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See permissibility. * * *
—permissioned, adj. —permissory /peuhr mis"euh ree/, adj. /peuhr mish"euhn/, n. 1. authorization granted to do something; formal consent: to ask permission to leave the ...
—permissively, adv. —permissiveness, n. /peuhr mis"iv/, adj. 1. habitually or characteristically accepting or tolerant of something, as social behavior or linguistic usage, ...
permissive society
(usually the permissive society) n [sing] (often disapprov) the social conditions and attitudes in countries such as Britain and the US in the 1960s and 1970s, when there was a ...
See permissive. * * *
See permissively. * * *
—permissivist, n. /peuhr mis"euh viz'euhm/, n. lenience toward or indulgence of a wide variety of social behavior. [1965-70; PERMISSIVE + -ISM] * * *
permit1 —permittedly, adv. —permittee /perr'mi tee"/, n. —permitter, n. v. /peuhr mit"/; n. /perr"mit, peuhr mit"/, v., permitted, permitting, n. v.t. 1. to allow to do ...
See permit. * * *
See permittee. * * *
/perr'mi tiv"i tee/, n., pl. permittivities. Elect. the ratio of the flux density produced by an electric field in a given dielectric to the flux density produced by that field ...
permonosulfuric acid
/peuhr mon"oh sul fyoor"ik/, Chem. See persulfuric acid (def. 1). [PER- + MONO- + SULFURIC ACID] * * *
See permute. * * *
See permutability. * * *
See permutability. * * *
/perr"myoo tayt', peuhr myooh"tayt/, v.t., permutated, permutating. 1. to cause (something) to undergo permutation. 2. to arrange (items) in a different sequence. [1590-1600; < L ...
—permutational, adj. —permutationist, n. /perr'myoo tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of permuting or permutating; alteration; transformation. 2. Math. a. the act of changing the ...
permutation group
a mathematical group whose elements are permutations and in which the product of two permutations is the same permutation as is obtained by performing them in ...
See permutation. * * *
permutations and combinations
Number of ways a subset of objects can be selected from a given set of objects. In a permutation, order is important; in a combination, it is not. Thus, there are six ...
—permutable, adj. —permutability, permutableness, n. —permutably, adv. —permuter, n. /peuhr myooht"/, v.t., permuted, permuting. 1. to alter; change. 2. Math. to subject ...
/perr'neuhm byooh"koh, -booh"-/; Port. /perdd'nahm booh"koo/, n. 1. a state in NE Brazil. 6,240,836; 38,000 sq. mi. (98,420 sq. km). Cap.: Recife. 2. former name of Recife. * * ...
/perr"neuhn see/, n. Law. a taking or receiving, as of the rents or profits of an estate. [1635-45; alter. of AF pernance, metathetic var. of OF prenance lit., a taking, equiv. ...
—perniciously, adv. —perniciousness, n. /peuhr nish"euhs/, adj. 1. causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful: pernicious teachings; a pernicious lie. 2. ...
pernicious anemia
Pathol. a severe anemia caused by the diminution or absence of stomach acid secretion, with consequent failure of the gastric mucosa to secrete the intrinsic factor necessary for ...
pernicious anemia n. A severe anemia most often affecting older adults, caused by failure of the stomach to absorb vitamin B12 and characterized by abnormally large red blood ...
See pernicious. * * *
See perniciously. * * *
—pernicketiness, n. /peuhr nik"i tee/, adj. persnickety. [1800-10; orig. Scots; of uncert. orig.; the prefix per- occurs in a number of other expressive words in Scots, e.g. ...
Bulg. /perdd"nik/, n. former name of Dimitrovo. * * * ▪ Bulgaria formerly  (1949–62) Dimitrovo,         town, west-central Bulgaria. The town is located on the ...
/perr"nee oh'/, n. Pathol. chilblain. [1670-80; < L pernio chilblain on the foot, deriv. of pern(a) haunch of the leg; see -ION] * * *
/pair noh"/; Fr. /perdd naw"/, Trademark. a brand of green, aromatic anise- and licorice-flavored liqueur, originally from France. * * *
/perr"neuhr, -nawr/, n. Law. a person who takes or receives the rents, profits, or other benefit of an estate, lands, etc. [1300-50; ME pernour < AF, metathetic var. of OF ...
▪ pathology       congenital absence or malformation of the extremities, of rare occurrence until the thalidomide tragedy in the early 1960s. Peromelia is caused by ...
/peuh rohn"/; Sp. /pe rddawn"/, n. 1. Eva Duarte de /ee"veuh dwahr"tay deuh/; Sp. /e"vah dwahrdd"te dhe/, 1919-52, Argentine political figure (wife of Juan Perón). 2. Juan ...
Perón, Eva
▪ Argentine leader in full  Eva Duarte de Perón , née  María Eva Duarte , byname  Evita  born May 7, 1919, Los Toldos, Arg. died July 26, 1952, Buenos Aires  second ...
Perón, Eva (Duarte de)
known as Evita orig. María Eva Duarte born May 7, 1919, Los Toldos, Arg. died July 26, 1952, Buenos Aires Second wife of Argentine president Juan Perón and a powerful though ...
Perón, Isabel
▪ president of Argentina in full  Isabel Martínez de Perón , née  María Estela Martínez Cartas  born Feb. 4, 1931, La Rioja, Arg.    president of Argentina ...
Perón, Isabel (Martínez de)
orig. María Estela Martínez Cartas born Feb. 4, 1931, La Rioja, Arg. Third wife of Juan Perón and president of Argentina (1974–76). Born into a lower-middle-class family, ...
Perón, Juan
▪ president of Argentina Introduction in full  Juan Domingo Perón   born Oct. 8, 1895, Lobos, Buenos Aires provincia, Argentina died July 1, 1974, Buenos Aires  army ...
Perón, Juan (Domingo)
born Oct. 8, 1895, Buenos Aires province, Arg. died July 1, 1974, Buenos Aires President of Argentina (1946–55, 1973–74). After attending military school, he served in the ...
Perón,Juan Domingo
Pe·rón (pə-rōnʹ, pĕ-), Juan Domingo. 1895-1974. Argentine soldier and president (1946-1955 and 1973-1974). His second wife, (Maria) Eva Duarte de Perón (1919-1952), known ...
/per'euh nee"euhl/, adj. Anat. pertaining to or situated near the fibula. [1825-35; < NL perone the fibula ( < Gk peróne orig., linchpin, pin of a buckle or brooch) + -AL1] * * *
/per'euh nee"euhs/, n., pl. peronei /-nee"uy/. Anat. any of several muscles on the outer side of the leg, the action of which assists in extending the foot and in turning it ...
/peuh roh"niz euhm/, n. (sometimes l.c.) the principles or policies of Juan Perón. Also, Peronismo /per'euh niz"moh/; Sp. /pe'rddaw neez"maw/. [1945-50; < Sp peronismo; see ...
/peuh roh"nist/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. a supporter of Juan Perón or of his principles and policies. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Juan Perón or Peronism. [1945-50; < Sp ...
/per'euh nis"teuh/; Sp. /pe'rddaw nees"tah/, n., pl. Peronistas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. Peronist. * * *
—perorally, adv. /peuh rawr"euhl, -rohr"-/, adj. administered or performed through the mouth, as surgery or administration of a drug. [1905-10; PER- + ORAL] * * *
See peroral. * * *
—perorator, n. /per"euh rayt'/, v.i., perorated, perorating. 1. to speak at length; make a long, usually grandiloquent speech. 2. to bring a speech to a close with a formal ...
—perorational, perorative, adj. —peroratorical /peuh rawr'euh tawr"i keuhl, -ror'euh tor"-/, adj. —peroratorically, adv. —peroratory /peuh rawr"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, ...
See peroration. * * *
▪ bird disease       a disorder of chicks (chicken), turkey poults, and young swans (swan), characterized by enlargement of the hock, twisted metatarsi (metatarsal), ...
Perot, H(enry) Ross
born June 27, 1930, Texarkana, Texas, U.S. U.S. businessman. After graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy, he served in the navy (1953–57). He worked for IBM from 1957 to ...
Perot, Ross
▪ American businessman in full  Henry Ross Perot   born June 27, 1930, Texarkana, Texas, U.S.    American businessman and philanthropist who ran as an independent ...
▪ French composer Latin  Perotinus   died 1238?, Paris?, France       French composer of sacred polyphonic music, who is believed to have introduced the composition ...
/per'euh tuy"neuhs, -tee"-/, n. ("Magnus Magister") fl. late 12th to early 13th century, French composer. Also called Perotin /per"euh teen'/, Pérotin Fr. /pay rddaw taonn"/. * ...
/peuh roh"veuh/; Russ. /pyi rddaw"veuh/, n. a former city in the W Russian Federation, incorporated into Moscow. * * *
/peuh rof"skuyt, -rov"-/, n. Mineral. a naturally occurring titanate of calcium, CaTiO3, found as yellow, brown, or black cubic crystals, usually in metamorphic rocks. [1835-45; ...
/peuh rok"si days', -dayz'/, n. Biochem. any of a class of oxidoreductase enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of a compound by the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide or an ...
—peroxidation, n. /peuh rok"si dayt'/, v.t., v.i., peroxidated, peroxidating. Chem. peroxidize. [1855-60; PER- + OXIDATE] * * *
—peroxidic /perr'ok sid"ik/, adj. /peuh rok"suyd/, n., v., peroxided, peroxiding. n. 1. Chem. a. hydrogen peroxide, H2O2 or H-O-O-H. b. a compound containing the bivalent group ...
See peroxide. * * *
/peuh rok"si duyz'/, v.t., v.i., peroxidized, peroxidizing. Chem. to convert into a peroxide, esp. of the highest oxidation potential. Also, esp. Brit., peroxidise. [1820-30; ...
See peroxisome. * * *
☆ peroxisome [pər äk′si sōm΄ ] n. 〚
/peuh rok"see/, adj. Chem. containing the peroxy group. [1955-60; PER- + OXY-2] * * *
peroxy acid
▪ chemical compound also called  Peracid,         any of a class of chemical compounds in which the atomic group −O−O−H replaces the −O−H group of an oxy ...
peroxy group
Chem. the bivalent group -O2-, derived from hydrogen peroxide. Also called peroxy radical. [1970-75] * * *
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which the peroxy group is present: peroxyborate. * * *
peroxyacetyl nitrate
peroxyacetyl nitrate [pər äk΄sē ə sēt′'l] n. 〚 PER- + OXY-1 + ACETYL〛 an unstable nitrogen compound, found in certain types of smog, that is an irritant, esp. to the ...
/peuh rok'see as"id/, n. Chem. an acid derived from hydrogen peroxide and containing the -O-O- group, as peroxysulfuric acid, H2S2O8. [1960-65; PEROXY- + ACID] * * *
/peuh rok'see bawr"ayt, -it, -bohr"-/, n. Chem. perborate. [PEROXY- + BORATE] * * *
peroxydisulfuric acid
/peuh rok"see duy'sul fyoor"ik, -rok'-/, Chem. See persulfuric acid (def. 2). [PEROXY- + DI-1 + SULFURIC ACID] * * *
peroxymonosulfuric acid
/peuh rok"see mon"oh sul fyoor"ik, -rok'see mon'-/, Chem. See persulfuric acid (def. 1). [PEROXY- + MONO- + SULFURIC ACID] * * *
peroxysulfuric acid
/peuh rok"see sul fyoor"ik, -rok'-/, Chem. See persulfuric acid (def. 1). [PEROXY- + SULFURIC ACID] * * *
/perrp/, n. Police Slang. the perpetrator of a crime. * * *
perpendicular. * * *
perpend1 /perr"peuhnd/, n. a large stone passing through the entire thickness of a wall. Also, parpen, perpent. Also called through stone. [1225-75; var. of PARPEN, PARPEND, ME ...
—perpendicularity, perpendicularness, n. —perpendicularly, adv. /perr'peuhn dik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. vertical; straight up and down; upright. 2. Geom. meeting a given line or ...
Perpendicular style
Phase of late Gothic architecture in England roughly parallel in time to the French Flamboyant style. The style, concerned with creating rich visual effects through decoration, ...
See perpendicular. * * *
See perpendicularity. * * *
/perr"peuhnt/, n. perpend1. * * *
—perpetrable /perr"pi treuh beuhl/, adj. —perpetration, n. —perpetrator, n. /perr"pi trayt'/, v.t., perpetrated, perpetrating. 1. to commit: to perpetrate a crime. 2. to ...
See perpetrate. * * *
See perpetration. * * *
▪ Christian martyr in full  Vibia Perpetua  born c. 182 died March 7, 203, feast day March 7, Carthage [now a residential suburb of Tunis, Tunisia]       Christian ...
—perpetuality, perpetualness, n. —perpetually, adv. /peuhr pech"ooh euhl/, adj. 1. continuing or enduring forever; everlasting. 2. lasting an indefinitely long time: ...
perpetual adoration
Rom. Cath. Ch. uninterrupted adoration of the Blessed Sacrament. * * *
perpetual calendar
1. a calendar devised to be used for many years, as in determining the day of the week on which a given date falls. 2. a desk calendar with months, days, and dates that can be ...
perpetual check
Chess. 1. a continuing series of checks resulting in a drawn game because they cannot be halted or evaded without resulting in checkmate or a serious disadvantage. 2. the ...
perpetual motion
Mech. the motion of a theoretical mechanism that, without any losses due to friction or other forms of dissipation of energy, would continue to operate indefinitely at the same ...
perpetual calendar n. A chart or mechanical device that indicates the day of the week corresponding to any given date over a period of many years. * * *
See perpetual. * * *
perpetual motion n. The hypothetical continuous operation of an isolated mechanical device or other closed system without a sustaining energy source. * * *
See perpetuate. * * *
—perpetuable, adj. —perpetuation, perpetuance /peuhr pech"ooh euhns/, n. —perpetuator, n. /peuhr pech"ooh ayt'/, v.t., perpetuated, perpetuating. 1. to make perpetual. 2. ...
See perpetuance. * * *
See perpetuance. * * *
/perr'pi tooh"i tee, -tyooh"-/, n., pl. perpetuities. 1. the state or character of being perpetual (often prec. by in): to desire happiness in perpetuity. 2. endless or ...
/peuhr fen"euh zeen', -zin/, n. Pharm. a crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C21H26ClN3OS, used chiefly as a tranquilizer and in the treatment of intractable hiccoughs and ...
/perdd pee nyahonn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Pyrénées-Orientales, in the S extremity of France. 107,971. * * * City (pop., 1999: 105,115), southern France. Located ...
—perplexer, n. —perplexingly, adv. /peuhr pleks"/, v.t. 1. to cause to be puzzled or bewildered over what is not understood or certain; confuse mentally: Her strange response ...
—perplexedly /peuhr plek"sid lee/, adv. —perplexedness, n. /peuhr plekst"/, adj. 1. bewildered; puzzled: a perplexed state of mind. 2. complicated; involved; ...
See perplexed. * * *
See perplex. * * *
/peuhr plek"si tee/, n., pl. perplexities. 1. the state of being perplexed; confusion; uncertainty. 2. something that perplexes: a case plagued with perplexities. 3. a tangled, ...
/perr"kweuh zit/, n. 1. an incidental payment, benefit, privilege, or advantage over and above regular income, salary, or wages: Among the president's perquisites were free use ...
/peuh roh", pe-/; Fr. /pe rddoh"/, n. 1. Charles /chahrlz/; Fr. /shannrddl/, 1628-1703, French poet, critic, and author of fairy tales. 2. his brother, Claude /klawd/; Fr. ...
Perrault, Charles
born Jan. 12, 1628, Paris, France died May 15/16, 1703, Paris French poet, prose writer, and storyteller. Perrault began to win a literary reputation с 1660 with light verse ...
Perrault, Claude
▪ French physician and architect born Sept. 25, 1613, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 9, 1688, Paris  French physician and amateur architect who, together with Louis Le Vau, Charles Le ...
Perrault, Pierre
▪ French hydrologist born 1611?, Paris, Fr. died 1680, Paris       French hydrologist whose investigation of the origin of springs was instrumental in establishing the ...
Per·rault (pə-rōʹ, pĕ-), Charles. 1628-1703. French writer. His Contes de ma Mère l'Oye (c. 1697) includes “Tom Thumb” and “Sleeping Beauty.” * * *
Perréal, Jean
▪ French artist Perréal also spelled  Peréal,  also called  Johannes Parisiensus, or Jean De Paris  born c. 1460, , Paris?, Fr. died , June/July, 1530, ...
Perrers, Alice
▪ English mistress also called  Alice De Windsor   died 1400       mistress of King Edward III of England. She exercised great influence at the aging monarch's court ...
/pe rdday"/, n. Auguste /oh gyuust"/, 1874-1954, French architect. * * *
Perret, Auguste
▪ French architect born Feb. 12, 1874, near Brussels, Belg. died Feb. 25, 1954, Paris, Fr.  French architect notable for his pioneering contributions to the vocabulary of ...
Perrier [per΄ē ā′, per′ē ā΄] trademark for an effervescent mineral water from a spring in southern France n. this water, or a serving of it * * *
/pe rddaonn"/, n. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, 1870-1942, French physicist and chemist: Nobel prize for physics 1926. * * *
Perrin, Ami
▪ Swiss religious leader died 1561       Swiss opponent of the religious Reformer John Calvin at Geneva and leader of the anti-Calvinist Libertines.       A ...
Perrin, Jean
▪ French physicist in full  Jean-Baptiste Perrin  born Sept. 30, 1870, Lille, France died April 17, 1942, New York, N.Y., U.S.  French physicist who, in his studies of the ...
/perr"uyn/, n. a town in S Florida. 16,129. * * *
Perrine, Charles Dillon
▪ American astronomer born July 28, 1867, Steubenville, Ohio, U.S. died June 21, 1951, Villa General Mitre, Arg.       U.S. astronomer who discovered the sixth and ...
/per"euhn/; Fr. /pe rddawonn"/, n., pl. perrons /per"euhnz/; Fr. /pe rddawonn"/. Archit. an outside platform upon which the entrance door of a building opens, with steps leading ...
Perron, Edgar du
▪ Dutch writer and critic born Nov. 2, 1899, Meester Cornelis, Java died May 14, 1940, Bergen, Neth.       writer and critic, cofounder with Menno ter Braak (Braak, ...
/pe rddaw ne"/, n. Jean Rodolphe /zhahonn rddaw dawlf"/, 1708-94, French engineer. * * *
Perronet, Jean
▪ French engineer born Oct. 8, 1708, Suresnes, Fr. died Feb. 27, 1794, Paris       French civil engineer renowned for his stone- arch bridges, especially the Pont de la ...
/peuh roh", pe-/; Fr. /pe rddoh"/, n. Nicolas /nik"euh leuhs/; Fr. /nee kaw lah"/, 1644-1717, North American fur trader and explorer in the Great Lakes region, born in France. * ...
Perrot, Jules
▪ French dancer and choreographer in full  Jules-Joseph Perrot  born August 18, 1810, Lyon, France died August 18, 1892, Paramé  French virtuoso dancer and master ...
Perrot, Jules (-Joseph)
born Aug. 18, 1810, Lyon, Fr. died Aug. 24, 1892, Paramé French dancer and choreographer. After studying with Auguste Vestris, he debuted at the Paris Opéra in 1830. He often ...
Perrot, Nicolas
▪ French fur trader, official, and explorer born 1644, France died Aug. 13, 1717, Lower Canada       French fur trader, North American colonial official, and ...
Perrot, Sir John
▪ lord deputy of Ireland born c. 1527, , Harroldston, Pembrokeshire, Wales died September 1592, London  lord deputy of Ireland from 1584 to 1588, who established an English ...
/per"ee/, n., pl. perries. a fermented beverage similar to cider, made from the juice of pears. [1275-1325; ME pereye < MF perey, var. of pere
/per"ee/, n. 1. Antoinette, 1888-1946, U.S. actress, theatrical manager, and producer. 2. Bliss, 1860-1954, U.S. educator, literary critic, and editor. 3. Frederick John (Fred), ...
Perry Como
➡ Como * * *
Perry Mason
➡ Mason * * *
Perry, Antoinette
▪ American actress and director in full  Mary Antoinette Perry  born June 27, 1888, Denver, Colo., U.S. died June 28, 1946, New York, N.Y.       American actress and ...
Perry, Bliss
▪ American editor born Nov. 25, 1860, Williamstown, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 13, 1954, Exeter, N.H.       U.S. scholar and editor, especially noted for his work in ...
Perry, Frank
▪ 1996       U.S. director of such wide-ranging films as David and Lisa, Diary of a Mad Housewife, Mommie Dearest, and On the Bridge, which dealt with his battle against ...
Perry, Frederick John
▪ 1996       ("FRED"), British tennis player (b. May 18, 1909, Stockport, Cheshire, England—d. Feb. 2, 1995, Melbourne, Australia), during the period 1933-36 led ...
Perry, Grayson
▪ 2005       Having achieved celebrity status by winning the 2003 Turner Prize, one of the art world's premier honours, British potter Grayson Perry in 2004 mounted a ...
Perry, Lee
▪ Jamaican musician byname of  Rainford Hugh Perry  born March 28, 1936, Kendal, Jamaica       Jamaican producer, songwriter, singer, and disc jockey who helped ...
Perry, Lilla Cabot
▪ American artist original name  Lilla Cabot  born January 13, 1848, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. died February 28, 1933, Hancock, New Hampshire       American artist ...
Perry, Matthew C
▪ United States naval officer born April 10, 1794, South Kingston, R.I., U.S. died March 4, 1858, New York City  U.S. naval officer who headed an expedition that forced ...
Perry, Matthew C(albraith)
born April 10, 1794, South Kingston, R.I., U.S. died March 4, 1858, New York, N.Y. U.S. naval officer. He followed his brother Oliver Perry into the navy and commanded the ...
Perry, Nora
▪ American journalist and poet born 1831, Dudley, Mass., U.S. died May 13, 1896, Dudley       American journalist, poet, and children's author whose sentimental works ...
Perry, Oliver Hazard
born Aug. 20, 1785, South Kingston, R.I., U.S. died Aug. 23, 1819, at sea U.S. naval officer. The older brother of Matthew Perry, he entered the navy in 1799 and served in the ...
Perry, Ralph Barton
▪ American philosopher born July 3, 1876, Poultney, Vt., U.S. died Jan. 22, 1957, Cambridge, Mass.       American educator and philosopher noted as the founder of the ...
Perry, W.J.
▪ British geographer and anthropologist in full  William James Perry  born 1868 died 1949       British geographer and anthropologist noted for his diffusionist ...
Per·ry (pĕrʹē), Antoinette. 1888-1946. American actress and director. The Antoinette Perry Awards, or Tony Awards, are named for her. * * *
Perry,Matthew Calbraith
Perry, Matthew Calbraith. 1794-1858. American naval officer who opened diplomatic and trade relations between the United States and Japan (1854). * * *
Perry,Oliver Hazard
Perry, Oliver Hazard. 1785-1819. American naval officer who led the fleet that defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie (1813) during the War of 1812. * * *
/per"eez berrg'/, n. a town in NW Ohio. 10,215. * * *
Perryville, Battle of
▪ United States history       (October 8, 1862), in the American Civil War, engagement of Union and Confederate troops as General Braxton Bragg (Bragg, Braxton) was ...
Persian. * * *
1. Persia. 2. Persian. * * *
1. person. 2. personal. * * *
/perr"sawlt'/, n. Chem. 1. (in a series of salts of a given metal or group) the salt in which the metal or group has a high, or the highest apparent, valence. 2. (loosely) the ...
/perrs/, adj. of a very deep shade of blue or purple. [1325-75; ME pers < ML persus, perh. var. of perseus kind of blue, itself alter. of L Persicus Persian] * * *
/pers, perrs/, n. St.-John /sin"jeuhn/. See St.-John Perse. * * *
Perse (pĕrs, pûrs), Saint-John. See Léger, Alexis Saint-Léger. * * *
—persecutingly, adv. —persecutive, adj. —persecutiveness, n. —persecutor, n. —persecutory /perr"si kyooh'teuh ree, -kyeuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /perr"si kyooht'/, ...
See persecute. * * *
—persecutional, adj. /perr'si kyooh"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of persecuting. 2. the state of being persecuted. 3. a program or campaign to exterminate, drive away, or subjugate a ...
See persecution. * * *
See persecutee. * * *
See persecutee. * * *
See persecutee. * * *
/perr"see id/, n. Astron. any of a shower of meteors appearing in August and radiating from a point in the constellation Perseus. [1875-80; PERSE(US) + -ID1, or directly < Gk ...
Perseids [pʉr′sē idz] pl.n. 〚< ModL Perseis (pl. Perseïdes) < Gr Persēis, sprung from Perseus〛 the heavy meteor showers visible annually about Aug. 12: they appear to ...
/peuhr say"i tee, -see"-/, n. (in medieval philosophy) the quality of those things having substance independently of any real object. [1685-95; < ML perseitas, equiv. to L per se ...
/peuhr sef"euh nee/, n. 1. Also, Proserpina, Proserpine. Class. Myth. a daughter of Zeus and Demeter, abducted by Pluto to be queen of Hades, but allowed to return to the surface ...
—Persepolitan /perr'seuh pol"i tn/, adj., n. /peuhr sep"euh lis/, n. an ancient capital of Persia: its imposing ruins are in S Iran, ab. 30 mi. (48 km) NE of Shiraz. * * ...
/perr"seez/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a son of Perseus and Andromeda and the ancestor of the kings of Persia. 2. brother of King Aeëtes of Colchis. Having murdered Aeëtes and seized ...
PerseSt. John
PerseSt. John ST. JOHN PERSE * * *
/perr"see euhs, -syoohs/, n., gen. Persei /-see uy'/ for 3. 1. Class. Myth. a hero, the son of Zeus and Danaë, who slew the Gorgon Medusa, and afterward saved Andromeda from a ...
Perseus cluster
Astron. a cluster of about 500 galaxies in the direction of the constellation Perseus, grouped around a particular Seyfert galaxy that is an intense radio source (Perseus A). * * ...
—perseverant, adj. /perr'seuh vear"euhns/, n. 1. steady persistence in a course of action, a purpose, a state, etc., esp. in spite of difficulties, obstacles, or ...
—perseverative, adj. /peuhr sev"euh rayt'/, v.i., perseverated, perseverating. to repeat something insistently or redundantly: to perseverate in reminding children of their ...
/peuhr sev'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of perseverating. 2. Psychiatry. the pathological, persistent repetition of a word, gesture, or act, often associated with ...
See perseverate. * * *
/perr'seuh vear"/, v., persevered, persevering. v.i. 1. to persist in anything undertaken; maintain a purpose in spite of difficulty, obstacles, or discouragement; continue ...
—perseveringly, adv. /perr'seuh vear"ing/, adj. displaying perseverance; resolutely persistent; steadfast: a persevering student. [1640-50; PERSEVERE + -ING2] * * *
See persevere. * * *
/perr"shing/ or, for 2, /-zhing/, n. 1. John Joseph ("Blackjack"), 1860-1948, U.S. general: commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. 2. Mil. a. a 46-ton (42 ...
Pershing II
a 38-ft. (12 m) U.S. Army surface-to-surface nuclear missile with a single warhead and range of more than 1000 mi. (1609 km). * * *
Pershing missile
➡ Pershing * * *
Pershing, John J
▪ United States general byname  Black Jack   born Sept. 13, 1860, Laclede, Mo., U.S. died July 15, 1948, Washington, D.C.  U.S. Army general who commanded the American ...
Pershing, John J(oseph)
born Sept. 13, 1860, Laclede, Mo., U.S. died July 15, 1948, Washington, D.C. U.S. army officer. He graduated from West Point and served on the western frontier (1886–98), in ...
Pershing,John Joseph
Per·shing (pûrʹshĭng, -zhĭng), John Joseph. Known as “Black Jack.” 1860-1948. American general who commanded the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War ...
/perr"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. 1. Also called Persian Empire. an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by ...
/perr"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to ancient and recent Persia (now Iran), its people, or their language. n. 2. a member of the native peoples of Iran, descended ...
Persian blinds
1. outside window shutters made of thin, movable horizontal slats. 2. (loosely) venetian blinds. * * *
Persian carpet
a handwoven carpet or rug produced in Iran and characterized by fine warp and filling yarns, a usually tight, even pile made with the Sehna knot, and a variety of floral, ...
Persian cat
a long-haired variety of the domestic cat, originally raised in Persia and Afghanistan. [1815-25] * * * Breed of stocky, round-headed domestic cat that has a long, silky coat ...
Persian deer
      fallow deer (Dama mesopotamica) of western Asia. The maral, an Asiatic red deer, also is often called Persian deer. See fallow deer. * * *
Persian Empire
Persia (def. 1). * * *
Persian Gulf
an arm of the Arabian Sea, between SW Iran and Arabia. 600 mi. (965 km) long. Also called Arabian Gulf. * * * Arm of the Arabian Sea. It is 550 mi (885 km) long and has an ...
Persian Gulf States
Persian Gulf States group of Arab sheikdoms along the Persian Gulf: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, & United Arab Emirates * * *
Persian Gulf States.
See Gulf States (def. 2). * * *
Persian Gulf War
▪ 1991 also called  Gulf War   (1990–91), international (Middle East) conflict that was triggered by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Iraq's leader, ...
Persian Gulf War, First
or Gulf War (1990–91) International conflict triggered by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. Though justified by Iraqi leader Saddām Hussein on grounds that Kuwait ...
Persian Gulf War, Second
(2003) International conflict that took place between Iraq and a combined force of troops from the United States and Great Britain, with smaller contingents from several other ...
Persian knot.
See Sehna knot. * * *
Persian lamb
1. the young lamb of the Karakul sheep. 2. the lustrous, tightly curled fur of this animal, used to make coats and hats and as a trimming on various kinds of apparel and ...
Persian language
or Farsi language Iranian language spoken by more than 25 million people in Iran as a first language, and by millions more as a second. Modern Persian is a koine developed from ...
Persian lilac
an Asian lilac, Syringa persica, having pale reddish-purple flowers. [1630-40] * * *
Persian literature
Introduction       body of writings in New Persian (also called Modern Persian), the form of the Persian language written since the 9th century with a slightly extended ...
Persian melon
1. a round variety of muskmelon having a green, reticulate, unribbed rind and orange flesh. 2. the plant bearing this fruit. * * *
Persian Royal Road
▪ ancient road, Asia       ancient road running from Susa, the ancient capital of Persia, across Anatolia to the Aegean Sea, a distance of more than 1,500 miles (2,400 ...
Persian rug
Persian rug or Persian carpet n. an Oriental rug made in Persia (Iran), having rich, soft colors in any of various intricate, often floral, patterns * * *
Persian rug.
See Persian carpet. * * *
Persian violet
any of several plants belonging to the genus Exacum, native to the Old World, as E. affine, having glossy, ovate leaves, and fragrant, bluish flowers: cultivated as a ...
Persian walnut.
See English walnut. * * *
Persian Wars
or Greco-Persian Wars (492–449 BC) Series of wars between Greek states and Persia, particularly two invasions of Greece by Persia (490, 480–479). When Darius I came to ...
Persian cat n. A stocky domestic cat having long silky fur, short legs, and a broad round head with small ears. * * *
Persian Empire See Persia. * * *
Persian Gulf also Arabian Gulf An arm of the Arabian Sea between the Arabian Peninsula and southwest Iran. It has been an important trade route since ancient times and gained ...
PersianGulf illness
Persian Gulf illness n. See Gulf War syndrome. * * *
PersianGulf War
Persian Gulf War n. See Gulf War. * * *
Persian lamb n. 1. The lamb of the karakul sheep of Asia. 2. The pelt of a Persian lamb, having glossy, tightly curled fur. * * *
Persian melon n. A variety of melon (Cucumis melo) having a strongly netted, unridged rind and musky, orange-colored flesh. * * *
Persians, The
a tragedy (472 B.C.) by Aeschylus. * * *
/perr'si ket"ee/, n. Vincent, 1915-87, U.S. composer. * * *
Persichetti, Vincent
▪ American composer born June 6, 1915, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1987, Philadelphia       American composer noted for his succinct polyphonic style (based ...
/perr'zee enz"/; Fr. /perdd syen"/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) See Persian blinds. 2. (used with a sing. v.) a printed or painted fabric of cotton or silk. [1835-45; < F, n. use ...
/perr"seuh flahzh', pair"-/, n. 1. light, bantering talk or writing. 2. a frivolous or flippant style of treating a subject. [1750-60; < F, deriv. of persifler to banter, equiv. ...
Persigny, Jean-Gilbert-Victor Fialin, Duke (duc) de
▪ French statesman born Jan. 11, 1808, Saint-Germain-Lespinasse, France died Jan. 12, 1872, Nice       French statesman who helped pave the way for Louis-Napoléon's ...
n [U] a British make of powder or liquid for washing clothes. Its advertisements claim that ‘Persil washes whiter’. * * *
/peuhr sim"euhn/, n. 1. any of several trees of the genus Diospyros, esp. D. virginiana, of North America, bearing astringent, plumlike fruit that is sweet and edible when ripe, ...
▪ ancient region, Iran Persian  Parsa,         ancient country in the southwestern part of Iran, roughly coextensive with the modern region of Fārs. Its name was ...
—persister, n. —persistingly, adv. —persistive, adj. —persistively, adv. —persistiveness, n. /peuhr sist", -zist"/, v.i. 1. to continue steadfastly or firmly in some ...
/peuhr sis"teuhns, -zis"-/, n. 1. the act or fact of persisting. 2. the quality of being persistent: You have persistence, I'll say that for you. 3. continued existence or ...
Persistence of Memory, The
a painting (1931) by Salvador Dali. * * *
persistence of vision
the retention of a visual image for a short period of time after the removal of the stimulus that produced it: the phenomenon that produces the illusion of movement when viewing ...
per·sis·ten·cy (pər-sĭsʹtən-sē) n. Persistence. * * *
—persistently, adv. /peuhr sis"teuhnt, -zis"-/, adj. 1. persisting, esp. in spite of opposition, obstacles, discouragement, etc.; persevering: a most annoyingly persistent ...
See persistent. * * *
See persist. * * *
/perr"sheuhs, -shee euhs/, n. (Aulus Persius Flaccus) A.D. 34-62, Roman satirist. * * * ▪ Roman poet in full  Aulus Persius Flaccus   born AD 34, , Volaterrae [now ...
See persnickety. * * *
—persnicketiness, n. /peuhr snik"i tee/, adj. Informal. 1. overparticular; fussy. 2. snobbish or having the aloof attitude of a snob. 3. requiring painstaking care. Also, ...
/perr"seuhn/, n. 1. a human being, whether man, woman, or child: The table seats four persons. 2. a human being as distinguished from an animal or a thing. 3. Sociol. an ...
person- [pʉr′sən] combining form person (of either sex): used occas. to avoid the masculine implication of man- [personhood] * * *
/perr"seuhn day'/, n. a unit of measurement, esp. in accountancy, based on an ideal amount of work done by one person in one working day. [1965-70] * * *
/perr"seuhn teuh perr"seuhn/, adj. 1. (of a long-distance telephone call) chargeable only upon speaking with a specified person at the number called: a person-to-person call to ...
/perr"seuhn year'/, n. a unit of measurement, esp. in accountancy, based on an ideal amount of work done by one person in a year consisting of a standard number of person-days. * ...
/peuhr soh"neuh/, n., pl. personae /-nee/, personas. 1. a person. 2. personae, the characters in a play, novel, etc. 3. the narrator of or a character in a literary work, ...
persona grata
/perdd soh"nah grddah"tah/; Eng. /peuhr soh"neuh grah"teuh, gray"teuh, grat"euh/, pl. personae gratae /perdd soh"nuy grddah"tuy/; Eng. /peuhr soh"nee grah"tee, gray"-, grat"ee/. ...
persona non grata
/perdd soh"nah nohn grddah"tah/; Eng. /peuhr soh"neuh non grah"teuh, gray"-, grat"euh/, pl. personae non gratae /perdd soh"nuy nohn grddah"tuy/; Eng. /peuhr soh"nee non grah"tee, ...
—personableness, n. —personably, adv. /perr"seuh neuh beuhl/, adj. 1. of pleasing personal appearance; handsome or comely; attractive. 2. having an agreeable or pleasing ...
See personable. * * *
See personableness. * * *
/peuhr soh"nee/, n. a collection of poems (1926) by Ezra Pound. * * *
/perr"seuh nij/, n. 1. a person of distinction or importance. 2. any person. 3. a character in a play, story, etc. [1425-75; late ME: body or image (statue, portrait) of a person ...
persona gra·ta (gräʹtə, grătʹə) adj. Fully acceptable or welcome, especially to a foreign government: The diplomat was persona grata.   [Late Latin persōna grāta: ...
—personalness, n. /perr"seuh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or coming as from a particular person; individual; private: a personal opinion. 2. relating to, directed to, or ...
personal computer
a microcomputer designed for individual use, as by a person in an office or at home or school, for such applications as word processing, data management, financial analysis, or ...
personal computer (PC)
Microcomputer designed for use by one person at a time. A typical PC assemblage comprises a CPU; internal memory consisting of RAM and ROM; data storage devices (including a ...
personal digital assistant
a hand-held computer, often pen-based, that provides esp. organizational software, as an appointment calendar, and communications hardware, as a fax modem. Abbr.: PDA. * * *
personal distance.
See personal space. [1965-70] * * *
personal effects
privately owned articles consisting chiefly of clothing, toilet items, etc., for intimate use by an individual. Cf. household effects. [1835-45] * * *
personal equation
the tendency to personal bias that accounts for variation in interpretation or approach and for which allowance must be made. [1835-45] * * *
Personal Equity Plan
(abbr PEP) n a system started by the Conservative government in Britain in 1987 to encourage people to save their money. People who bought a Personal Equity Plan could invest a ...

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