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Pangkor Engagement
(1874) Treaty between the British government and Malay chiefs, named for the island where it was signed. In return for British backing in a complicated Perak succession dispute, ...
Panglossian
/pan glos"ee euhn, -glaw"see-, pang-/, adj. characterized by or given to extreme optimism, esp. in the face of unrelieved hardship or adversity. [1825-35; after Pangloss, an ...
Pango Pango
/pahng"oh pahng"oh, pahng"goh pahng"goh/. See Pago Pago. * * *
pangola grass
/pang goh"leuh, pan-/ a grass, Digitaria decumbens, native to southern Africa, cultivated for hay and forage in the southeastern U.S. [1945-50; var. of pongola, after the Pongola ...
pangolin
/pang"geuh lin, pang goh"-/, n. any mammal of the order Pholidota, of Africa and tropical Asia, having a covering of broad, overlapping, horny scales and feeding on ants and ...
PangoPango
Pan·go Pan·go (pängʹō pängʹō, păngʹgō păngʹgō, pängʹgō pängʹgō) See Pago Pago. * * *
pangram
—pangrammatic /pan'greuh mat"ik, pang'-/, adj. /pan"greuhm, -gram, pang"-/, n. a sentence, verse, etc., that includes all the letters of the alphabet. [1930-35; PAN- + ...
pangrammatic
See pangram. * * *
panguingue
/pahng geeng"gee/, n. a card game of the rummy family that is played with from five to eight regular 52-card packs from which the eights, nines, and tens have been removed, the ...
Panguitch
▪ Utah, United States       city, seat (1882) of Garfield county, south-central Utah, U.S. Located at an altitude of 6,666 feet (2,032 metres) in the fertile Panguitch ...
Panguna
▪ Papua New Guinea       mining town and site of a large open-pit copper mine in the south-central interior of Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea. An Australian ...
Pangwe
/pahng"way/, n., pl. Pangwes, (esp. collectively) Pangwe. Fang (def. 1). * * *
panhandle
panhandle1 /pan"han'dl/, n. 1. the handle of a pan. 2. (sometimes cap.) a long, narrow, projecting strip of territory that is not a peninsula, esp. such a part of a specified ...
Panhandle State
West Virginia (used as a nickname). * * *
panhandler
☆ panhandler [pan′hand΄lər ] n. 〚 PAN1 + HANDLER〛 Informal a beggar, esp. one who begs on the streets * * * See panhandle1. * * * ➡ panhandle * * *
Panhard, René
▪ French engineer born 1841, Paris died 1908, La Bourbole, Fr.       French automobile engineer and manufacturer who, with Émile Levassor, produced the first vehicle ...
panhead
—panheaded, adj. /pan"hed'/, n. a rivet or screw head having the form of a truncated cone. [1865-70; PAN1 + HEAD] * * *
Panhellenic
/pan'heuh len"ik, -lee"nik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to all Greeks or to Panhellenism. 2. of, pertaining to, or noting collegiate fraternities and sororities. Also, ...
Panhellenic Socialist Movement
▪ political party, Greece Greek  Panellinio Sosialistiko Kinima        social democratic political party in Greece. The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) was ...
Panhellenism
—Panhellenist, n. /pan hel"euh niz'euhm/, n. the idea or advocacy of a union of all Greeks in one political body. [1855-60; PAN- + HELLENISM] * * *
panhoss
/pahn"hos/, n. pannhas. * * *
panhuman
/pan'hyooh"meuhn/ or, often, /-yooh"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or affecting all humanity. [1895-1900; PAN- + HUMAN] * * *
Paniagua, Valentin
▪ 2007       Peruvian politician (b. Sept. 23, 1936, Cuzco, Peru—d. Oct. 16, 2006, Lima, Peru), served (November 2000–July 2001) as caretaker president of Peru and ...
panic
panic1 —panicky, adj. /pan"ik/, n., adj., v., panicked, panicking. n. 1. a sudden overwhelming fear, with or without cause, that produces hysterical or irrational behavior, and ...
panic attack
Psychiatry. an intense attack of anxiety characterized by feelings of impending doom and trembling, sweating, pounding heart, and other physical symptoms. * * *
panic bar
a bar that spans an emergency exit door on its interior and opens the latch when pressure is applied. Also called panic bolt. [1925-30] * * *
panic button
1. an alarm button for use in an emergency, as to summon help. 2. Informal. push or hit or press the panic button, to give way to panic in a distressing situation. [allegedly ...
panic disorder
Psychiatry. a disorder in which inappropriate, intense apprehension and physical symptoms of fear occur so frequently as to produce significant impairment. * * *
panic-stricken
/pan"ik strik'euhn/, adj. overcome with, characterized by, or resulting from fear, panic, or the like: panic-stricken parents looking for their child; a panic-stricken phone ...
panicattack
panic attack n. The sudden onset of intense anxiety, characterized by feelings of intense fear and apprehension and accompanied by palpitations, shortness of breath, sweating, ...
panicbutton
panic button n. Slang A signal for a hasty emotional response to an emergency: Stay calm; there's no need to hit the panic button. * * *
panicdisorder
panic disorder n. A psychological disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks and usually resulting in the development of one or more phobias, such as agoraphobia. It may ...
panicgrass
panic grass n. Any of numerous grasses of the genus Panicum, many of which are grown for grain and fodder.   [Middle English panik, from Old French, from Latin pānicum, from ...
panicky
See panic. * * *
panicled
See panicle. * * *
paniculate
—paniculately, adv. /peuh nik"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. Bot. arranged in panicles. Also, paniculated. [1720-30; < NL paniculatus panicled. See PANICLE, -ATE1] * * *
paniculately
See paniculate. * * *
panicum
▪ plant anatomy       any of nearly 600 species of forage and cereal grasses in the genus Panicum (family Poaceae), distributed throughout tropical and warm temperate ...
panier
/pan"yeuhr, -ee euhr/, n. pannier. * * *
Panihati
▪ India       city, south-central West Bengal state, northeastern India. It is located just east of the Hugli (Hooghly) River (Hugli River) and is part of the Kolkata ...
Panikkar, Kavalam Madhava
▪ Indian statesman born June 3, 1895, Travancore, India died Dec. 10, 1963, Mysore  Indian statesman, diplomat, and scholar.       Educated at the University of ...
Panin, Nikita Ivanovich, Graf
▪ Russian count born Sept. 29 [Sept. 18, Old Style], 1718, Gdańsk, Pol. died April 11 [March 31], 1783, St. Petersburg  statesman who served as a chief diplomatic adviser to ...
Panini
/pah"nee nee/ for 1; /pah nee"nee/ for 2, n. 1. fl. c400 B.C., Indian grammarian of Sanskrit. 2. See Pannini, Giovanni Paolo. * * *
panino
panino [pä nē′nō] n. pl. panini [pä nē′nē] [often in italics] 1. a small bread roll 2. a sandwich of various combinations of meat, cheese, and vegetables, made with ...
paniolo
/pah'nee oh"loh/, n., pl. paniolos. Hawaiian. a person who herds cattle; cowboy. [ < Hawaiian: cowboy, Spanish, Spaniard, prob. < Sp español Spanish] * * *
Panipat
▪ India       city, Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. It is connected by road and rail with Delhi (south) and Ambala (north). The plain of Panipat was the ...
Pānīpat, Battles of
▪ Indian history       (1526, 1556, 1761), three military engagements, important in North Indian history, fought at Pānīpat, a level plain suitable for cavalry ...
panivorous
/pa niv"euhr euhs/, adj. subsisting on bread; bread-eating. [1820-30; < L pan(is) bread + -I- + -VOROUS] * * *
Panizzi, Sir Anthony
▪ Italian librarian original name  Antonio Genesio Maria Panizzi   born Sept. 16, 1797, Brescello [Italy] died April 8, 1879, London, Eng.  Italian patriot and man of ...
Panj River
▪ river, Asia also spelled  Pyandzh River        headstream of the Amu Darya in Central Asia. It is 700 miles (1,125 km) long and constitutes part of the border ...
Panjabi
/pun jah"bee/, n., pl. Panjabis, adj. Punjabi. * * *
panjandrum
/pan jan"dreuhm/, n. a self-important or pretentious official. [1745-55; pseudo-Latin word (based on PAN-) coined by Samuel Foote (1720-77), English dramatist and actor] * * *
Panjgūr
▪ Pakistan       town, Balochistān province, Pakistan. Situated on the south bank of the Rakhshān River in the Siāhān Range, the town is a market centre and in ...
Panjnad River
▪ river, Pakistan       river in Punjab province, Pakistan, formed just below Uch by successive junctions of the Sutlej, Beās, Rāvi, Jhelum, and Chenāb rivers. The ...
Pankhurst
/pangk"herrst/, n. 1. Christabel Harriette, 1880-1958, English suffragist leader (daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst). 2. Emmeline (Goulden) /goohl"dn/, 1858-1928, English suffragist ...
Pankhurst, Dame Christabel Harriette
▪ British suffragist born Sept. 22, 1880, Manchester, Eng. died Feb. 13, 1958, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       suffragist leader credited with organizing the tactics of ...
Pankhurst, Emmeline
orig. Emmeline Goulden born July 14, 1858, Manchester, Eng. died June 14, 1928, London British feminist. In 1879 she married Richard Pankhurst (1834–98), author of Britain's ...
Pankhurst,Emmeline Goulden
Pank·hurst (păngkʹhûrst'), Emmeline Goulden. 1858-1928. British suffrage leader who advocated militancy and violence in order to gain public recognition. With her daughters ...
panleukopenia
/pan'looh keuh pee"nee euh/, n. Vet. Pathol. distemper1 (def. 1c). Also, panleucopenia. [1935-40; PAN- + LEUKOPENIA] * * *
panlogism
—panlogical /pan loj"i keuhl/, panlogistic, panlogistical, adj. —panlogist, adj., n. —panlogistically, adv. /pan"leuh jiz'euhm/, n. Philos. the doctrine that the universe ...
Panlongcheng
▪ ancient site, China Wade-Giles romanization  P'an-lung-ch'eng        Chinese archaeological site from about the middle of the Shang dynasty period (c. 1600–1046 ...
panmictic
See panmixia. * * *
panmixia
—panmictic /pan mik"tik/, adj. /pan mik"see euh/, n. Animal Behav. random mating of individuals within a population, the breeding individuals showing no tendency to choose ...
Panmunjom
/pahn"moon"jom"/, n. a small community along the boundary between North Korea and South Korea: site of the truce talks at the close of the Korean War. * * *
Panna
▪ India       town, northern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The town grew in importance when Chhatrasal, ruler of Bundelkhand, made it his capital in 1675. It ...
panne
/pan/, n. a soft, lustrous, lightweight velvet with flattened pile. [1785-95; < F, OF, var. of pen(n)e, equiv. to ML panna, penna skin, fur, appar. special use of L penna ...
pannhas
/pahn"hahs/, n. Chiefly Pennsylvania. scrapple. Also, panhoss. [ < PaG pannhâs, equiv. to pann PAN1 + hâs rabbit, HARE; orig. a jocular word, in dials. of the Rhenish ...
panniculus
—pannicular, adj. /peuh nik"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. panniculi /-luy'/. Anat. a layer of tissue, esp. a subcutaneous layer of fat. [ < L: small piece of cloth, rag, equiv. to ...
pannier
—panniered, adj. /pan"yeuhr, -ee euhr/, n. 1. a basket, esp. a large one, for carrying goods, provisions, etc. 2. a basket for carrying on a person's back, or one of a pair to ...
panniered
See pannier. * * *
pannikin
/pan"i kin/, n. Chiefly Brit. a small pan or metal cup. [1815-25; PAN1 + -I- + -KIN] * * *
pannikin boss
Australia and New Zealand Slang (disparaging). an overseer of a small group of workers; person with minor authority. [1895-1900] * * *
panning
▪ mining       in mining, simple method of separating particles of greater specific gravity (especially gold) from soil or gravels by washing in a pan with water. ...
panning shot
pan3 (def. 6). [1935-40] * * *
Pannini
/pahn nee"nee/, n. Giovanni (Paolo) /jaw vahn"nee pah"aw law/, 1692?-1765, Italian painter. Also, Panini. * * *
Pannini, Giovanni Paolo
or Giovanni Paolo Panini born 1691, Piacenza, Duchy of Parma and Piacenza died 1765, Rome Italian painter. After gaining fame for his fresco painting, he specialized in Roman ...
Pannonia
—Pannonian, adj., n. —Pannonic /peuh non"ik/, adj. /peuh noh"nee euh/, n. an ancient country and Roman province in central Europe, S and W of the Danube, the territory of ...
Pannonian
See Pannonia. * * *
pannose
—pannosely, adv. /pan"ohs/, adj. Bot. having the texture of felt or woolen cloth. [1865-70; < L pannosus full of rags, tattered, equiv. to pann(us) cloth, rag (cf. PANE) + ...
pannus
/pan"euhs/, n. 1. Pathol. a. an abnormal vascular thickening of the cornea. b. an ingrowth of synovial material into a joint, as in rheumatoid arthritis. 2. Meteorol. a group of ...
Panoan
/pah"noh euhn/, n. a family of South American Indian languages spoken in Peru, Bolivia, and western Brazil. Also, Pano /pah"noh/. * * *
panocha
/peuh noh"cheuh/, n. 1. Also, penuche. a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 2. penuche (def. 1). Also, panoche /peuh noh"chee/. [1840-50; < MexSp; cf. Sp panocha, var. of ...
Panofsky
/pa nof"skee/, n. Erwin, 1892-1968, U.S. art historian, born in Germany. * * *
Panofsky, Erwin
born March 30, 1892, Hannover, Ger. died March 14, 1968, Princeton, N.J., U.S. German-born U.S. art historian. A professor at the University of Hamburg (1926–33), he fled ...
Panofsky, Wolfgang Kurt Hermann
▪ 2008 “Pief”        German-born American particle physicist and arms-control adviser born April 24, 1919, Berlin, Ger. died Sept. 24, 2007, Los Altos, ...
panoply
—panoplied, adj. /pan"euh plee/, n., pl. panoplies. 1. a wide-ranging and impressive array or display: the dazzling panoply of the maharaja's procession; the panoply of ...
panoptic
—panoptically, adv. /pan op"tik/, adj. 1. permitting the viewing of all parts or elements: a panoptic stain used in microscopy; a panoptic aerial photograph of an enemy missile ...
panopticon
/pan op"ti kon'/, n. a building, as a prison, hospital, library, or the like, so arranged that all parts of the interior are visible from a single point. [1760-70; PAN- + Gk ...
panorama
—panoramic, adj. —panoramically, adv. /pan'euh ram"euh, -rah"meuh/, n. 1. an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area in all directions. 2. an extended pictorial ...
panoramic
See panorama. * * *
panoramic camera
a still camera having a movable lens that horizontally scans a view while exposing a long photographic plate or strip of film. [1875-80] * * *
panoramic sight
an artillery sight that can be rotated horizontally in a full circle. * * *
panoramically
See panoramic. * * *
Panozzo, John
▪ 1997       U.S. drummer who was a cofounder of the rock group Styx, which enjoyed its greatest popularity in the late 1970s and early '80s with such hits as "Come Sail ...
panpipe
/pan"puyp'/, n. a primitive wind instrument consisting of a series of hollow pipes of graduated length, the tones being produced by blowing across the upper ends. Also, Pan's ...
panpsychism
pan·psy·chism (păn-sīʹkĭz'əm) n. The view that all matter has consciousness. * * * ▪ philosophy       (from Greek pan, “all”; psychē, “soul”), a ...
Pansaers, Clément
▪ Belgian poet born May 1, 1885, Neerwinden, Belgium died October 31, 1922, Brussels       Belgian poet and Dadaist whose reputation was resurrected some 50 years after ...
pansexual
—pansexuality, n. /pan sek"shooh euhl/, adj. 1. Psychiatry. pertaining to the theory that all human behavior is based on sexuality. 2. expressing or involving sexuality in many ...
pansexuality
See pansexual. * * *
Pansil
/pun"seel/, n. Buddhism. See Pancha Sila. [ < Sinhalese
pansophism
—pansophist, n. /pan"seuh fiz'euhm/, n. a claim or pretension to pansophy. [1865-70; < Gk pánsoph(os) all-wise + -ISM. See PAN-, SOPHISM] * * *
pansophy
—pansophic /pan sof"ik/, pansophical, adj. —pansophically, adv. /pan"seuh fee/, n. universal wisdom or knowledge. [1635-45; PAN- + -SOPHY] * * *
panspermia
—panspermic, adj. /pan sperr"mee euh/, n. Biol. the theory that life exists and is distributed throughout the universe in the form of germs or spores that develop in the right ...
pansy
/pan"zee/, n., pl. pansies. 1. a violet, Viola tricolor hortensis, cultivated in many varieties, having richly and variously colored flowers. 2. the flower of this plant. 3. ...
Pansy
/pan"zee/, n. a female given name. * * * Any of several popular cultivated violets (genus Viola). Pansies have been grown for so long under such diverse conditions with such ...
pansy orchid
miltonia. * * *
pant
pant1 —pantingly, adv. /pant/, v.i. 1. to breathe hard and quickly, as after exertion. 2. to gasp, as for air. 3. to long with breathless or intense eagerness; yearn: to pant ...
pant leg
a leg of a pair of pants. Also called pant. [1955-60] * * *
pant-
var. of panto- before a vowel. * * *
pantagraph
/pan"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. pantograph (def. 1). * * *
Pantagruel
—Pantagruelian /pan'teuh grooh el"ee euhn/, adj. —Pantagruelically, adv. —Pantagruelism /pan'teuh grooh"euh liz'euhm, pan tag"rooh euh liz'euhm/, n. —Pantagruelist, ...
pantalet
pan·ta·let also pan·ta·lette (păn'tə-lĕtʹ) n. 1. Long underpants trimmed with ruffles extending below the skirt, worn by women in the mid-19th century. Often used in the ...
pantalets
—pantaletted, adj. /pan'tl ets"/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. long drawers extending below the skirt, with a frill or other finish at the bottom of the leg, commonly worn by ...
pantaloon
/pan'tl oohn"/, n. 1. pantaloons, a man's close-fitting garment for the hips and legs, worn esp. in the 19th century, but varying in form from period to period; trousers. 2. ...
Pantanal
▪ floodplain, Brazil       floodplain in south-central Brazil that extends into northeast Paraguay and southeast Bolivia. It lies mainly within the Brazilian estados ...
Pantani, Marco
▪ 2005 “Il Pirata” [“The Pirate”]        Italian cyclist (b. Jan. 13, 1970, Cesenatico, Italy—d. Feb. 14, 2004, Rimini, Italy), won both the Tour de France, ...
Pantar Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Pantar , also called  Pandai        island in the Alor group, Nusa Tenggara Timur provinsi (“province”), Indonesia. Pantar ...
pantdress
pantdress [pant′dres΄] n. a woman's one-piece garment with the lower part like pants instead of a skirt * * *
pantechnicon
/pan tek"ni kon', -keuhn/, n. Brit. a furniture van; moving van. Also called pantechnicon van. [1820-30; PAN- + Gk technikón artistic, skillful (neut. of technikós); see ...
Pantelleria
/pahn tel'le rddee"ah/, n. an Italian island in the Mediterranean between Sicily and Tunisia. 10,000; 32 sq. mi. (83 sq. km). Ancient, Cosyra. * * *
Pantelleria Island
▪ island, Italy Italian  Isola di Pantelleria,  Latin  Cossyra        Italian island in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and Tunisia. Of volcanic origin, it ...
Panter-Downes, Mollie Patricia
▪ 1998       British writer who, although virtually unknown in her homeland, was well respected in the United States for her longtime column in The New Yorker, "Letters ...
pantheism
—pantheist, n. —pantheistic, pantheistical, adj. —pantheistically, adv. /pan"thee iz'euhm/, n. 1. the doctrine that God is the transcendent reality of which the material ...
pantheist
See pantheism. * * *
pantheistic
See pantheist. * * *
pantheistical
See pantheist. * * *
pantheistically
See pantheist. * * *
Pantheon
—pantheonic, adj. /pan"thee on', -euhn/ or, esp. Brit., /pan thee"euhn/, n. 1. a domed circular temple at Rome, erected A.D. 120-124 by Hadrian, used as a church since A.D. ...
Panthéon
/pahonn tay awonn"/, n. a national monument in Paris, France, used as a sepulcher for eminent French persons, begun in 1764 by Soufflot as the church of Ste. Geneviève and ...
pantheonize
—pantheonization, n. /pan"thee euh nuyz'/ or, esp. Brit., /pan thee"-/, v.t., pantheonized, izing. to place, esp. to bury, in a pantheon: The author will be pantheonized ...
panther
/pan"theuhr/, n., pl. panthers, (esp. collectively) panther, adj. n. 1. the cougar or puma, Felis concolor. 2. the leopard, Panthera pardus. 3. any leopard in the black color ...
Panther
/pan"theuhr/, n. See Black Panther. [1965-70] * * *       either of two mammals of the cat family (Felidae), the leopard or the puma (qq.v.). * * *
panther fungus
a highly poisonous mushroom, Amanita pantherina, with a brownish cap covered with white cottony patches. Also called panther amanita. * * *
Panthera
/pan"theuhr euh/, n. a genus of chiefly large cats that includes the snow leopard, tiger, leopard, jaguar, and lion, most having the ability to roar. Cf. Felis. [ < NL; see ...
pantie
/pan"tee/, n. panties. [var. of PANTY] * * *
pantie girdle.
See panty girdle. [1940-45] * * *
panties
/pan"teez/, n. (used with a pl. v.) underpants or undershorts for women and children. Also, pantie, panty. [1835-45, Amer.; pl. of PANTY] * * *
pantihose
/pan"tee hohz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) pantyhose. [1960-65; PANTY + HOSE, with i from the sp. of the pl. form] * * *
pantile
/pan"tuyl'/, n. 1. a roofing tile straight in its length but curved in its width to overlap the next tile. 2. a tapered, semicylindrical roofing tile laid either convex side up ...
pantiled
See pantile. * * *
panting
▪ physiology       a method of cooling, used by many mammals, most birds, and some reptiles, accomplished by means of the evaporation of water from internal body (body ...
pantingly
See pant1. * * *
panto
/pan"toh/, n., pl. pantos. Brit. pantomime (def. 2). [by shortening] * * *
panto-
a combining form synonymous with pan-: pantology. Also, esp. before a vowel, pant-. [comb. form repr. Gk pant- (s. of pâs) all] * * *
pantoffle
pan·tof·fle also pan·to·fle (păn-tŏfʹəl, -tōʹfəl, -to͞oʹfəl, pănʹtə-fəl) n. A slipper.   [Middle English pantufle, from Old French pantoufle.] * * *
pantofle
/pan"teuh feuhl, pan tof"euhl, -toh"feuhl, -tooh"-/, n. 1. a slipper. 2. a cork-soled patten covering the forepart of the foot, worn in the 16th century. Also, ...
pantograph
—pantographer /pan tog"reuh feuhr/, n. —pantographic /pan'teuh graf"ik/, pantographical, adj. —pantographically, adv. —pantography, n. /pan"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. ...
pantographic
See pantograph. * * *
pantology
—pantologic /pan'tl oj"ik/, pantological, adv. —pantologist, n. /pan tol"euh jee/, n. a systematic view of all human knowledge. [1810-20; PANTO- + -LOGY] * * *
pantomime
—pantomimic /pan'teuh mim"ik/, pantomimical, adj. —pantomimically, adv. —pantomimicry, n. /pan"teuh muym'/, n., v., pantomimed, pantomiming. n. 1. the art or technique of ...
pantomime dame
➡ dame * * *
pantomimic
See pantomime. * * *
pantomimist
/pan"teuh muy'mist/, n. 1. a person who acts in pantomime. 2. the author of a pantomime. [1830-40; PANTOMIME + -IST] * * *
pantonal
/pan tohn"l/, adj. Music. marked by or using pantonality. [1955-60; PAN- + TONAL] * * *
pantonality
/pan'toh nal"i tee/, n. Music. See twelve-tone technique. [1955-60; PANTONAL + -ITY] * * *
pantos
➡ pantomime * * *
pantothenate
pantothenate [pan΄tō then′āt΄, pan täth′ə nāt΄] n. a salt or ester of pantothenic acid * * * pan·to·then·ate (păn'tə-thĕnʹāt', păn-tŏthʹə-nāt') n. A ...
pantothenic acid
/pan"teuh then"ik, pan'-/, Biochem. a hydroxy acid, C9H17O5N, found in plant and animal tissues, rice, bran, etc., that is part of the B complex of vitamins and is essential for ...
pantothenicacid
pan·to·then·ic acid (păn'tə-thĕnʹĭk) n. A yellow oily acid, C9H17NO5, belonging to and found widely in plant and animal tissues.   [From Greek pantothen, from all sides ...
pantothere
/pan"teuh thear'/, n. any animal of the extinct order Pantotheria that lived during the late Mesozoic Era, believed to be the ancestor of the marsupial and placental mammals. [ < ...
pantoum
/pan toohm"/, n. a Malay verse form consisting of an indefinite number of quatrains with the second and fourth lines of each quatrain repeated as the first and third lines of the ...
Pantridge, Frank
▪ 2005 James Francis Pantridge        Irish-born cardiologist (b. Oct. 3, 1916, Hillsborough, Ire. [now N.Ire.]—d. Dec. 26, 2004), developed (1965) the first portable ...
pantropic
/pan trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. (esp. of viruses) attracted to or affecting many types of body tissues. [1935-40; PAN- + -TROPIC] * * *
pantropical
/pan trop"i keuhl/, adj. living or growing throughout the tropics. [PAN- + TROPICAL] * * *
pantry
/pan"tree/, n., pl. pantries. 1. a room or closet in which food, groceries, and other provisions, or silverware, dishes, etc., are kept. 2. a room between the kitchen and dining ...
pantryman
/pan"tree meuhn/, n., pl. pantrymen. a person who works in or has charge of a pantry, as aboard ship or in a hospital. [1555-65; PANTRY + -MAN] * * *
pants
/pants/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. trousers (def. 1). 2. underpants, esp. for women and children; panties. 3. Brit. men's underpants, esp. long drawers. 4. wear the pants, to ...
pantsuit
/pant"sooht'/, n. a woman's suit consisting of slacks and a matching jacket. Also, pants suit. Also called slack suit. [1960-65; PANT2 + SUIT] * * *
pantsuited
See pantsuit. * * *
pantun
/pan toohn"/, n. pantoum. * * *
panty
/pan"tee/, n., pl. panties. panties. [PANT(S) + -Y2] * * *
panty girdle
a girdle with a crotch. Also, pantie girdle. [1940-45] * * *
panty raid
a prankish raid by male college students on the living quarters of female students to steal panties as trophies. [1950-55, Amer.] * * *
pantyhose
/pan"tee hohz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a one-piece, skintight garment worn by women, combining panties and stockings. Also, panty hose, pantihose. [1960-65] * * *
pantywaist
/pan"tee wayst'/, n. 1. Informal. a weak, effeminate man; sissy. 2. formerly, a child's undergarment consisting of short pants and a shirt that buttoned together at the ...
Pánuco
/pah"neuh koh'/; Sp. /pah"nooh kaw'/, n. a river in E central Mexico, flowing E to the Gulf of Mexico. ab. 315 mi. (505 km) long. * * *
Pánuco River
River, central Mexico. Rising in Hidalgo state and flowing northeast into the Gulf of Mexico below Tampico, it is about 100 mi (160 km) long and has considerable economic ...
Panufnik, Sir Andrzej
▪ British composer and conductor born Sept. 24, 1914, Warsaw, Pol. died Oct. 27, 1991, Twickenham, Greater London, Eng.  Polish-born British composer and conductor, who ...
Panurge
—panurgic, adj. /pan errj"/; Fr. /pann nyuurddzh"/, n. (in Rabelais' Pantagruel) a rascal, the companion of Pantagruel. * * *
Panuridae
▪ bird  family of songbirds, order Passeriformes, consisting of the parrotbills (parrotbill) (see photograph—>) and bearded tits (reedling), about 19 species of small ...
Panyassis
▪ epic poet flourished 5th century BC, Ionia        epic poet from Halicarnassus, on the coast of Asia Minor. Panyassis was the uncle (or cousin) of the historian ...
Panza
/pan"zeuh/; Sp. /pahn"thah, -sah/, n. Sancho. See Sancho Panza. * * *
panzer
/pan"zeuhr/; Ger. /pahn"tseuhrdd/, adj. 1. (esp. in the German army) armored: a panzer unit. 2. of or pertaining to a panzer division: a panzer attack. n. 3. a vehicle, esp. a ...
panzer division
an armored division of the German army, esp. in World War II, consisting chiefly of tanks and organized for making rapid attacks. [1935-40] * * * (German panzer, "armoured") ...
Panzerfaust
▪ weapon  shoulder-type German antitank weapon that was widely used in World War II. The first model, the Panzerfaust 30, was developed in 1943 for use by infantry against ...
Panzerschreck
▪ weapon  shoulder-type rocket launcher used as an antitank weapon by Germany in World War II. The Panzerschreck consisted of a lightweight steel tube about 1.5 metres (5 ...
pao
▪ clothing Wade-Giles romanization  p'ao        wide-sleeved robe of a style worn by Chinese (China) men and women from the Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220) to the end ...
Pão de Açúcar
/powonn' di ah sooh"kahrdd/ Portuguese name of Sugarloaf Mountain. * * *
Paochi
Chin. /bow"jee"/, n. Wade-Giles. Baoji. Also, Older Spelling, Paoki /bow"jee"/. * * *
Paoki
Pao·ki (bouʹjēʹ) See Baoji. * * *
Paoking
Chin. /bow"king"/, n. Older Spelling. Baoqing. Also, Wade-Giles, Paoch'ing /bow"ching"/. * * *
Paola
▪ Malta also spelled  Pawla  or  Paula        town, eastern Malta, just south of Valletta and adjacent to Tarxien to the southeast. Founded in 1626 by the grand ...
Paoli, Pasquale
born April 26, 1725, Stretta di Morosaglia, Corsica died Feb. 5, 1807, London, Eng. Corsican patriot. Son of Giacinto Paoli, who led the Corsicans against Genoa in 1735, he ...
Paoli,Pasquale di
Pa·o·li (pouʹlē, päʹō-), Pasquale di. 1725-1807. Corsican patriot who led (from 1755) the struggle for independence from Genoa. * * *
Paolo
Paolo [pä′ō̂ lō̂] see FRANCESCA DA RIMINI * * * (as used in expressions) Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia Pannini Giovanni Paolo Giovanni Paolo Panini Pasolini Pier ...
Paolo Veneziano
▪ Italian artist also called  Master Paolo  or  Paolo da Venezia  born c. 1300?, Venice died September 1362, Venice       a principal Venetian painter of the ...
Paolozzi
(1924– ) a British artist born in Scotland of Italian parents, who created paintings, sculptures and mosaics (= pictures made out of small pieces of glass), as well as ...
Paolozzi, Sir Eduardo Luigi
▪ 2006       British artist (b. March 7, 1924, Leith, Scot.—d. April 22, 2005, London, Eng.), helped launch the British Pop art movement with a series of collages ...
Paoshan
/bow"shahn"/, n. Wade-Giles. Baoshan. * * *
Paoting
/bow"ding"/, n. Wade-Giles. Baoding. * * *
Paotou
Paotou [bou′dō′] a former transliteration of BAOTOU * * *
Paotow
Pao·tow (bouʹtōʹ) See Baotou. * * *
pap
pap1 —paplike, adj. /pap/, n. 1. soft food for infants or invalids, as bread soaked in water or milk. 2. an idea, talk, book, or the like, lacking substance or real ...
Pap smear
or Papanicolaou smear Sample of cells from the vagina and cervix of the uterus for laboratory staining and examination to detect genital herpes and early-stage cancer, ...
Pap test
/pap/ 1. a test for cancer of the cervix, consisting of the staining of cervical cells taken in a cervical or vaginal smear (Pap smear or pap smear) for examination of exfoliated ...
papa
/pah"peuh, peuh pah"/, n. 1. father. 2. (cap.) a code word used in communications, esp. by radio, to represent the letter P. [1675-85; < F; MF pappa (nursery word); cf. L papa ...
Papa Wendo
▪ 2009 Wendo Kolosoy; Antoine Kalosoyi        Congolese musician born 1925, Mushie, Bandundu region, Belgian Congo [now Democratic Republic of the Congo] died July 22, ...
papable
—papability, n. /pay"peuh beuhl/, adj. suitable or likely to become pope. [1585-95; < MF < It papabile, equiv. to papa POPE + -bile -BLE] * * *
papacy
/pay"peuh see/, n., pl. papacies. Rom. Cath. Ch. 1. the office, dignity, or jurisdiction of the pope. 2. the system of ecclesiastical government in which the pope is recognized ...
Papadopoulos, Giorgios
▪ 2000       Greek dictator (b. May 5, 1919, Eleochorion, Greece—d. June 27, 1999, Athens, Greece), led “the colonels,” the military junta that overthrew his ...
Papadopoulos, Tassos
▪ 2009       Cypriot politician born Jan. 7, 1934, Nicosia, Cyprus died Dec. 12, 2008, Nicosia triumphed over Pres. Glafcos Clerides and eight other candidates in 2003 ...
Papadopoulos,George
Pa·pa·do·pou·los (păp'ə-dŏpʹə-ləs, pä'pä-dôʹpo͞o-lôs), George. 1919-1999. Greek military officer and politician who became premier after a 1967 coup. He was ...
papadum
papadum [pä′pä dəm] n. a thin, crisp bread or wafer of India, made of lentil flour and usually flavored with pepper and other spices: also sp. papadam or papadom * * *
Papagayo
/pah'peuh guy"oh/; Sp. /pah'pah gah"yaw/, n. 1. Gulf of, an inlet of the Pacific, on the NW coast of Costa Rica. 15 mi. (25 km) long; 25 mi. (40 km) wide. 2. a violent northerly ...
Papago
/pap"euh goh', pah"peuh-/, n., pl. Papagos, (esp. collectively) Papago for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people closely related to the Pima and now living mainly in ...
Papagos, Alexandros
▪ Greek statesman born Dec. 9, 1883, Athens, Greece died Oct. 4, 1955, Athens  soldier and statesman who late in life organized a political party and became premier ...
papain
/peuh pay"in, -puy"in/, n. 1. Biochem. a proteolytic enzyme found in the fruit of the papaya tree, Carica papaya. 2. Pharm. a commercial preparation of this used as a meat ...
papal
—papally, adv. /pay"peuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the pope or the papacy: a papal visit to Canada. 2. of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church. [1350-1400; ME < ML ...
papal bull
bull2 (def. 2). * * *
papal cross
a cross with three horizontal crosspieces. See illus. under cross. [1885-90] * * *
papal infallibility
Rom. Cath. Ch. the dogma that the pope cannot err in a solemn teaching addressed to the whole church on a matter of faith or morals. [1865-70] * * * In Roman Catholicism, the ...
Papal States
the areas comprising a large district in central Italy ruled as a temporal domain by the popes from A.D. 755 until the greater part of it was annexed in 1860, by Victor Emmanuel ...
papalism
—papalist, adj., n. —papalistic, adj. /pay"peuh liz'euhm/, n. the papal system. [1865-70; PAPAL + -ISM] * * *
papalize
—papalization, n. /pay"peuh luyz'/, v.i., v.t., papalized, papalizing. to become or render papal. Also, esp. Brit., papalise. [1615-25; PAPAL + -IZE] * * *
papally
See papal. * * *
Papaloapan River
▪ river, Mexico Spanish  Río Papaloapan        river in Veracruz state, southeastern Mexico. It is formed by the junction of several rivers in Oaxaca state near ...
PapalStates
Pa·pal States (pāʹpəl) A group of territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870. They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short and ...
Papandreou
/pah'peuhn dray"ooh/, n. 1. Andreas /ahn dray"euhs/, (George), born 1919, Greek political leader: premier 1981-89 (son of George Papandreou). 2. George, 1888-1968, Greek ...
Papandreou, Andreas
▪ prime minister of Greece in full  Andreas Georgios Papandreou   born February 5, 1919, Chios, Greece died June 23, 1996, Ekáli, near Athens  politician and educator who ...
Papandreou, Andreas (Georgios)
born Feb. 5, 1919, Chios, Greece died June 23, 1996, Ekáli, near Athens Greek educator and prime minister (1981–89, 1993–96). Son of Georgios Papandreou, he taught at the ...
Papandreou, Andreas Georgios
▪ 1997       Greek politician and educator (b. Feb. 5, 1919, Chios, Greece—d. June 23, 1996, Ekáli, near Athens, Greece), served (1981-89 and 1993-96) as the first ...
Papandreou, Georgios
born Feb. 13, 1888, Kaléntzi, Greece died Nov. 1, 1968, Athens Greek prime minister (1944, 1963, 1964–65). He began his political career as a liberal in 1915 and served as ...
Papandreou,Andreas George
Pap·an·dre·ou (păp'ən-drāʹo͞o, pä'pän-drĕʹ-), Andreas George. 1919-1996. Greek politician who served as premier (1981-1989 and 1993-1996). * * *
Papanicolaou test
/pah'peuh nee'keuh low", pap'euh nik"euh low'/. See Pap test. * * *
Papanicolaoutest
Pa·pa·ni·co·laou test (pä'pə-nē'kə-louʹ, păp'ə-nĭkʹə-lou') n. The Pap smear. * * *
Papantla
▪ Mexico in full  Papantla de Olarte         city, north-central Veracruz estado (state), east-central Mexico. Formerly known as Papantla de Hidalgo, the city lies in ...
paparazzo
/pah'peuh raht"soh/; It. /pah'pah rddaht"tsaw/, n., pl. paparazzi /-raht"see/; It. /-rddaht"tsee/. a freelance photographer, esp. one who takes candid pictures of celebrities for ...
Paparemborde, Robert
▪ 2002       French rugby player (b. July 5, 1948, Laruns, France—d. April 19, 2001, Paris, France), was a powerful prop forward and a mainstay of the national Rugby ...
Papaveraceae
▪ plant family       poppy family of the order Papaverales, with 44 genera and 760 species; most of these are herbaceous plants, but the family includes some woody ...
papaveraceous
/peuh pav'euh ray"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Papaveraceae, the poppy family of plants. Cf. poppy family. [1840-50; < NL, L papaver POPPY + -ACEOUS] * * *
papaverine
/peuh pav"euh reen', -euhr in, peuh pay"veuh reen', -veuhr in/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, nonnarcotic, alkaloidal powder, C20H21NO4, obtained from opium, but not a morphine ...
papaw
/paw"paw, peuh paw"/, n. pawpaw. * * * or pawpaw Deciduous tree or shrub (Asimina triloba) of the custard apple family, native to the eastern and midwestern U.S. It can grow to ...
papaya
—papayan, adj. /peuh pah"yeuh/, n. 1. the large, yellow, melonlike fruit of a tropical American shrub or small tree, Carica papaya, eaten raw or cooked. 2. the tree ...
Papeete
/pah'pee ay"tay, peuh pee"tee/, n. a city on NW Tahiti, in the Society Islands: capital of the Society Islands and of French Polynesia. 24,000. * * * Seaport (pop., 1996: ...
papelera
/pah'pe le"rddah/, n., pl. papeleras /-rddahs/. Sp. Furniture. a small Renaissance cabinet for papers and writing materials, mounted on a small stand. [ < Sp, equiv. to papel ...
Papen
/pah"peuhn/, n. Franz von /frddahnts feuhn/, 1879-1969, German diplomat, statesman, and soldier. * * *
Papen, Franz von
born Oct. 29, 1879, Werl, Ger. died May 2, 1969, Obersasbach, W.Ger. German politician. He served as military attaché in Washington, D.C. (1913–15), but was recalled on ...
Papen,Franz von
Pa·pen (päʹpən), Franz von. 1879-1969. German politician and diplomat who served as vice chancellor (1933-1934) and ambassador to Austria (1934-1938) and Turkey ...
paper
—paperless, adj. —paperlike, adj. /pay"peuhr/, n. 1. a substance made from wood pulp, rags, straw, or other fibrous material, usually in thin sheets, used to bear writing or ...
paper birch
a North American birch, Betula papyrifera, having a tough bark and yielding a valuable wood: the state tree of New Hampshire. Also called canoe birch. [1800-10, Amer.] * * ...
paper chase
—paper chaser. —paper-chasing, adj., n. 1. the effort to earn a diploma or college degree, esp. in law, or a professional certificate or license. 2. the writing of ...
paper chromatography
Chem. See under chromatography. [1945-50] * * * ▪ chemistry       in analytical chemistry, technique for separating dissolved chemical substances by taking advantage of ...
paper chromatography (PC)
Type of chromatography using filter paper or other special paper as the stationary phase. Spots of sample and reference materials are applied, usually as liquids, near one edge ...
paper clip
1. a flat wire or plastic clip shaped so that it can hold sheets of paper between two of its loops. 2. a spring clamp for holding papers. [1870-75] * * *
paper cutter
—paper-cutting, adj. any device for cutting or trimming paper, typically a weighted, powered, or spring-hinged blade mounted on or over a ruled board or table on which many ...
paper doll
1. a paper or cardboard, usually two-dimensional, representation of the human figure, used as a child's toy. 2. Usually, paper dolls. a connected series of doll-like figures cut ...
paper folding
Japanese origami Art of folding objects out of paper without cutting, pasting, or decorating. Its early history is unknown, but it seems to have developed from the older art of ...
paper gold
Informal. See special drawing rights. [1965-70] * * *
paper knife
1. a small, often decorative, knifelike instrument with a blade of metal, ivory, wood, or the like, for slitting open envelopes, the leaves of books, folded papers, etc. 2. the ...
paper match.
See book match. [1825-35] * * *
paper money
currency in paper form, such as government and bank notes, as distinguished from metal currency. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
paper mulberry
a mulberry tree, Broussonetia papyrifera, of eastern Asia, having alternate leaves that vary in size, round catkins, and orange-red fruit, grown widely as a shade tree. [1770-80; ...
paper nautilus
any dibranchiate cephalopod of the genus Argonauta, the female of which has a delicate, white shell. [1825-35] * * *
paper profit
an unrealized profit due to the appreciation of something owned but not yet sold. [1890-95] * * *


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