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Myazedi inscription
      epigraph written in 1113 in the Pāli, Pyu, Mon, and Burmese languages and providing a key to the Pyu language. The inscription, engraved on a stone found at the ...
myc
myc (mĭk) n. Any of a group of vertebrate oncogenes whose product, a DNA binding protein, is thought to promote the growth of tumor cells.   [Possibly from my(elo)c(ytomatosis ...
myc-
var. of myco- before a vowel: mycelium. * * *
Mycale
Myc·a·le (mĭkʹə-lē) A promontory of western Asia Minor. In 479 B.C. it was the site of a major Greek victory over the Persian fleet. * * *
mycelial
See mycelium. * * *
mycelium
—mycelial, adj. /muy see"lee euhm/, n., pl. mycelia /-lee euh/. Mycol. the mass of hyphae that form the vegetative part of a fungus. [1830-40; < NL, equiv. to Gk myk- MYC- + ...
Mycenae
/muy see"nee/, n. an ancient city in S Greece, in Argolis: important ruins. * * * Prehistoric city, northeastern Peloponnese, Greece. A natural rock citadel, it was the ...
Mycenaean
/muy'si nee"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the ancient city of Mycenae. 2. denoting or pertaining to the ancient civilization at Mycenae, dating from c2000 to c1100 ...
Mycenaean language
      the most ancient form of the Greek language that has been discovered. It was a chancellery language, used mainly for records and inventories of royal palaces and ...
Mycerinus
/mis'euh ruy"neuhs/, n. king of ancient Egypt c2600-2570 B.C. : builder of the third great pyramid at El Giza. Also, Mykerinos. Also called Menkure. * * *
mycetism
/muy"si tiz'euhm/, n. poisoning due to mushrooms. Also, mycetismus /muy'si tiz"meuhs/. [ < Gk myket-, s. of mýkes mushroom + -ISM] * * *
myceto-
myceto- [mī sēt′ō, mī sēt′ə] 〚< Gr mykētes: see -MYCETES〛 combining form fungus [mycetoma]: also, before a vowel, mycet- * * *
mycetoma
—mycetomatous, adj. /muy'si toh"meuh/, n., pl. mycetomas, mycetomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a chronic tumorous infection caused by any of various soil-dwelling fungi, usually ...
mycetomatous
See mycetoma. * * *
mycetozoan
mycetozoan [mī sēt΄ə zō′ən] n. 〚 MYCETO- + -ZO(A) + -AN〛 MYXOMYCETE: term used when classified as a protozoan (class Eumycetozoa) adj. MYXOMYCETOUS * * *
MYCIN
▪ artificial intelligence program       an early expert system, or artificial intelligence (AI) program, for treating blood infections. In 1972 work began on MYCIN at ...
myco-
a combining form meaning "mushroom, fungus," used in the formation of compound words: mycology. Also, esp. before a vowel, myc-. [comb. form repr. Gk mýkes mushroom, fungus] * * ...
mycobacterial
See mycobacterium. * * *
mycobacterium
/muy'koh bak tear"ee euhm/, n., pl. mycobacteria /-tear"ee euh/. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. ...
mycobiont
/muy'koh buy"ont/, n. the fungal component of a lichen. [1957; MYCO- + Gk biont-, s. of biôn, prp. of bioûn to live; cf. SYMBIONT] * * *
mycocecidium
/muy'koh seuh sid"ee euhm/, n. Mycol. a gall caused by a parasitic fungus. [ < NL, equiv. to myco- MYCO- + cecidium gall < Gk kekídion ink-gall, equiv. to kekid-, s. of kekís ...
mycoflora
/muy'koh flawr"euh, -flohr"euh/, n. Ecol. the fungi characteristic of a particular environment. [1740-45; MYCO- + FLORA] * * *
mycogenous
/muy koj"euh neuhs/, adj. Bot. arising from or inhabiting fungi. [MYCO- + -GENOUS] * * *
mycol.
mycology. * * *
mycologic
See mycological. * * *
mycological
See mycology. * * *
mycologically
See mycological. * * *
mycologist
See mycological. * * *
mycology
—mycological /muy'keuh loj"i keuhl/, mycologic, adj. —mycologically, adv. —mycologist, n. /muy kol"euh jee/, n. 1. the branch of biology dealing with fungi. 2. the fungi ...
mycoparasite
/muy'koh par"euh suyt'/, n. a parasitic fungus whose host is another fungus. [MYCO- + PARASITE] * * *
mycophagist
/muy kof"euh jist/, n. 1. a fungus-eating organism. 2. an epicure whose interest is mushrooms. [1860-65; MYCO- + -PHAGE or -PHAG(Y) + -IST] * * *
mycophagous
/muy kof"euh geuhs/, adj. feeding on fungi. [1920-25; MYCO- + -PHAGOUS] * * *
mycophagy
See mycophagous. * * *
mycoplasma
/muy'koh plaz"meuh/, n. any of numerous parasitic microorganisms of the class Mollicutes, comprising the smallest self-reproducing prokaryotes, lacking a true cell wall and able ...
mycoplasmal
See mycoplasma. * * *
mycorrhiza
—mycorrhizal, mycorhizal, adj. /muy'keuh ruy"zeuh/, n., pl. mycorrhizae /-zee/, mycorrhizas. Plant Pathol. a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a ...
mycorrhizal
See mycorrhiza. * * *
mycosis
—mycotic /muy kot"ik/, adj. /muy koh"sis/, n. Pathol. 1. the presence of parasitic fungi in or on any part of the body. 2. the condition caused by the presence of such ...
mycosozin
/muy'koh soh"zin/, n. Biochem. any sozin that kills microorganisms. [MYCO- + SOZIN] * * *
mycostat
—mycostatic, adj. /muy"koh stat'/, n. a substance or preparation that prevents or inhibits the growth of molds. [MYCO- + -STAT] * * *
Mycostatin
/muy'koh stat"n/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of nystatin. * * *
Mycota
/muy koh"teuh/, n. an alternative taxonomic name for the kingdom Fungi. [ < NL; see MYC-, -OTA] * * *
mycotic
/muy kot"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or caused by a fungus. [MYC- + -OTIC] * * *
mycotoxicosis
/muy'koh tok'si koh"sis/, n., pl. mycotoxicoses /-seez/. Pathol. poisoning resulting from exposure to fungal toxins. [1948; MYCO- + TOXICOSIS] * * *
mycotoxin
/muy'koh tok"sin/, n. Pathol. a toxin produced by a fungus. [1960-65; MYCO- + TOXIN] * * * Toxin produced by a fungus. Numerous and varied, mycotoxins can cause hallucinations, ...
mycotrophy
/muy ko"treuh fee/, n. the symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a living plant. [ < G Mykotrophie (1923); see MYCO-, -TROPHY] * * *
mycovirus
/muy"koh vuy'reuhs/, n., pl. mycoviruses. any fungus-infecting virus. [MYCO- + VIRUS] * * *
Mydans, Carl Mayer
▪ 2005       American photojournalist (b. May 20, 1907, Boston, Mass.—d. Aug. 16, 2004, Larchmont, N.Y.), was celebrated for his war photography for Life magazine, ...
Myddelton, Sir Hugh, 1st Baronet
▪ Welsh merchant Myddelton also spelled  Middleton   born 1559/60, Galch Hill, Denbighshire, Wales died July 19, 1643, Bush Hill, London, Eng.       member of the ...
mydriasis
/mi druy"euh sis, muy-/, n. Med. excessive dilatation of the pupil of the eye, as the result of disease, drugs, or the like. Cf. miosis. [1650-60; < L mydriasis < Gk ...
mydriatic
/mid'ree at"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or producing mydriasis. n. 2. a mydriatic drug. [1850-55; MYDRIA(SIS) + -TIC] * * *
myel-
var. of myelo- before a vowel: myelitis. * * *
myelencephalic
See myelencephalon. * * *
myelencephalon
—myelencephalic /muy'euh len'seuh fal"ik/, adj. /muy'euh len sef"euh lon'/, n., pl. myelencephalons, myelencephala /-leuh/. Anat. the posterior section of the hindbrain ...
myelin
—myelinic, adj. /muy"euh lin/, n. Biol. a soft, white, fatty material in the membrane of Schwann cells and certain neuroglial cells: the substance of the myelin sheath. Also, ...
myelin sheath
Anat. a wrapping of myelin around certain nerve axons, serving as an electrical insulator that speeds nerve impulses to muscles and other effectors. See diag. under ...
myelinated
/muy"euh leuh nay'tid/, adj. Anat. (of a nerve) having a myelin sheath; medullated. [1895-1900; MYELIN + -ATE1 + -ED2] * * *
myelination
/muy'euh leuh nay"sheuhn/, n. Anat. the formation of a myelin sheath. Also, myelinization /muy'euh lin euh zay"sheuhn/. [1895-1900; MYELIN + -ATION] * * *
myelinic
See myelin. * * *
myelinization
my·e·li·ni·za·tion (mī'ə-lə-nĭ-zāʹshən) also my·e·li·na·tion (-nāʹshən) n. The process of forming a myelin sheath. * * *
myelinsheath
myelin sheath n. The insulating envelope of myelin that surrounds the core of a nerve fiber or axon and facilitates the transmission of nerve impulses. In the peripheral nervous ...
myelitis
/muy'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. 1. inflammation of the substance of the spinal cord. 2. inflammation of the bone marrow. [1825-35; MYEL- + -ITIS] * * *
myelo-
a combining form meaning "marrow," "of the spinal cord," used in the formation of compound words: myelocyte. Also, esp. before a vowel, myel-. [comb. form repr. Gk myelós ...
myeloblast
—myeloblastic, adj. /muy"euh leuh blast'/, n. Cell Biol. an immature myelocyte. [1900-05; MYELO- + -BLAST] * * * ▪ physiology       immature blood cell, found in bone ...
myeloblastic
See myeloblast. * * *
myelocyte
—myelocytic /muy'euh leuh sit"ik/, adj. /muy"euh leuh suyt'/, n. Anat. a cell of the bone marrow, esp. one developing into a granulocyte. [1865-70; MYELO- + -CYTE] * * * ▪ ...
myelocytic
See myelocyte. * * *
myelofibrosis
/muy'euh loh fuy broh"sis/, n. Pathol. the replacement of bone marrow by fibrous tissue, characteristic of leukemia and certain other diseases. [1945-50; MYELO- + FIBROSIS] * * *
myelogenic
/muy'euh leuh jen"ik/, adj. produced in the bone marrow. Also, myelogenous /muy'euh loj"euh neuhs/. [1875-80; MYELO- + -GENIC] * * *
myelogenous
my·e·log·e·nous (mī'ə-lŏjʹə-nəs) also my·e·lo·gen·ic (-lə-jĕnʹĭk) adj. Originating in or produced by the bone marrow. * * *
myelogram
/muy"euh leuh gram'/, n. Med. an x-ray photograph of the spinal cord, following administration of a radiopaque substance into the spinal subarachnoid space. [1935-40; MYELO- + ...
myelography
—myelographic /muy'euh leuh graf"ik/, adj. —myelographically, adv. /muy'euh log"reuh fee/, n. Med. the production of myelograms. [1935-40; MYELO- + -GRAPHY] * * * ▪ ...
myeloid
/muy"euh loyd'/, adj. Anat. 1. pertaining to the spinal cord. 2. marrowlike. 3. pertaining to marrow. [1855-60; MYEL- + -OID] * * *
myeloma
/muy'euh loh"meuh/, n., pl. myelomas, myelomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor of plasma cells, arising in bone marrow, and often occurring at multiple sites, as in the vertebrae ...
myelomatoid
See myeloma. * * *
myelopathy
—myelopathic /muy'euh leuh path"ik/, adj. /muy'euh lop"euh thee/, n., pl. myelopathies. Pathol. any disorder of the spinal cord or of bone marrow. [1890-95; MYELO- + -PATHY] * ...
myeloproliferative
my·e·lo·pro·lif·er·a·tive (mī'ə-lō-prə-lĭfʹə-rā'tĭv, -ər-ə-tĭv) adj. Relating to or characterized by the proliferation of cells of the bone ...
Myers v. United States
▪ law case       (1926), U.S. Supreme Court case that voided a legislative provision restricting the authority of the president to remove or replace certain postmasters ...
Myers, F W H
▪ British poet and critic born February 6, 1843, Keswick, Cumberland, England died January 17, 1901, Rome, Italy       English poet, critic, and essayist whose later ...
Myers, George Carleton
▪ 2001       American sociology and demographics educator (b. April 8, 1931, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Aug. 10, 2000, Burnsville, N.C.), was the founding director in 1972 of ...
Myers, James
▪ 2002 Jimmy DeKnight        American songwriter (b. Oct. 26, 1919, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. May 9, 2001, Fort Myers, Fla.), co-wrote, with Max Freedman, the legendary ...
Myers, Laurence E.
▪ American athlete byname  Lon Myers   born Feb. 16, 1858, Richmond, Va., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1899       American all-around runner who set records in every race from ...
Myerson, Roger B.
▪ American economist in full  Roger Bruce Myerson  born March 29, 1951, Boston, Mass., U.S.       American economist who shared, with Leonid Hurwicz (Hurwicz, Leonid) ...
myiasis
/muy"euh sis/, n., pl. myiases /-seez'/. Pathol., Vet. Pathol. any disease that results from the infestation of tissues or cavities of the body by larvae of flies. Also, ...
Myingyan
/myin"jahn/, n. a city in central Burma. 40,000. * * * ▪ Myanmar       town, central Myanmar (Burma). It is a port on the Irrawaddy River and an important ...
Myitkyinā
▪ Myanmar       town, northeastern Myanmar (Burma). It lies along the Irrawaddy River, 25 miles (40 km) below the confluence of its two headstreams, the Mali and Nmai ...
Mykerinos
/mik'euh ruy"neuhs/, n. Mycerinus. * * *
Mykolayiv
My·ko·la·yiv (mĭk'ə-läʹyĭv, -yēw) or Ni·ko·la·yev (nĭk'ə-läʹyəf, nyĭ'kə-) A city of southern Ukraine at the mouth of the Western Bug River northeast of ...
Mykonos
/mik"euh nos', -nohs', mee"keuh-/, n. a mountainous island in SE Greece, in the S Aegean: resort. 3823; 35 sq. mi. (90 sq. km). Greek, Mikonos. * * *
Mylae, Battle of
▪ 260 BC       (260 BC), conflict in the First Punic War (Punic War, First) between Rome and Carthage, whose navy had been harassing Roman peninsular and Sicilian ...
MyLai
My Lai (mēʹ līʹ) A village of southern Vietnam where more than 300 unarmed civilians, including women and children, were massacred by U.S. troops (March 1968) during the ...
Mylar
/muy"lahr/, Trademark. a brand of strong, thin polyester film used in photography, recording tapes, and insulation. * * *       (trademark), a versatile plastic film ...
Mylitta
/mi lit"euh/, n. Ishtar. * * *
Mylius-Erichsen, Ludwig
▪ Danish explorer born Jan. 15, 1872, Viborg, Den. died , c. Nov. 25, 1907, Greenland       Danish journalist and explorer who led two productive expeditions to ...
Mylodon
▪ extinct mammal genus       extinct genus of ground sloth (xenarthran) found as fossils (fossil) in South American deposits of the Pleistocene Epoch (1.8 million ...
mylohyoid
/muy'loh huy"oyd/, Anat. adj. 1. Also, mylohyoidean /muy'loh huy oy"dee euhn/. of, pertaining to, or situated near the lower molar teeth and the hyoid bone. n. 2. a flat, ...
mylonite
/muy"leuh nuyt', mil"euh-/, n. Geol. a rock that has been crushed and sheared to such an extent that its original texture has been destroyed. [1885-90; mylon- (repr. Gk mýlos ...
Mymensingh
▪ Bangladesh formerly  Nasirabad        city, north-central Bangladesh, on the north bank of the Old Brahmaputra River. Once noted for its glass-bangle manufacture, ...
myna
/muy"neuh/, n. any of several Asian birds of the starling family Sturnidae, esp. those of the genera Acridotheres and Gracula, certain species of which have the ability to mimic ...
mynah
or myna Any of several Asian songbird species of the starling family (Sturnidae). The hill mynah (Gracula religiosa) of southern Asia, called the grackle in India, is about 10 ...
Mynes
/muy"neez/, n. (in the Iliad) a king of Lyrnessus killed by Achilles in the Trojan War. * * *
Mynheer
/muyn hair", -hear"/, n. 1. Dutch. the term of address and title of respect corresponding to sir and Mr. 2. (l.c.) a Dutchman. [1645-55; sp. var. of D mijnheer, equiv. to mijn ...
myo-
a combining form meaning "muscle," used in the formation of compound words: myology. Also, esp. before a vowel, my-. [comb. form repr. Gk mys mouse, muscle] * * *
Myō-ō
▪ Buddhist deities       in the Buddhist mythology of Japan, fierce protective deities, corresponding to the Sanskrit Vidyaraja (“King of Knowledge”), worshiped ...
myoatrophy
/muy'oh a"treuh fee/, n. Pathol. atrophy of muscle. Also, myatrophy. [MYO- + ATROPHY] * * *
MYOB
MYOB abbrev. mind your own business * * *
Myobatrachidae
▪ frog family       family of frogs (order Anura) including 21 genera and about 110 species that are divided into two subfamilies (Limnodynastinae and Myobatrachinae). ...
myoblast
/muy"euh blast'/, n. Embryol. any of the cells derived from the mesoderm in the vertebrate embryo that develop into muscle tissue. [1880-85; MYO- + -BLAST] * * *
myocardial
See myocardium. * * *
myocardial infarction
Pathol. See heart attack. Also, myocardial infarct. Abbr.: MI * * * ▪ pathology       death of a section of the heart muscle, caused by an interruption of blood flow ...
myocardialinfarction
myocardial infarction n. Abbr. MI See heart attack. * * *
myocardiogram
/muy'euh kahr"dee euh gram'/, n. the graphic record produced by a myocardiograph. [MYO- + CARDIOGRAM] * * *
myocardiograph
/muy'euh kahr"dee euh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument for recording the movements of the heart. [1930-35; MYO- + CARDIOGRAPH] * * *
myocarditis
/muy'oh kahr duy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the myocardium. [1865-70; MYO- + CARDITIS] * * *
myocardium
—myocardial, adj. /muy'euh kahr"dee euhm/, n., pl. myocardia /-dee euh/. Anat. the muscular substance of the heart. [1875-80; MYO- + -CARDIUM] * * *
myoclonia
—myoclonic /muy'euh klon"ik/, adj. /muy'euh kloh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. a disease characterized by myoclonus. [MYOCLON(US) + -IA] * * *
myoclonic
See myoclonus. * * *
myoclonus
/muy ok"leuh neuhs/, n. Pathol. an abrupt spasm or twitch of a muscle or group of muscles, occurring in some neurological diseases. [1880-85; MYO- + CLONUS] * * *
myocyte
/muy"euh suyt'/, n. a contractile cell, esp. an elongated cell in sponges that forms a sphincter around body openings. [1885-90; MYO- + -CYTE] * * *
myoelectric
/muy'oh i lek"trik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to electrical impulses, generated by muscles of the body, which may be amplified and used esp. to control artificial limbs. 2. of or ...
myofibril
/muy'euh fuy"breuhl, -fib"reuhl/, n. Cell Biol. a contractile fibril of skeletal muscle, composed mainly of actin and myosin. [1895-1900; MYO- + FIBRIL] * * * ▪ ...
myofilament
/muy'euh fil"euh meuhnt/, n. Cell Biol. a threadlike filament of actin or myosin that is a component of a myofibril. [1945-50; MYO- + FILAMENT] * * *
myogenic
—myogenicity /muy'euh jeuh nis"i tee/, n. /muy'euh jen"ik/, adj. 1. originating in muscle, as an impulse or sensation. 2. producing muscle tissue. [1875-80; MYO- + -GENIC] * * *
myoglobin
/muy'euh gloh"bin, muy"euh gloh'-/, n. Biochem. hemoglobin of muscle, weighing less and carrying more oxygen and less carbon monoxide than blood hemoglobin. Also, myohemoglobin ...
myogram
/muy"euh gram'/, n. the graphic record produced by a myograph. [1885-90; MYO- + -GRAM1] * * *
myograph
—myographic /muy'euh graf"ik/, adj. —myographically, adv. —myography /muy og"reuh fee/, n. /muy"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument for recording the contractions and ...
myokymia
/muy'euh kim"ee euh/, n. Pathol. twitching of individual segments of a muscle. [MYO- + -kymia, equiv. to Gk kym(a) something swollen + -IA] * * *
myologic
See myology. * * *
myologist
See myologic. * * *
myology
—myologic /muy'euh loj"ik/, myological, adj. —myologist, n. /muy ol"euh jee/, n. the science or branch of anatomy dealing with muscles. [1640-50; < NL myologia. See MYO-, ...
myoma
—myomatous /muy om"euh teuhs, -oh"meuh-/, adj. /muy oh"meuh/, n., pl. myomas, myomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor composed of muscular tissue. [1870-75; MY- + -OMA] * * *
myomatous
See myoma. * * *
myomectomy
/muy'euh mek"teuh mee/, n., pl. myomectomies. the surgical removal of a myoma, esp. the excision of a fibroid tumor from the uterus. [1885-90; MYOM(A) + -ECTOMY] * * *
myoneural
/muy'euh noor"euhl, -nyoor"-/, adj. of or pertaining to both muscle and nerve. [1900-05; MYO- + NEURAL] * * *
myoneuralgia
/muy'oh noo ral"jeuh, -nyoo-/, n. Pathol. myalgia. [MYO- + NEURALGIA] * * *
myopathic
See myopathy. * * *
myopathy
—myopathic /muy'euh path"ik/, adj. /muy op"euh thee/, n. Pathol. any abnormality or disease of muscle tissue. [1840-50; MYO- + -PATHY] * * * ▪ pathology       any ...
myope
myope [mī′ōp΄] n. 〚Fr < LL myops < Gr myōps, shortsighted, blinking < myein, to close (< ? IE base * mu-, with closed lips > MOPE, MUTE) + ōps,EYE〛 a person having ...
myopia
/muy oh"pee euh/, n. 1. Opthalm. a condition of the eye in which parallel rays are focused in front of the retina, objects being seen distinctly only when near to the eye; ...
myopic
—myopically, adv. /muy op"ik, -oh"pik/, adj. 1. Ophthalm. pertaining to or having myopia; nearsighted. 2. unable or unwilling to act prudently; shortsighted. 3. lacking ...
myopically
See myopic. * * *
myoporum
/muy op"euhr euhm/, n. any of several shrubs or trees of the genus Myoporum, chiefly of Australia and New Zealand, cultivated in warm regions as hedges or ornamentals. [ < NL ...
myopsychopathy
/muy'oh suy kop"euh thee/, n. Pathol. myopathy associated with mental weakness or change. [MYO- + PSYCHOPATHY] * * *
myoscope
/muy"euh skohp'/, n. an instrument for observing muscular contraction. [1875-80; MYO- + -SCOPE] * * *
myosin
/muy"euh sin/, n. Biochem. the principal contractile protein of muscle. [1865-70; MY- + -OSE2 + -IN2] * * *
myosis
/muy oh"sis/, n. Med. miosis. * * *
myositis
myositis [mī΄ə sīt′is] n. muscular inflammation, usually resulting in pain, soreness, etc. * * * my·o·si·tis (mī'ə-sīʹtĭs) n. Inflammation of a muscle, especially ...
myositis ossificans
▪ pathology also called  Stiffman syndrome        disorder of unknown cause in which connective tissue and muscle are replaced by bone. In the more common local type ...
myosotis
/muy'euh soh"tis/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Myosotis, of the borage family, having basal leaves and pink or white flowers, as the forget-me-not. Also, myosote /muy"euh ...
myotic
/muy ot"ik/, adj., n. miotic. * * *
myotome
myotome [mī′ō tōm΄] n. 〚 MYO- + -TOME〛 1. the body-wall musculature in a single segment of primitive chordates and segmented invertebrates 2. one of the paired ...
myotomy
/muy ot"euh mee/, n., pl. myotomies. Surg. incision of a muscle. [1670-80; < NL myotomia. See MYO-, -TOMY] * * *
myotonia
—myotonic /muy'euh ton"ik/, adj. /muy'euh toh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. tonic muscle spasm or muscular rigidity. [1895-1900; MYO- + -TONIA] * * * Disorder causing difficulty ...
myotonic
See myotonia. * * *
Myra
/muy"reuh/, n. 1. an ancient city in SW Asia Minor, in Lycia. 2. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "extraordinary." * * * Ancient city, Lycia, southern coast of ...
Myrdal
/mear"dahl, -dawl, merr"-/; Sw. /myuurdd"dahl/, n. 1. Alva (Reimer) /al"veuh ray"meuhr/; Sw. /ahl"vah rdday"meuhrdd/, 1902-86, Swedish sociologist and diplomat: Nobel peace prize ...
Myrdal, (Karl) Gunnar
born Dec. 6, 1898, Gustafs, Dalarna, Swed. died May 17, 1987, Stockholm Swedish economist and sociologist. He received his Ph.D. from Stockholm University and taught there from ...
Myrdal, (Karl)Gunnar
Myrdal, (Karl) Gunnar. 1898-1987. Swedish economist. He shared a 1974 Nobel Prize for work on the theory of optimum allocation of resources. * * *
Myrdal, Alva Reimer
▪ Swedish diplomat born Jan. 31, 1902, Uppsala, Sweden died Feb. 1, 1986, Ersta, near Stockholm       Swedish diplomat, government minister, author, and advocate of ...
Myrdal, Gunnar
▪ Swedish economist and sociologist in full  Karl Gunnar Myrdal  born December 6, 1898, Gustafs, Dalarna, Sweden died May 17, 1987, Stockholm       Swedish economist ...
Myrdal,Alva
Myr·dal (mürʹdäl', mîrʹ-), Alva. 1902-1986. Swedish sociologist and diplomat. She shared the 1982 Nobel Peace Prize for her role in the United Nations nuclear disarmament ...
Mýrdals Glacier
▪ glacier, Iceland       glacier, southern Iceland. With its western extension, Eyjafjalla Glacier, it is 30 miles (48 km) long and 20 miles (32 km) wide and covers an ...
myria-
a combining form meaning "10,000," used esp. in the names of metric units equal to 10,000 of the unit denoted by the base word: myriagram; myriameter. [comb. form repr. Gk ...
myriad
—myriadly, adv. /mir"ee euhd/, n. 1. a very great or indefinitely great number of persons or things. 2. ten thousand. adj. 3. of an indefinitely great number; innumerable: the ...
myriad-leaf
/mir"ee euhd leef'/, n., pl. myriad-leaves. an aquatic plant, Myriophyllum verticillatum, of the North Temperate Zone, having hairlike, submerged leaves. * * *
myriapod
/mir"ee euh pod'/, n. 1. any arthropod of the group Myriapoda, having an elongated segmented body with numerous paired, jointed legs, formerly classified as a class comprising ...
myriapodous
See myriapod. * * *
myrica
/mi ruy"keuh/, n. 1. the bark of the wax myrtle. 2. the bark of the bayberry. [1700-10; < L < Gk myríke a shrub, the tamarisk] * * *
Myricaceae
▪ plant family       the wax myrtle family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, in the beech order (Fagales), found throughout the world, with three genera of trees and ...
myringotomy
/mir'in got"euh mee, -ing-/, n., pl. myringotomies. surgical incision of the tympanic membrane. [1875-80; < NL myring(a) tympanic membrane (cf. ML miringa membrane enclosing the ...
Myriocephalon, Battle of
▪ Turkish history       (September 1176), victory of the Seljuq Turks under Qïlïch Arslan II over the Byzantine army of Manuel I Comnenus in a mountain pass near the ...
myristic acid
/meuh ris"tik/, Chem. an oily, white crystalline compound, C14H28O2, insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol and ether: used in soaps, cosmetics, and in the synthesis of esters ...
Myristicaceae
▪ plant family       the nutmeg family of the magnolia order (Magnoliales), best known for the fragrant, spicy seeds of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). The family contains ...
myristicacid
my·ris·tic acid (mə-rĭsʹtĭk, mī-) n. A fatty acid, CH3(CH2)12COOH, occurring in animal and vegetable fats and used in the manufacture of cosmetics, soaps, perfumes, and ...
myrmeco-
myrmeco- [mʉr′mi kō, mʉr′mikə] 〚Gr myrmēko- < myrmēx, ant < IE base * morwi- > (, OIr moirb〛 combining form ant [myrmecology] * * ...
myrmecological
See myrmecology. * * *
myrmecologist
See myrmecological. * * *
myrmecology
—myrmecological /merr'mi keuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —myrmecologist, n. /merr'mi kol"euh jee/, n. the branch of entomology dealing with ants. [ < Gk myrmek-, s. of mýrmex ant + ...
myrmecophagous
myrmecophagous [mʉr΄mikäf′ə gəs] adj. 〚 MYRMECO- + -PHAGOUS〛 feeding on ants * * *
myrmecophile
myr·me·co·phile (mûrʹmĭ-kə-fīl') n. An organism, such as a beetle, that habitually shares the nest of an ant colony.   myr'me·cophʹi·lous (-kŏfʹə-ləs) ...
myrmecophilous
See myrmecophile. * * *
myrmecophily
See myrmecophilous. * * *
myrmekite
▪ geology       irregular, wormy penetration by quartz in plagioclase feldspar; these wartlike, wormlike, or fingerlike bodies may develop during the late stages of ...
Myrmidon
/merr"mi don', -dn/, n., pl. Myrmidons, Myrmidones /merr mid"n eez'/. 1. Class. Myth. one of the warlike people of ancient Thessaly who accompanied Achilles to the Trojan War. 2. ...
Myrna
/merr"neuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
myrobalan
/muy rob"euh leuhn, mi-/, n. 1. the dried plumlike fruit of certain tropical trees of the genus Phyllanthus, used in dyeing, tanning, and making ink. 2. See cherry ...
myrobalanplum
myrobalan plum n. See cherry plum. * * *
myron
/mee"rddawn/; Eng. /muy"ron/, n. Gk. Ch. chrism. [ < Gk mýron unguent, perfume] * * * born с 480 BC, Greece died 440 BC Greek sculptor. An older contemporary of Phidias and ...
Myron
/muy"reuhn/, n. 1. fl. c450 B.C., Greek sculptor. 2. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning "pleasant." * * * born с 480 BC, Greece died 440 BC Greek sculptor. An older ...
myrrh
—myrrhed, adj. —myrrhic, adj. /merr/, n. an aromatic resinous exudation from certain plants of the genus Myrrhis, esp. M. odorata, a small spiny tree: used for incense, ...
Myrrha
/mear"euh/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of King Cinyras of Cyprus who had incestuous relations with her father and was changed into a myrrh tree by the gods. Their child, Adonis, ...
Myrtaceae
▪ plant family       the myrtle family of shrubs and trees, in the order Myrtales, containing about 150 genera and 3,300 species that are widely distributed in the ...
myrtaceous
/merr tay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. belonging to the Myrtaceae, the myrtle family of plants. Cf. myrtle family. 2. of, pertaining to, or resembling the myrtle. [1825-35; < NL Myrtace(ae) ...
Myrtales
▪ plant order Introduction       the myrtle order of flowering plants, composed of 14 families, 380 genera, and about 11,000 species distributed throughout the tropics ...
myrtle
/merr"tl/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Myrtus, esp. M. communis, a shrub of southern Europe having evergreen leaves, fragrant white flowers, and aromatic berries: anciently held ...
Myrtle
/merr"tl/, n. a female given name. * * * Any of the evergreen shrubs in the genus Myrtus (family Myrtaceae). Authorities differ widely over the number of species included; most ...
Myrtle Beach
a town in E South Carolina. 18,758. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States  city, Horry county, eastern South Carolina, U.S. It lies along the Atlantic coast between the ...
myrtle family
the plant family Myrtaceae, characterized by mostly tropical trees and shrubs having aromatic, simple, usually opposite leaves, clusters of flowers, and fruit in the form of a ...
myrtle warbler.
See under yellow-rumped warbler. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
myself
/muy self"/, pron., pl. ourselves /ahr selvz", oweur-, ow'euhr-/. 1. (used as an intensive of me or I): I myself will challenge the winner. 2. (used reflexively in place of me as ...
Mysia
—Mysian, adj., n. /mish"ee euh/, n. an ancient country in NW Asia Minor. * * * ▪ ancient district, Turkey       ancient district in northwest Anatolia adjoining the ...
Mysian
See Mysia. * * *
mysid
/muy"sid/, n. 1. any member of the malacostracan order Mysidacea, the opossum shrimps, esp. of the genus Mysis. adj. 2. of or pertaining to such shrimps. [1940-45; < NL Mysidae a ...
Myslivecek
/mi"sli ve chek/; Eng. /mis'li vech"ek/, n. Josef /yaw"zef/, 1737-81, Czech composer. * * *
mysophilia
/muy'seuh fil"ee euh/, n. Psychiatry. a pathological attraction to dirt or filth. [1955-60; < NL, equiv. to myso- ( < Gk mýsos filth) + -philia -PHILIA] * * *
mysophobia
—mysophobic, adj. /muy'seuh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. a dread of dirt or filth. [1875-80; < NL, equiv. to myso- ( < Gk mýs(os) filth) + -O- + -phobia -PHOBIA] * * *
Mysore
/muy sawr", -sohr"/, n. 1. a city in S Karnataka, in S India. 355,636. 2. former name of Karnataka. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 742,261), southern Karnataka state, southern ...
Mysore Wars
▪ Indian history       (1767–69; 1780–84; 1790–92; 1799), four military confrontations in India between the British and the rulers of Mysore.       About ...
MySpace.com
▪ Web site       social networking Web site owned by Rupert Murdoch (Murdoch, Rupert)'s News Corporation Ltd. and headquartered in Beverly Hills, ...
Myst
▪ electronic game       graphical puzzle-adventure electronic game that debuted in 1993 and was designed by brothers Rand and Robyn Miller for American game ...
mystagogic
See mystagogue. * * *
mystagogue
—mystagogy /mis"teuh goh'jee, -goj'ee/, mystagoguery /mis"teuh gaw'geuh ree, -gog'euh-/, n. —mystagogic /mis'teuh goj"ik/, mystagogical, adj. —mystagogically, ...
mystagogy
See mystagogic. * * *
mysterioso
mysterioso [mis tir΄ē ō′sō] adj. 1. MISTERIOSO 2. having a mysterious nature or quality; inexplicable, enigmatic, etc. adv. MISTERIOSO n. someone or something that is ...
mysterious
—mysteriously, adv. —mysteriousness, n. /mi stear"ee euhs/, adj. 1. full of, characterized by, or involving mystery: a mysterious occurrence. 2. implying or suggesting a ...
mysteriously
See mysterious. * * *
mysteriousness
See mysteriously. * * *
mystery
mystery1 /mis"teuh ree, -tree/, n., pl. mysteries. 1. anything that is kept secret or remains unexplained or unknown: the mysteries of nature. 2. any affair, thing, or person ...
mystery play
a medieval dramatic form based on a Biblical story, usually dealing with the life, death, and resurrection of Christ. Cf. miracle play, morality play. [1850-55] * * * Vernacular ...
mystery religion
Any of various secret cults of the Greco-Roman world. Derived from primitive tribal ceremonies, mystery religions reached their peak of popularity in Greece in the first three ...
mystery story
Work of fiction in which the evidence related to a crime or to a mysterious event is so presented that the reader has an opportunity to consider solutions to the problem, the ...
mysteryplay
mystery play n. A medieval drama based on scriptural events especially in the life of Jesus.   [From mystery1.] * * *
mystic
—mysticity /mi stis"i tee/, n. —mysticly, adv. /mis"tik/, adj. 1. involving or characterized by esoteric, otherworldly, or symbolic practices or content, as certain religious ...
Mystic
/mis"tik/, n. a section of Groton, in SE Connecticut: maritime museum. 2333. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       historic resort village in the town (township) of ...
mystical
—mystically, adv. —mysticality, mysticalness, n. /mis"ti keuhl/, adj. 1. mystic; occult. 2. of or pertaining to mystics or mysticism: mystical writings. 3. spiritually ...
mystical theology
the branch of theology dealing with mysticism and mystical experiences. [1605-15] * * *
mystically
See mystical. * * *
mysticalness
See mystically. * * *
mysticete
/mis"teuh seet'/, n. Zool. any whale of the suborder Mysticeti, as finback and humpback whales, characterized by a symmetrical skull, paired blowholes, and rows of baleen plates ...
mysticetous
See mysticete. * * *
mysticism
/mis"teuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the beliefs, ideas, or mode of thought of mystics. 2. a doctrine of an immediate spiritual intuition of truths believed to transcend ordinary ...
mysticize
/mis"teuh suyz'/, v., mysticized, mysticizing. v.t. 1. to make mystical; give mystical meaning to: to mysticize natural phenomena. v.i. 2. to speak or write on mystical ...
mystification
mys·ti·fi·ca·tion (mĭs'tə-fĭ-kāʹshən) n. 1. The act or an instance of mystifying. 2. The fact or condition of being mystified. 3. Something intended to mystify. * * *
mystifier
See mystify. * * *
mystify
—mystification, n. —mystifiedly, adv. —mystifier, n. —mystifyingly, adv. /mis"teuh fuy'/, v.t., mystified, mystifying. 1. to perplex (a person) by playing upon the ...
mystifyingly
See mystifier. * * *
mystique
/mi steek"/, n. 1. a framework of doctrines, ideas, beliefs, or the like, constructed around a person or object, endowing the person or object with enhanced value or profound ...
Mystique of Mars
▪ 2005 by Dave Dooling       On Aug. 27, 2003, thousands of people lined up at telescopes to glimpse Mars during its closest approach to Earth in more than 60,000 years ...
myth
/mith/, n. 1. a traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event, with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation, esp. one ...
myth.
1. mythological. 2. mythology. * * *
mythic
mythic [mith′ik] adj. 1. of, or having the nature of, a myth or myths 2. MYTHICAL (senses 1 & 2) * * *
mythical
—mythically, adv. —mythicalness, n. /mith"i keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or involving a myth. 2. dealt with in myth, as a prehistoric period. 3. dealing ...
mythically
See mythical. * * *
mythicize
—mythicization, n. —mythicizer, n. /mith"euh suyz'/, v.t., mythicized, mythicizing. to turn into, treat, or explain as a myth. Also, esp. Brit., mythicise. [1830-40; MYTHIC + ...
mythify
—mythification /mith'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. /mith"euh fuy'/, v.t., mythified, mythifying. to create a myth about (a person, place, tradition, etc.); cause to become a ...
mythmaker
—mythmaking, n. /mith"may'keuhr/, n. a creator of myths. [1870-75; MYTH + MAKER] * * *
mythmaking
mythmaking [mith′māk΄iŋ] n. the creation of myths * * * See mythmaker. * * *
mytho-
a combining form representing myth in compound words: mythogenesis. [ < Gk, comb. form of mythos MYTH] * * *
mythoclast
—mythoclastic, adj. /mith"euh klast'/, n. a destroyer or debunker of myths. [1885-90; MYTHO- + -CLAST] * * *
mythogenic
/mith'euh jen"ik/, adj. producing or capable of producing myths. [1960-65; MYTHO- + -GENIC] * * *
mythographer
/mi thog"reuh feuhr/, n. a person who collects or records myths in writing. Also, mythographist. [1650-60; < Gk mythográph(os) mythographer (see MYTHO-, -GRAPH) + -ER1] * * *
mythography
/mi thog"reuh fee/, n., pl. mythographies. 1. a written collection of myths. 2. expression of myths in artistic, esp. plastic, form. 3. description of myths. [1850-55; < Gk ...
mythoi
/mith"oy, muy"thoy/, n. pl. of mythos. * * *
mythol.
1. mythological. 2. mythology. * * *
mythologem
/mi thol"euh jeuhm/, n. a basic theme, as of revenge, self-sacrifice, or betrayal, that is shared by cultures throughout the world. [1880-85; < Gk mythológema mythical ...
mythological
—mythologically, adv. /mith'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to mythology. 2. imaginary; fictitious. Also, mythologic. [1605-15; < LL mythologic(us) < Gk ...
mythologically
See mythological. * * *
mythologist
/mi thol"euh jist/, n. 1. an expert in mythology. 2. a writer of myths. [1625-35; < Gk mythológ(os) story-teller (see MYTHO-, LOGO-) + -IST] * * *
mythologize
—mythologization, n. —mythologizer, n. /mi thol"euh juyz'/, v., mythologized, mythologizing. v.i. 1. to classify, explain, or write about myths. 2. to construct or narrate ...
mythologizer
See mythologize. * * *
mythology
/mi thol"euh jee/, n., pl. mythologies. 1. a body of myths, as that of a particular people or that relating to a particular person: Greek mythology. 2. myths collectively. 3. the ...
mythomane
/mith"euh mayn'/, n. 1. a person with a strong or irresistible propensity for fantasizing, lying, or exaggerating. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a ...
mythomania
—mythomaniac /mith'euh may"nee ak'/, n., adj. /mith'euh may"nee euh/, n. Psychiatry. lying or exaggerating to an abnormal degree. [1905-10; MYTHO- + -MANIA] * * *
mythomaniac
See mythomania. * * *
mythopoeia
/mith'euh pee"euh/, n. a mythopoeic act, circumstance, characteristic, etc. [1955-60; < LL < Gk mythopoiía making of fables, invention, equiv. to mytho- MYTHO- + -poiia ...

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