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Phar.B.
Bachelor of Pharmacy. * * *
Phar.D.
Doctor of Pharmacy. * * *
Pharaoh
/fair"oh, far"oh, fay"roh/, n. 1. a title of an ancient Egyptian king. 2. (l.c.) any person who uses power or authority to oppress others; tyrant. [bef. 900; ME Pharao, OE ...
Pharaoh ant
a red or yellow ant, Monomorium pharaonis, introduced from Europe into North America: a common household pest. Also, Pharaoh's ant. [1905-10] * * *
pharaoh hound
/fair"oh, far"oh, fay"roh/ one of a breed of medium-sized gazehounds with a smooth coat, red to tan in color with white markings, and erect ears. [1965-70] * * *
pharaohant
pharaoh ant n. A tiny, yellowish-red ant (Monomorium pharaonis) that infests human dwellings throughout the world. * * *
Pharaohhound
Pharaoh hound n. Any of a breed of sleek, swift-running hunting dog originating in Egypt and having a short, glossy, tan coat and large, pointed ears. * * *
Pharaon, Henri-Philippe
▪ 1994       Lebanese politician and businessman (b. 1901?, Alexandria, Egypt?—d. Aug. 6, 1993, Beirut, Lebanon), was a founding father of independent Lebanon, the ...
Pharaonic
/fair'ay on"ik, far'-/, adj. 1. (sometimes l.c.) of or like a Pharaoh: living in Pharaonic splendor. 2. (usually l.c.) impressively or overwhelmingly large, luxurious, etc.: a ...
Pharisaic
—Pharisaically, adv. —Pharisaicaless, n. /far'euh say"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Pharisees. 2. (l.c.) practicing or advocating strict observance of external forms ...
pharisaically
See pharisaic. * * *
pharisaicalness
See pharisaically. * * *
Pharisaism
—Pharisaist, adj. /far"euh say iz'euhm/, n. 1. the principles and practices of the Pharisees. 2. (l.c.) rigid observance of external forms of religion or conduct without ...
Pharisee
/far"euh see'/, n. 1. a member of a Jewish sect that flourished during the 1st century B.C. and 1st century A.D. and that differed from the Sadducees chiefly in its strict ...
pharm
pharm abbrev. 1. pharmaceutical 2. pharmacist 3. pharmacology 4. pharmacopeia 5. pharmacy * * *
pharm.
1. pharmaceutical. 2. pharmacology. 3. pharmacopoeia. 4. pharmacy. * * *
Pharm.D.
Doctor of Pharmacy. * * *
Pharm.M.
Master of Pharmacy. * * *
pharmaceutical
—pharmaceutically, adv. /fahr'meuh sooh"ti keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to pharmacy or pharmacists. n. 2. a pharmaceutical preparation or product. Also, pharmaceutic. [1640-50; ...
pharmaceutical industry
Producers of pharmaceuticals, substances used in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and the modification of organic functions. The earliest records of medicinal ...
pharmaceutically
See pharmaceutical. * * *
pharmaceutics
/fahr'meuh sooh"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) pharmacy (def. 1). [1535-45; < LL pharmaceuticus < Gk pharmakeutikós, equiv. to pharmakeut(és) druggist, orig. poisoner (deriv. ...
pharmacist
/fahr"meuh sist/, n. a person licensed to prepare and dispense drugs and medicines; druggist; apothecary; pharmaceutical chemist. Also, pharmaceutist /fahr'meuh ...
pharmaco-
a combining form meaning "drug," used in the formation of compound words: pharmacology. [comb. form repr. Gk phármakon drug] * * *
pharmacodynamic
See pharmacodynamics. * * *
pharmacodynamically
See pharmacodynamic. * * *
pharmacodynamics
—pharmacodynamic, pharmacodynamical, adj. /fahr'meuh koh duy nam"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of pharmacology dealing with the course of action, effect, and ...
pharmacogenetic
See pharmacogenetics. * * *
pharmacogenetics
—pharmacogenetic /fahr'meuh koh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /fahr'meuh koh jeuh net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Pharm. the branch of pharmacology that examines the relation of ...
pharmacognosist
See pharmacognosy. * * *
pharmacognostic
See pharmacognosist. * * *
pharmacognosy
—pharmacognosist, n. —pharmacognostic /fahr'meuh kog nos"tik/, adj. /fahr'meuh kog"neuh see/, n. See materia medica (def. 2). [1835-45; PHARMACO- + -GNOS(IS) + -Y3] * * *
pharmacokinetic
See pharmacokinetics. * * *
pharmacokinetics
/fahr'meuh koh ki net"iks, -kuy-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Pharm. the branch of pharmacology that studies the fate of pharmacological substances in the body, as their ...
pharmacolite
/fahr mak"euh luyt', fahr"meuh keuh-/, n. hydrous calcium arsenate, 2CaO·As2O5·5H2O, formed by natural alteration of mineral deposits containing arsenopyrite and arsenical ores ...
pharmacologic
See pharmacology. * * *
pharmacological
See pharmacologic. * * *
pharmacologically
See pharmacologic. * * *
pharmacologist
See pharmacologic. * * *
pharmacology
—pharmacological /fahr'meuh keuh loj"i keuhl/, pharmacologic, adj. —pharmacologically, adv. —pharmacologist, n. /fahr'meuh kol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the ...
pharmacopeia
pharmacopeia or pharmacopoeia [fär΄mə kō pē′ə] n. 〚ModL < Gr pharmakopoiïa < pharmakon, drug + poiein, to make: see POET1〛 1. an authoritative book containing a list ...
pharmacopoeia
—pharmacopoeial, pharmacopoeic, adj. —pharmacopoeist, n. /fahr'meuh keuh pee"euh/, n. Pharm. 1. a book published usually under the jurisdiction of the government and ...
pharmacopoeial
See pharmacopoeia. * * *
pharmacopoeist
See pharmacopoeial. * * *
pharmacosiderite
      hydrated iron arsenate mineral (KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4·6−7H2O) that forms olive-green to honey-yellow, yellowish-brown, and brown, transparent to translucent, ...
pharmacotherapy
/fahr'meuh koh ther"euh pee/, n. the treatment of disease through the administration of drugs. [1905-10; PHARMACO- + THERAPY] * * *
pharmacy
/fahr"meuh see/, n., pl. pharmacies. 1. Also called pharmaceutics. the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines. 2. a drugstore. [1645-55; earlier ...
pharmākos
▪ Greek religion       in Greek religion, a human scapegoat used in certain state rituals. In Athens, for example, a man and a woman who were considered ugly were ...
PharmB
PharmB abbr. Latin Pharmaciae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Pharmacy). * * *
PharmD
PharmD abbr. Latin Pharmaciae Doctor (Doctor of Pharmacy). * * *
pharming
pharm·ing (färʹmĭng) n. The production of pharmaceuticals from genetically altered plants or animals.   [Blend of pharmaceutical, and farming, gerund of farm.] * * *
PharmM
PharmM abbr. Latin Pharmaciae Magister (Master of Pharmacy). * * *
Pharnabazus
▪ Persian statesman flourished late 5th and early 4th centuries BC       Persian soldier and statesman who was the hereditary satrap (provincial governor) of Dascylium ...
Pharos
/fair"os/, n. 1. a small peninsula in N Egypt, near Alexandria: site of ancient lighthouse built by Ptolemy. 2. the lighthouse on this peninsula. Cf. Seven Wonders of the ...
Pharos of Alexandria
▪ ancient lighthouse, Alexandria, Egypt       one of the Seven Wonders of the World and the most famous lighthouse in antiquity. It was a technological triumph and is ...
Pharr
/fahr/, n. a city in S Texas. 21,381. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, Hidalgo county, southern Texas, U.S., in the lower Rio Grande valley. It is one of ...
Pharsalia
—Pharsalian, adj. /fahr say"lee euh, -sayl"yeuh/, n. a district in ancient Greece whose chief city was Pharsalus. * * *
Pharsalus
/fahr say"leuhs/, n. an ancient city in central Greece, in Thessaly: site of Caesar's victory over Pompey 48 B.C. * * *
Pharsalus, Battle of
(48 BC) Decisive engagement in the Roman civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey. Caesar had recently been defeated by Pompey when the two met again in Greece. Though Pompey ...
pharyng-
var. of pharyngo- before a vowel: pharyngitis. * * *
pharyngeal
/feuh rin"jee euhl, -jeuhl, far'in jee"euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or situated near the pharynx. 2. Phonet. articulated with retraction of the root of the tongue and ...
pharyngeal pouch.
See branchial pouch. * * *
pharyngealize
—pharyngealization, n. /feuh rin"jee euh luyz', -jeuh luyz', far'euhn jee"euh luyz'/, v.t., pharyngealized, pharyngealizing. Phonet. to pronounce with pharyngeal ...
pharyngectomy
/far'in jek"teuh mee/, n., pl. pharyngectomies. Surg. excision of part or all of the pharynx. [1885-90; PHARYNG- + -ECTOMY] * * *
pharynges
pha·ryn·ges (fə-rĭnʹjēz) n. A plural of pharynx. * * *
pharyngitis
/far'in juy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx; sore throat. [1835-45; PHARYNG- + -ITIS] * * * Inflammation and infection (usually bacterial or ...
pharyngo-
a combining form representing pharynx in compound words: pharyngology. Also, esp. before a vowel, pharyng-. [ < Gk, comb. form of phárynx throat] * * *
pharyngocele
pha·ryn·go·cele (fə-rĭngʹgə-sēl') n. Protrusion of mucous membrane through the wall of the pharynx; hernia of the pharynx. * * *
pharyngology
/far'ing gol"euh jee/, n. the science of the pharynx and its diseases. [1835-45; PHARYNGO- + -LOGY] * * *
pharyngoscope
—pharyngoscopic /feuh ring'geuh skop"ik/, adj. —pharyngoscopist /far'ing gos"keuh pist/, n. /feuh ring"geuh skohp'/, n. an instrument for inspecting the pharynx. [1865-70; ...
pharyngoscopy
/far'ing gos"keuh pee/, n., pl. pharyngoscopies. an examination by means of a pharyngoscope. [PHARYNGOSCOPE + -Y3; see -SCOPY] * * *
pharynx
/far"ingks/, n., pl. pharynges /feuh rin"jeez/, pharynxes. Anat. the tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles, that connects the mouth and nasal passages with ...
phase
—phaseless, adj. —phasic, phaseal, adj. /fayz/, n., v., phased, phasing. n. 1. any of the major appearances or aspects in which a thing of varying modes or conditions ...
phase angle
Physics. See under phase (def. 8). [1885-90] * * *
phase diagram
Chem. a graph, usually using temperature, pressure, and composition as coordinates, indicating the regions of stability of the various phases of a system. [1910-15] * * * ▪ ...
phase microscope
a microscope that utilizes the phase differences of light rays transmitted by different portions of an object to create an image in which the details of the object are distinct ...
phase modulation
Electronics. radio transmission in which the carrier wave is modulated by changing its phase to transmit the amplitude and pitch of the signal. [1925-30] * * *
phase rule
Physical Chem. a law that the number of degrees of freedom in a system in equilibrium is equal to two plus the number of components less the number of phases. Thus, a system of ...
phase space
Physics. a hypothetical space constructed so as to have as many coordinates as are necessary to define the state of a given substance or system. [1925-30] * * *
phase velocity
Physics. the velocity with which a simple harmonic wave is propagated, equal to the wavelength divided by the period of vibration. Cf. group velocity, particle ...
phase-contrast microscope
phase-contrast microscope [fāz′kän′trast΄] n. a compound microscope that uses special lenses, diaphragms, etc. to alter slightly the paths of light waves from an object, ...
phase-in
/fayz"in'/, n. an act or instance of phasing in; gradual introduction or implementation. [n. use of v. phrase phase in] * * *
phasecontrast microscope
phase contrast microscope n. A microscope that uses the differences in the phase of light transmitted or reflected by a specimen to form distinct, contrasting images of different ...
phased array
a radar antenna consisting of an array of dipoles that are excited in or out of phase with each other to control beam direction and radiation pattern without moving the antenna. ...
phasedarray
phased array (fāzd) n. An arrangement of dipoles on a radar antenna, in which the phase of each dipole is controlled by a computer so that the beam can scan very rapidly. * * *
phasedown
/fayz"down'/, n. an act or instance of phasing down; gradual reduction. Also, phase-down. [1965-70; n. use of v. phrase phase down] * * *
phasemicroscope
phase microscope n. A phase contrast microscope. * * *
phasemodulation
phase modulation n. Abbr. pm or p-m A type of electronic modulation in which the phase of a carrier wave is varied in order to transmit the information contained in the ...
phaseout
/fayz"owt'/, n. an act or instance of phasing out; planned discontinuation or expiration. Also, phase-out. [1955-60; n. use of v. phrase phase out] * * *
phaserule
phase rule n. Physics A rule stating that the number of degrees of freedom in a material system at equilibrium is equal to the number of components minus the number of phases ...
Phases of Growth in Labour Productivity, Table
▪ Table (real gross domestic product per hour worked; average annual compound growth rates) 1870-1913 1913-50 1950-73 1973-84 United ...
Phasianidae
      the pheasant family, a bird family (order Galliformes) that includes among its members the jungle fowl, partridge, peacock, pheasant, and quail (qq.v.). * * *
phasic
See phase. * * *
phasis
/fay"sis/, n., pl. phases /-seez/. a manner, stage, or aspect of being; phase. [1650-60; < NL < Gk phásis appearance, equiv. to pha- (base of phaínein to show) + -sis -SIS] * * ...
phasmid
/faz"mid/, n. 1. any insect of the order Phasmida, comprising the walking sticks and leaf insects. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the phasmids. [1870-75; < NL Phasmida the order ...
phasor
/fay"zeuhr/, n. Physics. a vector that represents a sinusoidally varying quantity, as a current or voltage, by means of a line rotating about a point in a plane, the magnitude of ...
phat
phat1 /fat/, n. Typesetting. fat (def. 25). [by resp.] phat2 adj. Slang. great; wonderful; terrific. [1960-65, Amer.; resp. of FAT] * * *
phatic
/fat"ik/, adj. denoting speech used to express or create an atmosphere of shared feelings, goodwill, or sociability rather than to impart information: phatic communion. [1923; ...
phatically
See phatic. * * *
Phatthalung
▪ Thailand also spelled  Phatalung, or Phettalung,         town, southern Thailand, situated in a large fertile plain 45 miles (72 km) northeast of Songkhla. It lies ...
Phaulkon, Constantine
▪ Greek adventurer born 1647, Cephalonia, Ionian Islands, Greece died June 5, 1688, Ayutthaya [Thailand]       Greek adventurer who became one of the most audacious and ...
Phayao
▪ Thailand also spelled  Payao,         town, northern Thailand, lying in a mountainous region on the watershed between the Mekong and Chao Phraya river systems. ...
Phayre, Sir Arthur Purves
▪ British colonial official born May 7, 1812, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died Dec. 14, 1885, Bray, County Wicklow, Ire.       British commissioner in Burma (Myanmar), ...
PhB
PhB or Ph.B. abbrev. 〚L Philosophiae Baccalaureus〛 Bachelor of Philosophy * * * PhB abbr. Latin Philosophiae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Philosophy). * * *
PhC
PhC or Ph.C. abbrev. Pharmaceutical Chemist * * * PhC abbr. pharmaceutical chemist. * * *
PhD
PhD or Ph.D. abbrev. 〚L Philosophiae Doctor〛 Doctor of Philosophy * * * PhD abbr. Latin Philosophiae Doctor (Doctor of Philosophy). * * *
Phe
Biochem. phenylalanine. [by shortening] * * *
pheasant
/fez"euhnt/, n. 1. any of numerous large, usually long-tailed, Old World gallinaceous birds of the family Phasianidae, widely introduced. 2. any of various other birds that ...
pheasant coucal
a brown and black, red-eyed Australian bird, Centropus phasianinus, with a pheasantlike tail. [1870-75] * * *
pheasant's-eye
▪ plant       (species Adonis annua), annual herbaceous plant of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae) native to Eurasia and grown in garden borders and for cut flowers. ...
Pheba
/fee"bah, fib"ah/, n. a female day name for Friday. See under day name. Also, Phibbi. * * *
Phebe
/fee"bee/, n. a female given name. * * *
Phèdre
Fr. /fe"drddeu/, n. a tragedy (1677) by Racine. * * *
Pheidias
Pheidias [fī′dē əs, fid′ē əs] var. of PHIDIAS * * *
Pheidippides
/fuy dip"i deez'/, n. the Athenian runner who secured aid from Sparta in the struggle between the Athenians and the Persians 490 B.C. Also, Phidippides. * * *
Pheidon
▪ king of Argos flourished 7th century BC       king of Argos, Argolis, who made his city an important power in the Peloponnese, Greece.       The ancient ...
Phek
▪ India       town, southern Nagaland (Nāgāland) state, northeastern India. It lies 75 miles (121 km) east of Kohima. Phek is a rural town whose inhabitants practice ...
phellem
/fel"euhm, -em/, n. Bot. cork (def. 6). [1885-90; < Gk phell(ós) cork + (PHLO)EM] * * *
phelloderm
phelloderm [fel′ə dʉrm΄] n. 〚< Gr phellos, cork (akin to phloos, bark: see PHLOEM) + -DERM〛 the layer of soft, living cells developed on the inner side by the ...
phellodermal
See phelloderm. * * *
phellogen
—phellogenetic /fel'euh jeuh net"ik/, phellogenic /fel'euh jen"ik/, adj. /fel"euh jeuhn/, n. Bot. cork cambium, a layer of tissue or secondary meristem external to the true ...
phellogenetic
See phellogen. * * *
phellogenic
See phellogenetic. * * *
phelonion
/fe law"nee awn/; Eng. /feuh loh"nee euhn/, n., pl. phelonia /-nee ah/; Eng. /-nee euh/, phelonions. Gk. Orth. Ch. a liturgical vestment resembling a chasuble. Also called ...
Phelps
/felps/, n. 1. William Lyon /luy"euhn/, 1865-1943, U.S. educator and literary critic. 2. a male given name. * * *
Phelps, Almira Hart Lincoln
▪ American educator née  Almira Hart  born July 15, 1793, Berlin, Conn., U.S. died July 15, 1884, Baltimore, Md.       19th-century American educator and writer who ...
Phelps, Edmund S.
▪ American economist born 1933, Evanston, Ill., U.S.    American economist, who was awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize for Economics for his analysis of intertemporal trade-offs ...
Phelps, Michael
▪ 2005       At the 2004 Olympics in Athens, as he won a record eight swimming medals, American Michael Phelps showed why many considered him the world's dominant ...
Phelps, Samuel
▪ British actor and manager born Feb. 13, 1804, Plymouth Dock [now Devonport], Devon, Eng. died Nov. 6, 1878, Anson's Farm, Coopersale, near Epping, Essex       British ...
Phelps, William Lyon
▪ American scholar born Jan. 2, 1865, New Haven, Conn., U.S. died Aug. 21, 1943, New Haven       American scholar and critic who did much to popularize the teaching of ...
phen-
var. of pheno- esp. before a vowel: phenazine. * * *
phenacaine
/fee"neuh kayn', fen"euh-/, n. Pharm. a compound, C18H22N2O2, usually used in the form of its hydrochloride as a local anesthetic for the eye. [1905-10; PHEN- + A(CET-) + ...
phenacetin
/feuh nas"i tin/, n. Pharm. a white, slightly water-soluble, crystalline solid, C10H13NO2, used in medicine chiefly as an agent for checking or preventing fever or for relieving ...
phenacite
/fen"euh suyt'/, n. a rare vitreous mineral, beryllium silicate, Be2SiO4, occurring in crystals, sometimes used as a gem. Also, phenakite /fen"euh kuyt'/. [1825-35; < Gk phenak- ...
Phenacodus
▪ extinct mammal genus  extinct genus of mammals (mammal) known from fossils (fossil) of the late Paleocene (Paleocene Epoch) and early Eocene epochs (Eocene Epoch) of North ...
phenakite
phenakite [fen′əsīt΄fen′ə kīt΄] n. 〚Swed phenakit < Gr phenax (gen. phenakos), cheat + -ITE1: from being mistaken for quartz〛 a very hard, glassy, rhombohedral ...
phenanthrene
/feuh nan"threen/, n. Chem. a colorless, shiny, crystalline, water-insoluble isomer of anthracene, C14H10, derived from coal tar: used chiefly in dyestuffs and in the synthesis ...
phenanthrenequinone
/feuh nan'threen kweuh nohn", -kwin"ohn/, n. Chem. a yellowish-orange, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C14H8O2, used chiefly in organic synthesis and the manufacture of ...
phenarsazine chloride
/feuh nahr"seuh zeen'/, Chem. adamsite. [PHEN- + ARS(ENIC) + AZINE] * * *
phenarsazinechloride
phen·ar·sa·zine chloride (fə-närʹsə-zēn') n. A highly poisonous yellow crystalline compound, C12H9AsClN, used as a poison gas and sometimes with tear gas. Also called ...
phenate
phenate [fē′nāt΄, fen′āt΄] n. 〚 PHEN( + -ATE2〛 a salt of carbolic acid (phenol in a dilute aqueous solution) containing the monovalent radical C6H5O * * *
phenazine
/fen"euh zeen', -zin/, n. Chem. a yellow, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C12H8N2, used in organic synthesis chiefly in the manufacture of dyes. Also called ...
phenazopyridine
/fen'euh zoh pir"i deen', -din/, n. Pharm. a substance, C11H12ClN5, used as a lower urinary tract analgesic. [PHEN- + AZO- + PYRIDINE] * * *
phencyclidine
/fen suy"kli deen', -sik"li-/, n. Pharm. an anesthetic drug, C17H25N, used as an animal tranquilizer: also widely used in several forms as an illicit hallucinogen. Also called ...
phene
/feen/, n. Biol. any characteristic of an individual organism that is genetically determined. [extracted from PHENOTYPE, or directly < Gk phaínein to show, (pass.) to appear] * ...
phenelzine
/fen"l zeen'/, n. Pharm. a potent monoamine oxidase inhibitor, C8H12N2, used to treat certain kinds of depression. [1955-60; PHEN- + E(THY)L + (HYDRA)ZINE] * * *
phenethyl alcohol
/fen eth"euhl/, Chem. a colorless, viscous, slightly water-soluble liquid, C8H10O, having a faint roselike odor: used chiefly in perfumery. Also, phenylethyl alcohol. [PHEN- + ...
phenetic
/fi net"ik/, adj. Biol. pertaining to or based on the observable similarities and differences between organisms without regard to assumed genealogy. [1960; phen- (extracted from ...
phenetically
See phenetic. * * *
pheneticist
See phenetics. * * *
phenetics
—pheneticist /fi net"euh sist/, n. /fi net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Biol. classification of organisms based on measurable similarities and differences rather than ...
phenetidine
/feuh net"i deen', -din/, n. Chem. a colorless organic liquid, C8H11NO, used chiefly in its para form (para-phenetidine) in the synthesis of phenacetin, dyes, and other ...
phenetole
/fen"i tohl'/, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile, aromatic, water-insoluble liquid, C8H10O. Also called phenyl ethyl ether. [1855-60; PHEN- + ET(HYL) + -OLE] * * *
Phenicia
/fi nish"euh, -nee"sheuh/, n. Phoenicia. * * *
phenix
/fee"niks/, n. phoenix. * * *
Phenix City
/fee"niks/ a city in E Alabama, on the Chattahoochee River. 26,928. * * * ▪ Alabama, United States       city, Lee and Russell counties, seat (1935) of Russell county, ...
phenmetrazine
/fen me"treuh zeen'/, n. Pharm. a compound, C11H15NO, used chiefly to control the appetite in the treatment of obesity. [1955-60; PHEN(YL) + ME(THYL) + (TE)TRA- + (OXA)ZINE] * * *
pheno-
1. a combining form meaning "shining," "appearing, seeming," used in the formation of compound words: phenocryst. 2. a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds that ...
phenobarbital
/fee'noh bahr"bi tawl', -tal', -neuh-/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline powder, C12H12N2O3, used as a sedative, a hypnotic, and as an antispasmodic in epilepsy. Also, esp. Brit., ...
phenobarbitone
phe·no·bar·bi·tone (fē'nō-bärʹbĭ-tōn') n. Chiefly British Phenobarbital. * * *
phenocopy
/fee"neuh kop'ee/, n., pl. phenocopies. Genetics. the observed result of an environmentally induced, nongenetic alteration of a phenotype to a form that resembles the expression ...
phenocryst
/fee"neuh krist, fen"euh-/, n. Petrol. any of the conspicuous crystals in a porphyritic rock. [1890-95; PHENO- + CRYST(AL)] * * *
phenocrystic
See phenocryst. * * *
phenogram
/fee"neuh gram'/, n. Biol. a diagram depicting taxonomic relationships among organisms based on overall similarity of many characteristics without regard to evolutionary history ...
phenol
—phenolic /fi noh"lik, -nol"ik/, adj. /fee"nawl, -nol/, n. Chem. 1. Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, ...
phenol coefficient
Chem. the number indicating the effectiveness of a disinfectant as a germicide relative to phenol, which is arbitrarily assigned the number 1: based on the time required to kill ...
phenol red
phenol red n. a red, crystalline substance, C19H14O5S, used, in dilute solution, as an acid-base indicator and as a test of renal function * * *
phenolate
/feen"l ayt'/, n., v., phenolated, phenolating. n. 1. Also called phenoxide. a salt of phenol, as sodium phenolate, C6H5ONa. v.t. 2. to treat, impregnate, or disinfect with ...
phenolated
/feen"l ay'tid/, adj. Chem. containing phenol; carbolated. [1920-25; PHENOL + -ATE1 + -ED2] * * *
phenolic
phe·no·lic (fĭ-nōʹlĭk, -nŏlʹĭk) adj. Of, relating to, containing, or derived from phenol. n. Any of various synthetic thermosetting resins, obtained by the reaction of ...
phenolic resin
Chem. any of the class of thermosetting resins formed by the condensation of phenol, or of a phenol derivative, with an aldehyde, esp. formaldehyde: used chiefly in the ...
phenolion
/fe naw"lee awn/; Eng. /feuh noh"lee euhn/, n., pl. phenolia /-lee ah/; Eng. /-lee euh/, phenolions. Gk. Orth. Ch. phelonion. * * *
phenological
See phenology. * * *
phenologically
See phenological. * * *
phenologist
See phenological. * * *
phenology
—phenological /feen'l oj"i keuhl/, adj. —phenologically, adv. —phenologist, n. /fi nol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the influence of climate on the recurrence of ...
phenolphthalein
/fee'nawl thal"een, -ee in, -fthal"-, -nol-/, n. Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline compound, C20H14O4, used as an indicator in acid-base titration and as a laxative. [1870-75; ...
phenolred
phenol red n. A red, water-soluble dye, C19H14O5S, used as an acid-base indicator and in medicine to test kidney function and renal blood flow. * * *
phenolsulfonephthalein
/fee'nawl sul'fohn thal"een, -ee in, -fthal"-, -nol-/, n. Chem. a bright to dark red crystalline compound, C19H14O5S, slightly soluble in water, alcohol, and acetone: used as an ...
phenolsulfonphthalein test
▪ medicine also called  Psp Test,         clinical procedure for the estimation of overall blood flow through the kidney; (kidney) the test is used only infrequently ...
phenom
/fi nom"/, n. Slang. a phenomenon: a tennis phenom. [by shortening] * * *
phenomena
/fi nom"euh neuh/, n. a pl. of phenomenon. * * *
phenomenal
—phenomenality, n. —phenomenally, adv. /fi nom"euh nl/, adj. 1. highly extraordinary or prodigious; exceptional: phenomenal speed. 2. of or pertaining to phenomena. 3. of the ...
phenomenalism
—phenomenalist, n. —phenomenalistic, adj. —phenomenalistically, adv. /fi nom"euh nl iz'euhm/, n. Philos. 1. the doctrine that phenomena are the only objects of knowledge or ...
phenomenalist
See phenomenalism. * * *
phenomenalistic
See phenomenalist. * * *
phenomenalistically
See phenomenalist. * * *
phenomenalize
/fi nom"euh nl uyz'/, v.t., phenomenalized, phenomenalizing. Philos. to regard or interpret as a phenomenon. Also, phenomenize /fi nom"euh nuyz'/; esp. Brit., phenomenalise, ...
phenomenally
See phenomenal. * * *
phenomenological
See phenomenology. * * *
phenomenologically
See phenomenological. * * *
phenomenologist
See phenomenological. * * *
phenomenology
—phenomenological /fi nom'euh nl oj"i keuhl/, phenomenologic, adj. —phenomenologically, adv. —phenomenologist, n. /fi nom'euh nol"euh jee/, n. Philos. 1. the study of ...
phenomenon
/fi nom"euh non', -neuhn/, n., pl. phenomena /-neuh/ or, esp. for 3, phenomenons. 1. a fact, occurrence, or circumstance observed or observable: to study the phenomena of ...
phenoplast
/fee"neuh plast'/, n. Chem. See phenolic resin. [PHENO- + -PLAST] * * *
phenosafranine
/fee'neuh saf"reuh neen', -nin/, n. Chem. safranine (def. 2). [1880-85; PHENO- + SAFRANINE] * * *
phenothiazine
/fee'neuh thuy"euh zeen', -zin/, n. 1. Chem. a grayish-green to greenish-yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C12H9NS, used chiefly as an insecticide and vermifuge, and in ...
phenotype
—phenotypic /fee'neuh tip"ik/, phenotypical, adj. —phenotypically, adv. /fee"neuh tuyp'/, n. Genetics. 1. the observable constitution of an organism. 2. the appearance of an ...
phenotypic
See phenotype. * * *
phenotypical
See phenotypic. * * *
phenotypically
See phenotypic. * * *
phenoxide
/fi nok"suyd/, n. Chem. phenolate (def. 1). [1885-90; PHEN- + OXIDE] * * *
phenoxy
phenoxy [fē näk′sē, finäk′sē] adj. 〚 PHEN- + OXY-1〛 containing the monovalent radical C6H5O, derived from phenol * * *
phenoxybenzamine
/fi nok'see ben"zeuh meen'/, n. Pharm. an alpha blocker, C18H22ClNO, used to dilate vascular peripheral blood vessels in the treatment of Raynaud's disease and in ...
phentermine
/fen"teuhr meen'/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline powder, phenyl-tertiary-butylamine hydrochloride, soluble in water and alcohol, that stimulates the central nervous system and ...
phentolamine
/fen tol"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. an alpha blocker, C17H19N3O, used to reduce hypertensive states caused by a catecholamine excess, as in the treatment of ...
phenyl
/fen"l, feen"l/, adj. Chem. containing the phenyl group. [1840-50; PHEN- + -YL] * * *
phenyl acetate
Chem. a colorless, water-insoluble liquid, C8H8O2, having a phenolic odor: used chiefly as a solvent. * * *
phenyl ethyl ether
Chem. phenetole. * * *
phenyl group
Chem. the univalent group C6H5-, derived from benzene. Also called phenyl radical. * * *
phenyl isocyanate
Chem. a liquid reagent, C7H5NO, having an unpleasant, irritating odor: used chiefly for identifying alcohols and amines. Also called carbanil. * * *
phenyl methyl ketone
Chem. acetophenone. * * *
phenyl radical
Chem. See phenyl group. * * *
phenyl salicylate
Chem. salol. * * *
phenyl valerate
/val"euh rayt'/, Chem. a colorless, slightly water-soluble liquid, C11H14O2, used chiefly in flavoring and perfumery. [VALER(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
phenylacetaldehyde
/fen"l as'i tal"deuh huyd', feen"-/, n. Chem. a colorless, oily, water-insoluble liquid, C3H14O, having a hyacinthlike odor: used chiefly in perfumery. Also, phenylaceticaldehyde ...
phenylacetic acid
Chem. a white crystalline, aromatic acid, C8H8O2, used in the manufacture of penicillin and in perfumes. [1875-80; PHENYL + ACETIC ACID] * * *
phenylalanine
/fen'l al"euh neen', -nin, feen'-/, n. Biochem. a crystalline, water-soluble, essential amino acid, C6H5CH2CH(NH2)COOH, necessary to the nutrition of humans and most animals, ...
phenylamine
/fen'l euh meen", -am"in, feen'-/, n. Chem. aniline. [1865-70; PHENYL + AMINE] * * *
phenylbenzene
/fen'l ben"zeen, -ben zeen", feen'-/, n. Chem. biphenyl. [PHENYL + BENZENE] * * *
phenylbutazone
/fen'l byooh"teuh zohn', feen'-/, n. Pharm. a potent substance, C19H20N2O2, used to reduce pain and inflammation in rheumatic diseases and gout, and used in veterinary medicine ...
phenylcarbinol
/fen"l kahr"beuh nawl', -nol', feen"-/, n. Chem. See benzyl alcohol. [PHENYL + CARBINOL] * * *
phenyldiethanolamine
/fen'l duy eth'euh naw"leuh meen', -nol"euh-, feen'-/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble substance, C10H15NO2, used in the manufacture of dyes and in organic ...
phenylene
/fen"l een', feen"-/, adj. Chem. containing a phenylene group. [1885-90; PHENYL + -ENE] * * *
phenylene group
Chem. any of three bivalent, isomeric groups having the formula -C6H4-, derived from benzene by the removal of two hydrogen atoms. Also called phenylene radical. * * *
phenylephrine
/fen'l ef"reen, -rin, feen'-/, n. Pharm. an alpha-adrenergic stimulant, C19H13NO2, used chiefly as a nasal decongestant. [1945-50; PHENYL + (EPIN)EPHRINE] * * *
phenylethyl alcohol
/fen"l eth"euhl, feen"-, fen'-, feen'-/, Chem. See phenethyl alcohol. [PHENYL + ETHYL] * * *
phenylethylamine
phen·yl·eth·yl·a·mine (fĕn'əl-ĕthʹə-lə-mēn', -lăm'ən, fē'nəl-) n. An amine, C8H11N, that has pharmacological properties similar to those of amphetamine, occurs ...
phenylethylbarbituric acid
/fen"l eth'euhl bahr'bi toor"ik, -tyoor"-, feen"-, fen'-, feen'-/, Pharm. phenobarbital. [PHENYL + ETHYL + BARBITURIC ACID] * * *
phenylethylene
/fen'l eth"euh leen', feen'-/, n. Chem. styrene. [PHENYL + ETHYLENE] * * *
phenylformic acid
/fen"l fawr"mik, feen"-, fen'-, feen'-/, Chem., Pharm. See benzoic acid. [PHENYL + FORMIC ACID] * * *
phenylhydrazine
/fen'l huy"dreuh zeen', -zin, feen'-/, n. Chem. a yellow, poisonous liquid or low-melting solid, C6H8N2, used in chemical analysis and organic synthesis. [1895-1900; < G ...
phenylic
See phenyl. * * *
phenylic acid
/feuh nil"ik/, Chem. phenol (def. 1). [1855-60; PHENYL + -IC] * * *
phenylketonuria
—phenylketonuric, adj. /fen'l kee'toh noor"ee euh, -nyoor"-, feen'-/, n. Pathol. an inherited disease due to faulty metabolism of phenylalanine, characterized by phenylketones ...
phenylketonuria (PKU)
or phenylpyruvic oligophrenia Inability to normally metabolize phenylalanine, the accumulation of which interferes with normal childhood development. Central nervous system ...
phenylketonuric
See phenylketonuria. * * *
phenylmethane
/fen'l meth"ayn, feen'-/, n. Chem. toluene. [PHENYL + METHANE] * * *
phenylmethylcarbinyl acetate
/fen"l meth'euhl kahr"beuh nil, feen"-, fen'-, feen'-/, Chem. See methylphenylcarbinyl acetate. [PHENYL + METHYL + carbinyl (perh. < obs. G Karbin + -YL)] * * *
phenylpropanolamine
/fen'l proh'peuh nol"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a substance, C9H13NO, related to ephedrine and amphetamine, available in various popular nonprescription diet aids as an appetite ...
phenylpropyl acetate
/fen"l proh"pil, feen"-, fen'-, feen'-/, Chem. a colorless, water-insoluble liquid, C10H12O2, used chiefly in perfumery. Also, propylphenyl acetate. [PHENYL + PROPYL] * * *
phenylpyruvic oligophrenia
/fen'l puy rooh"vik, -pi-, feen'-/, Pathol. phenylketonuria. [PHENYL + PYRUVIC (ACID)] * * *
phenylthiocarbamide
phen·yl·thi·o·car·ba·mide (fĕn'əl-thī'ō-kärʹbə-mīd', -kär-bămʹīd, fē'nəl-) n. Abbr. PTC A crystalline compound, C6H5NHCSNH2, that tastes intensely bitter to ...
phenylthiocarbamide tasting
▪ biology also called  PTC tasting        a genetically controlled ability to taste phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) and a number of related substances, all of which have ...
phenylthiourea
/fen'l thuy'oh yoo ree"euh, -yoor"ee euh, -feen'-/, n. Biochem. a crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C6H5NHCSNH2, that is either tasteless or bitter, depending upon the ...
phenytoin
/fen'i toh"in, feuh nit"oh-/, n. Pharm. a barbiturate-related substance, C15H12N2O2, used as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of grand mal epilepsy and in focal ...
pheochromocytoma
/fee'oh kroh'moh suy toh"meuh/, n., pl. pheochromocytomas, pheochromocytomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor of the sympathetic nervous system or adrenal medulla, that produces ...
pheon
/fee"on/, n. Heraldry. a charge representing an arrowhead with widely spread barbs. Also called broad arrow. [1480-90; earlier feon, of uncert. orig.] * * *
Pherae
/fear"ee/, n. (in ancient geography) a town in SE Thessaly: the home of Admetus and Alcestis. * * *
Pherecydes of Syros
▪ Greek writer flourished c. 550 BC       Greek mythographer and cosmogonist traditionally associated with the Seven Wise Men of Greece (especially ...
pheresis
/feuh ree"sis, fer"euh-/, n. Med. Informal. apheresis, esp. plasmapheresis. [prob. by construal of PLASMAPHERESIS as PLASMA + -pheresis] * * *
pheromonal
See pheromone. * * *
pheromone
—pheromonal, adj. /fer"euh mohn'/, n. Animal Behav. any chemical substance released by an animal that serves to influence the physiology or behavior of other members of the ...
Phetchaburi
▪ Thailand also called  Petchaburi, or Phet Buri    town, south-central Thailand, located in the northern portion of the Malay Peninsula. It lies 65 miles (105 km) ...
Phetracha
▪ king of Ayutthaya also spelled  Bedraja  or  Petracha , also called  P'ra P'etraja  born 1633? died 1703, Ayutthaya [Thailand]       king of the Tai kingdom of ...
Phetsarath Ratanavongsa, Prince
▪ Laotian political leader born January 19, 1890, Luang Prabang, Laos died 1959, Vientiane       Lao nationalist and political leader, who is regarded as the founder of ...
phew
/fyooh, pfyooh, whyooh/, interj. (used as an exclamation to express disgust, exhaustion, surprise, impatience, relief, etc.): Phew, it's hot! [1595-1605] * * *
phfft
/ft/, interj. pfft. * * *
PhG
PhG abbr. Graduate in Pharmacy. * * *
phi
/fuy/, n., pl. phis. 1. the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. * * *
Phi Beta Kappa
/fuy" bay"teuh kap"euh, bee"teuh/ 1. a national honor society, founded in 1776, whose members are chosen, for lifetime membership, usually from among college undergraduates of ...
Phi Bete
/fuy" bayt"/, Informal. 1. a member of Phi Beta Kappa. 2. Phi Beta Kappa. * * *
phi-function
/fuy"fungk'sheuhn/, n. Math. See Euler's phi-function. * * *
phi-phenomenon
/fuy"fi nom'euh non', -neuhn/, n., pl. phi-phenomena /-neuh/. Psychol. motion perceived by a subject, esp. the illusion of movement produced when stationary stimuli, as pictures ...
phial
—phialine /fuy"euh lin, -luyn'/, adj. /fuy"euhl/, n. vial. [1350-1400; ME < L phiala saucer < Gk phiále; r. ME phiole, fiole < MF fiole < L, as above] * * *


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