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—oratorically, adv. /awr'euh tawr"i keuhl, or'euh tor"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an orator or oratory: His oratorical prowess has led to political ...
See oratorical. * * *
/awr'euh tawr"ee oh', -tohr"-, or'-/, n., pl. oratorios. an extended musical composition with a text more or less dramatic in character and usually based upon a religious theme, ...
See orator. * * *
oratory1 /awr"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, or"-/, n. 1. skill or eloquence in public speaking: The evangelist moved thousands to repentance with his oratory. 2. the art of public ...
/awr"euh triks, or"-/, n., pl. oratrices /awr'euh truy"seez, or'-/. a woman who delivers an oration; a public speaker, esp. one of great eloquence. Also, oratress /awr"euh tris, ...
—orbless, adj. —orblike, adj. /awrb/, n. 1. a sphere or globe: a Christmas tree hung with brightly colored orbs. 2. the eyeball or eye: He looks with blind orbs on an ...
orb weaver
any of numerous spiders of the family Argiopidae, characterized by loosely woven, spiraling webs that have support lines radiating outward from the center. [1885-90] * * * ▪ ...
Orbach, Jerry
▪ 2005 Jerome Bernard Orbach        American actor and singer (b. Oct. 20, 1935, Bronx, N.Y.—d. Dec. 28, 2004, New York, N.Y.), made his mark in the theatre world as a ...
To change allegiance or status. Oldest form *ə₃erbh-, colored *ə₃orbh-. Suffixed form *orbh-o-, “bereft of father,” also “deprived of free status.” a. orphan, from ...
—orbicularity, orbicularness, n. —orbicularly, adv. /awr bik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. like an orb; circular; ringlike; spherical; rounded. [1375-1425; late ME < LL orbicularis ...
See orbicular. * * *
See orbicularity. * * *
—orbiculately, adv. —orbiculation, n. /awr bik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. orbicular; rounded. Also, orbiculated. [1750-60; < L orbiculatus gone round in a circle (ptp. of ...
See orbiculate. * * *
Orbigny, Alcide Dessalines d'
▪ French paleontologist born Sept. 6, 1802, Couëron, Fr. died June 30, 1857, near Saint-Denis  founder of the science of micropaleontology.       During eight years ...
(1936–88) a US singer and writer of pop songs who was very successful in the early 1960s. He was sometimes called the ‘Big O’. His voice had a sad and emotional quality and ...
Orbison, Roy
born April 23, 1936, Vernon, Texas, U.S. died Dec. 6, 1988, Hendersonville, Tenn. U.S. singer and songwriter. He formed his first musical group at age 13. His first single, ...
Or·bi·son (ôrʹbĭ-sən), Roy. 1936-1988. American singer and songwriter noted for his smooth tenor voice. Many of his ballads were made popular by later musicians. * * *
—orbitary, adj. /awr"bit/, n. 1. the curved path, usually elliptical, described by a planet, satellite, spaceship, etc., around a celestial body, as the sun. 2. the usual ...
/awr"bi tl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an orbit. n. 2. Physics, Chem. a. a wave function describing the state of a single electron in an atom (atomic orbital) or in a molecule ...
orbital angular momentum
Physics. the component of angular momentum of an electron in an atom or a nucleon in a nucleus, arising from its orbital motion rather than from its spin. * * *
orbital index
Craniom. the ratio of the maximum breadth to the maximum height of the orbital cavity multiplied by 100. [1875-80] * * *
orbital quantum number
Physics. See azimuthal quantum number. * * *
orbital sander
a sander that uses a section of sandpaper clamped to a metal pad that moves at high speed in a very narrow orbit, driven by an electric motor. Cf. belt sander, disk sander. * * *
orbital velocity
the minimum velocity at which a body must move to maintain a given orbit. Cf. circular velocity. * * * ▪ physics       velocity sufficient to cause a natural or ...
/awr'bi tay"lee/, n. Craniom., Cephalom. the lowermost point on the lower margin of the left orbit, located instrumentally on the skull or by palpation on the head. [1915-20; < ...
orbital velocity n. 1. The velocity at which a body revolves about another body. 2. The minimum velocity required to place or maintain a satellite in a given orbit. * * *
or·bi·teer (ôr'bĭ-tîrʹ) v. Sports or·bi·teered, or·bi·teer·ing, or·bi·teers v. tr. To make one's way up (tall mountains) by walking around instead of scaling. v. ...
See orbiteer. * * *
/awr"bi teuhr/, n. U.S. Aerospace. 1. Also called space shuttle orbiter. the crew- and payload-carrying component of the space shuttle. 2. a space probe designed to orbit a ...
Orbiting Astronomical Observatory
▪ satellites       any of a series of four unmanned U.S. scientific satellites developed to observe cosmic objects from above the Earth's atmosphere. OAO-1 was launched ...
Orbiting Geophysical Observatory
▪ satellites       any of a series of six unmanned scientific satellites launched by the United States from 1964 to 1969. Equipped with a complex of magnetometers, these ...
/awr"bee/, adj., orbier, orbiest. Archaic. like or pertaining to an orb. [1605-15; ORB + -Y1] * * *
/awrk/, n. 1. any of several cetaceans, as a grampus. 2. a mythical monster, as an ogre. [1510-20; < L orca] * * * ▪ mythological creature       a mythical creature ...
/awr"keuh/, n. the killer whale, Orcinus orca. [1865-70; < NL, L; see ORC] * * *
Orcagna, Andrea
orig. Andrea di Cione born с 1308, Florence?, Republic of Florence died с 1368, Florence Florentine painter, sculptor, and architect. A goldsmith's son, he was the leading ...
/awr"see in/, n. Chem. a red dye, the principal coloring matter of cudbear and orchil, obtained by oxidizing an ammoniacal solution of orcinol. [1830-40; arbitrary alter. of ...
orch abbrev. orchestra * * *
orchestra. * * *
/awr"cheuhrd/, n. 1. an area of land devoted to the cultivation of fruit or nut trees. 2. a group or collection of such trees. [bef. 900; ME orch(i)ard, OE orceard; r. ortyard, ...
orchard grass
a weedy grass, Dactylis glomerata, often grown for pastures. Also called cock's foot. [1755-65] * * * ▪ plant also called  Cocksfoot Grass        (Dactylis ...
orchard oriole
a North American oriole, Icterus spurius, the male of which is chestnut and black. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
Orchard Street
a well-known New York shopping street in the Lower East Side of Manhattan(1). There are now many fashionable bars and galleries there but it was originally the home of poor ...
orchard valve
an alfalfa valve of lesser diameter than the pipe it closes. * * *
Orchard, William Edwin
▪ British priest born Nov. 20, 1877, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died June 12, 1955, Brownhills, Staffordshire       English ecumenical priest who strove for a closer ...
orchard grass n. A Eurasian grass (Dactylis glomerata) widely planted in pastures. * * *
/awr"cheuhr dist/, n. a person who owns, manages, or cultivates an orchard. [1785-95; ORCHARD + -IST] * * *
Orchardson, Sir William Quiller
▪ British artist born March 27, 1832, Edinburgh died April 13, 1910, London       British portraitist and painter of historical and domestic genre ...
/awr kek"teuh mee/, n., pl. orchectomies. Surg. orchiectomy. * * *
/awr"keuh streuh/, n. 1. a group of performers on various musical instruments, including esp. stringed instruments of the viol class, clarinets and flutes, cornets and trombones, ...
—orchestrally, adv. /awr kes"treuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling an orchestra. 2. composed for or performed by an orchestra: orchestral works. [1805-15; ...
See orchestral. * * *
—orchestration, n. —orchestrator, orchestrater, n. /awr"keuh strayt'/, v.t., v.i., orchestrated, orchestrating. 1. to compose or arrange (music) for performance by an ...
or·ches·tra·tion (ôr'kĭ-strāʹshən) n. 1. a. A musical composition that has been orchestrated. b. Arrangement of music for performance by an orchestra. 2. Arrangement or ...
See orchestrate. * * *
orchestrina di camera
▪ musical instrument       any of a group of small keyboard instruments related to the harmonium, invented and made by W.E. Evans of London. He patented them on Oct. 29, ...
/awr kes"tree euhn/, n. a mechanical musical instrument, resembling a barrel organ but more elaborate, for producing the effect of an orchestra. [1830-40; ORCHESTR(A) + -ion, as ...
▪ historical town, India       historic town, north-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India, on the Betwa River. The town, surrounded by thick jungle that long ...
var. of orchido-. * * *
/awr"kid/, n. 1. any terrestrial or epiphytic plant of the family Orchidaceae, of temperate and tropical regions, having usually showy flowers. Cf. orchid family. 2. the flower ...
orchid cactus
epiphyllum. * * *
orchid family
the plant family Orchidaceae, characterized by terrestrial or epiphytic herbaceous plants having simple, parallel-veined, usually alternate leaves, complex and often large and ...
orchid tree
a tree, Bauhinia variegata, of the legume family, native to southeastern Asia, having lavender or purple flowers clustered in the leaf axils, cultivated in warm regions. Also ...
var. of orchido- before a vowel: orchidology. * * *
/awr'ki day"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Orchidaceae. Cf. orchid family. [1830-40; < NL Orchidace(ae) (see ORCHID, -ACEAE) + -OUS] * * *
/awr'ki dek"teuh mee/, n., pl. orchidectomies. Surg. orchiectomy. * * *
orchid family n. A large family of epiphytic or terrestrial perennial herbs, the Orchidaceae, found chiefly in the tropics and subtropics and characterized by bilaterally ...
a combining form used, with the meaning "orchid," "testicle," in the formation of compound words: orchidology; orchidotomy. Also, orchi-, orchid-. [orchid- (erroneously taken as ...
—orchidologist, n. /awr'ki dol"euh jee/, n. the branch of botany or horticulture dealing with orchids. [1880-85; ORCHIDO- + -LOGY] * * *
/awr'ki dot"euh mee/, n., pl. orchidotomies. Surg. incision of a testis. Also, orchotomy. [1890-95; ORCHIDO- + -TOMY] * * *
orchid tree n. 1. Either of two small south Asian trees (Bauhinia variegata or B. purpurea) in the pea family, having showy, irregular, usually lavender to purple flowers and ...
/awr'kee ek"teuh mee/, n., pl. orchiectomies. Surg. excision of one or both testes; castration. Also, orchectomy, orchidectomy. [ORCHI- + -ECTOMY] * * *
/awr"kil, -chil/, n. 1. a violet coloring matter obtained from certain lichens, chiefly species of Roccella. 2. any lichen yielding this dye. Also called archil, ...
/awr"kis/, n. 1. any orchid. 2. any of various terrestrial orchids, esp. of the genus Orchis, of temperate regions, having spikelike flowers. 3. See fringed orchis. [1555-65; < L ...
—orchitic /awr kit"ik/, adj. /awr kuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the testis. Also, orchiditis /awr'ki duy"tis/. [1790-1800; < NL; see ORCHI-, -ITIS] * * * Inflammation ...
Ancient city, northwestern Boeotia, Greece. It was the northernmost fortified town in Mycenaean times and controlled a large part of Boeotia. In с 550 BC it became one of the ...
/awr kot"euh mee/, n., pl. orchotomies. Surg. orchidotomy. [ < Gk órch(is) testicle + -O- + -TOMY] * * *
/awr"seuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C7H8O2, sweet but unpleasant in taste, that reddens on exposure to air: obtained from many lichens or ...
/awr"keuhs/, n. 1. the ancient Roman god of the underworld, identified with the Greek Pluto, or Hades. 2. the ancient Roman underworld; Hades; Dis. * * *
Orcutt, Maureen
▪ 2008       American golfer born April 1, 1907 , New York, N.Y. died Jan. 9, 2007 , Durham, N.C. captured more than 65 amateur golf championships and often covered ...
/awrt"see/, n. Emmuska /em"moosh ko/, Baroness, 1865-1947, English novelist, born in Hungary. * * *
Orczy, Baroness Emmuska
▪ Hungarian author born Sept. 23, 1865, Tarnaörs, Hung. died Nov. 12, 1947, London       Hungarian-born British novelist, chiefly remembered as author of The Scarlet ...
Orczy, Emmuska (Magdalena Rosalia Marie Josepha Barbara), Baroness
born Sept. 23, 1865, Tarnaörs, Hung. died Nov. 12, 1947, London, Eng. Hungarian-born British novelist. The daughter of a noted musician, she was educated in Brussels and Paris ...
ord abbrev. 1. order 2. ordinal 3. ordinance 4. ordinary 5. ordnance * * *
Ord River
River, northeastern Western Australia. The Ord rises in the Albert Edward Range and flows east and north to the Cambridge Gulf; it is about 200 mi (320 km) long. Discovered in ...
1. order. 2. ordinal. 3. ordinance. 4. ordinary. 5. ordnance. * * *
—ordainable, adj. —ordainer, n. —ordainment, n. /awr dayn"/, v.t. 1. to invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; confer holy orders upon. 2. to enact or establish ...
/awr day"nee, awr'day nee"/, n. a person who has been recently ordained as a new member of the clergy. [ORDAIN + -EE] * * *
See ordain. * * * ▪ English history in full  Lord Ordainer,         one of a committee of 21 nobles and prelates who opposed Edward II and framed a body of ...
See ordainer. * * *
/awr deel", -dee"euhl, awr"deel/, n. 1. any extremely severe or trying test, experience, or trial. 2. a primitive form of trial to determine guilt or innocence by subjecting the ...
ordeal bean.
See Calabar bean. [1880-85; so called because it was allegedly administered as a test to persons suspected of witchcraft] * * *
ordeal tree
any of several trees having poisonous seeds, leaves, etc., used in primitive trials by ordeal. * * *
ordeal bean n. See Calabar bean.   [So called from its alleged use as a test for witchcraft.] * * *
Ordelaffi Family
▪ Italian family       noble Italian family that ruled the town of Forlì and neighbouring places in the Romagna during most of the 14th and 15th centuries. Little is ...
—orderable, adj. —orderer, n. —orderless, adj. /awr"deuhr/, n. 1. an authoritative direction or instruction; command; mandate. 2. a command of a court or judge. 3. a ...
order arms
1. (in the manual of arms in close-order drill) a position in which the rifle is held at the right side, with its butt on the ground. 2. (as an interjection) the command to move ...
order bill of lading
a bill of lading that is issued to the order of a shipper or consignee for delivery of the goods and that can be transferred by endorsement to third parties. Cf. straight bill of ...
order in council
In Britain, a regulation traditionally issued by the sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council. In modern practice, an order is issued only on the advice of ministers, and ...
order of business
a task assigned or to be dealt with: Our first order of business is to reduce expenses. [1905-10] * * *
order of chivalry
n (in Britain) any of several special honours given to people as a reward for doing something good or serving the country. They include the Order of Merit, the Order of the Bath, ...
Order of Merit
(abbr OM) one of the British orders of chivalry and the name of the honour that a person receives when he or she is appointed to this Order. The Order of Merit, which is limited ...
Order of the Bath
(the Most Honourable Order of the Bath) one of the British orders of chivalry. People who are appointed to this order receive one of three ranks within it: Knight Grand Cross (or ...
Order of the British Empire
one of the British orders of chivalry. People who are appointed to this order receive one of five ranks within it: Knight Grand Cross (or Dame Grand Cross for a woman), Knight ...
order of the day
1. the agenda for an assembly, meeting, group, or organization. 2. the activity or feature of primary importance: Good cheer and celebrations will be the order of the ...
Order of the Garter
the highest order of British knighthood, instituted by Edward III about 1348. * * *
Order of the Thistle
one of the highest British orders of chivalry. Its full name is the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle. People who are appointed to the order may put the letters KT ...
order port
a port at which a merchant vessel calls for orders regarding the loading or discharge of cargo. * * *
order arms n. 1. A position in the military manual of arms in which the rifle is held vertically next to the right leg with its butt resting on the ground. 2. A command to assume ...
—orderedness, n. /awr"deuhrd/, adj. 1. neatly or conveniently arranged; well-organized: an ordered office. 2. done according to specific principles or procedures: an ordered ...
ordered field
Math. a field containing a subset of elements closed under addition and multiplication and having the property that every element in the field is either zero, in the subset, or ...
ordered n-tuple
Math. See under n-tuple. [1960-65] * * *
ordered pair
Math. two quantities written in such a way as to indicate that one quantity precedes or is to be considered before the other, as (3, 4) indicates the Cartesian coordinates of a ...
See order. * * *
Orderic Vitalis
▪ Norman history born Feb. 16, 1075, near Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died c. 1142       English monk of Saint-Évroult in Normandy, a historian who in his Historia ...
See orderly. * * *
—orderliness, n. /awr"deuhr lee/, adj., adv., n., pl. orderlies. adj. 1. arranged or disposed in a neat, tidy manner or in a regular sequence: an orderly desk. 2. observant of ...
orderly marketing agreement
any of various formal arrangements by which the volume of certain imported commodities, as steel or textiles, is voluntarily reduced. Abbr.: OMA * * *
orderly room
the administrative office of a small military unit. [‡1975-80] * * *
orderof battle
order of battle n. pl. orders of battle 1. The identification, command structure, strength, and disposition of personnel, equipment, and units of an armed force. 2. In classical ...
orderof business
order of business n. pl. orders of business A matter, such as a task, that must be addressed. * * *
orderof magnitude
order of magnitude n. pl. orders of magnitude 1. An estimate of size or magnitude expressed as a power of ten: Earth's mass is of the order of magnitude of 1022 tons; that of the ...
orderof the day
order of the day n. pl. orders of the day 1. The business to be considered or done by a legislature or other body on a particular day. Often used in the plural. 2. The ...
orders of chivalry
➡ honours * * *
orders of knighthood
➡ aristocracy * * *
▪ Utah, United States       town, Kane county, southwestern Utah, U.S., on the East Fork of the Virgin River, at an altitude of 5,250 feet (1,600 metres), 18 miles (29 ...
ordinal1 —ordinally, adv. /awr"dn euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an order, as of animals or plants. 2. of or pertaining to order, rank, or position in a series. n. 3. an ...
ordinal number
1. Also called ordinal numeral. any of the numbers that express degree, quality, or position in a series, as first, second, and third (distinguished from cardinal number). 2. ...
ordinal number n. A number indicating position in a series or order. The ordinal numbers are first (1st), second (2nd), third (3rd), and so on. * * *
/awr"dn euhns/, n. 1. an authoritative rule or law; a decree or command. 2. a public injunction or regulation: a city ordinance against excessive horn blowing. 3. something ...
➡ local government * * *
/awr"dn and'/, n. Eccles. a candidate for ordination. [1835-45; < LL ordinandus, gerundive of ordinare to ORDAIN] * * *
/awr'dn air"ee it, -ayt'/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. (formerly) a province in which the faithful of an Eastern rite were under the rule of a prelate of their rite who had no territorial ...
/awr'dn air"euh lee, awr"dn er'euh lee/, adv. 1. most of the time; generally; usually: Ordinarily he wakes at seven. 2. in an unexceptional manner or fashion; modestly: a wealthy ...
See ordinary. * * *
—ordinariness, n. /awr"dn er'ee/, adj., n., pl. ordinaries. adj. 1. of no special quality or interest; commonplace; unexceptional: One novel is brilliant, the other is ...
ordinary differential equation
Math. an equation containing derivatives but not partial derivatives. Cf. partial differential equation. * * * Equation containing derivatives of a function of a single ...
ordinary income
taxable income, as salary and wages, other than capital gains. * * *
ordinary jubilee.
See under jubilee (def. 5a). * * *
ordinary language analysis
      method of philosophical investigation concerned with how verbal expressions are used in a particular, nontechnical, everyday language. The basic source for this ...
ordinary life insurance
life insurance with premiums paid throughout the lifetime of the insured. Also called straight life insurance, whole life insurance. * * *
ordinary point
Math. a point in a domain in which a given function of a complex variable is analytic. Cf. singular point. * * *
ordinary ray
Optics, Crystall. the part of a doubly refracted ray whose velocity within a crystal is the same in any direction. * * *
ordinary seaman
a seaman insufficiently skilled to be classified as an able-bodied seaman. Abbr.: O.D., O.S., o.s. [1695-1705] * * *
ordinary share
Brit. a share of common stock. [1865-70] * * *
ordinary stock
Brit. See common stock. [1865-70] * * *
ordinary wave
Radio. (of the two waves into which a radio wave is divided in the ionosphere under the influence of the earth's magnetic field) the wave with characteristics more nearly ...
ordinary-language philosophy
/awr"dn er'ee lang"gwij/. See linguistic analysis. [1955-60] * * *
ordinary seaman n. Abbr. OS A seaman of the lowest grade in the merchant marine. * * *
/awr"dn it', -ayt'/, n. Math. (in plane Cartesian coordinates) the y-coordinate of a point: its distance from the x-axis measured parallel to the y-axis. Cf. abscissa. [1670-80; ...
/awr'dn ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Eccles. the act or ceremony of ordaining. 2. the fact or state of being ordained. 3. a decreeing. 4. the act of arranging. 5. the resulting state; ...
ordination of women
n [U] the process of admitting women as priests in the Church. The Roman Catholic Church does not allow women to be priests, but the Church of England and the rest of the ...
or·di·nes (ôrʹdə-nēz') n. A plural of ordo. * * *
ordnance. * * *
/awrd"neuhns/, n. 1. cannon or artillery. 2. military weapons with their equipment, ammunition, etc. 3. the branch of an army that procures, stores, and issues, weapons, ...
Ordnance Survey
(abbr OS) the British government organization responsible for making maps of Britain. These are available in a range of different scales, some of which are very detailed. They ...
/awr"doh/, n., pl. ordines /awr"dn eez'/. Rom. Cath. Ch. a booklet containing short and abbreviated directions for the contents of the office and Mass of each day in the ...
/awrdd dhaw"nyeth, -nyes/, n. Antonio /ahn taw"nyaw/ born 1932, Spanish bullfighter. * * *
Ordonez Araujo, Antonio Jimenez
▪ 1999       Spanish matador whose classical style and effortless grace in the bullring made him one of Spain's most admired bullfighters in the 1950s and '60s. ...
Ordóñez, Antonio
▪ Spanish matador in full  Antonio Jiménez Ordónez Araujo  born February 16, 1932, Ronda, Spain died December 19, 1998, Sevilla       Spanish matador, generally ...
Ordóñez, Bartolomé
▪ Spanish sculptor born c. 1490, , Burgos, Castile [Spain] died 1520, Carrara, Papal States [Italy]       sculptor who was one of the originators of the Spanish school ...
—ordonnant, adj. /awr"dn euhns/; Fr. /awrdd daw nahonns"/, n., pl. ordonnances /-dn euhn siz/; Fr. /-daw nahonns"/. 1. the arrangement or disposition of parts, as of a ...
Or·dos (ôrʹdŏs) A sandy desert plateau region of Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia) in northern China bounded on the south and east by the Great Wall. * * *
Ordos Plateau
▪ plateau, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Ordos Gaoyuan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  O-erh-to-ssu Kao-yüan,  also called  the Ordos        plateau in the southern ...
/awr'deuh vish"euhn/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a geologic period of the Paleozoic Era, from 500 million to 425 million years ago, notable for the advent of fish. See ...
Ordovician Period
Interval of geologic time, 490–443 million years ago, the second oldest period of the Paleozoic Era. It follows the Cambrian and precedes the Silurian. During the Ordovician, ...
▪ Turkey       city and port, northern Turkey, on the Black Sea. It lies at the mouth of the Melet River on the eastern slopes of Boztepe (1,800 feet [550 metres]), ...
—ordurous, adj. /awr"jeuhr, -dyoor/, n. dung; manure; excrement. [1300-50; ME < OF, = ord filthy ( < L horridus HORRID) + -ure -URE] * * *
Ordyn-Nashchokin, Afanasy Lavrentyevich
▪ Russian statesman born c. 1605, , Pskov province, Russia died 1680/81, Monastery of St. John the Evangelist, near Pskov       statesman and diplomat who became the ...
/awr'jon i kid"zeuh/, n. 1. Also, Orjonikidze. former name of Vladikavkaz. 2. former name of Yenakiyevo. * * *
Ordzhonikidze, Grigory (Konstantinovich)
born Oct. 24, 1886, Goresha, Russia died Feb. 18, 1937, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian communist leader. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he became chairman of the ...
Ordzhonikidze, Grigory Konstantinovich
▪ Soviet government official byname  Sergo   born Oct. 12 [Oct. 24, New Style], 1886, Goresha, Russia died Feb. 18, 1937, Moscow       communist leader who played a ...
/awr, ohr/, n. 1. a metal-bearing mineral or rock, or a native metal, that can be mined at a profit. 2. a mineral or natural product serving as a source of some nonmetallic ...
/ue"rddeuh/, n., pl. öre. 1. a bronze coin of Norway, the 100th part of a krone. 2. a zinc or bronze coin of Denmark, the 100th part of a krone. 3. a bronze coin of Sweden, the ...
ore bridge
a gantry crane used for transferring ore to and from stockpiles. * * *
ore dressing
n. Metall. the mechanical processes by which valuable minerals are separated from ore. [1860-65] * * *
ore hearth
a small blast furnace for smelting lead. Also called Scotch furnace, Scotch hearth. [1815-25] * * *
Ore Mountains
▪ mountain range, Europe Czech  Krušné Hory , German  Erzgebirge        range of hills bounding the Bohemian Massif, extending 100 miles (160 km) along the ...
ore rotundo
/oh"rdde rddoh toon"doh/; Eng. /awr"ee roh tun"doh, ohr"ee/, Latin. with full, round voice. * * *
ore tanker
a ship built to carry ore. * * *
Oregon. * * *
/awr"ee ad', ohr"-/, n. Class. Myth. any of a group of nymphs who were the companions of Artemis. [ < L Oread- (s. of Oreas) < Gk Oreiad- (s. of Oreiás), n. use of oreiás of ...
/awr"bod'ee, ohr"-/, n., pl. orebodies. a well-defined mass of ore-bearing rock. [1870-75; ORE + BODY] * * *
/ue'rddeuh brddooh"/, n. a city in S Sweden. 117,473. * * * ▪ Sweden       town and capital of Örebro län (county), south-central Sweden. Örebro lies along the ...
/aw rek"tik, oh rek"-/, adj. Philos. of or pertaining to desire; appetitive. [1665-75; < Gk orektikós appetitive, equiv. to orekt(ós) stretched out, longed for (deriv. of ...
Oregon. * * *
/euh reg"euh noh', aw reg"-/, n. an aromatic herb, Origanum vulgare, of the mint family, having leaves used as seasoning in cooking. Also called pot marjoram. Cf. ...
—Oregonian /awr'i goh"nee euhn, or'-/, adj., n. /awr"i geuhn, -gon', or"-/, n. 1. a state in the NW United States, on the Pacific coast. 2,632,663; 96,981 sq. mi. (251,180 sq. ...
Oregon Caves National Monument
National monument, southwestern Oregon, U.S. It is a single cave comprising a series of chambers joined by subterranean corridors on four levels. Located in the Siskiyou ...
Oregon cedar.
See Port Orford cedar. [1870-75] * * *
Oregon City
a town in NW Oregon, on the Willamette River. 14,673. * * * ▪ Oregon, United States       city, seat (1843) of Clackamas county, northwestern Oregon, U.S., at ...
Oregon crab apple
a shrub or small tree, Malus fusca, of the rose family, of the northwestern coast of North America, having hairy leaves, white flowers, and yellow or green oblong fruit. * * *
Oregon fir
☆ Oregon fir n. DOUGLAS FIR: also Oregon pine * * *
Oregon fir.
See Douglas fir. [1900-05] * * *
Oregon grape
n. 1. an evergreen shrub, Mahonia aquifolium, of the barberry family, of the western coast of the U.S., having small blue berries and yellow flowers that are the state flower of ...
Oregon Health and Science University
▪ school, Portland, Oregon, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Portland, Oregon, U.S. It is specifically dedicated to ...
Oregon maple.
See bigleaf maple. * * *
Oregon myrtle
☆ Oregon myrtle n. CALIFORNIA LAUREL * * *
Oregon myrtle.
See California laurel (def. 2). * * *
Oregon National Historic Trail
➡ Oregon Trail * * *
Oregon pine.
See Douglas fir. [1835-45] * * *
Oregon Question
Dispute over ownership of the Pacific Northwest region of North America. Spain, Russia, the U.S., and Britain all had claims to the region based on exploration or settlement. ...
Oregon State University
▪ university, Corvallis, Oregon, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Corvallis, Oregon, U.S. It is a comprehensive research ...
Oregon Trail
n. a route used during the U.S. westward migrations, esp. in the period from 1840 to 1860, starting in Missouri and ending in Oregon. ab. 2000 mi. (3200 km) long. * * * Major ...
Oregon, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the phrase “State of Oregon,” the date 1859, and an emblem in golden yellow ...
Oregon, University of
▪ university, Eugene, Oregon, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Eugene, Oregon, U.S. The university comprises colleges of arts ...
Oregon grape n. Any of various evergreen shrubs of the genus Mahonia, especially M. aquifolium of northwest North America, having compound leaves with spiny-toothed leaflets and ...
Oregonian [Or΄egō′nē ən] adj. of Oregon n. a person born or living in Oregon * * * See Oregon. * * *
Oregonian, The
▪ newspaper       morning daily newspaper published in Portland, Oregon, one of the leading dailies of the U.S. (United States) Northwest and for many years during the ...
Oregon myrtle n. See California laurel. * * *
Oregon pine n. The wood of the Douglas fir. * * *
Oregon Trail A historical overland route to the western United States extending from various cities on the Missouri River to the Oregon Country and later Oregon Territory. The ...
/awr"ee uyd', ohr"-/, n. Metall. oroide. [ < Foréide, equiv. to or gold ( < L aurum) + -éide ( < Gk -eides having the form of, deriv. of eîdos form)] * * *
Oreiller, Henri
▪ French skier and race–car driver born Dec. 5, 1925, Paris, France died Oct. 7, 1962, Paris       French skier and auto racer who won a double championship in the ...
/awr'euh koh"veuh zooh yev"oh/; Russ. /u rddye"kheuh veuh zooh"yi veuh/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, E of Moscow. 132,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled ...
/aw rel", oh rel"/; Russ. /u rddyawl"/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, on the left bank of the Oka River, S of Moscow. 335,000. * * *
Orellana, Francisco de
▪ Spanish explorer and soldier born c. 1490, Trujillo, Castile [Spain] died c. 1546, Amazon River       Spanish soldier and first European explorer of the Amazon ...
/awr"euhm, ohr"-/, n. a city in N Utah. 52,399. * * * ▪ Utah, United States       city, Utah county, north-central Utah, U.S., 4 miles (6.5 km) north of Provo. The ...
/awr"euhn berrg', ohr"-/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Asia, on the Ural River. 547,000. Formerly, Chkalov. * * * ▪ Russia formerly  (1938–57) ...
/aw ren"deuh, oh ren"-/, n. a supernatural force believed by the Iroquois Indians to be present, in varying degrees, in all objects or persons, and to be the spiritual force by ...
/aw rdden"se/, n. a city in N Spain, NW of Madrid. 73,379. * * * ▪ province, Spain       provincia, northwestern Spain, the only landlocked province in the comunidad ...
Orenthal James Simpson
➡ Simpson (I) * * *
/awr"ee oh', ohr"-/, n., pl. Oreos. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a black person who is regarded as having adopted the attitudes, values, and behavior thought to be ...
or·e·o·dont (ôrʹē-ə-dŏnt') n. Any of various extinct sheep-sized ruminant artiodactyls of the family Merycoidodontidae, widespread during the Eocene through the Miocene ...
/awr'ee oh pith"i keuhs, -peuh thee"keuhs, ohr'-/, n. a genus of fossil primate from the Miocene coal deposits of Italy, formerly considered to be a possible hominid. [ < NL < Gk ...
n (pl Oreos) a popular US cookie. Oreos have two hard, round chocolate sides stuck together by a sweet white filling, and children often open them to eat the white part first. * ...
/awr"shooht', ohr"-/, n. a rich concentration in an orebody. [1875-80; ORE + SHOOT] * * *
Oresme, Nicholas
▪ French bishop, scholar, and economist Introduction French  Nicole Oresme  born c. 1320, Normandy died July 11, 1382, Lisieux, France       French Roman Catholic ...
/awr'e stee"euh, ohr'-/, n. a trilogy of tragic dramas (458 B.C.) by Aeschylus, consisting of the Agamemnon, the Choëphori, and the Eumenides. * * * ▪ work by ...
/aw res"teez, oh res"-/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, and the brother of Electra and Iphigenia: he avenged the murder of Agamemnon by killing ...
Orestes complex
Psychoanal. an unconscious desire of a son to kill his mother. * * *
Öresund Dan [ ö΄rə soon′] Swed [ ö΄rə sund′] strait between Sweden and the Danish island of Zealand: c. 80 mi (129 km) long: Dan. name Øresund Dan [ ö΄rə ...
—orectic /aw rek"tik, oh rek"-/, adj. /aw rek"sis, oh rek"-/, n. Psychol. the affective and conative character of mental activity as contrasted with its cognitive aspect; the ...
Orfeo ed Euridice
It. /awrdd fe"aw ed e ooh rddee dee"che/ an opera (1762), with music by Christoph Willibald von Gluck. * * *
/awrf/, n. Carl 1895-1982, German composer, conductor, and music educator. * * *
Orff, Carl
born July 10, 1895, Munich, Ger. died March 29, 1982, Munich German composer and music educator. He trained at the Munich Academy and held several musical posts thereafter. In ...
Orff (ôrf), Carl. 1895-1982. German composer and educator who developed a well-known system of music instruction for children, using percussion instruments and motion. * * *
Orfila, Alejandro
▪ Argentine diplomat born March 9, 1925, Mendoza, Arg.       Argentine diplomat who served as secretary-general of the Organization of American States (OAS) from 1975 ...
or·fray (ôrʹfrā') n. Variant of orphrey. * * *
org abbrev. 1. organic 2. organization 3. organized * * *
1. organic. 2. organization. 3. organized. * * *
/awr"geuhn/, n. 1. Also called pipe organ. a musical instrument consisting of one or more sets of pipes sounded by means of compressed air, played by means of one or more ...
organ grinder
n. an itinerant street musician who earns a living by playing a hand organ or hurdy-gurdy. [1800-10] * * *
organ of Corti
/kawr"tee/ Anat., Zool. a structure in the cochlea of a mammal, consisting of hair cells that serve as receptors for auditory stimuli. [1880-85; named after A CORTI] * * *
organ pipe
1. one of the pipes of a pipe organ. 2. something resembling such a pipe. [1425-75; late ME] * * *
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
National monument, southwestern Arizona, U.S., at the Mexican border. It was established in 1937. With an area of 330,689 acres (133,929 hectares), it preserves segments of the ...
organ point.
See pedal point. * * *
organ screen
1. an ornamental screen closing off an organ chamber in a church. 2. a rood screen or the like supporting an organ. * * *
organ whistle
a steam or air whistle in which the jet is forced up against the thin edge of a pipe closed at the top. * * *
organ- pref. Variant of organo-. * * *
organ-pipe cactus
/awr"geuhn puyp'/ a treelike or columnar cactus, Lemaireocereus marginatus, of Mexico, having a central, erect spine surrounded by spreading spines in clusters of five to eight, ...
organ-pipe coral
an alcyonarian coral of the genus Tubipora, occurring in tropical waters, and forming a complex colony of brick-red, vertical tubules joined at intervals by transverse ...
or·gan-pipe cactus (ôrʹgən-pīp') n. A tall, treelike cactus (Lemaireocereus marginatus) native to central Mexico and the southwest United States. * * *
organa1 /awr"geuh neuh/, n. a pl. of organon. organa2 /awr"geuh neuh/, n. a pl. of organum. * * *
/awr"geuhn dee/, n., pl. organdies. a fine, thin cotton fabric usually having a durable crisp finish, white, dyed, or printed: used for blouses, dresses, curtains, trimmings, ...
/awr'geuh nel", awr"geuh nel'/, n. Cell Biol. a specialized part of a cell having some specific function; a cell organ. [1905-10; < NL organella, dim. of L organum ORGAN; see ...
Organelle membrane lipid composition
▪ Table Organelle membrane lipid composition by weight percent of rat liver cells membrane lipid plasma membrane microsome inner ...
organ grinder n. A musician who plays a hurdy-gurdy and usually performs on the street. * * *
—organicalness, organicity /awr'geuh nis"i tee/, n. /awr gan"ik/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a class of chemical compounds that formerly comprised only those existing in ...
organic chemistry
n. the branch of chemistry, originally limited to substances found only in living organisms, dealing with the compounds of carbon. [1870-75] * * *

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