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Pe·tro·ni·us (pĭ-trōʹnē-əs), Gaius. Known as “Petronius Arbiter.” Died A.D. 66. Roman courtier who is credited with writing the Satyricon. * * *
Pet·ro·pav·l (pĕt'rə-păvʹəl, pyĭ-trə-päʹvəl) or Pet·ro·pav·lovsk (pĕt'rə-păvʹlôfsk', pyĭ-trə-pävʹləfsk) A city of north-central Kazakhstan west of ...
/pe'treuh pav"lawfsk, -lofsk/; Russ. /pyi trddu pah"vleuhfsk/, n. a city in N Kazakhstan. 233,000. * * * ▪ Kazakstan Kazakh  Petropavl        city, northern ...
/pe'treuh pav"lawfsk kam chaht"skee/; Russ. /pyi trddu pah"vleuhfsk kum chyaht"skyee/, n. a city in SE Kamchatka, in the E Russian Federation in Asia. 215,000. * * *
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy [pe΄trə päv′ləfskkäm chät′skē] seaport in E Asian Russia, on Kamchatka Peninsula: pop. 210,000 * * *
▪ Russia also spelled  Petropavlovsk-Kamčatskij        port and administrative centre of Kamchatka kray (territory), far eastern Russia. It lies along the landlocked ...
/pi trddaw"poo lis/, n. a city in SE Brazil, NE of Rio de Janeiro. 116,080. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, central Rio de Janeiro estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is situated ...
/pe"troh pow'euhr/, n. the economic or political power of a nation resulting from its petroleum reserves needed by other nations. [1975-80; PETRO-2 + POWER] * * *
Petros VII
▪ 2005 Petros Papapetrou        Greek Orthodox cleric (b. Sept. 3, 1949, Sichari, British Cyprus—d. Sept. 11, 2004, while flying over the Aegean Sea), viewed his ...
/pi troh"seuhl/, adj. 1. petrous; hard. 2. Anat. of or pertaining to the petrous portion of the temporal bone. [1735-45; < L petros(us) rocky (see PETRO-1, -OSE1) + -AL1] * * *
▪ Romania       city, Hunedoara județ (county), west-central Romania, situated on a tributary of the Jiu River. Founded in the 17th century, it is the principal city ...
Petrosyan, Tigran Vartanovich
▪ Soviet chess player Petrosyan also spelled  Petrosian   born June 17, 1929, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. died August 13, 1984, Moscow, Russia       Soviet Armenian ...
/peuh troohsh"keuh/, n. a ballet suite (1911) by Stravinsky. * * *
/pe"treuhs, pee"-/, adj. 1. Anat. noting or pertaining to the hard dense portion of the temporal bone, containing the internal auditory organs; petrosal. 2. like stone, esp. in ...
Petrovic, Drazen
▪ 1994       Croatian basketball player (b. Oct. 22, 1964, Sibenik, Yugos.—d. June 7, 1993, near Ingolstadt, Germany), won two Olympic silver medals, first for ...
(as used in expressions) Pavel Petrovich Izvolsky Aleksandr Petrovich Count Mussorgsky Modest Petrovich Pavlov Ivan Petrovich Pobedonostsev Konstantin Petrovich * * *
(as used in expressions) Yelizaveta Petrovna Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Helena Petrovna Hahn * * *
/pe'treuh zeuh votsk"/; Russ. /pyi trddeuh zu vawtsk"/, n. a city in and the capital of the Karelian Autonomous Republic, in the NW Russian Federation in Europe. 270,000. * * ...
Petrucci, Ottaviano dei
▪ Italian music printer born 1466, Fossombrone, near Ancona, Papal States died 1539, Venice       Italian music printer whose collection of chansons, Harmonice Musices ...
Petrucci, Pandolfo
▪ ruler of Siena born c. 1452, Siena, Republic of Siena died May 21, 1512, San Quirico d'Orcia       Italian merchant and politician who succeeded in gaining supreme ...
Petrucciani, Michel
▪ 2000       French jazz pianist who overcame physical obstacles—he had a bone-destroying disease that stunted his growth—to become an outstanding improviser, ...
(as used in expressions) Berlage Hendrik Petrus Christus Petrus Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debije Petrus Sabbatius Treurnicht Andries Petrus * * *
Petrus Aureoli
▪ French philosopher Aureoli also spelled  Aureolus,  English  Peter Aureol,  French  Pierre Auriol,  Oriol,  or  D'Oriol  born c. 1280, near Gourdon, Guyenne died ...
Pétrus Ky
▪ Vietnamese statesman also called  Truong Vinh Ky, or Jean-baptiste Pétrus   born Dec. 6, 1837, Vinh Long province, Vietnam died Sept. 1, 1898       Vietnamese ...
Petry, Ann
▪ American author and journalist née  Lane  born October 12, 1908, Old Saybrook, Conn., U.S. died April 28, 1997, Old Saybrook       African-American novelist, ...
Over half of all British and US families keep an animal as a pet. Families with children are most likely to have pets, but other people, especially old people, often keep a pet ...
Fin. /pet"sah maw/, n. Finnish name of Pechenga. * * *
PET scan (pĕt) n. A cross-sectional image produced by a PET scanner. * * *
PET scanner n. A device that produces cross-sectional x-rays of metabolic processes by means of positron emission tomography.   [positron emission tomography.] * * *
PET scanning n. The act or process of using a PET scanner. * * *
pet sitting n. The service of providing care for people's pets. * * *
PETT scan
PETT scan [pet] n. 〚p(ositron) e(mission) t(ransaxial) t(omography)〛 PET SCAN PETT scanner n. PETT scanning n. * * *
Pettazzoni, Raffaele
▪ Italian religious historian born Feb. 3, 1883, Persiceto, Italy died Dec. 8, 1959, Rome       Italian historian of religions and educator, a founder and president ...
See pet1. * * *
Petterssen, Sverre
▪ meteorologist born Feb. 19, 1898, Hadsel, Nor. died Dec. 31, 1974, London       meteorologist who specialized in both dynamic meteorology, concerned with atmospheric ...
/pet"ee/, n. Informal. 1. petticoat (def. 1). 2. pettislip. [by shortening] * * *
—petticoatless, adj. /pet"ee koht'/, n. 1. Also called pettiskirt. an underskirt, esp. one that is full and often trimmed and ruffled and of a decorative fabric. 2. any ...
petticoat breeches
men's breeches, often ornate, having loose, skirtlike legs, worn in France and England from about 1650 to 1680. Also called Rhinegrave breeches. [1650-60] * * *
petticoat insulator
Elect. a bell-shaped insulator used for high-voltage insulation. * * *
Petticoat Lane
a street in the East End of London, England, where a famous market takes place every Sunday, selling a wide variety of goods. The name of the street was officially changed to ...
petticoat narcissus
a narcissus, Narcissus bulbocodium, of southern France and Morocco, having solitary, yellow or white flowers with an enlarged cup. Also called hoop-petticoat narcissus. * * *
/pet"ee koh'tid/, adj. having or wearing a petticoat. [1740-50; PETTICOAT + -ED3] * * *
petticoat narcissus n. A small southwest European daffodil (Narcissus bulbocodium) having yellow flowers with narrow perianth segments and a longer corona. * * *
—pettifogger, n. —pettifoggery, n. /pet"ee fog', -fawg'/, v.i., pettifogged, pettifogging. 1. to bicker or quibble over trifles or unimportant matters. 2. to carry on a ...
pettifogger [pet′i fäg΄ər, pet′ifôg΄ər; pet′ēfäg΄ər, pet′ēfôg΄ər] n. 〚 PETTY + obs. fogger < ?〛 1. a lawyer who handles petty cases, esp. one who uses ...
See pettifogger. * * *
/pet"ee fog'ing, -faw'ging/, adj. 1. insignificant; petty: pettifogging details. 2. dishonest or unethical in insignificant matters; meanly petty. [1570-80; see PETTIFOG, ...
See petty. * * *
See pettily. * * *
/pet"ing/, n. amorous caressing and kissing. [1870-75; PET1 + -ING1] * * *
petting zoo
a zoo, or a special part of a larger zoo, where children may hold and stroke and sometimes feed small or young animals. * * *
petting zoo n. A collection of farm animals, such as goats, ducks, and sheep, and sometimes docile wild animals such as turtles or deer, for children to feed and pet. * * *
/pet"ee pants'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) close-fitting, dress-length panties, sometimes trimmed with lace or ruffles on the legs. [1960-65; PETTI(COAT) + PANTS] * * *
—pettishly, adv. —pettishness, n. /pet"ish/, adj. petulantly peevish: a pettish refusal. [1585-95; see PET2, -ISH1] * * *
See pettish. * * *
See pettishly. * * *
/pet"ee skerrt'/, n. petticoat (def. 1). [1940-45; PETTI(COAT) + SKIRT] * * *
/pet"ee slip'/, n. a half-slip. [PETTI(COAT) + SLIP1] * * *
Pettit, Bob
▪ American athlete byname of  Robert E. Lee Pettit   born Dec. 12, 1932, Baton Rouge, La., U.S.       American professional basketball player, first to score 20,000 ...
Pettit, Katherine
▪ American social worker in full  Katherine Rhoda Pettit  born Feb. 23, 1868, near Lexington, Ky., U.S. died Sept. 3, 1936, Lexington       American settlement ...
/pet"ee tohz'/, n.pl. 1. the feet of a pig, esp. used as food. 2. the human toes or feet, esp. those of a child. [1545-55; pl. of obs. pettytoe offal < MF petite oye giblets of a ...
/pet"l/, v.t., pettled, pettling. Scot. and North Eng. to fondle; pet. [1710-20; PET1 + -LE] * * *
—pettily, adv. —pettiness, n. /pet"ee/, adj., pettier, pettiest. 1. of little or no importance or consequence: petty grievances. 2. of lesser or secondary importance, merit, ...
/pet"ee/, n. 1. Richard, born 1937, U.S. racing-car driver. 2. William, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne. See Lansdowne, 1st Marquis of. * * * (as used in ...
petty bourgeois
petty bourgeois n. PETIT BOURGEOIS * * *
petty bourgeois.
See petit bourgeois. [1885-90] * * *
petty bourgeoisie.
See petite bourgeoisie. [1840-50] * * *
petty cash
a cash fund for paying small charges, as for minor office supplies or deliveries. [1825-35] * * *
petty jury
—petty juror. (in a civil or criminal proceeding) a jury, usually of 12 persons, impaneled to determine the facts and render a verdict pursuant to the court's instructions on ...
petty larceny
Law. larceny in which the value of the goods taken is below a certain legally specified amount. Also, petit larceny. Cf. grand larceny. [1810-20] * * *
petty sessions
Eng. Law. a court of summary jurisdiction for minor offenses that is held without a jury. * * *
petty treason
Eng. Law. See petit treason. * * *
Petty, Lee
▪ 2001       American race-car driver (b. March 14, 1914, Level Cross, N.C.—d. April 5, 2000, Greensboro, N.C.), was a three-time National Association for Stock Car ...
Petty, Richard
born July 2, 1937, Level Cross, N.C., U.S. U.S. stock-car racer. He entered professional stock-car racing in 1958. In his long professional career he won 200 races. In 1975 he ...
Petty, Sir William
born May 26, 1623, Romsey, Hampshire, Eng. died Dec. 16, 1687, London British political economist and statistician. He gave up a life at sea to study medicine, and taught ...
Petty, Tom
▪ American musician in full  Thomas Petty  born Oct. 20, 1953, Gainesville, Fla., U.S.       American singer and songwriter whose roots-oriented guitar rock arose ...
/pet"ee fits mawr"is, -mor"-/, n. Henry Charles Keith, 5th Marquis of Lansdowne. See Lansdowne, 5th Marquis of. * * *
petty apartheid n. A system of racial segregation that focuses principally on public places, such as restaurants, hotels, and public transportation. * * *
petty cash n. A small fund of money for incidental expenses, as in an office. * * *
petty juror n. Variant of petit juror. * * *
petty jury n. Variant of petit jury. * * *
petty larceny n. Variant of petit larceny. * * *
/pech"euh leuhns/, n. 1. the state or quality of being petulant. 2. a petulant speech or action. [1600-10; < L petulantia impudence. See PETULANT, -ANCE] * * *
/pech"euh leuhn see/, n., pl. petulancies. Rare. petulance. [1550-60; < L petulantia. See PETULANCE, -ANCY] * * *
—petulantly, adv. /pech"euh leuhnt/, adj. moved to or showing sudden, impatient irritation, esp. over some trifling annoyance: a petulant toss of the head. [1590-1600; < L ...
See petulance. * * *
/pi ooh"nyeuh, -nee euh, -tyooh"-/, n. 1. any garden plant belonging to the genus Petunia, of the nightshade family, native to tropical America, having funnel-shaped flowers of ...
/pi toon"tse/; Chin. /baw"dun"dzu"/, n. a type of feldspar, used in certain porcelains. Also, petuntze. [1720-30; < Chin (Wade-Giles) pai2tun1tzu0, (pinyin) bái dùnzi white ...
pe·tun·tze or pe·tun·tse (pə-to͝onʹtsĕ) n. A variety of feldspar sometimes mixed with kaolin and used in Chinese porcelain.   [Chinese (Mandarin) bái dūnzi: bái, ...
Pétursson, Hallgrímur
▪ Icelandic poet born 1614, Hólar, Iceland died October 27, 1674, Ferstikla       poet, one of the greatest religious poets of Iceland.       Though he came ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Chichester district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England. The parish adjoins the ...
Petworth House
a stately home near Chichester in southern England. It was first built in the Middle Ages but most of it was rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is well known for its ...
To spread. Oldest form *petə₂-. Derivatives include fathom, patent, and compass. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *pot(ə)-mo-. fathom, from Old English fæthm, fathom, from Germanic ...
peu à peu
/pue ann pue"/, French. little by little. * * *
peu de chose
/puedeu shohz"/, French. a trifling or unimportant matter. * * *
Peuerbach, Georg von
▪ Austrian mathematician born c. 1421, Peuerbach, Austria died April 8, 1461, Vienna       Austrian mathematician and astronomer instrumental in the European revival of ...
See peuk-. * * *
Also peug-. To prick. Oldest forms *peuk̑-, *peug̑-, becoming *peuk-, *peug- in centum languages. Zero-grade form *pug-. 1. Suffixed form *pug-no-. poniard, pugilism, pugil ...
/poohl, pyoohl/, n. Fulani. * * *
Peutinger Table
▪ ancient map Latin  Tabula Peutingeriana        copy of a Roman map, made in 1265 by a monk of Colmar (Alsace) on 12 sheets of parchment. Eleven of the sheets are ...
To purify, cleanse. Oldest form *peuə₂-. Suffixed zero-grade form *pū-ro- (< *puə-ro-). pour, pure, purée>>, purge, Puritan; compurgation, depurate, expurgate, purblind, ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       locality, Wealden district, administrative county of East Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England. Once an English Channel port, it ...
/pevz"neuhr/; Russ. /pyef"snyirdd/, n. Antoine Fr. /ahonn twannn"/, 1886-1962, French sculptor and painter, born in Russia (brother of Naum Gabo). * * * (as used in ...
Pevsner, Antoine
orig. Natan Borisovich Pevzner born Jan. 18, 1886, Oryol, Russia died April 12, 1962, Paris, France Russian-born French sculptor and painter. After travels to Paris and Oslo, ...
Pevsner, Sir Nikolaus
born Jan. 30, 1902, Leipzig, Ger. died Aug. 18, 1983, London, Eng. German-born British art historian. He studied at various German universities and taught at Göttingen ...
Pevs·ner (pĕvzʹnər, pyĕfʹsnĭr), Antoine. 1886-1962. Russian artist. With his brother Naum Gabo he set forth the principles of constructivism in the Realist Manifesto ...
/pyooh/, n. 1. (in a church) one of a number of fixed, benchlike seats with backs, accessible by aisles, for the use of the congregation. 2. an enclosed seat in a church, or an ...
pew hinge
a rising hinge for a small door. * * *
Pew, J. Howard
▪ American industrialist in full  John Howard Pew   born Jan. 27, 1882, Bradford, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 27, 1971, Ardmore, Pa.       American industrialist who ...
Pew, Joseph N., Jr.
▪ American industrialist in full  Joseph Newton Pew, Jr. , also called  J.N. Pew, Jr.  born Nov. 12, 1886, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died April 9, 1963, Philadelphia, ...
/pyooh"ij/, n. 1. an amount or the dues paid for a church pew. 2. the pews of a church; pews collectively. [1675-85; PEW + -AGE] * * *
/pee"wee/, n. 1. any of several New World flycatchers of the genus Contopus. Cf. wood pewee. 2. the phoebe. [1790-1800, Amer.; imit.] * * * ▪ bird also spelled  Peewee, ...
/pyooh"hohl'deuhr/, n. a person who rents or owns a pew. [1835-45; PEW + HOLDER] * * *
/pee"wit, pyooh"it/, n. 1. the lapwing, Vanellus vanellus. 2. the phoebe. Also, peewit. [1520-30; imit.] * * *
/pyooh"teuhr/, n. 1. any of various alloys in which tin is the chief constituent, originally one of tin and lead. 2. a container or utensil made of such an alloy. 3. such ...
/pyooh"teuhr euhr/, n. a maker of pewter utensils or containers. [1300-50; ME peuterer < MF peutrier. See PEWTER, -ER2] * * *
Peyer patch
▪ anatomy       any of the nodules of lymphatic cells that aggregate to form bundles or patches and occur usually only in the lowest portion (ileum) of the small ...
Peynaud, Emile
▪ 2005       French wine expert (b. 1912, Madiran, France—d. July 18, 2004, Talence, France), revolutionized winemaking by clarifying for traditional producers ...
/pay oh"tee/; Sp. /pe yaw"te/, n., pl. peyotes /-teez/; Sp. /-tes/. 1. mescal (def. 3). 2. See mescal button. 3. mescaline. 4. (in Mexico) any of several cacti related to or ...
Peyron, Bruno
▪ 1994       In 1872 the fictional Phileas Fogg traveled Around the World in Eighty Days by train, boat, and elephant. In 1993, more than a century after French author ...
/payt"n/, n. a male given name, form of Payton. * * *
Peyton Place
a novel (1956) by the US writer Grace Metalious which shocked many people but still sold millions of copies. It is about the sexual relationships and often dishonest behaviour of ...
To fart. 1. Suffixed form *pezd-i-. feist, from Old English fīsting, a breaking wind, and Middle English fisten, to fart, from Germanic *fistiz, a fart. 2. petard, from Latin ...
picofarad; picofarads. * * *
1. perfect. 2. pfennig. 3. pianoforte; piano. 4. (of stock) preferred. 5. proof. * * *
Pfaff, Johann Friedrich
▪ German mathematician born December 22, 1765, Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany] died April 21, 1825, Halle, Saxony [Germany]       German mathematician who proposed ...
/pfahlts/, n. German name of the Palatinate. * * *
PFC or Pfc abbrev. Private First Class * * * PFC abbr. private first class. * * *
Mil. private first class. Also, PFC. * * *
See personal flotation device. * * *
(of stock) preferred. * * *
Pfeffer, Wilhelm
▪ German botanist born March 9, 1845, Grebenstein, near Kassel, Germany died January 31, 1920, Leipzig       German botanist whose work on osmotic pressure made him a ...
Pfefferkorn, Johannes
▪ German controversialist born 1469, Nürnberg? died 1522/23, Cologne       German controversialist—a Christianized Jew—and opponent of Jewish literature, whose ...
pfeffernuss [fef′ər no͞os΄] n. pl. pfeffernuesse [fef′ərno͞o΄sə] 〚Ger, lit., pepper nut〛 a small, usually ball-shaped cookie flavored with cinnamon, allspice, ...
pfen·ig (fĕnʹĭg) n. pl. pfenig or pfen·igs See table at currency.   [Serbo-Croatian, from German Pfennig, pfennig. See pfennig.] * * *
/fen"ig/; Ger. /pfen"ikh/, n., pl. pfennigs, pfennige Ger. /pfen"i geuh/. 1. a copper-coated iron coin and monetary unit of Germany, the 100th part of a Deutsche mark. 2. ...
/ft/, interj. (used to express or indicate a dying or fizzling out.) Also, phfft. [1920-25] * * *
pfennig. * * *
/pfits"neuhrdd/, n. Hans Erich /hahns" ay"rddikh/, 1869-1949, German composer and conductor. * * *
Pfitzner, Hans
▪ German composer born May 5, 1869, Moscow died May 22, 1949, Salzburg, Austria       German composer who upheld traditional ideals during the post-Wagnerian ...
/fawrts"huym'/; Ger. /pfawrddts"huym'/, n. a city in W Baden-Württemberg, in SW Germany. 106,600. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), ...
/fooh"ee/, interj. phooey. * * *
Pfund series
/fund, pfoond/, Spectroscopy. a series of lines in the infrared spectrum of hydrogen. * * *
Pfyffer, Ludwig
▪ Swiss military leader byname  King of the Swiss,  German  Schweizerkönig   born 1524 died March 17, 1594, Luzern, Switz.       Swiss military leader, spokesman ...
Informal. pregnant. parental guidance: a rating assigned to a motion picture by the Motion Picture Association of America indicating that children of all ages may attend but that ...
picogram; picograms. * * *
/pee"jee"therr'teen"/ a motion-picture rating advising parents that a film contains material deemed unsuitable for children under the age of 13. Cf. PG * * *
1. Portugal. 2. Also, Pg Portuguese. * * *
page. * * *
Professional Golfers' Association. Also, P.G.A. Biochem. See folic acid. [p(teroyl) + g(lutamic) a(cid)] * * *
PGA Tournament
➡ PGA * * *
PGP abbr. pretty good privacy (data encryption). * * *
Chem. phenyl. * * * Quantitative measure of the strength of the acidity or alkalinity (see acid, base) of a solution. It is defined as the negative common logarithm of the ...
Chem. the symbol for the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen ion concentration in gram atoms per liter, used to express the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a scale of ...
Optics. phot; phots. * * * Quantitative measure of the strength of the acidity or alkalinity (see acid, base) of a solution. It is defined as the negative common logarithm of ...
pH meter
▪ instrument       electric device used to measure hydrogen-ion activity (acidity or alkalinity) in solution. Fundamentally, a pH meter consists of a voltmeter attached ...
1. phase. 2. phone. * * *
Ph. C.
Pharmaceutical Chemist. * * *
Ph. G.
Graduate in Pharmacy. * * *
Bachelor of Philosophy. [ < L Philosophiae Baccalaureus] * * *
See Doctor of Philosophy. [ < L Philosophiae Doctor] * * *
Licentiate in Philosophy. * * *
Master of Philosophy. * * *
Public Housing Administration. * * *
/feuh see"lee euh/, n. any of numerous plants belonging to the genus Phacelia, of the waterleaf family, chiefly of the western U.S. and Mexico, having clusters of violet, blue, ...
/fak'oh i mul'seuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. Surg. the removal of a cataract by first liquefying the affected lens with ultrasonic vibrations and then extracting it by suction. Also, ...
/fak"euh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a colorless variety of chabazite. [1835-45; < Gk phakó(s) lentil plant + -LITE] * * *
▪ trilobite       genus of trilobites (an extinct group of aquatic arthropods) found as fossils in Silurian and Devonian rocks (between 359,000,000 and 444,000,000 years ...
—Phaeacian, n., adj. /fee ay"sheuh/, n. Class. Myth. an island nation on the shores of which Odysseus was shipwrecked and discovered by Nausicaä. * * *
/fee"doh/, n. a philosophical dialogue (4th century B.C.) by Plato, purporting to describe the death of Socrates, dealing with the immortality of the soul, and setting forth the ...
/fee"dreuh, fed"reuh/, n. Class. Myth. the wife of Theseus who fell in love with Hippolytus, her stepson, and eventually hanged herself after causing his death. * * * In Greek ...
/fee"dreuhs, fed"reuhs/, n. fl. A.D. c40, Roman writer of fables. * * * born с 15 BC, Thrace died с AD 50, Italy Roman fabulist. A slave by birth, Phaedrus became a freedman ...
/fay en"euh/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Graces worshiped at Sparta. * * *
      class of algae commonly known as brown algae (q.v.). * * *
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Phaeozems are characterized by a humus-rich ...
/fee"steuhs, fes"teuhs/, n. Phaistos. * * * ▪ ancient city, Crete Greek  Phaestos,         ancient city on the western end of the southern plain of Crete, about 3.5 ...
/fay"euh theuhn, -thon'/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Helios who borrowed the chariot of the sun and drove it so close to earth that Zeus struck him down to save the world. [ < Gk ...
/fay"i tn/ or, esp. Brit., /fayt"n/, n. 1. any of various light, four-wheeled carriages, with or without a top, having one or two seats facing forward, used in the 19th ...
phag- combining form PHAGO-: used before a vowel * * *
Phag-mo-gru family
Tibetan family that in the 14th century liberated Tibet from Mongol control. At that time Tibet was governed by lamas from the Sa-skya monastery who resided at the Mongol (Yuan) ...
/fayj/, n. bacteriophage. [by shortening, or independent use of -PHAGE] * * *
—phagedenic /faj'i den"ik, -dee"nik/, adj. /faj'i dee"neuh/, n. Pathol. a severe, destructive, eroding ulcer. Also, phagedaena. [1650-60; < NL phagedaena < Gk phagédaina an ...
a combining form meaning "eating, devouring," used in the formation of compound words: phagocyte. Cf. -phage, -phagous, -phagy. [ < Gk, comb. form akin to phageîn to eat, ...
—phagocytic /fag'euh sit"ik/, adj. /fag"euh suyt'/, n. Cell Biol. any cell, as a macrophage, that ingests and destroys foreign particles, bacteria, and cell debris. [1880-85; ...
See phagocyte. * * *
phagocytic index
the average number of bacteria ingested per phagocyte in an incubated mixture of bacteria, phagocytes, and blood serum: used in determining the opsonic index. [1900-05] * * *
phagocytic index n. The average number of bacteria ingested by each phagocyte in an individual's blood after a mixture of the blood serum, bacteria, and phagocytes has been ...
/fag"euh suy'tuyz, -si tuyz'/, v.t., phagocytized, phagocytizing. (of a phagocyte) to devour (material). Also, esp. Brit., phagocytise. [1920-25; PHAGOCYTE + -IZE] * * *
/fag"euh suy'tohs, -tohz/, v.t., phagocytosed, phagocytosing. phagocytize. [1930-35; back formation from PHAGOCYTOSIS] * * *
/fag'euh suy toh"sis/, n. Physiol. the ingestion of a smaller cell or cell fragment, a microorganism, or foreign particles by means of the local infolding of a cell's membrane ...
See phagocytosis. * * *
/fag"euh sohm'/, n. a vacuole within a phagocyte that contains bacteria or other ingested particles and that becomes fused with a lysosome. [1955-60; PHAGO- + -SOME3] * * *
/fay uy'noh pep"leuh, fay'euh-/, n. a crested passerine bird, Phainopepla nitens, of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico. [ < NL, equiv. to Gk phaín(ein) to give light, shine + -o- ...
/fuy"steuhs/, n. an ancient city in S central Crete: site of Minoan palace; Linear A tablets and important pottery objects unearthed here. Also, Phaestus. * * *
/fak'oh i mul'seuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. Surg. phacoemulsification. * * *
▪ Indian philosophical concept       (Sanskrit: “fruit”), in Indian philosophy, the fruit or consequence of a particular action (karma). The almost universally held ...
▪ South Africa also spelled  Ba-Phalaborwa ,  Palabora         mining town, Limpopo province, South Africa, located east of the Drakensberg mountains and north of ...
/fal'euh nop"sis/, n., pl. phalaenopsis. any of various epiphytic orchids of the genus Phalaenopsis, native to tropical Asia, having clusters of showy, variously colored flowers. ...
/fal"euhnj, feuh lanj", fay"lanj/, n., pl. phalanges /feuh lan"jeez/. Anat., Zool. a phalanx. [1550-60; back formation from PHALANGES] * * *
/feuh lan"jee euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a phalanx. 2. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to a phalanx or the phalanges. [1825-35; < NL phalange(us) + -AL1] * * *
/feuh lan"jeuhr/, n. any of numerous arboreal marsupials of the family Phalangeridae, of Australia, having foxlike ears and a long, bushy tail. [1765-75; < F (Buffon) or < NL ...
/feuh lan"jeez/, n. 1. a pl. of phalanx. 2. pl. of phalange. [ < L < Gk phálanges] * * *
/fal'euhn stear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a phalanstery. 2. of or pertaining to phalansterianism. n. 3. a member of a phalanstery. 4. an advocate of phalansterianism; ...
/fal'euhn stear"ee euh niz'euhm/, n. a system by which society would be reorganized into units comprising their own social and industrial elements; Fourierism. [1840-50; ...
/fal"euhn ster'ee/, n., pl. phalansteries. 1. (in Fourierism) a. the buildings occupied by a phalanx. b. the community itself. 2. any similar association, or the buildings they ...
/fay"langks, fal"angks/, n., pl. phalanxes or, for 7, phalanges /feuh lan"jeez/, v. n. 1. (in ancient Greece) a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files close ...
▪ tyrant of Acragas died c. 554 BC       tyrant of Acragas (modern Agrigento), Sicily, notorious for his cruelty. He is alleged to have roasted his victims alive in a ...
/fal"euh rohp'/, n. any of three species of small, aquatic birds of the family Phalaropodidae, resembling sandpipers but having lobate toes. [1770-80; < F < NL Phalaropus genus ...
/fal"euhr euh/, n., pl. phalerae /fal"euh ree'/. a metal disk or boss worn on a man's breast as an ornament or as a military decoration or used to adorn the harness of a ...
phal·li (fălʹī') n. A plural of phallus. * * *
/fal"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a phallus. 2. of or pertaining to phallicism. 3. genital (def. 2b). Also, phallical. [1780-90; < Gk phallikós. See PHALLUS, ...
phallic phase
Psychoanal. the time from about age three to five when the genitals become the focus of a child's sensual pleasure. Also called phallic stage. * * *
phallic symbol
Psychoanal. any object, as a cigar or skyscraper, that may broadly resemble or represent the penis, esp. such an object that symbolizes power, as an automobile. [1905-10] * * *
See phallic. * * *
—phallicist, phallist, n. /fal"euh siz'euhm/, n. worship of the phallus, esp. as symbolic of power or of the generative principle of nature. Also, phallism /fal"iz ...
phallocentric [fal΄ō sen′trik] adj. 1. of or characterized by a particularly masculine mode of thought or behavior [a phallocentric point of view] 2. dominated or controlled ...
—phallocentric, adj. /fal'oh sen"triz euhm/, n. a doctrine or belief centered on the phallus, esp. a belief in the superiority of the male sex. [1925-30] * * *
/fal'euh tok"sin/, n. Mycol. any of a group of potent mycotoxins produced by certain mushroom species of the genus Amanita. [1965-70; < NL (Amanita) phallo(ides) one such species ...
/fal"euhs/, n., pl. phalli /fal"uy/, phalluses. 1. an image of the male reproductive organ, esp. that carried in procession in ancient festivals of Dionysus, or Bacchus, ...
▪ India       town, central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. Located in the Great Indian (Thar) Desert (Thar Desert), Phalodi is an old caravan ...
Pham Hung
▪ prime minister of Vietnam born June 11, 1912, Vinh Long province, Vietnam died March 10, 1988, Ho Chi Minh City       Vietnamese politician who served briefly as ...
Pham Van Dong
/fahm" vahn" dawng"/ born 1906, Vietnamese political leader: prime minister of North Vietnam 1955-76 and of unified Vietnam 1976-86. * * * ▪ 2001       Vietnamese ...
(as used in expressions) Phan Boi Chau Phan Van San Phan Giai San Phan Chau Trinh * * *
Phan Boi Chau
or Phan Giai San orig. Phan Van San born 1867, Nghe An province, Viet. died Sept. 29, 1940, Hue )Vietnamese resistance figure. Son of a poor scholar, he received a doctorate ...
Phan Chau Trinh
born 1872, Tay Loc, Quang Nam province, Viet. died March 24, 1926, Saigon Vietnamese nationalist leader and reformer. Trinh, who fought in the resistance movement against the ...
Phan Dinh Phung
▪ Vietnamese rebel leader born 1847, Ha Tinh province, Vietnam died Dec. 28, 1895, Nghe Tinh province       Vietnamese government official who opposed French expansion ...
Phan Khoi
▪ Vietnamese intellectual born 1888?, Quang Nam province, Annam [now in Vietnam] died 1958, Hanoi, North Vietnam       intellectual leader who inspired a North ...
Phan Thanh Gian
▪ Vietnamese diplomat and government official also spelled  Phan Thang Giang   born 1796, Ben Tre province, Cochinchina [now in Vietnam] died Aug. 4, 1867, Vinh ...
Phan Thiet
▪ Vietnam       seaport, southern Vietnam. It lies along the South China Sea at the head of a broad crescent bay, 112 miles (180 km) east-northeast of Ho Chi Minh City ...
▪ Ottoman official       member of one of the principal Greek families of the Phanar, the Greek quarter of Constantinople (Istanbul), who, as administrators in the civil ...
/fan"euh ruyt'/, n. any igneous rock whose grains are visible to the naked eye. [1855-60; < Gk phaner(ós) manifest, visible + -ITE1] * * *
/fan'euh roh kris"tl in, -uyn'/, adj. Petrog. (of a rock) having the principal constituents in the form of crystals visible to the naked eye. Also, phaneritic /fan'euh ...
—phanerogamic, phanerogamous /fan'euh rog"euh meuhs/, phanerogamian /fan'euhr euh gay"mee euhn/, adj. —phanerogamy, n. /fan"euhr euh gam'/, n. Bot. any of the Phanerogamia, a ...
See phanerogam. * * *
See phanerogamic. * * *
phanerophyte [fan′ər ōfīt΄] n. 〚< Gr phaneros, visible (see PHANEROGAM) + -PHYTE〛 Bot. a perennial plant with its resting buds located well above the ground and exposed ...
/fan'euhr euh zoh"ik/, Geol. n. 1. the eon comprising the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras. adj. 2. of or pertaining to this eon. [1925-30; < Gk phaneró(s) manifest, ...
Phanerozoic Eon
Span of geologic time from с 543 million years ago, the end of the Proterozoic Eon, to the present. The Phanerozoic, the eon of visible life, is divided into three major eras: ...
▪ Thailand       town, southern Thailand, on the hilly western side of the Malay Peninsula. It lies on the coastal road and is a centre for mining, trade, and tourism ...
▪ Greek philosopher also spelled Phaenias, or Phainias flourished c. 300 BC       Greek philosopher of Eresus on the island of Lesbos, a pupil of Aristotle and a ...
/fan"oh/, n., pl. phanos. fanon. * * *
/fan"euh tron'/, n. Electronics. a hot-cathode gas diode. [1930-35; perh. < Gk phan(ázein) to appear + -o- -O- + -TRON] * * *
/fan"teuh suyz'/, v.i., v.t., phantasized, phantasizing. fantasize. Also, esp. Brit., phantasise. * * *
/fan"taz euhm/, n. 1. an apparition or specter. 2. a creation of the imagination or fancy; fantasy. 3. a mental image or representation of a real object. 4. an illusory likeness ...
/fan taz"meuh/, n., pl. phantasmata /-meuh teuh/. phantasm (defs. 1, 2). [1590-1600; < L] * * *
—phantasmagorial, phantasmagoric /fan taz'meuh gawr"ik, -gor"-/, phantasmagorical, phantasmagorian, adj. —phantasmagorially, phantasmagorically, phantasmagorianly, adv. ...
See phantasmagoria. * * *
See phantasmagoric. * * *
/fan taz"meuh gawr'ee, -gohr'ee/, n., pl. phantasmagories. phantasmagoria. * * *
—phantasmality, n. —phantasmally, phantasmically, phantasmatically, adv. /fan taz"meuhl/, adj. pertaining to or of the nature of a phantasm; unreal; illusory; spectral: ...
See phantasmal. * * *
/fan"tast/, n. fantast. * * *
/fan"teuh see, -zee/, n., pl. phantasies. fantasy. * * *
—phantomlike, adj. /fan"teuhm/, n. 1. an apparition or specter. 2. an appearance or illusion without material substance, as a dream image, mirage, or optical illusion. 3. a ...
phantom circuit
Elect. a circuit derived from two suitably arranged pairs of wires, each pair being a circuit (side circuit) and also acting as one half of an additional derived circuit, the ...
phantom limb pain
Pathol. a phenomenon characterized by the experience of pain, discomfort, or other sensation in the area of a missing limb or other body part, as a breast. Also called ...
phantom limb syndrome
▪ neurophysiology       the ability to feel sensations and even pain in a limb or limbs that no longer exist. Phantom limb syndrome is characterized by both nonpainful ...
phantom midge
▪ insect       any insect of the family Chaoboridae (order Diptera), similar in appearance to the mosquito. The common name is derived from the fact that the larvae are ...
phantom stock
an employee bonus expressed as the cash value of a specified amount of company stock to be received at a future date, meant to create employee interest in raising stock prices ...
phantomlimb pain
phantom limb pain n. Pain or discomfort felt by an amputee in the area of the missing limb. * * *
Phao Sriyanond
▪ Thai politician born March 1, 1910, Siam [now Thailand] died Nov. 21, 1960, Geneva, Switz.       director general of the Thai government's national police, who as one ...
phar abbrev. 1. pharmaceutical 2. pharmacist 3. pharmacy * * *
1. pharmaceutical. 2. pharmacology. 3. pharmacopoeia. 4. pharmacy. Also, phar. * * *

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