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Pelagie Islands
▪ island group, Italy Italian  Isole Pelagie,         group of islands in the Mediterranean Sea between Malta and Tunisia, south of Sicily; administratively they ...
Pelagius
/peuh lay"jee euhs/, n. 360?-420?, English monk and theologian who lived in Rome: teachings opposed by St. Augustine. * * * ▪ Christian theologian born c. 354, , probably ...
Pelagius I
died A.D. 561, pope 556-561. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died March 4, 561, Rome       pope from 556 to 561. His ecclesiastical roles under popes St. Agapetus I, St. ...
Pelagius II
died A.D. 590, pope 579-590. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died Feb. 7, 590, Rome       pope from 579 to 590.       Of Gothic descent, he was consecrated as Pope ...
pelargonic
/pel'ahr gon"ik, -goh"nik, -euhr-/, adj. Chem. of or derived from a pelargonium or pelargonic acid. [1855-60; PELARGON(IUM) + -IC] * * *
pelargonic acid
Chem. a colorless, oily, water-immiscible liquid, C9H18O2, occurring as an ester in a volatile oil in species of pelargonium: used chiefly in organic synthesis and in the ...
pelargonicacid
pel·ar·gon·ic acid (pĕl'är-gŏnʹĭk, -gōʹnĭk) n. A colorless or yellow oil, CH3(CH2)7COOH, used in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics, and pharmaceuticals. Also ...
pelargonium
/pel'ahr goh"nee euhm, -euhr-/, n. any plant of the genus Pelargonium, the cultivated species of which are usually called geranium. Cf. geranium (def. 2). [1810-20; < NL < Gk ...
Pelasgi
/peuh laz"jee/, n.pl. the Pelasgians. [ < L Pelasgi < Gk Pelasgoí] * * * ▪ people also called  Pelasgians,         the people who occupied Greece before the 12th ...
Pelasgian
/peuh laz"jee euhn, -jeuhn, -gee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Pelasgians. n. 2. a member of a prehistoric people inhabiting Greece, Asia Minor, and the islands of the ...
Pelasgic
/peuh laz"jik, -gik/, adj. Pelasgian. [1775-85;
Pelavicino, Oberto
▪ Italian leader Pelavicino also spelled  Pallavicino   born 1197, Polesine, near Cremona, Lombardy died May 8, 1269, Gisalecchio, near Pontremoli, ...
Pelayo
▪ king of Asturias died c. 737       founder of the Christian kingdom of Asturias in northern Spain, which survived through the period of Moorish hegemony to become ...
pele
/peel/, n. peel3. * * * orig. Edson Arantes do Nascimento born Oct. 23, 1940, Três Coraçõ es, Braz. Brazilian football (soccer) player, in his time perhaps the most ...
Pelé
/pay lay", pay"lay/, n. (Edson Arantes do Nascimento) born 1940, Brazilian soccer player. * * * orig. Edson Arantes do Nascimento born Oct. 23, 1940, Três Coraçõ es, ...
Pele's hair
/pay"layz, pee"leez/ volcanic glass thread, usually basaltic, caused by the solidification of exploding or ejected lava in the open air. [1840-50; trans. of Hawaiian ...
Pele's tears
drops of volcanic glass, often with pendent threads, thrown out during a volcanic eruption. [named after Pele; see PELE'S HAIR] * * *
pelecaniform
pelecaniform [pel΄ ə kan′ə fôrm΄] adj. of, or having the nature of, an order (Pelecaniformes) of swimming birds having all four toes connected in a webbed foot, including ...
pelecypod
/peuh les"euh pod'/, n. 1. any mollusk of the class Pelecypoda (Lamellibranchiata), characterized by a bivalve shell enclosing the headless body and lamellate gills, comprising ...
Pelée
/peuh lay"/, n. Mount, a volcano in the West Indies, on the island of Martinique: eruption 1902. 4428 ft. (1350 m). * * *
Pelee Island
▪ island, Ontario, Canada       island, in Lake Erie, southern Ontario, Canada. It lies near the Ohio boundary, a few miles south of Point Pelee National Park and has ...
Pelée, Mount
Active volcanic mountain, northern Martinique, West Indies. It is northwest of Fort-de-France and is 4,583 ft (1,397 m) high. A gently sloping cone, it supports luxuriant ...
Pelée,Mount
Pe·lée (pə-lāʹ), Mount A volcano, about 1,373 m (4,500 ft) high, on northern Martinique in the French West Indies. Its eruption on May 8, 1902, killed some 40,000 ...
pelerine
/pel'euh reen", pel"euhr in/, n. a woman's cape of fur or cloth, usually waist-length in back with long descending ends in front. [1735-45; < F pèlerine, fem. of pèlerin ...
Peletier, Jacques
▪ French poet byname  Jacques Peletier du Mans (“of Le Mans”)   born 1517, Le Mans, France died 1582, Paris       French poet and critic whose knowledge and love ...
Peleus
/pee"lee euhs, peel"yoohs/, n. Class. Myth. a king of the Myrmidons, the son of Aeacus and father of Achilles. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, king of ...
Pelevin, Viktor
▪ 2001       The reputation of the Russian writer Viktor Pelevin continued to grow among readers in the West in 2000. Buddha's Little Finger, the English translation of ...
Pelew
Pe·lew (pə-lo͞oʹ, pē-) See Palau. * * *
Pelew Islands
/pee looh"/. a former name of the Republic of Belau. * * *
pelf
/pelf/, n. money or wealth, esp. when regarded with contempt or acquired by reprehensible means. [1300-50; ME < OF pelfre booty] * * *
Pelham
/pel"euhm/, n. a bit that is used with two pairs of reins, designed to serve the purpose of a full bridle. [after the proper name Pelham] /pel"euhm/, n. Henry, 1696-1754, British ...
Pelham Grenville Wodehouse
➡ Wodehouse * * *
Pelham, Henry
born 1696 died March 6, 1754, London, Eng. British prime minister (1743–54). He was elected to Parliament in 1717 and, as a supporter of Robert Walpole, became secretary for ...
Pelham-Holles
/pel"euhm hol"is/, n. Thomas, 1st Duke of Newcastle, 1693-1768, British statesman: prime minister 1754-56, 1757-62 (brother of Henry Pelham). * * *
Pelias
Pelias [pē′lē əs, pel′ēəs] n. 〚L < Gr〛 Gr. Myth. a king of Thessaly and the uncle and guardian of Jason, whom he sends in search of the Golden Fleece * * * ▪ ...
pelican
/pel"i keuhn/, n. 1. any of several large, totipalmate, fish-eating birds of the family Pelecanidae, having a large bill with a distensible pouch. 2. a still or retort with two ...
pelican hook
a hooklike device for holding the link of a chain or the like, consisting of a long shackle with a hinged rod held closed with a sliding ring. Also called slip hook. * * *
Pelican State
Louisiana (used as a nickname). * * *
pelican-flower
/pel"i keuhn flow'euhr/, n. a woody vine, Aristolochia grandiflora, of the West Indies, having heart-shaped leaves and purple-spotted, purple-veined flowers from 18 to 24 in. (46 ...
Pelikan, Jaroslav
▪ 2006       The 2004 John W. Kluge Prize for Lifetime Achievement in the Humanities and Social Sciences was awarded to Yale University historian Jaroslav Pelikan, who ...
Pelikan, Jaroslav Jan, Jr.
▪ 2007       American historian (b. Dec. 17, 1923, Akron, Ohio—d. May 13, 2006, Hamden, Conn.), was widely recognized as one of the foremost historians of the ...
pelike
/pel"i kee'/, n., pl. pelikai /-kuy'/. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. a storage jar with two handles extending from the lip to the shoulder, characterized by an oval body that is wider at ...
Pelion
/pee"lee euhn/; Gk. /pee"lee awn/, n. 1. Mount, a mountain near the E coast of Greece, in Thessaly. 5252 ft. (1600 m). 2. pile (or heap) Pelion on Ossa, a. to make matters worse; ...
Pelion, Mount
▪ mountain, Greece Modern Greek  Óros Pílion,         mountain on the Magnesia peninsula of southeastern Thessaly, Greece, rising to 5,417 feet (1,651 m) at its ...
Pelion,Mount
Pe·li·on (pēʹlē-ən, -ôn'), Mount A peak, 1,601.9 m (5,252 ft) high, of northeast Greece in eastern Thessaly. According to Greek legend, it was the home of the centaurs, ...
pelisse
/peuh lees"/, n. 1. an outer garment lined or trimmed with fur. 2. a woman's long cloak with slits for the arms. [1710-20; < F < LL pellicia mantle, n. use of fem. of L pellicius ...
Pélissier, Aimable-Jean-Jacques, duc de Malakoff
▪ marshal of France born Nov. 16, 1794, Maromme, France died May 22, 1864, Algiers, Alg.  French general during the Algerian conquest and the last French commander in chief ...
pelite
—pelitic /pi lit"ik/, adj. /pee"luyt/, n. Geol. any clayey rock, as mudstone or shale. [1875-80; < Gk pel(ós) clay, earth + -ITE1] * * *
pelitic
See pelite. * * *
pell-mell
/pel"mel"/, adv. 1. in disorderly, headlong haste; in a recklessly hurried manner. 2. in a confused or jumbled mass, crowd, manner, etc.: The crowd rushed pell-mell into the ...
Pella
/pel"euh/, n. a ruined city in N Greece, NW of Salonika: the capital of ancient Macedonia; birthplace of Alexander the Great. * * * Ancient capital, Macedonia. Located in ...
pellagra
—pellagrose, pellagrous, adj. /peuh lag"reuh, -lay"greuh, -lah"-/, n. Pathol. a disease caused by a deficiency of niacin in the diet, characterized by skin changes, severe ...
pellagra-preventive factor
/peuh lag"reuh pri ven"tiv, -lay"greuh-, -lah"-/, Biochem. nicotinic acid or its amide, nicotinamide, being the vitamin-B-complex members that serve to prevent pellagra. Also ...
pellagrin
/peuh lag"rin, -lay"grin, -lah"-/, n. Pathol. a person affected with pellagra. [1860-65; PELLAGR(A) + -IN1] * * *
pellagrous
See pellagra. * * *
Pellan
Fr. /pe lahonn"/, n. Alfred Fr. /annl frdded"/, born 1906, Canadian painter. * * *
Pellegrini, Carlo
▪ Italian caricaturist pseudonym  Ape   born March 1839, Capua, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died Jan. 22, 1889, London, Eng.       caricaturist notable for his ...
pellekar
/pel"i kahr'/, n. palikar. * * *
pellet
—pelletlike, adj. /pel"it/, n. 1. a small, rounded or spherical body, as of food or medicine. 2. a small wad or ball of wax, paper, etc., for throwing, shooting, or the ...
Pelletier
/pel'i tear"/; Fr. /peleu tyay"/, n. Wilfrid, 1896-1982, Canadian orchestra conductor. * * *
Pelletier, Gerard
▪ 1998       Canadian politician, journalist, and activist (b. June 21, 1919, Victoriaville, Que.—d. June 22, 1997, Montreal, Que.), was hailed, along with Pierre ...
Pelletier, Pierre-Joseph
▪ French chemist born March 22, 1788, Paris, Fr. died July 19, 1842, Paris       French chemist who helped found the chemistry of alkaloids ...
pelletize
—pelletization, n. —pelletizer, n. /pel"i tuyz'/, v., pelletized, pelletizing. v.t. 1. to make or form (concentrated ore) into pellets. v.i. 2. to make or manufacture ...
Pelli, Cesar
▪ 1996       In 1995 Cesar Pelli continued to solidify his position as one of the 20th century's preeminent architects. The Argentine-born designer was known for the ...
pellicle
—pellicular /peuh lik"yeuh leuhr/, pelliculate /peuh lik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. /pel"i keuhl/, n. 1. a thin skin or membrane; film; scum. 2. Photog. a thin, partially ...
pellicle mirror
Photog. a fixed mirror in a single-lens reflex camera that reflects some of the light entering the lens to the ground-glass view screen while permitting most of the light to pass ...
Pellico, Silvio
▪ Italian author born June 25, 1789, Saluzzo, Kingdom of Sardinia [now in Italy] died Jan. 31, 1854, Turin  Italian patriot, dramatist, and author of Le mie prigioni (1832; ...
pellicular
See pellicle. * * *
pellitory
pellitory [pel′i tôr΄ē] n. pl. pellitories 〚altered < ME peritorie < OFr paritoire < L parietaria < parietarius, of walls < paries: see PARIES〛 1. any of a genus ...
Pelloutier, Fernand
▪ French political scientist born Oct. 1, 1867, Paris, Fr. died March 13, 1901, Paris       a leading organizer and theoretician of the French labour movement who ...
Pelloux, Luigi
▪ prime minister of Italy born March 1, 1839, La Roche, Savoy [now in France] died Oct. 26, 1924, Bordighera, Italy       Italian general and prime minister ...
pellucid
—pellucidity /pel'oo sid"i tee/, pellucidness, n. —pellucidly, adv. /peuh looh"sid/, adj. 1. allowing the maximum passage of light, as glass; translucent. 2. clear or limpid: ...
pellucidity
See pellucid. * * *
pellucidly
See pellucidity. * * *
pellucidness
See pellucidity. * * *
Pelly
Pel·ly (pĕlʹē) A river, about 531 km (330 mi) long, of central Yukon Territory, Canada, flowing generally northwest to the Yukon River. * * *
Pelly River
▪ stream, Yukon Territory, Canada       stream in central Yukon Territory, Canada, one of the main headstreams of the Yukon River. It was named in 1840 by Robert ...
pelmeny
/pel"meuh nee/; Russ. /pyil mye"nyi/, n.pl. Russian Cookery. a Siberian dish of small pockets of dough filled with seasoned, minced beef, lamb, or pork and served boiled, fried, ...
pelmet
/pel"mit/, n. a decorative cornice or valance at the head of a window or doorway, used to cover the fastenings from which curtains are hung. [1900-05; perh. alter. of PALMETTE ...
pelog
      Javanese and Balinese seven-pitch scale. See gamelan. * * *
peloid
/pel"oyd/, n. Med. mud used therapeutically. [ < Gk pel(ós) mud, clay + -OID] * * *
Pelopidas
/peuh lop"i deuhs/, n. died 364 B.C., Greek general and statesman of Thebes. * * * ▪ Theban statesman died 364 BC, Cynoscephalae, Thessaly [now in ...
Peloponnese
Peninsula, forming the southern part of mainland Greece. A large, mountainous body of land jutting south into the Mediterranean Sea, the peninsula has an area of 8,278 sq mi ...
Peloponnesian
See Peloponnesus. * * *
Peloponnesian League
or Spartan Alliance Military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century BC. League decisions about war, peace, or alliance were determined by ...
Peloponnesian War
a war between Athens and Sparta, 431-404 B.C., that resulted in the transfer of hegemony in Greece from Athens to Sparta. * * * (431–404 BC) War fought between Athens and ...
Peloponnesus
—Peloponnesian /pel'euh peuh nee"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, adj., n. /pel'euh peuh nee"seuhs/, n. a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and ...
Pemba
/pem"beuh/, n. 1. an island near the E coast of equatorial Africa: formerly part of Zanzibar protectorate; now a part of Tanzania. 164,321; 380 sq. mi. (984 sq. km). 2. Formerly, ...
Pemba Island
▪ island, Tanzania Arabic  Jazīrat al-Khuḍrah         island in the Indian Ocean, lying 35 miles (56 km) off the coast of East Africa, opposite the port of Tanga, ...
Pemberton, John Clifford
▪ Confederate general born Aug. 10, 1814, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 13, 1881, Penllyn, Pa.  Confederate general during the American Civil War, remembered for his ...
pembina
/pem"beuh neuh, pem bee"-/, n. Canadian (chiefly the Prairie Provinces). highbush cranberry. [1750-60; earlier panbina, pemine < CanF (now sp. pimbina) < Cree ni·pimina·na, pl. ...
Pembroke
/pem"brook/ or, esp. for 4, /-brohk/, n. 1. a borough in Dyfed, in SW Wales: birthplace of King Henry VII. 14,092. 2. Pembrokeshire. 3. one of a variety of Welsh corgi having a ...
Pembroke Pines
/pem"brohk/ a city in SE Florida, near Fort Lauderdale. 35,776. * * *
Pembroke table
a drop-leaf table with fly rails and with a drawer at one end or each end of the skirt. Also, pembroke table. [1770-80; perh. named after Pembroke, English aristocratic family] * ...
Pembroke, Mary Herbert, countess of
▪ English translator née  Mary Sidney  born Oct. 27, 1561, near Bewdley, Worcestershire, Eng. died Sept. 25, 1621, London       patron of the arts and scholarship, ...
Pembroke, Richard FitzGilbert, 2nd Earl of
▪ Anglo-Norman lord byname  Richard Strongbow,  also called  Richard De Clare  born c. 1130 died April 20, 1176, Dublin, Ire.       Anglo-Norman lord whose invasion ...
Pembroke, William Herbert, 1st earl of, Baron Herbert of Cardiff
▪ English noble also called (until 1551)  Sir William Herbert  born c. 1506 died March 17, 1570, Hampton Court, near London, Eng.       the earl of Pembroke of the ...
Pembroke, William Marshal, 1st earl of
▪ English regent also called  William the Marshal   born c. 1146 died May 14, 1219, Caversham, Berkshire, Eng.       marshal and then regent of England who served ...
PembrokePines
Pem·broke Pines (pĕmʹbro͝ok', -brōk') A city of southeast Florida, a residential suburb of Fort Lauderdale. Population: 65,452. * * *
Pembrokeshire
/pem"brook shear', -sheuhr, -brohk-/, n. a historic county in Dyfed, in SW Wales. Also called Pembroke. * * * ▪ county, Wales, United Kingdom also called  Pembroke , Welsh ...
Pemex
officially Petróleos Mexicanos Mexico's state-owned oil company. In 1938 Pres. Lázaro Cárdenas nationalized 17 foreign oil companies to create Pemex, the largest Latin ...
pemmican
/pem"i keuhn/, n. dried meat pounded into a powder and mixed with hot fat and dried fruits or berries, pressed into a loaf or into small cakes, originally prepared by North ...
pemoline
/pem"euh leen', -lin/, n. Pharm. a synthetic, weak, central nervous system stimulant, C9H8N2O2, with sympathomimetic activity, used as an adjunct in the management of ...
pemphigous
See pemphigus. * * *
pemphigus
—pemphigoid /pem"fi goyd'/, adj. —pemphigous, adj. /pem"fi geuhs, pem fuy"-/, n. Pathol. any of several diseases, often fatal, characterized by blisters on the skin and ...
pen
pen1 —penlike, adj. —penner, n. /pen/, n., v., penned, penning. n. 1. any of various instruments for writing or drawing with ink or a similar substance. 2. a detachable metal ...
pen drawing
Artwork executed wholly or in part with pen and ink, usually on paper. It is fundamentally a linear method of making images. Artists who wish to suggest three-dimensional forms ...
pen name
a pseudonym used by an author; nom de plume. [1840-50] * * *
pen pal
a person with whom one keeps up an exchange of letters, usually someone so far away that a personal meeting is unlikely: My niece in Texas has a pen pal in France. [1935-40, ...
pen pusher
Informal. See pencil pusher. [1910-15] * * *
PEN, International
▪ international organization       international organization of writers. The original PEN was founded in London in 1921 by the English novelist John Galsworthy ...
pen-
var. of pene- before a vowel: penannular. * * *
pen-based
/pen"bayst'/, adj. (of a computer) having an electronic stylus rather than a keyboard as the primary input device. [1991] * * *
Pen.
peninsula. Also, pen. * * *
PEN/Faulkner Foundation
an organization originally started by the writer William Faulkner which gives a prize, the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction, every year for the best novel by an American writer and ...
Pena Gomez, Jose Francisco
▪ 1999       prominent black Dominican politician whose lack of success in three presidential campaigns was attributed to racism (b. March 6, 1937, Valverde province, ...
penal
—penality /pi nal"i tee/, n. —penally, adv. /peen"l/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or involving punishment, as for crimes or offenses. 2. prescribing punishment: penal laws. 3. ...
penal code
Law. the aggregate of statutory enactments dealing with crimes and their punishment. [1880-85] * * *
penal colony
Distant or overseas settlement established to punish criminals with forced labour and isolation from society. Such colonies were developed mostly by the English, French, and ...
Penal Laws
▪ British and Irish history       laws passed against Roman Catholics in Britain and Ireland after the Reformation that penalized the practice of the Roman Catholic ...
penal servitude
Eng. Criminal Law. imprisonment together with hard labor. [1855-60] * * *
penalcode
penal code n. A body of laws relating to crimes and offenses and the penalties for their commission. * * *
penalization
See penalize. * * *
penalize
—penalizable, adj. —penalization, n. /peen"l uyz', pen"-/, v.t., penalized, penalizing. 1. to subject to a penalty, as a person. 2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) ...
penally
See penal. * * *
penalty
/pen"l tee/, n., pl. penalties. 1. a punishment imposed or incurred for a violation of law or rule. 2. a loss, forfeiture, suffering, or the like, to which one subjects oneself ...
penalty area
Soccer. the area, 44 yd. (40 m) wide and 18 yd. (16 m) deep, centered on the goal line and extending in front of the goal, where a foul by a defensive player results in a penalty ...
penalty box
Ice Hockey. an enclosed space adjacent to the rink for penalized players, the penalty timekeeper, the game timekeeper, and the official scorer. [1930-35] * * *
penalty double
Bridge. See business double. [1955-60] * * *
penalty goals
➡ Rugby * * *
penalty kick
Soccer. a free kick awarded for an infraction committed by a defensive player in the penalty area and taken by the offensive player who has been fouled from a point 12 yd. (11 m) ...
penalty killer
Ice Hockey. a player used when the player's team is short-handed as a result of a penalty, esp. a player skilled at defense and employed regularly in such situations. [1960-65] * ...
penalty points
n [pl] a system used by the government to control the way people drive their cars. If, for example, somebody is stopped by the police for driving too fast or in a dangerous way, ...
penalty shot
Ice Hockey. a free shot at the goal defended only by the goalkeeper, awarded to an offensive player for certain defensive violations. [1945-50] * * *
penalty stroke
Golf. a stroke added to a score for a rule infraction. [1890-95] * * *
penaltyarea
penalty area n. An area marked on a soccer field in front of each goal within which a violation of the rules by a defending player results in a penalty kick. * * *
penaltybox
penalty box n. An area to the side of an ice-hockey rink in which penalized players wait out the time of their penalties. * * *
penaltykick
penalty kick n. In soccer, a free kick on the goal defended only by the goalkeeper, awarded when a defensive player has committed a foul in the penalty area. * * *
penaltykiller
penalty killer n. In ice hockey, any of the players other than the goalie who attempt to prevent the opposition from scoring on a power play.   penalty killing adj. & n. * * *
penaltykilling
See penalty killer. * * *
penaltyshot
penalty shot n. An unhindered shot on the goal defended only by the goalkeeper, awarded to an offensive player as a result of certain violations of the rules by the defensive ...
penance
—penanceless, adj. /pen"euhns/, n. 1. a punishment undergone in token of penitence for sin. 2. a penitential discipline imposed by church authority. 3. a sacrament, as in the ...
Penang
/pi nang", -nahng", pee"nahng"/, n. 1. an island in SE Asia, off the W coast of the Malay Peninsula. 110 sq. mi. (285 sq. km). 2. a state including this island and parts of the ...
penannular
/pen an"yeuh leuhr/, adj. having the shape or design of an incomplete circle. [1850-55; PEN- + ANNULAR] * * *
Penates
/peuh nay"teez, -nah"-/, n.pl. Rom. Religion. gods who watched over the home or community to which they belonged: originally, two deities of the storeroom. Also, penates. Cf. ...
Pénaud Planophore
▪ aircraft model       model aircraft designed, built, and first flown by the French aeronautical pioneer Alphonse Pénaud (Pénaud, Alphonse) in ...
Pénaud, Alphonse
▪ French aeronautical pioneer born 1850, Paris, France died October 1880, Paris       French aeronautical pioneer.       Pénaud was the son of an admiral but ...
pence
—penceless, adj. /pens/, n. Brit. a pl. of penny; used in referring to a sum of money rather than to the coins themselves (often used in combination): sixpence; The fare was 15 ...
pencel
/pen"seuhl/, n. a small pennon, as at the head of a lance. Also, pensil, pennoncel, penoncel. [1225-75; ME < AF, syncopated var. of penoncel PENNONCEL] * * *
Pencer, Gerald Norman
▪ 1999       Canadian businessman who expanded his father's bottling business from a regional company into the Cott Corp., the world's fourth largest maker of soft ...
penchant
/pen"cheuhnt/; Fr. /pahonn shahonn"/, n. a strong inclination, taste, or liking for something: a penchant for outdoor sports. [1665-75; < F, n. use of prp. of pencher to incline, ...
penché
Fr. /pahonn shay"/, adj. Ballet. performed or executed while leaning forward. [ < F: leaned, ptp. of pencher to incline, bend, lean; see PENCHANT] * * *
Penchi
Chin. /bun"chee"/, n. Wade-Giles. Benxi. * * *
pencil
—penciler; esp. Brit., penciller, n. —pencillike, adj. /pen"seuhl/, n., v., penciled, penciling or (esp. Brit.) pencilled, pencilling. n. 1. a slender tube of wood, metal, ...
pencil beam
a cone-shaped radar beam. [1945-50] * * *
pencil box
a shallow covered box, usually of pasteboard, for holding pencils and crayons: used by children as an item of school equipment. [1905-10] * * *
pencil cedar
the red cedar, Juniperus virginiana, or its wood. [1865-70] * * *
pencil drawing
Drawing executed with a pencil, an instrument made of graphite enclosed in a wood casing. Though graphite was mined in the 16th century, its use by artists is not known before ...
pencil fish
▪ fish species       any of several slender South American fishes belonging to three groups of characins (characin), treated by some authorities as three separate ...
pencil gate
Metall. any of a large number of narrow gates used for rapid distribution of metal in large castings. * * *
pencil pusher
Informal. a person, as a clerk or bookkeeper, whose work involves a considerable amount of writing, record-keeping, etc. Also called pen pusher. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
pencil stripe
1. a stripe of varying widths, esp. a dark stripe on a light ground. 2. a pattern of such stripes. 3. a fabric or garment having such stripes. [1895-1900] * * *
penciler
See pencil. * * *
penciliform
/pen sil"euh fawrm', pen"seuh leuh-/, adj. 1. having a pencillike shape. 2. (of a set of lines, rays, or the like) parallel or nearly parallel. [PENCIL + -I- + -FORM] * * *
penciling
/pen"seuh ling/, n. 1. work or markings done with or as if with a pencil or brush, esp. fine or delicate work done with a pencil or brush on a painting or drawing. 2. a drawing ...
penciller
See penciler. * * *
pencilpusher
pencil pusher n. Informal One whose job involves writing and other paperwork. * * *
Penck, Albrecht
▪ geographer born Sept. 25, 1858, Leipzig died March 7, 1945, Prague       geographer who exercised a major influence on the development of modern German geography, and ...
Penck, Walther
▪ German geomorphologist born Aug. 30, 1888, Vienna died Sept. 29, 1923, Stuttgart, Ger.       German geomorphologist noted for his theories of landform evolution. He ...
pencomputer
pen computer n. A computer that allows the user to input and retrieve data by writing with a stylus directly on a display screen. * * *
pend
/pend/, v.i. 1. to remain undecided or unsettled. 2. to hang. 3. Obs. to depend. [1490-1500;
Pend Oreille
Pend Oreille [pän΄ də rā′] 〚Fr pend(re), to hang + oreille, ear: name given by the Fr to local Salishan Indians who wore ear pendants〛 1. river in N Ida. & NE Wash., ...
Pend Oreille, Lake
▪ lake, Idaho, United States  lake in Kaniksu National Forest, northwestern Idaho, U.S. The largest lake in Idaho, it is about 40 miles (65 km) long and 4 miles (6.5 km) ...
Penda
▪ Anglo-Saxon king died Nov. 15, 655       Anglo-Saxon king of Mercia from about 632 until 655, who made Mercia one of the most powerful kingdoms in England and ...
pendant
—pendanted, adj. —pendantlike, adj. /pen"deuhnt/, n. Also pendent. 1. a hanging ornament, as an earring or the main piece suspended from a necklace. 2. an ornament suspended ...
pendant cloud.
See funnel cloud. * * *
Pendelikon
/pen del"i kon'/; Gk. /pen'de lee kawn"/, n. a mountain in SE Greece, near Athens: noted for its fine marble. 3640 ft. (1110 m). Also, Pentelikon. Latin, Pentelicus. * * *
pendency
/pen"deuhn see/, n., pl. pendencies. the state or time of being pending, undecided, or undetermined, as of a lawsuit awaiting settlement. [1630-40 PEND(ENT) + -ENCY] * * *
pendent
—pendently, adv. /pen"deuhnt/, adj. Also, pendant. 1. hanging or suspended: a pendent lamp. 2. overhanging; jutting; projecting: pendent cliffs. 3. undecided; undetermined; ...
pendente lite
/pen den"tee luy"tee/, Law. during litigation; while a suit is in progress. [1720-30; < L: lit., with a lawsuit pending] * * *
pendentive
/pen den"tiv/, n. Archit. 1. any of several spandrels, in the form of spherical triangles, forming a transition between the circular plan of a dome and the polygonal plan of the ...
pendently
See pendent1. * * *
Penderecki
/pen'deuh ret"skee/; Pol. /pen'de rddets"kee/, n. Krzysztof /kshish"tawf/, born 1933, Polish composer. * * *
Penderecki, Krzysztof
born Nov. 23, 1933, Debica, Pol. Polish composer and conductor. He studied composition at the Kraków Conservatory and would later serve as its director (1972–87). His early ...
Pendergast, Thomas J
▪ American politician born July 22, 1872, St. Joseph, Mo., U.S. died Jan. 26, 1945, Kansas City, Mo.       U.S. politician who created a powerful political machine in ...
Pendergast, Thomas J(oseph)
born July 22, 1872, St. Joseph, Mo., U.S. died Jan. 26, 1945, Kansas City, Mo. U.S. politician. He was active in municipal politics in Kansas City, Mo., and became the ...
pending
/pen"ding/, prep. 1. while awaiting; until: pending his return. 2. in the period before the decision or conclusion of; during: pending the negotiations. adj. 3. remaining ...
Pendle
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative county of Lancashire, England, on the eastern boundary of the county. Most of the ...
Pendleton
/pen"dl teuhn/, n. 1. a city in N Oregon. 14,521. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ Oregon, United States       city, seat (1868) of Umatilla county, northeastern Oregon, ...
Pendleton Civil Service Act
(1883) U.S. legislation establishing the modern civil-service system of permanent federal employment based on merit. Public demand for civil-service reform to replace the system ...
Pendleton, Edmund
▪ United States politician and military leader born , Sept. 9, 1721, Caroline County, Virginia died Oct. 26, 1803, Caroline County, Va., U.S.       Virginia patriot ...
Pendleton, Ellen Fitz
▪ American educator born Aug. 7, 1864, Westerly, R.I., U.S. died July 26, 1936, Newton, Mass.  American educator who served as president of Wellesley (Massachusetts) College ...
Pendleton, George
▪ American politician born July 29, 1825, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 24, 1889, Brussels       American lawyer and legislator, an advocate of civil service reform ...
Pendleton, George (Hunt)
born July 29, 1825, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 24, 1889, Brussels, Belg. U.S. politician. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1857 to 1865 and was the ...
PendOreille
Pend O·reille (pŏn'də-rāʹ) A river, about 161 km (100 mi) long, rising in Pend Oreille Lake in northern Idaho and flowing generally northwest through northeast Washington ...
pendragon
—pendragonish, adj. —pendragonship, n. /pen drag"euhn/, n. the supreme leader: the title of certain ancient British chiefs. [1470-80; < ML (Geoffrey of Monmouth) ...
Pendragon
/pen drag"euhn/, n. either of two kings of ancient Britain. Cf. Arthur (def. 2), Uther. * * *
Pendred's syndrome
▪ pathology       hereditary metabolic condition that is characterized by deafness and defective incorporation of iodine into thyroid hormone, resulting in goitre or ...
pendular
/pen"jeuh leuhr, pen"deuh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a pendulum. 2. of or resembling the motion of a pendulum: a pendular vibration. [1875-80; PENDUL(UM) + -AR1] * * *
pendulous
—pendulously, adv. —pendulousness, n. /pen"jeuh leuhs, pen"deuh-/, adj. 1. hanging down loosely: pendulous blossoms. 2. swinging freely; oscillating. 3. vacillating or ...
pendulously
See pendulous. * * *
pendulousness
See pendulously. * * *
pendulum
—pendulumlike, adj. /pen"jeuh leuhm, pen"deuh-/, n. 1. a body so suspended from a fixed point as to move to and fro by the action of gravity and acquired momentum. 2. Horol. a ...
pendulum watch
(formerly) a watch having a balance wheel, esp. a balance wheel bearing a fake pendulum bob oscillating behind a window in the dial. [1655-65] * * *
pene-
a combining form meaning "almost," used in the formation of compound words: penecontemporaneous. Also, esp. before a vowel, pen-. [ < L paene-, comb. form of paene] * * *
penecontemporaneous
/pee'nee keuhn tem'peuh ray"nee euhs/, adj. Geol. formed during or shortly after the formation of the containing rock stratum: penecontemporaneous minerals. [1900-05; PENE- + ...
Peneios
/pee nyaws"/, n. Modern Greek name of Salambria. * * *
Penelope
/peuh nel"euh pee/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the wife of Odysseus, who remained faithful to him during his long absence at Troy. 2. a faithful wife. 3. a female given name: from a ...
Penelope Lively
➡ Lively * * *
peneplain
—peneplanation /pee'neuh pleuh nay"sheuhn/, n. /pee"neuh playn', pee'neuh playn"/, n. Geol. an area reduced almost to a plain by erosion. Also, peneplane. [1885-90; PENE- + ...
penes
penes [pē′nēz΄] n. alt. pl. of PENIS * * * pe·nes (pēʹnēz) n. A plural of penis. * * *
penetrability
See penetrable. * * *
penetrable
—penetrability, penetrableness, n. —penetrably, adv. /pen"i treuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being penetrated. [1375-1425; late ME < L penetrabilis, equiv. to penetra(re) to ...
penetrably
See penetrability. * * *
penetralia
—penetralian, adj. /pen'i tray"lee euh/, n.pl. 1. the innermost parts or recesses of a place or thing. 2. the most private or secret things. [1660-70; < L, n. use of neut. pl. ...
penetrameter
pen·e·tram·e·ter (pĕn'ĭ-trămʹĭ-tər) n. Variant of penetrometer. * * *
penetrance
/pen"i treuhns/, n. Genetics. the frequency, expressed as a percentage, with which a particular gene produces its effect in a group of organisms. Cf. expressivity (def. ...
penetrant
/pen"i treuhnt/, n. 1. a person or thing that penetrates. 2. a compound that penetrates the skin, as a lotion or cream. 3. a substance that lowers the surface tension of water; ...
penetrate
—penetrator, n. /pen"i trayt'/, v., penetrated, penetrating. v.t. 1. to pierce or pass into or through: The bullet penetrated the wall. The fog lights penetrated the mist. 2. ...
penetrating
—penetratingly, adv. —penetratingness, n. /pen"i tray'ting/, adj. 1. able or tending to penetrate; piercing; sharp: a penetrating shriek; a penetrating glance. 2. acute; ...
penetratingly
See penetrating. * * *
penetration
/pen'i tray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or power of penetrating. 2. mental acuteness, discernment, or insight: a scholar of rare penetration. 3. the obtaining of a share of a market ...
penetration aid
Mil. a device or tactic, as the use of chaff or decoys or the maintaining of a low flight level, that helps an aircraft or missile to enter hostile air space. [1965-70] * * *
penetrative
—penetratively, adv. —penetrativeness, penetrativity /pen'i treuh tiv"i tee/, n. /pen"i tray'tiv/, adj. 1. tending to penetrate; piercing. 2. acute; keen. [1375-1425; late ME ...
penetrator
See penetrate. * * *
penetrometer
/pen'i trom"i teuhr/, n. 1. a device for measuring the penetrating power of x-ray or other radiations. 2. a device for measuring the penetrability of a solid. [1900-05; ...
Peneus
/peuh nee"euhs/, n. ancient name of Salambria. * * *
Peng Dehuai
/peng" du"hwuy"/ 1898-1974, Chinese Communist military leader: defense minister 1954-59. Also, P'eng Te-huai /pung" du"hwuy"/. * * * ▪ Chinese military leader Wade-Giles ...
Peng Zhen
▪ 1998       Chinese political leader (b. Oct. 12, 1902, Quwo county, Shanxi province, China—d. April 26, 1997, Beijing, China), was a hard-line elder of the Communist ...
Pengelly, William
▪ British educator and geologist born Jan. 12, 1812, East Looe, Cornwall, Eng. died March 16, 1894, Torquay, Devon       English educator, geologist, and a founder of ...
Penghu
Chin. /pung"hooh"/, n. a group of small islands off the coast of SE China, in the Taiwan Strait: controlled by Taiwan. 115,613; ab. 50 sq. mi. (130 sq. km). Also, Wade-Giles, ...
pengö
/peng"gue'/, n., pl. pengö, pengös /-guez'/. a former silver coin and monetary unit of Hungary, equal to 100 fillér: replaced by the forint in 1946. [1925-30; < Hungarian: ...
Pengpu
Chin. /pung"pooh"/, n. Bengbu. * * *
penguin
/peng"gwin, pen"-/, n. Ornith. 1. any of several flightless, aquatic birds of the family Spheniscidae, of the Southern Hemisphere, having webbed feet and wings reduced to ...
Penguin Books
a British company that publishes paperback books (= books with paper covers). It was started in 1935 and was the first to publish books of good quality in this way at reasonable ...
Penguin{™}
n 1. a book published by Penguin Books: her collection of battered Penguins. 2. a British make of chocolate biscuit: a packet of Penguins. * * *
penholder
/pen"hohl'deuhr/, n. 1. a holder in which a penpoint is placed. 2. a rack for a pen or pens. [1805-15; PEN1 + HOLDER] * * *
Penhsi
Chin. /bun"shee"/, n. Wade-Giles. Benxi. * * *
Pénicaud Family
      French enamelers active in Limoges (Limoges painted enamel) during the 16th century, considered to be among the finest such craftsmen of their time. They were noted ...
penicil
/pen"euh sil/, n. a small, brushlike tuft of hairs, as on a caterpillar. [1820-30; < L penicillus painter's brush or pencil. See PENCIL] * * *
penicillamine
/pen'euh sil"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a chelating agent, C5H11NO2S, produced by the degradation of penicillin, used in the treatment of severe rheumatoid arthritis and in ...
penicillate
—penicillately, adv. —penicillation, n. /pen'euh sil"it, -ayt/, adj. having a penicil or penicils. [1810-20; < L penicill(us) (see PENCIL) + -ATE1] * * *
penicillately
See penicillate. * * *
penicillation
See penicillately. * * *
penicillia
pen·i·cil·li·a (pĕn'ĭ-sĭlʹē-ə) n. A plural of penicillium. * * *
penicillin
/pen'euh sil"in/, n. Pharm. any of several antibiotics of low toxicity, produced naturally by molds of the genus Penicillium and also semisynthetically, having a bactericidal ...
penicillinase
pen·i·cil·lin·ase (pĕn'ĭ-sĭlʹĭ-nās') n. Any of various enzymes that are produced by certain bacteria, including most strains of staphylococci, and that hydrolyze and ...
penicillinG
penicillin G n. The most commonly used penicillin compound, used primarily in the form of its stable salts to treat infections caused by staphylococci and streptococci. Also ...
penicillinV
penicillin V n. A semisynthetic penicillin that is stable even in high humidity, resists destruction by gastric juice, and is therefore effective when taken orally. * * *
penicillium
/pen'euh sil"ee euhm/, n., pl. penicilliums, penicillia /-sil"ee euh/. any fungus of the genus Penicillium, certain species of which are used in cheesemaking and as the source of ...
Penick, Harvey
▪ 1996       U.S. golf instructor and coauthor at 87 of Harvey Penick's Little Red Book: Lessons and Teachings from a Lifetime in Golf, the best-selling sports book of ...
penile
pe·nile (pēʹnīl', -nəl) adj. Of or relating to the penis. * * *
peninsula
—peninsular, adj. —peninsularism, peninsularity /peuh nin'seuh lar"i tee, -nins'yeuh-/, n. /peuh nin"seuh leuh, -nins"yeuh leuh/, n. 1. an area of land almost completely ...
Peninsula War
a war (1808-14) in Spain and Portugal, with British, Spanish, and Portuguese troops opposing the French. * * *
peninsular
See peninsula. * * * ▪ Latin American colonist Spanish  Peninsular, plural Peninsulares,  also called  Gachupín , or  Chapetón        any of the colonial ...
Peninsular Campaign
▪ American Civil War  (April 4–July 1, 1862), in the American Civil War, large-scale but unsuccessful Union effort to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Va., by ...
Peninsular Malaysia
Peninsular Malaysia territory of Malaysia comprising the former federation of states on the S end of the Malay Peninsula: see MALAYA Federation of * * * ▪ region, ...
Peninsular State
Florida (used as a nickname). * * *
Peninsular War
a war (1808–14) fought in Spain and Portugal, in which British, Spanish and Portuguese soldiers defeated the armies of the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. The Peninsular War ...
penis
—penile /peen"l, pee"nuyl/, penial /pee"nee euhl/, adj. /pee"nis/, n., pl. penises, penes /-neez/. Anat., Zool. the male organ of copulation and, in mammals, of urinary ...
penis envy
Psychoanal. the repressed wish of a female to possess a penis. [1920-25] * * *
penisenvy
penis envy n. The supposed wish of a girl or woman to have a penis, postulated by Sigmund Freud as a cause of feelings of inferiority and psychic conflict. * * *
penitence
/pen"i teuhns/, n. the state of being penitent; regret for one's wrongdoing or sinning; contrition; repentance. [1150-1200; ME ( < OF) < ML penitentia, L paenitentia a ...
penitent
—penitently, adv. /pen"i teuhnt/, adj. 1. feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite. n. 2. a penitent ...


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