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/pen'i ten"tay, -tee/, n. a member of a religious order, chiefly in Spanish-American communities in New Mexico, known for their practice of self-flagellation, esp. during Holy ...
—penitentially, adv. /pen'i ten"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, proceeding from, or expressive of penitence or repentance. n. 2. a penitent. 3. a book or code of canons ...
penitential book
▪ religious manual       any of the manuals used in Europe by priests of the Western church, especially during the early Middle Ages, in administering ecclesiastical ...
penitential Psalm
any of the Psalms (the 6th, 32nd, 38th, 51st, 102nd, 130th, and 143rd) that give expression to feelings of penitence and that are used in various Christian liturgical services. * ...
See penitential. * * *
➡ prisons * * *
/pen'i ten"sheuh ree/, n., pl. penitentiaries, adj. n. 1. a place for imprisonment, reformatory discipline, or punishment, esp. a prison maintained in the U.S. by a state or the ...
See penitent. * * *
Chin. /bun"jee"/, n. Benxi. * * *
/pen"nuyf'/, n., pl. penknives. a small pocketknife, formerly one used for making and sharpening quill pens. [1400-50; late ME; see PEN1, KNIFE] * * *
Penkovsky, Oleg Vladimirovich
▪ Soviet officer born April 23, 1919, Vladikavkaz, Russia died May 1963?, U.S.S.R.       senior Soviet military intelligence officer who was convicted of spying for the ...
Five. Derivatives include five, Pentecost, quintessence, finger, and foist. I. Basic form *penkʷe. 1. Assimilated form *pempe. a. (i) five; fifty, from Old English fīf, five, ...
/pen"luyt'/, n. a flashlight similar in size and shape to a fountain pen. Also, penlite. [1955-60; PEN1 + LIGHT1] * * *
/pen"meuhn/, n., pl. penmen. 1. a person who writes or copies; scribe; copyist. 2. an expert in penmanship. 3. a writer or author. [1585-95; PEN1 + -MAN] * * *
/pen"meuhn ship'/, n. 1. the art of handwriting; the use of the pen in writing. 2. a person's style or manner of handwriting: clear penmanship; poor penmanship. [1685-95; PENMAN ...
/pen/, n. 1. Sir William, 1621-70, English admiral. 2. his son, William, 1644-1718, English Quaker: founder of Pennsylvania 1682. * * * (as used in expressions) Penn Irving Penn ...
Penn Hills
a town in W Pennsylvania. 57,632. * * *
Penn Station
(also Pennsylvania Station) a railway station in New York City. It is under Madison Square Garden at 34th Street and Eighth Avenue. It is used by trains going to and from Long ...
Penn, Arthur
▪ American film director in full  Arthur Hiller Penn   born Sept. 27, 1922, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American motion-picture and theatre director whose films are ...
Penn, Irving
born June 16, 1917, Plainfield, N.J., U.S. U.S. photographer. He aspired to be a painter but at 26 took a job designing photographic covers for Vogue and soon was established ...
Penn, Sean
▪ 2005       Although Sean Penn had been nominated for an Academy Award three times before, it was not until 2004, when he wanted to demonstrate his pride in Mystic ...
Penn, Sir William
▪ British admiral born April 23, 1621, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Sept. 16, 1670, London       British admiral and father of William Penn, the founder of ...
Penn, William
born Oct. 14, 1644, London, Eng. died July 30, 1718, Buckinghamshire English Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania. Expelled from Oxford for his Puritan beliefs, he was ...
Penn,Sir William
Penn, Sir William. 1621-1670. English admiral who led the English fleet during the Dutch War (1665-1667). * * *
Penn (pĕn), William. 1644-1718. English Quaker colonizer in America. He founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681. * * *
Pennsylvania. Also, Penna. * * *
/pen"euh/, n., pl. pennae /pen"ee/. Ornith. a contour feather, as distinguished from a down feather, plume, etc. [ < L: feather. See PEN1] * * *
Penna, Sandro
▪ Italian poet born Jan. 12, 1906, Perugia, Italy died Jan. 21, 1977, Rome       Italian poet who celebrated homosexual love, particularly pederasty, with lyrical ...
Penna. abbr. Pennsylvania. * * *
/peuh nay"sheuhs/, adj. having the texture of a penna; not downy. [1855-60; < NL pennaceus. See PENNA, -ACEOUS] * * *
▪ people       Algonquian (Algonquian languages)-speaking North American Indians whose villages were located in what are now southern and central New Hampshire, ...
pen name also pen·name (pĕnʹnām') n. A pseudonym used by a writer. Also called nom de plume. * * *
/pen"euhnt/, n. 1. a long, tapering flag or burgee of distinctive form and special significance, borne on naval or other vessels and used in signaling or for identification. 2. ...
Pennant, Thomas
▪ Welsh naturalist born June 14, 1726, Downing, Flintshire, Wales died Dec. 16, 1798, Downing       Welsh naturalist and traveler, one of the foremost zoologists of his ...
/pen"ayt/, adj. winged; feathered. Also, pennated. [1695-1705; < L pennatus. See PENNA, -ATE1] * * *
/pen"ay/, n., pl. penne. a type of tubular pasta having diagonally cut ends. [1970-75; < It, pl. of penna pen, feather, quill] * * *
Pennel, John
▪ American athlete born July 25, 1940, Memphis, Tenn., U.S. died Sept. 26, 1993, Santa Monica, Calif.       American pole-vaulter who was the first to jump more than ...
Pennel, John Thomas
▪ 1994       U.S. pole-vaulter (b. July 25, 1940, Memphis, Tenn.—d. Sept. 26, 1993, Santa Monica, Calif.), shattered the pole-vaulting world record eight times during ...
/pen"l/, n. Joseph, 1860-1926, U.S. etcher, illustrator, and writer. * * *
Pennell, Joseph
▪ American artist and writer born July 4, 1857, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. died April 23, 1926, Brooklyn, New York City       American etcher, lithographer, and ...
See pen1. * * *
Penneru River
▪ river, India also called  Penner River  or  Northern Penner River        river of Karnataka (Karnātaka) and Andhra Pradesh states, southern India. The Penneru ...
/pen"ee/, n. J(ames) C(ash), 1875-1971, U.S. retail merchant. * * *
Penney (of East Hendred), William Penney, Baron
▪ British physicist in full  William George Penney, Baron Penney Of East Hendred   born June 24, 1909, Gibraltar died March 3, 1991, East Hendred, near London, ...
Penney, J(ames) C(ash)
born Sept. 16, 1875, Hamilton, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1971, New York, N.Y. U.S. merchant. He became a partner in a dry-goods store in Wyoming in 1902 and five years later ...
Penney, J.C.
▪ American businessman in full  James Cash Penney   born Sept. 16, 1875, Hamilton, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1971, New York, N.Y.       merchant who established one of ...
Penney,James Cash
Pen·ney (pĕnʹē), James Cash. 1875-1971. American business executive who built the J.C. Penney chain and pioneered the practice of employee profit-sharing. * * *
Penn Hills A community of southwest Pennsylvania, a residential suburb of Philadelphia. Population: 51,430. * * *
/pen"ee/, n., pl. pennia /pen"ee euh/, pennis. an aluminum coin of Finland, the 100th part of a markka. [1890-95; < Finnish < LG pennig PENNY] * * *
/pen"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Penelope. * * *
—pennilessly, adv. —pennilessness, n. /pen"i lis/, adj. without any money whatsoever; totally impoverished; destitute. [1275-1325; ME peniles. See PENNY, -LESS] Syn. ...
See penniless. * * *
See pennilessly. * * *
Pennine Alps
/pen"uyn/ a mountain range on the border between Switzerland and Italy: part of the Alps. Highest peak, Monte Rosa, 15,217 ft. (4640 m). * * * ▪ mountains, Europe Italian ...
Pennine Chain
a range of hills in N England, extending from the S Midlands to the Cheviot Hills. * * *
Pennine Way
a path along the Pennines in northern England, used by people who like walking as a hobby. It is about 250 miles/400 kilometres long and passes through three national parks, ...
Pen·nine Alps (pĕnʹīn') A range of the Alps extending southwest to northeast along the Swiss-Italian border from Great St. Bernard Pass to Simplon Pass. It rises to 4,636.9 ...
Pen·nines (pĕnʹīnz') also Pennine Chain A range of hills extending about 257 km (160 mi) southward from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to central England. ...
/pen"ing/, n. pitching. [1620-30; PEN2 + -ING1] * * *
penning gate
a sluice gate that opens by lifting upward. * * *
/pen"euh nuyt'/, n. Mineral. a member of the chlorite group, rhombohedral in habit. Also, pennine /pen"in, -uyn/. [1865-70; < G Pennin (after the PENNINE ALPS) + -ITE1] * * *
▪ plant genus  genus of the grass family (Poaceae), containing about 80 species of annual and perennial plants, native to tropical and subtropical areas. Kikuyu grass (P. ...
—pennoned, adj. /pen"euhn/, n. 1. a distinctive flag in any of various forms, as tapering, triangular, or swallow-tailed, formerly one borne on the lance of a knight. 2. a ...
/pen"euhn sel'/, n. pencel. Also, penoncel. [1350-1400; ME penonceal < MF penoncel, dim. of penon PENNON] * * *
See pennon. * * *
/pen saw"kin/, n. a township in W New Jersey, on the Delaware River. 33,775. * * *
/pen'seuhl vayn"yeuh, -vay"nee euh/, n. a state in the E United States. 11,886,728; 45,333 sq. mi. (117,410 sq. km). Cap.: Harrisburg. Abbr.: PA (for use with zip code), Pa., ...
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
▪ academy and museum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States       in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the oldest art academy and museum in the United States, ...
Pennsylvania Avenue
a famous broad street in Washington, DC. It is 1.3 miles (2 kilometres) long and connects the White House(1) and the Capitol. Along the way are other government buildings, ...
Pennsylvania Dutch
—Pennsylvania-Dutch, adj. 1. the descendants of 17th- and 18th-century settlers in Pennsylvania from southwest Germany and Switzerland. 2. Also called Pennsylvania German. a ...
Pennsylvania German
▪ people also called (misleadingly)  Pennsylvania Dutch         17th- and 18th-century German-speaking settlers in Pennsylvania and their descendants. Emigrating from ...
Pennsylvania Railroad Co.
Former U.S. railroad. It was chartered in 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature to build a line between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, and its passenger service began two years ...
Pennsylvania Railroad Company
▪ American railway       largest of the trunkline railroads that connected the East Coast of the United States with the interior. It was chartered in 1846 by the ...
Pennsylvania rifle.
See Kentucky rifle. * * *
Pennsylvania State University
U.S. public state system of higher education with a main campus in University Park and numerous other campuses and locations, including the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center in ...
Pennsylvania Station
➡ Penn Station * * *
Pennsylvania system
▪ penology       penal method based on the principle that solitary confinement fosters penitence and encourages reformation. The idea was advocated by the Philadelphia ...
Pennsylvania, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) bearing a central coat of arms (arms, coat of) with black horses as ...
Pennsylvania, University of
U.S. private university in Philadelphia, a traditional member of the Ivy League. Founded in 1740 as a charity school, it became an academy in 1753, with Benjamin Franklin as ...
Pennsylvania Dutch n. 1. (used with a pl. verb) The descendants of German and Swiss immigrants who settled in Pennsylvania in the 17th and 18th centuries. 2. The dialect of High ...
/pen'seuhl vayn"yeuhn, -vay"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the state of Pennsylvania. 2. Geol. noting or pertaining to a period of the Paleozoic Era, occurring from about ...
Pennsylvanian Period
In North America, the interval of geologic time roughly equivalent to what is internationally designated the Late Carboniferous Period (323–290 million years ago). Because the ...
Pennsylvanian Subperiod
▪ geochronology       second major interval of the Carboniferous Period, lasting from 318.1 to 299 million years ago. The Pennsylvanian is recognized as a time of ...
—pennied, adj. /pen"ee/, n., pl. pennies, (esp. collectively for 2, 3) pence, adj. n. 1. a bronze coin, the 100th part of the dollars of various nations, as Australia, Canada, ...
/pen"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Penelope. * * *
penny ante
1. Cards. a game of poker in which the ante or basic bet is one cent. 2. Informal. any business arrangement or transaction involving a trifling or paltry sum of money. [1850-55, ...
penny arcade
an amusement hall or area that contains coin-operated entertainment devices, originally operated for a penny a play. [1905-10] * * *
Penny Black
n a British stamp first produced in 1840. It cost one penny and had a picture of Queen Victoria on it. Because it was the first stamp in the world there was no need to print the ...
penny dreadful
pl. penny dreadfuls. Chiefly Brit. a cheap, sensational novel of adventure, crime, or violence; dime novel. [1870-75] * * * ▪ book plural  penny dreadfuls,  also called ...
penny loafer
a loafer with a slot on the vamp that can hold a coin, usually a penny. [1965-70] * * *
penny pincher
—penny-pinching, n., adj. a miserly, niggardly, or stingy person. [1920-25] * * *
penny post
(formerly) any of various postal systems delivering mail for a penny a letter. [1670-80] * * * ▪ postal service       private postal service created by the London ...
penny stock
Stock Exchange. common stock, usually highly speculative, selling for less than a dollar a share. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
/pen"ee euh luy"neuhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. Archaic. a hack writer. [1825-35; penny-a-line (of writing) paid for at the rate of a penny per line + -ER1] * * *
/pen"ee an"tee/, adj. Informal. 1. involving a trifling sum of money; small in amount: a penny-ante investment. 2. inconsiderable; minor; small-time. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
n an old type of bicycle, popular in the late 19th century, with a very large wheel at the front and a much smaller one at the back (similar to the old British penny and ...
pen·ny-pinch·ing (pĕnʹē-pĭn'chĭng) adj. Giving or spending money grudgingly; niggardly.   penʹny-pinch'ing n. * * *
penny-wise [pen′ē wīz′] adj. careful or thrifty in regard to small matters —————— penny-wise and pound-foolish careful or thrifty in small matters but careless ...
penny ante n. 1. A poker game in which the highest bet is limited to a penny or another small sum. 2. Informal. A business transaction on a trivial scale.   penʹny-anʹte ...
/pen"ee kres'/, n. any of several plants belonging to herbs of the genus Thlaspi, of the mustard family, esp. T. arvense, of Europe, bearing somewhat round, flat pods. Also, ...
penny pincher n. Informal A very stingy person. * * *
/pen'ee roy"euhl/, n. 1. an aromatic Old World plant, Mentha pulegium, of the mint family, having clusters of small purple flowers and yielding a pungent essential oil used ...
/pen"ee wayt'/, n. (in troy weight) a unit of 24 grains or 1/20 of an ounce (1.555 grams). Abbr.: dwt, pwt [1350-1400; ME penyweight, OE penega gewihte. See PENNY, WEIGHT] * * *
pennywhistle [pen′ē hwis΄əl, pen′ēwis΄əl] n. 〚prob. because originally inexpensive〛 any of various fipple flutes of metal, wood, or plastic with open holes for ...
/pen"ee werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any of several plants having round or roundish leaves, as the navelwort. [1275-1325; ME penywort. See PENNY, WORT2] * * *
/pen"ee werrth'/, n. 1. as much as may be bought for a penny. 2. a small quantity. 3. a bargain. [bef. 1000; ME penyworth, OE penigweorth. See PENNY, WORTH1] * * *
Pennzoil Company
▪ American company also called  (1889–63) South Penn Oil Co., or (1968–72) Pennzoil United, Inc.,         American petrochemical corporation that was founded in ...
/peuh nob"skot, -skeuht/, n., pl. Penobscots, (esp. collectively) Penobscot for 2. 1. a river flowing S from N Maine into Penobscot Bay. 350 mi. (565 km) long. 2. a member of a ...
Penobscot Bay
an inlet of the Atlantic in S Maine. 30 mi. (48 km) long. * * *
Penobscot River
River, central Maine, U.S. The Penobscot, which flows south into Penobscot Bay, is the state's longest river about 350 mi (560 km). It is navigable for 60 mi (97 km) to Bangor. ...
Penobscot River A river rising in several lakes and tributaries in western and central Maine and flowing about 563 km (350 mi) to Penobscot Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean. ...
See penology. * * *
See penological. * * *
See penological. * * *
—penological /peen'l oj"i keuhl/, adj. —penologist, n. /pee nol"euh jee/, n. 1. the study of the punishment of crime, in both its deterrent and its reformatory aspects. 2. ...
/pen"euhn sel'/, n. pennoncel. * * *
▪ city, Panama       city, west central Panama, on the Pacific coastal lowland. The original Spanish settlement was founded on the ruins of an ancient Indian town on the ...
pen pal n. A person with whom one becomes acquainted through a friendly, regular correspondence. * * *
/pen"poynt'/, n. 1. the point or writing end of a pen, esp. a small, tapering, metallic device having a split tip for drawing up ink and for writing; nib. 2. the tip or point of ...
Penrhyn Atoll
▪ atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean       most northerly of the Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. A ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Eden district, administrative county of Cumbria, historic county of Cumberland, England. It is situated on a main route to ...
Penrose, Boies
▪ United States senator born Nov. 1, 1860, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 31, 1921, Washington, D.C.       American legislator and longtime party boss of ...
Penrose, Richard Alexander Fullerton, Jr.
▪ American geologist born Dec. 17, 1863, Philadelphia died July 31, 1931, Philadelphia       geologist known for his explorations for manganese and iron-ore deposits. ...
Penrose, Sir Roger
▪ British mathematician born Aug. 8, 1931, Colchester, Essex, Eng.       British mathematician and relativist who in the 1960s calculated many of the basic features of ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       English Channel port, Carrick district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, England. It lies at the head of the River ...
/pen'seuh koh"leuh/, n. a seaport in NW Florida, on Pensacola Bay. 57,619. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1822) of Escambia county, extreme ...
Pensacola Bay
an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, in NW Florida. ab. 30 mi. (48 km) long. * * *
/pahonn say"/, n., pl. pensées /-say"/. French. a reflection or thought. * * * ▪ literature Frenchliterally, “thought”       a thought expressed in literary form. ...
/pahn sayz", pahonn-/; Fr. /pahonn say"/, n. a collection of notes, essays, etc., dealing with religious and philosophical matters by Blaise Pascal, published posthumously in ...
/pen"seuhl/, n. pencel. * * *
/pen"suyl, -sil/, adj. 1. hanging, as the nests of certain birds. 2. building a hanging nest. [1595-1605; < L pensilis hanging down, equiv. to pens(us) ptp. of pendere to hang ...
—pensionable, adj. —pensionably, adv. —pensionless, adj. /pen"sheuhn/; Fr. /pahonn syawonn"/ for 3, n., pl. pensions /-sheuhnz/; Fr. /-syawonn"/ for 3, v. n. 1. a fixed ...
pension fund
a fund created and maintained, as by a corporation, to provide benefits under a pension plan. [1865-70] * * *
pension funds
➡ pensions * * *
pension plan
1. a systematic plan created and maintained, as by a corporation, to make regular payments of benefits to retired or disabled employees, either on a contributory or a ...
pension scheme
➡ pensions * * *
Pension Service
a British government office, part of the Department for Work and Pensions, which gives people advice and information about pensions. * * *
See pension1. * * *
/pen"sheuh ner'ee/, n., pl. pensionaries, adj. n. 1. a pensioner. 2. a hireling. adj. 3. of the nature of a pension. 4. receiving a pension. [1530-40; < ML pensionarius. See ...
pensione [pen syō̂′ne] n. pl. pensioni [pen syō̂′nē] 〚It〛 PENSION (n. 3) * * *
—pensionership, n. /pen"sheuh neuhr/, n. 1. a person who receives or lives on a pension. 2. a hireling. 3. a student at Cambridge University who pays for his or her commons and ...
pensioners’ clubs
➡ old age * * *
pension plan n. An arrangement for paying a pension to an employee, especially one funded fully or in large part by an employer. * * *
Pensions are regular payments made to people who have retired. Most people retire and start to receive a pension when they are about 60 or 65. The amount of money they receive ...
—pensively, adv. —pensiveness, n. /pen"siv/, adj. 1. dreamily or wistfully thoughtful: a pensive mood. 2. expressing or revealing thoughtfulness, usually marked by some ...
See pensive. * * *
See pensively. * * *
/pen stee"meuhn, pen"steuh meuhn/, n. any of numerous chiefly North American plants belonging to the genus Penstemon, of the figwort family, some species of which are cultivated ...
/pen"stok'/, n. 1. a pipe conducting water from a head gate to a waterwheel. 2. a conduit for conveying water to a power plant. See diag. under dam1. 3. a sluicelike contrivance ...
pent1 /pent/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of pen2. adj. 2. shut in; confined. [ptp. of late ME pend (now obs.), var. of PEN2 (v.); cf. SPEND] pent2 /pent/, n. penthouse (def. 4). [by ...
To tread, go. Derivatives include find, pontiff, and sputnik. 1. find, from Old English findan, to find, from Germanic *finthan, to come upon, discover. 2. Suffixed o-grade form ...
/pent"up"/, adj. confined; restrained; not vented or expressed; curbed: pent-up emotions; pent-up rage. [1705-15; adj. use of v. phrase pent up] Syn. repressed, suppressed, ...
Pentecost. * * *
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, meaning "five" (Pentateuch); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (pentavalent). Also, esp. before a vowel, ...
▪ dinosaur genus       five-horned herbivorous dinosaur found as fossils in North America and possibly eastern Asia dating from the Late Cretaceous Period (99 million ...
/pen'teuh klawr'oh nuy'troh ben"zeen, -ben zeen", -klohr'-/, n. Chem. a crystalline compound, C6Cl5NO2, used as an herbicide and insecticide. Abbr.: PCNB Also called ...
/pen'teuh klawr'euh fee"nawl, -nol, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C6Cl5OH, used chiefly in fungicides, disinfectants, and wood ...
/pen"teuh keuhl/, n. 1. pentagram. 2. a similar figure, as a hexagram. [1585-95; < It pentacolo five-cornered object. See PENTA-, -CLE1] * * *
/pen"tad/, n. 1. a period of five years. 2. a group of five. 3. the number five. 4. Chem. a pentavalent element or group. 5. Climatol. a period of five consecutive ...
—pentadactylism, n. /pen'teuh dak"tl, -til/, adj. 1. having five digits on each hand or foot. 2. having five fingerlike projections or parts. [1655-65; < L pentadactylus < Gk ...
See pentadactyl. * * *
/pen'teuh dek"euh gon'/, n. Geom. a polygon having 15 angles and 15 sides. [PENTA- + DECAGON] * * *
/pen'teuh i rith"ri tawl', -tol'/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, C5H12O4, used chiefly in the manufacture of alkyd resins, varnishes, plasticizers, and ...
pentaerythritol tetranitrate
Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, explosive solid, C5H8N4O12, used chiefly as a high explosive and as a vasodilator in treating angina pectoris. Also called ...
—pentagonal /pen tag"euh nl/, adj. —pentagonally, adv. /pen"teuh gon'/, n. 1. a polygon having five angles and five sides. 2. the Pentagon, a. a building in Arlington, ...
Pentagon Papers
secret papers from the Pentagon(1) which were printed in the New York Times in 1971. The papers had been taken by Daniel Ellsberg, a government employee, and given to the ...
See pentagon. * * *
pentagonal dodecahedron
Crystall. pyritohedron. [1850-55] * * *
See pentagonal. * * *
/pen'teuh geuh neez", -nees"/, n. a style of language characterized by the use of euphemisms, technical jargon, acronyms, and circumlocutions, used esp. by people working in the ...
/pen tag"euh noyd'/, adj. like a pentagon in shape. [1880-85; PENTAGON + -OID] * * *
—pentagrammatic /pen"teuh greuh mat"ik/, adj. /pen"teuh gram'/, n. a five-pointed, star-shaped figure made by extending the sides of a regular pentagon until they meet, used as ...
See pentahedron. * * *
—pentahedral, adj. /pen'teuh hee"dreuhn/, n., pl. pentahedrons, pentahedra /-dreuh/. a solid figure having five faces. [1655-65; PENTA- + -HEDRON] * * *
—pentahydrated, adj. /pen'teuh huy"drayt/, n. Chem. a hydrate that contains five molecules of water, as potassium molybdate, KMoO4·5H2O. [1915-20; PENTA- + HYDRATE] * * *
/pen'teuh huy"drik/, adj. Chem. (esp. of alcohols and phenols) pentahydroxy. [1890-95; PENTA- + -HYDRIC] * * *
/pen'teuh huy drok"see/, adj. Chem. (of a molecule) containing five hydroxyl groups. [PENTA- + HYDROXY] * * *
/pen tal"feuh/, n. pentagram. [1810-20; < Gk péntalpha (see PENT-, ALPHA); so called from the A represented at each point] * * *
See pentamerous. * * *
—pentamerism, pentamery, n. /pen tam"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. consisting of or divided into five parts. 2. Bot. (of flowers) having five members in each whorl. [1820-30; < NL ...
—pentametrist, n. /pen tam"i teuhr/, Pros. n. 1. a line of verse consisting of five metrical feet. 2. Also called elegiac pentameter. Class. Pros. a verse consisting of two ...
/pen'teuh meth"euh leen'/, n. Chem. cyclopentane. [PENTA- + METHYLENE] * * *
/pen'teuh meth"euh leen duy"euh meen', -min, -duy'euh meen"/, n. Biochem. cadaverine. [PENTA- + METHYLENE + DIAMINE] * * *
/pen tam"i deen', -din/, n. Pharm. an antiprotozoal substance, C19H24N4O2, used in the treatment of leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, and pneumonia due to Pneumocystis ...
/pen"tayn/, n. Chem., Pharm. 1. a hydrocarbon of the methane series, existing in three liquid isomeric forms. 2. Also called normal pentane. the most important isomer of pentane, ...
/pen"tang geuhl/, n. pentagram. [1350-1400; ME; see PENT-, ANGLE1] * * *
/pen tang"gyeuh leuhr/, adj. having five angles and five sides; pentagonal. [1655-65; PENT- + ANGULAR] * * *
pentanol [pen′tə nôl΄, pen′tənōl΄] n. 〚 PENTAN(E) + -OL1〛 AMYL ALCOHOL * * *
pen·ta·pep·tide (pĕn'tə-pĕpʹtīd) n. A polypeptide composed of five amino acids. * * *
—pentaploidy, n. /pen"teuh ployd'/, adj. 1. having a chromosome number that is five times the haploid number. n. 2. a pentaploid cell or organism. [1920-25; PENTA- + -PLOID] * ...
—pentapodic /pen'teuh pod"ik/, adj. /pen tap"euh dee/, n., pl. pentapodies. Pros. a measure consisting of five feet. [1860-65; PENTA- + -POD + -Y3] * * *
/pen"teuh priz'euhm/, n. a prism that has five faces, a pair of which are at 90° to each other; a ray entering one of the pair emerges from the other at an angle of 90° to its ...
/pen"tap tik/, n. a work of art consisting of five panels or sections. [1850-55; PENTA- + Gk ptyché a fold] * * *
pentaquine [pen′tə kwēn΄, pen′təkwin] n. 〚 PENTA- + QUIN(〛 a synthetic antimalarial drug, C18H27N3O, used chiefly in the form of its phosphate * * * pen·ta·quine ...
See pentarchy. * * *
—pentarch, n. —pentarchical, adj. /pen"tahr kee/, n., pl. pentarchies. 1. a government by five persons. 2. a governing body of five persons. 3. a federation of five nations, ...
/pen"teuh stik'/, n. Pros. a strophe, stanza, or poem consisting of five lines or verses. [1650-60; < NL pentastichus < Gk pentástichos. See PENTA-, STICH1] * * *
pen·ta·stome (pĕnʹtə-stōm') n. See tongue worm.   [From New Latin Pentastomum, genus name : penta- + -stomum, neuter of -stomus, mouthed (from Greek stoma, mouth).] * * *
/pen'teuh stoh"mid/, n. Zool. See tongue worm. [1905-10; < NL Pentastomida name of the class of tongue worms, equiv. to Pentastom(um) a genus name (penta- PENTA- + -stomum < Gk ...
/pen"teuh stuyl'/, adj. Archit. 1. having five columns. 2. (of a classical temple or a building in the style of one) having five columns on one or each front. [1720-30; PENTA- + ...
/pen'teuh stuy"los/, n. a pentastyle building, as a classical temple. [ < NL; see PENTASTYLE] * * *
—pentasyllabic /pen'teuh si lab"ik/, adj. —pentasyllabism, n. /pen"teuh sil'euh beuhl/, n. a word or line of verse of five syllables. [1810-20; PENTA- + SYLLABLE] * * *
—Pentateuchal, adj. /pen"teuh toohk', -tyoohk'/, n. the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. [ < LL Pentateuchus < LGk ...
See Pentateuch. * * *
/pen tath"leet/, n. an athlete participating or specializing in the pentathlon. [1820-30; b. PENTATHLON and ATHLETE] * * *
/pen tath"leuhn, -lon/, n. 1. an athletic contest comprising five different track and field events and won by the contestant gaining the highest total score. 2. See modern ...
pentatonic [pen΄tə tän′ik] adj. 〚see PENTA- & TONIC〛 designating or of a musical scale having five tones to the octave * * * pen·ta·ton·ic (pĕn'tə-tŏnʹĭk) adj. ...
pentatonic scale
/pen"teuh ton"ik, pen'-/, Music. a scale having five tones to an octave, as one having intervals that correspond to the five black keys of a piano octave. [1860-65; PENTA- + ...
/pen"teuh toh niz'euhm, -to-/, n. Music. the use of a five-tone scale. Also, pentatonicism /pen'teuh ton"euh siz'euhm/. [1965-70; PENTATON(IC) + -ISM] * * *
/pen'teuh vay"leuhnt, pen tav"euh-/, adj. Chem. 1. having a valence of 5: pentavalent arsenic. 2. quinquevalent (def. 2). [1870-75; PENTA- + -VALENT] * * *
/pen taz"euh seen'/, n. Pharm. a synthetic narcotic analgesic, C19H27NO, used chiefly for the relief of moderate to severe pain. [1960-65; PENTA- + (benz)azocine, a component of ...
/pen"ti kawst', -kost'/, n. 1. a Christian festival celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorating the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the apostles; Whitsunday. 2. ...
/pen'ti kaw"steuhl, -stl, -kos"teuhl, -tl-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Pentecost. 2. noting or pertaining to any of various Christian groups, usually fundamentalist, that ...
Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, Inc.
      Protestant denomination organized in the United States in 1916 after many members withdrew from the Assemblies of God during the Jesus Only controversy, a movement ...
Pentecostal Church of God of America, Inc.
▪ Christianity       Protestant denomination organized in Chicago in 1919 as the Pentecostal Assemblies of the U.S.A. by a group of ministers who had earlier refused ...
Pentecostal Fellowship of North America
      cooperative organization established in Chicago in 1948 by eight Pentecostal denominations for the purpose of “interdenominational Pentecostal cooperation and ...
Pentecostal Holiness Church, Inc.
      Protestant denomination organized in Falcon, N.C., in 1911 by the merger of the Fire-Baptized Holiness Church (organized in 1898 by several Pentecostal associations) ...
See Pentecostal. * * * ➡ Pentecostalist * * * Protestant religious movement that originated in the U.S. in the 19th–20th century. It is characterized by a belief that all ...
See Pentecostalism. * * * n a member of any of the Protestant Pentecostal religious groups or Churches. They believe that illnesses can be healed by faith and in ‘baptism in ...
/pen'dee kaws tah"rddee awn/; Eng. /pen'ti ko stair"ee on'/, n., pl. pentecostaria /-kaws tah"rddee ah/; Eng. /-ko stair"ee euh/, pentecostarions. Gk. Orth. Ch. a service book of ...
—Pentelic, Pentelican, adj. /pen tel"i keuhs/, n. Latin name of Pendelikon. * * *
Pentelicus, Mount
▪ mountains, Greece also called  Pentelikon , Modern Greek  Pendéli Óros , historically  Brilessos , or  Brilettos        mountain range enclosing the Attic ...
/pen tel"i kon'/; Gk. /pen'de lee kawn"/, n. Pendelikon. * * *
pentene [pen′tēn΄] n. AMYLENE * * *
▪ plant       genus of perennial herbs native to East Asia and eastern North America. All three species in the genus have underground stems, toothed leaves, and ...
—penthouselike, adj. /pent"hows'/, n., pl. penthouses /-how'ziz/. 1. an apartment or dwelling on the roof of a building, usually set back from the outer walls. 2. any specially ...
/pen tik"teuhn/, n. a city in S British Columbia, in SW Canada. 21,344. * * * ▪ British Columbia, Canada       city, southern British Columbia, Canada. It lies ...
/pen'teuh men"toh/, n., pl. pentimenti /-tee/. Painting. the presence or emergence of earlier images, forms, or strokes that have been changed and painted over. [1900-05; < It, ...
Family of microprocessors developed by Intel Corp. Introduced in 1993 as the successor to Intel's 80486 microprocessor, the Pentium contained two processors on a single chip and ...
Pentland Firth
Pentland Firth [pent′lənd] channel between the mainland of Scotland & the Orkney Islands: 6-8 mi (9.7-12.9 km) wide * * *
Pentland, Barbara Lally
▪ 2001       Canadian composer (b. Jan. 2, 1912, Winnipeg, Man.—d. Feb. 5, 2000, Vancouver, B.C.), was one of Canada's first avant-garde composers. She studied at the ...
Pent·land Firth (pĕntʹlənd) A narrow channel between northeast Scotland and the Orkney Islands. * * *
/pent"leuhn duyt'/, n. a mineral, sulfide of nickel, occurring in the form of bronze-colored granular aggregates, found with pyrrhotite: the principal source of nickel. [1855-60; ...
/pen'teuh bahr"bi tawl', -tal'/, n. Pharm. a barbiturate, C11H17N2O3, used as a hypnotic and as a sedative. [1930-35; PENT- + -O- + BARBITAL] * * *
pentobarbital sodium
pentobarbital sodium [pen΄tō bär′bi tôl΄, pen΄tō bär′bitäl΄] n. 〚pento- for PENTA- (because of methylbutyl five-carbon group) + BARBITAL〛 an odorless, white, ...
pen·to·bar·bi·tal sodium (pĕn'tə-bärʹbĭ-tôl', -tăl') n. A white crystalline or powdery barbiturate, C11H17N2O3Na, used as a hypnotic, a sedative, and an ...
pen·to·bar·bi·tone (pĕn'tə-bärʹbĭ-tōn') n. See pentobarbital sodium.   [penta- + barbituric acid + -one.] * * *
/pen"tohd/, n. Electronics. a vacuum tube having five electrodes, usually a plate, three grids, and a cathode, within the same envelope. [1915-20; PENT- + -ODE2] * * * ▪ ...
/pen"tl uyt'/, n. a high explosive consisting of pentaerythritol tetranitrate and TNT. [PENT- + -OL1 + -ITE1] * * *
/pen tom"ik/, adj. Mil. pertaining to or characterizing the organization of an army division into five groups, each with supporting units, geared to maneuver in keeping with the ...
a large prison for men in north London, England, opened in 1842. * * *
/pen"teuh san'/, n. Biochem. any of a class of polysaccharides that occur in plants, humus, etc., and form pentoses upon hydrolysis. [ < G (1892), equiv. to Pentos(e) PENTOSE + ...
/pen"tohs/, n. Chem. a monosaccharide containing five atoms of carbon, as xylose, C5H10O5, or produced from pentosans by hydrolysis. [ < G (1890); see PENT-, -OSE2] * * *
pentose nucleic acid
Biochem. 1. a nucleic acid containing a pentose. 2. See RNA. [1825-35] * * *
pentoside [pen′tə sīd΄] n. 〚 PENT(
▪ pathology       inborn error of carbohydrate metabolism, characterized by the excessive urinary excretion of the sugar xylitol. It is caused by a defect in the enzyme ...
/pen"teuh thawl'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of thiopental sodium. * * *
Pentothal Sodium
☆ Pentothal Sodium [pen′tə thôl΄ ] 〚pento- for PENTA- (because of methylbutyl five-carbon group) + th(iobarbiturate) + -AL〛 THIOPENTAL SODIUM: often shortened to ...
/pen tok"suyd/, n. Chem. an oxide containing five atoms of oxygen, as phosphorus pentoxide, P2O5. [1860-65; PENT- + OXIDE] * * *
▪ genus of echinoderm       extinct genus of stemmed, immobile echinoderms (forms related to the starfish) abundant as marine fossils in rocks of the Carboniferous ...
/pent stee"meuhn, pent"steuh-/, n. penstemon. [1750-60; < NL, equiv. to pent- PENT- + Gk stémon warp, thread] * * *
/pen"tl/, adj. Chem. containing a pentyl group; amyl. [1875-80; PENT- + -YL] * * *
pentyl group
Chem. any of the univalent, isomeric groups having the formula C5H11-. * * *
/pen'tl een te"treuh zawl', -zol'/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, bitter-tasting, water-soluble powder, C6H10N4, used as a respiratory and circulatory stimulant, esp. in the ...
/peuh nooh"chee/, n. 1. Also, panocha. Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. a fudgelike candy made of brown sugar, butter, and milk, usually with nuts. 2. panocha (def. ...
/pee"nuk euhl/, n. pinochle. Also, penuckle. * * *
/pee"nult, pi nult"/, n. the next to the last syllable in a word. Also, penultima /pi nul"teuh meuh/. [1530-40; < L paenultima (syllaba), contr. of paene ultima almost the last; ...
/pi nul"teuh mit/, adj. 1. next to the last: the penultimate scene of the play. 2. of or pertaining to a penult. n. 3. a penult. [1670-80; see PENULT, ULTIMATE] * * *
See penultimate. * * *
—penumbral, penumbrous, adj. /pi num"breuh/, n., pl. penumbrae /-bree/, penumbras. 1. Astron. a. the partial or imperfect shadow outside the complete shadow of an opaque body, ...
See penumbra. * * *
See penumbral. * * *
—penuriously, adv. —penuriousness, n. /peuh noor"ee euhs, -nyoor"-/, adj. 1. extremely stingy; parsimonious; miserly. 2. extremely poor; destitute; indigent. 3. poorly or ...
See penurious. * * *
See penuriously. * * *

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