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—pedagogically, adv. /ped'euh goj"ik, -goh"jik/, adj. of or pertaining to a pedagogue or pedagogy. Also, pedagogical. [1775-85; < Gk paidagogikós of a child's tutor. See ...
See pedagogic. * * *
/ped'euh goj"iks, -goh"jiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science or art of teaching or education; pedagogy. [1860-65; PEDAGOG(Y) + -ICS] * * *
/ped"euh gog'iz euhm, -gaw'giz-/, n. the principles, manner, method, or characteristics of pedagogues. Also, pedagoguism /ped"euh gog'iz euhm, -gaw'giz-/. [1635-45; PEDAGOG(Y) + ...
—pedagoguery, pedagogery, n. —pedagoguish, pedagogish, adj. /ped"euh gog', -gawg'/, n. 1. a teacher; schoolteacher. 2. a person who is pedantic, dogmatic, and formal. Also, ...
See pedagogue. * * *
/ped"euh goh'jee, -goj'ee/, n., pl. pedagogies. 1. the function or work of a teacher; teaching. 2. the art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods. [1575-85; < ...
/ped"l/ or, for 6-8, /peed"l/, n., v., pedaled, pedaling or (esp. Brit.) pedalled, pedalling, adj. n. 1. a foot-operated lever used to control certain mechanisms, as automobiles, ...
pedal boat
a recreational water vehicle, consisting of two pontoons with a transverse seat and propelled by a pedal-operated paddle wheel. Also, pedalboat, paddle boat. [1950-55] * * *
pedal disk.
See basal disk. * * *
pedal harp
▪ musical instrument       musical instrument in which pedals control a mechanism raising the pitch of given strings by a semitone (single action) or by both a semitone ...
pedal keyboard
pedal (def. 3a). * * *
pedal point
Music. 1. a tone sustained by one part, usually the bass, while other parts progress without reference to it. 2. a passage containing it. Also called organ point, pedal ...
pedal pushers
slacks that extend to about the midpoint of the calf, worn by girls and women, originally used when cycling. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
pedal steel (guitar)
☆ pedal steel (guitar) or pedal steel n. a steel guitar mounted on legs and equipped with pedals that serve as an additional means of changing pitch: see STEEL GUITAR * * *
pedal steel guitar
an oblong, floor-mounted electrified guitar, usually having ten strings, fretted with a steel bar and producing a wailing sound that is modulated by use of a foot pedal. Also ...
ped·al·er also ped·al·ler (pĕdʹl-ər) n. One who rides a pedal-driven vehicle, such as a bicycle. * * *
/pi dal"feuhr/, n. a soil rich in alumina and iron, with few or no carbonates. Cf. pedocal. [1925-30; PED-3 + L al(umen) ALUM + fer(rum) iron] * * *
pedal keyboard n. A keyboard of pedals in an instrument such as a pipe organ. * * *
pedal piano n. A piano with a pedal keyboard. * * *
pedal point n. Music A note, usually in the bass and on the tonic or the dominant, sustained through harmonic changes in the other parts. Also called organ point.   [point, ...
pedal pushers pl.n. Calf-length slacks worn by women and girls.   [From their originally being worn by bicyclists.] * * *
pedal steel n. An electronically amplified guitar mounted on legs, with up to ten strings whose pitch can be altered by sliding a steel bar across them or by depressing pedals ...
—pedantesque, adj. —pedanthood, n. /ped"nt/, n. 1. a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning. 2. a person who overemphasizes rules or minor ...
—pedantically, adv. —pedanticalness, n. /peuh dan"tik/, adj. 1. ostentatious in one's learning. 2. overly concerned with minute details or formalisms, esp. in teaching. Also, ...
See pedantic. * * *
/peuh dan"teuh siz'euhm/, n. pedantry. Also, pedantism /ped"n tiz'euhm/. [1840-50; PEDANTIC + -ISM] * * *
/ped"n tree/, n., pl. pedantries. 1. the character, qualities, practices, etc., of a pedant, esp. undue display of learning. 2. slavish attention to rules, details, etc. 3. an ...
—pedately, adv. /ped"ayt/, adj. 1. having a foot or feet. 2. resembling a foot. 3. having divisions like toes. 4. Bot. (of a leaf) palmately parted or divided with the lateral ...
/ped"l/, v., peddled, peddling. v.t. 1. to carry (small articles, goods, wares, etc.) from place to place for sale at retail; hawk. 2. to deal out, distribute, or dispense, esp. ...
/ped"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who sells from door to door or in the street. 2. a person who tries to promote some cause, candidate, viewpoint, etc. Also, pedlar, ...
/ped"leuh ree/, n., pl. peddleries. 1. the business of a peddler. 2. peddlers' wares. 3. trumpery. Also, pedlary, pedlery. [1520-30; PEDDLER + -Y3] * * *
—peddlingly, adv. /ped"ling/, adj. trifling; paltry; piddling. [1590-1600; PEDDLE + -ING2] * * *
/ped"euh rast', pee"deuh-/, n. a person who engages in pederasty. [1720-30; < Gk paiderastés lover of boys, equiv. to paid- (s. of paîs) boy, child + erastés lover, equiv. to ...
—pederastic, adj. —pederasticalsylly, adv. /ped"euh ras'tee, pee"deuh-/, n. sexual relations between two males, esp. when one of them is a minor. [1605-15; < NL pederastia < ...
/perr'dn al"euhs/, n. a river in central Texas, flowing E to the Colorado river. ab. 105 mi. (169 km) long. * * * ▪ Dominican Republic       city, southwestern ...
Pedersen, Carl-Henning
▪ 2008       Danish artist born Sept. 23, 1913 , Copenhagen, Den. died Feb. 20, 2007, Copenhagen was a significant figure in the short-lived (1949–51) but ...
Pedersen, Charles J.
▪ American chemist in full  Charles John Pedersen  born Oct. 3, 1904, Pusan, Korea died Oct. 26, 1989, Salem, N.J., U.S.       American chemist who, along with ...
Pedersen, Christiern
▪ Danish humanist born c. 1480, , Helsingør, Den. died Jan. 16, 1554, Helsingør       Danish humanist who was among the first to rediscover Denmark's national ...
Pedersen, Holger
born April 7, 1867, Gelballe, Den. died Oct. 25, 1953, Copenhagen Danish linguist. He specialized in comparative Celtic grammar but made influential contributions to many other ...
Pedersen, Johannes Peder Ejler
▪ Danish scholar born Nov. 7, 1883, Illebølle, Den. died Dec. 12, 1977, Copenhagen       Danish Old Testament scholar and Semitic philologist, important for his ...
pedes [pē′dēz΄, ped′ēz΄] n. pl. of PES * * * pe·des (pĕdʹās') n. Plural of pes. * * *
/ped"euh stl/, n., v., pedestaled, pedestaling or (esp. Brit.) pedestalled, pedestalling. n. 1. an architectural support for a column, statue, vase, or the like. See diag. under ...
pedestal table
a table supported upon a central shaft, or upon several shafts along its centerline, each resting upon a spreading foot or feet. [1935-40] * * *
/peuh des"tree euhn/, n. 1. a person who goes or travels on foot; walker. adj. 2. going or performed on foot; walking. 3. of or pertaining to walking. 4. lacking in vitality, ...
pedestrian way
pedway. * * *
/peuh des"tree euh niz'euhm/, n. 1. the exercise or practice of walking. 2. commonplace or prosaic manner, quality, etc. [1800-10; PEDESTRIAN + -ISM] * * *
See pedestrianize. * * *
/peuh des"tree euh nuyz'/, v.i., pedestrianized, pedestrianizing. to go on foot; walk. Also, esp. Brit., pedestrianise. [1805-15; PEDESTRIAN + -IZE] * * *
▪ people also called  Transvaal Sotho, Northern Sotho, or Bapedi,         a Bantu-speaking people inhabiting Limpopo province, South Africa, and constituting the ...
a combining form meaning "foot," used in the formation of compound words: pediform. Also, esp. before a vowel, ped-. [comb. form of L ped- (s. of pes) FOOT] * * *
See pediatrics. * * *
/pee'dee euh trish"euhn, ped'ee-/, n. a physician who specializes in pediatrics. Also, pediatrist /pee'dee a"trist, ped'ee-/. [1900-05; PEDIATR(IC) + -ICIAN] * * *
—pediatric, adj. /pee'dee a"triks, ped'ee-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of medicine concerned with the development, care, and diseases of babies and ...
pe·di·at·rist (pē'dē-ătʹrĭst) n. Variant of pediatrician. * * *
/ped"i kab'/, n. (esp. in Southeast Asia) a three-wheeled public conveyance operated by pedals, typically one having a hooded cab for two passengers mounted behind the driver. ...
—pedicellar /ped'euh sel"euhr/, adj. /ped"euh seuhl, -sel'/, n. 1. Bot. a. a small stalk. b. an ultimate division of a common peduncle. c. one of the subordinate stalks in a ...
See pedicel. * * *
/ped'euh seuh lair"ee euh/, n., pl. pedicellariae /-ee ee'/. Zool. one of the minute pincerlike structures common to starfish and sea urchins, used for cleaning and to capture ...
—pedicellation, n. /ped'euh sel"it, -ayt, ped"euh seuh lit, -layt'/, adj. having a pedicel or pedicels. [1820-30; PEDICEL + -ATE1] * * *
/ped"i keuhl/, n. Zool. a small stalk or stalklike support, as the connection between the cephalothorax and abdomen in certain arachnids. [1555-65; < L pediculus, dim. of pes (s. ...
/peuh dik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. of or pertaining to lice. [1650-60; < L pedicularis, deriv. of pediculus, dim. of pedis louse; see -CULE1, -AR1] * * *
/peuh dik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. 1. of or related to the Pediculati, a group of teleost fishes, characterized by the elongated base of their pectoral fins, simulating an arm or ...
/peuh dik"yeuh leuh suyd'/, adj. 1. Also, pediculicidal. destructive to lice. n. 2. a pediculicide agent. [ < L pedicul(us) louse (see PEDICULAR) + -I- + -CIDE] * * *
—pediculous /peuh dik"yeuh leuhs/, adj. /peuh dik'yeuh loh"sis/, n. Pathol. the state of being infested with lice. [1885-90; < L pedicul(us) louse (see PEDICULAR) + -OSIS] * * *
See pediculosis. * * *
—pedicurist, n. /ped"i kyoor'/, n. 1. professional care and treatment of the feet, as removal of corns and trimming of toenails. 2. a single treatment of the feet. 3. a ...
See pedicure. * * *
Pedieos River
▪ river, Cyprus also spelled  Pedieas,  Greek  Pediaíos,  Turkish  Pediyas,         river in central and eastern Cyprus. It rises in the Troodos range and flows ...
/ped"euh fawrm'/, adj. in the form of a foot; footlike. [1820-30; PEDI- + -FORM] * * *
—pedigreeless, adj. /ped"i gree'/, n. 1. an ancestral line; line of descent; lineage; ancestry. 2. a genealogical table, chart, list, or record, esp. of a purebred animal. 3. ...
/ped"i greed'/, adj. having established purebred ancestry: a pedigreed collie. [1810-20; PEDIGREE + -ED3] * * *
—pedimental /ped'euh men"tl/, adj. —pedimented /ped"euh men'tid, -meuhn-/, adj. /ped"euh meuhnt/, n. 1. (in classical architecture) a low gable, typically triangular with a ...
See pediment. * * *
pedimented [ped′i men΄tid] adj. having a pediment * * * See pedimental. * * *
—pediococcal /ped'ee euh kok"euhl/, pediococcic /ped'ee euh kok"sik/, adj. /ped'ee euh kok"euhs/, n., pl. pediococci /-kok"suy, -see/. Bacteriol. any of several spherical, ...
/ped"ee euhn, pee"dee-/, n., pl. pedia /ped"ee euh, pee"dee euh/. Crystall. a crystal form having only a single face, without a symmetrical equivalent: unique to the triclinic ...
—pedipalpal, pedipalpate /ped'euh pal"payt/, adj. /ped"euh palp'/, n. 1. (in arachnids) one member of the usually longer pair of appendages immediately behind the ...
/ped"leuhr/, n. peddler. Also, pedler. * * *
/ped"leuh ree/, n., pl. pedlaries. peddlery. * * *
/ped"leuh ree/, n., pl. pedleries. peddlery. * * *
pedo-1 a combining form meaning "child," used in the formation of compound words: pedophilia. Also, paedo-; esp. before a vowel, ped-. [var. sp. of paedo- < Gk paido-, comb. form ...
/pee'doh bap"tiz euhm/, n. the baptism of infants. [1630-40; PEDO-1 + BAPTISM] * * *
/pee'doh bap"tist/, n. a person who advocates or practices pedobaptism. [1645-55; PEDOBAPT(ISM) + -IST] * * *
/ped"euh kal'/, n. a soil rich in carbonates, esp. those of lime. Cf. pedalfer. [1925-30; PEDO-2 + -cal < L calc- (s. of calx) lime] * * *
See pedocal. * * *
pe·do·don·tia (pē'də-dŏnʹshə) n. Pedodontics. * * *
—pedodontic, adj. /pee'deuh don"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of dentistry dealing with the care and treatment of children's teeth. Also, pedodontia /pee'deuh ...
/pee'deuh don"tist/, n. a specialist in pedodontics. [PEDODONT(ICS) + -IST] * * *
pedogenesis1 —pedogenetic /pee'doh jeuh net"ik/, pedogenic, adj. /pee'deuh jen"euh sis/, n. neoteny (def. 1). [1870-75; PEDO-1 + -GENESIS] pedogenesis2 —pedogenic, ...
See pedogenesis2. * * *
/ped"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. an imprint on paper of the foot. [PED-2 + -O- + -GRAPH] * * *
See pedology1,2. * * *
See pedologic. * * *
See pedologic. * * *
See pedologic. * * *
pedology1 —pedological /ped'l oj"i keuhl/, pedologic, adj. —pedologist, n. /pi dol"euh jee/, n. the science that deals with the study of soils. Also called soil ...
—pedometrical /ped'euh me"tri keuhl/, adj. —pedometrically, adv. —pedometrist, n. /peuh dom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument worn by a walker or runner for recording the number ...
See pedomorphism. * * *
—pedomorphic, adj. /pee'deuh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Biol. a speeding up of the rate of development, resulting in an adult form that has the appearance of its larval or juvenile ...
ped·o·mor·pho·sis (pĕd'ə-môrʹfə-sĭs, pē'də-) n. pl. pae·do·mor·pho·ses (-sēz') Phylogenetic change in which juvenile characteristics are retained in the adult ...
/pee"deuh fuyl'/, n. Psychiatry. an adult who is sexually attracted to young children. Also, pedophiliac. [1950-55; PEDO-1 + -PHILE, or directly < Gk paidóphilos loving ...
/pee'deuh fil"ee euh/, n. Psychiatry. sexual desire in an adult for a child. [1905-10; < NL; see PEDO-1, -PHILIA] * * * ▪ sexual behaviour also spelled  Paedophilia, ...
/pee'deuh fil"ee ak/, n. 1. pedophile. adj. 2. Also, pedophilic. of or pertaining to pedophilia. [PEDOPHILI(A) + -AC] * * *
See pedophile. * * *
Pedrell, Felipe
born Feb. 19, 1841, Tortosa, Spain died Aug. 19, 1922, Barcelona Spanish musicologist and composer. He was largely self-taught as a musician. A scholarship for study in Rome ...
/pee"droh, pay"-/, n., pl. pedros. Cards. 1. any of several varieties of all fours in which the five of trumps counts at its face value. 2. the five of trumps. [1870-75; < Sp: ...
Pedro I
known as Dom Pedro born Oct. 12, 1798, Lisbon, Port. died Sept. 24, 1834, Lisbon First emperor of Brazil (1822–31) and, briefly, king of Portugal. The son of John VI of ...
Pedro II
orig. Dom Pedro de Alcântara born Dec. 2, 1825, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. died Dec. 5, 1891, Paris, Fr. Second and last emperor of Brazil (1831–89). He became emperor at age ...
Pedro Juan Caballero
/pe"dhrddaw hwahn" kah'vah ye"rddaw/ a city in E central Paraguay. 20,901. * * * ▪ Paraguay       town, northeastern Paraguay, founded in 1899. It lies in the Amambay ...
Pe·dro I (pāʹdrō, pĕʹdro͝o), 1798-1834. Brazilian political leader who declared Brazil's independence from Portugal in 1822 and served as the country's first emperor from ...
Pedro II, 1825-1891. Brazilian emperor (1831-1889) who assumed the throne after the abdication of his father, Pedro I. His later reign was marked by the abolition of slavery. * * ...
▪ stock theatrical character French  Pierrot,         stock character of the Italian commedia dell'arte, a simpleminded and honest servant, usually a young and ...
Pedroza, Eusebio
▪ Panamanian boxer born March 2, 1953, Panama City, Pan.    Panamanian professional boxer, world featherweight (126 pounds) champion from 1978 to 1985.       At 5 ...
/pedz/, Trademark. a brand of footlet. * * *
—peduncled, peduncular /pi dung"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. /pi dung"keuhl, pee"dung-/, n. 1. Bot. a. a flower stalk, supporting either a cluster or a solitary flower. b. the stalk ...
See peduncle. * * *
—pedunculation, n. /pi dung"kyeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. 1. having a peduncle. 2. growing on a peduncle. Also, pedunculated. [1750-60; < NL pedunculatus. See PEDUNCLE, -ATE1] * * *
/ped"way'/, n. a walkway, usually enclosed, permitting pedestrians to go from building to building, as in an urban center, without passing through traffic. Also called pedestrian ...
pee1 /pee/, n., pl. pees for 1; pee for 2. 1. the letter p. 2. Brit. penny (def. 2). [ME pe ( < OF) < L pe < Gk peî PI1] pee2 /pee/, v., peed, peeing, n. Slang (sometimes ...
Pee Dee
/pee" dee"/ a river flowing through central North Carolina and NE South Carolina into the Atlantic. 435 mi. (700 km) long. Cf. Yadkin. * * *
Pee Dee River
River, North and South Carolina, U.S. Rising as the Yadkin River in the Blue Ridge in northwestern North Carolina, it flows southeast into Winyah Bay near Georgetown, S.C. It is ...
/pee"beuhlz/, n. a historic county in S Scotland. Also called Peeblesshire /pee"beuhlz shear', -sheuhr, -beuhl-/, Tweeddale. * * * ▪ Scotland, United ...
▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Peebles        historic county of southeastern Scotland that forms a triangle between the historic counties of ...
Pee Dee (pēʹ dē') also Great Pee Dee A river, about 375 km (233 mi) long, of south-central North Carolina and northeast South Carolina. * * *
peegee hydrangea
/pee"jee/ a widely cultivated hydrangea, Hydrangea paniculata grandiflora, having pyramidal clusters of persistent flowers that are white on opening and turn pinkish as they ...
/peek/, v.i. 1. to look or glance quickly or furtively, esp. through a small opening or from a concealed location; peep; peer. n. 2. a quick or furtive look or glance; ...
/peek"euh booh'/, n. 1. Also called bo-peep. a game played by or with very young children, typically in which one covers the face or hides and then suddenly uncovers the face or ...
/pee"keuh pooh'/, n., pl. peekapoos. one of a variety of dogs crossbred from a Pekingese and a miniature poodle. Also, pekepoo. [PEK(INGESE) + (COCK)APOO; sp. copies PEEKABOO] * ...
/peek"skil/, n. a city in SE New York, on the Hudson. 18,236. * * * ▪ New York, United States       city, Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S., on the east ...
peel1 —peelable, adj. /peel/, v.t. 1. to strip (something) of its skin, rind, bark, etc.: to peel an orange. 2. to strip (the skin, rind, bark, paint, etc.) from something: to ...
/peel/, n. 1. Sir Robert, 1788-1850, British political leader: founder of the London constabulary; prime minister 1834-35; 1841-46. 2. a seaport on W Isle of Man: castle; resort. ...
Peel Commission
▪ British history in full  Royal Commission of Inquiry to Palestine        group headed by Lord Robert Peel, appointed in 1936 by the British government to ...
Peel River
River, northwestern Canada. It rises in western Yukon Territory and flows east and then north into the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories, near Fort McPherson, a ...
Peel, John
▪ 2005 John Robert Parker Ravenscroft        British disc jockey (b. Aug. 30, 1939, Heswall, Cheshire, Eng.—d. Oct. 25, 2004, Cuzco, Peru), fueled the independent ...
Peel, Sir Robert, 2nd Baronet
born Feb. 5, 1788, Bury, Lancashire, Eng. died July 2, 1850, London British prime minister (1834–35, 1841–46) and principal founder of the Conservative Party. A member of ...
Peel,Sir Robert
Peel (pēl), Sir Robert. 1788-1850. British politician. As home secretary (1822-1827 and 1828-1830) he established the London police force (1829) and helped pass the Catholic ...
/peel"euhn stik"/, adj. ready to be applied after peeling off the backing to expose an adhesive surface: peel-and-stick labels. * * *
/peel"awf', -of'/, adj. designed to be peeled off from a backing or large sheet, usually of paper, before use; readied for use by peeling off: peel-off labels. [1935-40; adj. use ...
peel·a·ble (pēlʹə-bəl) adj. 1. Having a peel or rind that can be peeled off: peelable fruits and vegetables. 2. That can be removed and used again: peelable address ...
/peel/, n. George, 1558?-97?, English dramatist. * * *
Peele, George
▪ English dramatist born , c. July 25, 1556, London, Eng. died , c. Nov. 9, 1596       Elizabethan dramatist who experimented in many forms of theatrical art: pastoral, ...
peeler1 /pee"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that peels. 2. a kitchen implement, often having a swiveling, protected blade, for removing the peel or outer skin of a vegetable or ...
/pee"ling/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that peels. 2. that which is peeled from something, as a piece of the skin or rind of a fruit. [1555-65; PEEL1 + -ING1] * * *
Peellaert, Guy
▪ 2009       Belgian Pop artist and illustrator born April 6, 1934, Brussels, Belg. died Nov. 17, 2008, Paris, France shot to international cult status with the book ...
Peel River A river, about 644 km (400 mi) long, of northern Yukon Territory and western Northwest Territories, Canada, flowing east and north to the Mackenzie River. * * *
/peen/, n. 1. a wedgelike, spherical, or other striking end of a hammer head opposite the face. v.t. 2. to enlarge, straighten, or smooth with a peen. 3. to strengthen (a metal ...
/pay"neuh/, n. a river in NE Germany, flowing E to the Baltic Sea. ab. 97 mi. (155 km) long. * * *
/pay'neuh myuun"deuh/, n. a village in NE Germany: German center for missile and rocket research and manufacture in World War II. * * * ▪ Germany       village, ...
peep1 /peep/, v.i. 1. to look through a small opening or from a concealed location. 2. to look slyly, pryingly, or furtively. 3. to look curiously or playfully. 4. to come ...
peep show
1. a display of objects or pictures viewed through a small opening that is usually fitted with a magnifying lens. 2. a short, usually erotic or titillating film shown in a ...
peep sight
a plate containing a small hole through which a gunner peeps in sighting. [1880-85] * * *
/pee"pee'/, v.i., peepeed, peepeeing, n. Baby Talk. pee2. [1840-50] * * *
peeper1 /pee"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that emits or utters a peeping sound. 2. Northeastern U.S. any of several frogs having a peeping call, esp. the spring ...
/peep"hohl'/, n. a small hole or opening through which to peep or look, as in a door. [1675-85; PEEP1 + HOLE] * * *
Peeping Tom
a person who obtains sexual gratification by observing others surreptitiously, esp. a man who looks through windows at night. [1910-15; allusion to the legendary man who peeped ...
peep·ing Tom (pēʹpĭng) n. A person who gets pleasure, especially sexual pleasure, from secretly watching others; a voyeur.   [After the legendaryPeeping Tom of Coventry, ...
peep·show also peep show (pēpʹshō') n. 1. An exhibition of pictures or objects viewed through a small hole or magnifying glass. Also called raree show. 2. A short ...
peep sight n. A rear sight of a firearm consisting of an adjustable eyepiece with a small opening through which the front sight and the target are aligned. * * *
/pee"peuhl/, n. pipal. * * *
peer1 /pear/, n. 1. a person of the same legal status: a jury of one's peers. 2. a person who is equal to another in abilities, qualifications, age, background, and social ...
peer group
a group of people, usually of similar age, background, and social status, with whom a person associates and who are likely to influence the person's beliefs and ...
Peer Gynt
/pear" gint"/; Norw. /pair" gyuunt"/ a play (1867) by Henrik Ibsen. * * *
peer of the realm
pl. peers of the realm. any of a class of peers in Great Britain and Ireland entitled by heredity to sit in the House of Lords. [1585-95] * * *
peer pressure
social pressure by members of one's peer group to take a certain action, adopt certain values, or otherwise conform in order to be accepted. * * *
peer review
evaluation of a person's work or performance by a group of people in the same occupation, profession, or industry. [1970-75] * * *
peer-reviewed [pir′ri vyo͞od′] adj. of or being scientific or scholarly writing or research that has undergone evaluation by other experts in the field (peer review) to ...
/pear"ij/, n. 1. the body of peers of a country or state. 2. the rank or dignity of a peer. 3. a book listing the peers and giving their genealogies. [1425-75; late ME perage. ...
/pears/, n. Jan (Jacob Pincus Perelmuth), 1904-84, U.S. opera singer. * * *
/pear"is/, n. 1. the wife or widow of a peer. 2. a woman having in her own right the rank of a peer. [1680-90; PEER1 + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
—peerlessly, adv. —peerlessness, n. /pear"lis/, adj. having no equal; matchless; unrivaled. [1275-1325; ME pereles. See PEER1, -LESS] Syn. unmatched, unequaled; unique, ...
See peerless. * * *
See peerlessly. * * *
peer pressure n. Pressure from one's peers to behave in a manner similar or acceptable to them. * * *
Peers of the realm
➡ peerage * * *
Peet, Bill
▪ 2003 William Bartlett Peed        American animator, screenwriter, and author-illustrator (b. Jan. 29, 1915, Grandview, Ind.—d. May 11, 2002, Studio City, Calif.), ...
/peet"weet/, n. the spotted sandpiper. [1830-40, Amer.; imit. rhyming compound; cf. PEWEE, PEWIT] * * *
/peev/, v., peeved, peeving, n. v.t. 1. to render peevish; annoy. n. 2. a source of annoyance or irritation: Tardiness is one of my greatest peeves. 3. an annoyed or irritated ...
—peevedly /pee"vid lee, peevd"-/, adv. —peevedness, n. /peevd/, adj. annoyed; irritated; vexed. [1905-10, Amer.; PEEVE + -ED2] * * *
—peevishly, adv. —peevishness, n. /pee"vish/, adj. 1. cross, querulous, or fretful, as from vexation or discontent: a peevish youngster. 2. showing annoyance, irritation, or ...
See peevish. * * *
See peevishly. * * *
/pee"wee'/, Informal. adj. 1. very small; tiny. 2. insignificant or inconsequential: a player sent to the peewee leagues. n. 3. a person or thing that is unusually small. 4. an ...
/pee"wit, pyooh"it/, n. pewit. * * *
—pegless, adj. —peglike, adj. /peg/, n., v., pegged, pegging, adj. n. 1. a pin of wood or other material driven or fitted into something, as to fasten parts together, to hang ...
/peg/, n. a female given name, form of Peggy. * * *
peg leg
—peglegged, adj. 1. an artificial leg, esp. a wooden one. 2. a person with an artificial leg. [1760-70] * * *
peg top
1. a child's wooden top that spins on a metal peg. 2. peg tops, peg-top trousers. [1730-40] * * *
/peg"bawrd', -bohrd'/, Trademark. a brand name for perfboard. * * *
/peg"top'/, adj. wide at the hips and narrowing to the ankle: peg-top trousers; peg-top skirts. [1730-40; adj. use of PEG TOP (def. 1)] * * *
—Pegasian /peuh gay"see euhn/, adj. /peg"euh seuhs/, n., gen. Pegasi /-suy'/ for 2. 1. Class. Myth. a winged horse, created from the blood of Medusa, that opened the spring of ...
/peg"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a board having holes into which pegs are placed in specific patterns, used for playing or scoring certain games. [1895-1900; PEG + BOARD] * * *
/peg"boks'/, n. the widened end of the neck of a stringed instrument, to which the tuning pegs are fixed. [1880-85; PEG + BOX1] * * *
/peg"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Margaret. * * * (as used in expressions) Ashcroft Dame Peggy Fleming Peggy Gale Guggenheim Peggy Lee Peggy * * *
peg leg n. Informal An artificial leg. * * *
/peg"leuhr/, n. (James) Westbrook, 1894-1969, U.S. journalist. * * *
Pegler, Westbrook
▪ American columnist in full  James Westbrook Pegler  born , August 2, 1894, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. died June 24, 1969, Tucson, Arizona       American columnist ...
—pegmatitic /peg'meuh tit"ik/, adj. /peg"meuh tuyt'/, n. Petrol. a coarsely crystalline granite or other high-silica rock occurring in veins or dikes. [1825-35; < Gk pegmat- ...
See pegmatite. * * *
Pegolotti, Francesco Balducci
▪ Italian author flourished 1315–40, Florence [Italy]       Florentine mercantile agent best known as the author of the Pratica della mercatura (“Practice of ...
—Peguan, adj., n. /pe gooh"/, n. a city in central Burma: pagodas. 50,000. * * * ▪ historical city, Myanmar Burmese  Bago        port city, southern Myanmar ...
Péguy, Charles
▪ French author born Jan. 7, 1873, Orléans, Fr. died Sept. 5, 1914, near Villeroy       French poet and philosopher who combined Christianity, socialism, and ...
/peg"wood'/, n. a rod of boxwood of about 1/8 in. (3 mm) diameter, cut in various ways at the end and used by watchmakers for cleaning jewels. [1800-85; PEG + WOOD1] * * *
/pay/, n. pe. * * *
/pay"leuh vee'/, n. the Pahlavi language. * * *
▪ India       town, north-central Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. It lies along the Saraswati River. It is an important pilgrimage centre housing the ...
/pay/, n. I(eoh) M(ing) /yoh ming/, born 1917, U.S. architect, born in China. * * * (as used in expressions) Pei ching Hu pei Tung Pei Northeast Pei Ieoh Ming shar pei Hsü Pei ...
Pei, I(eoh) M(ing)
Pei (pā), I(eoh) M(ing). Born 1917. Chinese-born American architect whose designs include the East Building of the National Gallery, Washington D.C. (1978), and the Pyramide at ...
Pei, I.M.
▪ American architect in full  Ieoh Ming Pei  born April 26, 1917, Guangzhou, China    Chinese-born American architect noted for his large but elegantly designed urban ...
Pei, Mario
▪ American linguist born Feb. 16, 1901, Rome died March 2, 1978, Glen Ridge, N.J., U.S.       Italian-born American linguist whose many works helped to provide the ...
Chin. /bay"jing"/, n. Wade-Giles. Beijing. * * *
Peierls, Sir Rudolf Ernst
▪ 1996       German-born British physicist (b. June 5, 1907, Berlin, Germany—d. Sept. 19, 1995, Oxford, England), laid the theoretical foundations for the creation of ...
Also peik- (earlier *peik̑-, remaining as such in satem languages). To cut, mark (by incision). 1. Alternate form *peik-. file2, from Old English fīl, file, from Germanic ...
/payn wahr", pen-, payn"wahr, pen"-/, n. 1. a woman's dressing gown. 2. a cloak or gown of terry cloth for wear after swimming or, esp. in France, after the bath. [1825-35; < F: ...
See peig-. * * *
pein [pēn] n. alt. sp. of PEEN * * *
peine forte et dure
(French; "strong and hard punishment") Formerly in English law, punishment inflicted on those accused of a felony who refused to enter a plea. By a statute of 1275, the peine ...
Chin. /bay"ping"/, n. Wade-Giles. former name of Beijing. * * *
Peipsi [pāp′sē] Estonian name for CHUDSKOYE Lake * * *
Peipsi, Lake
Estonian Peipsi Järv Lake, north-central Europe, forming the boundary between Estonia and Russia. Lake Peipsi is 60 mi (97 km) long and 31 mi (50 km) wide, and it is frozen ...
/puy"peuhs/, n. a lake in the N Europe, on the border between Estonia and the W Russian Federation. 93 mi. (150 km) long; 356 sq. mi. (920 sq. km). Russian, Chudskoye Ozero. ...
Peipus, Lake
▪ lake, Europe Russian  Chudskoye Ozero , Estonian  Peipsi Järv        lake forming part of the boundary between Estonia and Pskov oblast (province) of Russia. It ...
Pei·pus (pīʹpəs), Lake A lake of north-central Europe between eastern Estonia and northwest Russia. Alexander Nevski defeated the Teutonic Knights on the frozen lake in ...
/puy ree"euhs, pi ray"-/, n. Piraeus. * * *
/pee'rdde efs"/, n. Greek name of Piraeus. * * *
/perrs, pears/, n. 1. Benjamin, 1809-80, U.S. mathematician. 2. Charles Sanders /san"deuhrz/, 1839-1914, U.S. philosopher, mathematician, and physicist. 3. a male given name. * * ...
Peirce, Benjamin
▪ American mathematician and astronomer born , April 4, 1809, Salem, Massachusetts, U.S. died October 6, 1880, Cambridge, Massachusetts       American mathematician, ...
Peirce, Charles Sanders
born Sept. 10, 1839, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. died April 19, 1914, near Milford, Pa. U.S. scientist, logician, and philosopher. He was the son of the mathematician and astronomer ...
Peirce (pîrs, pûrs), Benjamin. 1809-1880. American mathematician and astronomer known for his studies of Uranus, Neptune, and Saturn's rings. * * *
Peirce,Charles Sanders
Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1839-1914. American philosopher, mathematician, and scientist who cofounded pragmatism, made many contributions to logic, and was one of the original ...
Peiresc, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de
▪ French humanist born Dec. 1, 1580, Belgentier, Fr. died June 24, 1637, Aix-en-Provence       French antiquary, Humanist, and influential patron of learning who ...
Pei·sis·tra·tus (pī-sĭsʹtrə-təs, pĭ-) See Pisistratus. * * * or Pisistratus died 527 BC Tyrant of Athens (с 560–559, 556–555, 546–527). Born an aristocrat, ...
To be fat, swell. Derivatives include fat, pituitary, and Irish. I. Zero-grade form *pī- (contracted from *piə-). 1. Possibly suffixed form *pī-tu-. pip5, pituitary, from ...
/pej'euh ray"sheuhn, pee'jeuh-/, n. 1. depreciation; a lessening in worth, quality, etc. 2. Historical Ling. semantic change in a word to a lower, less approved, or less ...
—pejoratively, adv. /pi jawr"euh tiv, -jor"-, pej"euh ray'-, pee"jeuh-/, adj. 1. having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force: the pejorative affix -ling in ...
See pejorative. * * *
▪ Indonesia also spelled  Pecalongan         kotamadya (municipality), Central Java (Jawa Tengah) (Jawa Tengah) propinsi (province), west-central Java, Indonesia. It ...
/pek"euhn/, n. the fisher, Martes pennanti. [1710-20, Amer.; < CanF pécan, pécant, pékan < Eastern Abenaki (F sp.) pékané] * * *
▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality) and capital of Riau propinsi (province), central Sumatra, Indonesia. It is a port on the Siak River and is located about 100 ...
/peek/, n. Informal. Pekingese (def. 1). [1910-15; by shortening] * * *
/pee"keuh pooh'/, n., pl. pekepoos. peekapoo. * * *
/pee"kin"/, n. (often cap.) a silk fabric in which broad stripes of equal width and in various colors or weaves are alternated. [1775-85; < F pékin; after PEKING] * * * ▪ ...
/pee"kin"/, n. one of a hardy breed of yellowish-white domestic ducks, raised originally in China. [1880-85; after PEKING] /pee"kin/, n. a city in central Illinois. 33,967. * * ...
/pee"king", pay"-/; Chin. /bay"jing"/, n. Older Spelling. Beijing. * * *
Peking duck
Chinese Cookery. a roasted duck prized for its crisp skin, prepared by forcing air between skin and meat, brushing with sugar water, and hanging up to dry before final cooking. ...
Peking man
the skeletal remains of Homo erectus, formerly classified as Sinanthropus pekinensis, found at Zhoukoudian, near Peking, China, in the late 1930s and early 1940s and subsequently ...
Peking University
▪ university, Beijing, China also called  Beijing University,  Chinese (Pinyin)  Beijing Daxue  or  (Wade-Giles)  Pei-ching Ta-hsüeh,  byname ...
Peking Zoological Garden
▪ zoo, Beijing, China also called  Peking Zoo,         zoological garden on the western outskirts of Peking, founded in 1906 by the empress dowager Tz'u-hsi (Cixi). ...
Peking duck n. A Chinese dish of roast duck with crispy skin.   [After Peking (Beijing), China.] * * *
/pee'keuh neez", -nees"/; esp. for 2-5 also /pee'king eez", -ees"/, n., pl. Pekingese for 1, 4, adj. n. 1. one of a Chinese breed of small dogs having a long, silky coat. 2. the ...
Peking man n. An early member of an extinct species of humans, considered a subspecies of Homo erectus and known from fossil remains of the Pleistocene Epoch found in China. Also ...
/pee"koh/, n. a superior kind of black tea from Sri Lanka, India, and Java, made from leaves coarser than those used for orange pekoe. [1705-15; < dial. Chin (Xiamen) pek-ho, ...
Wealth, movable property. Oldest form *pek̑u-, becoming *peku- in centum languages. 1. a. fellow, from Old Norse fē, property, cattle; b. fee, fief; enfeoff, feoffment, from ...
To cook, ripen. 1. Assimilated form (in Italic and Celtic) *kʷekʷ-. a. cook, cuisine, kitchen, quittor; apricot, biscotto, biscuit, charcuterie, concoct, decoct, precocious, ...
I. pel-1 Pale. Derivatives include pallor, falcon, and poliomyelitis. 1. Suffixed variant form *pal-wo-. a. (i) fallow deer, from Old English fealu, fealo, reddish yellow; (ii) ...
Peladeau, Pierre
▪ 1998       Canadian press baron who parlayed a $1,500 loan from his mother into a media empire; although he probably was most renowned as the tabloid publisher of Le ...
—pelagial /peuh lay"jee euhl/, adj. /pel"ij/, n. the hair, fur, wool, or other soft covering of a mammal. [1820-30; < F, deriv. of poil (OF peil, pel; see POILU); see -AGE] * * ...
Pelagia Of Antioch, Saint
▪ Christian saint died c. 311, Antioch, Syria; feast day June 9       15-year-old Christian virgin who, probably during the persecution of Christians by the Roman ...
—Pelagianism, n. /peuh lay"jee euhn, -jeuhn/, n. 1. a follower of Pelagius, who denied original sin and believed in freedom of the will. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Pelagius or ...
Pe·la·gi·an·ism (pə-lāʹjē-ə-nĭz'əm) n. The theological doctrine propounded by Pelagius, a British monk, and condemned as heresy by the Roman Catholic Church in A.D. ...
—Pelagianizer, n. /peuh lay"jee euh nuyz', -jeuh nuyz'/, v.i., v.t., Pelagianized, Pelagianizing. to become or make Pelagian. Also, esp. Brit., Pelagianise. [1615-25; PELAGIAN ...
/peuh laj"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the open seas or oceans. 2. living or growing at or near the surface of the ocean, far from land, as certain organisms. Cf. neritic, ...
pelagic division
the biogeographic realm or zone that comprises the open seas and oceans, including water of all depths. Cf. benthos. [1890-95] * * *
pelagic zone
▪ oceanography  ecological realm that includes the entire ocean water column. Of all the inhabited Earth environments, the pelagic zone has the largest volume, 1,370,000,000 ...

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