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phrase book
a small book containing everyday phrases and sentences and their equivalents in a foreign language, written esp. for travelers. [1585-95] * * *
phrase marker
Ling. (in generative grammar) a representation of the constituent structure of a sentence, using a tree diagram or labeled bracketing. Also, phrase-marker. [1960-65] * * *
phrase structure
Ling. the hierarchical arrangement of the constituent words and phrases of a sentence. Also called constituent structure. [1955-60] * * *
phrase structure tree
Ling. a structural representation of a sentence in the form of an inverted tree, with each node of the tree labeled according to the phrasal constituent it represents. Cf. tree ...
phrase-structure grammar
/frayz"struk'cheuhr/, Ling. a grammar that consists of phrase-structure rules. [1965-70] * * *
phrase-structure rule
Ling. a rule that generates a sentence or other syntactic construction from words and phrases and identifies its constituent structure. Cf. rewrite rule. * * *
phrasebook
phrase book n. A book of foreign language expressions and their translations. * * *
phrasemaker
—phrasemaking, n. /frayz"may'keuhr/, n. 1. a person who is skilled in coining well-turned phrases; phraseologist. 2. a person who makes catchy but often meaningless or empty ...
phrasemaking
phrasemaking [frāz′māk΄iŋ] n. the coining of memorable or quotable phrases, slogans, etc. phrasemaker n. * * * See phrasemaker. * * *
phrasemarker
phrase marker n. In generative grammar, a representation in the form of a tree diagram or labeled brackets of the constituent structure of a sentence. * * *
phrasemonger
—phrasemongering, n. /frayz"mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. phrasemaker (def. 2). [1805-15; PHRASE + MONGER] * * *
phraseogram
/fray"zee euh gram'/, n. a written symbol or combination of symbols, as in shorthand, used to represent a phrase. [1840-50; PHRASE + -O- + -GRAM1] * * *
phraseograph
/fray"zee euh graf', -grahf'/, n. a phrase for which there is a phraseogram. [1835-45; PHRASE + -O- + -GRAPH] * * *
phraseographic
See phraseograph. * * *
phraseological
See phraseology. * * *
phraseologist
/fray'zee ol"euh jist/, n. 1. a person who treats of or is concerned with phraseology. 2. a person who affects a particular phraseology or is skilled in coining ...
phraseology
—phraseological /fray'zee euh loj"i keuhl/, phraseologic, adj. —phraseologically, adv. /fray'zee ol"euh jee/, n. 1. manner or style of verbal expression; characteristic ...
phrasing
/fray"zing/, n. 1. the act of forming phrases. 2. a manner or method of forming phrases; phraseology. 3. Music. the grouping of the notes of a musical line into distinct ...
phratric
See phratry. * * *
phratry
—phratric, phratral, phratriac, phratrial, adj. /fray"tree/, n., pl. phratries. 1. a grouping of clans or other social units within a tribe. 2. (in ancient Greece) a ...
phreak
/freek/, n., v., phreaked, phreaking. n. 1. See phone phreak. v.i. 2. to act as a phone phreak. v.t. 3. to tamper with (telephones) as a phone phreak does. [1970-75; altered sp. ...
phreatic
/free at"ik/, adj. Geol. 1. noting or pertaining to ground water. 2. noting or pertaining to explosive volcanic activity involving steam derived from ground water: a phreatic ...
phreatophyte
—phreatophytic /free at'euh fit"ik/, adj. /free at"euh fuyt'/, n. a long-rooted plant that absorbs its water from the water table or the soil above it. [1915-20; < Gk phreat- ...
phreatophytic
See phreatophyte. * * *
phren-
var. of phreno- before a vowel: phrenic. * * *
phren.
1. phrenological. 2. phrenology. * * *
phrenetic
—phrenetically, adv. —phreneticness, n. /fri net"ik/, adj. Also, phrenetical. 1. frenetic. 2. filled with extreme excitement; fanatic; frenzied. n. 3. a phrenetic ...
phrenic
/fren"ik/, adj. 1. Anat. of or pertaining to the diaphragm. 2. Physiol. relating to the mind or mental activity. [1695-1705; < NL phrenicus. See PHREN-, -IC] * * *
phrenitic
See phrenitis. * * *
phrenitis
/fri nuy"tis/, n. Pathol. (formerly) 1. inflammation of the brain; encephalitis. 2. delirium; frenzy. [1615-25; < LL phrenitis delirium, frenzy < Gk phrenîtis. See PHREN-, ...
phreno-
a combining form meaning "mind," "diaphragm," used in the formation of compound words: phrenology. Also, esp. before a vowel, phren-. [ < Gk phreno-, comb. form repr. phrén ...
phrenol.
1. phrenological. 2. phrenology. * * *
phrenologic
See phrenology. * * *
phrenological
See phrenologic. * * *
phrenologist
See phrenologic. * * *
phrenology
—phrenologic /fren'l oj"ik/, phrenological, adj. —phrenologically, adv. —phrenologist, n. /fri nol"euh jee, fre-/, n. a psychological theory or analytical method based on ...
phrensy
phrensy [fren′zē] n. pl. phrensies vt. phrensied, phrensying archaic sp. of FRENZY * * *
Phrixus
/frik"seuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a child who escaped on the back of a ram with his sister Helle from a plot against them. The fleece of the ram, which he sacrificed, was the Golden ...
phronesis
/froh nee"sis/, n. Philos. wisdom in determining ends and the means of attaining them. [1885-90; < Gk phrónesis thinking, equiv. to phrone- (verbid s. of phroneîn to think; ...
Phrygia
/frij"ee euh/, n. an ancient country in central and NW Asia Minor. * * * Ancient district, west-central Anatolia. It was named for a people whom the Greeks called Phryges and ...
Phrygian
/frij"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Phrygia, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Phrygia. 3. an Indo-European language that was the language of ...
Phrygian cap
a soft, conical cap represented in ancient Greek art as part of Phrygian or oriental dress and associated, since the late 18th and early 19th centuries, with the liberty ...
Phrygian language
      ancient Indo-European language (Indo-European languages) of west-central Anatolia. Textual evidence for Phrygian falls into two distinct groups. Old Phrygian texts ...
Phrygian mode
Music. an authentic church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from E to E. [1800-10] * * *       in music, third of the ...
Phrygiancap
Phrygian cap n. See liberty cap. * * *
Phryne
▪ Greek courtesan (Greek:“Toad”), byname of  Mnesarete  flourished 4th century BC       famous Greek courtesan. Because of her sallow complexion she was called ...
Phrynichus
▪ Greek comic poet flourished late 5th century BC, Athens       comic poet of Attic Old Comedy. Phrynichus, son of Eunomis, belonged to the last generation to write in ...
Phrynichus Arabius
▪ grammarian and rhetorician flourished 2nd century AD, Bithynia, Asia Minor [now in Turkey]       grammarian and rhetorician who produced Sophistike paraskeue (“A ...
PHS
Public Health Service. Also, P.H.S. * * *
phthalein
/thal"een, -ee in, fthal"-/, n. Chem. any of a group of compounds formed by treating phthalic anhydride with phenols, from which certain important dyes are derived. [1900-05; ...
phthalic
/thal"ik, fthal"-/, adj. Chem. of or derived from phthalic acid. [1855-60; (NA)PHTHAL(ENE) + -IC] * * *
phthalic acid
1. Chem. any of three isomeric acids having the formula C8H6O4, esp. the ortho isomer (orthophthalic acid), a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid used chiefly in ...
phthalic anhydride
Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C8H4O3, used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes, alkyd resins, and plasticizers. [1850-55] * * *
phthalicacid
phthalic acid n. A colorless crystalline organic acid, C6H4(COOH)2, prepared from naphthalene and used in the synthesis of dyes, perfumes, and other organic compounds. * * *
phthalicanhydride
phthalic anhydride n. A white crystalline compound, C6H4(CO)2O, prepared by oxidizing naphthalene and used in the manufacture of phthaleins and other dyes, resins, plasticizers, ...
phthalin
/thal"in, fthal"-/, n. Chem. any of a group of compounds obtained by the reduction of the phthaleins. [1870-75; (NA)PHTHAL(ENE) + -IN2] * * *
phthalocyanine
/thal'euh suy"euh neen', -nin, fthal'-/, n. Chem. 1. Also called metal-free phthalocyanine. a blue-green pigment, C32H18N8, derived from phthalic anhydride. 2. any of the group ...
phthalocyanine blue
a pigment used in painting, derived from copper phthalocyanine and characterized chiefly by its brilliant, dark-blue color and by permanence. [1945-50] * * *
phthalocyanine green
a pigment used in painting, derived from chlorinated copper phthalocyanine and characterized chiefly by its intense green color and permanence. [1940-45] * * *
phthiocol
/thuy"euh kawl', -kol'/, n. Biochem. a yellow crystalline substance, C11H8O3, produced by the human tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, having antibiotic and ...
phthiriasis
/thuy ruy"euh sis, thi-/, n. crab lice infestation. [1590-1600; < Gk phtheiríasis, equiv. to phtheír louse + -iasis -IASIS] * * *
phthisic
/tiz"ik, thiz"-/, Pathol. n. 1. a wasting disease of the lungs; phthisis. 2. asthma. 3. a person who suffers from phthisis. adj. 4. pertaining to phthisis; phthisical. [1300-50; ...
phthisical
/tiz"i keuhl, thiz"-/, adj. pertaining to, of the nature of, or affected by phthisis. Also, phthisicky. [1605-15; PHTHISIC + -AL1] * * *
phthisis
/thuy"sis, tuy"-/, n. Pathol. 1. a wasting away. 2. pulmonary tuberculosis; consumption. [1515-25; < Gk phthísis lung disease, lit., a wasting away, equiv. to phthí(ein) to ...
Phu Quoc Island
▪ island, Vietnam Vietnamese  Dao Phu Quoc        island in the Gulf of Thailand, belonging to Vietnam. Lying 7 miles (11 km) off the Cambodian coast south of Bok ...
phugoid
/fyooh"goyd/, adj. Aerospace. of or pertaining to long-period oscillation in the longitudinal motion of an aircraft, rocket, or missile. [1905-10; irreg. < Gk phyg(é) flight + ...
Phuket
/pooh"ket"/, n. an island near the W coast of Thailand. 75,652; 294 sq. mi. (761 sq. km). * * * ▪ Thailand       city and island, southern Thailand. The island lies in ...
Phulabani
▪ India also called  Phulbani        town, central Orissa state, eastern India. It is located about 22 miles (35 km) southwest of the Mahanadi River. The town is ...
Phumiphon Aduldet
/pooh"mi pawn" ah doohn"det"/. See Rama IX. * * *
phur-bu
▪ ritual dagger       (Tibetan: “peg,” or “nail”), a ritual dagger used in the Tantric (esoteric) rites of Tibetan Buddhism to exorcise evil. The dagger has a ...
phut
phut [ft, fət] n. 〚echoic〛 a dull, flat, slightly explosive sound, as of an engine dying —————— go phut go out of order; break down * * *
Phuthaditjhaba
▪ South Africa formerly  Witsieshoek,         town, northeastern Free State province, South Africa. It was the capital of the territory formerly designated by South ...
phyco-
a combining form meaning "seaweed," "algae," used in the formation of compound words: phycochrome. [ < Gk phyko-, comb. form repr. phykos seaweed] * * *
phycobilin
phy·co·bi·lin (fī'kō-bīʹlĭn) n. Any of a group of water-soluble proteinaceous pigments that occur in red algae and cyanobacteria.   [phyco- + Latin bīlis, bile + ...
phycobiont
/fuy'koh buy"ont/, n. the algae component of a lichen. [1957; PHYCO- + -biont; see MYCOBIONT] * * *
phycocyanin
/fuy'koh suy"euh nin/, n. Biochem. a blue protein pigment, found in algae, involved in the process of photosynthesis. [1870-75; PHYCO- + CYAN-1 + -IN2] * * *
phycoerythrin
/fuy'koh i rith"rin, -er"euh thrin/, n. a red protein pigment occurring in red algae. [1865-70; PHYCO- + ERYTHR- + -IN2] * * *
phycological
See phycology. * * *
phycologist
See phycological. * * *
phycology
—phycological /fuy'keuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —phycologist, n. /fuy kol"euh jee/, n. the branch of botany dealing with algae. [1875-80; PHYCO- + -LOGY] * * * ▪ biology also ...
phycomycete
—phycomycetous, adj. /fuy'koh muy"seet, -muy seet"/, n. any of various fungi that resemble algae, as downy mildew. [1930-35; < NL Phycomycetes name of a class; see PHYCO-, ...
Phycomycetes
      an obsolete name formerly used to describe lower fungi in the classes Chytridiomycetes, Hyphochytridiomycetes, Plasmodiophoromycetes, Oomycetes, Zygomycetes, and ...
phycomycetous
See phycomycete. * * *
Phyfe
/fuyf/, n. Duncan, 1768-1854, U.S. cabinetmaker, born in Scotland. * * *
Phyfe, Duncan
orig. Duncan Fife born 1768, near Loch Fannich, Ross and Cromarty, Scot. died Aug. 16, 1854, New York, N.Y., U.S. Scottish-born U.S. furniture designer. His family settled in ...
Phyfe,Duncan
Phyfe (fīf), Duncan. 1768?-1854. Scottish-born American cabinetmaker. His shop was one of the first to use factory methods of furniture construction. * * *
phyi-mchod
▪ Tibetan Buddhist rite       in Tibetan Buddhist ceremonies, the eight offerings of external worship, presented before the tranquil deities. They are basically the ...
phyl-
var. of phylo- before a vowel: phylic. * * *
phyla
/fuy"leuh/, n. pl. of phylum. * * *
phylactery
—phylacteric /fil'ak ter"ik/, phylacterical, adj. —phylacteried, adj. /fi lak"teuh ree/, n., pl. phylacteries. 1. Judaism. either of two small, black, leather cubes ...
phylactic
/fi lak"tik/, adj. defending or protecting, esp. from disease. [1700-10; < Gk phylaktikós preservative, equiv. to phylakt(ós) guarding (verbid of phylássein to guard) + -ikos ...
Phylakopi
/fee lah kaw pee"/, n. an archaeological site on the Greek island of Melos, in the Cyclades group: excavations have revealed the remains of three successive ancient cities ...
phyle
—phylic, adj. /fuy"lee/, n., pl. phylae /-lee/. (in ancient Greece) a tribe or clan, based on supposed kinship. [1860-65; < Gk phylé, akin to phylon PHYLON] * * * Any of ...
phyletic
—phyletically, adj. /fuy let"ik/, adj. Biol. of, pertaining to, or based on the evolutionary history of a group of organisms; phylogenetic. [1880-85; Gk phyletikós pertaining ...
phyletic classification.
See phylogenetic classification. * * *
phyletically
See phyletic. * * *
phyletics
/fuy let"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Biol. See phylogenetic classification. [see PHYLETIC, -ICS] * * *
phylic
See phyle. * * *
phyll-
var. of phyllo- before a vowel: phyllite. * * *
Phyllanthus
▪ plant genus       very large genus of flowering trees, shrubs, and herbs of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) that contains among its 650 species some of ornamental ...
phyllary
/fil"euh ree/, n., pl. phyllaries. Bot. one of the bracts forming the involucre or the head or inflorescence of a composite plant. [1855-60; < NL phyllarium < Gk phyllárion, ...
Phyllis
/fil"is/, n. 1. a name used in pastoral literature, as the Eclogues of Vergil, for a country girl or sweetheart. 2. Also, Phyliss. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning ...
Phyllis Dorothy James
➡ James (V) * * *
phyllite
—phyllitic /fi lit"ik/, adj. /fil"uyt/, n. a slaty rock, the cleavage planes of which have a luster imparted by minute scales of mica. [1820-30; PHYLL- + -ITE1] * * ...
phyllitic
See phyllite. * * *
phyllo
/fee"loh/, n. Greek and Middle Eastern Cookery. flaky, tissue-thin layers of pastry used in baked desserts and appetizers. Also, filo. [1945-50; < ModGk phýllo(n) lit., leaf; ...
phyllo-
a combining form meaning "leaf," used in the formation of compound words: phyllopod. Also, phyll-, -phyll. [ < Gk, comb. form of phýllon] * * *
phylloclad
phylloclad [fil′ōklād΄fil′ə klad΄] n. CLADOPHYLL: also phylloclade [fil′ōklād΄] * * *
phylloclade
—phyllocladioid, adj. /fil"euh klayd'/, n. Bot. 1. a flattened stem or branch having the function of a leaf. 2. a cladophyll. [1855-60; < NL phyllocladium. See PHYLLO-, CLAD-, ...
phyllocladous
/fi lok"leuh deuhs/, adj. Bot. having phylloclades. [PHYLLOCLADE + -OUS] * * *
phyllode
—phyllodial, adj. /fil"ohd/, n. Bot. an expanded petiole resembling and having the function of a leaf, but without a true blade. [1840-50; < Gk phyllódes leaflike. See PHYLL-, ...
phyllodial
See phyllode. * * *
phyllodium
/fi loh"dee euhm/, n., pl. phyllodia /-dee euh/. phyllode. [1840-50; < NL, equiv. to Gk phyllód(es) leaflike (see PHYLLODE) + NL -ium -IUM] * * *
phyllody
/fil"euh dee/, n. Bot. the abnormal transformation of a floral structure into a foliage leaf. [1885-90; PHYLLODE + -Y3] * * *
phyllogenetic
/fil'oh jeuh net"ik/, adj. Bot. of or pertaining to the development of leaves. [1895-1900; PHYLLO- + GENETIC] * * *
Phylloglossum
▪ plant genus       a plant genus of the order Lycopodiales (division Lycopodiophyta, i.e., club mosses), containing one species, P. drummondii, native to Australia and ...
phylloid
/fil"oyd/, adj. leaflike. [1855-60; < NL phylloides. See PHYLL-, -OID] * * *
phyllomania
—phyllomaniac, adj. /fil'euh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Bot. the production of leaves in abnormal numbers or places. [1660-70; PHYLLO- + -MANIA] * * *
phyllome
—phyllomic /fi lom"ik, -loh"mik/, adj. /fil"ohm/, n. Bot. 1. a leaf of a plant. 2. a structure corresponding to a plant leaf. [1855-60; < NL phylloma < Gk phýlloma foliage. ...
phyllomic
See phyllome. * * *
phyllophagous
/fi lof"euh geuhs/, adj. Zool. (of an organism) feeding on leaves. [1865-70; PHYLLO- + -PHAGOUS, prob. on the model of NL Phyllophaga] * * *
phyllophore
/fil"euh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Bot. the terminal bud of a stem, esp. of the stem of a palm. [1840-50; PHYLLO- + -PHORE] * * *
phyllopod
/fil"euh pod'/, n. 1. any crustacean of the order Phyllopoda, having leaflike swimming appendages. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Phyllopoda. Also, phyllopodan /fi ...
phyllopodan
See phyllopod. * * *
phylloquinone
/fil'oh kwi nohn", -kwin"ohn/, n. Biochem. See vitamin K1. [1935-40; PHYLLO- + QUINONE] * * *
phyllosilicate
/fil'oh sil"i kit, -kayt'/, n. any silicate mineral having the tetrahedral silicate groups linked in sheets, each group containing four oxygen atoms, three of which are shared ...
phyllotactic
See phyllotaxy. * * *
phyllotactical
See phyllotactic. * * *
phyllotaxis
/fil'euh tak"sis/, n., pl. phyllotaxes /-tak"seez/. Bot. phyllotaxy. [1870-75; PHYLLO- + -TAXIS] * * *
phyllotaxy
—phyllotactic /fil'euh tak"tik/, —phyllotactical, phyllotaxic, adj. /fil"euh tak'see/, n., pl. phyllotaxies. Bot. 1. the arrangement of leaves on a stem or axis. 2. the study ...
phylloxera
/fil'euhk sear"euh, fi lok"seuhr euh/, n., pl. phylloxerae /fil'euhk sear"ee, fi lok"seuh ree'/, phylloxeras. any of several plant lice of the genus Phylloxera, esp. P. ...
phylloxeran
See phylloxera. * * *
phylo-
a combining form meaning "race," "tribe," "kind": phylogeny. Also, esp. before a vowel, phyl-. [ < Gk, comb. form of phylon PHYLON] * * *
phylogenesis
phy·lo·gen·e·sis (fī'lō-jĕnʹĭ-sĭs) n. See phylogeny. * * *
phylogenetic
phy·lo·ge·net·ic (fī'lō-jə-nĕtʹĭk) adj. 1. Of or relating to phylogeny or phylogenetics. 2. Relating to or based on evolutionary development or history: a phylogenetic ...
phylogenetic classification
Biol. classification of organisms based on their assumed evolutionary histories and relationships. Also called phyletic classification, phyletics. [1880-85] * * *
phylogenetic tree
Diagram showing the evolutionary interrelations of a group of organisms that usually originated from a shared ancestral form. The ancestor is in the tree trunk; organisms that ...
phylogenetically
See phylogenetic. * * *
phylogenetics
phy·lo·ge·net·ics (fī'lō-jə-nĕtʹĭks) n. (used with a sing. verb) The study of phylogeny. * * *
phylogenic
See phylogeny. * * *
phylogeny
—phylogenetic /fuy'leuh jeuh net"ik/, phylogenetical, phylogenic, adj. —phylogenetically, adv. —phylogenist, n. /fuy loj"euh nee/, n. 1. the development or evolution of a ...
phylon
/fuy"lon/, n., pl. phyla /-leuh/. a group that has genetic relationship, as a race. [ < NL < Gk phylon race, tribe, class, akin to phýein to bring forth, produce, BE] * * *
phylum
—phylar, adj. /fuy"leuhm/, n., pl. phyla /-leuh/. 1. Biol. the primary subdivision of a taxonomic kingdom, grouping together all classes of organisms that have the same body ...
phyma
—phymatic /fuy mat"ik/, adj. /fuy"meuh/, n., pl. phymas, phymata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a nodule, swelling, or small, rounded tumor of the skin. [1685-95; < L < Gk phýma a ...
phys
phys abbrev. 1. physical 2. physician 3. physics * * *
phys ed
/fiz" ed"/, Informal. physical education. Also, phys. ed. [1950-55; by shortening] * * *
phys-
phys- pref. Variant of physio-. * * *
phys.
1. physical. 2. physician. 3. physics. 4. physiological. 5. physiology. * * *
phys. chem.
physical chemistry. * * *
phys. geog.
physical geography. * * *
Physalis
▪ plant genus       genus of 80 species (family Solanaceae) of small herbs noted for their inflated baglike calyx (fused sepals), which encloses a fleshy berry and which ...
Physarum
▪ mold genus       large genus of true slime molds, accounting for about 20 percent of the species of the phylum Mycetozoa (Myxomycetes). Physarum polycephalum, a ...
physed
phys ed (fĭzʹ ĕdʹ) n. Informal Physical education. * * *
physi-
physi- pref. Variant of physio-. * * *
physiatrics
—physiatric, physiatrical, adj. /fiz'ee a"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. See physical medicine. 2. See physical therapy. [1855-60; PHYS(I)- + -IATRICS] * * *
physiatrist
/fiz'ee a"trist, fi zuy"euh trist'/, n. a physician specializing in physical medicine. [1945-50; PHYSIATR(ICS) + -IST] * * *
physiatry
/fi zuy"euh tree, fiz'ee a"-/, n. 1. See physical medicine. 2. See physical therapy. [PHYS(I)- + -IATRY] * * *
physic
/fiz"ik/, n., v., physicked, physicking. n. 1. a medicine that purges; cathartic; laxative. 2. any medicine; a drug or medicament. 3. Archaic. the medical art or profession. 4. ...
physic nut
1. an ornamental, tropical American tree, Jatropha curcas, of the spurge family, having ivylike leaves, small, yellow or greenish-yellow flowers, and olive-shaped fruit yielding ...
physical
—physically, adv. —physicalness, n. /fiz"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the body: physical exercise. 2. of or pertaining to that which is material: the physical ...
physical anthropology
—physical anthropologist. the branch of anthropology dealing with the evolutionary changes in human bodily structure and the classification of modern races, using mensurational ...
physical chemistry
the branch of chemistry dealing with the relations between the physical properties of substances and their chemical composition and transformations. [1890-95] * * * Branch of ...
physical constant
 any of a set of fundamental invariant quantities observed in nature and appearing in the basic theoretical equations of physics. Accurate evaluation of these constants is ...
Physical constants of benzene and selected arenes
▪ Table Physical constants of benzene and selected arenes name boiling point (°C) melting point (°C) benzene   80.1      ...
physical culture
Introduction       philosophy, regimen, or lifestyle seeking maximum physical development through such means as weight (resistance) training, diet, aerobic activity, ...
physical double star.
See under double star. * * *
physical education
systematic instruction in sports, exercises, and hygiene given as part of a school or college program. [1830-40] * * * Training in physical fitness and in skills requiring or ...
physical examination
an examination, usually by a physician, of a person's body in order to determine his or her state of health or physical fitness, as for military service or participation in a ...
physical geography
the branch of geography concerned with natural features and phenomena of the earth's surface, as landforms, drainage features, climates, soils, and vegetation. [1800-10] * * *
physical jerks
Brit. physical conditioning exercises, as push-ups and knee bends. Also called jerks. * * *
physical medicine
the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury by means of physical agents, as manipulation, massage, exercise, heat, or water. Also called ...
physical medicine and rehabilitation
or physiatry or physical therapy or rehabilitation medicine Medical specialty treating chronic disabilities through physical means to help patients return to a comfortable, ...
physical meteorology
the branch of meteorology dealing with the study of optical, electrical, acoustical, and thermodynamic phenomena in the atmosphere, including the physics of clouds and ...
physical optics
the branch of optics concerned with the wave properties of light, the superposition of waves, the deviation of light from its rectilinear propagation in a manner other than that ...
physical pendulum
Physics. any apparatus consisting of a body of possibly irregular shape allowed to rotate freely about a horizontal axis on which it is pivoted (distinguished from simple ...
physical poetry
      poetry (such as Imagist poetry) that is primarily concerned with the projection of a descriptive image of material things, as in the poem “Sea Poppies” (1916) ...
Physical properties of phenols
▪ Table Physical properties of phenols common name systematic name mp ...
Physical properties of selected alcohols
▪ Table Physical properties of selected alcohols IUPAC name common name formula mp (°C) methanol methyl alcohol CH3OH   −97 ethanol ethyl ...
Physical properties of some common boranes
▪ Table Physical properties of some common boranes melting point (°C) boiling point (°C) B2H6, diborane(6) –165 –93 B4H10, tetraborane(10) –122 16 B5H9, ...
Physical properties of the waters
▪ Table Physical properties of the waters hydrogen oxide deuterium oxide tritium oxide density at 25 degrees Celsius in grams per millilitre 0.99707 1.10451 — melting ...
Physical properties of unbranched alkanes
▪ Table Physical properties of unbranched alkanes name formula boiling point (°C) melting point ...
physical science
—physical scientist. 1. any of the natural sciences dealing with inanimate matter or with energy, as physics, chemistry, and astronomy. 2. these sciences ...
physical science, principles of
Introduction       the procedures and concepts employed by those who study the inorganic world.        physical science, like all the natural sciences, is ...
Physical Sciences
▪ 2009 Introduction Scientists discovered a new family of superconducting materials and obtained unique images of individual hydrogen atoms and of a multiple-exoplanet system. ...
physical therapy
—physical therapist. 1. the treatment or management of physical disability, malfunction, or pain by exercise, massage, hydrotherapy, etc., without the use of medicines, ...
Physical-Geographic Features of Some Gulfs and Bays*, Table
▪ Table names of gulfs surface volume length in width in depth in ...
physicalanthropologist
See physical anthropology. * * *
physicalanthropology
physical anthropology n. The branch of anthropology that deals with human evolutionary biology, physical variation, and classification. Also called somatology.   physical ...
physicalchemistry
physical chemistry n. Scientific analysis of the properties and behavior of chemical systems primarily by physical theory and technique, as, for example, the thermodynamic ...
physicaleducation
physical education n. Abbr. PE Education in the care and development of the human body, stressing athletics and including hygiene. * * *
physicalexamination
physical examination n. A medical examination to determine the condition of a person's health or physical fitness, especially for a specified activity or service. * * *
physicalgeography
physical geography n. The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, especially in its current aspects, including land formation, climate, currents, and distribution ...
physicalism
—physicalist, n., adj. /fiz"i keuh liz'euhm/, n. a doctrine associated with logical positivism and holding that every meaningful statement, other than the necessary statements ...
physicalist
See physicalism. * * *
physicalistic
/fiz'i keuh lis"tik/, adj. Philos. 1. of or pertaining to physicalism. 2. (of a statement) capable of being interpreted quantitatively in terms of space and time. [1930-35; ...
physicality
/fiz'i kal"i tee/, n., pl. physicalities. 1. the physical attributes of a person, esp. when overdeveloped or overemphasized. 2. preoccupation with one's body, physical needs, or ...
physicalization
See physicalize. * * *
physicalize
—physicalization, n. /fiz"i keuh luyz'/, v.t., physicalized, physicalizing. to express in physical terms; give form or shape to: The dancers physicalized the mood of the ...
physically
See physicality. * * *
physicallychallenged
physically challenged adj. Having a physical disability or impairment, especially one that limits mobility. See Usage Note at challenged. n. (used with a pl. verb) People who ...
physicalmedicine
physical medicine n. The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment, prevention, and diagnosis of disease by essentially physical means, including manipulation, massage, ...
physicalscience
physical science n. Any of the sciences, such as physics, chemistry, astronomy, and geology, that analyze the nature and properties of energy and nonliving matter. * * *
physicaltherapist
See physical therapy. * * *
physicaltherapy
physical therapy n. Abbr. PT The treatment of physical dysfunction or injury by the use of therapeutic exercise and the application of modalities, intended to restore or ...
physician
—physicianly, adj. /fi zish"euhn/, n. 1. a person who is legally qualified to practice medicine; doctor of medicine. 2. a person engaged in general medical practice, as ...
physician assistant
physician assistant n. a person trained and certified to perform various medical procedures under the supervision of a physician: also physician's assistant * * *
physician's assistant
a person trained to perform under the supervision of a physician many clinical procedures traditionally performed by a physician, as diagnosing and treating minor ailments. ...
physician'sassistant
phy·si·cian's assistant (fĭ-zĭshʹənz) n. pl. physicians' assistants Abbr. PA A person trained to provide basic medical services, usually under the supervision of a ...
physicianship
/fi zish"euhn ship'/, n. the position, function, or office of a physician. [1725-35; PHYSICIAN + -SHIP] * * *
physicist
/fiz"euh sist/, n. a scientist who specializes in physics. [1710-20; PHYSIC(S) + -IST] * * *
physico-
physico- [fiz′i kō΄] 〚
physicochemical
—physicochemically, adv. /fiz'i koh kem"i keuhl/, adj. Chem. 1. physical and chemical: the physicochemical properties of an isomer. 2. pertaining to physical ...
physics
/fiz"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force. [1580-90; see PHYSIC, -ICS] * * * I Science that deals with the structure of ...
PHYSICS: The First Antiatoms
▪ 1997       It has been known for decades that each fundamental particle in nature has its antiparticle. The first antiparticle to be discovered, in 1932, was the ...
physio-
a combining form representing physical or physiological in compound words: physiotherapy. [ < Gk physio- comb. form of phýsis origin, form, natural order. See PHYSIS, -O-] * * *
physiocrat
—physiocratic, adj. /fiz"ee euh krat'/, n. one of a school of political economists who followed Quesnay in holding that an inherent natural order properly governed society, ...
physiognomic
See physiognomy. * * *
physiognomical
See physiognomic. * * *
physiognomically
See physiognomic. * * *
physiognomist
See physiognomic. * * *
physiognomy
—physiognomic /fiz'ee og nom"ik, -ee euh nom"-/, physiognomical, physiognomonic /fiz'ee og'neuh mon"ik, -on'euh-/, physiognomonical, adj. —physiognomically, ...
physiographer
See physiography. * * *
physiographic
See physiographer. * * *
physiographic province
a geographic region in which climate and geology have given rise to an array of landforms different from those of surrounding regions. [1910-15] * * *
physiographical
See physiographer. * * *
physiographically
See physiographer. * * *
physiography
—physiographer, n. —physiographic /fiz'ee euh graf"ik/, physiographical, adj. /fiz'ee og"reuh fee/, n. 1. the science of physical geography. 2. (formerly) geomorphology. 3. ...
physiol
physiol abbrev. 1. physiological 2. physiology * * *
physiol.
1. physiological. 2. physiologist. 3. physiology. * * *
physiologic jaundice
Pathol. a transitory jaundice that affects some infants for the first few days after birth. * * *
physiological
—physiologically, adv. /fiz'ee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to physiology. 2. consistent with the normal functioning of an organism. Also, physiologic. [1600-10; ...
physiological atmosphere
ecosphere. * * *
physiological phonetics
the branch of phonetics that deals with the motive processes, anatomical measurements, spirometric properties, muscle and membrane tone, and kinetic aspects of the production of ...
physiological psychology
the branch of psychology concerned with the relationship between the physical functioning of an organism and its behavior. [1885-90] * * * Study of the physiological basis of ...
physiological saline
physiological saline n. Biochem. a salt solution that has the same osmotic pressure as that found in the blood or tissues * * *
physiological salt solution
Pharm. See isotonic sodium chloride solution. [1920-25] * * *
physiological sodium chloride solution
Pharm. See isotonic sodium chloride solution. * * *
physiologically
See physiological. * * *
physiologicalpsychologist
See physiological psychology. * * *
physiologicalpsychology
physiological psychology n. The branch of psychology that studies the biological and physiological basis of behavior.   physiological psychologist n. * * *
physiologicalsaline
physiological saline n. A sterile solution of sodium chloride that is isotonic to body fluids, used to maintain living tissue temporarily and as a solvent for parenterally ...
physiologist
/fiz'ee ol"euh jist/, n. a specialist in physiology. [1655-65; PHYSIOLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
physiology
/fiz'ee ol"euh jee/, n. 1. the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and chemical processes. 2. ...
physiometry
/fiz'ee om"i tree/, n. measurement of the physiological functions of the body. [PHYSIO- + -METRY] * * *
physiopathologic
See physiopathology. * * *
physiopathological
See physiopathologic. * * *
physiopathologist
See physiopathologic. * * *
physiopathology
—physiopathological /fiz'ee oh path'euh loj"i keuhl/, physiopathologic, adj. /fiz'ee oh peuh thol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the disturbances of bodily function ...
physiotherapeutic
See physiotherapy. * * *
physiotherapist
See physiotherapeutic. * * *
physiotherapy
—physiotherapist, n. /fiz'ee oh ther"euh pee/, n. See physical therapy. [1900-05; PHYSIO- + THERAPY] * * *
physiotype
phys·i·o·type (fĭzʹē-ō-tīp') n. The collection of physical characteristics or features that distinguish a person or other organism. * * *
physique
/fi zeek"/, n. physical or bodily structure, appearance, or development: the physique of an athlete. [1820-30; < F < L physicus. See PHYSIC] * * *
physiqued
See physique. * * *
physis
/fuy"sis/, n., pl. physes /-seez/. 1. the principle of growth or change in nature. 2. nature as the source of growth or change. 3. something that grows, becomes, or develops. [ < ...
physo-
a combining form meaning "bladder," used in the formation of compound words: physogastric. [comb. form repr. Gk physa bladder, bellows] * * *
physoclistous
/fuy'seuh klis"teuhs/, adj. Ichthyol. having the air bladder closed off from the mouth. Cf. physostomous. [1885-90; < NL Physoclist(i) genus name ( < Gk physo- PHYSO- + ...
physogastric
—physogastrism, physogastry, n. /fuy'seuh gas"trik/, adj. pertaining to the swollen, membranous abdomen of certain insects, esp. termite and ant queens. [1910-15; PHYSO- + ...
physostigmine
/fuy'soh stig"meen, -min/, n. Pharm. an alkaloid, C15H21N3O2, used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease to raise the level of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and also as a ...
physostomous
/fuy sos"teuh meuhs/, adj. Ichthyol. having the mouth and air bladder connected by an air duct. Cf. physoclistous. [1885-90; PHYSO- + -STOMOUS] * * *
phytate
/fuy"tayt/, n. Chem., Biochem. a salt or ester of phytic acid, occurring in plants, esp. cereal grains, capable of forming insoluble complexes with calcium, zinc, iron, and other ...
phytic acid
/fuy"tik, fit"ik/, Chem. a white to pale-yellow, water-soluble liquid, C6H18O24P6, found in cereal grains: used chiefly to chelate heavy metals during the manufacture of animal ...
Phytin
/fuy"tin/, Trademark. a brand of white, powdered calcium-magnesium salt, obtained from seeds, tubers, and rhizomes: used in the synthesis of inositol and as a calcium ...
phyto-
a combining form meaning "plant," used in the formation of compound words: phytogenesis. Also, -phyte. [ < Gk phyt(ón) a plant + -O-] * * *
phytoalexin
/fuy'toh euh lek"sin/, n. Biochem. any of a class of plant compounds that accumulate at the site of invading microorganisms and confer resistance to disease. [1945-50; PHYTO- + ...


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