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/pav loh"vee euhn, -law"-, -lov"ee-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Pavlov or his work, esp. of experiments in which he elicited predictable responses from ...
Pavlovian conditioning
conditioning (def. 2). [1930-35] * * * also called  Classical Conditioning,         a type of conditioned learning which occurs because of the subject's instinctive ...
Pavlovian conditioning n. Classical conditioning.   [After Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich.] * * *
(as used in expressions) Aleksandr Pavlovich Beria Lavrenty Pavlovich Chekhov Anton Pavlovich Diaghilev Sergey Pavlovich Ignatyev Nikolay Pavlovich Count Korolyov Sergey ...
▪ Russia       city and administrative centre of Pavlovo rayon (sector), Nizhegorod oblast (region), western Russia, on the Oka River. Its metalworking industries are ...
▪ Russia       city, Leningrad oblast (region), northwestern Russia. Founded in 1777 as Pavlovskoye, it became a city and was renamed Pavlovsk in 1796. The site, on ...
Pavlovsky Posad
▪ Russia       city, Moscow oblast (region), western Russia, on the Klyazma River. It grew from a monastic village and, in the 18th century, was a centre of peasant ...
/pay"voh/, n., gen. Pavonis /peuh voh"nis/. Astron. the Peacock, a southern constellation between Triangulum Australe and Indus. [ < L pavo PEACOCK] * * *
Pavón, Battle of
▪ Argentine history       (Sept. 17, 1861), in Argentine history, military clash at Pavón in Sante Fe province between the forces of the Argentine Confederation, ...
/pav"euh nuyn', -nin/, adj. 1. of or like a peacock. 2. resembling the feathers of a peacock, as in coloring. [1650-60; < L pavoninus, deriv. of pavo (s. pavon-) PEACOCK; see ...
paw1 —pawer, n. /paw/, n. 1. the foot of an animal having claws. 2. the foot of any animal. 3. Informal. the human hand, esp. one that is large, rough, or clumsy: Keep your ...
Pawar, Lalita
▪ 1999       Indian actress whose career of more than 600 films was most notably defined by her roles as a mean, domineering mother-in-law; her performances were ...
Pawcatuck River
▪ river, United States       river rising in Worden Pond and Great Swamp, South Kingstown, R.I., U.S. It flows generally southwestward, emptying into Little Narragansett ...
See paw. * * *
▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Osage county, northeastern Oklahoma, U.S. It was settled in 1872 and named for an Osage chief, Paw-Hiu-Skah ...
—pawkily, adv. —pawkiness, n. /paw"kee/, adj., pawkier, pawkiest. Chiefly Brit. cunning; sly. [1670-80; Scots pawk trick + -Y1] * * *
/pawl/, n. 1. a pivoted bar adapted to engage with the teeth of a ratchet wheel or the like so as to prevent movement or to impart motion. v.t. 2. to check or hold with a ...
Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska, Maria
▪ Polish poet née  Maria Kossak   born November 24, 1891, Krakau, Austro-Hungarian Empire [now Kraków, Poland] died July 9, 1945, Manchester, England       Polish ...
pawn1 —pawnable, adj. —pawner /paw"neuhr/, pawnor /paw"neuhr, -nawr/, n. /pawn/, v.t. 1. to deposit as security, as for money borrowed, esp. with a pawnbroker: He raised the ...
pawn ticket
a receipt given for goods left with a pawnbroker. [1855-60] * * *
See pawn1. * * *
/paw"nij/, n. the act of pawning. [1615-25; PAWN1 + -AGE] * * *
/pawn"broh'keuhr/, n. a person whose business is lending money at interest on personal, movable property deposited with the lender until redeemed. [1680-90; PAWN1 + BROKER] * * *
/pawn"broh'king/, n. the business of a pawnbroker. Also, pawnbrokerage, pawnbrokery. [1805-15; PAWNBROK(ER) + -ING1] * * * Business of advancing loans to customers who have ...
/paw nee"/, n., pl. Pawnees, (esp. collectively) Pawnee for 1. 1. a member of a confederacy of North American Plains Indians of Caddoan stock formerly located along the Platte ...
See pawnable. * * *
See pawnable. * * *
/pawn"shop'/, n. the shop of a pawnbroker, esp. one where unredeemed items are displayed and sold. [1840-50; PAWN1 + SHOP] * * *
pawn ticket n. A receipt for goods pawned. * * *
/paw"paw'/, n. 1. a tree, Asimina triloba, of the annona family, native to the eastern U.S., having large, oblong leaves and purplish flowers. 2. the fleshy, edible fruit of this ...
/paw tuk"it/, n. a city in NE Rhode Island. 71,204. * * * ▪ Rhode Island, United States       city, Providence county, northeastern Rhode Island, U.S., on the ...
/paks, pahks/, n. 1. Eccles. See kiss of peace. 2. (cap.) a period in history marked by the absence of major wars, usually imposed by a predominant nation. [1325-75; ME < L: ...
/paks, pahks/, n. the Roman goddess of peace. * * * ▪ Roman religion       in Roman religion, personification of peace, probably recognized as a deity for the first ...
private automatic exchange. * * * ▪ Roman religion       in Roman religion, personification of peace, probably recognized as a deity for the first time by the emperor ...
Pax Britannica
/bri tan"i keuh/ a peace imposed by Great Britain upon hostile nations, esp. in the 19th century. [1895-1900; < L: British peace] * * *
Pax Romana
/paks" roh may"neuh, -mah"-, pahks"/; Lat. /pahks" rddoh mah"nah/ 1. the terms of peace imposed by ancient Rome on its dominions. 2. any state of peace imposed by a strong nation ...
pax vobiscum
/pahks" woh bis"koom/; Eng. /paks" voh bis"keuhm, pahks"/, Latin. peace be with you. * * *
Pax·il (păkʹsĭl) A trademark used for the drug paroxetine. * * *
Paxinou, Katina
▪ Greek actress original name  Katina Constantopoulos   born c. 1900, , Piraeus, Athens, Greece died Feb. 22, 1973, Athens       internationally recognized Greek ...
(1950– ) an English journalist and television presenter. He has presented Newsnight since 1989 and is known for his sometimes aggressive questions, especially to politicians. ...
/pak"sos, -sohs/, n. one of the Ionian Islands, off the NW coast of Greece. 7 sq. mi. (18 sq. km). Greek, Paxoi /pah ksee"/. * * * ▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Paxoí, ...
/pak"steuhn/, n. Sir Joseph, 1801-65, English horticulturist and architect. * * *
Paxton Boys uprising
(1763) Attack by Pennsylvania frontiersmen on an Indian settlement during the Pontiac Indian uprising. After 57 drunken rangers from Paxton, Pa., slaughtered 20 innocent and ...
Paxton, Sir Joseph
▪ British architect and botanist born Aug. 3, 1801, near Woburn, Bedfordshire, Eng. died June 8, 1865, Sydenham, near London       English landscape gardener and ...
Paxton, Tom
▪ American folk singer-songwriter in full  Thomas Richard Paxton  born Oct. 31, 1937, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       American folk singer-songwriter who was especially ...
/paks"waks'/, n. Brit. Dial. the neck ligament; nuchal ligament. [1400-50; late ME, alter. of ME fax wax lit., hair growth (cf. OE feax hair, weaxan to grow; see WAX2); cf. G ...
pay1 /pay/, v., paid or (Obs. except for defs. 12, 24c) payed; paying; n., adj. v.t. 1. to settle (a debt, obligation, etc.), as by transferring money or goods, or by doing ...
pay cable.
See cable television. [1970-75] * * *
pay dirt
1. soil, gravel, or ore that can be mined profitably. 2. Informal. any source of success or wealth; a fortunate discovery or profitable venture: After months of experimentation, ...
pay envelope
1. an envelope containing a paycheck or wages. 2. Informal. wages or salary; paycheck. * * *
pay grade
the grade of a member of the armed services established according to a scale of increasing amounts of base pay and related to but not identical with official rank. * * *
pay phone
a public telephone requiring that the caller deposit coins or use a credit card to pay for a call. Also called pay station. [1935-40] * * *
pay television
1. a commercial service that broadcasts or provides television programs to viewers who pay a monthly charge or a per-program fee. 2. the programming provided. Also called pay-TV ...
/pay"euhz yoo goh"/, n. 1. the principle or practice of paying for goods and services at the time of purchase, rather than relying on credit. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or based ...
/pay"in'/, n. a deposit in an account. [n. use of the v. phrase pay in] * * *
/pay"perr'vyooh", -peuhr-/, Television. n. 1. a system requiring that a subscriber pay for each program viewed: championship games seen only on pay-per-view. adj. 2. noting or ...
pay-TV (pāʹtē-vēʹ) n. A system for receiving television broadcasts by making subscription payments, as by renting a device that unscrambles the broadcaster's scrambled ...
—payability, payableness, n. —payably, adv. /pay"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. to be paid; due: a loan payable in 30 days. 2. capable of being or liable to be paid. 3. profitable. 4. ...
/pay"bak'/, n. 1. the period of time required to recoup a capital investment. 2. the return on an investment: a payback of 15 percent tax-free. 3. the act or fact of paying back; ...
/pay"boks'/, n. Brit. See box office (def. 1). [1850-55; PAY1 + BOX1] * * *
/pay"chek'/, n. 1. a bank check given as salary or wages. 2. salary or wages: One can stretch the paycheck only just so far. [1900-05; PAY1 + CHECK] * * *
PayCheck, Johnny
▪ 2004 Donald Eugene Lytle        American country musician (b. May 31, 1938, Greenfield, Ohio—d. Feb. 18, 2003, Nashville, Tenn.), was a hard-living honky-tonk singer ...
/pay"day'/, n. 1. the day on which wages are given, payment is made, etc. 2. Informal. a day or period during which a great deal of money, success, fame, etc., is won or ...
pay dirt n. 1. Earth, ore, or gravel that is profitable to mine. 2. Informal. A useful or profitable discovery or venture. * * *
pay as you earn. * * *
I. payed1 (pād) v. A past tense and a past participle of pay1.   II. payed2 (pād) v. A past tense and a past participle of pay2. * * *
/pay ee"/, n. a person to whom a check, money, etc., is payable. [1750-60; PAY1 + -EE] * * *
Payen, Anselme
▪ French chemist born Jan. 6, 1795, Paris, France died May 12, 1871, Paris       French chemist who made important contributions to industrial chemistry and discovered ...
pay equity n. Comparable worth. * * *
/pay"euhr/, n. 1. a person who pays. 2. the person named in a bill or note who has to pay the holder. [1325-75; ME; see PAY1, -ER1] * * *
Payette River
▪ river, United States       watercourse, southwestern Idaho, U.S., formed by the confluence of the North Fork Payette River and South Fork Payette River in Boise ...
paygrade [pā′grād΄] n. Mil. the grade of a serviceman according to a scale of increasing amounts of base pay * * *
/pay"lohd'/, n. 1. the part of a cargo producing revenue or income, usually expressed in weight. 2. the number of paying passengers, as on an airplane. 3. Aerospace, Mil. a. the ...
payload assist module
a U.S. solid-propellant rocket used to boost a medium-weight spacecraft from a circular low-earth orbit to an elliptical transfer orbit for later insertion into a geosynchronous ...
payload bay.
See cargo bay. * * *
payload specialist
1. an astronaut trained to handle highly complex or classified equipment carried aboard a space shuttle and to conduct experiments in space. 2. a specialist in transporting ...
/pay"loh'deuhr/, n. a heavy, wheeled vehicle with a large, movable blade or scoop at the front. Cf. bulldozer. [1950-55; PAYLOAD + -ER1] * * *
—paymastership, n. /pay"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. a person authorized by a company, government, etc., to pay out wages or salaries, esp. in the military. [1540-50; PAY1 + ...
Paymaster General
the British government minister in charge of the department of the Treasury which provides bank services for all departments except the Inland Revenue and Customs and Excise. ...
/pay"meuhnt/, n. 1. something that is paid; an amount paid; compensation; recompense. 2. the act of paying. 3. reward or punishment; requital. [1300-50; ME, var. of paiement < ...
payment bond.
See under contract bond. * * *
/payn/, n. John Howard, 1791-1852, U.S. actor and dramatist. * * *
Payne, Humfry
▪ British archaeologist born Feb. 19, 1902, Wendover, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died May 9, 1936, Athens, Greece       English archaeologist noted for the publication ...
Payne, John
▪ American actor born May 23, 1912, Roanoke, Va., U.S. died Dec. 6, 1989, Malibu, Calif.       American actor, a popular leading man during the 1940s who appeared ...
Payne, John Howard
▪ American playwright born June 9, 1791, New York, N.Y., U.S. died April 9, 1852, Tunis, Tunisia       American-born playwright and actor, who followed the techniques ...
Payne, Peter
▪ English theologian Czech Petra Payna born c. 1380, , Hough-on-the-Hill, Lincolnshire, Eng. died c. 1455, , Prague, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic]       English ...
—paynimhood, n. /pay"nim/, n. Archaic. 1. a pagan or heathen. 2. a Muslim. 3. pagandom; heathendom. [1200-50; ME: pagan (n. and adj.), pagan countries, heathendom < OF ...
/pay"awf', -of'/, n. 1. the payment of a salary, debt, wager, etc. 2. the time at which such payment is made. 3. the consequence, outcome, or final sequence in a series of ...
/pay oh"leuh/, n. Informal. a secret or private payment in return for the promotion of a product, service, etc., through the abuse of one's position, influence, or ...
/pay"owt'/, n. 1. an act or instance of paying, expending, or disbursing. 2. money paid, expended, or disbursed, as a dividend or winning: He went to the betting window to ...
payout ratio
the ratio between dividends paid out and earnings per share of common stock within a time period. * * *
▪ American company       American e-commerce company formed in March 2000 that specializes in Internet money transfers. It was heavily used with and eventually ...
pay phone n. A telephone that requires immediate payment for operation, as by a coin or credit card. Also called pay station. * * *
/pay"rohl'/, n. 1. a list of employees to be paid, with the amount due to each. 2. the sum total of these amounts. 3. the actual money on hand for distribution: The bandits got ...
payroll tax
a tax levied against the amount of wages and salaries paid workers. [1980-85] * * * ▪ taxation       levy imposed on wages and salaries. In contrast to income taxes, ...
/pay"roh'leuhr/, n. Informal. a wage earner, esp. a government employee. [PAYROLL + -ER1] * * *
Pays de la Loire
Pays de la Loire [pā ē΄ de lȧ lwȧr′] metropolitan region of NW France: 12,387 sq mi (32,082 sq km); pop. 3,059,000; chief city, Nantes * * * ▪ region, France  région ...
/puy'sahn dooh"/, n. a city in W Uruguay, on the Uruguay River. 80,000. * * * ▪ Uruguay       city, western Uruguay, on the Uruguay River. The city was founded in 1772 ...
▪ Utah, United States       city, Utah county, northern Utah, U.S. Nestled in the foothills of the southern Wasatch Range, the city was founded as an agricultural ...
pay station n. See pay phone. * * *
payt abbrev. payment * * *
payment. * * *
Payton, Lawrence
▪ 1998       American singer who for more than 40 years was a member of the Motown group the Four Tops, which sold over 50 million records and had almost 30 singles, ...
Payton, Walter
▪ American athlete in full  Walter Jerry Payton , byname  Sweetness  born July 25, 1954, Columbia, Mississippi, U.S. died November 1, 1999, Barrington, Illinois  American ...
Payton, Walter (Jerry)
born July 25, 1954, Columbia, Miss., U.S. died Nov. 1, 1999, Barrington, Ill. U.S. football player. He played football at Jackson State University and from 1975 to 1987 was a ...
Payton, Walter Jerry
▪ 2000       American football player (b. July 25, 1954, Columbia, Miss.—d. Nov. 1, 1999, South Barrington, Ill.), was a phenomenal running back who set the National ...
Pay·ton (pātʹn), Walter. 1954-1999. American football player. A running back for the Chicago Bears (1975-1987), he set a National Football League record for career rushing ...
/pahz/; Sp. /pahs/, n. Octavio /ok tay"vee oh'/; Sp. /awk tah"vyaw/, 1914-98, Mexican poet and essayist: Nobel prize 1990. * * * (as used in expressions) La Paz Paz Estenssoro ...
Paz Estenssoro
/pahs" es'tens saw"rddaw/, n. Victor /beek"tawrdd/, born 1907, Bolivian economist and statesman: president 1952-56, 1960-64. * * *
Paz Estenssoro, Víctor
born Oct. 2, 1907, Tarija, Bol. died June 7, 2001, Tarija President of Bolivia (1952–56, 1960–64, 1985–89). Originally an economics professor, he was elected to the ...
Paz Garcia, Policarpo
▪ 2001       Honduran politician and military leader (b. Dec. 7, 1932, Goascorán, Honduras—d. April 16, 2000, Tegucigalpa, Honduras), was the last military ruler of ...
Paz, Octavio
born March 31, 1914, Mexico City, Mex. died April 19, 1998, Mexico City Mexican poet, writer, and diplomat. Educated at the University of Mexico, Paz published his first book ...
Paz (päz, päs), Octavio. 1914-1998. Mexican writer whose essays, including The Labyrinth of Solitude (1950), and volumes of poetry, such as Sun Stone (1957), often explore the ...
▪ Bulgaria also spelled  Pazardjik , or  Pazardžik        town, west-central Bulgaria. It lies along the upper Maritsa River, between the Rhodope Mountains to the ...
/peuh zaz"/, n. pizazz. * * *
/paz"euh rik/, n. the site of 40 wood-lined pit tombs c500-c300 B.C. in the Altai Mountains of central Asia, containing the tattooed bodies of nomadic chieftains of the eastern ...
Pazzi conspiracy
(April 16, 1478) Unsuccessful plot to overthrow the Medici rulers of Florence. It was led by the rival Pazzi family, with the backing of Pope Sixtus IV, who wanted to ...
Fire. Oldest form *peə₂wr̥, colored to *paə₂wr̥, with zero-grade *pə₂ur- metathesized to *puə₂r-. Zero-grade form *pūr- (contracted from *puər-). 1. fire, from ...
power brakes. * * *
Symbol, Chem. lead. [ < L plumbum] * * *
1. Professional Bowlers Association. 2. Public Buildings Administration. * * *
Chem. any of the highly toxic and possibly carcinogenic aromatic compounds consisting of two benzene rings in which bromine takes the place of two or more hydrogen atoms: used as ...
PBJ (pē'bē-jāʹ) n. A peanut butter and jelly sandwich. * * *
Public Broadcasting Service: a network of noncommercial television stations devoted to educational and other quality programming and funded by members' contributions, government ...
a manually or automatically operated telephone facility that handles communications within an office, office building, or organization and that is connected to the public ...
1. See Peace Corps. 2. See personal computer. 3. See politically correct. 4. See printed circuit. 5. See professional corporation. * * *
picocurie; picocuries. * * *
PC board
Electronics. See under printed circuit. * * *
PC card
a small, removable, externally accessible circuit board housing a device, as a modem or disk drive, and conforming to the PCMCIA standard: used esp. for laptop computers. * * *
PC Plod
(BrE) a name used to refer in a humorous way to a policeman, suggesting that he is not very intelligent. ‘PC’ stands for ‘Police Constable’ and to ‘plod’ means to ...
1. pl. pcs. piece. 2. prices. * * *
a family of highly toxic chemical compounds consisting of two benzene rings in which chlorine takes the place of two or more hydrogen atoms: known to cause skin diseases and ...
(in full parochial church council) n [C + sing/pl v] the administrative body of a parish(1) church. Its members are usually people who go to church regularly and most of them are ...
PCE abbr. perchloroethylene. * * *
pounds per cubic foot. * * *
pounds per cubic inch. * * *
1. plug-compatible manufacturer. 2. Telecommunications. pulse-code modulation. * * *
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association: (esp. for laptop computers) a standard for externally accessible expansion slots that accept compatible cards for ...
PCN abbr. personal communication network. * * *
pentachloronitrobenzene. * * *
1. Slang. phencyclidine. [perh. p(hen)c(yclidine) + (peace) p(ill), an earlier designation] 2. See pneumocystis pneumonia. 3. Primary Care Physician. * * * ▪ ...
PCR abbrev. polymerase chain reaction * * * PCR abbr. polymerase chain reaction. * * *
Personal Communications Service: a system of digital wireless communications, used esp. for mobile phones and often including additional features, as caller ID or paging. * * *
pct abbrev. percent * * *
PCT theorem
Physics. See CPT theorem. * * *
percent. * * *
Auto. See positive crankcase ventilation. * * *
PCV valve
Auto. a valve used to control and direct the flow of gases during positive crankcase ventilation. * * *
Symbol, Chem. palladium. * * *
paid. * * *
Bachelor of Pedagogy. * * *
Doctor of Pedagogy. * * *
Master of Pedagogy. * * *
personal digital assistant. * * * ▪ handheld computer in full  personal digital assistant        a handheld computer used to organize data, store contact ...
para-dichlorobenzene. * * *
PdD abbr. Latin. Pedagogiae Doctor (Doctor of Pedagogy). * * *
PDD abbr. pervasive developmental disorder. * * *
PDE-5 inhibitor
▪ category of drugs in full  phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor        category of drugs that relieve erectile dysfunction ( impotence) in men. Two common commercially ...
poundal. * * *
PdM abbr. Latin. Pedagogiae Magister (Master of Pedagogy). * * *
pdq or PDQ [pē΄dē΄kyo͞o′] adv. 〚< pretty damn (or darn) quick〛 right away; immediately * * * PDQ (pē'dē-kyo͞oʹ) adv. Informal At once; immediately.   [p(retty) ...
Physicians' Desk Reference. * * *
➡ People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals. * * *
Pacific Daylight Time. * * *
To redeem, ransom. fedayee, from Arabic fidāʾī, one who sacrifices himself, freedom fighter, from fidāʾ, ransom, sacrifice, from fadā, to ransom, sacrifice. * * *
/pay/, n. 1. the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. either of the consonant sounds represented by this letter. Also, peh. [1895-1900; < Heb pe, akin to peh mouth] * * *
Prince Edward Island, Canada (approved for postal use). * * *
Also pē-, pī-. To hurt. Contracted from *peə₁(i)-; zero-grades *piə₁-, *pə₁-. 1. Suffixed (participial) form *pī-ont- (< *piə-ont-). fiend, from Old English fēond, ...
See pē(i)-. * * *
/bay"tsuy"/, n. See Chinese cabbage. [1785-95; < Chin (Wade-Giles) pai2ts'ai4, (pinyin) báicái (literary bócài) lit., white vegetable; cf. BOK CHOY] * * *
pea1 —pealike, adj. /pee/, n., pl. peas, (Archaic or Brit. Dial.) pease; adj. n. 1. the round, edible seed of a widely cultivated plant, Pisum sativum, of the legume family. 2. ...
pea aphid
a large green aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, that is a pest of peas, clovers, alfalfa, and similar plants and occurs throughout North America. [1920-25] * * *
pea bean
Chiefly New Eng. and New York State. a variety of kidney bean having a small, white seed, used dried for food. [1885-90] * * *
pea coal
1. anthracite in sizes ranging from under 13/16 in. (2.1 cm) to over 3/8 in. (1 cm). 2. bituminous in sizes ranging from under 3/4 in. (1.9 cm) to over 3/8 in. (1 ...
pea crab
any of several tiny crabs of the family Pinnotheridae, the female of which lives as a commensal in the shells of bivalve mollusks. [1830-40] * * * ▪ crustacean  any member ...
pea green
a medium or yellowish green. [1745-55] * * *
pea jacket
1. a short coat of thick wool, usually double-breasted and navy in color, worn by seamen, fishermen, etc. 2. a jacket or short coat styled like this, worn by adults and children. ...
Pea plants with dominant and recessive characters obtained by Mendel in the second generation of hybrids
▪ Table Pea plants with dominant and recessive characters obtained by Mendel in the second generation of hybrids number dominant number recessive ratio round ...
Pea Ridge, Battle of
▪ American Civil War (March 7–8, 1862),also called  Battle Of Elkhorn Tavern,    bitterly fought American Civil War clash in Arkansas, during which 11,000 Union troops ...
pea shrub.
See pea tree. * * *
pea soup
1. a thick soup made from split peas. 2. Informal. a dense, yellow fog. [1705-15] * * *
pea tree
any of various small trees or shrubs belonging to the genus Caragana, of the legume family, native to central Asia, having showy, usually yellow flowers, cultivated as an ...
pea weevil
a seed beetle, Bruchus pisorum, the larvae of which live in and feed on the seeds of the pea plant. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
See pea green. * * *
/pee"sooh"peuhr/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. Informal. See pea soup (def. 2). 2. Canadian Slang (disparaging and offensive). a French Canadian. [1885-90; PEA SOUP + -ER1] * * *
pea bean n. The navy bean. * * *
/pee"bod'ee, -beuh dee/, n. 1. Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-94, U.S. educator and reformer: founded the first kindergarten in the U.S. 2. Endicott, 1857-1944, U.S. educator. 3. George, ...
peabody bird
Chiefly New Eng. the white-throated sparrow. [1860-65, Amer.; prob. imit.] * * *
Peabody, Elizabeth (Palmer)
born May 16, 1804, Billerica, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 3, 1894, Jamaica Plain, Mass. U.S. educator and leader in the kindergarten movement in America. She served as secretary to ...
Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer
▪ American educator born May 16, 1804, Billerica, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 3, 1894, Jamaica Plain [now part of Boston], Mass.  American educator and participant in the ...
Peabody, George
born Feb. 18, 1795, South Danvers [now Peabody], Mass., U.S. died Nov. 4, 1869, London, Eng. U.S. merchant and financier. Born in South Danvers, Mass. (renamed Peabody in his ...
Peabody, Josephine Preston
▪ American writer born May 30, 1874, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 4, 1922, Cambridge, Mass.       American writer of verse dramas and of poetry that ranged from ...
Peabody, Lucy Whitehead McGill Waterbury
▪ American missionary née  Lucy Whitehead McGill  born March 2, 1861, Belmont, Kan., U.S. died Feb. 26, 1949, Danvers, Mass.       American missionary who was an ...
Peabody,Elizabeth Palmer
Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer. 1804-1894. American educator and writer who founded the first kindergarten in the United States (1860). * * *
—peaceless, adj. —peacelessness, n. —peacelike, adj. /pees/, n., interj., v., peaced, peacing. n. 1. the normal, nonwarring condition of a nation, group of nations, or the ...
peace conference
peace conference n. a conference for the purpose of ending a war or for seeking ways to establish lasting peace * * *
Peace Corps
a civilian organization, sponsored by the U.S. government, that sends volunteers to instruct citizens of underdeveloped countries in the execution of industrial, agricultural, ...
peace dividend
money cut by a government from its defense budget as a result of the cessation of hostilities with other countries. [1985-90] * * *
peace dove
dove1 (def. 5). * * *
peace in our time
a phrase used by the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in 1938 after signing the Munich Agreement by which Britain, France and Italy allowed Hitler to take control of a ...
peace lily
spathiphyllum. * * *
Peace Mission
▪ American religious sect       predominantly black 20th-century religious movement in the United States, founded and led by Father Divine (Divine, Father) ...
Peace of God
Movement within the medieval Roman Catholic church in response to the breakdown of public order. The movement began at a council at Le Puy in 975, but other, more important ...
peace offensive
an active program, policy, propaganda campaign, etc., by a national government for the purpose of terminating a war or period of hostility, lessening international tensions, or ...
peace offering
1. any offering made to procure peace. 2. a sacrificial offering made in order to assure communion with God. Ex. 20:24; Lev. 7:11-18. [1525-35] * * *
peace pipe
calumet. [1770-80] * * *
Peace River
a river in W Canada, flowing NE from the Rocky Mountains in E British Columbia through Alberta to the Slave River. 1050 mi. (1690 km) long. * * * I River, west-central Florida, ...
peace sign
a sign representing "peace," made by extending the forefinger and middle finger upward in a V-shape with the palm turned outward. [1965-70] * * *
Peace talks
➡ Korean War * * *
—peaceableness, n. —peaceably, adv. /pee"seuh beuhl/, adj. 1. inclined or disposed to avoid strife or dissension; not argumentative or hostile: a peaceable person; a ...
See peaceable. * * *
See peaceableness. * * *
Peace Corps (pēs) n. A federal government organization, set up in 1961, that trains and sends American volunteers abroad to work with people of developing countries on projects ...
peace dividend n. An amount of money taken from a defense budget and appropriated elsewhere in times of peace when less money is required for defense than in times of hostility ...
—peacefully, adv. —peacefulness, n. /pees"feuhl/, adj. 1. characterized by peace; free from war, strife, commotion, violence, or disorder: a peaceful reign; a peaceful ...
peaceful coexistence
competition without war, or a policy of peace between nations of widely differing political systems and ideologies, esp. between Communist and non-Communist nations: peaceful ...
See peaceful. * * *
See peacefully. * * *
/pees"kee'peuhr/, n. 1. a person who maintains or restores peace and amity; mediator: Mother was the peacekeeper in our family. 2. a soldier, military force, etc., deployed to ...
Peacekeeper missile
▪ United States missile also called  MX        intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that was part of the United States' strategic nuclear arsenal at the end of ...
/pees"kee'ping/, n. 1. the maintenance of international peace and security by the deployment of military forces in a particular area: the United Nations' efforts toward ...
—peacemaking, n., adj. /pees"may'keuhr/, n. a person, group, or nation that tries to make peace, esp. by reconciling parties who disagree, quarrel, or fight. [1375-1425; late ...
See peacemaker. * * *
/pees"nik/, n. Slang (often disparaging). an activist or demonstrator who opposes war and military intervention; pacifist. [1960-65, Amer.; PEACE + -NIK] * * *
peace offering n. An offering made to an adversary in the interests of peace or reconciliation. * * *
peace pipe n. A calumet. * * *
Peace River A river, about 1,521 km (945 mi) long, rising in central British Columbia, Canada, and flowing east to Alberta then northeast to the Slave River near Lake Athabasca. ...
peace sign n. A hand sign made with the palm forward and the middle and index fingers forming a V, used to express a desire for peace. * * *
/pees"tuym'/, n. 1. a time or period of peace: a large navy even in peacetime. adj. 2. of or for such a period: peacetime uses of atomic energy. [1545-55; PEACE + TIME] * * *
peach1 —peachlike, adj. /peech/, n. 1. the subacid, juicy, drupaceous fruit of a tree, Prunus persica, of the rose family. 2. the tree itself, cultivated in temperate ...
peach bark beetle
a bark beetle, Phloeotribus liminaris, that feeds on and nests in peach and other drupaceous trees. * * *
peach blossom
the flower of the peach tree: the state flower of Delaware. [1655-65] * * *
peach brandy
brandy distilled from the fermented juice of peaches. [1705-15, Amer.] * * *
peach Melba
a dessert consisting of cooked peach halves served with vanilla ice cream and Melba sauce. Also, peach melba, pêche Melba. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
peach moth.
See Oriental fruit moth. * * *
peach tree borer
the larva of any of several clearwing moths, as Sanninoidea exitiosa, that bore into the wood of the peach and other drupaceous trees. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
Peach, Charles William
▪ English naturalist and geologist born Sept. 30, 1800, Wansford, Northamptonshire, Eng. died Feb. 28, 1886, Edinburgh       English naturalist and geologist who made ...
Peacham, Henry
▪ English author and educator born c. 1576, , North Nimms, Hertfordshire, Eng. died c. 1643       English author best known for his The Compleat Gentleman (1622), ...
/peech"bloh'/, n. a delicate purplish pink. [1820-30, Amer.; PEACH1 + BLOW3] * * *
peachblow glass
an American art glass made in various pale colors and sometimes having an underlayer of milk glass. [1885-90] * * * ▪ art       American art glass made in the latter ...
/pee'cheuh ree"noh/, n., pl. peacherinos. Informal (older use). peach1 (def. 4). [1895-1900; PEACH1 + -erino, alter. of -EROO, after Sp or It words ending in -ino] * * *
peaches-and-cream [pēch′iz ən krēm′] adj. clear, fresh, glowing, etc.; often, specif., fair and unblemished with rosy cheeks: said of skin [a peaches-and-cream ...
See peachy. * * *
peach palm n. A densely spiny Amazonian palm (Bactris gasipaes) widely cultivated in the New World tropics as an ornamental and a food plant, having an edible heart and a highly ...
—peachiness, n. /pee"chee/, adj., peachier, peachiest. 1. resembling a peach, as in color or appearance. 2. Informal. excellent; wonderful; fine. [1590-1600; PEACH1 + -Y1] * * *
/pee"chee keen"/, adj. Informal. peachy (def. 2). [1955-60, Amer.] * * *
/pee"koht'/, n. See pea jacket. Also, pea coat. [1780-90, Amer.; pea (see PEA JACKET) + COAT] * * *
—peacockery, peacockism, n. —peacockish, peacocky, adj. —peacockishly, adv. —peacockishness, n. /pee"kok'/, n., pl. peacocks, (esp. collectively) peacock. v. n. 1. the ...
/pee"kok'/, n. Thomas Love, 1785-1866, English poet and novelist. * * * Any of three species (family Phasianidae) of resplendent birds of open lowland forests. Blue, or Indian ...
peacock blue
a lustrous greenish blue, as of certain peacock feathers. [1880-85] * * *
peacock chair
a wicker armchair with a high, circular back. * * *
peacock ore
Mineral. bornite. [1855-60] * * *
peacock plant
a plant, Calathea makoyana, native to Brazil, having leaves that are spotted on the upper surface and purple on the lower surface. * * *
Peacock Throne
      famous golden throne stolen from India by the Persians in 1739. Thereafter lost, it (and its reproductions) remained the symbol of the Persian, or Iranian, ...
peacock worm
▪ polychaete genus       (Sabella), any of a genus of segmented marine worms of the class Polychaeta (phylum Annelida). This type of fanworm lives in a tube about 30 to ...
peacock worm.
See feather-duster worm. * * *
Peacock, Thomas Love
born Oct. 18, 1785, Weymouth, Dorset, Eng. died Jan. 23, 1866, Lower Halliford, Middlesex English novelist and poet. For most of his life Peacock worked for the East India Co. ...
Peacock,Thomas Love
Pea·cock (pēʹkŏk'), Thomas Love. 1785-1866. British writer noted for his satirical novels, including Nightmare Abbey (1818). * * *
See peacock blue. * * *
/pee"kok'flow'euhr/, n. See royal poinciana. [1880-85] * * *
peacock blue n. A moderate to dark or strong greenish blue.   peaʹcock-blueʹ (pēʹkŏk-blo͞oʹ) adj. * * *
Peacocke, the Rev. Canon Arthur Robert
▪ 2002       The winner of the 2001 Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion was the Rev. Arthur Peacocke, a biochemist, theologian, and Anglican priest who had spent ...
See peacock. * * *

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