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osteogenous
See osteogenetic. * * *
osteoglossomorph
▪ fish Introduction       any member of what is widely believed to be the most primitive group of bony fishes (bony fish). This reputation stems from their rudimentary ...
osteoid
/os"tee oyd'/, adj. 1. resembling bone; bonelike. 2. having a skeleton of bones. [1830-40; OSTE- + -OID] * * *
Osteolepis
▪ extinct fish       extinct genus of lobe-finned fishes from the Late Devonian; Osteolepiformes is a variation of this name that was given to a group of vertebrates ...
osteological
See osteology. * * *
osteologically
See osteological. * * *
osteologist
See osteological. * * *
osteology
—osteological /os'tee euh loj"i keuhl/, osteologic, adj. —osteologically, adv. —osteologist, n. /os'tee ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of anatomy dealing with the ...
osteolysis
os·te·ol·y·sis (ŏs'tē-ŏlʹĭ-sĭs) n. Dissolution or degeneration of bone tissue through disease.   os'te·o·lytʹic (-ə-lĭtʹĭk) adj. * * *
osteolytic
See osteolysis. * * *
osteoma
/os'tee oh"meuh/, n., pl. osteomas, osteomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign tumor composed of osseous tissue. [1840-50; OSTE- + -OMA] * * * ▪ pathology       small, ...
osteomalacia
—osteomalacial, osteomalacic /os'tee oh meuh las"ik/, adj. /os'tee oh meuh lay"sheuh, -shee euh, -see euh/, n. Pathol. a condition characterized by softening of the bones with ...
osteometry
—osteometric /os'tee euh me"trik/, osteometrical, adj. /os'tee om"i tree/, n. the anthropometric measurement of bones. [1875-80; OSTEO- + -METRY] * * *
osteomyelitis
/os'tee oh muy'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. an inflammation of the bone and bone marrow, usually caused by bacterial infection. [1850-55; OSTEO- + MYELITIS] * * * ▪ ...
osteon
▪ anatomy  the chief structural unit of compact (cortical) bone, consisting of concentric bone layers called lamellae, which surround a long hollow passageway, the Haversian ...
osteonecrosis
▪ bone tissue death also called  necrosis of bone        death of bone tissue that may result from infection, as in osteomyelitis, or deprivation of blood supply, as ...
osteopath
/os"tee euh path'/, n. a physician who practices osteopathy. Also, osteopathist /os'tee op"euh thist/. [1895-1900, Amer.; back formation from OSTEOPATHY] * * *
osteopathic
See osteopathy. * * *
osteopathically
See osteopathic. * * *
osteopathy
—osteopathic /os'tee euh path"ik/, adj. —osteopathically, adv. /os'tee op"euh thee/, n. a therapeutic system originally based upon the premise that manipulation of the ...
osteopetrosis
/os'tee oh pi troh"sis/, n. Pathol. any of several hereditary diseases characterized by increased bone density. [1925-30; OSTEO- + Gk petro-, var. s. of petroûn to turn to stone ...
osteophyte
—osteophytic /os'tee euh fit"ik/, adj. /os"tee euh fuyt'/, n. Pathol. a small osseous excrescence or outgrowth on bone. [1840-50; OSTEO- + -PHYTE] * * *
osteophytic
See osteophyte. * * *
osteoplastic
/os'tee euh plas"tik/, adj. 1. Surg. pertaining to osteoplasty. 2. Physiol. pertaining to bone formation. [1860-65; OSTEO- + -PLASTIC] * * *
osteoplasty
/os"tee euh plas'tee/, n. Surg. plastic surgery on a bone to repair a defect or loss. [1860-65; OSTEO- + -PLASTY] * * *
osteoporosis
/os'tee oh peuh roh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disorder in which the bones become increasingly porous, brittle, and subject to fracture, owing to loss of calcium and other mineral ...
osteoporotic
/os'tee oh peuh rot"ik/, adj. Pathol. 1. of, pertaining to, or caused by osteoporosis. 2. suffering from osteoporosis. [1905-10; OSTEOPORO(SIS) + -TIC] * * *
osteoradionecrosis
/os'tee oh ray'dee oh neuh kroh"sis, -ne-/, n. Pathol. bone tissue death induced by radiation. [OSTEO- + RADIO- + NECROSIS] * * *
osteosarcoma
/os'tee oh sahr koh"meuh/, n., pl. osteosarcomas, osteosarcomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a malignant tumor of the bone. [1800-10; OSTEO- + SARCOMA] * * * ▪ medicine also called ...
osteosclerosis
—osteosclerotic /os'tee oh skli rot"ik/, adj. /os'tee oh skli roh"sis/, n. Pathol. abnormal hardening and increase in density of bone. [1855-60; OSTEO- + SCLEROSIS] * * *
osteosis
/os'tee oh"sis/, n. the formation of bony tissue, usually infiltrating connective tissue. [OSTEO- + -OSIS] * * *
osteotome
/os"tee euh tohm'/, n. Surg. a double-beveled chisellike instrument for cutting or dividing bone. [1835-45; < NL osteotomus. See OSTEO, -TOME] * * *
osteotomist
See osteotomy. * * *
osteotomy
—osteotomist, n. /os'tee ot"euh mee/, n., pl. osteotomies. Surg. the dividing of a bone, or the excision of part of it. [1835-45; OSTEO- + -TOMY] * * *
Osterbrock, Donald Edward
▪ 2008  American astrophysicist born 1925 , Cincinnati, Ohio died Jan. 11, 2007 , Santa Cruz, Calif. was conducting research as a graduate student when he discovered the ...
Östergötland
▪ county, Sweden       län (county) of southeastern Sweden, between Vättern (lake) and the Baltic Sea. It consists of the landskap (province) of Östergötland and a ...
Osterman, Andrey Ivanovich, Graf
▪ Russian statesman (Count), original German  name Heinrich Johann Friedrich Ostermann   born June 9 [May 30, Old Style], 1686, Bochum, Westphalia [Germany] died May 31 ...
Ostermeyer, Micheline
▪ French athlete born December 23, 1922, Berck-sur-Mer, France died October 17, 2001, near Rouen  French athlete who won gold medals in the shot put and the discus throw at ...
Österreich
/ue"steuhrdd rdduykh'/, n. German name of Austria. * * *
Österreichische Gallery
▪ art museum, Vienna, Austria       art museum established in Belvedere Castle, Vienna, in 1903. The museum includes many works of art that had been in the imperial ...
Östersund
▪ Sweden       town and capital of the län (county) of Jämtland, northwestern Sweden, on the west shore of Lake Stor. It was founded in 1786 by King Gustav III. It ...
Ostia
/os"tee euh/; It. /aw"styah/, n. a town in central Italy, SW of Rome: ruins from 4th century B.C.; site of ancient port of Rome. * * * Ancient Roman town. Originally at the ...
Ostiak
/os"tee ak'/, n. Ostyak. * * *
ostiary
/os"tee er'ee/, n., pl. ostiaries. 1. Also called doorkeeper, porter. Rom. Cath. Ch. a. a member of the lowest-ranking of the four minor orders. b. the order itself. Cf. acolyte ...
ostinato
/os'ti nah"toh/; It. /aws'tee nah"taw/, n., pl. ostinatos. Music. a constantly recurring melodic fragment. [1875-80; < It: lit., obstinate < L obstinatus OBSTINATE] * * * ▪ ...
ostiolar
See ostiole. * * *
ostiole
—ostiolar /os"tee euh leuhr, o stuy"-/, adj. /os"tee ohl'/, n. Biol. a small opening or pore, esp. in the fruiting body of a fungus. [1825-35; < L ostiolum little door, equiv. ...
ostium
/os"tee euhm/, n., pl. ostia /-tee euh/. 1. Anat., Zool. a small opening or orifice, as at the end of the oviduct. 2. Zool. one of the tiny holes in the body of a ...
ostler
/os"leuhr/, n. hostler. * * *
ostmark
/awst"mahrk', ost"-/, n. (formerly) a cupronickel coin and monetary unit of East Germany: replaced by the Deutsche mark in 1990. [1945-50; < G: east mark] * * *
ostomate
ostomate [äs′tə māt΄] n. a person who has had an ostomy * * * os·to·mate (ŏsʹtə-māt') n. One who has undergone an ostomy. * * *
ostomy
/os"teuh mee/, n., pl. ostomies. any of various surgical procedures, as a colostomy, in which an artificial opening is made so as to permit the drainage of waste products either ...
ostosis
/o stoh"sis/, n. Physiol. the formation of bone; ossification. [ < NL; see OSTE-, -OSIS] * * *
Ostpolitik
Ger. /awst"paw li teek'/, n. the German policy toward the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, esp. the expansionist views of Hitler in the 1930s and the normalization program of the ...
Ostpreussen
/awst'prddoy"seuhn/, n. German name of East Prussia. * * *
ostraca
os·tra·ca (ŏsʹtrə-kə) n. Plural of ostracon. * * *
ostracism
/os"treuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. exclusion, by general consent, from social acceptance, privileges, friendship, etc. 2. (in ancient Greece) temporary banishment of a citizen, decided ...
ostracize
—ostracizable, adj. —ostracization, n. —ostracizer, n. /os"treuh suyz'/, v.t., ostracized, ostracizing. 1. to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, ...
ostracod
—ostracodan /os'treuh kohd"n/, ostracodous, adj. /os"treuh kod'/, n. See seed shrimp. [1860-65; < NL Ostracoda name of the subclass < Gk ostrakódes, equiv. to óstrak(on) ...
ostracoderm
/os"treuh koh derrm'/, n. any of several extinct jawless fishes of the Ordovician, Silurian, and Devonian periods, having the body enclosed in an armor of bony plates. [1890-95; ...
ostracon
/os"treuh kon'/, n., pl. ostraca /-keuh/. (in ancient Greece) a potsherd, esp. one used as a ballot on which the name of a person voted to be ostracized was inscribed. Also, ...
ostrakon
/os"treuh kon'/, n., pl. ostraka /-keuh/. ostracon. * * *
Ostrava
Czech. /aw"strddah vah/, n. a city in N Moravia, in the NE Czech Republic. 328,000. Formerly, Moravská Ostrava. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 319,293), northeastern Czech ...
ostrich
—ostrichlike, adj. /aw"strich, os"trich/, n. 1. a large, two-toed, swift-footed flightless bird, Struthio camelus, indigenous to Africa and Arabia, domesticated for its ...
ostrichfern
ostrich fern n. Any of a group of ferns of the genus Matteuccia, especially M. struthiopteris, of northern temperate regions, having long plumelike fronds that form a crown. * * *
ostringer
/aw"strin jeuhr/, n. astringer. * * *
Ostrogorsky, Moisey
▪ Belorussian political scientist born 1854, Hrodno, Belorussia, Russian Empire [now in Belarus] died 1919       Belorussian political scientist known for his ...
Ostrogoth
—Ostrogothic, Ostrogothian, adj. /os"treuh goth'/, n. a member of the easterly division of the Goths, maintaining a monarchy in Italy, A.D. 493-555. Cf. Visigoth. [1640-50; < ...
Ostrogothic
See Ostrogoth. * * *
Ostrom, John Harold
▪ 2006       American paleontologist (b. Feb. 18, 1928, New York, N.Y.—d. July 16, 2005, Litchfield, Conn.), popularized the theory that many species of dinosaurs are ...
Ostrovsky, Aleksandr (Nikolayevich)
born April 12, 1823, Moscow, Russia died June 14, 1886, Shchelykovo Russian playwright. His second play, The Bankrupt (1850), exposed bogus bankruptcy cases and led to his ...
Ostrovsky, Aleksandr Nikolayevich
▪ Russian dramatist born March 31 [April 12, New Style], 1823, Moscow, Russia died June 2 [June 14], 1886, Shchelykovo       Russian dramatist who is generally ...
Ostrów Wielkopolski
▪ Poland       city, Wielkopolskie województwo (province), west-central Poland. A rail junction and industrial town, it produces machine tools and railroad cars, ...
Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski
▪ Poland       city, Świętokrzyskie województwo (province), southeastern Poland. The city lies along the Kamienna River, a tributary of the Vistula, and is situated ...
Ostrołęka
▪ Poland       city, Mazowieckie województwo (province), northeastern Poland. It lies on the eastern bank of the Narew River, 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Łomża ...
Ostwald
/awst"vahlt/, n. Wilhelm /vil"helm/, 1853-1932, German chemist: Nobel prize 1909. * * *
Ostwald, (Friedrich) Wilhelm
born Sept. 2, 1853, Riga, Latvia died April 4, 1932, near Leipzig, Ger. Russian-German physical chemist. He moved to Germany in 1887. He wrote the influential Textbook of ...
Ostwald, Wilhelm
▪ German chemist Introduction in full  Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald  born Sept. 2, 1853, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire died April 4, 1932, near Leipzig, Ger.  Russian-German ...
Ostwald, Wolfgang
▪ German chemist in full  Carl Wilhelm Wolfgang Ostwald   born May 27, ,1883, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire [now in Latvia] died Nov. 22, 1943, Dresden, ...
Ostwald,Wilhelm
Ost·wald (ōstʹwôld', ôstʹvält), Wilhelm. 1853-1932. German chemist. He won a 1909 Nobel Prize for work on catalysis and chemical equilibrium. * * *
Ostyak
/os"tee ak'/, n., pl. Ostyaks, (esp. collectively) Ostyak. Khanty. Also, Ostiak. [1715-25; < Russ ostyák orig. a Khanty, later used for the Samoyedic Selkup, the Ket, and ...
Ōsumi
▪ Japanese satellite       first Earth satellite orbited by Japan. It was launched on Feb. 11, 1970, from Kagoshima Space Center on Kyushu and was named for the ...
Ōsumi Archipelago
▪ archipelago, Japan Japanese  Ōsumi-gunto,         archipelago, Kagoshima ken (prefecture), Japan, lying south of the Ōsumi Peninsula of Kyushu. It consists of ...
Osun
▪ state, Nigeria       state, western Nigeria. Osun state was created in 1991 from the eastern third of Oyo state. It is bounded by the states of Kwara on the ...
Osuna
▪ Spain       town, Sevilla provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain. Osuna lies at the foot of a hill at ...
Oswald
/oz"wawld/, n. 1. Lee Harvey, 1939-63, designated by a presidential commission to be the lone assassin of John F. Kennedy. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in ...
Oswald Mosley
➡ Mosley * * *
Oswald Of York, Saint
▪ English saint also called  Oswald Of Ramsey   born c. 925, , Britain died Feb. 29, 992, Worcester; feast day February 28       Anglo-Saxon archbishop of Danish ...
Oswald, Lee Harvey
born Oct. 18, 1939, New Orleans, La., U.S. died Nov. 24, 1963, Dallas, Texas Accused assassin of Pres. John F. Kennedy. While serving in the U.S. Marines (1956–59) he began ...
Oswald, Saint
▪ king of Northumbria born c. 604 died , 642, Maserfelth, Eng.; feast day August 5       Anglo-Saxon king of Northumbria from 633 to 642 who introduced Celtic Christian ...
Oswald,Lee Harvey
Os·wald (ŏzʹwôld'), Lee Harvey. 1939-1963. American alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy (November 22, 1963). He was shot while under arrest (November 24). * * *
Oswego
/os wee"goh/, n. 1. a town in NW Oregon. 22,868. 2. a port in W New York, on Lake Ontario. 19,793. * * * ▪ New York, United States       port city, seat (1816) of ...
Oswego tea
a North American plant, Monarda didyma, of the mint family, having a cluster of showy, bright-red tubular flowers. [1745-55, Amer.] * * *
Oswestry
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Shropshire, western England, bordered on three sides by Wales. ...
Oswiecim
/awsh vyen"cheem/, n. Polish name of Auschwitz. * * * ▪ Poland German  Auschwitz        city, Małopolskie województwo (province), southern Poland. It lies at the ...
Oswiu
▪ king of Northumbria also spelled  Oswy   born 612 died Feb. 15, 670       Anglo-Saxon king of Northumbria from 655 to 670.       Oswiu's father, King ...
OT
1. occupational therapy. 2. Old Testament. 3. overnight telegram. 4. overtime. * * *
ot-
var. of oto- before a vowel: otalgia. * * *
OTA
See Office of Technology Assessment. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Gumma ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Tone River. During the Tokugawa period (1603–1867) it ...
Otago
▪ region, New Zealand       regional council, southeastern South Island, New Zealand, encompassing the Otago Mountains, a fragmented schist plateau. The region ...
Otaheite
/oh'teuh hee"tee, -hay"-/, n. former name of Tahiti. * * *
Otaheite apple
1. a Society Islands tree, Spondias cytherea, of the cashew family, having whitish flowers and yellow, edible, plumlike fruit. 2. the fruit itself. Also called ...
Otaheite orange
a small citrus bush, Citrus limonia otaitensis, having fragrant flowers and small orange fruit, often cultivated as a houseplant. * * *
Otaheiteapple
O·ta·hei·te apple (ō'tə-hēʹtē, -hāʹ-) n. See ambarella.   [After Otaheite (Tahiti).] * * *
Otaheiteorange
Otaheite orange n. A widely cultivated house plant, believed to be a hybrid between Citrus limon and C. reticulata, resembling a miniature orange tree and having lemon-shaped, ...
Otakar I
▪ king of Bohemia born c. 1155 died Dec. 15, 1230       king of Bohemia (1198–1230), who won both Bohemia's autonomy from the German king and the hereditary rights ...
Otakar II
▪ king of Bohemia born 1230 died Aug. 26, 1278, Dürnkrut, Austria       king of Bohemia (1253–78), who briefly established his crownland as the most powerful state ...
otalgia
—otalgic, adj. /oh tal"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. Pathol. earache. [1650-60; < NL < Gk otalgía, equiv. to ot- OT- + -algia -ALGIA] * * *
otalgic
See otalgia. * * *
Otaru
/aw"tah rddooh'/, n. a city in W Hokkaido, in N Japan. 180,728. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Hokkaido, Japan, on Ishikari Bay of the Sea of Japan. Its name is a ...
Otavalo
▪ Ecuador       town, north-central Ecuador, in the Andean highlands at an elevation of 8,441 feet (2,573 metres). The area was densely settled by the Otavalo Indians ...
OTB
offtrack betting. * * *
OTC
1. Also, O.T.C. Officers' Training Corps. 2. over-the-counter. * * *
OTEC
OTEC n. 〚o(cean) t(hermal) e(nergy) c(onversion)〛 a solar energy conversion system for producing electricity, using warm and cold ocean layers to vaporize and condense a ...
Oteiza Embil, Jorge
▪ 2004       Basque sculptor (b. Oct. 21, 1908, Orio, Spain—d. April 9, 2003, San Sebastián, Spain), examined the nature of space and emptiness in monumental ...
Otello
It. /aw tel"law/, n. an opera (1887) with music by Giuseppe Verdi and a libretto by Arrigo Boito based on Shakespeare's Othello. * * *
Otero
▪ county, New Mexico, United States       county, southern New Mexico, U.S., bordered on the south by Texas. The terrain comprises drastic extremes, including ...
Otfrid
▪ German poet also spelled  Otfried  flourished 9th century       monk of Weissenburg in Alsace and the first German poet known by name.       Otfrid was ...
Othello
/oh thel"oh, euh thel"oh/, n. a tragedy (1604) by Shakespeare. * * * ▪ work by Shakespeare in full  Othello, the Moor of Venice   tragedy in five acts by William ...
other
/udh"euhr/, adj. 1. additional or further: he and one other person. 2. different or distinct from the one mentioned or implied: in some other city; Some other design may be ...
other half
1. the people of an economic class clearly different from one's own or from that to which reference is being made: a glimpse of how the other half lives. 2. Informal. one's ...
other man
a man who is romantically or sexually involved with another man's wife or lover, esp. a man who is having an affair with a married woman. [1885-90] * * *
other minds, problem of
In epistemology, the problem of explaining how it is possible for one person to know anything about the quality of another person's inner experience, or even that other people ...
other woman
a woman who is romantically or sexually involved with another woman's husband or lover, esp. a woman who is having an affair with a married man. [1850-55] * * *
other world
the world after death; the future world. [1150-1200; ME] * * *
other-directed
—other-directedness, n. —other-direction, n. /udh"euhr di rek"tid, -duy-/, adj. guided by a set of values that is derived from current trends or outward influences rather ...
other-directedness
See other-directed. * * *
otherguess
/udh"euhr ges'/, adj. Archaic. of another kind; different. [1625-35; var. of othergets, var. of ME othergates. See OTHER, GATE2, -S1] * * *
otherness
/udh"euhr nis/, n. the state or fact of being different or distinct. [1580-90; OTHER + -NESS] * * *
otherthan
other than prep. With the exception of; except for; besides: Other than one sister, she has no close relatives. * * *
otherwhere
/udh"euhr hwair', -wair'/, adv. Archaic. elsewhere. [1350-1400; ME (north and Scots) other-quar; see OTHER, WHERE] * * *
otherwhile
/udh"euhr hwuyl', -wuyl'/, adv. Archaic. 1. at another time or other times. 2. sometimes. Also, otherwhiles. [1125-75; ME otherwhil, otherwhiles. See OTHER, WHILE] * * *
otherwise
/udh"euhr wuyz'/, adv. 1. under other circumstances: Otherwise they may get broken. 2. in another manner; differently: Under the circumstances, I can't believe otherwise. 3. in ...
otherworld
oth·er·world (ŭthʹər-wûrld') n. A world or existence beyond earthly reality. * * *
otherworldliness
See otherworldly. * * *
otherworldly
—otherworldliness, n. /udh"euhr werrld"lee/, adj. of, pertaining to, or devoted to another world, as the world of imagination or the world to come. [1870-75; other world + ...
Othin
/oh"dhin/, n. Odin. * * *
Othman
/oth"meuhn/; for 1 also Arab. /ooth mahn"/, n., pl. Othmans. 1. Osman. 2. Ottoman (defs. 3, 4). * * *
OthmanI
Oth·man I (ŏthʹmən, o͞oth-mänʹ) See Osman I. * * *
Othniel
/oth"nee euhl/, n. a judge of Israel. Judges 3:9. * * *
Otho
▪ Roman emperor in full  Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus , original name  Marcus Salvius Otho  born AD 32 died April 16, 69, near Cremona, Venetia [Italy]       Roman ...
OthoI
O·tho I (ōʹthō, ōʹtō) See Otto I. * * *
Othoniel
/euh thoh"nee euhl/, n. Douay Bible. Othniel. * * *
Oti River
▪ river, West Africa       river in West Africa, rising in the southern plain of Burkina Faso. It meanders southward, briefly flowing along the Togo-Benin border. It ...
otic
/oh"tik, ot"ik/, adj. Anat. of or pertaining to the ear; auricular. [1650-60; < Gk otikós. See OT-, -IC] * * *
otic vesicle.
See auditory vesicle. * * *
otiose
—otiosely, adv. —otiosity /oh'shee os"i tee, oh'tee-/, otioseness, n. /oh"shee ohs', oh"tee-/, adj. 1. being at leisure; idle; indolent. 2. ineffective or futile. 3. ...
otiosely
See otiose. * * *
otiosity
See otiosely. * * *
Otis
/oh"tis/, n. 1. Elisha Graves, 1811-61, U.S. inventor. 2. Harrison Gray, 1837-1917, U.S. army officer and newspaper publisher. 3. James, 1725-83, American lawyer and public ...
Otis Redding
➡ Redding * * *
Otis, Elisha Graves
▪ American inventor born Aug. 3, 1811, Halifax, Vt., U.S. died April 8, 1861, Yonkers, N.Y.  American inventor of the safety elevator.       A descendant of a James ...
Otis, Harrison Gray
born Oct. 8, 1765, Boston, Mass. died Oct. 28, 1848, Boston, Mass., U.S. U.S. politician. A nephew of James Otis, he practiced law and served in the Massachusetts legislature ...
Otis, James
born Feb. 5, 1725, West Barnstable, Mass. died May 23, 1783, Andover, Mass., U.S. American Revolutionary statesman. He argued before the colonial court against the ...
Otis, Johnny
▪ American bandleader, musician, and singer original name  John Veliotes  born Dec. 28, 1921, Vallejo, Calif., U.S.       American bandleader, drummer, vibraphonist, ...
Otis,Elisha Graves
O·tis (ōʹtĭs), Elisha Graves. 1811-1861. American inventor of the first passenger elevator (installed 1857). * * *
Otis,James
Otis, James. 1725-1783. American Revolutionary politician and publicist whose speeches and pamphlets influenced American sentiment against the British. * * *
otitic
See otitis. * * *
otitis
/oh tuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the ear. [1790-1800; OT- + -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the ear. Otitis externa is dermatitis, usually bacterial, of the auditory canal ...
otitis externa
/ik sterr"neuh/, Pathol. inflammation of the external ear. [1860-65; < NL: external otitis] * * * ▪ dermatology       dermatitis of the external auditory canal and ...
otitis interna
/in terr"neuh/, Pathol. labyrinthitis. [1860-65; < NL: internal otitis] * * *
otitis media
/mee"dee euh/, Pathol. inflammation of the middle ear, characterized by pain, dizziness, and impaired hearing. [1870-75; < NL: middle otitis] * * * ▪ ...
otitismedia
otitis media n. Inflammation of the middle ear, occurring commonly in children as a result of infection and often causing pain and temporary hearing loss.   [New Latin : otitis ...
otium cum dignitate
/oh"ti oom' koom dig'ni tah"te/; Eng. /oh"shee euhm kum dig'ni tay"tee/, Latin. leisure with dignity. * * *
Otjiwarongo
▪ Namibia       town, north-central Namibia. Otjiwarongo town (at an elevation of 4,790 feet [1,460 metres]) is located in a generally flat, semiarid region of varied ...
Otlet, Paul
▪ Belgian lawyer and bibliographer born Aug. 23, 1868, Brussels died Dec. 10, 1944, Brussels       Belgian lawyer and bibliographer who, with Henri-Marie Lafontaine ...
Oto
/oh"toh/, n., pl. Otos, (esp. collectively) Oto. a member of a Siouan-speaking tribe of North American Indians who formerly inhabited the lower Missouri River basin and now live ...
oto-
a combining form meaning "ear," used in the formation of compound words: otology. Also, esp. before a vowel, ot-. [ < Gk oto-, comb. form of oûs EAR1] * * *
Oto-Manguean
/oh'toh mahng"gee euhn, -mang"-/, n. a family of American Indian languages spoken in central and southern Mexico, including Mixtec, Zapotec, and Otomi. Also, ...
Oto-Manguean languages
      a phylum, or stock, of American Indian languages made up of the following language families and groups: Oto-Pamean, Popolocan, Mixtecan, Zapotecan, Chinantecan, and ...
otocyst
—otocystic /oh'teuh sis"tik/, adj. /oh"teuh sist/, n. 1. a statocyst. 2. See auditory vesicle. [1875-80; OTO- + -CYST] * * *
otocystic
See otocyst. * * *
Otoe
/oh"toh/, n., pl. Otoes, (esp. collectively) Otoe. Oto. * * *
otolaryngological
See otolaryngology. * * *
otolaryngologist
See otolaryngological. * * *
otolaryngology
—otolaryngologist, n. —otolaryngological /oh'toh leuh ring'geuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /oh'toh lar'ing gol"euh jee/, n. the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, ...
otolith
/oht"l ith/, n. 1. Anat., Zool. a calcareous concretion in the internal ear of vertebrates. 2. statolith (def. 1). [1825-35; OTO- + -LITH] * * *
otolithic
See otolith. * * *
otological
See otology. * * *
otologist
See otological. * * *
otology
—otological /oht'l oj"i keuhl/, adj. —otologist, n. /oh tol"euh jee/, n. the science of the ear and its diseases. [1835-45; OTO- + -LOGY] * * *
Otomanguean languages
Diverse family of more than 20 American Indian languages and language clusters concentrated in central and southern Mexico, with more than a million speakers. Several of the ...
Otomfuo Opoku Ware II
▪ 2000 Jacob Matthew Poku; Barima Kwaku Adusei        Ghanaian barrister who in 1970 became the 15th Asantehene, or king of the Ashanti people, and thereafter ruled over ...
Otomi
/oh'teuh mee"/, n., pl. Otomis, (esp. collectively) Otomi for 1. 1. a member of an American Indian people of south-central Mexico. 2. the Oto-Manguean language of the ...
Ōtomo Yakamochi
▪ Japanese poet also called  Ōtomo no Yakamochi  born 718?, Nara, Japan died Oct. 5, 785, Michinoku, northern Honshū       Japanese poet and the compiler of the ...
otoplasty
—otoplastic, adj. /oh"teuh plas'tee/, n. plastic surgery of the external ear. [OTO- + -PLASTY] * * *
otorhinolaryngological
See otorhinolaryngology. * * *
otorhinolaryngologist
See otorhinolaryngological. * * *
otorhinolaryngology
—otorhinolaryngological /oh'toh ruy'noh leuh ring'geuh loj"i keuhl/, otorhinolaryngologic, adj. —otorhinolaryngologist, n. /oh'toh ruy'noh lar'ing gol"euh jee/, ...
otorrhea
/oh'teuh ree"euh/, n. Pathol. a mucopurulent discharge from the ear. [1810-20; < NL; see OTO-, -RRHEA] * * *
otosclerosis
/oh'teuh skli roh"sis/, n. Pathol. formation of new bone about the stapes or cochlea, resulting in hearing loss. [1895-1900; < NL; see OTO-, SCLEROSIS] * * * ▪ ...
otosclerotic
See otosclerosis. * * *
otoscope
—otoscopic /oh'teuh skop"ik/, adj. —otoscopy /oh tos"keuh pee/, n. /oh"teuh skohp'/, n. Med. an instrument for examining the external canal and tympanic membrane of the ...
ototoxic
—ototoxicity /oh'teuh tok sis"i tee/, n. /oh'teuh tok"sik/, adj. having a harmful effect on the organs or nerves concerned with hearing and balance. [1950-55; OTO- + TOXIC] * * ...
ototoxicity
See ototoxic. * * *
Otranto
/oh trahn"toh/; It. /aw"trddahn taw/, n. Strait of, a strait between SE Italy and Albania, connecting the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. 44 mi. (71 km) wide. * * * ▪ ...
Otranto,Strait of
O·tran·to (ō-tränʹtō), Strait of A passage between southeast Italy and western Albania connecting the Adriatic Sea with the Ionian Sea. * * *
OTS
Officers' Training School. Also, O.T.S. * * *
Otsego
▪ county, New York, United States       county, central New York state, U.S., comprising a rugged upland region bordered by the Unadilla River to the west and the ...
Otsu
O·tsu (ōʹtso͞o) A city of southern Honshu, Japan, on the southern shore of Lake Biwa near Kyoto. It was an imperial seat in the second and seventh centuries A.D. ...
Ott, Mel
▪ American baseball player, manager, and broadcaster in full  Melvin Thomas Ott , also called  Master Melvin  born March 2, 1909, Gretna, La., U.S. died Nov. 21, 1958, New ...
ottar
/ot"euhr/, n. attar (def. 1). * * *
ottava
/oh tah"veuh/; It. /awt tah"vah/, adv. Music. (of notes in a score) at an octave higher than written (when placed above the staff) or lower than written (when placed below the ...
ottava rima
/oh tah"veuh ree"meuh/, pl. ottava rimas. an Italian stanza of eight lines, each of eleven syllables (or, in the English adaptation, of ten or eleven syllables), the first six ...
ottavarima
ottava ri·ma (rēʹmə) n. A stanza of verse consisting of eight lines in iambic pentameter rhyming abababcc.   [Italian : ottava, feminine of ottavo, eighth + rima, rhyme.] * ...
Ottawa
/ot"euh weuh/, n., pl. Ottawas, (esp. collectively) Ottawa for 5. 1. a city in and the capital of Canada, in SE Ontario. 304,462. 2. a river in SE Canada, flowing SE along the ...
Ottawa Agreements
      trade policies, based on the system of imperial preference, negotiated between the United Kingdom and Commonwealth nations in 1932. See imperial preference. * * *
Ottawa River
River, eastern central Canada, the chief tributary of the St. Lawrence River. It rises in the Laurentian plateau of western Quebec and flows west to form the Quebec-Ontario ...
OttawaRiver
Ottawa River A river, about 1,126 km (700 mi) long, rising in the Laurentian Plateau of southwest Quebec, Canada, and flowing west and southeast in a V-shaped course to the St. ...
Ottendorfer, Anna Sartorius Uhl
▪ German-American publisher and philanthropist née  Anna Sartorius  or  Anna Behr   born Feb. 13, 1815, Würzburg, Bavaria [now in Germany] died April 1, 1884, New York, ...
otter
/ot"euhr/, n., pl. otters, (esp. collectively) otter. 1. any of several aquatic, furbearing, weasellike mammals of the genus Lutra and related genera, having webbed feet and a ...
Otter
/ot"euhr/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) a son of Hreidmar, who assumed the form of an otter when fishing, and who was killed by Loki while in that form. * * * Any of several ...
otter board
Naut. one of a pair of large, heavy, square or rectangular plates or boards of metal or weighted wood attached to the trawl lines on each side of the mouth of a trawl net to ...
otter shrew
a chiefly aquatic insectivore, Potamogale velox, of western Africa, that resembles an otter, having sleek, brown fur and a flattened tail. Also called potamogale. * * * ▪ ...
otter trawl
a trawl net equipped with otter boards. Cf. beam trawl. [1895-1900] * * *
Otterbein
/ot"euhr buyn'/, n. Philip William, 1726-1813, American clergyman, founder of the United Brethren, born in Germany. * * *
Otterburn
/ot"euhr berrn'/, n. a village in central Northumberland, in NE England: battle of Chevy Chase 1388. * * *
otterhound
/ot"euhr hownd'/, n. one of an English breed of water dogs having a thick, shaggy, oily coat, trained to hunt otter. [1600-10; OTTER + HOUND1] * * * ▪ breed of ...
Öttingen–Schrattenhofen faience
▪ pottery       German (Germany) tin-glazed earthenware made in Bavaria in the 18th and 19th centuries. The factory was first established at Öttingen in 1735 and two ...
otto
/ot"oh/, n. attar (def. 1). * * * (as used in expressions) Bismarck Otto Eduard Leopold prince von Dix Otto Graham Otto Everett Jr. Hahn Otto Jansen Cornelius Otto Jespersen ...
Otto
/ot"oh/; Ger. /awt"oh/, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning "rich." * * * (as used in expressions) Bismarck Otto Eduard Leopold prince von Dix Otto Graham Otto ...
Otto cycle
Thermodynam. an idealization of the thermodynamic cycle of the internal combustion engine with air as the working substance: intake of air at atmospheric pressure, then adiabatic ...
Otto I
("the Great")A.D. 912-973, king of the Germans 936-973; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 962-973. * * * known as Otto the Great born Nov. 23, 912 died May 7, 973, Memleben, ...
Otto II
A.D. 955-983, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 973-983 (son of Otto I). * * * ▪ Holy Roman emperor born 955 died Dec. 7, 983, Rome       German king from 961 and Holy ...
Otto III
A.D. 980-1002, king of Germany 983-1002; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 996-1002 (son of Otto II). * * * born July 980 died Jan. 23, 1002, near Viterbo, Italy German king ...
Otto IV
c1175-1218, king of Germany 1208-15; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1209-15. * * * or Otto of Brunswick born 1175/1182 died May 19, 1218, Harzburg Castle, Lower ...
Otto Of Freising
▪ German bishop born c. 1111 died Sept. 22, 1158, Morimond, Champagne       German bishop and author of one of the most important historico-philosophical works of the ...
otto of roses.
See rose oil. [1775-85] * * *
Otto, Kristin
▪ German athlete born Feb. 7, 1966, Leipzig, E.Ger.    German swimmer, the first female athlete to win six gold medals at a single Olympic Games.       Otto entered a ...
Otto, Nikolaus August
born June 10, 1832, Holzhausen, Nassau died Jan. 26, 1891, Cologne, Ger. German engineer who developed the four-stroke internal-combustion engine. He built his first ...
Otto, Rudolf
born Sept. 25, 1869, Peine, Prussia died March 6, 1937, Marburg, Ger. German theologian, philosopher, and historian of religion. He taught at the Universities of Göttingen and ...
Otto, Sylke
▪ 2007  At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy, German luger Sylke Otto cemented her place in the history of the sport when she led her teammates to a podium sweep for ...
OttoI
Ot·to I (ŏtʹō, ôtʹō) also O·tho I (ōʹthō, ōʹtō), Known as “Otto the Great.” 912-973. King of Germany (936-973) and first Holy Roman emperor (962-973). He ...
Ottoman
—Ottomanlike, adj. /ot"euh meuhn/, adj., n., pl. Ottomans. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Ottoman Empire. 2. of or pertaining to the lands, peoples, and possessions of the ...
Ottoman court carpet
 floor covering handwoven under the earlier Ottoman sultans of Turkey. Extremely fine, handsome carpets—of wool pile on a foundation of silk or wool, having floral ...
Ottoman Empire
a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century; collapsed after World War I. Cap.: ...
OttomanEmpire
Ottoman Empire also Turkish Empire A vast Turkish sultanate of southwest Asia, northeast Africa, and southeast Europe. It was founded in the 13th century by Osman I and ruled by ...
OttomanTurkish
Ottoman Turkish n. The form of the Turkish language used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire, containing extensive borrowings from Arabic and ...
Ottonian
/o toh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the German dynasty (Otto I, II, III) that ruled as emperors of the Holy Roman Empire from 962 to 1002. 2. pertaining to or ...
Ottonian art
Painting, sculpture, and other visual arts produced during the reigns of the German Ottonian emperors and their first successors from the Salic house (950–1050). Though it ...
ottrelite
/o"treuh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a brittle mica containing manganese and similar to margarite in physical and chemical properties. [1835-45; < F ottrélite, named after Ottrez, ...
Ottumwa
/euh tum"weuh/, n. a city in SE Iowa, on the Des Moines River. 27,381. * * * ▪ Iowa, United States       city, seat (1844) of Wapello county, southeastern Iowa, U.S., ...
Ottweiler porcelain
▪ art       true, or hard-paste, German porcelain produced in the Rhineland from 1763 onward. The factory was started by Étienne-Dominique Pellevé, a porcelain maker ...
Otway
/ot"way/, n. Thomas, 1652-85, English dramatist. * * *
Otway, Thomas
born March 3, 1652, Trotton, near Midhurst, Sussex, Eng. died April 14, 1685, London English dramatist and poet. A failed actor, he turned to writing and had immense success ...
Ötztal Alps
Ötztal Alps [öts′täl] division of the E Alps, along the Austrian-Italian border: highest peak, 12,379 ft (3,773 m) * * * ▪ mountains, Europe German  Ötztaler Alpen, ...
ou
/oh"ooh"/, n. a rare Hawaiian honeycreeper, Psittirostra psittacea, having an olive-green body, a parrotlike bill, and in the male a bright yellow head. [1885-90; < Hawaiian ...
Ōu Mountains
▪ mountains, Japan Japanese  Ōu-sammyaku,         range forming the backbone of northeastern Honshu, Japan, and extending for 310 miles (500 km) south from Aomori ...
Ou River
▪ river, Laos Laotian  Nam Ou        river in northern Laos, one of the 12 principal tributaries of the Mekong River; it is 236 miles (380 km) long. The Ou River ...
ouabain
/wah bah"in/, n. Pharm. a glycoside occurring as a white, crystalline powder, C29H44O12, obtained from the seeds of a shrub, Strophanthus gratus, or from the wood of trees of the ...
Ouachita
/wosh"i taw', waw"shi-/, n., pl. Ouachitas, (esp. collectively) Ouachita for 2. 1. a river flowing SE from W Arkansas through NE Louisiana to the Red River. 605 mi. (975 km) ...
Ouachita Geosyncline
▪ geology       a linear trough in the Earth's crust in which rocks of the Paleozoic Era (from 251,000,000 to 542,000,000 years ago) were deposited along the southern ...
Ouachita Mountains
a range extending from SE Oklahoma to W Arkansas. * * * ▪ mountains, United States       a rugged range of large hills that continues the Ozark Plateau in the United ...
Ouachita orogeny
▪ geology       a mountain-building event that resulted in the folding and faulting of exposed strata in the Ouachita Geosyncline in the southern portion of the United ...
Ouachita River
formerly Washita River River, southwestern Arkansas and eastern Louisiana, U.S. Rising in the Ouachita Mountains, it flows southeast to join the Red River after a course of 605 ...
OuachitaMountains
Ouach·i·ta Mountains (wŏshʹĭ-tô') A low mountain range between the Arkansas and Red rivers extending about 322 km (200 mi) from central Arkansas to southeast Oklahoma. ...
OuachitaRiver
Ouachita River A river, about 965 km (600 mi) long, rising in the Ouachita Mountains of western Arkansas and flowing east, southeast, and south into eastern Louisiana. * * *
Ouaddaï
▪ region, Chad also spelled  Ouaddai  or  Wadai         historic and cultural region in eastern Chad, central Africa. The chief town of the region is Abéché. ...
Ouagadougou
/wah'geuh dooh"gooh/, n. a city in and the capital of Burkina Faso, in the central part. 124,779. * * * City (pop., 1993 est.: 690,000), capital of Burkina Faso, western ...
ouananiche
ouananiche [wä΄nä nēsh′] n. pl. ouananiche 〚CdnFr < Montagnais * wana˙niš: cf. onán, ouananiche & -ISH, dim. suffix〛 a small, landlocked salmon of SE Canada * * *
Ouarzazate
▪ Morocco       town, south-central Morocco. It lies on the Saharan side of the High Atlas Mountains and is situated in the valley of the River Ouarzazate near its ...
Ouazzane
▪ Morocco also spelled  Wazzān        city, north-central Morocco. It lies at the southwestern edge of the Rif Mountains (Rif). Ouazzane is situated on the northern ...
Oubangi
/ooh bahonn gee"/, n. French name of Ubangi. * * *
Oubangi-Chari
/ooh bahonn gee shann rddee"/, n. French name of Ubangi-Shari. * * *
oubliette
/ooh'blee et"/, n. a secret dungeon with an opening only in the ceiling, as in certain old castles. [1810-20; < F, MF, equiv. to oubli(er) to forget, OF oblider < VL *oblitare, ...

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