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Слова на букву oil-pius (15990)

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▪ France       town, Dordogne département, Aquitaine région, southwestern France. It lies on the right bank of the Isle River, east-northeast of Bordeaux and ...
/peuh rij"euh neuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. situated around the pistil on the edge of a cuplike receptacle, as stamens or petals. 2. having stamens, petals, etc., so arranged. [1800-10; < ...
/peuh rij"euh nee/, n. Bot. a perigynous condition. [1875-80; PERIGYN(OUS) + -Y3] * * *
See perihelion. * * *
—perihelial, perihelian, adj. /per'euh hee"lee euhn, -heel"yeuhn/, n., pl. perihelia /-hee"lee euh, -heel"yeuh/. Astron. the point in the orbit of a planet or comet at which it ...
Perijá, Mountains of
▪ mountains, South America Spanish  Serranía De Perijá,  also called  Sierra De Perijá         mountain chain, the northward extension of the Andean Cordillera ...
See perikaryon. * * *
/per'i kar"ee on', -euhn/, n., pl. perikarya /-kar"ee euh/. Biol. See cell body. [1895-1900; PERI- + Gk káryon nut, kernel] * * *
—perilless, adj. /per"euhl/, n., v., periled, periling or (esp. Brit.) perilled, perilling. n. 1. exposure to injury, loss, or destruction; grave risk; jeopardy; danger: They ...
peril point
the lower limit of a tariff on a commodity at which import of that commodity would have a seriously adverse effect on the local producers. [1945-50] * * *
/peuh ril"euh/, n. any of several aromatic Asian plants belonging to the genus Perilla, of the mint family, esp. P. frutescens, which has become naturalized in the eastern U.S. ...
perilla oil
a light yellow oil, obtained from the seeds of mints of the genus Perilla, used in the Orient as a cooking oil and elsewhere in the manufacture of varnish, printing ink, and ...
—perilously, adv. —perilousness, n. /per"euh leuhs/, adj. involving or full of grave risk or peril; hazardous; dangerous: a perilous voyage across the Atlantic in a small ...
See perilous. * * *
See perilously. * * *
Perils of China's Explosive Growth
▪ 2008 Introduction by Dorothy-Grace Guerrero The China of 2007 was indeed a far cry from the country that in the 1950s Swedish Nobel Prize-winning economist Gunnar Myrdal ...
Perils of Pauline
a very popular series of early US silent films telling a continuous story, released in 1914. At the end of each film the main character Pauline, played by Pearl White, was shown ...
/per"i loohn'/, n. the point in a lunar orbit that is nearest to the moon. Cf. apolune. [1955-60; PERI- + -lune < L luna moon, on the model of PERIGEE] * * *
—perilymphatic, adj. /per"i limf'/, n. Anat. the fluid between the bony and membranous labyrinths of the ear. [1830-40; PERI- + LYMPH] * * *
See perilymph. * * *
Perim Island
▪ island, Yemen Arabic  Barīm,         island in the Strait of Mandeb off the southwestern coast of Yemen, to which it belongs. A rocky volcanic island, lying just ...
—perimeterless, adj. —perimetral, perimetric /per'euh me"trik/, perimetrical, adj. —perimetrically, adv. —perimetry, n. /peuh rim"i teuhr/, n. 1. the border or outer ...
perimetric [per΄ə me′trik] adj. 1. of or by a perimeter, or boundary 2. of perimetry: Also perimetrical perimetrically adv. * * * See perimeter. * * *
See perimetric. * * *
See perimetric. * * *
perimetry [pə rim′ə trē] n. the testing of the scope of vision by means of a perimeter * * *
—perimorphic, perimorphous, adj. —perimorphism, n. /per"euh mawrf'/, n. a crystal of one mineral enclosing that of another mineral. Cf. endomorph (def. 1). [1880-85; PERI- + ...
See perimorph. * * *
See perimorphic. * * *
See perimorphic. * * *
—perimysial, adj. /per'euh miz"ee euhm, -mizh"-/, n., pl. perimysia /-miz"ee euh, -mizh"-/. Anat. the connective tissue surrounding bundles of skeletal muscle fibers. [1835-45; ...
—perinatally, adv. /per'euh nayt"l/, adj. occurring during or pertaining to the phase surrounding the time of birth, from the twentieth week of gestation to the twenty-eighth ...
See perinatal. * * *
—perinatologist, n. /per'euh nay tol"euh jee/, n. a field of medicine focusing on problems emerging during the perinatal period. [1975-80; PERI- + NAT(AL) + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
/peuhr in"dee/, adv. (in prescriptions) in the same manner as before. [ < L] * * *
See perineum. * * *
See perinephrium. * * *
See perinephral. * * *
See perinephral. * * *
—perinephral, perinephrial, perinephric, adj. /per'euh nef"ree euhm/, n., pl. perinephria /-nef"ree euh/. Anat. the capsule of connective tissue that envelops the kidney. [ < ...
—perineal, adj. /per'euh nee"euhm/, n., pl. perinea /-nee"euh/. Anat. 1. the area in front of the anus extending to the fourchette of the vulva in the female and to the scrotum ...
See perineurium. * * *
—perineurical, adj. /per'euh noor"ee euhm, -nyoor"-/, n., pl. perineuria /-noor"ee euh, -nyoor"-/. Anat. the sheath of connective tissue that encloses a bundle of nerve ...
/per'euh nooh"klee euhr, -nyooh"-/ or, by metathesis, /-kyeuh leuhr/, adj. Cell Biol. 1. situated near or occurring around the nucleus. 2. pertaining to the narrow space between ...
/pear"ee euhd/, n. 1. a rather large interval of time that is meaningful in the life of a person, in history, etc., because of its particular characteristics: a period of ...
period of revolution
Astron. period (def. 19b). * * *
period of rotation
Astron. period (def. 19a). * * *
period piece
something, as a novel, painting, or building, of interest or value primarily because it evokes or epitomizes a particular period of history. [1925-30] * * *
period-luminosity relation
/pear"ee euhd looh'meuh nos"i tee/, Astron. the relationship between the period of light variation and of the absolute magnitude of Cepheid variable stars. [1945-50] * * *
/peuh ruy"euh dayt'/, n. Chem. a salt of a periodic acid, as sodium periodate, Na2H3IO6. [1830-40; PERIOD(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
periodic1 —periodically, adv. /pear'ee od"ik/, adj. 1. recurring at intervals of time: periodic revivals of an interest in handicrafts. 2. occurring or appearing at regular ...
periodic acid
/perr"uy od"ik, perr'-/, Chem. any of a series of acids derived from I2O7 by the addition of water molecules, as HIO4 or H5IO6. [1830-40] * * *
periodic decimal
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/, Math. See repeating decimal. * * *
periodic function
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/, Math. a function of a real or complex variable that is periodic. Cf. periodic1 (def. 5). * * *
periodic law
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/, Chem. 1. the law that the properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers. 2. Also called Mendeleev's law. (originally) the ...
periodic motion
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/, Physics. any motion that recurs in identical forms at equal intervals of time. * * * Motion that is repeated in equal intervals of time. The time of ...
periodic paralysis
▪ pathology       any of the forms of a rare disorder that is characterized by relatively short-term, recurrent attacks of muscle weakness. Usually the disorder is ...
periodic sentence
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/ a sentence that, by leaving the completion of its main clause to the end, produces an effect of suspense, as in Unable to join the others at the dance ...
periodic system
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/, Chem. a system of classification of the elements based on the periodic law. [1870-75] * * *
periodic table
/pear"ee od"ik, pear'-/, Chem. a table illustrating the periodic system, in which the chemical elements, formerly arranged in the order of their atomic weights and now according ...
Periodic variation of the properties of oxides of the elements of the third period
▪ Table Periodic variation of the properties of oxides of the elements of the third period group 1 group 2 group 13 group 14 group 15 group 16 group 17 reaction of oxides ...
per·i·od·ic acid (pûr'ī-ŏdʹĭk) n. A white, crystalline inorganic acid, HIO4·2H2O, used as an oxidizer. * * *
—periodicalism, n. —periodicalist, n. —periodicalness, n. /pear'ee od"i keuhl/, n. 1. a magazine or other journal that is issued at regularly recurring intervals. adj. 2. ...
periodical cicada.
See seventeen-year locust. [1885-90] * * *
periodical cicada n. A cicada of the genus Magicicada of the eastern United States whose 17-year or 13-year life cycle consists almost entirely of a nymphal stage spent ...
periodically [pir΄ē äd′ik lē, pir΄ē äd′i kə lē] adv. 1. at regular intervals 2. from time to time; recurrently * * * See periodic. * * *
/pear'ee euh dis"i tee/, n. the character of being periodic; the tendency to recur at regular intervals. [1825-35; < F périodicité. See PERIODIC1, -ITY] * * *
pe·ri·od·ic law (pĭr'ē-ŏdʹĭk) n. Chemistry The principle that the properties of the elements recur periodically as their atomic numbers increase. * * *
periodic sentence n. A sentence in which the main clause or its predicate is withheld until the end; for example, Despite heavy winds and nearly impenetrable ground fog, the ...
periodic table n. Chemistry A tabular arrangement of the elements according to their atomic numbers so that elements with similar properties are in the same column. * * *
/peuh ruy"euh duyd', -did/, n. Chem. an iodide with the maximum proportion of iodine. [1810-20; PERIOD(IC ACID) + -IDE] * * *
/per'ee euh don"tl/, adj. Dentistry. 1. of or pertaining to the periodontium. 2. of or pertaining to periodontics. 3. of or pertaining to the periodontal membrane. Also, ...
periodontal disease
any of various mixed bacterial infections that affect the soft tissues and bones supporting the teeth. Cf. pyorrhea. * * *
periodontal membrane
Dentistry. the collagenous, fibrous connective tissue between the cementum of the tooth and the alveolus. Also, pericementum. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ anatomy also called ...
See periodontal. * * *
per·i·o·don·tia (pĕr'ē-ə-dŏnʹshə) n. Periodontics. * * *
See periodontics. * * *
See periodontic. * * *
—periodontic, adj. /per'ee euh don"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of dentistry dealing with the study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium. Also, ...
/per'ee euh don"tist/, n. a specialist in periodontics. [1915-20; PERIODONT(ICS) + -IST] * * *
/per'ee oh don tuy"tis/, n. Dentistry. inflammation of the periodontium caused by bacteria that infect the roots of teeth and the surrounding gum crevices, producing bleeding, ...
/per'ee euh don"sheuhm, -shee euhm/, n., pl. periodontia /-sheuh, -shee euh/. the bone, connective tissue, and gum surrounding and supporting a tooth. Also, ...
/per'ee oh don tol"euh jee/, n. periodontics. [1910-15; PERIODONT(IA) + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
/per'ee oh don toh"sis/, n. Dentistry. (no longer in technical use) See rapidly advancing juvenile periodontitis. [1935-40; PERIODONT(IUM) + -OSIS] * * *
➡ hockey * * *
—perioecic, perioecid, adj. /per'ee ee"suy/, n.pl., sing. Perioecus /-keuhs/. the inhabitants of ancient Laconia, constituting a dependent people of Sparta, who governed ...
perionychia1 /per'ee oh nik"ee euh/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the perionychium. [1875-80; < NL < Gk peri- PERI- + onych- (s. of ónyx) nail (see ONYX) + -ia ...
/per'ee oh nik"ee euhm/, n., pl. perionychia /-nik"ee euh/. Anat. the epidermis surrounding the base and sides of a fingernail or toenail. [1900-05; < NL; see PERIONYCHIA1, ...
See periosteum. * * *
See periosteal. * * *
—periosteal, periosteous, adj. —periosteally, adv. /per'ee os"tee euhm/, n., pl. periostea /-tee euh/. Anat. the normal investment of bone, consisting of a dense, fibrous ...
See periostitis. * * *
—periostitic /per'ee o stit"ik/, adj. /per'ee o stuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the periosteum. [1835-45; PERIOST(EUM) + -ITIS] * * *
—periostracal, adj. /per'ee os"treuh keuhm/, n., pl. periostraca /-keuh/. the external, chitinlike covering of the shell of certain mollusks that protects the limy portion from ...
/per'ee oh"tik, -ot"ik/, adj. Anat. 1. surrounding the ear. 2. noting or pertaining to certain bones or bony elements that form or help to form a protective capsule for the ...
—peripatetically, adv. —peripateticism /per'euh peuh tet"euh siz'euhm/, n. /per'euh peuh tet"ik/, adj. 1. walking or traveling about; itinerant. 2. (cap.) of or pertaining to ...
pe·rip·a·tus (pə-rĭpʹə-təs) n. See onychophoran.   [New Latin Peripatus, genus name, from Greek peripatos, walking about, from peripatein, to walk about. See ...
/per'euh pi tuy"euh, -tee"euh/, n. a sudden turn of events or an unexpected reversal, esp. in a literary work. Also, peripetia, peripety /peuh rip"i tee/. [1585-95; < Gk ...
pe·rip·e·ty (pə-rĭpʹĭ-tē) n. Peripeteia.   [French péripétie, from Greek peripeteia. See peripeteia.] * * *
—peripherally, adv. /peuh rif"euhr euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to, situated in, or constituting the periphery: peripheral resistance on the outskirts of the battle area. 2. ...
peripheral nervous system
the portion of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord. [1930-35] * * *
peripheral vision
all that is visible to the eye outside the central area of focus; side vision. * * *
/peuh rif"euhr euh liz'euhm/, n. Psychol. the explanation of psychological events emphasizing peripheral human functions, as those of skeletal muscles or the sex organs, rather ...
See peripheral. * * *
peripheralnervous system
peripheral nervous system n. The part of the vertebrate nervous system constituting the nerves outside the central nervous system and including the cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ...
—peripherically, adv. /per'euh fer"ik/, adj. peripheral (defs. 1-3). [1800-10] * * *
/peuh rif"euh ree/, n., pl. peripheries. 1. the external boundary of any surface or area. 2. the external surface of a body. 3. the edge or outskirts, as of a city or urban ...
/peuh rif"reuh sis/, n., pl. periphrases /-seez'/. 1. the use of an unnecessarily long or roundabout form of expression; circumlocution. 2. an expression phrased in such ...
—periphrastically, adv. /per'euh fras"tik/, adj. 1. circumlocutory; roundabout. 2. Gram. noting a construction of two or more words having the same syntactic function as an ...
See periphrastic. * * *
—periphytic /per'euh fit"ik/, adj. /peuh rif"i ton'/, n. Ecol. the community of tiny organisms, as protozoans, hydras, insect larvae, and snails, that lives on the surfaces of ...
/per"euh plaz'euhm/, n. an outer cytoplasmic layer that surrounds the oosphere in certain fungi. [1885-90; PERI- + -PLASM] * * *
See periplasm. * * *
per·i·plast (pĕrʹə-plăst') n. 1. An outer layer surrounding the cell membrane of certain microorganisms, such as a spirochete. 2. A cell membrane or cell wall. * * *
—periproctal, periproctic, periproctous, adj. /per"euh prokt'/, n. (in certain echinoids) that part of the body surface bordering the anus. [1875-80; PERI- + -proct < Gk ...
/peuh rip"teuhr euhl/, adj. (of a classical temple or other structure) surrounded by a single row of columns. [1820-30; < L peripter(on) ( < Gk, n. use of neut. of perípteros ...
/peuh rip"teuh ree/, n., pl. peripteries. a peripteral building. [ < Gk perípter(os) (see PERIPTERAL) + -Y3] * * *
/peuh reek"/, n. a strong, rich-flavored tobacco produced in Louisiana, usually blended with other tobaccos. [1880-85, Amer.; allegedly after Périque, nickname of Pierre Chenet, ...
—perisarcal, perisarcous, adj. /per"euh sahrk'/, n. Zool. the horny or chitinous outer case or covering protecting the soft parts of hydrozoans. [1870-75; PERI- + -sarc < Gk ...
See perisarc. * * *
See perisarcal. * * *
/per"euh skohp'/, n. 1. an optical instrument for viewing objects that are above the level of direct sight or in an otherwise obstructed field of vision, consisting essentially ...
/per'euh skop"ik/, adj. 1. Optics. (of certain lenses in special microscopes, cameras, etc.) giving distinct vision obliquely, or all around, as well as, or instead of, in a ...
See periscopic. * * *
—perishless, adj. —perishment, n. /per"ish/, v.i. 1. to die or be destroyed through violence, privation, etc.: to perish in an earthquake. 2. to pass away or disappear: an ...
See perishable. * * *
—perishability, perishableness, n. —perishably, adv. /per"i sheuh beuhl/, adj. 1. subject to decay, ruin, or destruction: perishable fruits and vegetables. n. 2. Usually, ...
See perishability. * * *
See perishability. * * *
—perishingly, adv. /per"i shing/, adj. causing destruction, ruin, extreme discomfort, or death: lost in the perishing cold. [1400-50; late ME; see PERISH, -ING2] * * *
per·i·sperm (pĕrʹĭ-spûrm') n. Botany The nutritive tissue that is derived from the nucleus and surrounds the embryo of the seed. * * *
/per"euh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Mycol. a membrane surrounding a spore. [1840-50; PERI- + -SPORE] * * *
—perissodactylous, adj. /peuh ris'oh dak"til/, adj. 1. having an uneven number of toes or digits on each foot. n. 2. any mammal of the order Perissodactyla, comprising the ...
See perissodactyl. * * *
/peuh ris"tl ith/, n. a group of stones encircling a mound, dolmen, or the like. [1880-85; < Gk perísta(tos) surrounded (verbid of periístanai to stand round, equiv. to peri- ...
/per'euh stawl"sis, -stal"-/, n., pl. peristalses /-seez/. Physiol. the progressive wave of contraction and relaxation of a tubular muscular system, esp. the alimentary canal, by ...
—peristaltically, adv. /per'euh stawl"tik, -stal"-/, adj. Physiol. of, pertaining to, or resembling peristalsis. [1645-55; < Gk peristaltikós compressing, equiv. to peri- ...
See peristaltic. * * *
/pe'rddee ste"rddee/, n. a city in SE Greece, constituting part of Greater Athens. 118,413. * * *
/peuh ris"teuh ruyt'/, n. a whitish, iridescent variety of albite, used as a gem. [1835-45; < Gk perister(á) pigeon, dove + -ITE1] * * * ▪ gemstone       iridescent ...
See peristome. * * *
—peristomal, peristomatic /per'euh steuh mat"ik/, peristomial, adj. /per"euh stohm'/, n. 1. Bot. the one or two circles of small, pointed, toothlike appendages around the ...
See peristomal. * * *
See peristyle. * * *
—peristylar, adj. /per"euh stuyl'/, n. Archit. 1. a colonnade surrounding a building or an open space. 2. an open space, as a courtyard, surrounded by a colonnade. [1605-15; < ...
/per'euh stuy"lee euhm, -stil"ee-/, n., pl. peristylia /-stuy"lee euh, -stil"ee euh/. a peristyle. [1665-75; < L peristylium < Gk peristýlion, dim. of perístylon PERISTYLE] * * ...
/per'i tek"tik/, adj. Physical Chem. of or noting the phase intermediate between a solid and the liquid that results from the melting of the solid. [1920-25; PERI- + Gk tektikós ...
See perithecium. * * *
—perithecial, adj. /per'euh thee"shee euhm, -see euhm/, n., pl. perithecia /-shee euh, -see euh/. Mycol. the fruiting body of ascomycetous fungi, typically a minute, more or ...
—perithelial, adj. /per'euh thee"lee euhm/, n., pl. perithelia /-lee euh/. Anat. the connective tissue surrounding certain small vessels, as capillaries. [1875-80; < NL, equiv. ...
See peritoneum. * * *
/per'i tn ee"euh luyz'/, v.t., peritonealized, peritonealizing. Surg. to cover with peritoneum. Also, esp. Brit., peritonealise. [PERITONEAL + -IZE] * * *
See peritoneal. * * *
—peritoneal, adj. —peritoneally, adv. /per'i tn ee"euhm/, n., pl. peritoneums, peritonea /-tn ee"euh/. Anat. the serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity and investing its ...
—peritonitic /per'i tn it"ik/, peritonital, adj. /per'i tn uy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the peritoneum, often accompanied by pain and tenderness in the abdomen, ...
/per"i trayt'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of pentaerythritol tetranitrate. * * *
per·i·trich (pĕrʹĭ-trĭk') n. pl. pe·rit·richs, also pe·rit·ri·cha (pə-rĭtʹrĭ-kə) Any of various protozoans, such as the vorticella, having a wide oral opening ...
—peritrich, peritrichan /peuh ri"treuh kin/, n. /peuh ri"tri kit, -kayt'/, adj. (of bacteria) having flagella on the entire surface. Also, peritrichic /per'i trik"ik/. [PERI- + ...
/peuh ri"tri keuhs/, adj. 1. (of bacteria) having a uniform distribution of flagella over the body surface. 2. (of certain protozoans) having cilia arranged spirally around the ...
See peritrichous. * * *
peritus [pə rēt′əs, pe rē′toos] n. pl. periti [pə rē′tī΄, pə rē′tē, perē′tī΄, perē′tē] 〚L〛 an expert; specif., a skilled theologian used as a ...
/per'euh vis"euhr euhl/, adj. Anat. surrounding or situated about the viscera. [1865-70; PERI- + VISCERAL] * * *
/per"i wig'/, n. a wig, esp. a peruke. [1520-30; earlier perwyke, alter. of MF perruque PERUKE] * * *
periwig chair
a chair of c1700 having a high, caned back with an elaborately carved cresting. * * *
periwinkle1 /per"i wing'keuhl/, n. 1. any of various marine gastropods or sea snails, esp. Littorina littorea, used for food in Europe. 2. the shell of any of these ...
Periyar River
River, central Kerala state, southwestern India. It is 140 mi (225 km) long and rises in the Western Ghats range near the border with Tamil Nadu state. It flows north to Periyar ...
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
▪ wildlife preserve, India       wildlife preserve in south-central Kerala state, southern India. The sanctuary is noted for herds of Asian elephants, sometimes having ...
—perjurement, n. —perjurer, n. /perr"jeuhr/, v.t., perjured, perjuring. to render (oneself) guilty of swearing falsely or of willfully making a false statement under oath or ...
—perjuredly, adv. —perjuredness, n. /perr"jeuhrd/, adj. 1. guilty of perjury. 2. characterized by or involving perjury: perjured testimony. [1425-75; late ME; see PERJURE, ...
See perjure. * * *
See perjury. * * *
See perjurious. * * *
—perjurious /peuhr joor"ee euhs/, adj. —perjuriously, adv. —perjuriousness, n. /perr"jeuh ree/, n., pl. perjuries. Law. the willful giving of false testimony under oath or ...
perk1 —perkingly, adv. —perkish, adj. /perrk/, v.i. 1. to become lively, cheerful, or vigorous, as after depression or sickness (usually fol. by up): The patients all perked ...
See perky. * * *
/perr"kin/, n. Sir William Henry, 1838-1907, English chemist. * * *
Perkin Warbeck
➡ Warbeck * * *
Perkin, Sir William Henry
▪ British chemist born March 12, 1838, London died July 14, 1907, Sudbury, near Harrow, Middlesex, Eng.       British chemist who discovered aniline ...
See perkily. * * *
/perr"kinz/, n. 1. Frances, 1882-1965, U.S. sociologist: Secretary of Labor 1933-45. 2. Maxwell (Evarts), 1884-1947, U.S. editor. * * * (as used in expressions) Gilman Charlotte ...
Perkins, Anthony
born April 4, 1932, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 12, 1992, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. film actor. He was the son of the actor Osgood Perkins, and he studied at Columbia ...
Perkins, Carl
▪ 1999       American musician and songwriter (b. April 9, 1932, Tiptonville, Tenn.—d. Jan. 19, 1998, Jackson, Tenn.), was a pioneer of rockabilly, a fusion of blues, ...
Perkins, Charles Nelson
▪ 2001       Australian civil servant and activist (b. June 16, 1936, Alice Springs, N.Terr.—d. Oct. 18, 2000, Sydney, N.S.W.), was the first indigenous Australian to ...
Perkins, Frances
orig. Fannie Coralie Perkins born April 10, 1882, Boston, Mass., U.S. died May 14, 1965, New York, N.Y. U.S. public official. She became a social worker in New York City and a ...
Perkins, George Walbridge
▪ American executive born Jan. 31, 1862, Chicago died June 18, 1920, Stamford, Conn., U.S.       U.S. insurance executive and financier who organized the health ...
Perkins, Jacob
born July 9, 1766, Newburyport, Mass., U.S. died July 30, 1849, London, Eng. U.S. inventor. He built a machine to cut and head nails in one operation с 1790. He developed a ...
Perkins, Lucy Fitch
▪ American writer née  Lucy Fitch  born July 12, 1865, Maples, Ind., U.S. died March 18, 1937, Pasadena, Calif.       American writer of children's books, best ...
Perkins, Maxwell
▪ American editor in full  Maxwell Evarts Perkins   born Sept. 20, 1884, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 17, 1947, Stamford, Conn.  influential American editor who ...
Perkins, Maxwell (Evarts)
born Sept. 20, 1884, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 17, 1947, Stamford, Conn. U.S. editor. He worked as a reporter for The New York Times before joining the publishing firm of ...
Per·kins (pûrʹkĭnz), Frances. 1882-1965. American social reformer and public official. As U.S. secretary of labor (1933-1945) she was the first woman to hold a cabinet ...
Perkins,Maxwell Evarts
Perkins, Maxwell Evarts. 1884-1947. American editor who helped develop the talents of a number of great writers, including F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, and Thomas ...
▪ Baltic god Latvian“Thunderer”Lithuanian  Perkūnas , Old Prussian  Perkunis        sky deity of Baltic religion, renowned as the guardian of law and order and ...
—perkily, adv. —perkiness, n. /perr"kee/, adj., perkier, perkiest. jaunty; cheerful; brisk; pert. [1850-55; PERK1 + -Y1] * * *
Oak. 1. Zero-grade form *pr̥kʷ-. fir, probably from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Icelandic fȳri, fir, from Germanic *furh-jōn-. 2. Assimilated form *kʷerkʷu-. cork, ...
in full Practical Extraction and Reporting Language. High-level computer programming language, the most popular language for writing CGI scripts and the premier scripting (or ...
Perl, Martin Lewis
▪ American physicist born June 24, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American physicist who received the 1995 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovering a subatomic ...
/perrl/, n. a medicinal capsule that resembles a pearl in shape. [1885-90; < F: lit., PEARL1] * * *
perle cotton.
See pearl cotton. * * *
/per"lay euh/, n. Jonel /zhoh"nel/, 1900-70, U.S. conductor and composer, born in Rumania. * * *
Perlemuter, Vladislas
▪ 2003 “Vlado”        Polish-born French pianist (b. May 26, 1904, Kovno, Russian Empire [now Kaunas, Lithuania]—d. Sept. 4, 2002, Paris, France), became one of ...
/perr"lis/, n. a state in Malaysia, on the SW Malay Peninsula. 121,062; 310 sq. mi. (803 sq. km). Cap.: Kangar. * * *
—perlitic /perr lit"ik/, adj. /perr"luyt/, n. Petrog. a volcanic glass in which concentric fractures impart a distinctive structure resembling masses of small spheroids, used ...
See perlite. * * *
Perlman, Itzhak
born Aug. 31, 1945, Tel Aviv, Palestine Israeli-born U.S. violinist. Despite a bout with polio at age four that left his legs paralyzed, he was a prodigy, and he made his U.S. ...
Perl·man (pûrlʹmən), Itzhak. Born 1945. Israeli-born American violinist noted for his technical brilliance. * * *
—perlocution, n. /perr'leuh kyooh"sheuh ner'ee/, adj. Philos., Ling. (of a speech act) producing an effect upon the listener, as in persuading, frightening, amusing, or causing ...
/peuhr looh"si deuhs/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cloud) having transparent spaces between the elements. [ < NL; see PER-, LUCID] * * *
/perrm/, Informal. n. 1. permanent (def. 4). v.t. 2. to give (the hair) a permanent. v.i. 3. to apply a permanent to the hair. [1925-30; by shortening] * * * ▪ ...
/perrm, pairm/; Russ. /pyerddm/, n. a city in the E Russian Federation in Europe, on the Kama River. 1,091,000. Formerly, Molotov. * * * ▪ Russia formerly  (1940–57) ...
/perr"meuh pres'/, adj. permanent-press. [by shortening] * * *
See permaculturist. * * *
per·ma·cul·ture (pûrʹmə-kŭl'chər) n. A system of perennial agriculture emphasizing the use of renewable natural resources and the enrichment of local ...
See permaculture. * * *
/perr"meuh frawst', -frost'/, n. (in arctic or subarctic regions) perennially frozen subsoil. Also called pergelisol. [1943; PERMA(NENT) + FROST] * * * Perennially frozen earth, ...
permafrost table
the variable surface constituting the upper limit of permafrost. Cf. frostline (def. 2). * * *
/perrm'al"oy, perr"meuh loy'/, Trademark. a brand name for any of a class of alloys of high magnetic permeability, containing from 30 to 90 percent nickel. [1920-25; PERM(ANENT) ...
/perr"meuh neuhns/, n. the condition or quality of being permanent; perpetual or continued existence. [1400-50; late ME < ML permanentia. See PERMANENT, -ENCE] * * *
/perr"meuh neuhn see/, n., pl. permanencies for 2. 1. permanence. 2. something that is permanent. [1545-55; < ML permanentia. See PERMANENT, -ENCY] * * *
—permanently, adv. —permanentness, n. /perr"meuh neuhnt/, adj. 1. existing perpetually; everlasting, esp. without significant change. 2. intended to exist or function for a ...
Permanent Court of Arbitration
official name of the Hague Tribunal. * * *
Permanent Court of International Justice
official name of the World Court. * * *
permanent echo
Electronics. a radar signal reflected to a radar station on the ground by a building or other fixed object. * * *
permanent lens.
See intraocular lens. * * *
permanent magnet
—permanent magnetism. a magnet that retains its magnetism after being removed from an external magnetic field. [1820-30] * * *
permanent mold
Metalworking. a reusable metal mold used for making a large number of identical castings. * * *
permanent press
—permanent-press, adj. 1. a process in which a fabric is chemically treated to make it wrinkle-resistant so as to require little or no ironing after washing. 2. the condition ...
Permanent Secretary
n a senior officer in the British Civil Service who often has the job of advising a government minister: the Permanent Secretary at the Foreign Office Compare parliamentary ...
permanent tooth
any of the 32 adult teeth that replace the 20 milk teeth. [1830-40] * * *
permanent wave
permanent wave n. PERMANENT (n. ) * * *
permanent way
Brit. the roadbed and track of a railroad. [1830-40] * * *
See permanent press. * * *
See permanent. * * *
permanent magnet n. A piece of magnetic material that retains its magnetism after it is removed from a magnetic field. * * *
See permanently. * * *
permanent press n. In both senses also called durable press. 1. A chemical process in which fabrics are permanently shaped and treated for wrinkle resistance. 2. A fabric treated ...
permanent tooth n. One of the second set of teeth in mammals that grow as the milk teeth are shed. Humans have 32 permanent teeth. * * *
/peuhr mang"geuh nayt'/, n. Chem. a salt of permanganic acid, as potassium permanganate. [1835-45; PERMANGAN(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
/perr'man gan"ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from permanganic acid. [1830-40; PER- + MANGANIC] * * *
permanganic acid
Chem. an acid, HMnO4, known only in solution. [1830-40] * * *
per·man·gan·ic acid (pûr'măn-gănʹĭk, -măng-) n. An unstable inorganic acid, HMnO4, existing only in dilute solution. Its purple aqueous solution is used as an oxidizing ...
per·ma·temp (pûrʹmə-tĕmp') n. A person who works on a long-term basis without being treated as a permanent employee, especially one who agrees to a series of temporary ...
/perr'mee euh bil"i tee/, n. 1. the property or state of being permeable. 2. Also called magnetic permeability. Elect. a measure of the change in magnetic induction produced when ...
—permeableness, n. —permeably, adv. /perr"mee euh beuhl/, adj. capable of being permeated. [1400-50; late ME < LL permeabilis, equiv. to permea(re) to PERMEATE + -bilis ...
See permeable. * * *
/perr"mee euh mee'teuhr, perr'mee am"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring magnetic permeability. [1885-90; PERMEA(BILITY) + -METER] * * *
/perr"mee euhns/, n. 1. the act of permeating. 2. the conducting power of a magnetic circuit for magnetic flux; the reciprocal of magnetic reluctance. [1835-45; PERME(ANT) + ...
/perr"mee euhnt/, adj. permeating; pervading. [1640-50; < L permeant- (s. of permeans), prp. of permeare to PERMEATE; see -ANT] * * *
/perr"mee ays', -ayz'/, n. Biochem. any of the proteins that mediate the transport of various molecules across biological membranes. [ < F perméase (1956), equiv. to ...
—permeation, n. —permeative, adj. —permeator, n. /perr"mee ayt'/, v., permeated, permeating. v.t. 1. to pass into or through every part of: Bright sunshine permeated the ...
See permeant. * * *
See permeant. * * *
Permeke, Constant
▪ Belgian sculptor born July 31, 1886, Antwerp, Belgium died January 4, 1952, Ostend       painter and sculptor, who was significant in the development of ...
per·meth·rin (pər-mĕthʹrĭn) n. A topical insecticide, C21H20CL2O3, used to treat head lice and nits, scabies, and various species of ticks.   [per- + (res)methrin, a ...
/perr"mee euhn/, adj. 1. Geol. noting or pertaining to a period of the Paleozoic Era occurring from about 280 to 230 million years ago and characterized by a profusion of ...
Permian Basin
▪ area, Texas, United States also called  West Texas Basin   large sedimentary basin in western Texas and southeastern New Mexico, U.S., noted for its rich petroleum, ...
Permian Period
Interval of geologic time, 290–248 million years ago. The last of the six periods of the Paleozoic Era, it follows the Carboniferous Period. During the Permian, the continents ...
/perr"mik/, n. a subfamily of Finnic, comprising the modern languages Udmurt and Komi, spoken in northeastern European Russia, and fragmentary attestations of an earlier language ...
Permic languages
also called  Permian,         division of the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family, consisting of the Udmurt (Votyak), Komi (Zyryan), and Permyak ...
per mil also per mill adv. Per thousand.   [per + (short for Latin mīlle, thousand. See gheslo-.] * * *
/peuhr mil"ij/, n. a rate or proportion per thousand. Cf. percentage (def. 1). [1885-90; PER MILL + -AGE] * * *
See permissible. * * *
—permissibility, permissibleness, n. —permissibly, adv. /peuhr mis"euh beuhl/, adj. that can be permitted; allowable: a permissible amount of sentimentality under the ...
permissible yield
Ecol. See allowable cut. * * *
See permissibility. * * *

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