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parthenogenesis
—parthenogenetic /pahr'theuh noh jeuh net"ik/, adj. —parthenogenetically, adv. /par'theuh noh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. development of an egg without fertilization. [1840-50; ...
parthenogenetic
See parthenogenesis. * * *
parthenogenetically
See parthenogenetic. * * *
Parthenon
/pahr"theuh non', -neuhn/, n. the temple of Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 B.C. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the ...
Parthenopaeus
/pahr'theuh neuh pee"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Hippomenes and Atalanta, and one of the Seven against Thebes. * * *
Parthenope
Parthenope [pär then′ə pē΄] n. 〚L < Gr Parthenopē〛 Gr. Myth. the siren who throws herself into the sea after her songs fail to lure Odysseus into a shipwreck * * *
Parthenopean Republic
▪ historical republic, Italy Italian  Repubblica Partenopea,  French  République Parthénopéenne,         short-lived republic in Naples (Naples, Kingdom of) ...
Parthenos
/pahr then"euhs, pahr"theuh nos'/, n. an epithet of Athena, meaning "virgin." * * *
parthenospore
/pahr"theuh neuh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Biol. a spore developed without fertilization. [1885-90; PARTHENO- + -SPORE] * * *
Parthia
/pahr"thee euh/, n. an ancient country in W Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea: conquered by the Persians A.D. 226; now a part of NE Iran. * * * Ancient land, southwestern ...
Parthian
/pahr"thee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Parthia. 2. an Iranian language of ancient and medieval Parthia. adj. 3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Parthia, its ...
Parthian language
      Middle Iranian language that originated in the ancient province of Parthia (the northeastern portion of modern Iran) and became the official language of the Arsacid ...
Parthian shot
a sharp, telling remark, act, gesture, etc., made in departing. [1900-05; so called from the ancient Parthian cavalry's habit of shooting arrows rearward at the enemy while in ...
parti
/pahr tee", pahr"tee/, n. Archit. the basic scheme or concept of an architectural design. [1805-15; < F: task assigned, treatment, n. use of ptp. of partir to PART] * * *
parti pris
/pannrdd tee prddee"/, French. a position or attitude resolved upon or taken in advance. * * *
Parti Québécois
Provincial Canadian political party founded in 1968 by René Lévesque and other French-Canadian separatists in the province of Quebec. In the 1976 provincial election it won a ...
Parti Rouge
▪ political party, Canada English  Red Party        radical party formed in Canada East (now Quebec) about 1849 and inspired primarily by the French-Canadian patriot ...
parti-colored
/pahr"tee kul'euhrd/, adj. having different colors in different areas or patches; variegated: a parti-colored dress. Also, party-colored. [1525-35; parti variegated < MF
partial
—partially, adv. —partialness, n. /pahr"sheuhl/, adj. 1. being such in part only; not total or general; incomplete: partial blindness; a partial payment of a debt. 2. biased ...
partial denture.
See under denture. [1855-60] * * *
partial derivative
Math. the derivative of a function with respect to one of its variables with all other variables held constant. [1970-75] * * * In differential calculus, the derivative of a ...
partial differential
Math. an expression obtained from a given function of several variables by taking the partial derivative with respect to one of the variables and multiplying by the increment in ...
partial differential equation
Math. a differential equation containing partial derivatives. Cf. ordinary differential equation. [1885-90] * * * In mathematics, an equation that contains partial derivatives, ...
partial fraction
partial fraction n. any of a set of fractions which add up to a given fraction [a/2xy and a/xy are the partial fractions of 3a/2xy] * * *
partial fractions
Algebra. one of the fractions into which a given fraction can be resolved, the sum of such simpler fractions being equal to the given fraction: Partial fractions of 5/(x2-x) are ...
partial ordering
Math. a relation defined on a set, having the properties that each element is in relation to itself, the relation is transitive, and if two elements are in relation to each ...
partial pressure
Physics, Chem. the pressure that a gas in a mixture of gases would exert if it occupied the same volume as the mixture at the same temperature. Cf. Dalton's law. [1855-60] * * *
partial score
Bridge. part-score. * * *
partial sum
Math. one of a series of sums of elements of a given sequence, the first sum being the first element, the second sum being the first element added to the second element, the ...
partial tone
Acoustics, Music. one of the pure tones forming a part of a complex tone. Also called partial. [1875-80] * * *
partial vacuum
an enclosed space from which part of the air or another gas has been removed. * * *
partial-birth abortion
/pahr"sheuhl berrth"/ (term used chiefly by opponents of abortion) See intact dilatation and extraction. * * *
partial-birthabortion
par·tial-birth abortion (pärʹshəl-bûrthʹ) n. A late-term abortion, especially one in which a viable fetus is partially delivered through the cervix before being extracted. ...
partialderivative
partial derivative n. The derivative with respect to a single variable of a function of two or more variables, regarding other variables as constants. * * *
partialdifferential equation
partial differential equation n. A differential equation containing at least one partial derivative. * * *
partialdifferentiation
partial differentiation n. Differentiation with respect to a single variable in a function of several variables, regarding other variables as constants. * * *
partialfraction
partial fraction n. One of a set of fractions having a sum equal to a specified fraction. * * *
partiality
/pahr'shee al"i tee, pahr shal"-/, n., pl. partialities. 1. the state or character of being partial. 2. a favorable bias or prejudice: the partiality of parents for their own ...
partialize
/pahr"sheuh luyz'/, v.t., partialized, partializing. to bias. Also, esp. Brit., partialise. [1585-95; < F partialiser. See PARTIAL, -IZE] * * *
partially
par·tial·ly (pärʹshə-lē) adv. To a degree; not totally. * * *
partially ordered set
Math. a set in which a relation as "less than or equal to" holds for some pairs of elements of the set, but not for all. Cf. totally ordered set, well-ordered set. [1970-75] * * *
partialness
See partial. * * *
partialpressure
partial pressure n. The pressure that one component of a mixture of gases would exert if it were alone in a container. * * *
partialtone
partial tone n. See harmonic. * * *
partible
—partibility, n. /pahr"teuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being divided or separated; separable; divisible. [1350-1400; ME < LL partibilis divisible, equiv. to L part(iri) to divide, ...
particeps criminis
/pahr"teuh seps' krim"euh nis/, Law. an accomplice in a crime. [ < L] * * *
participable
/pahr tis"euh peuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being shared. [1400-50; late ME ( < OF) < LL participabilis which can be shared, equiv. to L particip(are) to PARTICIPATE + -abilis ...
participance
/pahr tis"euh peuhns/, n. participation. Also, participancy. [PARTICIP(ANT) + -ANCE] * * *
participant
—participantly, adv. /pahr tis"euh peuhnt/, n. 1. a person or group that participates; partaker. adj. 2. participating; sharing. [1520-30; < L participant- (s. of participans), ...
participant observation
a technique of field research, used in anthropology and sociology, by which an investigator (participant observer) studies the life of a group by sharing in its ...
participate
—participatingly, adv. —participative, adj. —participatively, adv. —participator, n. —participatory /pahr tis"euh peuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /pahr tis"euh payt'/, ...
participating insurance
insurance in which the policyholders receive dividends and share in the surplus earnings of the company. [1950-55] * * *
participating preferred
Stock Exchange. a preferred stock entitled to its fixed dividend and to additional ones on a specified basis after payment of dividends on common stock. [1925-30] * * *
participation
/pahr tis'euh pay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of participating. 2. the fact of taking part, as in some action or attempt: participation in a celebration. 3. a sharing, as ...
participational
See participation. * * *
participative
See participate. * * *
participator
See participative. * * *
participatory
participatory [pär tis′əpə tôr΄ē, pər tis′əpə tôr΄ē] adj. 1. of or having to do with participation 2. allowing or providing for the participation of all members ...
participatory democracy
individual participation by citizens in political decisions and policies that affect their lives, esp. directly rather than through elected representatives. Also, participant ...
participial
—participiality, n. —participially, adv. /pahr'teuh sip"ee euhl/, Gram. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a participle. 2. similar to or formed from a participle. n. 3. a ...
participialize
—participialization, n. /pahr'teuh sip"ee euh luyz'/, v.t., participialized, participializing. to form (a word) into a participle; make participial. Also, esp. Brit., ...
participially
See participial. * * *
participle
/pahr"teuh sip'euhl, -seuh peuhl/, n. Gram. an adjective or complement to certain auxiliaries that is regularly derived from the verb in many languages and refers to ...
particle
—particled, adj. /pahr"ti keuhl/, n. 1. a minute portion, piece, fragment, or amount; a tiny or very small bit: a particle of dust; not a particle of supporting evidence. 2. ...
particle accelerator
accelerator (def. 7). [1945-50] * * * Device that accelerates a beam of fast-moving, electrically charged atoms (ions) or subatomic particles. Accelerators are used to study ...
particle beam
1. Physics. a concentrated stream of particles, as electrons, neutrons, or protons, generated for studying particle interactions, nuclear structure, crystal structure, etc. 2. ...
particle board
any of various composition boards formed from small particles of wood, as flakes or shavings, tightly compressed and bonded together with a resin. [1955-60] * * *
particle physics
the branch of physics that deals with the properties and behavior of elementary particles. Cf. high-energy physics. [1945-50] * * * or high-energy physics Study of the ...
particle velocity
Physics. the velocity of a point in a medium that is undergoing wave motion. Cf. group velocity, phase velocity. * * *
particleaccelerator
particle accelerator n. A device, such as a cyclotron or linear accelerator, that accelerates charged subatomic particles or nuclei to high energies. Also called atom smasher. * ...
particlebeam
particle beam n. A beam of atoms or subatomic particles that have been accelerated by a particle accelerating device, aimed by magnets, and focused by a lens. * * *
particleboard
☆ particleboard [pärt′i kəlbôrd΄ ] n. a boardlike building material made by compressing sawdust or wood particles with a resin binder * * * par·ti·cle·board or ...
particlephysics
particle physics n. The branch of physics that deals with subatomic particles. * * *
particular
/peuhr tik"yeuh leuhr, peuh tik"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a single or specific person, thing, group, class, occasion, etc., rather than to others or all; special rather ...
particular affirmative
Logic. a proposition of the form "Some S is P." Symbol: I * * *
particular average
Marine Insurance. a loss at sea, as through accident or negligence, that is borne solely by the owner of the lost property. Abbr.: P.A. Also called particular average loss. Cf. ...
particular negative
Logic. a proposition of the form "Some S is not P." Symbol: O * * *
particular quantifier
Logic. See existential quantifier. * * *
particular solution
Math. a solution of a differential equation containing no arbitrary constants. Cf. general solution. [1895-1900] * * *
particularism
—particularist, n. —particularistic, adj. —particularistically, adv. /peuhr tik"yeuh leuh riz'euhm, peuh tik"-/, n. 1. exclusive attention or devotion to one's own ...
particularist
See particularism. * * *
particularistic
See particularist. * * *
particularity
/peuhr tik'yeuh lar"i tee, peuh tik'-/, n., pl. particularities. 1. the quality or state of being particular. 2. detailed, minute, or circumstantial character, as of description ...
particularization
See particularize. * * *
particularize
—particularization, n. —particularizer, n. /peuhr tik"yeuh leuh ruyz', peuh tik"-/, v., particularized, particularizing. v.t. 1. to make particular. 2. to mention or indicate ...
particularizer
See particularization. * * *
particularly
/peuhr tik"yeuh leuhr lee, peuh tik"-/, adv. 1. in a particular or to an exceptional degree; especially: He read it with particularly great interest. 2. in a particular manner; ...
particulate
/peuhr tik"yeuh lit, -layt', peuh tik"-, pahr-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or composed of distinct particles. n. 2. a separate and distinct particle. 3. a material composed of ...
particulate inheritance
Genetics. the inheritance of discrete characters via genes that are independently expressed without the blending of characters from one generation to the next. Cf. blending ...
particulatematter
particulate matter n. Abbr. PM Material suspended in the air in the form of minute solid particles or liquid droplets, especially when considered as an atmospheric pollutant. * * ...
partier
/pahr"tee euhr/, n. partyer. * * *
partimen
▪ literature       a lyric poem of dispute composed by Provençal troubadours (troubadour) in which one poet stated a proposition and a second disputed it. The first ...
parting
/pahr"ting/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that parts. 2. a division or separation. 3. a place of division or separation. 4. a departure or leave-taking. 5. death. 6. ...
parting line
Metall. 1. the line at which two closed dies or two halves of a mold meet. 2. a corresponding line or seam appearing on a molded or cast object. [1870-75] * * *
parting shot
a threat, insult, condemnation, sarcastic retort, or the like, uttered upon leaving. [1890-95; perh. by folk etym. from PARTHIAN SHOT] * * *
parting strip
a strip, as of wood, used to keep two parts separated, as one in each side of the frame of a window to keep the sashes apart when lowered or raised. See diag. under ...
partingshot
parting shot n. An act of aggression or retaliation, such as a retort or threat, that is made upon one's departure or at the end of a heated discussion. * * *
partipris
par·ti pris (pär'tē prēʹ) n. pl. par·tis pris (pär'tē) An inclination for or against something or someone that affects judgment; prejudice or bias.   [French : parti, ...
partis
/pahr"tis/, adj. (in prescriptions) of a part. [ < L] * * *
partisan
partisan1 —partisanship, partisanry, n. /pahr"teuh zeuhn, -seuhn/; Brit. /pahr'teuh zan"/, n. 1. an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, esp. a person who ...
partisanism
/pahr"teuh zeuh niz'euhm, -seuh-/, n. partisan action or spirit. [1885-90; PARTISAN1 + -ISM] * * *
partisanship
See partisan1. * * *
partita
/pahr tee"teuh/; It. /pahrdd tee"tah/, n., pl. partitas, partite /-tay/; It. /-te/. Music. 1. an instrumental suite common chiefly in the 18th century. 2. a set of ...
partite
/pahr"tuyt/, adj. 1. divided into parts, usually into a specified number of parts (usually used in combination): a tripartite agreement. 2. Bot. parted. [1560-70; < L partitus ...
partition
—partitionable, adj. —partitionary, adj. —partitioner, partitionist, n. —partitionment, n. /pahr tish"euhn, peuhr-/, n. 1. a division into or distribution in portions or ...
partition line
Heraldry. a plain or figured edge between two adjacent areas of an escutcheon, between an ordinary and the field of an escutcheon, or between two adjacent ordinaries. Also called ...
partitioner
See partition. * * *
partitionist
par·ti·tion·ist (pär-tĭshʹə-nĭst) n. One who advocates partition of a country. * * *
partitionment
See partitioner. * * *
partitive
—partitively, adv. /pahr"ti tiv/, adj. 1. serving to divide into parts. 2. Gram. noting part of a whole: the Latin partitive genitive. n. 3. Gram. a partitive word or ...
partitively
See partitive. * * *
partizan
partizan1 /pahr"teuh zeuhn/; Brit. /pahr'teuh zan"/, n., adj. partisan1. partizan2 /pahr"teuh zeuhn/, n. partisan2. * * *
Partizansk
▪ Russia formerly  (until 1972) Suchan        city, Primorsky kray (territory), far eastern Russia. It lies in the valley of the Partizanskaya River. It was formed ...
partlet
/pahrt"lit/, n. a garment for the neck and shoulders, usually ruffled and having a collar, worn in the 16th century. [1510-20; unexplained var. of late ME patelet < MF patelette ...
partly
/pahrt"lee/, adv. in part; to some extent or degree; partially; not wholly: His statement is partly true. [1515-25; PART + -LY] * * *
partner
—partnerless, adj. /pahrt"neuhr/, n. 1. a person who shares or is associated with another in some action or endeavor; sharer; associate. 2. Law. a. a person associated with ...
partners' desk
a desk constructed so that two people may work at it face-to-face, as one having a kneehole and drawers on two fronts. [‡1945-50] * * *
partnership
/pahrt"neuhr ship'/, n. 1. the state or condition of being a partner; participation; association; joint interest. 2. Law. a. the relation subsisting between partners. b. the ...
partnerships
➡ companies * * *
partof speech
part of speech n. pl. parts of speech 1. One of a group of traditional classifications of words according to their functions in context, including the noun, pronoun, verb, ...
parton
/pahr"ton/, n. Physics. a constituent of the nucleon originally postulated in the theoretical analysis of high-energy scattering of electrons by nucleons and subsequently ...
Parton, Sara Payson Willis
▪ American author and newspaper writer née  Grata Payson Willis,  pseudonym  Fanny Fern  born July 9, 1811, Portland, Maine, U.S. died Oct. 10, 1872, New York, ...
partook
/pahr took"/, v. pt. of partake. * * *
partridge
—partridgelike, adj. /pahr"trij/, n., pl. partridges, (esp. collectively) partridge. 1. any of several Old World gallinaceous game birds of the subfamily Perdicinae, esp. ...
Partridge
/pahr"trij/, n. Eric (Honeywood) /hun"ee wood'/, 1894-1979, British lexicographer, born in New Zealand. * * * Any of certain species of Old World game bird in the family ...
partridge pea
a North American plant, Cassia fasciculata, of the legume family, having yellow flowers and feathery compound leaves that fold shut when touched. [1780-90, Amer.; prob. so called ...
partridge wood
the rotted condition of the wood of certain trees, esp. oaks, caused by a parasitic fungus, Xylobolus frustulatus. [1820-30] * * *
Partridge, Eric
▪ British lexicographer in full  Eric Honeywood Partridge   born Feb. 6, 1894, Waimata Valley, Gisborne, N.Z. died June 1, 1979, Moretonhampstead, Devon, ...
Partridge, Frances Catherine Marshall
▪ 2005       British biographer and diarist (b. March 15, 1900, London, Eng.—d. Feb. 5, 2004, London), documented her experiences on the edge of the Bloomsbury group; ...
partridgeberry
/pahr"trij ber'ee/, n., pl. partridgeberries. a North American trailing plant, Mitchella repens, of the madder family, having roundish evergreen leaves, fragrant white flowers, ...
partridgepea
partridge pea n. An annual plant (Cassia fasciculata) of eastern and central North America in the pea family, having yellow flowers and sensitive leaves with numerous leaflets. * ...
partsong
part song n. 1. An unaccompanied secular, usually homophonic choral composition, especially of the 19th century. 2. An unaccompanied secular polyphonic song predating the ...
parturiency
See parturient. * * *
parturient
—parturiency, n. /pahr toor"ee euhnt, -tyoor"-/, adj. 1. bearing or about to bear young; travailing. 2. pertaining to parturition. 3. bringing forth or about to produce ...
parturient paresis
▪ animal disease also called  milk fever        in cattle, a disorder characterized by abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood (hypocalcemia). It occurs in cows ...
parturifacient
/pahr toor'euh fay"sheuhnt, -tyoor'-/, Med. adj. 1. inducing or accelerating labor, or childbirth; oxytocic. n. 2. a parturifacient agent. [1850-55; < L parturi- (s. of parturire ...
parturition
/pahr'too rish"euhn, -tyoo-, -choo-/, n. Biol. the process of bringing forth young. [1640-50; < LL parturition- (s. of parturitio) travail, equiv. to L parturit(us) (ptp. of ...
partway
/pahrt"way", -way'/, adv. 1. at or to a part of the way or distance: Shall I walk you partway? I'm already partway home. 2. in some degree or part; partly; partially: hopes that ...
party
—partyless, adj. /pahr"tee/, n., pl. parties, adj., v., partied, partying. n. 1. a social gathering, as of invited guests at a private home, for conversation, refreshments, ...
party boat
a boat that takes paying passengers for a day or several hours of fishing, as in coastal waters or a bay, and usually rents fishing tackle and sells or provides bait. [1935-40] * ...
party clothes
➡ birthdays * * *
party games
➡ birthdays * * *
party girl
1. a girl or woman who is interested in little else besides attending parties. 2. a physically attractive young woman hired to attend parties and entertain men. 3. a ...
party line
—party-line, adj. /pahr"tee luyn"/ for 1, 2; /pahr"tee luyn'/ for 3, 4 1. the authorized, prescribed policies and practices of a group, esp. of the Communist party, usually ...
party liner
a person who follows a party line, esp. the Communist party line. [1935-40; PARTY LINE + -ER1] * * *
party man
a person belonging to a political party, esp. one who adheres strictly or blindly to its principles and policies. [1685-95] * * *
party political broadcast
n (in Britain) a short broadcast on radio or television made by a political party to try to persuade people to vote for it, e.g. in a general election. There are special rules to ...
party politics
politics based on strict adherence to the policies and principles of a political party regardless of the public interest; partisan loyalism. [1765-75] * * *
party poop
Slang. 1. to behave like a party pooper. 2. a party pooper. * * *
party pooper
/pooh"peuhr/, Slang. a person who hasn't the interest or vitality to participate actively in a social party and whose mood, attitude, or personality lessens others' enjoyment; ...
party system
Political system in which individuals who share a common set of political beliefs organize themselves into parties to compete in elections for the right to govern. Single-party ...
party wall
—party-walled, adj. a wall used, or usable, as a part of contiguous structures. [1660-70] * * *
party whip
Politics. whip (def. 24). [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
party workers
➡ elections * * *
party-colored
/pahr"tee kul'euhrd/, adj. parti-colored. * * *
party-column ballot
/pahr"tee kol'euhm/. See Indiana ballot. * * *
party-liner
See partyliner. * * *
partyer
/pahr"tee euhr/, n. a person who parties, esp. regularly or habitually: New Year's Eve always brings out the partyers. Also, partier. [PARTY + -ER1] * * *
partygoer
/pahr"tee goh'euhr/, n. a person who enjoys or frequently attends parties and celebrations. [PARTY + GOER] * * *
partyism
—partyist, n. /pahr"tee iz'euhm/, n. 1. adherence to a political party or organization. 2. the organization of political affairs into parties; the political system of a state, ...
partyline
party line n. 1. a. A telephone circuit connecting two or more subscribers with the same exchange. b. Such a circuit used for group conversations. 2. One or more of the policies ...
partyliner
See party line. * * *
partypooper
par·ty poop·er also par·ty-poop·er (pärʹtē-po͞o'pər) n. Slang One who declines to participate with enthusiasm, especially in the recreational activities of a group. * * *
partywall
party wall n. A wall built on the boundary line of adjoining properties and shared by both owners.   [Obsolete party, shared, divided, from Old French parti. See ...
Paru River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Paru,         river, northern Brazil, rising on the southern slopes of the Tumuc-Humac Mountains, on the Suriname border, and flowing ...
parula
/par"yeuh leuh, -euh leuh/, n. any of several American wood warblers of the genus Parula, esp. P. americana (northern parula), having bluish plumage with a yellow throat and ...
Parulidae
▪ bird family       the songbird family of birds, order Passeriformes, consisting of the woodwarblers and bananaquits. The Parulidae comprise about 119 species of small, ...
parulis
/peuh rooh"lis/, n. Pathol. gumboil. [ < NL < Gk paroulís, equiv. to par- PAR- + -oulis, deriv. of oûlon gum] * * *
parure
/peuh roor"/; Fr. /pann rddyuurdd"/, n., pl. parures /-roorz"/; Fr. /-rddyuurdd"/. a matching set of jewels or ornaments. [1200-50; ME < OF pareure peeling < L paratura (parat-, ...
parvalue
par value n. The value imprinted on a security, such as a stock certificate or bond, used to calculate a payment, such as a dividend or interest; face value. Also called nominal ...
Parvanov, Georgi
▪ president of Bulgaria in full  Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov  born June 28, 1957, Sirishtnik, Bulg.       Bulgarian politician who was elected president in 2001. He was ...
Parvati
/pahr"veuh tee/, n. Hinduism. the wife of Shiva and the benevolent form of the Mother Goddess. Cf. Kali. * * * Wife of the Hindu god Shiva. Parvati is the benevolent aspect of ...
parve
/pahr"veuh/, adj. Judaism. pareve. * * *
parvenu
—parvenudom, n. —parvenuism, n. /pahr"veuh nooh', -nyooh', pahr'veuh nooh", -nyooh"/, n. 1. a person who has recently or suddenly acquired wealth, importance, position, or ...
parvis
/pahr"vis/, n. 1. a vacant enclosed area in front of a church. 2. a colonnade or portico in front of a church. Also called paradise. [1350-1400; ME < MF; OF pare(v)is < LL ...
parvo
/pahr"voh/, n., pl. parvos. parvovirus. [by shortening] * * *
parvoline
parvoline [pär′və lēn΄, pär′vəlin] n. 〚< L parvus, small, after (: so named because of its low volatility〛 any of various isomeric, liquid ptomaines, C9H13N, ...
parvovirus
/pahr"voh vuy'reuhs/, n., pl. parvoviruses. 1. Vet. Pathol. a highly contagious, often fatal viral disease of dogs, characterized by vomiting, severe diarrhea, and depression and ...
Parys
▪ South Africa       resort town, northern Free State province, South Africa. It is situated on the southern bank of the Vaal River. Parys was founded in 1873 and most ...
Paryuṣaṇa
▪ Jaina festival (Sanskrit), Prākrit  Pajjusaṇa        a popular eight-day festival in Jainism, a religion of India. It generally is celebrated by members of the ...
Parzival
/pahrdd"tsi fahl'/, n. Teutonic Legend. Percival. Also, Parzifal. * * *
pas
/pah/, n., pl. pas. 1. a step or series of steps in ballet. 2. right of precedence. [1695-1705; < F < L passus. See PACE1] * * *
pas allé
Fr. /pah zann lay"/, pl. pas allés Fr. /pah zann lay"/. Ballet. a simple walking step in which the whole foot is put down softly on the ground. [ < F: lit., walking step] * * *
pas d'action
Fr. /pah dannk syawonn"/, pl. pas d'action. Ballet. a dramatic, pantomimic dance sequence serving to advance the plot. [1950-55; < F: step of action] * * *
pas d'âne
/pah dahn"/, pl. pas d'âne. a pair of rings set below and at right angles to the quillons of a sword as a guard for the forefinger. [ < F: a guard on a hilt, lit., ass's step] * ...
pas d'élévation
▪ ballet movement       (French: “high steps”), all jumping and leaping movements in classical ballet. The steps are admired for the height at which they are ...
pas de basque
Fr. /pahdeu bannsk"/, pl. pas de basque. Ballet. a step in which the dancer swings one foot to the side, springs onto it, and swings the other foot against it. [1810-20; < F: ...
pas de bourrée
Fr. /pahdeu booh rdday"/, pl. pas de bourrée. Ballet. a short running step. [1910-15; < F: lit., bourrée step] * * *
Pas de Calais
/pahdeu kann le"/. French name of the Strait of Dover. * * *
pas de chat
Fr. /pahdeu shann"/, pl. pas de chat. Ballet. a jump of one foot over the other. [1910-15; < F: cat step] * * *
pas de cheval
Fr. /pahdeu sheuh vannl"/, pl. pas de cheval. Ballet. a step in which the dancer hops on one foot and paws the ground with the other. [1915-20; < F: horse step] * * *
pas de côté
Fr. /pahdeu koh tay"/, Dressage. a two-track. [ < F: sideways step] * * *
pas de deux
Fr. /pahdeu due"/, pl. pas de deux. Ballet. 1. a dance by two persons. 2. (in classical ballet) a set dance for a ballerina and a danseur noble, consisting typically of an ...
pas de trois
Fr. /pahdeu trddwah"/, pl. pas de trois. Ballet. a dance for three dancers. [1755-65; < F: lit., step for three] * * *
pas du tout
/pah dyuu tooh"/, French. not at all. * * *
pas marché
Fr. /pah mannrdd shay"/, pl. pas marchés Fr. /pah mannrdd shay"/. Ballet. 1. a marching step. 2. a walking step in which the turned-out pointed toe reaches the ground first, ...
pas seul
Fr. /pah suel"/, pl. pas seuls Fr. /pah suel"/. Ballet. a dance performed by one person; dance solo. [1805-15; < F: lit., solo step] * * *
Pas-de-Calais
/pahdeu kann le"/, n. a department in N France. 1,403,035; 2607 sq. mi. (6750 sq. km). Cap.: Arras. * * *
Pasadena
/pas'euh dee"neuh/, n. 1. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 119,374. 2. a city in SE Texas, near Houston. 112,560. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 133,936), southwestern ...
Pasadena Playhouse
▪ theatre, Pasadena, California, United States       theatre in Pasadena, California, that was one of the first community theatres in the United States. It was founded ...
Pasargadae
/peuh sahr"geuh dee'/, n. an ancient ruined city in S Iran, NE of Persepolis: an early capital of ancient Persia; tomb of Cyrus the Great. * * * Ancient Persian city, near ...
Pasay
/pah"suy/, n. a city in E Philippines, on Manila Bay, on E Luzon. 287,770. * * * ▪ Philippines also called  Rizal City         city, central Luzon, Philippines, ...
Pascagoula
/pas'keuh gooh"leuh/, n. a city in SE Mississippi, on the Gulf of Mexico. 29,318. * * * ▪ Mississippi, United States       city, seat (1812) of Jackson county, ...
pascal
/pa skal", pah skahl"/, n. Physics. the SI unit of pressure or stress, equal to one newton per square meter. Abbr.: Pa [1955-60; after PASCAL] * * * Computer programming ...
Pascal
/pa skal", pah skahl"/; Fr. /panns kannl"/, n. Blaise /blayz/; Fr. /blez/, 1623-62, French philosopher and mathematician. * * * Computer programming language named for Blaise ...
PASCAL
/pa skal"/, n. Computers. a high-level programming language, a descendant of ALGOL, designed to facilitate structured programming. * * * Computer programming language named for ...
Pascal celery
Pascal celery [pas′kəl] n. 〚< ?〛 any of several large, dark-green varieties of celery with firm, crisp stalks * * *
Pascal's law
Physics. the law that an external pressure applied to a fluid in a closed vessel is uniformly transmitted throughout the fluid. [named after PASCAL] * * * or Pascal's ...
Pascal's limaçon
Geom. limaçon. [1950-55; after Blaise PASCAL, who studied and named it] * * *
Pascal's principle
▪ physics also called  Pascal's Law,         in fluid (gas or liquid) mechanics, statement that in a fluid at rest in a closed container a pressure change in one ...
Pascal's theorem
Geom. the theorem that the lines joining adjacent vertices of a hexagon intersect the same straight line if alternate vertices lie on two intersecting straight lines. [named ...
Pascal's triangle
Math. a triangular arrangement of the binomial coefficients of the expansion (x + y)n for positive integral values of n. [named after PASCAL] * * *
Pascal's wager
Practical argument for belief in God formulated by Blaise Pascal. In his Pensées (1657–58), Pascal posed the following argument to show that belief in the Christian religion ...
Pascal'striangle
Pas·cal's triangle (pă-skălzʹ, pä-skälzʹ) n. A triangle of numbers in which a row represents the coefficients of the binomial series. The triangle is bordered by ones on ...
Pascal'swager
Pascal's wager n. An argument according to which belief in God is rational whether or not God exists, since falsely believing that God exists leads to no harm whereas falsely ...
Pascal, Blaise
born June 19, 1623, Clermont-Ferrand, France died Aug. 19, 1662, Paris French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. The son of a mathematician, he was a child ...
Pascal,Blaise
Pas·cal (pă-skălʹ, pä-skälʹ), Blaise. 1623-1662. French mathematician, philosopher and inventor. His early work included the invention of the adding machine and syringe, ...
pascalcelery
pas·cal celery also Pas·chal celery (păsʹkəl) n. Any of several types of commercially grown celery having unblanched green stalks.   [Origin unknown.] * * *
Pascaline
▪ technology also called  Arithmetic Machine   the first calculator or adding machine to be produced in any quantity and actually used. The Pascaline was designed and ...
Pasch
/pask/, n. 1. the Jewish festival of Passover. 2. Easter. [bef. 1150; ME, OE < LL Pascha < Gk Páscha < Aram: Passover; cf. Heb Pesah PESACH] * * *
pasch flower
pasch flower [pask] n. PASQUEFLOWER * * *
paschal
/pas"keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Easter. 2. of or pertaining to Passover. n. 3. a paschal candle or candlestick. [1400-50; late ME paschall < LL paschalis. See PASCH, ...
Paschal (I)
▪ antipope died , 692, Italy       antipope against both the rival antipope Theodore and the legitimate pope St. Sergius I (Sergius I, Saint) during ...
Paschal (III)
▪ antipope original name  Guido Da Crema   died Sept. 20, 1168, Rome       antipope from 1164 to 1168.       Against Pope Alexander III, he was one of the ...
paschal candle
a tall candle, symbolizing Christ, that is sometimes blessed and placed on the gospel side of an altar on Holy Saturday and kept burning until Ascension Day. Also called Easter ...
Paschal controversies
▪ Christianity       in the Christian Church, disputes concerning the correct date for observing Easter (Greek Pascha). The earliest controversy was over the question ...
Paschal I
/pas"keuhl/ died A.D. 824, pope 817-824. * * *
Paschal I, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome [Italy] died Feb. 11, 824, Rome; feast day May 14  pope from 817 to 824.       A priest who had served in the Curia, Paschal was an abbot when ...
Paschal II
(Ranieri)died 1118, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1099-1118. * * * orig. Raniero born , Bieda di Galeata, near Ravenna died Jan. 21, 1118 Pope (1099–1118). He fostered the ...
paschal lamb
1. Jewish Hist. a lamb slaughtered and eaten on the eve of the first day of Passover. Ex. 12:3-11. 2. (caps.) Christ. 3. (caps.) any of several symbolic representations of ...
paschal letter
(in the early Christian church) a letter, written by a patriarch, archbishop, or bishop to a cleric under his authority, announcing the date of the next Easter festival. * * *
paschallamb
paschal lamb n. 1. The lamb sacrificed at the first Passover. 2. Paschal Lamb Jesus. 3. Paschal Lamb See Agnus Dei. * * *
Paschasius Radbertus, Saint
▪ French priest and writer born c. 785, Soissons, Fr. died c. 860, feast day April 26       French abbot, theologian, and author whose monograph De corpore et sanguine ...
Paschen series
/pah"sheuhn/, Physics. a series of lines in the infrared spectrum of hydrogen. [1920-25; see PASCHEN-BACK EFFECT] * * *
Paschen-Back effect
/pah"sheuhn bahk"/, Physics. a splitting of spectral lines observed when the source of a radiation is subjected to a strong magnetic field, caused when the vectors associated ...
Paschke, Ed
▪ 2005 Edward Francis Paschke, Jr.        American artist (b. June 22, 1939, Chicago, Ill.—d. Nov. 25, 2004, Chicago), created outlandish works of Pop Art, breaking ...
Pascin
/pah skaonn"/, n. Jules /zhyuul/, (Julius Pincas), 1885-1930, French painter, born in Bulgaria. * * *
Pascin, Jules
orig. Julius Pincas born , March 31, 1885, Vidin, Bulg. died June 1, 1930, Paris, France Bulgarian painter. He traveled widely and lived in Austria and Germany, producing ...
Pasco
/pas"koh/, n. a city in S Washington, on the Columbia River. 17,944. * * * ▪ Washington, United States       city, seat (1889) of Franklin county, southeastern ...
Pascoli, Giovanni
▪ Italian poet born Dec. 31, 1855, San Mauro di Romagna, Kingdom of Sardinia died April 6, 1912, Bologna, Italy       Italian classical scholar and poet whose graceful ...
Pascua
Pascua [päs′kwä] Isla de [ēs′lä the] Sp. name for EASTER ISLAND * * *
Pasde Calais
Pas de Ca·lais (pä də kă-lāʹ, kălʹā, kä-lĕʹ) See Strait of Dover. * * *
pasde chat
pas de chat (shä) n. pl. pas de chat A ballet jump in which the feet are lifted, one after the other, to the level of the opposite knee.   [French : pas, step + de, of + ...
pasde deux
pas de deux (dœ) n. pl. pas de deux 1. A dance for two, especially a dance in ballet consisting of an entrée and adagio, a variation for each dancer, and a coda. 2. A close ...
pasde quatre
pas de quat·re (kătʹrə) n. pl. pas de quatre A dance for four.   [French : pas, step + de, of, for + quatre, four.] * * *
pasde trois
pas de trois (trwä) n. pl. pas de trois A dance for three.   [French : pas, step + de, of, for + trois, three.] * * *
pase
/pah"say/, n. (in bullfighting) a maneuver by a bullfighter with the capa or muleta to gain the attention of the bull and to guide the course of its attack. [1935-40; < Sp: lit., ...
Pasek, Jan Chryzostom
▪ Polish diarist born c. 1636, near Rawa Mazowiecka, Kingdom of Poland [now in Poland] died August 1, 1701, Niedzieliska, Poland       Polish soldier best remembered ...
paseo
/pah say"oh/; Sp. /pah se"aw/, n., pl. paseos /-say"ohz/; Sp. /-se"aws/. 1. a slow, idle, or leisurely walk or stroll. 2. a public place or path designed for walking; ...
pash
/pash/, n. Slang. 1. an infatuation for another person; crush. 2. the object of such a passion. [1910-15; shortening and resp. of PASSION] * * *
pasha
—pashadom, n. /pah"sheuh, pash"euh, peuh shah", -shaw"/, n. a title, placed after the name, formerly held by high officials in countries under Turkish rule. Also, ...
pashalik
/peuh shah"lik, -shaw"-/, n. the territory governed by a pasha. Also, pachalic, pashalic. [1735-45; < Turk, equiv. to pasa PASHA + -lik suffix of appurtenance] * * *
pashm
/push"euhm/, n. the fine woolly underhair of goats raised in northern India. Also, pashim /push"eem/, pashmina /push mee"neuh/, pushmina. [1875-80; < Pers: wool] * * *
pashmina
pashmina [pəsh mē′nə, pashmē′nə] n. 〚ult. < Pers pashm, wool〛 1. a fine, soft fabric made from cashmere 2. a shawl made of this * * *
Pashto
/push"toh/, n. an Indo-European, Iranian language that is the official language of Afghanistan and the chief vernacular of the eastern part of the nation. Also, Pushtu, Pushto. ...
Pashto language
also called  Pushtu, Pakhto, or Afghan,         Eastern Iranian language spoken by the Pashtun in eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. Its dialects fall into two ...
Pashtun
Pashtun [push to͞on′] n. pl. Pashtun or Pashtuns a member of a Pashto-speaking people of E Afghanistan and N Pakistan * * * Any member of a Pashto-speaking people of ...
Pashupata
▪ Hindu sect       perhaps the earliest Hindu (Hinduism) sect to worship the god Shiva as the supreme deity; it gave rise in turn to numerous subsects that flourished ...
Pashupati
▪ Nepal       town, central Nepal, situated in the Kāthmāndu Valley on the Bāghmati River, just east of Kāthmāndu. Regarded as the holiest place in Nepal, it is the ...
Pašić, Nikola
born Dec. 31, 1845, Zaječar, Serbia died Dec. 10, 1926, Belgrade Serbian and Yugoslav statesman. The editor of a socialist newspaper in Serbia, he was elected in 1878 to the ...
Pasig
Pa·sig (päʹsĭg) A city of southwest Luzon, Philippines, a suburb of Manila. It is an important market town. Population: 318,853. * * *
Pasig River
▪ river, Philippines       river draining Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines, into Manila Bay at Manila. It flows north-northwest through the market town ...
Pasinetti, Francesco
▪ Italian filmmaker born June 1, 1911, Venice, Italy died April 2, 1949, Rome       Italian motion picture director, historian, critic, comedy writer, screenwriter, and ...
Pasiphaë
/peuh sif"euh ee'/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the wife of Minos, mother of Ariadne, and mother of the Minotaur by the Cretan bull. 2. Astron. a small moon of the planet ...
Pasiteles
▪ Greek sculptor flourished 1st century BC       Greek sculptor notable for having written a book, in five volumes, about works of art throughout the world. None of ...


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