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Слова на букву oil-pius (15990)

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Olenellus
▪ trilobite genus       genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) common in but restricted to Early Cambrian rocks (540 to 520 million years ago) and thus a useful guide ...
Olenyok River
▪ river, Russia also spelled  Olen'ok  or  Olenek         river rising on the southern slopes of the Bukochan Ridge on the Central Siberian Plateau and flowing ...
oleo
/oh"lee oh'/, n. margarine. [1880-85; by shortening of OLEOMARGARINE] * * *
oleo oil
a product obtained from beef fat and consisting chiefly of a mixture of olein and palmitin, used for making butterlike foods. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
oleo strut
a hydraulic device used as a shock absorber in the landing gear of aircraft, consisting of an oil-filled cylinder fitted with a hollow, perforated piston into which oil is slowly ...
oleo-
a combining form meaning "oil," used in the formation of compound words: oleograph. [ < L, comb. form repr. oleum OIL] * * *
oleograph
—oleographic /oh'lee euh graf"ik/, adj. —oleography /oh'lee og"reuh fee/, n. /oh"lee euh graf', -grahf'/, n. a chromolithograph printed in oil colors on canvas or ...
oleographer
See oleograph. * * *
oleographic
See oleographer. * * *
oleography
See oleographer. * * *
oleomargarine
—oleomargaric /oh'lee oh mahr gahr"ik/, adj. /oh'lee oh mahr"jeuh rin, -reen', -mahrj"rin, -reen/, n. margarine. Also, oleomargarin. [1870-75; < F oléomargarine. See OLEO-, ...
oleophilic
/oh'lee oh fil"ik/, adj. Chem. of or pertaining to a substance that has an affinity for oils and not for water. Cf. hydrophobic (def. 2). [1955-60; OLEO- + -PHILIC] * * *
oleoresin
/oh'lee oh rez"euhn/, n. 1. a mixture of an essential oil and a resin, found in nature. 2. Pharm. an oil holding resin in solution, extracted from a substance, as ginger, by ...
oleoresinous
/oh'lee oh rez"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. pertaining to, characteristic of, or containing oleoresin. 2. (of a varnish or paint vehicle) consisting of drying oils and resins that usually ...
olericulture
—olericultural, adj. —olericulturally, adv. —olericulturist, n. /ol"euhr i kul'cheuhr/, n. the cultivation of vegetables for the home or market. [1885-90; < L (h)oler-, s. ...
Oléron Island
▪ island, France French  Île d'Oléron        island in the Bay of Biscay (Biscay, Bay of), forming part of the Charente-Maritime département, Poitou-Charentes ...
Olesha, Yury Karlovich
▪ Russian author born March 3 [Feb. 19, Old Style], 1899, Elizavetgrad, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kirovohrad, Ukr.]) died May 10, 1960, Moscow, Russia, ...
Oleśnicki, Zbigniew
▪ Polish statesman and bishop born 1389, Sienno, Pol. died April 1, 1455, Sandomierz       Polish statesman and cardinal who was chief councillor to King Władysław II ...
olestra
/oh les"treuh/, n. a synthetic oil used as a substitute for dietary fat: not digested or absorbed by the human body. [1995; ol- ( < L oleum oil) + -estra, alter. of ...
olethreutid
/oh'leuh throoh"tid/, n. 1. any of numerous brown or gray moths of the family Olethreutidae having mottled or banded wings and forewings, each with a truncated tip, including ...
olethreutid moth
▪ insect       any of a group of moths in the family Tortricidae (order Lepidoptera) that contains several species with economically destructive larvae. The pale ...
oleum
/oh"lee euhm/, n., pl. olea /oh"lee euh/ for 1, oleums for 2. 1. Pharm. oil. 2. Chem. See pyrosulfuric acid. [1900-05; < L: OIL] * * *
Olevel
O level n. Chiefly British 1. The earlier of two standardized tests in a secondary school subject. 2. The educational background and skills required to pass this ...
oleyl alcohol
/oh lee"il/, Chem. an unsaturated, fatty alcohol, derived from oleic acid, C18H36O, used chiefly in organic synthesis. [1900-05; OLE(UM) + -YL] * * *
olfaction
/ol fak"sheuhn, ohl-/, n. 1. the act of smelling. 2. the sense of smell. [1840-50; < L olfact(us) ptp. of olfacere to smell (see OLFACTORY) + -ION] * * *
olfactometer
/ol'fak tom"i teuhr, ohl'-/, n. a device for estimating the keenness of the sense of smell. [1885-90; < L olfact(us) (see OLFACTION) + -O- + -METER] * * *
olfactometric
See olfactometer. * * *
olfactometry
See olfactometric. * * *
olfactory
—olfactorily, adv. /ol fak"teuh ree, -tree, ohl-/, adj., n., pl. olfactories. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the sense of smell: olfactory organs. n. 2. Usually, olfactories. an ...
olfactory bulb
Anat. the enlarged terminal part of each olfactory lobe from which the olfactory nerve originates. [1865-70] * * * ▪ anatomy   structure located in the forebrain of ...
olfactory lobe
Anat. the anterior part of each cerebral hemisphere, involved with olfactory functions. [1855-60] * * *
olfactory nerve
Anat. either one of the first pair of cranial nerves, consisting of sensory fibers that conduct to the brain the impulses from the mucous membranes of the nose. [1660-70] * * *
olfactory receptor
▪ anatomy also called  smell receptor         protein capable of binding odour molecules that plays a central role in the sense of smell (olfaction). These receptors ...
olfactorybulb
olfactory bulb n. The bulblike distal end of the olfactory lobe, where the olfactory nerves begin. * * *
olfactorylobe
olfactory lobe n. A projection of the lower anterior portion of each cerebral hemisphere, functioning in the sense of smell. * * *
olfactorynerve
olfactory nerve n. Either of the first pair of cranial nerves that conduct impulses from the mucous membranes of the nose to the olfactory bulb. * * *
olfactronics
olfactronics [äl΄fak trän′iks] n. 〚
OLG
Old Low German. Also, O.L.G. * * *
Olga
/ol"geuh, ohl"-/; Russ. /awl"geuh/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. 968?, regent of Kiev until 955: saint of the Russian Orthodox Church. 2. a female given name: from a Scandinavian word ...
Olga, Saint
or Saint Helga born с 890 died 969, Kiev; feast day July 11 Princess of Kiev. The first recorded female ruler in Russia, she served as regent of Kiev (945–964) after the ...
Olgas
▪ tors, Northern Territory, Australia Aboriginal  Kata Tjuta , also called  Olga Rocks         tors (isolated weathered rocks) in southwestern Northern Territory, ...
olibanum
/oh lib"euh neuhm/, n. frankincense. [1350-1400; ME < ML, for LL libanus < Gk líbanos, of Sem orig.; cf. Heb labhonah] * * *
olicook
ol·i·cook (ōʹlĭ-ko͝ok', ŏlʹĭ-) n. Hudson Valley See doughnut. See Regional Note at stoop2.   [Dutch oliekoek: olie, oil (from Middle Dutch, from Latin oleum, olium. ...
Olier, Jean-Jacques
▪ Roman Catholic priest born Sept. 20, 1608, Paris, Fr. died April 2, 1657, Paris  founder of the Sulpicians, a group of secular priests dedicated to training candidates for ...
olig-
var. of oligo- before a vowel: oligarchy. * * *
oligarch
/ol"i gahrk'/, n. one of the rulers in an oligarchy. [1600-10; < Gk oligárches, equiv. to olíg(os) OLIG- + -arches -ARCH] * * *
oligarchic
—oligarchically, adv. /ol'i gahr"kik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or having the form of an oligarchy. Also, oligarchical. [1640-50; < Gk oligarchikós, equiv. to oligarch(ía) ...
oligarchical
See oligarchic. * * *
oligarchy
/ol"i gahr'kee/, n., pl. oligarchies. 1. a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few. 2. a state or ...
oligo-
a combining form meaning "few," "little," used in the formation of compound words: oligopoly. Also, esp. before a vowel, olig-. [ < Gk, comb. form of olígos little, few (in ...
Oligocene
/ol"i goh seen'/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to an epoch of the Tertiary Period, occurring from 40 to 25 million years ago. See table under geologic time. n. 2. the ...
Oligocene Epoch
Major division of the Tertiary Period, from с 33. 7 to 23.8 million years ago. It follows the Eocene Epoch and precedes the Miocene Epoch. The term (from the Greek for "few ...
oligochaete
—oligochaetous, adj. /ol"i goh keet'/, n. any of various annelids of the family Oligochaeta, including earthworms and certain small, freshwater species, having locomotory setae ...
oligochaetous
See oligochaete. * * *
oligoclase
/ol"i goh klays'/, n. Mineral. a kind of plagioclase feldspar occurring commonly in white crystals, sometimes shaded with gray, green, or red. [1825-35; OLIGO- + -CLASE] * * ...
oligodendrocyte
ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte (ŏl'ĭ-gō-dĕnʹdrə-sīt', ō'lĭ-) n. One of the cells comprising the oligodendroglia. * * *
oligodendroglia
ol·i·go·den·drog·li·a (ŏl'ĭ-gō-dĕn-drŏgʹlē-ə, ō'lĭ-) n. Neuroglia consisting of cells similar to but smaller than astrocytes, found in the central nervous system ...
oligodontia
/ol'i goh don"sheuh, -shee euh/, n. Dentistry. an abnormal condition in which fewer than the normal number of teeth develop. [ < NL; see OLIG-, -ODONT, -IA] * * *
oligogene
/ol"i goh jeen', euh lig"euh-/, n. Genetics. a gene that produces or significantly affects the expression of a qualitative heritable characteristic, acting either alone or with a ...
oligomenorrhea
/ol'i goh men'euh ree"euh/, n. Pathol. 1. abnormally infrequent menstruation. 2. abnormally scanty blood flow in menstruation. Also, oligomenorrhoea. [1880-85; OLIGO- + ...
oligomer
—oligomeric /euh lig'euh mer"ik/, adj. /euh lig"euh meuhr/, n. Chem. a polymer molecule consisting of a small number of monomers. Cf. dimer, tetramer, trimer. [1965-70; OLIGO- ...
oligomeric
See oligomer. * * *
oligomerization
See oligomeric. * * *
oligonucleotide
/ol'i goh nooh"klee euh tuyd', -nyooh"-/, n. Biochem. a chain of a few nucleotides. [1940-45; OLIGO- + NUCLEOTIDE] * * *
oligophagous
oligophagous [äl΄i gäf′ə gəs] adj. 〚 OLIGO- + -PHAGOUS〛 feeding upon a limited variety of food, as certain caterpillars whose diet is restricted to a few related ...
oligophagy
See oligophagous. * * *
oligophrenia
—oligophrenic /ol'i goh fren"ik, euh lig'euh-/, adj. /ol'i goh free"nee euh, euh lig'euh-/, n. Pathol. less than normal mental development. [1895-1900; < NL; see OLIGO-, ...
oligopolistic
See oligopoly. * * *
oligopoly
—oligopolistic /ol'i gop'euh lis"tik/, adj. /ol'i gop"euh lee/, n. the market condition that exists when there are few sellers, as a result of which they can greatly influence ...
oligopsonistic
See oligopsony. * * *
oligopsony
—oligopsonistic, adj. /ol'i gop"seuh nee/, n. the market condition that exists when there are few buyers, as a result of which they can greatly influence price and other market ...
oligosaccharide
/ol'i goh sak"euh ruyd', -rid/, n. Chem. any carbohydrate yielding few monosaccharides on hydrolysis, as two, three, or four. [1925-30; OLIGO- + SACCHARIDE] * * * Any ...
oligotrich
▪ ciliate       any spherical to pear-shaped protozoan of the ciliate order Oligotrichida, found in fresh, salt, and brackish water. Body cilia (minute, hairlike ...
oligotrophic
/ol'i goh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. Ecol. (of a lake) characterized by a low accumulation of dissolved nutrient salts, supporting but a sparse growth of algae and other ...
oligotrophy
/ol'i go"treuh fee/, n. Ecol. the state of being oligotrophic. [1700-10; OLIGO- + -TROPHY] * * *
oliguria
—oliguretic /ol'i gyoo ret"ik/, adj. /ol'i gyoor"ee euh/, n. Pathol. scantiness of urine due to diminished secretion. Also, oliguresis /ol'i gyoo ree"sis/. [1895-1900; OLIG- + ...
Olin
/oh"lin/, n. a male given name. * * *
Olinda
/oh lin"deuh/; Port. /oo leeonn"dah/, n. a city in NE Brazil, N suburb of Recife, on the Atlantic coast: beach resort. 250,704. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, eastern Pernambuco ...
olingo
/oh ling"goh/, n., pl. olingos. n. any raccoonlike, nocturnal, fruit-eating mammal of the genus Bassaricyon, inhabiting tropical jungles from Nicaragua to Peru and Bolivia and ...
olio
/oh"lee oh'/, n., pl. olios. 1. a dish of many ingredients. 2. Informal. See olla podrida (def. 2). 3. a mixture of heterogeneous elements; hodgepodge. 4. a medley or potpourri, ...
Oliphant
/ol"euh feuhnt/, n. Margaret Wilson, 1828-97, Scottish novelist. * * *
Oliphant, Betty
▪ 2005 Nancy Elizabeth Oliphant        British-born Canadian dance educator (b. Aug. 5, 1918, London, Eng.—d. July 12, 2004, St. Catherines, Ont.), became a ballet ...
Oliphant, Laurence
▪ British writer born 1829, Cape Town died Dec. 23, 1888, Twickenham, Middlesex, Eng.  British author, traveller, and mystic, a controversial figure whose quest to establish ...
Oliphant, Margaret Oliphant
▪ Scottish writer born April 4, 1828, Wallyford, Midlothian, Scot. died June 25, 1897, Windsor, near London  prolific Scottish novelist, historical writer, and biographer ...
Oliphant, Sir Mark
▪ 2001 Marcus Laurence Elwin Oliphant        Australian physicist (b. Oct. 8, 1901, Adelaide, Australia—d. July 14, 2000, Canberra, Australia), was an esteemed ...
Olitski, Jules
▪ 2008 Yevel, or Jevel, Demikovsky; Jules Demikov        American painter and sculptor born March 27, 1922 , Snovsk, Russia [now Shchors, Ukraine] died Feb. 4, 2007, ...
olivaceous
/ol'euh vay"sheuhs/, adj. of a deep shade of green; olive. [1770-80; < NL olivaceus, equiv. to L oliv(a) OLIVE + -aceus -ACEOUS] * * *
Olivares, Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimental, conde-duque de, duque de Sanlúcar de Barrameda
▪ prime minister of Spain Introduction born January 16, 1587, Rome, Italy died July 22, 1645, Toro, Spain       prime minister (1623–43) and court favourite (valido) ...
Olivares, Ruben
▪ Mexican boxer born Jan. 14, 1947, Mexico City, Mex.    Mexican professional boxer, world bantamweight (118 pounds) and featherweight (126 pounds) champion during the ...
olivary
/ol"euh ver'ee/, adj. 1. shaped like an olive. 2. of or pertaining to an olivary body [1535-45; < L olivarius belonging to olives. See OLIVE, -ARY] * * *
olivary body
Anat. one of two oval bodies or prominences composed of nerve tissue, one on each side of the anterior surface of the medulla oblongata. [1830-40] * * *
olive
/ol"iv/, n. 1. an evergreen tree, Olea europaea, of Mediterranean and other warm regions, cultivated chiefly for its fruit. Cf. olive family. 2. the fruit of this tree, a small ...
Olive
/ol"iv/, n. a female given name. * * * Subtropical, broad-leaved tree (Olea europaea) or its edible fruit. The olive was being grown on the island of Crete с 3500 BC, and ...
olive branch
1. a branch of the olive tree as an emblem of peace. 2. any token of peace. [1275-1325; ME] * * *
olive drab
pl. olive drabs for 3. 1. a deep olive color. 2. woolen cloth of this color, used esp. for U.S. Army uniforms. 3. a military uniform made from this cloth. [1895-1900] * * *
olive family
the plant family Oleaceae, characterized by trees and shrubs having opposite, simple or pinnately compound leaves, usually small and sometimes showy flowers, and fruit in the ...
olive green
olive green n. the color of the unripe olive * * *
olive oil
an oil expressed from the olive fruit, used in cooking, in salad dressings, in medicine, etc. [1765-75] * * *
Olive Oyl
▪ cartoon character       American comic-strip and cartoon character, the longtime love interest of the sailor Popeye.       Tall, gangly, big-footed Olive Oyl, ...
olive shell
1. any marine gastropod of the family Olividae, having a polished, highly colored, elongated shell and a large mantle that, when extended, surrounds the shell. 2. the shell ...
olive wood
olive (def. 3). * * *
olive-backed thrush
/ol"iv bakt'/. See Swainson's thrush. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
olive-backedthrush
ol·ive-backed thrush (ŏlʹĭv-băkt') n. A North American thrush (Hylocichla ustulata) having a dark olive-brown back and common in spruce and fir forests. Also called ...
olive-drab
See olive drab. * * *
olive-green
/ol"iv green"/, n., adj. green with a yellowish or brownish tinge. [1750-60] * * *
olivebranch
olive branch n. 1. A branch of an olive tree regarded as an emblem of peace. 2. An offer of peace: bore an olive branch to the new round of negotiations. * * *
olivedrab
olive drab n. 1. A grayish olive to dark olive brown or olive gray. 2. a. Cloth of this color, often used in military uniforms. b. also olive drabs A uniform made from cloth of ...
olivegreen
olive green n. A green-yellow hue of low to medium lightness and low to moderate saturation.   olʹive-greenʹ (ŏlʹĭv-grēnʹ) adj. * * *
olivenite
/oh liv"euh nuyt', ol"euh veuh-/, n. a mineral, basic copper arsenate, Cu4As2O8(OH)2, occurring in crystals and in masses, usually olive-green in color. [1810-20; < G Oliven(erz) ...
oliveoil
olive oil n. Oil pressed from olives, used in salad dressings, for cooking, as an ingredient in soaps, and as an emollient. * * *
Oliver
/ol"euh veuhr/, n. 1. one of the 12 paladins of Charlemagne. Cf. Roland. 2. Joseph ("King"), 1885?-1938, U.S. cornet player, bandleader, and composer: pioneer in jazz. 3. a male ...
Oliver Cromwell
➡ Cromwell (I) * * *
Oliver Goldsmith
➡ Goldsmith * * *
Oliver Hardy
➡ Laurel and Hardy * * *
Oliver North
➡ North * * *
Oliver Sacks
➡ Sacks * * *
Oliver Stone
➡ Stone (I) * * *
Oliver Twist
a novel (1838) by Dickens. * * *
Oliver Wendell Holmes
➡ Holmes (II) * * *
Oliver Wendell Holmes Junior
➡ Holmes (II) * * *
Oliver, Isaac
▪ French painter Oliver also spelled  Olivier   born 1556?, Rouen, Fr. died Oct. 2, 1617, London, Eng.       miniature painter.       Oliver's French Huguenot ...
Oliver, Jamie
▪ 2006       In a display of his passion for good food, British celebrity chef Jamie Oliver turned up the heat on government officials in 2005 with his overwhelmingly ...
Oliver, King
orig. Joseph Oliver born May 11, 1885, Abend, La., U.S. died April 8, 1938, Savannah, Ga. U.S. jazz cornetist and bandleader. Oliver grew up in New Orleans and established ...
Oliver, Mary
▪ American poet born Sept. 10, 1935, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.       American poet whose work reflects a deep communion with the natural world.       Oliver attended ...
Oliver, Sy
▪ American musician byname of  Melvin James Oliver   born Dec. 17, 1910, Battle Creek, Mich., U.S. died May 28, 1988, New York, N.Y.  jazz trumpeter, composer, and ...
Oliver,Joseph
Ol·i·ver (ŏlʹə-vər), Joseph. Known as “King Oliver.” 1885?-1938. American jazz musician and composer who had a great influence on the style of Louis Armstrong. His ...
Olives
/ol"ivz/, n. Mount of, a small ridge E of Jerusalem, in what is now Jordan. Highest point, 2737 ft. (834m). Also, Olivet /ol"euh vet', -vit/. * * *
Olives, Mount of
Limestone ridge, east of Jerusalem. Frequently mentioned in the Bible, it is holy both in Judaism and in Christianity. Politically it is part of the municipality of Greater ...
Olives,Mount of
Ol·ives (ŏlʹivz), Mount of also Ol·i·vet (ŏlʹə-vĕt'). A ridge of hills in the West Bank east of Jerusalem. At its western foot is the biblical site of the Garden of ...
Olivet College
▪ college, Olivet, Michigan, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Olivet, Mich., U.S., located about 30 miles (50 km) southwest ...
olivette
/ol'euh vet"/, n. Theat. a large floodlight having a single bulb. Also, olivet /ol'euh vet", ol"euh vet'/. [ < F; see OLIVE, -ETTE] * * *
Olivetti & C. SpA
Italian electronics and telecommunications company. Founded by Camillo Olivetti (1868–1943), the firm began making typewriters in 1908. Camillo's son Adriano studied ...
olivewood
ol·ive·wood (ŏlʹĭv-wo͝od') n. An evergreen tree (Cassine laneana) native to Bermuda, having oblanceolate leaves, unisexual flowers, and creamy-white fruit. * * *
Olivia
/oh liv"ee euh/, n. a female given name, form of Olive. * * *
Olivier
/oh liv"ee ay'/, n. Laurence (Kerr) /kerr/; Brit. /kahr, kair/, (Baron Olivier of Brighton), 1907-89, English actor and director. * * *
Olivier, Laurence (Kerr), Baron Olivier (of Brighton)
born May 22, 1907, Dorking, Surrey, Eng. died July 11, 1989, near London British actor, director, and producer. He began his professional career in 1926 and joined the Old Vic ...
Olivier, Laurence, Baron Olivier of Brighton
▪ British actor, director, writer, and producer in full  Laurence Kerr Olivier , also called  (1947–70) Sir Laurence Olivier   born May 22, 1907, Dorking, Surrey, ...
Olivier,Sir Laurence Kerr
O·liv·i·er (ō-lĭvʹē-ā'), Sir Laurence Kerr. Baron Olivier of Brighton. 1907-1989. British film and stage actor and director. He is known for his interpretations of ...
olivine
—olivinic /ol'euh vin"ik/, olivinitic /ol'euh vi nit"ik/, adj. /ol"euh veen', ol'euh veen"/, n. Mineral. any of a group of magnesium iron silicates, (Mg,Fe)2SiO4, occurring in ...
olivinic
See olivine. * * *
olivinitic
See olivinic. * * *
Olivos
▪ Argentina       cabecera (county seat) of Vicente López partido (county), Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, eastern Argentina, directly north of the city of Buenos ...
Öljeitü
▪ Il-Khanid ruler of Iran Muslim name  Moḥammad Khudābanda   born 1280 died Dec. 16, 1316, Solṭānīyeh, near Kazvin, Iran       eighth Il-Khan ruler of Iran, ...
Olkhon Island
▪ island, Russia also spelled  Ol'chon,         island in Lake Baikal, administered as part of Irkutsk oblast (province), east-central Russia. It is separated from ...
olla
/aw"lyah, aw"yah/; Eng. /ol"euh/, n. Spanish. 1. a pot, esp. an earthen pot for holding water, cooking, etc. 2. a stew. * * *
OLLA
Office of Lend Lease Administration. * * *
olla podrida
/ol'euh peuh dree"deuh/; Sp. /aw'lyah paw dhrddee"dhah, aw'yah/ 1. a spicy Spanish stew of sausage and other meat, chickpeas, and often tomatoes and other vegetables. 2. an ...
olla-podrida
olla-podrida [äl΄ə pō drē′də] n. 〚Sp, lit., rotten pot < olla, pot (< L) + podrida, rotten < L putridus: see PUTRID〛 1. an olla (stew) 2. any assortment, medley, or ...
ollapodrida
olla po·dri·da (pə-drēʹdə) n. pl. olla po·dri·das, also ollas po·dri·das 1. A stew of highly seasoned meat and vegetables. 2. An assorted mixture; a miscellany: “All ...
Ollie
/ol"ee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Oliver. 2. a female given name, form of Olive. * * *
Ollivier, Émile
▪ French statesman Ollivier also spelled  Olivier   born July 2, 1825, Marseille, France died Aug. 20, 1913, Saint-Gervais-les-Bains  French statesman, writer, and orator ...
olm
▪ salamander  blind salamander belonging to the family Proteidae (order Caudata). It lives in the subterranean streams in karst areas of the Adriatic coast from ...
Olmaliq
▪ Uzbekistan formerly  Almalyk,        city, eastern Uzbekistan. It is situated 35 miles (55 km) southeast of the city of Tashkent on the northern slopes of the ...
Olmec
/ol"mek, ohl"-/, adj., n., pl. Olmecs, (esp. collectively) Olmec. Archaeol. adj. 1. of or designating a Mesoamerican civilization, c1000-400 B.C., along the southern Gulf coast ...
Olmedo, José Joaquín
▪ Ecuadorian writer also  José Joaquín de Olmedo  born March 20, 1780, Guayaquil, New Granada [now in Ecuador] died Feb. 19, 1847, Guayaquil, Ecuador       poet and ...
Olmert, Ehud
▪ 2007  Ehud Olmert became Israel's 12th prime minister on April 14, 2006, 100 days after his predecessor, Ariel Sharon, suffered a massive brain hemorrhage that left him in a ...
Olmi, Ermanno
▪ Italian director born July 24, 1931, Treviglio, Bergamo, Italy       Italian motion picture director whose formative work examines life in the business world and ...
Olmsted
/ohm"stid, -sted/, n. Frederick Law, 1822-1903, U.S. landscape architect. * * *
Olmsted, Frederick Law
born April 26, 1822, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died Aug. 28, 1903, Brookline, Mass. U.S. landscape architect. He traveled throughout the American South in the 1850s and won fame ...
Olmsted,Frederick Law
Olm·sted (ōmʹstĕd', -stĭd), Frederick Law. 1822-1903. American landscape architect who was the chief designer of Central Park in New York City (1858-1861). * * *
Olmütz, Punctation of
(Nov. 29, 1850) Agreement signed at Olmütz (now Olomouc, Cz.Rep.) between Prussia and Austria. In response to an appeal from the elector of Hesse for help against rebellious ...
Olney, Richard
born Sept. 15, 1835, Oxford, Mass., U.S. died April 8, 1917, Boston, Mass. U.S. statesman. As U.S. attorney general (1893–95) under Pres. Grover Cleveland, he set a precedent ...
ology
/ol"euh jee/, n., pl. ologies. Informal or facetious. any science or branch of knowledge. [1795-1805; extracted from words like BIOLOGY, GEOLOGY where the element -LOGY is ...
ololiuqui
/oh'loh lee ooh"kee/, n. a woody vine, Turbina corymbosa, of the morning glory family, native to Central America, having seeds that are hallucinogenic and are used in some Indian ...
Olomouc
/aw"law mohts/, n. a city in central Moravia, in the E Czech Republic. 107,000. German, Olmütz /awl"myuuts/. * * * ▪ Czech Republic German  Olmütz   city, northeastern ...
Olongapo
/oh lawng'geuh poh"/, n. a port in the Philippines, on SW Luzon. 156,430. * * * ▪ Philippines also called  Olongapo City        city, southwestern Luzon, ...
Olonos
Gk. /aw'law naws"/, n. Erymanthus. * * *
oloroso
/oh'leuh roh"soh/, n. a medium-dry sherry of Spain. [1875-80; < Sp: lit., sweet-smelling, equiv. to olor smell ( < L (var. of odor ODOR), equiv. to ol(ere) to give off a smell + ...
olpe
/ol"pee/, n., pl. olpes, olpae /-pee/. a form of the oinochoe. [1880-85; < Gk ólpe oil-flask] * * *
Olsen, Tillie
▪ 2008 Tillie Lerner        American author born Jan. 14, 1913? , Omaha, Neb. died Jan. 1, 2007 , Oakland, Calif. was known for her powerful fiction about the inner ...
Olson
/ohl"seuhn/, n. Charles, 1910-70, U.S. poet and essayist. * * *
Olson, Carl
▪ 2003 “Bobo”        American boxer (b. July 11, 1928, Honolulu, Hawaii—d. Jan. 16, 2002, Honolulu), was middleweight champion of the world from 1953 to 1955; his ...
Olson, Charles
▪ American poet born Dec. 27, 1910, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 10, 1970, New York, N.Y.       avant-garde poet and literary theorist, notable for his influence on ...
Olson, Elder
▪ American poet and literary critic in full  Elder James Olson  born March 9, 1909, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died July 25, 1992, Albuquerque, N.M.       American poet, ...
Olsztyn
/awl"shtin/, n. a city in NE Poland. 107,500. German, Allenstein. * * * ▪ Poland German  Allenstein        city, capital of Warmińsko-Mazurskie województwo ...
Olt Defile
▪ defile, Romania       defile in south-central Romania. The defile was cut into the Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians) by the Olt River. It was particularly ...
Olt River
River, southern Romania. It rises close to the headwaters of the Mureş River in eastern Transylvania at an elevation of 5,900 ft (1,800 m). It is 308 mi (496 km) long and flows ...
Olwen
/ol"wen/, n. Welsh Legend. a princess, the daughter of Ysbaddaden Chief-giant. * * *
Olybrius
▪ Roman emperor in full  Anicius Olybrius  died Nov. 2, 472       Western Roman emperor from April to November 472.       Before he became head of state, ...
olykoek
/ol"i kook'/, n. Hudson Valley (older use). doughnut. [1800-10, Amer.; < New York D; cf. D oliekoek oilseed cake, equiv. to olie OIL + koek cake (see COOKIE)] * * *
Olympia
/euh lim"pee euh, oh lim"-/, n. 1. a plain in ancient Elis, Greece, where the ancient Olympic Games were held. 2. a city in and the capital of Washington, in the W part, on Puget ...
Olympiad
—Olympiadic, adj. /euh lim"pee ad', oh lim"-/, n. (often l.c.) 1. a period of four years reckoned from one celebration of the Olympic Games to the next, by which the Greeks ...
Olympian
—Olympianly, adv. /euh lim"pee euhn, oh lim"-/, adj. 1. pertaining to Mount Olympus or dwelling thereon, as the gods of classical Greece. 2. pertaining to Olympia in Elis. 3. ...
OlympianGames
Olympian Games pl.n. See Olympic Games. * * *
Olympiaoyster
Olympia oyster n. A small oyster (Ostrea lurida) native to the Pacific coast of North America.   [After Olympia2.] * * *
Olympias
▪ Macedonian leader born c. 375 BC died 316       wife of Philip II of Macedonia and mother of Alexander the Great. She had a passionate and imperious nature, and she ...
Olympic
/euh lim"pik, oh lim"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Olympic Games: an Olympic contender. 2. of or pertaining to Olympia, in Greece. 3. pertaining to Mount Olympus, in ...
Olympic Airlines
▪ Greek airline Greek  Olimpiaki Aeroporia        Greek airline, formerly known as Olympic Airways, founded on April 6, 1957, by the Greek shipowner Aristotle Onassis ...
Olympic Champions, 2000 Summer Games, Sydney
▪ 2001 Olympic Champions, 2000 Summer Games, Sydney Click on a sporting event to view table. Archery Gymnastics-Men Table ...
Olympic Champions, XIX Winter Games, Salt Lake City
▪ Table ALPINE SKIING Men Downhill Fritz Strobl (AUT) 1 min 39.13 sec Slalom Jean-Pierre Vidal (FRA) 1 min 41.06 sec Giant slalom Stephan Eberharter (AUT) 2 min 23.28 ...
Olympic Champions, XX Winter Games, Turin
▪ Table Olympic Champions, XX Winter Games, Turin Alpine Skiing—Men Event Gold medalist Performance Silver medalist Bronze medalist Downhill Antoine Dénériaz (FRA) 1 ...
Olympic Games
1. Also called Olympian Games. the greatest of the games or festivals of ancient Greece, held every four years in the plain of Olympia in Elis, in honor of Zeus. 2. a modern ...
Olympic Games, flag of the
▪ Flag History also called  Olympic flag        flag consisting of a white field bearing five equal interlocking rings of blue, dark yellow, black, green, and red with ...
Olympic Mountains
a mountain system in NW Washington, part of the Coast Range. Highest peak, Mt. Olympus, 7954 ft. (2424 m). * * * Segment of the Pacific Coast Ranges, northwestern Washington, ...
Olympic National Park
a national park in NW Washington. 1323 sq. mi. (3425 sq. km). * * * National park, northwestern Washington, U.S. Established in 1938 to preserve the Olympic Mountains and their ...
Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula peninsula in NW Wash., between Puget Sound & the Pacific * * *
Olympic-size
/euh lim"pik suyz', oh lim"-/, adj. 1. of the dimensions or length prescribed for the Olympic Games and other major athletic competitions: an Olympic-size speed-skating oval. 2. ...
OlympicGames
Olympic Games pl.n. 1. A group of modern international athletic contests held as separate winter and summer competitions every four years in a different city. In 1994 the winter ...
OlympicMountains
Olympic Mountains A range of the Coast Ranges on the Olympic Peninsula of northwest Washington. The rugged peninsula is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, ...
Olympics
O·lym·pics (ō-lĭmʹpĭks) pl.n. See Olympic Games. * * *
Olympio
/euh lim"pee oh'/, n. Sylvanus /sil vay"neuhs/, 1902-63, African statesman: first president of the Republic of Togo 1961-63. * * *
Olympio, Sylvanus
▪ president of Togo born September 1902, Lomé, Togoland [now Togo] died Jan. 13, 1963, Lomé       nationalist politician and first president of Togo who was the first ...
Olympiodorus The Younger
▪ Greek philosopher flourished 6th century AD       a Neoplatonist philosopher who is famous for having maintained the Platonic tradition in Alexandria after the ...
Olympus
/euh lim"peuhs, oh lim"-/, n. Mount 1. a mountain in NE Greece, on the boundary between Thessaly and Macedonia: mythical abode of the greater Grecian gods. 9730 ft. (2966 m). 2. ...
Olympus Mons
Large volcano on Mars, the largest known volcano in the solar system. It consists of a central structure that ascends about 13 mi (21 km) above Mars's mean radius and is 335 mi ...
Olympus, Mount
Olympus, Mount [ō lim′pəs, əlim′pəs] 〚L < Gr Olympos〛 1. mountain in N Greece, between Thessaly & Macedonia: c. 9,580 ft (2,920 m): in Greek mythology, the home of ...
Olynthus
—Olynthiac /oh lin"thee ak'/, Olynthian, adj., n. /oh lin"theuhs/, n. an ancient city in NE Greece, on the Chalcidice Peninsula. * * * Ancient Greek city, on the Chalcidice ...
Ol’ Man River
a song about the Mississippi River from the musical play Show Boat. The best-known performance of it was by Paul Robeson, who joined the show after it moved to London in 1928. It ...
Om
/awm/, n. Hinduism. a mantric word thought to be a complete expression of Brahman and interpreted as having three sounds representing Brahma or creation, Vishnu or preservation, ...
Om.
Ostmark. * * *
OMA
orderly marketing agreement. * * *
Omagh
District (pop., 2001: 47,735) and town (pop., 1991: 18,000), Northern Ireland. Formerly in County Tyrone, the district was established in 1973. The area was ruled by the ancient ...
Omaha
/oh"meuh haw', -hah'/, n., pl. Omahas, (esp. collectively) Omaha for 2. 1. a city in E Nebraska, on the Missouri River. 311,681. 2. a member of a North American Indian people of ...
Omaha Beach
▪ World War II Introduction  second beach from the west among the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D-Day of ...
Omalius d'Halloy, Jean-Baptiste-Julien d'
▪ Belgian geologist born Feb. 16, 1783, Liège, Austrian Netherlands [now in Belgium] died Jan. 15, 1875, Brussels       Belgian geologist who was an early proponent of ...
Oman
/oh mahn"/, n. 1. Sultanate of. Formerly, Muscat and Oman. an independent sultanate in SE Arabia. 2,264,590; ab. 82,800 sq. mi. (212,380 sq. km). Cap.: Muscat. 2. Gulf of, a NW ...
Oman, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of horizontal stripes of white, red, and green and, at the hoist, a vertical red stripe with the national coat of arms ...
Oman, Gulf of
Northwestern arm of the Arabian Sea, between the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. It is about 230 mi (370 km) wide and 340 mi (545 km) long and connects with the ...
Oman, John Wood
▪ British theologian born July 23, 1860, Orkney, Scot. died May 17, 1939, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.       British Presbyterian theologian.       After ...
Oman, Julia Trevelyan
▪ 2004       British stage designer (b. July 11, 1930, London, Eng.—d. Oct. 10, 2003, Much Birch, Herefordshire, Eng.), created meticulously researched and beautifully ...
Omani
/oh mah"nee/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Oman or its people. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Oman. * * *
Omar
/oh"mahr/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Bradley Omar Nelson Mosque of Omar Fanon Frantz Omar Torrijos Herrera Omar Omar Khayyam * * *
Omar Bradley
➡ Bradley * * *
Omar Khayyám
/oh"mahr kuy yahm", -yam", oh"meuhr/ died 1123?, Persian poet and mathematician. * * * byname of Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʽUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Neyshābūrī ...
Omar, Dullah
▪ 2005 Abdullah Mohamed Omar        South African human rights lawyer and politician (b. May 26, 1934, Observatory, S.Af.—d. March 13, 2004, Cape Town, S.Af.), was an ...
Omarr, Sydney
▪ 2004 Sidney Kimmelman        American astrologer (b. Aug. 5, 1926, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Jan. 2, 2003, Santa Monica, Calif.), took up his profession at the age of 15 ...
omasum
/oh may"seuhm/, n., pl. omasa /-seuh/ the third stomach of a ruminant, between the reticulum and the abomasum; the manyplies. See diag. under ruminant. [1700-10; < NL, L omasum ...
Omayyad
/oh muy"ad/, n., pl. Omayyads, Omayyades /-euh deez'/. 1. a member of the dynasty that ruled at Damascus A.D. 661-750, claiming descent from Omayya, cousin of the grandfather of ...
OMB
U.S. Govt. Office of Management and Budget: the division of the Executive Office of the President that prepares and administers the federal budget and improves management in the ...
OMBE
Office of Minority Business Enterprise. * * *
omber
/om"beuhr/, n. 1. a card game popular in the 17th and 18th centuries and played, usually by three persons, with 40 cards. 2. the player undertaking to win the pool in this ...
ombh-
See nobh-. * * *
ombre
ombré [äm′brā΄, äm brā′] adj. 〚Fr, pp. of ombrer, to shade < L umbrare < umbra, shade〛 shaded or graduated in tone: said of a color * * * om·bre also om·ber ...
ombrellino
/om'breuh lee"noh/, n., pl. ombrellinos. Western Ch. the white silk canopy held over the Eucharist while transferring it from one place to another, esp. from the main altar to a ...
ombres chinoises
▪ puppet show       (French: “Chinese shadows”), European version of the Chinese shadow-puppet show, introduced in Europe in the mid-18th century by returning ...
ombu
/om booh"/, n. a South American tree, Phytolacca dioica, having a thick trunk and large, evergreen leaves. [ < AmerSp ombú < Guarani umbú] * * *
ombudsman
/om"beuhdz meuhn, -man', -boodz-, awm"-, om boodz"meuhn, -man', awm-/, n., pl. ombudsmen /-meuhn, -men'/. 1. a government official who hears and investigates complaints by ...
ombudsmanship
See ombudsman. * * *
ombudsperson
/om"beuhdz perr'seuhn, -boodz-, awm"-/, n. ombudsman (def. 2). [OMBUDS(MAN) + -PERSON] Usage. See -person. * * *
ombudswoman
/om"beuhdz woom'euhn, -boodz-, awm"-/, n., pl. ombudswomen. a woman employed to investigate complaints against government or institutional officials, employers, etc. [1960-65; ...
Omdurman
/om'door mahn"/, n. a city in central Sudan, on the White Nile opposite Khartoum: British victory 1898. 305,308. * * * City (pop., 1993 est.: 1,267,000), east-central Sudan. It ...
Omdurman, Battle of
▪ African history       (Sept. 2, 1898), decisive military engagement in which Anglo-Egyptian forces, under Major General Sir Herbert Kitchener (later Lord Kitchener), ...
Ōme
▪ Japan       city, Tokyo to (metropolis), east-central Honshu, Japan, on the Tama River. An early trade centre and post town, it was known as a weaving centre for ...
omega
/oh mee"geuh, oh may"-, oh meg"euh/, n. 1. the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet. 2. the vowel sound represented by this letter. 3. the last of any series; the end. [ < ...
Omega Centauri
Brightest globular cluster, located in the constellation Centaurus. It has a magnitude of 3.7 and is visible to the unaided eye as a faint luminous patch. One of the nearer ...
omega-3 (fatty acid)
omega-3 (fatty acid) [ō mā′gəthrē′] n. a type of polyunsaturated fatty acid in fish oil, shellfish, soybeans, etc., linked to low cholesterol and low LDL levels * * *
omega-3 fatty acid
/oh mee"geuh three", oh may"-, oh meg"euh-/ a polyunsaturated fatty acid, essential for normal retinal function, that influences various metabolic pathways, resulting in lowered ...
omega-3fatty acid
o·me·ga-3 fatty acid (ō-mĕgʹə-thrēʹ, -mēʹgə-, -māʹ-) n. Any of several polyunsaturated fatty acids found in leafy green vegetables, vegetable oils, and fish such as ...
omega-cbaryon
o·me·ga-c baryon (ō-mĕgʹə-sēʹ, -mēʹgə, -māʹ-) n. An electrically neutral baryon having a mass 5,292 times that of the electron and an average lifetime of ...
omega-minus particle
/oh mee"geuh muy"neuhs, -may"-, oh meg"euh-/, Physics. a baryon with strangeness -3, isotopic spin 0, and negative charge; predicted from the mathematics of the Eightfold Way and ...
omegabaryon
omega baryon n. A subatomic particle in the baryon family having a mass 3,272 times that of the electron, a unit negative electron charge, and an average lifetime of 8 × 10-11 ...
omegameson
omega meson n. A neutral meson having a mass 1,532 times that of the electron and an average lifetime of 6.6 × 10-23 seconds. Also called omega. * * *
Omegna, Roberto
▪ Italian filmmaker born May 28, 1876, Turin, Italy died Nov. 9, 1948, Turin       motion picture cameraman, director, and producer of documentaries, one of the ...
omelet
/om"lit, om"euh-/, n. eggs beaten until frothy, often combined with other ingredients, as herbs, chopped ham, cheese, or jelly, and cooked until set. Also, omelette. [1605-15; < ...
omen
/oh"meuhn/, n. 1. anything perceived or happening that is believed to portend a good or evil event or circumstance in the future; portent. 2. a prognostic. 3. prophetic ...
omental
See omentum. * * *
omentum
—omental, adj. /oh men"teuhm/, n., pl. omenta /-teuh/. Anat. a fold of the peritoneum connecting the stomach and the abdominal viscera forming a protective and supportive ...
omeprazole
o·mep·ra·zole (ō-mĕpʹrə-zōl') n. A drug that suppresses gastric acid secretion and is used for the treatment of duodenal and gastric ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux ...
omer
/oh"meuhr/; Seph. Heb. /aw merdd"/; Ashk. Heb. /oh"merdd/, n. 1. a Hebrew unit of dry measure, the tenth part of an ephah. 2. (usually cap.) Judaism. the period of 49 days ...
omertà
/aw'merdd tah"/; Eng. /oh mer"teuh/, n. Italian. secrecy sworn to by oath; code of silence. * * *
Ometecuhtli
Aztec deity, the Lord of Duality or Lord of Life. With his female counterpart, Omecíhuatl (Lady of Duality), he lived in Omeyocan, the 13th and highest Aztec heaven. He was ...
Ometepe Island
▪ island, Nicaragua Spanish  Isla de Ometepe,  also called  Alta Gracia         island in southwestern Nicaragua, the largest island in Lake Nicaragua. Ometepe ...
Omi
/oh"mee/; Japn. /aw"mee/, n. Biwa. * * *
omicron
/om"i kron', oh"mi-/, n. 1. the 15th letter of the Greek alphabet (O, o). 2. the vowel sound represented by this letter. [ < Gk o mikrón, lit., small o. Compare omega] * * *
ominous
—ominously, adv. —ominousness, n. /om"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious: an ominous bank of dark clouds. 2. having the ...

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