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phytobiology
/fuy'toh buy ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of biology dealing with plants. [1885-90; PHYTO- + BIOLOGY] * * *
phytochemical
phy·to·chem·i·cal (fī'tō-kĕmʹĭ-kəl) adj. 1. Of or relating to phytochemistry. 2. Of or relating to phytochemicals. n. A nonnutritive bioactive plant substance, such as ...
phytochemically
See phytochemical. * * *
phytochemist
See phytochemistry. * * *
phytochemistry
—phytochemical /fuy'teuh kem"i keuhl/, adj. —phytochemically, adv. —phytochemist, n. /fuy'teuh kem"euh stree/, n. the branch of biochemistry dealing with plants and plant ...
phytochrome
/fuy"teuh krohm'/, n. Bot. a plant pigment that is associated with the absorption of light in the photoperiodic response and that may regulate various types of growth and ...
phytocide
—phytocidal, adj. /fuy"teuh suyd'/, n. a substance or preparation for killing plants. [1935-40; PHYTO- + -CIDE] * * *
phytoclimate
/fuy'toh kluy"mit/, n. See under microclimate. [1945-50; PHYTO- + CLIMATE] * * *
phytocoenosis
/fuy'toh see noh"sis/, n., pl. phytocoenoses /-seez/. the plants of a given area considered as a whole. [1925-30; < NL; see PHYTO-, COENO-, -SIS] * * *
phytoestrogen
phy·to·es·tro·gen (fī'tō-ĕsʹtrə-jən) n. A naturally occurring compound of plants, such as soybeans, or plant products, such as whole grain cereals, that acts like ...
phytoflagellate
/fuy'teuh flaj"euh lit, -layt'/, n. any microscopic flagellate that is photosynthetic. [1930-35; PHYTO- + FLAGELLATE] * * * Any of several protozoans that have flagella in ...
phytogenesis
—phytogenetic /fuy'toh jeuh net"ik/, phytogenetical, adj. —phytogenetically, adv. /fuy'teuh jen"euh sis/, n. the origin and development of plants. Also, phytogeny /fuy ...
phytogenetic
See phytogenesis. * * *
phytogenetical
See phytogenetic. * * *
phytogenetically
See phytogenetic. * * *
phytogenic
/fuy'teuh jen"ik/, adj. of plant origin. [1855-60; PHYTO- + -GENIC] * * *
phytogeny
phy·tog·e·ny (fī-tŏjʹə-nē) n. Phytogenesis. * * *
phytogeographer
See phytogeography. * * *
phytogeographic
See phytogeographer. * * *
phytogeographical
See phytogeographer. * * *
phytogeography
—phytogeographer, n. —phytogeographical /fuy'toh jee'euh graf"i keuhl/, phytogeographic, adj. —phytogeographically, adv. /fuy'toh jee og"reuh fee/, n. the science dealing ...
phytography
—phytographer, phytographist, n. —phytographic /fuy'teuh graf"ik/, phytographical, adj. /fuy tog"reuh fee/, n. the branch of botany dealing with the description of ...
phytohemagglutinin
phytohemagglutinin [fīt΄ō hē΄mə glo͞ot′'n in΄] n. 〚 PHYTO- + HEMAGGLUTININ〛 a lectin, obtained from the red kidney bean, that binds to the membranes of I cells and ...
phytohormone
/fuy'teuh hawr"mohn/, n. hormone (def. 3). [1930-35; PHYTO- + HORMONE] * * *
phytol
/fuy"tawl, -tol/, n. Biochem. a hydrophobic alcohol, C20H40O, that occurs esterified as a side chain in the chlorophyll molecule. [ < G (1907); see PHYTO-, -OL] * * * ▪ ...
Phytolaccaceae
▪ plant family       the pokeweed family of flowering plants, comprising 18 genera and 65 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly native to tropical and subtropical ...
phytolith
phytolith [fīt′ō lith΄] n. 〚 PHYTO- + -LITH〛 a small opaline rock consisting chiefly of fossil plant remains * * * phy·to·lith (fī'tō-lĭth') n. A minute particle ...
phytologic
See phytology. * * *
phytological
See phytologic. * * *
phytology
—phytologic /fuyt'l oj"ik/, phytological, adj. —phytologically, adv. /fuy tol"euh jee/, n. botany. [1650-60; < NL phytologia. See PHYTO-, -LOGY] * * *
phyton
—phytonic, adj. /fuy"ton/, n. Bot. the smallest part of a stem, root, or leaf, that, when removed from a plant, may grow into a new plant. [1840-50; < NL < Gk phyton a plant] * ...
phytonadione
/fuy'toh neuh duy"ohn/, n. Biochem. See vitamin K1. [PHYT(IC ACID) + -O- + NA(PHTHOQUINONE) + DIONE] * * *
phytonic
See phyton. * * *
phytopathogen
phy·to·path·o·gen (fī'tō-păthʹə-jən) n. An organism that is pathogenic to a plant.   phy'to·path'o·genʹic (-jĕnʹĭk) adj. * * *
phytopathogenic
See phytopathogen. * * *
phytopathologic
See phytopathology. * * *
phytopathological
See phytopathologic. * * *
phytopathologist
See phytopathologic. * * *
phytopathology
—phytopathological /fuy'toh path'euh loj"i keuhl/, phytopathologic, adj. —phytopathologist, n. /fuy'toh peuh thol"euh jee/, n. See plant pathology. [1860-65; PHYTO- + ...
phytophagous
/fuy tof"euh geuhs/, adj. herbivorous. [1820-30; PHYTO- + -PHAGOUS] * * *
phytophthora
/fuy tof"theuhr euh/, n. any of a group of fungi of the genus Phytophthora, which cause a serious plant disease, esp. affecting apple and pear trees and potatoes. [ < NL (1876), ...
phytoplankton
/fuy'teuh plangk"teuhn/, n. the aggregate of plants and plantlike organisms in plankton. Cf. zooplankton. [1895-1900; PHYTO- + PLANKTON] * * * Flora of freely floating, often ...
phytoplanktonic
See phytoplankton. * * *
phytoplasm
/fuy"teuh plaz'euhm/, n. protoplasm of a plant or plants. [PHYTO- + -PLASM] * * *
phytoremediation
phy·to·re·me·di·a·tion (fī'tō-rĭ-mē'dē-āʹshən) n. The use of plants and trees to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil or water. * * *
phytosaur
/fuy"teuh sawr'/, n. any armored, semiaquatic reptile of the extinct order Phytosauria, of the Mesozoic Era, resembling the crocodile but unrelated, having the nostrils high on ...
phytosociological
See phytosociology. * * *
phytosociologically
See phytosociological. * * *
phytosociologist
See phytosociological. * * *
phytosociology
—phytosociologic /fuy'teuh soh'see euh loj"ik, -soh'shee-/, phytosociological, adj. —phytosociologially, adv. —phytosociologist, n. /fuy'toh soh'see ol"euh jee, -shee-/, ...
phytosterol
/fuy tos"teuh rawl', -rol'/, n. Biochem. any of various sterols obtained from plants. [1895-1900; PHYTO- + STEROL] * * *
phytosuccivorous
/fuy'toh seuhk siv"euhr euhs/, adj. feeding on sap, as certain sucking insects. [PHYTO- + succi-, comb. form of L succus juice (see SUCCULENT) + -VOROUS] * * *
phytotoxic
—phytotoxicity /fuy'toh tok sis"i tee/, n. /fuy'teuh tok"sik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to phytotoxin. 2. inhibitory to the growth of or poisonous to plants. [1930-35; PHYTO- + ...
phytotoxicity
See phytotoxic. * * *
phytotoxin
/fuy'teuh tok"sin/, n. any toxin, as ricin or crotin, produced by a plant. [1905-10; PHYTO- + TOXIN] * * *
phytotron
☆ phytotron [fīt′ō trän΄ ] n. 〚 PHYTO- + -TRON〛 any of various chambers, etc. designed to provide a controlled environment for the study of plant growth * * *
PHz
PHz abbr. petahertz. * * *
pi
pi1 /puy/, n., pl. pis. 1. the 16th letter of the Greek alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. 3. Math. a. the greek letter used as the symbol for the ratio ...
PI
1. Law. personal injury. 2. principal investigator. 3. private investigator. * * * In mathematics, the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. An irrational ...
pi bond
▪ chemistry       in chemistry, a cohesive interaction between two atoms and a pair of electrons that occupy an orbital located in two regions roughly parallel to the ...
pi meson
Physics. pion. [1945-50] * * *
pi theorem
▪ physics       one of the principal methods of dimensional analysis, introduced by the American physicist Edgar Buckingham in 1914. The theorem states that if a ...
pī-
See pē(i)-. * * *
pi-dog
pi-dog [pī′dôg΄] n. 〚prob. Anglo-Ind contr. of pariah dog〛 a wild Asian dog, often roaming in packs in and around villages * * * pi-dog (pīʹdôg', -dŏg') n. Variant ...
pi-pa
/pee"pah"/, n. a short-necked fretted lute of Chinese origin. [1840-50; < Chin píba or pípa lute (lit., loquat, which it resembles in shape)] * * *
Pi.
piaster. Also, pi. * * *
Pia
/pee"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
pia mater
/puy"euh may"teuhr, pee"euh/, Anat. the delicate, fibrous, and highly vascular membrane forming the innermost of the three coverings of the brain and spinal cord. Cf. arachnoid ...
Piacenza
/pyah chen"tsah/, n. a city in N Italy, on the Po River. 109,302. Ancient, Placentia. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Placentia,         city, Emilia-Romagna regione of ...
Piacenzian Stage
▪ paleontology       the uppermost division of Pliocene (Pliocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Piacenzian Age (3.6 million to 2.5 ...
piacular
—piacularly, adv. —piacularness, n. /puy ak"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. expiatory; atoning; reparatory. 2. requiring expiation; sinful or wicked. [1600-10; < L piacularis atoning, ...
Piaf
/pee ahf", pee"ahf/, n. Edith (Edith Giovanna Gassion), 1914-63, French singer. * * *
Piaf, Edith
orig. Edith Giovanna Gassion born Dec. 19, 1915, Paris, France died Oct. 11, 1963, Paris French popular singer and actress. Her mother, a café singer, abandoned her at birth; ...
Piaf,Edith
Pi·af (pē-äfʹ, pēʹäf'), Edith. Originally Edith Giovanna Gassion. 1915-1963. French cabaret singer. Her best-remembered songs include La Vie en rose and Non, je ne ...
piaffe
/pyaf/, n., v., piaffed, piaffing. Dressage. n. 1. a cadenced trot executed on one spot, with a well-elevated leg action. v.i. 2. (of a horse) to execute such a movement. 3. (of ...
piaffer
piaf·fer (pyăfʹər) n. A movement in which a horse trots in place with high action of the legs.   [French, from piaffer, to strut, piaffe.] * * *
Piaget
/pee'euh zhay", py'ah-/; Fr. /pyann zhe"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1896-1980, Swiss psychologist: studied cognitive development of children. * * *
Piaget, Gerald
▪ 1998       Swiss watchmaker who turned a small family business into a fashion phenomenon known for its high-quality but unusually expensive jeweled and ultrathin ...
Piaget, Jean
born Aug. 9, 1896, Neuchâtel, Switz. died Sept. 17, 1980, Geneva Swiss psychologist. Trained in zoology and philosophy, Piaget later studied psychology in Zürich (from 1918) ...
Piaget,Jean
Pia·get (pē'ə-zhāʹ, pyä-), Jean. 1896-1980. Swiss child psychologist noted for his studies of intellectual and cognitive development in children. * * *
Piagetian
/pee'euh zhay"euhn, pyah-/, adj. of or pertaining to the theories developed by Jean Piaget. [PIAGET + -IAN] * * *
Piaggia, Carlo
▪ Italian explorer born Jan. 4, 1827, Lucca, duchy of Lucca [Italy] died Jan. 17, 1882, Karkawj, Egyptian Sudan [now The Sudan]       Italian explorer who discovered ...
pial
/puy"euhl, pee"-/, adj. of or pertaining to the pia mater. [1885-90; PI(A MATER) + -AL1] * * *
Pialat, Maurice
▪ 2004       French film director (b. Aug. 31, 1925, Cunlhat, France—d. Jan. 11, 2003, Paris, France), created a body of work considered among the best of modern ...
piamater
pia ma·ter (māʹtər, mäʹtər) n. The fine vascular membrane that closely envelops the brain and spinal cord under the arachnoid and the dura mater.   [Middle English, from ...
pian
—pianic, adj. /pee an", -ahn", pyahn/, n. Pathol. yaws. [1795-1805; < F pians, said to be < Tupi] * * *
pianette
/pee'euh net"/, n. a small upright piano. [1875-80; PIAN(O)1 + -ETTE] * * *
pianism
/pee"euh niz'euhm, pee an"iz-, pyan"-/, n. 1. the artistry and technique of a pianist. 2. performance by a pianist: an evening of first-rate pianism. [1835-45; PIAN(O)1 + -ISM] * ...
pianissimo
/pee'euh nis"euh moh'/; It. /pyah nees"see maw'/, adj., adv., n., pl. pianissimos. Music. adj. 1. very soft. adv. 2. very softly. n. 3. a passage or movement played in this ...
pianist
/pee an"ist, pyan"-, pee"euh nist/, n. a person who plays the piano, esp. one who performs expertly or professionally. [1830-40; < F pianiste < It pianista. See PIANO1, -IST] * * ...
pianistic
—pianistically, adv. /pee'euh nis"tik/, adj. relating to, characteristic of, or adaptable for the piano. [1880-85; PIANIST + -IC] * * *
pianistically
See pianistic. * * *
piano
piano1 /pee an"oh, pyan"oh/, n., pl. pianos. a musical instrument in which felt-covered hammers, operated from a keyboard, strike the metal strings. Cf. baby grand, concert ...
piano accordion
accordion (def. 1). [1855-60] * * *
piano bar
a cocktail lounge featuring live piano music. * * *
piano duet
a musical composition for two pianists playing two pianos or together at one piano. * * *
piano hinge
a long narrow hinge that runs the full length of the two surfaces to which its leaves are joined. Also called continuous hinge. [1925-30] * * *
piano nobile
/pyah"naw naw"bee le/, pl. piani nobili /pyah"nee naw"bee lee/. Italian. the principal story of a large building, as of a palace or villa. * * * (Italian: "noble floor") In a ...
piano player
1. pianist. 2. a mechanical device that actuates the keys of a player piano. [1895-1900] * * *
piano quartet
1. a musical composition scored for piano and three other instruments, typically violin, viola, and cello. 2. an instrumental group consisting of a pianist and three other ...
piano quintet
1. a musical composition scored for a string quartet, or other combination of four instruments, and piano. 2. a group of five musicians playing a piano quintet. [1920-25] * * *
piano reduction
a musical score having the parts condensed or simplified in two staves, to render the music playable on the piano by one person. Also called piano score. [1940-45] * * *
piano roll
a roll of paper containing perforations such that air passing through them actuates the keys of a player piano. [1925-30] * * *
piano tuner
a person who tunes pianos and sometimes other keyboard instruments. [1855-60] * * *
piano wire
a very thin steel wire of high tensile strength. [1865-70] * * *
Piano, Renzo
▪ 2006  With construction under way in 2005 on office buildings, commercial spaces, museums, and residential complexes throughout the world, Italian architect Renzo Piano ...
pianobar
piano bar n. A cocktail lounge featuring entertainment by a pianist. * * *
pianoforte
/pee an"euh fawrt', -fohrt'; pee an'euh fawr"tee, -tay, -fohr"-/, n. a piano. [1760-70; < It (gravecembalo col) piano e forte lit., (harpsicord with) soft and loud, equiv. to ...
pianohinge
piano hinge n. A long narrow hinge with a pin running the entire length of its joint. * * *
Pianola
/pee'euh noh"leuh/ 1. Trademark. a brand of player piano. n. 2. (l.c.) Bridge. a hand, as a laydown, that is very easy to play. 3. (l.c.) something that is very easy to do or ...
pianoroll
piano roll n. A roll of paper containing perforations corresponding to the notes of a musical composition, used in operating a player piano. * * *
Pianosa Island
▪ island, Italy Italian  Isola Pianosa , ancient (Latin)  Planasia        island of the Toscany Archipelago, in the Tyrrhenian Sea, part of Tuscany regione ...
Piarist
/puy"euhr ist/, n. a member of a Roman Catholic teaching congregation founded in Rome in 1597. [1835-45; < NL piar(um), in phrase (patres scholarum) piarum (fathers) of religious ...
pias.
piaster. * * *
Piasa bird
▪ mythical creature       mythical man-eating monster that, according to Native American legend, would swoop down and carry off hunters. A drawing of the bird, on a ...
Piasecki, Frank Nicholas
▪ 2009       American mechanical engineer born Oct. 24, 1919, Philadelphia, Pa. died Feb. 11, 2008, Haverford, Pa. developed his first helicopter (the PV-2), a small ...
piassava
/pee'euh sah"veuh/, n. 1. Also called monkey grass. a coarse, woody fiber obtained from either of two palms, Leopoldina piassaba or Attalea funifera, of South America, used in ...
Piast Dynasty
▪ Polish ruling family       first ruling family of Poland. According to a 12th-century legend, when Prince Popiel of Gnesen (now Gniezno) died, in the second half of ...
piaster
/pee as"teuhr, -ah"steuhr/, n. 1. a former coin of Turkey, the 100th part of a lira: replaced by the kurus in 1933. 2. a monetary unit of Egypt, Lebanon, Sudan, and Syria, the ...
Piat
/pee"at, -aht/, n. a spring-powered British antitank weapon of World War II, mounted on a tripod and capable of firing a 21/2-lb. (1-kg) bomb up to 350 yd. (320 m). [P(rojector) ...
Piatigorsk
/pyah'ti gawrsk"/; Russ. /pyi tyi gawrddsk"/, n. Pyatigorsk. * * *
Piatigorsky
/pyah'ti gawr"skee, pyat'i-/, n. Gregor /greg"euhr/, 1903-76, U.S. cellist, born in Russia. * * *
Piatra-Neamţ
▪ Romania       city, capital of Neamţ judeţ (county), northeastern Romania. It lies in the valley of the Bistriţa River and is surrounded by mountains. It is first ...
PiatraNeamt
Pi·at·ra Ne·amt (pē-ä'trə nē-ămsʹ, pyä'trä nyämtsʹ) A city of northeast Romania in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. It is a processing and industrial ...
Piatt, Sarah Morgan Bryan
▪ American poet née  Sarah Morgan Bryan  born Aug. 11, 1836, Lexington, Ky., U.S. died Dec. 22, 1919, Caldwell, N.J.       American poet whose verse, modest in range ...
Piauí
/pyow ee"/, n. a state in NE Brazil. 2,188,148; 96,860 sq. mi. (250,870 sq. km). Cap.: Teresina. * * * ▪ state, Brazil       estado (state) of northeastern Brazil, ...
Piave
/pyah"ve/, n. a river in NE Italy, flowing S and SE into the Adriatic. 137 mi. (220 km) long. * * *
Piave River
River, northeastern Italy. Rising in the Carnic Alps south of Lienz near the Austrian frontier, it flows south and southeast into the Adriatic Sea, east of Venice. It is 137 mi ...
piazza
—piazzaed, adj. —piazzian, adj. /pee az"euh, -ah"zeuh/ or, for 1, 3 esp. Brit., /pee at"seuh, -aht"-/; for 1 also It. /pyaht"tsah/, n., pl. piazzas, It. piazze ...
Piazza Armerina
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, central Sicily, Italy, west-southwest of Catania. Among the many historic monuments in the town are the 17th-century cathedral, ...
Piazzetta, Giovanni Battista
or Giambattista Piazzetta born Feb. 13, 1682, Venice died April 28, 1754, Venice Italian painter, illustrator, and designer. Trained as a wood carver by his father, he turned ...
Piazzi
/pee aht"see, -ah"zee/; It. /pyaht"tsee/, n. Giuseppe, 1746-1826, Italian astronomer. * * *
Piazzi, Giuseppe
▪ Italian astronomer born , July 16, 1746, Ponte di Valtellina, Lombardy, Habsburg crown land [Italy] died July 22, 1826, Naples       Italian astronomer who discovered ...
Piazzi,Giuseppi
Piaz·zi (pyätʹsē), Giuseppi. 1746-1826. Italian astronomer who discovered (1801) the first asteroid, Ceres. * * *
Piazzolla, Astor
born March 11, 1921, Mar del Plata, Arg. died July 5, 1992, Buenos Aires Argentine composer. He lived in the Bronx, N.Y., until he was 15; he then returned to Argentina to play ...
pibal
/puy"beuhl/, n. Meteorol. the measurement and computation of the speed and direction of winds by theodolitic tracking of a pilot balloon. Cf. rabal. [pi(lot) bal(loon)] * * *
pibgorn
/pib"gawrn/, n. an ancient wind instrument of Wales resembling the hornpipe. Also, pibcorn /pib"kawrn'/. Also called stockhorn. [1760-70; < Welsh pib gorn, equiv. to pib PIPE1 + ...
piblokto
/pi blok"toh/, n., pl. pibloktos. Psychol. a culture-specific syndrome occurring among traditional Eskimo women, characterized by an outburst of cries or screams, the removal of ...
pibroch
/pee"brddokh/, n. (in the Scottish Highlands) a piece of music for the bagpipe, consisting of a series of variations on a basic theme, usually martial in character, but sometimes ...
pic
pic1 /pik/, n., pl. pix /piks/, pics. Slang. 1. a movie. 2. a photograph. Also, pix. [1880-85; by shortening from PICTURE] pic2 /peek/, n. Piquet. 1. the scoring of 30 points in ...
pica
pica1 /puy"keuh/, n. Print. 1. a 12-point type of a size between small pica and English. 2. the depth of this type size as a unit of linear measurement for type, pages containing ...
Picabia, Francis
born Jan. 22, 1879, Paris, France died Nov. 30, 1953, Paris French painter, illustrator, designer, writer, and editor. After studying at the École des Beaux-Arts and the ...
picadillo
picadillo [pē΄kä dē′ō] n. a Latin American, esp. Mexican, dish consisting of spiced ground beef usually served over rice * * * pic·a·dil·lo (pĭk'ə-dĭlʹō, ...
picador
/pik"euh dawr'/; Sp. /pee'kah dhawrdd"/, n., pl. picadors, Sp. picadores /-dhaw"rddes/. one of the mounted assistants to a matador, who opens the bullfight by enraging the bull ...
picaninny
/pik"euh nin'ee/, n., pl. picaninnies. pickaninny. * * *
picante
/pi kahn"tay/; Sp. /pee kahn"te/, adj., n., pl. picantes /tayz/; Sp. /-tes/. Spanish and Latin American Cookery. adj. 1. prepared so as to be very hot and spicy, esp. with a hot ...
picara
/pik"euhr euh, pee"keuh-/, n. a woman who is a rogue or vagabond. [1925-30; < Sp; fem. of PICARO] * * *
Picard
/pee kannrdd"/, n. 1. Charles Émile /shannrddl ay meel"/, 1856-1941, French mathematician. 2. Jean /zhahonn/, 1620-82, French astronomer. * * *
Picard, Charles-Émile
▪ French mathematician born July 24, 1856, Paris, France died December 11, 1941, Paris  French mathematician whose theories did much to advance research in analysis, ...
Picard, Jean
▪ French astronomer born , July 21, 1620, La Flèche, Fr. died July 12, 1682, Paris       French astronomer who first accurately measured the length of a degree of a ...
Picard,Jean
Pi·card (pē-kärʹ), Jean. 1620-1682. French cleric and astronomer who made an accurate measurement of a degree of meridian and subsequently calculated the circumference of ...
Picardy
/pik"euhr dee/, n. a region in N France: formerly a province. * * * French Picardie Région (pop., 1999: 1,857,834), encompassing the northern French départements of Oise, ...
Picardy third
Music. a major third in the final tonic chord of a composition written in a minor key. [trans. of F tierce de Picardy] * * *
picaresque
/pik'euh resk"/, adj. 1. pertaining to, characteristic of, or characterized by a form of prose fiction, originally developed in Spain, in which the adventures of an engagingly ...
picaresque novel
Early form of the novel, usually a first-person narrative, relating the episodic adventures of a rogue or lowborn adventurer (Spanish, pícaro). The hero drifts from place to ...
picaro
/pik"euh roh', pee"keuh-/, n., pl. picaros. a rogue or vagabond. [1615-25; < Sp pícaro rogue] * * *
picaroon
/pik'euh roohn"/, n. 1. a rogue, vagabond, thief, or brigand. 2. a pirate or corsair. v.i. 3. to act or operate as a pirate or brigand. Also, pickaroon. [1615-25; < Sp picarón, ...
Picasso
/pi kah"soh, -kas"oh/; Sp. /pee kah"saw/, n. Pablo /pah"bloh/; Sp. /pah"vlaw/, 1881-1973, Spanish painter and sculptor in France. * * *
Picasso Museum
▪ museum, Paris, France also called  Musée National Picasso        museum in Paris dedicated to showcasing the paintings, drawings, engravings, and sculptures of the ...
Picasso, Pablo
▪ Spanish artist Introduction in full  Pablo Ruiz y Picasso  born October 25, 1881, Málaga, Spain died April 8, 1973, Mougins, France   Spanish expatriate painter, ...
Picasso, Pablo (Ruiz y)
born Oct. 25, 1881, Málaga, Spain died April 8, 1973, Mougins, France Spanish-born French painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer. Trained by his father, ...
Picasso,Pablo
Pi·cas·so (pĭ-käʹsō, -kăsʹō), Pablo. 1881-1973. Spanish artist. One of the most prolific and influential artists of the 20th century, Picasso excelled in painting, ...
picayune
—picayunishly, adv. —picayunishness, n. /pik'ee yoohn", pik'euh-/, adj. Also, picayunish. Informal. 1. of little value or account; small; trifling: a picayune amount. 2. ...
Picayune
/pik'euh yoohn", pik'ee-/, n. a town in SE Mississippi. 10,361. * * *
picayunish
See picayune. * * *
Piccadilly
Piccadilly [pik΄ə dil′ē] street in London, England: traditional center of fashionable shops, clubs, & hotels * * * a famous street in London’s West End, between ...
Piccadilly Circus
a traffic circle and open square in W London, England: theater and amusement center. * * * ▪ area, London, United Kingdom  busy London intersection and popular meeting ...
PiccadillyCircus
Pic·ca·dil·ly Circus (pĭkʹə-dĭl'ē) A traffic junction and popular meeting place in central London, England, noted for the statue known as Eros. * * *
piccalilli
/pik"euh lil'ee/, n., pl. piccalillis. a pungent relish of East Indian origin, made of chopped vegetables, mustard, vinegar, and hot spices. [1760-70; earlier piccalillo Indian ...
piccaninny
/pik"euh nin'ee/, n., pl. piccaninnies. pickaninny. [1650-60] * * *
Piccard
Fr. /pee kannrdd"/, n. 1. Auguste Fr. /oh gyuust"/, 1884-1962, Swiss physicist, aeronaut, inventor, and deep-sea explorer: designer of bathyscaphes. 2. his son Jacques /zhahk/, ...
Piccard, Auguste
born Jan. 28, 1884, Basel, Switz. died March 24, 1962, Lausanne Swiss-born Belgian physicist and balloon and undersea explorer. He studied and taught physics in Zürich and ...
Piccard, Jacques
▪ Swiss oceanic engineer in full  Jacques-Ernest-Jean Piccard  born July 28, 1922, Brussels, Belg. died Nov. 1, 2008, La Tour-de-Peilz, Switz.       Swiss oceanic ...
Piccard, Jacques-Ernest-Jean
▪ 2009       Swiss oceanic engineer, economist, and physicist born July 28, 1922, Brussels, Belg. died Nov. 1, 2008, La Tour-de-Peilz, Switz. helped his father, ...
Piccard, Jean-Felix
▪ American chemical engineer born Jan. 28, 1884, Basel died Jan. 28, 1963, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S.       Swiss-born American chemical engineer and balloonist who ...
Piccard,Auguste
Pic·card (pē-kärdʹ, -kärʹ), Auguste. 1884-1962. Swiss physicist and aeronaut known for his experiments at extreme altitudes and depths. He designed a balloon that in 1932 ...
piccata
/pi kah"teuh/; It. /peek kah"tah/, adj. Italian Cookery. cooked, served, or sauced with lemon and parsley: veal piccata. [ < It: a slice of veal cooked in this manner < F piqué, ...
Piccinino, Niccolò
▪ Italian mercenary born 1386, Perugia, Papal States died 1444, Milan       Italian soldier of fortune who played an important role in the 15th-century wars of the ...
Piccinni
/peet cheen"ee/, n. Niccolò /neek'kaw law"/ (or Nicola) /nee kaw"lah/, 1728-1800, Italian composer. Also, Piccini /peet chee"nee/, Picinni. * * *
Piccinni, Niccolò
▪ Italian composer born Jan. 16, 1728, Bari, Kingdom of Naples died May 7, 1800, Passy, Fr.  one of the outstanding opera composers of the Neapolitan school, who wrote in ...
piccolo
/pik"euh loh'/, n., pl. piccolos. a small flute sounding an octave higher than the ordinary flute. [1855-60; < It: lit., small] * * * ▪ musical instrument in full  flauto ...
piccoloist
/pik"euh loh'ist/, n. a person who plays the piccolo. [1880-85; PICCOLO + -IST] * * *
Piccolomini (-Pieri), Ottavio
born Nov. 11, 1599, Florence died Aug. 11, 1656, Vienna Italian general. He entered the service of the Habsburgs in 1616 and became a trusted lieutenant to Albrecht Wenzel ...
Piccolomini Family
▪ Italian family       noble family prominent in Sienese politics from the 12th century as leaders of the Guelf (papal) party and as operators of a banking firm with ...
Piccolomini-Pieri, Ottavio, duca d'Amalfi
▪ Austrian general from 1650  Reichsfürst (imperial prince) Piccolomini-Pieri  born Nov. 11, 1599, Florence died Aug. 11, 1656, Vienna       general and diplomat in ...
pice
/puys/, n., pl. pice. 1. a former bronze coin of British India, one quarter of an anna. Cf. pie5. 2. paisa (def. 1). [1605-15; < Marathi paisa] * * *
Piceni
▪ ancient people English  Picenes        Early Iron Age inhabitants of the Adriatic coast of Italy from Rimini to the Sangro River. Men and women dressed in wool; men ...
piceous
/pis"ee euhs, puy"see euhs/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling pitch. 2. inflammable; combustible. 3. Zool. black or nearly black as pitch. [1640-50; < L piceus made of ...
pich
/pich/, n. a West Indian shrub or small tree, Calliandra portoricensis, of the legume family, having numerous leaflets and white, night-blooming, flowers. [ < AmerSp] * * *
Pichegru, Charles
▪ French general in full  Jean-Charles Pichegru   born February 16, 1761, near Arbois, France died April 5, 1804, Paris  general of the French Revolutionary Wars (French ...
pichhwāi
▪ textile       cloth hanging used as a backdrop for images worshipped in temples of the Hindu Vallabhācārya sect, who are ardent devotees of the god Krishna. ...
pichi
      South American species of armadillo (q.v.). * * *
pichiciago
/pich'euh see ah"goh, -ay"goh/, n., pl. pichiciagos. any of several small armadillos of the genera Chalmyphorus and Burmeisteria, of southern South America. Also, pichiciego ...
pichiciego
pichiciego [pich΄i sēä′gō, pich΄i sēā′gōpich΄i sē ā′gō] n. pl. pichiciegos 〚AmSp, prob. < Araucanian pichi, small + Sp ciego (< L caecus), blind〛 either of ...
Pichincha
▪ province, Ecuador       province of north central highland Ecuador, with a small lowland fringe to the west, covering a total area of 5,243 sq mi (13,579 sq km). The ...
Pichincha, Battle of
▪ Ecuadorian history       (May 24, 1822), in the Latin-American wars of independence, a victory by South American rebels, commanded by Antonio José de Sucre (Sucre, ...
Picidae
▪ bird family       bird family of the order Piciformes that includes woodpeckers, piculets, and wrynecks. The 210 species occur worldwide except in Madagascar and east ...
piciform
piciform [pi′sə fôrm΄] adj. of, or having the nature of, an order (Piciformes) of birds, including woodpeckers and toucans, having two front and two hind toes for clinging ...
Picinni
/pee cheen"nee/, n. See Piccinni, Niccolò. * * *
pick
pick1 —pickable, adj. /pik/, v.t. 1. to choose or select from among a group: to pick a contestant from the audience. 2. to seek and find occasion for; provoke: to pick a ...
Pick disease
▪ pathology       form of premature dementia caused by atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. It resembles Alzheimer disease but is much less common. ...
Pick's disease
Pick's disease [piks] n. 〚after A. Pick (1851-1924), Czech physician〛 a condition characterized by progressive deterioration of the brain with atrophy of the cerebral cortex, ...
pick-and-roll
/pik"euhn rohl"/, n. Basketball. an offensive maneuver in which a player interposes himself or herself between a teammate with the ball and a defender, then cuts quickly toward ...
pick-and-shovel
/pik"euhn shuv"euhl/, adj. marked by drudgery; laborious: the pick-and-shovel work necessary to get a political campaign underway. [1890-95] * * *
pick-me-up
/pik"mee up'/, n. Informal. 1. an alcoholic drink taken to restore one's energy or good spirits. 2. any restorative, as a snack or coffee. Also called pickup. [1865-70; n. use v. ...
pick-off
/pik"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Baseball. a play in which a base runner, caught off base, is tagged out by an infielder on a quick throw, usually from the pitcher or catcher. 2. ...
pick-up-sticks
/pik"up'stiks'/, n. jackstraws played with sticks. * * * ▪ game also called  jackstraws , or  spillikins         game of skill, played by both children and adults, ...
pick-upstick
pick-up stick (pĭkʹŭp') n. 1. pick-up sticks (used with a sing. verb) The game of jackstraws. 2. One of the straws or sticks used in this game. 3. A pointed implement used in ...
pickaback
/pik"euh bak'/, adv., adj. piggyback (defs. 1, 2). [1555-65; earlier a pickback; see PICK1, BACK1] * * *
pickaback plane
a powered airplane designed to be carried aloft by another airplane and released in flight. * * *
pickaback plant
also called  Piggyback Plant        (Tolmiea menziesii), hairy-leaved herbaceous plant, in the family Saxifragaceae, native to western North America. The pickaback is a ...
pickaback plant.
See piggyback plant. [1945-50] * * *
pickaninny
/pik"euh nin'ee/, n., pl. pickaninnies. Offensive. a black child. Also, picaninny, piccaninny. [1645-55; prob. ult. < Pg pequenino, dim. of pequeno small; as a word for "small ...
Pickard, Greenleaf Whittier
▪ American electrical engineer born Feb. 14, 1877, Portland, Maine, U.S. died Jan. 8, 1956, Newton, Mass.       U.S. electrical engineer who invented the crystal ...
pickaroon
/pik'euh roohn"/, n., v.i. picaroon. * * *
pickax
/pik"aks'/, n., pl. pickaxes, v., pickaxed, pickaxing. n. 1. a pick, esp. a mattock. v.t. 2. to cut or clear away with a pickax. v.i. 3. to use a pickax. Also, ...
picked
picked1 /pikt/, adj. 1. specially chosen or selected, usually for special skill: a crew of picked men. 2. cleared or cleaned by or as if by picking: picked fruit. [1300-50; ME; ...
pickeer
/pik ear"/, v.i. Obs. 1. to engage in skirmishes in advance of troops of an army. 2. to reconnoiter; scout; survey. [1635-45; < D pikeeren, var. of pikereien < F picorée < Sp ...
Pickens
/pik"euhnz/, n. 1. Andrew, 1739-1817, American Revolutionary general. 2. Fort. See Fort Pickens. * * * ▪ county, South Carolina, United States       county, ...
picker
/pik"euhr/, n. 1. someone or something that picks. 2. a special tool or machine for picking fruit, vegetables, etc., from their plants. 3. a machine that picks fibers. 4. a ...
picker-upper
/pik"euhr up"euhr/, n. Informal. something that restores one's depleted energy or depressed spirits; pick-me-up. [1935-40; pick up + -ER1, joined pleonastically to both v. and ...
pickerel
/pik"euhr euhl, pik"reuhl/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) pickerel, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) pickerels. 1. any of several small species of pike, as Esox ...
pickerel frog
a meadow frog, Rana palustris, common in eastern North America, similar to the leopard frog but with squarish dark spots on the back. [1830-40, Amer.] * * * ▪ ...
pickerelweed
/pik"euhr euhl weed', pik"reuhl-/, n. any American plant of the genus Pontederia, esp. P. cordata, having spikes of blue flowers, common in shallow fresh water. [1645-55; ...
Pickering
/pik"euhr ing, pik"ring/, n. Edward Charles, 1846-1919, and his brother, William Henry, 1858-1938, U.S. astronomers. * * *
Pickering, Edward Charles
▪ American physicist and astronomer born July 19, 1846, Boston died Feb. 3, 1919, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       U.S. physicist and astronomer who introduced the use of ...
Pickering, Timothy
born July 17, 1745, Salem, Mass. died Jan. 29, 1829, Salem, Mass., U.S. U.S. politician. He joined the militia in 1766 and served in the American Revolution under George ...
Pickering, William Hayward
▪ 2005       New Zealand-born American engineer and physicist (b. Dec. 24, 1910, Wellington, N.Z—d. March 15, 2004, La Cañada Flintridge, Calif.), was one of the ...
Pickering, William Henry
▪ American astronomer born , Feb. 15, 1858, Boston died Jan. 17, 1938, Mandeville, Jam.  U.S. astronomer who discovered Phoebe, the ninth satellite of ...
Pickering,Edward Charles
Pick·er·ing (pĭkʹər-ĭng), Edward Charles. 1846-1919. American astronomer noted for his work on stellar photometry. His brother William Henry Pickering (1858-1938) ...
pickeringite
/pik"euhr ing uyt', pik"ring-/, n. a mineral, magnesia alum, occurring usually in the form of white fibrous masses. [1835-45; named after John Pickering (1777-1846), American ...
Pickersgill, John Whitney
▪ 1998       Canadian politician who was one of the most influential members of the Liberal Party; he held a number of government appointments but was most noted for his ...
picket
—picketer, n. /pik"it/, n. 1. a post, stake, pale, or peg that is used in a fence or barrier, to fasten down a tent, etc. 2. a person stationed by a union or the like outside a ...
picket boat
a vessel used to patrol a harbor. [1865-70] * * *
picket fence
a fence consisting of pickets or pales nailed to horizontal stringers between upright posts. Also called paling, paling fence. [1790-1800, Amer.] * * *
picket line
a line of strikers or other demonstrators serving as pickets. [1855-60] * * *
picketer
See picket. * * *
picketfence
picket fence n. A fence of upright pointed pickets. * * *
picketing
Act by workers of standing in front of or near a workplace to call attention to their grievances, discourage patronage, and, during strikes, to discourage ...
picketline
picket line n. A line or procession of people picketing a place of business or otherwise staging a public protest. * * *
Pickett
/pik"it/, n. George Edward, 1825-75, Confederate general in the American Civil War. * * *
Pickett, Bill
▪ American cowboy born Dec. 5, 1870?, Williamson County, Texas, U.S. died April 21, 1932, Tulsa, Okla.,       American rodeo cowboy who introduced bulldogging (steer ...
Pickett, George E(dward)
born Jan. 25, 1825, Richmond, Va., U.S. died July 30, 1875, Norfolk, Va. U.S. and Confederate army officer. He graduated from West Point and served in the Mexican War. In 1861 ...
Pickett, George Edward
▪ Confederate general born Jan. 25, 1825, Richmond, Va., U.S. died July 30, 1875, Norfolk, Va.  Confederate Army officer during the American Civil War, known for Pickett's ...
Pickett, Joseph
▪ American painter born 1848, New Hope, Pennsylvania, U.S. died 1918, New Hope       American folk painter known for his primitive depictions of town and landscape ...
Pickett, Wilson
▪ 2007 “Wicked Pickett”        American soul singer (b. March 18, 1941, Prattville, Ala.—d. Jan. 19, 2006, Reston, Va.), made recordings that became classics of ...
Pickett,Bill
Pick·ett (pĭkʹĭt), Bill. 1871-1932. American rodeo star and actor who gained fame as a member of an internationally popular traveling rodeo show. In 1971 he became the first ...
Pickett,George Edward
Pickett, George Edward. 1825-1875. American Confederate general known for leading the disastrous Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg (1863), in which three fourths of his troops were ...
Pickford
/pik"feuhrd/, n. Mary (Gladys Marie Smith), 1893-1979, U.S. motion-picture actress, born in Canada. * * *
Pickford, Mary
orig. Gladys Mary Smith born April 9, 1893, Toronto, Ont., Can. died May 28, 1979, Santa Monica, Calif., U.S. Canadian-born U.S. film actress. She acted with a stock company ...
Pickford,Mary
Pick·ford (pĭkʹfərd), Mary. Originally Gladys Mary Smith. 1893-1979. Canadian-born American actress who received an Academy Award for her performance in Coquette (1929). She ...
Pickford’s
a well known British company that transports people’s furniture and other possessions in large vans when they move to a new home. * * *
picking
/pik"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that picks. 2. something that is or may be picked or picked up. 3. the amount picked. 4. pickings, a. scraps or gleanings: the ...
pickle
pickle1 /pik"euhl/, n., v., pickled, pickling. n. 1. a cucumber that has been preserved in brine, vinegar, or the like. 2. Often, pickles. any other vegetable, as cauliflower, ...
pickled
/pik"euhld/, adj. 1. preserved or steeped in brine or other liquid. 2. Slang. drunk; intoxicated. 3. (of wood) given an antique appearance by applying and partly removing paint ...
pickled pigs' feet.
See pigs' feet. * * *
Pickles, Samuel Shrowder
▪ English chemist born April 15, 1878, Rochdale, Eng. died Feb. 11, 1962, Bradford-on-Avon?       English chemist who proposed a chain (actually, very large ring) ...
pickleworm
/pik"euhl werrm'/, n. the larva of a pyralid moth, Diaphania nitidalis, that bores into the stem and fruit of squash, cucumber, and other cucurbitaceous plants. [1865-70, Amer.; ...
picklock
/pik"lok'/, n. 1. a person who picks locks, esp. a burglar. 2. a thief. 3. an instrument for picking locks; lock pick. [1545-55; PICK1 + LOCK1] * * *
pickoff
pickoff [pik′ôf΄] ☆n. ☆ Baseball a play in which a base runner is picked off: see PICK OFF at PICK3 * * * pick·off (pĭkʹôf', -ŏf') n. 1. Baseball. A play in which ...
pickpocket
/pik"pok'it/, n. 1. a person who steals money, wallets, etc., from the pockets of people, as in crowded public places. v.t. 2. to steal (a wallet, money, etc.) in the manner of a ...
pickproof
/pik"proohf'/, adj. (of a lock) designed so that it cannot be picked. [1930-35; PICK1 + -PROOF] * * *
pickthank
/pik"thangk'/, n. Archaic. a person who seeks favor by flattery or gossip; sycophant. [1490-1500; n. use of v. phrase pick a thank, pick thanks] * * *
pickup
/pik"up'/, n. 1. an improvement, as in health, business conditions, work, production, etc. 2. Informal. pick-me-up. 3. Informal. a casual, usually unintroduced acquaintance, ...


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