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Pa·mir (pə-mîrʹ, pä-) A mountainous region of south-central Asia mostly in Tajikistan with extensions in northern Afghanistan, northern Kashmir, and western China. The ...
/pah mear"uy, -mear"ee/, n., pl. Pamiris, (esp. collectively) Pamiri. a member of a Caucasian people inhabiting the Pamirs. * * *
/pah mearz"/, n. the, a mountainous region in central Asia, largely in Tajikistan, where the Hindu Kush, Tien Shan, and Himalaya mountain ranges converge: highest peaks, ab. ...
▪ people       Algonquian-speaking Indians who lived along the Pamlico River in what is now Beaufort county, N.C., U.S., when first encountered by Europeans. These ...
Pamlico Sound
/pam"li koh'/ a sound between the North Carolina mainland and coastal islands. * * * Shallow body of water, eastern shore of North Carolina, U.S. It is separated from the ...
Pam·li·co Sound (pămʹlĭ-kō') An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean between the eastern coast of North Carolina and a row of low sandy barrier islands. Fish, oysters, and ...
/pam"peuh/, n. a city in N Texas. 21,396. * * * ▪ Indian poet flourished , 940       South Indian poet and literary figure, called ādikavi (“first poet”) in the ...
Pampanga River
▪ river, Philippines Spanish  Río Grande De Pampanga,         river on Luzon Island, Philippines, rising in several headstreams in the Caraballo Mountains and ...
▪ people also called  Kapampangan,         cultural-linguistic group of the Philippines. The Pampangan, numbering about 1,970,000 in the late 20th century, live ...
—pampean /pam pee"euhn, pam"pee euhn/, adj. /pam"peuhz/; attributively /pam"peuhs/; Sp. /pahm"pahs/, n.pl., sing. pampa /-peuh/; Sp. /-pah/. the vast grassy plains of southern ...
pampas cat
▪ mammal       (Felis colocolo), small cat, family Felidae, native to South America. It is about 60 cm (24 inches) long, including the 30-centimetre tail. The coat is ...
pampas grass
a tall, ornamental grass, Cortaderia selloana, native to South America, having large, thick, feathery, silvery-white panicles. [1840-50] * * * ▪ plant  (Cortaderia ...
Pampas, the
Vast, grass-covered plain in South America extending west from the Atlantic coast to the Andean foothills, primarily in Argentina. The Argentine Pampas covers 295,000 sq mi ...
pam·pas grass (pămʹpəs) n. A grass (Cortaderia selloana) of southern South America, having silvery plumes and growing in large clumps more than three meters (ten feet) ...
pampean [pam pē′ən, pam′pēən] adj. of the Pampas or the Indians native to the Pampas n. a pampean Indian * * * pam·pe·an also Pam·pe·an (pămʹpē-ən, ...
Sp. /pahm'pe looh"nah/, n. Pamplona. * * *
—pamperedly, adv. —pamperedness, n. —pamperer, n. /pam"peuhr/, v.t. 1. to treat or gratify with extreme or excessive indulgence, kindness, or care: to pamper a child; to ...
See pamper. * * *
/pahm pair"oh, pam-/; Sp. /pahm pe"rddaw/, n., pl. pamperos /-rohz/; Sp. /-rddaws/. a cold and dry southwesterly wind that sweeps down over the pampas of Argentina from the ...
☆ Pampers [pam′pərz ] trademark for disposable diapers of soft, absorbent paper with an outer covering of thin plastic * * *
pamph abbrev. pamphlet * * *
pamphlet. * * *
—pamphletary, adj. /pam"flit/, n. 1. a complete publication of generally less than 80 pages stitched or stapled together and usually having a paper cover. 2. a short treatise ...
See pamphlet. * * *
/pam'fli tear"/, n. 1. a writer or publisher of pamphlets, esp. on controversial issues. v.i. 2. to write and issue pamphlets. [1690-1700; PAMPHLET + -EER] * * *
/pam"fli tuyz'/, v., pamphletized, pamphletizing. v.i. 1. to write a pamphlet. v.t. 2. to write a pamphlet on (a specific subject). Also, esp. Brit., pamphletise. [1645-55; ...
/pam fil"ee euh/, n. an ancient country in S Asia Minor: later a Roman province. * * * ▪ ancient district, Anatolia       ancient maritime district of southern ...
/pam ploh"neuh/; Sp. /pahm plaw"nah/, n. a city in N Spain. 147,168. Also, Pampeluna. * * * Basque Iruña ancient Pompaelo City (pop., 2001: 183,964), capital of Navarra, ...
—pamprodactylism, n. /pam'proh dak"teuh leuhs/, adj. Ornith. having all four toes directed forward, as in swifts and colies. Also, pamprodactyl. [1895-1900; pam- (var. of PAN-) ...
Pamuk, Orhan
▪ 2006       The best of times, the worst of times—2005 had its ups and downs for Turkey's star novelist Orhan Pamuk. During the year lustre was added to his already ...
/pahm"yaht/, n. an ultraconservative Russian nationalist organization founded in 1980 and noted for disseminating anti-Western and anti-Semitic propaganda. [ < Russ Pámyat' ...
pan1 —panner, n. /pan/, n., v., panned, panning. n. 1. a broad, shallow container of metal, usually having sides flaring outward toward the top, used in various forms for ...
/pan/, n. the ancient Greek god of forests, pastures, flocks, and shepherds, represented with the head, chest, and arms of a man and the legs and sometimes the horns and ears of ...
Pan Am
➡ Pan American World Airways * * *
Pan Am Building
one of the best-known buildings in New York, near Grand Central Station, built by Pan American World Airways and completed in 1963. It has the shape of a plane wing. The building ...
Pan Am flight 103 disaster
▪ terrorist bombing, 1988       terrorist (terrorism) bombing of a passenger airliner operated by Pan American World Airways (Pan American World Airways, Inc.) (Pan Am) ...
Pan American (Sports) Games
Quadrennial sports festival. The games, conceived in 1940 as an event for the nations of the Western Hemisphere, were first held in 1951. Patterned after the Olympic Games and ...
Pan American Games
an amateur athletic competition, patterned after the Olympic Games and held every four years in a different host city, involving all the nations of the Western ...
Pan American Health Organization
▪ international organization formerly  Pan American Sanitary Bureau (PASB)  and  Pan American Sanitary Organization (PASO)        organization founded in December ...
Pan American Sports Games
▪ sports event also called  Pan American Games , Spanish  Juegos Deportivos Panamericanos  or  Juegos Panamericanos         quadrennial sports event for countries ...
Pan American Union
a former organization of American republics dedicated to furthering understanding and peace: replaced in 1970 by the secretariat of the Organization of American States. * * *
Pan American World Airways
(also Pan Am) a large US company, established in 1927. It was one of the first to use jet passenger planes (in 1958) and the first to use Boeing 747 ‘jumbo jets’ regularly. ...
Pan American World Airways, Inc.
known as Pan Am Former U.S. airline. It was founded in 1927 by former World War I pilot Juan Trippe, who secured a contract to fly mail between Key West, Fla., and Havana. In ...
pan gravy
meat juices, as from a roast, seasoned but not thickened. Cf. dish gravy. * * *
Pan Gu
/pun" gooh"/, Pinyin. See P'an Ku. * * * or P'an Ku In Chinese Daoist legend, the first man. He came forth from Chaos (an egg) with two horns, two tusks, and a hairy body. He ...
pan head
Photog. a tripod head permitting vertical or horizontal rotation of a camera to any position. * * *
pan juice
Often, pan juices. the natural juices exuded by meat, poultry, etc., while baking or roasting: used esp. in basting. * * *
Pan Tianshou
▪ Chinese artist Wade-Giles romanization  P'an T'ien-shou  born March 14, 1897, Ninghai, Zhejiang province, China died September 5, 1971, Hangzhou       Chinese ...
Pan, Hermes
▪ American choreographer original name  Hermes Panagiotopolous   born 1910?, Memphis, Tenn., U.S. died Sept. 19, 1990, Beverly Hills, Calif.       U.S. choreographer ...
a combining form meaning "all," occurring originally in loanwords from Greek (panacea; panoply), but now used freely as a general formative (panleukopenia; panorama; ...
/pan"af"ri keuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to all African nations or peoples. 2. of or pertaining to Pan-Africanism. * * *
Pan-African movement
Movement dedicated to establishing independence for African nations and cultivating unity among black people throughout the world. It originated in conferences held in London ...
—Pan-Africanist, n. /pan"af"ri keuh niz'euhm/, n. the idea or advocacy of a political alliance or union of all the African nations. * * *
Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania
▪ South African organization also called (1959–64)  Pan-Africanist Congress        political organization of South African blacks who joined together to work for ...
/pan'euh mer"i keuhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or representing all the countries or people of North, Central, and South America. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
Pan-American conferences
▪ 1826-1948       various meetings between representatives of some or all of the independent states of the Western Hemisphere (Canada usually excluded). Between 1826 and ...
Pan-American Highway
International highway system connecting North and South America. Conceived in 1923 as a single route, the road grew to include a number of designated highways in participating ...
Pan-American Union
Organization formed in 1890 to promote cooperation among the countries of Latin America and the U.S. It was established (as the International Union of American Republics) at the ...
Pan-American Highway A system of roadways, about 25,744 km (16,000 mi) long, extending from Alaska to Chile and linking the nations of the Western Hemisphere. * * *
/pan'euh mer"i keuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. the idea or advocacy of a political alliance or union of all the countries of North, Central, and South America. 2. a movement for or the ...
See pan and scan. * * *
Pan-Arabic [spelling only] * * *
—Pan-Arab, Pan-Arabic, adj., n. /pan"ar"euh biz'euhm/, n. the idea or advocacy of a political alliance or union of all the Arab nations. [PAN + ARAB + -ISM] * * * Nationalist ...
/pan'ay"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to all Asian peoples. 2. of or pertaining to Pan-Asianism. [1965-70] * * *
—Pan-Asianist, n. /pan'ay"zheuh niz'euhm, -sheuh-/, n. the idea or advocacy of a political alliance of all the Asian nations. [PAN-ASIAN + -ISM] * * *
Pan-Asiatic [spelling only] * * *
/pan"broyl'/, v.t., v.i. to cook in an uncovered frying pan over direct heat using little or no fat. Also, panbroil. [1945-50] * * *
/pan"kayk'/, Trademark. a brand of cosmetic in a semimoist cake of compressed powder, usually applied with a moist sponge. * * *
▪ Taiwan also spelled  Pan Kiao        shih (municipality) and seat of T'ai-pei hsien (county), northern Taiwan, 4 mi (7 km) southwest of Taipei city, in the northern ...
/pan"yoor euh pee"euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to all or most of the countries of Europe. [1900-05] * * *
pan-fried potatoes
/pan"fruyd', -fruyd"/ Chiefly Northeastern U.S. See home fries. Also called pan fries. * * *
/pan"fruy", -fruy'/, v.t., pan-fried, pan-frying. to fry in a small amount of fat, as in a skillet or shallow pan; sauté. [1940-45; PAN1 + FRY1] * * *
—Pan-German, adj., n. —Pan-Germanic /pan'jeuhr man"ik/, adj. /pan'jerr"meuh niz'euhm/, n. the idea or advocacy of a union of all the German peoples in a single political ...
Pan-Hel·len·ic also Pan·hel·len·ic (păn'hə-lĕnʹĭk) adj. 1. Of or relating to all Greek peoples or a movement to unify them. 2. Of or relating to all Greek-letter ...
Pan-Islamic [spelling only] * * *
—Pan-Islamic /pan'is lam"ik, -lah"mik, -iz-/, adj. /pan'is lah"miz euhm, -iz-, -is"leuh miz'-, -iz"-/, n. the idea or advocacy of a political union of all Muslim ...
also called  Scandinavianism , or  Scandinavism        an unsuccessful 19th-century movement for Scandinavian unity that enflamed passions during the ...
Pan-Slavic [spelling only] * * * See Pan-Slavism. * * *
—Pan-Slav, Pan-Slavic, adj. /pan'slah"viz euhm, -slav"iz-/, n. the idea or advocacy of a political union of all the Slavic peoples. [1840-50; PAN- + SLAVISM] * * * Movement to ...
See Pan-Slavic. * * *
/pan'tooht"n iz'euhm, -tyooht"-/, n. Pan-Germanism. [1890-95] * * *
▪ political movement, Turkey also called  Pan-turanism,         late 19th- and early 20th-century movement to unite politically and culturally all the Turkic, Tatar, ...
Political movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which had as its goal the political union of all Turkic-speaking peoples in the Ottoman Empire, Russia, China, Iran, ...
Panama. * * *
—panacean, adj. /pan'euh see"euh/, n. 1. a remedy for all disease or ills; cure-all. 2. an answer or solution for all problems or difficulties: His economic philosophy is a ...
/pan'euh see"euh/, n. an ancient Greek goddess of healing. * * *
See panacea. * * *
/peuh nash", -nahsh"/, n. 1. a grand or flamboyant manner; verve; style; flair: The actor who would play Cyrano must have panache. 2. an ornamental plume of feathers, tassels, or ...
/peuh nah"deuh, -nay"-/, n. a thick sauce or paste made with bread crumbs, milk, and seasonings, often served with roast wild fowl or meat. [1590-1600; < Sp, equiv. to pan- bread ...
▪ Roman philosopher born c. 180, –109 BC       the founder of Roman Stoic philosophy, and a friend of Scipio Aemilianus and of Polybius.       A pupil in ...
/pah'nah yee"ah/, n., pl. Panagias for 1. Eastern Ch. 1. a ceremony in a monastery, commemorating the assumption of the Virgin Mary, in which a loaf of bread on a plate is ...
Panaji [pə nä′jē] city in SW India: capital of Goa state: pop. 86,000 * * * or New Goa Town (pop., 2001 prelim.: 58,785), seaport, and capital of Goa, western India. It ...
—Panamanian /pan'euh may"nee euhn, -mah"-/, adj., n. —Panamic /pa nam"ik/, adj. /pan"euh mah', -maw'/, n. 1. a republic in S Central America. 2,693,417; 28,575 sq. mi. ...
Panama Canal
a canal extending SE from the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama. 40 mi. (64 km) long. * * * Canal of the lake-and-lock type, Panama. Extending across the ...
Panama Canal Zone
Panama Canal Zone CANAL ZONE * * * ➡ Panama Canal * * *
Panama Canal Zone.
See Canal Zone. * * *
Panama City
1. Panama (def. 2). 2. a city in NW Florida. 33,346. * * * City (pop., 2000: 415,964), capital of Panama. Near the Pacific Ocean entrance of the Panama Canal, on the Bay of ...
Panama disease
▪ plant disease also called  Banana Wilt,         a devastating disease caused by the soil-inhabiting fungus species Fusarium oxysporum variety cubense, which is ...
Panama hat
a hat made of finely plaited young leaves of the jipijapa, a palmlike plant of Central and South America. Also called Panama. [1825-35] * * *
Panama hat plant
Panama hat plant n. JIPIJAPA (sense 1) * * *
Panama, flag of
▪ Flag History       quartered white-red-blue-white national flag with two five-pointed stars, one blue and one red. The flag's width-to-length ratio is approximately ...
Panama, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Panama Spanish  Golfo De Panamá,    inlet of the Pacific Ocean, bordering the southern side of the Isthmus of Panama. It is 115 miles (185 km) across at its widest ...
Panama, Isthmus of
▪ isthmus, Central America Spanish  Istmo de Panamá        land link extending east-west about 400 miles (640 km) from the border of Costa Rica to the border of ...
Panama,Gulf of
Panama, Gulf of A wide inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the southern coast of Panama. * * *
Panama,Isthmus of
Panama, Isthmus of Formerly Isthmus of Da·ri·én (dâr'ē-ĕnʹ, där-yĕnʹ). An isthmus of Central America connecting North and South America and separating the Pacific ...
Panama-hat plant
/pan"euh mah'hat", -maw'/ jipijapa (def. 1). Also called Panama-hat palm. [1970-75; so called because the young leaves are used to make Panama hats] * * *
Panama Canal A ship canal, about 82 km (51 mi) long, crossing the Isthmus of Panama in the Canal Zone and connecting the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean. It was begun by ...
PanamaCanal Zone
Panama Canal Zone See Canal Zone. * * *
Panama City 1. A city of northwest Florida on the Gulf of Mexico east-southeast of Pensacola. It is a resort and fishing center and a port of entry. Population: 34,378. 2. See ...
Panama hat n. A natural-colored, hand-plaited hat made from leaves of the jipijapa plant of South and Central America. * * *
See Panama. * * *
Panamanian golden toad
▪ toad also called  Panamanian golden frog   small, bright yellow toad, often with a few black spots or blotches, that is found at moderate elevations in the central part ...
/pan'euh mee"geuh/, n. a low South American foliage plant, Pilea involucrata, of the nettle family, having toothed, velvety, brownish-green leaves and small, green flowers in ...
Panamint Mountains
/pan"euh mint/ a mountain range in E California. Highest peak, Telescope Peak, 11,045 ft. (3365 m). * * *
Panamint Range
Panamint Range [pan′ə mint] 〚< name of a division of the Shoshonean Indians〛 mountain range in SE Calif., forming the W rim of Death Valley: highest peak, 11,045 ft (3,367 ...
Pan·a·mint Range (pănʹə-mĭnt') A rugged range of mountains in eastern California between Death Valley and the Panamint Valley. Telescope Peak, 3,370 m (11,049 ft), is the ...
panand scan
pan and scan n. A method of printing movies for presentation on television that modifies the rectangular theater image by trimming the sides and focusing on significant action ...
▪ mine, Portugal       tungsten mine, central Portugal. Located in the Estrela Mountains (Serra da Estrela), it is about 5 miles (8 km) northwest of the village of ...
☆ panatela or panatella [pan΄ə tel′ə ] n. 〚AmSp panatela, orig., a long, narrow biscuit < It, dim. of pane, bread: see PANETTONE〛 a cigar having a long, slender shape, ...
/pan'euh tel"euh/, n. panetella. Also, panatela. * * *
/pan ay"thee iz'euhm/, n. the belief that because there is no God, nothing can properly be termed sacred or holy. [PAN- + ATHEISM] * * *
/pan'ath euh nee"euh/, n. a festival in honor of the goddess Athena, celebrated yearly in ancient Athens, with each fourth year reserved for greater pomp, marked by contests, as ...
/pan'ath euh nay"ik/, adj. (sometimes l.c.) of or pertaining to a Panathenaea. Also, Panathenaean /pan'ath euh nee"euhn/. [1595-1605; PANATHENA(EA) + -IC] * * *
/pah nuy"/, n. an island in the central Philippines. 2,595,314; 4446 sq. mi. (11,515 sq. km). Cap.: Iloilo. * * * Island (pop., 2000: 3,643,016), westernmost of the Visayan ...
panbroil [pan′broil΄] vt. to fry in a pan with little or no fat * * *
or Panchatantra (Sanskrit; "Five Chapters") Collection of Indian beast fables written in Sanskrit that has had extensive circulation throughout the world. The original work, ...
/pan"kayk'/, n., v., pancaked, pancaking. n. 1. a thin, flat cake of batter fried on both sides on a griddle or in a frying pan; griddlecake or flapjack. 2. Also called pancake ...
Pancake Day
(also Pancake Tuesday) (BrE) another name for Shrove Tuesday, when many people eat pancakes in Britain. Traditionally, this was the last day when people could enjoy rich food ...
pancake ice
newly formed ice in flat pieces too small and thin to obstruct navigation. [1810-20] * * *
pancake makeup
☆ pancake makeup n. 〚after Pan-Cake Make-Up, a trademark〛 a cosmetic or theatrical makeup made of a soluble, matte powder compressed into a thin cake and typically applied ...
pancake race
n (in Britain) a race in which people carry pancakes in frying pans and repeatedly toss them (= throw them into the air so that they land the other way up in the pan) as they ...
Pancake Tuesday
➡ Pancake Day * * *
pancake landing n. An irregular or emergency landing in which an aircraft drops flat to the ground from a low altitude. * * *
▪ religious movement       early Hindu religious movement whose members worshiped the deified sage Nārāyaṇa (who came to be identified with Lord Vishnu) and, in ...
/pan'kahr duy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the entire heart: the pericardium, myocardium, and endocardium. [PAN- + CARDITIS] * * *
▪ Indonesian political philosophy also spelled  Pantjasila , English  Five Principles        the Indonesian (Indonesia) state philosophy, formulated by the ...
pancetta [pän chet′ə] n. 〚It〛 Italian bacon that usually has been cured with salt and spices rather than by smoking * * * pan·cet·ta (păn-chĕtʹə) n. Italian bacon ...
Pancha Sila
/pun"cheuh see"leuh/, Buddhism. a standard recitation of Hinayanists, including repetitions of formulas and of vows to abstain from anger, lust, cowardice, malevolence, and to ...
/pahn chee"euh/, n. an area in the northern hemisphere of Mars, appearing as a dark region when viewed telescopically from the earth. * * *
▪ Indian literature Sanskrit“Five Treatises” or “Five Chapters” also spelled  Pancatantra         collection of Indian animal fables, which has had extensive ...
/pan"chaks/, n. any of a variety of colorful tropical Old World fishes of the genus Aplocheilus and related genera: popular in home aquariums. [1960-65; < NL (formerly a genus ...
/peuhn chah"yeuht/, n. an elective village council in India. [1880-85; < Hindi pañcayat] * * * ▪ Indian caste government also spelled  Panchayet , or  Punchayet , Hindi ...
panchayat raj
In India, government by the village council, or panchayat. When India gained its independence, it was stated that the government "should take steps to organize village ...
Panchen Lama
/pahn"chen/. See Tashi Lama. Also called Panchen Rimpoche /rim poh"chay/. [1785-95; panchen < Chin banchán, transliteration of Skt pandita; see PUNDIT] * * * Any of the line of ...
Pan·chen La·ma (pänʹchən läʹmə) n. One of Tibet's two grand lamas, the other being the Dalai Lama.   [Tibetan : paṇchen, great scholar (Sanskrit paṇḍitaḥ, ...
/pan chet"oh/; It. /pahn ket"taw/, n., pl. panchettos, It. panchetti /-tee/. Ital. Furniture. a Renaissance chair having three splayed legs and a shaped back joined into a solid ...
▪ El Salvador       town, southern El Salvador. It lies in the Pacific coastal range just south of San Salvador. The population is made up primarily of descendants of ...
Pancho Villa
➡ Villa * * *
/pan kres"teuhn/, n. a proposed explanation intended to address a complex problem by trying to account for all possible contingencies but typically proving to be too broadly ...
—panchromatism /pan kroh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. /pan'kroh mat"ik, -kreuh-/, adj. sensitive to all visible colors, as a photographic film. [1900-05; PAN- + CHROMATIC] * * *
See panchromatic. * * *
—pancratic /pan krat"ik/, adj. /pan kray"shee euhm/, n., pl. pancratia /-shee euh/. (in ancient Greece) an athletic contest combining wrestling and boxing. [1595-1605; < L < Gk ...
—pancreatic /pan'kree at"ik, pang'-/, adj. /pan"kree euhs, pang"-/, n. Anat., Zool. a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine ...
var. of pancreato- before a vowel: pancreatin. * * *
/pan'kree euh tek"teuh mee, pang'-/, n., pl. pancreatectomies. Surg. excision of part or all of the pancreas. [1895-1900; PANCREAT- + -ECTOMY] * * *
See pancreas. * * *
pancreatic cancer
Malignant tumour of the pancreas. Risk factors include smoking, a diet high in fat, exposure to certain industrial products, and diseases such as diabetes and chronic ...
pancreatic fibrosis
Pathol. See cystic fibrosis. * * *
pancreatic juice
Biochem. a thick, colorless, very alkaline fluid secreted by the pancreas, containing enzymes that break down protein, fat, and starch. [1655-65] * * *
pancreatic duct n. The excretory duct of the pancreas, by which pancreatic juice is secreted into the duodenum. * * *
pancreatic juice n. A clear alkaline secretion of the pancreas containing enzymes that aid in the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. * * *
/pan"kree euh tin, pang"-/, n. 1. Biochem. a substance containing the pancreatic enzymes, trypsin, amylase, and lipase. 2. a commercial preparation of this substance, obtained ...
/pan'kree euh tuy"tis, pang'-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the pancreas. [1835-45; < NL; see PANCREAT-, -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the pancreas, associated with alcohol, ...
a combining form representing pancreas in compound words: pancreatotomy. Also, esp. before a vowel, pancreat-. [ < NL < Gk pankreat- (s. of pánkreas); see -o-] * * *
/pan'kree euh tot"euh mee, pang'-/, n., pl. pancreatotomies. Surg. incision of the pancreas. [1885-90; PANCREATO- + -TOMY] * * *
pan·cre·o·zy·min (păng'krē-ō-zīʹmĭn, păn'-) n. See cholecystokinin.   [pancreas + zymo- + -in.] * * *
pan·cy·to·pe·ni·a (păn'sī-tə-pēʹnē-ə) n. See aplastic anemia. * * *
Pand H
P and H abbr. postage and handling. * * *
Pand L
P and L abbr. profit and loss. * * *
/pan"deuh/, n. 1. Also called giant panda. a white-and-black, bearlike mammal, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, now rare and restricted to forest areas of central China containing stands ...
panda car
Brit. a small patrol car used by the police. [1965-70; from its panda-like coloration] * * *
panda, giant
▪ mammal Introduction also called  panda bear   bearlike mammal inhabiting bamboo forests in the mountains of central China. Its striking coat of black and white, combined ...
panda, lesser
or cat bear or bear cat Long-tailed nocturnal raccoonlike carnivore (Ailurus fulgens, family Procyonidae) that inhabits high mountain forests in the Himalayas and adjacent ...
panda car n. Chiefly British A police cruiser.   [From a similarity of color tone distribution.] * * *
/pan"dl/, n. (in India) a temporary shed, esp. one used for public meetings. [1710-20; < Tamil pantal] * * *
See pandanus. * * *
▪ plant order Introduction       diverse order of the monocotyledon (monocot) group, whose 1,345 species range from large arborescent plants of rainforests and coastal ...
/pan day"neuhs, -dan"euhs/, n., pl. pandanuses. any plant of the genus Pandanus, having sword-shaped leaves arranged in a spiral, comprising the screw pines. [1770-80; < NL, ...
panda plant n. A succulent perennial herb (Kalanchoe tomentosa) native to Madagascar, having usually oblong obovate leaves covered with a dense silvery felt and surrounded by a ...
/pan"deuhr euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a Trojan who attempted to assassinate Menelaus, thereby violating a truce between the Greeks and the Trojans and prolonging the Trojan War: in ...
/pun"deuh veuhz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) (in the Mahabharata) the family of Arjuna, at war with their cousins, the Kauravas. * * *       in Hindu legend, the five sons ...
/pan dee"euhn, pan"dee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to the god Pan. [1800-10; PAN + -d- ( < ?) + -e- ( < L -ae(us)) + -AN] * * *
Pandean pipes
panpipe. [1810-20] * * *
Pan·de·an pipe (păn-dēʹən) n. See panpipe.   [From Pan.] * * *
/pan"dekt/, n. 1. pandects, a complete body or code of laws. 2. a complete and comprehensive digest. 3. Pandects, Roman Law. digest (def. 12b). [1525-35; < LL Pandectes < Gk ...
▪ Roman law digest Greek“All-Encompassing”Latin  Pandectae,  also called  Digest        collection of passages from the writings of Roman jurists, arranged in ...
—pandemia /pan dee"mee euh/, n. —pandemicity /pan'deuh mis"i tee/, n. /pan dem"ik/, adj. 1. (of a disease) prevalent throughout an entire country, continent, or the whole ...
See pandemonium. * * *
—pandemoniac, pandemoniacal /pan'deuh meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, pandemonic /pan'deuh mon"ik/, adj. —pandemonian, adj., n. /pan'deuh moh"nee euhm/, n. 1. wild uproar or ...
—panderage, n. —panderingly, adv. —panderism, n. —panderly, adj. /pan"deuhr/, n. Also, panderer. 1. a person who furnishes clients for a prostitute or supplies persons ...
pan·der·er (pănʹdər-ər) n. 1. A sexual procurer. 2. One who caters to or exploits the lower tastes and desires of others. * * *
Panderma rug
      any of several types of floor coverings handwoven at Panderma (now Bandırma), a town in Turkey on the southern shore of the Sea of Marmora, usually as imitations of ...
▪ India       town, southern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. It lies along the Bhima River, west of Solapur city. Easily reached by road and rail, ...
/pan dik'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. the act of stretching oneself. [1640-50; < L pandiculat(us) ptp. of pandiculari to stretch oneself, deriv. of pandere to stretch (see -ATE1) + ...
/pun"dit/; spelling pron. /pan"dit/, n. a man in India esteemed for his wisdom or learning: often used as a title of respect. Also, pundit. [1820-30; < Hindi < Skt pandita] * * *
/pun"dit/, n. Vijaya Lakshmi /vi juy"euh lahk"shmee/, 1900-90, Indian stateswoman (sister of Jawaharlal Nehru). * * *
Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi
▪ Indian politician and diplomat née  Swarup Kumari Nehru   born Aug. 18, 1900, Allahābād, India died Dec. 1, 1990, Dehra Dun  Indian political leader and diplomat, one ...
Pandolfi, Vito
▪ Italian critic, theatrical scholar, and director born Dec. 24, 1917, Forte dei Marmi, Lucca, Italy died March 19, 1974, Rome       Italian critic, theatrical scholar, ...
/pan dawr"euh, -dohr"euh/, n. bandore. Also, pandore /pan dawr", -dohr", pan"dawr, -dohr/, pandoura /pan door"euh/, pandure. * * * In Greek mythology, the first woman. After ...
/pan dawr"euh, -dohr"euh/, n. Class. Myth. the first woman, created by Hephaestus, endowed by the gods with all the graces and treacherously presented to Epimetheus along with a ...
pandora shell
1. any marine bivalve of the genus Pandora, having a scimitar-shaped shell with a pronounced ridge along the hinge. 2. the shell itself. * * *
Pandora's box
a source of extensive but unforeseen troubles or problems: The senate investigation turned out to be a Pandora's box for the administration. [1570-80] * * *
Pan·do·ra's box (păn-dôrʹəz, -dōrʹ-) n. A source of many unforeseen troubles: “Reform is a Pandora's box; opening up the system can lead to a loss of economic and ...
Pandorae Fretum
/pan dawr"ee free"teuhm, -dohr"ee/ an area in the southern hemisphere of Mars. * * *
pan·dore (pănʹdôr', -dōr') n. See bandore.   [Ultimately from Greek pandoura.] * * *
/pan"door/, n. 1. Hist. a member of a local militia in Croatia, formed as a regiment in the Austrian army in the 18th century and noted for its ruthlessness and cruelty. 2. a ...
/pan dow"dee/, n., pl. pandowdies. Chiefly New Eng. See apple pandowdy. [1795-1805, Amer.; perh. var. of obs. dial. (Somerset) pandoulde custard; see PAN1] * * *
▪ Italian-English churchman also spelled  Pandulf,  Italian  Pandolpho  born , Rome [Italy] died Sept. 16, 1226, Rome       papal legate to England and bishop of ...
/pan"deuh rayt', -deuhr it, -dyeuh rayt', -dyeuhr it/, adj. shaped like a fiddle, as a leaf. Also, panduriform /pan door"euh fawrm', -dyoor"-/. [1765-75; < L pandur(a) musical ...
/pan"jeuhr, pan door", -dyoor"/, n. bandore. * * *
Panduro, Leif
▪ Danish writer born April 18, 1923, Frederiksberg, Den. died Jan. 16, l977, Asserbo       Danish novelist and dramatist, a social critic who wrote in a satirical, ...
/pan"dee/, n., pl. pandies, v., pandied, pandying. Chiefly Scot. n. 1. a stroke on the palm of the hand with a cane or strap given as a punishment in school. v.t. 2. to hit on ...
Pāṇḍya Dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty       Tamil rulers in the extreme south of India of unknown antiquity (they are mentioned by Greek authors in the 4th century BC). The Roman emperor ...
—paneless, adj. /payn/, n. 1. one of the divisions of a window or the like, consisting of a single plate of glass in a frame. 2. a plate of glass for such a division. 3. a ...
/pa nay"/; Fr. /pann nay"/, adj. (of food) prepared with bread crumbs; breaded. [ < F] * * *
/paynd/, adj. having panes (usually used in combination): a diamond-paned window. [1545-55; PANE + -ED3] * * *
—panegyrical, adj. —panegyrically, adv. /pan'i jir"ik, -juy"rik/, n. 1. a lofty oration or writing in praise of a person or thing; eulogy. 2. formal or elaborate ...
See panegyric. * * *
See panegyrical. * * *
▪ Greek religion also spelled  Panegyry,  Greek  Panēgyris (“gathering”),  plural  Panēgyreis,        in Greek religion, an ancient assembly that met on ...
/pan'i jir"ist, -juy"rist, pan"i jir'ist, -juy'rist/, n. a person who panegyrizes; eulogist. [1595-1605; < LL panegyrista < Gk panegyristés one who takes part in a public ...
/pan"i jeuh ruyz'/, v., panegyrized, panegyrizing. v.t. 1. to deliver or write a panegyric about; eulogize. v.i. 2. to indulge in panegyric; bestow praises. Also, esp. Brit., ...
/pan"l/, n., v., paneled, paneling or (esp. Brit.) panelled, panelling. n. 1. a distinct portion, section, or division of a wall, wainscot, ceiling, door, shutter, fence, etc., ...
panel discussion
a formal discussion before an audience for which the topic, speakers, etc., have been selected in advance. [1935-40] * * *
panel heating
heating of a room or building by means of wall, ceiling, floor, or baseboard panels containing heating pipes or electrical conductors. [1925-30] * * *
panel house
a brothel having rooms with secret entrances, as sliding panels, for admitting panel thieves. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
panel lighting
lighting of a room or building by means of flat sheets of material that glow brightly when a coating of a phosphor is excited by an electrical charge. * * *
panel painting
▪ art  painting executed on a rigid support—ordinarily wood or metal—as distinct from painting done on canvas. Before canvas came into general use at the end of the ...
panel patch
a patch made to one of the outer veneers of a sheet of plywood after manufacture. * * *
panel point
Engin. a joint between two or more members of a truss. Also called node. * * *
panel saw
a small ripsaw or crosscut saw. [1805-15] * * *
panel strip
one of a number of strips of wood or metal laid upon the surface of a wall, ceiling, etc., so as to divide it into a number of broad areas, usually in order to conceal joints ...
panel thief
a thief who secretly robs the customers in a panel house. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
panel truck
a small truck having a fully enclosed body, used mainly to deliver light or small objects. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
/pan"l bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a compact pressboard for use in constructing sides of cabinets, paneling for walls, and in other nonstructural applications. [1930-35; PANEL + ...
panel discussion n. A discussion of a subject of public interest by a group of persons forming a panel, often before an audience. * * *
/pan"l ing/, n. 1. wood or other material made into panels. 2. a surface of panels, esp. of decorative wood or woodlike panels. 3. panels collectively. Also, esp. Brit., ...
/pan"l ist/, n. a member of a small group of persons gathered for formal public discussion, judging, playing a radio or television game, etc. [1950-55; PANEL + -IST] * * *
See panelized. * * *
/pan"l uyzd'/, adj. composed of prefabricated sections of walls, floors, or roofs that can be assembled at the building site: a panelized house. [PANEL + -IZE + -ED2] * * *
panel truck n. A small delivery truck with a fully enclosed body. * * *
pan·en·ceph·a·li·tis (păn'ĕn-sĕf'ə-līʹtĭs) n. 1. Encephalitis that affects both gray and white matter of the brain, resulting in progressive loss of mental and motor ...
☆ panetela or panetella [pan΄ə tel′ə ] n. alt. sp. of PANATELA * * * pan·e·tel·a or pan·e·tel·la (păn'ĭ-tĕlʹə) n. Variants of panatela. * * *
/pan'i tel"euh/, n. a long, slender cigar, usually with straight sides and tapering to a point at the closed end. Also, panetela, panatella, panatela. [1900-05; < AmerSp ...
Paneth's cell
▪ anatomy also called  Davidoff's Cell,        specialized type of epithelial cell found in the mucous-membrane lining of the small intestine and of the appendix, at ...
Paneth, Friedrich Adolf
▪ Austrian chemist born Aug. 31, 1887, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 17, 1958, Vienna       Austrian chemist who with George Charles de Hevesy introduced radioactive ...
/pan'i tyair"/; Fr. /pannneu tyerdd"/, n., pl. panetières /-tyairz"/; Fr. /-tyerdd"/. Fr. Furniture. a small, decorative livery cupboard, made esp. in Provence in the 18th ...
/pan'i toh"nee/; It. /pah'net taw"ne/, n., pl. panettones /-neez/, It. panettoni /-nee/. an Italian yeast-leavened bread, traditionally eaten on holidays, usually made with ...
▪ Lithuania       city, north-central Lithuania, on the Nevėžis River. First mentioned in 1503, it was chartered as a district town in 1842 and became a regional ...
/pan"fish'/, n., pl. panfishes, (esp. collectively) panfish. any small, freshwater nongame food fish, as a perch or sunfish, usually eaten pan-fried. [1795-1805, Amer.; PAN1 + ...
/pan"fool/, n., pl. panfuls. the amount a pan can hold. [1870-75; PAN1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
/pang/, n. 1. a sudden feeling of mental or emotional distress or longing: a pang of remorse; a pang of desire. 2. a sudden, brief, sharp pain or physical sensation; spasm: ...
/pahng"geuh/, n. a large, broad-bladed African knife used as a weapon or as an implement for cutting heavy jungle growth, sugar cane, etc.; machete. [1930-35; < Swahili] * * *
/pan jee"euh/, n. Geol. the hypothetical landmass that existed when all continents were joined, from about 300 to 200 million years ago. Also, Pangea. Cf. ...
Pangaion, Mount
▪ mountain, Greece also spelled  Pangeon, Pangaeum, Pangaeos, or Pangaios,  Modern Greek  Pangaíon Óros,         mountain, at the mouth of the Struma River, ...
Pangalos, Theodoros
▪ Greek statesman born Jan. 11, 1878, Salamís, Greece died Feb. 26, 1952, Athens       soldier and statesman who for eight months in 1926 was dictator of ...
▪ Tanzania       historic town, northeastern Tanzania. It lies at the mouth of the Pangani River, on the Pemba Channel of the Indian Ocean. The town was formerly a ...
Pangani River
▪ river, Tanzania also called  Ruvu River        river in northeastern Tanzania. The Pangani rises on Kilimanjaro and flows southeast for some 250 miles (400 km) to ...
▪ people       eighth largest cultural-linguistic group of the Philippines. Numbering about 1,540,000 in the late 20th century, the Pangasinan occupy the west-central ...
Pangea [pan jē′ə] 〚coined (1912) by A. L. Wegener (1880-1930), Ger geologist: < Gr pan, all + gē, the earth〛 the large landmass that nearly extended from pole to pole on ...
—pangenetic /pan'jeuh net"ik/, adj. —pangenetically, adv. /pan jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. the theory that a reproductive cell contains gemmules or invisible germs that were ...
See pangenesis. * * *
See pangenetic. * * *
/pahng"foh"/, n. Older Spelling. Bengbu. * * *
▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality) and chief settlement of Bangka island and capital of Bangka-Belitung propinsi (province), Indonesia, located in the ...

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