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Doctor of Music. Also, Mus.Doc., Mus.Dr. [ < NL Musicae Doctor] * * *
Master of Music. [ < L Musicae Magister] * * *
or Mousa died 1332/37? Emperor (mansa) of the West African Mali empire from 1307 (or 1312). Mūsā left a realm notable for its extent and riches (he built the Great Mosque at ...
Musa, Said
▪ prime minister of Belize born March 19, 1944, San Ignacio, British Honduras [now Belize]       Belizean lawyer and politician who served as prime minister of Belize ...
▪ plant family  the banana family of plants (order Zingiberales), consisting of 2 genera, Musa and Ensete, with about 50 species native to Africa, Asia, and Australia. The ...
/myooh zay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Musaceae, the banana family of plants. Cf. banana family. [1850-55; < NL Musace(ae) family name (Mus(a) genus name ( < Ar mawzah banana, ...
/mooh"sahf/, n. Hebrew. the religious service celebrated by Jews in addition to and immediately after the morning service on the Sabbath and festivals. [musaph lit., addition] * ...
Musandam Peninsula
Northeastern extension of the Arabian Peninsula. It partially separates the Gulf of Oman from the Persian Gulf to form the Strait of Hormuz to the north. Part of Oman, it is ...
▪ Judaism       a religious movement among Orthodox (Orthodox Judaism) Jews of Lithuania during the 19th century that emphasized personal piety as a necessary complement ...
Musarurwa, Willie
▪ Zimbabwean journalist byname of  Wirayi Dzawanda Musarurwa   born Nov. 24, 1927, Sinoia, Zvimba Reserve, Southern Rhodesia died April 3, 1990, Harare, ...
▪ Japan       city, Tokyo to (metropolis), Honshu, Japan, bordered (east) by Tokyo city. Kichijōji, the centre of the city, was founded in 1659 in the Kichijō-ji ...
▪ ancient city, Turkey also spelled  Muṣri , or  Mussassir        ancient city probably located near the upper Great Zab River between Lake Urmia and Lake Van in ...
Musäus, Johann Karl August
▪ German writer born March 29, 1735, Jena, Saxony died Oct. 28, 1787, Weimar       German satirist and writer of fairy tales, remembered for his graceful and delicately ...
Mūsawī, ʿAbbās al-
▪ Lebanese religious leader born c. 1952, Al-Nabī Shīt, Lebanon died February 16, 1992, southern Lebanon       Lebanese Shīʿite Muslim cleric and secretary-general ...
MusB or Mus.B. abbrev. 〚L Musicae Baccalaureus〛 Bachelor of Music: also MusBac or Mus.Bac. * * * MusB abbr. Latin Musicae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Music). * * *
/mus"keuh/, n., gen. Muscae /mus"ee/. Astron. the Fly, a small southern constellation between Crux and Chamaeleon. [ < NL, L: a fly] * * *
musca volitans
/mus"keuh vol"i tanz'/, pl. muscae volitantes /mus"kee vol'i tan"teez, mus"ee/. Ophthalm. floater (def. 6). [ < NL; L: fly flying about] * * *
/mus'keuh del"/, n. muscatel. Also, muscadelle. * * *
/mus'keuh day"/; Fr. /myuus kann de"/, n. 1. a white grape grown esp. in the lower Loire Valley region of France. 2. a dry white wine made from this grape. [ < F muscadet, MF: ...
/mus"keuh din/; Fr. /myuu skah daonn"/, n., pl. muscadins /-dins/; Fr. /-daonn"/. 1. a person with monarchical sympathies during the French Revolution, esp. from 1794 to 1796. 2. ...
/mus"keuh din, -duyn'/, n. a grape, Vitis rotundifolia, of the southern U.S., having dull purple, thick-skinned musky fruit and being the origin of many grape ...
muscae volitantes
muscae volitantes [mus′ē väl΄ə tan′tēz΄, mus′kē] n. 〚L, flying flies〛 specks that appear to float before the eyes, caused by defects or impurities in the ...
/mus kair"uy, -kair"ee/ any plant of the genus Muscari, which includes the grape hyacinth. [1590-1600; < NL, perh. < early ModGk *moschari grape hyacinth, deriv. of LGk móschos ...
/mus"keuhr in, -keuh reen'/, n. Chem. a poisonous compound, C8H19NO3, found in certain mushrooms, esp. fly agaric, and in decaying fish. [1870-75; < L muscar(ius) of flies ...
/mus'keuh rin"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to muscarine. 2. related to or imitating the action of muscarine on neurons, esp. in blocking cholinergic effects. [MUSCARINE + -IC] * ...
/mus"keuht, -kat/, n. 1. a variety of grape having a pronounced sweet aroma and flavor, used for making wine and raisins. 2. the vine bearing this fruit. [1570-80; short for ...
/mus kat"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Oman. 70,000. Arabic, Masqat. * * * or Masqat City (pop., 1993: city, 40,900; 1999 est.: metro. area, 887,000), capital of Oman, ...
Muscat and Oman
former name of Oman. * * *
Muscatand Oman
Muscat and Oman See Oman. * * *
/mus'keuh tel", mus"keuh tel'/, n. 1. a sweet wine made from muscat grapes. 2. a muscat grape. 3. a raisin made from muscat grapes. Also, muscadel, muscadelle. [1350-1400; < MF, ...
/mus"keuh teen', mus'keuh teen"/, n. a city in E Iowa, on the Mississippi. 23,467. * * * ▪ Iowa, United States       city, seat (1837) of Muscatine county, eastern ...
/mus"keuh vay"doh, -vah"-/, n. muscovado. * * *
Muschamp, Herbert Mitchell
▪ 2008       American architecture critic born Nov. 28, 1947, Philadelphia, Pa. died Oct. 2, 2007, New York, N.Y. was renowned for the passionate reviews that he wrote ...
▪ bird family  family of songbirds (songbird) in the order Passeriformes (passeriform). Considered in the narrow sense, the family is thought to include the Old World ...
/mus"id/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Muscidae, the family of dipterous insects that includes the common housefly. n. 2. any muscid fly. [1890-95; < NL Muscidae name ...
—muscleless, adj. —muscly, adj. /mus"euhl/, n., v., muscled, muscling, adj. n. 1. a tissue composed of cells or fibers, the contraction of which produces movement in the ...
muscle beach
a beach where young men display their muscles, engage in calisthenics, etc. * * *
muscle car
☆ muscle car n. an automobile, esp. in the 1960s, made to look and perform like a racing car, as in being able to accelerate quickly to high speeds, but designed for use on ...
muscle disease
▪ pathology Introduction       any of the diseases and disorders that affect the human muscle system (muscle system, human). Diseases and disorders that result from ...
muscle fiber
one of the structural cells of a muscle. [1875-80] * * *
muscle sense
Psychol., Physiol. a sense of movement derived from afferent nerves originating in tendons, muscle tissue, skin, and joints; proprioception. [1890-95] * * *
muscle shirt
Slang. a T-shirt having short sleeves or no sleeves. * * *
Muscle Shoals
former rapids of the Tennessee River in SW Alabama, changed into a lake by Wilson Dam: part of the Tennessee Valley Authority. * * * Former rapids, Tennessee River, northwestern ...
muscle spindle
Cell Biol. a proprioceptor in skeletal muscle, composed of striated muscle fibers and sensory nerve endings in a connective tissue sheath, that conveys information via the spinal ...
muscle system, human
Introduction   the muscles of the human body that work the skeletal system (skeletal system, human), that are under voluntary control, and that are concerned with movement, ...
muscle tumour
Abnormal tissue growth in or originating from muscle tissue. There are three major types. Leiomyomas are tumours of smooth muscles, seen most often in the uterus but also in the ...
muscle-bound [mus′əlbound΄] adj. 1. having some of the muscles enlarged and less elastic, as from too much exercise 2. not flexible or adaptive; rigid * * *
/mus"euhl bownd'/, adj. 1. having enlarged and inelastic muscles, as from excessive exercise. 2. rigid; inflexible: musclebound rules. [1875-80; MUSCLE + -BOUND1] * * *
muscle car n. A high-performance automobile, often with flashy, sporty styling. * * *
muscle fiber n. A cylindrical, multinucleate cell composed of numerous myofibrils that contracts when stimulated. * * *
musclehead [mus′əl hed΄] n. Slang 1. a muscular man, esp. one who is involved in bodybuilding, weight lifting, etc. 2. a dull, stupid person * * *
/mus"euhl man'/, n., pl. musclemen. 1. Informal. a man with a muscular or brawny physique, esp. a bodybuilder. 2. Slang. a bodyguard, esp. one hired to intimidate others, often ...
muscle spindle n. A stretch receptor in vertebrate muscle. * * *
muscly [mus′lē, musəl ē] adj. having prominent, well-developed muscles, esp. in the chest and upper arms * * * See muscle. * * *
/mus"kohn/, n. Chem. an oily, very slightly water-soluble, large cyclic ketone containing a 15-membered ring, C16H30O, obtained from musk: used in the perfume industry. Also, ...
/mus'keuh vay"doh, -vah"-/, n. raw or unrefined sugar, obtained from the juice of the sugar cane by evaporating and draining off the molasses. Also, muscavado. [1635-45; ( < Sp ...
/mus"keuh vuyt'/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Moscow. 2. a native or inhabitant of the Grand Duchy of Muscovy. 3. (l.c.) Mineral. common light-colored mica, essentially ...
/mus"keuh vee/, n. 1. Also called Grand Duchy of Muscovy. a principality founded c1271 and centered on the ancient city of Moscow. Its rulers gradually gained control over the ...
Muscovy Company
▪ English trade organization also called  Russia Company,         body of English merchants trading with Russia. The company was formed in 1555 by the navigator and ...
Muscovy duck
a large, crested, wild duck, Cairina moschata, of tropical America, that has been widely domesticated. Also called musk duck. [1650-60] * * *
Muscovy duck n. A greenish-black, gooselike duck (Cairina moschata), having heavy red wattles and found wild from Mexico to northern Argentina but widely domesticated around the ...
muscul- [mus′kyo͞ol] combining form MUSCULO-: used before a vowel * * *
—muscularity, n. —muscularly, adv. /mus"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to muscle or the muscles: muscular strain. 2. dependent on or affected by the muscles: muscular ...
muscular dystrophy
Pathol. a hereditary disease characterized by gradual wasting of the muscles with replacement by scar tissue and fat, sometimes also affecting the heart. [1865-70] * * ...
muscular dystrophy n. Abbr. MD 1. Any of a group of progressive muscle disorders caused by a defect in one or more genes that control muscle function and characterized by gradual ...
See muscular. * * *
See muscularity. * * *
muscular system n. The bodily system that is composed of skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle tissue and functions in movement of the body or of materials through the body, ...
/mus"kyeuh leuh cheuhr, -choor'/, n. the muscular system of the body or of its parts. [1870-75; musculat(ion) muscular system (see MUSCLE, -ATION) + -URE] * * *
a combining form representing muscle in compound words: musculoskeletal. [ < L muscul(us) MUSCLE + -O-] * * *
/mus"kyeuh loh skel"i tl/, adj. concerning, involving, or made up of both the muscles and the bones: the musculoskeletal system. [1940-45; MUSCULO- + SKELETAL] * * *
MusD or Mus.D. abbrev. 〚L Musicae Doctor〛 Doctor of Music: also MusDoc or Mus.Doc. * * * MusD abbr. Latin Musicae Doctor (Doctor of Music). * * *
MusDr abbr. Latin Musicae Doctor (Doctor of Music). * * *
—muser, n. /myoohz/, v., mused, musing. v.i. 1. to think or meditate in silence, as on some subject. 2. Archaic. to gaze meditatively or wonderingly. v.t. 3. to meditate on. 4. ...
/myoohz/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a. any of a number of sister goddesses, originally given as Aoede (song), Melete (meditation), and Mneme (memory), but latterly and more commonly as ...
—musefully, adv. /myoohz"feuhl/, adj. Archaic. deeply thoughtful; pensive. [1610-20; MUSE + -FUL] * * *
See museology. * * *
See museological. * * *
See museological. * * *
—museological /myooh'zee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —museologist, n. /myooh'zee ol"euh jee/, n. the systematic study of the organization, management, and function of a ...
See muse. * * *
Muses [myo͞oz′iz] pl.n. Gr. Myth. the nine goddesses who preside over literature and the arts and sciences: Calliope, Clio, Euterpe, Melpomene, Terpsichore, Erato, Polyhymnia ...
/myooh zet"/, n. 1. Also called musette bag. a small leather or canvas bag with a shoulder strap, used for carrying personal belongings, food, etc., while hiking, marching, or ...
musette bag
musette bag n. a small bag of canvas or leather for toilet articles, etc., worn suspended from a shoulder strap, as by soldiers or hikers * * *
/myooh zee"euhm/, n. a building or place where works of art, scientific specimens, or other objects of permanent value are kept and displayed. [1605-15; < L museum place sacred ...
Museum and Picture Gallery
▪ museum, Vadodara, India       art museum in Vadodara (Baroda), Gujarāt state, India. It was founded by the Maharaja Gaekwar of Baroda in 1894 as a representative ...
Museum of Art in Lima
▪ museum, Lima, Peru Spanish  Museo de Arte de Lima         art museum in Lima, Peru, that features the art of Peru from the ancient to the ...
Museum of Arts & Design
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States formerly called (1956–86)  Museum of Contemporary Crafts  and (1986–2002)  American Craft Museum         museum ...
Museum of Childhood
a British museum in Bethnal Green, London, which shows what children’s lives were like at different periods in history. * * *
Museum of Decorative Arts
▪ museum, Berlin, Germany German  Kunstgewerbemuseum   museum in Berlin housing an important collection of applied arts and crafts. The museum, among the oldest of its ...
Museum of Latin American Art of Buenos Aires
▪ museum, Buenos Aires, Argentina Spanish  Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires  (MALBA)        museum in Buenos Aires dedicated to Latin American art from ...
Museum of London
▪ museum, London, United Kingdom       museum dedicated to recording and representing the history of the London region from prehistoric times to the present day. ...
Museum of Modern Art
(abbr MOMA) the largest museum of modern art and photography in the world. The collection starts with works from 1880. It opened in New York in 1939. * * *
Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
Museum in New York City, the world's most comprehensive collection of U.S. and European art from the late 19th century to the present. It was founded in 1929 by a group of ...
museum piece
1. something suitable for keeping and exhibiting in a museum. 2. something very old-fashioned or decrepit: That car he drives is a museum piece. [1900-05] * * *
museum, operation of
Introduction       wide array of diverse tasks that a museum undertakes in order to preserve and interpret the material aspects of human society and the environment. ...
museum, types of
Introduction       varieties of institutions dedicated to preserving and interpreting the material aspects of human activity and the environment. Such a broad range of ...
/myooh zee"euhm goh'euhr/, n. a frequent visitor to museums. [1925-30; MUSEUM + GOER] * * *
museum piece n. 1. One that is worth keeping or showing in a museum. 2. One that is old-fashioned: “ [The show] is a living museum piece, a piece of Americana from another ...
Many people have a hobby that involves collecting things, e.g. stamps, postcards or antiques. In the 18th and 19th centuries wealthy people travelled and collected plants, animal ...
museums, history of
Introduction       history of the institutions that preserve and interpret the material evidence of the human race, human activity, and the natural world. As such, ...
MUSEUMS: The Smithsonian
▪ 1996       On June 28, 1995, following over a year of public controversy, the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum, the most attended museum in the ...
Museveni, Yoweri (Kaguta)
born 1944, Mbarra district, Uganda President of Uganda (from 1986). As a university student he led a group allied with African liberation movements. When Idi Amin came to power ...
Museveni, Yoweri Kaguta
▪ 1998       Political developments in 1997 helped focus attention once again on Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, touted by many observers as a new kind of African leader. The ...
Museveni,Yoweri Kaguta
Mu·se·ve·ni (mo͞o-sĕvʹə-nē), Yoweri Kaguta. Born 1944. Ugandan president (since 1986). A former guerrilla leader who worked to overthrow the dictatorship of Idi Amin, he ...
Musgrave Ranges
▪ hills, South Australia, Australia       series of granite hills, northwestern South Australia, running parallel to the Northern Territory border for 130 miles (210 ...
Musgrave, Samuel
▪ English scholar and physician born Sept. 29, 1732, Washfield, Devon, Eng. died July 4, 1780, Bloomsbury, London       English classical scholar and ...
Musgrave, Story
▪ American astronaut and physician in full  Franklin Story Musgrave   born Aug. 19, 1935, Boston, Mass., U.S.    American astronaut and physician who made six flights into ...
Musgrave, Thea
born May 27, 1928, Barnton, Edinburgh, Scot. Scottish composer. She studied with Nadia Boulanger and Aaron Copland, and she later taught at the University of California at ...
mush1 /mush/ or, esp. for 2-5, /moosh/, n. 1. meal, esp. cornmeal, boiled in water or milk until it forms a thick, soft mass, or until it is stiff enough to mold into a loaf for ...
▪ Ṣūfism Arabic“witnessing” or “viewing” also called  shuhūd (“witnesses”)        in Sufi (Muslim mystic) terminology, the vision of God obtained by ...
Mushanokōji Saneatsu
▪ Japanese writer and painter Mushanokōji also spelled  Mushakōji   born May 12, 1885, Tokyo, Japan died April 9, 1976, Tokyo  Japanese writer and painter noted for a ...
Musharraf, Pervez
▪ 2001       As he completed his first year as chief executive of the military government of Pakistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf continued in 2000 to take a hard line on a ...
/mush"euhr/, n. Alaska and Northern Canada. a person who competes in cross-country races with dog team and sled. [1895-1900; MUSH2 + -ER1] * * *
Mushet, Robert Forester
born 1811, Coleford, Gloucestershire, Eng. died January 1891, Coleford British steelmaker. He was the son of the ironmaster David Mushet (1772–1847). Robert's discovery in ...
/mush"hed', moosh"-/, n. Slang. a stupid person. [1885-90, Amer.; MUSH1 + HEAD] * * *
See mushy. * * *
/mooh"shin/, n. a city in SW Nigeria, NW of Lagos. 197,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria       town, Lagos state, southwestern Nigeria. Mushin is a suburb of Lagos city, and its ...
See mushily. * * *
/mush"mel'euhn/, n. Older Use. muskmelon. * * *
/mush"mowth', moosh"-/, n., pl. mushmouths /-mowths', -mowdhz'/. Slang. a person who speaks indistinctly. Also, mush-mouth. [MUSH1 + MOUTH] * * *
—mushroomlike, adj. —mushroomy, adj. /mush"roohm, -room/, n. 1. any of various fleshy fungi including the toadstools, puffballs, coral fungi, morels, etc. 2. any of several ...
mushroom anchor
Naut. a stockless anchor having a bowlike head, used chiefly for semipermanent moorings. See illus. under anchor. [1835-45] * * *
mushroom cloud
mushroom (def. 4). [1940-45] * * *
mushroom poisoning
or toadstool poisoning Sometimes fatal effect of eating any of the 70–80 species of poisonous mushrooms, or toadstools. Many contain toxic alkaloids. The most deadly, Amanita ...
mushroom slab construction
beamless reinforced-concrete floor and roof construction employing columns with widely flaring heads having horizontal rings of reinforcement to support the floor or roof ...
mushroom ventilator
a ventilator having at the top of a vertical shaft a broad rounded cap that can be screwed down to close it. * * *
mushroom cloud n. A cloud of smoke and debris shaped like a mushroom, especially one created by the detonation of a nuclear bomb. * * *
Mushtaq Ali, Syed
▪ 2006       Indian cricketer (b. Dec. 17, 1914, Indore, India—d. June 18, 2005, Indore), was a cavalier right-hand opening batsman and slow left-arm bowler who was ...
mu shu or mu-shu (mo͞oʹsho͞oʹ) n. A Chinese dish of stir-fried vegetables, egg, and often meat or fish served wrapped in a thin pancake.   [Chinese (Mandarin) mùxū: mù, ...
—mushily, adv. —mushiness, n. /mush"ee, moosh"ee/, adj., mushier, mushiest. 1. resembling mush; pulpy. 2. Informal. overly emotional or sentimental: mushy love ...
/mush"ee hed'id, moosh"-/, adj. Informal. 1. inadequately thought out: mushyheaded ideas. 2. having vague, unsubstantiated, or unrealistic ideas or opinions: a mushyheaded ...
Musi River
▪ river, Indonesia Dutch  Moesi Rivier,         main stream of southern Sumatra, Indonesia, about 325 mi (525 km) long and draining an area of 24,500 sq mi (63,500 sq ...
/myooh"zee euhl, -zhee euhl, -zheuhl/, n. Stanley Frank ("Stan the Man"), born 1920, U.S. baseball player. * * *
Musial, Stan
▪ American athlete byname of  Stanley Frank Musial,  also called  Stan The Man  born Nov. 21, 1920, Donora, Pa., U.S.       U.S. professional baseball player who, ...
Musial, Stan(ley Frank)
born Nov. 21, 1920, Donora, Pa., U.S. U.S. baseball player. Musial played his entire career for the St. Louis Cardinals (1941–63), starting as a pitcher but switching to the ...
Musial,Stanley Frank
Mu·si·al (myo͞oʹzē-əl), Stanley Frank. Known as “Stan the Man.” Born 1920. American baseball player who as an outfielder and first baseman for the St. Louis Cardinals ...
—musicless, adj. /myooh"zik/, n. 1. an art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and ...
music and dance, Oceanic
Introduction       the music and dance traditions of the indigenous people of Oceania, in particular of Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, New Zealand, and Australia. ...
music box
a box or case containing an apparatus for producing music mechanically, as by means of a comblike steel plate with tuned teeth sounded by small pegs or pins in the surface of a ...
music drama
an opera having more or less continuous musical and dramatic activity without arias, recitatives, or ensembles. Cf. number opera. [1875-80] * * * ▪ music-theatre ...
music festival
      usually a series of performances at a particular place and inspired by a unifying theme, such as national music, modern music, or the promotion of a prominent ...
music hall
1. an auditorium for concerts and musical entertainments. 2. a vaudeville or variety theater. [1835-45] * * *
music hall and variety
▪ entertainment  popular entertainment that features successive acts starring singers, comedians, dancers, and actors and sometimes jugglers, acrobats, and magicians. Derived ...
music hall and variety theatre
Popular entertainment that featured successive acts by singers, comedians, dancers, and actors. The form derived from the taproom concerts given in city taverns in England in ...
music of the spheres
a music, imperceptible to human ears, formerly supposed to be produced by the movements of the spheres or heavenly bodies. [1600-10] * * *
music recording
Introduction       physical record of a musical performance that can then be played back, or reproduced.       Because music evaporates as soon as it is produced, ...
music roll
a roll of perforated paper for actuating a player piano. [1905-10] * * *
music stand
a pedestal or rack designed to hold a score or sheet of music in position for reading. [1755-65] * * *
music synthesizer
also called  electronic sound synthesizer        machine that electronically generates and modifies sounds, frequently with the use of a digital computer. Synthesizers ...
music video
a commercial videotape featuring a performance of a popular song, often through a stylized dramatization by the performers with lip-synching and special effects. Also called ...
music, Western
Introduction       history of Western music from ancient times to the present.       All ancient civilizations entered historical times with a flourishing musical ...
n 1. [U] a type of popular entertainment in Britain in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Performers sang cheerful, sometimes rather rude, songs and danced in bright ...
MUSIC: Der Ring des Nibelungen
▪ 1997       As the climax to its 41st season, in March 1996 the Lyric Opera of Chicago presented its first-ever production of Richard Wagner's four-part music drama Der ...
musica ficta
/myooh"zi keuh fik"teuh/; Lat. /mooh"si kah' fik"tah/ the use of chromatically altered tones in the contrapuntal music of the 10th to the 16th centuries. Also, musica falsa ...
—musically, adv. —musicality, musicalness, n. /myooh"zi keuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or producing music: a musical instrument. 2. of the nature of or resembling music; ...
musical bow
▪ musical instrument       stringed musical instrument found in most archaic cultures as well as in many in the present day. It consists of a flexible stick 1.5 to 10 ...
musical box
Chiefly Brit. See music box. [1820-30] * * *
musical chairs
1. Also called going to Jerusalem. a game in which players march to music around two rows of chairs placed back to back, there being one chair less than the number of players, ...
musical comedy
musical (def. 5). [1755-65] * * *
musical composition
Introduction       the act of conceiving a piece of music, the art of creating music, or the finished product. These meanings are interdependent and presume a tradition ...
musical criticism
Introduction       branch of philosophical aesthetics concerned with making judgments about composition or performance or both.       Unfortunately, it is ...
musical expression
      that element of musical performance which is something more than mere notes. Western music is notated on a system that specifies pitch and the relative lengths of ...
musical film
 motion picture consisting of a plot integrating musical numbers. Although usually considered an American genre, musical films from Japan, Italy, France, Great Britain, and ...
musical form
Introduction       the structure of a musical composition. The term is regularly used in two senses: to denote a standard type, or genre, and to denote the procedures in ...
musical glasses
a set of drinking glasses filled with varying amounts of water to produce ringing tones of different pitches when the player's finger is rubbed around the wet rims. Cf. glass ...
musical instrument
Introduction       any device for producing a musical sound. The principal types of such instruments, classified by the method of producing sound, are percussion ...
musical notation
Written, printed, or other visual representation of music. There are two basic approaches to notating music. Tablature (such as guitar chord diagrams) depicts the actions a ...
musical performance
Introduction       step in the musical process during which musical ideas are realized and transmitted to a listener. In Western music, performance is most commonly ...
musical saw
a handsaw played as a musical instrument with a violin bow or a hammer while the saw is bent with varying tension to change the pitch. [1925-30] * * *
musical societies and institutions
▪ music       organizations formed for the promotion or performance of music, usually with some common factor. The German guilds of Meistersingers (meistersinger) ...
musical sound
Introduction       any tone with characteristics such as controlled pitch and timbre. The sounds are produced by instruments in which the periodic vibrations can be ...
musical variation
▪ music       basic music technique consisting of changing the music melodically, harmonically, or contrapuntally. The simplest variation type is the variation set. In ...
musical chairs pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) 1. A game in which players walk to music around a group of chairs containing one chair fewer than the number of players and rush to ...
musical comedy n. A comedic play or movie in which dialogue is interspersed with songs, especially one with a focus on musical numbers and a simple plot. * * *
/myooh'zi kal"/, n. a music program forming the main part of a social occasion. [1840-50, Amer.; < F, short for soirée musicale musical evening] * * *
mu·si·cal·i·ty (myo͞o'zĭ-kălʹĭ-tē) n. 1. The quality or condition of being musical. 2. Musical sensitivity or talent. * * *
See musicalize. * * *
—musicalization, n. /myooh"zi keuh luyz'/, v.t., musicalized, musicalizing. to write or produce a musical version of (a book, play, etc.): an attempt to musicalize one of ...
See musical. * * *
musical saw n. A handsaw on which varying musical tones are produced by flexing the blade and stroking it with a violin bow or striking it with a hammer. * * *
music box n. A music-making device consisting of a housing or box enclosing a sounding mechanism, especially one in which a row of tuned steel teeth are plucked by pins set in a ...
music drama n. An opera that avoids discrete numbers such as arias, recitatives, or ensembles, and in which the music reflects or embodies the action of the drama. * * *
music hall n. 1. An auditorium for musical performances. 2. Chiefly British. a. A vaudeville theater. b. Vaudeville. * * *
—musicianly, adj. /myooh zish"euhn/, n. 1. a person who makes music a profession, esp. as a performer of music. 2. any person, whether professional or not, skilled in ...
See musician. * * *
/myooh zish"euhn ship'/, n. knowledge, skill, and artistic sensitivity in performing music. [1865-70; MUSICIAN + -SHIP] * * *
musick [myo͞o′zik] vt. to compose music for (a poem, libretto, etc.) * * *
musicof the spheres
music of the spheres n. A perfectly harmonious music, inaudible on the earth, thought by Pythagoras and later classical and medieval philosophers to be produced by the movement ...
See musicology. * * *
See musicological. * * *
See musicological. * * *
—musicological /myooh'zi keuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —musicologically, adv. —musicologist, n. /myooh'zi kol"euh jee/, n. the scholarly or scientific study of music, as in ...
music video n. A filmed or videotaped rendition of a recorded song, often portraying musicians performing the song or including visual images interpreting the lyrics. * * *
/mooh zeen yee"/; Fr. /myuu zee nyee"/, n. a dry, red wine of the Burgundy region in France. * * *
/mooh"sil, -zil/, n. Robert, 1880-1942, Austrian writer. * * *
Musil, Robert
▪ Austrian writer also called  Robert, Edler (Nobleman) Von Musil  born Nov. 6, 1880, Klagenfurt, Austria died April 15, 1942, Geneva, Switz.       Austrian-German ...
Musin, Ilya Aleksandrovich
▪ 2000       Russian conductor who turned to teaching when Soviet anti-Semitism thwarted his conducting career; as a professor at the Leningrad Conservatory (now the St. ...
▪ South Africa formerly  Messina        town, Limpopo province, South Africa. It lies near the Limpopo River, 10 miles (16 km) south of Zimbabwe. Musina is the ...
—musingly, adv. /myooh"zing/, adj. 1. absorbed in thought; meditative. n. 2. contemplation; reflection. [1350-1400; ME; see MUSE, -ING2, -ING1] * * *
See musing. * * *
musique concrète
/myuu zeek kawonn krddet"/, French. tape-recorded musical and natural sounds, often electronically distorted, arranged in planned combinations, sequences, and rhythmic patterns ...
musique mesurée
▪ French musical style       (French: “measured music”), style of late 16th-century French vocal music in which the duration of the notes reflected the metre of the ...
/mus"jid/, n. Arabic. masjid. * * *
/musk/, n. 1. a substance secreted in a glandular sac under the skin of the abdomen of the male musk deer, having a strong odor, and used in perfumery. 2. an artificial imitation ...
musk bag
the musk-secreting gland of a male musk deer. Also called musk gland. [1675-85] * * *
musk deer
a small, hornless deer, Moschus moschiferus, of central Asia, the male of which secretes musk: now rare. [1675-85] * * * ▪ mammal  (species Moschus moschiferus), small, ...
musk duck
1. See Muscovy duck. 2. an Australian duck, Biziura lobata, having a musky odor. [1765-75] * * *
musk flower.
See musk plant. * * *
musk gland.
See musk bag. * * *
musk hog
the collared peccary. See under peccary. [1765-75] * * *
musk mallow
1. Also called musk rose. a European mallow, Malva moschata, introduced into North America, having musk-scented white or lavender flowers. 2. abelmosk. [1775-85] * * * ▪ ...
musk ox
musk ox n. a hardy ox (Ovibos moschatus) of arctic America and Greenland, with a long, coarse, hairy coat, large, curved horns, and a musklike odor * * * Arctic ruminant (bovid ...
musk plant
a sticky-hairy plant, Mimulus moschata, of the figwort family, native to northern and western North America, having pale-yellow flowers and a musky odor. Also called musk ...
musk rose
1. a rose, Rosa moschata, of the Mediterranean region, having white, musk-scented flowers. 2. See musk mallow (def. 1). [1570-80] * * *
musk thistle
a composite plant, Carduus nutans, having heads of nodding, rose-purple flowers, introduced into the U.S. from Eurasia. [1725-35] * * *
musk turtle
any of several aquatic turtles of the genus Sternotherus, of North America, which, when disturbed, emit a musky secretion. [1865-70, Amer.; so called from its musky smell] * * ...
/mus"keuh lonj'/, n., pl. muskallonge. muskellunge. * * *
musk deer n. A small antlerless deer (Moschus moschiferus) of the mountainous regions of central and northeast Asia, the male of which secretes musk. * * *
musk duck n. 1. See Muscovy duck. 2. A waterfowl (Biziura lobata) of Australia, the male of which has a leathery chin lobe and emits a musky odor during the breeding season. * * *
/mus"keg/, n. a bog of northern North America, commonly having sphagnum mosses, sedge, and sometimes stunted black spruce and tamarack trees. [1765-75; < Cree maske·k < ...
/mus kee"goh/, n. a city in SE Wisconsin. 15,277. * * *
/mus kee"geuhn/, n. a port in W Michigan, on Lake Michigan. 40,823. * * * ▪ Michigan, United States  city, seat (1859) of Muskegon county, western Michigan, U.S. It is ...
Muskegon Heights
a city in W Michigan, on Lake Michigan. 14,611. * * *
/mus"keuh lunj'/, n., pl. muskellunges, (esp. collectively) muskellunge. a large game fish, Esox masquinongy, of the pike family, found in the lakes and rivers of eastern and ...
/mus"kit/, n. 1. a heavy, large-caliber smoothbore gun for infantry soldiers, introduced in the 16th century: the predecessor of the modern rifle. 2. the male sparrow hawk, ...
/mus'ki tear"/, n. a soldier armed with a musket. [1580-90; MUSKET + -EER; cf. F mousquetaire, equiv. to mousquet musket + -aire -ARY] * * *
/mus"ki tree/, n. 1. Mil. the technique of bringing fire from a group of rifle and automatic weapons to bear on specified targets. 2. muskets collectively. 3. musketeers ...
Mus·kho·ge·an (mŭs-kōʹgē-ən) n. Variant of Muskogean. * * *
/mus"kee/, n. muskellunge. [1890-95; MUSK(ELLUNGE) + -IE] * * *
/mus"kee/, n. Edmund (Sixtus) /sik"steuhs/, 1914-96, U.S. politician: senator 1959-80; Secretary of State 1980-81. * * *
Muskie, Edmund Sixtus
▪ 1997       U.S. politician (b. March 28, 1914, Rumford, Maine—d. March 26, 1996, Washington, D.C.), served as governor, senator, and U.S. secretary of state during a ...
Muskie,Edmund Sixtus
Mus·kie (mŭsʹkē), Edmund Sixtus. 1914-1996. American politician. A Democratic U.S. senator from Maine (1958-1980), he also served as U.S. secretary of state (1980-1981). * * ...
See musky1. * * *
Muskingum College
▪ college, New Concord, Ohio, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher education in New Concord, Ohio, U.S., about 15 miles (24 km) east of ...
Muskingum River
▪ river, United States       river formed by the confluence of the Tuscarawas and Walhonding rivers at Coshocton, east-central Ohio, U.S. It flows about 112 miles (180 ...
Mus·king·um River (mə-skĭngʹəm, -gəm) A river of eastern Ohio flowing about 179 km (111 mi) south and southeast to the Ohio River at Marietta. * * *
musk mallow n. 1. See abelmosk. 2. A European and North African herb (Malva moschata) naturalized in eastern North America. * * *
/musk"mel'euhn/, n. 1. a round or oblong melon, occurring in many varieties, having a juicy, often aromatic, sweet, yellow, white, or green, edible flesh. 2. the plant, Cucumis ...
/mus koh"gee euhn/, n. a family of American Indian languages of the southeastern U.S., including Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and several less well-known languages. Also, ...
Muskogean languages
Family of about eight North American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken across much of what is now the southeastern U.S. In the 16th century Koasati (Coushatta) and ...
/mus koh"gee/, n., pl. Muskogees, (esp. collectively) Muskogee for 2. 1. a city in E Oklahoma. 40,011. 2. a member of an American Indian people formerly constituting part of the ...
Muskoka Lakes
▪ lakes, Ontario, Canada       chain of lakes, Muskoka District, southeastern Ontario, Canada, about 80 miles (130 km) north of Toronto. They consist of the chain of ...
/mus"kohn/, n. Chem. muscone. * * *
/musk"oks'/, n., pl. muskoxen /-ok'seuhn/. a bovine ruminant, Ovibos moschatus, of arctic regions of North America and Greenland, that is between an ox and a sheep in size and ...
/musk"rat'/, n., pl. muskrats, (esp. collectively) muskrat. 1. a large, aquatic, North American rodent, Ondatra zibethica, having a musky odor. 2. its thick, light-brown fur, ...
musk·root (mŭskʹro͞ot', -ro͝ot') n. See moschatel. * * *
musk rose n. A prickly Mediterranean shrub (Rosa moschata) cultivated for its clustered, musk-scented white flowers. * * *
musk turtle n. Any of several small freshwater turtles of the genus Sternotherus of the eastern United States and Canada, which emit a musky odor when disturbed. * * *
musky1 —muskiness, n. /mus"kee/, adj., muskier, muskiest. of or like musk, as an odor: a musky perfume. [1600-10; MUSK + -Y1] musky2 /mus"kee/, n., pl. ...
/muz"leuhm, mooz"-, moos"-/, adj., n., pl. Muslems, Muslem. Muslim. * * *
/muz"lim, mooz"-, moos"-/, adj., n., pl. Muslims, Muslim. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the religion, law, or civilization of Islam. n. 2. an adherent of Islam. 3. See Black ...
Muslim Brotherhood
Arabic Al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn Religio-political organization founded in Egypt in 1928 by Ḥasan al-Bannā (1906–49) that promoted the Qurān and Hadīth as the proper basis ...
Muslim Brothers, Society of the
an organization founded in Egypt in 1928 by Hasan al-Banna (1906-49), calling for a return to rigid orthodoxy, the overthrow of secular governments, and a restoration of the ...
Muslim calendar
the lunar calendar used by Muslims and reckoned from A.D. 622: the calendar year consists of 354 days and contains 12 months: Moharram, Safar, Rabi I, Rabi II, Jumada I, Jumada ...
Muslim Era
the period since the flight of Muhammad from Mecca in A.D. 622; Hijra. * * *
Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj
▪ Muslim scholar in full  Abū Al-ḥusayn Muslim Ibn Al-ḥajjāj Al-qushayrī   born c. 817, , Nīshāpūr, Iran died 875, Naṣrābād       scholar who was one of ...
Muslim League
orig. All India Muslim League Political group that led the movement calling for a separate Muslim country to be created out of the partition of British India (1947). The league ...
/muz"lin/, n. a cotton fabric made in various degrees of fineness and often printed, woven, or embroidered in patterns, esp. a cotton fabric of plain weave, used for sheets and ...
muslin delaine.
See mousseline de laine. [1835-45] * * *
muslin kail
Scot. barley broth or barley and vegetable soup. [1775-85; MUSLIN (perh. in the sense "thin")] * * *
MusM abbr. Latin Musicae Magister (Master of Music). * * *
/mus"neuhd/, n. (in India) a seat or throne of cushions used by native princes. [1755-65; < Urdu < Ar masnad cushion] * * *
▪ Norse mythology Old Norse  Múspell        in Norse mythology, a hot, bright, glowing land in the south, guarded by Surt, the fire giant. In the beginning, ...
/mus"kwosh/, n. Chiefly Brit. the fur of the muskrat. [1770-80, Amer.; < Massachusett cognate of Western Abenaki mòskwas (perh. equiv. to Proto-Algonquian *mo·sk- bobbing above ...

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