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Orvieto
/awr'vee ay"toh, -et"oh/; It. /awrdd vye"taw/, n. a white wine, from dry to sweet, from Umbria, Italy. [1665-75] * * * ▪ Italy  town, Umbria regione, central Italy. The ...
Orvieto ware
      Italian maiolica (majolica), a tin-glazed earthenware produced originally at Orvieto, in Umbria, from the 13th century onward. It was copied from, or inspired by, ...
Orville
/awr"vil/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Douglas William Orville William Orville Frizzell Platt Orville Hitchcock Wright Wilbur and Wright Orville * * *
Orville Wright
➡ Wright brothers * * *
Orwell
/awr"wel, -weuhl/, n. George (Eric Arthur Blair), 1903-50, English novelist and essayist. * * *
Orwell, George
orig. Eric Arthur Blair born 1903, Motihari, Bengal, India died Jan. 21, 1950, London, Eng. British novelist, essayist, and critic. Instead of accepting a scholarship to a ...
Orwell,George
Or·well (ôrʹwĕl', -wəl), George. Pen name of Eric Arthur Blair. 1903-1950. British writer whose books attack totalitarianism and reflect his concern with social justice. ...
Orwellian
/awr wel"ee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or resembling the literary work of George Orwell or the totalitarian future described in his antiutopian novel 1984 ...
Ory, Kid
▪ American musician byname of  Edward Ory   born Dec. 25, 1886, Laplace, La., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1973, Honolulu, Hawaii  American trombonist and composer who was perhaps ...
Oryol
▪ Russia also spelled  Or'ol, or Orel    city and administrative centre of Oryol oblast (region), western Russia. It is located on the headwaters of the Oka River at its ...
oryx
/awr"iks, ohr"-/, n., pl. oryxes, (esp. collectively) oryx. 1. a large African antelope, Oryx gazella, grayish with black markings and having long, nearly straight horns: an ...
Orzeszkowa, Eliza
▪ Polish writer née  Eliza Pawłowska  born June 6, 1841, Milkowszczyzna, Poland died May 18, 1910, Grodno, Poland [now Hrodno, Belarus]  Polish novelist and a leading ...
orzo
/awr"zoh/, n. pasta in the form of small ricelike grains. [ < It: lit., barley < L hordeum; cf. GORSE, ORGEAT] * * *
Öræfajökull
▪ volcanic massif, Iceland       ice-covered volcanic massif, southeastern Iceland. It lies at the southern end of the giant ice field of Vatnajökull (q.v.). Its ...
os
os1 /os/, n., pl. ossa /os"euh/. Anat., Zool. a bone. [1540-50; < L] os2 /os/, n., pl. ora /awr"euh, ohr"euh/. Anat., Zool. a mouth or orifice of the body. [1730-40; < L os ...
OS
1. Old Saxon. 2. Computers. operating system. * * *
Os
Symbol, Chem. osmium. * * *
ōs-
Mouth. Oldest form *ə₃ōs-, but precise preform uncertain. 1. oral, os1, oscillate, osculate, osculum, ostiary, ostium, usher; inosculate, orifice, orinasal, orotund, ...
OSA
OSA abbr. Order of Saint Augustine. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Perm kray (territory), Russia, on the left bank of the Kama River near its confluence with the Tulva ...
Osa Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Costa Rica Spanish  Península de Osa        peninsula, southern Costa Rica, bounded on the northwest by Coronado Bay, on the west by the Pacific ...
Osage
/oh"sayj, oh sayj"/, n., pl. Osages, (esp. collectively) Osage for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people formerly of western Missouri, now living in northern ...
Osage orange
1. Also called bois d'arc, bowwood. a tree, Maclura pomifera, of the mulberry family, native to the south-central U.S., having hard, yellowish wood and often cultivated for ...
Osage River
River, western Missouri, U.S. Formed by the junction of the Marais des Cygnes and Little Osage rivers, it is about 500 mi (800 km) long and is the largest tributary of the ...
Osageorange
Osage orange n. A dioecious spiny tree (Maclura pomifera) native to Arkansas and Texas and having pulpy, inedible, orangelike multiple fruit. * * *
OsageRiver
Osage River A river, about 579 km (360 mi) long, of central Missouri rising as the confluence of two smaller streams on the Kansas border and flowing east and northeast through ...
Osagyefuo Kuntunkununku II
▪ 2000 Alex Okoampa Fredua Agyeman        Ghanaian Okyehene (ruler) of the Akim Abuakwa traditional area and president of the advisory National House of Chiefs ...
Osaka
/oh sah"keuh/; Japn. /aw"sah kah"/, n. a city on S Honshu, in S Japan. 2,648,158. * * * ▪ Japan  city and capital of Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), south-central Honshu, ...
Ōsaka-Kōbe metropolitan area
▪ urban industrial agglomeration, Japan Introduction  second largest urban and industrial agglomeration in Japan, located on Ōsaka Bay in west-central Honshu at the eastern ...
osar
/oh"sahr/, n. pl. of os3. * * *
Osasco
/oo sahs"koo/, n. a city in SE Brazil, NW of São Paulo. 376,689. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, southeastern São Paulo estado (state), Brazil. Located at 2,360 feet (720 ...
Osawatomie
▪ Kansas, United States       city, Miami county, eastern Kansas, U.S. It lies along the Marais des Cygnes River at the mouth of Pottawatomie Creek; its name combines ...
OSB
OSB abbrev. Order of St. Benedict * * * OSB abbr. Order of Saint Benedict. * * *
Osbert
/oz"beuhrt/, n. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "god" and "bright." * * *
Osbert Lancaster
➡ Lancaster (IV) * * *
Osbert Sitwell
➡ Sitwell * * *
Osborn
/oz"beuhrn/, n. 1. Henry Fairfield /fair"feeld'/, 1857-1935, U.S. paleontologist and author. 2. a male given name. * * *
Osborn, Henry Fairfield
▪ American paleontologist born Aug. 8, 1857, Fairfield, Conn., U.S. died Nov. 6, 1935, Garrison, N.Y.  American paleontologist and museum administrator who greatly influenced ...
Osborne
/oz"beuhrn, -bawrn, -bohrn/, n. 1. John (James), 1929-94, English playwright. 2. Thomas Mott, 1859-1926, U.S. prison reformer. * * * (as used in expressions) Osborne John ...
Osborne House
a house on the Isle of Wight which was built for Queen Victoria in 1851 as a quiet and private place for herself and her family. The house has been kept as it was when they lived ...
Osborne, Adam
▪ 2004       British-born American computer entrepreneur (b. March 6, 1939, Bangkok, Thai.—d. March 18, 2003, Kodiakanal, India), introduced the first portable ...
Osborne, Dorothy, Lady Temple
▪ English gentlewoman born 1627, Chicksands Priory, Bedfordshire, Eng. died February 1695, Moor Park, near Farnham, Surrey       English gentlewoman best known for the ...
Osborne, John
▪ British playwright and screenwriter in full  John James Osborne   born Dec. 12, 1929, London, Eng. died Dec. 24, 1994, Shropshire  British playwright and film producer ...
Osborne, John (James)
born Dec. 12, 1929, London, Eng. died Dec. 24, 1994, Shropshire British playwright and film producer. Initially an actor, he cowrote his first play, The Devil Inside Him ...
Osborne, John James
▪ 1995       British playwright and film producer (b. Dec. 12, 1929, London, England—d. Dec. 24, 1994, Shropshire, England), revolutionized the British drama by ...
Osborne, Thomas Mott
▪ American penologist born Sept. 23, 1859, Auburn, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 20, 1926, Auburn  U.S. penologist whose inauguration of self-help programs for prisoners through ...
Osborne,John James
Os·borne (ŏzʹbərn, -bôrn', -bōrn'), John James. 1929-1994. British playwright and member of the Angry Young Men who is best known for his first play, Look Back in Anger ...
Osbourne
(1948– ) a British heavy metal musician. He was the singer for the group Black Sabbath (1969–79), and later formed his own Ozzy Osbourne group, which achieved success in the ...
Osbourne, Ozzy
▪ 2003       On April 12, 2002, Ozzy Osbourne, rock singer and protagonist of the television reality show The Osbournes, gained his star on Hollywood's Walk of Fame. ...
Oscan
/os"keuhn/, n. 1. one of an ancient people of south-central Italy. 2. the Indo-European, probably Italic, language of the Oscans, written in an alphabet derived from the ...
Oscan language
Italic language formerly spoken in southern and central Italy, related closely to Umbrian and more distantly to Latin. It was probably the native tongue of the Samnite people of ...
Oscar
/os"keuhr/, Trademark. one of a group of statuettes awarded annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for achievements in motion-picture production and ...
Oscar Hammerstein
➡ Hammerstein * * *
Oscar I
▪ king of Sweden and Norway in full  Joseph-François-Oscar   born July 4, 1799, Paris died July 8, 1859, Stockholm  king of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to 1859, son of ...
Oscar II
1829-1907, king of Sweden 1872-1907; king of Norway 1872-1905. * * * ▪ king of Sweden in full  Oscar Fredrik   born Jan. 21, 1829, Stockholm died Dec. 8, 1907, ...
Oscar Wilde
➡ Wilde * * *
OscarII
Oscar II also Os·kar II (ôsʹkär), 1829-1907. King of Sweden from 1872 to 1907 and of Norway from 1872 to 1905, when he gave up the throne to Haakon VII. * * *
Osceola
/os'ee oh"leuh, oh'say-/, n. 1804-38, U.S. Indian leader: chief of the Seminole tribe. * * * born с 1804, Georgia, U.S. died Jan. 30, 1838, Charleston, S.C. Seminole Indian ...
oscillate
/os"euh layt'/, v., oscillated, oscillating. v.i. 1. to swing or move to and fro, as a pendulum does. 2. to vary or vacillate between differing beliefs, opinions, conditions, ...
oscillating engine
a steam engine having piston rods connected directly to the crankshaft and cylinders oscillating on trunnions. [1815-25] * * *
oscillating universe
Astron. a variant model of the closed universe in which the universe undergoes cycles of expansion and contraction. Cf. closed universe, open universe. * * *
oscillatingcircuit
os·cil·lat·ing circuit (ŏsʹə-lā'tĭng) n. An electric circuit with values of capacitance and inductance that cause its current, charge, and electric potential to oscillate ...
oscillatinguniverse
oscillating universe n. A closed-universe model in which the expansion of the universe slows and reverses, causing a collapse into a singularity which then explodes into a new ...
oscillation
/os'euh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of oscillating. 2. a single swing or movement in one direction of an oscillating body. 3. fluctuation between beliefs, opinions, ...
oscillational
See oscillation. * * *
oscillator
/os"euh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. Electronics. a circuit that produces an alternating output current of a certain frequency determined by the characteristics of the circuit ...
Oscillatoria
▪ alga  genus of blue-green algae common in freshwater environments, including hot springs. This unbranched filamentous alga, occurring singly or in tangled mats, derives its ...
oscillatory
/os"euh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. characterized by or involving oscillation. [1730-40; < NL oscillatorius, equiv. to L oscilla(re) to swing (see OSCILLATE) + -torius ...
oscillogram
/euh sil"euh gram'/, n. Elect. the record produced by the action of an oscillograph or oscilloscope. [1900-05; < L oscill(are) to swing (see OSCILLATE) + -O- + -GRAM1] * * *
oscillograph
—oscillographic, /euh sil'euh graf"ik/, adj. —oscillography /os'euh log"reuh fee/, n. /euh sil"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. Elect. a device for recording the wave-forms of ...
oscillographic
See oscillograph. * * *
oscillographically
See oscillographic. * * *
oscillography
See oscillographic. * * *
oscillometer
—oscillometric /os'euh loh me"trik, euh sil'euh-/, adj. —oscillometry, n. /os'euh lom"i teuhr/, n. Med. an instrument for measuring oscillations, esp. those of the arterial ...
oscilloscope
—oscilloscopic /euh sil'euh skop"ik/, adj. —oscilloscopically, adv. /euh sil"euh skohp'/, n. Elect. a device that uses a cathode-ray tube or similar instrument to depict on a ...
oscilloscopic
See oscilloscope. * * *
oscine
/os"in, -uyn/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or pertaining to the suborder Oscines, of the order Passeriformes, comprising the songbirds that have highly developed vocal ...
oscitance
os·ci·tance (ŏsʹĭ-təns) n. Oscitancy. * * *
oscitancy
oscitancy [äs′ə tən sē] n. 〚< L oscitans, prp. of oscitare, to yawn < os, a mouth + citare, to move: see CITE〛 drowsiness, dullness, apathy, etc. * * * os·ci·tan·cy ...
oscitant
—oscitancy, oscitance, n. /os"i teuhnt/, adj. 1. yawning, as with drowsiness; gaping. 2. drowsy or inattentive. 3. dull, lazy, or negligent. [1615-25; < L oscitant- (s. of ...
Osco-Umbrian
/os"koh um"bree euhn/, n. a group of languages, usually classified as Italic, that contains Oscan and Umbrian. [1890-95] * * *
Osco-Umbrian languages
      language group proposed by some scholars to be included in the Italic branch of Indo-European languages. The group includes Oscan (Oscan language), Umbrian, and the ...
oscula
os·cu·la (ŏsʹkyə-lə) n. Plural of osculum. * * *
osculant
/os"kyeuh leuhnt/, adj. 1. united by certain common characteristics. 2. adhering closely; embracing. [1810-20; < L osculant- (s. of osculans), prp. of osculari to kiss; see ...
oscular
—oscularity /os'kyeuh lar"i tee/, n. /os"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. pertaining to an osculum. 2. pertaining to the mouth or kissing: oscular stimulation. [1820-30; < L oscul(um) ...
osculate
—osculatory /os"kyeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /os"kyeuh layt'/, v., osculated, osculating. v.i. 1. to come into close contact or union. 2. Geom. (of a curve) to touch ...
osculating circle
Math. See circle of curvature. [1810-20] * * *
osculating plane
Math. the plane containing the circle of curvature of a point on a given curve. [1860-65] * * *
osculation
/os'kyeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of kissing. 2. a kiss. 3. close contact. 4. Geom. the contact between two osculating curves or the like. [1650-60; < L osculation- (s. of ...
osculatory
See osculation. * * *
osculum
/os"kyeuh leuhm/, n., pl. oscula /-leuh/. a small mouthlike aperture, as of a sponge. [1605-15; < NL, L osculum, equiv. to os mouth + -culum -CULE1] * * *
OSD
Office of the Secretary of Defense. * * *
Osee
/oh"zee, oh"see/, n. Douay Bible. Hosea. * * *
Osei Tutu
▪ king of Asante empire born c. 1660 died 1712 or 1717       founder and first ruler of the Asante (Ashanti) empire (Asante empire) (in present-day Ghana) who as chief ...
Ösel
/ue"zeuhl/, n. German name of Saaremaa. * * *
Osetian
/o see"sheuhn/, adj., n. Ossetian. * * *
Osetic
/o set"ik/, adj., n. Ossetic. * * *
OSF
OSF abbr. Order of Saint Francis. * * *
OSFCW
Office of Solid Fuels Coordinator for War. * * *
Osgood
/oz"good/, n. a male given name. * * *
Osgood, Peter Leslie
▪ 2007       British association football (soccer) player (b. Feb. 20, 1947, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng.—d. March 1, 2006, Slough, Berkshire, Eng.), was a dashing fixture ...
Osh
/awsh/, n. a city in SW Kirghizia, SW of Bishkek. 169,000. * * * ▪ Kyrgyzstan       city, southwestern Kyrgyzstan. The city lies at an elevation of 3,300 feet (1,000 ...
OSHA
/oh"sheuh, osh"euh/, n. U.S. Govt. the division of the Department of Labor that sets and enforces occupational health and safety rules. [O(ccupational) S(afety and) H(ealth) ...
Oshawa
/osh"euh weuh/, n. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada, NE of Toronto, on Lake Ontario. 117,519. * * * ▪ Ontario, Canada       city, regional municipality of Durham ...
Osheroff, Douglas D.
▪ American physicist in full  Douglas Dean Osheroff   born Aug. 1, 1945, Aberdeen, Wash., U.S.       American physicist who, along with David Lee (Lee, David M.) and ...
Oshkosh
/osh"kosh/, n. a city in E Wisconsin, on Lake Winnebago. 49,678. * * * ▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, seat (1848) of Winnebago county, east-central Wisconsin, ...
Oshogbo
/oh shog"boh/, n. a city in SW Nigeria. 208,966. * * * City (pop., 1996 est.: 476,800), Nigeria. Located northeast of Ibadan, it lies along the Oshun River. Originally settled ...
Osiander, Andreas
▪ German theologian original name  Andreas Hosemann   born Dec. 19, 1498, Gunzenhausen, Ansbach [now in Germany] died Oct. 17, 1552, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, ...
osier
—osiered, adj. —osierlike, adj. /oh"zheuhr/, n. 1. any of various willows, as the red osier, having tough, flexible twigs or branches that are used for wickerwork. 2. a twig ...
Osijek
O·si·jek (ôʹsē-ĕk, -yĕk') A city of eastern Croatia on the Drava River east-southeast of Zagreb. The city grew on the site of a Roman colony and fortress and was under ...
Osinniki
▪ Russia       city, Kemerovo oblast (region), central Russia. It is situated at the confluence of the Kandalep and Kondoma rivers. The city developed in the 1930s as ...
Osipenko
/os'euh peng"koh/; Russ. /u syi pyen"keuh/, n. former name of Berdyansk. * * *
Osiris
—Osirian /oh suy"ree euhn/, adj. /oh suy"ris/, n. Egyptian Relig. the king and judge of the dead, the husband and brother of Isis, and father (or brother) of Horus, killed by ...
Oskaloosa
/os'keuh looh"seuh/, n. a city in SE central Iowa. 10,629. * * * ▪ Iowa, United States       city, seat (1844) of Mahaska county, southeastern Iowa, U.S. It lies ...
Oskar
(as used in expressions) Caspersson Torbörn Oskar Kokoschka Oskar Minkowski Oskar * * *
OskarII
Os·kar II (ôsʹkär) See Oscar II. * * *
Öskemen
Ös·ke·men (o͝osʹkə-mĕnʹ, œsʹ-) or Ust-Ka·me·no·gorsk (o͞ostʹkə-mĕn'ə-gôrskʹ, -myĭ-nə-) A city of northeast Kazakhstan on the Irtysh River south of ...
OSlav
Old Slavic. * * *
Osler
/ohs"leuhr, ohz"-/, n. Sir William, 1849-1919, Canadian physician and professor of medicine. * * *
Osler, Sir William
born July 12, 1849, Bond Head, Canada West, Can. died Dec. 29, 1919, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. Canadian physician and professor. He became the first to identify blood platelets ...
Osler, Sir William, Baronet
▪ Canadian physician born July 12, 1849, Bond Head, Canada West [now Ontario], Can. died Dec. 29, 1919, Oxford, Eng.  Canadian physician and professor of medicine who ...
Osler,Sir William
Os·ler (ōsʹlər, ōzʹ-), Sir William. 1849-1919. Canadian-born British physician and educator who was known as the most brilliant teacher of medicine in his time. His ...
Osler-Rendu-Weber disease
▪ medical disorder also called  hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia        hereditary disorder characterized by bleeding from local capillary malformations. In ...
Oslo
/oz"loh, os"-/; Norw. /oos"loo/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Norway, in the SE part, at the head of Oslo Fiord. 463,022. Formerly, Christiania. * * * formerly ...
Oslo Fiord
an inlet of the Skagerrak, in SE Norway. 75 mi. (120 km) long. * * *
Oslo Fjord
▪ fjord, Norway Norwegian  Oslofjorden,        fjord on the Skagerrak (strait) penetrating the southern coast of Norway for 60 miles (100 km) from about Fredrikstad ...
Osman
/oz"meuhn, os"-/; Turk. /os mahn"/, n. 1259-1326, Turkish emir 1299-1326: founder of the Ottoman dynasty. Also, Othman. * * *
Osman Ali
▪ ruler of Hyderābād also called  Umān ʿalī Khān, Mīr   born April 6, 1886, Hyderābād, India died Feb. 24, 1967, Hyderābād       nizam (ruler) of ...
Osman Digna
▪ Sudanese leader born c. 1840, Sawakin, the Sudan died 1926, Egypt       a leader of the Mahdist revolt that broke out in the Sudan in 1881.       Osman's ...
Osman I
▪ Ottoman sultan also called  Osman Gazi   born 1258 died 1324, Sögüt, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey]  ruler of a Turkmen principality in northwestern Anatolia who is ...
Osman II
▪ Ottoman sultan also called  Genç Osman (“Young Osman”)   born Nov. 15, 1603, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died May 20, 1622, ...
Osman Nuri Paşa
▪ Ottoman general born 1832, Tokat, Ottoman Empire died April 14, 1900, Constantinople       Ottoman paşa and muşir (field marshal) who became a national hero for ...
Osman, Aden Abdullah
▪ 2008       Somali politician born 1908, Belet Weyne, Italian Somaliland [now in Somalia] died June 8, 2007, Nairobi, Kenya served as independent Somalia's first ...
Osmanabad
▪ India       town, southeastern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India, located north of Solapur. Part of the ancient Yadava Hindu kingdom, it fell to the ...
OsmanI
Os·man I (ŏzʹmən, ôsʹ-, ōs-mänʹ) also Oth·man I (ŏthʹmən, o͞oth-mänʹ), 1258-1326?. Founder of the Ottoman dynasty that ruled Turkey after the 13th century. He ...
Osmanli
/oz man"lee, os-/, n., pl. Osmanlis, adj. n. 1. an Ottoman. 2. the language of the Ottoman Turks. adj. 3. Ottoman. * * *
osmatic
/oz mat"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the sense of smell. 2. of or pertaining to animals having a keenly developed sense of smell. [1885-90; < F osmatique, equiv. to Gk ...
Osmeña, Sergio
▪ president of Philippines born Sept. 9, 1878, Cebu City, Phil. died Oct. 19, 1961, Manila       Filipino statesman, founder of the Nationalist Party (Partido ...
osmeterium
os·me·te·ri·um (ŏz'mĭ-tîrʹē-əm) n. pl. os·me·te·ri·a (-tîrʹē-ə) An eversible glandular sac on the first thoracic segment of many caterpillars that secretes an ...
osmic
/oz"mik/, adj. Chem. of or containing osmium in its higher valences, esp. the tetravalent state. [1835-45; OSM(IUM) + -IC] * * *
osmicacid
osmic acid n. See osmium tetroxide. * * *
osmically
See osmic2. * * *
osmics
/oz"miks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science dealing with the sense of smell. [1920-25; < Gk osm(é) smell + -ICS] * * *
osmidrosis
/oz'mi droh"sis/, n. Med. bromhidrosis. [ < Gk osm(é) smell + (H)IDROSIS] * * *
osmious
/oz"mee euhs/, adj. Chem. of or containing osmium in its lower valences. [1840-50; OSMI(UM) + -OUS] * * *
osmiridium
/oz'meuh rid"ee euhm/, n. Chem. iridosmine. [1875-80; < G; see OSMIUM, IRIDIUM] * * *
osmium
/oz"mee euhm/, n. Chem. a hard, heavy, metallic element having the greatest density of the known elements and forming octavalent compounds, as OsO4 and OsF8: used chiefly as a ...
osmium tetroxide
Chem. a crystalline or amorphous, colorless, poisonous compound, OsO4, soluble in water, alcohol, and ether: used for microscopic staining, in photography, and as a catalyst in ...
osmiumtetroxide
osmium tetroxide n. A poisonous compound, OsO4, with a pungent smell, used in solution to stain and fix biological material, especially lipids. Also called osmic acid. * * *
osmo-
a combining form representing osmosis in compound words: osmoregulation. * * *
osmometer
/oz mom"i teuhr, os-/, n. an instrument used in osmometry. [1850-55; OSMO- + -METER] * * *
osmometric
See osmometer. * * *
osmometry
—osmometric /oz'meuh me"trik, os'-/, adj. —osmometrically, adv. /oz mom"i tree, os-/, n. Physical Chem. measurement of osmotic pressure. [1910-15; OSMO- + -METRY] * * *
Osmond, Humphry Fortescue
▪ 2005       British psychiatrist (b. July 1, 1917, Surrey, Eng.—d. Feb. 6, 2004, Appleton, Wis.), introduced writer Aldous Huxley to hallucinogenic drugs, commenting, ...
Osmonds
a US group of popular singers who were all members of the same family. They included six brothers and one sister. The most famous were Donny Osmond (1957– ) and Marie Osmond ...
osmoregulation
/oz'moh reg'yeuh lay"sheuhn, os'-/, n. the process by which cells and simple organisms maintain fluid and electrolyte balance with their surroundings. [1930-35; OSMO- + ...
osmoregulatory
See osmoregulation. * * *
osmose
/oz"mohs, os"-/, v., osmosed, osmosing, n. v.i. 1. to undergo osmosis. v.t. 2. to subject to osmosis. n. 3. osmosis. [1850-55; back formation from OSMOSIS] * * *
osmosis
—osmotic /oz mot"ik, os-/, adj. —osmotically, adv. /oz moh"sis, os-/, n. 1. Physical Chem., Cell Biol. a. the tendency of a fluid, usually water, to pass through a ...
osmotic
See osmosis. * * *
osmotic pressure
Physical Chem. the force that a dissolved substance exerts on a semipermeable membrane, through which it cannot penetrate, when separated by it from pure solvent. [1885-90] * * *
osmotically
See osmotic. * * *
osmoticpressure
osmotic pressure n. The pressure exerted by the flow of water through a semipermeable membrane separating two solutions with different concentrations of solute. * * *
osmoticshock
osmotic shock n. The rupture of bacterial or other cells in a solution following a sudden reduction in osmotic pressure. Osmotic shock is sometimes induced to release cellular ...
osmous
osmous [äz′məs, äs′məs] adj. designating or of chemical compounds in which osmium has a lower valence than in the corresponding osmic compounds * * * os·mous ...
osmund
osmund1 /oz"meuhnd, os"-/, n. any fern of the genus Osmunda, esp. the royal fern. [1325-75; ME osmunde < AF osmunde, OF osmonde < ?] osmund2 /oz"meuhnd, os"-/, n. a superior ...
Osmund Of Salisbury, Saint
▪ bishop of Salisbury died December 3 or 4, 1099, England; canonized January 1, 1457; feast day December 4       Norman priest, who was chancellor of England (c. ...
osmunda
osmunda [äs mun′də, äzmun′də] n. 〚ModL < OFr osmonde < ?〛 any of a genus (Osmunda, family Osmundaceae) of ferns having specialized fronds or portions of fronds ...
Osmundaceae
▪ fern family  the royal fern family, the only family of the fern order Osmundales. A primitive group consisting of three present-day genera of large ferns— Osmunda, Todea, ...
osmundine
osmundine [äs mun′din, äzmun′din; äs mun′dēn΄, äz mun′dēn΄; äs′məndin, äs′məndēn΄, äz′mən′din, äz′mən′dēn] n. 〚
Osnabrück
/oz"neuh brook'/; Ger. /aws'nah brddyuuk"/, n. a city in Lower Saxony, in NW Germany. 150,900. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony Land (state), northwestern ...
osnaburg
/oz"neuh berrg'/, n. a heavy, coarse cotton in a plain weave, for grain sacks and sportswear and also finished into cretonne. [1535-45; irreg. after OSNABRÜCK, known for its ...
OSO
U.S. Aerospace. Orbiting Solar Observatory: one of a series of scientific satellites, launched between 1962 and 1975, that studied the sun at ultraviolet, x-ray, and gamma-ray ...
Osorno
/aw sawrdd"naw/, n. a city in S Chile. 78,187. * * * ▪ Chile       city, southern Chile, lying at the junction of the Damas and Rahue rivers, 40 miles (64 km) inland ...
OSP
he died without issue. [ < L obiit sine prole] * * *
OSp
Old Spanish. * * *
osprey
/os"pree/, n., pl. ospreys. 1. Also called fish hawk. a large hawk, Pandion haliaetus, that feeds on fish. 2. a plume for trimming hats. [1425-75; late ME ospray(e)
OSRD
Office of Scientific Research and Development. * * *
Osroë ne
or Osrhoene Ancient kingdom, northwestern Mesopotamia. Located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it was situated across the modern frontier of Turkey and Syria, with its ...
Osroëne
▪ ancient kingdom, Mesopotamia, Asia also spelled  Osrhoene,         ancient kingdom in northwestern Mesopotamia, located between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and ...
OSS
Office of Strategic Services: a U.S. government intelligence agency during World War II. Also, O.S.S. * * * ▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), ...
ossa
/os"euh/, n. pl. of os1. * * * ▪ mountain, Greece Modern Greek  Óssa, or Kissavos,         mountain massif, nomós (department) of Larissa, eastern Thessaly, ...
Ossa
/os"euh/, n. a mountain in E Greece, in Thessaly. 6490 ft. (1978 m). * * * ▪ mountain, Greece Modern Greek  Óssa, or Kissavos,         mountain massif, nomós ...
Ossa, Mount
▪ mountain, Tasmania, Australia       highest peak in Tasmania, Australia, rising to 5,305 feet (1,617 m), in the central highlands. At the northern end of the rugged ...
Ossa,Mount
Os·sa (ŏsʹə), Mount A peak, 1,979.1 m (6,489 ft) high, of the Olympus Mountains in northern Greece. * * *
ossature
os·sa·ture (ŏsʹə-cho͞or', -chər) n. A framework or skeleton, as for a building or statue.   [French, from Latin os, oss-, bone. See os2.] * * *
ossein
/os"ee in/, n. Biochem. the collagen of bone, remaining after the mineral matter has been removed by treatment with dilute acid. [1855-60; < L osse(us) OSSEOUS + -IN2] * * *
osselet
/os"euh lit/, n. Vet. Pathol. a hard nodule on the leg of a horse, esp. one on the inner side of the knee or the outer side of the fetlock. [1680-90; < F: lit., little bone, OF; ...
osseous
—osseously, adv. /os"ee euhs/, adj. composed of, containing, or resembling bone; bony. [1675-85; < L osseus bony, equiv. to oss- (s. of os) bone + -eus -EOUS] * * *
osseously
See osseous. * * *
Osservatore Romano, L'
(Italian; "The Roman Observer") Daily newspaper published in Vatican City, one of the most influential papers in Italy and the de facto voice of the Holy See. Founded in 1861, ...
Osset
/os"it/, n. a member of an Aryan people of Ossetia whose religion combines features of Islam and Christianity. Also, Ossete /os"eet/, Ossetian. * * *
Ossetia
/o see"sheuh/; Russ. /u sye"tyi yeuh/, n. a region in Caucasia: divided between the North Ossetian Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation and the South Ossetian Autonomous ...
Ossetian
/o see"sheuhn/, adj. 1. Also, Ossetic. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Ossetia or the Ossets. n. 2. an Osset. [1805-15; OSSET(IA) or OSSET + -IAN] * * *
Ossetic
/o set"ik/, adj. 1. Ossetian. n. 2. the Indo-European, Iranian language of the Ossets. [1920-25; OSSET + -IC] * * *
Ossetic language
▪ Iranian language       eastern Iranian language spoken in the northern Caucasus by the Ossetes. There are two major dialects: (1) eastern, called Iron, and (2) ...
ossia
/oh see"euh/, conj. (indicating an alternative, usually easier, version of a passage in a musical score) or; or else. [1875-80; < It o sia or let it be] * * *
Ossian
/osh"euhn, os"ee euhn/, n. Gaelic Legend. a legendary hero and poet and son of Finn, who is supposed to have lived during the 3rd century A.D., represented in Gaelic poems and in ...
Ossianic
/os'ee an"ik, osh'ee-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Ossian, the poetry attributed to him, or the rhythmic prose published by James Macpherson in 1762-63, ...
Ossianic ballads
Irish Gaelic and Scottish lyric and narrative poems dealing with the legendary Finn MacCumhaill and his war band. They are named for Oisín (Ossian), the chief bard of the ...
ossicle
—ossicular /o sik"yeuh leuhr/, ossiculate /o sik"yeuh lit/, adj. /os"i keuhl/, n. a small bone. [1570-80; < L ossiculum, equiv. to ossi- (comb. form of os) bone + -culum ...
ossicular
See ossicle. * * *
ossiculate
See ossicular. * * *
Ossietzky
/aw'see ets"kee/, n. Carl von /kahrddl feuhn/, 1889-1938, German pacifist: Nobel peace prize 1935. * * *
Ossietzky, Carl von
▪ German journalist and pacifist born Oct. 3, 1889, Hamburg, Ger. died May 4, 1938, Berlin       German journalist and pacifist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace for ...
Ossietzky,Carl von
Os·si·etz·ky (ŏs'ē-ĕtʹskē, ô'sē-), Carl von. 1889-1938. German journalist and pacifist who was imprisoned (1931-1932 and 1933-1936) for exposing Germany's military ...
ossiferous
/o sif"euhr euhs/, adj. containing bones, esp. fossil bones: ossiferous caves and rock beds. [1815-25; < L ossi- (comb. form of os) bone + -FEROUS] * * *
ossific
See ossify. * * *
ossification
/os'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of ossifying. 2. the state of being ossified. 3. something that has ossified; a bony formation. [1690-1700; < L ossi-, comb. form ...
ossified
/os"euh fuyd'/, adj. 1. hardened like or into bone. 2. Slang. drunk. [1790-1800; OSSIFY + -ED2] * * *
ossifrage
/os"euh frij/, n. 1. the lammergeier. 2. Archaic. the osprey. [1595-1605; < L ossifraga sea eagle, lit., bone-breaker (n. use of fem. of ossifragus bone-breaking), equiv. to ...
ossify
—ossifier, n. /os"euh fuy'/, v., ossified, ossifying. v.t. 1. to convert into or cause to harden like bone. v.i. 2. to become bone or harden like bone. 3. to become rigid or ...
Ossining
/os"euh ning/, n. a town in SE New York, on the Hudson: the site of a state prison formerly known as Sing Sing. 20,196. Formerly, Sing Sing. * * * ▪ New York, United ...
osso buco
osso buco [ō̂s′sō̂ bo͞o′kō̂] n. 〚It, marrowbone〛 an Italian dish consisting of veal shanks stewed in white wine with tomatoes, garlic, minced vegetables, etc. * ...
ossobuco
/os"oh booh"koh, oh"soh-/; It. /aws"saw booh"kaw/, n., pl. ossibuchi /os"ee booh"kee, oh"see-/; It. /aws"see booh"kee/. Italian Cookery. a dish of sliced veal shanks, typically ...
Ossory
Ancient kingdom, Ireland. It became a semi-independent state within the kingdom of Leinster ( с 1st century AD). In the 9th century its king, Cerball, allied himself with the ...
ossuarium
/osh'ooh air"ee euhm, os'-/, n., pl. ossuaria /-air"ee euh/. ossuary. * * *
ossuary
/osh"ooh er'ee, os"-/, n., pl. ossuaries. a place or receptacle for the bones of the dead. Also, ossuarium. [1650-60; < LL ossuarium, var. of OSSARIUM, equiv. to oss- (s. of os) ...
ost-
Bone. Oldest form *ə₂ost-, with e-grade *ə₂est- colored to *ə₂ast-. 1. os2, osseous, ossicle, ossuary; ossifrage, ossify, from Latin os (stem oss-), bone. 2. osteo-; ...
Ostade, Adriaen van
born Dec. 10, 1610, Haarlem, Neth. buried May 2, 1685, Haarlem Dutch painter and printmaker. Known for his Baroque genre paintings of peasant life, he also did religious ...
Ostade, Isack van
▪ Dutch painter Isack also spelled  Izaack, or Isak  baptized June 2, 1621, Haarlem, Neth.   buried Oct. 16, 1649, Haarlem       Dutch genre and landscape painter of ...
Ostaijen, Paul van
▪ Flemish writer born Feb. 22, 1896, Antwerp, Belg. died March 18, 1928, Anthée       Flemish man of letters whose avant-garde Expressionist poetry and writings on ...
ostariophysan
▪ fish Introduction  any of about8,000 species of bony fishes (bony fish) belonging to a group that includes the majority of freshwater fishes throughout the world. Familiar ...
oste-
var. of osteo- before a vowel: osteitis. * * *
osteal
/os"tee euhl/, adj. osseous. [1875-80; OSTE- + -AL1] * * *
ostectomy
/o stek"teuh mee/, n., pl. ostectomies. Surg. excision of part or all of a bone. Also, osteectomy /os'tee ek"teuh mee/. [1890-95; OST(E)- + -ECTOMY] * * *
Osteen, Joel
▪ 2006       Riding a huge wave of popularity in 2005 was American evangelist Joel Osteen. As pastor of the nondenominational Lakewood Church in Houston, Texas, Osteen ...
Osteichthyes
/os'tee ik"thee eez'/, n. the class comprising the bony fishes. [ < NL < Gk osté(on) bone (see OSTE-) + ichthýes fish (pl. of ICHTHÝS)] * * *
osteitis
—osteitic /os'tee it"ik/, adj. /os'tee uy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the substance of bone. [1830-40; OSTE- + -ITIS] * * *
osteitis deformans
/di fawr"manz/, Pathol. See Paget's disease. [ < NL; deforming osteitis] * * *
Ostend
/os tend", os"tend/, n. a seaport in NW Belgium. 69,039. French, Ostende /aws tahonnd"/. * * * ▪ Belgium Flemish  Oostende , French  Ostende        municipality, ...
Ostend Company
▪ Austrian trading company German  Ostendische Kompanie, or Ostende-kompanie,        trading company that operated from the Austrian Netherlands from 1722 to 1731. ...
Ostend Manifesto
a declaration (1854) issued from Ostend, Belgium, by the U.S. ministers to England, France, and Spain, stating that the U.S. would be justified in seizing Cuba if Spain did not ...
ostensible
—ostensibly, adv. /o sten"seuh beuhl/, adj. 1. outwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended: an ostensible cheerfulness concealing sadness. 2. apparent, evident, or ...
ostensibly
See ostensible. * * *
ostensive
—ostensively, adv. /o sten"siv/, adj. 1. clearly or manifestly demonstrative. 2. ostensible. [1595-1605; < ML ostensivus, equiv. to L ostens(us), var. of ostentus ptp. of ...
ostensive definition
Philos. the definition of a term by pointing to one or more examples to which the term can be applied. [1920-25] * * *
ostensively
See ostensive. * * *
ostensorium
/os'teuhn sawr"ee euhm, -sohr"-/, n., pl. ostensoria /-sawr"ee euh, -sohr"ee euh/. Rom. Cath. Ch. ostensory. [1750-60] * * *
ostensory
/o sten"seuh ree/, n., pl. ostensories. Rom. Cath. Ch. monstrance. Also, ostensorium. [1715-25; < ML ostensorium; see OSTENSIVE, -TORY2] * * *
ostentation
/os'ten tay"sheuhn, -teuhn-/, n. 1. pretentious or conspicuous show, as of wealth or importance; display intended to impress others. 2. Archaic. the act of showing or exhibiting; ...
ostentatious
—ostentatiously, adv. —ostentatiousness, n. /os'ten tay"sheuhs, -teuhn-/, adj. 1. characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress ...
ostentatiously
See ostentatious. * * *
osteo-
a combining form meaning "bone," used in the formation of compound words: osteometry. Also, esp. before a vowel, oste-. [ < Gk, comb. form of ostéon] * * *
osteoarthritic
See osteoarthritis. * * *
osteoarthritis
/os'tee oh ahr thruy"tis/, n. Pathol. the most common form of arthritis, usually occurring after middle age, marked by chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints leading to ...
osteoarthrosis
/os'tee oh ahr throh"sis/, n. chronic, noninflammatory arthritis. [1930-35; OSTEO- + ARTHR- + -OSIS] * * *
osteoblast
—osteoblastic, adj. /os"tee euh blast'/, n. Anat. a bone-forming cell. [1870-75; OSTEO- + -BLAST] * * * ▪ cell       large cell responsible for the synthesis and ...
osteoblastic
See osteoblast. * * *
osteochondritis
/os'tee oh kon druy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of bone and cartilage. [OSTEO- + CHONDR- + -ITIS] * * *
osteochondroma
▪ medicine also called  exostosis        solitary benign tumour that consists partly of cartilage and partly of bone. Osteochondromas are common and may develop ...
osteochondrosis
/os'tee oh kon droh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of bone and cartilage growth centers in children that begins as a necrosis and is followed by regeneration or renewed ...
osteoclasis
/os'tee ok"leuh sis/, n. 1. Physiol. the breaking down or absorption of osseous tissue. 2. Surg. the fracturing of a bone to correct deformity. [ < NL; see OSTEO-, -CLASIS] * * *
osteoclast
—osteoclastic, adj. /os"tee euh klast'/, n. 1. Cell Biol. one of the large multinuclear cells in growing bone concerned with the absorption of osseous tissue, as in the ...
osteoclastic
See osteoclast. * * *
osteoclastoma
▪ medicine also called  giant cell tumour of bone        bone tumour found predominantly at the end of long bones in the knee region, but also occurring in the ...
osteocope
/os"tee euh kohp'/, n. Pathol. severe pain in the bones, esp. that occurring in syphilitic persons. [1700-10; < Gk osteokópos, equiv. to osteo- OSTEO- + kópos beating, toil, ...
osteocyte
/os"tee euh suyt'/, n. Cell Biol. a cell of osseous tissue within the bone matrix; a bone cell. [1940-45; OSTEO- + -CYTE] * * * ▪ cell       a cell that lies within the ...
Osteodontokeratic tool industry
      assemblage of fossilized animal bones found at Taung by Raymond Arthur Dart (Dart, Raymond A.) about 200 miles (320 km) from Johannesburg, S.Af., where the first ...
osteogenesis
—osteogenetic /os'tee oh jeuh net"ik/, osteogenous /os'tee oj"euh neuhs/, adj. /os'tee euh jen"euh sis/, n. the formation of bone. [1820-30; OSTEO- + GENESIS] * * *
osteogenesis imperfecta
/im'peuhr fek"teuh/, Pathol. a rare hereditary disease in which abnormal connective tissue development leads to fragile bones subject to fracture. [1900-05; < NL: imperfect ...
osteogenesisimperfecta
osteogenesis im·per·fec·ta (ĭm'pər-fĕkʹtə) n. A hereditary disease characterized by abnormally brittle, easily fractured bones.   [New Latin : osteogenesis + Latin ...
osteogenetic
See osteogenesis. * * *
osteogenic
/os'tee euh jen"ik/, adj. 1. derived from or made up of bone-forming tissue. 2. of or pertaining to osteogenesis. [1855-60; OSTEO- + -GENIC] * * *
osteogenic sarcoma
osteogenic sarcoma [äs΄tē ō jen′ik] n. OSTEOSARCOMA * * *
osteogenicsarcoma
osteogenic sarcoma n. See osteosarcoma. * * *

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