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muniment
/myooh"neuh meuhnt/, n. 1. muniments, Law. a document, as a title deed or a charter, by which rights or privileges are defended or maintained. 2. Archaic. a defense or ...
muniment room
Brit. a storage or display room in a castle, church, university, or the like, where pertinent historical documents and records are kept. [1655-65] * * *
Munin
/mooh"nin/, n. Scand. Myth. one of the two ravens of Odin that brought him news from the whole world. Cf. Hugin. [ < ON, equiv. to mun- noun from base of muna to remember + -inn ...
munite
/myooh nuyt"/, v.t., munited, muniting. Obs. to fortify. [1400-50; late ME: fortified < L munitus, ptp. of munire to wall (a town), fortify; see -ITE2] * * *
munition
/myooh nish"euhn/, n. 1. Usually, munitions. materials used in war, esp. weapons and ammunition. 2. material or equipment for carrying on any undertaking. v.t. 3. to provide with ...
munition armor
armor made in quantity for common soldiers. * * *
munitions
munitions [myo͞o nishənz] pl.n. 〚< MFr munition < L munitio, a fortifying, defending < munire, to fortify < moenia, fortifications < IE base * mei-, to fortify > MERE3, L ...
Munk, Kaj
▪ Danish playwright in full  Kaj Harald Leininger Munk   born Jan. 13, 1898, Maribo, Den. died Jan. 4, 1944, near Silkeborg  Danish playwright, priest, and patriot who was ...
Munk, Walter
▪ 2000       On June 18, 1999, American oceanographer Walter Munk of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, at the University of California, San Diego, won the 15th ...
Munkácsy
/moon"kah chi/, n. Mihály von /mi"huy feuhn/, (Michael Lieb), 1844-1900, Hungarian painter. * * *
Munkar and Nakīr
▪ angel       in Islāmic eschatology, two angels who test the faith of the dead in their tombs. After death, the deceased is placed upright in the grave by Munkar and ...
Munn v. Illinois
▪ law case       (1877), case in which the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the power of government to regulate private industries.       The case developed as a result ...
Münnich, Burkhard Christoph, Count von
▪ Russian military officer Russian  Burkhard Kristof Minikh  born May 9 [May 19, New Style], 1683, Neuenhuntorf, Oldenburg, Denmark died October 16 [October 27], 1767, ...
Munnings
(1878–1959) an English painter known especially for his pictures of horses and horse-racing, and for criticizing a lot of modern art. He was made a knight in 1944. * * *
munnion
/mun"yeuhn/, n. a mullion or muntin. [1585-95; assimilated var. of MULLION] * * *
Munonye, John
▪ Nigerian educator and novelist born April 28, 1929, Akokwa, East Central state, Nigeria died May 10, 1999        Igbo educator and novelist known for his ability to ...
Muñoz Marín
/mooh nyaws" mah rddeen"/, Luis /lwees/ 1898-1980, Puerto Rican political leader: governor 1948-64. * * *
Muñoz Marín, Luis
born Feb. 18, 1898, San Juan, P.R. died April 30, 1980, San Juan Statesman and four-term governor of Puerto Rico (1948–64). Educated in the U.S., he became editor of the ...
Muñoz Marín,Luis
Mu·ñoz Ma·rín (mo͞o-nyōsʹ mä-rēnʹ), Luis. 1898-1980. Puerto Rican journalist and politician who served as the first elected governor of Puerto Rico (1948-1964). * * *
Muñoz Rivera, Luis
born July 17, 1859, Barranquitas, P.R. died Nov. 15, 1916, Santurce Puerto Rican statesman, publisher, and patriot. In 1889 he founded the newspaper La Democracia, which ...
Munoz, Juan
▪ 2002       Spanish sculptor (b. June 17, 1953, Madrid, Spain—d. Aug. 28, 2001, Ibiza, Spain), created moody and challenging installation artworks, most of which ...
Munro
/meuhn roh"/, n. 1. Alice (Laidlaw) /layd"law'/, born 1931, Canadian short-story writer. 2. H(ector) H(ugh) ("Saki"), 1870-1916, Scottish novelist and short-story writer, born in ...
Munro, Alice
orig. Alice Anne Laidlaw born July 10, 1931, Wingham, Ont., Can. Canadian writer. She is known for exquisitely drawn short stories, usually set in rural Ontario and peopled by ...
Munro,Alice
Mun·ro (mən-rōʹ), Alice. Born 1931. Canadian writer noted for vivid novels and short stories of life in rural Ontario. Her collections of stories include Dance of the Happy ...
Munro,Hector Hugh
Munro, Hector Hugh. Pen name Saki (säʹkē) 1870-1916. British writer known for his witty and sometimes bitter short stories, published in collections such as The Chronicles of ...
Munroe
/meuhn roh"/, n. Charles Edward, 1849-1938, U.S. chemist. * * *
Munroe effect
Mil. the reinforcement of shock waves in the concave, hollow end of a shaped charge, producing a greater resultant wave and concentrating the explosion along the axis of the ...
Munros
the 277 mountains in Scotland which are all over 3 000 feet (913 metres) high. In 1891 a man called Hugh Munro published a list of them, and since then people have had the aim ...
Munsch, Robert
▪ Canadian author in full  Robert Norman Munsch  born June 11, 1945, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.       American-born Canadian author of children's books ...
Munsee
/mun"see/, n., pl. Munsees, (esp. collectively) Munsee for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people, one of the Delaware group. 2. the Eastern Algonquian language of the ...
Munsell colour system
▪ optics       method of designating colours based on a colour arrangement scheme developed by the American art instructor and painter Albert H. Munsell. It defines ...
Munsey
/mun"see/, n. Frank Andrew, 1854-1925, U.S. publisher. * * *
Munsey, Frank Andrew
born Aug. 21, 1854, Mercer, Maine, U.S. died Dec. 22, 1925, New York City, N.Y. U.S. newspaper and magazine publisher. He managed a telegraph office before moving to New York ...
munshi
/moohn"shee/, n. Anglo-Indian. 1. a native interpreter or language instructor. 2. a native secretary or assistant. Also, moonshee. [1770-80; < Hindi munshi < Ar munshi' writer] * ...
munster
/mun"steuhr, moon"-/, n. (often cap.) muenster. * * * Province (pop., 2002 prelim.: 1,101,266), southern Ireland. It has an area of 9,315 sq mi (24,127 sq km). The region was ...
Munster
/mun"steuhr/, n. 1. a province in SW Republic of Ireland. 997,948. 9316 sq. mi. (24,130 sq. km). 2. a town in NW Indiana. 20,671. * * * Province (pop., 2002 prelim.: 1,101,266), ...
Münster
/myuun"steuhrdd/, n. a city in NW Germany: treaty of Westphalia 1648. 246,300. * * * Province (pop., 2002 prelim.: 1,101,266), southern Ireland. It has an area of 9,315 sq mi ...
Münster cheese
▪ food Münster also spelled  Muenster,         semisoft cow's-milk cheese that originated in a monastery in Alsace. Though noted for its pungent earthy aroma when ...
Münster, Sebastian
▪ German scholar born Jan. 20, 1488, Ingelheim, electorate of Mainz [Germany] died May 23, 1552, Basel, Switz.  German cartographer, cosmographer, and Hebrew scholar whose ...
Münsterberg
/moon"steuhr berrg'/; Ger. /myuun"steuhrdd berddk'/, n. Hugo /hyooh"goh/; Ger. /hooh"goh/, 1863-1916, German psychologist and philosopher in the U.S. * * *
Münsterberg, Hugo
▪ German-American psychologist born June 1, 1863, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Poland] died Dec. 16, 1916, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       German-American psychologist ...
Münsterland
▪ region, Germany       lowland region, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), northwestern Germany. It extends between the Emsland (north), the Teutoburg Forest (east), ...
Münter, Gabriele
▪ German artist born February 19, 1877, Berlin, Germany died May 19, 1962, Murnau, West Germany [now in Germany]       German painter who was closely affiliated with ...
Munthe, Axel Martin Fredrik
▪ Swedish author and physician born Oct. 31, 1857, Oskarshamn, Sweden died Feb. 11, 1949, Stockholm       Swedish physician, psychiatrist, and writer whose book The ...
muntin
/mun"tn/, n. 1. Also called sash bar. a bar for holding the edges of window panes within a sash. See diag. under double-hung. 2. (formerly) a vertical bar in a window sash. 3. a ...
muntjac
/munt"jak/, n. 1. any of various small deer of the genus Muntiacus, of southern and eastern Asia and the adjacent islands, esp. M. muntjac, of Java, India, etc., having ...
Muntz metal
/munts/. See alpha-beta brass. [1860-65; named after its inventor, G. F. Muntz, 19th-century English metallurgist and manufacturer] * * * ▪ brass also called  Yellow Metal, ...
Müntzer, Thomas
or Thomas Munzer born sometime before 1490, Stolberg, Thuringia died May 27, 1525, Mühlhausen German religious reformer. A student of theology and an associate of Martin ...
muny
/myooh"nee/, adj., n. muni. * * *
Munzinger, Werner
▪ Swiss linguist and explorer born April 21, 1832, Olten, Switzerland died October 27, 1875, near Lake Assal (Ausa, Abyssinia [now Djibouti])       Swiss linguist and ...
muon
—muonic, adj. /myooh"on/, n. Physics. a lepton similar in most respects to the electron except that it is unstable, it may be positively charged, and its mass is approximately ...
muon-neutrino
/myooh"on nooh tree'noh, -nyooh-/, n., pl. muon-neutrinos. Physics. a type of neutrino that obeys a conservation law together with the muon, with the total number of muons and ...
Muong
▪ people       ethnic minority in Vietnam, located in the mountainous area southwest of Hanoi. Considered the only surviving descendants of the early Vietnamese, the ...
muonic
See muon. * * *
muonium
/myooh oh"nee euhm/, n. Physics. an electron and a positively charged muon bound together by electrical attraction in the same manner as the electron and proton in a hydrogen ...
muonneutrino
muon neutrino n. A stable elementary particle in the lepton family having a mass less than 0.49 times that of the electron and no charge. * * *
Muppet{™} Show
a popular television comedy series (1976–81) with a range of puppet characters, including Kermit the frog, Miss Piggy and Fozzy Bear. The Muppets were created in the US in the ...
Muqannaʿ, al-
▪ Arabian religious leader (Arabic: “The Veiled One”),byname of  Hāshim Ibn Ḥākim   died 779       religious leader, originally a fuller (cloth processor) ...
Muqi Fachang
or Mu-hsi Fa-ch'ang flourished 13th century, Sichuan province, China Chinese Chan (Japanese: Zen) Buddhist painter. Toward the end of the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279), ...
Muqtafī, al-
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph born April 1096, Iraq died 1160, Iraq       ʿAbbāsid caliph during the later years of Seljuq influence in Iraq.       Al-Muqtafī became ...
Mur
Mur (mo͝or) also Mu·ra (mo͝orʹə) A river, about 483 km (300 mi) long, of south-central Austria, northeast Slovenia, and northern Croatia, where it flows into the Drava ...
mura
/moor"euh/, n. (in Japan) a village; hamlet. [ < Japn] * * * ▪ people       South American Indian people of the Amazon tropical forest of western Brazil. The Mura ...
Murad I
▪ Ottoman sultan born 1326? died June 20/28 or August 28, 1389, Kosovo [now in Serbia]  Ottoman sultan who ruled from 1360 to 1389. Murad's reign witnessed rapid Ottoman ...
Murad II
▪ Ottoman sultan born June 1404, Amasya, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died February 3, 1451, Edirne  Ottoman sultan (1421–44 and 1446–51) who expanded and consolidated ...
Murad III
▪ Ottoman sultan born July 4, 1546, Manisa, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died Jan. 15/16, 1595, Constantinople [now Istanbul]       Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) sultan in ...
Murad IV
▪ Ottoman sultan in full  Murad Oglu Ahmed I   born July 27, 1612, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died February 8, 1640, Constantinople  Ottoman ...
Murad V
▪ Ottoman sultan born Sept. 21, 1840, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died Aug. 29, 1904, Constantinople       Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) sultan from ...
Murad, Ferid
born Sept. 14, 1936, Whiting, Ind., U.S. U.S. pharmacologist. He received his M.D. and Ph.D. from Western Reserve University (later Case Western Reserve University). Murad ...
muraenid
/myoo ree"nid/, n. 1. any fish of the family Muraenidae, comprising the morays. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the morays. [1840-50; < NL Muraenidae name of the family, ...
murage
/myoor"ij/, n. Eng. Law. a toll or tax for the repair or construction of the walls or fortifications of a town. [1225-75; ME < OF, equiv. to mur(er) to wall about (see MURE) + ...
Murakami Haruki
▪ Japanese author born Jan. 12, 1949, Kyōto, Japan    the most widely translated Japanese novelist of his generation.       Murakami's first novel, Kaze no uta o ...
Murakami, Takashi
▪ 2006       By 2005 Takashi Murakami, who had been dubbed the Japanese Andy Warhol, had reached a new level of success in his career as an artist, curator, product ...
mural
/myoor"euhl/, n. 1. a large picture painted or affixed directly on a wall or ceiling. 2. a greatly enlarged photograph attached directly to a wall. 3. a wallpaper pattern ...
mural crown
—murally, adv. 1. a golden crown formed with indentations to resemble a battlement, bestowed by the ancient Romans on the soldiers who first mounted the wall of a besieged ...
muraled
mu·raled also mu·ralled (myo͝orʹəld) adj. Decorated with murals or a mural: muraled halls. * * *
muralism
/myoor"euh liz'euhm/, n. (sometimes cap.) an artistic movement identified chiefly with the Mexican painters José Orozco, Diego Rivera, and David Siqueiros and exemplified by ...
muralist
/myoor"euh list/, n. 1. an artist who paints murals, esp. an artist associated with muralism. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of muralism. [MURAL + -IST] * * *
Muralitharan, Muttiah
▪ 2004       In May 2003 Sri Lankan spin bowler Muttiah Muralitharan became the third cricketer in history to take 450 Test wickets, placing him behind Courtney Walsh of ...
muramicacid
mu·ram·ic acid (myo͝o-rămʹĭk) n. An amino sugar, C9H17NO7, found in the peptidoglycan layer of the cell walls of many bacteria.   [Latin mūrus, wall + amide + -ic.] * * *
Murano
/moo rah"noh/; It. /mooh rddah"naw/, n. an island suburb of Venice: cathedral; noted for Venetian glass manufacture. * * * ▪ island, Italy       island, north of ...
Murano Tōgo
▪ Japanese architect born May 15, 1891, Karatsu, Saga prefecture, Japan died Nov. 26, 1984, Ōsaka       Japanese architect particularly noted for the construction of ...
Murasaki Shikibu
/mooh"rddah sah"kee shee"kee booh'/ Lady, 978?-1031?, Japanese poet and novelist. * * * born с 978, Kyōto, Japan Japanese writer. Her real name is unknown, and the primary ...
Murasaki Shikibu,Baroness
Mu·ra·sa·ki Shi·ki·bu (mo͞o'rä-säʹkē shēʹkē-bo͞o'), Baroness. 978?-1031?. Japanese writer whose masterpiece The Tale of Genji is considered to be the greatest work ...
Murat
/myuu rddann"/, n. Joachim /zhaw ann keem"/, 1767?-1815, French marshal: king of Naples 1808-15. /moo raht"/, n. a river in E Turkey, flowing W to the Euphrates. 425 mi. (685 km) ...
Murat River
▪ river, Turkey also spelled  Murad River,  Turkish  Murat Nehri,         river, the major headstream of the Euphrates. In antiquity it was called Arsanias. The ...
Murat, Joachim
born March 25, 1767, La Bastide-Fortunière, France died Oct. 13, 1815, Pizzo, Calabria French soldier and king of Naples (1808–15). He served in Italy and Egypt as a daring ...
Murat,Joachim
Mu·rat (myo͝o-räʹ, mü-), Joachim. 1767?-1815. French marshal who aided Napoleon's coup d'état (1799) and was appointed king of Naples (1808). * * *
Muratori, Lodovico Antonio
▪ Italian historiographer born Oct. 21, 1672, Vignola, Modena died Jan. 23, 1750, Modena       scholar and pioneer of modern Italian historiography.       After ...
Muravyov, Mikhail Nikolayevich, Graf
▪ Russian diplomat and statesman1845-1900 (Count), Muravyov also spelled  Muraviëv, or Muraviev   born April 19 [April 7, old style], 1845, Grodno, Russia died June 21 ...
Muravyov, Nikolay Nikolayevich, Graf (count) Amursky
▪ Russian statesman and explorer Muravyov also spelled  Muraviev   born Aug. 11 [Aug. 23, New Style], 1809, St. Petersburg, Russia died Nov. 18 [Nov. 30], 1881, Paris, ...
Muravyov-Apostol, Sergey Ivanovich
▪ Russian official Muravyov-Apostol also spelled  Muravev-apostol   born Sept. 28 [Oct. 9, New Style], 1796, St. Petersburg, Russia died July 13 [July 25], 1826, St. ...
Murayama Tomiichi
▪ prime minister of Japan born March 23, 1924, Ōita, Japan       politician who in 1994–96 was the first Socialist prime minister of Japan since ...
Murayama, Tomiichi
▪ 1995       The election in June 1994 of Tomiichi Murayama as Japan's first Socialist prime minister in 47 years surprised everyone, including himself. With no previous ...
Murcer, Bobby Ray
▪ 2009       American baseball player and broadcaster born May 20, 1946, Oklahoma City, Okla. died July 12, 2008, Oklahoma City was a dependable centrefielder and ...
Murchison Falls
▪ waterfall, Uganda Murchison also called  Kabalega  or  Kabarega         waterfall on the lower Victoria Nile River (Victoria Nile) in northwestern Uganda, 20 ...
Murchison Falls National Park
▪ park, Uganda also called  Kabalega Falls National Park  or  Kabarega National Park        national park located in northwestern Uganda, established in 1952. It ...
Murchison meteorite
▪ astronomy        meteorite that fell as a shower of stones (see meteorite shower) in Victoria, Austl., in 1969. More than 100 kg (220 pounds) of the meteorite were ...
Murchison River
River, Western Australia, Australia. Sporadically flowing west to the Indian Ocean, it is 440 mi (708 km) long. In 1891 the river's name was given to one of Australia's richest ...
Murchison, Ira
▪ 1995       U.S. track star (b. Feb. 6, 1933, Chicago, Ill.—d. March 28, 1994, Harvey, Ill.), burst forth from the starting block with such lightning-quick speed that ...
Murchison, Sir Roderick Impey
▪ British geologist born Feb. 19, 1792, Tarradale, Ross-shire, Scot. died Oct. 22, 1871, London, Eng.  geologist who first established the geologic sequence of Early ...
MurchisonRiver
Mur·chi·son River (mûrʹchĭ-sən) An intermittent river of western Australia flowing about 708 km (440 mi) generally southwest to the Indian Ocean. * * *
Murcia
/moor"sheuh/; Sp. /moohrdd"thyah/, n. 1. a city in SE Spain. 243,759. 2. a region in SE Spain: formerly a kingdom. * * * I Autonomous community (pop., 2001: 1,197,646), ...
murcott
/merr"kot/, n. a thin-skinned, juicy variety of tangerine. Also, murcot. [allegedly named after Charles Murcott Smith, Florida grower] * * *
Murcutt, Glenn
▪ 2003       Australian architect Glenn Murcutt won the 2002 Pritzker Architecture Prize, though unlike the majority of the previous 25 Pritzker laureates, he had ...
murder
/merr"deuhr/, n. 1. Law. the killing of another human being under conditions specifically covered in law. In the U.S., special statutory definitions include murder committed with ...
Murder in the Cathedral
a verse drama (1935) by T. S. Eliot. * * *
murder one
first-degree murder. See under murder (def. 1). * * *
murder two
second-degree murder. See under murder (def. 1). * * *
Murder, Inc
an informal US name for the Mafia(1) or other powerful criminal groups. It was first used to refer to a criminal organization run by Albert Anastasia and Louis ‘Lepke’ ...
Murder, Inc.
Popular name for an arm of the U.S. national crime syndicate founded с 1930 in Brooklyn, N.Y., to threaten, maim, or murder designated victims for a price. Its services were ...
murderee
/merr'deuh ree"/, n. a murderer's victim or intended victim. [1915-20; MURDER + -EE] * * *
murderer
/merr"deuhr euhr/, n. a person who commits murder. [1300-50; ME mortherer, mord(e)rer; see MURDER, -ER1] * * *
murderess
/merr"deuhr is/, n. a woman who commits murder. [1350-1400; ME moerdrice, morderes; see MURDER, -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
murderous
—murderously, adv. —murderousness, n. /merr"deuhr euhs/, adj. 1. of the nature of or involving murder: a murderous deed. 2. guilty of, bent on, or capable of murder. 3. ...
murderously
See murderous. * * *
murderousness
See murderously. * * *
Murders in the Rue Morgue, The
a short story (1841) by Edgar Allan Poe. * * *
Murdoch
/merr"dok/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Murdoch Dame Jean Iris Murdoch Keith Rupert Sopwith Sir Thomas Octave Murdoch * * *
Murdoch, (Keith) Rupert
born March 11, 1931, Melbourne, Vic., Austl. Australian-U.S. newspaper publisher and media entrepreneur. Son of a famous Australian war correspondent and publisher, he ...
Murdoch, (Keith)Rupert
Murdoch, (Keith) Rupert. Born 1931. Australian-born American communications magnate whose worldwide media holdings include newspapers and magazines, book publishers, television ...
Murdoch, Colin Albert
▪ 2009       New Zealand pharmacist, veterinary chemist, and inventor born Feb. 6, 1929, Christchurch, N.Z. died May 4, 2008, Timaru, N.Z. held patents on some 46 ...
Murdoch, Dame (Jean) Iris
born July 15, 1919, Dublin, Ire. died Feb. 8, 1999, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. British novelist and philosopher. A graduate of the University of Oxford, she worked as a ...
Murdoch, Dame (Jean)Iris
Mur·doch (mûrʹdŏk'), Dame (Jean) Iris. 1919-1999. Irish-born writer whose intricate and philosophical novels include Under the Net (1954), The Sea, the Sea (1978), and ...
Murdoch, Dame Iris
▪ 2000       British author and philosopher (b. July 15, 1919, Dublin, Ire.—d. Feb. 8, 1999, Oxford, Eng.), wrote more than 25 novels that were distinguished by a ...
Murdoch, James Edward
▪ American actor born Jan. 25, 1811, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died May 19, 1893, Cincinnati, Ohio       one of the foremost American actors of the 19th ...
Murdoch, Rupert
▪ 1999       In 1998 one of the most talked-about conflicts in baseball took place off the field and in the boardroom. Australian media mogul Rupert Murdoch revealed in ...
Murdock, George P.
▪ American anthropologist in full  George Peter Murdock  born May 11, 1897, Meriden, Conn., U.S. died March 29, 1985, Devon, Pa.       American anthropologist who ...
Murdock, Richard D.
▪ 1998       In 1997 Rick Murdock, CEO of CellPro, Inc., a small biotechnology firm based in Bothell, Wash., was in the midst of a battle for the company that had saved ...
Murdock, William
▪ Scottish inventor born Aug. 21, 1754, Old Cumnock, Ayr, Scot. died Nov. 15, 1839, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng.  Scottish inventor, the first to make extensive use of ...
murdrum
/merr"dreuhm/, n. Old Eng. Law. 1. the killing of a human being in a secret manner. 2. the fine payable to the king by the hundred where such a killing occurred, unless the ...
mure
/myoor/, n., v., mured, muring. n. 1. Obs. a wall. v.t. 2. to immure. [1400-50; late ME muren (v.) < MF murer < LL murare v. deriv. of L murus wall] * * *
murein
mu·re·in (myo͝orʹē-ĭn, myo͝orʹēn') n. See peptidoglycan.   [muramic acid + -ein.] * * *
Mures
/moor"esh/, n. a river in SE central Europe, flowing W from the Carpathian Mountains in central Rumania to the Tisza River in S Hungary. 400 mi. (645 km) long. Hungarian, Maros. ...
Mureş River
River, rising in the eastern Carpathian Mountains, east-central Romania. It flows west across northern Romania and across the Hungarian border to join the Tisza River at Szeged, ...
Muret, Marc-Antoine de
▪ French author also called  Marcus Antonius Muretus   born April 12, 1526, Muret, near Limoges, France died June 4, 1585, Rome [Italy]       French humanist and ...
murex
/myoor"eks/, n., pl. murices /myoor"euh seez'/, murexes. 1. any marine gastropod of the genus Murex, common in tropical seas, certain species of which yield the royal purple dye ...
murexide
/myoo rek"suyd, -sid/, n. Chem. a reddish-purple, crystalline, sparingly water-soluble solid, C8H8N6O6, having a green luster, formerly used as a dye. Also called ammonium ...
murexide test
Biochem. a test in which treatment of a substance, usually urine, with nitric acid and ammonia indicates the presence of uric acid by formation of murexide. * * *
Murfree, Mary Noailles
▪ American writer pseudonym  Charles Egbert Craddock   born Jan. 24, 1850, near Murfreesboro, Tenn., U.S. died July 31, 1922, Murfreesboro  American writer in the ...
Murfreesboro
/merr"freez berr'oh, -bur'oh/, n. a city in central Tennessee: battle of Stone River (or Murfreesboro) 1862. 32,845. * * * ▪ Tennessee, United States       city, seat ...
murgeon
/merr"jeuhn/, n. Scot. a grimace; a wry face. [1490-1500; orig. uncert.] * * *
Murger, Henri
▪ French author in full  Louis-Henri Murger   born March 27, 1822, Paris, France died Jan. 28, 1861, Paris       French novelist who was among the first to depict ...
Murghob
Mur·ghob also Mur·ghab (mo͝or-gäbʹ) A river rising in northeast Afghanistan and flowing about 853 km (530 mi) generally west and northwest to the Kara Kum Desert in ...
Muri
▪ Nigeria       town and traditional emirate, northwestern Taraba state, eastern Nigeria. Originally part of the 17th-century Jukun kingdom called Kororofa, the region ...
muriate
/myoor"ee ayt', -it/, n. (not in scientific use) any chloride, esp. potassium chloride, KCl, used as a fertilizer. [1780-90; back formation from MURIATIC] * * *
muriatic
/myoor'ee at"ik/, adj. (not in scientific use) of or derived from muriatic acid. [1665-75; < L muriaticus pickled, lying in brine, equiv. to muri(a) brine + -aticus; see -ATE1, ...
muriatic acid
(not in scientific use) See hydrochloric acid. [1780-90] * * *
muriaticacid
mu·ri·at·ic acid (myo͝or'ē-ătʹĭk) n. Hydrochloric acid.   [Latin muriāticus, pickled, from muria, brine.] * * *
muricate
/myoor"i kayt'/, adj. Bot., Zool. covered with short, sharp points. Also, muricated. [1655-65; < L muricatus like a murex, equiv. to muric- (s. of murex) MUREX + -atus -ATE1] * * ...
murices
mu·ri·ces (myo͝orʹĭ-sēz') n. A plural of murex. * * *
murid
murid [myoor′id] n. 〚< ModL Muridae < L mus (gen. muris), MOUSE〛 any of a family (Muridae) of rodents, including the Old World rats and mice * * *
Muridae
▪ rodent family       largest extant rodent family, indeedthe largest of all mammalian families, encompassing more than 1,383 species of the “true” mice (mouse) and ...
Muriel
/myoor"ee euhl/, n. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Spark Muriel Sarah Muriel Sarah Camberg Muriel Ellen Deason * * *
Muriel Spark
➡ Spark * * *
Murieta, Joaquín
▪ American bandit baptized 1830, Alamos, Sonora, Mex.? died 1853, California, U.S.?       legendary bandit who became a hero of the Mexican-Americans in California. ...
Murillo
/myoo ril"oh, mooh ree"oh, myooh-/; Sp. /mooh rddee"lyaw/, n. Bartolomé Esteban /bahrdd'taw law me" es te"vahn/, 1617-82, Spanish painter. * * *
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
(baptized Jan. 1, 1618, Sevilla, Spain died April 3, 1682, Sevilla) Spanish painter. The most popular Baroque religious painter of 17th-century Spain, he is noted for his ...
murine
/myoor"uyn, -in/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Muridae, the family of rodents that includes the mice and rats. n. 2. a murine rodent. [1600-10; < L murinus of mice, ...
murine opossum
any of several grayish, brownish, or russet opossums of the genus Marmosa, inhabiting forests of Central and South America, often having a black, masklike marking on the face. ...
murinetyphus
murine typhus n. A comparatively mild, acute, endemic form of typhus caused by the microorganism Rickettsia typhi, transmitted from rats to humans by fleas and characterized by ...
Muris, Jean de
▪ French philosopher born c. 1290, Normandy? died c. 1351, Paris       French philosopher and mathematician who was a leading proponent of the new musical style of the ...
Murison, David Donald
▪ 1998       Scottish lexicographer who was editor of the 10-volume Scottish National Dictionary from 1946 until it was completed in 1976; his work was credited with ...
Murjite
/merr"juyt/, n. Islam. a member of a sect asserting that a man cannot be judged by his present or past actions and that such judgment must be left to God. [ < Ar murji'ah body of ...
Murjiʾah
One of the earliest sects of Islam to believe in the postponement of judgment on those who have committed serious sins, recognizing that God alone is able to decide whether a ...
murk
/merrk/, n. 1. darkness; gloom: the murk of a foggy night. adj. 2. Archaic. dark; murky. Also, mirk. [bef. 900; ME mirke, myrke < ON myrkr dark, darkness, r. OE myrce dark] * * *
murkily
See murky. * * *
murkiness
See murkily. * * *
murky
—murkily, adv. —murkiness, n. /merr"kee/, adj., murkier, murkiest. 1. dark, gloomy, and cheerless. 2. obscure or thick with mist, haze, etc., as the air. 3. vague; unclear; ...
Murman Coast
/moor mahn"/ an Arctic coastal region in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Kola Peninsula. * * *
Murmansk
/moor mahnsk"/; Russ. /moohrdd"meuhnsk/, n. an ice-free seaport and railroad terminus in the NW Russian Federation, on the Murman Coast. 432,000. * * * Seaport (pop., 1999 est.: ...
murmur
—murmurer, n. —murmurless, adj. —murmurlessly, adv. /merr"meuhr/, n. 1. a low, continuous sound, as of a brook, the wind, or trees, or of low, indistinct voices. 2. a ...
murmuration
/merr'meuh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of murmuring. 2. a flock of starlings. [1350-1400; ME < L murmuration- (s. of murmuratio). See MURMUR, -ATION] * * *
murmurer
See murmur. * * *
murmuringly
See murmurer. * * *
murmurous
—murmurously, adv. /merr"meuhr euhs/, adj. 1. abounding in or characterized by murmurs. 2. murmuring; indistinctly low: murmurous waters. [1575-85; MURMUR + -OUS] * * *
murmurously
See murmurer. * * *
Murnau, F.W.
orig. Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe born Dec. 28, 1889, Bielefeld, Ger. died March 11, 1931, Hollywood, Calif., U.S. German film director. After studying at the University of ...
Muro Kyūsō
▪ Japanese scholar born March 29, 1658, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died Sept. 11, 1734, Edo       noted Japanese Confucian scholar who, as a leading government official, ...
Murom
/mooh"rddeuhm/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, SW of Nizhni Novgorod. 120,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Vladimir oblast (region), western Russia. ...
Muromachi period
In Japanese history, period of military government (bakufu, or shogunate) from the 14th to the 16th century. The bakufu was established in 1338 by the samurai (warrior) Ashikaga ...
Muroran
▪ Japan  city, southern Hokkaido, Japan, on Cape Chikyū at the entrance to Uchiura Bay. After 1906 it began to grow from a village to a company town, producing steel and ...
murphy
/merr"fee/, n., pl. murphies, v., murphied, murphying. Slang. n. 1. an Irish or white potato. 2. any of various confidence games in which a victim is left with a sealed envelope ...
Murphy
/merr"fee/, n. 1. Frank, 1890-1949, U.S. statesman and jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1940-49. 2. Isaac, 1861-96, U.S. thoroughbred racehorse jockey. 3. ...
Murphy bed
a bed constructed so that it can be folded or swung into a closet. [1920-25; named after William L. Murphy (1876-1959), American inventor] * * *
Murphy game
☆ Murphy game n. 〚? after a 19th-c. confidence man of that name〛 a confidence game in which the victim pays the swindler (Murphy Man) for something, as the services of a ...
Murphy's Law
the facetious proposition that if something can go wrong, it will. Also called Murphy's First Law. [Amer.; after a fictitious Murphy, allegedly the name of a bungling mechanic in ...
Murphy'sLaw
Mur·phy's Law (mûrʹfēz) n. Any of certain humorous axioms stating that anything that can possibly go wrong, will go wrong.   [From the name Murphy.] * * *
Murphy, Audie (Leon)
born June 20, 1924, near Kingston, Texas, U.S. died May 28, 1971, near Roanoke, Va. U.S. war hero and actor. Enlisting in the army in 1942, he became the most decorated U.S. ...
Murphy, Eddie
▪ American actor and comedian byname of  Edward Regan Murphy  born April 3, 1961, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.    American comedian and actor who was a dominant comedic voice ...
Murphy, Frank
orig. William Francis Murphy born April 13, 1890, Harbor Beach, Mich., U.S. died July 19, 1949, Detroit, Mich. U.S. Supreme Court justice (1940–49). After serving in World ...
Murphy, George Lloyd
▪ American actor and politician born July 4, 1902, New Haven, Conn., U.S. died May 3, 1992, Palm Beach, Fla.  American actor and politician who was remembered as an amiable ...
Murphy, Gerald; and Murphy, Sara
▪ American expatriates in full respectively  Gerald Clery Murphy  and  Sara Sherman Murphy , née  Sara Sherman Wiborg   Respectively,   born March 25, 1888, Boston, ...
Murphy, Isaac Burns
born 1861, Fayette county, Ky., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1896, Louisville, Ky. U.S. jockey. He was one of the first jockeys to pace his mount for a charge down the homestretch a ...
Murphy, John B.
▪ American surgeon in full  John Benjamin Murphy  born Dec. 21, 1857, Appleton, Wis., U.S. died Aug. 11, 1916, Mackinac Island, Mich.       American surgeon who was ...
Murphy, John Cullen
▪ 2005       American illustrator (b. May 3, 1919, New York, N.Y.—d. July 2, 2004, Greenwich, Conn.), drew the finely detailed comic strip Prince Valiant from 1970 ...
Murphy, William P.
▪ American physician in full  William Parry Murphy   born Feb. 6, 1892, Stoughton, Wis., U.S. died Oct. 9, 1987, Brookline, Mass.       American physician who with ...
Murphy,William Parry
Murphy, William Parry. 1892-1987. American physician. He shared a 1934 Nobel Prize for discovering that a diet of liver relieves anemia. * * *
Murphy-O'Connor, Cormac
▪ 2001       In 2000 Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, formerly the bishop of Arundel and Brighton, succeeded the late Basil Cardinal Hume as leader of Great Britain's four ...
Murphy-O’Connor
(1932– ) the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Westminster since 2000. He was made a cardinal (= a priest of the highest rank) by Pope John Paul II in 2001. * * *
Murphybed
Murphy bed n. A bed that folds or swings into a closet for concealment.   [After William Lawrence Murphy (1876-1959), American inventor.] * * *
Murphygame
Murphy game n. Slang Any of various confidence games often having the services of a prostitute as a lure and brought off by switching an envelope containing the victim's cash ...
Murphy’s law
the idea that ‘if anything can go wrong in a situation, it will’. People often talk about Murphy’s law in a humorous way when thinking about possible problems which might ...
murra
/merr"euh/, n. a mineral or stone used in ancient Rome for making fine vases, cups, etc.: believed to have been fluorite. Also, murrha. [1590-1600; < L murr(h)a, appar. back ...
murrain
/merr"in/, n. 1. Vet. Pathol. any of various diseases of cattle, as anthrax, foot-and-mouth disease, and Texas fever. 2. Obs. a plague or pestilence. [1300-50; ME moreine, moryne ...
Murray
/merr"ee, mur"ee/, n. 1. Sir (George) Gilbert (Aimé) /ay may"/, 1866-1957, English classical scholar. 2. Sir James Augustus Henry, 1837-1915, Scottish lexicographer and ...
Murray Bridge
▪ South Australia, Australia       town, southeastern South Australia, on the Murray River, 52 miles (84 km) by road southeast of Adelaide. Originally a stop for cattle ...
Murray Grey
▪ breed of cattle       breed of Australian beef cattle first bred in 1905 in the Murray River valley on the border between New South Wales and Victoria. Its ...
Murray River
Principal river of Australia. Rising near Mount Kosciusko, in southeastern New South Wales, it flows across southeastern Australia from the Snowy Mountains to the Great ...
Murray State University
▪ university, Murray, Kentucky, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher education in Murray, Kentucky, U.S. It awards bachelor's, master's, and ...
Murray, Albert L.
▪ American author and critic born May 12, 1916, Nokomis, Alabama, U.S.       African-American essayist and critic whose writings assert the vitality and the powerful ...
Murray, Arthur
▪ American dancing instructor byname of  Arthur Murray Teichman   born April 4, 1895, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 3, 1991, Honolulu, Hawaii       American ...
Murray, Bill
▪ American actor in full  William James Murray  born Sept. 21, 1950, Wilmette, Ill., U.S.       American actor best known for his trademark deadpan humour on ...
Murray, Elizabeth
▪ 2008  American artist born Sept. 6, 1940, Chicago, Ill. died Aug. 12, 2007, Granville, N.Y. created colour-infused abstract canvases that blended elements of Surrealism ...
Murray, George Redmayne
born June 20, 1865, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, Eng. died Sept. 21, 1939, Mobberley, Cheshire British physician. After receiving his M.D. from the University of ...
Murray, Gilbert
▪ British scholar born January 2, 1866, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia died May 20, 1957, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England       British classical scholar whose translations of ...
Murray, Henry
▪ American psychologist in full  Henry Alexander Murray  born May 13, 1893, New York, New York, U.S. died June 23, 1988, Cambridge, Massachusetts       American ...
Murray, James
▪ British soldier and official born January 21, 1721/22, Ballencrieff, Lothian, Scotland died June 18, 1794, near Battle, Sussex [now in East Sussex], England  British ...
Murray, Jerome
▪ 1999       American inventor of such varied items as the airplane boarding ramp, a television antenna rotator, and a pump that made open-heart surgery possible (b. ...
Murray, Joseph E.
▪ American physiologist in full  Joseph Edward Murray   born April 1, 1919, Milford, Mass., U.S.       American surgeon who in 1990 was cowinner (with E. Donnall ...
Murray, Judith Sargent Stevens
▪ American writer née  Judith Sargent  born May 1, 1751, Gloucester, Mass. [U.S.] died July 6, 1820, Natchez, Miss., U.S.       American writer during the early ...
Murray, Kathryn
▪ 2000 Kathryn Kohnfelder        American ballroom dancer who with her husband, Arthur Murray, hosted a popular television dance show, The Arthur Murray Party ...
Murray, Len
▪ 2005 Lionel Murray, Baron Murray of Epping Forest        British trade unionist (b. Aug. 2, 1922, Hadley, Shropshire, Eng.—d. May 20, 2004, London, Eng.), was the ...
Murray, Les
▪ Australian author in full  Leslie Allan Murray  born Oct. 17, 1938, Nabiac, N.S.W., Australia       Australian poet and essayist who in such meditative, lyrical ...
Murray, Lord George
▪ Scottish general born October 4, 1694, Huntingtower, Perth [now in Perth and Kinross], Scotland died October 11, 1760, Medemblik, Netherlands       Scottish ...
Murray, Philip
born , May 25, 1886, Blantyre, Lanark, Scot. died Nov. 9, 1952, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. Scottish-born U.S. labour leader. After immigrating to the U.S. in 1902, he became a ...
Murray, Sir James
▪ Scottish lexicographer in full  Sir James Augustus Henry Murray  born February 7, 1837, Denholm, Roxburghshire [now Scottish Borders], Scotland died July 26, 1915, Oxford, ...
Murray, Sir James (Augustus Henry)
born Feb. 7, 1837, Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scot. died July 26, 1915, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. Scottish lexicographer. He taught in a grammar school (1855–85). His Dialect of ...
Murray, Sir John
▪ Canadian oceanographer born March 3, 1841, Cobourg, Ontario, Canada died March 16, 1914, near Kirkliston, West Lothian [now in Edinburgh], Scotland       Scots ...
Murray, Sir John, Baronet
▪ Scottish Jacobite born 1718 died December 6, 1777, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England       Scottish Jacobite, secretary to Prince Charles Edward (the Young Pretender) ...
Murray,Sir James Augustus Henry
Murray, Sir James Augustus Henry. 1837-1915. British philologist and the original lexicographer (1879-1915) of the Oxford English Dictionary. * * *
Murrayfield
the Scottish national Rugby Union ground in Edinburgh, where all Scotland’s home international matches are played. * * *
MurrayRiver
Murray River A river of southeast Australia rising in the Australian Alps and flowing about 2,589 km (1,609 mi) northwest then south to an arm of the Indian Ocean south of ...
murre
/merr/, n. 1. either of two black and white diving birds of the genus Uria, of northern seas, U. aalge (common murre) or U. lomvia (thick-billed murre). 2. See razor-billed ...
murrelet
/merr"lit/, n. any of several small, chunky diving birds of the family Alcidae, of North Pacific coasts. [1870-75, Amer.; MURRE + -LET] * * * ▪ bird       any of six ...
Mürren
▪ Switzerland  Alpine village, Bern canton, south central Switzerland, situated high above the Lauterbrunnen Valley in the Bernese Oberland (highland), opposite the Jungfrau ...
murrey
/merr"ee/, n. a dark purplish-red color. [1375-1425; late ME murrey, morrey < MF moré (adj. and n.), morée (n.) < ML moratum, morata, neut. and fem. of moratus, equiv. to L ...
murrhine
/merr"in, -uyn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or manufactured of murra. Also, murrine. [1570-80; < L murr(h)inus, for Gk mourríne, equiv. to mórr(ia) murra + -ine fem. n. suffix; ...
murrhine glass
1. glassware believed to resemble the murrhine cups of ancient Rome. 2. a ware composed of glass in which metals, precious stones, or the like are embedded. * * *
Murrow
/merr"oh, mur"oh/, n. Edward R(oscoe), 1908-65, U.S. news broadcaster and commentator. * * *
Murrow, Edward (Egbert) R(oscoe)
born April 25, 1908, Greensboro, N.C., U.S. died April 27, 1965, Pawling, N.Y. U.S. radio and television broadcaster. Murrow joined CBS in 1935 and two years later became head ...
Murrow, Edward R
▪ American journalist born April 25, 1908, Greensboro, N.C., U.S. died April 27, 1965, Pawling, N.Y.  radio and television broadcaster who was the most influential and ...
Murrow, Edward R(oscoe)
Mur·row (mûrʹō, mŭrʹō), Edward R(oscoe). 1908-1965. American broadcast journalist noted for his dramatic factual reports from London during World War II. * * *
Murrumbidgee
/merr'euhm bij"ee/, n. a river in SE Australia, flowing W through New South Wales to the Murray River. 1050 mi. (1690 km) long. * * *
Murrumbidgee River
River, southeastern New South Wales, Australia. The major right-bank tributary of the Murray River, it flows west from the Great Dividing Range near Canberra to join the Murray ...
Murry
/merr"ee, mur"ee/, n. a male given name, form of Murray. * * *
Murry, John Middleton
▪ British critic born August 6, 1889, London, England died March 13, 1957, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk       English journalist and critic whose romantic and biographical ...
Murrysville
/merr"eez vil', mur"-/, n. a city in SW Pennsylvania. 16,036. * * *
Mursa, Battle of
▪ ancient Roman history       (Sept. 28, AD 351), defeat of the usurper Magnentius by the Roman emperor Constantius II. The battle entailed losses on both sides that ...
Murshidabad
▪ India       town, central West Bengal state, northeastern India. The town, lying just east of the Bhagirathi River, is an agricultural trade and silk-weaving ...
Mursilis I
▪ Hittite king also spelled  Murshilish        (fl. 16th century BC) Hittite king during the Old Kingdom (reigned c. 1620–c. 1590 BC).       Mursilis was ...
Mursilis II
▪ Hittite king also spelled  Murshilish   flourished 14th century BC        Hittite king during the New Kingdom (reigned c. 1346–c. 1320 BC).       Son of ...
murther
/merr"dheuhr/, n., v.t., v.i. Obs. murder. [bef. 900; ME morther, OE morthor; c. Goth maurthr. See MORTAL] * * *
Murthy, Narayana
▪ 2005       Narayana Murthy, chairman and chief mentor of Indian software giant Infosys Technologies Ltd., had plenty to celebrate in 2004. In April he announced that ...
Murugaṉ
▪ Tamil deity       chief deity of the ancient Tamils of South India, later identified in part with the Hindu god Skanda. He probably originated as a fertility god, and ...
Mururoa
▪ island, French Polynesia       atoll at the southeastern tip of the Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia, in the central South Pacific Ocean, about 700 miles ...
Murut
▪ people       least numerous of the indigenous ethnic groups of Indonesian Borneo, living mostly in the hilly southwestern uplands of northeastern Malaysia and speaking ...
Murwara
▪ India       city, east-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India, just south of the Katni River, a tributary of the Mahanadi (Mahanadi River). Sometimes called ...
Murwillumbah
▪ New South Wales, Australia       coastal town, northeastern New South Wales, Australia, 20 miles (32 km) above the mouth of the Tweed River, near the Queensland ...
Murzuk
▪ oasis, Libya also spelled  Marzūq        oasis, southwestern Libya. It lies on the northern edge of the Murzuk Sand Sea (Idhān Murzuk). An ancient assembly place ...
Mürzzuschlag
▪ Austria       town, east-central Austria, at the junction of the Fröschnitz and Mürz rivers, northeast of Bruck an der Mur. First mentioned in 1227, it was ...
mus
mus abbrev. 1. museum 2. music 3. musical 4. musician * * * ▪ Turkey       city, eastern Turkey, lying at the mouth of a gorge on the slopes of Kurtik Mountain, at the ...
Mus, Paul
▪ French scholar born 1902?, Bourges, Fr. died Aug. 9, 1969, Avignon       French scholar of Southeast Asian civilizations, especially Vietnamese society and ...
mūs-
A mouse; also a muscle (from the resemblance of a flexing muscle to the movements of a mouse). 1. mouse, from Old English mūs (plural mȳs), mouse, from Germanic *mūs- (plural ...
mus.
1. museum. 2. music. 3. musical. 4. musician. * * *
Mus.B.
Bachelor of Music. Also, Mus. Bac. [ < NL Musicae Baccalaureus] * * *

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