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nuthouse
nuthouse [nut′hous΄] n. Slang an institution for the mentally ill * * * nut house n. Offensive Slang An institution for the mentally ill. * * *
nutlet
/nut"lit/, n. 1. a small nut; a small nutlike fruit or seed. 2. the stone of a drupe. [1855-60; NUT + -LET] * * *
Nutley
/nut"lee/, n. a city in NE New Jersey. 28,998. * * *
nutmeat
/nut"meet'/, n. the kernel of a nut, usually edible. [1910-15; NUT + MEAT] * * *
nutmeg
—nutmegged, adj. /nut"meg/, n. 1. the hard, aromatic seed of the fruit of an East Indian tree, Myristica fragrans, used in grated form as a spice. 2. the similar product of ...
nutmeg geranium
a southern African plant, Pelargonium fragrans, of the geranium family, having hairy leaves with scalloped margins and nutmeg-scented clusters of white flowers, of which the two ...
nutmeg melon.
See netted melon. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
Nutmeg State
Connecticut (used as a nickname). * * *
Nutmegger
/nut"meg euhr/, n. a native or inhabitant of Connecticut. [NUTMEG + -ER1; see NUTMEG STATE] * * *
nutpick
/nut"pik'/, n. a thin, sharp-pointed table implement or device for removing the edible kernels from nuts. [1885-90; NUT + PICK2] * * *
nutpine
nut pine n. See piñon. * * *
nutraceutical
/nooh'treuh sooh"ti keuhl, nyooh'-/, n. a food or natural substance that contains or is supplemented with ingredients purported to have health benefits. Also, ...
NutraSweet
/nooh"treuh sweet', nyooh"-/ Trademark. a brand of aspartame used in a low-calorie sweetener and in other processed foods, as soft drinks. * * *
nutria
/nooh"tree euh, nyooh"-/, n. 1. the coypu. 2. the fur of the coypu, resembling beaver, used for making coats, hats, suit trimmings, etc. [1810-20, Amer.; < Sp: otter, var. of ...
nutrient
/nooh"tree euhnt, nyooh"-/, adj. 1. nourishing; providing nourishment or nutriment. 2. containing or conveying nutriment, as solutions or vessels of the body. n. 3. a nutrient ...
Nutrient composition of dairy products
▪ Table Nutrient composition of dairy products (per 100 g) dairy product energy (kcal) water (g) protein (g) fat (g) carbohy- drate (g) cholesterol (mg) vitamin A ...
Nutrient composition of fresh chicken egg
▪ Table Nutrient composition of fresh chicken egg (per 100 g)* energy (kcal) water (g) protein (g) fat (g) cholesterol (mg) carbohy- drate (g) vitamin A (IU) riboflavin ...
Nutrient Composition of raw edible portion of fish species
▪ Table Nutrient composition of raw edible portion of fish species (per 100 g) species energy (kcal) water (g) protein (g) fat (g) cholesterol (mg) calcium (mg) iron ...
Nutrient composition of red meats
▪ Table Nutrient composition of red meats (per 100 g) meat type and cut energy (kcal) water (g) protein (g) fat (g) cholesterol (mg) vitamin ...
Nutrient composition of roasted or broiled poultry cuts (per 100 grams)
▪ Table Nutrient composition of roasted or broiled poultry cuts (per 100 grams) poultry type and cut energy (kcal) fat (g) protein (g) cholesterol (mg) Chicken light meat ...
Nutrient Composition of selected fruits and fruit products
▪ Table Nutrient composition of selected fruits and fruit products (per 100 g)* fruit or fruit product energy (kcal) water (g) carbohy- drate (g) vitamin C (mg) thiamin ...
Nutrient composition of selected raw cereal grains (per 100 grams)
▪ Table Nutrient composition of selected raw cereal grains (per 100 grams) cereal grain energy (kcal) water (g) carbohydrate (g) protein (g) fat (g) minerals (g) barley ...
Nutrient composition of selected vegetables and vegetable products
▪ Table Nutrient composition of selected vegetables and vegetable products (per 100 g)* vegetable or vegetable product energy (kcal) water (g) carbohy- drate (g) vitamin C ...
Nutrient composition of the whole milk of humans and select domesticated animals (per 100 g)
▪ Table Nutrient composition of the whole milk of humans and select domesticated animals (per 100 g) source energy (kcal) fat (g) cholesterol (mg) protein (g) ...
nutrient-dense
—nutrient density. /nooh"tree euhnt dens'/, adj. (of food) relatively rich in nutrients for the number of calories contained: A potato is a nutrient-dense carbohydrate. * * *
Nutrilite
/nooh"treuh luyt', nyooh"-/, Trademark. any of several preparations of vitamins and minerals used as food supplements. * * *
nutriment
—nutrimental /nooh'treuh men"tl, nyooh'-/, adj. /nooh"treuh meuhnt, nyooh"-/, n. 1. any substance or matter that, taken into a living organism, serves to sustain it in its ...
nutrimental
See nutriment. * * *
nutrition
—nutritional, nutritionary, adj. —nutritionally, adv. /nooh trish"euhn, nyooh-/, n. 1. the act or process of nourishing or of being nourished. 2. the science or study of, or ...
nutrition common microbes that
▪ Table Common food-borne illnesses illness (and causative organism) common food sources symptoms symptom onset Illnesses caused by bacteria botulism (Clostridium ...
nutrition, human
Introduction       process by which substances in food are transformed into body tissues and provide energy for the full range of physical and mental activities that make ...
nutritional
See nutrition. * * *
nutritional disease
Introduction       any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and ...
nutritional supplement
▪ food processing       in foods, any vitamin or mineral added during processing to improve nutritive value and sometimes to provide specific nutrients in which ...
nutritionally
See nutritional. * * *
nutritionist
/nooh trish"euh nist, nyooh-/, n. a person who is trained or expert in the science of nutrition. [1925-30; NUTRITION + -IST] * * *
nutritionist'scalorie
nu·tri·tion·ist's calorie (no͞o-trĭshʹə-nĭsts, nyo͞o-) n. See calorie. * * *
nutritious
—nutritiously, adv. —nutritiousness, n. /nooh trish"euhs, nyooh-/, adj. providing nourishment, esp. to a high degree; nourishing; healthful: a good, nutritious ...
nutritiously
See nutritious. * * *
nutritiousness
See nutritiously. * * *
nutritive
—nutritively, adv. —nutritiveness, n. /nooh"tri tiv, nyooh"-/, adj. 1. serving to nourish; providing nutriment; nutritious. 2. of, pertaining to, or concerned with nutrition: ...
nutritively
See nutritive. * * *
nuts
/nuts/, Slang. interj. 1. Also, nerts, nertz. (used to express disgust, defiance, disapproval, despair). adj. 2. insane; crazy. 3. be nuts about, a. to be extremely or ...
nuts and bolts
—nuts-and-bolts, adj. the essential or basic aspects: to learn the nuts and bolts of a new job. [1955-60] * * *
nuts-and-bolts
See nuts and bolts. * * *
nutsand bolts
nuts and bolts pl.n. Slang The basic working components or practical aspects: “ [proposing] lofty goals without specifying the nuts and bolts of how they are to be achieved” ...
nutsedge
nut sedge n. Either of two Old World sedges (Cyperus esculentus or C. rotundus) having aromatic tubers.   [From the shape of the tubers.] * * *
nutshell
/nut"shel'/, n. 1. the shell of a nut. 2. in a nutshell, in very brief form; in a few words: Just tell me the story in a nutshell. [1175-1225; ME nutescell; see NUT, SHELL] * * *
nutsy
/nut"see/, adj., nutsier, nutsiest. nutty (defs. 3, 4). [NUTS + -Y1; cf. -SY] * * *
Nuttall, George Henry Falkiner
▪ British biologist born July 5, 1862, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Dec. 16, 1937, London, Eng.       American-born British biologist and physician who contributed ...
Nuttall, Thomas
▪ British naturalist born Jan. 5, 1786, Long Preston, near Settle, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1859, Nut Grove Hall, near St. Helens, Lancashire  English naturalist and ...
Nuttall, Zelia Maria Magdalena
▪ American archaeologist born Sept. 6, 1857, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died April 12, 1933, Coyoacán, Mex.       American archaeologist, remembered for her extensive ...
nutter
/nut"euhr/, n. 1. a person who gathers nuts. 2. Brit. Slang. an insane person. [1475-85; NUT + -ER1] * * *
nuttily
See nutty. * * *
nuttiness
See nuttily. * * *
nutting
/nut"ing/, n. the act of seeking or gathering nuts. [1715-25; NUT + -ING1] * * *
Nutting
/nut"ing/, n. Wallace, 1861-1941, U.S. antiquary, author, and illustrator. * * *
Nutting, Mary Adelaide
▪ American nurse and educator born Nov. 1, 1858, Frost Village, District of East Canada [now Quebec, Can.] died Oct. 3, 1948, White Plains, N.Y., U.S.  American nurse and ...
nutty
—nuttily, adv. —nuttiness, n. /nut"ee/, adj., nuttier, nuttiest. 1. abounding in or producing nuts. 2. nutlike, esp. in flavor. 3. Slang. a. silly or ridiculous: a nutty ...
nutwood
/nut"wood'/, n. 1. any of various nutbearing trees, as the hickory or walnut. 2. the wood of such a tree. [1650-60, Amer.; NUT + WOOD1] * * *
Nuu-chah-nulth
▪ people also called  Nootka         North American Indians who live on what are now the southwest coast of Vancouver Island, Can., and on Cape Flattery, the ...
Nuuk
Nuuk [no͞ok] another name for GODTHÅB * * * Nuuk (no͝ok) See Godthåb. * * * or Godthåb City (pop., 2000 est.: 13,838), capital of Greenland. Located on the ...
Nuussuaq
▪ peninsula, Greenland also spelled  Nûgssuaq  or  Nûgssuak        a common geographic name in Greenland, meaning “the large promontory,” “the large ...
Nuvolari, Tazio
▪ Italian race–car driver in full  Tazio Giorgio Nuvolari  born Nov. 16, 1892, Castel d'Ario, near Mantua, Italy died Aug. 10, 1953, Mantua       Italian automobile ...
Nuwara Eliya
▪ Sri Lanka       town, south-central Sri Lanka. It lies at an elevation of 6,199 feet (1,889 metres) above sea level, immediately south of the island's highest summit, ...
Nüwua
or Nu Kua In Chinese mythology, the patroness of matchmakers. As wife or sister of the legendary emperor Fuxi, she helped establish norms for marriage (including the use of ...
nux vomica
/nuks" vom"i keuh/ 1. the seed of the orangelike fruit of an East Indian tree, Strychnos nux-vomica, of the logania family, containing strychnine, used in medicine. 2. the tree ...
Nuxhall, Joe
▪ 2008 Joseph Henry Nuxhall        American baseball player and broadcaster born July 30, 1928, Hamilton, Ohio died Nov. 15, 2007, Fairfield, Ohio made his Major ...
nuxvomica
nux vom·i·ca (nŭks vŏmʹĭ-kə) n. A tree (Strychnos nux-vomica) native to southeast Asia, having poisonous seeds that are the source of the medicinal alkaloids strychnine ...
Nuyorican
/nooh'yaw ree"keuhn, nyooh'-/, n., adj. Neorican. [1970-75; by alteration (influence of Sp Nu(eva) Yor(k) New York)] * * *
Nuyts Land
/nyoohts/ early name of a region on the southern coast in S Australia, discovered by the Dutch in 1626-27. * * *
Nuzu
▪ ancient city, Iraq modern  Yorghan Tepe        ancient Mesopotamian city, located southwest of Kirkūk, Iraq. Excavations undertaken there by American ...
nuzzle
/nuz"euhl/, v., nuzzled, nuzzling, n. v.i. 1. to burrow or root with the nose, snout, etc., as an animal does: a rabbit nuzzling into the snow. 2. to thrust the nose, muzzle, ...
nuzzler
See nuzzle. * * *
NV
Nevada (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * * (as used in expressions) Singer NV Philips Electronics NV Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV Royal Philips Electronics NV * * ...
NVIDIA Corporation
▪ global corporation       global corporation that manufactures graphics processors, mobile technologies, and desktop computers. The company was founded in 1993 by three ...
NVQ
(in full National Vocational Qualification) (in Britain) a system of grades for people in work who acquire technical and other skills through vocational training. It was started ...
NW
1. net worth. 2. northwest. 3. northwestern. Also, N.W., n.w. * * *
Nwapa, Flora
▪ Nigerian author born Jan. 13, 1931, Oguta, Nigeria died Oct. 16, 1993, Enugu       Nigerian novelist best known for re-creating Igbo (Ibo) life and customs from a ...
nwb
Arabic root, to represent, act as deputy. nabob, from Arabic nuwwāb, plural of nāʾib, deputy, active participle of nāba, to represent, act as deputy. * * *
NWbN
See northwest by north. * * *
NWbW
See northwest by west. * * *
NWC
Mil. National War College. * * *
NWLB
National War Labor Board. * * *
nwn
Common Semitic noun *nūn-, fish. a. nu, from Greek nū, nu; b. nun2, from Mishnaic Hebrew nûn, nun. Both a and b from Phoenician *nūn, fish, fourteenth letter of the ...
nwr
To shine, be(come) bright. 1. menorah, from Hebrew mənôrâ, lamp, lampstand, akin to nēr, lamp. 2. minaret, from Arabic manāra, lamp, lighthouse, minaret, akin to nūr, ...
NWS
National Weather Service. * * *
NWT
NWT or NWTer abbrev. Northwest Territories (Canada) * * * NWT or N.W.T. abbr. Northwest Territories. * * *
NY
New York (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
NYA
National Youth Administration. Also, N.Y.A. * * *
Nyack
▪ New York, United States       village in the towns (townships) of Clarkstown and Orangetown, Rockland county, southeastern New York, U.S. It lies on the west bank of ...
Nyainqêntanglha Mountains
▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Nianchingtanggula Shan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Nien-ch'ing-t'ang-ku-la Shan        mountain range forming the eastern ...
Nyakyusa
or Ngonde Bantu-speaking people living north of Lake Malawi in Tanzania, and in Malawi. They speak a Bantu language of the Niger-Congo family. Traditionally they lived in ...
nyala
/nyah"leuh/, n. an antelope, Tragelaphus angasii, of southeastern Africa, the male of which has a grayish body marked with white stripes. [1895-1900; < Venda (Bantu language of ...
Nyamulagira, Mount
▪ mountain, Democratic Republic of the Congo also spelled  Nyamlagiri , or  Nyamuragira        volcano in the Virunga Mountains of east-central Africa, 15 miles ...
Nyamwezi
▪ people also called  Banyamwesi,         Bantu-speaking inhabitants of a wide area of the western region of Tanzania. Their language and culture are closely related ...
Nyanda
/nyahn"deuh/, n. a former name of Masvingo. * * *
Nyandoro, George Bodzo
▪ 1995       Zimbabwean nationalist (b. July 8, 1926, Marandellas district, Southern Rhodesia—d. June 24, 1994, Harare, Zimbabwe), was a founding member of the ...
Nyanja
/nyan"jeuh/, n. a Bantu language spoken in Malawi and Zambia. [1890-95] * * *
nyanza
/nee an"zeuh, nuy-/, n. (in central and East Africa) a large body of water, esp. a lake. [ < a Bantu language of the region; cf. Shona nyanza lake, sea] * * *
Nyanza Province
▪ province, Kenya       province, southwestern Kenya, East Africa, including 1,403 square miles (3,636 square km) of Lake Victoria, and with a population density of ...
Nyasa
/nyah"sah, nuy as"euh/, n. former name of Malawi (def. 2). Also, Nyassa. * * *
Nyasa, Lake
▪ lake, Africa also called  Lake Malaŵi,    lake, southernmost and third largest of the East African Rift Valley lakes of East Africa, lying in a deep trough mainly within ...
Nyasa,Lake
Ny·as·a (nī-ăsʹə, nyäʹsä), Lake also Lake Malawi A lake of southeast-central Africa between Tanzania, Mozambique, and Malawi. It was named by David Livingstone in ...
Nyasaland
/nyah"sah land', nuy as"euh-/, n. former name of Malawi (def. 1). * * *
Nyaya
/nyah"yeuh/, n. (in ancient India) a philosophical school emphasizing logical analysis of knowledge, which is considered as deriving from perception, inference, analogy, and ...
Nyborg
▪ Denmark       city and port, eastern Funen island, Denmark, on the Great Belt and Nyborg Fjord. Named for the castle (borg) built in 1170 to protect the Great Belt ...
NYC
NYC or N.Y.C. abbrev. New York City * * * NYC abbr. New York City. * * *
nyckelharpa
/nik"euhl hahr'peuh/, n. an old-time Swedish stringed musical instrument, similar to the hurdy-gurdy but sounded with a bow instead of a wheel. [ < Sw, equiv. to nyckel fret + ...
NYCSCE
New York Coffee, Sugar and Cocoa Exchange. * * *
nyct-
a combining form meaning "night," used in the formation of compound words: nyctalgia. Also, nycti-, nycto-. [ < Gk nykt-, s. of nýx night] * * *
Nyctaginaceae
▪ plant family  the four-o'clock family of flowering plants, in the pink, or carnation, order (Caryophyllales), containing about 30 genera with close to 400 species of herbs, ...
nyctaginaceous
/nik'teuh jeuh nay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Nyctaginaceae, the four-o'clock family of plants. Cf. four-o'clock family. [ < NL Nyctagin- (s. of Nyctago old name of genus, ...
nyctalgia
/nik tal"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Pathol. night pain that occurs in the sleep. [NYCT- + -ALGIA] * * *
nyctalopia
—nyctalopic /nik'tl op"ik/, adj. /nik'tl oh"pee euh/, n. Ophthalm. 1. See night blindness. 2. hemeralopia. [1675-85; < LL nyctalopia < Gk nykt- NYCT- + al(aós) blind + -opia ...
nyctalopic
See nyctalopia. * * *
nycti-
var. of nyct-. * * *
nyctitropic
—nyctitropism /nik ti"treuh piz'euhm/, n. /nik'ti trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. Bot. tending to assume at or just before nightfall positions unlike those maintained during the day, ...
nyctitropism
nyctitropism [nik ti′trə piz΄əm] n. 〚 NYCTI- + -TROPISM〛 the tendency of the leaves or petals of certain plants to assume a different position at night nyctitropic ...
nycto-
var. of nyct-. * * *
nyctophobia
/nik'teuh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of night or darkness. [NYCTO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
Nydia
/nid"ee euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Nye
/nuy/, n. 1. Edgar Wilson ("Bill Nye"), 1850-96, U.S. humorist. 2. a male given name, form of Aneurin. * * *
Nye, Bill
▪ American humorist pseudonym of  Edgar Wilson Nye   born Aug. 25, 1850, Shirley, Maine, U.S. died Feb. 22, 1896, Arden, N.C.  journalist and one of the major American ...
Nye, Louis
▪ 2006 Louis Neistat        American comedian (b. May 1, 1913, Hartford, Conn.—d. Oct. 9, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), became known in the 1950s for his television ...
Nyeman
/nye"meuhn/, n. Russian name of Neman. * * *
Nyerere
Swahili. /nye rdde"rdde/; Eng. /ni rair"ee/, n. Julius Kambarage Swahili. /kahm bah"rddah geuh/, born 1921, African statesman: president of Tanzania 1964-85. * * *
Nyerere, Julius
▪ president of Tanzania in full  Julius Kambarage Nyerere , also called  Mwalimu (Swahili: “Teacher”)  born March 1922, Butiama, Tanganyika died October 14, 1999, ...
Nyerere, Julius (Kambarage)
born March 1922, Butiama, Tanganyika died Oct. 14, 1999, London, Eng. First prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961), first president of Tanzania (1964–85), and the ...
Nyerere, Julius Kambarage
▪ 2000       Tanzanian politician (b. April 13, 1922, Butiama, Tanganyika—d. Oct. 14, 1999, London, Eng.), as chief minister (later prime minister) of self-governing ...
Nyerere,Julius Kambarage
Nye·re·re (nyĕ-rĕʹrĕ), Julius Kambarage. 1921-1999. Tanzanian politician who led his country to independence from Britain and served as its first president (1962-1985). ...
Nyeri
▪ Kenya       town, south-central Kenya. Nyeri lies at an elevation of about 5,750 feet (1,750 metres), in the heart of the Kikuyu people's homeland, and was a hub of ...
nyet
/nyet/, adv., n. Russian. no. * * *
Nygaard, Jens
▪ 2002       American pianist and conductor (b. Oct. 26, 1931, Stephens, Ark.—d. Sept. 24, 2001, New York, N.Y.), was the maverick founder and director of the Jupiter ...
Nygaard, Kristen
▪ 2003       Norwegian mathematician and computer scientist (b. Aug. 27, 1926, Oslo, Nor.—d. Aug. 10, 2002, Oslo), invented, with his co-worker Ole-Johan Dahl (Dahl, ...
Nyika
▪ people also called  Mijikenda, or Nika,         any of several Northeast Bantu-speaking peoples including the Digo, who live along the coast of Kenya and Tanzania ...
Nyika Plateau
▪ plateau, Malaŵi       high grassy tableland in northern Malaŵi. It is a tilted block extending from the Mzimba Plain northeast to the edge of the Great Rift Valley ...
Nyiragongo, Mount
Active volcano, Virunga Mountains, east-central Africa. It lies in the volcano region of Virunga National Park, eastern Congo (Kinshasa), near the border with Rwanda. It is ...
Nyíregyháza
/nyee"rddedyeu hah"zo/, n. a city in NE Hungary. 91,000. * * * ▪ Hungary       city of county status and seat of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg megye (county), northeastern ...
Nyiri Desert
▪ desert, Kenya also called  The Nyika, or Tarudesert,         desert, south-central Kenya. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) east of Lake Magadi and near the northern ...
Nyishi
▪ people also spelled  Nishi , also called  Bangni   and  Dafla  (pejorative)         tribal people of eastern Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh (formerly North East ...
Nykänen, Matti
▪ Finnish ski jumper born July 17, 1963, Jyväskylä, Fin.       Finnish ski jumper who was arguably the finest performer in the history of his sport. He was not ...
Nyköping
▪ Sweden       town and port, capital of the administrative län (county) of Södermanland, southeastern Sweden. It lies along the Baltic Sea, at the mouth of the ...
Nykvist
/nuyk"vist/; Sw. /nyuu"kvist/, n. Sven /sven/, born 1922, Swedish cinematographer. * * *
Nykvist, Sven
born Dec. 3, 1922, Moheda, Swed. Swedish cinematographer. He joined the Swedish movie company Sandrews in 1941, shot his first film in 1945, and his first for Ingmar Bergman in ...
Nykvist, Sven Vilhem
▪ 2007       Swedish cinematographer (b. Dec. 3, 1922, Moheda, Swed.—d. Sept. 20, 2006, Stockholm, Swed.), was hailed as “the master of light” for his unusually ...
Nykøbing Falster
▪ Denmark       city, western Falster island, Denmark, on Guldborg Sound. It was founded around a 12th-century castle where Christopher II died (1332) and where ...
nylghai
/nil"guy/, n., pl. nylghais, (esp. collectively) nylghai. nilgai. * * *
nylghau
/nil"gaw/, n., pl. nylghaus, (esp. collectively) nylghau. nilgai. * * *
nylon
/nuy"lon/, n. 1. any of a class of thermoplastic polyamides capable of extrusion when molten into fibers, sheets, etc., of extreme toughness, strength, and elasticity, ...
nylon letdown
Mil. Slang. evacuation from an aircraft by means of a parachute. * * *
Nyman
(1944– ) an English composer who is best known for his film music, including that for The Draughtsman’s Contract (1982) and The Piano (1993). * * *
NYME
New York Mercantile Exchange. * * *
nymph
—nymphal, nymphean /nim"fee euhn/, adj. /nimf/, n. 1. one of a numerous class of lesser deities of mythology, conceived of as beautiful maidens inhabiting the sea, rivers, ...
nympha
/nim"feuh/, n., pl. nymphae /-fee/. 1. Anat. one of the inner labia of the vulva. 2. nymph (def. 4). [1595-1605; < L nympha (see NYMPH)] * * *
nymphaeaceous
/nim'fee ay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Nymphaeaceae, the water lily family of plants. Cf. water lily family. [ < NL Nymphaeace(ae) (Nymphae(a) the type genus (L: the water ...
Nymphaeales
▪ plant order       the water-lily (water lily) order of flowering plants, a basal branch of angiosperms (angiosperm), or flowering plants, containing 3 families, 9 ...
nymphaeum
/nim fee"euhm/, n., pl. nymphaea /-fee"euh/. 1. a room or area having a fountain, statues, flowers, etc. 2. an architecturally treated outlet of a reservoir or ...
nymphal
See nymph. * * *
nymphalid
/nim"feuh lid/, n. 1. a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae, comprising the brush-footed butterflies. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Nymphalidae. [1890-95; < NL ...
Nymphenburg
▪ palace, Germany       palace, formerly the summer residence outside Munich of the Wittelsbachs, the former ruling family of Bavaria. The late Baroque structure was ...
Nymphenburg porcelain
German hard-paste, or true, porcelain produced in Bavaria from the mid-18th century to the present day. Its fame rests on its figures, particularly those in the Rococo style ...
nymphet
/nim fet", nim"fit/, n. 1. a young nymph. 2. a sexually attractive young girl. 3. a sexually precocious girl or young woman. [1605-15; < MF nymphette. See NYMPH, -ET] * * *
nympho
/nim"foh/, n., pl. nymphos, adj. Slang. nymphomaniac. [by shortening; see -O] * * *
nympholepsy
—nympholeptic /nim'feuh lep"tik/, adj. /nim"feuh lep'see/, n., pl. nympholepsies. 1. an ecstasy supposed by the ancients to be inspired by nymphs. 2. a frenzy of emotion, as ...
nympholept
/nim"feuh lept'/, n. a person seized with nympholepsy. [1805-15; < Gk nymphóleptos caught by nymphs, equiv. to nýmph(e) NYMPH + -o- -O- + léptos, verbid of lambánein to ...
nympholeptic
See nympholepsy. * * *
nymphomania
—nymphomaniac /nim'feuh may"nee ak'/, n., adj. —nymphomaniacal /nim'foh meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, adj. /nim'feuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Pathol. abnormally excessive and ...
nymphomaniac
See nymphomania. * * *
nymphomaniacal
See nymphomaniac. * * *
Nymwegen
Ger. /nim"vay geuhn/, n. Nijmegen. * * *
Nynorsk
/nee"nawrsk, -nohrsk/; Norw. /nyuu"nawshk'/, n. a literary language based on western Norwegian dialects and Old Norse and in 1885 adopted as one of the two official languages of ...
Nyong River
▪ river, Cameroon       stream in southwestern Cameroon, west central Africa. It rises 25 mi (40 km) east of Abong Mbang, in the northern rain forest. Its 400-mi ...
Nyoro
or Bunyoro Bantu-speaking people of west-central Uganda. Until the 18th century the Bunyoro kingdom included present-day Uganda. It declined in the 18th and 19th century, ...
Nyos
/nee"ohs/, n. Lake. See Nios, Lake. * * *
nyout
▪ ancient Korean board game also called  Nyout-nol-ki,         ancient Korean cross-and-circle board game. The nyout board, usually made of paper, consists of 29 ...
NYP
not yet published. Also, N.Y.P. * * *
NYPD
➡ New York City Police Department. * * *
NYPD Blue
a US television series on ABC about police detectives in the imaginary 15th Precinct of New York City. It began in 1993 and won 16 Emmy awards in its first four years, including ...
Nyquist, Harry
▪ American physicist born Feb. 7, 1889, Nilsby, Sweden died April 4, 1976, Harlingen, Texas, U.S.       American physicist and electrical and communications engineer, a ...
Nyro, Laura
▪ 1998       , American singer and songwriter (b. Oct. 18, 1947, New York, N.Y.—d. April 8, 1997, Danbury, Conn.), made solo recordings of her emotional, confessional ...
Nysa
/nuy"seuh/, n. Class. Myth. 1. the mountain where Zeus sent the infant Dionysus to protect him from the vindictive wrath of Hera. 2. one of the Nysaean Nymphs. * * *
Nysaean Nymphs
/nuy see"euhn/, Class. Myth. the nymphs who cared for the infant Dionysus on Nysa. Also called Nyseides /nuy see"i deez'/. * * *
NYSE
New York Stock Exchange. Also, N.Y.S.E. * * *
nystagmic
See nystagmus. * * *
nystagmus
—nystagmic, adj. /ni stag"meuhs/, n. a congenital or acquired persistent, rapid, involuntary, and oscillatory movement of the eyeball, usually from side to side. [1815-25; < NL ...
nystatin
/nis"teuh tin/, n. Pharm. a light-yellow antibiotic powder, C46H77NO19, produced by the microorganism Streptomyces noursei and used as an antifungal for infections due to various ...
nytril
/nuy"tril/, n. a synthetic, long-chain polymer fiber that produces a soft, elastic fabric. [(vi)ny(lidine) (dini)tril(e)] * * *
NYU
➡ New York University. * * *
Nyungar
/nyoohng"gahr/ n. an Australian Aboriginal language spoken over a large area of southwest Western Australia, including Perth and Albany. * * *
Nyx
/niks/, n. an ancient Greek goddess personifying night. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, female personification of night but also a great cosmogonical ...
NZ
NZ or N Zeal abbrev. New Zealand * * * NZ abbr. New Zealand. * * *
Nzekwu, Onuora
▪ Nigerian author and educator born February 19, 1928, Kafanchan, Nigeria       Nigerian teacher, writer, and editor who explored the internal conflicts inherent in the ...
Nzérékoré
▪ Guinea       town, southeastern Guinea, western Africa. It lies at the intersection of roads from Ganta (in Liberia), Danané (Côte d'Ivoire), Kankan, and Macenta. ...
Nzo, Alfred Baphethuxolo
▪ 2001       South African black nationalist and statesman (b. June 19, 1925, Benoni, S.Af.—d. Jan. 13, 2000, Johannesburg, S.Af.), served as secretary-general of the ...
Næstved
▪ Denmark       city, southern Sjælland ( Zealand), Denmark, on the Suså River. Næstved originated around a Benedictine monastery, founded in 1135. The monks moved ...
Nørresundby
▪ city, Denmark       city and port, northern Jutland, Denmark, on the Limfjorden opposite the city of Ålborg. The two cities are connected by two bridges and a ...
nʿm
Central Semitic, to be(come) pleasant, agreeable. Naomi, from Hebrew noʿŏmî, my delight, from nōʿam, delight, delightfulness, from nāʿēm, to be(come) pleasant, ...
nʿr
West Semitic, to shake, roar. noria, from Arabic nāʿūra, from Aramaic nāʿurā, water-wheel, from nəʿar, to shake, roar. * * *
n̥dher-
Under. 1. a. under, under-, from Old English under, under; b. U-boat, from Old High German untar, under. Both a and b from Germanic *under-. 2. inferior, from Latin īnferus, ...
O
/oh/, interj., n., pl. O's. interj. 1. (used before a name in direct address, esp. in solemn or poetic language, to lend earnestness to an appeal): Hear, O Israel! 2. (used as an ...
O and O
/oh" euhnd oh"/ owned and operated. Also, O&O. * * *
O Canada
▪ Canadian national anthem        national anthem of Canada. It was proclaimed the official national anthem on July 1, 1980. God Save the Queen (q.v.) remains the royal ...
O Come, All Ye Faithful
➡ Adeste Fideles. * * *
O Dalaigh, Cearbhall
▪ president of Ireland (Irish), English  Carroll O'Daly  born Feb. 12, 1911, Bray, near Dublin, Ire. died March 21, 1978, Sneem, County Kerry       chief justice of ...
O gauge
/oh/ 1. a model-railroad gauge of 11/4 in. (32 mm). 2. Also called Q gauge. a model-railroad gauge of 13/16 in. (30 mm). [1900-05] * * *
O Henry
➡ Henry (III) * * *
O horizon
the layer of loose leaves and organic debris at the surface of soil. * * *
O J Simpson
➡ Simpson (I) * * *
O Jin U
▪ 1996       North Korean defense minister, commander of the army, and influential member of the Communist Party (b. 1918?—d. Feb. 25, 1995). * * *
O level
/oh" lev'euhl/, Brit. 1. a public examination for secondary-school students, usually 15 to 16 years old, testing basic knowledge in various subjects, required before advancing to ...
O Little Town of Bethlehem
the title and first line of a popular Christmas carol. * * *
O star
/oh" stahr'/ a very hot, massive, blue star of spectral type O, having a surface temperature between 30,000 and 50,000 K and an absorption spectrum with few lines, though the ...
O tempora! O mores!
/oh tem"poh rddah' oh moh"rddays/; Eng. /oh tem"peuhr euh oh mawr"eez, mohr"-/, Latin. O times! O customs! * * *
o'
/euh, oh/, prep. 1. an abbreviated form of of, as in o'clock or will-o'-the-wisp. 2. an abbreviated form of on. [ME; by shortening.] * * *
O'
a prefix meaning "descendant," in Irish family names: O'Brien; O'Connor. [repr. Ir ó descendant, OIr au] * * *
O'-
O'- [ō] 〚Ir ō, descendant〛 prefix descendant of: used in Irish surnames [O'Reilly] * * *
O'Bannion, Dion
▪ American gangster born 1892, Aurora, Ill., U.S. died Nov. 10, 1924, Chicago       bootlegger of the early 1920s, boss of the most feared Chicago gang next to that of ...
O'Boyle
/oh boyl"/, n. Patrick Aloysius, born 1896, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman: archbishop of Washington, D.C., 1947-73. * * *
O'Brian, Patrick
orig. Richard Patrick Russ born Dec. 12, 1914, near London, Eng. died Jan. 2, 2000, Dublin, Ire. British writer. He was the eighth of nine children; an early marriage ended in ...
O'Brien
(as used in expressions) O'Brien Flann O'Brien Lawrence O'Brien William Smith * * *
O'Brien potatoes
/oh bruy"euhn/, Cookery. home fries prepared with diced green pepper. [perh. from the conventional association between the Irish and potatoes, O'Brien being taken as a typical ...
O'Brien, (William) Parry
▪ 2008       American shot-putter born Jan. 28, 1932 , Santa Monica, Calif. died April 21, 2007 , Santa Clarita, Calif. developed a style that revolutionized the event ...
O'Brien, Conor Cruise
▪ 2009       Irish diplomat, politician, educator, and journalist born Nov. 3, 1917, Dublin, Ire. died Dec. 18, 2008, Howth, near Dublin was one of Ireland's most ...
O'Brien, Edna
▪ Irish author born Dec. 15, 1930, Twamgraney, County Clare, Ire.       Irish novelist, short-story writer, and screenwriter whose work has been noted for its portrayal ...
O'Brien, Fitz-James
▪ American writer born c. 1828, , County Limerick, Ire. died April 6, 1862, Cumberland, Md., U.S.       Irish-born American journalist, playwright, and author whose ...
O'Brien, Flann
orig. Brian Ó Nuallain born Oct. 5, 1911, Strabane, County Tyrone, Ire. died April 1, 1966, Dublin Irish novelist, dramatist, and newspaper columnist. Under the name Myles na ...
O'Brien, James Bronterre
▪ British radical born 1805, Granard, County Longford, Ire. died Dec. 23, 1864, London, Eng.       Irish-born British radical, a leader of the Chartist working-class ...
O'Brien, Lawrence
in full Lawrence Francis O'Brien, Jr. born July 7, 1917, Springfield, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1990, New York, N.Y. U.S. political official. He managed John F. Kennedy's ...
O'Brien, Parry
▪ American athlete in full  William Parry O'Brien   born Jan. 28, 1932, Santa Monica, Calif., U.S. died April 21, 2007, Santa Clarita, Calif.       American ...
O'Brien, Tim
▪ American author in full  William Timothy O'Brien  born Oct. 1, 1946, Austin, Minn., U.S.       American novelist noted for his writings about American soldiers in ...
O'Brien, William
▪ Irish politician born Oct. 2, 1852, Mallow, County Cork, Ire. died Feb. 25, 1928, London, Eng.       Irish journalist and politician who was for several years second ...
O'Brien, William Smith
born Oct. 17, 1803, Dromoland, County Clare, Ire. died June 18, 1864, Bangor, Caernarvonshire, Wales Irish political insurgent. He served in the British House of Commons ...
O'Brien,Edna
O'Bri·en (ō-brīʹən), Edna. Born 1932. Irish writer whose works, including The Lonely Girl (1962) and Johnny I Hardly Knew You (1977), explore the lives of women in ...
O'Bryan, William
▪ British Methodist churchman born Feb. 6, 1778, Gunwen, Cornwall, Eng. died Jan. 8, 1868, New York City       British Methodist churchman who founded the Bible ...
O'Carolan, Turlough
▪ Irish composer also called  Terence Carolan   born 1670, near Nobber, County Meath, Ire. died March 25, 1738, Alderford, County Roscommon       one of the last ...
O'Casey
/oh kay"see/, n. Sean /shawn, shahn/, 1880-1964, Irish playwright. * * *
O'Casey, Sean
orig. John Casey born March 30, 1880, Dublin, Ire. died Sept. 18, 1964, Torquay, Devon, Eng. Irish playwright. Born to a poor Protestant family, he educated himself and worked ...
O'Casey,Sean
O'Ca·sey (ō-kāʹsē), Sean. Originally Shaun O'Cathasaigh. 1880-1964. Irish playwright. His dramas, including Juno and the Paycock (1924) and The Plough and the Stars (1926), ...
O'Clery, Michael
▪ Irish historian born 1575, Kilbarron, County Donegal, Ire. died 1643, Leuven, Brabant [now in Belgium]       Irish chronicler who directed the compilation of the ...
o'clock
/euh klok"/, adv. 1. of, by, or according to the clock (used in specifying the hour of the day): It is now 4 o'clock. 2. according to a method for indicating relative position ...
O'Connell
/oh kon"l/, n. Daniel, 1775-1847, Irish nationalist leader and orator. * * *
O'Connell, Daniel
known as the Liberator born Aug. 6, 1775, near Cahirciveen, County Kerry, Ire. died May 15, 1847, Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia Irish nationalist leader. A lawyer, he gradually ...
O'Connell, David
▪ Irish political activist IrishDaithi O Conaill born 1937, Cork, Ireland died January 1, 1991, Dublin       Irish political activist, a cofounder of the Provisional ...
O'Connell, Helen
▪ 1994       U.S. singer (b. May 23, 1920, Lima, Ohio—d. Sept. 9, 1993, San Diego, Calif.), was still a teenager when she joined (1939) Jimmy Dorsey's big band, and ...
O'Connell,Daniel
O'Con·nell (ō-kŏnʹəl), Daniel. Known as “the Liberator.” 1775-1847. Irish political leader. He founded the Catholic Association (1823) and worked tirelessly for ...
O'Connor
/oh kon"euhr/, n. 1. Frank (Michael Donovan), 1903-66, Irish writer. 2. (Mary) Flannery, 1925-64, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 3. John Joseph, Cardinal, born 1920, U.S. ...
O'Connor, (Mary) Flannery
born March 25, 1925, Savannah, Ga., U.S. died Aug. 3, 1964, Milledgeville, Ga. U.S. writer. She spent most of her life on her mother's farm in Milledgeville, Ga. A devout Roman ...
O'Connor, Carroll
▪ 2002       American character actor (b. Aug. 2, 1924, New York, N.Y.—d. June 21, 2001, Culver City, Calif.), was classically trained and appeared in scores of movies ...
O'Connor, Donald
▪ American actor in full  Donald David Dixon Ronald O'Connor  born August 28, 1925, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died September 27, 2003, Calabasas, ...
O'Connor, Donald David Dixon Ronald
▪ 2004       American actor and dancer (b. Aug. 28, 1925, Chicago, Ill.—d. Sept. 27, 2003, Calabasas, Calif.), was an energetic, versatile performer who spent ...
O'Connor, Feargus Edward
born с July 18, 1796, Connorville, County Cork, Ire. died Aug. 30, 1855, London, Eng. Irish leader of Chartism. He practiced law and served in the British Parliament ...
O'Connor, Flannery
▪ American writer in full  Mary Flannery O'Connor   born March 25, 1925, Savannah, Ga., U.S. died Aug. 3, 1964, Milledgeville, Ga.  American novelist and short-story writer ...
O'Connor, Frank
orig. Michael O'Donovan born 1903, Cork, County Cork, Ire. died March 10, 1966, Dublin Irish writer. Brought up in poverty, O'Connor became a librarian and a director of ...
O'Connor, John Joseph Cardinal
▪ 2001       American prelate (b. Jan. 15, 1920, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. May 3, 2000, New York, N.Y.), served as the archbishop of New York from 1984 until his death and ...
O'Connor, Sandra Day
orig. Sandra Day born March 26, 1930, El Paso, Texas, U.S. U.S. jurist. After graduating first in her law school class at Stanford University (1950) she entered private ...
O'Connor,Flannery
O'Con·nor (ō-kŏnʹər), Flannery. 1925-1964. American writer whose novels Wise Blood (1952) and The Violent Bear It Away (1960) and short stories, collected in such works as ...
O'Connor,Sandra Day
O'Connor, Sandra Day. Born 1930. American jurist. In 1981 she was appointed the first woman associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. * * *
O'Curry, Eugene
▪ Irish scholar born 1796, Dunaha, County Clare, Ire. died July 30, 1862, Dublin       Irish scholar and industrious copyist and translator of Old Irish (Irish ...
O'Day, Anita
▪ 2007 Anita Belle Colton        American vocalist (b. Oct. 18, 1919, Chicago, Ill.—d. Nov. 23, 2006, West Los Angeles, Calif.), was among the most admired of all jazz ...
O'Day,Anita
O'Day (ō-dāʹ), Anita. Originally Anita Belle Colton. Born 1919. American jazz singer. Noted for her scat singing, she rose to fame during the Big Band era of the 1940s. * * *
O'Dea, Pat
▪ American athlete in full  Patrick John O'Dea  born March 16, 1872, Kilmore, Vic., Austl. died April 4, 1962, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.       Australian-born hero ...
O'Donnell, Calvagh
▪ Irish lord died Oct. 26?, 1566, near Derry, County Londonderry, Ire.       Irish lord of Tyrconnell, foe and captive of the celebrated Shane O'Neill (O'Neill, ...
O'Donnell, Hugh
▪ Irish chieftain flourished 1557–92       lord of Tyrconnell, Irish chieftain of the O'Donnells.       Son of Manus O'Donnell and half brother of Calvagh ...
O'Donnell, Hugh Roe
▪ king of Ireland also called  Red Hugh   born c. 1572 died Sept. 10, 1602, Simancas, Spain       last of the old Gaelic kings of Ireland.       When he became ...


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