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/pen"yeuh ree/, n. 1. extreme poverty; destitution. 2. scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency. [1400-50; late ME < L penuria; akin to Gk peîna hunger, penía poverty] Syn. ...
/peuh nooh"tee euhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. a group of American Indian language families of central and coastal California, including Wintu, Maidu, Yokuts, Miwok, and Costanoan, thought ...
Penutian languages
Hypothetical superfamily of North American Indian languages that unites a number of languages and language families mainly of the far western U.S. and Canada. The Penutian ...
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, extreme southwestern England. It is a promontory, including the ...
/pen"zeuh/; Russ. /pyen"zeuh/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe. 543,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city and administrative centre of Penza oblast (region), ...
/pen zans"/, n. a seaport in SW Cornwall, in the SW extremity of England: resort. 19,352. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Penwith district, ...
/pent"see euhs, pen"zee-/, n. Arno Allan, born 1933, U.S. astrophysicist, born in Germany: Nobel prize for physics 1978. * * *
Penzias, Arno
▪ American astrophysicist in full  Arno Allan Penzias  born April 26, 1933, Munich, Ger.    German-American astrophysicist who shared one-half of the 1978 Nobel Prize for ...
Penzias, Arno (Allan)
born April 26, 1933, Munich, Ger. German-born U.S. astrophysicist. His family fled Nazi Germany, and he received his Ph.D. from Columbia University, after which he joined Bell ...
peon1 /pee"euhn, pee"on/, n. 1. (in Spanish America) a farm worker or unskilled laborer; day laborer. 2. (formerly, esp. in Mexico) a person held in servitude to work off debts ...
/pee"euh nij/, n. 1. the condition or service of a peon. 2. the practice of holding persons in servitude or partial slavery, as to work off a debt or to serve a penal ...
/pee"euh nee/, n., pl. peonies. any of various plants or shrubs of the genus Paeonia, having large, showy flowers, as the widely cultivated species P. lactiflora: the state ...
—peopleless, adj. —peopler, n. /pee"peuhl/, n., pl. peoples for 4, v., peopled, peopling. n. 1. persons indefinitely or collectively; persons in general: to find it easy to ...
people mover
1. any of various forms of mass transit, as moving sidewalks or automated driverless vehicles, used for transporting people along limited, fixed routes, as around airports or ...
People's Charter.
See under Chartism. * * *
people's commune
a usually rural, Communist Chinese social and administrative unit of from 2000 to 4000 families combined for collective farming, fishing, mining, or industrial projects. Also ...
people's court
Informal. See small-claims court. * * *
People's Democratic Party
▪ political party, Nigeria       Nigerian political party.       The People's Democratic Party was founded in 1998 following the government's announcement that ...
people's front.
See popular front. [1935-40] * * *
People's Liberation Army
1. See under Huk (def. 1). 2. the name of the armed forces of the People's Republic of China. 3. a rebel army or army of liberation in any of various other countries. * * ...
People's party
U.S. Politics. a political party (1891-1904), advocating expansion of currency, state control of railroads, the placing of restrictions upon ownership of land, etc.; Populist ...
People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China official name for CHINA * * *
People's Republic of China.
See China, People's Republic of. * * *
Peo·ple's Party (pēʹpəlz) n. See Populist Party. * * *
People's Republic n. A political organization founded and controlled by a national Communist party. * * *
/pee"peuhl hood'/, n. 1. the state or condition of being a people. 2. the consciousness of certain beliefs or characteristics that make one part of a people; sense of belonging ...
people mover n. A means of mass transit, such as a moving sidewalk or a monorail, used to transport people, usually along a fixed route. * * *
See people. * * *
(as used in expressions) Peoples Democratic Republic of Algeria Bantu peoples Malagasy peoples Siberian peoples Turkic peoples * * *
Peoples Temple
▪ religious group       religious community led by Jim Jones (Jones, Jim) (1931–78) that came to international attention after some 900 of its members died at their ...
People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals
(abbr the PDSA) a British charity that gives free treatment to sick animals and encourages people to look after their pets properly. It was started in 1917. * * *
Peopling of Japan
▪ 1998       Perhaps the most universal of heirlooms passed down from parent to child are stories of family—stories that address the questions, Who are we? Where did ...
Peopling of the Americas
▪ 1999 by Anna C. Roosevelt        New sites and new data from old sites are changing the understanding of the peopling of the Americas. For decades the consensus was ...
—Peorian, adj., n. /pee awr"ee euh, -ohr"-/, n. 1. a city in central Illinois, on the Illinois River. 124,160. 2. a town in central Arizona. 12,251. * * * City (pop., 2000: ...
—pepful, adj. /pep/, n., v., pepped, pepping. Informal. n. 1. lively spirits or energy; vigor; animation. v.t., v.i. 2. pep up, to make or become spirited, vigorous, or lively; ...
pep pill
a pill, tablet, or capsule that contains a stimulant drug, esp. amphetamine. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
pep rally
a meeting, esp. of students before an interscholastic athletic contest, to stimulate group enthusiasm by rousing talks, songs, cheers, etc. [1920-25] * * *
pep talk
a vigorous, emotional talk, as to a person or group, intended to arouse enthusiasm, increase determination to succeed, etc.: The coach gave the team a pep talk before the ...
Pep, Willie
▪ 2007 Guglielmo Papaleo        American boxer (b. Sept. 19, 1922, Middletown, Conn.—d. Nov. 23, 2006, Rocky Hill, Conn.), reigned (1942–48 and 1949–50) as ...
Pepe, Guglielmo
▪ Italian soldier born Feb. 13, 1783, Squillace, Calabria, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [now in Italy] died Aug. 8, 1855, Turin, Piedmont       Neapolitan soldier ...
▪ Sierra Leone       town, Atlantic seaport, western Sierra Leone, on Pepel Island, near the mouth of the Sierra Leone River (an estuary formed by the Rokel River and ...
      subsurface rock containing fragments ejected by an underground volcanic explosion (see tuff). * * *
/pep'euh roh"mee euh/, n. any of numerous tropical and subtropical plants belonging to the genus Peperomia, of the pepper family, cultivated as houseplants for their ornamental ...
/pep'euh roh"nee/, n. pepperoni. * * *
Pepi I
▪ king of Egypt       third king of the 6th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2325–c. 2150 BCE) of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient), whose reign saw the spread of trade and ...
Pepi II
▪ king of Egypt       fifth king of the 6th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2325–c. 2150 BCE) of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient), during whose lengthy reign the government ...
/pep"in/, n. ("Pepin the Short") died A.D. 768, king of the Franks 751-768 (father of Charlemagne). * * *
Pepin the Short
Pepin the Short [pep′in] A.D. 714?-768; king of the Franks (751-768): father of Charlemagne * * *
Pepin, Jean-Luc
▪ 1996       Canadian statesman who held important Cabinet posts—energy, mines, and resources; industry, trade, and commerce; transport—in the Liberal administration ...
/peuh pee"noh/, n., pl. pepinos. 1. a rounded, cone-shaped hill in a karstic area. 2. Also called melon pear, melon shrub. a Peruvian plant, Solanum muricatum, of the nightshade ...
pepino hill
▪ geological formation       (from Spanish pepino, “cucumber”), also called Hum (Serbo-Croatian: “hill”), or Haystack Hill, conical hill of residual limestone ...
Pepinthe Short
Pep·in the Short (pĕpʹĭn), Also known as Pepin III. 714?-768. King of the Franks (751-768). He defended papal interests and established the core territory of the Papal ...
/peuh pee"teuh, pe-/, n. the edible seed of a pumpkin or squash, used in cooking and often dried or toasted and eaten as a snack food. [ < AmerSp, Sp: seed, pip, prob. deriv. of ...
/peuh pee"teuh, pe-/; Sp. /pe pee"tah/, n. a female given name. * * *
—peplosed /pep"leuhst/, adj. /pep"leuhs/, n., pl. peploses. a loose-fitting outer garment worn, draped in folds, by women in ancient Greece. Also, peplus. [1770-80; < Gk ...
/pep"leuhm/, n., pl. peplums, pepla /-leuh/. 1. a short full flounce or an extension of a garment below the waist, covering the hips. 2. a short skirt attached to a bodice or ...
See peplum. * * *
/pep"leuhs/, n., pl. pepluses. peplos. * * *
/pee"poh/, n., pl. pepos. the characteristic fruit of plants of the gourd family, having a fleshy, many-seeded interior and a hard or firm rind, as the gourd, melon, and ...
Pepoli Family
▪ Italian family       family that played an important role in the political and economic life of 13th- and 14th-century Bologna.       The Pepoli, wealthy ...
Peppard, George
▪ 1995       U.S. actor (b. Oct. 1, 1928, Detroit, Mich.—d. May 8, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), rocketed to fame after starring opposite Audrey Hepburn in the 1961 film ...
—pepperer, n. —pepperish, adj. —pepperishly, adv. /pep"euhr/, n. 1. a pungent condiment obtained from various plants of the genus Piper, esp. from the dried berries, used ...
pepper family
the plant family Piperaceae, characterized by tropical woody vines and herbaceous plants having simple leaves, dense spikes of very small flowers, and fleshy, berrylike fruit, ...
pepper game
Baseball. a pregame warm-up performed at a brisk rate, in which one batter bunts back balls tossed by fielders stationed a short distance away. * * *
pepper mill
a small hand-held device for storing and grinding peppercorns. [1855-60] * * *
pepper pot
1. Also called Philadelphia pepper pot. a highly seasoned, thick soup made of tripe or other meat, vegetables, and sometimes dumplings. 2. a West Indian stew of meat or fish and ...
pepper rat.
See spiny dormouse. * * *
pepper shaker
pepper shaker n. a container with a perforated top, for sprinkling ground pepper * * *
pepper spot
Plant Pathol. a disease of clover, characterized by numerous black specks on the leaves, caused by a fungus, Pseudoplea trifolii. * * *
pepper steak
1. strips of beefsteak sautéed with strips of green pepper and onion, and often flavored with soy sauce. 2. beefsteak patted with crushed peppercorns, sautéed, and served with ...
pepper tree
any of several chiefly South American, evergreen trees belonging to the genus Schinus, of the cashew family, cultivated in subtropical regions as an ornamental. [1685-95] * * ...
Pepper, Art
▪ American musician byname of  Arthur Edward Pepper, Jr.  born Sept. 1, 1925, Gardena, Calif., U.S. died June 15, 1982, Los Angeles, Calif.       American jazz ...
Pepper, Claude
▪ United States senator in full  Claude Denson Pepper   born September 8, 1900, Dudleyville, Alabama, U.S. died May 30, 1989, Washington, D.C.       American ...
Pepper, Claude (Denson)
born Sept. 8, 1900, Dudleyville, Ala., U.S. died May 30, 1989, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. He practiced law in Florida before being elected to the U.S. Senate ...
/pep"euhr euhn sawlt"/, adj. 1. composed of a fine mixture of black with white: pepper-and-salt hair. n. 2. an apparel fabric having a pepper-and-salt effect. 3. the ...
/pep"euhr up"euhr/, n. Informal. 1. something, as a food, beverage, or pill, that provides a quick but temporary period of energy and alertness. 2. something added to food to ...
/pep"euhr boks'/, n. a small box with perforations in the top, for sprinkling pepper. Also called pepper pot. [1540-50; PEPPER + BOX1] * * *
/pep"euhr boosh'/, n. See sweet pepperbush. [1775-85, Amer.; PEPPER + BUSH1] * * *
—peppercornish, peppercorny, adj. /pep"euhr kawrn'/, n. 1. the berry of the pepper plant, Piper nigrum, dried and used as a condiment, in pickling, etc. 2. anything very small ...
pep·per·cress (pĕpʹər-krĕs') n. See peppergrass. * * *
peppered moth
▪ insect       species of European moth in the family Geometridae (order Lepidoptera (lepidopteran)) that has speckled black-and-white wings. It is of significance in ...
pepper game n. Baseball See pepper. * * *
/pep"euhr gras', -grahs'/, n. any pungent plant belonging to the genus Lepidium, of the mustard family, used as a potherb or salad vegetable. Cf. garden cress. [1425-75; late ME; ...
/pep"euhr ij/, n. See sour gum. [1815-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
See peppery. * * *
pepper mill n. A utensil for grinding peppercorns. * * *
/pep"euhr mint', -meuhnt/, n. 1. an herb, Mentha piperita, of the mint family, cultivated for its aromatic, pungent oil. 2. Also called peppermint oil. this oil, or a preparation ...
peppermint camphor
menthol. [1860-65] * * *
peppermint spirit
a green or colorless alcoholic solution of the volatile oil produced by the peppermint leaf, used as a carminative and flavoring agent. * * *
/pep'euh roh"nee/, n. a highly seasoned, hard sausage of beef and pork. Also, peperoni. [1920-25, Amer.; < It peperoni, pl. of peperone cayenne pepper plant, aug. of pepe ...
pepper pot n. 1. A soup made with vegetables and tripe or other meat, seasoned with pepper, and often containing dumplings. Also called Philadelphia pepper pot. 2. A thick West ...
Pepperrell, Sir William, Baronet
▪ British soldier Pepperrell also spelled  Pepperell   born June 27, 1696, Kittery, Mass. [now Maine] died July 6, 1759, Kittery       colonial American merchant, ...
/pep"euhr rooht', -root'/, n. toothwort (def. 2). [1805-15, Amer.; PEPPER + ROOT1] * * *
pep·per·shak·er (pĕpʹər-shā'kər) n. A container with small holes in the top for sprinkling ground pepper. Also called pepperbox, pepper pot. * * *
/pep"euhr shruyk'/, n. either of two large vireos of the genus Cyclarhis, ranging from Mexico to Chile, and having heavy shrikelike bills. [PEPPER + SHRIKE] * * * ▪ ...
pepper tree also pep·per·tree (pĕpʹər-trē') n. Any of several evergreen trees of the genus Schinus, especially S. molle, native to South America, having compound leaves, ...
/pep"euhr wood'/, n. See California laurel (def. 1). [1855-60; PEPPER + WOOD1] * * *
/pep"euhr werrt', -wawrt'/, n. See water clover. [1555-65; PEPPER + WORT2] * * *
—pepperily, adv. —pepperiness, n. /pep"euh ree/, adj. 1. full of or tasting like pepper; hot; pungent. 2. of, pertaining to, or resembling pepper. 3. sharp or stinging: a ...
pep pill n. Slang A tablet or capsule containing a stimulant drug, especially an amphetamine. * * *
See peppy. * * *
See peppily. * * *
—peppily, adv. —peppiness, n. /pep"ee/, adj., peppier, peppiest. Informal. energetic; vigorous; lively. [1920-25; PEP + -Y1] * * *
(also Pepsi™) n [U, C] a US sweet fizzy drink (= one containing many bubbles). It is, after its great rival Coca-Cola, the second most popular drink of this type in the ...
a US company which started in 1965 and is best known for its soft drinks, especially Pepsi-Cola. It also owns Quaker Oats and Frito-Lay potato chips. * * *
PepsiCo Inc
➡ PepsiCo * * *
PepsiCo, Inc.
U.S. conglomerate. The soft drink Pepsi-Cola was created by a pharmacist, Caleb D. Bradham, who gave his tonic its name (from Greek pepsis, "digestion") in 1898 and incorporated ...
/pep"sin/, n. Biochem. 1. an enzyme, produced in the stomach, that in the presence of hydrochloric acid splits proteins into proteoses and peptones. 2. a commercial form of this ...
/pep"seuh nayt'/, v.t., pepsinated, pepsinating. to treat, prepare, or mix with pepsin. [1880-85; PEPSIN + -ATE1] * * *
—pepsinogenic /pep'seuh noh jen"ik/, pepsinogenous /pep'seuh noj"euh neuhs/, adj. /pep sin"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Biochem. crystals, occurring in the gastric glands, that during ...
➡ Pepsi-Cola * * *
/pep"tawk'/, v.t. 1. to give a pep talk to (a person, group, etc.). v.i. 2. to deliver a pep talk. [v. use of PEP TALK] * * *
/pep"tik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or associated with digestion; digestive. 2. promoting digestion. 3. of or pertaining to pepsin. n. 4. a substance promoting digestion. [1645-55; ...
peptic ulcer
Pathol. an erosion of the mucous membrane of the lower esophagus, stomach, or duodenum, caused in part by the corrosive action of the gastric juice. [1895-1900] * * * Sore that ...
/pep"ti days', -dayz'/, n. Biochem. any of the class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of peptides or peptones to amino acids. [1915-20; PEPTIDE + -ASE] * * *
/pep"tuyd/, n. Biochem. a compound containing two or more amino acids in which the carboxyl group of one acid is linked to the amino group of the other. [1905-10; PEPT(IC) + ...
peptide bond
Biochem. a covalent bond formed by joining the carboxyl group of one amino acid to the amino group of another, with the removal of a molecule of water. Also called peptide ...
peptide bond n. The chemical bond formed between the carboxyl groups and amino groups of neighboring amino acids, constituting the primary linkage of all protein structures. * * *
See peptide. * * *
See peptidic. * * *
pep·ti·do·gly·can (pĕp'tĭ-dō-glīʹkən, -kăn') n. A polymer found in the cell walls of prokaryotes that consists of polysaccharide and peptide chains in a strong ...
/pep'ti doh lit"ik/, adj. Biochem. causing the hydrolysis of peptides. [1965-70; PEPTIDE + -O- + -LYTIC] * * *
See peptize. * * *
—peptizable, adj. —peptization, n. —peptizer, n. /pep"tuyz/, v.t., peptized, peptizing. to disperse (a substance) into colloidal form, usually in a liquid. Also, esp. ...
See peptization. * * *
a well-known US make of medicine for stomach problems. It is a thick pink liquid, made by Proctor & Gamble. * * *
—peptolysis /pep tol"euh sis/, n. /pep'teuh lit"ik/, adj. Biochem. causing the hydrolysis of peptides. [1900-05; PEPTO(NE) + -LYTIC] * * *
—peptonelike, adj. —peptonic /pep ton"ik/, adj. —peptonoid /pep"teuh noyd'/, n. /pep"tohn/, n. Biochem. any of a class of diffusible, soluble substances into which proteins ...
See peptone. * * *
See peptonize. * * *
—peptonization, n. —peptonizer, n. /pep"teuh nuyz'/, v.t., peptonized, peptonizing. 1. to subject (food) to an artificial, partial digestion by pepsin or pancreatic extract ...
Pepusch, John Christopher
▪ German composer German  Johann Christoph Pepusch  born 1667, Berlin [Germany] died July 20, 1752, London, Eng.       composer who was an important musical figure in ...
—Pepysian /peep"see euhn, pep"-/, adj. /peeps, peps, pee"pis, pep"is/, n. Samuel, 1633-1703, English diarist and naval official. * * *
Pepys' Diary
a diary kept by Samuel Pepys from January 1, 1660 to May 31, 1669, in which are recorded his impressions of contemporary London life, the life of the court, and the ...
Pepys, Samuel
born Feb. 23, 1633, London, Eng. died May 26, 1703, London English diarist and public official. Born into a humble family, Pepys was appointed about 1659 as a clerk in the ...
Pepys (pēps, pĕpʹĭs), Samuel. 1633-1703. English civil servant whose diary includes detailed descriptions of the Great Plague (1665) and the Great Fire of London ...
See Pepys, Samuel. * * *
/pee"kwot/, n., pl. Pequots, (esp. collectively) Pequot. a member of a powerful tribe of Algonquian-speaking Indians of Connecticut that was essentially destroyed in the Pequot ...
Pequot War
Amer. Hist. a war in 1637 between Connecticut colonists, aided by British soldiers and friendly Indian tribes, and the Pequot Indians under their chief, Sassacus, that resulted ...
/perr/; unstressed /peuhr/, prep. 1. for each; for every: Membership costs ten dollars per year. This cloth is two dollars per yard. 2. by means of; by; through: I am sending the ...
per an.
per annum. * * *
per annum
/peuhr an"euhm/ by the year; yearly. [1595-1605; < L] * * *
per capita
/peuhr kap"i teuh/ 1. by or for each individual person: income per capita. 2. Law. noting or pertaining to a method of dividing an estate by which all those equally related to ...
per centum
/peuhr sen"teuhm/ percent (def. 1). [1555-65; < L: lit., by the hundred] * * *
per contra
/peuhr kon"treuh/; Lat. /perdd kohn"trddah/ on the other hand; on the contrary. [1545-55; < L per contra] * * *
per curiam
/peuhr kyoor"ee am'/, Law. noting an action taken by the court as a whole, esp. an anonymous opinion of the whole court, as contrasted with an opinion delivered in the name of a ...
per diem
/peuhr dee"euhm, duy"euhm/ 1. by the day; for each day. 2. a daily allowance, usually for living expenses while traveling in connection with one's work or being employed at a ...
per mensem
/perdd men"sem/; Eng. /peuhr men"seuhm/, Latin. by the month. * * *
per mill
/perr' mil", peuhr/ per thousand. Also, per mil. [1900-05] * * *
per pro.
per procurationem. Also, per proc. * * *
per procurationem
/peuhr prok'yeuh ray'shee oh"nem, per prok'euh rah'tee oh"nem/, Chiefly Law. by one acting as an agent; by proxy. Also, per procuration /peuhr prok'yeuh ray"sheuhn/. [1810-20; < ...
Per Ramessu
▪ ancient city, Egypt also called  Pi Ramesse , biblical  Raamses , modern  Qantīr , including the site of  Tall al-Dabʿa        ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ...
per se
/perr say", see", peuhr/ by, of, for, or in itself; intrinsically. [1565-75; < L per se by itself, trans. of Gk kath' autó] * * *
per second per second
per second per second n. a unit used for acceleration when the change in velocity per second is divided by the change in time, which is also in seconds: e.g., if the velocity ...
per stirpes
/perr sterr"peez, peuhr/, Law. pertaining to or noting a method of dividing an estate in which the descendants of a deceased person share as a group in the portion of the estate ...
1. a prefix meaning "through," "thoroughly," "utterly," "very": pervert; pervade; perfect. 2. Chem. a prefix used in the names of inorganic acids and their salts that possess the ...
1. Persia. 2. Persian. * * *
1. percentile. 2. period. 3. person. * * *
/pe"rddah/, n. former name of Beyoglu. * * *
/peuhr as"id/, n. Chem. an oxyacid, the primary element of which is in its highest possible oxidation state, as perchloric acid, HClO4, and permanganic acid, HMnO4. [1895-1900; ...
Peradeniya Botanic Gardens
▪ botanical gardens, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka       botanical garden in Peradeniya, near Kandy, Sri Lanka, noted for its rich and varied collections of tropical woody ...
/perr'euhd ven"cheuhr, per'-/, n. 1. chance, doubt, or uncertainty. 2. surmise. adv. 3. Archaic. it may be; maybe; possibly; perhaps. [1250-1300; ME per aventure < OF. See PER, ...
/peuh ree"euh/, n. a region in ancient Palestine, E of the Jordan and the Dead Sea. * * *
/peuh ruy"euh/, n. Murray, born 1947, U.S. pianist. * * *
Perahia, Murray
born April 19, 1947, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. pianist. He was trained at the Mannes College of Music in New York City. He won the Leeds International Piano Competition by ...
/pay"rak, -rahk, per"euh, pear"euh/, n. a state in Malaysia, on the SW Malay Peninsula. 1,569,139; 7980 sq. mi. (20,668 sq. km). Cap.: Ipoh. * * * ▪ region, ...
Perak War
▪ Southeast Asian history       (c. 1874–76), rebellion against the British by a group of dissident Malay chiefs that culminated in the assassination in 1875 of James ...
Perak, Tun
▪ Malaysian leader died 1498       bendahara (chief minister) of the port city of Malacca (now Melaka in Malaysia), who was kingmaker and the effective ruler of that ...
Peralta Azurdia, Enrique
▪ 1998       Guatemalan military dictator (1963-66) who was known for his brutal disregard for human rights (b. June 17, 1908—d. Feb. 19, 1997). * * *
Peralta y Diaz Ceballos, Alejo
▪ 1998       Mexican entrepreneur who used his skills at both building business enterprises and forging friendships with powerful politicians in the governing ...
Peralta, Pedro de
▪ Spanish colonial official born c. 1584, , Spain died 1666, Madrid       Spanish colonial official who established Santa Fe as the capital of New ...
—perambulation, n. —perambulatory /peuhr am"byeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /peuhr am"byeuh layt'/, v., perambulated, perambulating. v.t. 1. to walk through, about, or ...
See perambulate. * * *
/peuhr am"byeuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. See baby carriage. 2. an odometer pushed by a person walking. 3. a person who makes a tour of inspection on foot. [1605-15; < ML: inspector, ...
See perambulation. * * *
Any native-born Indonesian of mixed Indonesian and foreign ancestry. The term often refers to the Peranakan Chinese, the largest and most important Peranakan group, who formed a ...
per an·num (pər ănʹəm) adv. By the year; annually: a magazine subscription of 40 dollars per annum.   [Latin : per, per + annum, accusative of annus, year.] * * *
/peuhr bawr"ayt, -bohr"-/, n. Chem. a salt of perboric acid, as sodium perborate, NaBO3·4H2O, used for bleaching, disinfecting, etc. Also, peroxyborate. [1880-85; PER- + ...
/peuhr bawr"euhks, -aks, -bohr"-/, n. Chem. See sodium perborate. [PER- + BORAX] * * *
perboric acid
/peuhr bawr"ik, -bohr"-/, Chem. a hypothetical acid, HBO3, known only in the form of its salts. [1880-85; PER- + BORIC ACID] * * *
/perr byooh"neuhn/, Trademark. a brand of synthetic rubber made by copolymerizing acrylonitrile with butadiene. * * *
/perrk/, n. perk3. * * *
/peuhr kayl"/, n. a closely woven, smooth-finished, plain or printed cotton cloth, used for bed sheets, clothing, etc. [1615-25; < F < Pers pargala rag; r. percalla < Pers] * * *
/perr'keuh leen"/, n. a fine, lightweight cotton fabric, usually finished with a gloss and dyed in one color, used esp. for linings. [1855-60; < F; see PERCALE, -INE2] * * *
per cap·i·ta (pər kăpʹĭ-tə) adv. & adj. 1. Per unit of population; per person: In that year, Americans earned $15,304 per capita. Among the states, Connecticut has a high ...
▪ Quebec, Canada       city, Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region, eastern Quebec province, Canada. It lies along the Gulf of St. Lawrence, at the east end of the ...
—perceivability, perceivableness, n. —perceivably, adv. /peuhr see"veuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being perceived; perceptible. [1400-50; late ME perceyvable. See PERCEIVE, ...
See perceivable. * * *
—perceivedly /peuhr see"vid lee, -seevd"-/, adv. —perceivedness, n. —perceiver, n. —perceivingness, n. /peuhr seev"/, v.t., perceived, perceiving. 1. to become aware of, ...
See perceivable. * * *
—percental, adj. /peuhr sent"/, n. 1. Also called per centum. one one-hundredth part; 1/100. 2. percentage (defs. 1, 3). 3. Brit. stocks, bonds, etc., that bear an indicated ...
percent sign
a symbol (%) for "percent": a 10% drop in population. * * *
—percentaged, adj. /peuhr sen"tij/, n. 1. a rate or proportion per hundred. 2. an allowance, commission, or rate of interest calculated by percent. 3. a proportion in general: ...
Percentage of Woman Teachers
▪ Table elementary secondary higher level level education United States 84 46 24 ...
/peuhr sen"teuhr/, n. a person or thing that charges or pays a certain percentage, cooperates to a specified degree, etc. (used in combination): agents and other ...
/peuhr sen"tuyl, -til/, Statistics. n. 1. one of the values of a variable that divides the distribution of the variable into 100 groups having equal frequencies: Ninety percent ...
per cen·tum (pər sĕnʹtəm) n. See percent.   [Latin. See percent.] * * *
/perr"sept/, n. 1. the mental result or product of perceiving, as distinguished from the act of perceiving; an impression or sensation of something perceived. 2. something that ...
See perceptible. * * *
—perceptibility, perceptibleness, n. —perceptibly, adv. /peuhr sep"teuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being perceived; recognizable; appreciable: a perceptible change in his ...
See perceptibility. * * *
—perceptional, adj. /peuhr sep"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or faculty of apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding. 2. immediate or intuitive ...
See perception. * * *
—perceptively, adv. —perceptivity, perceptiveness, n. /peuhr sep"tiv/, adj. 1. having or showing keenness of insight, understanding, or intuition: a perceptive analysis of ...
See perceptive. * * *
See perceptively. * * *
See perceptively. * * *
▪ computer science  a type of artificial neural network investigated by Frank Rosenblatt, beginning in 1957, at the Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory at Cornell University in ...
—perceptually, adv. /peuhr sep"chooh euhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving perception. [1875-80; PERCEPT + -ual, on the model of CONCEPT, CONCEPTUAL] * * *
perceptual constancy
▪ psychology also called  Object Constancy, or Constancy Phenomenon,         the tendency of animals and humans to see familiar objects as having standard shape, ...
perceptual learning
      the effects of past experience on sensory perceptions.       An organism's readiness to learn is of primary importance to its survival, and this readiness ...
See perceptual. * * *
/perr"seuh veuhl/, n. 1. Spencer, 1762-1812, British statesman: prime minister 1809-12. 2. Arthurian Romance. Percival. * * * Hero of Arthurian legend. His childlike innocence ...
Perceval, Spencer
born Nov. 1, 1762, London, Eng. died May 11, 1812, London British prime minister (1809–12). He entered Parliament in 1796 and supported William Pitt's policy of war with ...
perch1 —perchable, adj. /perrch/, n. 1. a pole or rod, usually horizontal, serving as a roost for birds. 2. any place or object, as a sill, fence, branch, or twig, for a bird, ...
/peuhr chans", -chahns"/, adv. 1. Literary. perhaps; maybe; possibly. 2. Archaic. by chance. [1300-50; ME, var. of par chance by chance < AF. See PER, CHANCE] * * *
/pairsh/; Fr. /perddsh/, n. a former division of N France. * * * ▪ region, France       region of northern France on the border of Normandy, mainly in the east of the ...
perched rock
also called  Mushroom Rock, or Pedestal Rock,         boulder balanced on a pinnacle rock, another boulder, or in some other precarious position. Some perched rocks form ...
/perr"cheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that perches. 2. a bird whose feet are adapted for perching. [1575-85; PERCH1 + -ER1] * * *
/perr"cheuh ron', -sheuh-/, n. one of a French breed of draft horses, having a gray or black coat. Also called Percheron Norman. [1870-75; < F; named after Perche, French ...
perching bird
any member of the avian order Passeriformes. [1815-25] * * *
perching duck
▪ bird       any of the species of the tribe Cairinini, family Anatidae (order Anseriformes), waterfowl that typically inhabit wet woodlands, nest in holes in trees, and ...
/peuhr klawr"ayt, -klohr"-/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of perchloric acid, as potassium perchlorate, KClO4. [1820-30; PER- + CHLORATE] * * *
/peuhr klawr"ik, -klohr"-/, adj. Chem. of or derived from perchloric acid. [1810-20; PER- + CHLORIC] * * *
perchloric acid
Chem. a colorless, syrupy hygroscopic liquid, HClO4, an acid of chlorine containing one more oxygen atom than chloric acid: used chiefly as a reagent in analytical ...
per·chlo·ric acid (pər-klôrʹĭk, -klōrʹ-) n. A clear colorless liquid, HClO4, explosively unstable under some conditions, that is a powerful oxidant used as a catalyst ...
/peuhr klawr"uyd, -id, -klohr"-/, n. Chem. the chloride of any particular element or group with the maximum proportion of chlorine. [1810-20; PER- + CHLORIDE] * * *
—perchlorination, n. /peuhr klawr"euh nayt', -klohr"-/, v.t., perchlorinated, perchlorinating. Chem. to combine with the maximum proportion of chlorine. [1855-60; PER- + ...
a combination of per- and chloro- 2: perchloromethane. Also, perchlor-. * * *
/peuhr klawr'oh eth"ayn, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. hexachloroethane. [PERCHLORO- + ETHANE] * * *
/peuhr klawr'oh eth"euh leen', -klohr'-/, n. Chem. tetrachloroethylene. [1870-75; PERCHLORO- + ETHYLENE] * * *
/peuhr klawr'oh meth"ayn, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. See carbon tetrachloride. [PERCHLORO- + METHANE] * * *
/perddkh"tah/, n. Germanic Myth. the goddess of death and of fertility: sometimes identified with Holle. Also, Berchta. * * *
per·cia·tel·li (pûr'chə-tĕlʹē, pĕr'chä-tĕlʹlē) n. Pasta in long hollow thick strands.   [Italian dialectal, diminutive pl. of perciato past participle of perciare, ...
Percier, Charles; and Fontaine, Pierre (-François-Léonard)
▪ French architect Respectively,   born Aug. 22, 1764, Paris died Sept. 5, 1838, Paris born Sept. 20, 1762, Pontoise, Fr. died Oct. 10, 1853, Paris       pair of ...
▪ fish order Introduction       any member of the order Perciformes, a group of bony fishes with more than 6,000 species placed in about 150 families. The order is the ...
See percipient. * * *
See percipience. * * *
—percipience, percipiency, n. /peuhr sip"ee euhnt/, adj. 1. perceiving or capable of perceiving. 2. having perception; discerning; discriminating: a percipient choice of ...
/perr"seuh veuhl/, n. 1. Also, Perceval, Percivale. Arthurian Romance. a knight of King Arthur's court who sought the Holy Grail: comparable to Parzival or Parsifal in Teutonic ...
Percivale [pʉr′si vəl] n. 〚see PERCIVAL〛 Arthurian Legend a knight who is allowed to see the Holy Grail * * *
/perr"klohz'/, n. parclose. * * *
/perr"keuh dan'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for a preparation containing aspirin, oxycodone, caffeine, and other ingredients, used for the relief of pain. * * *
/perr"koyd/, adj. 1. belonging to the Percoidea, a group of acanthopterygian fishes comprising the true perches and related families, and constituting one of the largest natural ...
—percolable, adj. —percolative, adj. v. /perr"keuh layt'/; n. /perr"keuh lit, -layt'/, v., percolated, percolating, n. v.t. 1. to cause (a liquid) to pass through a porous ...
/perr'keuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or state of percolating or of being percolated. 2. Pharm. the extraction of the soluble principles of a crude drug by the passage of a ...
/perr"keuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. a kind of coffeepot in which boiling water in a repeated process is forced up a hollow stem, filters down through ground coffee in a sievelike ...
per con·tra (pər kŏnʹtrə) adv. 1. On the contrary. 2. By way of contrast.   [Latin per contrā: per, per + contrā, against.] * * *
/peuhr kerr"euhnt, -kur"-/, adj. Bot. extending through the entire length, as a midrib through a leaf. [1570-80; < L percurrent- (s. of percurrens), prp. of percurrere to run ...
/peuhr kus"/, v.t. 1. Med. to strike or tap for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. 2. to strike (something) so as to shake or cause a shock to. v.i. 3. Med. to strike the ...
—percussional, adj. /peuhr kush"euhn/, n. 1. the striking of one body against another with some sharpness; impact; blow. 2. Med. the striking or tapping of the surface of a ...
percussion cap
a small metallic cap or cup containing fulminating powder, formerly exploded by percussion to fire the charge of small arms. [1815-25] * * *
percussion flaking
a method of forming a flint tool by striking flakes from a stone core with another stone or a piece of bone or wood. * * *
percussion instrument
a musical instrument, as the drum, cymbal, triangle, xylophone, or piano, that is struck to produce a sound, as distinguished from string or wind instruments. [1870-75] * * * A ...
percussion lock
a gunlock on a firearm that fires by striking a percussion cap. Cf. flintlock. [1820-30] * * *
percussion welding
a form of resistance welding in which the required pressure is provided by a hammerlike blow. * * *
percussion cap n. A thin metal cap containing an explosive substance, such as fulminate of mercury, that explodes on being struck. * * *
percussion instrument n. An instrument, such as a drum, xylophone, piano, or maraca, in which sound is produced by one object striking another or by being scraped or shaken. * * *
/peuhr kush"euh nist/, n. a musician who plays percussion instruments. [1810-20; PERCUSSION + -IST] * * *
—percussively, adv. —percussiveness, n. /peuhr kus"iv/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by percussion. [1785-95; PERCUSS(ION) + -IVE] * * *
See percussive. * * *
See percussively. * * *
/peuhr kus"euhr/, n. Med. plexor. [1885-90; < NL, L: one that beats, equiv. to percut-, s. of percutere to beat (see PERCUSS) + -tor -TOR, with tt > ss] * * *
/perr'kyooh tay"nee euhs/, adj. administered, removed, or absorbed by way of the skin, as an injection, needle biopsy, or transdermal drug. [1885-90; PER- + CUTANEOUS] * * *
See percutaneous. * * *

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