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parainfluenza
/par'euh in'flooh en"zeuh/, n. Pathol., Vet. Pathol. an influenzalike respiratory infection of animals and humans, caused by any of several paramyxoviruses. [1955-60; PARA-1 + ...
paraison
/par"euh zon'/, n. parison. * * *
parajournalism
—parajournalist, n. —parajournalistic, adj. /par'euh jerr"nl iz'euhm/, n. news reportage that strongly reflects the point of view of the writer or editor or that uses ...
parajournalist
See parajournalism. * * *
parajournalistic
See parajournalist. * * *
parakeet
/par"euh keet'/, n. any of numerous small, slender parrots, usually having a long, pointed, graduated tail, often kept as pets and noted for the ability to mimic speech: several ...
parakiting
/par"euh kuy'ting/, n. parasailing. [1965-70; PARA(CHUTE) + KITE1 + -ING1] * * *
Parakou
/par'euh kooh", pahr'euh-/, n. a city in E central Benin. 18,000. * * * ▪ Benin  town located in central Benin, western Africa. It is the terminus of the so-called ...
Parākramabāhu I
▪ king of Sri Lanka also called  Parākramabāhu The Great   born c. 1123, , Punkhagama, Ceylon died 1186, Polonnaruwa       Sinhalese king of Ceylon (1153–86) who ...
paralanguage
/par"euh lang'gwij/, n. Ling. vocal features that accompany speech and contribute to communication but are not generally considered to be part of the language system, as vocal ...
paraldehyde
/peuh ral"deuh huyd'/, n. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, liquid, cyclic compound, C6H12O3, having a disagreeable taste but an agreeable odor, produced by the polymerization of ...
paralegal
/par'euh lee"geuhl/, n. 1. an attorney's assistant, not admitted to the practice of law but trained to perform certain legal tasks. adj. 2. of or pertaining to a paralegal or ...
paraleipsis
/par'euh luyp"sis/, n., pl. paraleipses /-seez/. paralipsis. * * *
paralepsis
/par'euh lep"sis/, n., pl. paralepses /-seez/. paralipsis. * * *
paralexia
—paralexic, adj. /par'euh lek"see euh/, n. an impairment of reading ability characterized by the transposition of letters or words. [1875-80; < NL, equiv. to para- PARA-1 + Gk ...
paralinguistic
/par'euh ling gwis"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to paralanguage or paralinguistics. [1955-60; PARA-1 + LINGUISTIC] * * *
paralinguistically
See paralinguistic. * * *
paralinguistics
/par'euh ling gwis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of paralanguage. [1955-60; PARA-1 + LINGUISTICS] * * *
paralipomena
/par'euh li pom"euh neuh, -luy-/, n.pl. things omitted or neglected that are added as a supplement. [1665-75; < LL paralipomena < Gk (tà) paraleipómena (things) omitted, not ...
Paralipomenon
/par'euh li pom"euh non', -luy-/, n., pl. Paralipomena /-neuh/. Douay Bible. Chronicles. [1300-50; ME < LL paralipomenon, sing. of paralipomena PARALIPOMENA] * * *
paralipsis
/par'euh lip"sis/, n., pl. paralipses /-seez/. Rhet. the suggestion, by deliberately concise treatment of a topic, that much of significance is being omitted, as in "not to ...
parallactic
See parallax. * * *
parallactic ellipse
Astron. the apparent ellipse, as seen against the background of more distant stars, described annually by a nearby star because of the earth's orbital motion around the sun. Cf. ...
parallactic motion
Astron. the apparent motion of stars due to the earth's orbital motion. [1885-90] * * *
parallax
—parallactic /par'euh lak"tik/, adj. —parallactically, adv. /par"euh laks'/, n. 1. the apparent displacement of an observed object due to a change in the position of the ...
parallel
—parallelable, adj. —parallelless, adj. —parallelly, adv. /par"euh lel', -leuhl/, adj., n., v., paralleled, paralleling or (esp. Brit.) parallelled, parallelling. adj. 1. ...
parallel axiom
Geom. See parallel postulate. * * *
parallel bars
a gymnasium apparatus consisting of two wooden bars on uprights, adjustable in height, and used for swinging, vaulting, balancing exercises, etc. [1865-70] * * * Event in men's ...
parallel cousin
a cousin who is the child either of one's mother's sister or of one's father's brother. Also called ortho-cousin. Cf. cross-cousin. * * *
parallel cousin marriage
marriage between the children of two brothers or two sisters. Cf. cross-cousin marriage. * * *
parallel evolution
the independent development of closely corresponding adaptive features in two or more groups of organisms that occupy different but equivalent habitats, as marsupial mammals in ...
parallel forces
Mech. forces acting along parallel lines of action. * * *
parallel motion
a mechanism arranged so as to impart rectilinear motion to a rod connected to a lever that moves through an arc. [1820-30] * * *
parallel of altitude
Astron. almucantar. [1695-1705] * * *
parallel of latitude
parallel (def. 9). [1660-70] * * *
parallel parking
parallel parking n. a type of city-street parking in which a vehicle is parked close to and parallel to the curb, typically between two other similarly parked vehicles * * *
parallel postulate
Geom. the axiom in Euclidean geometry that only one line can be drawn through a given point so that the line is parallel to a given line that does not contain the point. Also ...
parallel projection
Geom. a projection from one plane to a second plane in which the lines joining points on the first plane and corresponding images are parallel. * * *
parallel rulers
a pair of straightedges connected by two pivoted crosspieces of equal length so as to be parallel at all times, used for various navigational purposes, esp. for transferring the ...
parallel sailing
sailing along a parallel of latitude. [1700-10] * * *
parallel top.
See under parallel (def. 16). * * *
parallel-veined
/par"euh lel'vaynd", -leuhl-/, adj. Bot. having closely spaced longitudinal veins, as the leaves of most monocotyledonous plants. Cf. net-veined. [1860-65; PARALLEL + VEIN + ...
parallelbars
parallel bars pl.n. An apparatus for gymnastic exercises consisting of two horizontal bars set parallel to each other in adjustable upright supports and used mainly for swinging ...
parallelcousin
parallel cousin n. A cousin who is the child of one's mother's sister or one's father's brother. * * *
parallelepiped
—parallelepipedic /par'euh lel'euh pip"i dik/, parallelepipedonal, parallelepipedous, adj. /par'euh lel'euh puy"pid, -pip"id/, n. a prism with six faces, all ...
parallelism
/par"euh le liz'euhm, -leuh liz'-/, n. 1. the position or relation of parallels. 2. agreement in direction, tendency, or character; the state or condition of being parallel. 3. a ...
parallelist
/par"euh lel'ist, -leuh list/, n. 1. a person who seeks or makes a comparison. 2. an adherent of the metaphysical doctrine of parallelism. [1785-95; PARALLEL + -IST] * * *
parallelistic
/par'euh lel is"tik, -leuh lis"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a parallelism. 2. of or pertaining to the metaphysical doctrine of parallelism or to its ...
parallelize
—parallelization, n. /par"euh lel uyz', -leuh luyz'/, v.t., parallelized, parallelizing. 1. to make parallel; place so as to be parallel. 2. to draw a parallelism or analogy ...
parallelogram
—parallelogrammatic, /par'euh lel'euh greuh mat"ik/, parallelogrammatical, adj. /par'euh lel"euh gram'/, n. a quadrilateral having both pairs of opposite sides parallel to each ...
parallelogram law
Math., Physics. a rule for adding two vectors, as forces (parallelogram of forces), by placing the point of application of one at the point of origin of the other and obtaining ...
parallelprocessing
parallel processing n. The simultaneous processing of different tasks by two or more microprocessors, as by a single computer with more than one central processing unit or by ...
paralogism
—paralogist, n. —paralogistic, adj. /peuh ral"euh jiz'euhm/, n. Logic. 1. argument violating principles of valid reasoning. 2. a conclusion reached through such ...
paralogist
See paralogism. * * *
paralogistic
See paralogist. * * *
paralogize
/peuh ral"euh juyz'/, v.i., paralogized, paralogizing. to draw conclusions that do not follow logically from a given set of assumptions. Also, esp. Brit., paralogise. [1590-1600; ...
Paralympian
See Paralympic Games. * * *
Paralympic Games: A Forum for Disabled Athletes
▪ 2009       On Sept. 6–17, 2008, nearly 4,000 athletes with disabilities representing 147 National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) competed in the Paralympic Games in ...
ParalympicGames
Par·a·lym·pic Games (păr'ə-lĭmʹpĭk) pl.n. An international competition for athletes with disabilities.   [para-1 + Olympic.]   Par'a·lymʹpi·an adj. & n. * * *
paralyse
par·a·lyse (părʹə-līz') v. Chiefly British Variant of paralyze. * * *
paralysis
/peuh ral"euh sis/, n., pl. paralyses /-seez'/. 1. Pathol. a. a loss or impairment of voluntary movement in a body part, caused by injury or disease of the nerves, brain, or ...
paralysis agitans
paralysis agitans [aj′i tanz΄] n. PARKINSON'S DISEASE * * *
paralysisagitans
paralysis ag·i·tans (ăjʹĭ-tănz') n. See Parkinson's disease.   [New Latin paralysis agitāns: Latin paralysis, palsy + Latin agitāns, present participle of agitāre, to ...
paralytic
—paralytically, adv. /par'euh lit"ik/, n. 1. a person affected with paralysis. adj. 2. affected with or subject to paralysis. 3. pertaining to or of the nature of ...
paralytically
See paralytic. * * *
paralyzation
See paralyze. * * *
paralyze
—paralyzant, adj., n. —paralyzation, n. —paralyzer, n. —paralyzingly, adv. /par"euh luyz'/, v.t., paralyzed, paralyzing. 1. to affect with paralysis. 2. to bring to a ...
paralyzer
See paralyzation. * * *
paralyzingly
See paralyzation. * * *
paramagnet
—paramagnetism, n. —paramagnetic /par'euh mag net"ik/, adj. /par'euh mag"nit, par"euh mag'-/, n. Physics. a body or substance that, placed in a magnetic field, possesses ...
paramagnetic
paramagnetic [par΄ə mag net′ik] adj. designating or of a material, as aluminum or platinum, having a magnetic permeability slightly greater than unity and varying to only a ...
paramagnetically
See paramagnetic. * * *
paramagnetism
See paramagnetically. * * * Kind of magnetism that occurs in materials weakly attracted by a strong magnet. Compounds containing iron, palladium, platinum, and the rare-earth ...
Paramanuchit
▪ Siamese religious leader and author also called  Paramanujita Jinorasa   born 1791 died Dec. 9, 1852       prince-patriarch of the Siamese Buddhist church who was a ...
Paramaribo
/par'euh mar"euh boh'/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Suriname, in NE South America. 150,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 233,000), seaport, and capital of ...
Paramatman
/pur"euh maht"meuhn/, n. Hinduism. absolute Atman. [ < Skt paramatman supreme self] * * *
paramatta
/par'euh mat"euh/, n. a light, twilled dress fabric, having a silk or cotton warp and a woolen weft. Also, parramatta. [1825-35; named after Parramatta, town in New South ...
paramecium
/par'euh mee"shee euhm, -sheuhm, -see euhm/, n., pl. paramecia /-shee euh, -see euh/. any ciliated freshwater protozoan of the genus Paramecium, having an oval body and a long, ...
paramedic
paramedic1 /par'euh med"ik/, n. a person who is trained to assist a physician or to give first aid or other health care in the absence of a physician, often as part of a police, ...
paramedical
/par'euh med"i keuhl/, adj. related to the medical profession in a secondary or supplementary capacity. [1920-25; PARA-1 + MEDICAL] * * *
paramedical personnel
also called  Paramedics,         health-care workers who provide clinical services to patients under the supervision of a physician. The term generally encompasses ...
parament
/par"euh meuhnt/, n., pl. paraments, paramenta /par'euh men"teuh/. 1. a decoration for a room, as a tapestry. 2. an ecclesiastical vestment. [1350-1400; ME < LL paramentum an ...
parameter
—parametric /par'euh me"trik/, parametrical, adj. /peuh ram"i teuhr/, n. 1. Math. a. a constant or variable term in a function that determines the specific form of the function ...
parameterization
See parameterize. * * *
parameterize
—parameterization, n. /peuh ram"i teuh ruyz'/, v.t., parameterized, parameterizing. to describe (a phenomenon, problem, curve, surface, etc.) by the use of parameters. Also, ...
parameters, variation of
▪ mathematics       general method for finding a particular solution of a differential equation by replacing the constants in the solution of a related (homogeneous) ...
parametric
See parameter. * * *
parametric amplifier
Electronics. a device, as an electron tube or transistor, that amplifies a high-frequency input signal by sinusoidally varying the reactance of the circuit. [1955-60] * * *
parametric equation
Math. one of two or more equations expressing the location of a point on a curve or surface by determining each coordinate separately. [1905-10] * * *
parametrical
See parametric. * * *
parametrically
See parametric. * * *
parametrize
/peuh ram"i truyz'/, v.t., parametrized, parametrizing. parameterize. Also, esp. Brit., parametrise. * * *
paramilitary
/par'euh mil"i ter'ee/, adj., n., pl. paramilitaries. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to an organization operating as, in place of, or as a supplement to a regular military force: a ...
paramita
/pah rum"i teuh/, n. Buddhism. any of the practices prescribed for one aspiring to nirvana. [ < Skt and Pali paramita perfection] * * * ▪ Buddhism       in Mahāyāna ...
paramnesia
/par'am nee"zheuh/, n. 1. Psychiatry. a distortion of memory in which fact and fantasy are confused. 2. the inability to recall the correct meaning of a word. [1885-90; < NL; see ...
paramo
/par"euh moh', pahr"euh-/, n., pl. paramos. a high, cold plateau of South America. [1750-60; < AmerSp; Sp páramo barren plain; presumably of pre-L orig.] * * *
paramorph
—paramorphic, paramorphous, adj. /par"euh mawrf'/, n. Mineral. a pseudomorph formed by a change in crystal structure but not in chemical composition. Also called ...
paramorphic
See paramorphism. * * *
paramorphine
/par'euh mawr"feen/, n. Chem. thebaine. [PARA-1 + MORPHINE] * * *
paramorphism
/par'euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. 1. the process by which a paramorph is formed. 2. the state of being a paramorph. [1865-70; PARA-1 + -MORPHISM] * * *
paramorphous
See paramorphic. * * *
paramount
—paramountcy, n. —paramountly, adv. /par"euh mownt'/, adj. 1. chief in importance or impact; supreme; preeminent: a point of paramount significance. 2. above others in rank ...
Paramount
/par"euh mownt'/, n. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 36,407. * * *
Paramount Communications
Media and communications corporation. It was founded (as Paramount Pictures Corp.) by W. W. Hodkinson in 1914 as a film distributor. It became a motion-picture company two years ...
Paramount Communications Inc.
      American corporation that was acquired by Viacom Inc. (q.v.) in 1994. * * *
Paramount Pictures
a major Hollywood film company. It originally owned cinemas and began producing films in the 1920s. The company was bought by Gulf & Western Industries in 1966 and by Viacom Inc ...
Paramount Pictures Corporation
▪ American corporation       one of the first and most successful of the Hollywood motion-picture studios.       Paramount Pictures Corp. was established in 1914 ...
paramountcy
See paramount. * * *
paramountly
See paramountcy. * * *
paramour
/par"euh moor'/, n. 1. an illicit lover, esp. of a married person. 2. any lover. [1250-1300; ME, from the phrase par amour by or through love < OF] * * *
Paramus
/peuh ram"euhs/, n. a city in NE New Jersey. 26,474. * * *
paramylum
par·am·y·lum (pă-rămʹə-ləm) also par·am·y·lon (-lən) n. A carbohydrate resembling starch that is composed of glucose and forms the reserve foodstuff of certain ...
paramyxovirus
/par'euh mik"seuh vuy'reuhs, -mik'seuh vuy"-/, n., pl. paramyxoviruses. any of various RNA-containing viruses that are similar to but larger than the myxoviruses, including the ...
Paraná
/par'euh nah"/; Port. /pah'rddah nah"/, n. 1. a river in central South America, flowing from S Brazil along the SE boundary of Paraguay and through E Argentina into the Río de ...
Paraná pine
▪ plant also called  Brazilian pine , or  candelabra tree        (species Araucaria angustifolia), an important evergreen timber conifer of the family ...
Paraná Plateau
▪ plateau, South America       lava plateau, one of the world's largest, southern Brazil. It lies mostly in Rio Grande do Sul and São Paulo estados (states), but it ...
Paraná River
River, South America. It is the continent's second longest river (after the Amazon River) and rises on the plateau of southeast-central Brazil. It flows generally south 3,032 mi ...
Paranaguá
/pah'rddah nah gwah"/, n. a seaport in S Brazil. 65,178. * * * ▪ Brazil       port, southeastern Paraná estado (state), southern Brazil, on Paranaguá Bay. The city ...
Paranaíba
Pa·ra·na·í·ba (păr'ə-nə-ēʹbə, pä'rä-nä-ēʹbä) A river, about 805 km (500 mi) long, of south-central Brazil. It is one of the headstreams of the Paraná River. * ...
Paranaíba River
▪ river, South America Portuguese  Rio Paranaíba,         south central Brazil, rising on the western slopes of the Serra da Mata da Corda and flowing ...
Paranapanema River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Paranapanema         river, rising south of São Paulo in the Serra do Paranapiacaba, southeastern Brazil, and flowing in a ...
Parañaque
Pa·ra·ña·que (pä'rä-nyäʹkĕ) A city of southwest Luzon Island, Philippines, a residential suburb of Manila on southeast Manila Bay. Population: 252,792. * * * ▪ ...
ParanáRiver
Paraná River A river of central South America rising in east-central Brazil at the confluence of the Rio Grande and the Paranaíba and flowing about 2,896 km (1,800 mi) ...
paranasal
/par'euh nay"zeuhl/, adj. Anat. situated near the nasal cavities. [1905-10; PARA-1 + NASAL1] * * *
Parandowski, Jan
▪ Polish author born May 11, 1895, Lwów, Poland [now Lviv, Ukraine] died September 26, 1978, Warsaw       Polish writer, essayist, and ...
paraneoplastic
par·a·ne·o·plas·tic (păr'ə-nē'ə-plăsʹtĭk) adj. Of or relating to a syndrome or other systemic disturbance associated with but not directly related to a primary tumor ...
parang
/pahr"ahng/, n. a large, heavy knife used as a tool or a weapon in Malaysia and Indonesia. [1850-55; < Malay] * * *
paranoia
/par'euh noy"euh/, n. 1. Psychiatry. a mental disorder characterized by systematized delusions and the projection of personal conflicts, which are ascribed to the supposed ...
paranoiac
par·a·noi·ac (păr'ə-noiʹăk', -noiʹĭk) n. A paranoid. adj. Of, relating to, or resembling paranoia. * * *
paranoid
/par"euh noyd'/, adj. 1. of, like, or suffering from paranoia. n. 2. a person suffering from paranoia. Also, paranoiac /par'euh noy"ak, -ik/, paranoeac /par'euh nee"ak, ...
paranoid schizophrenia
paranoid schizophrenia n. a chronic form of schizophrenia characterized by hallucinations, grandiose delusions or delusions of persecution, etc. * * *
paranormal
—paranormally, adv. /par'euh nawr"meuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the claimed occurrence of an event or perception without scientific explanation, as psychokinesis, ...
paranormality
See paranormal. * * *
paranormally
See paranormality. * * *
paranthropus
/peuh ran"threuh peuhs, par'euhn throh"-/, n., pl. paranthropuses for 1. 1. (sometimes cap.) a member of the former genus Paranthropus. 2. (cap., italics) a former genus of ...
paranymph
/par"euh nimf'/, n. 1. a groomsman or a bridesmaid. 2. (in ancient Greece) a. a friend who accompanied the bridegroom when he went to bring home the bride. b. the bridesmaid who ...
paraparesis
/par'euh peuh ree"sis, -par"euh sis/, n. Pathol. partial paralysis, esp. of the lower limbs. [ < NL; see PARA-1, PARESIS] * * *
parapet
—parapeted, adj. —parapetless, adj. /par"euh pit, -pet'/, n. 1. Fort. a. a defensive wall or elevation, as of earth or stone, in a fortification. See diag. under bastion. b. ...
paraph
/par"euhf, peuh raf"/, n. a flourish made after a signature, as in a document, originally as a precaution against forgery. [1350-1400; ME paraf < It parafo or MF paraphe ...
paraphase amplifier
/par"euh fayz'/, Electronics. an amplifier that produces a push-pull output from a single input. [PARA-1 + PHASE] * * *
paraphernalia
—paraphernalian, paraphernal /par'euh ferr"nl/, adj. /par'euh feuhr nayl"yeuh, -feuh nayl"-/, n. 1. (sometimes used with a singular v.) equipment, apparatus, or furnishing used ...
paraphilia
/par'euh fil"ee euh/, n. Psychiatry. a type of mental disorder characterized by a preference for or obsession with unusual sexual practices, as pedophilia, sadomasochism, or ...
paraphiliac
See paraphilia. * * *
paraphrasable
See paraphrase. * * *
paraphrase
—paraphrasable, adj. —paraphraser, n. /par"euh frayz'/, n., v., paraphrased, paraphrasing. n. 1. a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for ...
paraphraser
See paraphrasable. * * *
paraphrasis
/peuh raf"reuh sis/, n., pl. paraphrases /-seez'/. paraphrase. [ < L] * * *
paraphrast
/par"euh frast'/, n. a person who paraphrases. [1540-50; < LL paraphrastes < Gk paraphrastés, deriv. of paraphrázein to retell in other words, equiv. to para- PARA-1 + phrad-, ...
paraphrastic
—paraphrastically, adv. /par'euh fras"tik/, adj. having the nature of a paraphrase. [1615-25; < ML paraphrasticus < Gk paraphrastikós. See PARAPHRAST, -IC] * * *
paraphrastically
See paraphrastic. * * *
paraphysis
—paraphysate, adj. /peuh raf"euh sis/, n., pl. paraphyses /-seez'/. Bot., Mycol. one of the erect, sterile filaments often growing among the reproductive organs in many fungi, ...
paraplegia
—paraplegic /par'euh plee"jik, -plej"ik/, adj., n. /par'euh plee"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. Pathol. paralysis of both lower limbs due to spinal disease or injury. [1650-60; < NL < Gk ...
paraplegic
See paraplegia. * * *
parapodium
—parapodial, adj. /par'euh poh"dee euhm/, n., pl. parapodia /-dee euh/. Zool. one of the unjointed rudimentary limbs or processes of locomotion of many worms, as ...
parapraxis
/par'euh prak"sis/, n., pl. parapraxes /-prak"seez/. Psychol. a slip of the tongue or pen, forgetfulness, misplacement of objects, or other error thought to reveal unconscious ...
paraprofessional
/par'euh preuh fesh"euh nl/, n. 1. a person trained to assist a doctor, lawyer, teacher, or other professional, but not licensed to practice in the profession. adj. 2. of or ...
parapsychological
See parapsychology. * * *
parapsychological phenomenon
also called  PSI phenomenon        any of several types of events that cannot be accounted for by natural law or knowledge apparently acquired by other than usual ...
parapsychologist
See parapsychological. * * *
parapsychology
—parapsychological, adj. —parapsychologist, n. /par'euh suy kol"euh jee/, n. the branch of psychology that deals with the investigation of purportedly psychic phenomena, as ...
paraquat
/par"euh kwaht'/, n. Chem. a toxic herbicide, C12H14N2·2CH3SO4, applied to food and flower crops and to highway borders as a defoliant and weed-killer. [1960-65; PARA-1 + ...
paraquet
/par"euh ket'/, n. parakeet. * * *
pararescue
/par"euh res'kyooh/, n. a rescue, as of persons caught in a disaster, accomplished by parachutists. [1945-50; PARA-3 + RESCUE] * * *
ParáRiver
Pa·rá River (pä-räʹ) The southeast arm of the Amazon River estuary in northern Brazil. Divided from the rest of the river by Marajó Island, it is about 320 km (200 mi) ...
pararosaniline
pararosaniline [par΄ə rō zan′əl in] n. 〚 PARA-1 + ROSANILINE〛 a red aniline dye, C19H19N3O, used in coloring fabrics, paper, etc. and as a biological stain * * *
Parárubber
Pa·rá rubber (pä-räʹ, părʹə) n. Rubber obtained from various tropical South American trees of the genus Hevea, especially H. brasiliensis.   [After Pará, a state of ...
Paras
➡ Parachute Regiment. * * *
parasail
/par"euh sayl'/, n. 1. a special parachute, kept open with wing-tip holders to help provide lift, used in parasailing. v.i. 2. to engage in parasailing. [PARA-3 + SAIL] * * *
parasailer
See parasail. * * *
parasailing
/par"euh say'ling/, n. the sport of soaring while harnessed to a parasail that is towed by a motorboat, car, or other fast-moving vehicle, from which one often releases oneself ...
parasang
parasang [par′ə saŋ΄] n. 〚L parasanga < Gr parasangēs < OPers > Pers farsang〛 an ancient Persian unit of linear measure equal to 30 stadia or 3.455 miles (5.56 ...
parascenium
/par'euh see"nee euhm/, n., pl. parascenia /-nee euh/. either of two wings flanking and extending forward from the skene of an ancient Greek theater. [1700-10; < NL < Gk ...
Paraschwagerina
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct fusulinid foraminiferans (protozoans with a relatively large shell readily preservable in the fossil record), the fossils of which ...
paraselene
—paraselenic /par'euh si lee"nik, -len"ik/, adj. /par'euh si lee"nee/, n., pl. paraselenae /-nee/. Meteorol. a bright moonlike spot on a lunar halo; a mock moon. Also called ...
paraselenic
See paraselene. * * *
parasensorily
See parasensory. * * *
parasensory
par·a·sen·so·ry (păr'ə-sĕnʹsə-rē) adj. Extrasensory.   par'a·sen·soʹri·ly (-sôrʹə-lē, -sōrʹ-) adv. * * *
parasexual
parasexual [par΄ə sek′sho͞o əl] adj. designating or of any reproductive process in which recombination of genes from genetically distinct cells or individuals occurs ...
parasexual reproduction
Biol. reproduction by recombination of genes from genetically dissimilar nuclei within binucleate or multinucleate cells, as in filamentous fungi. * * *
parasexuality
See parasexual. * * *
Parashah
/pahr"euh shah', pahr"sheuh/; Seph. Heb. /pah rddah shah"/; Ashk. Heb. /pahrdd"sheuh/, n., pl. Parashoth, Parashot Seph. Heb. /pah rddah shawt"/, Parashioth, Parashiot Seph. Heb. ...
Parashurama
/par'euh shoo rah"meuh/, n. Hindu Myth. a Rama and avatar of Vishnu who rid the earth of Kshatriyas. * * *
parasite
/par"euh suyt'/, n. 1. an organism that lives on or in an organism of another species, known as the host, from the body of which it obtains nutriment. 2. a person who receives ...
parasite drag
Aeron. the component of drag caused by skin friction and the shape of the surfaces not contributing to lift. [1925-30] * * *
parasitic
—parasitically, adv. —parasiticalness, n. /par'euh sit"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of parasites. 2. (of diseases) due to parasites. 3. Phonet. ...
parasitically
See parasitic. * * *
parasiticidal
See parasiticide. * * *
parasiticide
—parasiticidal, adj. /par'euh sit"euh suyd'/, n. 1. an agent or preparation that destroys parasites. adj. 2. destructive to parasites. [1860-65; PARASITE + -I- + -CIDE] * * *
parasitism
/par"euh suy tiz'euhm, -si-/, n. 1. Biol. a relation between organisms in which one lives as a parasite on another. 2. a parasitic mode of life or existence. 3. Pathol. a ...
parasitize
/par"euh si tuyz', -suy-/, v.t., parasitized, parasitizing. to live on (a host) as a parasite. Also, esp. Brit., parasitise. [1885-90; PARASITE + -IZE] * * *
parasitoid
/par"euh si toyd', -suy-/, n. 1. an organism that practices parasitoidism. adj. 2. of or pertaining to a parasite, esp. one practicing parasitoidism. [1920-25; < NL Parasitoïdea ...
parasitoidism
/par"euh si toy diz'euhm, -suy-/, n. the feeding by certain insect larvae on host tissues such that the host remains alive until larval development is complete and then usually ...
parasitologic
See parasitology. * * *
parasitological
See parasitologic. * * *
parasitologist
See parasitologic. * * *
parasitology
—parasitological /par'euh suyt'l oj"i keuhl/, adj. —parasitologist, n. /par'euh suy tol"euh jee, -si-/, n. the branch of biology dealing with parasites and the effects of ...
parasitosis
/par'euh suy toh"sis, -si-/, n. Pathol. parasitism (def. 3). [1895-1900; PARASITE + -OSIS] * * *
Paráskhos, Akhilléfs
▪ Greek poet born March 6, 1838, Návplion, Greece died January 26, 1895, Athens       Greek poet who was the central figure of the Greek Romantic school of poetry in ...
parasol
—parasoled, adj. /par"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. a lightweight umbrella used, esp. by women, as a sunshade. [1610-20; < F, MF < It parasole. See PARA-2, SOL] * * *
parasol ant.
See leaf-cutting ant. [1775-85] * * *
parasol mushroom
a common edible field mushroom, Macrolepiota (Lepiota) procera, having a light-brown, scaly cap. * * *
parasol pine
1. See stone pine (def. 1). 2. See umbrella pine. [1860-65] * * *
parasoled
See parasol. * * *
parasomnia
par·a·som·ni·a (păr'ə-sŏmʹnē-ə) n. Any of several disorders that frequently interfere with sleep, occurring especially among children and including sleepwalking, night ...
parastatal
/par'euh stayt"l/, adj. 1. working with the government in an unofficial capacity. n. 2. a parastatal company or group. [1965-70; PARA-1 + STATE + -AL1] * * *
parastichy
/pi ras"ti kee/, n., pl. parastichies. Bot. one of a number of seemingly secondary spirals or oblique ranks winding around the stem or axis to the right and left in a spiral ...
Paraśurāma
▪ Hindu mythology       (Sanskrit: “Rāma with the Ax”), sixth of the 10 avatāras (incarnations) of the Hindu god Vishnu. The Mahābhārata (“Great Epic of the ...
parasympathetic
/par'euh sim'peuh thet"ik/, Anat., Physiol., adj. pertaining to that part of the autonomic nervous system consisting of nerves and ganglia that arise from the cranial and sacral ...
parasympathetically
See parasympathetic. * * *
parasympatheticnervous system
parasympathetic nervous system n. The part of the autonomic nervous system originating in the brain stem and the lower part of the spinal cord that, in general, inhibits or ...
parasympathomimetic
parasympathomimetic [par΄əsim΄pə thō΄mi met′ik] adj. 〚
parasynapsis
—parasynaptic, adj. —parasynaptist, n. /par'euh si nap"sis/, n. Biol. the conjugation of chromosomes side by side; synapsis. [1905-10; PARA-1 + SYNAPSIS] * * *
parasynthesis
—parasynthetic /par'euh sin thet"ik/, adj. /par'euh sin"theuh sis/, n. Gram. 1. the formation of a word by the addition of a derivational suffix to a phrase or compound, as of ...
parasynthetic
See parasynthesis. * * *
paratactic
paratactic [par΄ətak′tik] adj. 1. of, relating to, or involving parataxis: also paratactical 2. designating or using a style in which sentences or elements within sentences ...
paratactical
See paratactic. * * *
paratactically
See paratactic. * * *
parataxic
/par'euh tak"sik/, adj. Psychol. 1. of or characterized by emotional maladjustment. 2. of or related to a lack of harmony between attitudes, ideas, etc., and other aspects of an ...
parataxic distortion
Psychiatry. a distortion in perception, esp. of interpersonal relationships, based on a tendency to perceive others in accordance with a pattern determined by previous ...
parataxis
—paratactic /par'euh tak"tik/, paratactical, adj. —paratactically, adv. /par'euh tak"sis/, n. Gram. the placing together of sentences, clauses, or phrases without a ...
parathion
/par'euh thuy"on/, n. Chem. a deep-brown to yellow, poisonous liquid, C10H14NO5PS, used as an insecticide. [1945-50; PARA-1 + THI- + -ON(E)] * * * ▪ ...
parathormone
parathormone [par΄əthôr′mōn΄] n. a hormone secreted by the parathyroids, important in the control of the calcium-phosphorus balance of the body: also parathyroid hormone * ...
parathyroid
/par'euh thuy"royd/, Anat. adj. 1. situated near the thyroid gland. n. 2. See parathyroid gland. [1895-1900; PARA-1 + THYROID] * * *
parathyroid adenoma
▪ pathology       disorder characterized by loss of mineral materials from the skeleton, the development of kidney stones, and occasionally progressive kidney ...
parathyroid extract
Pharm. an aqueous preparation obtained from the parathyroid gland of cattle, used in medicine chiefly in cases of parathyroid deficiency and in veterinary medicine in the ...
parathyroid gland
Anat. any of several small oval glands usually lying near or embedded in the thyroid gland. [1900-05] * * * Endocrine gland, two to eight of which are embedded in each side of ...
parathyroid hormone
Biochem., Physiol. a polypeptide hormone, produced in the parathyroid glands, that helps regulate the blood levels of calcium and phosphate. Abbr.: PTH * * *
parathyroidectomy
/par'euh thuy'roy dek"teuh mee/, n., pl. parathyroidectomies. Surg. the excision of a parathyroid gland. [1900-05; PARATHYROID + -ECTOMY] * * *
parathyroidgland
parathyroid gland n. Any of usually four small kidney-shaped glands that lie in pairs near or within the posterior surface of the thyroid gland and secrete parathyroid hormone. * ...
parathyroidhormone
parathyroid hormone n. Abbr. PTH A hormone produced by the parathyroid glands that regulates the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the body. * * *
paratransit
/par'euh tran"sit, -zit/, n. public or group transportation, as by automobile, van, or minibus, organized to relieve the congestion of mass transportation. [1970-75; PARA-1 + ...
paratroop
/par"euh troohp'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a paratrooper or a parachute unit: paratroop boots. n. 2. paratrooper. [1935-40; back formation from PARATROOPER] * * *
paratrooper
/par"euh trooh'peuhr/, n. a member of a military infantry unit trained to attack or land in combat areas by parachuting from airplanes. [1940-45; PARA-3 + TROOPER] * * *
paratroops
paratroops [par′ə tro͞ops΄] pl.n. 〚
paratrophic
/par'euh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. obtaining nourishment from living organic matter; parasitic. [1855-60; PARA-1 + -TROPHIC] * * *
paratuberculosis
—paratuberculous /par'euh too berr"kyeuh leuhs, -tyoo-/, adj. /par'euh too berr'kyeuh loh"sis, -tyoo-/, n. Vet. Pathol. See Johne's disease. [ < NL; see PARA-1, TUBERCULOSIS] * ...
paratype
par·a·type (părʹə-tīp') n. A biological specimen other than a holotype used for the development of the original description of a taxonomic group.   par'a·typʹic ...
paratyphoid
/par'euh tuy"foyd/, Pathol. n. 1. Also called paratyphoid fever. an infectious disease, similar in some of its symptoms to typhoid fever but usually milder, caused by any of ...
paratyphoid fever
▪ disease       infectious disease similar to typhoid (typhoid fever), though usually milder, caused by any of several organisms: Salmonella paratyphi (paratyphoid A), ...
paratyphoidfever
par·a·ty·phoid fever (păr'ə-tīʹfoid') n. An acute intestinal disease, similar to typhoid fever but less severe, caused by eating food contaminated with certain bacteria ...
paratypic
See paratype. * * *
paraurethral gland
/par'euh yoo ree"threuhl/ any of a group of vestigial glands located in the posterior wall of the urethra in women. [PARA-1 + URETHRAL] * * *
paravail
/par'euh vayl", par"euh vayl'/, adj. Old Eng. Law. being below or inferior to all others; specifically, being a tenant of one who holds land of another who is also a tenant: a ...
paravane
/par"euh vayn'/, n. an underwater defensive device against mines, consisting of a pair of torpedo-shaped vanes towed at the bow of a ship, usually a minesweeper, by cables that ...
paravent
/par"euh vent'/, n. a screen against a draft or the wind. [ < F: lit., against wind, equiv. to para- PARA-2 + vent WIND1] * * *
paravidya
/pahr'euh vid"yah/, n. Hinduism. transcendental knowledge. Cf. aparavidya. [ < Skt para vidya] * * *
parawing
/par"euh wing'/, n. Aerospace. paraglider. [1965-70; PARA-3 + WING] * * *
paraxial
/par ak"see euhl/, adj. Optics. making a small angle with and lying close to the axis of an optical system: paraxial ray. [1860-65; PAR- + AXIAL] * * *
parazoan
/par'euh zoh"euhn/, Zool. n. 1. any member of a group of invertebrates comprising the phylum Porifera, the sponges. adj. 2. of or pertaining to a parazoan organism. [ < NL ...
Parbhani
▪ India       city, east-central Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. It lies on the Manmad-Hyderabad railway about 10 miles (16 km) south of the Dudna ...
parboil
/pahr"boyl'/, v.t. to boil partially or for a short time; precook. [1400-50; late ME parboylen to boil partly, (rarely) to boil fully < MF parboillir < LL perbullire to boil ...
parbuckle
/pahr"buk'euhl/, n., v., parbuckled, parbuckling. n. 1. a kind of tackle for raising or lowering a cask or similar object along an inclined plane or a vertical surface, ...
Parca
/pahr"keuh/, n. 1. an ancient Roman goddess of childbirth and destiny. Cf. Parcae. 2. any one of the Parcae. * * *
Parcae
/pahr"see, -kuy/, n.pl., sing. Parca /-keuh/. the three Fates of ancient Rome, developed out of the goddess Parca by identification with the Moerae of Greek mythology. * * *
parcel
/pahr"seuhl/, n., v., parceled, parceling or (esp. Brit.) parcelled, parcelling, adv. n. 1. an object, article, container, or quantity of something wrapped or packed up; small ...
parcel gilding
—parcel-gilder, n. —parcel-gilt, adj. the gilding of only some areas or ornaments of a piece of furniture. [1865-70] * * *
parcel post
1. (in the U.S. Postal Service) nonpreferential mail consisting of packages and parcels, weighing one pound or more sent at fourth-class rates. Cf. fourth class. 2. the branch of ...
parcel tanker
Naut. a tanker designed to carry an assortment of liquids, as chemicals, or different grades of a liquid, as petroleum, at one time. [1970-75] * * *
Parcelforce
➡ postal services * * *
parceling
/pahr"seuh ling/, n. 1. the act of separating or dividing into parts and distributing; allotting or apportioning. 2. Naut. strips of canvas, usually coated with tar, for wrapping ...
parcelpost
parcel post n. A postal service or department that handles and delivers packages. * * *
parcenary
/pahr"seuh ner'ee/, n. Law. joint heirship or coheirship; the undivided holding of land by two or more coheirs. Cf. coparcenary. [1475-85; < AF parcenarie, OF parçonerie ...
parcener
/pahr"seuh neuhr/, n. Law. a joint heir; coheir. [1250-1300; ME < AF: coheir, equiv. to parcen (OF parçon < VL *partion-, for L partition- PARTITION) + -er -ER2] * * *
parch
—parchable, adj. —parchedly /pahr"chid lee, pahrcht"-/, adv. —parchedness, n. —parchingly, adv. /pahrch/, v.t. 1. to make extremely, excessively, or completely dry, as ...
Parcheesi
/pahr chee"zee/, Trademark. a brand of the game pachisi. * * *


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