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oximetrically
See oximetric. * * *
oximetry
/ok sim"i tree/, n. Med. the measuring of oxygen saturation of the blood by means of an oximeter. [1940-45; OX- + -I- + -METRY] * * *
oxisol
/ok"si sawl', -sol'/, n. a thick, weathered soil of the humid tropics, largely depleted in the minerals that promote fertility, and characteristic of the Amazon and Congo ...
Oxley, John
▪ British explorer born 1783/85?, near Westow, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 26, 1828, Kirkham, Australia       surveyor-general and explorer who played an important part in ...
oxlip
oxlip [äks′lip΄] n. 〚OE oxanslyppe < oxan, gen. of oxa (see OX) + slyppe, dropping: see SLIP3〛 a perennial plant (Primula elatior) of the primrose family, having yellow ...
Oxnard
/oks"nahrd/, n. a city in SW California, NW of Los Angeles. 108,195. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Ventura county, southwestern California, U.S. It ...
oxo process
/ok"soh/, Chem. a process for producing carbonyl compounds, esp. alcohols and aldehydes, by adding, under high pressure, carbon monoxide and hydrogen to an olefin in the presence ...
oxo-
oxo- or ox- pref. Oxygen: oxime.   [From oxygen.] * * *
Oxon
/ok"son, -seuhn/, n. Oxfordshire. * * *
Oxon Hill
a city in central Maryland, near Washington, D.C. 36,267. * * *
Oxon.
1. Oxford. [ < ML Oxonia] 2. of Oxford. [ < ML Oxoniensis] * * *
Oxonian
/ok soh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Oxford, England, or to Oxford University (in England). n. 2. a member or graduate of Oxford University. 3. a native or inhabitant ...
oxonium compound
/ok soh"nee euhm/, Chem. a salt formed by the reaction of an acid with an organic compound containing a basic oxygen atom. [OX- + NL -onium (abstracted from ammonium)] * * *
oxonium ion
Chem. See hydronium ion. * * *
Oxo{™}
n [U] a popular British make of stock cube (= a small square piece of dried stock made by cooking meat, bones, fish or vegetables very slowly). Oxo is used for adding flavour to ...
oxpecker
/oks"pek'euhr/, n. either of two African starlings of the genus Buphagus, characterized by their habit of riding on large, wild animals and domestic cattle to feed on ...
oxtail
/oks"tayl'/, n. the skinned tail of an ox or steer, used as an ingredient in soup, stew, etc. [1675-85; OX + TAIL1] * * *
oxter
/ok"steuhr/, n. Scot. and North Eng. the armpit. [1490-1500; akin to OE ocusta armpit, ON (h)ostr throat] * * *
oxtongue
oxtongue [äks′tuŋ΄] n. Obs. any of a number of plants, as alkanet, with rough, tongue-shaped leaves * * *
Oxus
/ok"seuhs/, n. See Amu Darya. * * *
oxy-
oxy-1 a combining form meaning "sharp," "acute," "keen," "pointed," "acid," used in the formation of compound words: oxycephalic; oxygen; oxymoron. [ < Gk, comb. form of oxýs ...
oxyacetylene
/ok'see euh set"l een', -in/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a mixture of oxygen and acetylene: an oxyacetylene torch. n. 2. a mixture of oxygen and acetylene, used in a ...
oxyacid
/ok"see as'id/, n. Chem. an inorganic acid containing oxygen. Also called oxygen acid. [1830-40; OXY-2 + ACID] * * * ▪ chemical compound Introduction       any ...
oxyaldehyde
/ok'see al"deuh huyd'/, n. Chem. an aldehyde containing the hydroxyl group. [OXY-2 + ALDEHYDE] * * *
oxybenzene
/ok'si ben"zeen, -ben zeen"/, n. Chem. phenol (def. 1). [OXY-2 + BENZENE] * * *
oxycalcium
/ok'si kal"see euhm/, adj. pertaining to or produced by oxygen and calcium. [1860-65; OXY-2 + CALCIUM] * * *
oxycalcium light.
See calcium light. [1860-65] * * *
oxycellulose
/ok'si sel"yeuh lohs'/, n. Chem. any substance formed naturally or synthetically by the oxidation of cellulose. [1880-85; OXY-2 + CELLULOSE] * * *
oxycephalic
See oxycephaly. * * *
oxycephalous
See oxycephalic. * * *
oxycephaly
—oxycephalic /ok'see seuh fal"ik/, oxycephalous, adj. /ok'si sef"euh lee/, n. Pathol. a malformation in which the head is somewhat pointed, caused by premature closure of the ...
oxychloride
—oxychloric, adj. /ok'si klawr"uyd, -id, -klohr"-/, n. Chem. a compound having oxygen and chlorine atoms bonded to another element, as bismuth oxychloride, BiOCl. [1855-60; ...
oxycodone
ox·y·co·done (ŏk'sĭ-kōʹdōn') n. A narcotic alkaloid, C18H21NO4, related to codeine, used as an analgesic and a sedative chiefly in the form of its hydrochloride ...
oxygen
—oxygenic /ok'si jen"ik/, oxygenous /ok sij"euh neuhs/, adj. —oxygenicity /ok'si jeuh nis"i tee/, n. /ok"si jeuhn/, n. Chem. a colorless, odorless, gaseous element ...
oxygen acid
oxyacid. [1835-45] * * *
Oxygen consumption of various animals and its variation with rest and activity
▪ Table Oxygen consumption of various animals and its variation with rest and activity weight (grams) oxygen consumption (millilitres per kilogram of weight per ...
oxygen cycle
Ecol. the process by which oxygen released into the atmosphere by photosynthetic organisms is taken up by aerobic organisms while the carbon dioxide released as a by-product of ...
oxygen debt
Physiol. the body's oxygen deficiency resulting from strenuous physical activity. [1920-25] * * *
oxygen group element
▪ chemical element Introduction also called  chalcogen,    any of the five chemical elements making up Group 16 (VIa) of the periodic classification—namely, oxygen, ...
oxygen lance
a tube for conveying oxygen, used in various thermal cutting or steelmaking operations. * * *
oxygen mask
a masklike device placed or worn over the nose and mouth when inhaling supplementary oxygen from an attached tank. [1915-20] * * *
oxygen tent
a small tentlike canopy placed over a sick person for delivering and maintaining a flow of oxygen at critical periods. [1920-25] * * *
oxygenase
/ok"si jeuh nays', -nayz'/, n. Biochem. an oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyzes the introduction of molecular oxygen into an organic substance. [1900-05; OXYGEN + -ASE] * * *
oxygenate
—oxygenation, n. —oxygenator, n. /ok"si jeuh nayt'/, v.t., oxygenated, oxygenating. to treat, combine, or enrich with oxygen: to oxygenate the blood. [1780-90; OXYGEN + ...
oxygenation
See oxygenate. * * *
oxygenator
See oxygenation. * * *
oxygendebt
oxygen debt n. The amount of extra oxygen required by muscle tissue during recovery from vigorous exercise. * * *
oxygenic
See oxygen. * * *
oxygenically
See oxygenic. * * *
oxygenize
—oxygenizable, adj. —oxygenizer, n. /ok"si jeuh nuyz'/, v.t., oxygenized, oxygenizing. oxygenate. Also, esp. Brit., oxygenise. [1795-1805; OXYGEN + -IZE] * * *
oxygenmask
oxygen mask n. A masklike device placed over the mouth and nose and through which oxygen is supplied from an attached storage tank. * * *
oxygenous
See oxygenic. * * *
oxygentent
oxygen tent n. A canopy placed over the head and shoulders or over the entire body of a patient to provide oxygen at a higher level than normal. * * *
oxyhemoglobin
/ok'si hee"meuh gloh'bin, -hem"euh-/, n. Biochem. See under hemoglobin. [1870-75; OXY-2 + HEMOGLOBIN] * * *
oxyhydrogen
/ok'si huy"dreuh jeuhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to or involving a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen. n. 2. a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen, used in a blowtorch for welding steel plates ...
oxymetazoline
/ok'see meuh taz"euh leen', -met"euh zoh-/, n. Pharm. a sympathomimetic drug, C16H24N2O, used as a topical, long-lasting nasal decongestant. [by rearrangement of parts of one of ...
oxymoron
—oxymoronic /ok'see meuh ron"ik/, adj. /ok'si mawr"on, -mohr"-/, n., pl. oxymora /-mawr"euh, -mohr"euh/. Rhet. a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, ...
oxymoronic
See oxymoron. * * *
oxymoronically
See oxymoronic. * * *
oxymorphone
/ok'si mawr"fohn/, n. Pharm. a potent semisynthetic morphine-derived narcotic analgesic, C17H19NO4, used as a substitute for morphine. [OXY-2 + MORPH(INE) + -ONE, components of ...
oxyneurine
/ok'si noor"een, -in, -nyoor"-/, n. Chem. betaine. [OXY-2 + NEUR- + -INE2] * * *
oxyphil
oxyphil [äks′ifīl΄äk′si fil΄] n. 〚 OXY-2 + -PHIL〛 ACIDOPHIL: also oxyphile [äks′ifīl΄] oxyphilic adj. * * *
oxyphilic
/ok'seuh fil"ik/, adj. acidophilic. [1900-05; OXY-2 + -PHILIC] * * *
Oxyrhynchus
Archaeological site, Egypt, on the western bank of the Nile River. Many ancient papyri dating from 250 BC to AD 700 were discovered there in the late 19th and early 20th ...
oxysalt
/ok"si sawlt'/, n. Chem. 1. any salt of an oxyacid. 2. a salt containing oxygen as well as a given anion, as FeOCl or BiONO3. [1830-40; OXY-2 + SALT1] * * *
oxysulfide
/ok'si sul"fuyd, -fid/, n. Chem. a sulfide in which part of the sulfur is replaced by oxygen. [1850-55; OXY-2 + SULFIDE] * * *
oxytetracycline
/ok'si te'treuh suy"klin, -kleen/, n. Pharm. a dull-yellow, crystalline antibiotic powder, C22H24N2O9, produced by Streptomyces rimosus, used chiefly in treating infections ...
oxytocia
/ok'si toh"shee euh, -sheuh/, n. Med. rapid childbirth. [ < NL, equiv. to oxy- OXY-1 + toc- ( < Gk tókos childbirth) + -ia -IA] * * *
oxytocic
/ok'si toh"sik, -tos"ik/, Med. adj. 1. of or causing the stimulation of the involuntary muscle of the uterus. 2. promoting or accelerating childbirth. n. 3. an oxytocic substance ...
oxytocin
/ok'si toh"seuhn/, n. 1. Biochem. a polypeptide hormone, produced by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, that stimulates contraction of the smooth muscle of the uterus. 2. ...
oxytone
/ok"si tohn'/, Class. Gk. Gram. adj. 1. having an acute accent on the last syllable. n. 2. an oxytone word. [1755-65; < Gk oxýtonos sharp-toned. See OXY-1, TONE] * * *
oxyuriasis
/ok'see yoo ruy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. human infection with pinworms. [1905-10; < NL Oxyur(is) genus name of pinworms (equiv. to oxy- OXY-1 + Gk our(á) tail + NL -is n. ending) + ...
oy
oy1 /oy/, interj. (used to express dismay, pain, annoyance, grief, etc.) Also, oi. [1890-95; < Yiddish] oy2 /oy/, n. Scot. 1. a grandchild. 2. Obs. a nephew or niece. Also, ...
Oya Current
▪ current, Pacific Ocean Japanese  Oya-shio , also called  Kuril Current        surface oceanic current flowing southwest along the Kamchatka Peninsula and the ...
Oyama
/aw"yah mah'/, n. Iwao /ee"wah aw'/, 1842-1916, Japanese field marshal. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Tochigi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Omoi River. A castle ...
Oyapock River
▪ river, South America Portuguese  Rio Oiapoque,         river that forms the border between French Guiana and the Brazilian state of Amapá. It rises in the ...
Oyashio Current
/oy"euh shee"oh/; Japn. /aw"yah shee"aw/, n. a cold ocean current flowing SW from the Bering Sea, E of the Kurile Islands, along the E coast of Japan where it meets the Japan ...
oyelet
/oy"lit/, n. eyelet (def. 5). Also, oylet. * * *
Oyem
▪ Gabon       town, northern Gabon. It lies on a plateau at an elevation of about 3,000 feet (900 m). Oyem is an administrative and transport centre for an agricultural ...
oyer
/oh"yeuhr, oy"euhr/, n. Law. 1. See oyer and terminer. 2. a hearing in open court involving the production of some document pleaded by one party and demanded by the other, the ...
oyer and terminer
/terr"meuh neuhr/, Law. 1. (in some U.S. states) any of various higher criminal courts. 2. Brit. a. a commission or writ directing the holding of a court to try offenses. b. the ...
oyerand terminer
oy·er and ter·mi·ner (oiʹər; tûrʹmə-nər) n. Law 1. A hearing or trial. 2. A court of general criminal jurisdiction in some states of the United States. 3. a. A ...
oyez
/oh"yes, oh"yez/, interj. 1. hear! attend! (a cry uttered usually twice by a court officer to command silence and attention, as before court is in session, and formerly by public ...
oyez!
(old use) an old word meaning ‘listen’. It is traditionally shouted, usually three times, to get people’s attention, by officials in courts of law and by town criers (= ...
Oyo
/oh"yoh/, n. a city in W Nigeria. 152,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria       town, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. Oyo lies 32 miles (51 km) north of Ibadan. In the 1830s it was ...
Oyo empire
Yoruba state in present-day southwestern Nigeria that dominated the land between the Volta and Niger rivers in 1650–1750. Two waves of immigrants probably entered the area с ...
Ōyōmeigaku
▪ Japanese philosophy       one of the three major schools of Neo-Confucianism that developed in Japan during the Tokugawa period (1603–1867). See Neo-Confucianism. * ...
Oyono, Ferdinand Léopold
▪ Cameroonian statesman, actor, and writer born Sept. 14, 1929, Ngoulemakong, Cameroon       African statesman, actor, and comic writer whose two best-known works—Une ...
Oyono-Mbia, Guillaume
▪ Cameroonian dramatist and writer born 1939, Mvoutessi, Cameroon       African dramatist and short-story writer, one of bilingual Cameroon's few writers to achieve ...
Oyrat
▪ people also spelled  Oirat,         any of the peoples speaking western dialects of the Mongol language group.       In the 13th century the western Mongols ...
oyster
/oy"steuhr/, n. 1. any of several edible, marine, bivalve mollusks of the family Ostreidae, having an irregularly shaped shell, occurring on the bottom or adhering to rocks or ...
Oyster Bay
a town on the N shore of Long Island, in SE New York. Theodore Roosevelt homestead nearby. 6497. * * * ▪ New York, United States       town (urbanized township), ...
oyster bed
a place where oysters breed or are cultivated. [1585-95] * * *
oyster cap
an edible, brownish-gray to white mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, that grows in clusters on fallen trees and their stumps. Also called oyster mushroom. * * *
oyster crab
a pea crab, Pinnotheres ostreum, the female of which lives as a commensal within the mantle cavity of oysters. [1750-60] * * *
oyster cracker
a small, round, usually salted cracker, served with oysters, soup, etc. [1870-75] * * *
oyster farm
a place where oyster beds are kept. [1935-40] * * *
oyster fork
a small, three-pronged fork, used esp. in eating seafood. * * *
oyster mushroom
oyster mushroom n. any of various fan-shaped mushrooms having gills, esp. an edible one (Pleurotus ostreatus) with a short, pale-colored stem, that grows on tree trunks * * *
oyster mushroom.
See oyster cap. [1870-75] * * *
oyster plant
1. salsify. 2. See sea lungwort. 3. Moses-in-the-cradle. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
oyster rake
☆ oyster rake n. a rake with a long handle and curved teeth for gathering in oysters from shallow waters * * *
oyster stew
☆ oyster stew n. a dish consisting of whole oysters in a soup of heated milk or cream, butter, and seasoning * * *
oyster toadfish.
See under toadfish (def. 1). [1960-65] * * *
oyster white
a slightly grayish white; off-white. [1900-05] * * *
OysterBay
Oys·ter Bay (oiʹstər) A village of southeast New York on northeast Long Island on an inlet of Long Island Sound. Nearby is Sagamore Hill, Theodore Roosevelt's estate, which ...
oysterbed
oyster bed n. A place where oysters breed or are raised. * * *
oystercatcher
/oy"steuhr kach'euhr/, n. any of several long-billed wading birds of the genus Haematopus that have chiefly black-and-white plumage and that feed on oysters, clams, mussels, ...
oystercrab
oyster crab n. A small crab (Pinnotheres ostreum) that lives commensally inside the shell of a bivalve mollusk such as an oyster or a clam. * * *
oystercracker
oyster cracker n. A small, dry, usually round soda cracker. * * *
oystered
/oy"steuhrd/, adj. Furniture. veneered with matched flitches having a figure of concentric rings. [1910-15; OYSTER + -ED3] * * *
oysterfish
/oy"steuhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) oysterfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) oysterfishes. the oyster toadfish. See under toadfish (def. ...
oystering
/oy"steuhr ing/, n. 1. veneering of furniture with matched flitches having a figure of concentric rings. 2. flitches used on an oystered piece. [1910-15; OYSTER + -ING1] * * *
oysterman
/oy"steuhr meuhn/, n., pl. oystermen. 1. a person who gathers, cultivates, or sells oysters. 2. a boat specially equipped for gathering oysters. Also called oysterer. [1545-55; ...
oystermushroom
oyster mushroom n. Any of several edible mushrooms of the genus Pleurotus, having a soft, flavorful, grayish cap. * * *
oysterplant
oyster plant n. See salsify. * * *
oysters Rockefeller
Cookery. oysters spread with a mixture of spinach, butter, seasonings, and bread crumbs and baked on the half shell. [of unclear orig.; the dish appar. has no direct connection ...
oystershell scale
/oy"steuhr shel'/ a scale insect, Lepidosaphes ulmi, having a scale shaped like the shell of an oyster, which infests various deciduous trees and shrubs. Also called oyster ...
oystersRockefeller
oys·ters Rockefeller (oiʹstərz) pl.n. Oysters cooked with spinach and a seasoned cream sauce.   [Perhaps after Rockefeller, John Davison.] * * *
oysterwhite
oyster white n. A pale yellowish green to light gray. * * *
oysterwoman
/oy"steuhr woom'euhn/, n., pl. oysterwomen. a woman who gathers, cultivates, or sells oysters. [1590-1600; OYSTER + -WOMAN] * * *
Oz
/oz/, n. Australian Slang. Australia. [jocular back formation from AUSSIE (with voiced sibilant)] /oz/, n. See Land of Oz. * * *
Öz Beg
▪ Mongolian leader also spelled  Uzbek,  in full  Ghiyath Al-din Muhammad Öz Beg  flourished 14th century       Mongol leader and khan of the Golden Horde, or ...
Oz, Amos
orig. Amos Klausner born May 4, 1939, Jerusalem, Israel Israeli novelist, short-story writer, and essayist. A second-generation Israeli, Oz lived primarily on a kibbutz from ...
oz.
ounce; ounces. [abbr. of It onza] * * *
oz. av.
ounce avoirdupois. * * *
oz. t.
ounce troy. * * *
oz.ap.
oz. ap. abbr. apothecaries' ounce. * * *
oz.av.
oz. av. abbr. avoirdupois ounce. * * *
oz.t.
oz. t. abbr. troy ounce. * * *
Ozaki Kōyō
▪ Japanese author pseudonym of  Ozaki Tokutarō   born Jan. 28, 1869, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died Oct. 30, 1903, Tokyo  novelist, essayist, and haiku poet, one of the ...
Ozaki Yukio
▪ Japanese politician born Dec. 24, 1858, Kanagawa, Sagami province, Japan died Oct. 6, 1954, Zushi, Kanagawa prefecture  noted democratic politician who was elected to the ...
Özal, Turgut
born Oct. 13, 1927, Malatya, Tur. died April 17, 1993, Ankara Prime minister (1983–89) and president (1989–93) of Turkey. After studying electrical engineering, he oversaw ...
Ozalid
/oz"euh lid/ 1. Trademark. a process for reproducing line drawings, manuscripts, and the like on a sensitized paper developed by ammonia vapor. n. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a ...
Ozamis
▪ Philippines also spelled  Ozamiz,         city, on Zamboanga (Zamboanga Peninsula) peninsula, northwestern Mindanao, Philippines. The city lies on Panguil Bay, an ...
Ozanam, Antoine Frédéric
▪ French lawyer born April 23, 1813, Milan, Kingdom of Italy died Sept. 8, 1853, Marseille, France; beatified Aug. 22, 1997       French historian, lawyer, and scholar ...
Ozark
/oh"zahrk/, n. a town in SE Alabama. 13,188. * * * ▪ Alabama, United States       city, seat (1870) of Dale county, southeastern Alabama, U.S., about 20 miles (30 km) ...
Ozark Mountains
a group of low mountains in S Missouri, N Arkansas, and NE Oklahoma. Also called Ozarks. * * * or Ozark Plateau Heavily forested highlands, south-central U.S. Extending ...
ozarkodiniform
▪ paleontology       conodont, or small fossil that is toothlike in form and structure, that has a prominent, centrally located denticle flanked on either side by ...
OzarkPlateau
O·zark Plateau or O·zark Mountains (ōʹzärk') An upland region of the south-central United States extending from southwest Missouri across northwest Arkansas into eastern ...
Ozarks
Ozarks [ō′zärks] 1. OZARK MOUNTAINS 2. Lake of the artificial lake in central Mo., formed by a dam on the Osage River: 130 mi (209 km) long * * * ➡ Ozark Mountains * * *
Ozarks, Lake of the
Lake, south-central Missouri, U.S. One of the largest man-made lakes in the U.S., it is located in the scenic Ozark Mountains. It is about 125 mi (200 km) long, with an area of ...
Ozarks,Lake of the
O·zarks (ōʹzärks'), Lake of the A lake of central Missouri formed by Bagnell Dam (completed 1931) on the Osage River. * * *
Ozark–Saint Francis National Forest
▪ forest, United States       forest areas mainly in central and northwestern Arkansas, U.S., but also including a segment along the Mississippi River in the eastern ...
Ozawa
/oh zah"weuh/, n. Seiji /say"jee/, born 1935, Japanese conductor in the U.S. * * *
Ozawa, Ichiro
▪ 1995       Ichiro Ozawa, architect of Japan's unfolding political realignment, lost his hold on the levers of government with the formation of the new Socialist-led ...
Ozawa, Seiji
born Sept. 1, 1935, Hoten, Manchukuo Manchurian-born Japanese-U.S. conductor. After initial conducting experience in Japan and study at Tanglewood in the U.S., he went to ...
Ozawa,Seiji
O·za·wa (ō-zäʹwə), Seiji. Born 1935. Japanese-born conductor. He directed the San Francisco Symphony (1970-1976) and was named conductor and director of the Boston ...
Ózd
▪ Hungary       city, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén megye (county), northern Hungary. It is 19 mi (30 km) west-northwest of Miskolc in the hill country to the north of the ...
Ozenfant
/oh zahonn fahonn"/, n. Amédée /ann may day"/, 1886-1966, French painter and writer, in the U.S. after 1938. * * *
Ozenfant, Amédée
▪ French painter born April 15, 1886, Saint-Quentin, France died May 4, 1966, Cannes       French painter and theoretician, who cofounded the 20th-century art movement ...
Ozick, Cynthia
born April 17, 1928, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. novelist and short-story writer. She graduated from New York University and received an M.A. from Ohio State University. She ...
ozier pattern
▪ pottery       in tableware, molded basket-weave pattern produced in Germany in the 1730s on Meissen porcelain tableware. It was probably one of the numerous ...
Ozma, Project
Attempt in 1960 to detect radio signals generated by hypothetical intelligent beings from planets of other stars. Frank D. Drake born 1930 , director of the search, named the ...
ozo-
a combining form meaning "smell," used in the formation of compound words: ozocerite; ozostomia. [ < Gk, comb. form of Gk ózein to smell, have an odor; akin to L odor ODOR] * * *
ozocerite
/oh zoh"keuh ruyt', -seuh ruyt', oh'zoh sear"uyt/, n. a waxlike mineral resin; mineral wax. Also, ozokerite /oh zoh"keuh ruyt', oh'zoh kear"uyt/. [1830-40; < G Ozokerit < Gk ozo- ...
ozokerite
▪ mineral wax also spelled  Ozocerite        (from Greek ozokēros, “odoriferous wax”), naturally occurring, light yellow to dark brown mineral wax composed ...
Ozolua
▪ king of Benin original name  Okpame   died 1504       African king, the greatest warrior-king of Benin (in modern Nigeria). Ozolua was able to extend the ...
ozon-
var. of ozono- before a vowel: ozonide. * * *
ozone
—ozonic /oh zon"ik, oh zoh"nik/, adj. /oh"zohn, oh zohn"/, n. a form of oxygen, O3, with a peculiar odor suggesting that of weak chlorine, produced when an electric spark or ...
ozone hole
any part of the ozone layer that has become depleted by atmospheric pollution, resulting in excess ultraviolet radiation passing through the atmosphere. [1985-90] * * *
ozone layer
Meteorol. the layer of the upper atmosphere where most atmospheric ozone is concentrated, from about 8 to 30 mi. (12 to 48 km) above the earth, with the maximum ozone ...
ozone sickness
Pathol. a condition characterized by chest pain, itchy eyes, and drowsiness, caused by exposure to ozone, as experienced in the atmospheres of smog and high-altitude ...
ozonehole
ozone hole n. An area of the ozone layer, such as the large area over Antarctica or the smaller area over the North Pole, that periodically becomes depleted of ozone. * * *
ozonelayer
ozone layer n. A region of the upper atmosphere, between about 15 and 30 kilometers (10 and 20 miles) in altitude, containing a relatively high concentration of ozone that ...
ozonic
See ozone. * * *
ozonic ether
Chem. a solution of hydrogen peroxide in ethyl ether. [1870-75; OZON- + -IC] * * *
ozonide
/oh"zeuh nuyd', oh"zoh-/, n. Chem. any compound, usually explosive, formed by the addition of ozone to the double or triple bond of an organic compound. [1865-70; OZON- + -IDE] * ...
ozoniferous
/oh'zeuh nif"euhr euhs, oh'zoh-/, adj. containing ozone. [1855-60; OZON- + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
ozonize
—ozonization, n. /oh"zeuh nuyz', oh"zoh-/, v., ozonized, ozonizing. v.t. 1. to impregnate or treat with ozone. 2. to convert (oxygen) into ozone. v.i. 3. (of oxygen) to become ...
ozonizer
/oh"zeuh nuy'zeuhr, oh"zoh-/, n. Chem. an apparatus for converting oxygen into ozone. [1870-75; OZONIZE + -ER1] * * *
ozono-
a combining form representing ozone in compound words: ozonosphere. Also, esp. before a vowel, ozon-. * * *
ozonolysis
/oh'zeuh nol"euh sis, oh'zoh-/, n. Chem. the reaction of ozone with hydrocarbons. [1930-35; OZONO- + -LYSIS] * * *
ozonosphere
ozonosphere [ō zō′nə sfir΄] n. 〚
ozonospheric
See ozonosphere. * * *
ozonospherical
See ozonospheric. * * *
ozonous
/oh"zeuh neuhs, oh"zoh-/, adj. of or containing ozone. [1885-90; OZON- + -OUS] * * *
ozostomia
/oh'zeuh stoh"mee euh/, n. Pathol. bad breath; halitosis. [ < NL < Gk ozóstom(os) having bad breath (ozo- OZO- + -stomos -STOMOUS) + -ia -IA] * * *
ozs.
ounces. * * *
Ozu
Ozu [ō′zo͞o] Yasujiro [yä΄so͞o jē′rō] 1903-63; Jpn. film director * * *
Ozu Yasujirō
born Dec. 15, 1903, Tokyo, Japan died Dec. 12, 1963, Tokyo Japanese film director. He joined the Shochiku movie studio as a cameraman in 1923 and directed his first film three ...
Ozymandias
a well-known poem (1818) by Shelley (II). It describes a broken statue of a legendary king of ancient times, lying forgotten in the desert, with these words carved on its ...
Ozzie
/oz"ee/, n. a male given name, form of Oswald. * * *
Ozzie and Harriet
Ozzie Nelson (1906–75) and his wife Harriet Nelson (1914–94), a popular couple on US radio and television. They used their real names and the names of their sons, Ricky ...
Ozzy Osbourne
➡ Osbourne * * *
O’Connor
I. Flannery O’Connor (1925–64) a US writer of novels and short stories which combine violence and comedy and are set in the South. Her novels were Wise Blood (1952) and The ...
O’Hara
the main female character in the novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. Scarlett is a lively woman who uses her charm to get what she wants. She loves Ashley Wilkes, who ...
O’Hare
(also O’Hare International Airport) the airport for the US city of Chicago. It is the busiest airport in the world, with about 70 million passengers arriving or leaving each ...
O’Keeffe
(1887–1986) a US artist known for her colourful abstract images from nature and her pictures of the south-western US countryside. She was married to the photographer Alfred ...
O’Neill
(1888–1953) a US writer of plays who received the 1936 Nobel Prize for literature. He won Pulitzer Prizes for his best-known play, Long Day’s Journey into Night, and for ...
P
1. Educ. (as a rating of student performance) passing. 2. Chess. pawn. 3. Electronics. plate. 4. poor. 5. Gram. predicate. 6. Protestant. Symbol. 1. the 16th in order or in a ...
p
1. penny; pence. 2. Music. softly. [ < It piano] * * *
P & H
P & H abbrev. postage and handling * * *
P & L
P & L abbrev. profit and loss * * *
P & O
a British shipping company, well known for its large cruise liners (= ships on which people spend their holidays/vacations, sailing from place to place). The company was ...
P D James
➡ James (V) * * *
P Diddy
(also Puff Daddy, Sean ‘Puffy’ Combs) (1969– ) a US music producer who has had a big influence on hip hop music. He started by making his own records, many of which used ...
P G Wodehouse
➡ Wodehouse * * *
P marker.
See phrase marker. Also, P-marker. * * *
P T Barnum
➡ Barnum * * *
P wave
a longitudinal earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the first conspicuous wave to be recorded by a seismograph. Also called primary wave. ...
P&E
Com. plant and equipment. * * *
P&S
purchase and sales (of stocks in a brokerage house). * * *
P'alkwanhoe
▪ Korean festival       (Korean: “Assembly of P'alkwan”), most important of Korea's ancient national festivals, a ritualistic celebration that was essentially ...
P'an Ku
/pahn" kooh"/, Chinese Myth. a being personifying the primeval stuff from which heaven and earth were formed. * * * ▪ Chinese mythology Pinyin  Pan Gu,    central figure ...
p'an-t'ao
▪ Chinese mythology Pinyin  Pantao        (Chinese: “flat peach”), in Chinese Taoist mythology, the peach of immortality that grew in the garden of Hsi wang mu ...
P'anmunjŏm
▪ demilitarized zone, Korean Peninsula       village, central Korea, in the demilitarized zone established after the Korean War, 5 miles (8 km) east of Kaesŏng and 3 ...
p'ansori
(Korean; "story singing") A form of sung folk narrative. The form seems to have originated during the reign of Sukchong (1675–1720). Once a narrative performance that ...
p'Bitek, Okot
▪ Ugandan author born 1931, Gulu, Uganda died July 19, 1982, Kampala       Ugandan poet, novelist, and social anthropologist whose three verse collections—Song of ...
P'eng-hu Islands
▪ archipelago, Taiwan P'eng-hu also spelled  Penghu , Chinese (Wade-Giles)  P'eng-hu Ch'ün-tao , or  P'eng-hu Lieh-tao conventional ...
P'ing-tung
▪ Taiwan also called  (until 1920) Akow,         shih (municipality) and seat of P'ing-tung hsien (county), southwestern Taiwan. It is located 13 miles (21 km) ...
p'iri
▪ musical instrument  Korean double-reed musical instrument, a type of cylindrical oboe. The large mouthpiece and the body are made of bamboo, and there are eight finger ...
P'ohang
▪ South Korea       city, Kyŏngsang-puk do (province), eastern South Korea. A fishing port, it lies on the eastern side of the Yŏngil Gulf, 51 miles (82 km) ...
p's and q's
manners; behavior; conduct (usually prec. by mind or watch): The children were told to mind their p's and q's. [1770-80; perh. from some children's difficulty in distinguishing ...
p'sand q's
p's and q's pl.n. 1. Socially correct behavior; manners. 2. The way one acts; conduct: was told to watch his p's and q's. * * *
p'u
▪ Daoism       (Chinese: “simple,” “in primordial condition”), in Chinese Taoism, metaphorical expression often translated as “uncarved block” and signifying ...
P'u-i
/pooh"ee"/, n. Pu-yi. * * * ▪ emperor of Ch’ing dynasty Pinyin  Puyi,  also called  Henry P'u-i,  reign title (Wade-Giles romanization)  Hsüan-t'ung   born Feb. 7, ...
p'u-t'ung hua
/pooh"tung"hwah"/, n. Putonghua. * * *
p'ungsuchirisol
▪ Korean religion       (Korean: “theory of wind, water, and land”), in Korean religion, geomancy, a belief that the natural environment of a particular location can ...
P'yŏngsŏng
▪ North Korea       city, western North Korea, located about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of P'yŏngyang, the national capital. P'yŏngsŏng is a new city built near the ...
P'yŏngyang
City (pop., 1996 est.: 2,500,000), capital of North Korea, on the Taedong River. Founded in 1122 BC according to legend, it is said to be the oldest city in Korea. In 108 BC the ...
P, p
/pee/, n., pl. P's or Ps, p's or ps. 1. the sixteenth letter of the English alphabet, a consonant. 2. any spoken sound represented by the letter P or p, as in pet, supper, top, ...
P-
Mil. (in designations of fighter aircraft) pursuit: P-38. * * *
p-
Chem. para-1 (def. 2). * * *
P-38
▪ aircraft also called  Lightning   fighter and fighter-bomber employed by the U.S. Army Air Force during World War II. A large and powerful aircraft, it served as a ...
P-47
or Thunderbolt Fighter and fighter-bomber aircraft used by Allied air forces in World War II. A single-seat, single-engine monoplane, it was developed in the U.S. to meet the ...
P-51
or Mustang Fighter aircraft of World War II. A single seat, single-engine monoplane produced for Britain's RAF, it went into service in 1941 and later was adopted by the U.S. ...
P-Celtic
/pee"sel"tik, -kel"-/, n. 1. the subbranch of Celtic in which the Proto-Indo-European kw-sound became a p-sound. Welsh, Breton, Cornish, and Gaulish belong to P-Celtic. adj. 2. ...
P-E ratio
☆ P-E ratio or P/E ratio n. PRICE-EARNINGS RATIO * * *
P-mail
P-mail (pēʹmāl') n. Materials such as letters and packages delivered by a postal system; conventional mail.   [p(hysical) mail.] * * *
p-n junction
Electric contact in transistors and related devices between two different types of material called p-type and n-type semiconductors. These materials are pure semiconductor ...
p-type
p-type [pē′tīp΄] adj. Electronics designating or of positive semiconductor material in which there are more holes than electrons and current is carried through it by the ...
P.
1. pastor. 2. father. [ < L Pater] 3. peseta. 4. peso. 5. post. 6. president. 7. pressure. 8. priest. 9. prince. 10. progressive. * * *
p.
1. page. 2. part. 3. participle. 4. past. 5. father. [ < L pater] 6. Chess. pawn. 7. penny; pence. 8. per. 9. Gram. person. 10. peseta. 11. peso. 12. Music. softly. [ < It ...
p. ae.
(in prescriptions) equal parts. [ < L partes aequales] * * *
P. and L.
profit and loss. Also, P. & L., p. and l. * * *
p.-a.
public-address system. * * *
P.A.
1. Parents' Association. 2. Insurance. particular average. 3. passenger agent. 4. post adjutant. 5. power of attorney. 6. press agent. 7. public-address system. 8. publicity ...
p.a.
1. participial adjective. 2. per annum. 3. press agent. * * *
P.A.C.
political action committee. * * *
P.A.U.
Pan American Union. * * *
P.B.
1. British Pharmacopoeia. [ < L Pharmacopoeia Britannica] 2. Prayer Book. * * *
p.b.
Baseball. passed ball; passed balls. * * *
P.B.A.
Patrolmen's Benevolent Association. * * *
P.C.
1. Past Commander. 2. Brit. Police Constable. 3. See politically correct. 4. Post Commander. 5. Brit. Prince Consort. 6. Brit. Privy Council. 7. See professional corporation. * * ...
p.c.
1. percent. 2. petty cash. 3. postal card. 4. (in prescriptions) after eating; after meals. [ < L post cibos] 5. price current. 6. See printed circuit. * * *
P.D.
1. per diem. 2. Police Department. 3. Insurance. property damage. * * *
p.d.
1. per diem. 2. potential difference. * * *
P.D.Q.
Informal. immediately; at once: You'd better get started P.D.Q. Also, PDQ. [1870-75; p(retty) d(amn) q(uick)] * * *
P.E.
1. Petroleum Engineer. 2. physical education. 3. Presiding Elder. 4. See printer's error. 5. Statistics. probable error. 6. Professional Engineer. 7. Protestant Episcopal. * * *
p.e.
See printer's error. * * *
P.E.Dir.
Director of Physical Education. * * *
P.E.F.
Insurance. personal effects floater. * * *
P.E.I.
Prince Edward Island. * * *
P.E.N.
International Association of Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists. * * *
p.f.
Music. louder. [ < It pìu forte] * * *
P.G.
1. Past Grand. 2. paying guest. 3. Postgraduate. 4. Also, p.g. Informal. pregnant. * * *
P.H.
Public Health. * * *
P.H.E.
Public Health Engineer. * * *
P.I.
1. Philippine Islands. 2. Also, p.i. private investigator. * * *
p.j.'s
/pee"jayz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Informal. pajamas. Also, P.J.'s. [1950-55] * * *
P.L.
Poet Laureate. * * *
P.M.
1. Past Master. 2. Paymaster. 3. See p.m. 4. Police Magistrate. 5. Postmaster. 6. post-mortem. 7. Prime Minister. 8. Provost Marshal. * * *
p.m.
1. after noon. 2. the period between noon and midnight. [ < L post meridiem] Usage. See a.m. * * *


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