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Слова на букву oil-pius (15990)

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personal flotation device
a life preserver, life jacket, or other device for keeping a person afloat in the water: esp. in Coast Guard use. Abbr.: PFD [1970-75] * * *
personal foul
Sports. a foul called in certain games, as basketball or football, for illegal body contact or rough, unsportsmanlike play. [1820-30] * * *
personal identification number
Computers. See PIN. * * *
personal income tax
      a tax imposed by public authorities on the incomes of individuals or family units. See income tax. * * *
personal liberty
the liberty of an individual to do his or her will freely except for those restraints imposed by law to safeguard the physical, moral, political, and economic welfare of ...
personal organizer
1. a small notebook with sections for personal information, as dates and addresses. 2. a handheld computer that contains this information. * * *
personal pronoun
Gram. any one of the pronouns used to refer to the speaker, or to one or more to or about whom or which he or she is speaking, as, in English, I, we, you, he, she, it, ...
personal property
Law. an estate or property consisting of movable articles both corporeal, as furniture or jewelry, or incorporeal, as stocks or bonds (distinguished from real ...
personal rapid transit
a short system of small, self-propelled, automated, rubber-tired vehicles that usually run on elevated concrete tracks and allow a passenger a limited selection of routes, as in ...
personal space
the variable and subjective distance at which one person feels comfortable talking to another. Also called personal distance. * * *
personal staff
Mil. the aides of a general officer or a flag officer. Cf. general staff, special staff. * * *
personal trainer
a person who works one-on-one with a client to plan or implement an exercise or fitness regimen. [1990-95] * * *
personal watercraft
a jet-propelled boat or boats ridden like a motorcycle. [1990-95] * * *
personal-liberty laws
Laws passed by U.S. states in the North to counter the Fugitive Slave Acts. Such states as Indiana (1824) and Connecticut (1828) enacted laws giving escaped slaves the right to ...
personal-opinion telegram
/perr"seuh nl euh pin"yeuhn/ 1. a type of domestic telegram sent at the lowest rate with a minimum charge for 20 words or less to elected federal or state officials on a subject ...
personal care n. The occupation of attending to the physical needs of people who are disabled or otherwise unable to take care of themselves, including tasks such as bathing, ...
personal computer n. Abbr. PC A computer built around a microprocessor for use by an individual, as in an office or at home or school. * * *
personaldigital assistant
personal digital assistant n. Abbr. PDA A lightweight, hand-held, usually pen-based computer used as a personal organizer. * * *
personal effects pl.n. Privately owned items, such as keys, an identification card, or a wallet or watch, that are regularly worn or carried on one's person. * * *
personal equation n. Psychology 1. Those characteristics of a person that cause variation in observation, judgment, and reasoning. 2. An allowance or adjustment made for such ...
personal foul n. A foul in a game, such as basketball or football, that usually involves body contact with or willful roughing of an opponent. * * *
/perr'seuh nay"lee euh, -nayl"yeuh/, n.pl. 1. personal belongings. 2. biographical data, personal reminiscences, or the like: He could never keep the personalia out of his ...
—personalist, n. —personalistic, adj. /perr"seuh nl iz'euhm/, n. 1. Also called personal idealism. a modern philosophical movement locating ultimate value and reality in ...
(Spanish; "personalism") In Latin America, the practice of glorifying a leader. It often involves sacrificing the interests of political parties, ideologies, and constitutional ...
See personalism. * * *
See personalist. * * *
/perr'seuh nal"i tee/, n., pl. personalities. 1. the visible aspect of one's character as it impresses others: He has a pleasing personality. 2. a person as an embodiment of a ...
personality assessment
▪ psychology Introduction       the measurement of personal characteristics. Assessment is an end result of gathering information intended to advance psychological ...
personality disorder
Psychiatry. any of a group of mental disorders characterized by deeply ingrained maladaptive patterns of behavior and personality style, which are usually recognizable as early ...
personality inventory
Psychol. a questionnaire designed to measure personality types or characteristics. [1930-35] * * *
personality test
Psychol. an instrument, as a questionnaire or series of standardized tasks, used to measure personality characteristics or to discover personality disorders. [1910-15] * * *
personality inventory n. A questionnaire that is scored to yield a profile of the particular traits or characteristics that make up the respondent's personality. * * *
personality test n. A test, usually involving a standardized series of questions or tasks, used to describe or evaluate a subject's personality characteristics. * * *
See personalize. * * *
—personalization, n. /perr"seuh nl uyz'/, v.t., personalized, personalizing. 1. to have marked with one's initials, name, or monogram: to personalize stationery. 2. to make ...
personalized number plate
➡ driving * * *
/perr"seuh nl ee/, adv. 1. through direct contact; in person; directly: I will thank him personally. 2. as if intended for or directed at one's own person: to take someone's ...
personal pronoun n. A pronoun designating the person speaking (I, me, we, us), the person spoken to (you), or the person or thing spoken about (he, she, it, they, him, her, ...
personal property n. Law Temporary or movable property. * * *
/perr"seuh nl tee/, n., pl. personalties. Law. personal estate or property. [1600-10; < AF personalte < LL personalitas PERSONALITY] * * *
personal watercraft n. 1. A motorized recreational water vehicle normally ridden by straddling a seat. 2. (used with a pl. verb) Such water vehicles considered as a group. * * *
personanon grata
persona non gra·ta (nŏn gräʹtə, grătʹə) adj. Fully unacceptable or unwelcome, especially to a foreign government: The diplomat was persona non grata.   [Late Latin ...
personate1 —personation, n. —personative, adj. —personator, n. /perr"seuh nayt'/, v., personated, personating. v.t. 1. to act or portray (a character in a play, a part, ...
See personate1. * * *
See personation. * * *
See personation. * * *
/perr"seuhn hood'/, n. 1. the state or fact of being a person. 2. the state or fact of being an individual or having human characteristics and feelings: a harsh prison system ...
—personificator, n. /peuhr son'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions, esp. as a rhetorical ...
See personify. * * *
—personifiable, adj. —personifiant, adj. —personifier, n. /peuhr son"euh fuy'/, v.t., personified, personifying. 1. to attribute human nature or character to (an inanimate ...
/perr'seuh nel"/, n. 1. a body of persons employed in an organization or place of work. 2. (used with a pl. v.) persons: All personnel are being given the day off. 3. See ...
personnel agency
an agency for placing employable persons in jobs; employment agency. * * *
personnel department
the department in an organization dealing with matters involving employees, as hiring, training, labor relations, and benefits. Also called human resources ...
/peuhr sawrp"sheuhn, -zawrp"-/, n. Physical Chem. the deep penetration of a liquid into a highly porous solid, resulting in an intimate mixture. [1925-30; PER- + (AD)SORPTION] * ...
See perspective. * * *
—perspectival, adj. —perspectived, adj. —perspectiveless, adj. —perspectively, adv. /peuhr spek"tiv/, n. 1. a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on ...
perspective scenery
▪ theatre       in theatre, scenery and the scene design technique that represents three-dimensional space on a flat surface, creating an illusion of reality and an ...
See perspectival. * * *
—perspectivist, n., adj. /peuhr spek"teuh viz'euhm/, n. Philos. the doctrine that reality is known only in terms of the perspectives of it seen by individuals or groups at ...
Perspex [pʉr′speks΄] trademark for a hard, transparent plastic, an acrylic resin similar to Plexiglas n. Brit. [p-] this plastic * * *
—perspicaciously, adv. —perspicaciousness, n. /perr'spi kay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. having keen mental perception and understanding; discerning: to exhibit perspicacious ...
See perspicacious. * * *
See perspicaciously. * * *
/perr'spi kas"i tee/, n. 1. keenness of mental perception and understanding; discernment; penetration. 2. Archaic. keen vision. [1540-50; earlier perspicacite < LL perspicacitas ...
/perr'spi kyooh"i tee/, n. 1. clearness or lucidity, as of a statement. 2. the quality of being perspicuous. [1470-80; < L perspicuitas. See PERSPICUOUS, -ITY] Syn. 1. clarity, ...
—perspicuously, adv. —perspicuousness, n. /peuhr spik"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. clearly expressed or presented; lucid. 2. perspicacious. [1470-80; < L perspicuus transparent, ...
See perspicuous. * * *
See perspicuously. * * *
/perr"speuh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. a salty, watery fluid secreted by the sweat glands of the skin, esp. when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. 2. the act or process ...
/peuhr spuy"reuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, perr"speuhr euh-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or stimulating perspiration. [1715-25; PERSPIRAT(ION) + -ORY1] * * *
—perspirability, n. —perspirable, adj. —perspiringly, adv. —perspiry, adj. /peuhr spuyeur"/, v., perspired, perspiring. v.i. 1. to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the ...
/pair"seuhn/; Sw. /perdd"sawn/, n. Göran /yue"rddahn/, born 1949, prime minister of Sweden since 1996. * * *
Persson, Göran
▪ prime minister of Sweden born Jan. 20, 1949, Vingåker, Swed.    politician who was prime minister of Sweden from 1996 to 2006. Persson led the Swedish Social Democratic ...
See persuade. * * *
—persuadable, adj. —persuadability, persuadableness, n. —persuadably, adv. —persuadingly, adv. /peuhr swayd"/, v.t., persuaded, persuading. 1. to prevail on (a person) to ...
/peuhr sway"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that persuades: The cool lake was a most enticing persuader for those who liked to swim. 2. Slang. a. (in underworld use) a gun, ...
See persuasible. * * *
—persuasibility, n. /peuhr sway"seuh beuhl, -zeuh-/, adj. capable of being persuaded; open to or yielding to persuasion. [1350-1400; ME < L persuasibilis convincing, equiv. to ...
See persuasibility. * * *
/peuhr sway"zheuhn/, n. 1. the act of persuading or seeking to persuade. 2. the power of persuading; persuasive force. 3. the state or fact of being persuaded or convinced. 4. a ...
—persuasively, adv. —persuasiveness, n. /peuhr sway"siv, -ziv/, adj. 1. able, fitted, or intended to persuade: a very persuasive argument. n. 2. something that persuades; ...
See persuasive. * * *
See persuasively. * * *
/peuhr sul"fayt/, n. Chem. a salt of persulfuric acid, as potassium persulfate, K2S2O5 or K2S2O8. [1805-15; PER- + SULFATE] * * *
persulfuric acid
/perr"sul fyoor"ik, perr'-/, Chem. 1. Also called Caro's acid, permonosulfuric acid, peroxymonosulfuric acid, peroxysulfuric acid. a white, crystalline solid, H2SO5, used as an ...
—pertly, adv. —pertness, n. /perrt/, adj., perter, pertest. 1. boldly forward in speech or behavior; impertinent; saucy. 2. jaunty and stylish; chic; natty. 3. lively; ...
/perrt/, n. a management method of controlling and analyzing a system or program using periodic time and money reports, often computer generated, to determine dollar and labor ...
pertaining. * * *
/peuhr tayn"/, v.i. 1. to have reference or relation; relate: documents pertaining to the lawsuit. 2. to belong or be connected as a part, adjunct, possession, or attribute. 3. ...
/perrth/, n. 1. Also called Perthshire. a historic county in central Scotland. 2. a city in this county: a port on the Tay River. 42,438. 3. a city in and the capital of Western ...
Perth Amboy
/am"boy/ a seaport in E New Jersey. 38,951. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States       city and port of entry, Middlesex county, east-central New Jersey, U.S. It lies at ...
Perth and Kinross
▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area, central Scotland. It encompasses the historic county of Kinross-shire (Kinross, which covers a small area ...
Perth Am·boy (ămʹboi') A city of east-central New Jersey on Raritan Bay opposite Staten Island. It was settled in the late 17th century and is today an industrial center and ...
—perthitic /peuhr thit"ik/, adj. —perthitically, adv. /perr"thuyt/, n. Mineral a variety of feldspar containing irregular bands of albite in microcline. [1832; named after ...
/perrth"shear, -sheuhr/, n. Perth (def. 1). * * * ▪ historical region, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Perth        historic county of central Scotland, ...
—pertinaciously, adv. —pertinaciousness, n. /perr'tn ay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. holding tenaciously to a purpose, course of action, or opinion; resolute. 2. stubborn or ...
See pertinacious. * * *
See pertinaciously. * * *
/perr'tn as"i tee/, n. the quality of being pertinacious; persistence. [1495-1505; < LL pertinacitas, for L pertinacia stubbornness, perseverance ( > obs. pertinacy), equiv. to ...
Pertinax, Publius Helvius
▪ Roman emperor born Aug. 1, 126, Liguria [now in Italy] died March 28, 193  Roman emperor from January to March 193.       The son of a freed slave, Pertinax taught ...
pertinence [pʉrt′'n əns] n. the quality of being pertinent or appropriate; relevance: also pertinency * * * See pertinent. * * *
See pertinence. * * *
—pertinence, pertinency, n. —pertinently, adv. /perr"tn euhnt/, adj. pertaining or relating directly and significantly to the matter at hand; relevant: pertinent ...
See pertinence. * * *
Pertini, Alessandro
▪ president of Italy born Sept. 25, 1896, Stella San Giovanni, near Savona, Italy died Feb. 24, 1990, Rome       politician and president of Italy (1978–85), ...
See pert. * * *
See pertly. * * *
—perturbable, adj. —perturbability, n. —perturbatious /perr'teuhr bay"sheuhs/, adj. —perturbedly /peuhr terr"bid lee/, adv. —perturbedness, n. —perturber, perturbator ...
See perturb. * * *
—perturbational, adj. /perr'teuhr bay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of perturbing. 2. the state of being perturbed. 3. mental disquiet, disturbance, or agitation. 4. a cause of mental ...
See perturbation. * * *
/perr"teuhr bay'tiv, peuhr terr"beuh tiv/, adj. having a tendency to perturb; disturbing. [1630-40; < LL perturbativus. See PERTURBATION, -IVE] * * *
See pertussis. * * *
—pertussal, adj. /peuhr tus"is/, n. Pathol. See whooping cough. [1790-1800; < NL, equiv. to L per- PER- + tussis a cough] * * *
Pertwee, John Devon Roland
▪ 1997       ("JON"), British actor who performed on the stage, screen, and radio but was best known for his television portrayals of the time-traveling Dr. Who and the ...
—Peruvian /peuh rooh"vee euhn/, adj., n. /peuh rooh"/, n. 1. Spanish, Perú /pe rddooh"/. a republic in W South America. 24,949,512; 496,222 sq. mi. (1,285,215 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Peru balsam
a dark, molasseslike, aromatic, water-insoluble liquid having a warm, bitter taste, obtained from the leguminous tree, Myroxylon pereirae, of Central America: used in medicine, ...
Peru Current
a cold Pacific Ocean current flowing N along the coasts of Chile and Peru. Also called Humboldt Current. * * * ▪ ocean current also called  Humboldt Current, ...
Peru, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped red-white-red national flag; when displayed by the government, it incorporates the national coat of arms (arms, coat of) in the ...
Peru, Viceroyalty of
Second of the four viceroyalties established by Spain to govern its domains in the Americas. Founded in 1543, it initially included most of South America, but it lost ...
Peru-Chile Trench
▪ trench, Pacific Ocean also called  Atacama Trench,         submarine trench in the eastern Pacific Ocean, about 100 miles (160 km) off the coast of Peru and Chile. ...
Peru Current n. See Humboldt Current. * * *
—Perugian /peuh rooh"jeuhn, -jee euhn/, adj., n. /pe rddooh"jah/; Eng. /peuh rooh"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. 1. a city in central Umbria, in central Italy. 136,933. 2. Lake of. See ...
Perugia, University of
▪ university, Perugia, Italy Italian  Università Degli Studi Di Perugia,         coeducational state institution of higher learning at Perugia, Italy. The university ...
See Perugia. * * *
—Peruginesque /peuh rooh'jeuh nesk", per'ooh-/, adj. /per'ooh jee"noh/; It. /pe'rddooh jee"naw/, (Pietro Vannucci) 1446-1524, Italian painter. * * * orig. Pietro di Cristoforo ...
Pe·ru·gi·no (pĕr'ə-jēʹnō, pĕ'ro͞o-), Il. 1445-1523?. Italian painter whose best-known work is a fresco in the Sistine Chapel, Christ Giving the Keys to Saint Peter ...
—peruked, adj. —perukeless, adj. /peuh roohk"/, n. a man's wig of the 17th and 18th centuries, usually powdered and gathered at the back of the neck with a ribbon; ...
In ancient Slavic religion, the thunder god. He purified the earth and made it fertile, and he was the overseer of right and order. His powers were believed to be evident in the ...
See peruse. * * *
/peuh rooh"zeuhl/, n. 1. a reading: a perusal of the current books. 2. the act of perusing; survey; scrutiny: A more careful perusal yields this conclusion. [1590-1600; PERUSE + ...
—perusable, adj. —peruser, n. /peuh roohz"/, v.t., perused, perusing. 1. to read through with thoroughness or care: to peruse a report. 2. to read. 3. to survey or examine in ...
See perusable. * * *
/per"euhts, peuh roohts"/, n. Max Ferdinand, born 1914, English chemist, born in Austria: Nobel prize 1962. * * *
Perutz, Max Ferdinand
born May 19, 1914, Vienna, Austria died Feb. 6, 2002, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Austrian-British biochemist. With John Cowdery Kendrew he founded the Medical Research ...
Perutz,Max Ferdinand
Per·utz (pə-ro͞otsʹ, pĕrʹəts), Max Ferdinand. Born 1914. Austrian-born English biochemist. He shared a 1962 Nobel Prize for determining the molecular structure of blood ...
Peruvian [pə ro͞o′vē ən] adj. of Peru or its people or culture n. a person born or living in Peru * * * See Peru. * * *
Peruvian balsam.
See Peru balsam. [1740-50] * * *
Peruvian bark
cinchona (def. 2). [1655-65] * * *
Peruvian mastic tree
a pepper tree, Schinus molle. [1810-20] * * *
Peruvian rhatany.
See under rhatany (def. 1). * * *
Peruvian balsam n. Balsam of Peru. * * *
Peruvian bark n. See cinchona. * * *
Peruvian–Bolivian Confederation
▪ South American history       transitory union of Peru and Bolivia (1836–39). Bolivia's dictator, Andrés Santa Cruz, conquered Peru after helping to quell an army ...
/pe rddooht"tsee/, n. Baldassare Tommaso /bahl'dahs sah"rdde tawm mah"zaw/, 1481-1536, Italian architect and painter. * * *
Peruzzi Family
▪ Italian family       leading family of medieval Italian financiers whose bankruptcy in the 14th century contributed to the economic depression of the late Middle ...
Peruzzi, Baldassarre
▪ Italian painter and architect born Jan. 15, 1481, Anciano, Republic of Siena [Italy] died Jan. 6, 1536, Rome  Sienese architect and painter, one of the earliest artists to ...
—pervader, n. —pervadingly, adv. —pervadingness, n. —pervasion /peuhr vay"zheuhn/, n. —pervasive /peuhr vay"siv/, adj. —pervasively, adv. —pervasiveness, n. /peuhr ...
See pervade. * * *
See pervader. * * *
pervasive [pər vā′siv] adj. tending to pervade or spread throughout pervasively adv. pervasiveness n. * * * per·va·sive (pər-vāʹsĭv, -zĭv) adj. Having the quality or ...
pervasivedevelopmental disorder
pervasive developmental disorder n. Abbr. PDD Any of several disorders, such as autism and Asperger's syndrome, characterized by severe deficits in many areas of development, ...
See pervasive. * * *
—perversely, adv. —perverseness, n. /peuhr verrs"/, adj. 1. willfully determined or disposed to go counter to what is expected or desired; contrary. 2. characterized by or ...
See perverse. * * *
See perversely. * * *
/peuhr verr"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of perverting. 2. the state of being perverted. 3. a perverted form of something. 4. any of various means of obtaining sexual ...
/peuhr verr"si tee/, n., pl. perversities for 2. 1. the state or quality of being perverse. 2. an instance of this. [1520-30; < L perversitas. See PERVERSE, -ITY] * * *
/peuhr verr"siv/, adj. tending to pervert. [1685-95; < L pervers(us) PERVERSE + -IVE] * * *
—perverter, n. —pervertible, adj. —pervertibility, n. —pervertibly, adv. v. /peuhr verrt"/; n. /perr"veuhrt/, v.t. 1. to affect with perversion. 2. to lead astray ...
—pervertedly, adv. —pervertedness, n. /peuhr verr"tid/, adj. 1. Pathol. changed to or being of an unnatural or abnormal kind: a perverted interest in death. 2. turned from ...
See perverted. * * *
See pervertedly. * * *
See pervert. * * *
See perverter. * * *
—pervicaciously, adv. —pervicaciousness, n. /perr'vi kay"sheuhs/, adj. extremely willful; obstinate; stubborn. [1625-35; < L pervicac-, s. of pervicax stubborn, willful (per- ...
—perviousness, n. /perr"vee euhs/, adj. 1. admitting of passage or entrance; permeable: pervious soil. 2. open or accessible to reason, feeling, argument, etc. [1605-15; < L ...
See pervious. * * *
See perviously. * * *
▪ eastern Ukraine also spelled  Pervomaisk , formerly (until 1920)  Petromarivka        mining town, eastern Ukraine, on the Donets Coal Basin. The town was ...
/perr'veuh yoo ralsk"/; Russ. /pyirdd veuh ooh rddahlsk"/, n. a city in the central RSFSR, in the Ural Mountains in Asia. 129,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, ...
I. perə-1 To produce, procure. Oldest form *perə₂-; possibly related to perə-2. See also per5 II. Derivatives include parade, parry, emperor, parachute, sever, and ...
/pees, pays/, n., pl. pedes /pee"deez, ped"eez/. Anat., Zool. a foot or footlike part. [1835-45; < L pes] * * *
Penis. Suffixed form *pes-ni-. pencil, penicillium, penis, from Latin pēnis (< *pesnis), penis, tail.   [Pokorny 3. pes- 824.] * * *
Seph. Heb. /pe"sahkh/;Ashk. Heb. /pay"sahkh/, n. Judaism. Passover (def. 1). Also, Pesah. [ < Heb pesah] * * *
/peuh sayd", -zayd", -zahd"/, n. Dressage. a maneuver in which the horse is made to rear, keeping its hind legs stationary and its forelegs drawn in. [1720-30; < F, earlier ...
/pe"zah rddaw/, n. a seaport in E Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. 89,908. * * * ancient Pisorum City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 90,311), Marche region, north-central Italy. A seaport on ...
/pes'keuh dawr"is, -eez, -dohr"-/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Penghu. Also called Pescadores Islands. * * *
/pes kah"rddah/, n. a city in E Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. 135,612. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Aternum,         city, Abruzzi regione, central Italy. Pescara lies along ...
Pescara, Fernando Francesco de Avalos, marchese di
▪ Italian military commander (marquess of) born 1490, Naples [Italy] died Dec. 2, 1525, Milan       Italian leader of the forces of Holy Roman emperor Charles V ...
Peschiera del Garda
▪ Italy formerly  Peschiera Sul Garda,         port village, Verona provincia, Veneto regione, northern Italy. Situated on the southeast end of Garda Lake at the ...
▪ Italy       town, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, central Italy, at the base of the Etruscan Apennines and at the western end of the Nievole River. Its cathedral is ...
▪ Italian painter original name  Francesco di Stefano   born 1422, Florence [Italy] died July 29, 1457, Florence  Italian artist of the early Renaissance who excelled in ...
/peuh say"teuh/; Sp. /pe se"tah/, n., pl. pesetas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. 1. a bronze coin and monetary unit of Spain and Spanish territories, equal to 100 centimos. Abbr.: P., ...
/pay say"wah/, n., pl. pesewa, pesewas. a bronze coin and monetary unit of Ghana, the 100th part of a cedi. * * *
▪ hermeneutics       (Hebrew: “spread out”), in Jewish hermeneutics, the simple, obvious, literal meaning of a biblical text. In the interpretation of the Halakha ...
/pe shah"weuhr/, n. a city in N Pakistan, near the Khyber Pass: capital of the former North-West Frontier province. 555,000. * * * City (pop., 1998 est.: 988,055), capital of ...
Peshito [pə shēt′tä΄pə shē′tō] n. 〚Syriac pshīṭtā, shortened < mappaqtā pshīṭtā, the simple version < pšaṭ, to be straightforward〛 the standard ...
/peuh shee"teuh/, n. the principal Syriac version of the Bible. Also, Peshito /peuh shee"toh/. * * * ▪ Syriac Bible       (Syriac: “simple,” or “common”), ...
▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, Marinette county, northeastern Wisconsin, U.S. It is situated on the Peshtigo River, about 45 miles (70 km) northeast of Green ...
▪ Maratha chief minister       the office of chief minister among the Marāthā people of India. The peshwa, also known as the mukhya pradhan, originally headed the ...
See pesky. * * *
See peskily. * * *
—peskily, adv. —peskiness, n. /pes"kee/, adj., peskier, peskiest. Informal. annoyingly troublesome: bothered by a pesky fly. [1765-75; alter. of pesty (PEST + -Y1)] Syn. ...
Pesne, Antoine
▪ French painter born May 23, 1683, Paris, Fr. died Aug. 5, 1757, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]       French-born Rococo painter of historical subjects and portraits who ...
/pay"soh/; Sp. /pe"saw/, n., pl. pesos /-sohz/; Sp. /-saws/. 1. a coin and monetary unit of Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Mexico, and the ...
peso boliviano
pl. pesos bolivianos. a nickel-clad steel coin, paper money, and monetary unit of Bolivia, equal to 100 centavos: replaced the boliviano in 1963. [ < Sp: Bolivian peso] * * *
▪ France       town, southwestern suburb of Bordeaux, Gironde département, Aquitaine région, southwestern France. It was the site of a Gallo-Roman villa of the ...
Pessanha, Camilo
▪ Portuguese poet born Sept. 7, 1867, Coimbra, Port. died 1926, Macao       Portuguese poet whose work is the representative in Portuguese poetry of Symbolism in its ...
/pes"euh ree/, n., pl. pessaries. Med. 1. a device worn in the vagina to support a displaced uterus. 2. a vaginal suppository. 3. diaphragm (def. 4). [1350-1400; ME pessarie < LL ...
/pes"euh miz'euhm/, n. 1. the tendency to see, anticipate, or emphasize only bad or undesirable outcomes, results, conditions, problems, etc.: His pessimism about the future of ...
/pes"euh mist/, n. 1. a person who habitually sees or anticipates the worst or is disposed to be gloomy. 2. an adherent of the doctrine of pessimism. [1830-40; PESSIM(ISM) + ...
—pessimistically, adv. /pes'euh mis"tik/, adj. pertaining to or characterized by pessimism; gloomy: a pessimistic outlook. [1865-70; PESSIMIST + -IC] Syn. despairing, hopeless. ...
See pessimist. * * *
Pessoa [pes′wä] Fernando [fər nan′dō] 1888-1935; Port. poet * * *
Pessoa, Fernando
▪ Portuguese poet in full  Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa  born June 13, 1888, Lisbon, Port. died Nov. 30, 1935, Lisbon       poet whose part in Modernism gave ...
Pessoa, Fernando António Nogueira
born June 13, 1888, Lisbon, Port. died Nov. 30, 1935, Lisbon Portuguese poet. While living in South Africa, where his stepfather was Portugal's consul, Pessoa became fluent in ...
/pest/, n. 1. an annoying or troublesome person, animal, or thing; nuisance. 2. an insect or other small animal that harms or destroys garden plants, trees, etc. 3. a deadly ...
/pest/; Hung. /pesht/, n. See under Budapest. * * * Any organism, usually an animal, judged as a threat to humans. Most pests either compete with humans for natural resources ...
—Pestalozzian, adj., n. —Pestalozzianism, n. /pes'tl ot"see/; It. /pes'tah lawt"tsee/, n. Johann Heinrich Ger. /yoh"hahn huyn"rddikh/, 1746-1827, Swiss educational ...
Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich
born , Jan. 12, 1746, Zürich, Switz. died Feb. 17, 1827, Brugg Swiss educational reformer. Between 1805 and 1825 he directed the Yverdon Institute (near Neuchâtel), which ...
Pestalozzi,Johann Heinrich
Pes·ta·loz·zi (pĕs'tə-lŏtʹsē, -tä-lōtʹ-), Johann Heinrich. 1746-1827. Swiss educational reformer whose teaching theories, based on respect and attention to the ...
▪ education       pedagogical (pedagogy) doctrines of Swiss educator Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich) (1746–1827) stressing that instruction ...
Pestel, Pavel Ivanovich
▪ Russian officer born July 5 [June 24, Old Style], 1793, Moscow, Russia died July 25 [July 13], 1826, St. Petersburg       Russian military officer and a radical ...
—pesterer, n. —pesteringly, adv. —pestersome, adj. /pes"teuhr/, v.t. 1. to bother persistently with petty annoyances; trouble: Don't pester me with your trivial ...
See pester. * * *
/pest"hohl'/, n. a place infested with or especially liable to epidemic disease. [1900-05; PEST + HOLE] * * *
/pest"hows'/, n., pl. pesthouses /-how'ziz/. a house or hospital for persons infected with pestilential disease. [1605-15; PEST + HOUSE] * * *
See pesticide. * * *
—pesticidal, adj. /pes"teuh suyd'/, n. a chemical preparation for destroying plant, fungal, or animal pests. Also called biocide. [1935-40; PEST + -I- + -CIDE] * * * Any toxic ...
—pestiferously, adv. —pestiferousness, n. /pe stif"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. bringing or bearing disease. 2. pestilential. 3. pernicious; evil. 4. Informal. mischievous; ...
See pestiferous. * * *
See pestiferously. * * *
/pes"tl euhns/, n. 1. a deadly or virulent epidemic disease. 2. See bubonic plague. 3. something that is considered harmful, destructive, or evil. [1275-1325; ME < MF < L ...
—pestilently, adv. /pes"tl euhnt/, adj. 1. producing or tending to produce infectious or contagious, often epidemic, disease; pestilential. 2. destructive to life; deadly; ...
—pestilentially, adv. —pestilentialness, n. /pes'tl en"sheuhl/, adj. 1. producing or tending to produce pestilence. 2. pertaining to or of the nature of pestilence, esp. ...
See pestilential. * * *
/pes"euhl, pes"tl/, n., v., pestled, pestling. n. 1. a tool for pounding or grinding substances in a mortar. See illus. under mortar1. 2. any of various appliances for pounding, ...
/pes"toh/, n. Italian Cookery. a sauce typically made with basil, pine nuts, olive oil, and grated Parmesan blended together and served hot or cold over pasta, fish, or ...
pet1 —pettable, adj. /pet/, n., adj., v., petted, petting. n. 1. any domesticated or tamed animal that is kept as a companion and cared for affectionately. 2. a person ...
/pet/ positron emission tomography. Cf. PET scan. * * * Any animal kept by humans for companionship or pleasure rather than for utility. The main distinction between pets and ...
pet cemetery
➡ pets * * *
pet motels
➡ pets * * *
pet name
a name or a term of address used to express affection for a person, thing, etc. [1910-15] * * *
pet peeve
a particular and often continual annoyance; personal bugbear: This train service is one of my pet peeves. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
pet psychologist
➡ pets * * *
PET scan
1. an image obtained by positron emission tomography, using a PET scanner. 2. an examination performed with a PET scanner. [P(ositron) E(mission) T(omography)] * * *
PET scanner
a tomographic imaging device that yields visual information about the ongoing activity of the brain: positron-emitting isotopes, incorporated into biologically important ...
pet shop
➡ pets * * *
Pet Shop Boys, the
▪ British music duo       British pop music duo that recorded a string of international hits, several of which topped the charts in the United Kingdom in the late 1980s. ...
pet sitting
—pet sitter. the act of caring for a pet in its own home while the owner is away. * * *
Also petə- (oldest form *petə₁-). To rush, fly. Variant *pteə₁-, contracted to *ptē-. Derivatives include feather, compete, perpetual, ptomaine, symptom, and ...
Peter. * * *
petroleum. * * *
Petroleum Engineer. * * *
a combining form used in the names of units of measure equal to one quadrillion (1015) of a unit: petabyte.. [orig. uncert.] * * *
pet·a·byte (pĕtʹə-bīt) n. 1. A unit of computer memory or data storage capacity equal to 1,024 terabytes (250 bytes). 2. One quadrillion bytes. * * *
Petach Tikva
/pe"tahkh tik"vah/ a city in W Israel, NE of Tel Aviv. 119,800. Also, Petah Tiqwa. * * *
Petah Tiqwa
Petah Tiqwa [pe tä′ tēk′vä] city in WC Israel: pop. 153,000 * * * ▪ Israel       city, west-central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon, east-northeast of Tel ...
pet·a·hertz (pĕtʹə-hûrts') n. Abbr. PHz One quadrillion (1015) hertz. * * *
Pe·tah Tiq·wa (pĕt'ə tĭkʹvə, -vä, pĕʹtäKH) A city of central Israel east of Tel Aviv-Yafo. Founded in 1878, it is an industrial center in an agricultural region. ...
/pay taonn"/, n. Henri Philippe Omer /ahonn rddee" fee leep" aw merdd"/, 1856-1951, marshal of France: premier of the Vichy government 1940-44. * * *
Pétain, (Henri-) Philippe
born April 24, 1856, Cauchy-à-la-Tour, France died July 23, 1951, Île d'Yeu French general. He served in the French army from 1876 and later taught at the war college. His ...
Pétain, Philippe
▪ French general born April 24, 1856, Cauchy-à-la-Tour, Fr. died July 23, 1951, Île d'Yeu  French general who was a national hero for his victory at the Battle of Verdun ...
Pétain,Henri Philippe
Pé·tain (pā-tăɴʹ), Henri Philippe. 1856-1951. French soldier and politician who led the pro-German government of unoccupied Vichy France (1940-1944). * * *
—petalage, n. —petaled, petalled, adj. —petalless, adj. —petallike, adj. /pet"l/, n. one of the often colored segments of the corolla of a flower. See diag. under ...
See petal. * * *
pet·al·if·er·ous (pĕt'l-ĭfʹər-əs) adj. Bearing petals. * * *
/pet"l in, -uyn'/, adj. pertaining to or resembling a petal. [1785-95; < NL petalinus. See PETAL, -INE1] * * *
Petaling Jaya
▪ Malaysia       city, Peninsular (West) Malaysia, about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Kuala Lumpur, the national capital. Established (1953) originally as a satellite ...
/pet"l uyt'/, n. a mineral, lithium aluminum silicate, Li(AlSi4O10), occurring in colorless or white foliated masses: an important source of lithium. [1800-10; < G Petalit. See ...
See petaled. * * *
—petalodic /pet'l od"ik/, adj. /pet"l oh'dee/, n. Bot. a condition in flowers, in which certain organs, as the stamens in most double flowers, assume the appearance of or ...
/pet"l oyd'/, adj. having the form or appearance of a petal. [1720-30; PETAL + -OID] * * *

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