, or importance. 2. defecation: used esp. by or with reference to children. 3. make, do, or go number two, Informal. to ...
number two iron
Golf. midiron. * * *
number two wood
Golf. brassie. * * *
—number-crunching, adj. /num"beuhr krun'cheuhr/, n. Informal. a person or thing that performs a great many numerical calculations, as a financial analyst, statistician, ...
number cruncher n. Slang 1. A computer that is able to perform complex, lengthy calculations. 2. A person who performs numerous calculations, especially an accountant.   number ...
See number cruncher. * * *
numbered account
Finance. a bank account whose owner is identified by a number for the purpose of preserving anonymity. [1960-65] * * *
Numbered Treaties
▪ Canadian history       (1871–1921), in Canadian history (Canada), a series of 11 treaties negotiated between the dominion and the country's aboriginal (Native ...
See number. * * *
/num"beuhr lis/, adj. 1. innumerable; countless; myriad. 2. without a number. [1565-75; NUMBER + -LESS] Syn. 1. uncounted, untold; numerous. * * *
number line n. A line that graphically expresses the real numbers as a series of points distributed about a point arbitrarily designated as zero and in which the magnitude of ...
number one n. 1. One that is first in rank, order, or importance. 2. Slang. One's own interests; oneself: watching out for number one. 3. Informal. a. The act of urinating. b. ...
/num"beuhrz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the fourth book of the Old Testament, containing the census of the Israelites after the Exodus from Egypt. Abbr.: Num. * * * ▪ Old ...
numbers game
▪ gambling       the most widespread lottery game in the United States before lottery games were legalized in many states, though illegal wherever it is played. Patrons ...
numbers pool
1. Also called numbers, numbers game, numbers racket. an illegal daily lottery in which money is wagered on the appearance of certain numbers in some statistical listing or ...
numbers game n. A lottery in which bets are made on an unpredictable number, such as a daily stock quotation. * * *
number sign n. The symbol (#), used to represent the word number. * * *
number system n. Any system of naming or representing numbers, as the decimal system or the binary system. Also called numeral system. * * *
number two n. Informal 1. The act of defecating. 2. Feces. * * *
/num"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) numbfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) numbfishes. an electric ray, so called from its power of numbing its prey by ...
—numbingly, adv. /num"ing/, adj. causing numbness or insensibility; stupefying: the numbing effects of grief; a story repeated with numbing regularity. [1625-35; NUMB + ...
/num"beuhlz/, n.pl. certain of the inward parts of an animal, esp. of a deer, used as food. Also, nombles. [1275-1325; ME < MF nombles fillet of venison, pl. of nomble, ...
See numb. * * *
See numbly. * * *
/num"skul'/, n. numskull. * * *
num·chuck (nŭmʹchŭk') n. Variant of nunchaku. * * *
/nooh"min, nyooh"-/, n., pl. numina /-meuh neuh/. divine power or spirit; a deity, esp. one presiding locally or believed to inhabit a particular object. [1620-30; < L numen a ...
Numenius of Apamea
▪ Greek philosopher flourished late 2nd century       Greek philosopher chiefly responsible for the transition from Platonist (Platonism) idealism to a Neoplatonic ...
—numerableness, n. —numerably, adv. /nooh"meuhr euh beuhl, nyooh"-/, adj. capable of being counted, totaled, or numbered. [1560-70; < L numerabilis that can be counted, ...
See numerate. * * *
/nooh'meuh rair", nyooh'-/, n. a basic standard by which values are measured, as gold in the monetary system. [1960-65; < F numéraire; see NUMERARY] * * *
/nooh"meuhr euhl, nyooh"-; noohm"reuhl, nyoohm"-/, n. 1. a word, letter, symbol, or figure, etc., expressing a number; number: the Roman numerals. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
numeral system
▪ mathematics  any of various sets of symbols and the rules for using them to represent numbers (number), which are used to express how many objects are in a given set. Thus ...
See numeral. * * *
numerals and numeral systems
▪ mathematics Introduction       a collection of symbols used to represent small numbers, together with a system of rules for representing larger ...
numeral system n. See number system. * * *
/nooh"meuh rer'ee, nyooh"-/, adj. of or pertaining to a number or numbers. [1720-30; < ML numerarius (LL: arithmetician, accountant), equiv. to L numer(us) number + -arius ...
—numeracy, n. v. /nooh"meuh rayt', nyooh"-/; adj. /nooh"meuhr it, nyooh"-/, v., numerated, numerating, adj. v.t. 1. to represent numbers by symbols. 2. enumerate (def. ...
—numerative, adj. /nooh'meuh ray"sheuhn, nyooh'-/, n. 1. an act or instance of or the process or result of numbering or counting. 2. the process or a method of reckoning or ...
/nooh"meuh ray'teuhr, nyooh"-/, n. 1. Arith. the term of a fraction, usually above the line, that indicates the number of equal parts that are to be added together; the dividend ...
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Marcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus   died 284       Roman emperor 283–284.       He succeeded his father, Carus, in the ...
numeric [no͞o mer′ik, nyo͞omer′ik] adj. NUMERICAL n. a numeral, or digit * * * nu·mer·ic (no͞o-mĕrʹĭk, nyo͞o-) n. A number or numeral. adj. Variant of ...
numeric keypad
Computers. keypad (def. 1). Also, numeric pad. * * *
—numerically, adv. —numericalness, n. /nooh mer"i keuhl, nyooh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to numbers; of the nature of a number. 2. indicating a number: numerical ...
numerical analysis
the branch of mathematics dealing with methods for obtaining approximate numerical solutions of mathematical problems. [1925-30] * * * Branch of applied mathematics that studies ...
numerical aperture
Micros. a measure of the resolving power of a microscope, equal to the index of refraction of the medium in which the object is placed multiplied by the sine of the angle made ...
numerical control
—numerically controlled. Computers. control of a machine tool, or other device used in a manufacturing process, by a computer, other control circuitry, or recorded digital ...
numerical taxonomy
classification of organisms by a comparison of large numbers of observable characteristics that are given equal value instead of being weighted according to possible evolutionary ...
numerical weather prediction
a method of predicting weather through the use of high-speed computers, specifically by the time integration of the fundamental equations of hydrodynamics in a mathematically ...
numerical analysis n. The study of approximation techniques for solving mathematical problems, taking into account the extent of possible errors. * * *
numerical control n. Control of a process or machine by encoded commands that are commonly prepared by a computer. * * *
See numerical. * * *
numerical taxonomy n. The branch of taxonomy that uses mathematical methods to evaluate observable differences and similarities between taxonomic groups. Also called ...
numerical value n. See absolute value. * * *
numero uno
/nooh"meuh roh' ooh"noh, nyooh"-/ number one (defs. 1-4). [1970-75; < It] * * *
See numerology. * * *
See numerological. * * *
—numerological /nooh'meuhr euh loj"i keuhl, nyooh'-/, adj. —numerologist, n. /nooh'meuh rol"euh jee, nyooh'-/, n. the study of numbers, as the figures designating the year of ...
nu·me·ro u·no (no͞oʹmə-rō o͞oʹnō, nyo͞oʹ-) n. Slang 1. One that is first in rank, order, or importance. 2. One's own interests; oneself. adj. Number one.   [Spanish ...
—numerously, adv. —numerousness, numerosity /nooh'meuh ros"i tee, nyooh'-/, n. /nooh"meuhr euhs, nyooh"-/, adj. 1. very many; being or existing in great quantity: numerous ...
See numerous. * * *
See numerously. * * *
/num"ik/, n. 1. a branch of the Uto-Aztecan family of languages including Northern Paiute, Shoshone, Comanche, Southern Paiute, Ute, and others. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the ...
Numic languages
formerly  Plateau Shoshonean,         North American Indian language group that was spoken by Native Americans in Nevada, Utah, and portions of California, Oregon, ...
—Numidian, adj., n. /nooh mid"ee euh, nyooh-/, n. an ancient country in N Africa, corresponding roughly to modern Algeria. * * * Ancient country, North Africa, approximately ...
Numidian [no͞o′mid′ēən, nyo͞omid′ēən] n. 1. a person born or living in Numidia 2. the language of old Berber inscriptions from this area adj. of the Numidians or ...
Numidian crane
Numidian crane n. DEMOISELLE (sense 2) * * *
/nooh"meuh neuh, nyooh"-/, n. pl. of numen. * * *
/nooh"meuh neuhs, nyooh"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or like a numen; spiritual or supernatural. 2. surpassing comprehension or understanding; mysterious: that element in ...
1. numismatic. 2. numismatics. Also, numism. * * *
—numismatically, adv. /nooh'miz mat"ik, -mis-, nyooh'-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or consisting of coins, medals, paper money, etc. 2. pertaining to numismatics. Also, ...
See numismatic. * * *
/nooh'miz mat"iks, -mis-, nyooh'-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study or collecting of coins, medals, paper money, etc. [1820-30; see NUMISMATIC, -ICS] * * *
/nooh miz"meuh tist, -mis"-, nyooh-/, n. 1. a specialist in numismatics. 2. a person who collects numismatic items, esp. coins. [1790-1800; < L numismat- (s. of numisma) coin + ...
/num"euh ree/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to coins or money. 2. dealing in coins or money. [1650-60; < L nummarius of, belonging to money, equiv. to numm(us) coin + -arius -ARY] * ...
/num"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. pertaining to coins or money; nummary. 2. having the shape of a coin; flat and circular or oval in form. 3. Pathol. composed of round, flat disks: ...
—nummulitic /num'yeuh lit"ik/, adj. /num"yeuh luyt'/, n. a fossil foraminifer of the genus Camerina (Nummulites), having a calcareous, usually disklike shell. [1805-15; ...
See nummulite. * * *
nummulitic limestone
limestone composed predominantly of fossil nummulites. [1825-35] * * *
/num"skul'/, n. a dull-witted or stupid person; dolt. Also, numbskull. [1710-20; NUM(B) + SKULL] * * *
nun1 —nunlike, adj. /nun/, n. 1. a woman member of a religious order, esp. one bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. 2. any of various birds, esp. a domestic ...
/noohn/, n. the major channel of the Niger River, in W Africa. /noohn/, n. Egyptian Relig. Nunu. * * * I or Nu Oldest of the Egyptian gods and father of Re, the sun god. Nun ...
nun buoy
/nun/ a conical, unlighted buoy used as a channel marker, esp. on the starboard side of a channel entering from seaward. Cf. can buoy. See illus. under buoy. [1695-1705; obs. nun ...
Nun River
River, southern Nigeria. Considered the direct continuation of the Niger River, it flows southwest to the Gulf of Guinea, at Akassa. It was a trade route in the 19th century, ...
nun's fiddle.
See trumpet marine. [1900-05] * * *
nun's veiling
a thin, plain-woven, worsted fabric, originally for nuns' veils but now also for dresses, coats, etc. [1880-85] * * *
/nun"euh tak'/, n. a hill or mountain that has been completely encircled by a glacier. [1875-80; < Inuit (West Greenlandic) nunataq] * * * ▪ geology       isolated ...
—nunated, adj. /nu nay"sheuhn/, n. Arabic Gram. the doubling, in writing, of the final vowel symbol to indicate the addition, in speech, of the indefinite suffix n to certain ...
Nunavut [no͞o′nə vo͞ot΄] territory of N Canada: 770,000 sq mi (1,994,292 sq km); pop. 25,000; cap. Iqaluit (former name, Frobisher Bay): abbrev. NU * * * Nu·na·vut ...
Nunavut, flag of
▪ Flag History       Canadian territorial flag that is yellow at the hoist and white at the fly end, with a distinctive black-outlined red symbol in the centre. In the ...
Nunavut: The Birth of a New Territory
▪ 2000 Introduction by David M.L. Farr  Canada witnessed the birth of a new territory in 1999, the first change in its internal boundaries since the admission of Newfoundland ...
      any of certain puffbird species. See puffbird. * * *
/noongk/; Eng. /nungk/, adv. Latin. now. * * *
Nunc Dimittis
/nungk" di mit"is, noongk"/ 1. (italics) the canticle beginning with the words of Simeon, in Luke 2:29-32, "Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace." 2. (l.c.) ...
Nunc Di·mit·tis (nŭngk' dĭ-mĭtʹĭs, no͝ongk') n. A Christian canticle or hymn using the words of Simeon in Luke 2:29-32, beginning “Nunc dimittis servum tuum” (“Now ...
/nun chah"kooh/, n. Sometimes, nunchakus. an Oriental hand weapon for defense against frontal assault, consisting of two foot-long hardwood sticks joined by a chain or thick cord ...
/nun"shee euh cheuhr, -choor', -see-, noon"-/, n. the office or the term of service of a nuncio. [1645-55; < It nunziatura. See NUNCIO, -ATE3, -URE] * * *
/nun"shee oh', -see oh', noon"-/, n., pl. nuncios. a diplomatic representative of the pope at a foreign court or capital: equal in status to an ambassador. Cf. apostolic ...
/nung"keuhl/, n. Chiefly Brit. Dial. uncle. [1580-90; from the phrase mine uncle, taken as my nuncle; cf. NEWT] * * *
/nung"kyeuh pay'tiv, nung kyooh"peuh tiv/, adj. (esp. of a will) oral; not written. [1540-50; < ML (testamentum) nuncupativum oral (will), neut. of LL nuncupativus so-called, ...
nuncupative will
Law. a will made by the oral and unwritten declaration of the testator, valid only in special circumstances. Cf. holographic will. [1540-50] * * *
Nun·ea·ton (nŭ-nētʹn) A municipal borough of central England north of Coventry. It is a textile center. Population: 118,454. * * *
Nuneaton and Bedworth
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Warwickshire, in the Midlands of England. The town of Nuneaton seems ...
Nunes, Pedro
▪ Portuguese geographer Latin  Petrus Nonius   born 1502, Alcácer do Sal, Port. died Aug. 11, 1578, Coimbra       mathematician, geographer, and the chief figure in ...
Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar
▪ Spanish explorer born c. 1490, Extremadura, Castile [now in Spain] died c. 1560, Sevilla, Spain       Spanish explorer who spent eight years in the Gulf region of ...
Núñez de Arce, Gaspar
▪ Spanish poet born Aug. 4, 1832, Valladolid, Spain died June 9, 1903, Madrid       Spanish poet and statesman, once regarded as the great poet of doubt and ...
Núñez, Rafael
▪ president of Colombia born Sept. 28, 1825, Cartagena, New Granada died Sept. 12, 1894, El Cabrero, Colom.  three-time president of Colombia who dominated that nation's ...
/nun"hood/, n. the status, vocation, or responsibilities of a nun. Also called nunship. [1805-15; NUN1 + -HOOD] * * *
Nu·ni·vak (no͞oʹnə-văk') An island off western Alaska in the Bering Sea. It was first sighted by Russian explorers in 1821. * * *
Nunivak Island
▪ island, Alaska, United States  island in the Bering Sea (Bering Sea and Strait) off the southwestern coast of Alaska, U.S. It is 55 miles (90 km) long and 40 miles (65 km) ...
      any of certain puffbird species. See puffbird. * * *
(1940– ) an English theatre director who helped to run the Royal Shakespeare Company from 1968 to 1987. He has also produced three of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musicals in London ...
Nunn May, Alan
▪ 2004       British nuclear physicist and spy (b. May 2, 1911, Birmingham, Eng.—d. Jan. 12, 2003, Cambridge, Eng.), was one of the first Cold War spies for the Soviet ...
—nunnated, adj. /nu nay"sheuhn/, n. nunation. * * *
/nun"euh ree/, n., pl. nunneries. a building or group of buildings for nuns; convent. [1225-75; ME nonnerie. See NUN1, -ERY] * * *
/nooh"nooh/, n. Egyptian Relig. a god personifying the ocean, the primeval chaos from which the world was formed. Also, Nun. * * *
nuoc mam
nuoc mam [nwôk mäm′] n. [also in italics] a pungent, salty sauce made from fermented fish, used in Vietnamese cooking * * *
nuoc mam (nwôkʹ mämʹ) n. A pungent, salty liquid made from fermented anchovies or other fish, used as a seasoning and condiment in Southeast Asian cuisine. Also called fish ...
▪ Italy       city, east-central Sardinia, Italy, at the foot of Monte Ortobene. Although the site has been inhabited since prehistoric times, the city was first ...
▪ people, Nupe       people living near the confluence of the Niger (Niger River) and Kaduna (Kaduna River) rivers in west-central Nigeria. They speak a language of the ...
/nooh"peuhr kayn', nyooh"-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of dibucaine. * * *
—nuptially, adv. /nup"sheuhl, -cheuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to marriage or the marriage ceremony: the nuptial day; nuptial vows. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of ...
nuptial mass
Rom. Cath. Ch. a special mass said at a wedding. * * *
nuptial plumage
Ornith. the plumage assumed by a male bird during the courtship period, esp. in those species that are more colorful at this period. Also called breeding plumage. [1830-40] * * *
See nuptial. * * *
Nuqrāshī, Maḥmūd Fahmī al-
▪ prime minister of Egypt also spelled  Mahmoud Fahmy Nokrashy  born 1888, Alexandria, Egypt died December 28, 1948, Cairo       Egyptian politician who was prime ...
/noohk, nyoohk/, n. the back of the neck. [1570-80; < F; see NUCHA] * * *
Nūr al-Dīn
▪ Muslim ruler in full  Nūr al-Dīn Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʿImād al-Dīn Zangī , also called  Nureddin  born February 1118 died May 15, 1174, Damascus ...
Nūr al-Hilmī, Burhanuddin bin Muhammad
born 1911, Kota Bharu, Malaya died Oct. 25, 1969, Taiping, Malaysia Malay nationalist leader. After serving the administration of the Japanese occupation during the war, Nūr ...
—nuraghic, adj. /nooh rah"gay/, n., pl. nuraghi /-gee/, nuraghes. any of the large, tower-shaped, prehistoric stone structures found in Sardinia and dating from the second ...
/nerrd/, n. nerd. * * *
Nurek Dam
▪ dam, Tajikistan       one of the world's highest dams, located on the Vakhsh River in Tajikistan near the border with Afghanistan. An earth-fill dam, it was completed ...
/noor"euhm berrg', nyoor"-/, n. a city in central Bavaria, in SE Germany: site of international trials (1945-46) of Nazis accused of war crimes. 471,800. German, Nürnberg. * * *
Nuremberg egg
Horol. an egg-shaped watch of the 16th century: one of the earliest watches. [1955-60] * * *
Nuremberg violet.
See manganese violet. * * *
▪ historical region, Afghanistan also spelled  Nūristān , formerly (until 1895)  Kāfiristān        historic region in eastern Afghanistan, about 5,000 square ...
/noo ray"ef, -ev/; Russ. /nooh rddyay"yif/, n. Rudolf (Hametovich) /khu mye"teuh vyich/, 1938-93, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer; Austrian citizen 1982. * * *
Nureyev, Rudolf
▪ Russian dancer in full  Rudolf Hametovich Nureyev  born March 17, 1938, Irkutsk, Russian S.F.S.R. [now Russia] died Jan. 6, 1993, Paris, France  ballet dancer whose ...
Nureyev, Rudolf (Hametovich)
born March 17, 1938, Irkutsk, Russia, U.S.S.R. died Jan. 6, 1993, Paris, Fr. Russian ballet dancer. After studying ballet in Leningrad (1955–58), he joined the Kirov Ballet ...
Nureyev, Rudolf Hametovich
▪ 1994       Soviet-born ballet dancer (b. March 17, 1938, near Irkutsk, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R.—d. Jan. 6, 1993, Paris, France), was one of the most celebrated ...
Nureyev,Rudolf Hametovich
Nu·re·yev (no͝orʹĭ-yĕf, no͝o-rāʹ-), Rudolf Hametovich. 1938-1993. Russian-born ballet dancer and choreographer. Noted for his athletic grace, stage presence, and ...
born 1559, Manchuria died Sept. 30, 1626 Chieftain of one branch of the Juchen (later called Manchu), whose attack on China in 1618 presaged his son Dorgon's conquest. Nurhachi ...
Nūrī al-Sa{ʽ}īd
born 1888, Baghdad, Iraq died July 14, 1958, Baghdad Iraqi soldier and longtime prime minister of Iraq. He entered the army in 1909, when Iraq was a province of the Ottoman ...
Nuri as-Said
▪ Iraqi statesman born 1888, Baghdad died July 14, 1958, Baghdad  Iraqi army officer, statesman, and political leader who maintained close ties with Great Britain and worked ...
/noor'euh stan", -stahn"/, n. a mountainous region in NE Afghanistan. 5000 sq. mi. (12,950 sq. km). Formerly, Kafiristan. * * *
/noor'euh stah"nee, -stan"ee/, n., pl. Nuristanis, (esp. collectively) Nuristani for 1. 1. Kafir (def. 1). 2. Kafiri. * * * ▪ people also called  Nuri, Kaffir, or ...
/nerrl/, n., v.t. knurl. * * *
/nerr"mee/; Fin. /noordd"mi/, n. Paavo Johannes /pah"vaw yaw"hahn nes/, 1897-1973, Finnish athlete. * * *
Nurmi, Paavo
▪ Finnish athlete in full  Paavo Johannes Nurmi  born June 13, 1897, Turku, Finland died October 2, 1973, Helsinki  Finnish track athlete who dominated long-distance ...
Nurmi, Paavo (Johannes)
born June 13, 1897, Turku, Fin. died Oct. 2, 1973, Helsinki Finnish track athlete. The outstanding long-distance runner of his generation, he captured nine gold medals and ...
Nur·mi (no͝orʹmē), Paavo. 1897-1973. Finnish runner. One of the greatest middle-distance runners in history, he won a total of nine Olympic gold medals (1920, 1924, and ...
/nyuurddn"berddk'/, n. German name of Nuremberg. * * * I also known as Nuremberg City (pop., 2002 est.: city, 491,307; metro. area, 1,018,211), Bavaria, southern Germany, on ...
Nürnberg faience
      German tin-glazed earthenware made at Nürnberg between 1712 and 1840. It is among the earliest German faience produced, since Nürnberg was a centre of pottery ...
Nürnberg Laws
(1935) Two measures designed by Adolf Hitler and approved by a Nazi Party convention at Nürnberg, Ger. , on Sept. 15, 1935. The laws deprived Jews of German citizenship and ...
Nürnberg Rallies
Massive rallies held by the Nazi Party in Nürnberg, Ger. , to showcase its power. After smaller rallies at party conventions in 1923 and 1927, the first large-scale rally was ...
Nürnberg Rally
▪ Nazi Party rallies German  Nürnberger Parteitage , English  Nürnberg Party Meetings        any of the massive Nazi Party rallies held in 1923, 1927, and 1929 ...
Nürnberg trials
(1945–46) Trials of former Nazi Party leaders held in Nürnberg, Ger. At the end of World War II, the International Military Tribunal was established by the U.S., Britain, ...
/nerrs/, n., v., nursed, nursing. 1. a person formally educated and trained in the care of the sick or infirm. Cf. nurse-midwife, nurse-practitioner, physician's assistant, ...
nurse crop
a crop planted in the same field with another crop, esp. to minimize the growth of weeds. [1935-40] * * *
nurse practitioner
nurse practitioner n. a registered nurse who has additional training and expertise in certain medical practices, therapies, etc. * * *
nurse shark
any of several sharks of the family Orectolobidae, esp. Ginglymostoma cirratum, occurring in shallow waters from Rhode Island to Brazil and the Gulf of California to ...
nurse's aide
a person who assists professional nurses, as in a hospital, by performing such routine tasks as making beds and serving meals. * * *
nurse's aide (nûrʹsĭz) n. pl. nurses' aides A person who assists nurses at a hospital or other medical facility in tasks requiring little or no formal training or ...
Nurse, Sir Paul M.
born Jan. 25, 1949, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. British scientist. He earned a Ph.D. from the University of East Anglia in 1973 and was a professor at the University of Oxford from ...
/nerrs"kli nish"euhn/, n. nurse-practitioner. Also, nurse clinician. * * *
/nerrs"mid"wuyf'/, n., pl. nurse-midwives. a nurse skilled in assisting women in the prenatal period and in childbirth, esp. at home or in another nonhospital setting. * * *
/nerrs"prak tish"euh neuhr/, n. a registered nurse who has received special training for diagnosing and treating routine or minor ailments. Abbr.: NP. Also, nurse practitioner. ...
/nerrs"ling/, n. nursling. * * *
/nerrs"mayd'/, n. 1. Also called nurserymaid. a woman or girl employed to care for a child or several children, esp. in a household. v.t. 2. to act as a nursemaid to; to take ...
nurse practitioner n. Abbr. NP A registered nurse with special training for providing primary health care, including many tasks customarily performed by a physician. * * *
/nerr"seuhr/, n. 1. a person, animal, or thing that nurses. 2. See nursing bottle. [1350-1400; ME; see NURSE, -ER1] * * *
/nerr"seuh ree/, n., pl. nurseries. 1. a room or place set apart for young children. 2. a nursery school or day nursery. 3. a place where young trees or other plants are raised ...
nursery rhyme
a short, simple poem or song for very young children, as Hickory Dickory Dock. [1835-45] * * * Verse customarily told or sung to small children. Though the oral tradition of ...
nursery rhymes
Nursery rhymes are short verses and songs for children. Some are more than 200 years old. An early collection of rhymes, Mother Goose’s Melody, was published in England in ...
nursery school
a prekindergarten school for children from about three to five years of age. [1825-35] * * *
nursery-web spider
▪ arachnid       any member of a family of spiders (order Araneida) noted for the female spider's habit of making a protective nursery web for the young and standing ...
/nerr"seuh ree meuhn/, n., pl. nurserymen. a person who owns or conducts a plant nursery. [1665-75; NURSERY + MAN1] Usage. See -man. * * *
nursery rhyme n. A short, rhymed poem or tale for children. * * *
nursery school n. A school for children, usually between the ages of three and five, who are not old enough to attend kindergarten.   nursery schooler n. * * *
See nursery school. * * *
/nerr"seuh ree woom'euhn/, n., pl. nurserywomen. a woman who owns or operates a plant nursery. [NURSERY(MAN) + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
nursing [nʉr′siŋ] n. 1. the duties or profession of a nurse 2. the medical care given by a nurse * * * nurs·ing (nûrʹsĭng) n. 1. The profession of a nurse. 2. The tasks ...
nursing bottle
a bottle with a rubber nipple, from which an infant sucks milk, water, etc. [1860-65] * * *
nursing home
1. a private residential institution equipped to care for persons unable to look after themselves, as the aged or chronically ill. 2. Chiefly Brit. a small private hospital; a ...
nursing home n. A private establishment that provides living quarters and care for the elderly or the chronically ill. * * *
/nerrs"ling/, n. 1. an infant, child, or young animal being nursed or being cared for by a nurse. 2. any person or thing under fostering care, influences, or conditions. Also, ...
—nurturant, adj. /nerr"cheuhr euhns/, n. warm and affectionate physical and emotional support and care. [1935-40; NURTURE + -ANCE] * * *
See nurturance. * * *
—nurturable, adj. —nurtureless, adj. —nurturer, n. /nerr"cheuhr/, v., nurtured, nurturing, n. v.t. 1. to feed and protect: to nurture one's offspring. 2. to support and ...
See nurture. * * *
(in full the National Union of Students) (in Britain) an organization for students in universities and colleges of further education, where it organizes entertainments and ...
Nusa Tenggara Barat
▪ province, Indonesia English  West Nusa Tenggara        provinsi (province) of Indonesia, comprising the western Lesser Sunda Islands of Lombok, Sumbawa, Moyo, and ...
Nusa Tenggara Timur
▪ province, Indonesia English  East Nusa Tenggara        provinsi (province) of Indonesia that includes the eastern Lesser Sunda Islands of Sumba, Flores, Solor, ...
▪ Turkey formerly  Nisibin         town, southeastern Turkey. The town is situated on the Görgarbonizra River where it passes through a narrow canyon and enters the ...
/noos"koo/, n. a Sumerian and Babylonian deity, originally the vizier of Enlil. * * * ▪ Mesopotamian deity       in Mesopotamian religion, Sumero-Akkadian god of light ...
Nüss·lein-Vol·hard (nüsʹlīn'fôlʹhärt'), Christiane. Born 1942. German biologist who shared a 1995 Nobel Prize in medicine for her work with fruit flies, which ...
Nüsslein-Volhard, Christiane
▪ German geneticist born Oct. 20, 1942, Magdeburg, Ger.    German developmental geneticist who was jointly awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with ...
—nutlike, adj. /nut/, n., v., nutted, nutting. n. 1. a dry fruit consisting of an edible kernel or meat enclosed in a woody or leathery shell. 2. the kernel itself. 3. Bot. a ...
/nooht/, n. Egyptian Relig. the goddess of the sky, sometimes shown as a cow bearing Ra on her back and the stars on her underside. * * * In Egyptian religion, a goddess of the ...
nut case
Slang (offensive). a deranged person; lunatic. [1955-60] * * *
nut coal.
See chestnut coal. * * *
nut dash
Print. a dash equal in length to the width of an en quad; en dash. * * *
nut grass
either of two sedges, Cyperus rotundus or C. esculentus, that have small, nutlike tubers and are often troublesome weeds. Also called nut sedge. [1765-75, Amer.] * * *
nut house
Slang. a mental hospital; insane asylum. Also, nuthouse. [1900-05] * * *
nut pine
piñon (def. 1). [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
nut quad
Print. a quad one en wide; en quad. * * *
nut sedge.
See nut grass. [1905-10] * * *
nut weevil
any of several snout beetles of the genus Balaninus, the larvae of which live in and feed on nuts and acorns. [1795-1805] * * *
nut-brown [nut′broun′] adj. dark-brown, like some ripe nuts * * *
/nooht"nt, nyooht"-/, adj. Bot. drooping; nodding. [1745-55; < L nutant- (s. of nutans), prp. of nutare to nod repeatedly. See NUTATION, -ANT] * * *
/nooh"tayt, nyooh"-/, v.i., nutated, nutating. to undergo or show nutation. [1875-80; back formation from NUTATION] * * *
—nutational, adj. /nooh tay"sheuhn, nyooh-/, n. 1. an act or instance of nodding one's head, esp. involuntarily or spasmodically. 2. Bot. spontaneous movements of plant parts ...
See nutation. * * *
/nut"brown"/, adj. dark brown, as many nuts when ripe. [1250-1300; ME. See NUT, BROWN] * * *
nut case n. Slang A person regarded as eccentric or crazy. * * *
/nut"krak'euhr/, n. 1. an instrument or device for cracking the shells of nuts. 2. any of several corvine birds of the genus Nucifraga that feed on nuts, as the common ...
Nutcracker Suite
a ballet and concert suite (1892) arranged by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky from his orchestral work for a ballet, The Nutcracker. * * *
/nut"gawl'/, n. a nutlike gall or excrescence, esp. one formed on an oak. [1585-95; NUT + GALL3] * * *
/nut"hach'/, n. any of numerous small, short-tailed, sharp-beaked birds of the family Sittidae that creep on trees and feed on small nuts and insects. [1300-50; ME notehache, ...

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