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Слова на букву oil-pius (15990)

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petalous
/pet"l euhs/, adj. having petals. [1720-30; PETAL + -OUS] * * *
Petaluma
/pet'l ooh"meuh/, n. a city in W California, N of San Francisco. 33,834. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Sonoma county, western California, U.S. It lies ...
pétanque
/pay tahngk"/; Fr. /pe tahonnk"/, n. a form of lawn bowling originating in France, usually played on rough ground using steel balls. Also called boule. [1950-55; < F < Pr pé ...
petard
/pi tahrd"/, n. 1. an explosive device formerly used in warfare to blow in a door or gate, form a breach in a wall, etc. 2. a kind of firecracker. 3. (cap.) Also called Flying ...
Petare
▪ Venezuela       city, northwestern Miranda estado (state), in the central highlands of northern Venezuela. The city originated from a grant of land to a conquistador ...
petasos
petasos or petasus [pet′əsəspet′ə säs΄, pet′əsəs] n. 〚L petasus < Gr petasos < petannynai, to spread out < IE base * pet- > FATHOM〛 1. a flat, wide-brimmed hat ...
petasus
/pet"euh seuhs/, n., pl. petasuses. a broad-brimmed hat worn by ancient Greek travelers and hunters, often represented in art as a winged hat worn by Hermes or Mercury. Also, ...
Petavius
/pi tah"vee euhs/, n. a walled plain in the fourth quadrant of the face of the moon: about 100 miles (160 km) in diameter from crest to crest. * * *
petcock
/pet"kok'/, n. a small valve or faucet, as for draining off excess or waste material from the cylinder of a steam engine or an internal-combustion engine. Also, pet ...
Pete Marsh
➡ Marsh (II). * * *
Pete Sampras
➡ Sampras * * *
Pete Seeger
➡ Seeger * * *
petechia
/pi tee"kee euh, -tek"ee euh/, n., pl. petechiae /-tee"kee ee', -tek"ee ee'/. Pathol. a minute, round, nonraised hemorrhage in the skin or in a mucous or serous ...
petechial
/pi tee"kee euhl, -tek"ee-/, adj. Pathol. pertaining to, resembling, or characterized by petechiae. [1700-10; < NL petechialis. See PETECHIA, -AL1] * * *
petechiate
/pi tee"kee it, -ayt', -tek"ee-/, adj. Pathol. having or marked with petechiae. [1885-90; PETECHI(A) + -ATE1] * * *
peteman
/peet"meuhn/, n., pl. petemen. Slang. peterman. [1910-15; by shortening] * * *
Petén
▪ department, Guatemala  region of northern Guatemala, bounded by Mexico to the north and west and by Belize to the east. It constitutes more than one-third of the ...
Petén Itzá, Lake
Lake, northern Guatemala. It is about 27 mi (48 km) long and covers an area of 38 sq mi (98 sq km). The region was a stronghold of the Maya Itzá Indians, who were not conquered ...
Petén-Itzá
/pe ten"eet sah", -eet"seuh/, n. Lake, a lake in N central Guatemala: nearby site of Mayan ruins. ab. 38 sq. mi. (98 sq. km). * * *
peter
peter1 /pee"teuhr/, v.i. peter out 1. to diminish gradually and stop; dwindle to nothing: The hot water always peters out in the middle of my shower. 2. to tire; exhaust (usually ...
Peter
/pee"teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Simon Peter. died A.D. 67?, one of the 12 apostles and the reputed author of two of the Epistles. 2. either of these two Epistles in the New ...
Peter Brook
➡ Brook * * *
Peter Chrysologus, Saint
▪ archbishop of Ravenna born c. 400/406, Imola, near Ravenna died c. 450, Imola; feast day July 30       archbishop of Ravenna, whose orthodox discourses earned him the ...
Peter Claver, Saint
▪ Spanish missionary Spanish  San Pedro Claver  born 1581, Verdu, Spain died Sept. 4, 1654, Cartagena, Colom.; canonized 1888; feast day September 9       Jesuit ...
Peter Cook
➡ Cook (III) * * *
Peter Damian, Saint
born 1007, Ravenna died Feb. 22, 1072, Faenze; feast day February 21 Italian cardinal and Doctor of the Church. He was prior of Fonte Avellana in the Apennines before being ...
Peter Des Rivaux
▪ English noble born c. 1190, , Poitou, Fr. died 1262       one of the Poitevin administrators who dominated the government of young King Henry III of England from ...
Peter Des Roches
▪ English diplomat died June 1238, Farnham, Hampshire, Eng.       Poitevin diplomat, soldier, and administrator, one of the ablest statesmen of his time, who enjoyed a ...
Peter Fonda
➡ Fonda (III) * * *
Peter Gabriel
➡ Gabriel * * *
Peter Greenaway
➡ Greenaway (II) * * *
Peter Hall
➡ Hall (II) * * *
Peter I
1. ("the Great"), 1672-1725, czar of Russia 1682-1725. 2. (Peter Karageorgevich), 1844-1921, king of Serbia 1903-21. * * * I born с 903 died Jan. 30, 969 Tsar of Bulgaria ...
Peter II
1923-70, king of Yugoslavia 1934-45. * * * I born Sept. 6, 1923, Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes died Nov. 3, 1970, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. Last king of ...
Peter III
1728-62, czar of Russia 1762 (husband of Catherine II; father of Paul I). * * * I Russian Pyotr Fyodorovich orig. Karl Peter Ulrich, duke von Holstein-Gottorp born Feb. 21, ...
Peter IV
Spanish Pedro known as Peter the Cruel born Sept. 5, 1319, or Sept. 15, 1317, Balaguer, Catalonia died Jan. 5, 1387, Barcelona King of Aragon (1336–87). He took the Balearic ...
Peter Jackson
➡ Jackson (VII) * * *
Peter Jennings
➡ Jennings * * *
Peter Jones
a fashionable department store in Sloane Square, London. It is one of the John Lewis group of shops. * * *
Peter Lombard
born с 1100, Novara, Lombardy died Aug. 21/22, 1160, Paris French bishop and theologian. He studied in Bologna and taught theology in the school of Notre-Dame, Paris. He was ...
Peter Mandelson
➡ Mandelson * * *
Peter Martyr
      name commonly used in English for (1) St. Peter Martyr, who was killed in 1252 by the Cathari, a heretical Christian sect; (2) Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, who was an ...
Peter Martyr d'Anghiera
▪ Italian chaplain and historian of the Spanish court Italian  Pietro Martire d'Anghiera , Spanish  Pedro Mártir de Anghiera  born Feb. 2, 1457, Arona, Milan died October ...
Peter Martyr, Saint
▪ Italian preacher also called  Peter of Verona,  Italian  San Pietro Martire  or  San Pietro da Verona   born 1205?, Verona died April 6, 1252, near Milan; canonized ...
Peter Maxwell Davies
➡ Maxwell Davies * * *
Peter Nolasco, Saint
▪ French saint born c. 1182, probably Barcelona [Spain] died Dec. 25?, 1249/56, Barcelona; canonized 1628; feast day January 28       founder of the order of Our Lady ...
Peter of Alcántara, Saint
▪ Spanish mystic Spanish  San Pedro De Alcántara,  original name  Pedro Garavito  born 1499, Alcántara, Spain died Oct. 18, 1562, Arenas; canonized 1669; feast day ...
Peter of Amiens.
See Peter the Hermit. * * *
Peter Of Castelnau
▪ French martyr French  Pierre De Castelnau   born , Château-Neuf, Montpellier, Fr. died Jan. 14, 1208, near Saint-Gilles, Fr.       Cistercian martyr, apostolic ...
Peter Pan
1. the hero of Sir James M. Barrie's play about a boy who never grew up. 2. (italics) the play itself (1904). * * *
Peter Pan collar
a close-fitting flat or rolled collar with rounded ends that meet in front of a high, round neckline. [1920-25] * * *
Peter Pears
➡ Pears * * *
Peter Principle
any of several satirical "laws" concerning organizational structure, esp. one that holds that people tend to be promoted until they reach their level of incompetence. [from the ...
Peter Rabbit
a character in several of Beatrix Potter’s stories for children, including her first, The Tale of Peter Rabbit. He is a young rabbit who often gets into trouble. * * * ▪ ...
Peter Rachman
➡ Rachman * * *
Peter Scott
➡ Scott (V) * * *
Peter Scudamore
➡ Scudamore * * *
Peter Sellers
➡ Sellers * * *
Peter Shaffer
➡ Shaffer * * *
Peter Shilton
➡ Shilton * * *
Peter Sutcliffe
➡ Sutcliffe * * *
Peter the Apostle, Saint
orig. Simon died с AD 64, Rome Disciple of Jesus, recognized as the leader of the Twelve Apostles. Jesus called him Cephas (Aramaic for "Rock"; rendered in Greek as "Petros") ...
Peter the Great Bay
Inlet, Sea of Japan, northwestern Pacific Ocean, in southeastern Russia. It extends for 115 mi (185 km) from the mouth of the Tumen River northeast across to Cape Povorotny. The ...
Peter the Hermit
c1050-1115, French monk: preacher of the first Crusade 1095-99. Also called Peter of Amiens. * * * born с 1050, probably Amiens died July 8, 1115, Huy, Flanders French ascetic ...
Peter the Venerable
born с 1092, Montboissier, Auvergne, Arles died Dec. 25, 1156, Cluny, Burgundy French abbot of Cluny (from 1122). He joined Bernard de Clairvaux in supporting Pope Innocent II ...
Peter Ustinov
➡ Ustinov * * *
Peter V
▪ king of Portugal born Sept. 16, 1837, Lisbon died Nov. 11, 1861, Lisbon       king of Portugal who conscientiously and intelligently devoted himself to the problems ...
Peter's pence
1. an annual tax or tribute, originally of a penny, paid by certain English property owners to the papal see until the Reformation. 2. a voluntary contribution to the pope, made ...
Peter'spence
Pe·ter's pence (pēʹtərz) n. Roman Catholic Church 1. A tax of one penny per household paid in medieval England to the Papal See. 2. An annual voluntary contribution made by ...
Peter, Apocalypse of
▪ pseudepigraphal Christian writing also called  Revelation To Peter,         pseudepigraphal (noncanonical and unauthentic) Christian writing dating from the first ...
Peter, Gospel of
▪ Christian writing       pseudepigraphal (noncanonical and unauthentic) Christian writing of the mid-2nd century AD, the extant portion of which covers the ...
Peter, Hugh
▪ English minister Peter also spelled  Peters  born 1598, Fowey, Cornwall, Eng. died Oct. 16, 1660, London       English Independent minister, army preacher, and ...
Peter, Laurence J
▪ Canadian author born Sept. 16, 1919, Vancouver, B.C., Can. died Jan. 12, 1990, Palos Verdes Estates, Calif., U.S.       Canadian teacher and author of the ...
Peter, letters of
▪ New Testament writings       two New Testament writings attributed to the foremost of Jesus' 12 Apostles but perhaps written during the early 2nd ...
Peter, Paul and Mary
▪ American folksinging group       American folksingers at the forefront of the folk music revival (folk rock) of the 1960s who created a bridge between traditional folk ...
Peter,Saint
Peter, Saint. Died c. A.D. 67. The chief of the 12 Apostles. He is traditionally regarded as the first bishop of Rome. * * *
Peterborough
/pee"teuhr berr'oh, -bur'oh, -beuhr euh/, n. 1. a city in Cambridgeshire, in central England. 115,000. 2. a city in SE Ontario, in SE Canada. 59,683. 3. Soke of /sohk/, a former ...
Peterborough, Soke of
▪ historical region, England, United Kingdom       historic region surrounding the town of Peterborough, now part of the city and unitary authority of Peterborough, in ...
Peterhead
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       town and fishing port, council area and historic county of Aberdeenshire. Peterhead is the most easterly town in Scotland. Founded in ...
PeterI
Peter I, Known as “Peter the Great.” 1672-1725. Russian czar (1682-1725) who extended his territory around the Baltic and Caspian shores and reformed the administration of ...
PeterII
Peter II, 1923-1970. Yugoslavian king (1934-1945). After spending World War II in exile, he was forced to abdicate by the Communist government. * * *
Peterloo
(also the Peterloo Massacre) the name given to an incident that took place in Manchester, England, in 1819. A group of people gathered in St Peter’s Fields in central ...
Peterloo Massacre
➡ Peterloo * * * (Aug. 16, 1819) Brutal dispersal of a meeting held on St. Peter's Fields in Manchester, Eng. Called to protest unemployment and high food prices and demand ...
peterman
/pee"teuhr meuhn/, n., pl. petermen. Slang. a safecracker. Also, peteman. [1805-15; peter a safe or cash box, orig. a portmanteau or trunk, as an object to be stolen or rifled ...
Petermann Peak
/pay"teuhr mahn'/ a mountain in E Greenland. 9645 ft. (2940 m). * * *
Petermann Ranges
▪ mountains, Australia       low mountains extending for 200 miles (320 km) from east-central Western Australia southeast to the southwest corner of Northern Territory. ...
PeterPan collar
Peter Pan collar n. A small, close-fitting, usually flat collar with rounded ends meeting in front.   [After Peter Pan, the boy protagonist of Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't ...
PeterPrinciple
Peter Principle n. The theory that employees within an organization will advance to their highest level of competence and then be promoted to and remain at a level at which they ...
Peters
(1913–1995) an English writer best known for her series of detective novels set in the Middle Ages, in which the main character is the monk Brother Cadfael. * * *
Peters, Brock
▪ 2006 George Fisher  American actor (b. July 2, 1927, New York, N.Y.—d. Aug. 23, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), employed his powerful bass voice and strong presence in ...
Peters, Carl
born Sept. 27, 1856, Neuhaus an der Elbe, Hanover died Sept. 10, 1918, Bad Harzburg, Ger. German explorer and colonizer in East Africa. After studying British principles of ...
Peters, Ellis
▪ 1996       (EDITH MARY PARGETER), British novelist (b. Sept. 28, 1913, Horsehay, Shropshire, England—d. Oct. 14, 1995, Madeley, Shropshire), wrote scores of ...
Peters, James
▪ 2000 “Jim”        British athlete who set new marathon records four times during the 1950s; he captured the most public attention, however, when he entered the ...
Peters, Jean
▪ 2001       American actress (b. Oct. 15, 1926, Canton, Ohio—d. Oct. 13, 2000, La Jolla, Calif.), appeared in leading roles in several films in the 1940s and ...
Peters, Lenrie
▪ Gambian physician and writer born 1932, Bathurst, Gambia [now Banjul, The Gambia]       physician, novelist, and one of western Africa's most important ...
Petersburg
/pee"teuhrz berrg'/, n. a city in SE Virginia: besieged by Union forces 1864-65. 41,055. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, seat (1839) of Menard county, ...
Petersburg Campaign
(1864–65) Series of military operations in southern Virginia at the end of the American Civil War. The rail centre of Petersburg, Va., was a strategic defense point near the ...
Petersen, Robert Einar
▪ 2008       American publisher born Sept. 10, 1926 , Los Angeles, Calif. died March 23, 2007, Santa Monica, Calif. combined his entrepreneurial skills with his ...
petersham
/pee"teuhr sheuhm, -sham'/, n. 1. a heavy woolen cloth for men's overcoats and other bulky outerwear. 2. a coat or jacket made of this cloth. 3. a corded material for hatbands, ...
Peterson
/pee"teuhr seuhn/, n. Roger Tory, born 1908, U.S. ornithologist, author, and artist. * * *
Peterson, Esther
▪ American consumer advocate née  Esther Eggertsen  born Dec. 9, 1906, Provo, Utah, U.S. died Dec. 20, 1997, Washington, D.C.       American consumer advocate who ...
Peterson, Oscar
▪ Canadian musician in full  Oscar Emmanuel Peterson   born Aug. 15, 1925, Montreal, Que., Can. died Dec. 23, 2007, Mississauga, Ont.  Canadian jazz pianist best known for ...
Peterson, Oscar (Emmanuel)
born Aug. 15, 1925, Montreal, Que., Can. Canadian jazz pianist and composer. Peterson grew up in Montreal and studied classical piano. His jazz playing, influenced by Art Tatum ...
Peterson, Oscar Emmanuel
▪ 2008  Canadian jazz pianist born Aug. 15, 1925, Montreal, Que. died Dec. 23, 2007, Mississauga, Ont. was best known for his dazzling solo technique. In 1949 Peterson went ...
Peterson, Roger Tory
born Aug. 28, 1908, Jamestown, N.Y., U.S. died July 28, 1996, Old Lyme, Conn. U.S. ornithologist. He started drawing birds in high school. His Field Guide to the Birds (1934), ...
Peterson,Oscar Emmanuel
Pe·ter·son (pēʹtər-sən), Oscar Emmanuel. Born 1925. Canadian jazz pianist. A prolific recording artist noted for his technical skill, he is best known for work produced ...
Peterson,Roger Tory
Peterson, Roger Tory. 1908-1996. American ornithologist and artist noted for his bird paintings and guidebooks. * * *
Peterthe Hermit
Peter the Hermit, Also called “Peter of Amiens.” 1050?-1115?. French monk and preacher of the First Crusade (1095) who founded (c. 1100) the Augustinian monastery of ...
Petherick, John
▪ British explorer born 1813, Glamorgan, Wales died July 15, 1882, London, Eng.       British trader and explorer who investigated the western tributaries of the Nile ...
Pethick-Lawrence, Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence, Baron
▪ British statesman original name  Frederick William Lawrence  born Dec. 28, 1871, London, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1961, London       British politician who was a leader ...
pétillant
/pay tee yahonn"/, adj. French. (of wine) slightly sparkling. * * *
petiolar
/pet"ee euh leuhr, pet'ee oh"leuhr/, adj. Bot. of, pertaining to, or growing from a petiole. [1750-60; PETIOLE + -AR1] * * *
petiolate
/pet"ee euh layt'/, adj. Bot., Zool. having a petiole or peduncle. Also, petiolated. [1745-55; < NL petiolatus. See PETIOLE, -ATE1] * * *
petiole
/pet"ee ohl'/, n. 1. Bot. the slender stalk by which a leaf is attached to the stem; leafstalk. See diag. under leaf. 2. Zool. a stalk or peduncle, as that connecting the abdomen ...
petioled
See petiole. * * *
petiolule
—petiolular /pet'ee ol"yeuh leuhr/, petiolulate /pet'ee ol"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. /pet"ee euhl yoohl', -euh loohl', pet'ee ol"yoohl/, n. Bot. a small petiole, as of a leaflet ...
Pétion de Villeneuve, Jérôme
▪ French politician born January 3, 1756, Chartres, France died 1794, near Saint-Émilion       politician of the French Revolution who was at first a close associate, ...
Pétion, Alexandre Sabès
▪ president of Haiti born April 2, 1770, Port-au-Prince, Haiti died March 29, 1818, Port-au-Prince       Haitian independence leader and president, remembered by the ...
Pétionville
▪ Haiti       eastern suburb of Port-au-Prince, southern Haiti, on the cool northern hills of the Massif de la Selle. Named for Alexandre Sabès Pétion (Pétion, ...
Petiot, Marcel
▪ French serial killer born Jan. 17, 1897, Auxerre, France died May 26, 1946, Paris       French serial killer who preyed on Jewish refugees attempting to flee France ...
Petipa
/pet"ee pah', pet'ee pah"/; Fr. /peuh tee pah"/, n. Marius /mair"ee euhs, mar"-/; Fr. /mann rddyyuus"/, 1819-1910, French ballet dancer and choreographer in Russia. * * *
Petipa, Marius
born March 11, 1818, Marseille, Fr. died July 14, 1910, Gurzuf, Ukraine, Russian Empire French-born Russian dancer and choreographer. He received his early training from his ...
petit
/pet"ee/; Fr. /peuh tee"/, adj. Law. small; petty; minor. [1325-75; ME < MF; see PETTY] * * *
petit beurre
/peuh tee buerdd"/, pl. petits beurre /peuh tee buerdd"/. French Cookery. a small, usually oblong butter cookie. [1905-10; < F: lit., little butter] * * *
petit bourgeois
—petit-bourgeois, adj. /peuh tee" boor zhwah"; pet"ee boor"zhwah, boor zhwah"/; Fr. /peuh tee boohrdd zhwann"/, pl. petits bourgeois /peuh tee" boor zhwahz"; pet"ee ...
petit déjeuner
/peuh tee day zhue nay"/, pl. petits déjeuners /peuh tee day zhue nay"/. French. breakfast. * * *
petit feu
Fr. /peuh tee fue"/, Ceram. 1. a firing of ceramics at a low temperature. 2. the category of ceramic colors fired in a muffle kiln at low temperature. Cf. grand feu. [ < F: lit., ...
petit four
/pet"ee fawr", fohr"/; Fr. /peuh tee foohrdd"/, pl. petits fours /pet"ee fawrz", fohrz"/; Fr. /peuh tee foohrdd"/. a small teacake, variously frosted and decorated. [1880-85; < ...
petit jury
—petit juror. /pet"ee/, Law. See petty jury. [1490-1500] * * * or trial jury Group chosen from the citizens of a district to try a question of fact at issue in a ...
petit larceny
/pet"ee/, Law. See petty larceny. [1580-90] * * *
petit mal
/pet"ee mahl", mal"/; Fr. /peuh tee mannl"/, Pathol. See under epilepsy. [1870-75; < F: lit., small illness] * * *
petit point
/pet"ee/ 1. a small stitch used in embroidery. Cf. gros point (def. 1), tent stitch. 2. embroidery done on a canvas backing and resembling woven tapestry. [1880-85; < F: lit., ...
Petit porcelain
▪ porcelain       French hard-paste porcelain produced by Jacob Petit (b. 1796). Petit worked at the porcelain factory at Sèvres as a painter. With his brother ...
petit serjeanty
/pet"ee/, Medieval Eng. Law. serjeanty in which the tenant renders services of an impersonal nature to the king, as providing him annually with an implement of war, as a lance or ...
petit treason
/pet"ee/, Eng. Law. the killing of a husband by his wife, of a lord by his servant, or of an ecclesiastic by a subordinate ecclesiastic. Also, petty treason. [1490-1500; < AF] * ...
Petit, Roland
born Jan. 13, 1924, Villemomble, Fr. French dancer and choreographer. He danced with the Paris Opéra Ballet (1940–44) and then formed several companies, with which he toured ...
petit-bourgeois
See petit bourgeois. * * *
petitbourgeois
pet·it bourgeois (pĕtʹē; pə-tēʹ) n. A member of the petite bourgeoisie.   [French petit-bourgeois: petit, small + bourgeois, bourgeois.]   pet·itʹ-bour·geoisʹ ...
petite
—petiteness, n. /peuh teet"/, adj. 1. (of a woman) short and having a small, trim figure; diminutive. n. 2. a category of clothing sized for women or girls of less than average ...
petite bourgeoise
/peuh teet" boor zhwahz"/; Fr. /peuh teet boohrdd zhwannz"/, pl. petites bourgeoises /peuh teet" boor zhwahz"/; Fr. /peuh teet boohrdd zhwannz"/. a woman who belongs to the ...
petite bourgeoisie
/peuh teet" boor'zhwah zee"/; Fr. /peuh teet boohrdd zhwann zee"/ the portion of the bourgeoisie having the least wealth and lowest social status; the lower middle ...
petite marmite
/peuh teet" mahr"muyt, mahr meet"/ 1. an aromatic broth made from meat, vegetables, and seasonings, served in the pot in which it has cooked. 2. a small marmite for cooking and ...
petite sirah
petite sirah [si rä′, sērä′] n. 1. a dry red wine produced mainly in California 2. the grape from which it is made * * *
petitebourgeoisie
petite bourgeoisie n. The lower middle class, including minor businesspeople, tradespeople, and craftworkers.   [French petite-bourgeoisie: petite, feminine of petit, small + ...
petitemarmite
petite mar·mite (mär-mētʹ) n. 1. Broth made and served in a small, covered earthenware casserole. 2. The casserole used for cooking and serving this broth.   [French : ...
petiteness
See petite. * * *
petitfour
pet·it four (pĕtʹē fôrʹ, fōrʹ) n. pl. pe·tits fours or pet·it fours (pĕtʹē fôrzʹ, fōrzʹ) A small, square-cut, frosted and decorated piece of pound cake or ...
petitio principii
/pi tish"ee oh' prin sip"ee uy'/; Lat. /pe tee"ti oh' prdding kip"i ee'/, Logic. a fallacy in reasoning resulting from the assumption of that which in the beginning was set forth ...
petition
—petitionable, adj. —petitioner, petitionist, n. /peuh tish"euhn/, n. 1. a formally drawn request, often bearing the names of a number of those making the request, that is ...
Petition of Right
(1628) Petition sent by Parliament to King Charles I complaining of a series of breaches of law. The petition sought recognition of four principles: no taxation without the ...
petitionary
/peuh tish"euh ner'ee/, adj. 1. of the nature of or expressing a petition. 2. Archaic. petitioning; suppliant. [1570-80; PETITION + -ARY] * * *
petitioner
See petitionary. * * *
petitioprincipii
pe·ti·ti·o prin·ci·pi·i (pə-tĭshʹē-ō' prĭn-sĭpʹē-ē', -ē-ī') n. Logic The fallacy of assuming in the premise of an argument that which one wishes to prove in ...
petitjuror
pet·it juror also pet·ty juror (pĕtʹē) n. A member of a petit jury. * * *
petitjury
pet·it jury also pet·ty jury (pĕtʹē) n. A jury that sits at civil and criminal trials. Also called trial jury. * * *
petitlarceny
pet·it larceny also pet·ty larceny (pĕtʹē) n. The theft of objects whose value is below a certain arbitrary standard. * * *
petitmal
pet·it mal (pĕtʹē mälʹ, mălʹ) n. A form of epilepsy, occurring most often in adolescents and children, characterized by frequent but transient lapses of consciousness ...
petitor
—petitory /pet"i tawr'e, -tohr'ee/, adj. /pet"i teuhr, peuh tuy"teuhr/, n. Obs. a seeker; an applicant or candidate. [1605-15; < L petitor, equiv. to peti-, var. s. of petere ...
Petitot, Jean
▪ Swiss painter born July 12, 1607, Geneva, Switz. died April 3, 1691, Vevey       Swiss painter who was the first great miniature portraitist in enamel. (enamel ...
petitpoint
pet·it point (pĕtʹē point') n. 1. A small stitch used in needlepoint. 2. Needlepoint done with a small stitch.   [French : petit, small + point, stitch.] * * *
petits pois
/peuh tee pwann"/; Eng. /pet"ee pwah"/, French. small green peas. * * *
petitspois
pet·its pois (pĕtʹē pwäʹ, pə-tēʹ) pl.n. Very small green peas.   [French : petits, pl. of petit, little + pois, pl. of pois, pea.] * * *
Petlyura, Symon
▪ Ukrainian social leader in full  Symon Vasylevych Petlyura,  Petlyura also spelled  Petliura  born May 10, 1879, Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire died May 25, 1926, ...
PETN
See pentaerythritol tetranitrate. * * * ▪ chemical compound abbreviation  of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate,         a highly explosive organic compound belonging to ...
petnapper
See petnapping. * * *
petnapping
—petnapper, petnaper, n. /pet"nap'ing/, n. the stealing of a pet, as for resale or ransom. Also, petnaping. [1965-70, Amer.; PET1 + -NAP + -ING1] * * *
peto
/pay"toh/, n., pl. petos, (esp. collectively) peto. wahoo3. [1955-60; < AmerSp; Sp: breastplate < It petto breast, breastplate < L pectus breast] * * *
Peto, John Frederick
▪ American painter born May 21, 1854, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 23, 1907, Island Heights, N.J.       American still-life painter who, though influenced by the ...
Petöfi
/pe"tue fee/, n. Sándor /shahn"dawrdd/, (Sándor Petrovics), 1823-49, Hungarian poet and patriot. * * *
Petöfi, Sándor
Pe·tö·fi (pĕtʹə-fē, pĕʹtœ-), Sándor. 1823-1849. Hungarian lyric poet and revolutionary hero best known for his patriotic songs and the epic poem Janos the Hero ...
Petoskey
▪ Michigan, United States       resort city, seat (1902) of Emmet county, northwestern Lower Peninsula of Michigan, U.S. It is located on Little Traverse Bay of Lake ...
petpeeve
pet peeve n. Informal Something about which one frequently complains; a particular personal vexation. * * *
petr-
var. of petro-1 before a vowel: petrous. * * *
Petra
/pee"treuh, pe"-/, n. an ancient city in SW Jordan: ruined structures carved out of varicolored stratified rock; capital of the Nabataeans and Edomites. * * * Ancient city, ...
Petraeus, David
▪ 2008 David Howell Petraeus  born Nov. 7, 1952, Cornwall-on-Hudson, N.Y.  When Pres. George W. Bush appointed Gen. David Petraeus in January 2007 to command the ...
Petrakis, Harry Mark
▪ American author born June 5, 1923, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.       American novelist and short-story writer whose exuberant and sensitive works deal with the lives of ...
Petralona skull
▪ hominin fossil       an ancient human cranium discovered in 1960 in a cave near Thessaloníki, northeastern Greece. The age of this skull has been difficult to ...
Petrarch
/pee"trahrk, pe"-/, n. (Francesco Petrarca) 1304-74, Italian poet and scholar. * * * Italian Francesco Petrarca born July 20, 1304, Arezzo, Tuscany died July 18/19, 1374, ...
Petrarch,Francesco
Pe·trarch (pēʹträrk', pĕtʹrärk') or Pe·trar·ca (pĕ-trärʹkä), Francesco. 1304-1374. Italian poet, scholar, and humanist who is famous for Canzoniere, a collection of ...
Petrarchan
/pi trahr"keuhn/, adj. Also, Petrarchian /pi trahr"kee euhn/. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the works of Petrarch. 2. characteristic or imitative of the style of ...
Petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet form popularized by Petrarch, consisting of an octave with the rhyme scheme abbaabba and of a sestet with one of several rhyme schemes, as cdecde or cdcdcd. Also called ...
Petrarchansonnet
Petrarchan sonnet n. A sonnet containing an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba and a sestet of various rhyme patterns such as cdecde or cdcdcd. Also called Italian ...
Petrarchism
/pee"trahr kiz'euhm, pe"-/, n. the poetic style introduced by Petrarch and characteristic of his work, marked by complex grammatical structure, elaborate conceits, and ...
Petrarchist
/pee"trahr kist, pe"-/, n. a person who imitates the literary style employed by Petrarch, esp. the poets of the English Renaissance who employed the Petrarchan sonnet ...
Petrassi, Goffredo
▪ 2004       Italian composer (b. July 16, 1904, Zagarolo, Italy—d. March 2, 2003, Rome, Italy), was one of the leading creators of Italian modernist music. His ...
Petre, Sir Edward, 2nd Baronet
▪ English Jesuit byname  Father Petre   born 1631, London died May 15, 1699, Watten, Flanders  English Jesuit, favourite of King James II of Great ...
petrel
/pe"treuhl/, n. any of numerous tube-nosed seabirds of the families Procellariidae, Hydrobatidae, and Pelecanoididae. Cf. storm petrel, diving petrel. [1670-80; earlier pitteral, ...
petri dish
/pee"tree/ a shallow, circular, glass or plastic dish with a loose-fitting cover over the top and sides, used for culturing bacteria and other microorganisms. [1890-95; named ...
petri plate
petri plate n. [also P- p-] a petri dish containing culture medium * * *
Petri, Elio
▪ Italian filmmaker born Jan. 29, 1929, Rome, Italy died Nov. 10, 1982, Rome       Italian motion picture director and screenwriter.       Petri's formal ...
Petri, Laurentius
▪ Swedish archbishop Swedish  Lars Petersson   born 1499, Örebro, Swed. died Oct. 26, 1573, Uppsala       Lutheran churchman, a leader of the Protestant Reformation ...
Petri, Olaus
▪ Swedish church leader Swedish  Olof Petersson   born Jan. 6?, 1493, Örebro, Swed. died April 19, 1552, Stockholm       Lutheran churchman who, with his brother ...
petri-
var. of petro-1 before elements of Latin origin: petrifaction. * * *
petridish
pe·tri dish (pēʹtrē) n. A shallow circular dish with a loose-fitting cover, used to culture bacteria or other microorganisms.   [After Julius RichardPetri (1852-1921), ...
Petrie
/pee"tree/, n. Sir (William Matthew) Flinders /flin"deuhrz/, 1853-1942, English Egyptologist and archaeologist. * * *
Petrie, Sir (William Matthew) Flinders
born June 3, 1853, Charlton, near Greenwich, London, Eng. died July 28, 1942, Jerusalem British archaeologist who made valuable contributions to the techniques of excavation and ...
Petrie, Sir (William Matthew)Flinders
Pe·trie (pēʹtrē), Sir (William Matthew) Flinders. 1853-1942. British Egyptologist noted for his excavations at Memphis and Thebes. * * *
Petrie, Sir Flinders
▪ British archaeologist born June 3, 1853, Charlton, near Greenwich, London died July 28, 1942, Jerusalem       British archaeologist and Egyptologist who made valuable ...
petrifaction
—petrifactive, adj. /pe'treuh fak"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of petrifying; the state of being petrified. 2. something petrified. Also, petrification /pe'treuh fi ...
Petrified Forest
a large area in the US state of Arizona where ancient trees have turned into stone. It has been a national park since 1962 and includes part of the Painted Desert. * * *
Petrified Forest National Park
a national park in E Arizona: buried tree trunks turned to stone by the action of mineral-laden water. 147 sq. mi. (381 sq. km). * * * National park, eastern Arizona, U.S. ...
petrified wood
Fossil formed by the infiltration of minerals into cavities between and within cells of natural wood, usually by silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2) or calcite (calcium carbonate, ...
PetrifiedForest
Pet·ri·fied Forest (pĕtʹrə-fīd') A section of the Painted Desert in eastern Arizona reserved as a national park for its stonelike trees dating from the Triassic Period. * ...
petrify
—petrifiable, adj. —petrificant /pi trif"i keuhnt/, adj. —petrifier, n. /pe"treuh fuy'/, v., petrified, petrifying. v.t. 1. to convert into stone or a stony substance. 2. ...
Petrillo
/pi tril"oh/, n. James Caesar, 1892-1984, U.S. labor leader: president of the American Federation of Musicians 1940-58. * * *
Petrillo, James C
▪ American labour leader born March 16, 1892, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Oct. 23, 1984, Chicago       American labour leader who served as president of the American ...
Petrine
/pee"truyn, -trin/, adj. of or pertaining to the apostle Peter or the Epistles bearing his name. [1840-50; < LL Petr(us) PETER + -INE1] * * *
Petrine theory
▪ religion       the basis of Roman Catholic doctrine on papal primacy, resting partly on Christ's bestowing the “keys of the Kingdom” on Peter (the first pope, ...
Petrinism
—Petrinist, n. /pee"treuh niz'euhm/, n. the body of theological doctrine taught by, or attributed to, the apostle Peter. [PETRINE + -ISM] * * *
petro
/pe"troh/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to petroleum or the petroleum industry. n. 2. Canadian. the federally owned petroleum industry. [1970-75; independent use of PETRO-2] * * *
petro-
petro-1 a combining form meaning "rock," "stone," used in the formation of compound words: petrology. Also, petri-; esp. before a vowel, petr-. [ < Gk, comb. form of pétra rock, ...
Petrobrás
officially Petróleo Brasileiro SA Brazilian oil and natural-gas company, the largest corporation in South America. It was founded in 1953 as a government-owned monopoly to ...
Petrobrusian
/pe'troh brooh"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. a member of a 12th-century sect in S France that rejected the Mass, infant baptism, prayers for the dead, sacerdotalism, the veneration of the ...
petrochemical
/pe'troh kem"i keuhl/, n. 1. a chemical substance obtained from petroleum or natural gas, as gasoline, kerosene, or petrolatum. adj. 2. of or pertaining to petrochemistry or a ...
petrochemistry
/pe'troh kem"euh stree/, n. 1. the branch of chemistry dealing with petroleum or its products. 2. the chemistry of rocks. [1935-40; PETRO-2 or PETRO-1 + CHEMISTRY] * * *
petrodollars
/pe"troh dol'euhrz/, n.pl. surplus revenues in dollars accumulated by petroleum-exporting countries, as those of the Middle East, esp. when then used for foreign loans or ...
Petrodvorets
formerly (until 1944) Peterhof City (pop., 1995 est.: 82,000), northwestern Russia. Located near St. Petersburg, it was founded by Peter I the Great as a country estate in ...
Petrofina SA
▪ Belgian petroleum company       former Belgian petroleum conglomerate that was acquired in 1999 by Total (Total SA), a French oil firm, to create Totalfina. The ...
petrog.
petrography. * * *
petrogenesis
—petrogenetic /pe'troh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /pe'troh jen"euh sis/, n. 1. the branch of petrology dealing with the origin and formation of rocks. 2. the origin and formation of ...
petrogenetic
See petrogenesis. * * *
petroglyph
—petroglyphic, adj. —petroglyphy /pi trog"leuh fee/, n. /pe"treuh glif'/, n. a drawing or carving on rock, made by a member of a prehistoric people. Also called ...
Petroglyph National Monument
▪ monument, New Mexico, United States       archaeological site featuring some 25,000 prehistoric and historic petroglyphs (rock carvings), central New Mexico, U.S. It ...
petroglyphic
See petroglyph. * * *
Petrograd
/pe"treuh grad'/; Russ. /pyi trddu grddaht"/, n. former name (1914-24) of St. Petersburg (def. 2). * * *
petrogram
/pe"treuh gram'/, n. a drawing or painting on rock, esp. one made by a member of a prehistoric people. [PETRO-1 + -GRAM1] * * *
petrograph
/pe"treuh graf', -grahf'/, n. petroglyph. [1805-15; PETRO-1 + -GRAPH] * * *
petrographer
See petrography. * * *
petrographic
See petrographer. * * *
petrographical
See petrographer. * * *
petrographically
See petrographer. * * *
petrography
—petrographer, n. —petrographic /pe'treuh graf"ik/, petrographical, adj. —petrographically, adv. /pi trog"reuh fee/, n. the branch of petrology dealing with the description ...
petrol
/pe"treuhl/, n., v., petrolled, petrolling. n. 1. Brit. gasoline. 2. Archaic. petroleum. v.t. 3. Brit. to clean with gasoline. [1590-1600; < MF petrole < ML petroleum ...
petrol bomb
Brit. See Molotov cocktail. [1955-60] * * *
petrol.
petrology. * * *
petrolatum
/pe'treuh lay"teuhm, -lah"-/, n. a yellowish or whitish, translucent, gelatinous, oily, semisolid, amorphous mass obtained from petroleum: used as a lubricant, rust preventive, ...
petrolene
/pe"treuh leen'/, n. any of the constituents of a bitumen, as asphalt, that are soluble in pentane, hexane, or naphthalene. Also called malthene. Cf. asphaltene. [1830-40; ...
Petróleos de Venezuela, SA
▪ Venezuelan company  state-owned Venezuelan (Venezuela) company created through the nationalization of the petroleum industry on Jan. 1, 1976. It earns the largest share of ...
Petróleos de Venezuela, SA (PDVSA)
State-owned Venezuelan energy company with interests in oil, natural gas, coal, and petrochemicals. It was created in 1976 through the nationalization of Venezuela's petroleum ...
Petróleos Mexicanos
▪ Mexican company byname  Pemex        state-owned Mexican company, a producer, refiner, and distributor of oil, natural gas, and petroleum derivatives. It is the ...
petroleum
—petroleous, adj. /peuh troh"lee euhm/, n. an oily, thick, flammable, usually dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring ...
petroleum engineering
Introduction       the branch of engineering that involves the development and exploitation of crude oil and natural gas fields as well as the technical analysis and ...
petroleum ether
a flammable, low-boiling hydrocarbon mixture produced by the fractional distillation of petroleum, used as a solvent. [1865-70] * * *
petroleum jelly
☆ petroleum jelly n. PETROLATUM * * * ▪ chemical compound also called  Petrolatum,         translucent, yellowish to amber or white, unctuous substance having ...
petroleum production
Introduction       recovery of crude oil and, often, associated natural gas from the Earth.        petroleum is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon material that is ...
petroleum refining
Introduction  conversion of crude oil into useful products. History Distillation of kerosene and naphtha       The refining of crude petroleum owes its origin to the ...
petroleum trap
Subsurface reservoir of petroleum. The oil is always accompanied by water and often by natural gas; all are confined in porous rock. The natural gas, being lightest, occupies ...
petroleum wax
▪ chemical compound       any wax obtained from petroleum, including paraffin wax, microcrystalline wax, and petroleum jelly (qq.v.). By comparison, animal and ...
petroleumjelly
petroleum jelly n. A colorless-to-amber semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum and used in lubricants and medicinal ointments. Also called petrolatum. * * *
petrolic
/pi trol"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or produced from petroleum. [1895-1900; PETROL(EUM) + -IC] * * *
petroliferous
/pe'treuh lif"euhr euhs/, adj. (of a rock or geologic formation) containing or yielding petroleum. [1885-90; PETROL(EUM) + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
Petrolina
/pi trddoo lee"nah/, n. a city in NE Brazil. 37,800. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, southwestern Pernambuco estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It lies on the left ...
Petrolini, Ettore
▪ Italian actor and author born Jan. 13, 1886, Rome, Italy died June 29, 1936, Rome       Italian theatrical actor and author, creator of numerous caricature sketches, ...
petrologic
See petrology. * * *
Petrologic components in coal and their groupings
▪ Table Petrologic components (macerals) in coal and their groupings maceral grouping in Europe macerals maceral grouping in the United States name in Europe* name in ...
petrological
See petrologic. * * *
petrologically
See petrologic. * * *
petrologist
See petrologic. * * *
petrology
—petrologic /pe'treuh loj"ik/, petrological, adj. —petrologically, adv. —petrologist, n. /pi trol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of rocks, including petrography and ...
Petronas Towers
Twin stainless-steel-clad skyscrapers, linked by a skybridge, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Designed by Cesar Pelli (b. 1926) and completed in 1998, the circular, step-tapered ...
Petronas Twin Towers
▪ buildings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  pair of skyscraper office buildings in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, that are among the world's tallest buildings. The Twin Towers, built to ...
petronel
/pe"treuh nl/, n. a firearm of large caliber, used from the 15th to the 17th century, that fired with its butt resting against the chest. [1570-80; < MF petrinal, dial. var. of ...
Petronius
/pi troh"nee euhs/, n. Gaius /gay"euhs/, (Gaius Petronius Arbiter) ("Arbiter Elegantiae"), died A.D. 66?, Roman satirist. * * *
Petronius Arbiter, Gaius
orig. Titus Petronius Niger died AD 66 Roman writer. Of a noble family, Petronius belonged to a class of idle pleasure-seekers, but he served ably as governor of the Asian ...
Petronius Maximus
▪ Roman emperor in full  Flavius Ancius Petronius Maximus  born 396 died May 31, 455, Rome [Italy]       Western Roman emperor from March 17 to May 31, 455. He was ...


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