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musquash root.
See spotted cowbane. [1605-15, Amer.] * * *
muss
/mus/, n. 1. a state of disorder or untidiness. v.t. 2. to put into disorder; make messy; rumple (often fol. by up). [1820-30; perh. b. MESS and FUSS] Syn. 2. mess, disturb, ...
mussaka
/mooh sah"keuh, mooh'sah kah"/, n. Greek Cookery. moussaka. * * *
Mussato, Albertino
▪ Italian writer and statesman born 1261, Padua, March of Verona [Italy] died May 31, 1329, Chioggia, Republic of Venice       Italian statesman and writer who was ...
Musschenbroek, Pieter van
▪ Dutch physicist and mathematician born March 14, 1692, Leiden, Neth. died Sept. 19, 1761, Leiden       Dutch mathematician and physicist who discovered the principle ...
mussel
/mus"euhl/, n. any bivalve mollusk, esp. an edible marine bivalve of the family Mytilidae and a freshwater clam of the family Unionidae. [bef. 1000; ME, OE muscle < VL *muscula, ...
mussel crab
a pea crab, Pinnotheres maculatus, the female of which lives as a commensal within the mantle cavity of mussels. [1890-95] * * *
mussel shrimp
▪ crustacean also called  seed shrimp , or  ostracod        any of a widely distributed group of crustaceans belonging to the subclass Ostracoda (class Crustacea) ...
mussel shrimp.
See seed shrimp. * * *
Musselshell
Mus·sel·shell (mŭsʹəl-shĕl') A river of central Montana flowing about 483 km (300 mi) east then north to the Missouri River. * * *
Musselshell River
▪ river, Montana, United States       river in Meagher county, central Montana, U.S. It rises in the Crazy Mountains within the Gallatin and the Lewis and Clark ...
Musset
/myuu say"/, n. (Louis Charles) Alfred de /lwee shannrddl annl frdded" deuh/, 1810-57, French poet, dramatist, and novelist. * * *
Musset, (Louis Charles)Alfred de
Mus·set (mo͞o-sāʹ, mü-), (Louis Charles) Alfred de. 1810-1857. French writer. A leading poet of the French romantic movement, he also wrote comedies of manners, such as ...
Musset, (Louis-Charles-) Alfred de
born Dec. 11, 1810, Paris, France died May 2, 1857, Paris French poet and playwright. A member of a noble family, Musset came under the influence of Romanticism in adolescence ...
Musset, Alfred de
▪ French author in full  Louis-Charles-Alfred de Musset  born Dec. 11, 1810, Paris, France died May 2, 1857, Paris  French Romantic dramatist and poet, best known for his ...
Mussey, Ellen Spencer
▪ American lawyer, educator and reformer née  Ellen Spencer  born May 13, 1850, Geneva, Ohio, U.S. died April 21, 1936, Washington, D.C.       American lawyer, ...
mussily
See muss. * * *
mussiness
See mussily. * * *
mussitate
/mus"i tayt'/, v.i., mussitated, mussitating. Obs. to mutter; mumble. [1620-30; < L mussitatus (ptp. of mussitare to mutter), equiv. to muss(are) to mutter + -it- freq. suffix + ...
mussitation
/mus'i tay"sheuhn/ n. 1. silent movement of the lips in simulation of the movements made in audible speech. 2. muttering; mumbling; murmuring. [1640-50; < LL mussitation- (s. of ...
Mussolini
/moos'euh lee"nee, mooh'seuh-/; It. /moohs'saw lee"nee/, n. Benito /beuh nee"toh/; It. /be nee"taw/, ("Il Duce"), 1883-1945, Italian Fascist leader: premier of Italy 1922-43. * * ...
Mussolini, Benito
▪ Italian dictator Introduction in full  Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini,  byname  Il Duce  (Italian:  “The Leader”)   born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy died ...
Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea)
known as Il Duce born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy died April 28, 1945, near Dongo Italian dictator (1922–43). An unruly but intelligent youth, he became an ardent ...
Mussolini,Benito Amilcare Andrea
Mus·so·li·ni (mo͞o'sə-lēʹnē, mo͝os'ə-, mo͞os'sō-), Benito Amilcare Andrea. Known as “Il Duce.” 1883-1945. Italian Fascist dictator and prime minister (1922-1943) ...
Mussoorie
▪ India       town, northeastern Uttarakhand state, northern India. It is situated about 20 miles (32 km) north of Dehra Dun, the capital of Uttarakhand. Mussoorie ...
Mussorgsky
/moo sawrg"skee, -zawrg"-/; Russ. /mooh"seuhrddg skyee/, n. Modest Petrovich /moh dest" pi troh"vich/; Russ. /mu dyest" pyi trddaw"vyich/. See Moussorgsky, Modest ...
Mussorgsky, Modest
▪ Russian composer Introduction in full  Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky , Mussorgsky also spelled  Musorgsky  or  Moussorgsky  born March 9 [March 21, New Style], 1839, ...
Mussorgsky, Modest (Petrovich)
born March 21, 1839, Karevo, Russia died March 28, 1881, St. Petersburg Russian composer. Composing without training in his teens, he met several of the composers with whom he ...
Mussorgsky,Modest Petrovich
Mus·sorg·sky (mə-zôrgʹskē, -sôrgʹ-, mo͞oʹsərg-), Modest Petrovich. 1839-1881. Russian composer whose works include the opera Boris Godunov and the piano suite ...
Mussulman
/mus"euhl meuhn/, n., pl. Mussulmans. a Muslim. [1555-65; < Pers Musulman (pl.) < Ar Muslimun, pl. of Muslim MUSLIM] * * *
mussurana
▪ snake also spelled  musurana (Clelia clelia)        tropical American rear-fanged snake of the family Colubridae. The mussurana preys on both rodents, which it ...
mussy
—mussily, adv. —mussiness, n. /mus"ee/, adj., mussier, mussiest. untidy, messy, or rumpled. [1855-60, Amer.; MUSS + -Y1] * * *
must
must1 /must/, auxiliary verb. 1. to be obliged or bound to by an imperative requirement: I must keep my word. 2. to be under the necessity to; need to: Animals must eat to ...
must-read
must-read (mŭstʹrēdʹ) n. Informal A piece of writing, such as a book or article, that should or must be read: a book that is a must-read for parents of ...
must-see
/must"see"/, n. Informal. something, as a remarkable sight or entertainment, that should be seen or attended: The new play is a must-see. * * *
mustache
—mustached, adj. /mus"tash, meuh stash"/, n. 1. the hair growing on the upper lip 2. such hair on men, allowed to grow without shaving, and often trimmed in any of various ...
mustache cup
a cup having a straight piece inside, just below the rim, for holding back a man's mustache while he is drinking. [1885-90] * * *
mustache shrimp
▪ crustacean       any member of the crustacean subclass Mystacocarida, a small group of primitive, free-living marine animals. Of the few species known, the first was ...
mustached
See mustache. * * *
mustachio
—mustachioed, adj. /meuh stah"shoh, -shee oh', -stash"oh, -stash"ee oh'/, n., pl. mustachios. a mustache. [1545-55; < Sp mostacho and its source, It mostaccio, var. of ...
mustachioed
See mustachio. * * *
Mustafa
(as used in expressions) Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Mustafa Kemal Abd al Qadir ibn Muhyi al Din ibn MusTafa al Hasani al Jazairi * * *
Mustafa I
▪ Ottoman sultan born 1591, Manisa, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died Jan. 20, 1639, Constantinople [now Istanbul]       Ottoman sultan in 1617–18 and in ...
Mustafa II
▪ Ottoman sultan in full  Mustafa Oglu Mehmed Iv  born June 5, 1664, Edirne, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died Dec. 31, 1703, Constantinople [now ...
Mustafa III
▪ Ottoman sultan born January 28, 1717, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died January 21, 1774, Constantinople  Ottoman sultan (1757–74) who attempted ...
Mustafa IV
▪ Ottoman sultan born Sept. 8, 1779, Constantinople died Nov. 17, 1808, Constantinople       Ottoman sultan from 1807 to 1808 who participated in the reactionary ...
Mustafa Kemal
/moos"tah fah keuh mahl"/. See Kemal Atatürk. * * *
Mustagh
/moohs tahkh"/, n. Karakoram (def. 1). * * *
mustang
/mus"tang/, n. 1. a small, hardy horse of the American plains, descended from Spanish stock. 2. U.S. Navy Slang. a naval officer who received his commission while still an ...
mustanger
/mus"tang euhr/, n. a person who engages in mustanging. [1845-50; Amer.; MUSTANG + -ER1] * * *
Mustanṣir, al-
▪ Fāṭimid caliph born July 2, 1029, Egypt died Jan. 10, 1094, Cairo       eighth Fāṭimid caliph. He inherited the rule of the most powerful Muslim state of the ...
mustard
/mus"teuhrd/, n. 1. a pungent powder or paste prepared from the seed of the mustard plant, used as a food seasoning or condiment, and medicinally in plasters, poultices, etc. 2. ...
mustard family
the plant family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae), characterized by herbaceous plants having alternate leaves, acrid or pungent juice, clusters of four-petaled flowers, and fruit in ...
mustard gas
an oily liquid, C4H8Cl2S, used as a chemical-warfare gas, blistering the skin and damaging the lungs, often causing blindness and death: introduced by the Germans in World War I. ...
mustard oil
oil expressed from the seed of mustard, used chiefly in making soap. [1840-50] * * *
mustard plaster
a black mixture of mustard and rubber placed on a cloth and applied to the skin as a counterirritant. [1855-60] * * *
mustardfamily
mustard family n. A large family of herbs, the Cruciferae (Brassicaceae), characterized by pungent juice and four-petaled flowers arranged in a cross and including important ...
mustardgas
mustard gas n. An oily, volatile liquid, (ClCH2CH2)2S, that is corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes and causes severe, sometimes fatal respiratory damage. It was introduced ...
mustardoil
mustard oil n. An oil obtained from mustard seeds, used in making soap. * * *
mustardplaster
mustard plaster n. A medicinal plaster made with a pastelike mixture of powdered black mustard, flour, and water, used especially as a counterirritant. Also called sinapism. * * *
mustardy
mustardy [mus′tər dē] adj. of or having the flavor, color, etc. of mustard [a mustardy mayonnaise, mustardy sauces] * * * See mustard. * * *
Mustaʿṣim, al-
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph born 1212 died 1258       the last ʿAbbāsid caliph in Baghdad (reigned 1242–58).       Ineffectual himself and surrounded by advisers ...
mustee
/mu stee", mus"tee/, n. 1. the offspring of a white person and a quadroon; octoroon. 2. a half-breed. [1690-1700; short var. of MESTIZO] * * *
mustelid
/mus"tl id/, n. 1. any of numerous carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae, comprising the weasels, martens, skunks, badgers, and otters. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to ...
musteline
/mus"tl uyn', -in/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the family Mustelidae, including the martens, skunks, minks, weasels, badgers, and otters. 2. resembling a weasel. 3. tawny ...
muster
/mus"teuhr/, v.t. 1. to assemble (troops, a ship's crew, etc.), as for battle, display, inspection, orders, or discharge. 2. to gather, summon, rouse (often fol. by up): He ...
Muster Day
U.S. Hist. the annual day for enrollment in the militia of all able men aged 18 to 45, according to a law established in 1792 and in effect until after the Civil War. * * *
Muster, Thomas
▪ 1996       With his 7-5, 6-2, 6-4 victory over Michael Chang of the U.S. in the final of the 1995 French Open, Thomas Muster, the first Austrian ever to win a Grand ...
musterroll
muster roll n. 1. The official roll of persons in a military or naval unit. 2. An inventory; a roster. * * *
musth
/must/, n. a state or condition of violent, destructive frenzy occurring with the rutting season in male elephants, accompanied by the exudation of an oily substance from glands ...
mustily
See musty. * * *
mustiness
See mustily. * * *
mustn't
/mus"euhnt/ contraction of must not. Usage. See contraction. * * *
musty
musty1 —mustily, adv. —mustiness, n. /mus"tee/, adj., mustier, mustiest. 1. having an odor or flavor suggestive of mold, as old buildings, long-closed rooms, or stale ...
musubi
▪ Shintō       in the Shintō religion of Japan, the power of becoming or creation. A number of deities are associated with musubi. In the accounts of the creation of ...
Muswellbrook
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, eastern New South Wales, Australia, in the upper Hunter River valley. It was founded in 1827 and called Muscle Brook (after ...
mut
mut1 /mut/, n. mutt. mut2 /mut/, n. Print. mutton2. [by shortening] * * * In Egyptian religion, a sky goddess and divine mother. Mut may have originated either in the Nile ...
mut dash
Print. a dash equal in length to one side of an em quad; em dash. * * *
mut.
1. mutilated. 2. mutual. * * *
mutability
See mutable. * * *
mutable
—mutability, mutableness, n. —mutably, adv. /myooh"teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. liable or subject to change or alteration. 2. given to changing; constantly changing; fickle or ...
mutable sign
any of the four astrological signs, Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, or Pisces, that are grouped together because of their placement at the end of the seasons and characterized by the ...
mutably
See mutability. * * *
mutagen
/myooh"teuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. a substance or preparation capable of inducing mutation. [1945-50; MUTA(TION) + -GEN] * * * Any agent capable of altering a cell's genetic makeup ...
mutagenesis
—mutagenetic /myooh'teuh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /myooh'teuh jen"euh sis/, n. the origin and development of a mutation. [1950-55; < NL; see MUTATION, -GENESIS] * * *
mutagenic
—mutagenically, adv. —mutagenicity /myooh'teuh jeuh nis"i tee/, n. /myooh'teuh jen"ik/, adj. Genetics. capable of inducing mutation or increasing its rate. [1945-50; ...
mutagenically
See mutagenic. * * *
mutagenicity
See mutagenic. * * *
mutagenize
mu·ta·gen·ize (myo͞oʹtə-gĕn'īz, -jə-nīz') tr.v. mu·ta·gen·ized, mu·ta·gen·iz·ing, mu·ta·gen·iz·es To cause or induce mutation in (a cell or an organism). * ...
Mutanabbī, (Abū al-Ṭayyib Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn) al-
born 915, Al-Kūfah, Iraq died Sept. 23, 965, near Dayr al-ʽĀqūl Poet regarded by many as the greatest in the Arabic language. Al-Mutanabbī received an education, unusual ...
Mutanabbī, al-
▪ Muslim poet in full  Abū aṭ-Ṭayyib Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn al-Mutanabbī  born 915, Al-Kūfah, Iraq died Sept. 23, 965, near Dayr al-ʿĀqūl       poet regarded ...
Mutanchiang
Mu·tan·chiang (mo͞oʹtänʹchyängʹ) See Mudanjiang. * * *
mutant
/myooht"nt/, adj. 1. undergoing or resulting from mutation. n. 2. a new type of organism produced as the result of mutation. [1900-05; < L mutant- (s. of mutans), prp. of mutare ...
Mutapa
      a southern African empire ruled by a line of kings known as the Mwene Matapa (q.v.), or Mutapa. * * *
Mutare
/mooh tahr"ee, -tahr"ay/, n. a city in E Zimbabwe. 62,000. Formerly, Umtali. * * * ▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Umtali   city, eastern Zimbabwe. It originated as Ft. Umtali and ...
mutarotation
/myooh'teuh roh tay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. a gradual change in the optical rotation of freshly prepared solutions of reducing sugars. [1895-1900; < L muta(re) to change + ROTATION] * ...
mutase
mu·tase (myo͞oʹtās, -tāz) n. An enzyme that catalyzes the shifting of a chemical group from one position to another within the same molecule.   [Latin mūtāre, to change, ...
mutate
—mutative /myooh"teuh tiv/, adj. /myooh"tayt/, v., mutated, mutating. v.t. 1. to change; alter. 2. Phonet. to change by umlaut. v.i. 3. to change; undergo mutation. [1810-20; < ...
mutation
—mutational, adj. —mutationally, adv. /myooh tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Biol. a. a sudden departure from the parent type in one or more heritable characteristics, caused by a change ...
mutational
See mutation. * * *
mutationally
See mutational. * * *
mutatis mutandis
/mooh tah"tees mooh tahn"dees/; Eng. /myooh tay"tis myooh tan"dis/, Latin. the necessary changes having been made. * * *
mutatismutandis
mu·ta·tis mu·tan·dis (mo͞o-täʹtĭs mo͞o-tänʹdĭs) adv. Abbr. m.m. The necessary changes having been made; having substituted new terms; with respective differences ...
mutative
mutative [myo͞ot′ə tiv] adj. 〚ML mutativus〛 of, tending to, or characterized by mutation * * * See mutate. * * *
mutato nomine
/mooh tah"toh noh"mi ne/; Eng. /myooh tay"toh nom"euh nee/, Latin. the name having been changed. * * *
Mutawakkil, al-
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph born March 822, Iraq died December 861, Sāmarrāʾ, Iraq       ʿAbbāsid caliph who, as a young man, held no political or military positions of ...
Mutazila
/mooh tah"zeuh leuh/, n. See under Mutazilite. * * *
Mutazilite
—Mutazilism, n. /mooh tah"zeuh luyt'/, n. Islam. a member of a medieval theological sect (Mutazila) that maintained that nothing but eternity could be asserted regarding Allah, ...
mutch
/much/, n. Brit. Dial. a close-fitting linen or muslin cap, as worn by elderly women or babies. [1425-75; late ME (dial.) much < MD mutse; c. G Mütze cap. See AMICE2] * * *
mutchkin
/much"kin/, n. 1. Scot. a unit of liquid measure equal to a little less than a U.S. liquid pint. 2. a container, usually of pewter, holding this quantity. [1375-1425; late ME ...
mute
—mutely, adv. —muteness, n. /myooht/, adj., muter, mutest, n., v., muted, muting. adj. 1. silent; refraining from speech or utterance. 2. not emitting or having sound of any ...
mute swan
a commonly domesticated soundless white swan, Cygnus olor, of Europe and Asia. See illus. under swan. [1775-85] * * *
muted
—mutedly, adv. /myooh"tid/, adj. of low intensity and reduced volume; softened: She spoke in muted tones. [1860-65; MUTE + -ED2] * * *
mutedly
See muted. * * *
mutein
/myooh"teen, -tee in/, n. Biochem. a mutationally altered protein. [appar. MUT(ATION) + (PROT)EIN] * * *
mutely
See mute. * * *
muteness
See mutely. * * *
Mutesa I
▪ king of Buganda in full  Mutesa Walugembe Mukaabya  born c. 1838 died October 1884, Nabulagala, Buganda [now in Uganda]       autocratic but progressive kabaka ...
Mutesa II
▪ king of Buganda in full  Sir Edward Frederick William David Walugembe Mutebi Luwangula Mutesa  born Nov. 19, 1924 died Nov. 21, 1969, London, Eng.       kabaka ...
muteswan
mute swan n. A white swan (Cygnus olor) native to Europe and Asia and widely introduced elsewhere, having an orange bill with a black knob at the base and being much less vocal ...
Muti, Riccardo
▪ Italian conductor born July 28, 1941, Naples, Italy       Italian conductor of both opera and the symphonic repertory. He became one of the most respected and ...
muticous
/myooh"ti keuhs/, adj. 1. Bot. having no pointed process or awn; awnless. 2. Also, mutic /myooh"tik/. Zool. lacking certain defensive structures, as spines or claws. Also, ...
mutilate
—mutilation, n. —mutilative, mutilatory /myooht"l euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. —mutilator, n. /myooht"l ayt'/, v.t., mutilated, mutilating. 1. to injure, disfigure, or make ...
mutilation
See mutilate. * * *
mutilation, ritual
      intentional modification of the living human body for religious, aesthetic, or social reasons. See body modifications and mutilations. * * *
mutilative
See mutilation. * * *
mutilator
See mutilation. * * *
mutineer
/myooht'n ear"/, n. a person who mutinies. [1600-10; < MF mutinier, equiv. to mutin mutiny, mutinous (meut(e) mutiny < VL *movita, fem. of *movitus, var. of L motus, ptp. of ...
mutinous
—mutinously, adv. —mutinousness, n. /myooht"n euhs/, adj. 1. disposed to, engaged in, or involving revolt against authority. 2. characterized by mutiny; rebellious. 3. ...
mutinously
See mutinous. * * *
mutinousness
See mutinously. * * *
mutiny
/myooht"n ee/, n., pl. mutinies, v., mutinied, mutinying. n. 1. revolt or rebellion against constituted authority, esp. by sailors against their officers. 2. rebellion against ...
Mutiny on the Bounty
the name of two films about a famous historical incident which occurred in 1789. The sailors on the British ship HMS Bounty took control of it by force and put the captain and ...
Mutis, Álvaro
▪ Colombian author born August 25, 1923, Bogotá, Colombia       versatile Colombian writer and poet best known for his novels featuring his alter ego, a character ...
Mutis, José
▪ Spanish botanist in full  José Celestino Bruno Mutis  born April 6, 1732, Cádiz, Spain died September 11, 1808, Bogotá [now in Colombia]       botanist who ...
mutism
/myooh"tiz euhm/, n. Psychiatry. an inability to speak, due to a physical defect, conscious refusal, or psychogenic inhibition. [1815-25; < NL mutismus. See MUTE, -ISM] * * *
Mutlu, Halil
▪ 2001       It seemed to many in 2000 that the only challenges left for Turkish weight-lifting champion Halil Mutlu to face were those created by the man himself. ...
muton
muton [myo͞o′tän΄] n. the smallest unit of DNA, possibly one nucleotide, that can produce a mutation * * * mu·ton (myo͞oʹtŏn') n. The smallest unit of DNA at which a ...
Mutsuhito
/mooh"tsoo hee"taw/, n. 1852-1912, emperor of Japan 1867-1912. * * *
Mutswairo, Solomon M.
▪ Zimbabwean author in full  Solomon Mangwiro Mutswairo , Mutswairo also spelled  Mutsvairo  born April 26, 1924, Zawu, Mazoe District, Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] died ...
mutt
/mut/, n. Slang. 1. a dog, esp. a mongrel. 2. a stupid or foolish person; simpleton. Also, mut. [1900-05, Amer.; short for MUTTONHEAD] * * *
Mutt and Jeff
a very short and a very tall person who are paired as companions, teammates, or associates. [1915-20; after the characters in a cartoon strip of the same name created by U.S. ...
mutter
—mutterer, n. —mutteringly, adv. /mut"euhr/, v.i. 1. to utter words indistinctly or in a low tone, often as if talking to oneself; murmur. 2. to complain murmuringly; ...
Mutter, Anne-Sophie
▪ 2000       Recordings of the Beethoven sonatas by German violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter, with pianist Lambert Orkis, were released in 1999 to critical acclaim. The ...
mutterer
See mutter. * * *
mutton
mutton1 —muttony, adj. /mut"n/, n. the flesh of sheep, esp. full-grown or more mature sheep, used as food. [1250-1300; ME moton sheep < OF < Celtic; cf. MIr molt, Welsh mollt, ...
mutton bird
any of several long-winged seabirds, often used as food, esp. Puffinus tenuirostris (short-tailed shearwater) of Australia and Puffinus griseus (sooty shearwater), which breeds ...
mutton chop
mutton chop n. 1. a piece cut from the rib of a sheep for broiling or frying 2. [pl.] side whiskers shaped like mutton chops (i.e., narrow at the top, and broad and rounded at ...
mutton corn
South Atlantic States. sweet corn, esp. when ripe and ready for eating on the cob. * * *
mutton snapper
a snapper, Lutjanus analis, inhabiting the warmer parts of the western Atlantic Ocean, valued as food and game. [1865-70] * * *
mutton-bird
mut·ton-bird (mŭtʹn-bûrd') n. See sooty shearwater. * * *
muttonbird
▪ bird       any of several shearwaters (oceanic bird species), whose chicks are harvested commercially for meat and oil. The species principally utilized are the ...
muttonchops
/mut"n chops'/, n.pl. side whiskers that are narrow at the temples and broad and trimmed short at the jawline, the chin being shaved both in front and beneath. Also called ...
muttonfish
/mut"n fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) muttonfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) muttonfishes. 1. See ocean pout. 2. See mutton snapper. [1725-35, Amer.; ...
muttonhead
—muttonheaded, adj. /mut"n hed'/, n. Informal. a slow-witted, foolish, or stupid person; dolt. [1795-1805; MUTTON1 + HEAD] * * *
muttonheaded
See muttonhead. * * *
muttonsnapper
mutton snapper n. A snapper (Lutjanus analis) of warm western Atlantic waters that is usually olive-green but may vary from whitish to pinkish red, valued as a food and game ...
Muttra
/mu"treuh/, n. former name of Mathura. * * *
mutual
—mutually, adv. /myooh"chooh euhl/, adj. 1. possessed, experienced, performed, etc., by each of two or more with respect to the other; reciprocal: to have mutual respect. 2. ...
mutual aid
Sociol. the cooperative as opposed to the competitive factors operating in the development of society. [1530-40] * * *
Mutual Assured Destruction
a U.S. doctrine of reciprocal deterrence resting on the U.S. and Soviet Union each being able to inflict unacceptable damage on the other in retaliation for a nuclear attack. ...
mutual fund
an investment company that issues shares continuously and is obligated to repurchase them from shareholders on demand. Also called open-end investment company. Cf. closed-end ...
mutual impedance
Elect. the ratio of the potential difference between either of two pairs of terminals to the current applied at the other pair of terminals when the circuit is open. [1965-70] * ...
mutual inductance
Elect. the ratio of the electromotive force in one of two circuits to the rate of change of current in the other circuit. Cf. inductive coupling. [1885-90] * * *
mutual induction
Elect. the production of an electromotive force in one circuit by a change in current in another circuit. [1860-65] * * *
mutual insurance
insurance in which those insured become members of a company who reciprocally engage, by payment of certain amounts into a common fund, to indemnify one another against loss. * * ...
mutual organizations
➡ building societies and savings and loan associations * * *
mutual savings bank
a noncapitalized savings bank that distributes its net earnings to depositors. * * *
mutualassured destruction
mutual assured destruction n. Severe, unavoidable reciprocal damage that superpowers are likely to inflict on each other or their allies in a nuclear war, conceived as the heart ...
mutualfund
mutual fund n. An investment company that continually offers new shares and buys existing shares back at the request of the shareholder and uses its capital to invest in ...
mutualinductance
mutual inductance n. Abbr. M The ratio of the electromotive force in a circuit to the corresponding change of current in a neighboring circuit. * * *
mutualinduction
mutual induction n. The production of an electromotive force in a circuit resulting from a change of current in a neighboring circuit. * * *
mutualinsurance
mutual insurance n. An insurance system in which the insured persons become company members, each paying specified amounts into a common fund from which members are entitled to ...
mutualism
—mutualist, n. —mutualistic, adj. /myooh"chooh euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. a relationship between two species of organisms in which both benefit from the association. 2. the ...
mutualistic
See mutualism. * * *
mutuality
/myooh'chooh al"i tee/, n. condition or quality of being mutual; reciprocity; mutual dependence. [1580-90; MUTUAL + -ITY] * * *
mutualization
See mutualize. * * *
mutualize
—mutualization, n. /myooh"chooh euh luyz'/, v., mutualized, mutualizing. v.t. 1. to make mutual. 2. to incorporate as a mutual company. v.i. 3. to become mutual. Also, esp. ...
mutually
See mutuality. * * *
mutually exclusive
of or pertaining to a situation involving two or more events, possibilities, etc., in which the occurrence of one precludes the occurrence of the other: mutually exclusive plans ...
mutuel
/myooh"chooh euhl/, n. pari-mutuel (def. 1). [prob. by false construal of pari as a prefix or adj.] * * *
mutule
—mutular /myooh"cheuh leuhr/, mutulary /myooh"cheuh ler'ee/, adj. /myooh"choohl/, n. Archit. a projecting flat block under the corona of the Doric cornice, corresponding to the ...
mutʿah
▪ marriage       (Arabic: “pleasure”), in Islāmic law, a temporary marriage that is contracted for a limited or fixed period and involves the payment of money to ...
muumuu
/mooh"mooh'/, n. 1. a long, loose-hanging dress, usually brightly colored or patterned, worn esp. by Hawaiian women. 2. a similar dress worn as a housedress. [1920-25; < Hawaiian ...
muwashshaḥ
▪ ode       (Arabic: “ode”), an Arabic poetic genre in strophic form developed in Muslim Spain in the 11th and 12th centuries. From the 12th century onward, its use ...
Muwatallis
▪ Hittite king also spelled  Muwatallish   flourished 13th century BC        Hittite king during the New Kingdom (reigned c. 1320–c. 1294 ...
Muybridge
/muy"brij/, n. Eadweard /ed"weuhrd/, (Edward James Muggeridge), 1830-1904, U.S. photographer, born in England: pioneered in photographic studies of animals and humans in ...
Muybridge, Eadweard
orig. Edward James Muggeridge born April 9, 1830, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, Eng. died May 8, 1904, Kingston upon Thames English photographer. He immigrated to the U.S. ...
Muybridge,Eadweard
Muy·bridge (mīʹbrĭj'), Eadweard. Originally Edward James Muggeridge. 1830-1904. British-born American motion-picture pioneer, particularly noted for his series of ...
Muyua Island
▪ island, Papua New Guinea also called  Woodlark Island         coral island of Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean, approximately 150 miles (240 km) ...
Muẓaffar ʿAlī
▪ Persian artist flourished c. 1540—c. 1576       Persian miniaturist and calligrapher known best for his elegant human figures in rich, lyrical settings, who painted ...
Muzaffarnagar
▪ India       city, northwestern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, north-northeast of Delhi, with which it is connected by road and rail. Muzaffarnagar was founded ...
Muzaffarpur
▪ India       city, north-central Bihār state, northeastern India, just south of the Burhi Gandak River. The city was founded by Muẓaffar Khān in the 18th century ...
Muzak
/myooh"zak/, Trademark. recorded background music transmitted by radio, telephone, or satellite to built-in sets in offices, restaurants, waiting rooms, etc. * * *
Muzak{™}
n [U] a system that plays continuous recorded light music in public places, e.g. in restaurants, shops and airports. It was first produced in 1922 by the US Muzak Corporation for ...
muzhik
/mooh zhik", mooh"zhik/, n. a Russian peasant. Also, moujik, mujik, muzjik. [1560-70; < Russ muzhík, equiv. to muzh husband, man (OCS mozi, akin to MAN1) + -ik dim. suffix] * * *
Muzorewa, Abel Tendekayi
▪ prime minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia born April 14, 1925, Old Umtali, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]       prime minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia from June to December ...
Muztag
Muz·tag or Muz·tagh (mo͞os-täʹ, -tägʹ) A mountain, 7,286.8 m (23,891 ft) high, in the Kunlun Range of western China near the Indian border. * * *
Muztagata
Muz·tag·a·ta also Muz·tagh A·ta (mo͞os-tä'ə-täʹ, mo͞os-täg'-) A mountain, 7,550.9 m (24,757 ft) high, of the Muztagata Range in western China near Tajikistan. * * *
Muztagata Range
▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Mushitage Shan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Mu-shih-t'a-ko Shan,  also called  Kashgar Range        mountain range in the ...
Muztagh
Muz·tagh (mo͞os-täʹ, -tägʹ) See Muztag. * * *
muzz
/muz/, Brit. Slang. v.i. 1. to study intensely; grind. v.t. 2. to confuse (someone); make (someone) muzzy. [1765-75; back formation from MUZZY] * * *
muzzily
See muzzy. * * *
muzziness
See muzzily. * * *
muzzle
/muz"euhl/, n., v., muzzled, muzzling. n. 1. the mouth, or end for discharge, of the barrel of a gun, pistol, etc. 2. the projecting part of the head of an animal, including ...
muzzle velocity
Ordn. the speed of a projectile, usually expressed in feet or meters per second, as it leaves the muzzle of a gun. [1875-80] * * *
muzzleloader
—muzzleloading, adj. /muz"euhl loh'deuhr/, n. a firearm that is loaded through the muzzle. Also, muzzle-loader. [1855-60; MUZZLE + LOADER] * * *
muzzleloading
See muzzleloader. * * *
muzzler
/muz"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that muzzles. 2. Also called nose ender. Naut. a strong opposing wind. [1645-55; MUZZLE + -ER1] * * *
muzzy
—muzzily, adv. —muzziness, n. /muz"ee/, adj., muzzier, muzziest. Informal. 1. confused; muddled. 2. dull; mentally hazy. [1720-30; perh. b. MUDDLED and FUZZY] * * *
Mu{ʽ}āwiyah I
born с 602, Mecca, Arabian Peninsula died April/May 680, Damascus, Syria First caliph (661–680) of the Umayyad dynasty. Born into a clan that initially rejected Muhammad's ...
Mu{ʽ}tazilah
In Islam, one of two early religious groups. The term applies primarily to members of a theological school that flourished in Al-Basrah and Baghdad in the 8th–10th century. ...
Muʿallaqāt, Al-
▪ Arabic literature       collection of seven pre-Islamic Arabic qasida (odes), each considered to be its author's best piece. Since the authors themselves are among ...
Muʿāwiyah I
▪ Umayyad caliph Introduction in full  Muʿāwiyah Ibn Abī Sufyān, Muʿāwiyah  also spelled  Moawiyah  born c. 602, , Mecca, Arabia died , April/May 680, ...
Muʿizz, al-
▪ Fāṭimid caliph in full  al-Muʿizz li-Dīn Allah, original name Abū Tamīm Maʿad   born c. 930 died 975       the most powerful of the Fāṭimid caliphs, ...
Muʿizz-ud-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Sām
▪ Ghūrid ruler of India Arabic  Muʿizz Ad-dīn Muḥammad Ibn Sām,  also called  Muḥammad Ghūrī, or Shihāb-ud-dīn Muḥammad Ghūrī  died March 15, 1206, Damyak, ...
Muʿtaḍid, al-
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph [died 902] died 902       one of the greatest of the ʿAbbāsid caliphs (reigned 892–902), known especially for his ruthless skill in dealing with ...
Muʿtamid, al-
▪ ʿAbbādid ruler [1027-95] byname of  Muḥammad ibn ʿAbbād al-Muʿtaḍid  born 1027, Spain died 1095, Aghmāt, near Marrakech, Morocco       third and last ...
Muʿtaṣim, al-
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph born 794 died Jan. 5, 842       eighth ʿAbbāsid caliph, a younger son of Hārūn ar-Rashīd.       Succeeding his brother al-Maʾmūn in ...
Muʿtazilah
▪ Islam ArabicThose Who Withdraw, or Stand ApartEnglish  Mutazilites        in Islām, political or religious neutralists; by the 10th century the term came to refer ...
MV
1. main verb. 2. megavolt; megavolts. 3. motor vessel. * * *
Mv
Symbol, Chem. mendelevium. * * *
mV
millivolt; millivolts. * * *
MVD
      former Soviet internal-affairs ministry, and one of the forerunners of the KGB (q.v.). * * *
MVP
Most Valuable Player. Also, M.V.P. * * *
MW
Elect. megawatt; megawatts. * * *
mW
Elect. milliwatt; milliwatts. * * *
Mwambutsa IV
/mwahm booh"tsah/ 1912-77, king of Burundi 1962-66. * * *
Mwanawasa, Levy Patrick
▪ 2009       Zambian attorney and politician born Sept. 3, 1948, Mufulira, Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] died Aug. 19, 2008, Paris, France as the third president ...
Mwanga
▪ king of Buganda born 1866 died 1901       the last independent kabaka (ruler) of the African kingdom of Buganda, whose short but turbulent reign included a massacre ...
Mwangi, Meja
▪ Kenyan author born December 1948, Nyeri, Kenya       African novelist who wrote prolifically on the social conditions and history of Kenya.       Mwangi was ...
Mwanza
/mwahn"zah/, n. a city in N Tanzania, on Lake Victoria. 35,000. * * *
Mwene Matapa
Title borne by a line of kings ruling a South African territory between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers, in what is now Zimbabwe and Mozambique, from the 14th to the 17th ...
Mweru
/mway"rooh/, n. a lake in S central Africa, between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia. 68 mi. (109 km) long. * * *
Mweru, Lake
French Lac Moero Lake, central Africa. It is located on the boundary between southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) and Zambia, west of the southern tip of Lake ...
Mweru,Lake
Mwe·ru (mwāʹro͞o), Lake A lake of central Africa on the border of Zambia and Congo (formerly Zaire) west of the southern end of Lake Tanganyika. * * *
mwt
To die. checkmate, mate2, from Arabic māt, he has died, from earlier māta, to die. * * *
MX
missile experimental: a ten-warhead U.S. intercontinental ballistic missile. * * *
Mx
Elect. maxwell; maxwells. * * *
MX missile
MX missile [em΄eks′] n. 〚< m(issile), (e)x(perimental)〛 any of a system of U.S. intercontinental ballistic missiles, armed with several nuclear warheads, designed to be ...
my
/muy/, pron. 1. (a form of the possessive case of I used as an attributive adjective): My soup is cold. interj. 2. Also, my-my. (used as an exclamation of mild surprise or ...
My Antonia
/an'teuh nee"euh/ a novel (1918) by Willa Cather. * * *
My country, ‘tis of thee
the first line of the US patriotic song America. * * *
My Fair Lady
a successful musical version of the play Pygmalion, by George Bernard Shaw. It was written by Lerner and Loewe, and opened on Broadway in 1956, with Rex Harrison as Professor ...
My Lai
/mee" luy"/ a hamlet in S Vietnam: U.S. forces' massacre of South Vietnamese civilians 1968. * * *
My Lai massacre
an incident that occurred during the Vietnam War on 16 March 1968. A group of US soldiers killed 347 ordinary people, including women and children, in the Vietnamese village of ...
My Old Kentucky Home
a popular US song written in 1853 by Stephen Foster. It became the official song of the state of Kentucky and is played at each Kentucky Derby when the horses come out. It ...
My Tho
▪ Vietnam       municipality in the flat Mekong delta region of southern Vietnam. An inland port on the north bank of the My Tho River, it is directly linked by highway ...
my-
var. of myo- before some vowels: myalgia. * * *
my-my
/muy"muy"/, interj. my (def. 2). * * *
Mya Than Tint
▪ 1999       Burmese writer who won a number of awards for his own works and translated into Burmese such Western classics as War and Peace and Gone with the Wind (b. ...
myalgia
—myalgic, adj. /muy al"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. Pathol. pain in the muscles; muscular rheumatism. Also called myoneuralgia. [1855-60; MY- + -ALGIA] * * *
myalgic
See myalgia. * * *
Myalina
▪ extinct clam genus       extinct genus of clams found in rocks of Early Carboniferous to Late Permian age (dating from 360 to 245 million years ago). Myalina belongs ...
myall
/muy"awl/, n. any of several Australian acacias, esp. Acacia pendula (weeping myall), having gray foliage and drooping branches. [1835-45; appar. to be identified with myall ...
Myanmar
/muy ahn"mah/, n. Union of, official name of Burma. * * * I or Burma officially Union of Myanmar Country, Southeast Asia, on the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Area: ...
Myanmar (Burma)
▪ 2009 Area: 676,577 sq km (261,228 sq mi) Population (2008 est.): 47,758,000 Capital: Naypyidaw (site near Pyinmana) Head of state and government: Chairman of the State ...
Myanmar, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a red field (background) with a blue canton bearing, in white, a circle of stars, a cogwheel, and ears of rice. The ...
myasis
/muy"euh sis/, n., pl. myases /-seez'/. Pathol., Vet. Pathol. myiasis. * * *
myasthenia
—myasthenic /muy'euhs then"ik/, adj. /muy'euhs thee"nee euh/, n. Pathol. muscle weakness. [1855-60; MY- + ASTHENIA] * * *
myasthenia gravis
Pathol. a disease of impaired transmission of motor nerve impulses, characterized by episodic muscle weakness and easy fatigability, esp. of the face, tongue, neck, and ...
myastheniagravis
myasthenia grav·is (grăvʹĭs) n. A disease characterized by progressive fatigue and generalized weakness of the skeletal muscles, especially those of the face, neck, arms, ...
myasthenic
See myasthenia. * * *
myatonia
/muy'euh toh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. deficient muscle tone. [MY- + ATONIA] * * *
myatrophy
/muy a"treuh fee/, n. Pathol. myoatrophy. * * *

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