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pilot whale n. Any of several large, usually black dolphins of the genus Globicephala, having an outward-curving globular forehead and noted for their occasional mass strandings. ...
Piloty, Karl von
▪ German artist original name  Karl Theodor Piloty  born October 1, 1826, Munich, Bavaria [Germany] died July 21, 1886, Ambach, Germany       the foremost ...
/puy"leuhs/, adj. pilose. [1650-60; < L pilosus. See PILOSE, -OUS] * * *
—pilpulist, n. —pilpulistic, adj. /pil"pool/, n. a method of disputation among rabbinical scholars regarding the interpretation of Talmudic rules and principles or Scripture ...
/pil"zeuhn/, n. German name of Plzen. * * *
Pilsener or Pilsner [pilz′nər, pils′nər] n. 〚after PILSEN, where first made〛 [often p-] a light Bohemian lager beer, traditionally served in a tall, conical, footed ...
/pilz"neuhr, pils"-/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. a pale, light lager beer. 2. any lager beer of high quality. 3. Also called pilsner glass. a tall glass that is tapered to a short ...
/pil sooht"skee/, n. Józef /yooh"zef/, 1867-1935, Polish marshal and statesman: president 1918-22; premier 1926-28, 1930. * * *
Pil·sud·ski (pĭl-so͞otʹskē), Jozef. 1867-1935. Polish revolutionary leader and politician who was the first president (1918-1922) of independent Poland. * * *
Piltdown hoax
Forgery of human fossil remains that impeded early 20th-century progress in the study of human evolution. The apparently fossilized skull found at Piltdown Common near Lewes, ...
Piltdown man
/pilt"down'/ a hypothetical early modern human, assigned to the genus Eoanthropus, whose existence was inferred from skull fragments that were allegedly found at Piltdown, ...
Pilt·down man (pĭltʹdoun') n. A supposed early species of human postulated from a skull allegedly found in a gravel bed in about 1912 but determined in 1953 to be a fake ...
/pil"yeuh leuhr/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling pills. [1795-1805; < L pilul(a) PILULE + -AR1] * * *
/pil"yoohl/, n. a small pill (contrasted with bolus). [1535-45; < L pilula. See PILE4, -ULE] * * *
/puy"leuhm/, n., pl. pila /-leuh/. a javelin used in ancient Rome by legionaries, consisting of a three-foot-long shaft with an iron head of the same length. [ < L pilum dart, ...
/pi lum"neuhs/, n. one of two ancient gods of fertility. Cf. Picumnus. * * *
/puy"leuhs/, n., pl. pili /-luy/. Biol. a hair or hairlike structure. [1955-60; < L] * * *
pl. PIMs, PIM's. personal information manager. * * *
/pee"meuh/, n., pl. Pimas, (esp. collectively) Pima for 1. 1. a member of an Indian people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico. 2. the Uto-Aztecan language of the Pima ...
Pima cotton
(often l.c.) a variety of fine cotton developed from Egyptian cotton, produced in the southwestern U.S., used chiefly in the manufacture of shirts, ties, etc. Also called ...
pi·ma cotton (pēʹmə) n. A very strong, high-grade cotton of medium staple developed from selected Egyptian cottons in the southwest United States.   [After Pima County in ...
/pee"meuhn/, n. 1. any of various groupings of Uto-Aztecan languages, of varying degrees of inclusiveness, comprising Pima and its closest relatives. adj. 2. pertaining or ...
pimelic acid
/peuh mel"ik, -mee"lik/, Chem. a crystalline compound, C7H12O4, soluble in alcohol and ether: used in polymers and as a plasticizer. Also called heptanedioic acid. [1830-40; < Gk ...
▪ Russian patriarch original name  Sergey Mikhailovich Isvekov   born July 23, 1910, Bogdorodsk, near Moscow, Russia died May 3, 1990, Moscow       14th Russian ...
/pi men"toh/, n., pl. pimentos. 1. pimiento. 2. allspice. 3. Also called Chinese vermilion, Harrison red, signal red. a vivid red color. [1665-75; alter. of Sp pimiento pepper ...
pimento cheese
a processed cheese made from Neufchâtel, cream cheese, Cheddar, or other cheese, flavored with chopped pimientos. Also, pimiento cheese. [1915-20] * * *
pi meson n. See pion. * * *
/pi myen"toh, -men"-/, n., pl. pimientos. 1. the ripe, red, mild-flavored fruit of the sweet or bell pepper, Capsicum annuum, used as a vegetable, relish, to stuff olives, ...
Pimlott, Steven Charles
▪ 2008       British opera and theatre director born April 18, 1953 , Stockport, Cheshire, Eng. died Feb. 14, 2007 , Colchester, Essex, Eng. directed plays ranging ...
Pimm’s Number One Cup
➡ Pimm’s * * *
n [U, C] a fashionable British alcoholic drink, made with gin. Its full name is Pimm’s Number One Cup and it is usually drunk mixed with lemonade, ice and pieces of fresh ...
/pi moh"leuh/, n. an olive stuffed with red sweet pepper; stuffed olive. [PIM(IENTO) + OL(IVE) + -a (cf. -OLA)] * * *
pim·o·zide (pĭmʹə-zīd') n. An antipsychotic drug, C28H29F2N3O, used in the treatment of chronic schizophrenia and in the management of Tourette's syndrome.   [piperidine ...
/pimp/, n. 1. a person, esp. a man, who solicits customers for a prostitute or a brothel, usually in return for a share of the earnings; pander; procurer. 2. a despicable ...
/pim"peuhr nel', -nl/, n. a plant belonging to the genus Anagallis, of the primrose family, esp. A. arvensis (scarlet pimpernel), having scarlet or white flowers that close at ...
/pim"ping/, adj. 1. petty; insignificant; trivial. 2. Brit. Dial. puny; weak; sickly. [1680-90; orig. uncert.] * * *
/pim"peuhl/, n. Pathol. a small, usually inflammatory swelling or elevation of the skin; papule or pustule. [1350-1400; ME, nasalized var. of OE *pypel (whence pyplian to break ...
pimple copper
Metall. a form of copper matte about 80 percent pure, somewhat less refined than blister copper. Also called pimple metal. [1865-70] * * *
See pimple. * * *
/pim"plee/, adj. pimplier, pimpliest. having many pimples. Also, pimpled /pim"peuhld/. [1740-50; PIMPLE + -Y1] * * *
/pimp"moh beel', -meuh-/, n. Slang. a large, expensive, and ostentatious or vulgarly ornate automobile, typically one painted in bright colors and fitted out with a lavish or ...
/pin/, n., v., pinned, pinning. n. 1. a small, slender, often pointed piece of wood, metal, etc., used to fasten, support, or attach things. 2. a short, slender piece of wire ...
/pin/, n. Computers. a number assigned to an individual, used to establish identity in order to gain access to a computer system via an automatic teller machine, a point-of-sale ...
pin (fastener)
In mechanical and civil engineering, a peg or bar designed to fasten machine and structural components together or to keep them aligned. Dowel pins are used to keep machine ...
pin boy
(formerly) a person stationed in the sunken area of a bowling alley behind the pins who places the pins in the proper positions, removes pins that have been knocked down, and ...
pin cherry
1. a wild, often shrubby cherry, Prunus pensylvanica, having white flowers. 2. the red, acid fruit of this tree. [1895-1900] * * *
pin clover
alfilaria. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
pin curl
a dampened curl that is kept in place by a clip or hairpin. [1895-1900] * * *
pin fastener
▪ machine component       a steel pin, usually cylindrical, that can keep machine parts in proper alignment or fasten them together. The illustration shows several types ...
pin knot
a knot in lumber less than 1/2 in. (1.3 cm) in diameter. [1905-10] * * *
pin mark
the circular indentation on the upper part of a type body, made by the pin that ejects the type from the caster. See diag. under type. [1885-90] * * *
pin money
—pin-money, adj. 1. any small sum set aside for nonessential minor expenditures. 2. (formerly) an allowance of money given by a husband to his wife for her personal ...
pin oak
an oak, Quercus palustris, characterized by the pyramidal manner of growth of its branches and deeply pinnatifid leaves. [1805-15, Amer.] * * * ▪ tree       either of ...
pin plate
Building Trades. a bearing plate having a projection for fixing into masonry. [1890-95] * * *
pin rail
1. Theat. a rail on a fly gallery, wall, etc., holding two rows of pins or cleats for securing lines attached to scenery. 2. Naut. a strong rail at the side of the deck of a ...
pin seal
leather made of the skin of young seals. [1925-30] * * *
pin spot
Theat. 1. a spotlight that produces a narrow beam of light illuminating a very small part of a stage, used esp. to focus attention on a detail. 2. the beam of light so ...
pin the tail on the donkey
a children's party game in which a blindfolded player, holding a paper tail, is turned around several times before a large picture of a tailless donkey that the player then ...
pin wrench
a wrench having a pin for insertion into the heads of certain bolts to drive them. Cf. spanner (def. 2). * * *
/pin"kerrl'/, v.t. to curl (the hair) by using clips or hairpins. [v. use of PIN CURL] * * *
/pin"spot'/, v.t., pin-spotted, pin-spotting. Theat. to illuminate with a pin spot. [v. use of PIN SPOT] * * *
/pin"tayld'/, adj. Ornith. 1. having a tapered tail with long, pointed central feathers. 2. having the feathers of the tail stiff, narrow, and pointed. [1870-75] * * *
/pee"nyah/; Eng. /peen"yeuh/, n., pl. piñas /pee"nyahs/; Eng. /peen"yeuhz/. Spanish. pineapple. * * *
piña cloth
a fine, sheer fabric of pineapple-leaf fiber, used esp. for lingerie. [1855-60] * * *
piña colada
/peen"yeuh koh lah"deuh, keuh lah"-/ 1. a tall mixed drink of rum, cream of coconut, pineapple juice, and ice usually frappéed in a blender. 2. a flavor of ice cream, soft ...
▪ tree family       the pine family of conifers, 11 genera and 210 species of trees (rarely shrubs) native to north temperate regions. Fir (Abies), Keteleeria, Cathaya, ...
/puy nay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Pinaceae. Cf. pine family. [1870-75; < NL Pinace(ae) (see PINE1, -ACEAE) + -OUS] * * *
pi·ña cloth (pēnʹyə) n. A soft sheer fabric made from the fibers of pineapple leaves.   [Spanish piña, pine cone, pineapple, from Latin pīnea, pine cone, from pīnus, ...
—pinacoidal, adj. /pin"euh koyd'/, n. Crystall. a form whose faces are parallel to two of the axes. [1875-80; < Gk pinak- (s. of pínax) slab, board + -OID] * * *
pi·ña co·la·da (pēn'yə kō-läʹdə, kə-, pĭn'yə, pēn'ə) n. A mixed drink made of rum, coconut cream, and unsweetened pineapple juice.   [Spanish, strained pineapple ...
▪ gallery Greek  Pinakotheke,  Latin  Pinacotheca,        a picture gallery in either ancient Greece or ancient Rome. The original pinacotheca, which housed the ...
/pin"euh fawr', -fohr'/, n. 1. a child's apron, usually large enough to cover the dress and sometimes trimmed with flounces. 2. a woman's sleeveless garment derived from it, ...
/pi nang"/, n. the betel palm or its nut. [1655-65; < Malay] * * *
/pi nang", -nahng"/, n. Penang. * * *
Pinar del Río
/pee nahrdd" dhel rddee"aw/ a city in W Cuba. 73,206. * * * ▪ Cuba       city, western Cuba. Founded in 1775, the city is situated near the base of the Sierra de los ...
/pee nannrdd"/; Eng. /pee nahr"/, n., pl. pinards /-nannrdd"/; Eng. /-nahrz"/. French Informal. wine. * * *
pinaster or cluster pine [pī nas′tər, pinas′tər] n. 〚L, wild pine < pinus,PINE1〛 a Mediterranean pine (Pinus pinaster) with paired needles and prickly cones * * ...
/peen yah"teuh, pin yah"-/; Sp. /pee nyah"tah/, n., pl. piñatas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. (in Mexico and Central America) a gaily decorated crock or papier-mâché figure filled ...
Pinatubo, Mount
Volcano, western Luzon, Philippines. Located about 55 mi (90 km) northwest of Manila, it rose to a height of about 4,800 ft (1,460 m) before its eruption in 1991 (for the first ...
Pin·a·tu·bo (pĭn'ə-to͞oʹbō), Mount A volcano, 1,699 m (5,771 ft) high, of the Philippines, in the west-central part of Luzon Island northwest of Manila. It erupted ...
Pinault, Francois
▪ 2007       From May through September 2006, a Venetian villa was home to a unique exhibition of contemporary artworks owned by French entrepreneur François Pinault. ...
Pinay, Antoine
▪ 1995       French politician (b. Dec. 30, 1891, Saint-Symphorien-sur-Coise, France—d. Dec. 13, 1994, Saint-Chamond, France), engineered the recovery of the French ...
/pin"bawl'/, n. any of various games played on a sloping, glass-topped table presenting a field of colorful, knoblike target pins and rails, the object usually being to shoot a ...
pinball machine
the tablelike, usually coin-operated machine on which pinball is played. [1935-40] * * * ▪ game also called  Pinball Game,         earliest of the coin-activated ...
/pin"baw'leuhr/, n. a person who plays pinball machines, esp. regularly or habitually. [PINBALL + -ER1] * * *
pinball machine n. A device on which pinball is played. * * *
/pin"bohn'/, n. the hipbone, esp. in a four-footed animal. [1630-40; PIN + BONE] * * *
/pans"nay', pins"-/; Fr. /paonns nay"/, n., pl. pince-nez /pans"nayz', pins"-/; Fr. /paonns nay"/. a pair of glasses held on the face by a spring that grips the nose. [1875-80; < ...
pin·cer (pĭnʹsər) n. 1. An object resembling one of the grasping parts of a set of pincers. 2. A maneuver in which an enemy force is attacked from two flanks and the ...
/pin"seuhrz/, n. (usually used with a pl. v.) 1. a gripping tool consisting of two pivoted limbs forming a pair of jaws and a pair of handles (usually used with pair of). 2. ...
pincers movement
a military maneuver in which both flanks of an enemy force are attacked with the aim of attaining complete encirclement. Also, pincer movement. [1935-40] * * *
—pinchable, adj. /pinch/, v.t. 1. to squeeze or compress between the finger and thumb, the teeth, the jaws of an instrument, or the like. 2. to constrict or squeeze painfully, ...
pinch bar
a kind of crowbar or lever with a projection that serves as a fulcrum. Also called ripping bar, wrecking bar. [1830-40] * * *
pinch effect
Physics. the tendency of an electric conductor or stream of charged particles to constrict, caused by the action of a magnetic field that is produced by a flow of ...
pinch hit
Baseball. a hit made by a pinch hitter. [1910-15] * * *
pinch hitter
1. Baseball. a substitute who bats for a teammate, often at a critical moment of the game. 2. any substitute for another, esp. in an emergency. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
pinch pleat
a narrow pleat that is usually part of a series at the top of curtains. [1955-60] * * *
pinch roller
a flexible device that presses magnetic tape against the capstan in a tape recorder. [1945-50] * * *
pinch runner
—pinch running. Baseball. a player sent into a game to replace a base runner. [1960-65] * * *
/pinch"hit"/, v.i., pinch-hit, pinch-hitting. 1. Baseball. to serve as a pinch hitter. 2. Informal. to substitute for someone, esp. in an emergency. v.t. 3. Baseball. to get, or ...
/pinch"bak'/, n. Pinckney Benton Stewart, 1837-1921, U.S. politician. * * *
Pinchback, Pinckney (Benton Stewart)
born May 10, 1837, Macon, Ga., U.S. died Dec. 21, 1921, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. Born to a former slave and a white planter, he became a steward on river steamboats. ...
Pinchback, Pinckney Benton Stewart
▪ American politician born May 10, 1837, Macon, Ga., U.S. died Dec. 21, 1921, Washington, D.C.  freeborn black who was a Union officer in the American Civil War and a leader ...
pinch bar n. A crowbar with a pointed projection at one end. * * *
/pinch"bek/, n. 1. an alloy of copper and zinc, used in imitation of gold. 2. something sham, spurious, or counterfeit. adj. 3. made of pinchbeck. 4. sham, spurious, or ...
/pinch"bot'l/, n. a bottle with concave sides, as for containing liquor. [1935-40, Amer.; PINCH + BOTTLE1] * * *
/pinch"kok'/, n. a clamp for compressing a flexible pipe, as a rubber tube, in order to regulate or stop the flow of a fluid. [1870-75; PINCH + COCK1] * * *
/pin"chek'/, n. 1. a very small check woven into fabric, much used in the manufacture of men's and women's suits. 2. a strong cotton cloth having a vertical and horizontal design ...
pinch effect n. Radial constriction of flowing plasma or other matter carrying an electric current, caused by the magnetic field that is produced by the current. * * *
/pin"cheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that pinches. 2. pinchers, (usually used with a pl. v.) pincers. [1400-50; late ME pynchar niggard. See PINCH, -ER2] * * *
pinchers [pin′chərz] pl.n. PINCERS * * * pinch·ers (pĭnʹchərz) pl.n. Variant of pincers. * * *
See pinch-hit. * * *
/pin"shoh/, n. Gifford, 1863-1946, U.S. political leader, forester, and teacher. * * *
Pinchot, Gifford
born Aug. 11, 1865, Simsbury, Conn., U.S. died Oct. 4, 1946, New York, N.Y. U.S. forestry and conservation pioneer. He graduated from Yale University and studied forestry in ...
Pin·chot (pĭnʹshō'), Gifford. 1865-1946. American conservationist and politician who served as chief of the U.S. Forest Service (1898-1910) and later helped found the ...
/pinch"pen'ee/, n., pl. pinchpennies, adj. n. 1. a miser or niggard. adj. 2. stingy; miserly; niggardly. [1375-1425; late ME; see PINCH, PENNY] * * *
pinch runner n. Baseball A substitute base runner. * * *
/pingk"nee/, n. 1. Charles, 1757-1824, American Revolutionary leader and politician: senator 1798-1801. 2. Charles Cotesworth /kohts"werrth/, 1746-1825, and his brother Thomas, ...
Pinckney's Treaty
an agreement in 1795 between Spain and the U.S. by which Spain recognized the 31st parallel as the southern boundary of the U.S. and permitted free navigation of the Mississippi ...
Pinckney, Charles
born Oct. 26, 1757, Charleston, S.C. died Oct. 29, 1824, Charleston, S.C., U.S. U.S. statesman. A cousin of Charles C. Pinckney and Thomas Pinckney, he fought in the American ...
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth
born Feb. 25, 1746, Charleston, S.C. died Aug. 16, 1825, Charleston, S.C., U.S. U.S. soldier, statesman, and diplomat. A cousin of Charles Pinckney and the brother of Thomas ...
Pinckney, Eliza
orig. Elizabeth Lucas born с Dec. 28, 1722, Antigua, West Indies died May 26, 1793, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. British-American planter. The daughter of a British landowner in ...
Pinckney, Elizabeth
▪ American plantation owner née  Lucas , byname  Eliza Pinckney  born , c. Dec. 28, 1722, Antigua died May 26, 1793, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       British-American ...
Pinckney, Thomas
born Oct. 23, 1750, Charleston, S.C. died Nov. 2, 1828, Charleston, S.C., U.S. U.S. soldier, politician, and diplomat. The brother of Charles C. Pinckney and a cousin of ...
Pinckney,Charles Cotesworth
Pinck·ney (pĭngkʹnē), Charles Cotesworth. 1746-1825. American diplomat. As a minister to France (1797) he refused to offer a bribe to French negotiators, causing the ...
pin clover n. See alfilaria. * * *
pin curl n. A usually damp, coiled strand of hair secured with a bobby pin or clip and combed into a wave or curl when dry. * * *
Pincus, Gregory
▪ American endocrinologist born April 9, 1903, Woodbine, N.J., U.S. died Aug. 22, 1967, Boston, Mass.       American endocrinologist whose work on the antifertility ...
/pin"koosh'euhn/, n. a small cushion into which pins are stuck until needed. [1625-35; PIN + CUSHION] * * *
pincushion cactus
any of various low-growing, spiny cacti of the genus Mammillaria. [1915-20, Amer.] * * * ▪ plant genus       any species of the genus Coryphantha, family Cactaceae, and ...
pincushion distortion
Optics. a distortion produced by a lens in which the magnification increases toward the edge of the field. Cf. barrel distortion. [1890-95] * * *
pincushion flower
1. scabious2 (def. 1). 2. any of various shrubs of the genus Leucospermum, native to southern Africa, having yellow or reddish flowers. [1855-60] * * *
/pin"deuhn, -dan/, n. Australian. 1. semiarid country; scrubland. 2. the scrubs, grasses, and small trees covering scrublands. [1930-35; perh. < an Australian Aboriginal ...
/pin"deuhr/, n. 522?-443? B.C., Greek poet. * * * born 518/522, Cynoscephalae died с 438 BC, Argos Greek poet. A Boeotian of aristocratic birth, Pindar was educated in ...
Pindar, Peter
▪ British writer pseudonym of  John Wolcot  baptized May 9, 1738, Dodbrooke, Devonshire, Eng. died Jan. 14, 1819, London       English writer of a running commentary ...
▪ Indian history       historically, an irregular horseman, plunderer, or forager attached to a Muslim army in India who was allowed to plunder in lieu of pay. The name ...
—Pindarically, adv. /pin dar"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or in the style of Pindar. 2. of elaborate form and metrical structure, as an ode or verse. n. 3. See Pindaric ...
Pindaric ode
Pros. an ode consisting of several units, each of which is composed of a strophe and an antistrophe of identical form followed by a contrasting epode. Also called regular ...
Pindaric ode n. An ode in the form used by Pindar, consisting of a series of triads in which the strophe and antistrophe have the same stanza form and the epode has a different ...
Pindemonte, Ippolito
▪ Italian writer born Nov. 13, 1753, Verona, Republic of Venice [Italy] died Nov. 18, 1828, Verona       Italian prose writer, translator, and poet, remembered for his ...
/pin"deuhr/, n. Southern U.S. (chiefly South Carolina). peanut. [1690-1700; < Kongo mpinda, or a cognate Bantu word] * * *
/pind"ling/, adj. Older Use. puny; sickly; frail; weak. [1860-65, Amer.; PINE2 + -LING1, on the model of dwindling] * * *
/pind"ling/, n. Lynden Oscar, born 1930, Bahamian political leader: prime minister 1967-92. * * *
Pindling, Sir Lynden Oscar
▪ 2001       Bahamian politician (b. March 22, 1930, Nassau, Bahamas, British West Indies—d. Aug. 26, 2000, Nassau, Bahamas), served as prime minister of The Bahamas ...
pindo palm
/pin"doh/ a feather palm, Butia capitata, of Brazil, having long, arching leaves, grayish beneath, and small, egg-shaped fruit. [pindo < AmerSp < Guarani pindo palm, perh. ...
/pin"deuh lawl', -lol'/, n. Pharm. a synthetic beta blocker, C14H20N2O2, used in the management of hypertension. [1970-75; P(ROPANE) or P(ROPYL) + INDOLE + -OL] * * *
/pin"deuhs/, n. a mountain range in central Greece: highest peak, 7665 ft. (2335 m). * * *
Pindus Mountains
▪ mountains, Europe Modern Greek  Oroseirá Píndhou,         principal range and backbone of mainland Greece, trending north-northwest–south-southeast from Albania ...
Pin·dus Mountains (pĭnʹdəs) A range of mountains extending about 161 km (100 mi) south from the southern border of Albania to northwest Greece and rising to 2,638.3 m ...
pine1 —pinelike, adj. /puyn/, n. 1. any evergreen, coniferous tree of the genus Pinus, having long, needle-shaped leaves, certain species of which yield timber, turpentine, ...
pine barren
a tract of sandy or peaty soil in which pine trees are the principal growth, as in low-lying areas near the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the U.S. [1725-35, Amer.] * * *
Pine Barrens
the, an extensive coastal region in S and SE New Jersey, composed chiefly of pine stands, sandy soils, and swampy streams. ab. 2000 sq. mi. (5180 sq. km). Official name, the ...
Pine Bluff
a city in central Arkansas, on the Arkansas River. 56,576. * * * ▪ Arkansas, United States  city, seat (1832) of Jefferson county, central Arkansas, U.S., about 40 miles ...
pine cone
the cone or strobile of a pine tree. [1685-95] * * *
pine family
the plant family Pinaceae, characterized by mostly evergreen, resinous trees having narrow, often needlelike leaves, male flowers in catkinlike clusters, and scaly female flowers ...
pine finch.
See pine siskin. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
pine grosbeak
a large grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, of coniferous forests of northern North America and Eurasia, the male of which has rose and gray plumage. [1765-75, Amer.] * * *
pine leaf aphid.
See under adelgid. * * *
pine marten
1. a marten, Martes martes, of Europe and western Asia. 2. Also called American marten. a marten, Martes americana, inhabiting forests of the U.S. and Canada. [1760-70] * * *
Pine Mountain
▪ mountain ridge, United States       ridge on the Cumberland Plateau, a section of the Appalachian Mountains in the United States, extending for 125 miles (200 km) ...
pine mouse
any of a widespread genus of voles, Pitymys, having small ears and a short tail; esp. the American forest-dwelling mouse P. pinetorum. Also called pine vole. [1850-55, Amer.] * * ...
pine needle
the needlelike leaf of a pine tree. [1865-70] * * *
pine nut
1. Also, pignolia. the seed of any of several pine trees, as the piñon, eaten roasted or salted or used in making candy, pastry, etc., after removing the hard seed coat. 2. See ...
pine oil
      essential oil consisting of a colourless to light amber liquid of characteristic odour obtained from pine trees, or a synthetic oil similar in aroma and other ...
pine siskin
a small, North American finch, Carduelis pinus, of coniferous forests, having yellow markings on the wings and tail. Also called pine finch. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
pine snake
any of several subspecies of bullsnake of the eastern and southeastern U.S., chiefly in pine woods: now threatened. [1785-95, Amer.] * * *
pine straw
☆ pine straw n. pine needles, esp. dried ones * * *
pine tar
a very viscid, blackish-brown liquid having an odor resembling that of turpentine, obtained by the destructive distillation of pine wood, used in paints, roofing, soaps, and, ...
pine tree shilling
a silver coin minted in Massachusetts in the mid to late 17th century, named for the pine tree within a circle shown on the obverse side. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
Pine Tree State
Maine (used as a nickname). * * *
pine vole.
See pine mouse. * * *
pine warbler
a warbler, Dendroica pinus, inhabiting pine forests of the southeastern U.S. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
pine weevil
▪ insect       any wood-boring beetle of the insect family Curculionidae (order Coleoptera). Their most unusual physical characteristic is an elongated beak, or ...
Pine, John
▪ English engraver born 1690 died May 4, 1756       English engraver who published a number of notable illustrated books.       It is not known where Pine ...
Pine, Robert Edge
▪ British painter born 1730, London, England died November 18, 1788, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.       English artist who painted portraits of many of the Founding ...
/pin"ee euhl, puy"nee-, puy nee"-/, adj. 1. resembling a pine cone in shape. 2. of or pertaining to the pineal body. [1675-85; < NL pinealis, equiv. to L pine(a) pine cone, n. ...
pineal apparatus
1. a median outgrowth of the roof of the diencephalon in vertebrates that in some develops into the pineal eye and in others into the pineal gland. 2. See parietal eye. * * *
pineal body
(formerly) the pineal gland. [1830-40] * * *
pineal eye
an eyelike structure that develops from the pineal apparatus in certain cold-blooded vertebrates. Also called third eye. [1885-90] * * *
pineal gland
a small, cone-shaped endocrine organ in the posterior forebrain, secreting melatonin and involved in biorhythms and gonadal development. Also called epiphysis. See diag. under ...
pineal eye n. See third eye. * * *
pineal gland n. A small, cone-shaped organ in the brain of most vertebrates that secretes the hormone melatonin. Also called epiphysis, pineal body, pineal organ. * * *
/puy"nap'euhl/, n. 1. the edible, juicy, collective fruit of a tropical, bromeliaceous plant, Ananas comosus, that develops from a spike or head of flowers and is surmounted by a ...
pineapple guava
feijoa. * * *
pineapple guava n. See feijoa. * * *
pineapple weed n. A strongly aromatic, western North American plant (Matricaria matricarioides) having greenish-yellow discoid flower heads and an odor of pineapple when ...
Pineau, Christian Paul
▪ 1996       French politician who, in his role as foreign minister, 1956-58, signed the Treaty of Rome (b. Oct. 14, 1904—d. April 5, 1995). * * *
Pineau, Nicolas
▪ French sculptor and interior designer born Oct. 8, 1684, Paris died April 24, 1754, Paris  French wood-carver and interior designer, a leader in the development of interior ...
Pine Barrens (pīn) A coastal plain region of southeast-central and southern New Jersey. Its extensive forests of pine, cedar, and oak were all but exhausted by the 1860s as ...
Pine Bluff A city of southeast-central Arkansas south-southeast of Little Rock. Founded c. 1820 as Mount Marie, it was renamed in 1832. Population: 57,140. * * *
pine·cone (pīnʹkōn') n. The cone of a pine tree. * * *
pinecone fish
      any member of either of two genera of fishes (Cleidopodus and Monocentris) belonging to the family Monocentridae (order Beryciformes), found in deepwater marine ...
/puyn"drops'/, n., pl. pinedrops. 1. a slender, leafless, parasitic North American plant, Pterospora andromedea, having nodding white to red flowers, found growing under ...
pine finch n. See pine siskin. * * *
▪ North Carolina, United States       village and year-round resort, Moore county, central North Carolina, U.S., just west of Southern Pines and Aberdeen. The site was ...
Pineiro Losada, Manuel
▪ 1999       Cuban government official and revolutionary who for over 30 years led security and intelligence operations and played a major role in the exportation of ...
/pee nel"/, n. Phillippe /fee leep"/, 1745-1826, French physician: reformer in the treatment and care of the mentally ill. * * *
Pinel, Philippe
▪ French physician born April 20, 1745, Saint-André, Tarn, Fr. died Oct. 25, 1826, Paris  French physician who pioneered in the humane treatment of the mentally ill (mental ...
/puyn"land', -leuhnd/, n. Often, pinelands. an area or region covered largely with pine forest: He longed for the pinelands of his home state. [1650-60, Amer.; PINE1 + LAND] * * *
/puyn"leuhndz/, n. the, official name of the Pine Barrens. * * *
Pinellas Park
/puy nel"euhs/ a city in W central Florida. 32,811. * * *
Pi·nel·las Park (pī-nĕlʹəs) A city of west-central Florida, an industrial suburb of St. Petersburg. Population: 43,426. * * *
pine mouse n. Any of various voles of the genus Pitymys, especially P. pinetorum, a tiny forest animal of eastern North America. Also called pine vole. * * *
/puy"neen/, n. Chem. a liquid terpene, C10H16, the principal constituent of oil of turpentine, found in other essential oils: used chiefly in the manufacture of ...
pine needle n. The needle-shaped leaf of a pine tree. * * *
pine nut n. The edible seed of certain pines, such as the piñon. * * *
Piñera, Virgilio
▪ Cuban writer born August 4, 1912, Cárdenas, Cuba died October 18, 1979, Havana       playwright, short-story writer, poet, and essayist who became famous for his ...
/peuh near"oh, -nair"oh/, n. Sir Arthur Wing, 1855-1934, English playwright and actor. * * *
Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing
born May 24, 1855, London, Eng. died Nov. 23, 1934, London British playwright. He entered the theatrical world as an actor with Henry Irving's theatre company. His first play, ...
▪ Italy       town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) regione, northwestern Italy. It lies at the entrance to the Valle del Chisone, at the foot of the Alps, southwest of Turin. ...
/puy"neuh ree/, n., pl. pineries. 1. a place in which pineapples are grown. 2. a forest or grove of pine trees. [1750-60; PINE1 + -ERY] * * *
/puynz/, n. Isle of, an island in the Caribbean, south of and belonging to Cuba. 1182 sq. mi. (3060 sq. km). * * *
Pines,Isle of
Pines (pīnz), Isle of See Youth, Isle of. * * *
/puyn"sap'/, n. either of two parasitic or saprophytic plants of the genus Monotropa, esp. the tawny or reddish M. hypopithys (false beechdrops), of eastern North America. Cf. ...
pine siskin n. A North American finch (Carduelis pinus) having streaked, brownish plumage. Also called pine finch. * * *
pine snake n. Any of various bull snakes common in pine woods, especially Pituophis melanoleucus, of the eastern United States. * * *
pine straw n. Chiefly Southern U.S. Yellowed fallen pine needles. * * *
pine tar n. A viscous or semisolid brown-to-black substance produced by the destructive distillation of pine wood and used in roofing compositions and as an expectorant and ...
▪ South Africa       town, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Pinetown is situated at an elevation of 1,000 to 1,300 feet (305 to 395 m) in the hills adjoining ...
▪ conjurer also called  Chevalier Pinetti,  in full  Giuseppe Pinetti de Wildalle  born 1750, Orbetello, Italy died 1800, Russia       conjurer who founded the ...
/puy nee"teuhm/, n., pl. pineta /-teuh/. an arboretum of pines and coniferous trees. [1835-45; < L pinetum a pine wood, equiv. to pin(us) PINE1 + -etum suffix denoting a grove ...
/puyn"vil/, n. a town in central Louisiana. 12,034. * * *
pine vole n. See pine mouse. * * *
pine warbler n. A small, yellow-breasted songbird (Dendroica pinus) found in pine forests of the eastern United States. * * *
/puyn"wood'/, n. 1. the wood of a pine. 2. Often, pinewoods. a forest consisting chiefly of pines. [1665-75; PINE1 + WOOD1] * * *
Pinewood Studios
a place in Buckinghamshire, England, where cinema films are made. It was established in 1936. * * *
/puy"nee/, adj., pinier, piniest. piny. * * *
/pin"fedh'euhr/, n. Ornith. 1. an undeveloped feather before the web portions have expanded. 2. a feather just coming through the skin. [1765-75; PIN + FEATHER] * * *
/pin"fuyeur'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a cartridge fitted with a pin that, when struck by the hammer of the firearm, causes the cartridge to explode. 2. of or pertaining to a ...
/pin"fish'/, n., pl. pinfishes, (esp. collectively) pinfish. a small fish, Lagodon rhomboides, of the porgy family, inhabiting bays of the South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the ...
/pin"fohld'/, n. 1. a pound for stray animals. 2. a fold, as for sheep or cattle. 3. a place of confinement or restraint. v.t. 4. to confine in or as in a pinfold. [1150-1200; ...
/ping/, v.i. 1. to produce a sharp sound like that of a bullet striking a sheet of metal. n. 2. a pinging sound. [1850-55; imit.] * * *
Ping Hsin
Chin. /bing" shin"/, Wade-Giles. (Hsieh Wan-ying) See Bing Xin. * * *
/ping"pong', -pawng'/, Informal. v.t. 1. to move back and forth or transfer rapidly from one locale, job, etc., to another; switch: The patient was ping-ponged from one medical ...
/ping"pong', -pawng'/, Trademark. See table tennis. * * *
▪ emperor of Han dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  P'ing-ti  born 9 BC, China died AD 5, Chang'an [now Xi'an, Shaanxi province]       last ruling emperor of China's ...
ping·er (pĭngʹər) n. A device used underwater to produce pulses of sound, as for an echo sounder. * * *
Pinget, Robert
▪ 1998       prolific Swiss-born French novelist and playwright who was associated with the nouveau roman movement and was best known for his plays, which showcased his ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  P'ing-liang        city, eastern Gansu sheng (province), north-central China. It lies near the borders of the Hui Autonomous Region ...
/ping"goh/, n., pl. pingos. Geol. 1. a hill of soil-covered ice pushed up by hydrostatic pressure in an area of permafrost. 2. a hill of similar origin remaining after the ...
▪ anatomy       very common yellow-white nodule in the conjunctiva at the front of the eye, usually on the side of the cornea near the nose, although it can form on ...
—pinguidity, n. /ping"gwid/, adj. fat; oily. [1625-35; < L pingu(is) fat (cf. Gk píon) + -ID4] * * *
▪ Guangxi, China Wade-Giles romanization  P'ing-hsiang        city, southwestern Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi (Kwangsi), China. The city is situated on the ...
/pin"hed'/, n. 1. the head of a pin. 2. something very small or insignificant. 3. Slang. a stupid person; nitwit. [1655-65; PIN + HEAD] * * *
—pinheadedness, n. /pin"hed'id/, adj. stupid or foolish. [1860-65; PIN + HEADED] * * *
See pinheaded. * * *
/pin"hohl'/, n. 1. a small hole made by or as by a pin. 2. a hole for a pin to go through; tiny aperture. [1670-80; PIN + HOLE] * * *
pinhole camera
a simple camera in which an aperture provided by a pinhole in an opaque diaphragm is used in place of a lens. [1890-95] * * *
pinion1 —pinionless, adj. —pinionlike, adj. /pin"yeuhn/, n. 1. Mach. a. a gear with a small number of teeth, esp. one engaging with a rack or larger gear. See diag. under ...
Piniós [pēn yō̂s′] river in Thessaly, E Greece, flowing eastward to the Gulf of Salonika: 125 mi (201 km) * * *
Piniós River
or Peneus River River, Thessaly, north-central Greece. It rises in the Pindus Mountains and flows about 125 mi (200 km) southeast and northeast through the plain of Thessaly ...
/pin"uyt, pee"nuyt/, n. a micaceous mineral, similar in composition to muscovite, formed by chemical alteration of various other minerals. [1795-1805; < G Pinit, named after ...
/puy"ni tawl', -tol', pin"i-/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, inositol derivative, C7H14O6, obtained from the resin of the sugar pine. [obs. pinite pinitol ( < F; see PINE1, ...
pink1 —pinkness, n. /pingk/, n., adj., pinker, pinkest. n. 1. a color varying from light crimson to pale reddish purple. 2. any of several plants of the genus Dianthus, as the ...
pink bollworm
the larva of a gelechiid moth, Pectinophora gossypiella, that feeds on the seeds of the bolls of cotton and was introduced into cotton-growing regions of the world from Asia. ...
pink champagne
a sparkling white wine, esp. of the Champagne district of France, colored slightly by the grape skins during fermentation or the addition of a small amount of red wine just ...
pink coat
Fox Hunting. the coat, usually scarlet, of the hunt uniform worn by the staff and by male members of the hunt. Also called pinks. [1855-60] * * *
pink elephants
any of various visual hallucinations sometimes experienced as a withdrawal symptom after sustained alcoholic drinking. [1905-10] * * *
pink family
the plant family Caryophyllaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants having opposite leaves, usually swollen-jointed stems, flowers with petals notched at the tips, and fruit ...
Pink Floyd
one of the most popular British rock music groups, formed in 1965. The group’s most successful albums include The Dark Side of the Moon (1973) and The Wall (1979). The group ...
pink gin
/jin/ a cocktail of gin and bitters usually made and served without ice. [1925-30] * * *
pink lady
1. a cocktail made with gin, grenadine, and the white of eggs, shaken and strained before serving. 2. (often caps.) a female volunteer in a hospital, usually wearing a pink ...
pink noise
a random signal within the audible frequency range whose amplitude decreases as frequency increases, maintaining constant audio power per frequency increment. [1960-65] * * *
Pink Panther
a comedy film (1963) directed by Blake Edwards in which Peter Sellers first played the ridiculous French Inspector Clouseau. The Pink Panther is the name of a valuable diamond. ...
pink rhododendron.
See coast rhododendron. * * *

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