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/puy ree"euhs, pi ray"-/, n. a seaport in SE Greece: the port of Athens. 186,223. Also, Peiraeus. Greek, Peiraievs. * * * City (pop., 2001: 175,697), port of Athens, ...
/pi rah"gweuh, -rag"weuh/, n. 1. Also, pirogue. a canoe made by hollowing out a tree trunk. 2. a flat-bottomed sailing vessel having two masts. [1525-35; < Sp < Carib: dugout] * ...
/pir'euhn del"oh/; It. /pee'rddahn del"law/, n. Luigi /looh ee"jee/, 1867-1936, Italian dramatist, novelist, and poet: Nobel prize 1934. * * *
Pirandello, Luigi
born June 28, 1867, Agrigento, Sicily, Italy died Dec. 10, 1936, Rome Italian playwright and novelist. He earned a doctorate in philology at the University of Bonn but turned ...
Pi·ran·del·lo (pîr'ən-dĕlʹō, pē'rän-dĕlʹlō), Luigi. 1867-1936. Italian writer best known for his plays Six Characters in Search of an Author (1921) and Tonight We ...
/pee'rddah ne"zee/, n. Giambattista /jahm'baht tees"tah/ or Giovanni Battista /jaw vahn"nee baht tees"tah/, 1720-78, Italian architect and engraver. * * *
Piranesi, Giovanni Battista
or Giambattista Piranesi born Oct. 4, 1720, Mestre, near Venice died Nov. 9, 1778, Rome, Papal States Italian draftsman, printmaker, architect, and art theorist. He went to ...
Pi·ra·ne·si (pîr'ə-nāʹzē, pē'rä-nĕʹ-), Giambattista. 1720-1778. Italian architect and artist. His etchings of Rome and its ruins contributed to the revival of ...
See Piranesi, Giambattista. * * *
/pi rahn"yeuh, -ran"-/ or, often, /-rah"neuh, -ran"euh/, n., pl. piranhas, (esp. collectively) piranha. any of several small South American freshwater fishes of the genus ...
/pee'rddah paw"rddah/, n. a city in E Brazil. 16,889. * * *
/pi rahr"euh kooh'/, n. the arapaima. [1830-40; < Pg < Tupi pirá-rucú lit., red fish] * * * ▪ fish also called  arapaima  or  paiche         ancient, ...
—piratelike, adj. —piratical /puy rat"i keuhl, pi-/, piratic, adj. —piratically, adv. /puy"reuht/, n., v., pirated, pirating. n. 1. a person who robs or commits illegal ...
Pirate Coast.
See under United Arab Emirates. * * *
pirate perch
a purplish North American freshwater fish, Aphredoderus sayanus, the adult of which has the vent located in back of the lower jaw. [1865-70, Amer.] * * * ▪ ...
pirate spider
also called  spider-hunting spider        any member of the family Mimetidae (order Araneida), noted for its habit of eating other spiders. The approximately 100 species ...
pirate perch n. A small North American freshwater fish (Aphredoderus sayanus) noted for having the anal opening near the throat. * * *
Pirates of Penzance
an operetta (1879) by Sir William S. Gilbert and Sir Arthur Sullivan. * * *
See pirate. * * *
See piratic. * * *
See piratic. * * *
Fr. /peerdd/, n. Dominique Georges Henri Fr. /daw mee neek" zhawrddzh ahonn rddee"/, 1910-69, Belgian priest: Nobel peace prize 1958. * * *
Pire, Dominique
▪ Belgian clergyman and educator in full  Dominique Georges Henri Pire   born Feb. 10, 1910, Dinant, Belg. died Jan. 30, 1969, Leuven       Belgian cleric and ...
Pirelli Family
▪ Italian family  an Italian family of industrialists who contributed to the development of production and commerce in rubber goods, electric wire, and electric ...
Pirelli SpA
▪ Italian company       international holding company and major Italian manufacturer of tires and other rubber products. It is headquartered in Milan.       Three ...
Pirenne, Henri
▪ Belgian historian born Dec. 23, 1862, Verviers, Belg. died Oct. 24, 1935, Eccle, near Brussels       Belgian educator and scholar, one of the most eminent scholars of ...
Pires, Jose Augusto Neves Cardoso
▪ 1999       Portuguese writer whose moralistic allegorical works reflected the alienation of both the well-off and those on the margins of society; his large number of ...
Pirie, Norman Wingate
▪ 1998       British biochemist and virologist who, with his long-time collaborator, Frederick Bawden, demonstrated that the genetic material found in viruses is RNA. In ...
▪ Greek mythology also spelled  Peirithous,    in Greek mythology, the son of Ixion and the companion and helper of the hero Theseus in his many adventures, including the ...
Pirke Avoth
Seph. Heb. /peerdd ke" ah vawt"/; Ashk. Heb. /pirdd"kay aw"vohs/, Judaism. a treatise of the Mishnah that comprises six chapters and consists chiefly of proverbs, aphorisms, and ...
Pirmez, Octave
▪ Belgian author born April 19, 1832, Châtelet, Belg. died May 1, 1883, Acoz       one of the outstanding Belgian men of letters of the period immediately before the ...
/perrn, pirn/, n. Brit. Dial. 1. a weaver's bobbin, spool, or reel. 2. a fishing reel. [1400-50; late ME pyrne < ?] * * *
/pir"oh/, n. Informal. piroplasmosis. [by shortening] * * *
See pierogi. * * *
/pi roh"geuhn/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Jewish Cookery. small baked pastries filled with chopped chicken livers, onion, etc. [1950-55; < Yiddish pirogn, pl. of pirog < East ...
pirogi [pi rō′gē] n. pl. pirogi, pirogies 〚Russ pirogi, pl. of pirog, pie〛 a small pastry turnover with a filling, as of meat, cheese, mashed potatoes, etc. * * ...
/pi rohg", pee"rohg/, n. 1. piragua (def. 1). 2. a native boat, esp. an American dugout. [1655-65; < F < Sp piragua PIRAGUA] * * * ▪ boat Spanish  Piragua, ...
Piron, Alexis
▪ French dramatist born July 19, 1689, Dijon, France died Jan. 21, 1773, Paris       French dramatist and wit who became famous for his epigrams and for his comedy La ...
—piroplasmic, adj. /pir"euh plaz'euhm/, n. babesia. [1890-95; < NL Piroplasma a genus of the family, equiv. to L pir(um) PEAR + -o- -O- + Gk plásma PLASMA] * * *
/pir'euh plaz moh"sis/, n., pl. piroplasmoses /-seez/. Vet. Pathol. babesiosis. [1900-05; PIROPLASM + -OSIS] * * *
/pi rawsh"kee, -rosh"-/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Russian Cookery. small turnovers or dumplings with a filling, as of meat or fruit. [1910-15; < Russ pirozhkí, pl. of PIROZKÓK, ...
/pir'ooh et"/, n., v., pirouetted, pirouetting. n. 1. a whirling about on one foot or on the points of the toes, as in ballet dancing. 2. Dressage. a complete turn in which the ...
/puy rok"si kam'/, n. Pharm. a white crystalline solid substance, C15H13N3O4S, used in the symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and other ...
pi·rozh·ki also pi·rosh·ki (pĭ-rôshʹkē, -rŏshʹ-) pl.n. Small Russian pastries filled with finely chopped meat or vegetables, baked or fried.   [Russian, pl. of ...
Pirquet, Clemens, baron von
born May 12, 1874, Vienna, Austria died Feb. 28, 1929, Vienna Austrian physician. In 1906 he noticed that patients who received two injections of horse serum or smallpox ...
Pirquet, Clemens, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian physician born May 12, 1874, Vienna, Austria died Feb. 28, 1929, Vienna       Austrian physician who originated a tuberculin skin test (tuberculin test) that ...
Pirrie, William James Pirrie, Viscount
▪ Canadian shipwright also called  (1909–21) Baron Pirrie Of Belfast   born May 31, 1847, Quebec, Canada East [now Quebec province, Canada] died June 7, 1924, at ...
Pirsson, Louis Valentine
▪ American geologist born Nov. 3, 1860, Fordham, N.Y. died Dec. 8, 1919, New Haven, Conn.       geologist whose studies of the igneous rocks (igneous rock) of Montana ...
pis aller
/pee zann lay"/, French. the last resort or the final resource. * * *
pis-aller [pē zȧ lā′] n. 〚Fr, lit., a getting worse〛 a last resort * * *
—Pisan, adj., n. /pee"zeuh/; It. /pee"zah/, n. a city in NW Italy, on the Arno River: leaning tower. 384,878. * * * ancient Pisae City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 85,379), central ...
Pisa, Council of
▪ Roman Catholicism [1409]       in Roman Catholic church history, a council convened in 1409 with the intention of ending the Western (Western Schism) (or Great) ...
pis al·ler (pē ză-lāʹ) n. The final recourse or expedient; the last resort.   [French : pis, worse + aller, to go.] * * *
See Pisa. * * *
/pee'zah nel"law/, n. Antonio /ahn taw"nyaw/, (Antonio Pisano), 1397-1455?, Italian painter and medalist. * * *
Pisanello, Il
▪ Italian medalist original name  Antonio Pisano   born c. 1395, Pisa [Italy] died 1455  Italian medalist and painter, a major exponent of the International Gothic style. ...
Pisani, Niccolò
▪ Venetian admiral flourished 14th century       Venetian admiral, renowned for his victories in the third war between the feuding republics of Venice and Genoa ...
Pisani, Vettore
▪ Venetian admiral born 1324, Venice died Aug. 15, 1380, Manfredonia, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples       Venetian admiral, victor in a decisive battle in the fourth war ...
/pee zah"naw/, n. 1. Andrea /ahn drdde"ah/, c1270-c1348, Italian sculptor. 2. Giovanni /jaw vahn"nee/, c1245-c1320, and his father, Nicola /nee kaw"lah/, c1220-78, Italian ...
Pisano, Andrea
or Andrea da Pontedera born с 1270–90, Pontedera, near Pisa died с 1348/49, Orvieto, Papal States Italian sculptor and architect. He created the earliest of three bronze ...
Pisano, Giovanni
born с 1250, Pisa died after 1314, Siena? Italian sculptor and architect. His early work is similar to that of Nicola Pisano, his father and teacher. About 1285 he began work ...
Pisano, Nicola
born с 1220, Apulia? died 1278/84, Pisa? Italian sculptor. His work, along with that of his son, Giovanni Pisano, created a new sculptural style for the late 13th and 14th ...
Pi·sa·no (pē-zäʹnō), Andrea. 1270?-1348. Italian sculptor. His best-known work is the depiction of the life of John the Baptist on the bronze doors of the Baptistery in ...
Pisano, Nicola or Niccolò 1220-1284?. Italian sculptor noted for combining classical and French Gothic styles. His works include the hexagonal pulpit of the Baptistry in Pisa. ...
/pee"zay/, n. pisé. * * *
/pis"keuh ree/, n., pl. piscaries. 1. Law. the right or privilege of fishing in particular waters. 2. a place for fishing. [1425-75; late ME < ML piscaria, neut. pl. (fishing ...
▪ county, Maine, United States       county, central Maine, U.S. It comprises a largely mountainous region drained by the Piscataquis, Pleasant, and Penobscot ...
Pis·cat·a·way (pĭs-kătʹə-wā') A community of north-central New Jersey north of New Brunswick. Founded before 1693, it is a manufacturing center. Population: 42,223. * * ...
/pis'keuh tol"euh jee/, n. Now Rare. the art or science of fishing. [1865-70; PISCAT(OR) or PISCAT(ORY) + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
/pi skay"teuhr, pis"keuh-/, n. fisherman. [1645-55; < L piscator, equiv. to pisca(ri) to fish (v. deriv. of piscis FISH) + -tor -TOR] * * *
Piscator, Erwin
▪ German dramatist born December 17, 1893, Ulm, Germany died March 30, 1966, Starnberg, West Germany       theatrical producer and director famed for his ingenious ...
piscatorial [pis΄kə tôr′ē əl] adj. 〚L piscatorius < piscator, fisherman < piscatus: see PISCATOLOGY〛 of fishes, fishermen, or fishing: also ...
See piscatorial. * * *
/pis"keuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to fishermen or fishing: a piscatory treaty. 2. devoted to or dependent upon fishing: a piscatory people; piscatory ...
Pi·sce·an (pīʹsē-ən) n. One who is born under the sign of Pisces.   Piʹsce·an adj. * * *
/puy"seez, pis"eez/, n., gen. Piscium /pish"ee euhm/, for 1. 1. Astron. the Fishes, a zodiacal constellation between Aries and Aquarius. 2. Astrol. a. the twelfth sign of the ...
a combining form meaning "fish," used in the formation of compound words: piscivorous. [comb. form repr. L piscis; c. FISH] * * *
See pisciculture. * * *
—piscicultural, adj. —pisciculturally, adv. —pisciculturist, n. /pis"i kul'cheuhr, puy"si-/, n. the breeding, rearing, and transplantation of fish by artificial ...
See piscicultural. * * *
/pis"euh fawrm', puy"seuh-/, adj. shaped like a fish. [1820-30; PISCI- + FORM] * * *
/pi suy"neuh, pi see"-/, n., pl. piscinae /-nee/. Eccles. a basin with a drain used for certain ablutions, now generally in the sacristy. [1590-1600; < ML, special use of L ...
See piscina. * * *
/puy"seen, pis"uyn, -een, -in/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a fish or fishes. [1790-1800; < L piscinus, equiv. to pisc(is) FISH + -inus -INE1] * * *
Piscis Austrinus
/puy"sis aw struy"neuhs, pis"is/, gen. Piscis Austrini /puy"sis aw struy"nuy, pis"is/. Astron. the Southern Fish, a southern constellation between Aquarius and Grus, containing ...
Pi·scis Aus·tri·nus (pīʹsĭs ô-strīʹnəs) n. A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere near Aquarius and Grus.   [New Latin Piscis Austrīnus: Latin piscis, fish + ...
/pi siv"euhr euhs/, adj. fish-eating. [1660-70; PISCI- + -VOROUS] * * *
/pis"koh, pee"skoh/; Sp. /pee"skaw/, n. a brandy made in the district near Pisco, a seaport in Peru. [1840-50, Amer.; < Sp] * * * ▪ Peru       city and port, ...
/pee zay"/, n. See rammed earth. Also, pisay. Also called pisé de terre /deuh tair"/. [1790-1800; < F, n. use of ptp. of piser to beat down (earth) < L pisare, pinsere to pound, ...
Pisemsky, Aleksey Feofilaktovich
▪ Russian author born March 23 [March 11, old style], 1821, Ramenye, Kostroma province, Russia died Feb. 2 [Jan. 21, O.S.], 1881, Moscow       novelist and playwright ...
/piz"geuh/, n. Mount, a mountain ridge of ancient Moab, now in Jordan, NE of the Dead Sea: from its summit (Mt. Nebo) Moses viewed the Promised Land. Deut. 34:1. * * *
/psh/; spelling pron. /pish/, interj. 1. (used as an exclamation of mild contempt or impatience.) n. 2. an exclamation of "pish!" v.i. 3. to say "pish." v.t. 4. to say "pish" at ...
pisher [pēsh′ər] n. 〚Yiddish〛 [also in roman type] Slang 1. a young, inexperienced, presumptuous person 2. a person or thing of no importance; a nobody or nothing * * *
▪ Pakistan       town, Balochistān province, Pakistan. The present town, founded by the British as a military and civil station in 1883, is a market centre and has a ...
/pi shohg"/, n. Irish Eng. 1. sorcery; witchcraft; black magic. 2. an evil spell; hex. [1820-30; < Ir piseog charm, spell] * * *
/pish pek"/; Russ. /pyi shpyek"/, n. former name (until 1926) of Bishkek. * * *
/pi sid"ee euh, puy-/, n. an ancient country in S Asia Minor: later a Roman province. * * * Ancient region, southern Anatolia. Most of it was composed of the Taurus Mountains, ...
/pi sid"ee euhn, puy-/, n. the extinct language of Pisidia, not known to be related to any other language, written in a script derived from the Greek alphabet. [PISIDI(A) + ...
Pisidian language
      poorly attested member of the ancient Anatolian languages. Documentation for Pisidian is extremely sparse, comprising some two dozen tomb inscriptions consisting ...
/puy"seuh fawrm'/, adj. pea-shaped. [1760-70; < NL pisiformis, equiv. to pisi- (comb. form repr. L pisum PEA) + -formis -FORM] * * *
/puy'seuh strat"i dee', pis'euh-/, n.pl. Hippias and Hipparchus, the sons of Pisistratus. * * *
/puy sis"treuh teuhs, pi-/, n. c605-527 B.C., tyrant of Athens 560-527 (father of Hipparchus and Hippias). * * *
/pis"muyeur', piz"-/, n. an ant. [1350-1400; ME pissemyre, equiv. to pisse to urinate + obs. mire ant, perh. < Scand (cf. Dan myre, Sw myra), c. D mier; pejorative name from ...
pismo clam
/piz"moh/ a large edible clam, Tivela stultorum, of sandy shores of California and Mexico. [1910-15; after Pismo Beach, California] * * *
pis·mo clam (pĭzʹmō) n. A large, thick-shelled, edible marine clam (Tivela stultorum) of the southern Pacific coast of North America.   [After Pismo Beach, a city of ...
—pisolitic /pis'euh lit"ik, piz'-, puy'seuh-/, adj. /pis"euh luyt', piz"-, puy"seuh-/, n. limestone composed of rounded concretions about the size of a pea. [1700-10; < NL ...
/pis"euh lith, piz"-, puy"seuh-/, n. a pea-size calcareous concretion, larger than an oolith, aggregates of which constitute a pisolite. [1790-1800; see PISOLITE, -LITH] * * *
See pisolite. * * *
/pis/, n., v. pissed, pissing. Vulgar. n. 1. urine. 2. take a piss, to urinate. v.i. 3. to urinate. 4. piss away, Slang. to squander; fritter away: 5. piss off, Slang. a. to ...
piss-elegant [pis΄el′ə gənt] adj. 〚from use of PISS, n., as adv., excessively, extremely〛 Slang displaying a contrived, often pretentious, sophistication, opulence, ...
/pis"poor"/, adj. Slang (vulgar). of extremely inferior or disappointing quality or rating. [1945-50] * * *
/pis"ant'/, n. 1. Slang (vulgar). a person or thing of no value or consequence; a despicable person or thing. 2. Obs. an ant. adj. 3. Slang (vulgar). insignificant or ...
/pi sahr"oh/; Fr. /pee sann rddoh"/, n. Camille /kann mee"yeu/, 1830-1903, French painter. * * *
Pissarro, (Jacob-Abraham-) Camille
born July 10, 1830, St. Thomas, Danish West Indies died Nov. 13, 1903, Paris, France West Indian-born French painter. The son of a prosperous Jewish merchant, he moved to Paris ...
Pissarro, Camille
▪ French artist Introduction in full  Jacob-Abraham-Camille Pissarro   born July 10, 1830, St. Thomas, Danish West Indies died November 13, 1903, Paris, France  painter and ...
Pis·sar·ro (pĭ-särʹō, pē-), Camille. 1830-1903. French impressionist painter known for his rural scenes, including Orchard in Blossom (1877). * * *
/pist/, adj. Slang (vulgar). 1. drunk; intoxicated. 2. See pissed off. [1840-50; PISS + -ED2] * * *
pissed off
Slang (vulgar). angry or annoyed. [1935-40] * * *
/pis"euhr/, n. Slang (vulgar). 1. something extremely difficult or unpleasant. 2. something or someone that is extraordinary. [1350-1400; ME: one who urinates; see PISS, -ER1] * ...
Pissevache Fall
▪ waterfall, Switzerland       waterfall on the Salanfe River, a tributary of the Rhône, in Valais canton, Switzerland, a short distance north of the village of ...
pissing contest
Slang (vulgar). a contentious argument; confrontation. * * *
See piss. * * *
/pee swannrdd"/, n., pl. pissoirs /-swannrdd"/. French. a street urinal for public use, esp. one enclosed by a low wall, screen, or the like. * * *
/pis"pot'/, n. Vulgar. 1. a chamber pot. 2. Slang. a despicable person. [1400-50; late ME; see PISS, POT1] * * *
/pis"ee/, adj., pissier, pissiest. Slang (vulgar). 1. soiled with or reeking of urine. 2. inferior, nasty, or disagreeable. [1981-86; PISS + -Y1] * * *
/pi stash"ee oh', -stah"shee oh'/, n., pl. pistachios. 1. the nut of a Eurasian tree, Pistacia vera, of the cashew family, containing an edible, greenish kernel. 2. the kernel ...
pistachio green
a light or medium shade of yellow green. [1790-1800] * * *
pistachio green n. A moderate to light yellowish or yellow green. * * *
▪ plant genus  genus of flowering plants, of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), comprising nine species of aromatic trees and shrubs native to Eurasia, with one species in ...
/pis'teuh reen"/, n. 1. peseta (def. 2). adj. 2. of little value or worth. [1735-45, Amer.; perh. alter. of Sp peseta PESETA] * * *
/peest/, n. 1. a track or trail, as a downhill ski run or a spoor made by a wild animal. 2. (in fencing) a regulation-size strip, usually 2 meters wide and 14 meters long, on ...
/pis"tl/, n. Bot. 1. the ovule-bearing or seed-bearing female organ of a flower, consisting when complete of ovary, style, and stigma. See diag. under flower. 2. such organs ...
/pis"tl it, -ayt'/, adj. Bot. 1. having a pistil or pistils. 2. having a pistil or pistils but no stamens. See illus. under monoecious. [1820-30; PISTIL + -ATE1] * * *
/pee staw"yah/, n. a city in N Tuscany, in N Italy. 263,752. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Pistoria        city in the Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, north-central Italy. ...
Pistoia, Synod of
▪ Roman Catholicism       a diocesan meeting held in 1786 that was important in the history of Jansenism, a nonorthodox, pessimistic, and rigoristic movement in the ...
—pistollike, adj. /pis"tl/, n., v., pistoled, pistoling or (esp. Brit.) pistolled, pistolling. n. 1. a short firearm intended to be held and fired with one hand. v.t. 2. to ...
pistol grip
—pistol-grip, adj. a handle or grip, as of a rifle or saw, shaped like the butt of a pistol. [1870-75] * * *
pistol shrimp.
See snapping shrimp. * * *
pistol-handle knife
/pis"tl han'dl/ a table knife, esp. of the 18th century, having a slightly curved handle resembling the grip of a flintlock pistol. * * *
/pis"tl hwip', -wip'/, v.t., pistol-whipped, pistol-whipping. to beat or hit (someone) repeatedly with a pistol, esp. in the head and shoulder area. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
/pi stohl"/, n. 1. a former gold coin of Spain, equal to two escudos. 2. any of various former gold coins of Europe, as the louis d'or. [1585-95; < MF, back formation from ...
/pis'tl ear"/, n. Archaic a person, esp. a soldier, who uses or is armed with a pistol. Also, pistolier. [1825-35; PISTOL + -EER] * * *
/pis'tl air"oh/; Sp. /pees'taw le"rddaw/, n., pl. pistoleros /-tl air"ohz/; Sp. /-taw le"rddaws/. (esp. in Mexico and Central America) 1. a member of an armed band of roving ...
pistol grip n. 1. a. The grip of a pistol, shaped to fit the hand. b. A similar grip sometimes used on a submachine gun or other firearm. 2. A grip used on certain tools, such ...
/pi stol"euh jee/, n. the branch of theology dealing with faith. [ < Gk píst(is) faith (akin to peíthein to persuade) + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
—pistonlike, adj. /pis"teuhn/, n. 1. a disk or cylindrical part tightly fitting and moving within a cylinder, either to compress or move a fluid collected in the cylinder, as ...
/pis"teuhn/, n. Walter, 1894-1976, U.S. composer. * * *
piston and cylinder
In mechanical engineering, a sliding cylinder with a closed head (the piston) that moves up and down (or back and forth) in a slightly larger cylindrical chamber (the cylinder) ...
piston engine.
See reciprocating engine. [1905-10] * * *
piston pin.
See wrist pin. [1895-1900] * * *
piston ring
a metallic ring, usually one of a series, and split so as to be expansible, placed around a piston in order to maintain a tight fit, as inside the cylinder of an engine. Also ...
piston rod
a rod communicating the rectilinear motion of a piston to the small end of a connecting rod or elsewhere. [1780-90] * * *
Piston, Walter
▪ American composer born Jan. 20, 1894, Rockland, Maine, U.S. died Nov. 12, 1976, Belmont, Mass.       composer noted for his symphonic and chamber music and his ...
piston ring n. An adjustable split metal ring that fits around a piston and seals the gap between the piston and the cylinder wall. * * *
piston rod n. A connecting rod that transmits power to or is powered by a piston. * * *
pistou [pē sto͞o′] n. 〚Fr < Prov〛 1. a French sauce like pesto but often without the cheese 2. a soup or other dish flavored with this * * * pis·tou ...
pit1 /pit/, n., v., pitted, pitting. n. 1. a naturally formed or excavated hole or cavity in the ground: pits caused by erosion; clay pits. 2. a covered or concealed excavation ...
pit boss
a casino employee who supervises gambling-table activity. [1915-20, for an earlier sense; Amer.] * * *
pit bull
pit bull n. a short, heavy, broad-chested dog with large, powerful jaws and a short, smooth coat: also pit bull terrier * * * ➡ pit bull terrier * * *
pit bull terrier
(also pit bull) n a fierce breed of dog, originally bred in the US for fighting. In the 1980s a number of people were attacked and badly injured by pit bull terriers and other ...
pit bull terrier.
See American Staffordshire terrier. [1940-45] * * *
pit closures
➡ coal mining * * *
pit dwelling
a primitive dwelling consisting of a pit excavated in the earth and roofed over. Also called pit house. [1895-1900] * * *
pit grave
Archaeol. a shallow grave hollowed out of a bed of rock or the floor of a tholos. [1895-1900] * * *
pit house.
See pit dwelling. * * *
pit sample
Metall. a sample of new steel taken for chemical analysis during teeming. * * *
pit saw
pit saw a large saw used, esp. formerly, to cut timber lengthwise and worked by two men, one standing above the log, the other in a pit below it: also written pitsaw n. * * *
pit sawing
a method of sawing logs or timbers, as into boards, in which the piece to be cut is laid horizontally across a pit and cut by a saw operated vertically by two people, one above ...
pit scale
any of various small oval-shaped homopterous insects of the family Asterolecaniidae, the female members of which have their bodies embedded in a waxy mass, as in the destructive ...
pit stop
1. Auto Racing. a stop in the pits during a race, in which a competing car receives gasoline, a change of tires, or other servicing or repair. 2. Informal. any brief stop, as ...
pit viper
any of numerous venomous snakes of the family Crotalidae, of the New World, Asia, and the Malay Archipelago, as the rattlesnake, water moccasin, and copperhead, having a ...
pita1 /pee"teuh/, n. 1. a fiber obtained from plants of the genera Agave, Aechmea, etc., used for cordage, mats, etc. 2. any of these plants. [1690-1700; < AmerSp < Quechua pita ...
/pit'euh huy"euh/, n. 1. any of several cacti of the genus Lemaireocereus and related genera, of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, bearing edible fruit. 2. the fruit of such a ...
/pit"euh keuh/, n. Buddhism. See under Pali Canon. [ < Pali: lit., basket] * * * (as used in expressions) Abhidhamma Pitaka Sutta Pitaka Vinaya Pitaka * * *
/pi tang"geuh/, n. See Surinam cherry. [ < Pg < Tupi pïtanga yellowish] * * *
/pit"euh pat'/, adv., n., v., pitapatted, pitapatting. adv. 1. with a quick succession of beats or taps: Her heart beat pitapat with excitement. n. 2. the movement or the sound ...
/pi tah"teuhs/, n. a walled plain in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 50 miles (80 km) in diameter. * * *
pit boss n. An employee who supervises the gambling in a casino. * * *
pit bull n. 1. See American Staffordshire terrier. 2. Slang. One who behaves in a markedly aggressive or ruthless manner. * * *
pitbull terrier
pit bull terrier n. See American Staffordshire terrier. * * *
Pitcairn [pit′kern] British island in Polynesia, in the South Pacific: 1.8 sq mi (4.6 sq km); pop. 54 * * *
Pitcairn Island
a small British island in the S Pacific, SE of Tuamotu Archipelago: settled 1790 by mutineers of the Bounty. 74; 2 sq. mi. (5 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000 est.: 54), ...
Pitcairn Islands
a group of small islands under British rule in the southern Pacific Ocean, only one of which, Pitcairn Island, has people living on it. They are mostly descended from the sailors ...
Pit·cairn Island (pĭtʹkârn') A volcanic island of the southern Pacific Ocean east-southeast of Tahiti. Discovered by a British navigator in 1767, it was settled in 1790 by ...
pitch1 —pitchable, adj. /pich/, v.t. 1. to erect or set up (a tent, camp, or the like). 2. to put, set, or plant in a fixed or definite place or position. 3. to throw, fling, ...
pitch chain
Mach. See power chain. [1835-45] * * *
pitch chisel
Masonry. a broad-edged chisel for cutting plane surfaces on stones. * * *
pitch circle
Mach. an imaginary circle within the profiles of the teeth of a gear, such that it rotates against a similar circle rotating at the same rate on a meshing gear. Also called pitch ...
pitch cone
Mach. See under pitch surface. * * *
pitch cylinder
Mach. See under pitch surface. * * *
Pitch Lake
a deposit of natural asphalt in SW Trinidad, West Indies. 114 acres. (47 hectares). * * * ▪ asphalt deposit, Trinidad and Tobago       natural asphalt deposit at La ...
pitch line
Mach. 1. See pitch circle. 2. an imaginary line within the profiles of the teeth of a rack, such that it moves against, and at the same rate as, the pitch circle of an engaging ...
pitch pine
any of several pines from which pitch or turpentine is obtained. [1670-80, Amer.] * * *
pitch pipe
a small flute or reed pipe producing one or more pitches when blown into, used chiefly for establishing the proper pitch in singing or in tuning a musical instrument. Also called ...
pitch plane
Mach. See under pitch surface. * * *
pitch shot
Golf. a shot in which the ball is hit high into the air and with backspin to ensure little roll upon landing, used in approaching the green. Cf. chip shot. * * *
pitch surface
(in a gear or rack) an imaginary surface forming a plane (pitch plane), a cylinder (pitch cylinder), or a cone or frustrum (pitch cone) that moves tangentially to a similar ...
/pich"euhn put"/, adj. of or pertaining to a small-scale golf course, 5 to 20 acres, and usually having 9 holes of 50 yards in length from tee to cup. Cf. par-three. * * *
pitch-and-run shot
/pich"euhn run"/, Golf. See chip shot. Also called pitch-and-run. * * *
/pich"euhn taws", -tos"/, n. a game in which players toss coins at a mark, the person whose coin hits closest to the mark tossing all the coins in the air and winning all those ...
/pich"blak"/, adj. extremely black or dark as pitch: a pitch-black night. [1590-1600] * * *
—pitch-darkness, n. /pich"dahrk"/, adj. dark or black as pitch: a pitch-dark night. [1820-30] * * *
/pich"fayst'/, adj. Masonry. (of a stone) having all arrises in the same plane and the faces roughly dressed with a pick. [1880-85] * * *
pitch accent n. See tonic accent. * * *
/pich"blend'/, n. Mineral. a massive variety of uraninite, occurring in black pitchlike masses: a major ore of uranium and radium. [1760-70; half trans., half adoption of G ...
pitched battle
1. a battle in which the orderly arrangement of armed forces and the location have been predetermined. 2. an encounter in which the antagonists are completely and intensely ...
pitched battle (pĭcht) n. 1. An intense battle fought in close contact by troops arranged in a predetermined formation. 2. A fiercely waged battle or struggle between opposing ...
pitched roof n. A two-sided sloped roof having a gable at both ends. Also called gable roof. * * *
pitcher1 —pitcherlike, adj. /pich"euhr/, n. 1. a container, usually with a handle and spout or lip, for holding and pouring liquids. 2. Bot. a. a pitcherlike modification of ...
/pich"euhr/, n. Molly (Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley), 1754-1832, American Revolutionary heroine. * * *
pitcher plant
1. any of various insectivorous New World bog plants of the genera Sarracenia, Darlingtonia, and Heliamphora, having tubular or trumpet-shaped leaves containing a liquid in which ...
Pitcher, Molly
born с 1753 died Jan. 22, 1832, Carlisle, Pa., U.S. U.S. patriot. Little is known of her early life, though she is thought to have been Irish. In the American Revolution she ...
Pitch·er (pĭchʹər), Molly. See McCauley, Mary Ludwig Hays. * * *
/pich"euhr fool'/, n., pl. pitcherfuls. the amount held by a pitcher. [1685-95; PITCHER1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
pitcher plant n. Any of various insectivorous plants of the genera Sarracenia, Nepenthes, or Darlingtonia, having pitcherlike leaves that attract and trap insects. * * *
/pich"fawrk'/, n. 1. a large, long-handled fork for manually lifting and pitching hay, stalks of grain, etc. 2. pitchforks, Northern U.S. beggar's-lice, esp. the achenes of ...
See pitchy. * * *
/pich"ing/, n. 1. the act of revetting or paving with small stones. 2. stones so used. Also called penning, soling. [1685-95; PITCH1 + -ING1] * * *
pitching niblick
Golf. a club with an iron head the face of which has more slope than a pitcher but less slope than a niblick. Also called number eight iron. * * *
pitching pennies
a gambling game in which pennies are tossed to a mark or against a wall, the winner being the person whose penny lands closest to the mark or wall. * * *
pitching piece
Carpentry. See apron piece. [1815-25] * * *
pitching rotation
Baseball. the regular, scheduled succession of starting pitchers designated by a manager: a four-man pitching rotation in September. Also called rotation. * * *
pitch·ing niblick (pĭchʹĭng) n. An eight iron used in golf. * * *
/pich"meuhn/, n., pl. pitchmen. 1. an itinerant vendor of small wares that are usually carried in a case with collapsible legs, allowing it to be set up or removed quickly. 2. ...
/pich"owt'/, n. 1. Baseball. a ball purposely thrown by a pitcher too far outside of the plate for the batter to hit, esp. in anticipation of an attempted steal by a base ...
pitch pine n. An eastern North American pine tree (Pinus rigida) that yields pitch or turpentine. * * *
pitch pipe n. A small pipe that, when sounded, gives the initial pitch for a piece of music or the standard pitch for tuning an instrument. * * *
/pich"pohl'/, v.i., pitchpoled, pitchpoling. (of a boat) to capsize end over end, as in heavy surf. [1655-65; PITCH1 + pole, alter. of POLL1] * * *
/pich"pot'/, n. a pot used by sailors for heating pitch. [1710-20; PITCH2 + POT1] * * *
/pich"stohn'/, n. a glassy volcanic rock having a resinous luster and resembling hardened pitch. [1775-85; trans. of G Pechstein. See PITCH2, STONE] * * * ▪ natural ...
—pitchiness, n. /pich"ee/, adj., pitchier, pitchiest. 1. full of or abounding in pitch. 2. smeared with pitch. 3. resembling pitch, as in color, consistency, etc.: pitchy ...
—piteously, adv. —piteousness, n. /pit"ee euhs/, adj. 1. evoking or deserving pity; pathetic: piteous cries for help. 2. Archaic. compassionate. [1250-1300; ME; r. pitous < ...
See piteous. * * *
See piteously. * * *
Pi·teş·ti (pĭ-tĕshʹtĭ) A city of south-central Romania west-northwest of Bucharest. It is a commercial and manufacturing center. Population: 182,931. * * * ▪ ...
Pi·teş·ti (pĭ-tĕshʹtĭ) A city of south-central Romania west-northwest of Bucharest. It is a commercial and manufacturing center. Population: 182,931. * * * ▪ ...
/pit"fawl'/, n. 1. a lightly covered and unnoticeable pit prepared as a trap for people or animals. 2. any trap or danger for the unwary: the pitfall of excessive ...
/pith/, n. 1. Bot. the soft, spongy central cylinder of parenchymatous tissue in the stems of dicotyledonous plants. 2. Zool. the soft inner part of a feather, a hair, etc. 3. ...
pith ray.
See medullary ray. [1900-05] * * *
/pit"hed'/, n. a mine entrance and the surrounding area. [1830-40; PIT1 + HEAD] * * *
—pithecanthropic /pith'i keuhn throp"ik/, pithecanthropine /pith'i kan"threuh puyn'/, adj. —pithecanthropid /pith'i kan"threuh pid, -keuhn throh"pid, -throp"id/, n., ...
See pithecanthropus. * * *
pithecanthropine [pith΄i kan′thrōpoid΄, pith΄ə kan′thrəpoid΄pith΄i kan′thrə pīn΄, pith΄i kan′thrəpin] adj. 〚see PITHECANTHROPUS ERECTUS & -INE1〛 of, ...
/pith'i kan"threuh poyd', -keuhn throh"poyd/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling the former genus Pithecanthropus or one of its members. [1885-90; PITHECANTHROP(US) + -OID] * ...
/pith'i kan"threuh peuhs, -keuhn throh"peuhs/, n. a former genus of extinct hominids whose members have now been assigned to the proposed species Homo erectus. [ < NL (1891) < Gk ...
Pithecanthropus erectus
Pithecanthropus erectus [pith΄i kan′thrə pəs ē rek′təs, pith΄ikan thrō′pəs] n. 〚ModL < Gr pithēkos, ape (< IE * bhidh-, dreadful, var. of base * bhōi-, to be ...
/pith"i koyd', pi thee"koyd/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the genus Pithecia and related genera, including the saki monkeys. 2. (loosely) apelike; monkeylike. [1860-65; < ...
pith helmet n. A lightweight hat made from dried pith and worn in tropical countries for protection from the sun. * * *
See pithy. * * *
See pithily. * * *
/puy"theuhm/, n. one of the two cities built by Israelite slaves in Egypt. Ex. 1:11. Cf. Raamses. * * * ▪ ancient city, Egypt Egyptian  Per-Atum  or  Per Tum (“Estate of ...
▪ India       town, southern Uttarakhand state, northern India. It lies east of Almora, on a ridge of the Himalayan foothills. The surrounding area lies entirely ...
/pith"os, puy"thos/, n., pl. pithoi /pith"oy, puy"thoy/. a very large earthenware jar having a wide mouth, used by the ancient Greeks for storing liquids, as wine, or for holding ...
Pithou, Pierre
▪ French lawyer born Nov. 1, 1539, Troyes, France died Nov. 1, 1596, Nogent-sur-Seine       lawyer and historian who was one of the first French scholars to collect and ...
pith ray n. The parenchymatous tissue that extends between the vascular bundles of a stem or root. * * *
—pithily, adv. —pithiness, n. /pith"ee/, adj., pithier, pithiest. 1. brief, forceful, and meaningful in expression; full of vigor, substance, or meaning; terse; forcible: a ...
—pitiableness, n. —pitiably, adv. /pit"ee euh beuhl/, adj. 1. evoking or deserving pity; lamentable: pitiable, homeless children. 2. evoking or deserving contemptuous pity; ...
See pitiable. * * *
See pitiableness. * * *
/pit"ee euhr/, n. a person who pities. [1595-1605; PITY + -ER1] * * *
—pitifully, adv. —pitifulness, n. /pit"i feuhl/, adj. 1. evoking or deserving pity: a pitiful fate. 2. evoking or deserving contempt by smallness, poor quality, etc.: pitiful ...
See pitiful. * * *
See pitifully. * * *
—pitilessly, adv. —pitilessness, n. /pit"i lis, pit"ee-/, adj. feeling or showing no pity; merciless: pitiless criticism of his last novel. [1375-1425; late ME piteles. See ...
See pitiless. * * *

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