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/peuh sith"ee euh/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Graces. * * *
Paskalis, Kostas
▪ 2008       Greek operatic baritone born Sept. 1, 1929 , Levadeia, Greece died Feb. 9, 2007, Athens, Greece) was admired for his vocal artistry, acting skills, and ...
Paskevich, Ivan Fyodorovich, Graf Yerevansky, Knyaz Varshchavsky
▪ Russian military officer born May 19 [May 8, old style], 1782, Poltava, Russia died Feb. 1 [Jan. 20, O.S.], 1856, Warsaw       military officer and administrator in ...
/pahs"kheuh/, n. Russian Cookery. an Easter dessert of pot cheese mixed with sugar, butter, cream, raisins, nuts, etc., and pressed into a pyramidal mold: usually served with ...
paso doble
/pah"soh doh"blay/; Sp. /pah"saw daw"vle/, pl. paso dobles, Sp. pasos dobles /pah"saws daw"vles/. 1. a quick, light march often played at bullfights. 2. a two-step, esp. one done ...
Paso, Fernando del
▪ Mexican author and artist born April 1, 1935, Mexico City, Mex.       Mexican novelist and artist known for his long, experimental, often humorous novels covering the ...
pasodoble [pä′sō̂ dō̂′ble] n. pl. pasodobles [pä′sō̂ dō̂′bles] 〚Sp, double step〛 1. spirited music played at bullfights during the entrance (paseo) of ...
Pasolini, Pier Paolo
born March 5, 1922, Bologna, Italy died Nov. 2, 1975, Ostia, near Rome Italian film director, poet, and novelist. He wrote novels about Rome's slum life as well as a ...
Pasolini,Pier Paolo
Pa·so·li·ni (pä'sō-leʹne), Pier Paolo. 1922-1975. Italian writer and director whose films, including The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964) and The Decameron (1971), ...
▪ plant genus  genus of annual and perennial grasses of the family Poaceae, containing about 400 species distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Some are valuable ...
Pasqua, Charles
▪ 1995       At the end of 1994 things were looking good for Interior Minister Charles Pasqua, France's premier flic, or "top cop." The international assassin Carlos ...
/peuh skwah"lee/; It. /pahs kwah"le/, n. a male given name. * * *
/pask"flow'euhr/, n. 1. an Old World plant, Anemone pulsatilla, of the buttercup family, having purple, crocuslike flowers blooming about Easter. 2. a related plant, A. patens, ...
Pasquier, Étienne
▪ French author and lawyer born June 7, 1529, Paris died Aug. 30, 1615, Paris  French lawyer and man of letters who is known for his Recherches de la France, 10 vol. ...
Pasquier, Étienne, duc de
▪ French statesman born April 21, 1767, Paris died July 5, 1862, Paris       French statesman and the last chancellor of France.       A descendant of the ...
—pasquilic, pasquillic, adj. /pas"kwil/, n. a pasquinade. [1525-35; < NL pasquillus < It pasquillo, dim. of Pasquino; see PASQUINADE] * * *
—pasquinader, n. —pasquinian /pas kwin"ee euhn/, adj. /pas'kweuh nayd"/, n., v., pasquinaded, pasquinading. n. 1. a satire or lampoon, esp. one posted in a public ...
See pasquinade. * * *
—passless, adj. /pas, pahs/, v.t. 1. to move past; go by: to pass another car on the road. 2. to let go without notice, action, remark, etc.; leave unconsidered; disregard; ...
Pass Christian
▪ Mississippi, United States       city, Harrison county, southern Mississippi, U.S., just west-southwest of Gulfport, on Mississippi Sound (an embayment of the Gulf ...
pass degree
(in English universities) an ordinary bachelor's degree conferred without honors. Also called poll, poll degree. [1910-15] * * *
pass point
Survey. a point located photogrammetrically and used as a reference point in orienting other photographs. * * *
Pass, Joe
▪ 1995       (JOSEPH ANTHONY JACOBI PASSALAQUA), U.S. guitarist (b. Jan. 13, 1929, New Brunswick, N.J.—d. May 23, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a technically skilled ...
Pass (păs), Joe. Originally Joseph Anthony Jacobi Passalaqua. 1929-1994. American jazz guitarist noted for his exceptional technique. * * *
pass-a·long also pass·a·long (păsʹə-lông', -lŏng') n. The policy, practice, or act of paying for an increased cost by raising the price charged to one's customers or ...
➡ hockey * * *
pass-band filter
pass-band filter [pas′band΄] n. BAND-PASS FILTER * * *
/pas"fayl", pahs"-/, n. Educ. a system of grading in some educational institutions in which a student simply passes or fails instead of receiving a letter or numerical ...
/pas"throoh', pahs"-/, n. 1. a windowlike opening, as one for passing food or dishes between a kitchen and a dining area. 2. a place through which one passes or is obliged to ...
1. passenger. 2. passim. 3. passive. * * *
—passableness, n. /pas"euh beuhl, pah"seuh-/, adj. 1. capable of being passed through, beyond, or over; fit to be traversed, penetrated, crossed, etc., as a road, forest, or ...
See passable. * * *
/pas"euh blee, pah"seuh-/, adv. fairly; moderately: a passably good novel. [1600-10; PASSABLE + -LY] * * *
/pah'seuh kahl"yeuh, pas'euh kal"-/, n. 1. a slow, dignified dance of Spanish origin. 2. the music for this dance, based on an ostinato figure. 3. a musical form based on ...
/peuh sayd"/, n. Manège. a turn or course of a horse backward or forward on the same ground. [1650-60; < F < It passata. See PASS, -ADE1] * * *
/peuh sah"doh/, n., pl. passados, passadoes. Fencing. a forward thrust with the weapon while advancing with one foot. [1580-90; alter. of Sp pasada or It passata. See PASSADE] * ...
passage1 /pas"ij/, n., v., passaged, passaging. n. 1. a portion or section of a written work; a paragraph, verse, etc.: a passage of Scripture. 2. a phrase or other division of a ...
passage grave
Archaeol. a megalithic tomb of the Neolithic and Copper or early Bronze ages found in the British Isles and Europe, consisting of a roofed burial chamber and narrow entrance ...
passage hawk
1. a young hawk during its first migration. 2. Falconry. a hawk captured during its migration. [1820-30] * * *
Passage to India
a novel (1924) by E M Forster which examines the cultural differences between the British and the Indians in India when it was under British rule. A film version (1984) was ...
Passage to India, A
a novel (1924) by E. M. Forster. * * *
passage, rite of
Any of numerous ceremonial events, existing in all societies, that mark the passage of an individual from one social or religious status to another. The term was coined by the ...
passage grave n. A Neolithic tomb consisting of a passageway and burial chamber made of large upright stones capped with other large stones, originally buried in an earthen ...
/pas"ij way'/, n. 1. a way for passing into, through, or out of something, as within a building or between buildings; a corridor, hall, alley, catwalk, or the like. 2. a corridor ...
/pas"ij werrk'/, n. Music. 1. writing that is often extraneous to the thematic material of a work and is typically of a virtuosic or decorative character: passagework consisting ...
/peuh say"ik/, n. a city in NE New Jersey. 52,463. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States       city, Passaic county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., on the Passaic River, ...
Passaic River
▪ river, New Jersey, United States       river, rising near Morristown, southeastern Morris county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S. It flows south past Millington, then ...
/pas"euh lawng', -long', pahs"-/, n. 1. the act of giving or conveying something to another person for additional use: Readership passalong means that three people read every ...
/pas'euh meuh kwod"ee/, n., pl. Passamaquoddies, (esp. collectively) Passamaquoddy for 1. 1. a member of a small tribe of North American Indians formerly of coastal Maine and New ...
Passamaquoddy Bay
an inlet of the Bay of Fundy, between Maine and New Brunswick, at the mouth of the St. Croix River. * * * Inlet of the Bay of Fundy, between southwestern New Brunswick, Canada, ...
Passamaquoddy Bay An arm of the Bay of Fundy between southern New Brunswick, Canada, and eastern Maine. It is studded with islands, including Campobello. * * *
/pas"euh meuhnt/, n. passement. * * *
/pas"euhnt/, adj. Heraldry. (of a beast) represented as in the act of walking, with one forepaw raised. [1375-1425; late ME < MF, prp. of passer to PASS; see -ANT] * * *
Passarge, Siegfried
▪ German geographer and geomorphologist born Feb. 26, 1866, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died June 26, 1958, Bremen, W.Ger. [now in ...
Passarowitz, Treaty of
▪ Europe [1718]       (July 21, 1718), pact signed at the conclusion of the Austro-Turkish (1716–18) and the Venetian–Turkish (1716–18) wars at Passarowitz (now ...
▪ Germany  city, Bavaria Land (state), southeastern Germany. It lies at the confluence of the Danube (Danube River), Inn (Inn River), and Ilz rivers, on the Austrian ...
/pas"band', pahs"-/, n. Radio and Television. the range of frequencies that pass with a minimum of attenuation through an electronic filter. [1920-25; PASS + BAND2] * * *
/pas"book', pahs"-/, n. 1. a bankbook. 2. (formerly) a small book or ledger for each customer in which a merchant keeps a record of goods sold on credit and the amounts owed and ...
passbook savings account
a type of savings account in which transactions are entered into a passbook in the possession of the account holder. Cf. statement savings account. * * *
a series of World War I battles (1917) fought near the small town of Passchendaele in Belgium. About 300 000 Allied soldiers and a similar number of Germans died, in terrible ...
/pahs/, n. French. the numbers 19 through 36 in roulette. Cf. manque. [lit., passing, pass] * * *
/pa say"/; for 4 also Fr. /pah say"/, adj., n., pl. passés /pa sayz"/; Fr. /pah say"/. adj. 1. no longer fashionable, in wide use, etc.; out-of-date; outmoded: There were many ...
passé composé
/pah say kawonn poh zay"/, French. a grammatical construction of French consisting of the present tense of an auxiliary, either avoir or être, followed by a past participle and ...
/pas'pahr tooh"/; Fr. /pahs pannrdd tooh"/, n., pl. passe-partouts /-toohz"/; Fr. /-tooh"/. 1. something that passes everywhere or provides a universal means of passage. 2. a ...
/past, pahst/, adj. 1. having completed the act of passing. 2. having received a passing grade on an examination or test or successfully completed a school course, year, or ...
passed ball
Baseball. a pitched ball that the catcher can reasonably be expected to catch but misses, resulting in a base runner's or runners' advancing one or more bases or in the batter's ...
passed pawn
Chess. a pawn with no opposing pawn either on an adjacent file or on its own file. [1790-1800] * * *
passed ball (păst) n. Baseball A pitch that should have been fielded by the catcher but was missed, allowing a runner to advance a base. * * *
/pas"euhl/, n. a group or lot of indeterminate number: a passel of dignitaries. [1825-35; alter. of PARCEL] * * *
/pas"meuhnt/, n. a garment trimming of gold, silver, linen, or silk thread. Also, passament. [1530-40; < F, for passeman < Sp pasamano railing (so called because one passes one's ...
/pas men"tree/; Fr. /pahs mahonn trddee"/, n. trimming of braid, cord, bead, etc., in any of various forms. [1850-55; < F; see PASSEMENT, -ERY] * * *
/pas"euhn jeuhr/, n. 1. a person who is traveling in an automobile, bus, train, airplane, or other conveyance, esp. one who is not the driver, pilot, or the like. 2. a wayfarer; ...
passenger mile
—passenger mileage. a unit of measurement, consisting of one mile traveled by a passenger, that airlines, railroads, and other public transportation facilities use in recording ...
passenger pigeon
an extinct pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius, once found in great numbers in North America, noted for its sustained migratory flights. [1795-1805, Amer.] * * * Extinct species ...
passenger pigeon n. An extinct migratory bird (Ectopistes migratorius) abundant in eastern North America until the latter part of the 19th century. * * *
/pahs pyay"/, n., pl. passepieds /-pyay", -pyayz"/. 1. a lively dance in triple meter popular in France in the 17th and 18th centuries. 2. a dance form in moderately fast 3/8 or ...
/pas"euhr, pah"seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that passes or causes something to pass. 2. a passerby. [1350-1400; ME; see PASS, -ER1] * * *
Passerat, Jean
▪ French poet born Oct. 18, 1534, Troyes, France died Sept. 14, 1602, Paris  French poet who composed elegant and tender verse and was one of the contributors to the ...
/pas"euhr buy", -buy', pah"seuhr-/, n., pl. passersby /pas"euhrz buy", -buy', pah"seuhrz-/ a person passing by. Also, passer-by. [1560-70; pass by + -ER1, with postposing of the ...
      bird suborder (order Passeriformes) that includes all songbirds. Birds belonging to the suborder Passeres are also referred to as oscines. See songbird. * * *
      sparrow weaver family of small gregarious birds, based on the genus Passer, the well-known sparrows. In this work these birds are classified as a subfamily ...
/pas"euhr euh fawrm', peuh ser"euh-/, adj. of or pertaining to the order Passeriformes; passerine. [ < NL Passeriformes, equiv. to L passer sparrow + -iformes -IFORMES] * * ...
/pas"euhr in, -euh ruyn', -euh reen'/, adj. 1. of, belonging, or pertaining to the order Passeriformes, comprising more than half of all birds and typically having the feet ...
➡ football – American style * * *
pas seul (pä sœlʹ) n. pl. pas seuls (pä sœlʹ) A dance for one person.   [French : pas, step + seul, solo.] * * *
See passible. * * *
—passibility, n. /pas"euh beuhl/, adj. capable of feeling, esp. suffering; susceptible of sensation or emotion; impressionable. [1300-50; ME < ML passibilis. See PASSION, ...
▪ plant family   the passion-flower family, in the order Malpighiales, containing 16 genera and 705 species of herbaceous or woody vines, shrubs, and trees, mostly of warm ...
/pas"im/, adv. Latin. here and there: used in bibliographic references to indicate that the writer has drawn upon material scattered throughout the source cited. * * *
—passingly, adv. —passingness, n. /pas"ing, pah"sing/, adj. 1. going by or past; elapsing: He was feeling better with each passing day. 2. brief, fleeting, or fortuitous; ...
passing bell
1. a bell tolled to announce a death or funeral. 2. a portent or sign of the passing away of anything. [1520-30] * * *
passing lane
1. a highway lane in which a driver may pass other vehicles legally. 2. Basketball. any open space through which players attempt to pass the ball. * * *
passing modulation
Music. See transient modulation. * * *
passing note
Music. a note that is foreign to a harmony and is introduced between two successive chord tones in order to produce a melodic transition. Also called passing tone. [1720-30] * * *
passing shot
Tennis. a shot played to one side of and beyond the reach of an opponent coming to or stationed at the net. [1945-50] * * *
See passing. * * *
passing note n. Music A note that connects two consonant pitches by stepwise motion and usually occurs on a weak beat. Also called passing tone. * * *
passing shot n. A forceful shot, as in tennis or handball, that travels to one side out of the reach of one's opponent. * * *
passing tone n. See passing note. * * *
—passionful, adj. —passionfully, adv. —passionfulness, n. —passionlike, adj. /pash"euhn/, n. 1. any powerful or compelling emotion or feeling, as love or hate. 2. strong ...
Passion cross
Heraldry. See Latin cross. [1770-80] * * *
passion fruit
passion fruit n. the fruit of a passionflower * * *
Passion music
▪ vocal music       musical setting (liturgical music) of the suffering and Crucifixion of Christ, based either on biblical texts or poetic elaborations. Dating from the ...
passion pit
Older Slang. a drive-in movie theater. [1935-40, Amer.; so called from its use by adolescents as a place for unobserved sexual intimacy] * * *
passion play
a dramatic representation of the passion of Christ, as that given every ten years at the Bavarian village of Oberammergau. Also, Passion Play. [1865-70] * * * Religious drama of ...
Passion Sunday
the fifth Sunday in Lent, being the second week before Easter. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
Passion Week
1. the week preceding Easter; Holy Week. 2. the week before Holy Week, beginning with Passion Sunday. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
▪ plant   any of about 400 species of tendril-bearing, herbaceous vines comprising the genus Passiflora (family Passifloraceae), with characteristic flowers. Some are ...
/pash"euh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or marked by passion. 2. caused or accompanied by passion: a passional crime. n. 3. a book containing descriptions of the sufferings of ...
/pash"euh ner'ee/, n., pl. passionaries. passional (def. 3). [1490-1500; < ML passionarium, equiv. to LL passion- PASSION + L -arium -ARY] * * *
—passionately, adv. —passionateness, n. /pash"euh nit/, adj. 1. having, compelled by, or ruled by intense emotion or strong feeling; fervid: a passionate advocate of ...
See passionate. * * *
See passionately. * * *
/pash"euhn flow'euhr/, n. any chiefly American climbing vine or shrub of the genus Passiflora, having showy flowers and a pulpy berry or fruit that in some species is ...
passionflower family
Family Passifloraceae, composed of about 600 species of herbaceous or woody vines, shrubs, and trees in 20 genera. Members of this family grow mostly in warm regions. Many ...
/pash"euhn frooht'/, n. any edible fruit of a passionflower, as the maypop. [1745-55; PASSION + FRUIT] * * *
/pash"euh nist/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of the "Congregation of Barefooted Clerks of the Most Holy Cross and Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ," founded in 1720 and engaged ...
—passionlessly, adv. —passionlessness, n. /pash"euhn lis/, adj. not feeling or moved by passion; cold or unemotional; calm or detached. [1605-15; PASSION + -LESS] * * *
Passion play n. A dramatic performance, of medieval origin, that represents the events associated with the Passion of Jesus. * * *
Passion Sunday n. The second Sunday before Easter. * * *
/pash"euhn tuyd'/, n. the two-week period from Passion Sunday to Holy Saturday. [1840-50; PASSION + TIDE1] * * *
Passion Week n. The week between Passion Sunday and Palm Sunday. * * *
/pas"euh vayt'/, v.t., passivated, passivating. Metall. to treat (a metal) to render the surface less reactive chemically. [1910-15; PASSIVE + -ATE1] * * *
See passivate. * * *
See passivation. * * *
—passively, adv. /pas"iv/, adj. 1. not reacting visibly to something that might be expected to produce manifestations of an emotion or feeling. 2. not participating readily or ...
passive immunity
Immunol. immunity resulting from the injection of antibodies or sensitized lymphocytes from another organism or, in infants, from the transfer of antibodies through the placenta ...
passive noun
Gram. a noun whose referent is the recipient of an action, as trainee, multiplicand. * * *
passive reason
Aristotelianism. the reasoning faculty existing only within an individual mind, limited in scope and perishing with the body. Cf. active reason. * * *
passive resistance
—passive resister. opposition to a government or to specific governmental laws by the use of noncooperation and other nonviolent methods, as economic boycotts and protest ...
passive restraint
a safety device, as an air bag or special seat belt, that is activated automatically to protect an automobile passenger at the moment of impact when a collision ...
passive smoking
the inhaling of cigarette, cigar, and pipe smoke of others, esp. by a nonsmoker in an enclosed area. [1970-75] * * *
passive transfer
Immunol. injection of lymphocytes or antibody from an immune or sensitized donor to a nonimmune host in order to impart immunity or test for allergic reactions. [1940-45] * * *
passive-aggressive [pas′ivə gres′iv] adj. Psychol. designating or of a personality, a person, or behavior characterized by disguised resistance to the demands or ...
passive-aggressive personality
/pas"iv euh gres"iv/, Psychiatry. a personality disorder characterized by aggressive behavior expressed in passive ways, as procrastination, stubbornness, or pouting. * * *
passive-dependent personality
/pas"iv di pen"deuhnt/, Psychiatry. a personality disorder characterized by a lack of self-confidence and self-reliance and consequent surrender to and dependence on others to ...
adj. of or pertaining to a relatively low-resolution liquid-crystal display (LCD) with low contrast, used esp. for laptop computers. Cf. active matrix. [1990-95] * * *
passive immunity n. Immunity acquired by the transfer of antibodies from another individual, as through injection or placental transfer to a fetus.   passive immunization n. * * ...
See passive immunity. * * *
passive inhalation n. See passive smoking. * * *
See passive. * * *
See passively. * * *
passive resistance n. Resistance by nonviolent methods to a government, an occupying power, or specific laws, as refusing to comply, demonstrating in protest, or ...
See passive resistance. * * *
passive restraint n. An automatic safety device, such as an air bag, in a motor vehicle that protects a person during a crash. * * *
passive smoking n. The involuntary inhalation of tobacco smoke by a person, especially a nonsmoker, who occupies an area with smokers or a smoker. Also called passive ...
passive transfer n. The transfer of skin-sensitizing antibodies from the blood of an allergic individual to that of a nonallergic individual in order to test the sensitized area ...
passive transport n. The movement of a chemical substance across a cell membrane without expenditure of energy by the cell, as in diffusion. * * *
—passivist, n. /pas"euh viz'euhm/, n. 1. the quality of being passive. 2. the principle or practice of passive resistance. [1900-05; PASSIVE + -ISM] * * *
See passivism. * * *
/pa siv"i tee/, n. 1. Also, passiveness /pas"iv nis/. the state or condition of being passive. 2. chemical inactivity, esp. the resistance to corrosion of certain metals when ...
/pas"kee', pahs"-/, n., pl. passkeys. 1. See master key. 2. See skeleton key. 3. a private key. 4. a latchkey. [1810-20; PASS + KEY1] * * *
Passmore, John Arthur
▪ 2005       Australian philosopher (b. Sept. 9, 1914, Manly, N.S.W., Australia—d. July 25, 2004, Canberra, Australia), was a leading figure in the field of applied ...
Passo Fundo
/pah"soo foohonn"doo/ a city in S Brazil. 76,452. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, northern Rio Grande do Sul estado (state), southern Brazil. The city lies near the ...
Pas·so Fun·do (päʹso͝o fo͞oɴʹdo͝o) A city of southern Brazil northwest of Pôrto Alegre. Settled in the 1830s, it is a trade and processing center. Population: ...
▪ Brazil       city, southwestern Minas Gerais estado (state), Brazil. Passos lies along the Bocaina River near the Rio Grande, at 2,388 feet (728 m) above sea level. ...
/pas"oh'veuhr, pahs"-/, n. 1. Also called Pesach, Pesah. a Jewish festival that commemorates the exodus of the Jews from Egypt and is marked chiefly by the Seder ritual and the ...
pass pattern n. Football A predetermined course that a receiver runs in order to be in position to catch a pass. * * *
—passportless, adj. /pas"pawrt, -pohrt, pahs"-/, n. 1. an official document issued by the government of a country to one of its citizens and, varying from country to country, ...
pass rush n. Football An attempt by the defensive linemen to tackle the quarterback or prevent a pass.   pass rusher n. * * *
See pass rush. * * *
/pas'euhs/, n., pl. passus, passuses. a section or division of a story, poem, etc.; canto. [1565-75; < ML, L: step. See PACE1] * * *
/pas"werrd', pahs"-/, n. 1. a secret word or expression used by authorized persons to prove their right to access, information, etc. 2. a word or other string of characters, ...
/pann see"/, n. 1. Frédérick /frdday day rddeek"/, 1822-1912, French economist and statesman: Nobel peace prize 1901. 2. his son, Paul Édouard /pawl ay dwannrdd"/, 1859-1940, ...
Passy, Frédéric
Pas·sy (pă-sēʹ, pä-), Frédéric. 1822-1912. French economist and pacifist who founded the International League for Permanent Peace (1867). In 1901 he shared the first ...
Passy, Paul Édouard
Passy, Paul Édouard. 1859-1940. French philologist who founded the International Phonetic Association (1894). * * *
/past, pahst/, adj. 1. gone by or elapsed in time: It was a bad time, but it's all past now. 2. of, having existed in, or having occurred during a time previous to the present; ...
past continuous.
See past progressive. [1920-25] * * *
past master
1. a person who is thoroughly experienced or exceptionally skilled in a profession, art, etc.: a past master at chess. 2. a person who has held the office of master in a guild, ...
past mistress
a woman who is thoroughly experienced or exceptionally skilled in a profession, art, etc. [1865-70] * * *
past participle
Gram. a participle with past, perfect, or passive meaning, as fallen, sung, defeated; perfect participle: used in English and other languages in forming the present perfect, ...
past perfect
Gram. pluperfect. [1885-90] * * *
past progressive
Gram. (in English) a verb form consisting of an auxiliary be in the past tense followed by a present participle and used esp. to indicate that an action or event was incomplete ...
Solid, firm. 1. a. fast1; shamefaced, steadfast, from Old English fæst, fixed, firm; b. avast, from Middle Dutch vast, firm, fast. Both a and b from Germanic *fastuz, firm, ...
/pah"steuh/; esp. Brit. /pas"teuh/, n. any of various flour-and-egg food preparations of Italian origin, made of thin, unleavened dough and produced in a variety of forms, ...
Pasta, Giuditta
▪ Italian opera singer née  Negri  born October 28, 1797, Saronno, near Milan died April 1, 1865, Blevio, Como, Italy       reigning Italian soprano of her time, ...
/payst/, n., v., pasted, pasting. n. 1. a mixture of flour and water, often with starch or the like, used for causing paper or other material to adhere to something. 2. any soft, ...
paste mold
Glassmaking. a mold lined with a moist carbonized paste, for shaping glass as it is blown. * * *
/payst"on', -awn'/, adj. that can be pasted or stuck on: canning jars with paste-on labels. * * *
/payst"up'/, n. Print. mechanical (def. 14). [1925-30; n. use of v. phrase paste up] * * *
—pasteboardy, adj. /payst"bawrd", -bohrd'/, n. 1. a stiff, firm board made of sheets of paper pasted or layers of paper pulp pressed together. 2. Older Slang. a card, as a ...
paste·down (pāstʹdoun') n. The portion of the endpaper that is pasted to the cover of a book. * * *
pastel1 /pa stel"/; esp. Brit. /pas"tl/, n. 1. a color having a soft, subdued shade. 2. a kind of dried paste made of pigments ground with chalk and compounded with gum water. 3. ...
pastel orange
/pa stel"/; esp. Brit. /pas"tl/ suntan (def. 3). * * *
/pa stel"ist/; esp. Brit. /pas"tl ist/, n. an artist who draws with pastels. Also, esp. Brit., pastellist. [1880-85; PASTEL1 + -IST] * * *
/pay"steuhr/, n. 1. a slip of paper gummed on the back, to be pasted on or over something, as over a name on a ballot. 2. a person or thing that pastes. [1730-40; PASTE + -ER1] * ...
/pas"teuhrn/, n. 1. the part of the foot of a horse, cow, etc., between the fetlock and the hoof. See diag. under horse. 2. either of the two bones of this part, the upper or ...
/pas"teuhr nak'/; Russ. /peuh styirdd nahk"/, n. Boris Leonidovich /bawr"is, bohr"-, bor"-/; Russ. /bu rddyees" lyi u nyee"deuh vyich/, 1890-1960, Russian poet, novelist, and ...
Pasternak, Boris (Leonidovich)
born Feb. 10, 1890, Moscow, Russia died May 30, 1960, Peredelkino, near Moscow Russian poet and prose writer. He studied music and philosophy and after the Russian Revolution ...
Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich
▪ Russian author born Feb. 10 [Jan. 29, Old Style], 1890, Moscow, Russia died May 30, 1960, Peredelkino, near Moscow  Russian poet whose novel Doctor Zhivago helped win him ...
Pasternak,Boris Leonidovich
Pas·ter·nak (păsʹtər-năk', pə-styĭr-näkʹ), Boris Leonidovich. 1890-1960. Russian writer whose Doctor Zhivago (1957), a novel of disillusionment with the Russian ...
—Pasteurian, adj. /pa sterr"/; Fr. /pah stuerdd"/, n. Louis /looh"ee/; Fr. /lwee/, 1822-95, French chemist and bacteriologist. * * *
Pasteur effect
the inhibiting of fermentation by oxygen. [1930-35; named after L. PASTEUR] * * *
Pasteur treatment
Pasteur treatment n. Pasteur's method of preventing certain diseases, esp. rabies, by increasing the strength of successive inoculations with a specific weakened or attenuated ...
Pasteur, Louis
born Dec. 27, 1822, Dole, France died Sept. 28, 1895, Saint-Cloud, near Paris French chemist and microbiologist. Early in his career, after studies at the École Normale ...
Pas·teur (păs-tûrʹ, pä-stœrʹ), Louis. 1822-1895. French chemist who founded modern microbiology, invented the process of pasteurization, and developed vaccines for ...
Pasteur effect n. The inhibiting effect of oxygen on the process of fermentation.   [After Pasteur, Louis.] * * *
/pas'teuh rel"euh/, n., pl. pasteurellae /-rel"ee/, pasteurellas. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Pasturella, certain species of which are parasitic ...
/pas'teuhr euh loh"sis/, n. Vet. Pathol. See hemorrhagic septicemia. [1900-05; < NL; see PASTEURELLA, -OSIS] * * * ▪ disease       any bacterial disease caused by ...
See Pasteur, Louis. * * *
pasteurism [pas′tər iz΄əm] n. the theories or methods of Louis Pasteur; specif., a) PASTEURIZATION b) the Pasteur treatment for rabies * * *
pasteurization [pas΄chər i zā′shən, pas΄təri zā′shən] n. 〚Fr: see PASTEURIZE & -ATION〛 a method of destroying disease-producing bacteria and checking the activity ...
—pasteurization, n. /pas"cheuh ruyz', pas"teuh-/, v.t., pasteurized, pasteurizing. to expose (a food, as milk, cheese, yogurt, beer, or wine) to an elevated temperature for a ...
/pas"cheuh ruy'zeuhr, pas"teuh-/, n. an apparatus for pasteurizing milk and other liquids. [1895-1900; PASTEURIZE + -ER1] * * *
Pasteur treatment n. A treatment for infection by the rabies virus in which a series of increasingly strong inoculations with attenuated virus is given to stimulate antibody ...
/pa stee"choh/; It. /pahs teet"chaw/, n., pl. pasticci /-chee/. a pastiche. [1700-10; < It < VL pasticium pasty, pie, deriv. of LL pasta; see PASTE] * * *
/pa steesh", pah-/, n. 1. a literary, musical, or artistic piece consisting wholly or chiefly of motifs or techniques borrowed from one or more sources. 2. an incongruous ...
/panns tee shuerdd"/, n., pl. pasticheurs /-shuerdd"/. French. 1. a person who makes, composes, or concocts a pastiche. 2. a person who imitates the work of others. * * *
/panns tee shuez"/, n., pl. pasticheuses /-shuez"/. French. a woman who makes or composes a pastiche. * * *
pastie [pas′tē] n. alt. sp. of PASTY2 * * *
pasties pasties1 [pas′tēz΄] n. pl. of PASTY2 pasties2 [pās′tēz΄] pl.n. a pair of small adhesive coverings for the nipples, worn by stripteasers, exotic dancers, etc. * * ...
/pah steel"yeuh/; It. /pahs tee"lyah/, n. a plaster used during the Italian Renaissance for bas-relief ornament of furniture, being applied in layers, molded, carved, and ...
/pa steel", -stil"/, n. 1. a flavored or medicated lozenge; troche. 2. a roll or cone of paste containing aromatic substances, burned as a disinfectant or deodorant. 3. pastel ...
/pas"tuym', pahs"-/, n. something that serves to make time pass agreeably; a pleasant means of amusement, recreation, or sport: to play cards as a pastime. [1480-90; earlier ...
pastina [päs tē′nə] n. pasta in very small pieces, usually served in soup * * * pas·ti·na (pă-stēʹnə) n. Tiny pieces of pasta, often cooked in soups or used as baby ...
/pay"stee nis/, n. the quality of being pasty. [1600-10; PASTY1 + -NESS] * * *
/pa stees"/; Fr. /panns tees"/, n. a yellowish, anise-based liqueur originally made in Marseilles and similar to absinthe but containing no wormwood. [1925-30; < F < Pr; OPr ...
past master n. 1. One who has formerly held the position of master in an organization, especially a social one such as a lodge or club. 2. One who is thoroughly experienced and ...
/past"nis/, n. the state or fact of being past. [1820-30; PAST + -NESS] * * *
/pahs"taw/, n. 1. a city in SW Colombia. 119,339; ab. 8350 ft. (2545 m) above sea level. 2. a volcanic peak near this city. 13,990 ft. (4265 m). * * * ▪ ...
Paston Letters
▪ collection of English correspondence       the largest surviving collection of 15th-century English correspondence. It is invaluable to historians and philologists and ...
—pastorless, adj. —pastorlike, pastorly, adj. /pas"teuhr, pah"steuhr/, n. 1. a minister or priest in charge of a church. 2. a person having spiritual care of a number of ...
Pastor, Ludwig, Freiherr Von Campersfelden
▪ Austrian historian born Jan. 31, 1854, Aachen, Prussia [Germany] died Sept. 30, 1928, Innsbruck, Austria       German author of one of the monumental papal histories, ...
Pastor, Tony
orig. Antonio Pastor born May 28, 1837, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1908, Elmhurst, N.Y. U.S. impresario and comic singer. He appeared at P.T. Barnum's American Museum ...
Pastora Gómez, Edén
▪ Nicaraguan revolutionary byname  Zero  or  Commander Zero   born 1937?       Nicaraguan guerrilla leader and legendary fighter.       A military commander ...
/pas"teuhr ij, pah"steuhr-/, n. pastorate. [1655-65; PASTOR + -AGE] * * *
—pastorally, adv. /pas"teuhr euhl, pah"steuhr-/, adj. 1. having the simplicity, charm, serenity, or other characteristics generally attributed to rural areas: pastoral scenery; ...
pastoral counseling
the use of psychotherapeutic techniques by trained members of the clergy to assist parishioners who seek help for personal or emotional problems. * * *
Pastoral Epistles
the New Testament books of I and II Timothy and Titus that stress pastoral and ecclesiastical concerns. * * *
pastoral letter
pastoral (defs. 11, 12). * * *
pastoral literature
      class of literature that presents the society of shepherds as free from the complexity and corruption of city life. Many of the idylls written in its name are far ...
pastoral prayer
/prair/ the main prayer in a church service. * * *
Pastoral Symphony, The
(French, La Symphonie Pastorale) the Symphony No. 6 in F major (1807-08) by Ludwig van Beethoven. * * *
pastoral theology
the branch of theology dealing with the responsibilities of members of the clergy to the people under their care. Also called poimenics. * * *
/pas'teuh rahl", -ral", -rah"lee, pah'steuh-/; It. /pahs'taw rddah"le/, n., pl. pastorales, pastorali /-rah"lee, -ral"ee/; It. /-rddah"lee/. Music. 1. an opera, cantata, or the ...
Pas·tor·al Epistles (păsʹtər-əl) n. Bible The three New Testament Epistles, two addressed to Timothy and one to Titus, that are attributed to Saint Paul and concerned with ...
/pas"teuhr euh liz'euhm, pah"steuhr-/, n. the practice of herding as the primary economic activity of a society. [1850-55; PASTORAL + -ISM] * * *
pastoralist [pas′tər əl əst] n. 1. a person who raises livestock, esp. a nomadic herder 2. a writer whose style or subjects are pastoral * * * See pastoralism. * * *
See pastoralize. * * *
—pastoralization, n. /pas"teuhr euh luyz', pah"steuhr-/, v.t., pastoralized, pastoralizing. 1. to make pastoral or rural. 2. to celebrate in a pastoral or set in a pastoral ...
See pastoral. * * *
/pas"teuhr it, pah"steuhr-/, n. 1. the office or term of office of a pastor. 2. a body of pastors. 3. parsonage (def. 1). [1785-95; < ML pastoratus, equiv. to L pastor-, s. of ...
/pa stawr"ee euhm, -stohr"-, pah-/, n. Southern U.S. a Baptist parsonage. [1895-1900; < NL, equiv. to pas(tor) PASTOR + -torium -TORY2] * * *
Pastorius, Francis Daniel
▪ German educator born Sept. 26, 1651, Sommerhausen, Bavaria [Germany] died , c. Jan. 1, 1720, Germantown, Pa. [now U.S.]       German educator, humanitarian, author, ...
/pas"teuhr ship', pah"steuhr-/, n. the position, authority, or office of a pastor. [1555-65; PASTOR + -SHIP] * * *
—pastosity /pa stos"i tee/, n. /pa stohs"/, adj. having a heavy impasto. [1775-85; < It pastoso doughy. See PASTE, -OSE1] * * *
(French: "shepherds") Participants in two outbreaks of mob violence in medieval France. The first Pastoureaux were peasants in northeastern France aroused by news in 1251 of the ...
past participle n. A verb form indicating past or completed action or time that is used as a verbal adjective in phrases such as baked beans and finished work and with ...
past perfect n. See pluperfect. * * *
/peuh strah"mee/, n. a brisket of beef that has been cured in a mixture of garlic, peppercorns, sugar, coriander seeds, etc., then smoked before cooking. [1935-40; < Yiddish ...
Pastrana Arango, Andres
▪ 1999       The election of Andres Pastrana Arango as Colombia's new president on June 21, 1998, inspired cautious hope for a peaceful resolution to more than three ...
Pastrana Borrero, Misael
▪ 1998       Colombian politician who served as president of Colombia from 1970 to 1974, heading a progressive National Front coalition that failed in its attempt to ...
Pastrone, Giovanni
▪ Italian director and producer born Sept. 11, 1883, Montechiaro d'Asti, Italy died June 27, 1959, Turin       pioneer Italian motion picture director and ...
/pay"stree/, n., pl. pastries. 1. a sweet baked food made of dough, esp. the shortened paste used for pie crust and the like. 2. any item of food of which such dough forms an ...
pastry bag
pastry bag n. an open conical bag with a pierced tip at the narrow end, used for decorating cakes with icing, pressing out dough into various shapes for cookies, etc. * * *
pastry blender
a kitchen utensil having several parallel wires bent in a semicircle and secured by a handle, used esp. for mixing pastry dough. * * *
pastry brush
a small, flat brush for coating pastry with butter, egg, etc. [1945-50] * * *
pastry tube
a conical tube with a patterned hole at one end, fitted over the opening of a cloth funnel (pastry bag), for shaping icings, food pastes, etc., as they are forced through by ...
Pastry War
▪ Mexican history       (1838–39), brief and minor conflict between Mexico and France, arising from the claim of a French pastry cook living in Tacubaya, near Mexico ...
past tense n. A verb tense used to express an action or a condition that occurred in or during the past. For example, in While she was sewing, he read aloud, was sewing and read ...
—pasturability, n. /pas"cheuhr euh beuhl, pahs"-/, adj. capable of providing pasture, as land. [1570-80; PASTURE + -ABLE] * * *
/pas"cheuhr ij, pahs'-/, n. 1. pasture. 2. the activity or business of pasturing livestock. [1525-35; PASTURE + -AGE] * * *
—pastural, adj. —pastureless, adj. —pasturer, n. /pas"cheuhr, pahs"-/, n., v., pastured, pasturing. n. 1. Also called pastureland /pas"cheuhr land', pahs"-/. an area ...
Fr. /pah tyuurdd"/, n. Rogier Fr. /rddaw zhee ay"/ or Roger Fr. /rddaw zhay"/ de la Fr. /deuh lann/. See Weyden, Rogier van der. * * *
pasture rose
a bristly-stemmed rose, Rosa carolina, of the eastern U.S., having slender, straight thorns and large, solitary, rose-pink flowers. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *

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