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/fuy"euh lee/, n., pl. phialae /-lee'/, phialai /-luy'/. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. a shallow cup resembling a saucer, having a central boss and sometimes set upon a foot, used as a ...
/fib"ee, fee"bee/, n. a female day name for Friday. See under day name. Also, Pheba. * * *
PhiBeta Kappa
Phi Beta Kappa (fī) n. 1. An honorary society, founded in 1776, of college students and graduates whose members are chosen on the basis of high academic standing. 2. A member ...
Phibunsongkhram, Luang
orig. Plaek Khittasangkha born July 14, 1897, near Bangkok, Siam died June 12, 1964, Tokyo, Japan Field marshal and premier of Thailand (1938–44, 1948–57). After military ...
/fuy"kol/, n. the commander of Abimelech's army. Gen. 26:26. Also, Douay Bible, Phicol. * * *
/fid"ee euhn/, adj. of, associated with, or following the style of Phidias, as exemplified in the Parthenon. [1800-10; PHIDI(AS) + -AN] * * *
/fid"ee euhs/, n. c500-432? B.C., Greek sculptor. * * * or Pheidias flourished с 490–430 BC, Athens, Greece Greek sculptor. Placed in charge of the great building program ...
/fuy dip"i deez'/, n. Pheidippides. * * *
/fil/, n. a male given name, form of Philip. * * *
Phil Silvers
➡ Silvers * * *
Phil Spector
➡ Spector * * *
var. of philo- before a vowel: philanthropy. * * *
1. Philemon. 2. Philip. 3. Philippians. 4. Philippine. * * *
1. philosophical. 2. philosophy. * * *
Phil. I.
Philippine Islands. * * *
Phil. I. abbr. Philippine Islands. * * *
Phil. Is. abbr. Philippine Islands. * * *
Philadelphia. * * *
/fil"euh beg'/, n. filibeg. * * *
/fil'euh del"fee euh/, n. a city in SE Pennsylvania, on the Delaware River: Declaration of Independence signed here July 4, 1776. 1,688,210. * * * City (pop., 2000: 1,517,550) ...
Philadelphia Centennial Exposition
▪ trade fair, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States       (1876), international trade fair, the first exposition of its kind in the United States, held in ...
Philadelphia Inquirer
Morning newspaper, long one of the most influential dailies in the eastern U.S. Founded in 1847 as the Pennsylvania Inquirer, it took its present name с 1860. It was a strong ...
Philadelphia Inquirer, The
▪ American newspaper       morning daily newspaper published in Philadelphia, long one of the most influential dailies in the eastern United States.       It was ...
Philadelphia lawyer
a lawyer of outstanding ability at exploiting legal fine points and technicalities. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
Philadelphia Orchestra
▪ American orchestra       American symphony orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pa. It was founded in 1900 under the direction of Fritz Sheel, who served until 1907. ...
Philadelphia pepper pot.
See pepper pot (def. 1). [1925-30] * * *
Philadelphia Phillies
▪ American baseball team  American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia that plays in the National League (NL). The Phillies won six NL pennants and two World ...
Philadelphia scrapple
a superior variety of scrapple made with pork shoulder and other cuts of pork rather than with pork scraps. [1810-20] * * *
Philadelphia Zoological Gardens
▪ zoo, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States       first zoo in the United States, opened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1874 with an animal inventory of several ...
Philadelphia lawyer n. A shrewd attorney adept at the discovery and manipulation of legal technicalities.   [After Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.] * * *
See Philadelphia. * * *
Philadelphiapepper pot
Philadelphia pepper pot n. See pepper pot. * * *
philadelphus [fil΄ə del′fəs] n. 〚ModL < Gr philadelphon, mock orange < philadelphos, loving one's brother < philein, to love + adelphos, brother: see MONADELPHOUS〛 MOCK ...
/fuy"lee/, n. an island in the Nile, in Upper Egypt: the site of ancient temples; now submerged by the waters of Lake Nasser. * * * Former island of the Nile River in Upper ...
—philanderer, n. /fi lan"deuhr/, v.i. (of a man) to make love with a woman one cannot or will not marry; carry on flirtations. [1675-85; < Gk phílandros one who loves (of a ...
See philander. * * *
—philanthropically, adv. /fil'euhn throp"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, engaged in, or characterized by philanthropy; benevolent: a philanthropic foundation. Also, ...
philanthropic foundation
▪ charitable organization       a nongovernmental, nonprofit organization, with assets provided by donors and managed by its own officials and with income expended for ...
See philanthropic. * * *
▪ German school       late 18th-century school (1774–93) founded in Dessau, Germany, by the educator Johann Bernhard Basedow (Basedow, Johann Bernhard) to implement ...
—philanthropistic, adj. /fi lan"threuh pist/, n. a person who practices philanthropy. [1720-30; PHILANTHROP(Y) + -IST] * * *
/fi lan"threuh puyz'/, v., philanthropized, philanthropizing. v.t. 1. to treat (persons) in a philanthropic manner. v.i. 2. to practice philanthropy. Also, esp. Brit., ...
☆ philanthropoid [fə lan′thrə poid΄ ] n. 〚jocular blend
/fi lan"threuh pee/, n., pl. philanthropies. 1. altruistic concern for human welfare and advancement, usually manifested by donations of money, property, or work to needy ...
▪ Russian Orthodox theologian also spelled  Filaret,  original name  Vasily Mikhaylovich Drozdov  born Dec. 26, 1782, [Jan. 6, 1783, New Style], Kolomna, near Moscow, ...
Philastre, Paul-Louis-Félix
▪ French administrator and diplomat born Feb. 7, 1837, Brussels, Belg. died Sept. 11, 1902, Buyat-Beayeau, France       French administrator and diplomat who, in the ...
See philately. * * *
See philatelic. * * *
See philatelic. * * *
See philatelic. * * *
—philatelic /fil'euh tel"ik/, philatelical, adj. —philatelically, adv. —philatelist /fi lat"l ist/, n. /fi lat"l ee/, n. 1. the collecting of stamps and other postal matter ...
Philately and Numismatics
▪ 1994 Introduction Stamps.       Two major philatelic organizations collapsed in 1993. The British Philatelic Federation (BPF) went bankrupt, and the British ...
Philbin, Regis
▪ 2001       In 2000 television personality and game-show host Regis Philbin sparked a resurgence in television game shows and in the process became the biggest winner ...
Philbrick, Herbert Arthur
▪ 1994       U.S. advertising salesman, writer, and spy (b. May 11, 1915?—d. Aug. 16, 1993, North Hampton, N.H.), infiltrated the Communist Party for the FBI while ...
/fil"bee/, n. Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim"), born 1912, British double agent: defected to U.S.S.R. 1963. * * *
Philby, H. Saint John
▪ British explorer in full  Harry Saint John Bridger Philby   born April 3, 1885, Saint Johns, Badula, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] died Sept. 30, 1960, Beirut, ...
Philby, Kim
orig. Harold Adrian Russell born Jan. 1, 1912, Ambāla, India died May 11, 1988, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. British intelligence officer and Soviet spy. He became a communist at ...
Philem abbrev. Bible Philemon * * *
Philemon. * * *
/fi lee"meuhn, fuy-/, n. 1. an Epistle written by Paul. Abbr.: Phil. 2. a person who was probably a convert of Paul and to whom this Epistle is addressed. * * * ▪ Greek ...
Philemon and Baucis
In Greek mythology, a pious old couple in Phrygia. When Zeus and Hermes, disguised as wayfarers, had been turned away by the couple's richer neighbors, Philemon and Baucis ...
Philemon, The Letter of Paul to
▪ epistle by Saint Paul also called  The Epistle Of Saint Paul The Apostle To Philemon,         brief New Testament letter written by Paul the Apostle to a wealthy ...
▪ bird family       bird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of the asities and false sunbirds, four species of small birds confined to the forests of ...
▪ king of Pergamum born c. 343 BC, Tios, in Paphlagonia, a region of northern Anatolia died 263 BC       founder (reigned 282–263) of the Attalid dynasty, a line of ...
(also the Philharmonia Orchestra) a well-known British orchestra which is based in London but regularly performs abroad. It was established in 1945 and has had a number of famous ...
Philharmonia Orchestra
➡ Philharmonia * * *
/fil'hahr mon"ik, fil'euhr-/, adj. 1. fond of or devoted to music; music-loving: used esp. in the name of certain musical societies that sponsor symphony orchestras (Philharmonic ...
philharmonic pitch
Music. a standard of pitch in which A above middle C is established at 440 vibrations per second. Cf. diapason normal pitch. * * *
—philhellenic /fil'he len"ik, -lee"nik/, adj. —philhellenism /fil hel"euh niz'euhm/, n. /fil hel"een/, n. a friend or supporter of the Greeks. Also, philhellenist /fil ...
See philhellene. * * *
See philhellenic. * * *
/fil"euh beg'/, n. filibeg. * * *
Philidor, André
▪ French musician and composer original family name  Danican , byname  L'aîné  born c. 1652 died Aug. 11, 1730, Dreux, France       musician and composer, an ...
Philidor, François-André
▪ French composer original name  François-André Danican   born September 7, 1726, Dreux, France died August 31, 1795, London, England       French composer whose ...
Philikí Etaireía
▪ Greek revolutionary society       (Greek: Friendly Brotherhood), Greek revolutionary secret society founded by merchants in Odessa in 1814 to overthrow Ottoman rule in ...
/fil"ip/, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles. Mark 3:18; John 1:43-48; 6:5-7. 2. one of the leaders of the Christian Hellenists in the early church in Jerusalem who afterwards became ...
Philip (of Swabia)
German Philipp born 1178 died June 21, 1208, Bamberg, Ger. German Hohenstaufen king (1198–1208). The youngest son of Frederick I Barbarossa, he was elected German king on ...
Philip Glass
➡ Glass * * *
Philip Henry Sheridan
➡ Sheridan (I) * * *
Philip I
1052-1108, king of France 1060-1108 (son of Henry I of France). * * * ▪ duke of Burgundy also called  Philip Of Rouvres,  French  Philippe De Rouvres  born 1345, Rouvres, ...
Philip II
1. ("Philip of Macedon") 382-336 B.C., king of Macedonia 359-336 (father of Alexander the Great). 2. ("Philip Augustus") 1165-1223, king of France 1180-1223. 3. 1527-98, king of ...
Philip III
1578-1621, king of Spain 1598-1621 (son of Philip II of Spain). * * * I French Philippe known as Philip the Good born July 31, 1396, Dijon, Burgundy died June 15, 1467, ...
Philip IV
1. (Philip the Fair) 1268-1314, king of France 1285-1314. 2. 1605-65, king of Spain 1621-65 (son of Philip III). * * * I French Philippe known as Philip the Fair born 1268, ...
Philip Larkin
➡ Larkin * * *
Philip Marlowe
➡ Marlowe (II) * * *
Philip Morris
a large US cigarette company that makes Marlboro, America’s most popular cigarettes, and Virginia Slims. In 1997, the head of the company became the first leader in the ...
Philip Morris tobacco companies
Two of the world's largest tobacco companies, comprising Philip Morris International Inc. and Philip Morris USA Inc., both of which are owned by U.S. holding company Altria ...
Philip of Hesse
born Nov. 13, 1504, Marburg, Hesse died March 31, 1567, Kassel, Ger. German nobleman, landgrave of Hesse, and champion of the Reformation. His skillful management made Hesse a ...
Philip of Swabia
1180?-1208, king of Germany and uncrowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1198-1208 (son of Frederick I). * * *
Philip Pullman
➡ Pullman (II) * * *
Philip Roth
➡ Roth * * *
Philip Sidney
➡ Sidney * * *
Philip The Apostle, Saint
▪ Christian Apostle born , Bethsaida of Galilee died 1st century, ; Western feast day May 3, Eastern feast day November 14  one of the Twelve Apostles. Mentioned only by name ...
Philip The Evangelist, Saint
▪ Christian saint also called  Philip The Deacon   born 1st century, ; feast day June 6       in the early Christian church, one of the seven deacons appointed to ...
Philip the Good
1396-1467, duke of Burgundy 1419-67. * * *
Philip V
1683-1746, king of Spain 1700-46. * * * I born 238 died 179 BC, Amphipolis, Macedonia King of Macedonia (221–179). Son of Demetrius II, he succeeded Antigonus Doson. He ...
Philip VI
1293-1350, king of France 1328-50: first ruler of the house of Valois. * * * or Philip of Valois French Philippe de Valois born 1293 died Aug. 22, 1350, near Paris First ...
Philip, duke of Edinburgh
known as Prince Philip born June 10, 1921, Corfu, Greece Husband of Queen Elizabeth II of Britain. Son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (1882–1944) and Princess Alice ...
Philip, John
▪ Scottish missionary born April 14, 1775, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland died August 27, 1851, Hankey, Cape Colony [now in South Africa]       controversial Scottish ...
Philip, Prince Duke of Edinburgh. Born 1921. Husband of Elizabeth II of Great Britain. The great-great-grandson of Victoria, he was given the title Prince in 1957. * * *
Philip,Saint. fl. first century A.D. One of the 12 Apostles. In the New Testament he is present at the feeding of the 5,000. * * *
Philippians. * * *
Philip Augustus See Philip II2. * * *
Philipe, Gérard
▪ French actor born Dec. 4, 1922, Cannes, France died Nov. 25, 1959, Paris       one of France's most popular and versatile actors, whose brilliant performances on both ...
I. Philip II1, 382-336B.C. King of Macedon (359-336) who built the army that defeated a Greek coalition at Chaeronea (338) and achieved a peace settlement in which all the states ...
Philip IV, Known as “Philip the Fair.” 1268-1314. King of France (1285-1314) and of Navarre (1284-1305) as the husband of Joan I of Navarre (1273-1305). His reign was marked ...
Philipon, Charles
born April 19, 1802, Lyon, France died Jan. 25, 1862, Paris French caricaturist, lithographer, and journalist. An excellent draftsman with a fertile sense of satire and ...
(as used in expressions) Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Haeckel Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Melanchthon Philipp Philipp Schwartzerd Semmelweis ...
Philipp, Isidor
▪ French musician born Sept. 2, 1863, Budapest died Feb. 20, 1958, Paris       French pianist who had a long, highly successful tenure at the Paris ...
/fi lip"euh/, n. a female given name: derived from Philip. * * *
Philippa Of Hainaut
▪ queen of England born c. 1314 died Aug. 15, 1369, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng.       queen consort of King Edward III of England (ruled 1327–77); her popularity ...
(as used in expressions) Bunau Varilla Philippe Jean Champaigne Philippe de Commynes Philippe de Dubuffet Jean Philippe Arthur Léopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor Louis ...
Philippe and Mathilde, Prince and Princess of Belgium
▪ 2000       The social event of the decade in Belgium was the marriage of Crown Prince Philippe to Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz on Dec. 4, 1999. The 39-year-old prince had ...
Philippe, Charles-Louis
▪ French author born Aug. 4, 1874, Cérilly, France died Dec. 21, 1909, Paris  writer of novels that describe from personal experience the sufferings of the ...
Philippe, prince of Belgium
▪ prince of Belgium in full  Philippe Léopold Louis Marie, duke of Brabant and prince of Belgium  born April 15, 1960, Brussels, Belg.       heir apparent to the ...
Fr. /fee leep veel"/; Eng. /fil"ip vil'/, n. former name of Skikda. * * *
—Philippian /fi lip"ee euhn/, adj., n. /fi lip"uy, fil"euh puy'/, n. a ruined city in NE Greece, in Macedonia: Octavian and Mark Antony defeated Brutus and Cassius here, 42 ...
See Philippi. * * *
/fi lip"ee euhnz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) an Epistle written by Paul to the Christian community in Philippi. Abbr.: Phil. * * *
Philippians, Letter of Paul to the
▪ work by Saint Paul       New Testament letter written by Paul the Apostle, while he was in prison (probably at Rome about AD 62), and addressed to the Christian ...
/fi lip"ik/, n. 1. any of the orations delivered by Demosthenes, the Athenian orator, in the 4th century B.C., against Philip, king of Macedon. 2. (l.c.) any speech or discourse ...
Philippicus Bardanes
▪ Byzantine emperor original name  Vardan   born , Armenia died after 713       Byzantine emperor whose brief reign (711–713) was marked by his quarrels with the ...
/fil"euh peen', fil'euh peen"/, adj. of or pertaining to the Philippines or their inhabitants; Filipino. * * * (as used in expressions) Philippine American War Philippine ...
Philippine Independent Church
▪ church, Philippines Spanish  Iglesia Filipina Independiente,  also called  Aglipayan Church,         independent church organized in 1902 after the Philippine ...
Philippine languages
      about 70 to 75 aboriginal languages of the Philippine Islands. They belong to the Indonesian branch of the Austronesian family and are subdivided into two main ...
Philippine mahogany
1. any of several Philippine trees of the genus Shorea and related genera, having brown or reddish wood used as lumber and in cabinetry. 2. the wood of any of these trees. Also ...
Philippine Revolution
(1896–98) Filipino independence struggle that failed to end Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. There had been numerous quasi-religious uprisings during the more than ...
Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea part of the W Pacific, between the Philippines & the Mariana Islands, south of Japan * * * ▪ sea, Pacific Ocean       section of the western North ...
Philippine Sea, Battle of the
(June 19–20, 1944) Naval battle of World War II between the U.S. and Japan. On June 19, after the U.S. invaded Saipan, Japan sent 430 planes to destroy U.S. ships but suffered ...
Philippine Trench
▪ trench, Pacific Ocean also called  Philippine Deep, Mindanao Trench, or Mindanao Deep,         submarine trench in the floor of the Philippine Sea of the western ...
Philippine-American War
or Philippine Insurrection (1899–1902) War between the U.S. and Filipino revolutionaries, which may be seen as a continuation of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish ...
Philippine mahogany n. 1. Any of various southeast Asian hardwood trees of the genus Shorea and related genera. 2. The wood of any of these trees. * * *
/fil"euh peenz', fil'euh peenz"/, n. (used with a pl. v.) an archipelago of 7083 islands in the Pacific, SE of China: formerly (1898-1946) under the guardianship of the U.S.; now ...
Philippines, flag of the
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of horizontal stripes of blue and red with a white hoist triangle incorporating a golden sun and three stars. The flag's ...
Philippine Sea A section of the western Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines and west of the Marianas. * * *
Eng. /fil'euh pop"euh lis/, n. Greek name of Plovdiv. * * *
/fi lip"euhs/, n., pl. philippi /-lip"uy/. a gold coin of ancient Greece, originally issued by Philip II of Macedon. [ < L < Gk philíppeios] * * *
/fil"ips/, n. Ambrose, 1675?-1749, English poet and dramatist. * * * (as used in expressions) Philips Electronics NV Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV Royal Philips Electronics ...
Philips Electronics NV
in full Royal Philips Electronics NV Dutch Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV Major Dutch manufacturer of consumer electronics, household appliances, lightbulbs, and imaging ...
Philips, Frits
▪ 2006 Frederik Jacques Philips        Dutch industrialist (b. April 16, 1905, Eindhoven, Neth.—d. Dec. 5, 2005, Eindhoven), during a 48-year career (1930–77) with ...
Philips, Peter
▪ British composer born 1560/61, London?, England died 1628, Brussels, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium]       English composer of madrigals (madrigal), motets ...
Phil·ips (fĭlʹĭps), Ambrose. Called “Namby Pamby.” 1674-1749. British poet known especially for his collection Pastorals (1709). * * *
Philip V, 238-179B.C. King of Macedon (221-179) who won the First Macedonian War with Rome (205) but was defeated in the Second Macedonian War (197). * * *
Philip VI, 1293-1350. King of France (1328-1350). The first Valois king, his reign was dominated by the Hundred Years' War. * * *
—Philistian, adj. /fi lis"tee euh/, n. an ancient country on the E coast of the Mediterranean. * * *
—philistinism /fil"euh stee niz'euhm, -stuy-, fi lis"teuh niz'euhm, -tee-/, n. /fil"euh steen', -stuyn', fi lis"tin, -teen/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a person who is lacking in ...
Phil·is·tin·ism also phi·lis·tin·ism (fĭlʹĭ-stē-nĭz'əm, fĭ-lĭsʹtə-nĭz'əm, -tē-nĭz'əm) n. An attitude of smug ignorance and conventionalism, especially ...
▪ Greek historian born c. 430 BC, Syracuse, Sicily [Italy] died 356       Greek historian of Sicily during the reigns of the tyrants Dionysius I and Dionysius ...
Philitas of Cos
▪ Greek poet Philitas also spelled  Philetas   born c. 340 BC, Cos [Aegean Islands, now in Greece] died c. 270 BC       Greek poet and grammarian, regarded as the ...
/fil"ip/, n. a male given name. * * *
Phillip Island
▪ island, Australia       island astride the entrance to Western Port (bay) on the south coast of Victoria, Australia, southeast of Melbourne. About 14 miles (23 km) ...
Phillip, Andrew
▪ 2002 “Andy”        American basketball player (b. March 7, 1922, Granite City, Ill.—d. April 29, 2001, Rancho Mirage, Calif.), was an All-American basketball ...
Phillip, Arthur
▪ British admiral born , Oct. 11, 1738, London died Aug. 31, 1814, Bath, Somerset, Eng.  British admiral whose convict settlement established at Sydney in 1788 was the first ...
/fil"ips/, n. 1. David Graham, 1867-1911, U.S. novelist. 2. Jayne Anne, born 1952, U.S. poet, short-story writer, and novelist. 3. Stephen, 1868-1915, English poet and ...
Phillips Academy
▪ school, Andover, Massachusetts, United States also called  Phillips Andover Academy,  or  Andover,         private, coeducational college-preparatory school ...
Phillips Collection
▪ museum, Washington, District of Columbia, United States       museum containing an outstanding small collection of late 19th- and 20th-century American and European ...
Phillips curve
Phillips curve [fil′ips] n. [also P- C-] a curve illustrating a theoretical inverse relationship between rates of unemployment and of inflation * * * Graphic representation of ...
Phillips Exeter Academy
▪ school, Exeter, New Hampshire, United States also called  Exeter,         private, coeducational, college-preparatory school (grades 9–12) in Exeter, N.H., U.S. ...
Phillips head
—Phillips-head, adj. a screw head having two partial slots crossed at right angles, driven by a special screwdriver (Phillips screwdriver). See illus. under screw. [1930-35; ...
Phillips Petroleum Company
▪ American company       former U.S. petroleum company that merged with Conoco in August 2002 to form ConocoPhillips.       Phillips was incorporated in ...
Phillips screw
➡ Phillips screwdriver * * *
Phillips, Irna
born July 1, 1901, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 22, 1973, Chicago U.S. radio producer and director. She worked as a teacher before turning to writing for radio and creating ...
Phillips, James Frederick
▪ 2002 “the Fox”        American environmentalist (b. Nov. 20, 1930, Aurora, Ill.—d. Oct. 3, 2001, Aurora), employed a number of creative means of demonstrating ...
Phillips, John Edmund Andrew
▪ 2002       American singer and songwriter (b. Aug. 30, 1935, Parris Island, S.C.—d. March 18, 2001, Los Angeles, Calif.), was the guiding force behind the Mamas and ...
Phillips, Julia
▪ American producer and writer née  Julia Miller  born April 7, 1944, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 1, 2002, West Hollywood, Calif.       American film producer and ...
Phillips, Julia Miller
▪ 2003       American film producer and writer (b. April 7, 1944, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 1, 2002, West Hollywood, Calif.), in the 1970s became one of the very few ...
Phillips, Lena Madesin
▪ American lawyer original name  Anna Lena Phillips  born Oct. 15, 1881, Nicholasville, Ky., U.S. died May 22, 1955, Marseille, France       American lawyer and ...
Phillips, Samuel Cornelius
▪ 2004 “Sam”        American record producer (b. Jan. 5, 1923, Florence, Ala.—d. July 30, 2003, Memphis, Tenn.), recorded early works by blues greats Howlin' Wolf, ...
Phillips, Stephen
▪ English actor and poet born July 28, 1864, Summertown, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Dec. 9, 1915, Deal, Kent       English actor and poet who was briefly successful as a ...
Phillips, Wendell
born Nov. 29, 1811, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 2, 1884, Boston U.S. reformer and abolitionist. A wealthy graduate of Harvard Law School, he sacrificed social status and a ...
Phillips, William
▪ 2003       American editor (b. Nov. 14, 1907, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 13, 2002, New York City), was the cofounder of Partisan Review, an influential magazine of ...
Phillips, William D.
▪ American physicist in full  William Daniel Phillips  born Nov. 5, 1948, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., U.S.       American physicist whose experiments using laser light to cool ...
Phillips, Wendell. 1811-1884. American abolitionist who served as president of the American Antislavery Society from 1865 to 1870. * * *
/fil"ips berrg'/, n. a city in NW New Jersey, on the Delaware River. 16,647. * * *
▪ trilobite genus       genus of trilobites (an extinct group of aquatic arthropods) uncommonly found as fossils in Carboniferous and Permian rocks (359,000,000 to ...
/fil"ip suyt'/, n. a zeolite mineral, similar to stilbite but with potassium replacing some of the calcium. [1815-25; named after J. W. Phillips (1775-1828), English ...
Phillips{™} screwdriver
n a type of screwdriver (= tool that turns a screw) with two small blades on the end shaped like a cross. It is named after the American H F Phillips who invented it, and is used ...
Phillis [fil′is] n. a feminine name: see PHYLLIS * * *
Phillpotts, Eden
▪ British writer born November 4, 1862, Mount Abu, Rājasthān, India died December 29, 1960, Broad Clyst, near Exeter, Devon, England       British novelist, poet, and ...
Phillpotts, Henry
▪ British clergyman born May 6, 1778, Bridgwater, Somersetshire, Eng. died Sept. 18, 1869, Torquay, Devonshire  Church of England bishop of Exeter (from 1830), who ...
/fi looh"meuh nist/, n. a collector of matchbooks and matchboxes. [1940-45; PHIL- + L lumen light + -IST] * * *
/fil"ee/, n. Philadelphia (used as a nickname). * * *
Philo [fī′lō] PHILO JUDAEUS * * * (as used in expressions) Farnsworth Philo Taylor Philo Judaeus Philo of Alexandria * * *
Philo Judaeus
/fuy"loh jooh dee"euhs/ c20 B.C.-A.D. c50, Alexandrian Jewish theologian and philosopher. * * * or Philo of Alexandria born 10–15 BC, Alexandria died AD 45–50, ...
a combining form appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant "loving" (philology); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (philoprogenitive). Also, esp. ...
/fil'euhk tee"teez/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a noted archer and squire of Hercules. Bitten by a snake and abandoned on an island because of his festering wound, he was at length ...
▪ Greek poet and philosopher born c. 110 BC, , Gadara, Syria died c. 35 BC, , Herculaneum, Campania       Greek poet and Epicurean philosopher who did much to spread ...
/fil'euh den"dreuhn/, n. a tropical American climbing plant belonging to the genus Philodendron, of the arum family, usually having smooth, shiny, evergreen leaves, often used as ...
—philographer, n. /fi log"reuh fee/, n. the collecting of autographs, esp. those of famous persons. [PHILO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
—philogynist, n. —philogynous, adj. /fi loj"euh nee/, n. love of or liking for women. [1745-55; < Gk philogynía. See PHILO-, GYNY] * * *
Phi·lo Ju·dae·us (fīʹlō jo͞o-dēʹəs, -dāʹ-), Also Philo of Alexandria. 30? B.C.-A.D. 45?. Alexandrian Jewish philosopher known for his pioneering attempt to interpret ...
▪ Eastern Orthodox texts       (Greek: “Love of the Good, the Beautiful”), prose anthology of Greek Christian monastic texts that was part of a movement for ...
philol abbrev. philology * * *
1. philological. 2. philology. * * *
▪ Greek philosopher flourished c. 475 BC       philosopher of the Pythagorean school, named after the Greek thinker Pythagoras (fl. c. 530 BC).       Philolaus ...
See philology. * * *
/fil'euh loh"jee euhn/, n. a philologist. [1820-30; < L philologi(a) (see PHILOLOGY) + -AN] * * *
See philologer. * * *
See philologer. * * *
See philologer. * * *
See philologer. * * *
—philological /fil'euh loj"i keuhl/, philologic, adj. —philologically, adv. —philologist, philologer, n. /fi lol"euh jee/, n. 1. the study of literary texts and of written ...
Philombe, René
▪ Cameroonian author pseudonym of  Philippe Louis Ombédé   born 1930, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon died Oct. 25, 2001, Yaoundé       African novelist, poet, playwright, ...
/fil"euh mel'/, n. Literary. the nightingale. Also, philomela. [1350-1400; earlier Philomele, Philomela ( < MF philomèle) < L Philomela < Gk Philómela PHILOMELA; r. ME ...
/fil'euh mee"leuh/, n. 1. Class. Myth. an Athenian princess who was raped by her brother-in-law Tereus and was subsequently avenged and transformed into a nightingale. 2. (l.c.) ...
/fil'oh meuh luy"deez/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Lesbos who wrestled and killed every opponent until he himself was defeated by Odysseus. * * *
/fil'euh pee"neuh/, n. 1. a custom, presumably of German origin, in which two persons share the kernels of a nut and determine that one shall receive a forfeit from the other at ...
born с 253, Megalopolis, Arcadia died 182 BC, Messene, Messenia General of the Achaean League. Elected federal cavalry commander (с 210) and general of the league (208–207, ...
Philoponus, John
▪ Greek philosopher also called  John the Grammarian , Greek  Joannes Philoponus , or  Joannes Grammaticus  flourished 6th century       Greek Christian ...
/fil'oh proh jen"i tiv/, adj. 1. producing offspring, esp. abundantly; prolific. 2. of, pertaining to, or characterized by love for offspring, esp. one's own. [1860-65; PHILO- + ...
See philoprogenitive. * * *
philos abbrev. philosophy * * *
1. philosopher. 2. philosophical. 3. philosophy. * * *
/fi los'euh fas"teuhr, fi los"euh fas'teuhr/, n. a person who has only a superficial knowledge of philosophy or who feigns a knowledge he or she does not possess. [1605-15; < LL: ...
/fil"euh sof', fil'euh zof"/; Fr. /fee law zawf"/, n., pl. philosophes /-sofs', -zofs"/; Fr. /-zawf"/. 1. any of the popular French intellectuals or social philosophers of the ...
—philosophership, n. /fi los"euh feuhr/, n. 1. a person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics, metaphysics, logic, and other related fields. 2. a person ...
philosopher king
the Platonic ideal of a ruler, philosophically trained and enlightened. [1920-25] * * *
philosophers' stone
Alchemy. a substance sought by alchemists that would be capable of transmuting baser metals into gold or silver and of prolonging life. Also, philosopher's stone. [1350-1400; ...
phi·los·o·phers' stone also phi·los·o·pher's stone (fĭ-lŏsʹə-fərz) n. A substance that was believed to have the power of transmuting base metal into gold. Also called ...
philosophic [fil΄ə säf′ik] adj. 〚L philosophicus < Gr philosophikos〛 1. of or according to philosophy or philosophers 2. devoted to or learned in philosophy 3. like or ...
—philosophically, adv. —philosophicalness, n. /fil'euh sof"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to philosophy: philosophical studies. 2. versed in or occupied with ...
philosophical analysis.
See linguistic analysis. [1940-45] * * *
philosophical anthropology
anthropology (def. 4). * * * Study of human nature conducted by the methods of philosophy. It is concerned with questions such as the status of human beings in the universe, ...
philosophical radical
▪ philosophy       adherent of the utilitarian political philosophy that stemmed from the 18th- and 19th-century English jurist Jeremy Bentham (Bentham, Jeremy) and ...
See philosophical. * * *
/fi los"euh fiz'euhm/, n. 1. spurious or deceitful philosophy. 2. a false or contrived argument, esp. one designed to deceive. [1785-95; PHILOSOPH(Y) + -ISM] * * *
—philosophization, n. —philosophizer, n. /fi los"euh fuyz'/, v.i., philosophized, philosophizing. 1. to speculate or theorize, usually in a superficial or imprecise ...
See philosophize. * * *
/fi los"euh fee/, n., pl. philosophies. 1. the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. 2. any of the three branches, namely natural ...
philosophy of life
any philosophical view or vision of the nature or purpose of life or of the way that life should be lived. [1850-55] * * *
philosophy, Western
Introduction       history of Western philosophy from its development among the ancient Greeks to the present.       This article has three basic purposes: (1) to ...
▪ Byzantine historian born AD 368, , Borissus, Cappadocia [near modern Kayseri, Tur.] died c. 433, , probably Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.]       Byzantine ...
Philostratus the Lemnian
▪ Greek author born AD 190       ancient Greek writer, son-in-law of Flavius Philostratus. He was the author of a letter to Aspasius of Ravenna and of the first series ...
Philostratus, Flavius
▪ Greek author born AD 170 died c. 245       Greek writer of Roman imperial times who studied at Athens and some time after AD 202 entered the circle of the ...
Philotheus Kokkinos
▪ patriarch of Constantinople born c. 1300, , Salonika, Greece died 1379, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.]       theologian, monk, and patriarch of Constantinople, ...
Philoxenus Of Mabbug
▪ Syrian bishop Syriac Akhsěnāyā born c. 440, , Tahal, Beth-Garmaï [near modern Kirkūk, Iraq] died c. 523, , Gangra, Paphlagonia [near modern Samsun, ...
—philterer, n. /fil"teuhr/, n., v., philtered, philtering. n. 1. a potion, charm, or drug supposed to cause the person taking it to fall in love, usually with some specific ...
/fil"teuhr/, n., v.t., philtred, philtring. Chiefly Brit. philter. * * *
/fil"treuhm/, n., pl. philtra /-treuh/. 1. Anat. the vertical groove on the surface of the upper lip, below the septum of the nose. 2. a philter. [1600-10; < L: love philter < Gk ...
—phimotic /fuy mot"ik, fi-/, adj. /fuy moh"sis, fi-/, n., pl. phimoses /-seez/. Pathol. 1. constriction of the orifice of the prepuce so as to prevent the foreskin from being ...
/fin"ee euhs/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "serpent's mouth or oracle." * * *
Phineas Taylor Barnum
➡ Barnum * * *
/fin"ee euhs, fuy"nyoohs/, n. Class. Myth. a brother of Cepheus who was not brave enough to rescue his betrothed Andromeda from a sea monster and who was eventually turned to ...
Phipps, Ogden
▪ 2003       American racehorse owner and breeder (b. Nov. 26, 1908, New York, N.Y.—d. April 22, 2002, West Palm Beach, Fla.), was one of the dominant figures in ...
▪ computing       act of sending e-mail that purports to be from a reputable source, such as the recipient's bank or credit card provider, and that seeks to acquire ...
/peet"sah noo"lohk/, n. a city in central Thailand. 33,883. * * * ▪ Thailand       town, north-central Thailand. Phitsanulok lies along the Nan River and the ...
/fiz/, n. Slang. face. [abbr. of PHYSIOGNOMY] * * *
Phl abbr. Bible Philippians. * * *
See phlebitis. * * *
—phlebitic /fleuh bit"ik/, adj. /fleuh buy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a vein, often occurring in the legs and involving the formation of a thrombus, characterized by ...
a combining form meaning "vein," used in the formation of compound words: phlebosclerosis. Also, esp. before a vowel, phleb-. [ < Gk, comb. form of phléps vein] * * *
/fleb"euh gram'/, n. Med. 1. venogram. 2. the tracing made by a phlebograph. [1880-85; PHLEBO- + -GRAM1] * * *
/fleb"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument for recording the venous pulse. [1900-05; PHLEBO- + -GRAPH] * * *
See phlebogram. * * *
/fleuh bog"reuh fee/, n., pl. phlebographies. venography. [1890-95; PHLEBO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
/fleb"oyd/, adj. Anat. pertaining to or resembling a vein. [PHLEB- + -OID] * * *
See phlebology. * * *
—phlebologist, n. /fleuh bol"euh jee/, n. the study of the anatomy, physiology, and diseases of veins. Also called venology. [1890-95; PHLEBO- + -LOGY] * * *
/fleb'oh skli roh"sis/, n. Pathol. sclerosis, or hardening, of the walls of veins. [1895-1900; PHLEBO- + SCLEROSIS] * * *
/fleb'oh throm boh"sis/, n. Pathol. the presence of a thrombus in a vein. Cf. thrombophlebitis. [1890-95; < NL; see PHLEBO-, THROMBOSIS] * * * ▪ ...
/fleb"euh tohm'/, n. a cutting instrument used for phlebotomy. [PHLEBO- + -TOME] * * *
—phlebotomically, adv. /fleb'euh tom"ik/, adj. 1. of or noting phlebotomy. 2. (of insects) bloodsucking. Also, phlebotomical. [1790-1800; PHLEBOTOM(Y) + -IC] * * *
See phlebotomic. * * *
/fleuh bot"euh mist/, n. Surg. 1. a specialist in phlebotomy. 2. a nurse or other health worker trained in drawing venous blood for testing or donation. [1650-60; PHLEBOTOM(Y) + ...
—phlebotomization, n. /fleuh bot"euh muyz'/, v.t., phlebotomized, phlebotomizing. to subject to phlebotomy; bleed. Also, esp. Brit., phlebotomise. [1590-1600; < MF ...

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